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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, April 24, 1875, Image 8

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'HE TRIBUNE.
TERMS OF T1
batch or ccjiicnirrioN (patabl* in abvakcs).
PoHlnffe I'repnlil nt this Ofllrr.
Dally, 1 rear. 813.00 I Weekly, 1 y0ar....8 l*Of»
Trl-Weekly.. U.SU I-ivo coplei # t»ftO
Sunday Rdmon, „ r«neopiei 14.U0
double abrot 3.001
I'artr of > year At (be name rate.
XV AKirn—Ouh active agent la each tom tod village.
Special arrangement* made with aucli.
Specimen copica lent free.
To prevent delay and mistake*, bb anre and RlveFoit-
OfTicc address Is full, Including Stale and County.
Kcmiitaneeamaybomadonlihor by draft, etpreii, Poat
(jftceorder, nr In registered letter*. at onr rUk,
Tchua to cut eunscnißßna.
Dally, dellrered, Sunday exenpted. 2ft oentsporweek.
Dally, delivered. Sunday Included, 30 cents par nook.
Addrcas TIIK TRIBUNE COMPANY.
Corner Madtron ami Dearborn**!*.. Chicago, 111.
TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS.
WOOT.HY’S THKATnß—Renrtrtloh street. between
Clark and LaSalle. “'Monte CHato." Afternoon and
evening. ,
ADni.PlllTllEATnlt—Dearborn afreet, corner Mon
roe. Variety entertainment. Afternoon and evening.
ACADEMYOF MITR|C-Ifnl*»ed-fiMf.bofween Mad
lion and Monroe. llonotit of C. It. Gardiner. After*
•oonaud evening.
GRAND OPKRA.IIOITSfV-CTark street, opposite
Sherman Honan. Ka>no,ilaii A Warabold'a Minstrel*.
Iflornuon and evening.
M'VICKKR’S TIIEATRK-Maiilaon street, between
Dearborn and Slats. ICngarement of Maggie UltoboU.
" Nancboa." Afternoon ana evening.
EXPOSITION RUII-DINy-Lake Shore, loot of
Adams street. Exhibition of /'aiming*.
FARWRLL IIAT.Tr-Madl/on street, between Clark
tod LaSalle. Concert by thn Jubilee Singer* at 3:30.
MCCORMICK’S llaTjT#—North Hark ilroet, corner
Static. Concert by tho Do Muraka Troupe at 3 o clock.
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
XVM. R. WARREN LODGE, No. A. F. and A. M.
-Regular communication ihli (Saturday) evening at 7M
,-clock, at Oriental 11.11, 121 Soc .
BUSINESS NOTICES.
BIKtNO rOWDKR—TUK NEW YORK INDF
ncmlcnt mt»: “W« uso In our familio* D. «. Thompson •
3UtcJilO"f iSaklnu Powilor, and would not be without It."
®ht Cnjit'as.a ©fUrane.
Saturday Horning, April 24, 1876.
WITH SUPPLEMENT.
Dr. Kenealt may consider himself sup
pressed, squelched, carried out and buried.
After his three hours’ speech upon his mo
tion for a Parliamentary Commission to in
vestigate the Ticudornr trial, tho proposi
tion was defeated by a vote of 488 to 1.
Lord NoniiinnooK, the Viceroy of India,
has got rid of his troublesome elephant, tho
[hiicowor of Baroda, whom ho permanently
deposes, precluding him and his issuo from
all rights oppertaining to tho sovereignty of
tho country. This peremptory method of
Fettling a disagreeable question might have
proved somewhat irritating to tho subjects of
tho degraded Prince but for tho happy fore
thought of tho Viceroy in selecting another
branch of tho Guicowar’s family to occupy tho
throne and appease tho natives.
A terrible disaster occurred at Now Orleans
yesterday in tho burning of three steamers
and tho loss of from 20 to 100 lives. Ono of
(ho boats caught firo at tho levee and
was coat out into tho stream to pre
vent the spread of tho flames. Two
other boats, loaded with people who
bod como to ego tho firo, wero also cut looso
! .o save them, but they wero both fouled by
tho burning steamer, and burned to tho
water’s edge, and a largo number of people
were burned or drowned. An account of tho
catastrophe will bo found in our telegraphic
columns.
It is intimated that in tbo selection of a
successor to Attorney-General Williams tbo
President will bo mainly influenced by per
sonal considerations, bis dcsiro being to fol
low bis private predilections rather than to
consult tbo political interests of States or
sections, in tbo appointment of Cabinet oftl
ccrs. This is all very well. Tbo Chief Ex
ecutive should have about him confidential
advisers that aro personally as well as politi
cally acceptable; but it is earnestly to bo
hoped that individual fitness not less than
individual ogreeabloncss may bo taken into
account in tbo assignment of tbo Attorney-
Gonaral’s portfolio.
Our budget of foreign nows this morning
will bo found unusually important and in
teresting. An extended analysis is given of
Count PaiPONonEn’s note to tbo Belgian
Government, in which tbo German Minister
significantly adverts to tbo manifestations in
Belgium of sympathy and encouragement for
the ecclesiastics who infringed tbo laws of
Prussia, and gives notico that these manifes
tations wero wounding and aggravating to
tbo Government of tbo Emperor of Ger
many. Attention is also called to tbo neg
lect of Belgium to punish Duchesne
far his letter offering to assassinate
Uxhmauck, and a demand is made
apon Belgium for the enactment and
enforcement of laws for the punishment of
people who commit acts colculated to pro
voke unfriendly relations with neighboring
States. To this threatening note tho Belgian
Government, encouraged by tho prospect of
England's support in tho event of trouble
A’itb Germany, returns a defiant answer, re
gretting its inability to comply with the sug
gestions contained in tbo Gorman note, and
especially declining to be dictated to in refer
ence to tbo Dooiiesne conspiracy. An article
is also reprinted from tbo Berlin Pont,
tbo Ministerial mouthpiece, which pre
dicts a war precipitated by Uio
Legislative Assembly of France under
tbo dangerous auspices of MauMauon
and the OrleunUt Princes, and with the ex
pected aid from on Austro-Itnliifa alliance,
which the Austrian Conservatives aim to
bring about by turning out the Andbabsy
Cabinet. If this latter attempt fails, says the
Patf war will bo delayed, but the official
organ of the German Government neverthe
less says It is time that the German people
should be awake to tho realities of the silua
tioa.
The Chicago produce markets were gener
ally on the downward turn yesterday. Mess
pork was moderately active aud 12jo per brl
lower, closing at @21.80 for May, aud @22.05
for Jane. Lord was in fair demand, and
Co per 100 tbs lower, closing at @15.50 cash,
aud @16.75 for Juno. Meats were more ac
tive, steady at 8)o for shoulders, 11
12a for short ribs, and 12|o for short clears.
Lake freights were dull and nominal at 40
4jo for com to Buffalo. Uighwines weruin
good demand and firm at $1.12) bid per
gallon* Floor was quiet and steady. Wheat
was active and 2o lower, closing. tame at
@1.01) cosh, aud 1.02) for May. Corn was
active and 1? lower, closing at 7l))c for
Max* aiid tot Juno. Oats were quiet
nnd *Jo lower, closing Ann at Cljo cosh, and
Glgo for May. Rye was quiet mid stronger
nt $1.0(5(3)1.07. Harley was quiet and firmer,
nt $1.23 for April, and nominally at sl.lC@
$1.13 for May. Hogs worn active and
firmer; sales nt $7.00®U20. Cnltlo were in
active demand nt fully Into prices. Sheep
were firmer and unchanged.
The Tenant-Right bill now before tbo En
glish Parliament provides that tenants shall
be compensated for “ unexhausted improve
ments ” when their lenses expire or are cut
short, but allows this compensation to bo
waived by contract. As tho waiver would bo
inserted in every lonso by the landlord, this
provision nullifies the bill. “ Tbo fanners
nro declaring everywhere," says tbo London
Spectator, “ against tho bill, which they say
is worse than useless. In half-a-dozon
counties, they have passed resolutions de
manding tho excision of tho danse
which puts contract above law. Tho
mooting in Cheshire was of espe
cial interest. Tbo Duke of ■Westminster
presided, and oilier great landlords were
present. They all tried to have tho bill in
dorsed, but their own tenants boldly opposed
them and passed tho customary resolutions.
Prof. Fawcett is out in opposition to tho
bill, as It stands now, and tho measure, ac
cording to tbo Spectator, “ may ho tho most
important of tho session.” It is now before
tho Lords. If it over Peaches tho Commons,
tho contract-clause will certainly bo opposed,
and tho hundred or so Tories with tenant
farmer constituencies will have to vote to
(itriko it out, or else step down and ont of
Parliament.
THE ELECTION YESTERDAY.
Thcro is every reason to believe that tho
City of Chicago was yesterday made tho vic
tim of a serious calamity by tho adoption of
tho wretchedly bungling and defective char
ter of 1872, Tho returns, so far os revived
up to tho present writing, indicate a ma
jority of about (500 in favor of tho
charter, with no account of tho voting in tho
Ninth Ward, which, it is believed, will to
Borne extent reduce tho majority “ for,” but
not enough, in all probability to render tho
vote so close that unofficial count might throw
tho result tho other way. The thieves, gam
blers, and scalawags have had their victory,
just as wo predicted they would in tho event
that tho respectable classes treated the
election with indifference, and failed to
turn out in force and veto against
tho measure. To this cause, in a
largo degree, must bo attributed tho
unfortunate result of yesterday, and the
infliction upon Chicago of a charter utterly
unstated to a great city. Attention, instead
of neglect, on the part of tax-payers, would
have given the voting a different complexion.
Tho tox-eatcrs went solid for tho charter of
1872, because they know it to bo a looser and
a worse charter in all respects than the pno
it displaces.
A glance at tho figures will convince tho
render that repeating and other forms of
fraudulent voting wore relied upon to carry
tho day Ml In tho First and Second Words
alone the frauds wero sufficient to decide (ho
issue; tbo totals would have been enormously
swelled by tho Twentieth Word hut for
tbo determined stand taken by a party of
prominent citizens, who entered tho gambler
Corcoran's bailiwick at tho risk of sustaining
serious bodily injury, and as far as possible
compelled the repeaters and non-residents
to swear In their votes, thereby
retarding tbo illegal voting. Had equal
ly decisive measures been resorted to
in tho First, Second, Seventh, and Eleventh
Wards, thcro can bo no question but that tho
charter of 1872 would have-been voted down.
Tbo election was carried by tho disreputable
minority, by reason of tbo carelessness and
iudifferenco to public interests of tho respect
able tax-paying majority.
ENGLAND AND FBANCE AT THE EZPOSI
TIOW.
Tbo French Government has organized a
Commission, with Obcaiide Lata yzttc, grand
son of tbo Lafayette of Revolutionary fame,
at its bead, to toko ebargo of tbo French in
terests in tbo American Centennial Exposi
tion. Tbo French papers have taken up tbo -
subject, and it is proposed by them that
Franco shall promote her foreign trade by a
thorough exposition of her industry at Phila
delphia in 1870, Tbo European States which
will mako tbo greatest display and take greatest
iutorcstin our Centennial will bo Great Britain
and France. They aro our best customers,
and wo aro also their best customer.
But tbo interest of these nations will not
bo exclusively commercial. It will bo deeply
political. It will recall to both their agency
iu tbo foundation, 100 years ago, of tbo
American Republic. Tbo ono will be tlioro
as tbo parent who sought to coorco and dis
cipline tbo struggling, and defiant, and rebel
lious child. The other will recall her active, at
first secret, and then avowed, encouragement
and aid of tbo child to shako off (bo parental
control and authority. The ono will recall
tbnt her severity and despotism alienated tbo
American colonists; tbo other that sbo aided
and encouraged these colonists in their sep
aration from tbo parent country. Each will
recall her own despotism at that day, when
the degradation, ignorance, and poverty of
Franco vroro drawing nearer and nearer
to that day of sanguinary retribution,
tho effects of which aro still folt
in Europe; and England will recall
bor own condition, when, though tbo liberty
of tbo citizen was a matter of law, in
fact a British subject was comparatively littlo
bettor off than the peasantry of Franco. This
Centennial will bo not only an exposition of
tho material progress of the world during tho
century that has intervened, hut it willl bo
an exposition of tho oven greater progress
tbo world bos made since George tho Third
and Louis tho Sixteenth were rivals in des
potism ; and when, owing to their jealous
antagonism, a new Thought took form, and
among tho nations of tho earth their appeared
a nation founded upon tbo Idea that the peo
ple were tbo sovereigns and the rulers wore
their servants. Old England and old France,
combined, gave existence to the American
Republic; and now, at tbo expiration of a
century, they both meet at the celebration of
tho success of their joint creation.
Tboro will, in addition to tbo comparison
of material production, bo a grander eompor
isou of political results. Tho parent will be
hold tho child grown to gigoutio proportions.
Tho few straggling colonies scattered along
tho Atlantic coast, with a sparse population,
have grown into a continental empire. Their
population far exceeds that of the nation of
whom they wrested their liberties. Franco
will recognize iu tbo political power and
grandeur of tbo Republic which sho aided a
century ago tbo realization of tbo great
ideas for which sho has been struggling from
1792 to the present time, and which ot this
moment engrosses her whole attention. The
two nations will meet upon American soil, la
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE
tho presence of successful political institu
tions which a century ago wore regarded
oven by their most sanguine advocates ns
nothing more than a grand experiment.
No Exposition elsewhere can have finch
significance, and this Exposition can have
none of that deep political interest to any
other nation that it will have for I'ranee and
England,—the one the parent of tho Groat
Republic, tho other tho ally without whoso
aid its Independence at that, time would
have boon impossible. To them tho political
progress and political success will have an
interest far exceeding that of tho material
nature. It will be an exposition of ideas, of
liberties, of policies, and of institutions, in
which both nations have deep concern, and
which have made a permanent Impression
upon their own institutions and people.
THE UNDERWRITERS' REPORT.
The National Hoard of Underwriters are
now holding their ninth annual convention
in Now York City. The report of tho Presi
dent reveals tho fact that thofiro-insurnneo in
terest, notwithstanding tho constant com
plaints wo hear from tho underwriters, is
better off than any other lino of investment
in this country. It seems not to havo suf
fered tho shrinkage incident to tho panic
which extended to tho manufacturing, bank
ing, railroad, and general commercial inter
ests. Capitalists havo boon forced to accept
lower rates of interest, and tho Insurance
companies havo been paying a larger rate of
profits than before. Tho Now York compa
nies havo been particularly successful, and
havo earned moro money during tho
last year than in any previous year
since 18'»0. This annual confession of
profits is useful. It relieves the general pub
lic of tho consuming remorse that tho insur
ance agents have exacted on account of tho
general devouring of insurance capital, and
people will not fed an embarrassment of
gratitude when they are permitted to pay 2
or 3 per cent for tho insurance of their
business and homos.
This preliminary confession of profits
somewhat diminishes tho pathos of what tho
President of tho Board has to say relative to
tho status of tho insurance business in
Chicago. Ho restates the history of tho
withdrawal of tho National Board companies
lost fall, their- return, tho consultation with
tho Citizens* Association, and tho employ
ment of Qon. Shales, all of which is familiar
to tho Chicago people. But it is now for
mally announced for tho first time
that Gon. Shales resigned tho Ist of
March, after an experience in which ho
failed to suggest anything that had not been
suggested before. Tbo only admission made
is that a hotter discipline in tho Firo Depart
ment was tho result of Shaler's presence ;
but, aside from this, tho sweeping statement
is sent forth that “ not ono step of progress
has been made toward greater lire protection
since that time,”;—thot is, since tho with
drawal of tho companies.
■ This statement shows thot either the Na
tional Board has been grossly misinformed,
or thot it misrepresents tho facts in tho case
for selfish and mercenary reasons. Tho fact
is that thcro has been a very great deal ac
complished in tho way of increased protcc-
tiou since tho firo last summer, notwithstand
ing the refusal to ncquicsco in Gen. Sharer's
exorbitant and impracticablo suggestions of
expenditure. Gcu. Shaleb looked only to tho
amount of machinery necessary to tho extin
guishment of fires; what has been done has
been mainly in tho lice of prevention. If
tho National Board of Underwriters do not
agree that tho latter is tho wiser policy, they
oro blind to their own interests. Wo will re
call some of tho things that h&vo boon done
since tho firo of last July.
1, Tho firo limits, which only covered
about oue-tbird of tho territory within the
city limits at tho timo of tho July firo, have
since been extended over tho entiro city.
Not a singlo wooden house has been erected
within the city limits since then, while hun
dreds have been torn down, bornt out, or
moved awoy. A great many have been token
into tho suburbs,— Hydo Park, Lake, Cicero,
Loko View,—to make room for brick build
ings.
2. The dangerous wooden district burned
over in July is now nearly covered with brick
walls. This district, covering about CO acres,
mainly of wooden structures, was a standing
monaco to • tbo most valuable business blocks
in tbo city, to which it is contiguous. It now
servos as a protection from tbo woodon dis
trict lying beyond it to tbo soutbwost.
3. Largo additions bavo bcon mode to tbo
water-supply. A groat deal of 3-foot and
2-feot, 18-inch, 15-incb, 12-lnob, and 8-incb
pipe bos been laid to replace smaller pipes In
tho business districts and the best portions
of tho city, thus remedying tho most serious
obstacle encountered by tho Fire Department
in every largo fire wo have had.
4. A great many double, and wo believe
treble, fire-plugs have bcon substituted for
single plugs, and hundreds of extra plugs
have been sot all over tho city. 4
fi. A second tunnel now extends diagonally
under tho city for a distance of four miles.
There are eighteen largo wells connected with
this tunnel along tbo line, which can brf
topped in any emergency.
G. Now water-works aro now in process of
construction in the southern port of the city
connecting with this tunnel, which, when
completed, will increase the hood of the wa
ter-supply very greatly. These now works
will be fire-proof, and tho old works have also
bcon mode fire-proof, so that there Is no long
er a reasonable apprehension that the water
supply pan over bo out oil in any conflagra
tion.
7. Tho sewerage system boa been very
•widely extended, and, as a result of this, the
in a much bettor condition, and
many of them formerly impassable for tho
heavy fire-engines now offer on cosy thor
oughfare.
8. Much has been accomplished by private
effort for tho protection of basinet blocks.
Those not provided with iron shutters before
have Binco been supplied, and many of the
high buildings have put in standing-pipes
running up to tho top, and giving a full sup
ply of water at every story. Others have
heightened their partition fire-walls.
0. Tho Fire Deportment has also been en
larged and improved,—first, by the additions
of several engines and miles of the best hose;
second, by Improvement in tho discipline of
the force j third, by the addition of several
hundred now fire-alarm tfoxes and the gen
eral improvement of the alarm system. Tho
increase In tho police force Is also an ad
ditional moans of hastening alarms and pro
tecting property during fires. «
10. 11l the huge wooden signs on high
buildings have been token down, and many
of the wooden oomices have been replaced
by metal ones { and generally tho provisions
of tho fire-ordinance have been more rigidly
enforced*
It will thus be seen that the statement
msdebyths President ot tbs Board wu
SATURDAY. APRIL 24, 1875.-TWELVE PAGES.
wholly unwarranted. Tho reforms ami Im-
provomcnts wo have enumerated have al
ready had their effect. Aside from tho de-
Htrucllon of Wahl's glue-factory, which had
a humber of wooden building and was lo
cated almost beyond tho immediate reach of
tho Fire Department, there have been no fires
of consequence for tho past eight months.
Tho Underwriters have also been forced 'to
confess tho progress made toward protection
by the voluntary reduction of their rates.
Tho utterances of President Oakley, there
fore, can only bo regarded as a deliberate and
perhaps malicious attempt to damage Chicago
by augmenting tho dangers of the future with
the help of tho misfortunes of tho past,—
sorely nn unworthy effort.
SOME STATE SALARY-GRABBING.
Tho State Jleghtcr of Springfield has a
theory, suggested of course by partisan mo
tives, that Qov. Beveridge and Air. Cullom
nro rival candidates for tho Republican nom
ination for Governor next year, and that
they nro gelling in sly digs nt cAoh other
whenever au opportunity presents itself.
Following out this theory, tho Statc*ltfgi»icr
thinks that Cullom made a point on Bever
idge in tho Harper exposure, when ho re
minded tho Governor that ho whitewashed
Harper about a. year ago in spite of nn un
favorable report by tho Warehouse Commis
sioners. Bub it thinks also that BEVERtDoe
got in a good blow back on Cullom by pro
voking a report from the Stole Auditor, which
shows that Cullom, as Speaker of tho
Twenty-eighth General Assembly, cer
tified to Dan Shepard’s being entitled to
draw pay as Clerk of the House of Represent
atives from Alay C, 1871), when the House ad
journed, until Jan. 4, 187J, when the now
House convened, though it was generally
known that Shepard was in Washington
during that time, drawing pay as clerk of tho
United States Senate Military Committee.
Cullom might return to tho charge by point
ing out that Qov. Beveridge employed as bis
private secretary Air. Ray, who was clerk of
tho State Senate, and a salary-grabber as well
as Shepard.
Whatever may bo the advantages on either
side os between Cullom and Beveridge, this
alleged controversy has drawn ottentiou to a
potty little fraud of which Air. Dan Shepard
is said to be the instigator. Tins fraud con
sisted of an authorization by tho General
Assembly of the payment of the Clerks of
both Homos a per diem during tho
entire two years, and when the Logisln-
two tv as not in session. There was
on effort to secure a repetition of this fraud
in the Inst Legislature, when Cnowi.Br, the*
House Clerk, endeavored to deceive Mr.
Branson nnd to mnko him the tool for the in*
traduction of n resolution whoso purport ho
did not understand. Cnoui.Br says that this
was put into his head by Dan Shepard,
Crowley’s predecessor, whohnd accomplished
the same thing in his own behalf and in the
same way. It is alleged that Shepard had
entrapped Mr. Armstrong, the Democratic
leader of the House, in the same way that
CnowLF.r sought to entrap Mr. Branson, a
Republican member, —each shrewdly choos
ing a member of the minority to work out
the grab, in order to fix the responsibility on
the minority in cose of exposure.
If the charges which stand against Mr.
Shepard are not true, it is incumbent on
him to take some steps to remove the blot
that attaches to them. If they are true, Mr.
Shepard should at once resign the position
of Secretary of the Republican State Cen
tral Committee which ho now holds. A de-
liberate and scheming salary-grabber, plot
ting for and taking pay for work that was
never done, is not tho kind of man to occupy
tho position ho has now. Ho is not likely to
command very much confidence nud respect
for tho campaign documents issued over his
name, so long as these charges stand. It is
obviously Mr. Suepabd’b duly, therefore, to
sot aside those charges or “ stop down and
out.”
THE GREAT AMERICAN BTRATOORAT.
There is n singular unanimity of criticism,
not only at homo but abroad, upon Andrew
Johnson's speech daring the extra session of
tho Senate. The keynote of that harangue
was the danger of a military despotism or
stratocracy. Tho ox-Presidout wont so fin: os
to say that wo aro living under a “ stratocra
cy ” now. And it is quite possible thot ho
believes what ho says. Ho would bo a rash
man who would affiria that any untruth is too
monstrous for Andrew Johnson to believe.
The unanimous criticism upon tho speech
is, that tho man who now denounces Cicsor
ism was, when President, tho veriest Catson
of them all. 'Whatever mistakes Grant, a
soldier transferred to civil office, may havo
made, his career has no taint of Cmsarism,
and especially when compared with that of
tho life-long civilian, A. J. Even Jaoeson
was but a lame and ineffectual Ossar com*
pared with tho stratocrat who lived at tho
Whito House from *OS to ’O9, and used its I
portico ns a platform from which to denounce j
a co-ordinate branch of tho National Govern
ment, for tho gratification of a howling mob.
Jackson’s opposition to Congress was neith
er ns fierce nor as prolonged os Johnson's ;
and tho former had tho people with him,
while tho latter, when ho appealed to tho
people, was answered by an * adverse majori
ty of 3:»0,000 votes. Moreover, Johnson’s
bitter opposition to Congress was all tho
moro inexcusable because tho Congress of
18C0 was elected on tho direct issue of
reconstruction, on tho basis of equal
rights regardless of color. When it
attempted to carry out tho wifdics
of its constituency it was thwarted,
interfered with, and harassed by tho would-be
despot who sat in tho President's chair. Tho
conduct of Johnson throughout his struggle
with Congress was violent, arbitrary, ond
tyrannical. 114 stretched tho Presidential
prerogative far beyond its proper limits. In
stead of a simple Executive, carrying into ef
fect tho mature resolves of tho legislative
body, Andrew Johnson sought to combine
the Executive and the Legislature in his own
person. When laws were passed over Ids
veto, ho neglected, just as far as ho dared, to
carry them into effect The mistakes of re
construction were almost without an excep
tion tho mistakes of men anxious to bring tho
South peacefully into the Union, but driven to
maduossbythoporpetuoliutriguo and meddling
and opposition of tho man whose sworn duty
it was to execute whatever measures Congress
judged fit to approve. Once more, Andrew
Johnson did all ho could to provide for
tho repudiation of tho national debt as
soon as tho aggregate interest paid was
i equal to the capitoh Tho idea was both des
potic and dishonest in the last degree, bat A.
J. mode it part of “ my policy,’ 1 and devoted a
special message torocommonding tho glgantio
i swindle and national dishonor and disgrace.
Tho Anglo-Ama'iean Tima suggests that
the First Notional Bank of Washington, in
which Johnson “ deposited his little fortune,"
ought to have uld to him, as tooa m tbo in-
torost paid him equaled Iho deposit: 44 Now,
Air. Johnson, wo nro quits I You have re
ceived nil your money back."
Has any other President ever so flaunted
“my policy" before tho world? lias any
other ever so made “I" and dishonor tho
centre of his speeches and tho pivot of his
Administration ? lias any other over so tried
to override Congress, to dictate its action, to
thwart that notion when it was distasteful to
him? Has any other over been bo despotic,
so little amenable to tho Constitution of
which he prates, bo thorough o 44 strntocrat"?
A SUGGESTION FOR THE CENTENNIAL.
International exhibitions are necessarily ns
much allko as two peas, as a rule, but tho
Centennial will have at least ono unique
feature. Tho Interior Department will bo
represented there by n body of Indians from
tho wild tribes, imported into civilization ex
pressly for this occasion, and warranted gen
uine. Tho painted savage will squat in wig
wams, shoot arrows, perform tho scalp-dance,
and give tho war-whoop in a manner which
is expected to make all tho prime rfwi/ipwithin
hearing nick with envy. This is an enticing
programme. Tho average foreigner will
probably labor under tho guileless impression
that tho savages live in Fainnount Park, and
that they have allowed a part of their homo
to bo temporarily used by tho whites. It is
sod, though, to think of tho fate of these rod
men. Having onco tasted tho fascination of
being tumultuously admired, treoted to
freo whisky and poked with long sticks, a la
menagerie-animals, by tho guileless youth of
America, they can never go back to their na
tive independence. Barnum will catch them,
and The-Prido-of-tho-Forcsl, aud Olancing-
Arrow, and Whito-Squaw-Slayor, and tho rest
of tho bravos, will exchange prairie sod for
circus sawdust and city flagstones for tho
rest of their lives. When tho ficklo populace
grows weary of them they will bo discharged.
Then tho warriors who have not died of
drunkenness will peddle moccasins, or beg,
or steal, or combine tho three pursuits.
There is only ono way for them to escape
such a fate. Should this bo tried, tho Cen
tennial would bo still more unique, and tho
Indians would prove a very profitable side
show. Suppose tho space allotted to them
should bo inclosed by a high fence,
and scats commanding a view of tho
interior should bo rented at round
rates. Then let tho Indian agents and con
tractors, or as many of them as can bo
caught, bo turned into tho inclosuro at staled
intervals. Tho processes of scalping, mu
tilation, and torture wonhl'nfford an oppor
tunity for a real insight into Indian charac
ter. To make tho scene thoroughly natural,
an emigrant family should bo persuaded to
try to cross tho tract of ground. Their mur
der would reproduce life (and death) on tho
Plains vividly. The crowning touch of real
istic effect would bo given by tho murderers
presenting themselves at onco at a Govern
ment post and receiving rations, nmmuni-
tion, and good breech-loading rifles to replace
those injured by being used to dash out
babies* and women’s brains. Finally, a de
tachment of troops should enter the park nnd
exterminate the red devils. It might bo ob
jected that this process of extermination
never really takes place, bat the doubter
would bo told that the last grand transforma-
tion scene in the sensational drama was in
tended to represent, not what is, but what
ought to bo.
THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT AND THE
PRESS.
Mr. SvtTiivAN, a member of tho British
Houso of Commons, a day or two since gave
notice that, in order to bring about a change
of tho anomalous condition of tho press and
the Houso, ho intended to daily notify tho
Houso of tho presence of strangers. This
seems somewhat singular in this country,
whore tho legislative halls are free to tho
public. Theoretically, all persons except
members and tho necessary officers are cx*
eluded from tho hall while the House of
Commons is in session. There is a small
gallory in tho hall, fenced off by a wire grat
ing. Admission to this gallery, which will
scat but comparatively few persons, is ob
tained by tickets from members. The hall of
tho House of Commons itself is a ding}*,
inconvenient room, of very ' limited
proportions, and not capable of seat
ing more than one-half the members.
When tho otteudanco is large, those not able
to obtain scats must stand or find refuge in
somo of tho various small ante-rooms adjoin
ing. Tho attendance of strangers is
by practice, but prohibited by rule. Officially
tho House is not aware of tho presence of
reporters; and tho publication of debates Is
in violation of law, —a law which is not,‘how
ever, enforced. British statesmen, like all
others, have great ambition to bo reported,
but none of them have tho ( conrogo to pro
pose a legal outhorization of the publication
of tho debates. Under the rules, it is suffi
cient for a member to coll tho attention of
tho Houso to tho presence of strangers, when
business is suspended and tho gallery is
cleared. It requires no motion for this pur
pose ; os soon as tho Speaker Is informed
that there * ore strangers present, bo mast
order their exclusion. a
Tho reporters for tho London papers ore
admitted to a port of ike strangers’ gallery
tipon tickets issued to them by the Speaker;
but this is in on unofficial way, and gives
them no right. They ore regarded just tho
same as any other strangers, and must go
out. In fact, their presbneo is n double vio
lation of law, because it is unlawful to take
notes or publish any of tho debates of Par
liament, tho Ilonso having in its history re
peatedly declared such publication to bo a
broach of the privileges of tho House. This
old rulo rests upon tho assumption that tho
publication of tho debates is an abridgment
of tho freedom of debate,—that it tends to
make the member responsible for what he
says. »
The purpose of Mr. Sullivan is clearly to
force the House of Commons to move a stop
forward; tjiat is, to repeal the rule no longer
enforced, and to legalize the publication of
debates as a right, and of course to legalize
the presence of reporters while the House is
sitting. Changes of Parliamentary laws and
regulotions, especially in cases of privilege,
are not frequent in England. The publics*
tiou of the debates is tolerated as a conces
sion to public opinion, hut it is questionable
whether the House will change Us rule unless
compelled to do so by the process proposed
by Mr. Sullivan of prohibiting their publica
tion. When it becomes a question of
authorizing or of enforced prohibi
tion, the law may be changed. Even
conservative John Hull will not consent
that Parliament shall transact its business in
secret. If the publication of Parliamentary
debates and proceedings be legalized, it is
possible that the now regulations will include
some accommodations for the reporters.
Parliament sits in the evening, and those
industrious gentlemen—the reporters—have
to do thslr work, without any convenience ol
soots or tables, in llio best way (hoy can be
hind (ho wlro screens which shut thorn out
from tho view of tho House. Mr. Sullivan
proposes to compol tho Houro to legalize tho
reporting and publication of tho debates by
insisting on tho enforcement of tho law
which prohibits them.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURTS.
Somo time ago, in a suit on trial beforo tho
Court of tho District of Columbia, a subpoena
was issued for Charles A. Dana, requiring
him to appear as a witness. The object of
the subpeunn was well understood. It was to
bring him within (ho territorial limits of (ho
District of Columbia, whore ho might ho ar
rested and held'to bail on charges of libels
upon various individuals connected with tho
recent dishonest nnd scandalous Government
of that unfortunate District. During the last
session, Mr. lltuo, of the Now York Tribune,
while attending ns a witness beforo a Con
gressional Committee, was arrested ou several
criminal nnd civil notions, and hold to bail.
Tho use of tho process of tho courts to sum
mon a citizen of another State as n witness,
lu order to bring him within tho
jurisdiction of a court for pur
poses of arrest on other charges,
is a prostitution of tho judicial process which
deserves neither respect nor countenance.
Whatever offenses in tho way of libel Mr.
Dana or Mr. Item may have committed
against persons in tho District of Columbia
wore committed in tho State of Now York,
aud tho law gives to each of tho aggrieved
persons tho right to proceed In Now York
against them by either civil or criminal pro
cess. Tho motive for trying these cases in
the District of Columbia is, that there tho
local courts, grand juries, and trial juries nro
all under -the control nnd influence of tho
very gang of unscrupulous men who protend
to have been falsely libeled.
Dana refused to obey the summons of tho
Washington court, and was arrested under
nn attachment. Upon a habeas corpus, ho
brought tho matter beforo Judge Blatoh
roßD, of tho United States District Court of
Now York, who, upon hearing tho case, dis
charged Dana from arrest.
The effect of this decision is that tho Court
of tho District of Columbia is ono of looal
jurisdiction, and that its process is not of
mithogty beyond tbo limits of tho Dis
trict. Wo suppose there Is no question as to
the correctness of this decision. Tho Couf t
nt Washington, because it was created by on
net of Congress, claims to bo a national court
with jurisdiction co-oxtonsivo with tho United
States. Judge Blatciiford, however, rules
Hint it is ono of tho 11 inferior courts ” which
the Constitution authorizes, with a local
jurisdiction like tho courts established
in tho Territories, and enu exercise
no extra territorial authority. This is
tho second rebuke tho Washington City
Court has received. It first indicted Dana
and sent a bench warrant to Now York for his
arrest, but tho Now York Court discharged
him. The some Court in Now York has now
decided that tho local Court of tho District of
Columbia cannot compel tho attondnneo of
witnesses from boyoud its jurisdiction. There
is a wail from tho District of Columbia.
They complain that tho District is reduced to
tho level of a State, aud that its potty local
courts have jurisdiction no greater than tho
courts of Now York, Ohio, or Illinois! Why
do not these libeled officers of tho District
go to Now York City, and suo Dana for libel
in tho United States Courts of that State ?
Why is it that they dare not try their coses
where tho libel was published, or anywhere
save by tboir own courts and thoir own
juries?
A DOOMEDCOUNTIIY.
Some primeval Kilkenny cat must have
slowly evolved, through countless centuries,
into tho flrst Spaniard. Atavism has como
into play, and Spain now reverts to tho traits
of this original ancestor. Tho parties into
which sbo is divided is fighting in tho familiar
way, and tho familiar result threatens to como
to pass oro long, It is becoming moro and
more of a question in European politics
whether the Great Powers ought not to inter
fere and settle the affairs of this powerless
and impotent wreck of a nation. Tho samo
question has proved a Pandora’s Box hitherto.
It lod to tho wars of tho Spanish Succession.
It was tho pretext that was seized upon for
beginning tho Franco-German war of 1870.
It may yet ’precipitate tho general European
war which now looms on tho world’s horizon.
Spain has nover recovered from the deadly
effects of ilia bigoted barbarism which mas
snored tho Jews and drove tho Moors into
Africa. That cruel measure stopped tho
manufactures, broke down art, exterminated
science, shut up tho schools, and chocked tho
civilization of tho country. It was a political
blunder greater oven thjm that fateful revoca
tion of tho Edict of Nantes, which exterminat
ed or expelled tho Iluguonots from Franco.
Since that day, it seems as if nothing which
coaid counteract civilization hod boon loft
undone. Tho separation flf tho different
provinces has led to an intermarrying be
tween persons of tho samo blood which has
preserved and even intensified tho provincial
peculiarities. Tho notional Uo has thus been
weakened, and the national character has de
teriorated under this constant brocdlng-lu.
. Then education has been wholly in the hands
of tho clergy—and, still worse, of tho clergy
of ono sect. Tho inevitable result of this
sort of thing has followed. The clergy of no
sect has ever shown itself capable of educat
ing even half of a nation. Bo Spanish Intel
ligonco has been systematically throttled.
Spanish bloodthirstiness, cruelty, and re
vcngofulnoss havo boon carefully nurtured
by tho auto-da-fe of the religious, and. tho
bull-fights of tho civil, power. Freedom of
the press, an upright judiciary, the rights of
association and petition,—such safeguards of
freedom and olds of progress have never ex
isted on Spanish soil.
To-day the Spanish kaleidoscope shows a
shifting mixture of graudees aud beggars
and both In onej of brigands fighting on
their own hook or in behalf of Oahlos or
Alfbonso | of Jesuits pulling political wires
aud Protestant clergymen leaving tho coun
try in fright; of Ultromontauism triumphant
and Liberal and Democratic papers sup
pressed; of stagnant commerce, ruined rail
roads, and neglected agriculture; of a weak,
childish King, with traitors for Ministers,
cowards for soldiers, and bigots for advisors ;
of another King, equally weak, equally
bigoted, and surrounded by tho same sort
of loathsome crowd; and of rapine,
murder, ignorance, fanaticism, disunion,
and war. What hope can there bo for such a
country ? It cannot pay even one-third of
tho guaranteed interest on Us debt of $2,0C0,-
ooo,oo*—moro than we owed at the olose of
our Civil War. Its revenue and Us forolgn|tra<lo
are decreasing at tho rale bf many millions a
mouth. Its expenses, on tho other hand, are
greater to-day than they were yesterday, and
will be greater still to-morrow.
Here is a deadly example of the evils of
uniting Church and State,—a proof that that
union is apt to mako tho two one, nnd to
iuako tho ono.infinitely worse than oithor, if
separate, would bo. Everything now is reaction
in tho direction of a complete break-up ol
tho bonds which hold society together.
COMPULSORY EDUCATION IN PRACTICE
Tho Now, York press shows a commend,
able spirit in printing frequent ami full ro!
turns of tbo workings of tho now educational
low in that city. Tho record is of greatin.
torost, for, if tho experiment succeeds in th a
metropolis of tho country, its possible W]c
cess everywhere elso may bo taken for grant!
cd. It lias often been urged that coinpui Ror] !
education is an impossibility outside of the
rural districts. When it is argued, ou tbo
other hand, that a sovontccn-yearV trial
of tho law in Massachusetts has i D ,
creased tho school attendance 4q p E *
cont, and made it difficult to fi n ,j
a child who caunot read and write, tun]
that tho great thrift aud comfort of tb Q
poorer classes in that Stnto are mainly doe to
tho strict enforcement of the act, tbs
doubters Bay that tho Boy State is a rustic
community, with a few factory towns and cm
moderately largo city, but with nothing which
can ho compared with Now York City, auj
that tho admitted success of tho experiment
there, although prolonged over so mao;
years, is no proof of tho possibility of ep.
plying tho law to metropolitan communities.
This kind of orgumont is meeting with •
crushing reply. Compulsory education, tried
in tho largest city of America, Is succeeding,
Tho fact should ho kept before tho people.
Tho now educational census nowboingbk.
cn in Now York City shows n Bchool.popuij,
tion of nearly 250,000. Tho attendance it
tho public schools before tho now law vent
into effect was less than half this number.
After duo allowance had been made for tki
many boys nnd girls enrolled in private ncoi
omies, there remained a vast army of gro*.
ing recruits for tho criminal classes, he,
tachmcnts of this army are now being &]}
brought under tho chastening influences ol
education. Tho trnant-agonts make constant
rounds in search of children who are out of
school. Thoy talk with them and their pv
rents, and try to persuade parents and chi
drou that tho best possible thing for the lot
ter is to get an education. A policy
like this has made tho' poorer clasp«
of Massachusetts tho firmest believers in the
law. Thoy look upon it as a safeguard o.'
their rights. Any attempt to repeal it would
awoken their liveliest opposition. So far in
tho New York experiment, only persuasion
has boon needed to convince parents. Ttvi
terrors of tho law hovo not hod to ho called
into play except in tlio case of some Lomclcsi
little vagrants. Tho Superintendent of Tru
ancy has submitted a report covering thf
time from March 17 to April C, from which i;
appears that during that time 119 occasion!
truants, 37 habitual truants, and 4(1 non
attendants, many of whom bad neve
boon at . school, wero reported. 0!
these 203 children, 131 have already
been reclaimed. As soon as the night-school;
are opened, tbo newsboys and bootblack
will bo swept into them. “ Many iuteredicj;
cases,” says tbo New York Tribune , “might
bo*cited, all tending to show that tho Com
pulsoiy-Education net is working satisfy
torily throughout New York; tbot its prac
tical benefits are already being made mani-
fest in tho increased attendance fit the
schools, and that it meets with tho indorse
ment and co-operation of parents generally,
who recognize tho Importance of an educa
tion for their children and a removal from
tho demoralizing influence# of street associi
tion in a crowded city." Wo trust to bo
able to say this of Chicago oro long.
''Audit’s oh I for tho touch of a vanished
hand, and tho sound of a voice that ia still, ”
with a reproachful Inflection upou tho tom-
Joction. Tho vaalßbodhondpolnledtoaclraia.
stance that did not happeu, and tho voice Ibilta
still must have boon still lying os of yoro. im
porter of a French newspaper ctllod upon tho
celebrated English medium, Mr. Peters Ho*i
The reporter was, we regret to say, charged *ith
tho flippancy and skepticism of his order. To
convince him of tho imperishable truths of
Spiritualism, the medium wont into a trance. It
was April 3, and quite mild were tho skies,
which is a singular coincidence of gin*
which 000 . does not understand. The
medium said: "It is ton mlntuos put 1
p. m. At this moment a woman named Jut
Banker baa Just assassinated her father In Chi
cago by smothering him with a blanket, kA
said Jake Danueo will bo arrested.” Hi
described the scone, and told tho reporter w
write to America, and the statement would t*
verified. Now, If this murder has really happen*
od, Mr. Jake Keum should say something about
it. Perhaps the Incident Is remarkable as ooca
for tho touching faith of tho medium aa to: uj’
thing else. He confidently selected Chicago, 1 w
cause bo had no doubt that a murder of m®*
kind would ooour near enough to that Urns k
justify his invention, hut ho overreached w*
ho trusted in tho police.
Tho Now York Sun is the oobc venomcmio f»
the aotl-OnAMT papers in the United State*. »
studiously misinterprets the motive* for ’
every act, and assigns a fsl*o reason for w
does. It professes not to understand why At o •
ney-Qeueral Wiluaus has resigned, and p*
this statement of the matter:
Precisely why tho President has become
favorite Attoruoy-Oeueral, I sm not able to * u^ u
so It Is; snd Mrs. Willuus has appealed
save some kind of oOlclul dignity for her hu*Mw» *-
herself. After Mr. Eokeb usd been,
confirmed ss Minuter to Uussis, the tini
her that place, and this office was held for
under comddoratlon. Mis. Williams, hows'*.
ly concluded that ss she hod boou pwiiiln*®* ", j,
crusade against Madame CaTAOirv, which re
tho social ostracism of that lady long before lj> '
himself was dlamlssed, St. Petersburg w j > ~p. D . gal#
place where ahe could aspect gbrilltyt < or even h
career: and accordingly, though with great rdiciw-*
the olfer was declined. . , Prat
Mrs. Williams then made a dead wU* uIW
dout to obtain for her husband the post ~r!»ua la
England, Against this proposition tkcreun
torposed ell his lufiuimoo; and, bc }* d hfl L. ici
Soukmos, who has no political opening at n
tinea tho failure of Ullia Emma, nothing A
salary aud his ocoaaiousl winnings at poker
baa never had any thought of ftai>
min him would cause trouble with hu fruo u
It, the request that Williams should U
tbs Court of 8U James was refused, andU 1«*
IguaUoa has been demanded.
Am tho Eiidllih nowspapor. '■‘'““•.Sl
deeds of Chlca 6 o’» doughty werrlon to '
ituml tournament, and add to the list u
knights other contribuliona from too .
solemnly behoove# ua to boo what wl
England U making. New York and 0°
bad VanLET, and Vaiuxy baa been
as a coaxer of elnnors. Vibliv iher •
casarUy falls short of the mark, for » “ f -ii
ayetem of “ taking Ibo Kingdom of
“by violence.” The balance baa ■<
however, by ibo ministrations of M
and Beabd in the Church of the Holy*
New York, of which the Bov. S- ll* Mlcr ,
not unknown in ecclesiastical warfare. »v fi{
These ladies give daily services to | r lO ol4 bla
the oongrogation, and are generally }t £ oa |i
Americans will be apt to accept tUfl “ niWlli ii»U
murmur, as being a fair exchange, •rj'
the case of the younger lady, Mm*
Tha Pre.td.ot of th. Bociod.d EipWj*“®[
panola, tho Central Spiritualistic wr jt*
Spain, the VUcoont D»
to bis Philadelphia assoclais that M M
to contribute to tbs Centennial **e
bring Spiritualism forward and sihiwt »
Exposition. Tbs Ylsesunt must res**** -

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