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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, February 24, 1875, Image 4

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r«Htnitc Prepaid nt thin (Ifllre.
Pi%XS::::: #1 8:881
PatU of a year at the aama rate.
Ta prerent daUr and mletaker, he rare and itrePoat.
OftVee addrera to lull, including Slate and County.
Ifr.ißlitenc'.’Muiy beniada either by draft, espreu. Poat-
Cftce order, ur Inregiitcred Utter*, aienrrlak.
tkbm* to nrr aunicmiiKn*.
Hally, dallrored, Sunday excepted, 25 centa perweelc
JUllr. delivered, Sunday Included, 30 cent; per week
Conor Mediron and Hearliorn-n*., Chicago. 111.
ACADEMY OF MUSIC-HalHed alrept.bthwui Mad-
6 and Monro*. (engagement of I - rank Cuanlran.
Tbt Oateraoa." Afternoon and orenlng.
M’VICKKR’R THRATRK-Madl/nn »treef. betwocu
Dearborn and HIM*. Knfa««nfntnf
Afternoon, ** Simpwn A C'c. ’ Montaa, •• Queen Kath-
ADRLPHITHP.ATRIv-Dearborn »tr«}, corner Mon.
me. Variety entertainment. The Hoodlum. After
hoon and erealag.
GRAND OPRRA-HOUSI'-Clark alreat, oppoaHe
Riortnaa House. Kelly A lenn'a Mlaitrela. irow
frew.** Afternoon and cronlng.
HOOLKT'fI TUB ATUR— Randolph bftwtni
DurKand “Dor*" tad ‘Jenny Lind." Af
ternoon and evening.
CHICAGO HUSRIIM—Monroo atreot. between Dear
born nod Slate. “ HuraoiUoo Hoblnaon.
HcCOn.MICK II ALL—North Clark itroct, corner Kin-
U«. lecture l>y Prof. O. 8. Fowler. Afternoon and
iTIOIUff. _
ItOMB LODGE, NO. 4I& I. O. O. P.-SpecUl meot
k* tliH (Thurrday) orenlnc for iho tranwc on of
"V.ToVVuW.WKKif. **•
Recording Secretary.
Ibuso tbl* dollrnto and bountiful orn.vusnt, by burning it
Hitt alcoholic waabee anil plaatcrlna it with d«a?p. which
la* noalhnlty for the akin, r.nd la not alMotb-ul. Uur-
Mit’a UooDclae, a compound of Cocaamit Oil, etc., i
turlvaled a< adiwlmr lor the lulr-l* readily at-oorbod,
m.l U peculiarly attained to Itwnrloua cimdllti n«, pro
•ating it* ialUngoß and promoting ua bealtby growth.
ntu t.bu have boon taking Cod Liver Oil will bn p.c.nod
to learn ihatDr. Wlllior has aucoocdod, from direction*
af ar.vcral prolwrlocal gentlemen, In combining tbo pure
(Hand lima In such ft manner that it ia plcuaut ti» Jha
taato. «ud Ua elTcota In lutg complaint* are truly wander,
ful. Very many poirona wboao catos were pronounced
hupoleai. and wn i uatl taken the clear oil for n long time
without marked affect, bavo boon entirely oared by tiling
lbl«preparation. Bn aor? and ge-tbo ganulnu. Manu
lectured by A. 11. WILMOR, UnemUt, Hutton. Sold by
all druggiata.
Orncr ov Jas. V. 13. Ulaset a som, i
AsAt-THCAL Atm Cottam/ruM uuKailaio.i
CIItOAOO, Sopf. £l, left. }
g. JJ. Pnrkt, Etq., l/nu-r.jnn, III.! . . . .
DEAR Hitt: Tn* following h Die mult of our analyse
otnapeclmen of traier from your Uluu I lore” Mlnoral
Spring', tubintded to ua by you. ...
On* (J. S. gallon of UU cubic ineoea contained:
OhlnriJa nf sodium
toe a
IlkirLoueleol loti*
Sllcaib.mato of lima
UiMi-butiato of inuiaotU.
I'.l :no.maii) of Irou
Urn.-inlo matter
SullCtUf, airaco
Totil M.4U
It will ho obsorrud by ibo fallowing loiter, tbo anal) zln,;
tbomliitncutlimj UJOinciUiM Hulpna'ool Lime, which by
nnolyaU 1« found lu mv.iy of tho mineral waters, It lujnri
mi<> tu ilissymtani, calta special uutloa to lu abicooo irum
tills walort
liCAtt Sin: in rcupontn to your (noalry r>c»rninit tho
medicinal iiropsrtiMot tho water wnluvo jnar.ivnalyEod
fur yon, wo express it a l .our opinion that the lllcsdonates
e( Soda. Unit', nmi Mncnnli cl'omj tho water ant acid
i rujicnlca, which would dontitbra bo ummu! lu oil forms
of ai4|ii]islaaDddlyonleranf tho urinary oicrcdou.
Tlioramo lnßi-cvilon.!*, with tha f-uinhalo of Soda and
Chloride nf Bullions, would act tourtborna tnlldlylaxa
l.»oanJ dinratlo, aud banco bo U’.oiul la auoaof con-
Btirp.tLin, bml of (tout, rheumatism, etc.
'laoabsrnes of BulpUntoo? Umr Is nntowurttay. na this
■nbstonco i*. by mauy, considered injurious tu the system.
If protest In any cotuldorubln <iu».at t*r.
Vours rosDoelfnily.
(Bjix&go Q&ibunc.
Wednesday Homme- February 24- 1876.
The Comnptteo on Municipalities of tho
Illinois Houso has agreed to report with a
favorable recommendation tho Incorporation
bill drafted by tho Citizens’ Association. The
revenue clauses will, however, be stricken
out aud embodied in a separate measure.
A sight for gods and men was Congressman
Hathoev yesterday when engaged in his
patriotic endeavors to havo mineral waters
protected. HATnoim is proprietor of tho
great springs at Saratoga. Nobody realizes
more profoundly than ho how fast tho coun
try is going to tho devil for want of proper
protection to homo industries.
Tho Reformed Democrats in tho Illinois
Senate havo been, according to all occonnts,
badly frightened by Steele’s prorogation res
olutions, and will attempt to forestall it by
recalling tbo adjournment resolution lately
scut to tho Houso. Wo shall see what to-day
will bring forth; in tho meantime, a repeat
f jl«considorotion of tho work of the Legisla
ture and its immediate duty is offered in
this morning's Tiuuonk.
Tho Senate Finance Committee baa re
ported a bill for tho establishment of h now
mint, but without specifying a site. Tho whole
subject will probably bo turned over to tho
President, with n request that he consider it
daring tho recess and make a definite recom
mendation to tho next Congress, Chicogo is
said to have much tho best chance of receiv
ing tho mint. Although wo are not suffering
for tho want of such on institution, wo will
not be distressed at having one.
The murderer Ortwein, who was executed
yesterday at Pittsburg, was a phenomenal
psychological development. lie seems to
have lacked not only the ordinary moral qual
ities, but some of tho commonest per
ceptive faculties. Tho feeling of gratitude,
and a sort of brutish affection for his bene
factors, did not deter him from chop,
ping them in pieces; and the
inevitable connection of bis name
with tho crime ond his subsequent peril wore
not apparently considerations present to his
mind. Ho was on unhealthy creature, a
Frankenstein, an abnormal thing exorcising
tho low canning of a brute for brutish ends,
and yet manifesting the inferior attributes of
humanity. It would almost seem os if the
type of his blood-drinking ancestors had,
after tho lapse of ages, been revived in his
Tho prosecution in the Beecher trial
rested Its case yesterday, much to tho dlsap.
polntment of Mr. Tilton's partisans, who
had expected revelations far more startling
and convincing than any that have yet been
made. Tho witness Gary's testimony:
was discredited in a small degree by
a farther cross-examination, which went
to show that she was not a person of strictly
abstemious or virtuous habits. To-day Gen.
Tbaoy will open the case for the defense. All
that remains to bo done . is' to attempt
tho moral vindication of Mr. Beecher j
legally, at least, tho prosecution is a
failure. The question of damages la too re
mote and abstract for consideration. Mr.
Tilton having condoned his wife's offense,,
can expect no pecuniary compensation frjm
her alleged seducer.
Tho Chicago produce markets were gen
eraily cosier yesterday, except cornuud flour,
with more doing. Mess pork was active and
easier, closing at $18.03 cosh, and $18.07 1-2
for March. Lard was active and So per 100
lover, closing at $18.27 cash, and
fia.B6fflkte seller .March. Meats were in
fair demand, and 1-So per W* lower, at (I l-2o
for shoulders, 9 l-2c for short riba, and 9 3-4o
for r.hort clears. Drosiod hogs wore active
and weak, dosing at $7.90(5>7.90 per 100 Il»s,
Illghwines were In fair demand, and firm at
ijl.ol per gallon. Flour was more active,
and n shade firmer. 'Wheat was more active,
and easier, dosing at 84 3-4 c cash, and B.’o
for March. Com Was active and 1- to higher,
closing weak at (54 l-Bofor March, and 71 l-lo
for May. Oats were slow and easier, dosing
at Afio cash or seller Starch.. Rye was quiet
and easier at 98 [email protected]. Harley was
dull and I@l l-2c lower, dosing at $1.07 I*2
for March. On Saturday evening last there
was in store in this city 3,(5153,874 hu wheat,
1,473,803 bn com, 493,403 bu oats, 8,832 bu
ryo, and 23(5,930 bu barley. Hogs were dull,
and sold irregularly lower. Trading was
chiefly at $(5.23(5(5.90. Cattle and sheep wore
inactive and weak.
. a.oo
The Louisiana ‘‘ Co use vvallvcs ” —tlioy
have sufficient celf-respect to reject the name
of Democrats —have Agreed in secret caucus
to the terms of compromise offered by Judge
Wheeler, of the Congressional Committee,
and will probably come to some agreement
with the Kellogg parly in a few
days. The Louisiana question will,
wo hope, have an easy solution,
by this reasonable and almost happy adjust
ment. The Congressional Committee is
unanimous in condemning the action of the
Returning Board on the election of Inst
fall; and this is the only respect in
which it is agreed. Frye, Hoar, and
Wheeler believe there was much Intimi
dation of colored voters at the last
election; Potter, Phelps, Marshall, and
Foster believe there was not. lloar,
Wheeler, Foster, Phelps, and Frye— the
Republican members—agree that the recog
nition of Kellogg is perhaps expedient;
Potter and Marshall— the Democratic mem
bers—hold to an opposite opinion. The up
shot of it all is that a compromise
allowing the recognition of Kellogg
and the surrender of the Lower House
of the Legislature to the Con
servatives will satisfy the Republicans of the
Committee. Why they should come to such
a conclusion, while nt the sumo time avowing
that the election of 1572 was not a matter
pertinent to their inquiry, is indeed on ab
struse problem.
Tlie Lower House of Congress spent nil of
yesterday on the now Tax bill. At first, free
discussion was allowed, and tbo bill was con
sidered in Committee of the Whole partly on
its merits, and particularly as affecting tbo
interests of different sections of tbo country.
In this manner it soon became apparent that
the bill was designed exclusively for tbo bene
fit of Eastern manufacturers; and that
its very basis was tbo proposition to
add 10 per cent to tbo duties on manu
factured articles. This having been establish
ed, certain Western members, those from
Ohio and Michigan leading in the movement,
united to inabo at leant a fair division of the
burden of taxation, and, with this object in
view, added to the bill an amendment reim
posing tho income tax. Mr. Kellogg, of
Connecticut, then moved to strike out tbo
enacting clause ; and, Ids motion being de
feated, Sir. Dawes renewed it, and it
was carried- At this point it seemed that
the bill was lost beyond hope of redemption.
But tho House refused to coucur in the action
of tho Committee of tho Whole; tho bill was
referred back, amended again in important
particulars, reported to the House again, and
finally laid aside entirely, and a substitute
offered by Mr. Dawes adopted in its stead.
Tho substitute was forced through under
a suspension of tho rules aud by a two-thirds
vote, although it was barely sustained in tho
first instance, when tho question was as to
its taking tbo place of tho original bill.
Wo should like, if there were time, to con
sider in this morning’s issue tho peculiar
merits of Mr. Dawes’ substitute, in conse
quence of which it attracted so unusual a
vote ; bat tho disoussisn will have to
ho postponed. It is enough to say, at
present, that tho main difference between tho
substitute and tho original bill is in respect
to tbo taxation of whisky already manufac
tured. Tbo concession of 20 cents a gallon
to tho whisky-speculators allowed by tho sub
stitute was not tho least potent influence at
work for its adoption.
Tbo Legislature of Illinois has now been in
session more than six weeks, and has accom
plished nothing. Tho people aud tho press
of this State haring already pronounced it to
bo n mortifying failure, now comes tho Legis
lature itself, and, in tiro caucus of tho pseudo
llcform members of tho House, virtually ac
knowledges tho fact by a public declaration
of its want of a leader and its inability tq
agree upon any programme sufficiently prac
tical to insure tho passage of tbo legislation
needed for tbo State. Tho Speaker of the
House having failed as a loader of tho mon
grel Opposition, he being too muck occupied
in extricating himself from tho parliamentary
pitfalls into which ho is continually
stumbling, to manage tho transaction
of business, tho Opposition is seeking high
aud low for some one to fill his place. Mean
while the rank and file have arrived at tho
very sensible conclusion that they have noth
ing to do but pass tho Appropriation bills
and go homo, to which all tho people of tho
State will heartily say amen.
All this is, to say tho least, mortifying,
hurailloling, and disgraceful. This Legis
lature started out os a “Reform body," It
Las Reform Clerks, Reform Committees,
Reform Chairmen, and a Reform Speaker.
It wont to Springfield seven weeks ago with
a lusty blowing of fog-horn trumpets and
bombastic announcements of tho mani
fold reforms it was about to insti
tute. To the uninitiated It appear- j
ed tbat a political millennium was
at Laud, and that tho State was about to rise
tip rejuvenated aud regenerated. Abuses of
power wero to bo checked. Grand experi
ments were to bo tested. Republican cor
ruptions were to lio investigated and exposed,
and Republican extravagances wero to bo
retrenched. Good easy times wero to bo in
augurated. Tho farmers wore to bo blessed
with paying prices. Production was to bo
increased. Taxation was to bo lightened.
Railroad monopolies were to bo abolished,
aud railroad fores and freights to be cut
down. Tho wholo social, moral, political, and
commercial fabrlo was to bo pervaded withro
form. It was a very rosy picture, aud in this
picture the army of Reform was hooded by
Speaker llxints, vigorously Joying about
him and smiting tho dragons of corruption.
In u word, everything was to bo very lovely,
aud tho goose was to bang very high. This
Is tho promise of what wo wero to have.
How has this promise been kept?
Tho Legislature has been in session, wo
have said, more than six weeks, ot on ex
pense of ftboal 6X,U00 par day, and, from tho
time it organized down to the present date,
it has not passed a single meas
ure of public Importance, It has not
enacted a hill worth the price of the
paper on which it was printed. It has not
made a single reform. It has not.corrected a
single abuse. It has not discovered a Rcpul>-
licr.u cojTUption of any sort, although it has
come very* near unearthing some Democratic
steals by the careless and bungling manner in
which its sessions have boon managed. It
has expended nearly $190,000 of the people's
money, and has not returned a cent's worth
of usofnl work. It has delayed business and
obstructed legislation by constant quibbling
and wrangling; and now it is at a stand-still,
afraid to go ahead or to retrace its steps;
afraid to go on, os it has no leader and
no policy, afraid to adjourn for fear of the
popular criticism and denunciation. The
Senate has done a little bettor, ns it has fewer
Reformers in its membership and more
Republicans. The situation may bo summed
up in the fact that this Reform Legislature
has now been in session since New-Year's at
an expense of SIO,OOO per week, and is
to-day, so far as public business is concerned,
just where it was when it organized, and
with no apparent hope of anything better in
the future. There is not oven unanimity
enough in the two Houses to ngreo upon a day
of adjournment. All this has not happened
for lack of business to do. In addition to
matters of minor public importance, the Rev
enue bill needs radical connection. The In
corporation law for largo cities ought to be
amended so that cities can commence opera
tions under it. The School-Tax Fund law
needs to ho changed so that counties can take
care of their , own schools. The Copperas
Dam appropriation needs to bo passed so that
thisrivor improvement can bo made. There
is little prospect that any of these meas
ures will bo definitely settled; in fact,
there is little prospect that any busi
ness will bo accomplished. In view of
this fact, the most acceptable thing
this Legislature can do is to adjourn at once
and go homo. The people are tired of the
wrangling and quarreling of these Reform
members, and disgusted at their incapacity to
transact plain business. They are entailing a
constant expense upon tho State and return
ing no equivalent whatever. They are dis
gusting all classes of people, irrespective of
party. Tho people can endure violent par
tisans, but they cannot endure incapablcs.
Tho Democratic-Independent factions have
been weighed in tho balance and found waut
ing. In fact, they are very light weight. It
is tho cud of tho nunatural alliance.
Tho present Congress has but eight work
ing days in which to finish that part of tho
public business devolving upon tho National
Legislature. Tho time is ample for tbo pas
sage of all the bills necessary to tho conduct
of the Government, and hopefully too brief
for tho admission of any of tho jobs which
have threatened to disgrace tho session.
So far, tho session has not been
tainted with subsidy-letting or any nota
ble sacrifice of the public interests
to private jobbers, except tho general
appropriation for rivers and harbors, which
is bat a repetition of tbo action of many con
secutive sessions that have preceded it, and
which is permitted to pass with the tacit
consent of both parties and secure tho votes
of all members, Republican and Democratic,
whoso districts receive a slice of tho general
bounty. Aside from this, which seems to
havo been inevitable tinder tho bad practice
of log-rolling, tbo present Congress has thus
far escaped tbo traps which wore set for it;
and we sincerely hope that tho remainder of
the session will bo ns free from objectionable
and injurious legislation.
This hope scorns to bo well founded in the
refusal of the House on Saturday, by a vote
of 117 yeas to 128 nays, to fix a day for tho
consideration of the huge Texas Pacific sub
sidy swindle. Tho statement is made that
there has never been so gigantic a lobby as
was organized in favor of tide rotten scheme.
It was headed by Toit Scott, with Ids vast
and successful experience in the manipula
tion of Legislatures. It had tho support of
Pennsylvania, whose politics are subordinat
ed on most occasions to the interests of the
Pennsylvania Company. It hod tho co-oper
ation of tho Northern Pacific lobby, who de
sired a precedent for soliciting their own sub
sidy. It was favored by tho cotton re
fund tax lobby, and nearly all tho
Southern members, Republicans and
Democrats, ns a sectional measure,
foolishly regarding it as calculated to “ de
velop the resources ” of a desert that has no
resources that could bo developed. Tho
Western members who voted in favor of sus
pending the rules to consider the bill are few
and far between, and tbclr action is not in all
cases comprehensible or explainable. Tho
throe Minnesota members— Avfjull, Bun
nell, and Strait— -voted for it, wo presume,
under pressure of the Northern Pacific lobby.
Put wo cannot understand why Messrs. Russ,
Eldredoe, and MoDill, of Wisconsin ; Say.
leu, Banking, Woodworth, and Lauison, of
Ohio j Bcoole and HtnmELL, of Michigan ;
Kasson, of lowa ; and Phillips, of Kansas,
should have favored it. Wo are glad to noto
that not a single member from Illinois
voted for tho proposition. The affirma
tive vote was nob partisan, as it con
sisted of 00 Republicans and Cl Democrats,
which, however, was on unduo proportion
of Democrats, as they number less than ono
third of the Douse. Tho most fitting com
ment to bo made on tho veto, however, is tho
foot that 77 members of the 114 who voted
in favor of tho proposition go out of Con
gress at tho end of tho session, having foiled
of re-election.
If tho defeat of the proposition to fix a day
for the consideration of Tom Boon's wild
cat bill means a defeat of the bill itself, os
we think it virtually docs, the sign Is a hope
ful one for the carrying out of the resolu
tion adopted early in the session against the
granting of any more subsidies out of the
National Treasury. If the Tom Scon lobby
could not succeed, there is not much chance
for auy of the smaller rings. The job in fa
vor of tho Control Branch of the Union Pacific
was killed outright. Wo can scarcely think
that tho Choctaw claim will again see tho
light So, one by ono, the confessed jobs
will disappear if Congress shall devote itself
to tho simple purpose of providing the ways
and moons of carrying ou tho Government
for tho current year on tho most economical
The Republican majority In tho proscnl
Congress must beep lu mind that they bear a
great responsibility for tho foture welfare it
tUo Uepublican party. It was the alienation
of Republican voters on account of objec
tionable legislation and some evidences of
corruption in Congress which led to
tho general Democratic success of lost
fall. If the present Congress can get
through tho few. remaining days with*
otU committing any of the {arms* blot*
tiers, and give tho Democratic Congress
full awing in subsidies, increase of taxation,
inflation, repudiation, and political ullralsm,
tlio losses of tiio Republican party will I>o
more than mado good at tho next gcnural
election. To secure this result, it ia only
necessary that tho present Congress shall
avoid tho passage of any bill looking to tho
increase of taxes; tho passage of tho Supple*
mental Enforcement act, which confers upon
tho President tho extraordinary power of
suspending tho Habeas Corpus act anywhere
ami any time, and tho passage of every bill
calculated to secure private benefits at tho ox*
penso of tho public. If tho present Congress
will simply pass such appropriation bills as
aro absolutely necessary to support tho Gov
ernment and tho interest on tho debt, and
leave everything else of a political or private
character to tho Democratic Congress which
succeeds it, wo havo faith that tho latter will (
restore the Republican party to its old credit
and power, Wo have firm faith in tho “pnro
cusscdncßs” of the Domocrntio -demagogues
when in power. Give them rope.
Dwm A. Wells’ paper in tho March At-
lantv s on Taxation will show p good many
pooplo Hint they have been paying, year after
year, taxes which could not bo constitution
ally collected. Tho Supremo Court of tho
United States has decided (13 Wallace, HOG,
f1‘28,) Hint “property lying beyond tho juris
diction of tho State is not a subject upon
which bar taxing power can bo legitimately
exorcised. Tho exact language of tho Court
isos follows: “Property lying beyond tho
jurisdiction of tho State Is not a subject upon
which her taxing power can bo legitimately
exorcised. Indeed, it would scorn that no
adjudication should bo necessary to establish
so obvious a proposition." And yet, ob
serves Mr. Wells, a good deal of adjudica
tion bos been necessary to get so common
sense a proposition distinctly affirmed by a
court of last resort 5 and so firmly, moreover,
has tho opposite doctrine been ingrained into
most of our systems of State taxation, that
Assessors everywhere aro doubtless still acting
in conformity with tho old practice, and as
sessing citizens for property whoso actual
situ* is not within tho taxing district.
This decision reaches a long way. It makes
it impossible for any State to tax, constitu
tionally, debts owed its citizens by those of
another State. This is so, not only because
tho so-called property thus taxed is outsido
tho jurisdiction of tho power levying the tax,
but because such taxes are hindrances to in
tcr-Stato commerce, whioh can be regulated
only by Congress. Tho certificates of indebt
edness-bonds, mortgages, notes, and other
written promises to return borrowed capital
to the owner —may bo within tho State, but
they are not in themselves “property." They
merely promise to return property, or its
value in money, on a future day. Taxing
them is therefore extra-territorial, heuco
unconstitutional. Such certificates, when
exchanged between citizens of different
States, facilitate iutor-Stato commerce. Tho
United States Supremo Court has decided
(Almx vs. State of California'' that a State
cannot tax a bill of lading given for goods
transported to another State, because this
would hinder inter-Stato commerce. Taxes
which hinder such commerce, then, aro un
constitutional. Bat taxes on debts owed by
citizens of another State hinder this com
merce. It is only a few days since some
money loaned here on mortgage by n Con
necticut capitalist was withdrawn, because
Conncctiont is about to tax mortgages hold by
her citizens for money loaned abroad. Thus
those two decisions sweep away one
moans of State revenue, whioh has done
tho people a thousand times more harm
than it has done tho State good. The
first decision logically applies, more
over, to any tax-levying power, whether
State, county, city, or school district. If fol*
lowed out to its legitimate conclusion, it will
probably stop all taxation of indebtedness,
because tho difficulty of fixing the precise lo
cation of this peculiar sort of property on a
given day will bo the greater. Hr. Wells be
lieves that such a course is “ exactly what
equity and tho principles of sound political
economy require,"
Ho advises the holder of debts owed by
citizens of another State to protect himself
from taxation upon them by placing tho
written proofs of the debts in another State
before tho day of assessment; then by fight*
ing tho question through tho State courts ;
and finally by taking a writ of error to tho
Supremo Court of tho United States.
This is tho way ; tho hour has come,*—who
will ploy John Hampden ?
We yesterday published some interesting
extracts from tho recent ablo speech by Mr.
Bunciuiu) in Congress upon tho proposed in
crease of taxation. Mr. Bunciunn is a load
ing Republican member of tho Hoqbo from
this Stato. For his ability, his industry, and
his thorough acquaintance with-the details of
taxation, bo has been continued on tbo Com
mittee of Ways and Means for several Con
gresses. Ills statements are not thoso of a
partisan nor of a theorist, but the results of
an able, thorough examination of tho prac
tical results of taxation, and arc entitled to
great consideration.
In 1672, pending tbo Presidential election,
Congress, with a view of conciliating public
Indignation, reduced the rate of taxes on
certain classes of goods; the reduction was 10
per cent of the then existing rotes. Tho
articles on which this redaction was mode
were the following: Cotton goods, glass
ware of every kind, iron and steel goods,
other metals and goods, paper, Including
books, wool and woolen goods, and a variety
of other articles. As on illustration of how
tho reduction worked, we give the previous
and the reduced tax on an item of each
Hnool cotton..
UnpoUabed window g1m........
Cut-iron pipe, store platee, etc.
Steel manufactures
Lead manufactures
I'avcr bangings
Tspcstnr Brussels carpet
Women 1 * woolen drua g00d5....,
.We submit to any Intelligent reader that
this reduction was a moderate one, and that
the roto of tax still existing on all those
various classes of goods Is much too high.
Including all the grades of all those classes of
goods, the rate of taxation in 1872 averaged
40.02 percent. The reduction was’equivalent
to 4.02 per cent. The value of the imported
goods included in those redactions for 1878,
*4, ’C, may be thus stated i
ISI6 (MtimalMl}.
Tho loss of roronao oa these Importations
during the throe years was In round numbers
$ld,000»000. D using tbs same period thus
IBRUARY 24, 1875.
wero sold of tho home-produced goods of tho
kinds embraced in this reduction of (ax,
taking tho production of 1870 as tho average
annual production, tho enormous aggregate
of ijLV’SD,OOO,OOO. Now the saving to tho Amor
lean people because of this reduction may bo
thus exhibited:
Horan production...,
Foreign ImporuiUm.
Totnl for tbreo yean....
Ttx ru liicllnn of 4 i<or rent.
lAfeHuf rtvomio
Net reduction of(oxen.
This great sum tho people havo escaped
paying to tho protected classes.
It is now proposed to restore this las by
repealing tho reduction. Taking tho sumo
figures for tho next three years, with tho in
creased (as, wo will have ns (lie result s
Increase of ttx tbreo yearn
Of which tho Treasury will receive.
Tax paid by tho people, hut uotrecoivcd by
tho Treasury $103,380,000
We havo used Mr. BunonAim’s figures to 11*
lustrnlo, as ho does, that tho real purport of
tho bill now beforo Congress is to levy an ad
ditional annual tax on theso few classes of
goods of over >3*40,000,0(10 for tho pretended
purpose of getting §>7,000,000 of revenue,
and giving the rest to tho privileged classes
of Now England and Pennsylvania. This last
attempt of Now England, in tho Inst hours
of a Congress, two-thirds of whoso members
havo been voted out indignant people,
to mako a final grab mcu times more infa
mous than tho salary-grab of two years ago,
justifies tho reproduction of an indignant
protest of Senator Ouandleu, uttered during
tho debate on tho Tariff bill of 1870. Him*
self an ardent Protectionist, bo was so dis
gusted with tho rapacious selfishness of tho
Eastern mcrobbrs that ho thus expressed his
opinion of them:
Tbo Uino ban arrived when Hits tori fT qnettlon frills I
be Fettled, and fettled upon a permanent basis. New
England, for tho last llfly years, bus been receiving tbo
benefit of protection to every product of ber looms
and anvils. She Is now lu the position of the Rebels,
who, after tboy bad established their Government In
tbo South, wanted “to bo lot alone.” That is alt that
Now England wants now. SUo has got all tbo protec
tion sbo needs on her products, and now her cry Is,
“ Let us alone, and striko off protection from every
other point of tbo United SUtoa.” I give notice that I
etull, at on early day, inlruditco a bill repealing the en
tire revenue system and placing a horizontal duty
upon every article imported into tbo United Slates, ex
cept spirits, vine, and tobacco.
Unfortunately, Mr. Chandler never intro-
uced lus bill, and tho work of increasing
“ protection " has been going on qver since.
Tho promise that ho forgot to redeem will bo
fulfilled in duo time by tho people, through
representatives chosen to represent them,
and not a few corporations.
Now let ns cite in detail tho figures given
by Sir. BcnciiAP.D from Martin's standard
tables of tho dividends by the New England
manufacturers since tho tariff was made pro
tective in 18G1. Wo give the statement in
Per rait of
dteidend. Ymr.
These ore tho dividends annually made by
those protected classes during tho lost thirteen
years,—averaging during that time over 12
per cent. Tho proportion thoso engaged in
this business bear to tbo wbolo population,
and tho proportion their production bears to
the annual production of tho country, is thus
A't**ii6«* I ~
tmpioi.ett. \ Production, Waat*.
All occupations.. 1Q,C0',!)2.1l
Total ogtlculturo. O,U-i'J,4711i2,U7,5W,C5H
Farmers md
planter* 2,977,711
Firm laborers.,.. g.BM.TOrt $110,28(1,285
Cotton tnanufno
lures 135,033 S 178,000.000 $ 39,144,132
Iron and steol
manufactures.. 148,572 350,000,000 70,799,148
Woolen and wor
sted manufac
tures 03,108 177,000,000 81,240,432
Total rottoß,lron,
■tee), nod wool
en uud worsted
Tho agricultural products have a value
nearly four times that of tho cotton, iron,
steel, woolen, aud worsted manufactures, and
tho nnmlxjr engaged in that product are five
and a half millions in excess of thoso em
ployed in theso three linos of manufacture.
In agriculture tho product is tho result of la
bor; in manufacturing, machinery is tho
principal agent. In agriculture, the owner
and his family labor personally; in manufac
turing, there Is just enough labor employed
to operate the machinery. Tho protected
classes, including tho workmen employed in
manufacturing in that designation, and tho
unprotected classes, thus compare numeri
cally :
Wholenumber emp10yed..,.................13,505,033
J'ro'.crU l clown;
Engaged iu manufacture*, mechanic*, and
mtulUß 9,707,431
UnprotecUd elmstt:
Agriculture 0,073,471
Personalprofessional. 2,634,703
Trad* and tnuupocUtlun..... 1,101,33 d
Included, however, in the list of protected
classes aro tho following who arc tbo victims
of that iniquitous system of taxation:
Curt’eutera nud Joiners.. «74,5'W
IJootaml atioemakera.. .171,137
IWlroad employe*,,., 131,017
Draymen, hackmeu, and toamstera... rio,Y3o
cWlaJn otorea ~833,50<
Teacher* 120,033
Carriage and vragouuukcra,
Deducting thcßo from the number of those
nominally u protected" by excessive taxation
of the others, it is readily seen how the mul
titude are robbed and pillaged for the benefit
of the few.
Wo invite attention to a communication in
Tun TniuuNE of this morning relating to the
disregard by many of the railroad corpora
tions incorporated by this State of that
clause of tho Constitution of Illinois which
requires that a majority of tho Directors of
every such company shall be citizens and reel
dents of Illinois. Tho violation of this provision
of the Constitution is made conspicuous by
tho excited controversy now going on among
the stockholders of tho Chicago, Burlington
& Quincy Railroad. It is said that a Credit
Slobilior in on aggravated form has been discov
ered in the management of the Company, and
the election of a now Board of Directors takes
place to-day. Tho tickets proposed by tho re
upoollvo parties to bo voted for to-day each con
tain thirteen names, of whom only two are citi
zens or residents of Illinois. Whichever ticket
be elected, the Constitution of tho State will be
violated. The wisdom of this provision of
tho Constitution is vindicated by this quarrel
among the stockholders of this Company,
which Is purely an Illinois corporation. Should
tho controversy toko such shape aa to require
on intervention of tho Courts, tho Directory
will bo beyond the jurisdiction of this State.
It certainly is tho duty, or ought to be tho duty,
of tho Attorney-General, or some other officer
of the State, to take official notice of all the
violations of this wise constitutional preoau-
! HtAuctd
,Otd tar. Utx,
ptrerut, ptretnU
00 00
ss mi
40 40U
as m*
&3 a us
43 4D*
C 4 60 .V
07 GO. 1 /
, 1191,8*1,711
tion, and to take tho proper legal slops to
have it enforced Su tho case of every railroad
corporaliou doing business under mi Illinois
Tho essay on Irco-planling road by Mr.
Leonard G. Ilonocs before the Minnesota
Agricultural Society, and published in The
TmuuNß of Saturday, contained a striking
sketch of tho pressing need for forest-culture.
Although it referred only to Minnesota, it
applies throughout tho West. Tho annual
consumption of wood in that Stale is esti
mated at 1,710,000 cords. As much more is
shipped outside tho State. Tims, 11*0,000
acres of wood-laud arc stripped bare every
year. Tho result of this, by 1000, is summed
up by Mr. Hodges in this cheerful picture:
“ Our pineries exhausted, tho Big Woods
pretty well thinned out, tho Mississippi dry
ing up, St. Paul and Minneapolis 000 or 400
miles above the head of steamboat navigation,
mercury 40 degrees below zero, and tho wind
blowing a hurricane.” Tho remedy for tho
growing evil is trco-planting. Something
has boon done in this direction. Tho Con
gressional acts of 18711 and 1874, which allow
a man who plants and tends a certain number
of trees to enter land free, have stimulated
Individual action. Altogether, nearly 20,000,-
000 trees liavo been set out in Minnesota.
Of these, 4,000,000 Imvo been planted by tho
St. Paul & Pacific Road, which has found tho
business a profitable one. Mr. Hodoks, in
deed, claims that it is more profitable ttian
grain-growing, although it yields small im
mediate returns. Ho declares that “ tho not
profits on a quarter-section of prairie, prop
erly prepared, planted, and cultivated with
forest trees, will, within ton years, exceed
tho not profltsof ton qnartor-seotionsof wheat,"
and that “ tho genuine while willow, proper
ly handled, will increase faster than money at
interest at *1 per cent per month.” While
those statements may bo, and probably are,
somewhat exaggerated, they have a solid basis
of truth. There can ho no doubt that tho de
struction of forests in the Northwest is work
ing a vast injury to tho country. Tho win
ters are already growing colder, so that wo
may, ore long, bo forced, like Now England
fanners, to abandon tho cultivation of tho
more delicate Northern fruits. Tho drought
which makes tho great interior basin worth
less is creeping eastward. Wo need forests to
break tho violence of freezing gales, to pre
serve tho moisture of tho ground, and to
servo an tho raw material for build
ings, fences, fncl, railroad-tics, etc., in
the fntnro. Tho West is beginning to appre
ciate this fact. Congressional aotiouhnshccn
wisely taken. Nebraska has established a
legal holiday, called, wo believe, “Tree-Plant
ing Day.” There is a State Superintendent
of Arboriculture, and prizes ore given to tho
men who plant tho most trees during thoyoar.
Tho plan is said to work very well. It should
ho tried elsewhere, Tho Northwest, in cut
ting down Us forests at tho present rate and
making no provisions to replace them, is liv
ing on its capital, as Virginia planters did
when they rained tho soil of tho Old Domin
ion by growing successive crops of tobacco.
Tho man who makes two trees grow whore
one grow before is a public benefactor.
. 408,003.0CU
, 122,2*0,cun
, 12,cue,eon
I’tr cent t\f
.10,50 IROJ,
.1(1/,0 1870.
,14.80 1971.
. 7.M 1872.
,10.25 1873.
.12.75 1874.
Tiro audiences attracted by the Sumlny-
Locturo Society’s course aro thoroughly rep
resentative of tbo people. They contain
!mombors of every class. Thoir Bontimoatn
give a trustworthy clow to popular fooling. It
itC'tbcn, n aiguiflcant fact that throughout
tms winter tho heartiest npplauao has been
given by tlroso audiences to ovory argument
or exhortation in behalf of compulsory edu
cation. Tho most "telling" sentences of
tho loetnro of Messrs. Jobskn and Pahton
woro those in which they urged this reform ;
and tho applause which greeted Diudlauoti’s
passionate appeal in its behalf lost Sunday
was oxcoedod only by that which
answered his declaration against sec
tarianism in State schools. Tho
feeling in favor Of compulsory education is
evidently strong. It is not local. Niue
States have already adopted this wise meoc
uro. Tho Empire State wheeled into Hue on
tho first day of 1375. Pennsylvania Is now
considering tho subject. Tho Governor rec
ommended compulsory education in his an
nual message, and quoted convincing facts
and figures in its behalf. This portion of
tho mossngo was referred to a special com
mittee, which is expected to report a law.
Meanwhile, one enthusiastic legislator has
published tho statistics prepared by Mr.
Dexter A. Hawkins for tbo Now York Coun
cil of Polities! Reform. Tho striking figures
woro widely circulated in Now York, and
had much to do with the passage of tho now
law. In Illinois, tho House Committee on
Education bos reported a bill which provides
that every child shall attend school for threo
months (including six consecutive weeks) in
each year. A bill of this sort passed tho lost
House and was unfortunately lost by a very
close vote la tho Senate. In tho latter, a press
of other business killed it. If thoro had
boon time to discuss it, it would probably
have bccomo a law.
$ 703.000,000
A minority report has been submitted to
the House against compulsory education. It
is opposed, so tho dispatches say, on “ con
stitutional grounds," nmongothers. The con
stitutional argument, which is always put
forth by tho advocates of popular ignorance,
is not tenable. It can bo urged against tho
construction of sowers or the maintenance of
a police force with equal effect. Tbo other
grounds doubtless consist of tbo old cry
against the bugaboo “centralisation," and of
tho stock phrases about “interference with
parental rights," “ oppression of tho Indi
vidual," and similar barbarian nonsense. A
parent has duties as well as rights, Ho has
no more right to starve tho mind and
soul of tho child for whoso existence
ho is responsible than ho has to starve its
body.. The child Is helpless in both cases.
The State Interferes in one, and yet we are
told it Is not to interfere In the precisely par
allel easel Tho child itself has no reason to
complain. It might os well claim tho right
to walk tho streets a mass of small-pox pus
tules os to roam through them carrying the
contagion of ignorance and crime. If wo
can send tho lad to jail for law-breaking, wo
can sorely send him to school to keep him
from law-breaking, The men who blindly
follow Hcbuebt Brcxona'a declaration that
the State has no right to compel
education, need to be reminded that
Spenokb says also, in tbo aamo book,
that the State baa no right to deny
tho suffrage to women’ and children. All
government is a matter of. expediency.
Statesmanship consists in the adaptation of
temporary moans to shifting ends. It would
be an absurdity to apply the non-interference
theory strictly. It would mako tho Stato nt.
torly powerless, Government would not
oven play policeman. It could not lay a foot
of sower or a yard of water-main. It could
not pave streets or fix fire-limits. It could
do nothing. Oomyileory education is for the
greatest good of tho greatest number. l“hj
American Republic exists for that purpose
and iniv- ‘.veil protect itself from tho currto of
ignor.pauperism, and crimn l>y fUlin?
Hie ucLiu l. it builds with tho children for
whom they are built.
There is one remedy for the disgraceful
condition of things now existing in the H]j,
uois Legislature. Tho Constitution provide,
ns follows: •
Bro. 0. In cam of s illofiflrcement between the i» 9
HourmwlUi rouped to tho time of niljmirmnfnt.il.,
anvcninrmaj.on tboesme being certified to him bi
tho llouio first moving the adjournment, adjourn n.
General Annombly to aucb time on bo Ihlukn )to{«r
not beyond Ui« drat day of luo next regular aeailuQ,'
Tills slate of things now exists in the Leg.
islatnro. Tho two Houses are unable to
os to tho time of adjournment, and, a<t
motion was first made in tho Senate, it win
only bo necessary for tho President and
Clerk of tho Senate to certify the
fact to the Governor, which will so.
thorizo him to prorogue tho Legislature, ft
is reported from Springfield that resolution*
have already been prepared looking toward*
such n prorogation. Tho duty of tho Scu&t,
is plain. If the Reformers will not consent
to agree upon something, to quit their
wangling, and to go to work and transact
tho pnblio business, then let tho Governor t*
certified of tho disagreement and pronipOj
exorcise his prerogative. It is about tin,
that tho Republicans should compd the
Opposition to ccaso obstructing legislation,
and, in case they refuse, that tho Governor
should disperse tho Legislature, and cut ol
this useless and purposeless expense to the
State. Tho Reformers (?) have been main,
tained iu idleness long enough.
Edward BpAKOi.r.n, ouo of tho parties wbj |
was arrested for complicity in tho asßassba- $
tion of President Lincoln, died at the red. £
deuce of Dr. Samuel A. Mudd, near Bryan.
town, Md., on Saturday last. Spakolf.ii wu i
a native of Pennsylvania, and, it will here. *■
membered, at tho time of tho murder was i
stago-corpontor in Ford’s Theatre. It wi* I*
alleged against him that ho took charge of p
Booth’s horses, and arranged to have a way
kept open for him in tho theatre to escapt p
Spakoi.eb, in company with Dr. Mudd m 4 (
Arnold, was pardoned and released fromhii i.
imprisonment at tho Dry Tortugas about tbj p
close of President Johnson’s Administration, g
About two years ago ho look up his resident* |
with Dr. Modd, with whom ho was on term |j
of very close friendship. Of tho other par. R
tics, Booth was killed; Harrold. Atzuiot, B
Pavke, and Mrs. Surratt were executed, and [■
O’Lauohlin died at tho Dry Tortugas. t|
Old Air. Storey objects to The 'Xuiddns; tint |
la to Bay. ho docs not seem to lilco it an much n j
ho HUon thn Tinn'a. Some of his objection* irt !
very elugular, bat thoro la no aceomiilnj f« j
tantoa. For example, ho objects to the colon! |
tbo beautiful old rod ssnd-atona of Its ImtKliuc; «
bo object* to tbo English orthography rf tbt f‘
editor's name, but .insists on tho Spanish BtylocJ I,
opolliugit; ho objects to Thk Tbibunk’h lackcf rj
enterprise in publishing indecent nows amuj ®
no in burning theatres and mam , .fnmuriii"n , l t
Uml-clalms to tho sues of Illinois cities; boob I
jeets to tbo quantity aud variety of itu I
tlsomonts, but badly wants, Uu “wants," cor-
soling bimeelf, however, with publishing iotieq ;
notices after being indicted by tbo o«ri .
Jury tborofor; ho objects to tbo larp 1
and etcadily-lnoreoaing circulation of Tti J
Tribune aiming tbo burinesa and sub ,
slantial classes, and pretends that b ;
thinks It is.oulr half as groat as tho actual nir* ;
her. All of which is ungenerous aud
borly on tbo part of such a philanthropist end I
Christian gentleman. Tub Tnicusz in not «•
vious of tbo jaundice-color of tho stcoo in ihi .
Times building, nor docs Tuc Tninn.sn caret !ti *
reputation, circulation, or lottery advenin' P
monts. All tho extra copies tho old gouthicu I
can soil to tho prurient prudes and BCindiK V
soekors ho is entirely welcome to, and a;' 11
“ swear" tho number to bo a million if bis cleu'i [i
conecleuco is clastic enough, and Tun Tmarn |
will not naurrcl, bet, or blackguard with tb J 1
about it. Lot us have peace. L
It is tbo custom about thin tliao of tbo ru
for tbo fruit-consuming public to go u/j
generally into mourning. Tho uewfipapoia ecu
monco harrowing up tho public mind with rut
cheerless prognostications as tbo following:
"Tho Michigan fruit'growora dospatr of ob‘.u>
Jug u full crop of poaches.-" Thou comes a fiort.
a killing frost, ami tho Michigan fruit-pro™*
and all othor fruit-growers all over the Weil
aviso atpl aay t " A.U tho buds aro injure.!. *H
fruit will noccßuarily bo vory scarce aud fret
fully expensive." Whereupon a very pwanl
preparation in made to pay almost anythin# fa
the jmey poach, tho rosy apple, tho delicate ptc
tho luscious grape. In general, tho mourrtf
learns from experience boforo midsummer lW
hts Backcloth and aahos havo been
Buffered. Tbo iutouscly cold weather of it)
poet two mouths and tbo length tl
tho wiuter give to those alarm especial im
portance Just ut present, and obtain for the®
more general credit. They are aa gronmlleii u
over, aud tho pablio need feel no alarm. Bom*
of tbo buds have suffered, without doubt, but
nob to tbo oxtouc the frult-growora would tut*
us all bollovo. Wo aro In rocoipt of a I*W
from tho South Havoo, Mich., Pomologies! Sj*
cloty, stating that tbo crop of poaches, sppH
and all other varieties of fruit for this scm* l
will be aa good aa that of any preceding
Tho published reports of tho mootings of
Society confirm tbo statement. Similar a*
Durances oome from other parto of Michigan* o *
Illinois, and tho fmit-cousumera may rest «**f
in tho anticipation of all having "thefruit*® l
tho earth In duo season," and os much of ltd
they want,
Tbo Dloomlnatou* (111.) Anli'MonopoM
Republic, aQraugo orgau, {‘goes out” wiUittw 4
words from tbe editor j .
Onr paper wait djaeontlimed became of a
contract between ountalTM and certain jiarl.e* *‘~J
uecled vrltU tbo “ Orange movouaat.'* We*«w? .
several hundred dollint to keep the " 0131 a
until they would raiva money uud lake i w £U 'i;
They now refuse to fill llidr coalrucla, uud w«yr*~'
to ,Ml«a tad “ itop oar paper."
TIIO fact of tbo ;matter [la, tbo farmei« lT |
divcovorod that tbo “Grange Association* **
a delusion aud a snare, and of no earthly aw
promotion tbe actual interests of tbe agriealtur
The following summary of the exploits of
carpet-baggers of Arkansas La taken from
Now York herald 1 .
Iu IbM tbe whole bonded debt of the State .
$3,950,(M3. It Lad uo fiimtlng debt, aud . . r .
(300,030 In the Trouury. From July. 1533, too-' . ,
1671, tbuTreasury tecelredoter (s.SW.uiA.*?.'.<l}
debt waa Inputted of nearly W.IWO.OW. and Ike
debt was lucrmaud (3,750,003,— that Uto
yean tbe men who ruined Arkauaw spent ♦‘•‘mua J
and tbU In a BUie which bait leu than ball a uauu»
people. *
Well, the lona agony laorcr, and Mr. ® A **S l ie
clops uowu andout, Only Uo<i knows bow * of 1
are for that.— Urun Ray Vault*, mikal
Whereupon tbo Fond du Lao Journo* ®
this unfeeling obaorvatluni
Ob.pibaw, now, Don't giro way like that.> ,oj
of the other heart* tbit ache,— tbe 3 r40 ,.,*V, ihii
iSwtmasten.. You’re not the boa* weepW „ ln> uy
funeruL anyway, and there's no atnae W
•ueb a lugubrious bowl over it.
Affectionate tribute froej Tm Cmcaoo
•* Autnoas fc. UuusKincU mad* up of mw*
part# of luiuriaul aldt-wluakwi. Ui»up/J°^* u T ! r t>d
kiu, iu>d political bigotry. UU Drabi*.
ouy, loug sines mu to wed, and Ida * kou „,»r«-ih»
aa a fi.vmer’i barn In a graubwppar country*
Haven (Conn.) iUjltUr,
To lA« Xdiur of Tn* Chicago IWMhi t m*
Ouwaqo, Fab. 53.—1f 1 winwibar oorww*
•hould aot bs cradUed with tbs abova p
Qua, iluaxiiM, but aatbar the Dasss.

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