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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, October 19, 1874, Image 4

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DMlt. |.« oi*i) $ 12.001 Bg*fK>
Tri>Wcekl, o.<KlUvc«kU M.UU
Fartloi sjcflpattße untnarat*. . , „ .
To rtarent oalay ami uUMAkw, !*• «nr« »po Cl»o Foil
CO c* »ddre*» in lull. Intlrnllna Strtta and Cmimv. Foal
HtmUUncei mar o# made oltuor by draft. esprou, ■
OfTcoaievr. oi in togiMiwßd lo »«■«. »t mtrriaa.
Bally, dHltetoa, Bumuy oiceptoo to eont* parwaea.
so «vifflMSoW;w?S'
Ctcuer V-iUfop onrtOporlinrwt*.. Ohloa*#, lll.’*-
GRAND OrKnA-HOITSE-OUrb street, oppoilte
iaormau House. Kelly A Loon's Minstrels.
MYRAS' oritßA.llDHßF,—Monroo street, between
State ami Dearborn. Tbs Ooortrla Minstrels amlTarUly
IIOOLRY'S TIIHATRF—Randolph strest, bstwsen
Clark ami LaSalle. " Tlie Sphinx."
ACADEMY OF MUSHI-Halsied 'ireeh between Mart
sen anrt Monroe. "Riijracempntofo, L- ioxsFamo
■ilrae-Troupe. " Hnmpty Dumply."
pearhnm am! State. Knunßeincnt of the Ksllogff Kn-
( llsb Opera-Troupo. •' Trov.itom."
--then ami il fitted itrcntc. Macßvoy’t Hlbornlcou.
CENTRAL CLWn-WlI meet this evening, Oct . ID, at
the Mine place. Members arc rvti'ioalsd to brluj, all their
friend* and frleudi of the t>mn.
Iwtnnr to cl*o their testimony In fator of tho uso of
“ Wflbor’o I’uroCod-l.lvor UU ami Lima." KxporJenco
htanroted vc uab o remedy (or Consumption.
A.tKlMphtborU. soil all dl-wwM
Lime*. Alanniactutcd only by A. B. WILBOR, Liiam
tat. Boston. Hold by drqgwMa chnyrally.
Uhc QEfikrac.
Monday Morning, October 10, 1874.
The Opposition party of Cleveland celebrated
their victory Satin-day evening with a rousing
meeting, at which Mr. Payne, tho gentleman
who boat Dlok Parsons so badly, spoke out
bluntly as to tbo errors of tho Administration,
and attributed to them tho recent Republican
disasters. Ha expressed the belief that tbo
remedy is to bo found in tho union of Democrats
and Independent Republicans. The combination
certainly worked to some purpose la Mr. Payne's
district. ______
A Cabinet-office is not necessarily a pledge of
unalloyed happiness. Already Gov. Jewell is
getting into a snarl, and doubts are expressed aa
to hia continuation. Me. Bristow, who swept so
clean at the start, is said to have weaned in
well-doing, and to have modified tho compre
hensive system of reform which he inaugurated.
And yot it may be that Messrs. Bristow and
Jen ell ara doing os well aa now Cabinet officers
could bo expected to do.
Tha accident on tho Pittsburg, Port Wayne &
Chicago Rathoad, which occurred on Saturday
afternoon at Piorcotou, Ind., is attributed to tbo
fact that the train was running at the rate of 10
irnloß an hour. This feet of itse f, however, is
not sufficient to account for the accident. Forty
miles an hour ia not an unnaual rate of speed,
and is perfectly compatible with safety. It is
(ho common rate of speed in England, and
many of tho Eastern express tr>!ns run on this
time. In this caso tho engine struck a cow, and
vaa hurled from tho track, resulting in the
wrecking of tho train. If thorehed been proper
cattle-guardii or other protection from animals
at large as there is in England, tho accident
would not have occurred. It is to tbo lack of
these precautions, not to the rato of speed, that
the accident is duo.
The expected majorities in the several (now)
Congressional Districts of Indiana, baaed ou tbo
rote for Governor in 1872, and the actual re
sult in 1874, aro as follows:
JtfoJ. mlßl2. <>» 1871.
Tlret WR D....Fuller, Dtin tiCSmaj.
BvcuU'l 4,442 D.«.,Wlllljtins, Doui..G,ri(iO muj.
Third 4,f.1U D...,Kt-rr, D«-iu 1,331 maj.
Fminh 701 2t....3«w f Deni l.lOUmaj.
Filth 1,413 H....Holman, Deni.. .2,01)3 maj.
Sixth 1,07;t 1t... .lloi/iiiknii. r,t*p.. 2H4 hmJ.
SfiTOtlh 1,702 It....ijimlitF, Dt-m... 6(£ initj.
Eighth 1,402 1t;... Hunter, Itcj» 103 muj.
EiuUi. ClXiit... C.ir.mi, llcji 430 muj.
TtntU 1,4»C lt....H:ninoml, Dem. ‘.Km maj.
Eleventh. 2,01 d K....Kviiiiu‘, Kej» 1,200 mitj.
Twelfth -1,171 D....Hamilton. Dem..2,7lK‘ muj.
ThlrtOiUih l.hSl It....Dakar, Hop IC7 muj.
Tho Fifth District was laboriously made, by
the Republican Legislature, with a view to keep
Holman out of Congress. The Third District
gives a full Democratic majoxity for tbo State
ticket; Mr. Kerr's opponent was & Democratic
inflationist supported by tbo Republicans and
drawing off some Democratic votes.
Whether tho Row York UerahTs version of the
von Aruim complication is correct or not, it is
eortaioly the first intelligent explanation of von
Aroim’a arrest and imprisonment. According to
this account, von Aruim was sent as Ambassador
to Paris with instructions to maintain the most
friendly relations with tho French Government.
Instead of this, he broke with Maollahon, and
even declined to present official communications;
bo also set about to increase the contingent of
the German army on Fxouch territory. Ho was
no sooner installed in Paris than ho wrote
directly to tho Emperor William attacking
Bismarck's policy. This communication was
promptly turned over to Diamarck, land von
Aruim was notified that ho must henceforward
communicate with tho Foreign Office. There
upon ensued a voluminous correspondence
which von Arnim, at his removal from Paris,
took from tbo archives of the office. It is for
the recovery of this coireapoudonco, which
Bismarck claims to ho official, that the prosecu
tion is brought against the ex-Ambasaador, and
his refusal to ‘deliver it is the causo of his
The antagonism between the police and tbs
students of a university town ta as old os the
university system, and extends to both conti
nents. A college student always regards a police
nan as hlsuatuial enemy, and the policeman
looks upon tbo student as bio special cross in
life. This traditional feud bas received a now
impulse in Ann Arbor, and has broken out
with an unusual warmth. From tbe accounts
that have come to uo, we should eay
that the Ann Arbor police wero rather
over-zealous on Saturday, when they in
terfered with 'the boys on their own
ground while tbe latter were engaged iu wrest
ling and other athletic sports said not to have
been prohibited iu tbe University rules against
hazing. But as the students evidently got the
boat of tbe police in their conflict, tbolr subse
quent procession and noisy demonstration was
111-conceived. If those students’ troubles at Ann
Arbor go on from year to year, they can scarcely
(all to be seriously detrimental to tbo standing
of tbe University; and it lu alike in tbe interest
of the College and the townspeople that they be
Tbs Chicago produce markets wero generally
‘strong on Saturday, with a fair aggregate of
transactions. Moss r>nrk active and steady,
oloslnff »t 610.00 Bimer tbe mouth, and $17.00
Muller the year. Lard was active and euoier,
aluauig at Lie for new. cash, and 011.W seller tbe
year. Moat* wore quiet and steady, at 7),f0 for
shoulders, for short ribs, ami H)tf(fpl2o
for swcet-pickled haras. Hlßhwinos wore quiet
ami 2o lower, closing at OSo per gallon. Lake
freights woro in light domand, at 4%0 for wheat
to Buffalo. Flour was active and onslor. Wheat
was iu bettor demand and higher, closing at
80%0 seller the month, and B{%c for Novomhor.
Corn was In good demand and higher,
closing at 74Jfo cash, and 70Jfo for November.
Oats woro moderately active and lo higher, clos
ing at 47%0 cash, and 4G){o iiollor November.
Bye was quiet and a shade easier, at
Barley was loss active, but firmer, closing at
$1.05)£ for October, and $1.04 for November.
Hogs wore In light domand at a slight decline,
gales woro at [email protected]}f. Cattle and sheep
woro inactive, and nominally unchanged.
Tho aonnouß which wo print this morning om*
brace tbo Rev. Robert Collyor's, which is in
vested with a special interest on account of the
recent effort to secure him for tho Church of tho
Messiah, in Now York. Iu some preliminary re
marks, Mr. Collycr announced his definite deter
mination to remain in this city. It was all along
a question to his mind of duty and use
fulness, and we aro sincerely glad ho
has been persuaded that his duty is
whoro his heart is,—omoug hla tried and true
friends of Chicago and the West. It was scarcely
necessary for him to say that money cut no liguro
iu the case, for his action throughout, as woll as
his last decision to remain, clearly indicate this.
Prof. Swing preached a characteristic sermon on
Pure Religion, wilh a grace and calmness that
showed a genuine reliof from tho dogmatical
troubles which he lias turned over to the Synod
and Prof. Patton. Among the other notable
addresses of the day was one by Mrs.
Livermore, who occupied Dr. Ryder’s church.
Tbo Rut. Mr. Williamson, tho now
pastor of tho Wabash Avenue Methodist Church,
had tho Piosidout for an auditor ; and very
appropriately, though perhaps unintentionally,
his sermon turned ou the struggles of history
between usurpation on the one hand and the
people on tho other. It is well that every ruler,
republican or other, should have this matter
brought, directly before him from time to time,
and the pulpit is a place where it can be doue
wtliout offense.
Gen. Hurlhut has at last boon so closely
presoed by Mr. Farnsworth that ho has bcou com
pelled to upon his mouth with regard to his
transactions in cotton-permits and other corrup
tions charged upon him pending tho time he was
iu command of the Department of tho Gulf. Ho
labors through two columns of tho party organ
to prove his Inuocenco by bis owq assertions and
copies of letters and documents. What he says,
howovor, is uot so remarkable as what ho duos
not say. Ho does uot answer or allude to the
charges of perjury made by tho Commission
against him; nor dues ho aliudo to tho charge#
made by this Commbiaiou of official falsehood,
of ante-dating letters to exculpate both himself
and Robinson, aud of permitting bis brothors-in
law to rocoivo bribes for obtaining his signature
to permits to trado aud other documents. It la
also remarkable that Gen. liurlbut cannot pro
duce any letter demanding a trial or court of in
quiry until it bad boon determined by tho Gov
ernment, through Rawlins' iuterocotkin, uot to
try him. It will bo remembered that Pioeideut
Llucolu was assassinated iu April; that and the
collapse of tho War put ou end to all trials for
military offenses; but it seems strange that Gou.
liurlbut, who stood iu such high favor with tho
Secretary of War and Gou. Grunt's chief ad
visor, os he represents, should not havo bcou
able to secure a trial on charges made by a
Special Commission that examined luto the case,
aud which loft him under a stain sure to ohng to
him forever.
Our correspondent at Indianapolis sends us an
interesting letter upon politics in that State
sinco the Republican defeat of Oct 7. He
sums up the various opinions as to the causes
of that defeat, and states that the “ tmvamiehed
truth is, that ibo moving cause wan tho underly
ing discontent of the people with ‘the sins and
follies of the Administration ; all other things
were subsidiary." For this cause thoro were
sufficient Republicans in the State who voted
the Democratic ticket, or did not vote, or voted
tho Independent ticket, to giro the Democrats
tho ascendency by a very largo majority. Tho
same fooling prevailed in Ohio, with tho nemo
effect. That this is so, is conspicuously shown
in tho election of members of Congress. In tho
present Congress there aro sevon Democrats
and thirteen Republicans from Ohio. At tbo
election on Tuesday there wore thirteen
Democrats elected to sevon Republicans.
Ono of tbcao Republicans—Charles Fos
ter-owed bio re-election to the vigor
ous and manly exposure of tbo fraudulent
and scandalous contracts maao by tbo Treasury
Department with Sanborn. That act of hostility
to tbs Adnunistution saved him. In Indians,
lbs Legislature had so arranged tbo Congres
sional Districts that but throe Democrats could
bo elected out of the thirteen Congressmen to
which the State is entitled. On Tuesday, how
ever, tbs people elected eight Democrats to five
Republicans. In both States, tho people took
especial pains to rebuke the Administration la
tbo matter of tbo election of members of Con
gress, The more notable the friends of tbo Ad
ministration, tbo more severely tbs people struck
them. In lowa, whore Mr. Hasson was treated
as an opponent of the Administration, the people
elected him despite the opposition of the Federal
office-holders, while several of the Congressmen
noted as friends of the Administration narrowly
escaped defeat. Indeed, there was no raoro di
rect means of rebuke available than that of dis
placing the friends of the Administration in both
Houses of Coi'groca, and sending Democrats in
their stead. Tbs net result of the elections in
Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, and lows on Tues
day last was the election of fifteen Democrats to
Congress In place of as many Republicans, mak
ing a difference of tbbty votes In tbo next House
of Representatives. It also included tho defeat
of two Republican Doited States Senators, and
the election of Democrats in their places.
Onr Indiana correaooudcnt writes that it is
now generally conceded by tbe Itepubllcaua of
Indiana that Senator Morton made a great mis
take In uot carrying out bio original purpose of
opening tbe campaign by a vigorous denuncia
tion of President and hia Administration;
and the Republican papers of the Stale already
have indicated that tbs Republican party, to live
in Indiana, must out loos* from all responsibility
for tbo acts of the Administration, Senator
Moiton, becoming aware of tbe storm that was
to break, escaped two weeks ago, and it la now
surmised that Ub visit to California la to con
sult with flpnator Newton Booth, with a
view to the future, 11. Booth, it wm us remetn*
bored, lu IwTU, trisa tbe bold experiment ul tmt
ting loose from the Republican Administration,
denouncing the frauds and follies of tho pact,
ami declaring himself independent of tho party,
lie waa successful; ho not only triumphed In
tho State, but received the Sonatorshlp from a
grateful people. Had Senator Morton followed
his own judgment he would bavo accomplished
in Indiana what Booth did last year in Califor
nia ; would not now bo ailtlng on tho ragged
edge of disastrous defeat. The Bopubllcau
party In this Stale, and in Wisconsin, Michigan,
and Minnesota, may, in the light of tho elections
of last Tuesday, look forward also to the neces
sity of cutting loose from tho Administration
and from the Third-Term policy, or witness a
result as disastrous as that which is so grievously
mourned over iu Indiana.
As the Swing case is once more before tho
public in the prospective hearing of the appeal
from the Presbytery to tho Synod, a resume of
tho salient fnots In the controversy will bo of
general interest, and present tho reader wilh a
mote intelligent idea of tho points at issue and
tbo preteut bearings of tho case. Dating tho
months of February and March last, Prof.
Patton, the editor of tho Inferior, printed Bovoml
editorial articles in that paper impugning Prof.
Swing’s orthodoxy and pronouncing several of
his tenuous, preached during tho preceding
winter, as heretical. On tho 2d of March, at a
mooting of tho Presbytery, a resolution was
offered by tbe Rev. W. F. Wood, iu behalf of
tbo Patton aide, requesting tbe author of theso
articles, or auy member of tho Presbytery,
to bring the matter formally to tho notice of tho
Presbytery, with tbo end that an inquiry might
bo made, with tho view of determining whotber
those doubts as to Prof. Swing’s olhodoxy wero
well founded or not. A motion to lay this reso
lution ou tho table was carried by a vote of 28 lo
8. Thereupon Prof. Patton announced his in
tention of preferring formal charges agoinst
Prof. Swing in April. On the 13th of April tho
annual mooting of the Presbytery was hold, and
Prof. Pulton laid before it his format indictment,
consisting of two charges and twenty-nine speci
fications, which were referred to the Judiciary
Committee (Revs. Patterson and Ely, and F. B.
Otis) with instructions to report tho next morn
ing. Ou (he 14th tbe Committee asked for fur
ther time, and an adjournment was had until
tho 20th. Ou that date, both majority aud
minority reports wore presented, the result of
tho day’s session being the passage of an order
to Prof. Patton to amend certain specifications
containing vague charges, so as to make thorn
explicit. On tbo uext day Prof. Patton presented
his amended indictment, and also entered his
protest against tbe report of tbo Judiciary Com
mittee. Tho trial commenced on tho Ith of
May, and lasted twelve days. Tho sentiment of
tho Presbytery and of the community was wilh
Prof. Swing. Piof. Patton appeared iu person
as tho prosecutor, aud the Rev. Mr. Noyes, of
Evanston, as counsel for Prof. Swing. Tho case
was ablr conducted ou both sides, although it
was apparent ou the third day how it would re
sult. Prof. Swing’s popularity, and tbe gen
eral admiraliou of the spirit of human
ity and chanty which had always appeared in
his utterances, created for bun a multitude of
adherents, who closely rallied about him, and
foremost among them was his own church,
which was a uni: iu sympathizing with ami sus
taining him. Tbo trial resulted iu his acquittal
by a vote of 45 to 15,—Ihroe-founhs of tho Pres
bytery thus declaring him innocent of tho
charges made against him by Prof. Patton. It
was closed with a notice by tho latter that he
should maho an appeal to the Synod. Ou tho
21st of May Prof. Swing, who was absent from
tho city, sent a dispatch to some of his
friends announcing his intention to with
draw from tho Presbyterian Church; but
on tbo following day ho postponed his
decision to await consultation with his frlouds,
aud on the 25th addressed a letter to tbo Presby
tery stating that at some future time he should
ask for a dismissal. Ou tho llh of Juno Prof.
Pattou filed a copy of his appeal aud tho reasons
for it with tho Moderator of tho Presbytery.
Thoro tho matter rested until the Cth of tho
present month, when Prof. Swing wrote a letter
to the Presbytery requesting them to drop bis
namo from tho rolls, which waa acceded to after
considerable debate. At tbo meeting of the
Presbytery on tbo 12th, a protest was made
against bis action, and nolice was given
of an appeal to the Syood to revise
it. Tho Synod is now in session, and has
before it tho protest and the reply of tho
Presbytery. The arguments have not yet boon
finished, but it is safe to presume that the Sy
nod will revise tho action of tho Presbytery and
then proceed with Prof. Patton's appeal. It is
equally safe to assume that it will sustain Prof.
Patton, which is probably all that Prof. Patton
cares for. Prof. Swing 1b beyond bis roach and
the Synod cannot affect him, whatever may bo
thoir finding. Tho real issue now is boeween
Piof. Patton and the Presbytery. If the Pres
bytery is convicted and Prof. Pattou sustained,
It will thon remain to ho soon how tho Presby
tery will bear tho rebuke of theso hide-bound
theologians. The triumph of Patton sets the
Chnrch back into the ruts of the sixteenth cen
The approach ot the meeting of Congress nat
urally draws attention to tbo schemes of plunder
proposed at the last session, but discreetly post*
poned uutil aftdr the election. Voters of Wis
consin, Michigan, Minnesota, and Illinois should
examine this list. They should remember that
all members of Congress re-elected this year will
have secured a throe-yearn* service, and will fool
Independent of the people. Voters iu the Fourth
Illinois District, who aro asked to vote for Mr.
Uuilbut, can find In this list of Jobe, to be voted
for or rejected, many millions of reasons why be
should uot bo re-elected. Hers Is a partial list
of tbo ponding jobs:
Northern Pacltlo Railway—lndorsement of
Its bonds 150,000,009
Texes Pacltto Railroad Company—ludorto
munt of bonds 60,000,000
Geoigla River k Oiual Company—lndorse
ment of bond* 75,000,000
Juium River u Uuuawha huprovcmuit,
purchme of canal from Virginia, etc,... 00,000,000
Purchase and enlargement of Eds Canal.. 1!5,U00,uU0
Assumption of debt of District of Columbia 110.1X0.0C0
lutTvsee of tue army (per annum) 10,000,000
Increase of the navy 36,000,000
Deficiency bill Wl.oso.ouy
pedal telegraph purchase, 1iu,000,000
Centennial at Philadelphia 10,100,000
Auumptlun of the Southern (Rate debts... 376,000,000
Pacino aioauikblpauUlUy (annual) 5,000,000
Aggregate of atralgbt cash Jobe ..$016,000,000
In addition to these raids on the Treasury,
there aro numerous other jobs rich with divi
dends, but in which there are no direct appro
priations of money, the profits being conse
quential. The more profitable of these are i
1. The organization of the Indian Territory
under a political government, with authority to
mint lands to railroad companies.
0. The aumvional grants of 100,000,000 acres
of land to tbs agricultural oolloges.
A. Grants of Uud and mouey (6 edtebUih nt*
llonal 'schools and a mammoth university at
Washington City.
4. Indefinite appropriations to cover tho ex
penditures by United States officials la tho
Bomhorn States for campaign purposes.
5. Refunding the cotton-tax.
0. The extension and enlargement of previous
land-grants to railways.
Action at tbo last session on many of these
schemes was postponed, tho majority of tho
members preferring to got ro-oloctcd before
voting for them. Tho best way lo defeat theso
Jobs is to defeat ovory member of doubtful
reputation who is trying to be re-olootcd, and
ovory poraon who boa ever been connected with
such Jobs.
A part of this vast subsidy scheme, embracing
interests in all parts of tho country, Is tho Third
Term. Nono of those measures can become laws
without tho Executive aid. Executive approval
is as osacutial as Congressional furor, and honco
tho Importance of tbo Third Term in this grand
distribution of subsidy money. Wo submit to
tho people who are about to elect members of
Congress that perhaps thoir best course is to
olcctmeuwlio under no circumstances can bo
supporters of tbo Third Term policy, and whoso
past record gives assurance that tboy will oppose
this whole subsidy business from first lo last.
The ro-olootlon of any member who voted to
postpone these jobs until after election will lo a
hazardous operation.
There was one Republican iu the Forty-third
Congress who was not afraid of Rutlor. When
the man with tho ovil eye was defying at
tempts to investigate tho Sauhom scandal, aud
was driving tho House before him, tho raw Rep
resentative from tho Sandusky District put tho
bully down. He hold his own against tho scath
ing repartee of the Essex politic,an. Ho could
uot bo cowed. His word-duel with Butler gave
him a national reputation almost instantly.
When bo was preparing his speech on tho
Sauhom Investigation, Butler grew alarm
ed. Ho soot frioods to him to exhort
him not to hurt tho Republican party.
Tho speech was revised half a doseu tiroes be
fore it could bo toned down sufficiently to suit
tho go-betweens. Even thou, its delivery mad'*
Rutlor sick. Throughout tho session, Fasten
held his gronud. tic was the deadly enemy of
Rutlor and Butlorlsm. He partly filled tho place
which Qou. Farnsworth left vacant. The ability
ho ehowod was unexpected. He is a country
merchant, aud was novor in politics” until ho
ran for Congress. Ilia tc-oloction at a thno of
Republican disaster shows that the peoplo ap
preciate him. His arch-enemy spared no effort
to defeat him. Ho got scant encouragement
from other party-loaders, Hie reckless habit of
speaking tbo truth, whether it hit Democrat or
Republican, was out of place in Washington Inst
year. Ho had to contend with an opposition tlushed
with tho hopo of victory. Under such eiicum
utiiuces his rc-olcctiou is no common compli
ment. Wo rejoice that h« received it. It makes
small difference what party-collar a man may
wear so long as ho is himself beyond tho reach of
tho party lush. Congress needs more Fosters.
If tbo Ohio ono does as woll m the Forty-fourth
an ho has In the Forty-third Congress, wo trust
that he will go back to the Forty-fifth with a
rousing majority.
For thirty years tbo Erie Caual wa» the only
water route between tbo West and tbo East, aud
in 18CC the State of New York completed and put
in operation wbat are known as tbo lateral canals.
Ton years later, in ISOS, tbo Erio Canal bad to
its oi edit, over aud above all expenditures for
construction aud maintenance, $41,41)6,400; aud
tbo others an adverse balance of 51C,000,000.
lu 1872, (be credit balance of tbo Erio Canal bad
readied about $60,000,000; and tbo debit bal
ance of tbo other canals bad increased to $49,-
000,000. Tbo policy of tbo Stale of New York
has boon to extort from the traffic ou tbo Erie
Canal au amount of revenue equal to tbo main
tenance of all these other canals, and the pay
ment of ".ho cost of their oensti action. An the sur
plus can mgs of tbo Erie Caual are now not equal
to cover tbo deficit in tbo earnings of tbo other
canals, of course tbo policy of tbo State becomes
more hopeless every year. Instead of applying
the surplus earnings of tbo Erie Canal to its
own enlargement, aud thereby increasing its ca
pacity and revenue, tbo money has boon applied
to “repairs” to tboso lateral canals, none of
which pay expenses, aud some of which require
ao annual expenditure of SI,OOO for every dollar
of revenue collected. At the next election, tbo
question is t) bo submitted to tbo people of the
State whotbd some of those canals shall not bo
abandoned. Nearly tbo entire not earnings of
the Erie Canal, from 1820 to 1874, have been
sunk in tboso side ditches, which do no business.
In tbo meantime the Canadians are digging
away at their canals, and before Now York will
bare decided whether it will abandon the Crooked
Lane ditch, the Canadians will have completed
tbeir chain of steamboat canals, affording con
tinuous navigation from Chicago to Montreal
at rates which will bo less than by
the Erie Canal, oven If the State tolls
be abolished. With the completion of
another trunk lino of railway to the East,
Chicago, and the West generally, will have a
aheap water route to tbo ocean during tbo sea
son of navigation, and au independent railway
line to tbo Atlantic during tbo winter,—both
lines to the exclusion of Now York, and both in
the lino of direct importations from Europe.
Had ouo-tbird or ono-fourtb of tbo surplus
earning* of tbo Erie Canal which have been
squandered on tbo lateral canals boon applied to
its enlargement, lbs Slate of New York would
have been able to reduce the tolls, and would
have bad an increase of revenue. Even at this
day in 1874, grain reaching Now York by canal
boat is hawked and peddled about the harbor of
New York, Instead of going into store, and there
are no more facilities for tbo prompt handling of
grain in that harbor than when tbo Erie Canal
was completed, nearly fifty years ago.
Oousiu Jerome Bonaparte never did admlro the
reigning branch of tho Napoleon dynasty since
tbo groat original ceased to rulo. Ho has in hie
possession, it is claimed, a trill of Napoloon
Bonaparte, in which he disinherited Louis Napo
leon, substituting in his stead tho family of
Joromo Bonaparte, lie claims, therefore, that
not only is ho tho rightful successor of the
"Han of Sedan,” bat that that personage should
novor have eat upon tho throne of the French
Empire. Prince Jerome alludes In his paper,
the J'airiote de la Corse, to his olmilanty In feat
ure to tho Oreat Napoleon. Whereupon the
geutlo flro-oatcr, Paul de Cassagoao, who is tho
champion duelist of Franco, reminds him that
this mere faciei resemblance Is common among
oats and roboils, and that it only maims Ins am
bition the mora saoriUgsous, Jerotuo says that
he did not desire to have the guardianship of
iho young Prince Imparl*} intruded to him,
while do Oassaguac inaiutn thathis failure to ob
tain contra] of tlio stripling Is the socio. cou'o
of all his venom nml abuse. Those two worthies
should light about tho mailer once more. They
nml (ho young Prince are tho only persons In
terested. Franco has long ago discharged tho
whole Bonaparte crow, and can spare ellhor or
both of tho wranglers to case of a fatal result.
There neems to bo somo doubt as to the con
stitutionality of tho law known as tho Ku-Klux
law, approved April 20,1871, and directed against
tho Ku-Klux outrages. That law was passed iu
support of tho provisions of tho Fourteenth
Amendment, and prescribed penalties for going
in disguise noon tho public highways for tho
purpose of depriving nuy poison or class of per
sons of equal righto under tho laws. Tho Four
teenth Amendment itself affects the States, not
individuals. It prescribes that no Stateulmll make
or enforce any law which shall abridge tho privi
leges or immunities of citizens of tbn
United States, or deprive any person of life,
liberty, or property without duo process of law.
Tho amendment, it will ho seen, does not ox.
prossly authorize Congress to Interfere with tho
polico jurisdiction of the individual States, and
it is a quodiou whether power so to interfere
can bo implied from tbs law. Judge Ballard, of
tho United Slates District Court, in Kentucky,
has questioned the constitutionality of tho act
of Congress relating to punishment of the per
petrators of tho Ku-Kius outrages. lie has
charged that tho Ku-Klux* law is invalid in so
far as it coufere jurisdiction on tho courts of the
United Stoics In relation to orlmoa committed
upon persons in tho several States, hut not af
fecting Federal officers, or Federal property, or
witnesses, or jurors iu Federal tribunals. lie
aayo, “For all disorders of tho State,
iho United States mo in no way ro*
sponsible. They hare ’no power to
punish thorn." According to Judge Ballard, (ho
polico power of tho respective States over per
sons and pioperty not belonging to tho Federal
Government is exclusive of tho power of tho
United Slates over the same. Judge Cooley, it
would seem, does not go to tho same length an
Judge Ballard. Ho says that tho Fouitoeuth
Amendment loft the protection of all citizens in
their nrivilcgeu and immuailico and their
right to an impartial administration of
the laws just where it was before—with
tho individual States. Tho amendment of the
Couhtilutiou, ho matutaius, did uoc concentrate
power iu tho Gcnoial Government for any pur
pose of polico government within tho S.ato.
Judge Miller, of the Supreme Court of tho
United States, remarked, in the Now Orloauo
slaughter-house ease, that Congress did not in
tend by the Fourteenth Amendment to transfer
tho security and protection of ail the civil rights
from tho States to tho General Government.
Justice Field is of the opinion that tho Four
teenth Amendment does not interfere in nuy re
spect with the polico power of tho State, and
that it was not adopted for any such purpose.
Justice Bradley, in tho Grant Paribh ease, deliv
ered an opinion iu which ho maintained that pow
er to enforce tho amendment ia all that is given to
Congress. It would seem from all tho opinions
that tho Fourteenth Amendment affects and ex
tends to States, not to individuals, ami that
therefore the Ku-Klnx law is unconstitutional,
because it interferes iu an unwarranted manner
with tho police power of tho individual Stiles.
Tho Supremo Court of the United States has not
formally passed on its constitutionality as yet;
but, iu view of Judge Ballord’ereceui utterances
in tho United Stales District Court for Kentucky
at Louisville, it is probable tiiat tho question
will soon claim its attention. Indeed, there is to
ho an effort to bring it before the Court at the
earliest moment during tho next session; and it
is not unlikely that tho docioion will to alike un
favorable to Attorney-General Williams’ con
struction of tho law and tho Chattanooga Con
vention’s demands for its application.
There is no greater social want in our day than
respectable and congenial fields of labor for
women Booking employment. There are thousands
of women in this and every other country
thrown on thoir own resources to earn a liveli
hood. Moat of them ate unraartiod. But thero
are also thousands of even married women who
unfortunately are called upon to support not
only themselves but their families. While (ho
number of women who must support them
selves is so great, it is a lamentable fact that the
holds of industry open to them are very fow.
The force of oustom, or of public opinion,
coniines them to a sphere altogether too narrow.
The recent session of the Woman's Congress in
this city has called fresh attention to this sub
ject, and some of the papers read have consid
ered it very intelligently. Mrs. Malloy, of
Elkhart, lud., a lady connected with the proas
there, pointed out, in a paper which she road
Saturday, how women can make themselves use
ful in country journalism. Mrs. Malloy Is her
self an exemplar of what she preaches. The
country press is a weekly proas. It is not there
fore as exacting as the press of a great city.
Given the demand for a weekly newspaper, all
that is needed to assure success is industry, in
telligence, perseverance, and business tact,
especially in the collection of debts. In
none of these is woman necessarily de
ficient. There are thousands of women
who have ail the qualifications to gather
the county nows, to write on the current topics
of the day, and attend to the ousiness part of
the management of a country newspaper. Even
from woman's ability to “ keep several irons in
the fire,” Mrs. Malloy infers her capacity for
country journalism, which frequently requires
the same person to road proof, sot typo,
and work the press. Eight years ago, Mrs.
Malloy aud her husband wont into the business
of country journalism with a capital of SGOO.
To-day they have au office worth SO,OOO. The
wife has at times remained up all night to set
type, after having attended to other
parts of the basilicas during the day.
It is not probable that many women will
be found who will ho as willing as Mrs. Malloy
to bestow three or four years on the acquisition
of the knowledge requisite to engage success
fully in the profession of journalism, aud thou
to submit to all the drudgery it entails, besides
attending to the details ot household duties.
Bat for such women there is undoubtedly a
place in country journalism, the tone of which
might be immeasurably improved if some of the
wives or daughters would take the places now
held by husbands or fathers.
The Spiritual Scientist, a Boston publication
devoted to the propagation of Spiritualism,
grieves over the objectless mendacity of the
Chicago Timer. That wicked Journal, some
weeks ego, permitted one of its reporters, who
is the dupe of every strolling medium, and pre
tends hlmielf to call spirits from the vastydosp,
to wclU up oar tain uplrU<phuta£r&phihg oheik
tlonn. The Sciential innocently remarks: “ A
portion of this account, which related to oplnt
photography, wo coplod not long since, It being
tbo uioßt positive evidence to a photograph
lalton under Iho moot ilgld teat conditions."
Tbe poor pull of a reporter, however, afforded
bo much amusement to the photographer that
tho latter lot out the secret. Fearful that some
other paper would oipono the fraud, iho Times,
scorplon-like, turned aud stung Itsolf, affecting
to give a description of the process, Tho scion
tlat thinks tho explanation a very bungling affair,
and bewails a credulity which tempted it to pul
faith In the Chicago Times. This ia an interest
ing hlfltmy only iuaamuch as it shows that there
ore still one or two poor creatures who have faith
In that bad and untruthful newspaper. But,
even in those raro exceptions, tho faith ia not
abiding. _
'Universal suffrage in Franco is looked upon
with dread by all classes of tho community snvo
by a few optimists, by those who would entirely
upset the present order of society, and those
who hope to bo carried to the eminence of fame,
position, and power on the popular wave. It is
a dangerous experiment to put edge tools into
the bauds of children and toll them to defend
themselves. Just such an experiment has boon
tried iu Franco. Tho French people, the French
peasantry particularly, aro children In po
litical knowledge. Tho suffrage is the
edge tool that has been put into their hands. It
remains to bo seen whether they willuee it for
their defense or their destruction. To judge by
the last French elections, we should ho inclined
to believe that universal suffrage is a good
thing even for Franco. But, despite those elec
tions, those Frenchmen wtio have in them a
grain of conservatism stand in mortal dread of
universal suffrage. Tho Figaro calls universal
suffrage, universal pestilence,— ll peale uniccr
scffc.” Still, those who are most fearful of uni
versal suffi ago do net see their way to getting
lid of it. There acorns to he no doubt tbat,
bo far at least, tho exorcise of tho right
has done no good to France. Pads was
always bad. Tho provinces it has changed
for tho worse. Tbo peasantry, before the era of
universal suffrage, minded their business and
attended to tbeir farms much better than they
do now. They have forgotten to improve their
farms In their anxiety to improve tho Constitu
tion. Before tho reign cf univoisalauffrago, ad
venturers confined themselves to Paris. Now,
like our own carpet-baggers in the South, they
find a congenial field of operations in tho coun
try, where the inhabitants are almost as gullible
os our own negroes. Tho Frcuchmau is pro
verbially mercurial. Universal suffrage brings
out this characteristic in very bold relief. Tho
very same people have, within tho space of a
few years, voted for and against tho Empire.
They judge now of tho goodness of an Admin
istration by the goodness of tho market for
tho products of their faims or for their
cattle. A had harvest might be made in
Franco tho cause of the overthrow of
the Government. Socialistic doctrines have
made considerable headway in tho country since
tho introduction of the right of suffrage. Tho
Fieach demagogue has already discovered that
tho masses are only so much electoral raw mate
rial, out of which ho Is to raulto capital. Elec
tions do not pass off as quietly as ie Amoiica.
■ The surface of public opinion Is very apt to he
disturbed for a long time aftor the election.
We do not wonder, after tide, that tho more
mtolligout of the French people look wich alarm
at the possible consequences to tho country of
tho transfer of powor byuuivoisal suffrage to
the masses of tho country. It would seem, from
the accounts that roach us. that the gift was
premature. So far, certainly, tho nation Is not
to ho congratulated on tho effect produced.
A committco of the Board of Supcrvisora of
Kings County, N. Y., a day or two since paid a
visit to the Nursorv at Platbush, and the result
of their investigation was a hideous revelation
of human cruelty and depravity. There are at
this institution no loss than 375 infanta, packed
away in mueteou wards,—about twenty to n
war'd. The building itself wan in a frightful
condition. Over 230 lights of glass ware broken
out on the north side of the building, and Iho
chilly wind swept through the wards, including
those set apart for the sick, chilling and numb*
ing tbo helpless inmates. But, oven with mis
constant ventilation, the stench was intolerable
Tho bath-tubs and water-closets wore choked
with filth, the boiler was broken and incapable
of wanning the building, aud tho kitchen
with all rhe monads was in a correspondingly foul
condition. Tho basement was in a state so
much worse that only tho utmost courage could
keep tho Commissioners down there. And yet
in this part of the building were huddled togeth
er tho deaf, dumb, blind, paralytic, aud idiotic
infants who depended upon tho county for a life.
Of the other children the larger number wore in
rags. Most of thorn wero aillictod with syphilitio
core eyes aud itch. This was accounted forpartly
by tho filth and parti; by tbo negligence of the
authorities. There were only two scraps of towel
allowed to o&cb ward, and those loathsome dis
orders were communicated from one to the other
by iho towels. Thors wore two sick wards
into which patients suffering from scar
latina, measles, or any of tho diseases o
infaucy, wove promiscuously huddled. With a
largo philanthropy, originating perhaps in a
dread of the county jail, tbo authorities of the
Nursery did not insist upon thrusting cholera and
small-pox patients into the sick wards with tho
victims of measles aud scarlatina. Is it any
wonder that the mortality in this asylum foe In
nocents hovers upon 30 per cent ? In a lees for
tunate comity, or without the constant supply
from Brooklyn, tho rising generation would
speedily become extinct. The Commissioners
have not completed their labors yot. They should
not until every person connected with the insti
tution, from tho lowest scrub-woman upward, has
been discharged, aud people who are not utterly
brutalized aio put in their places.
lu selecting a Grand Jury in Salt Lake City
Unt week, a curious incident occurred. Tho -Dis
trict Clerk and Probate Judge, Qoutita and Mor
mon respectively, put alternate names in the
box to the number of 20(1, oud thence the grand
and petit jurors wore drawn. Several teste wore
required of the jurors, ouch as whether they
had conscientious scruples against enforcing the
law of Congress against polygamy, and whether
thoy were living In polygamy. Among the jurors
examined was Elder Thomas E. Picks. Ho
swore that he was not living In polygamy, and
could conooiontlouslv ludiot where the proof was
conclusive. The following day it was dis
covered that Picks had live wives, and
children by ail them. When charged with making
a false oath, Pinks said ho did not understand it
as hie business to convict himself. After some
further conversation, whereby it became ap
parent that Mr. Picks was selected by the priest
hood as a test case, Ploks was retained on his
own testimony. The flint indictment found by
ths Grand Jury was against Mr. Picks for
“ lascivious cohabitation," whereupon Mr. Picks
wao committed to jail in default of (10,000 bail,
lie bas since been indicted for perjury and mur
der,—the last a lt blood-atonement" ease com
mitted on young Bkeems in 187-1 for apostaoy.
These are exciting times lu Utah, and tha Saints
trs said to bs (lisperning Mpidly.
The Kow York TVffcim# explains that iue res
ult Khj titoetor Ouliiby delivered the uutum
at tho unve.hng of the Lincoln monument tv.vi
because alt the others had ln»r>n Ini.tod aud de
clined. f Jhcn it adds: "If any one uojectn to
this selection, wo would only stale that sumo o3
tbe Comm.tlee preferred Senator Lura.i.”
There has been an extraordinary case of con
traction In Bergen Countv, K, Y,, aud a con
iractor ought to have been tho victim. A draw
bridge was to ho built ncrors the flaokomaclc
lllvor. It was not a very difficult piece of en
gineering, nor a very heavy contract. The river
was J)IC foot wide only, and the bridge nns to be
of wood. A Joisey City firm obtained the con
tract and proceeded to work upon cciUlu draw
ings. When tho material was readv, and tho
work of construction Imminent, the atmosphere
woa found to have contracted tho woodwork at
leaat C feet. The bridge was Oil foot
long and the river 010 foot wide. Tho
County Superintendent thought that D feet
was rather a heavy contract for tne
weather to perform, and mildly suggonted that
tliia excuse was diaphanous. The contractors
agreed with him, and said that recent rains had
enlarged iho river by five feet 5 but a measure
ment showed them that the figures 310 wore con
stant. Bomelhmg had shrunk, but what It was
could not he ascertained, floppy thought I The
munhn upon which the drawings had bccu mado
ou a scale of 4 feet to tho iuoh must have con
ti acted. It was laid on tho muslin. There was
no means of getting over this ingenious defense,
and an additional appropriation was mado ta
lengthen tho timbers. The question is unan
swoiod whether the contractors, diaughtsmen,
and commlsaionora were not under ths weathui
also, or, at all events, under a cloud.
The Cist Grand Jury impaneled In the Third
Judicial District of Utah Territory under tho
Poland law was charged by Glllef.Jw.tos Sto-
Koau In a manner calculated to cause no little
trepidation among the champions of polygamy.
The address of tho Chief Justice was made
bravery uncompromising spirit. lie arraigned
Brigham Young for plunder, and ths substitu
tion by violence of tho church laws for tho com
mon law, for the establishment of a Suite
Church, for prohibiting the free exorcise of re
ligion, for inching to murder and arson, and iho
violation of law by repeated acts of polygamy.
The Congmßiunal act of 1862, ho maintained, had
boon defeated by perjury, aud he called upon tho
Grand Jury to " bring some of the Influential
polygamous criminals to justice.” Iu order to
illustrate the monstrous authority of the Hoad
of the Church, hs quoted from tho Journal of
discourses and tho Deseret News to point out tho
atrocious doctrine of blood-atonement urged by
him when ho was Governor of Utah, and called
attention to the hundreds of murders which hod
been comm tied iu consequence of it. Tho ad
dress concluded with an appeal to the Qraud
Jury to do their duty, however much they might
be misrepresented or misunderstood.
The opera troupe will commence Us third wceh
this evening with a performance of “ Trovatore,"
in which AIUs Kellogg will take the role of
Leonora, To-morrow evening “ Mailtano " will
ho given, wPh Mrs. Van 2andt in the title role.
On Wednesday evening occms tho benefit fox
the Hahnemann Hospital Fair, upon watch oc
casion the troupe will repeat its magnificent per
formance of “Don Giovanni." Tho fact that
. this lopreaentallon will bo given for the benefit
of this moat excellent cbaiity, and that It is one
the best, if not tho heat, representations of this
grand work ever known hero, ought to fill the
house to overflowing. On Thursday evening tho
theatre will be closed in order to give the troupe
a full renearea! of '• Hignon." winch will be pre
sented in English for the first time on Friday
and Saturday evenings. Saturday afternoon a
melange matinee will oa given, the acts of which
ate not yot underlined.
The second Concert of tho LicderUranz Society
lakes place next Sunday evening at the Korea
Side Turner Had. The proirrunue. which was
iccoivcd too lute fur insertion lu our Sunday's
issue, will bo as follows :
1, Overture to "Zamp.i".
2. Wald-Abendschcln
L-.tdnkrttm aotfety,
3. Roroonza from " AhU ”
Jfr. (Ju do Dmanuel,
i. Instrumental
5. "Si qualeoavl lagrime”
Mitt Helene Ilalatba,
0. Third finale to “Sicilian Vespers
tioli, Chorus, und Orchestra,
pant n.
7. Second act "Lncrozla Borgia” DonnlaeUl
[ln coatume and with full orchestra.]
I.ncrezlu Borgia Mias Aunt Roiet*l
Bon Aijihouto Mr. F, Koca
Geuarro Mr. O. EmamiJ
Tho republicans were badly defeated in fl.o
West. There is no use in denying the ugly fact,
aud not much satisfaction in attempting to ac
count for it.— Agio York MepubUc—crgan of
—The tide Is very steadily, if not so strong as
some anticipated, against Oram's Administra
tion.—Agio York Sun.
—Tildou is 10,00b votes stronger to-day in Net?
York by reason of Tuesday’s work at tho Wes: ;
aud the politicians may as woll sake that fact u '.o
all suosoquenU’uiculatiouß.—AVw York I'nbw.ie.
—Thcro is a great deal of vague apprehension
and discontent in tho public mind. With alm iy
sense of tbo discomforts of the situation, tiro
is no clear conception of the remedy. This condi
tion of public feeling is unfavorable to tho party
in power. It produces a critical temper,
and fault-finding moro or less just.
Things which in •• good times” would go ua.iu
ticod ore pounced upon aud growled over, it
may hu party-iroaoou, but wo are bound to say
that tho Republican party is not prepared no
woll as It might bo to withstand the operation of
this mood of tlio public. . • « Thou, the con
dition of th' - South is not winning Republican
votes.—Aci o York Times.
—lt ia not a triumph of tho Formers ilovemrnt,
which at one time scorned formidable in iho
West: it is a Democratic triumph pure aud
simple, and it warrants the expectation that tho
minor aide-currents of our politics will be ab
sorbed in one or tho other of tho two cuiia
streams. According to present appearance,
everything la tending to a grand struggle in tho
uoxt Presidential election batwoon the two reg
ular parties, with no side-movements of any im
portance. . . . There must be no mors of
the unwarranted intermeddling by which Kellogg
was made Governor of Louisiana. Cong: cm
must give that tituto a fair election as soon i.t it
RMHommou, aud the President aud his superior
rlcuable Attorney-General must leave tho 1 .cal
affairs of tho South to local management.—-Vino
York Herald.
—There is no use m concealing the fact that
tho Republican party has mot with serious dm
ahlora. . . . Thu condition of the South, iho
result of Democratic resistance to Republican
policy, and not of the inherent faults of the lat
ter, measurably injured the party. . . . Tho
Republican Congress, too, bus been careless of
its good name and indifferent to public opiu.ou.
Thu popular conscience in the West la moro
sensitive than that of the Bast, and oa'mcu
which have no iulluouce hero have been mill
stones around the necks of many Representa
tives In Ohio.—BMiuitlpMa Pres*. ,
—Can it be that tho honor of tho Common
wealth aud tbo prosperity of ths Nation are bold
cheaper in Massachusetts than in Ohio; that tho
party which hers indorses Bailor is more worthy
of coulldouco than that which Morion led to de
feat in Xudiaua /—Boston itosf.
—No party which acknowledges such leaders
as Kellogg, Moses, and Clayton, in tho tiou;li,
and Butler, Cameron, and Carpenter, in the
North, cun expect to retain the respect of tao
people or successfully contest an election. . . .
Ballots cast against the Republican Ping arskob
thrown away this year. The time has come ;o
punish the men who have tyrannized over tho
people so long.— Utica Observer.
—Too people, misted by designing and eu;\-
niug men, have yielded to their delusive appeal j,
until, standing ou tho vortex of ruin, plunder* .1
by a rapacious set of bloodsuckers, and over/
avenue dosed to their just appeals for a pum
Government, save the ballot-box, thoy ore no i
awakening to tho dangers that eurroundod them.
The victories of the present are but the harbm.
gem of a future oucooss which is flllod with hop*
lor the country.—A'mo Albany Ledger,
—Tho Express expected s defeat, but not onto
such a Waterloo. The Republican party hu
been in power a long time, and the people wen
Toilless, seeking change.—Terre iiaufe Exprii l
—organ of Morton/or next iVeririmf.
—As w« said in the beginning, the ilanubliOM
parly should have curium Unto, ami tbs f«o
bauDbt be conceded liiat it is a uriolhi tsMiwj

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