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TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE.
'rxnMß OP BDRBCnirTIOH (PATAIU.K IK ADTANOF). Parts ol AjoArAtthe ismorato. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo sure and give Poll On co addreia In full, Including Btato ami County. Remittances may bo made oltbor by draft, oxpretf, Poll Ofllco older, ur in registered lotion, at our risk. TBIUlf) TO OITT SUDBOntnEIin, g*n». delivered, Sunday oscepled. 25 cent* per week. Bally, delivered, Sunday included, B0 cento per week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Dearborn-sti.. Chicago, 111. TODAY’S AMUSEMENTS. . ACADEMY OP MUSlO—Habted street, between Mad* Uon and Monroe. Engagement of John McCullough. “Tho Gladiator. l * HOOLRY’R THEATRE—Randolph afreet, between Clark and kißnllo. Engagement of Mlia Katherine Bogota. "AnUnequal Match." M’VIOKKR’S THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and State. Engagement of Miss Jane Coombi. "Romeo and Juliet." MYERS* OPERA-HOUSE-Monroe street, between Dearborn amt Slate. Arlington, Ootieu, and Kemble's Mlmtrola. Minstrelsy and comicalities. Burlesque of " Tbo border Lily.** GLOBE VARlETlES—Dosplaines street, between Mad. iat.ti and Washington. Engagement of tbo Lisa Wobor Troupe, Variety performance. ADELPHI THEATRE—Oorner of Wabash avenue and Congress street. Engagement of liavorly’s Minstrels. ' MCCORMICK MUSIC-HALL—North Clark afreet,cor aer of Kiuzlo. Sirs. Rlcblngs-Ueruard’a "Old Folks." SOCIETY MEETINGS. LA PAYETTE CHAPTER, No. 2, R. A. M -Hal! 73 Blonroe-st. Regular convocation this (Monday) evening, at 7,*4 o’clock, tor business of Importance. Members aro ksrsnjr notified to attend. By order of the U. P. E. N. TUCKER, Secretary. l&ht Q&ikvne. Monday Morning, April 13, 1874. Rochefort is loose. Ho lias sailed from Aus tralia. Whether ho Intends to looturo ns or burn Paris, His all ono; his gam nill bo our eternal ■loss. The Chinaman who is said to have broken crockery and furniture at stated intervals in his household duties, for tho reason that ho had soon his bolters do so, has a companion in his romantic solitude. Hawaii’s now ruler has read tiro arguments of tho inflationists in tho United States, and, what is moro surprising, ho has boon convinced by them. It is down on tho bills that tho Sandwich Islanders will make a large iesao of papor money, probably about the timo our own printing-presses are sot in motion. Tbroo of tbo temperance sermons proacbcd in this city yesterday will bo found reported in our columns to-day. Among tbo sermons on miscel laneous topics oro ono by tho Rov. William Alvin Bartlott, of tho Plymouth Congregational Church, entitled, “The Harvest and tbo Laborersbytbo Rov. M. J. Savage, on “ Woman’s Workby tbo Rov. L, T. Chamberlain, of tbo Now England Congregational Church, on “ Meekness in Relig ion and by tho Rov. J. R. Hibbard, Sweden borgian, from tbo text, “Lot tho Head Bury Their Dead.” Mr. Florence McCarthy is not the kind of man who wouldn't ho a minister. Any doubts on this point which remained after his looturo in Kingsbury Hall must now be dismissed. Ho submitted to a congregation in Grow’s Hall yes terday tho constitution of bis now church, in which it is seriously proposed that tho pastoral relation, when once formed, shall not *bo dis solved except by mutual agreement. Mon and women who will agree to settle Mr. McCarthy for life deserve no hotter spiritual nourishment than that which ho is competent and willing to give them. ■ Tho currency quoation cornea up again in the National Houao of Representatives to-morrow, and present indications are that a vote will be reached before adjournment. Tho previous question has already been moved on tho Houao bill and ponding amendments, including a mo tion by Mr. Butler to substitute file Senate bill. Thoro is no reason for believing that tho House has lately made any progress toward sound prin ciples of finance; ordinary business sagacity and ability to discriminate between fictitious and real prosperity seem to be as far removed from it as at tho opening of tho session. The host wo can hope from the House is that it will not irrep arably injure tho business interests of the coun ty. Tho Nation thinks that President Grant is committed in advance to signing the Senate in flation bill, since his Administration has all along aosortod its right to issue “ tho $44,000,000 re serve,” and has acted upon that idea to tho ex tent of issuing $20,000,000 of it in advance of any law on tho subject. To veto a bill author izing tho Executive to’do a thing which tho Ex ecutive has already done, tho Nation thinks, would bo rather a troublesome feat. Wo think the Nation's inference is exactly right; and wo presume that it was upon the same process of reasoning that Butler based bis statement last Friday, that the President would sign the bill if passed. • Tno recent town meetings woro disastrous to tho holders of railroad-aid bonds. In Winne bago County there is one town, Rockton, which owes a railroad-aid debt. At a recent meeting of the Supervisors there was a committee appoint ed to consult with tho State’s Attorney to take steps to onjoin tho collection in Winnebago County of any tax under the tax-grab law of 1869. The extra tax on Winnebago Comity for this purpose is $13,000. Application was made to the courts, and tho Injunction was granted. In Clinton, DoWitt County, tho town meeting Instructed the Supervisors to continue their proceedings in tho McLean Circuit Court against tho Gilman, Clinton & Springfield Railroad Company, and, if necessary, to employ additional counsel to aid Mr. Crawford, tho present attorney, for tho municipal stockhold ers. They also instructed the Supervisor to tost by suit or otherwise the frauds connected with the Havana, Mason City, Lincoln Si East ern Railway, sinoo consolidated with tho In dianapolis, Bloomington Sc Western Railway. Like resolutions wore adopted in the Town of Tunbridge, in tho same county. In Clayton, Woodford Oounty, a committee of seven citi zens woro appointed to act with the Supervisor in defending tho township In a suit for manda mus now pending in tho Supremo Court, in which tho 0., P. & 8. W R. R. Company are complainants and Clayton Township U defend ant. The Chicago produce markets wore generally firm on Saturday, except provisions, with less business doing. Mess pork was quiet and closed 160 per btQ lower, at $firstname.lastname@example.org@16.86 cash, and $15.87K@15.00 seller Hay. Lard was quiet and closed 2%@50 per 100 lbs lower, at $0.65 cash, and so.s7>email@example.com seller Hay. Moats were |a moderate demand and steady, ft* should***, ft* ahotl *ibi, for short clear, and 10@10j?£o for sweet-pickled hams, Highwinos wore more active and steady, at 930 per gallon. Flour who qulot and a abndo firmer. Wheat was loss active and higher, oloalngat $1.22 cash, and $1.20 seller May. Cora was quiet and higher, closing at 020 cash, and sollor May. Oats wore quiot and higucr, at 430 cash, and 40%0 sollor May. 3lyo was quiot and uuohangod, at 02(3)02Xo for strictly fresh rocoipts. Barley was in good de mand and firmer, at SI.O2(®UO for No. 2. 21ogs wore aotlvo and firm. Salos of commou to choico at $firstname.lastname@example.org. The caltlo and shoop markote wore quiofond nominally unchaugod. Dr. Dio Lowls made moro of a sensation in Boston yesterday thau ho has succeeded in pro ducing by any of his temperance speeches in other places. Ho had boon listening to a sermon in Muslo Hall. Tho preacher, inuocoully enough, auim&dvortod upon Dr. Lowis and his method of working for temperance reform. Upon tho conclusion of bin remarks tho Doctor roso in his seat and attempted a re ply. Tho audlouco favored tho proposi tion, but tho Gommittoo-mau Insisted that tho hall-rent should first bo provided for. This effectually cooled Mr. Lewis’ ardor; tho organ interrupted and drowned out tho commotion in which tho audience had been thrown, aud In a short time tho preacher, tho temperance roform mor, aud thoir respective friends were played out Into tho streets. THE DECLINE OF STATESMANSHIP, Quo of tho most discouraging phenomena of our political life is tho contempt—wo do not fool justified to use a milder expression—in which statesmanship is hold by too many of our Sena tors and Boprosontativea in Congress. Ameri can statesmanship will soon bo, wo very much fear, oue of the lost arts. Political empiricism and charlatanism aro fast usurping its place. Tho science of politics is not loft uncultivated iu America; but tho znou who foster it aud possess it aro rarely sent to Cougross, rarely care to go thoro; and whou by some strange freak of fortune they unci themselves iu tho Senate or tho House, they feel like fish out of water, and ore sure to disqual- ify themselves for re-election. Where now aro our Jofforsons, Franklins, Wobstors, Sumuors ? They aro, indeed, few. By a stfange law of evo lution, our statesmen have blossomed into Flanagans and Logans. In tho struggle for ex istence, tho Jofforsons and Clays have gone to tho wall; and wo have one more instance of the “ survival of tho fittest ’’ iu tho inspired finan ciers in the Senate and tho House. “ Old Tatum” is tho highest typo of tho class to which tho ■Forrys, Flanagans, and Logans belong. Wo wonder “ Old Tatum ” never made his way into Congress. What a financier ho would havo boon 1 <( oldTatum”wos a practical man, and had only a smile of contempt for tho theorists, doctriuarics, and visonarics who believed what they read in books, and who said that tho sun did not movo, but that tbo oarth revolved about It. " Old Ta tum ” was an inspired astronomer. Ferry, Flana gan and Logan are inspired financiers. What caro they for tho sayings of tbo Galileos and Newtons of finance? Galileo and Nowton wrote hooks, for which crime they are to bo prevented from testifying on astronomy. Schurz and Sherman havo studied books. Bewaro of tho men who read! Hearken not to thorn. Listen only to tho practical men, to tho men who despise theories, to the mon who havo no theory, not even a theory against theories. They alone deserve a hearing, for they camo into tho world already versod in tho science of government, in the intricacies of finance, and tho mysteries of trade. With' their mothers’ milk they sucked in all science, political, social, economic. Hence tboy know intuitively how to govern a groat nation. They know all about tbo limits of government; what it should undertake, and what it should not; tbo proximate and romoto effect of every legislative measure on trade, national credit, and national wealth I—know it certainly, infallibly—by experi ence 5 by their own experience! Out on tbo groat oceans of legislation and finance they venture without a map, without a compass, as if no ono bad traveled it before. Tboy learned tbo art of navigation in a mud puddle or a duck-pond ; learned it by their own experience ; and what is tho ocean but a pond of higher degree ? Financial maps, compasses, logarithms, principles,—what care they for such bosh? The national finances, tho intricacies of the currency question, are only questions about a number of 10-confc pieces, and what is to ho done with them ; and do they not know all about a 10-cont piece ? . There was a time when men in Con gress inquired tho effect of tho meas ures advocated by them on morals, com merce. and national wealth. There are some, wo ore happy to say, who ask these questions still, and a few, at least—a diminishing number— who aro competent to answer them. But they are old fogies. Tho moro pertinent question now is: What will bo tho offeot on tho next olec- tion, —on tho party? Tho country first and party afterwards was tho motto of our statesmen till “Old Tatum” began hisroign. Now, party, self, friends first, the country last. And the men who thus subordinate tho country to their own in terest aro the men who seem disposed to make it an indictable offense for a Congressman to road. If we could imagine a really great people decay ing, we think their downfall would begin to show itself in tho sneers of their legislators at culture* education, theory, training. REPEAL THE LAND-TAX. If the moat devoted admirer of our present system of State taxation and champion of our rovonuo law couid have witnessed the elections in this city for revenue officers on Tuesday last, we think his faith would have boon shaken. Obi cago is assessed as having one-fourth of the to tal taxable property of tbo State, and it would have been an instructive sight to have observed tbo manner in which the Assessors of ibis prop erty wore chosen, tbo people by whom they wore chosen, and the material from which they wore selected. Wo do not suppose that either one of them has tbo remotest idea of an Assessor's du ty, or the slightest knowledge of the values of the property ho Is to assess, and report to the State. There has not been an assessment for State taxes made in this city for many years that has had tbo slightest resemblance to an actual, in telligent, or bona Jide assessment. No attempt has boon mode to produce one. Why should there be ? What interest has the Assessor in tbo business? Ho keeps a saloon, or a pawnshop, or something else perhaps not as creditable, and ho is not going to waste bis time traveling over the town hunting up property and affixing values to it. Give him the legal de scription of 100 lota in the town, and the chances are a thousand to one that ho cannot toll within a rallo the location of any lot in tho IUI. ?h«H men us not saluted with any Tit it XHUi imi/AUU UAIL.I imBUJNEi MONDAY, to thoir fitness. A "town mooting" is got up, nt which $20,000 is voted to bo raised by taxes. Tho duty of tho Assessor, Town Clerk, Collector, and Supervisor Is to have this sum of money divided among tho "boys." This is all tho duly those officers over perform, and that Js all they expect to bo asked to do. Tho pros jioot of receiving $5,000, SB,OOO, or SIO,OOO for no labor la so tempting that it Is not surprising that tbo candidates are loglou. It Is remarkable, also, that rarely over is a competent man a can didate, and in tho few instances whore such a man Is a candidate ho Is never olootod. When tho town officers wore olootod in tho fall at the county election, thoro was sometimes a bettor selection made, but this year tho selections find thoir ultimate criticism when truthfully de scribed to bo as bad as those of last year. This Is tho machinery of tho rovouuo law, and tho public can form an Idea of Us operation. In addition to tho spoliation of the Town Troosury, tho Assessor, with tho old tax-lists which come down from generation to generation, may, if so disposed, visit tho wholesale grocers, dry-goods, boots aud shoes, and furniture doalora, aud sup ply his household for a yoar or two, making things right on tho assessment list, or ho may compound for cash, and among tho owners of $300,5)00,000 of property may And a fon hundreds or tbousanda to put away on deposit for a rainy day, ho fixing things accordingly on tho assess ment list. That this business has not boon dono moro extensively in this city is owing to tho blank ignorance and stupidity of tho persons elected as Assessors. And this is tho ma chinery provided by law to execute that provision of tho Constitution which declares that tho tho needed State revenue shall ho raised by “levying a tax by valuation, so that every person and corporation shall pay a tax in proportion to tho value of his, her, or its property,’’ It is not strango that under such a system tho whole valuation is marked by fraud, corruption, inequality, and injustice; nor is it surprising that tbo whole burden of taxation is put upon tho land and its visible appnrtonancos. An Immense proportion of tho personal property in tho State is naturally in tho largo cities, and of this personal property in tho cities none is ever listed by tbo Assessors savo wbat tbo owners voluntarily report. This same result prevails wherever tbo valuation system exists. Personal property escapes, and tbo lend and its products pay double taxation. Thoro is but ono remedy for this monstrous abuse, and that is to repeal tho laud tax altogether. Thoro is no necessity for it. Tho t farms and tho live stock and town lots practically pay all tho taxes that are collected. All other industries and occupations escape. This valuation system includes an ad ditional tax of 20 per cent to collect tho rovouuo, aud this 20 per cout of tho people’s substance is taken to compensate an army of town officers of tho kind wo have described. Look at tho machinery of tho valuation system. In Illinois thero aro 102 counties, some of thorn under township organization aud some not. lu those counties thoro are elected annually 850 Supervisors, 850 Assessors, 850 Collectors, 850 Town Clerks. Beside those, in counties not un der township organization, there aro 400 to 500 other officers, making nearly 4,000 stalwart soldiers quartered on tho public to levy, assess, collect, and expend tbo public money. A t every stage of tho business, from the first Jovy until tho money is paid out of tho State Treasury, thoro is an officer to take toll out of tho public tax. No wonder it is true, os wo published some days ago, that thoro aro thousands of farmers preparing to leave tho State, because every cent they earn is consumed iu taxes. Tho land aud what is on it aro visible to tho tax officers ; it oau ho aoizod and sold for taxes, and consequently tho wholo effect of our revenue law is to plunder- tho land aud make it pay tho wholo legitimate coat of tho Govern ment, and maintain an army of officeholders. Wo have heretofore shown in what manner tbo needed rovenuo can easily aud economically bo raised. Bopoal tho laud tax I AN ERA OF BRUTALITY. It should bo a matter of serious question to the social philosopher, and thoso professing broad and progressive humanitarian views, whether, with all onr churches and schools, our Christian Associations and Sunday afternoon lec tures, our improved appliances of education and moans for advancing civilization, there is not a countor-curront in society drifting back into barbarism, and marked by a love of tho cruelty and suffering which inspired tho gladiatorial shows of Romo, in tho days of Caligula, Nero, and Domltian. During tho past week, four notable instances have occurred which go to strengthen this view, and they have boon allowed to occur without any protest from tho authori ties, whoso duty it is to enforco the laws which woro openly and boldly violated, or from public opinion except as it is represented in the daily press. On Thursday last, at Liverpool, Ind., tho Darwinian specimens stood up and pummolod .each other several hours for a paltry sum of SBO, and, on tho same day at Hobart, a crowd of brutes gathered about a pit in tho upper part of a tav ern to see chickens kill each other, and witness repeated scones of cruelty of the most barbarous description. On tho following day, tho shocking scone was repeated, but not brought to the in tended conclusion, because some hard-hearted brute bad been poisoning some of the chickens that they might bo tho moro easily hooked to pieces with tho cruel gaffs of their opponents. On Saturday, tho “sports” of tho wools woro brought to a close by a dog-fight at Tolleslon, which was marked by some of tho most cruel, and at tho same time pathetic, features over witnessed in one of thoso infamous exhibitions. Those two dogs fought with desperation until one of them was almost eaten up by tho other. With two of his logs completely bitten through, with his ears hanging in shreds, his nock and breast pouring torrents of blood, and unable to stand upon his foot or move, tho noble beust wagged his tail in recognition of his master. Tho other equally noble boast, touched to nity and compassion for his prostrate enemy, and moved to a sympathy for his suffering which tho hard-hearted hu mans around could not fool, licked his wounds and showed his fooling in every way but speak ing. The prostrate dog was rubbed down and revived, and once moro his inhuman owner tried to renew tho battle. His dog rushed at tho other with all tho strength he had, but foilnt his foot, uoahlo to do moro. Tho victorious animal again refused to mangle his foe, and again sympathized with him in the only manner ho could express hla tenderness. If tho Dar winian theory needs more proof, .it was certainly afforded at this cruel specta cle. Tho brutes in tho pit manifested that courage, generosity, magnanimity, and sympathy which are supposed to ho character istic of men, while the men who were there en couraging them (o fight had all the low brutal iiißttnota which are supposed to bo characteristic of dogs, but should uot bo charged to thorn any longer. Tho two doga In tho pit, like the chlck ons in tho pit tho day before, wore tho noblest animals there, and it Is impossible for any per son who has a spark of humanity In hla breast, to road tho account of tho contest ot those two dogs without having his admiration of tho noblo animals increased, as well as Ids detestation of their owners and tho spectators who could look unmoved upon such a spectacle. All of thoso contests originated In Chicago, and wore attended by brutes from Chicago, and, although they took place out of tho Jurisdiction of Chicago, is it not time that tho authorities bestirred themselves to stop them in tho future ? If tho authorities of Lake County, Indiana, do their duty, they will obtain requisitions from tho Governor of Illinois for tho apprehension of those men, and punish them to the extent of tho laws. They are all well known, and havo long been noted for cruelty of this kind. Our own authorities have a duty also to perform. They are always aware of tho time ond place of thoso fights, aud can easily notify tho authorities of tho locality where they oro to tako placo in time to prevent (hem, and lend thoir assistance to arrest tho blackguards who engage in them. Our ministers and lecturers can do much in organizing public opinion against those barbarous practices. No minister could wish a more suggestive or moro eloquent theme for his next Sunday’s sermon tnan the de tails of this fight. If tho police, tho law au thorities, the Humane Society, and tho clergy would oot la concert, much might bo done to wards breaking up thoso infamous practices. Will not some ono speak a kind word or send a helping band to those noblo animals, and save them from tbolr masters, who ore the real brutes ? CONUNDRUMS FOE CONGRESS, Since tho notes of tbo National Bank of Franco, put forth in 1718 under the superin tendence of John Law and the Bogont Orleans, gradually became utterly worthless, and so brought Franco to bankruptcy and prepared the way for the revolution of 1789, although the law riot only made them legal tender but made It a capital crime to refuse to take them, why should not our legal tenders, which aro not so strongly sanctioned by law, likewise depreciate as suc cessive Issues of them are made, until they, too, aro worth nothing, and until they, too, bring bankruptcy aud perhaps revolution ? Since the paper roubles of Russia, first issued in 1770, fell to about 80 per cent of their face aud then fluctuated in value so constantly aud greatly that business became almost an impossi bility, and since they did this despite the most stringout ukases commanding merchants to take them at a fixed value, and despite Paul L’s threat of hanging on tho St. Peters burg Exchange every one who disobeyed those edicts, why may not our paper dollars equally derange business by tboir fluctuation ? Since tho French assignats, which wore based on the national faith and laud, produced results which Carlyle describes in tho passage: “ As signats, assignats, long sinking, omitted in such quantities, sink now with an alacrity beyond parallel. 'ComhienV said, one to & hacknoy coachman, ‘what faro?’ 1 Six thousand llvres,’ answered ho, some 800 pounds sterling in paper money. On tho Ist of February, 179G, at tho Bourse of Paris, the gold louis of twenty francs in silver costed 5,030 franca in assignats,” and which another authority sketches by saying: “The assignats gradually dwindled down to nothing, involving tho wholo land in ruin,—ex cepting a few lucky speculators,—and resulted' eventually in national bankruptcy,” why may not American assignats do likewise ? Since tho Confciuontal currency, although scaled with blood to aa extent that should muko Oglesby as green (with envy) as his favorite shinplastora aro, was finally sold by tho pound for old paper, why should not its ninetoonth contury imitation same road ? Siuco England passed through a time of mone tary trouble between 1810 and 1824 such as wo aro grappling witli now, and got out of it by gradual redemption in gold, why should we hos itato to tako tbo medicine that cured her ? Why, at any rate, should wo tako a tremendous dose of its opposite ? Since the irredeemable paper-currency of the Republic of Texas, founded upon faith, and laud, and water, and everything else, made Texas bankrupt, why should our irredeemable paper currency fall to make us bankrupt ? Since an irredeemable currency, by promoting reckless speculation and inflating values, brought on tho crises of '37, and ’57, and *73, why should not a like cause produce a like effect ? Since Austria has plunged herself into bank ruptcy by issuing quantities of shinplastors, despite repeated pledges that no more should ho put in circulation, why should not Congress after Congress violate pledges as readily as this one has done, and so plunge America into bank ruptcy by printing fresh millions of greenbacks from year to year ? Siuco, in short, all history shows that irre deemable currency is but a synonym for gam bling, fa Iso values, recklessness, panic, disaster, what is to hinder history’s repeating itself in our caso ? THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT IN PRANCE, Alcoholism and cremation are fast becoming cosmopolitan questions. Pooplo are waking up to tho conviction that it is well to bo huruod; that it is a sanitary necessity thoy .should bo burned; hut then thoy favor postponing tho process until tho mortal coil has boon shuffled off. Cremation internally daring life, practiced as it is every day in tho liquor saloons of Chi cago, Now York, London, and other places, is by competent authorities declared to be as unwhole some as posl-mortem cremation in a Siemens furnace is salutary. Wo showed iu our columns tho other day how doctors disagreed on the question whether al cohol was nutritive or not; that some assorted it was aud some that it was not, Not being a Pope, wo cannot deoido infallibly on which sido tho truth lies. Tho old school of chemists maintained that it was a food. When first discovered, alcohol was considered not only a food but tho food par excellence. It was tho "water of life." Now it is more appropriately considered tho water of death. That it is a food, woe maintained by Liebig. In 1800 a trio of Prouoh chemists published a work attacking Lie big’s view, and maintaining that it was not a food. Thoy found that it entered into tho blood aud tissues, but that no oxidation took place, that it did not raise the temperature of tho body, and that tho amount of oarboula acid expired did not Increase; that it loft tho organism ouoxidizod, and therefore was no good at all. If thoro bo any doubt whether It ia a food, tboro (ia uone aa to ita being a poiaou. Renee tbo agitation against it,—an agitation which la apreadlug not only in northern oonntrlea bat ia wine-growing oounUle* like ffranot. PHIL 13, 1874. It • Is a fact not generally known, perhaps, that tho French Commune and alcohol wore to a groat extent effect and cause, —at least the greatest horrors of tho former woro in a degree duo to tho use of tho latter. Hence tho crusade against alcohol now going on In that country. Tho French method of pro cedure is a little moro rational than ours. Tho French Academy of Medicine has taken tho In itiative in tho war on alcohol. They havo caused to bo written and printed pamphlets showing tho mischiefs caused by tho use of tho poison. They havo circulated those pamphlets among tho intelligent portion of tho community, among teachers, manufacturers, oto.; and those are called upou to use their influence to stay tho ravages of alcohol. There is a method of teach ing uot yet resorted to, which wo think would do much good, viz : to administer alcohol to some of the lower animals, and show young peo ple its poisonous and murderous effects on them. The effect of alcohol on dogs is just tho sarao as on men. Thoy go through tho same stages of hilarity and depression as men to whom it has boon administered. It has tho same effect on their tissues. Tho war in Franco is carried on against alcohol only, not against boor or wine. Tho use of boor and wine, however, except at meals, is discouraged. It is granted that laborers need something to stimu late them occasionally during thoir labor; and temperance associations have been formed, tho members of which pledge themselves to tako nothing but tea or coffee except at meals. Tho evils that spring from tho use of alcohol cannot ho over-estimated. • It would bo well to ascertain, if it woro possible, the number of ac cidents which it produces. It is well known that it produces indigestion and dyspepsia. In ebriate nurses have boon known to poison chil dren. In 1870, there occurred in Franco 587 ac cidental deaths and GC4 suicides from tho use of alcohol. In 1850, 12 per cent of the cases of insanity in Fraoco woro traceable to tho use of alcohol, and. in 1870, 29 per cent. Wo think that tho French crusade against alco hol Is pushed on tho right principled It is not an indiscriminate but slmpty a move ment against spirituous liquor which has all the disadvautagos of other beverages with none of their advantages. And then tho French grant that some stimulant is necessary and will ho taken. Tnolr efforts are to supply a wholesome ono, and thus displace such as are poisonous, morally, intellectually, aud physically. THE TAX-GEAB LAW AND WHAT WILL COME OP IT. Tho most deplorable act of legislation in this Stato for tho last thirty years was tho oot of April, 1800, known as the tax-grab law. It was a cruel luvontion. It was far more to bo de plored than tho Internal Improvement acts of forty years ago. Under those acts, tho original debts created did not exceed $10,009,000, and for this tho wholo Stato was justly bound. Under tho act of 1809, about one-third of tho people of tho Skate have contracted a debt of $16,000,000, tho average interest on which is over 9 per cent. How it was intended to pay this debt is now be coming painfully notorious. It was well known that those municipal bonds, if issued upon tho naked responsibility of the towns, eould nover bo sold. A million or moro of them issued in 1807 and 1808 could find no purchasers, except to a limited extent among tho credulous citizens of the municipalities issuing them. Something more was necessary. The result was tho act of 1809, which is fraudulent in letter and spirit from the first lino to tho lost. Tho first fraud was upon tbo people of tho various towns and oonntios, by seemingly giving them an exemption from Stato taxation for ton years to an amount equaling tho wholo of tho doht voted. Under this specious provision, those people wore taught to boliovo that whatever amount or bonds they should voto would ho paid by tho other towns and counties of tho Stato, in tho shape of an increased rate of taxation for State purposes. Tho second fraud was upon tho people who woro to purchase tho bonds. We do not meau tho railroad contractors, nor tho Credit Mobilier companies, because these were all parties to tho fraud, but wo moan tho men aud women, trus tees, administrators, and guardians, all over the country, who wore to ho seduced into investing their money in them. Tho law was so framed and worded that those people wore led to boliovo that the State of Illinois had undertaken to bo responsible for tho interest on those bonds, and to provide a fund for paying tho principal, and that a State tax was to bo levied and collected “at tho same time and in tho same manner as tho tax to pay tho interest on tho Stato debt.”. Several other taking but mean ingless sentences woro placed in tho hill, so that pious brokers aud religious newspapers might urge their purchase by persona of small moans. This notorious and infamous fraud attracted little attention In this State, because few of tho bonds woro hold here, and because tho swindling provisions of tho law did not tako practical ef fect at once. lu 1870, 1871; and 1672, tho Audi tor levied a special tax on tho property of tho municipalities owing tho debt to the amount of tho interest. Tho State assessment in those years was but little in excess of tho assessment of 1808. In 1873, ono or two municipalities re sisted tho tax because of fraud in tho issuo of the bonds. Other counties failed to pay their interest, so in 1873 thoro was a grand raid of the bondholders, tho Stato offi cers co-operating, aud tho Stato assessment was raised from $180,000,000 in 1808, to $1,313,- 000,000 for 1673. This change throw an immense increase in tho valuation iuto .the towns and counties owing those debts, tho tax ou which was equal iu round figures to one million of dollars. As tho tax for interest was also levied, tho railroad-aid tax iu 1873 will exceed, if col lected, two millions of dollars. As this robbery of ono million of dollars of tho State revenue necessitated an increase of tho tax on other counties and towns to an equal amount, tho act for tho first'time became ag gressive, and was promptly resisted. The col lection of this tax has been enjoined in perhaps 100 instances. In tho meantime, tho Supremo Court has sponged out of existence various issues of fraudulent bonds, 'amounting to a million of dollars. Several counties and some fifty townships have enjoined tho collection of any further tax for either interest or priuolpal of tho railroad-aid debts. At tho late elections for Supervisors, tho issuo in many counties was resist ance to any moro taxes to pay debts of this kind. In exchange for those fifteen millions of dollars of bonds the several municipalities ought to havo a corresponding amount of capital stock of the railroads; hut this stook has, as a general thing, been blotted out by railroad Directors, who have mortgaged the property to three times Its value, aud have voted away capital stock to construction companies for more than tho amount held by the towns. At the recent elections, tho Supervisors vws spooUUy Instructed iauui&ei* oua townships to roaort to tho oourte to oxposo tho fraudulent management of tho railways, and to protect tho rights of tho municipal stockhold ers. Tho present year will ho Important with respect to this whole transaction. Tho Bupromo Court will in a fow weeks render Its decision on tho validity of tho not of 1809, so for os relates to tho diversion of the State revenue for local purpos es, and an increase of tax to supply tho deficiency. Bo that decision, however, what it may, wo think wo may safely assume that tho principal ond in terest of tho groot bulk of thoso bonds will not bo paid after this year, except after a long season of litigation. Wo do not approve this policy, though wo havo no doubt a majority of tho bonds aro fraudulent. Wo arc, howovor, not discussing that point now. Wo aro stating disagreeable facts, forced upon us by tho tendency of current events, and wo wish to lay tho respon sibility for all tho personal and municipal dis honor, for all tho frauds and rascalities, upon tho authors of tho infamous act of 1809, which a majority of the lost Legislature, to their shamo aud dishonor, refused to repeal. Tho credit and financial character of tho people of this Stale will suffer dlsostrously from tho non-payment of thoso bonds, and all this will bo duo to’ tho aot of 18G9. Tho Grangers of Minnesota have got into trouble with regard to Catholic Patrons. Somo of tho Catholic clergy, having dissuaded thoir flocks from Joining tho Grangers, because they woro a socrot organisation, tbo Folkeblad and Famers' Union, of Minnesota, pub lished a Btatomont that a Catholic member of tho Legislature who wished to become a Granger consulted Father Ireland, who referred him to Bishop Grace, who referred him to tho Pope, who replied that bo might Join tbo Order if its principles woro not in conflict with tbo principles and practices of tho Church, Upon tho strength of this authority, numerous Catholic farmers commenced joining tho Gran gers, whereupon Father McGalriok, of Shlolds villo, authorized tho statement that no such letter was over written by tbo Popo, ond that neither Father Ireland nor Bishop Graco woro over consulted about it. Tho papers thus challenged woro un able to produce thoir proofs, and tbo result is a groat hubbub among tho Granges, and moro determined action upon tbo part of tho Catholio clergy to prevent Catholics from joining. It would scorn that thoro ought not to havo been any doubt about tho light or wrong of joining, as it is a woll-ostablishod rulo of tho Catholio Church that its members cannot Join any organi zation in which an oath of secrecy is required, and as such au oath Is very foolishly and need lessly required in tho Granges, of course tbo rulo applies to thorn. Tho Bar and press of Minnesota have boon shocked at two Executive appointments in that State. One was the elevation of Judge Mc- Millan, Associate-Justice of tho Supremo Court, to tho Ohiof-Justlcoship, and of Mr. George B. Young to tho vacancy. Gon. Cornell, for whoso appointment to tho highest oillco Minneapolis petitioned, was rejected, and Minneapolis feels vastly indignant. Between tho olovation of Judgo McMillan, tho rejection of Gen. Cornell, and the appointment of a gentleman of whom Minneapolis professes to know nothing, tho city is shocked by a triple disappointment. Tho Tribune says: “Wo have examined tho dictionary, andwo And there no words suitable to convoy tho dis gust of our people in view of this whole trans action.” Tho greatest disqualification of Mr. Young is his extreme youth. Tho St. Paul Press says: “To tbo groat majority of our road ora tbe name of Mr, George Young will bavo been first board in connection with tbo announce ment which summons him to a scat upon tbo Bench of our highest State Court.” Ho has been a resident of tho Stato about four years only, and derived his logoi knowledge from tho Harvard Law School, tho ofilcos of William Curtis Noyes and David Dudley Field, and a brief practice in Now York and Minneapolis. Judge McMillan, on tbo other band, is tbo old est Judgo on tbo Bench. Another Congregational Council is now in ses sion at Worcester, Mass,, attended by all tho prominent Congregational clergymen of Massa chusetts and other Now England States, which is creating considerable excitement. It appears that about two years ago the Rev. William M. Parry came to Worcester from England, and, be ing favorably received at tho Old South Church iu that city, he consented to HU the pastorate for a year. After a while his eccentricities and peculiar stylo of preaching brought him into trouble and caused a disruption of tho'church. He loft the pulpit Jau. 1, and organized a now society called ‘the Tabernacle Church, taking with him many members of tho Old South. The Council has been called for tho recognition of this church and tho installation of the pastor. It has already done tho former, but tho question of installation boa nearly hopelessly divided tho Council, and has given rise to angry and excited discussions. His church has also got iuto a fer ment, attends the sessions of the Council, and heartily hisses those momborswho speak against their pastor. At last accounts thoro was little prospect of agreement, and a very fair prospect that tho Council itself may bo disrupted. NOTES AND OPINION. Tho Hartford Courant shows that tho Repub lican losses in Connecticut aro pretty evenly dis tributed over tho State, by Congressional Dis tricts, viz.: First District, (Hartford ami Tolland) 1,709 loss Second District, (New Uavoa and Middlesex).. 1,8‘J3 loss Third District, (Now Loudon and Windham).. 1,540 loss Fourth District, (Litchfield and Fairfield)...,l,7oi loss —la the days when Buckingham was Governor of Connecticut, the vote of Windham County elected him more than once, and in those days a Democrat in tho Connecticut Legislature from Windham County, would have boon a novelty indeed. Now tho county sends up ton Demo crats to tho Hoaso, and one to tho Senate, and tho Republican candidate for Governor is in a minority of all tho votes. When ofllco-holdlng Republican editors oomo down to details like this, they may liud some significance iu tho Con necticut election. —The Utioa (N. Y.) Herald, Congressman Roberta* paper, ami Senator Conkling’a organ, baa hoard somothingldrop, It says: It looks as though tho Republicans of Connecticut were not luclinotl to utter their sanction of all things dono at Washington It will not do to trillo with Intelligent people when they demand assurances that their party has fulfilled its promises, boon truo to Its profosuiuus, Is without spot or taint of Job. Tho protest of Conuooticut Republicans should not pass unheeded. —Tho Ealtlmore American, tho Republican or gan in Maryland, speaks thus: The vigorous blows struck at tbs very vitals of the Republican party by tho course of atfairs at Washing ton having thoir natural ofi'oet. . . , Tbo enthu siasm which has distinguished the llopubllcau orgaul zatlou is a thing of the past. , . . The grout mass of the pooplo caro very little who hold tho public offices, but they do care whether or no the offices aro used to shape and form aud control tho destinies of the party. Albo tho Wheeling Intelligencer, tho Republican organ in Woat Virginia, says: It (the Connecticut cloctlou) shows that tho people are weary uud Impatlout of tho way things are being done at Washington, aud that thoy are ready to mani fest their dissatisfaction at the ballot-box. —Tbo pooplo have passed Ibo time when a moro name could bogullo thorn; thoySp longer yield obodlonco to a party ory. Titov see oliloiai malfeasance, extravagance, and corruption all around thorn; one gigantic political fraud after nuotbor Is exposed; ono wrong after another un earthed ; one demagogue after another rising into higher places of trust and honor, and, with no other way ef redress but at tbo polls, thoy nook it there.— Philadelphia Inquirer. —Rutlorlam, Grantlsm, Salary-Grabs, Credit- Moblllor swindles, aud moiety frauds aro getting to bo too heavy for the Republican party to carry, and make it too obnoxious for tho pooplo to sustain.— Adrian (Mich.) Press, , —Rut whore shall the process of unloading be gin ? Who ahail unload, aud who shall bo un loaded? Who or what la to be thrown over board ? The " festering sores " have broken out all otef the pasty. IlotUnnaa in ia lu very bones. Loading men of tho partynro implicated in all kinds of fraud.—Grand llapids (Mich.) democrat. ' —Tho Mophistopholos behind tho pupnots li Bon Butler, tho present party-whip. lie hat managed tho whole business, pulling now toil and now that wire. Lot this bad man and his weak tools bo deposed from their high positions, and punished for thoir offenses as they richly merit.—.Fori Wayne (/ml.) Sentinel, —Richardson, Secretary of tho Treasury, it either a fool or a knave. It only remains to bo disclosed tho possession of which one of those qualities moved Grant to appoint him. It is really a fearful reflection to think of a man of tho arrant knavery or olso deplorable ignorance of Richardson being clothed with tho tremend ous power which tho present loosely-framed and viciously-construed laws glvo him.— Terre Haute —'Ais party In power is not tho Republican party of tho War; it is Its bastard, born of tho lust of power. . . , “Whom tho gods would destroy, they first mako mad.” It was madnosn to violate all faith, and ostracise tho true mono! tho party.— Philadelphia New Age. —Tho Republican party has had, and still has, too many dead weights attached to it—mon clinging to it not from principle, but for policy and profit. Those must bo consigned to other quarters—given to understand that tho Republi can party has no place for mon who abuse tho confidence and trust reposed in them.—Xndiano la (Iowa) Herald. —lt is an abuse of language to longer call tho Republican party tho radical party. Ton years ago, boforo stealing and plundering under tho various guises of Crodit-Moblllor, salary-grab, Custom-house frauds, Sauboru contracts, oto., tho party inaugurating and fostering theeo schemes could very properly bo called tuo radi cal party; but, sinco stealing has become the rule, and honesty tho oxcoption, it is a misnomer to call tho party that proposes to continue in Us old footsteps radical. Stealing, under thoso va rious guises and devices, has become conserva tism, aud honesty radicalism,— Fayette County (Iowa) Union. 7-W0 do not know why inflation should bo dubbed specially a “ Western M heresy. For example, Bon Butler is almost tbo loader in favor of inflation—our two Ohio Senators and a respectable share of our Representatives aro op posed to it. If there wore need for it, wo migut add Kolloy, of Pennsylvania, and a number of other prominent Eastern men as favor ing inflation, while - a number of other Woatom mon aro opposed to it. Speaking for our own State, tho newspapers of the State aro largely in opposition to inflation. Tho Cincin nati Enquirer is about tho only paper of any pretension that favors inflation.— Ohio State Journal. SPIRIT. OF THE ILLINOIS PRESS. Party bonds, as such, aro evidently losing thoil hold upon tho people.— lllinois Stale Journal. —The old party divisions are wearing away, and new ones ore springing up ; and this (infla tion) is to bo tho loader of them Advocate. —Tho political aspect of tho recent local elec tions indicates a general breaking-np of old party Hues, especially in tho rural districts and in tho small towns.— Peoria Democrat. —Tbo fact is, tbo Republicans arc not staying at homo anywhere to auy extent; but they tiro coming to elections and voting against Bopub can nominees. Tbo people everywhere want a change.— Quincy Herald. —Every day adds new interest to the political situation of tbo country. Tbo old party loaders are trembling at tbo thought that their days of political supremacy are drawing to a close, and that forever,— Ford County Journal. —Adventurers have been robbing tbo Trcaa* ury ana plundering the people, while they dis tracted public attention by party cries. If there is anything we can over afford to dispense with for a little while, it is partisanship.— Hock Is • land Argus. —The producing classes can emancipate them selves from the rule of corrupt, designing, political knaves and corruptionists, and they propose to doit. Tho year of jubilee is coming, and tho friends and advocates of monopolies, big salaries, and rogues resoling in high places, are near tho day of judgment.— Henry County Hews. —Tbo people are heartily disgusted with tho party in power and wish a change j they are determined to have a ebango and put down tbe sniveling hypocrites who talk through their noses about honesty, while they bavo tbolr aims in tbe Public Treasury up to the elbow.— Cairo Dulltein. —lt is idle for so-called Democratic leaders, or tbe “ stick-to-tbo-ship ” Democratic press, to offer to a bard-worked, over-burdened, and tax ridden people tbo consolation of Democracy. That consolation is a delusion and a suaro. .... Why? Because, within every ring of corruption throughout the land, tbe recipi ents of tho profits accruing from tho steals and other dishonest practices, whether under tbe color of law or no, Democratic cud Republican lenders have been found ebook by jowl.—Cen tralia Democrat. —Those who aro interested in an honest and puro government, no matter what their former political sentiments, aro combining with great unanimity to effect reform. And these reforms will be effected just so soon as tbo Republican party goes down to its death. In it is corrup tion and anarchy; hi its death is liberty and purity to tho people. “Judge yo this day whom you will HQvvo."-~Jilooming(on AntUMonopolist, —We havo gloried in our system of free gov ernment. That freedom has promoted the growth of & wealthy oligarchy, of which Vander bilt is the representative. It now remains for tho American people to boo to it that, while they havo secured to themselves a perfect sys tem of civil government, they havo not fostered in their midst a despotism as burdensome as hereditary monarchy itself. Hockford Anli- Monopoliat, —lt becomes daily more evident that the bank and currency questions are going to be tho important issues of tho next political campaign, and that the railroad question will take a back seat until tho banks aro disposed of.—Aurora Herald. —Add a hundred millions to-morrow to tho stock of greenbacks and National Bank notes, and tho power of the banks, monopolists, ami stock-gamblers will bo enhanced to that extent. Inflation strengthens them and weakens the very class whose name is used to promote a policy that rests upoma rotten foundation and a speculative theory. . « . The leaders hope that by in llatiou they may create a fictitious appearance of prosperity, blow up prices, and make men for get pay-day until after tho Presidential contest; This is the last stake of a desperate sot of par tisan gamesters. This is tho whole scheme of political inflation at Washington, outside tbo class of speculators who trade upon tho suffer ings of the people.— Wilmington Advocate . CORN-PONE. Atoka, Choctaw Nation, March 31,1874, To tht Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin: I noticed an article in The Tbibunb of March 15, headed “Corn for Human Food,” it« author urging you to enlighten your readers an to tho use of it as au article of food. I would like to make a few remarks on tho subject. I have traveled all through tho South, and North also. My experience teaches mo that tbo North ern cooks are by far superior, in the preparation of corn in any shape, to tbs Southern cooks. The way it is prepared down hero, it is not fit to eat. Tho pone, or corn-cake, that Mr. Tucker _ speaks of as being so delicious. X will give you tho Southern recipe for, as follows: Take one quart of meal that has not boon bolted or sifted; stir in water enough to make it tho consistency of a stiff baiter; add a, little lard or grease, just which you havo handi est; this is generally baked in on old-fashioned Dutch oven. Judge for yourself if this would bo palatable. I could give tho Northern method of cooking it; hut I don’t think it necessary, be cause every housewife throughout the Norik knows a bettor method than tho above. I hope this will wind up tho idea of ooru-pono being nutritious diet John S. McDaniels, (Half-breed Cherokee). GRANGERS AND PLOW-MANUFACTURERS. Oohxsville, la,, April 10, 1874. To th 4 Editor of The Chicago 'Tribune ; Biu: Tho following resolutions have boon adopted by tho Oakland Grange, No. 714, P, of 11., Louisa County, la. t Whxukas, Certain farm-lraplemont manufacturers have resolved not to soil tholr implements to Oranges aud Clubs oxtwpt the same bo ordered through tholr agents,—thereby manifesting a determination to con tinue the obnoxious ugonoy-eystom, so extremely an tagonistic to tho wishes uud interests of the farmers of the great Northwest | therefore, naotccd: i-Vsf—That wo will leave this little would bomouopo y entirely alone, “toataml by IU agents." while wo will contrive to palroulzo those manufac turers who came forward when our Order was In ita Infancy and cordially seconded our reformatory efforts by furnishing ns implements superior in many points or « , uoue to tnoso mndu by any member of the Chicago “ring,* ut wholesale prices, without tho interposition aud profit* of middlemen, Stcond~ -That we desire it positively understood that w« will not iu any case knowingly purchase any Imnte- n* Dy com V™l or Ann who will not aiUonlJ Qrangors and other farmers’ organ!* Ot \f* Dato, fiMreuiyw