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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, August 29, 1874, Image 3

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SUMMERING.
Lake Snporior—A Trip* from
Marquette to Duluth.
Isle Eoyale, and How It Oamo to
Belong to the United
States.
Silver Islet, Us Fabulous Wcnllli, ami tko
Mystery that Sarroimds It.
NUirpoH— lts Ilnlikcncss 10 Saratoga
—Occ&n-Uousc Hops.
trinity Church— Bathing and Sharks—
Tho Avenue Town and
Country Club.
SMccte oMUo Season nt Ormifl Haven—
Itccont Arrivals from Chicago.
lake superior.
Corr«u<mdcuc4J Of 2Vtc Chienpo Tribune.
DUMITtt, AUg. 30, 1874.
»• To Duluth via tho North Shore and Silver
Island,” la now so mo tm ’ anbouucomout that
when I read It hi Mai quotlo ou lost I
leal no time lu securing passage on, the splendid
steamer St. Paul, of Ward’s Lake Superior Lino.
Reiving Marquette bii'- the following morning,
favored bv jv cloudleßS eky luidnu sea,
tho run to Houghton and Hancock was oujoya
bly mado in about eight hours.
Although not bo depressed as tbo Iron trade,
titb comm tKDUBtnr
ia hot remarkably vigorous. Tbo demand for
the product has fallen off somewhat ,* yofc tbo
mining stodka have boon scarcely affected, aud
to secure some of the famous Oalumot obd Heola
shares would bo found as costly as over/ Only
a fpw of tbo many stamp-mills aro running ;
still, imp’rovemcuifl woro noticeable in both
cities. Several substantial stono buildings aro
being constructed in Houghton, while tbo nar
row-gauge railroad from Hancock to tho Calumet
llino,—a distance of 14 miles,—and tho lively
business it docs, give to Hancock a metropolitan
aspect.
AS the‘day was fading into night, our boat
steamed down : tho coppor-fcolorcd lake, amid
rugged scenery,—forest-covered bills towering
on each side, and, 8 miles distant, entered
Port ago Lake Canal. This out Is without locks,
ifl'loo foot wide, 2‘f'miles long, boss good depth
of water, and cost $2,500,000. At its Lake
Superior oad a locomotive headlight, perched
upon what resembled a primitive pigeon-coop,
lighted us mu‘inlo, tho lake. With the prow of
otir vessel turned’nonhwaid, and tho 1 Captain’s
assurance that daylight would bring us to Silver
Islet, tlio idO or mote excursionists turned into
their boltha. ■
JRLE noVALP.
first camo in sight. Tho vast mineral deposits
there discovered attract to It touch attention. It
la situated within 20 mllcß of tho North Shore,
and a natural wonderment is how it came to bo
included within tho United Staton., Tho, simple
fact ia. Ibdt wlicn Iho treaty aoiluliiß.tho bound
aiy-liuo was made, tbo British Commissioner did
not know Us value, while Benjamin Franklin,
tbo American Commissioner, did. During Ids
residence in Pans fta Ambassador of tbo United
States, ho had discovered among tho French
archives tho reports of Jesuit explorers, dating
back to 1630, which’ announced tho existence of
rich copper-deposits ou tlda island. Keeping
Hits Information to himself, when tho treaty was
being drawn up, ho, without assigning a reason
Insisted upon this island being secured to tho
United Slates. Tho British did not deem it
worth, while, to object. Franklin then wroko
homo thkt ho had secured -for tho Republic all
tho copper, the country would over need. He
had thou no idea that rich deposits of tho s&mo
oto would bo found throughout Kowccnaw Point.
Tho island Is about 60 milo* long by 10 in
width. Its surface is nigged, mid inviting only
in midsummer. Its shores aro indented with
numerous ‘bays’and inlets, capable of floating
the.largest craft. Near tbo middle of tbo
• island aro two Jakes,—Desor and Siskawit.
Twenty years ago, in tho early days of Lake Su
perior mining, Isle Rbyalo received considerable
attention; but the Sonth-Sboro discoveries
eclipsed it and caused 'Us abandonment. Two
years ago explorations woro resumed, numerous
pits and Indian diggings wore discovered, and
tbo voids proved so promising that, in 1873, a
' strong mining corauauy was formed, and a largo
force of minors sot to work.
The Company soon mot with still greater en
couragement. A vein of silver was opened in
the western cud of the island, ami, as it lies ou
the same range as Silver Inlot, it is believed that
silver oro predominates. To realize this expec
tation, the Company are how mainly directing
their resources.
But the fabulous reports about
silver island—
of pure silver nuggets, largo aa a man’s head,
found in its matchleus vein—engrossed our curi
osity and challenged our belief. How camo ifto
bo so long unknown, and who first discovered
tbo hidden treasures ? To the Indians it was
not unknown. For many years they had exhib
ited silver specimens to the citizens of Ontona
gon, ou'tbo South Shore, but could not bo in
duced to reveal the location of tho mino. Ex
actly how it was Discovered by white men is a
matter of dispute. Tho most romantic account
stales'how a lonely boatman, in pushing his 1
boat ashore. grazed upon and found tho glitter
ing oro;'that he reported his discovery to tho
Canadian Government, and tho Montreal Com
pany, which owned tho island, neither of
whom rewarded him. Another account
gays the inquisitive cupidity of Capt.
Parker prompted him to follow tho
fortunate Indiana, iu ' bis light canoe,
over tho lake to the island, whore, after
stealthy search, he found tlio treasure, reported
It to tho Montreal Company, gained nothing by
it, and died a poor man. Still another and more
reliable story is, that one McFnrlane, an ex
plorer, found tho precious vein, picked up along
the Shove and in tue water some $27, OOU worth
of Bllvor, and - then reported Us existence to
Montreal. But tho auporanuated company
hardly appreciated their possession. They sent
outonoMaj. Erne, a shrewd Scotchman, with
Instructions to work up tho discovery. But tho
results were bo unsatisfactory that when, iu
1870, on American company offered $250,000 for
tho islet and 100,000 acres in tho vicinity, the
Montreal Company gladly accepted tbo offer.
Maj. Frno was retained in charge of tho work,
ind with him was associated Maj. Sibley, of
Detroit. - Neither man was able to invest In tho
auterprlno. Fruo haddovolopodUflroaourceß.and
■ Biblov had Induced enough capitalists to unite
ami buy out tlio Canadian company. "Within
twenty-two days after commencing operations
tlio now company mined and shipped to their
smelting-works in Now Jersey, about SIOO,OOO
worth of ore. Tho next year-1871—tho ship
ments amounted to $820,000, and -in 1872 they
reached $1,000,000. At present about 250 min
ers are employed, and wo wore told some oro
had heomnlnod which yielded fully SIB,OOO to
tho ton, while, in tlio samo vein, oro was found
which yielded only SIOO to S2OO per ton.
AN AIUOF MYSTSUY
surrortnds tho island. The men seemed afraid
to speak about the -treasure. The most persist
ant interviews would moot with liiclo success
WIIW T.W..— .1..1 V UUVWUOQ
among them. This reticence in easily accounted
for. Tho entire settlement, numbering about
1,00(1 woula, wo dependent for their UvoU-
Uoocl upon tho mining company, whoso
resident manager in an absolute mon
arch, Thoro is no municipal or other form
of government, nor oven a magistrate. Tho au
thority of MaJ. Fruo is unquestioned, and his
non! Ih law, Tho men nro commanded not to
disclose anvlhlng regarding the Hilvor mine, and
they dnro not dlaohoy. Tho Oompauj’a reoaone
for thfa couree are obvious, or mmy, at least, ho
mrmieod. Tiioy aro eo confident of ttio oxiut
tnco df ailver and other preoloua orca in various
parts of the main land, aud have ho many ex
tlorera constantly at work, Unit tiioy wluh to
oop out all competition. Already they have
struck a good load in Jllaolc i)ay, 91 miles north
of Silver Islet, 'where they have this year taken
‘out nemo very rich ailver ore. Tho illaek Hay
jninoia not, limvuvor, wholly In possession of
of (bo Silver Islet Company. Tho latter om
braceu reuideuU of tho setlletnont, Capt.
E. B. Ward and other Detroit citi
'xonfl.i together with -some ; Now York uml
lloatoa oointolUlo| a»U a fair ‘Otaadiius.
Tbo Black Bay mhmia alio largely in tholrpoa
fiCßßloi}. Pure Galena lend in found mixed with
tho Rllvor in (Mm niino. Although ita oxifttonen
baa boon known for over two yonra.'it has not
boon aiifllciontly worked to warrant n coinpotoufc
opinion regarding Us value.
Among tim thousands of inlands of vowing
elan which clnator along (bo.Nortb Shore, Silver
Joint Booms like
A JIKHK FI'PCK
on the Mnrfnco. At no point wnu it more than
5 foot above the level of tho lako, while its di
mensions were- lean than 80 foot square. A
heavy aoa would waiih entirely over tbo original
island, rendering It a rock which mariners care
fully avoided. When its marvelous valnO una
diHCoverod, tho ohstoolcH In the way of opening
Urn vein scorned insurmountablei The crlb
work was repeatedly carried awnv, and, no Jaio
an last fall, aomo of tho moat expensive con
struction was swept away during a severe alorm.
Tho Inlet In about a mile distant from tho
main land, npon’which the settlement is located.
More thou COD feet of crib-work has boon thrown
out in tho form of a aquaro, starting from (ho
middle of tho inlet aud tunning souihcnfit. Iw
sidn tills protection, and around (ho richest part
of tho vein, a coffer-dam has 'been constructed.
A shaft haa been let down to tho sixth level,-
about dflO foot,—at which depth good ore la
now being mined. ’ Tho operations of Bilvor and
copper mining aro similar. Tho opening of tbo
shaft rarely'exceeds OTcot square, Tho veins
aro reached by what aro termed “levels.” On
Silver Islet tbdyaro about 70 feet apart. After
a vein baa beoli followed no fur an i bought profit
able, tho ebnft Is sunk ’lO foot deeper, wbdn tbo
vein below is 'reached, 1 The waste maional
thrown out'has been Weed toftll inarouild tbo
island, thus • '
IiATiOEEt irCIIU.VSIKO ITS DIMEXBTOKB.
Upon this made ground, ami upon plies driven
in, numerous buildings have boon erected. Borne
of those are used in connection with the mine;
the others arc occupied-as I dwellings. Loosely
lying around the islet are piles Of rocks taken
from underground, which -are said to coiualn
more silver than js found In the most prolltablo
mines in Nevada and Colorado; but tho minora
claim they nro bo accustomed to meeting with
mamma of pure nilver that they can afford to dis
card tho baser eott. Yet,-so atrict Is tho enr-
Volllanco that no visitor is allowed tccarry away
abv rock containing tin atom of silver.' Neither!
e it poßsiblo to buy a specimen from any of-tha
oillcora on ahoro. Tho’ only way to obtain them
is by Btcalth or apccia) fnlhtoaco. -
Six uulco west of Silver Islet,
TUONDXa CAVE
jms far out into tho water,'aud -looms :up folly
I,QCO foot qLovo tho lovol of tho lake. Tills bold
promonlory presents a grand aspect,—tbo most
striking oii tho North Snoro. :It marks tho on
twuco' to Thunder Bay, In which Prince Anbur's
landing and Fort William—both. considerable
sottlomontß—are situated. In somo places
Tbundcr Capo rises from tbo water almost, por
pondlcularly, presenting a basaltic [.appearauco,
while it is rendered moro awful; from its bavin*;
upon its summit an extinct Tolcnno. Tho Cana
dian Government mo now locating a lighthouse
nt its highest point. From Us summit mngniil
cent views are obtained of tbo majestic scenery
in tho vicinity. Islands, varying in length’ from
100 foot to bait that number of miles, aro seen
as thickly strewed as aro tho Thousand Islands
of tbo St. Lawrence. Within a dozen miles
north they aro counted by hundreds.
INDIAN -iimiKß
still roam over tho vast territory from Lake Su
perior to Hudson’s Hay on tiio north. Tito
mountainous speaks thoyrogard with especial ven
eration and o\vo, aasociaiing with them fabulous
legends. • They believed tbo thunder-clouds woio
'gigantic birds, whoso nests woro on tbo highest
bills, and whoso cries woro heard ofar off. Tho
bead they assumed resembled an eagle’s, having
on duo sldo a wing and a paw, and on tbo other
an arm and onofout. Tho lightning was supposed
to issue from the beak through tho paw, by
which it was launched forth in liory darts over
the countiy. From this superstition (ho locality
become invested with tho name Thunder,
Bounding Thunder Bay on tho south is i
PIE JBKAND, .
so named by tho English and French from Its
supposed resemblance to an inverted plo; but
■tbo Indians namo it after Abo Tortoise. It is 8,
'miles long by 5 < miles wide, and iu one place;
rises to an altitude of 85(1 feet. The highest
point is-basaltic, resembling - the Hudson Rivo’r
Palisades.
■ Westward along tho shore, tho proepeot is
ever pleading, though a trifle montonoiiß.
There is tho snmo ranged, mountainous shoio.
covered with spmco.’piue, bhcli, balsam,-and
cedar troos. About 12u miles northeast from
Duluth,
THE nOUNDAHY-UNE
is defined by a small trout-stream, called Pigeon
River, which empties iuto a beautiful bay of tho
same name.’ Our very obliging Captain, -Albert
Stewart, ran into tho bay to the mouth of -tho
river,—s miles from tbo lake,—simply to enable
us to view tho grand scenery and the insigniil
oantiy-Bmaiiboundory-huo. Majestic-hills, cov
ered with thick foliage, encircle tho hay. About
a mile up tho xlvor, water. falls 00 foot iuto a
chasm, then ‘rushes through a gorge into tho
bay. At this remarkable spot ono while man—
Capt. Parker—dwells, fishing mid hunting in
British or American territory, at his pleasure.
Ton hours’ eubsomiout soil brought uh to
Duluth. J. W. M.
NEWPORT.
Corrupondtnee of Tfre Chicaao Tribune.
Newport, Aug. 4, 1874.
* I find you cannot compliment a Newporter
more highly than to discourse on the gradual
disappearance of hotels, and tlio consequent uo
■ likeness of Newport to. Saratoga. Whatever
Saratoga has, Newport wishes to bo without,—
aiming only to create a stylo of summer water
ing-places 'which shall have a marked character
of its own ; and, the more you call it exclusive
or aristocratic, the better Newport likes it.
"Whetherthoday-rocoptiou», so popular last year
and this, originated in this desire to be different
from the rest of the fashionable world, or in the
laudible ambition to .take the first sfcp iu a
much-ucoccd reform, I cannot say. But they
have almost entirely superseded evening-par
ties ; ’ croquet divides the honors with the favor
ite waltz, and nobody rebels at the early hours.
The one point where Newport touches Sarato
ga is
the satoupay-evenino hop at the ookan house.
Thither all Newport goes unbidden, and over a
thousand people throng tho grand -hull and illl
tho grand parlor to overflowing, whilo tboso of a
more retiring disposition pace tho less-frequent
ed piazzas. A stranger may note with surprise
that comparatively few of this brilliant gather
ing join in tho dancing. But let mu whisper in
your car that it is not -considered by thoeremo
do la croras quite 11 tho thing'* to trip the light
fantastic in a hotel-parlor. Ho tho dancing is loft
to -Newporters and people who mav bo staying
at the hotel; while tho choice spirits sit apart,
or slowly promenade up and down tho hall,
through the moving mass of people. If our
-curious Etrangor is fortunate enough to got a
seat among those groups of people wboaroall
-gayly chatting among themselves, ho will have a
flue opportunity to observe the different typos
of men and women who come from far-and near
to this groat watering-place.
As usual, Now York contributes more people
than all the other cities put together. Next
come Philadelphia, Boston, ami Baltimore;
while the number from tho Western cities in
creased from year to year, especially from Chi
cago, St. Louis, and Cincinnati, Among, the
latter are the Hon. G. 11. Pendleton, •’formerly
Democratic candidate for Vico-Prpaidont, and
-luh charming wife and daughters. Ah much
variety may bo soon in drcHMoa aa in faces; but,
as-a rule, few ladies display, elaborate or showy
toilets, and there are fewer beautiful faces. Tho
present stylo of plastering tho hair in flat rings
on tho forehead iu as unbecoming as tho fashion
of “ banging *' lately in vogue, and gives tho
face anything hut arelincd or intellectual expres
sion. The number of foreigners is not so largo
-this voar au last, when tlio British and American
“ Mixed Commission” worosittlng. Surrounded by
members of tho Diplomatic Corps is the Turk
ish Minister. Ho is a Greek, but his small black
eyes and hooked nose give him the appearance
of-aJow, Tho French Minister iu, to the gvlof
■ of Newport, u bachelor, for Newport misses the
lively wife of his predecessor, the Marquise do
NoaiUos. This lady was a great (favorite in so
ciety, and took a lively interest in all pretty
young damsels. She -was in tho habit of having
aclccioof her favorites to dinner or tea, whom
she called her qnirlatule, or “garland” of
beauties. Tlio fair Marquise was accustomed to
say that abo found in aoeiely ?no young gentle
men at all worthy of these charming young
ladies, and it was difficult to convince her that
tho moat desirable young men in America wore
not to bo looked for at watering-places.
After the Ocean House comes
tuikitv uuciicn,
where tho faahionnblod tlrivo Sunday morning,
aud till the old square nows with a tiuttor of silk
and lacoi. This jo probably the; only ohurch in
tho United States still (surmounted by Urn
Colonial crown. The desk whore the Clerk once
fitood to rend tho responses is in tho middle of
tho broad aislo; behind it rises tho reading
desk; and over all towers the great, round
nuljiit, with its tremendous HnuiuUng-boaril.
O'ho preacher gathers hia robes about him,
ami mounts tho long stairway to (the
•pulpit, • whence ho omulumus tho foliloa
of tho world; then, from Diuhop Herkoly’a ,oid
; organ, with tho crown ami * inltrsk • on • top, poala
ETIE CHICAGO •DAIL’V TRIBUNE: SATURDAY, AUGUST i>9, 1874.
forth tbo voluntary; and then tho gaylv
drossod congregation /looks through tho yard,
with ita auciQiit gravo'Blouon, out into tho nar
row, paved ntreet, whoro tho display ofeavrlngoa
is coital to that 6n tho drive on week-days. Jloro
tho liveried footmen alt, with bandH. onenaed In
yollow kldfl, crossed upon their breasts ; miTtbo
stately coachmen look down, from their height
of glory and brnsa buttona, wltUbanghty dis
dain unon simple podosirlami. Sunday after
noon tiioio 1 in no driving,' no tho tho whole
population rambles on tho cliffs; groups of hap
py people lounge about upon tho green sward;
and stray coirucs poich thomsolvca in mchea
among tho rocka. Down among ilm blown koip,
ImrofoOtod men gather bait for ilsbing. Tho
croon lawns—Bofc and bright'ns only Newport
lawns can bo—extend to tho very verge of (bo
Cliffs; and below Htrotclion away tbo groat ex
panse of ocean, with Its rich and ovor-ohauglug
colora.
It Is tho custom of correspondents to aay’ovory
year that bathing has gone out of fashion,—tho
simple fact being that
THE VASmONAUtE TUTIIIXO
baa been transferred to tbo private hoacb at llio
end of Bellevue avenue. There tho cottages
have put up a largo number of bathing-houses,
ami tho public beach is left to transient visitors
and tho people of tbo town. Rumors of Bhar.is
float hi the air; blit although, dead sharks
nnr sometimes thrown 1 tip on tho bench after
a storm, (bo creatures seldom show themselves
when alive. 1 know n youth who opontdsy after
day in bis Bnil-bont in the vain yet over-lingering
hope of seeing one; In funner days (I refer to
tho oldest inhabitant), when Newport was so
laigoly engaged in tbo slave trade, teal “man
eating” eharuswoie abundant. On the Voyage
from Africa, the poor wretches who died by tho
wav wero thrown overboard, and the vessels wore
followed,all tbo woyfnto Newport Harbor by
ravenous Guinea sharks. A robe of those tragic
days, in tho shape of an old, ruined olavor, lies
in the quiet waters of Bremen's Covo,—a mere
ghastly hulk. More lair to the oyo are tho grnco
tulvuchts and nail-boats with which this beauti
ful harbor is always alive. Commicuous among
those just now is a beautiful ihiglish yacht,
owned bv -a young Irish nobleman, tbo Earl of
Cbarlovillo,—a slight, falr-lmirod youth, tbo last
of bis race, who is dying of conmimptlon. Dor
bo baa been cruising anout in ids finely
appointed yacht'in pursuit of health; but, al
though ho has heon hero a week, ho iu too ill to
come aßlioro. Tho telegraph Ims reported to you
tho experiments with torpedoes in llio harbor, hi
the presence of tbo Congicßßioual Committee.
These experiments excited much interest, and
wove considered very successful. An old hulk,
which they failed to blow up, still Hooin tho bay;
but it was found to ho thoroughly shaken through
dUt.'&ml iu a sinking condition. It iu not tbo ef
fect of niti o-plycoiiuo to break asunder, like gun
powder, but to shako and pulverize.
Goo of tho lluoßt houses on the borders of tbo
boy.'wboeo sloping lawns nmkn tho shores so
charming, is “Ocean Terraco,” owned by Judge
Dickey, formerly of Chicago. Tho picturesque
old bouse'on tbobuy whore tho acono of
inooiNttou’s “ MM.UOMIi ”•
is laid, is now unoccupied and going to decay. A
friend of mine entered tho open collar-door tho
other day,'passed through the bouso by tho so
ciot stairway described in tho novel, and found
tho house being dihinantlcd by vandals, old
painted tiles plucked from tho tnnntol-ploeos,
and a general aspect'of decay prevailing. It is a
shumo ho fine a piece of Colonial architecture
should not bo in better bando.
• No very striking -‘collages aro building this
■rear. Recent additions to Sir. G. XVTy’etiuoro’s
residence mako it probably tho lineal counlry
rculdcnco m America. Mr. Fcauug, of New
Fork, has also -completed a rich cottage of tho
■most costly dficiiptlonl
On tho'Avenue, fewer four-in-hands than usu
al mo soon this year. One is driven byFiur
roou Royero, of Philadelphia; another by James
Gordon Bennett. One gentleman, Lewis Cass,
Jr., formerly Minister to Homo, astonishes- the
Avenue with postilions. 001. Wniing’s beauti
ful tandem—tho principal ornament of the'Ayo
uuo last year—has now disappeared, and has
probably been sold. Hut the display of equipages
improves in rear beauty and value with every
summer that goes by.
tuk tow:; akd cocxthv cmjU
is a revival of an-organisation which was formed
.several years-ago,' but-wus temporarily suupViul
cd during tho absence in Europe of somo of its
■leading smcmbcrs. It consists of nearly forty
.families, whoso members moot about oucoa
•wooic for an indoor or ont-door mooting, for each
of which somo ecienlitio or literary entorlain
ment is provided,. Smenco.is reprosonted in tho
Club by Prof. W. B. Rogers, Prof. Josiah P,
Cooke. Alias Maria Mitchell, Air. Samuel Powel,
and othoia ; Literature by Mrs. Howe,. Mrs.
Leonowous, Col. Higgluson, and tho Rev.
Charles T. Brooks Arc by La Fargo, Slaigg,
Charles C. Perkins, and Edward Potter. -Some
6f..th©niost ’agreeable-bouses in Newport aro
opened for tho mootings of tbo Club, and tbo
number present at- tho mootings is now so largo
os to threaten serious iucouvotiiouco. At tho
next meeting, there is to bo a lecture on Art by
<Mr, O. O. PorUiufl; and, tho week after; thoro iu
<to bo a picnic at Paradico, with abotauicallccfcaro
by Prof.-Badoy.
mauop rEßmrrxE,
tlio learned Frenchman, who lectured in Boston
•lost winter, and who has lived for novoral ycura
nt the West, and bad au eventful and romatuio
life in many lauds, has boon • preaching in
French at *iho Unitarian Church, and is
now giving a course of lectures on bis
travels in the Knot. Ho has boon a
•llomisb priest and Turkish Bey, as
well as Bishop of tbo Greek Oluirch, The-Bish
op has a great many theories for the. Improve
ment of modem society* oao of which is, that
American ladies should adopt for house-wear the
•Turkish costume, and' wear ioooo bowing robes
of silk that.cau never bo creased, and discard
shoos.and stockings, llis peculiar ideas ho will
•probably embody iu- a lecture ou dress-reform
before vhe
woman’s cluh
iu Bofllou. next winter.
The llly-pouds hero are without number, and I
sow, one sunny morning, two fair- Newport dam
sels, who are always objects of admiration at the
Ocean House hops, but wore thou paddling about
among the Idles m n small, leaky punt, regard
less alike.of lilbj limbs, wot drosses, ortho eves
of the fasbionabloo rolling by m their carriages.
Among pcoplo'who have never boon in New
port, the idea prevails that it is a scene of con
stant excitement and •■confusion ; and yet, iu
truth," au atmosphere of
DREAMY repose
(hangs over tho delightful old soa-port. In many
of the streets, an unbroken quiet reigns; tho air
is sweet and soft, yet cool; and all tho delights
of the ocean. may ho combined with tho quiet
pleasures of a beautiful inland town. It is just
the plage iu which Chicago huuiuoes-wcu can
draw a good long breath,—a thing thoyuovor
have time to do at homo. M. P. T.
C-HAND HAVEN.
Correspondence of The Tribune,
Giutm Haven, Mich., Aug. 27,1074.
The season at this resort has boon one of tho
most euccoserul ovcr experienced. During the
regatta and trotting races, in tho second and
third weeks of August, there was au immense
influx of visitors, very perceptibly adding tfc the
olroady-livoly appearance of the place. Tho
Cutler House alone entertained over COO giicsts
each day during that time, and tho other hotels
iu proportion. Many of the invalids and others
who have been sojourning hero alt summer are
now taking their departure, which scarcely yet
has boon appreciably noticed, as their places are
being rapidly taken by visitors who desire to ro
miam during
THE HEIGHT Of THE FRUIT SEASON,
which is a prominent feature of tins place.
. Tho following is a list of Homo of tho promi
nent arrivals from Chicago at tho Cutler House
during tho pant week:
1 Phil Ryan, Jr.,OharleH Rt-ort/M. 0. Lowmnn, T. Kino,
R. 11. Ftirrestor ami wife, Jllkk titurgeuu uuil ourvaut,
O. M. Tumor, It. B, Wilson, Mm. C. F. WoWug. Mm.
F. MeMilUu, GeovgoU. McKay, 0. a. Helmut ami
family, J. It, lur.bain, Geared M. Jlooro, Mra. Rico,
Mrs. Locke, 0. \ti Ellin, F. J, Clark, W. If. Ilurltiurt,
W. Murty, A. K. Hanks, O, F, Oaso, J. T.
T. Elllolt, Ainu. J. Merritt, Will Graham, L. H. Bul
lock. a. O. Wallace, G. Muklclc, E. Mariner, William J.
Eii{|iinli, FrcU Doriat. William Gregg and wife,
Ulurloa H. Rowe uml wife, Mrs. Kdmuudu, W. O,
Ultwwll uud family, W. H, Powell aud family,
Mias Murray. John Grant, 11. 8. Mitchell, M. F. Ab
bey, Nuwlou H. OMh, (). Ji. Moyer, Ilonry Sweet, Will
lum Jauucey, T. H,‘ Hmith, Mrs. J. W. Htorov, Mro.
W. Cochrane, Mine Prescott, CillT Ktorey, Mbs Klla
Bluroy, William aivyor, 11. Knrbtrg, 0. It. llarlou utul
wife, Mias Barton. .1, O, Page, A. J. Coirluan, J. A.
HolmcH, O. ». While. T, a. Ollugmau, O. ChUhrle,
Albert Hull, E. I'. Gcioholl, It. L. iieury ami family,
William Chisholm aud wife, J. A. Slone and wife,
Walla Oiircw, F.E. PurJah, William laudloy and wife,
Cljjrliw Corlgcl),'Georgs M. Klmbark, Count Otlo Vim
titvlieli, Gnuvgo I*. Uudllulil ami wllw, 11. M; Uunrce,
h. J. Coburn, Mina Mnlook, Mhm i’clora, Muu fhchulH,
Mti'. Mario Hci-vin, 11. T. Kurt, J. E. lliium and wife,
JulmG. Wlhon, John MoLaudaltuty, G, W, HUcUlou,
11. Hluventiou, E. T. Palmer. E, H. U.illoy mid wife, I'.
H, Vulctle, T. T. Ensign, J. F, Marshall, 11. R. Clark,
W, O. Clark. A. P, Gaylord, 11,1* Ktdubruok and fam
ily, 11. H.Millur uud uutighler, V. 1* Reed am) family,
A. Hall, J. U. Hack, E. J. Jscknou, W,*A, Branch,
I*'. 11. May, W. U. filow, J). ii. Lyman, K. Haycock, C.
E. M«yur, W. HalcUeUcr, A, F. Murray, Ms»h I* M,
Towiuond, J. Kupi-cuUttimer, 11. Llhormaun. Hawley
Tllduu, J. 31. AdumH, Mr a. ilimry Hayra, H. W. Oi
good. Goorgo Plgolt, H. B. R.igeM, T, A. JackKou amt
wife, Obarliu Kborl nud wife, W, J, Culver and wife,
F, G. U. Murray, Ml** Rdlmrl, H,C, Ulne,
0.1). Ingraham, U. P. Keeney, H. F. HasflnuH, A.ihw-
JardUiH, Frank Hhvuly, U. Chadwick, I>, I>. MUcbe'l,
C.'H.‘B.iyi», C, Coryeur, 1). E, York, - A, E, Major, 0.8.
Wood, Mbs Ai L, Perry* 1 the Rev, Hubert Codycr uud
family* Takboh,
THE TENNESSEE TROUBLES.
Apprehended Uisins of - Blacks Against
Whites, In Gibson Comity.
Arrest of the Alleged Ring-
leaders.
Testimony of Prisoners that the Intcn
, lion Was to Extirpate
■ {lie Whites.
Tho ISvonts that JjCil to tho
Ay itching of Sixteen
Kcgi-oes.
i-Voia (ltd iV<ni}f/iin Apnent, -1 up, 2fl.
Since lout Saturday night groat excitement has
existed.among tho citizensof Glodou Station,
located on tho Louisville Railroad, 0 miles
northeast of , Humboldt and 83 miles from
this city. Indications aro that tho outlro
nogro population of Gibson County intended to
inaugurate .secret. hostilities for tho purpose of
murdorhig.tlio whites, who have boon very mooli
alarmed for their personal safety, and ore still
fearful of future ill from.tho ir ignorant yet ma
licious foes.
THE FOLLOWING PAOTB
relative to iho affair, of which wo shall present
ly speak, have boon.' carefully ascertained, yet
hastily wiUtoti out, by an dppi’aJ 'commissioner,
just returned from the town of Gibson, or Pick
otlsvillo,'the latter being its post-ofilco name.
About “five weeks ago The negroes gave
a ‘big barbecue 2)-j miles from towu.
Several white raon, ’ among them Joe
Halo, wont to the enlortuiumont to pur
chase tho barbecue, tho. price asked
being 83. As it had boon half-eaten perhaps,
Hale gave only $2.80, whereupon Joshua Wohb,
colorod,i became incensed because full price was
not received. This led to a diillculty between
Wobb ami Halo, tho latter being prevented by
white friends from 'lndicting soriouu injuries
upon tho irate ’From that time tho ne
groes have frequently made throats of revenge,
and moiothan one rumor of tiotlng was spread
about, though not gotiotally believed. . Last Sat
urday night about half-past 11 o’clock, while
two young raou named" Monroe Morgan and
James Warren wore riding aloug tho road, about
3 miles from town, they wore
rniKU uroN nv a chowd of Timur on forty
NEGROES.
The young men abandoned their horaoe, quo
of which was wounded, and took to tbo woods.
The nogioofl pursued, yelling and shouting. The
young men managed to Oocape, and returned
safely to town an hour afterward.
Tho thing by thu negroes awoko tbo citizens
of Gibson, who forthwith seized tholr weapons
and met together for tho purpose of defending
themselves, as they auspcoiod the Tact tbat thb
negroes woro attompting to murdor tho wlmo
pooplo. An Informal mooting was hold, and men
sent in search of Mot gau and Warrou, who wore
believed to Uavo boon killed, tills fear being
made all tbo stronger as they woro not found
until soma tuno after tho shooting was hoard,
though their horses woro caught by those in
search of tho young then. Judging it imprudent
to'pursue tho negroes, they returned to town,
and shortly afforward 'tho missing young-men
came in. After airauging necessary procaitUbtm
against surprise, a party of citizens, in command
of on ofliocr of tho law, proceeded to tho hotiso
of 'o . negro named Bon ■ Wa.kor, who was soon
with a gun the day previous. Another fact which
made their fears all tho stronger, was that only
oub negro wan in town Saturday afternoon,
upon which days thoro usually wero a largo
number present. It wasaoout 3 o’clock when
tho 'party reached 'Walker’s house, whore
they surprised and captured a negro
named Bon Ballard. Tho prisoner being led a
short distance, was asked to make a full confos
sion of tbo shooting that night, iho reason of tho
organization among tho negroes, its purposes,
and aims. This he did, tho substance of hiscou
fosdion being os follows: Tho colored pooplo
mot .Saturday night to organize temporarily,
which was douo by electing.
WJSSIiKY BUICLDH CAPTAIN,
ih©objectbeingto-protectCol. \Vobb, colored,
from feared Ku-ivlux outrages, and alter that to
return to kill a negro mimed Bun-oil Butler, who
hadrovoaled their plans to .the. -whites. After
firing upon tho white mou that night, they dis
persed and proceeded home. Whilo sympathiz
ing with tho nogroos,-Ballard professed to bavo
iuKun no part in tho lumjain-hko proceedings.
Ho toid that a lew nights previous Dan Will
iams, Tom Cooko, Jim Cooko, Bob Lovo, Dick
Shaw, and Nelson MeGhoo, (ho latter being
leader, visited bis house and wanted him to go
to a negro meeting, to bo hold half a railo from
town. McGhee had been to cco him that morn*
ing before, and said the object of their meeting
Was to UevißO apian for tbo absaesinotion of.Bur
roll Bailor, the negro alluded to above. They
wore to give bis wife a slight whipping, each of
tbo tbirtv to bestow twouty-llvodasbos upon her
bare back. Ho says lie refused to attend tbo
mooting or to participate.
Having obtained the above facts, tbo party at
onoo proceeded to arrest MoGiieo, the rmgioad
-01, who was surprised in bod shortly alter day*
light, and'was made enntivo. Alter proceeding
a whoit distance tho party told Kelson it was no
use to deny his complicity iu or knowledge of
tbo attempted assaseiuafiou and the intended
outbreak among tbo uegroosiutbatcoumy, their
purpose being to murder. The prisoner then
admitted bis guilt, and said that tbo followlng
ubtued negroes wore .
IMB HEAD MEN* AND JUNO-LEADEnS .
engaged iu the attack the night before ; Tom
Shelton, George Gromio, Stove Bryant, Bill Ivey,
Bob Lovo, Ban Williams, Bick Shaw, JarroU
Burrow, Bug Jumlsou, Hays Peebles, Loon Jor
dan, Charlie tiuotc, Nocdum Moliinnlo. Albert
Williams, Tom Cook, Jim Cook, John Bengali,
Ooorgo Hess, Bob Baden, Felix Lipscomb,
Gomgo Hicks, Gua Cummings, George Greene,
tmd Winslow bhiolda. In addition to those, sev
eral other negroes, whoso names ho did not lac
ollect, wero engaged in tbo affair. They mot
and organized by electing Winslow Shields Cap
tain lor that night, with tho understanding that
Joshua Webb was to bo elected the Colonel
when tho squad reached his house. Ho said they
fired on Morgan and Warrou without halting
thorn, and bad no provocation save their omnitv
towuid tbo white people. Tbo prisoner's state
ment corroboialcd that of the other negro, aud
they both wero placed iu a vacant house (or safe
keeping. Nows oi the movement made by tho
negroes spread vapidly throughout the couutvy,
and tho excitement became most intonso, tho
citizens being gem-rally alarmed and (oaring tho
worst, os it then became known that tho negroes
woio well organized. Men from all tho pails of
Uio country Hocked to Gibson, ouo party having
come from Milan.
THE EXfITEwE.NT AND MEETING OP CITIZENS,
Tbo excitement became all. tbo more general
and intense as it wuu rumored tho negroes would
hkoly attack the town that night; accordingly, a
mooting was held,. Justice Gunter presiding.
Tho meeting selected Justice Barker to tho com
mand of tho men,- but this gentleman suggested
the propriety of assigning Jiaj, 11. 0. Burnett
tu tho position, a? bo was .the cbiof magistrate
of tho town. It won then resolved to uso all
legal measures for the arrest of tho guilty ne
groes and tbo suppression of tho riot, iu ardor
to accomplish thin, tbo officers of tbo law sum
moned citizens and proceeded to tbo country,
wlitiro they arrested tho following named ne
groes on tho charge of shooting with intent to
lull, etc.: George Greene, Stovo Bryant, Dan
Williams, Bob Love, Blok filmw, 'Bug Jamison,
Hays Peebles, Jovrotfc Burrows, Allied Williams,
and Nick Xvoy, whom they convoyed to town ami
placed under strict guard'to await trial tbo day
(allowing:
JOHX REAOAN SHOT.
Between 12 ami 2 o'clock Sunday a part of men,
under charge nf Constable Hldridgo. proceeded
4 miles west of Gibson to arrest John lleagau,
one of tho negroes engaged in the shooting.
After lloagan had blgnillod his willingness to
surrender, ho attempted to escape, and ho was
llrod upon. This did not stop tho negro, who
run Into a dense woods, and lias not boon seen
since, although tho party trucked him by two
blood half a mile. Some think lloagan escaped
to tho United States barracks at Humboldt, ana
that Ivey is also there. Others behove, how
ever, that the negro has died hi Home remote
place in tho woods, where he Hod to escape his
pm suers. Ho was certainly wounded severely,
us the blood along Iho grass’was m groat quan
tities, His tato is not known.
During tho night a squad of
BIASKIUOIBN
rode into town, ami demanded the surrender of
tho prisoners. This the Town Marshal, >). A.
Dungan, refused to do, staling that be intended
In proceed according to law, and bavo the ne
groes tried by tbe courts, :• Despite tho throaty
of tho mysterious horsemen, tho olllcor inaiu
tuhiod his tlrm resolve, and bold the prisoners
solely guarded* After a while iho moskod man
loft without havlng’bffoclod the rolnafco of the
firisonoisi'whoTemlilnod In a stone house close
vguarded. 'No attempt was made to kill tho
Imprisoned negroes, ami no other domond for
thmr surrender wan made that night.
Next morning (Monday)
ANOTHER MERTINO OV RITIZKNH
was hold in tho College building for tho purpose
of ascertaining what ww tho true public senti
ment of the people upon tho subject of tho ne
gro outrage and the probability of a riot among
thorn, Justice Arch Jordan, who in Mayor of
Milan, presided over tho mooting, which, being
called to order, adopted resolutions dopi Dealing
lawlessness, and also resolved that in tho sup
pression of (ho aamo.tho citizens should bo reg
ulated by tho clvP law and its authorities. After
tho adjournment of tho mooting, which was
largely attended, tho above named negroes soro
arraigned before Justices Jordan, Fly, and Hunt
upon tho charges above mentioned, Justice Par
ker declining to alt, as ho had uho.tdy formed an
opinion.
•TUB NEOUOES ADMITTED TIIEUI OUtr.T,
and that tiioy intomlod to navo a general riot.
One of tho prisoners, Jorrott Burrow, turned
Hlato'a ovidonco, and related a fearful atory of
the cause, origin, purposes, and expectations of
an extensive among the negroes of
Gibson Couutv. Tho statement' of this negro,
as well na that of Nelson McGhee, was batoned
to with breathless anxiety by over 800 trcvaoim
who were crowded in the building, anxious to
hoar tho ovidonco of tho wltucatsos, Tho follow
ing is tho substance of
NELSON sTonee's EVIDENCE 1
It was rumored for uomo lime that. President
Grant would back tho negroes in whatever course
they took against tho whito men. Acting upon
Ibis belief, the colored people bad determined to
extirpate tho whiles, no as to own the “lauds,
tenements, and hereditaments,” and cultivate
iholr own laud. In other words, they wanted
to make it a negroes’ country, to do which it was
neocssaiy to kill at least tho majority of wlnto
people. Tiioy hod not agiood upon any time for
tho outbreak and. assassination, tbolr object
being to offset a thorough organization. This
measure for lho murder of the whites was agreed
to by alt tho negroes in tiio county except one
Burrell Butler, of Gibson. Because of Ida on
position, they intended to make him their first
victim. They Intomlod to kill him that night,
for ho was too intimate with tho white
people, and would 101 l Mr. Moore what
they had on foot. They intended to give bis
wife a slight thrashing merely—each of the
thirty negroes wiio had tired at Morgan and War
ren being authorized to indict thirty lashes.
There wore about thirty negroes in the crowd
that fired at Morgan and Warren, Saturday.
Tiioy had boon to iv meeting, and tho attempted
iriufdorwas not in accordance with any pro
gramme, as no time had been fixed, but only as
an experiment, to see if they could kill a white
man with impunity. When they commenced ou
the white people, Joe Halo and his brother-in
law would first bo killed, and thou they would
commence bn I’ickoUsvillo (Gibson). During
tho proceedings, tho diillculty at the barbecue
was alluded to, and McGhee said:
*• Joo Hale is a bad ono.”
Halo—*' Kelson, what makes you think mo tbo
dlckmm?"
McObcc—■'* Job case you acted bo curious. Ef
Mr. Palmer hadn’t cut up, reared ami held yon,
you would havo killed Col. Webb no sooner than
you had got to him."
EVIDENCE OF JAIUIETT DURRCLL.
This negro corroborated tho statement of Mc-
Ghee, whom, ho says, informed him that they
wore first to hill Halo, Parrish, J. B. Monro, and
Sac Woods. Halo was getting too d—d smart,
and if tho cldb would alien up to him and
back bini bo would clean thorn at. After
last Saturday night the negroes woro to
moot three times a week until they had become
well drilled and thoroughly organized. ButTt
was their intention to kill Moore, Punish and a
few others Saturday night. Hu nns in thociowd
that did tbo shooting, but hftduothing todo with
it. as be had loaned his gun to Gns Connor.
They met that night at tho i introad cut, about I
uulu from town, to elect otUcors. Tho place of
rendezvous was iu a thicket near Moore’s house.
Tuoy elected Winsloy Shields Captain, with tho
understanding that Josh Webb was to bo mndo
Generalissimo of tbo expedition. Everybody
voted for tiicso men, except witness, who did not
participate in tho proceedings at all. This was
3UO or 400 yards from the place where tbo negroes
wavlaki Morgan and Wan on. They expected to
moot a company from Humboldt, under ohargo
of John Bogan, who, however, failed to como to
timo. Tholr object in organizing thoroughly
was to shoot into tho Kn-Klux, who, they under
stood. woro raiding tho country to persecute tho
negroes. McGhee wont lo his homo tho 18th of
this month and tried to induce him to join the
band for shooting Ku-Klux and killing wldto
pooolo. -Ho refused to join them ; biu reply to
McGhee’s urgent appeal being: u \’ou can do
as you con; I’U do as I please."
COMMITTED TO .TAIL,
After hearing tno evidence tho negroes were
bound over by tho Justices, and, in default of
required bail, placed ;undor charge of Marshal
Bungan, Constables W. W.Soutor and Spence
Bldndgo, with u guard of forty of fifty men, to
bo escorted to tho Trenton Jail, 10 miles distant.
Tho n a gioos wore kindly caved for and in no
manner maltreated whilo at Gibson, and had a
fair trial. Tho otilcsrs ami gnaid dooartod at
twenty minutes post -1 o'clock for TVonton, tho
prisoners being heavily chained. During tho
day near 400 citizens from tno country had dock
ed to tho town, but their aid fortunately woo not
required, as tbo negroes made no demonstra
tion.
Tbo route’to Trenton was pursued without in
ten uptlou until tbo guard and prisoners bud
reached to within a mile or so of that town. It
was already dark, when a body of
DISGUISED HORSEMEN, WITH DRAWS REVOLVERS.
suddenly came out into tho road. and. baiting
the escort, demanded the surrender of the pris
oners. Constable Bungan told tho unknown
party that ho was nn ofllcor of tno law, and that,
as ho had chargo of tho prisoners, he would not
surrender them to any ouo except tho
Jailor. The masked mon again demanded' tho
roioaso of the prisoners, upon tho sovoiest pen
alties. But tho ofik’or could not bo intimi
dated, and finally, indeed, pursued his way, tho
disguised horsemen disappearing into the
woods quickly and mysteriously as they bad
emerged, : Upon reaching Trenton, the negroes
wore safely lodged in tho old jail, amlusufiicient
guard placed there to prevent their rescue. The
old jail was selected as tho place of temporary
incarceration until room could bo prepared iu
tho now Jail, which already Las fourteen in
mates.
EXPECTED ATTACK TJPOK OIRHON.
Monday afternoon a report reached Gibson
that a largo body of negroes had met in tho
southeast part of tho county, and only awaited
night to attack tho town to -release the prison
ers, whom they did not know had boon started
for Trcuton. Tbta caused additional excite
ment, aa there wore not aulUciont roou iu
town to dolcud It against tbo negroes should
they wako tbo attack. Tbo few remain
ing, however, procured what arms they
could and commenced picket-duty. The Appeal
commissioner arrived by tho Louisville train at
U o’clock that night, wud, while on route for
headquarters, heard half a dozen shots in rapid
succession in *tho neighborhood of Joo Halo's.
A scout was sent out, but could not ascertain
anything as to tbo parsons who fired. Tbo night
passed by slowly.enough, a» tboro wove not over
twelve of'llftoou mon strong, oven this number
not being fully aimed. In (act, our garrison as
to number was somewhat liko tbo Mulligan
Guards, ond our guns pointed wherever a noiao
was heard. It was--confidently believed wo would
be attacked before morning, and ibis anticipation
was strengthened by tbo frequent firing of tbo
guna within a circuit of a muo or so from tho
town. Wo determined, however, to do tbo best
wo could, ami to stand us long as wo were able,
doapico tho shortness of our ammunition. Final
ly, morning dawned, and with it came an ond to
the fearful belief that tho town would bo over
run by a mob of infuriated negroes.
RUMORS.
A report is iu circulation to tho effect Hint ft
paityof disguised while men, hint "Wednesday
night, rode through the Twelfth Civil District of
Gibson County, and seized arms whevovor they
fomnl them among the negroes, two of whom
woio severely whipped. One of those negroes
iu a mulatto named Ham Slaughter, who had used
incendiary language, ami nuulo severe tluoatfl
against iho whites. It is said that several ne
groes wont to Lieut. Whipple, in command of
tho Humboldt Barraults, amt asked fur weapons
to defend themselves against the Ku-Klnx. If
report bo true, this request was complied with.
Among tho gnus taken from tho negroes*wore
several Knlleld lilies, but whore they came from
is not known.
Yesterday morning nows reached Qibaou that
tho whiles and blacks bad a light that night near
Lavlnia. The result was not ascertained, though
the rumor caused aomooxmtomout, Tom Cooke,
one of tho Hug-leaders, wos killed, it is said, m
tho light. »Another report says that Cooke was
captured, and was drowned while attempting to
make ids escape by swimming tho Middle tone or
Boor llivor, lie is certainly a dead negro, but
the method of his death is nut known.
WUT TIIK WSOPW* WitIBVK,
The people holiovo, or rather suspect, that tho
negroes have a general organization throughout
the unlive comity, for tho purpose of rioting,
rapine, and murder, for sumo timnpaat strange
negroes have boon jmnvmbulatlug Gibson Coun
ty, ami it is thought ihoh* objactwae to organize
tho negroes, ami dually incite thorn to acts of
violence and deeds of murder. Perhaps there
may not bo cause for mote fear, and yet U is
hava to 101 l under udutiug ckaaiuaUmjca,
LYNCH LAW.
il White Lady Outraged by Three
Negroes, at nrooldiavcri,
Miss.
Tho Criminals Avrestoil, Taken Out of
Jail by tho People, and
Hung,
From the Xeio Orleans 77/»m,.(t//f. 25.
Tho usually quiet town of Brookhavon, Miss.,
was on Saturday Inst tho theatre of a real trag
edy, whereof tho ontiro population constituted
tho audience, and in which tho principal per
forracn* foifoltod thoir lives on tho tightrope.
Tho readers of tho 37mc.<? are doubtless nob
forgetful of tho fact that about a week ago wo
published au account of a gross outrage com
mitted by throo negroes on tho person of Mrs.
Burnley, a respectable while lady, living in tho
suburbs of B, ookliavon, and that on last Sunday
\vo also announced their capture and oxccutlun.
Brookhavon, by tho way, is one of tho most
thriving business towns in tho State of Missis
sippi, located on tho lino of tho Now Orleans,
Ht. Louis & Chicago Bailroad, 128 miles distant
from Now Orleans.
TitV. CttlMV..
In tho outskirts of Biojkhavon, distant about
half a mile from tho depot, in a plain-looking
yet comfortable cottage, exhibiting in its sur
roundings of well-cultivated Holds and garden,
and linos of staunoh-bullc foncos, evidences of a
thrifty Independence, tlioro has lived for many
years tho widow of tho loto Col. Burnley, of Co
rutU County, and hor four daughters. Au eetl
nublo lady, wlioso character is gincod by ail tho
Christian virtues, and whoso life was dovotod to
tho educational advancement of hor children,
one of whom has recently graduated at tho
Whitworth Institute, Mrs. Burnley sought in
quiet retirement to accomplish tho object sho
had in view lu removing tu Bi'ookhuvon, viz. : to
bestow upon iier daughters, out of a limited in
come, tho boat oduoation that tho Slate could
olfor.
On Saturday uigbt, tho ICtU lust,, abo retired
with her daughter, they being tho only occupants
of tho house, her other daugutor being ou a visit
to Homo friends iu tbo count; v, ami at fi o'clock
in tbo morning abo waa violently dragged from
ber bod by threo negroes, and, in apiio of hor
pravors an’d cnticatlos, terribly outraged by two
of thorn, who accomplished their fiendish pur
pose with tv loaded revolver preyed to her head.
In tho struggle tbo bed was broken, and a por
tion of its covering falling on tbo young lady
concealed her, and, being in that condition whon
one ib speechless os well as powerless, she
escaped.
Haying searched tho house iu tho expectation
of Honoring valuables, tho negroes took a trunk
containing clothing and about §lB in currency,
and departed. As soon as released, or as boou
ns conscious, Mrs. Burnley jumped out of a side
window and screamed lor assistance. Her moa
wore heard nv some ladu iu a distant dwelling
and tbo neighbors aroused.
TUB rtmSUIT OF THE cnmiNALS.
By this timo It woe daylight, and search for tho
demons was immediately instituted. Mon in
squads of two and three scoured tho country for
union without success, except hi finding the titled
trunk iu afield adjacent to tho Lower Natchez
road, about fiOO yards from tho cottago, For
tunately, Mrs. Burnley recognized tho voices of
her assailants, and, haviug mado affidavit against
thorn, tho Mayor and Council wore ut onco re
quested by live citizens to. issue handbills de
scriptive of tho personal appearance of Anthony
Grant, Silas Johnson, and Dick Cooper, threo
negroes who had boon implicated in iho rob
beries at tho houses of Mr. Jennings, of Brook
havcu, and 11. Simon, a. Monticollo, Miss., and
who had borne iho hardest sort of diameters
for yoiua, and to offer a vovraul of «2QO for their
arrest.
A meeting of tho citizens was called, and it
was resolved to prosecute the search in tho mosc
vigorous manner. Volunteers wore not wanting,
and tbo country for hundreds of miles iu every
direction was overhauled, yet iu vatu.
THE CMTUaiS.
It was feared they had effectually escaped,
when lo! on Friday last the click of tbo electric
instrument brought tho cheering intelligence
from Jackson, Miss., that tho birds wore in that
towiij ln custody of Caldwell, Marshal of Clin
ton, who would’ lie Uappv to forward thorn to
Brookhavou on tbo receipt of that §2OO reward.
1 Immediately ou the receipt of this, dispatch,
tho good people of Brookhavou placed Uio requi
site amount in the bauds of Bhoihf A. a. Cos.
with instructions to return tho culprits to that
town. Uad tbo amount boou §IO,(JdO, it would
have boou lustamly raised ; for to the credit of
tut negro porliouof the: population bo it said
that they weio iu accord with Uio whites iu de
nouncing this heinous crime, and ready to adJ
their mitu to bring tuo offenders to justice. Ic
seems that CaMwoll know one of too negroes
and cultured him m Clinton, whereupon, by tbo
judicious applicatiou of hempen rope about his
neck, Uo was iuaucod to reveal tho whereabouts
of lus companions, which proved to bs m Jack
son, Miss., ut the domicil of come female
friends, They were secured without resistance.
Oo Saturday morning, at half-past 6 o'clock,
Blieriff Cox arrived with his prisoners at
Brookhavou, and placed them in Jail. This
building is located iu tho northeast part of tho
town, end is a square ono-story wooden struc
ture containing lour colls, two ou each side of
the narrow passage-way, without wmdowii or
opening of any ktud save a large doorway iu
front, with double doors,— tho inner one of
heavy wood, with transom for ventilation, and
the outer one of,cross-barred iron, three-quarters
of ou inch thick. . .
The fact of tbo prisoners* arrival becoming
known later in the morning, groat excitement
ensued, which, however, gradually calmed dowu,
though it was noticed that the quiet look of de
termination depicted ou the faces of loading cit
izens, nud which had usurped tho first feeling of
excitement, was ominous of desperate measures.
But little business was transacted that day.
xuu HxmTio.v.
At I o’clock iu tho afternoon the boll of the
market-house tolled, and, as if by commou con
sent, every store iu the town was closed, and thu
groat moss of tho people in one strong current
swept toward the jail. Tho keys oi tho building
woro demanded from H. J.Tibua, the jailor, hue
refused. The stroug iron gate was tested, still
the dour would nut upon. Finally the koy was
found lu u drawer of the Sheriff's office, and the
building outoiod. Mayor B. \Y. MUlfapa.and
Gapt. Hoskins were deputized to inform the
prisoners that tboir eartuly pilgrimage was about
toteiuiinato, but that time uoald Uo allowed
them Cor religious consolation, aad such siato
luouts as they might wish to make. They ac
cepted the proffer of religious consolation, and
received thu same from ministers of tboir cuoioo,
and iu the way of statements fully ami freely
admitted their guilt m tuo many robberies with
which they Uad been charged, thoir participation
u\ tho Burnley outrage, Jouusou and Cooper ex
culpating Grunt from tuo worst feature of this
business, ami they oven admitted having robood
a bouse m Gallatin, Miss., while cucaning from
Biookhuven, in proof of which stolen spoons
wove found lu Johnson's pookets. To tbo right
of tho jail there is a gateway leading in a cotton
Uo(d; over tho nests of this gateway a beam waa
laid, and from that beam a ropo suspended.
Anthony Grant was tbo lirsc. brought out and
placed iu a cart immediately under tho beam, the
ropo was adjusted to his nock, and, iho cart
drawn away. Bilas Johnson and Dick Cooper
woto executed iu the same maimer. They all
died apparently indifferent to thoir fate, and hud
but little to say. Ail we;o wen under 8U years of
ago, of medium stature, except Grant, who was
fully fi feet tall, and all wore olack lu color, 100
execution was witnessed by at least 2,000 people,
white aud colored, and tho utmost order pre
vailed throughout tho sojourn ceremonies. •
Thus departed throe of tho worst-dyed villains
(but have infested that portion of tho State of
Mississippi for many a year.
WatcU Your Carpet*—A JSow Peat*
frov.tthe ifochater Union,
Considerable outo;y w boon inaclo in neighbor
ing villages concerning tbo ravages of a now
poofc that bun lately antion, namely tbo carpal
bug. These bugs ore dosoiibod us being about
twice Hits size ot tbo common cimex fectuhina.s,
or bed-bug, and covered with hair. Their color
is a inudoy blade. Tbo iirst tlmo tbeso bugs
waro beard from in tins section was at Danaviito
last your, wboro they did considoiabls damage.
Tills year Iboy have increased and extended their
territory, for it scorns that they bnvo become a
Borneo of extreme annoyance in Urookport. A
Indy wbo resides m that village Informed u ro
portor of this paper yesterday that there Is not u
single house that has escaped their depredations.
In nor house, sho said, ovary room was infested
with them, and they had oaten largo holes in
every carpet in the house. Their favorite mode
of procedure la to follow the so&tu of t.io boards
uua oat iheir way clear through. In some in*
stances the carpet bus boon oaten through so
oluuu that it loulcs as if it had boon out with a
very sharp knife, in other room* tliov had
ciitou largo nutohos out of it, generally pldung
out the centre of a breadth. The lady referred
to says sho has tried every wav to got rid o
thorn, but Without avail' Tubacoo'seema to male»
(linm livelier than ovor,'lin'd as for Imp poison,
they regard it no a luxury, nml grow fat on It,
PUBIjIO INSTJiUCTIOX.
Circular from Bii]U)rnitonaont Rato
timn*
omauhAit-is.
DuPAntMiiHr ok I’um.io instiiuotio.v, >
BiMirKorlci.n, 111,, Aug. 2i, Itili.f
Cor.OJIED CHtUUIBN IN tub poiit.io HCIIOUL9.
Tho ulloutiou ol School Director!* and Boards
of Kduddtion is Invited (o tho nubjolnad opinion
recently ramlorod by tho Supremo Court of tins
SiAto:
Jiintn t A, (Jhn»« ri ni. v. 7)nrM 8/tphentm tt at,—Appeal
J'nm Sttl.inn.— opinion i\f' lb* (>y Crah, J,.
This wubu bill in Chancery (Hod byappolkos against
appellants, In the Circuit Court of McLean County.
Tho cause was heard upon bill, nnswer, and exhibits,
nnd a decree rendered that appellants, Directors of a
certain school-district, bo pcrjictuiiUy enjoined from
occupying or using tho building inunod lu tho bill; - for
thn purpose of carrying on a suuool fur colored chlU
drew exclusively, at (bo expense of tho district,
Tuo bill was originally Hied for tho purpose of re
straining Appellants from erecting a school-houso Hi
foot wldu and U feet, long, for. tho exclusive mo ol
educating four colored children in tho district. Bo*
fore the injunction was served, tho building wua com
pleted.
Appellees (hen (lied a supplemental bill, in which
(hey charged that, after tho completion of (ho build
lug, appellants employed a teacher, and huvo kept
school m the building for, no other purpose tbnu to
teach two colored children In (ho district. That ap
pcllauts'bnvo given tho teacher a warrant on the
Tmvnsbiu Treasurer to pay for hor services out of tho
school-funds.
U la further alleged that appellants will, unless en
joined, continue to occupy (ho building erected as a
school-house ol tho public expense for no other pur
pose than to educate two colored children separate
from the other children in tho district.
- It is further Alleged that there is ample room in the
Bclioo.-houao which was erected three yearn before, lu
tbs same lot, to accommodate nil (ho children in the
Intrict.
Several quest ions of minor Importance have bees
raised by nppdtiUts which it is uuueceseary to Con
sider.
Tho point In tho bill In this enso is, that. appellants,
lu order to keep sumo four colored children from at
tending tho same school In tho district that is pro
vided for others, oroctcd a small house on (ho same lot
where tiio other school-house stands, and, at- tho ex
pense of (ho tax-payers, propose to employ an addi
tional teacher to instruct tho coloiod children in tills
small building, separate and apart from other children
in the dUtriev; jvud these facta aro xubulautlally ad
mitted by tho answer.
This lull is filed by /our tax-payers of (ho district, to
prevent Uio Directors from a tnisapproiirlatiou of (ho
puuliu fund*, in widen, in common with the public,
they have a direct interest.
It Is insisted by appellants, that (ho provision of (ho
fttatuto that declares that tho Directors shall establish
and bcop lu operation for at lca%t six months in each
year, and longer if practlcablo, a eufUciout number of
schools for (ho accommodation of tho children In thu
district over tho ago of 0 and under tho ago of Si, amt
that tbo> may adopt all necessary rules and regula
tions for tho management and government of (ho
schools, gives them tho power and luily sustains tholr
notion In this ease. The freo schools of tho Suite' uro
public iustUulluns, and in their management and con
trol tbo law contemplates that they should bo so man
aged that all children within tho district, between the
og sof 0 and 21 years, regardless of race or color,
mail have equal ami the name right to. participate iu
thu benefits to be derived therefrom.
While tho Directors very properly have largo and
discretionary powers In regard to thu management and
control of schools, in order to increase their useful
ness, they have no power to make class-distinctions,
neither can they discriminate between scholars on uc*
count of their color, race, or social position.
If the echool-hoiiao was too email to accommodate
nil tho scholars in the district, It would have been em
inently proper for the Directors - to- have enlarged the
building, but (his (hey did not boo proper to do, and
it is apparent from tho record that tho erection of thu
small house ou tho mime lot where tho school-houja
stood was not ou account of tho incapacity of the
school-house to accommodate all (ho scholars iu the
district, but tbo sole and only object seems to have
been to* exclude tho colored children In tho district
from participating In tho boueiits the other children
received from thu free schools.
Had tho district contained colored children sufficient
for one school, and white children for another, nud hud
the Directors in good faith provided a separate room
for each, where mo faeltlticH for instruction were en
tirely equal, that would have presented u question not
raised by this record, and upon wuich we express no
opinion.
Put tho conduct of tho Directors-in this ease, in tho
attempt to keep end ■'maintain a school solely lo in,
struct tbrea or four colored children of the district,
when they can be accommodated- ut the sehool-houtfo
with (ho other scholars of tho district, emi only bo re
garded us a fraud upon the lax-payers of the district, 1
uuyuuuof whom have a right to interfere to prevent:
the public funds from being-squandered in such a
reckless, unauthorized manner.
As we vi >w tho ruse, we perceive no error in the de
cree of tho Circuit Court; It will therefore Lo affirmed.
Decree affirmed.
Two very important principles arc enunciated
in tho foregoing opinion:
i'irst —Xnot, while School Directors and
Boards of Education have largo ou I discretion
ary powers m tbo management and control of
(heir schools, tiiov have no power to make class
distinctions, nor to ; discriminate . between
scholars on account o,’ their color, race, or so
cial position.
Second— l lV-t tho attempt to keep and
maintain a separate school solely to
instruct three or four colored children,
when they can bo accomduted in the
school-house with tho other scholars of tho
distuct, can only bo regarded as a fraud upon
tho tux-payors of tho district, any one of whom
hue aright to Interfere to pravout vfip public
funds from being squandered iu such a reckless,
umuithorlzSd manner.
The opinion of tho Court is repugnant to the
practice, m tho caso of graded • schools, ol
placing all the colored children together in one
room of ouch graded school, regardless of thoir
respective attainments,.while the othor.scbolarn
are assigned to different rooms according to their
respective attainments; because, by such a
course, tbo colored children lose all tbo bonollls
of the graded system of schools, and do not
have equal facilities of instruction.
Tho opinion applies to all caaes whatever, ex
cept whoro a district contains colored children
enough for one school and white children enough
for another, and tho Directors in good faith pro
vide a separate school for ouch, making tho facil
ities for instruction entirely equal. The right of
Directors to pursue such & course, in-ouch cir
cmuatancos, is neither affirmed nor douiod by
tho Court in this opinion.
COUNTY TI’.R.VSUUEUH AS EX-OFFICIO COLIUoTOHS.
Attention is also invited to tho following opin
on of tho Attoniov-Gonoral.
UfATU of Illinois, AxronNEr-GENFJiAL’s)
OmOK, KI’JUNOFIKLD, Allg. il, 1«74. f
A. Samu!e Mate's Attorney for Ford County,
Paxton, lit: .
Dear Sir: Your communication of July 24 was re
ceived, iu which you state that thu salary of iho Treas
urer of vour comity was fixed hy tho Hoard of Super
v.bom at <(W)per annum, but was not fixed fls Col
lector, and that tho Treasurer claims ami has retained
his Ices as Collector, lu addition to tho salary-allowed
htm ub County Treasurer. You request wy opinion
ns to whether this officer is entitled lo his salary us
Treasurer and also to tho foes rotuiued by him cJ
County Collector. .
Sue. 114 of tho Revenue law of 1873 pror
vldcs that tho Treasurer of counties undo
townahip organization, and Uie Saertffß of
conutloß not under township organization, shall bo xc
officio County Collectors of tholr respective counties
[hairs 1872, p. 33, SVC.U4I. . . .
This statute waa designed to carry into effect See. *
of Art, U ortho Constitution, which ramie It tho duty
of tho Oonoral Assembly to provide that a return uf
unpaid taxea cr assessments should ho made to some
floueral officer of Urn county having authority to ro
coivo mute and county tuxes, mid which prohibits the
Halo of real estate for such taxes by any other general
officer. Tho Sheriffs oud Treasurers lu thoir rospoet
ivo counties nra such general officers who, by the
Revenue act of 1872, are authorized toreceivo Shut*
and comity taxes. Tho effect of this provision is to
impose additional duties upon these officers lu tUelt
respective counties, and not to confer upon them no
additional office [Wood et at. v». Cuok, ui lit., 271),
tiuch being the case, they cun only receive for thou
Burviccs tho coiupcusatiuu fixed for them by their
County Hoard.
In pursuance of 500.16, Art. 10, of' tho Con
stitution, all foes or allow ances received by thorn
in excess of tboir compensation shall and mmb
bo paid into tho County Treasury [lbid], if
tho opposite construction should prevail, thobo
provisions of tbo Constitution which limit the
compensation which may ho paid to county offh
cois would bo frittered uwny by tbo mere device
of allowing extra comnomiation for cx-oflicio
services. Tho County Boards tuo - not only ro*
quirod to Ax tho compensation of. those olllcerH,
but also to make them reasonable allowance for
necessary clork-hlro, stationery, fuel, and oilier
expenses .'(.Constffrffton of 1870, Art. 10, Sic.
10]."No hardship need therefore from
treating this statute as conferring additional
duties upon.tho County• Treasurer: for, the
greater lus duties, tuo more liberal should hohis
allowance for clerk-hire, etc.
My conclusion, therefore, Is, that, when the
County Board has fixed tho compensation of the
County Treosuror in pursuance of Sec. 10, Ait.
10, of tho Constitution, all foou .received or re
tained by him over and above such compensa
tion must bo paid into the County Treasury; ana
that it is Immaterial whether such toes accrue
from duties performed as
proper or as ox-offlcio County Collector. Similar
vioivii wove expressed iu an opinion from this
office puulishod hi tho Chicago Legal Asms. I
vw Attornoy . aenoral-
The interest of School .Directors and Topn
shiD Treasurers id tho foregoing opinion will bo
perceived whon It is considered that tho officer
mentioned lu tho loltor of tho Attorney Qeiivial
Is charged with tho collection of unpaid or
delinquent school-taxes, us well os of other
County Superintendents of Schools are ro
flpootfully requested to forward, or cause to bo
forwurdod, u copy of this circular to each Town
ship iVonum or, Board of Directors, mid Board
lof Education, in their roapootlvo counties.
Newton Baxkuan,
Superintendent of Biiblio Instruction,
3

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