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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, April 13, 1874, Image 5

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The Old Systsm in tho State
of Illinois.
Projects Following llio Construction
of “Clinton’s Ditch,”
The Illinois & Michigan Oanal and
Similar Works.
Inauguration of Railway En
Plans Laid by the Illinois Legislature
of 1836.
PlXtccn Millions Dollars Spent,
nud Nothiug to Show for It.
Almost any of us, active men of tho present,
like to compare our ideas, nud tho accomplished
facts of tho day, which are milo-stoncs of our
progress as a State and people, with tho ideas
Rud expectations of thoso who wont bpforo us on
(bo rood of tho past. Bo wo suppose ..that men
* who immigrated to tho State in Booster wagons,
—who mado “locations" where tjioy listed, by
tho sido of groves or on tho opon prairie, when
all tho land was freo to tho settlor, and when hut
a few southern counties mado up tho geograph
ical divisions of tho State,—had no coucoption
of tho tlmo when tho land would ho improved
nud sprinkled with populous towns? Nay,
verily; thoy cams boro to build towns and
mako a State. Wo hear thoy had “great
expectations," and somo engaged in greater
speculations. Bo wo suppose that they ran wild
of all reason, and laid out plaus that never
could bo realized ? Tho ora of toVn-building,
laying oft cities on paper, digging canals with a
gooso-quill (for stool pons had hardly como into
use in 1830), running railway-linos with a pencil,
and selling UllnotofCity lots by auction all
through tho East, Woro facts that had a charm,
nud where then and elnco much laughed at. But
were all thoso but tho baseless fabrics of dreams,
nud tricks and shams of swindlers and specula
tors ? Bid thoso mon of tho largo family of
Groat llopo, who in 1886 thought that Illinois
needed canals and railroads to work up hor re
sources (a few years before, they thought that
hanks and paper-money would do it),prove them
selves very shallow or simple in their viows of
tho future ? Thoy invited much ridicule upon
their schemes; and, in fact, thoy got up for
themselves a stupendous Joko in what they called
■What sort of a joke have wo, their descend
ants, in tho 3,000 miles of railroads wo have
built over their visionary tracks ? It has been a
good‘many years since 1 have road Dickons’
sketch of tho illusions and delusions of tboso
times, and tho groat Illinois city iu tho swamp.
(I am too busy now with writing to look it up);
but it strikes mo that Martin Chuzzlowlt would
bo ratbor refreshing reading in Illinois for this
spring of 1874.
Tho construction of that early and magnificent
enterprise of internal improvement, the Now
York & Erie Canal, called “Clinton’s Ditch,”
which was tho great achievement of tho
nation between 1820 and *3O, .gave great
impetus to ibo projection of similar un
dertakings in tho Middlo and Western
States, wo bad, immediately following, ibo
Pennsylvania Canal, to link tho City of Philadel
phia with tho upper waters of the Ohio at Pitts
burgh ; also, tho canal through the midst of the
Btato of Ohio, to connect tho water of Lake Erie
with her river at Portsmouth; tho projected
canal in Indiana to open a short cat from tho
to tho Wabash; and also another similar
flan to connect Lake Michigan at Chicago with
ho Illinois River. What
were these singly,—and bow much moro bo in a
group,—to connect tho greatLakos of tbo North,
with those noble branches of tbo “ Father of
Waters*' 1 Look at tbo situation on
the map I There is, first, the Stato
of Kow York, cut in its whole length
by a water-line, a . river that defies
Nature in its courses, through which tbo trado
of all those Labes seeks the seaboard and tbo
great national trading-port; then another arti
ficial river that traverses mountains in Pennsyl
vania, to take the trade of tbo great river to an
other inland sea-port; then behold tho other
great branches of the Mississippi which spread
out through several States, like, tho limbs of a
broad-spreading elm, and each of these branches
opening up to those Lakes, so that commerce,
like tbo free waters, may go to and fro from
North to South, and from the St. Lawronco to
tho Gulf of Mexico. Wo must admit that they
comprise a grand scheme of
tbat Is unequaled in any nation, and reflects tho
highest crodit ou its projectors. Wo may well
tuink they wore men of foresight, who grasped
‘well tbo future of this country, and aro deserv
ing tbo placo of tbo wisest statesmen and load
ing men of tbo past generations. Who wore
they ? Am I a student of the history of my
country and cannot give their names? DoWltt
Clinton wo know, because ho was made so much
the butt of ridicule that wo must rank him with
Joe Miller. But who wore the mon of tbo Ponti
sylvuuiiv Canal, tbo Cleveland Canal, tbo Wabash
Canal, nnd tbo Michigan & Illinois Bivor Canal ?
Behold, are not those names written m iVites '
Jicgister, and in the National Intclli
<jaic er t and in the journals of State
legislatures, bound in bluo paper covers,
ana in tho almanacs of the times ? And is not
that glory enough for such schemers ? My
moments aro now too precious, my non too
sharp-tet for other work, to hunt up and record
their names hero. But Jackson wo know, and
Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster; and wo have
heard of Calhoun, Crawford, Bouton, and many
others, because they wore grout wranglers in
debate, and talked so. wisely on tho tariff and
banks, rag-monoy, and gold and silver money,
uud on tho distribution of tho public funds, and
on tbo Maysvilio Bead bill, etc., that after-gen
erations wore hopelessly bomuddlod on all those
interesting topics, and wo can now only talk of
stealing tbo public money. But tho men who
gave their thoughts and hard work
to these groat plans of subjugating Nature in
her own demesnes to tho use of man, have to bo
hunted for among tho rubbish of tho post. Those
mon, whoever they woro, seem to havo rotted in
the forgetfulness of tho bygone, while tho
wrangles in political debate, over the unsettled
questions of tariff, titato rights, personal wrongs,
otc,, have been kept green from tho watering
pots of political admiration societies.
Soon after tho successful consummation of tho
Krie Canal,
set up its right to bo introduced as one of the
plans for public improvement. The canal was
an idea as old as u Chinaman; the railroad as
new ns a Yankee. It hud only time to ho rec
ognized where it was first thought of,in England
ho fore it was ready to be taken up boro by adop
tion. And first, as a coal-road in Pennsylvania,
it was tried; thou accepted for freight and travel
iu a link from Albany to Schenectady, and from
Boston to Framingham ; on Us next stride, to
Worcester. Then it wua declared a success,—
Just tbo thing for this go-ahead ago. Tito canal
wan good for ail t-lo v institutions, but, for a fast
people, there woe nothing like tbo railroads. Tbo
splendid canal-projects seemed likely fast to louo
their prestige, and to bo loft in tbo roar of tbo
advancing ago.
But strange it is that the first railway enter
prise should follow close along tbo lino of tho
pionoor canal,—tho iron-road clinging fast to tbo
water-road, to bo fod by tbo towns and cities that
had first boon made and fod by tbo canal! And
from those, tbo two link-experiments reaching
out Westward from Boston oud Albany, camo tbo
neat lino at first known as tbo Croat Western
(tivitway, Amasu Walker, tho present champion
if tbo spoolo-rodooutod greenbacks, then not a
vary young man, now not a very old man,
aas tbo grout projector of that rail
wav enterprise. Ho camo out West,
iven to tbe prairies of Illinois, to proparo tbo
way and urgo the pushing on of railways, that
the grists of the grain of tbo West might he
carried to tho mill at Boston. Ho bad the
senovolont intention, os New York bad got bor
own canal, of coming tho grah-gamo on that city
}{ tbo ancient Dutch, and taking all tbo busi
ness of tbo Wost to Boston by rail. And tbero
am certainly sharp practice in that; and it
gould have won if tbo railroad oould bavo boon
m readily u U uouopoliui. Oar
old friond Amasa Walker ought to lutvo ft orodlt
mark, right boro, for Inn real iu getting at tho
Western trade at that early day, which Senator
Logan could not wipe out with bin touguo, ns ho
tried a few days ago to lick out ouo of Tula finan
cial arcumonlu.
At that time, which was about 18.10, Illinois
had not a mile of canal nor a foot of railrond.
But her poonlo had boon thinking, deeply think
ing, planning, and legislating, to got an abund
ant supply of both. If canals woro good for
Now York, and railroads Just tho thing for
Massachusetts, why should not both of thoso ho
equally good for, and bo as much needed in. Illi
nois ? And, in fnot, they woro Just what tho
Btato needed. Tho pooplo had thought somo
time before that thoy needed money moro than
anything else. But somo Illinois statesmen
thought rails would do moro for tho State than
tho banks even could do.
to connect tho waters of Lako Michigan with tho
Illinois Bivor and tho Mississippi, which is now
our groat accomplished fact, was thought of soon
after tho comraoncomout of tho Brio Canal. Tho
routo was oxpiorod by authority of tho Btalo in
1823. A grant of laud was obtained from Con
gress, which hocamo our right to tho itnmenso
quantity of oaual-lauda, from which our citizens
have tho origin of title, both in Chicago and
along tho lino of tho canal to Ottawa. And from
that project oamo tho City of Chicago itself.
Now, this was tho first grand division of
tho system of internal improvement for
Illinois. Its consummation was long delayed,—
encountering many hindrances, and disappoint
ing, ruining many. It finally became a reality In
1840. and with it first camo tho mosquitoes to
Chicago. Tho blessings which camo afterword X
have not time to enumerate.
In 1830, llio Legislature of Illinois provided,
so far as thoy could do it by law, for gro&tor
things in tho way of prosperity for tho Stato.
Tho population at ttiat timo was about 400,000.
This provision was an “Act to establish and
It projected improvements by water in making
tho courses of our rivers navigable, and in tho
construction of railroads, so that tho Btato might
havo ovor after a scheme adequate for ail its
emergencies, nud by which justice should
ho done to all sections, and that
all might rise on an oven scab to tho highest
degree of prosperity. To that end, a Board of
Fund Commissioners was created, to raise
mouoy, and a Board of Commissioners of Puolio
Works appointed, to spend it. Somo thought,
from tho result afterward, that this former
should have been called tho Board of Fun Com
missioners. Tho Michigan Canal was placed
in charge of auothor Board of Canal Commis
sioners. Tho Board of Public Works was required
to locate and superintend ail plans of internal
improvements authorized by tho Legislature.
And tho Legislature appropriated mouov for
tho first division of wator and common road im
provements, as follows:
First —For tho improvement of tho Groat
Wfthasb, in conjunction with Indiana, to got its
share of tbo benefits of the Erlo & Wabash
Canal, SIOO,OOO.
Second—. Forimprovomont of tholllinola Bivor,
Third— Bitto for Bock Biver, SIOO,OOO.
Fourth— Bitto for Kaskaskia,‘sso.(loo.
Fifth —Bitto for Littlo Wabash, $60,000.
Sixth— On tbo Groat Western Mail-route from
Vino-nnos to St. Louis (ancartb-road, which was
really tho extension of tho National Boat! which
had hoou authorized years boforo by Congress,
aud afterwards abandoned), $250,000.
Seventh —A railroad from a point at or near tho
junction of tho Ohio and Mississippi Elvers
(now Cairo), via Yandalia, Sholbyvillo, Bccatur,
uud Bloomington, to cross tho Illinois Bivor at
tho terminus of tbo canal, aud tliouco to Galena
(this will bo noticed as tho main lino of tho Illi
nois Central Bailroad); and appropriated State
money for it, $3,600,U00.
JSiqhth—h. southern cross railroad from Alton,
via Edwardsvillo. Carlyle, Ac., to Mouut Car
mel, on tho Wabash, with sundry projected
branches to accommodate tho southern soction
of tho Stato; appropriating $1,700,000. (This
will bo identified with tho present Ohio & Mis
sissippi Bailroad from Viucounos to St. Louis,
with tho two ouds loft off.)
Finth— A Northern cross railroad, from
Quincy, ou tbo Mississippi, to Merodouia, on tho
Illinois; then, via Jacksonville, Springfield, Bo
catur, to Banvillo and Btato lino, $1,850,000.
(This is nearly tbo pathway of tho Great West
ern Bailroad. North at that timo, it will bo ob
served. was pretty well south iu tho present sec
tional balance of tho State.)
Tenth —A railroad from Alton to Sholbyvlllo,
Paris, and State lino, opposite Torre Haute, sl,-
250,000. (This lino, too, has its counterpart in
the running roads of the day.)
Eleventh —A railroad from Peoria to Canton,
Macomb, to Warsaw, to couuect’with what is now
Burlington, lowa, $700,000. (This lino is par
tially realized iu other localities.)
Twel/th—X railroad from Bloomington to
Peoria, and a branch to Pokin, $350,000.
This act, seemingly that equal aud exact jus
tice might bo douo to all tbo people, gavo
$200,000 to each county through which no canal
or railroad had been run (counties then wore
not as plenty ns at present); with which they
might help themselves to such improvements as
they needed. Under that provision, a number
of short linos wore proposed,—among those, one
from Jacksonville to Naples; another to Win
chester, one also from Rusbvillo to tho Illinois
Bivor, opposite to Bcardstown.
it will bo seen, woro loft in & chilly position by
tbo scheme. Tho Yankees had not thou
possession, and tbo sections north of tho Illinois'
river woro supposed by tbo magnates who con
trolled tbo Stato in tboso days to bo beyond tbo
borders of civilization, and woro left to tho In
dians or otbor barbarous tribes who might corao
and occupy it. So not long after camo the tribes
from Now York and Massachusetts, and a fow
from Vermont, among them Stephen A. Doug
ins, and ho took up his abode in tb« sunny re
gion about Yandalia and Spriugiloid.
Chicago bad tbo canal and tho canal lands on
which to found a city, 'and the lake harbor, and
tbo chance to be potted by tbo General Govern
ment, and she surely ought to have
boen contented, and doubtless sbo
was. But it is worthy of thought justboro, how
littlothe leaders of tbo Stato valued tbo northern
section, where corn and pigs would not thrive;
or thought that, in tbo growth of tho Stato tho
seat of power would continue its march north
ward. There aro signs still, cropping out in our
Springflold Legislature, that tho North is of small
account yet. Tho Galena & Chicago llailroad
plays no part in tho grand scheme of State im
provements,—though, I bolievo, it was first
thought of as ono of tho appendages to como in
under tho $200,000 benefits for somo of tho
Northern counties that had not boon touched by
a proposed canal or railroad. Bat it enmo out
under a special charter engineered by W. B.
Ogden. J. Y. Scammon, J. 11. Collins, and others,
and survived tho wreck of tho system to become
tho iirst successful railroad of tho Stato. Not
withstanding tho Stato was mapped with railway
linos, and St. Louis had had projects for roach
; ing out toward her from tho Bast,
Edward Bates, who camo from that city
to attend the Harbor and lUver Convention at
Chicago in 184G, and was mode President of it,
(thou quite an old man), stated, in his introduc
tory speech, that ho had not yot soon a railroad.
Tula, however, did not disqualify him from be
ing a very good Attorney-Qouoral in Mr. Lin
coln's Cabinet.
Tho Fund Commissioners proceeded to obtain
the funds, os tbo law directed, by selling bonds,
; and in tho various ways known to people to got
I something out of nothing; and the Board of
| Public Works proceeded, as in duty bound, to
Soon from tbo standpoint of this
date, and realizing what tbo State
bus since douo, and what was tho
real need, this scheme of internal improvements
does not Boom as wild and reckless as it appear
ed a few years after tho work had boon begun.
It was not by far so largo a scheme us wo have
seen ipatared before oven those pioneers of
progress could got out of tbo way of tbo tido
they Impiously sot a-going by getting into tboir
graves. Tboro wasa jealously among tbo peo
ple that tbo funds would not bo spent equitably
for tho benefit of all parts of tbe State at once.
Therefore, tbo Construction Board did not, or
dared not, take up ono section and oomploto
it, and thus save it; but they
began their work over tho whole
broad area at tbo samo time, grading hero and
ditching there in tho moat expensive manner,
and at groat disadvantages, far away on tbo open
prairies, whore they could boldly expect a family
to settle for a generation to como. Tbo progress
was marked by those ditches and broken places
of earth till tbo money was spout, tbo fltalo nm
in debt to tbo extent of $15,000,0(10. .and “nary
railroad yet: ” and so tbo plan “busted.” In
tbo public mimd it was recorded as
It bad been as deceptive as tho old banking
scheme to make tho people rich. Plenty of
money bad been spent, but nono earned; and,
iu place of riches, tboro woro enormous debts to
It is very apparent that the scheme was only
unwise in being pressed before its time, and
in being attempted on too grand a scale, which
far ovor-rouebed tho necessities of tbo times.
Tbo motto is reversed, that tboy bullded more
wisely than tboy meant. Tbo fact is, their \ylh
dom was better than tboir building,—and tboy
woro compelled by public sentiment to build or
iukkd railroad*, u many tonal dad titled vlrt
mado at tho timo, to force a population where
thoro was no population to bo forced.
At tho period when •(•.thoso railway grad
ings marked a feature of tho Btalo far away
from any settlement, thoro could bo found many
sites of towns where only tonantloss shanties re
mained. Sometimes a respectable hotel was loft
standing, with none Imt bats and owls for
gnosis; and warehouses on tho lake and along
tho bluffs of rivers, designed for storage of
goods and grain that woro anticipated, woro loft
windowlonß and rotting, reminding ono of tho
ruins of a past ago, except that thoy locked
.themselves tho stability of ago. Z, Eastman.
Bankruptcy of the City Government.
The War of Democratic Factions in
Flgurlng-TJp Population from a
Corrttpondenee of The Chicago Tribune,
St. Loun, April 0,1874.
u Blessed by nothing,” saith tho old proverb.
It is no moan advantage to tho tax-payers of St.
Louis juet now that their
it cannot pay Us debts, cannot raise money, and
has nothiug 16ft to bo stolon. Tho stroots aro iu
a frightful condition; but tho proposition to
Issue $2,000,000 in bonds for tho repair of stroots
was voted down by a majority of nearly 6,000 in
a total veto of loss than 18,000, portly because
certain stroots to bo ropavod woro named in tho
act submitted, hut mainly hocauao tho pooplo
did not caro to put $2,600,000 moro within roach
of tho present City Government. City shin
plostors, ’commonly known as “ Browubacks,’*
have floated Readily enough since tho panic,
iu part boenuso it was presumed that tho Legis
lature would authorize tho oily to issue bonds
for tho removal of its floating debt, bnt that
measure was also defeated. Until tho present
Bcmocratio Administration can bo cioanod out,
aud tho Council effectually, purged, at tho elec
tion of next August, tho prospect before us is
ouo of nasty streets, arrested improvements, aud
a hftdly-domoralizod City Government. But tho
Germans, whoso solid voto turned tho scale on
Tuesday, prefer to “grin and boar" all manner
of ills for at least a year longer, until thoy can
secure a City Administration, moro worthy of
After a session of throo months,
for onco elicited public applause by its
adjournment. The unanimous verdict is,
that it baa proved a misorably
incompotcmt body. That it spent throe mouths
in 137H, and threo months more in 1874, iu doing
almost nothing, its record shows. But, in truth,
this was duo not so much to the want of com
petent legislators among its members os to the
sharply-defined hostility which existed between
different elements, and to the clause in the
Constitution which enables a minority to defeat
a bill, unless the majority cau muster, on the
yeas and nays, more than half of all tho members
elected. A'full House consists of 131 members,
and CG ayes ore, therefore, required to pass a
bill; but at least 20 members are almost always
absent, so that a minority of 45 opponents can
defeat almost any measure. Tho divisions in
this body have boon generally independent of
party-linos; the sharpest contest has been be
tween two factions of Democrats, each
striving for tho supremacy in tho
partv. One faction, mainly in sympathy
with* tho State Administration, has raado des
perate efforts tojeapturo tho Grangers by thejpass
ing of measures pleasing to that element. Tho
other, aiming rather!at the control of tho party
machinery through tho cities and towns, has de
vised a multitude of local bills, some with jobs
in them, and others calculated only to entrench
certain individuals in political power. In this
warfare, tho latter faction has tho advantage,
because it cau hide its purposes. Tho dema
gogues who aimed to
could not propose any measure of importance
without betraying its intent. Thus tboir chief
effort this year was for tho passage of a now
revenue law, and the bill which they proposed
was copied very largely from tho Illinois law,
especially with regard to tho taxation
of railroads, corporations, and stock
companies. To an honest statesman, who had
watched tho practical effect of some of these
provisions iu Illinois, it would not havo seemed
very wise to stir up hostilities between farmers
and manufacturers, to entangle corporations in
litigation, and to force railroads to fence them
selves m with lawsuits, especially os wo havo iu
Missouri a revenue law, adopted after long la
bor in 1872, with which Collectors and taxpayers
aro just becoming acquainted. But, to a dema
gogue hungry for country-votes, this destructive
wruuglo between farm and factory, between
land and capital, looked charming. With An
cient Pistol ho promised himself. “And profits
shall accrue.” To “ fight tbo tax-dodgers of
the cities ” was bis short road to a
Stuto office, and tho dodgo was so for
successful that tho bill passed tbo House
by a largo majority. But, meanwhile, tho
business men of all tho cities and manufactur
ing or commercial towns had aroused, while in
many quarters tho Grangers themselves pro
tested against tho mischievous tendencies of tho
bill; and its contradictions, crudities, blunders,
and manifold imbecilities wero so effectively ex
posed in tbo Senate by Mr.Brockmoyor, that tho
thing was killed. Another raid of tho Adminis
tration faction was directed at tho school-sys
tem and tho sohopl-fuud; but every bill of that
character was killed. A final struggle to fill tho
empty State Treasury, by giving to tho school
fund tho “I. O. U.” of tho State in place of
United States bonds, was handsomely stopped iu
tho House, aud tho present Administration is
loft to face its responsibilities as best it can.
Tho opposing Democratic faction waged w&r
mainly with
and only tho result in tho next •Convention and
Legislature can determine with how much of
success. When Mr. Snooks, tho member from
Barron, pleads for bis “ little bill, which affects
nobody but his constituents,” only those behind
tho scones can toll what strength ho enlists for
himself in some future hour of need, or what
pledges of co-operation ho has given to other
members to secure success in his pet endeavor.
One or two hundred of tboso llttlo bills havo
boon passed at each session,—many of them, no
doubt, altogether innocent; but it was noticed
that tho combination of auti-Adminlstratlon
Democrats steadily increased iu strength to
tho close of tho session. Gov. Wood
son is probably crippled beyond possibility
of recovery by the opposition in bis own party,
though it is supposed that ho will still sock re
election, or will strivo to soizo the Souatorehip
in place of Schurz. In this combination, Walker,
of Howard, a prominent Granger, is proposed
for Governor, and Heard, of Bettis, tho father
of tho Revenue bill, for Secretary of State. By
shrewd politicians, it is generally believed that
this combination will bo beaten iu tbo Democratic
Tho Republicans of tho Legislature bavo with
much uminimity recommended, ami tho Repub
licans of tho State seem generally inclined to
If tboy nominate no Stnto ticket, but loavo tbo
Hold dear for an independent movement, such
as bus just succeeded so woll in this city, it is
not unlikely that a ticket fairly representing tho
best elements in tbo Stato will bo nominated and
elected. Disgust with tho present management
is very general; but tho Administration at Wash
ington has made it quite impossible iu this Stato
to combine tho reform elements upon a ticket
called Republican.
Sc. Louis bus a now directory, and puts iu bor
latest brag to tbo tuuo of 470,000 population. Is
it not about tlmo that
of ropronentlng a directory as a census should
bo laid aside, by Sc. Louis aud all other cities as
well ? Everybody knows that estimates of popu
lation based upon such data are utterly worthless,
and not many people really Ddlovo that St. Louis,
rapid us its growth has boon, baa increased 170,-
000 in population since 1870, or 57 per cout iu
four yours. The total registered voto in this
city is now 80,516, of which only 21,807 votes
woro cast at tbo recent election. True, this evi
dence is ovon toss reliable as to iruo population,
and yot it scorns hard to boliovo that barely one
half of all tbo persons entitled to voto oro regis
tered. St. Louis is really growing very rapidly;
but what good does it over do to indulge iu
dreams? A.
—“ How much bettor it would bavo been to
bavo shaken hands and allow it was all a mis
take,” said a Detroit Judge. “Then tho lion
and tho iamb would liavo lain down together,
ami white-robed peace would bavo fanned you
with bor wings ana olovatod you with her smiles
of approbation. But, no; you went to clawing
and rolling in tba mud, and here you
The Engrossing Female Occupa
tion at Present.
Her Brilliant Hopes aftd Her Sad
Tho Lessons of Experience.
At this season of iho year there will bo noticed
by tho observer an unusual business look about
tho ladies ono meets in tho Rtroot-cars and
stages, and In solitary walks about tho outskirts
of iho city. It will bo noticed that they are ab
stracted, as if conning somo important question,
and will occasionally smllo or compress tho lips,
or oven allow tho intimation of a frown to stamp
itself upon their fair brows, and thou suddenly,
as if seized with a satisfactory solution of tho
problem, wilt nod tho hood with a significant,
self-congratulatory smile.
Those ladles aro not to bo mistaken for tom
poranoo folk. Tho latter do not go singly and
alouo, with an air of abstraction, but travel in
tro-murally in bands, or, at any rato, never in
less than pairs, and havo many things to talk
over in common, with earnest argument, broken
by long reflective periods. They aro assertive,
determined, and, moreover, indicate familiarity
with tho public, caring Httio for tho coarse
grained creatures about them, while, on tho other
baud, tho strange mission of tho single ladies—
single in tho sense of being temporarily alone—
is not readily interpreted. Their' preoccupation
is evidently unusual, their agitation too evident
to ariso from a familiar consideration, they are
strangely distrait, but pnlpably on account of
some sudden business which they havo on hand.
■\Vlmt, then, is tho mysterious nature of the
business which absorbs their attention ? Those
who accidently meet them in front of somo uu
tonantod mansion on which is placarded the
“ fob Bent,”
and observe with what a critical and compre
hending eye they take in the points of conveni
ence, accessibility, repair, and cleanliness, will
have no trouble In arriving at the conclusion
that these ladies belong to that great
army which arises every spring like
the tooth of Cadmus’ dragon, to become a legion
of house-hunters. The lirat loaves that bud
forth in this season may bo said to bo the pla
cards “ I\>r Bent,” and this is tbo host that ad
vances to pluck them.
Perhaps there are some readers who fall in
with the common error that house-hunting is a
nuisance, and a source of auuoyauco to tub la
dies. There could bo no greater mistake ; it is
the only
that fair dames may engage la that admits of
any excitement, and though the ladies, with all
their little deceit, will pretend to hato it, thoy
would not bo deprived of its enjoyments for tho
world. Never, during tho whole subsequent
period of tho year, will there arise an interest with
half tho possibilities of conjecture, or
fho opportunities lor rare tact in bar
gaining, or koou insight to tho frauds
of landlords, that this presents. To sny that
it is no satisfaction to bring down tbo owner
with a battery of scornful remarks upon his dis
covered subterfuges, or to hold over him tho
terror of having no tenant for tho year to come,
hi to cast a reproach upon humanity.
Every well-regulated female mind is tho pos
sessor of a castle in Spain, a swell-front of
marblo with appointments to suit, or a neat
brick sandstone with comfortable rooms, and a
grass-plot in front with a bod of well-arranged
and tractable plants, or a. cosy {cottage with
green blinds and a clean white face, and as they
glance over tho columns of The Tribune, every
advertisement that interests them is un
consciously compared with tho ideal standard,
aud as it falls short of,or seems to approach, the
fanciful structure, it is passed over or noted
down for future use. With a haudfull of thoso
memoranda tho bousc-huntcr will start out of a
Monday morning, ;say, having previously ur
arruugod household affairs so that
they will not intrude their un
comfortable requirements at au unseasonable
moment, and being thus thoroughly equipped,
with her wits keenly alive to tho necessities or
fancies of the case, she will begin tbo campaign
with what tho French term elan, fooling that
she has something to do worthy of her powers,
uud that she is quite competent to do it. Thoso
are tbo persons who have boon mentioned as to
bo mot in tho highways aud byways, and hurry
ing to ond fro at tho present date. They are en
gaged in the groat adventure of tho yoar, aud
no wonder they look preoccupied, for a mo
mentous decision must bo mado before tho Ist
of May. Having selected tho lowest-priced
house as tho first to bo visited from economical
reasons, and having armed at tho number desig
nated by tbo card, disappointment number ono
is in store for tho enthusiast. Tho imaginary
edifice which had been Heating in her mind finds
no substantial verification iu the
that confronts her. There is no need for a sec
ond examination; ono look convinces her that tho
advertiser has perpetrated a vile fraud, aud that
tho dream of cheapness and beauty combined is
an illusion which is only real to tho owner of tho
promisee. Her air-castlo receives a vudo shook,
but it is uot shattered, for tho consolatlou arises
that thoro aco others on her list, not so cheap,
perhaps, but still withlu tho limit, aud as thoy
are higher in price, they must bo better in
quality. Her spirits rovivo ut this reflection, and
a weary walk brings her to number two.
in located in what is called by tho delusory adver
tisement, a 14 first-class neighborhood.” This is
a generic statement that includes all things
worth having. Ploasanc neighbors next door ;
clean wide streets; oxcluoive from the Evil Eyo
of tho populace ; nice little boys and girls for
tho heir of tho family to play with; shade trees
in front, and an agreeable outlook to contemplate
of summer evenings. As she paces past tho
marble palaces that rise on either side and notes
by tho silver numbers on tho doorways
that sho is approaching her destination,
her spirits rise. Tho ideal home is
now to ho found, suro enough. “Number 152,
151,15G—1t is 1G0—153,” and, ns she passes out of
tho gloom of tho great mansion that has hidden
tho expected revelation of comfort and utility,
sho beholds sell number two, a slim framo fab
ric in a consumptive state of dochuo that
stands, as if ashamed of its presumption, bash
fully la tho rear of its proud neighbors, a mero
bam of a houso, trying to pass itself off for
moio than it is worth, and not having the cour
age to face it out. Truly, it is a first-class neigh
borhood, but could any one ovor have first-class
feelings and live in such a house ? A sorrowful
“ no, answers this question, and tho lady again
turns to her list, somewhat weakened in ardor,
but not altogether cast down.
brings hor to u rospcotablo-lookiug house la a
villainous neighborhood. A slatternly girl seated
on tho portico of tho houso next door makes re
marks to a young man of evident stable belong
ings, regarding her appearance aud manners, in
a voice that is more audible because of its unac
customed suppression. Plainly, a boarding
house, and next door. That would novor do.
There remains yet a long list to visit, but the
fervor of tho chase is diminishing. The solos of
hoi* foot complain of the hardness of tho side
walk. Something that she had forgotten at homo
recurs to her, and, alter an inward debate with
tho reproach that arises at tho remembrance of
her curly ardor, she banishes discussion uud con
cludes to go homo aud rout until to-morrow. At
any rale, sho has hud a day of real adventure.
Tho next excursion may bo postponed a week,
perhaps, Experience has led nor by this timo to
uiscovor-tho most glaring of the ulus chat house
owners acknowledge in their published descrip
tions, and this timo she carries fewer memoranda,
but moro honest ones.
A cloud has cotuo between her and the pic
tured dream, but it may bo ouly a summer mist.
Hopo is tho lust thing to dio, and thero may bo a
house, moderate ui price, eligible iu situation,
arranged with tho dining-room horo, tho library
thoro, closets horo, everything comfortable, —ouo
could boar some Inconveniences, you
kuow, in a routed tenement,—but u
bouse that. would do. It will bo perceived
that there is & bad break iu tho ideal, but con
sistency still assorts itsolf. Surprises in tho
second excursion havo lost thoir power. Thoro
aro no moro ambuscades for her. Suspicion
rankles iu her heart,—it has takeu tho place of tho
former blind confidence. Bho makes no more
vagrant excursions upon tbo strength of a be
lief iu humau generosity. This bus become an
extinct virtuo in her mind. It had a sudden
death. No, she comes now to tho oxaiuiuution of
homos on a basis of buying all that is possible
for her money. Bho has a wary foo to deal with,
not an infatuated benefactor of hie race. Hav
ing learned this, tho faculty of discovery, in
sight, begins to havo play. This is tbs second
Envllego that Is accorded to the house*
miter. Bho finds that aha ia gteUiylhg a
y Al',
>'9 10*1 ** t
hitherto unmiupcclcd instinct by tho pro
cobb of discovering to wliat depths of
iniquity tho landlord wllldoHcoud. Bho trios Iho
water-pipes, lights tho gas-lnmiorfl, projects her
nasal organ Into tonoly upols, cultlvntofl a Knowl
edge of paints considered in their application to
walls, etc., Intimates improvements, repairs, ac
cidentally discovers defects, perceives that tho
inner rooms aro dark, notices a stain on the
ceiling which plainly reveals a leak,— a.leak
onco, a leak always,” becomes ft motto with
her? and, in lact, qualities which sho never
know Bho possessed now reveal themselves,
and in thoir active) ploy give hor an unwonted
onnfltmia landlords.
Having learned tho secret of hor foe, sho also
begins to find a delight in crushing him, and in
pointing out to him that there Is one, at least,
who has fathomed his generosity and found It a
fiction, —a fraud. Tho castlo has by this timo be
gun to crumble, but a compensation Is growing
up. Tho droam ie vanishing, but sho fools that
sho is getting nearer ami nearer to a substantial
fact, and that sho will eventually find tho house
which will do, and that sho will 44 do” tho owner,
by tho forco of her will. And sho does. Torso
vornuco brings its reward. Out of all hor oxporl
ouco, she gets tho best house and tho best bar
gain possible, and when she finds afterwards
(hat cockroaches swarm through it, and that a
hospital is located next door, sho consoles her
self with tho remembrance that she might havo
done worse, and that sho has something to toll
of. Her adventures and misfortunes will ho
happy gossip for many weeks and months to
come. Bho also sots cockroaches and hospitals
down in hor memory. Sho has amassed a sum
of knowledge of house economy that is Invalu
able for fuiuro use. Next year, sho muses, I will
havo a porfoct house. Looking over her store
of precepts, it is found to road something as fol
Note No. 1. Novor believe a house-agent.
No. 2. Plumbers and gasflttora are the natural en
emies of mau.
No. 3. Look out for ruts.
No. 4. Is tho catch-basin stopped up?
No. r». Do tho water-pipes freeze?
No. 0. Has the former tenant paid water-tax and
go* bill?
No. 7. Docs the bath-tub leak 7
No. 8. Is the collar dean and sweet?
No. 0. Aro the walls damp 7
No. 10. Are tbo flreplacoa shorne?
No. 11. Aro tbo mantels falling?
No. 12. Who lives next door?
No. 13. Cockroaches, etc., etc., etc:
Bat ihoro arc otbor gratifications which tho
moving period brings to tbo feminine mind.
Having had tho rosy enjoyment of anticipation,
and ike practical pleasure of selection, and hav
ing exhausted those, she now comes to tho third
experience, best of all, which animates her fancy,
tact, resource, and ingenuity, all together. This
is the inestimable privilege of phfnmng. Hither
to, during tbo year, this talent has only been
kept in practice in tho dressmaking way. It has
boon subjected to a narrow scope, pleasant
onough, but infinitely inferior to tho opportunity
now presented. To be able to mako a square
carpet fit a round room, to find just tho fitting
place for tbo picture, tho mirror, the ornaments;
to devise and invent, avoid and discover, —these
are worthy matters for the full use of her in
gonions faculties. Yes, they are tiresome days,
ut they are full of triumphs of this kind. Alto
gether, however, it is a season of moro joy than
distress, of tired limbs and aching backs, but of
much gratification in its awards to tho tact,
taste, and discretion. As was said at tho outset,
tlio ladies coudomu it harshly, but enjoy it Im
mensely. Bo they not ?
To the Editor of Tho Chicago Tribune,
Sir: In a recent mooting of tbo tomporauco
peoplo in this city, Miss Frances, E. Willard, of
Evanston, is reported as saying “she was in
favor of getting up a tcmporanco-oatcchism for
Sunday-schools, so that tho young people might
bo furnished with arguments.”
Now, in tho name of all that is reasonable, I
ask Miss Willard to reflect on iho consequences
of intioduoing this temperance-discussion into
our Sunday-schools. Of course the children
would bo taught what tho Rev. Dr. Briggs, of
Evanston, m a recent Methodist ministers*
mooting, said “was pretty well established,” and
also what tho Rev. J. 0. Peck, at tho same
mooting, “cited a formidable array of
authorities to provo,” to wit: that Scripture
wines wore unformonted. Tho Rev. Br. Briggs
said be did “not believe that Christ furnished
men with intoxicating drink.*’ This stuff must,
of course, bo taught to the children, and their
young minds thoroughly impregnated with con
tempt for aud hatred of anything in tho shape of
wine. And, m order to do this, Scripture must
bo falsified and wrested from its true moaning,
and tho young mind initiated iu tbo very worst
species of sophistry. For, so surely as tho child
arrives at tho ago of manhood, it must loam tho
falsity aud shallowness of thoso Sunday
school teachings. Lot us, imagine a child
thoroughly indoctrinated with tho dogmas
of Dm. Peck, Briggs, ct id omuc genus, having
put into his hands that very interesting work by
Henry Ward Bocchor, “Tho Life Qf Christ.
Tho child has probably road in iho newspapers
tho glowing oulogiums passed by Mr. Beecher
upon tho women’s crusade, and ho has learned
that Mr. B. is a life-long advocate of temper
ance. With what a fooling of astonishment will
ho then road tho following, and how will his
reverence for his Savior bo undermined, whoa ho
finds that lie did most unquestionably, accord
ing to tbo overwhelming testimony of tbo most
reliable authorities, make, by a miracle, in-,
toxicating wine. 1 quote from Beecher’s “ Life
of Christ,” p. 100:
That tho wlno created by our Lord answered to the
fermented wine of tho country would never have been
doubled, If tho exigencies of a modern and most
bvnoficout reformation hud not created a strong, hut
unwise, disposition to do away with the undoubted
example of our Lord. But, though tho motive was
good, and tho effort most ingeniously and plausibly
carried out, tho result linn failed to satisfy tho best
scholars; and it is the almost universal conviction of
those competent to form a judgment, that our Lord did
loth make ami use tobies which answer to the fermented
t dues of the present dag in Palestine.
As a confirmation of his own position, Mr.
Seedier quotes from tho Congregational liemeto,
No. 51, pp. 398 aud 899. Tho editors, in a review
of a book published to show that there were two
kinds of wine spoken of in tho Bible, one of
which was intoxicating and tho other not (“Com
munion-Wine and Biblo-Temporanco,” by tho
Bov. William M. Thayer, published by tho Na
tional Temperance Society, ISG9), say:
Wo respect tho zeal of Mr. Thayer, and do not ques
tion his sincerity. But wo hnvo gone over tho argu
ments ho has reproduced; wo have considered his so
called evidence, which has so often douo duty in its nar
row range; wo have pondered tho discussions of Lees,
Kott, llttchlo, imd DulUeld, before him; what Is more,
we have gone ovor tho Crock and Hobrew Scriptures
carefully for ourselves; have sifted tho testi
mony of travelers who know, aud thouo
who . did not know; have corresponded
with missionaries, and conferred with Jewish Itabbla
on lids subject; and, i/there ts anything in Ihbtieal
literature on which uc can speak confidently, tc>e have
no doubt that Dr, Xatirts is right, and that the llcv,
Mr. Thayer is ivruua, In theso views wo tiro thorough
ly supported. If wo mistake not, tho Biblical Scholar
ship of Andover, Princeton, Newton, Chicago, and
Now Haven, as well as Smith’s Bible Dictionary and
Kltto’s Biblical Cyclopedia, is with us. One of tho
most learned and dovout scholars of tho country re
cently said to us: “None but n third-rate scholar
adopts tho view that tho Biblo Ueacril>ea two kinds of
wine.” Tho National Temperance Society has dono its
best to create a ditVeront popular belief. If not to cast
odium on those who do not accept Us error. We re
gret it, for tho temperance cause can be carried on by
sound arguments and fair moons, and all false meth
ods must recoil at last.
Now, if you want to mako your Sunday-schools
nurseries of infidelity, teach tho children, for
settled truth, tho ouo-sidod statements of enthu
siastic zealots. Granting that thoro is some
plausibility to tho theory of unformonted wine
iu connection with tho miruolo of Cana, it is clear
to anybody but a bigot that tho received opinion
among Biblical commentators preponderates
against tho theory. Then why perplex tho minds
of youth with this novor-to-bo-sottlcd question T
1 am a believer in tho Christian scheme, uud
in tho beautiful, sweet, grand, snored story. of
tho Cross. I claim to ho iu favor of tomnoranco;
but God forbid that I, or any man, should doom
that tho exigencies of any reformation should
need that 1 should tinker at any of tho glorious
miracles our dear Lord wrought, or attempt to
explain away, for tho benefit of tbo developing
morals of childhood, anything He in His infinite
wisdom saw lit to do or say, 0, W. W.
About half-past 8 yesterday afternoon, as car
No. 251 of tho Blato and Madison street lino
was going south on Clark street, near Adams,
tho forwaidaxlo broko iu two, and a portion of it
passed through tho bottom of tho cor, frighten
ing tuo passengers, but luckily hurting no one.
Deputy Coroner Pilgrim yesterday conducted
an inquest on tho body uf Herman Bclmoht, who
died suddenly Saturday night, at No. lU2 West
Jackson street, under circumstances that wore
deemed suspicious. It will be remembered that
one Elisabeth .Martin, with whom he had been
living for iotas lima, «aa anrfcaUd tad locked
tip. Tho following letter was produced at tho
Inquest, and was Idontiflod fully by tbo de
ceased's sister as bln handwriting:
Dear Fatiikbj Forgive mo that I have poisoned
myself. Tho life which I hn«l hero did not suit mo
any longer. Dcarpnrcnta and blhlm-h farewell. My
sinter lived at No. 3H:» Third avenue Ohkngo (Augusta
Working). Farewell nil ray friends. Farewell. My
name is Herman Bchacht,
No further testimony was necessary. but it waa
shown that tho deceased came to his death by
talcing an overdose of strychnine, and tbo jury
returned a verdict of suicide by poison.
Palmer JTom<y~o. 11. Jones, England s It. H.
Foslci, Hartfordi W. R. Wright, Philadelphia
J. R. Parsons, Bt. Louis; E. W. Ensign, Buffalo;
Q. T. Paine, Providence; J. 0. Woodbury, Now
York. . . . ' Tremont House —It. It. Davis,
Homo; J. F. Woods, Columbus { Qon. O. Woltzol,
U.U.A.; J. F. Crockett, Richmond; 11. A. Darling,
.Now York; P, H. Dennis, Richmond. . . .
iSfterman House —Col. F, VanVliot, U. S. A.; J.
W. Brownly, Detroit; D. 11. Moffat, Denver;
R. ll.Beaty, Pittsburgh? W. Evans, X’hiladol-
Shia: 11. It. Smith, Columbus; E. 11. Frost,
ow York; J. J. Foley, Milwaucco. . . .
GrandPaefjte— A. Wentworth, Boston; Oh&e.
E. Dixon, Boston; S. S. Eaton, Bt. Paul; Geo.
Place, Now York; Lawronco Barrett, Now York;
J. M, Gardiner. Minneapolis; Goo. Til. Diamond,
Little Rock; W. W. Young, Cincinnati.
Barham’s Grove, Ala., April S, 1874.
Thoso beautiful cataracts,—twin sisters, Tori
da and Tompoata—arc situated in an obscure
locality in Winston County, North Alabama, and
are tbo only water-power of which Alabama can
As the visitor approaches tbo Falls from tbo
north his path Is over a gradual, undulating oak
laud, varied with many tiny streams which
creep along their sandy banks. Winding
through a beautiful grove of hemlock, pine, and
other evergreens, you soon find yourself at tbo
margin of tbo most lovely stream that it was
over your lot to feast your eyes upon. The
water is so transparent that the most minute
shell may bo seen upon its bottom, which is
formed of one smooth, seamless rock.
The stream is hero one foot deep at tho ordi
nary stage of wator, and about 160 foot wide.
Fifty yards to your left tbo upper falls make tbo
leap of 80 foot, ovorono smooth, perpendicular
rock. When tho stream is a little swollen, and
the atmosphere is favorable, tho noise is hoard
at tho distance of many miles. Tbo mist from
tho abyss beneath floats up to sport and dally
with tho sunbeams in weaving fantastically tho
colors of tho rainbow. Perched upon tho bluff
is a little mill-house, which scome ready to topple
down from its proximity to the chasm below.
On the broad elevation, which Naluro'ucoms to
have formed for the purpose, overlooking nil, is
situated tho Cataract House, owned by the heirs
of tbo late Col. B. Botelor, of Somerville, Ala.
Following the stream 250 yards through a
rugged path, you find yourself standing in a
majestic gallery, tho handiwork of Nature. At
your foot tbo harmless waters are gliding rapidly
away. Almost above yon tho flood Is pouring
down with an incessant roar. Seemingly dissat
isfied with its first essay of lofty tumbling, it
ossavs the feat again. This is tho lower falls,
which ore of the same height and width of tho
in going south from tho upper falls your path
lies almost upon tho brink of a perpendicular
rocky shore which overhangs this beautiful
stream, about 20 foot above tho water, thickly
bordered and fringed with each evergreens as
tho hemlock, pine, cedar, and mountain-ivy.
Soon you will find yourself surrounded by tho
gloom and silence of a donso pino-forcst of im
mense distance, through whoso foliage tho soar
ing raven or the bounding buck is often scon.
Those out-of-the-way falls ore but little appre
ciated as yet. They are superior in height and
beauty to tho Talula Fulls, la Georgia, and to
the Potomac, in Virginia, and deserve a place
next tho Genesee, in Now York; and the scenery
at Clear Creek is far more beautiful.
Lookiug at these falls with the eye of a utili
tarian, they soom destined toQbocomo the Lowell
of the South. Tho water can all ho utilized, and
it is of sufUciont quantity to ran any amount of
machinery at any season of tho yoar; but, being
situated remote from a railroad, they huvo re
mained unimproved to this day. Linos of rail
road have now boon surveyed within two miles of
tho falls, which will, when built, make them of
immense value for manufacturing purposes.
Two Workmen Killed*
AI.I.ENTOWH, Pa., April 11.—The premature
explosion of a sand-blast in a quarry, last even
ing, killed two workmen.
Killed by tlio Cars*
Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune,
South Bend, lud., April 11. —As the passen
ger-train for the West, leaving Elkhart at 6p.
m., was moving out from tho station, a brake
man named Gago, whoso homo is in Janesville,
Mich., attempted to got on, but was drawn under
the oar and completely mangled.
Dr. Somig, who was wounded at tho Lava
Beds at (he time of tho massacre of Thomas*
command, has nearly recovered tho use of tho
right arm, and is abio to hobble about on
—Doonoy Harris, pugilist, shot by ‘William
Olaugh last week, is slowly recovering.
—President Watson, of the Erie lloilway, is a
passenger per Abyssinia.
Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.
Dayton, 0., April 12.— Sarah Patton, wife of
Col. Patton, saloon-koopor. commitod suicide
this morning by shooting herself through tho
heart. Tho deceased was 25 years of ago, and
mother of two children. Jealousy of her hus
band is supposed to bo tho causo of bor not.
Further Arrivals
On Monday, April 13,
A Fresh Importation of
Lins Modftwi Odols,
The largest and most complete as
sortment wo have ovor offered, and
at a large reduction from recent
& CO..
We me now Manufacturing, and tt can bo procured of
Groocra Everywhere,
des Arabes,
Which Is pronounced bv competent judge* cupcrior to any
yot oJlercU the public, nltlior by foreign or domestic man*
ufttoturen. lUoalumt 1b compowd oi thu bent uutriiwo
and roHturias unbalance*, It In a fovorlto breakfuat bov
or*»Ko for Indies and young jiomma, to wliom It, given
riUCSHNISHHnnd HMnONPOINT. It in ennoolally do*
alrablo fur NKItVOUsJ people, or those adllotod with
* AnL , ior n \V?IIAKEII As <!().»S, and take no otherj
your grocer cau got It If bo will.
W. BAKER & CO. ,Dorchester, Mass.
Alnnufncturori* of thu celebrated linker’s
Oimculnte, Cocou, uml llrntua Preimru
llqiin, and fluent Vanilla Chocolate.
The now celebrated BHOBBHAMMBXi
BUBBBR SUIItTBBEII, fur superior to any
now in use, both In scrubbing, drying, and
stretching carpets. Light to handle, easy to
use, and durable. Oomoo cheap, and is the
thing that every family needs. Bold by all
am h
& His,
Offer tho following DECIDED BAR*
1 Caso Japanese Silks, 25 ots. yd.
Japanese Silks, richer goods, 30
ots. yd.
Japanese Silks, bright colors, 60
cts. yd,
Fancy Silks, dark and light stylos,
75 cts.
Fancy Silks, good quality, 85 ots.
Fancy Silks, dark, medium, and
liglit colors, choice styles, worth
$1.50, for SI.OO por yd.
Fancy Silica, superior quality,
handnomo stylos, $1.25 yd.’
The above linos of goods arc de
cided bargains, much under regular
value, and tho assortment is unsur
passed in this city for size and com
Bl’k Lyons Silks at sl, $1.25, sl.3E>
$1.50, .$1.75, and $1.85, the cheapest
goods in tho market.
Rich Bl’k Lyons Gros Grains, sat
in finish, at $2, a special bargain.,
worth $2.75.
Richest and finest qualities Bl’lc
Silks equally low,
GAIN is offered in Dross Goods:
Choice Spring Shades Cashmer»
Foulards, 80 cts. yd., an excellent
fabric, well worth 00 cts.
Aline of Mohairs, Poplins, Glove
Cloths, and other Dross Goods, at
25 cts., decidedly cheap.
Rep Poplins, Spring Shades, 20
Choice Shades in Cashmeres, Pop
lins d’ Paris, Diagonals, and other
All-Wool Dress Goods very cheap.
Madison & Peoria-sts,’
& CO.
Offer, this week, very attraotivo
BARGAINS in their
Linen DepartmeM.
79 & 81 State-st.
& CO.,
State and WaaMngton-sts.,
Direct attention to NEW STYLES
Suit Materials,
For Men’s and Boy’s wear.
Handsome Checks id Mixtures for Boys.
60c. and i.
Handsome Sirius, Cliecls, and Mixtures for
Men, $1,25 and np.
And specially desirable styles
Dark and Eight ENGLISH CASSI
MBIIES, $a.U5 and up.
Also, a great variety of English
Coatings, French and Eng. Broad
cloths, Oassiniorcs, &c., marked at
lowest prices.
Bird Gages, Marbles, Tops, Base Bolls, &o.»
in largo variety, at
138. 140 & 143 Stato-st.
Making Shirt* or Putting Uosom* into Old Sbtrta.

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