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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, May 14, 1875, Image 4

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’HE TRIBUNE.
TERMS OF Tl
oina or arracnrrnos (patamji m adtancx).
Pontage prepaid at lIII* Office,
nillf.lmr 813.001 } ye»P....*
Trt.Wertlf,, * II.UU conll* 7.0(1
Onndey Edition. „ Teaooplee 14.00
donble ibott 3.001
Parla of ft rear at tho aattio rale.
Wanted—One aeliro agent In Mob lowa aßdvtUaga.
Special ftrraneetnanls made with anon.
Specimen eopte* aent free.
To prerent delay end mlafake*. he rare And girt Pott-
Office addrri* in ltd), including State and Connty.
RcnUilaneea map bo made elllicrby draft, eiprete, Poei-
Offieeorder, or la rcclitcrwl letter*. atnnrrbk.
TT.nna to ertr mmccittnnßß.
Dallr, delivered, Rnmlay excepted, J»D cenlaperweek,
Dally, delivered, Sundar Included, 30 cent* por weak.
Addreaa TIIR TRIIIUNR COM PANT,
Corner Madlion and Dcarborn.tta., Chlcaio, 111.
TO-DAY’3 AMUSEMENTS,
M'VICKKB’S TIIBATRE-Madlroo etreot, between
Dearborn ami State. Eaaairemeat of Alai. Adalalda
lUitorl. "Medea.'*
ACADEMY OF MOBIO-lUliled alreet, between Mad
|»on and Monroe. EnjtaiMiaoot of Mn. Lander. Benefit
of Mn. lander. *• Antony and Cleopatra."
UOOLKT’S THEATRE—Randolob itreet, betwaea
Clark and LaSalle. Rmerton'e Mimtralf.
ADCLFfII THEATRE—Dearborn etreet, corner Mon
ts*. Variety Entertainment.
HOWE'S AMERICAN OIROUS-Lako Shore, foot of
Waahlastea iireet.
HEW ENGLAND CHURCH-Corner Dearborn etreet
Dd Delaware piece. Allegory of " Pilgrim's Procme."
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
D. A. OASTIMAN LODGE, No. CW, A. F. and A. M.
Special communication will bu bold In their hill, corner
Madleon andHobey.it*., »hl« (Friday) erotiin* at 8 o’clk.
.Work on M. M. Dostm. VUUW b»t!t,'’s.r5 r, ys u L ,n *
Tlted. It. J. iMUI’HINLY, W. M.
ORIENTAL LODGE. No. .U A. F. A A. M.-SpeeUl
Communication thl» (Friday) rronlim. at 7:30 o clock, for
work on the Third D«n*o. 'Che freternl'y cordially In-
TU.a to M «llh I), ordoj.onii JJfSScn, s.a.
BUSINESS NOTICES.
TWO OLANOES AT HUB MIRBOB -OSE BE-
Inn*, tbs other idler using "I.nlril* illoorn of south
will convince &ar Irdy of mature year* that the U** can
celed ton j caw o/ her a««. »o lar a*, national appoaraßCo
if cuneoraed. during tb<? flro mlnntui conautnsd In the
operation. tiuld by ynigCiiUeecr) wlioto.
TUB POPUTaAR FH!fiT-CI.AR3 DBNTAI. ROOMS
ara found at .MrUfctanoy’a. comer Clark and lUndelnb
»(■, Only 48, a lull «ef of best cum tooth. Satisfaction
dron or roon*r wfomlad. __
Wat Qfrilnmc.
Friday Morning, May 14. 1875.
Latest reports of tho condition of the Hon.
Jonn C. BaECEtNiunac indicate no change
either for better or worse, and no immediate
prospect of dissolution.
To avoid a repetition of tho Harper haul,
(ho Warehouse Commissioners will require
> inspection foes to bo deposited in bank, sub
ject to tho drafts of (ho Board.
Yesterday was tho eighty-third anniversary
cf tho birth of tho Popo. A party of pil
grims from Mayonco congratulated His Holi
ness upon tho occasion, and in reply ho com
plimented tho German clergy for their stead
fast loyalty.
A party of Black Hills adventurers, con
sisting of forty-two men and six wagons, has
been captured by a detachment of troops
and token to Fort Randall as prisoners, to bo
held until instructions are received concern
ing their treatment.
The Kentucky Republican Stato Conven
tion was held in Louisville yesterday, and was
notable for tho largo attendance and the per
fect harmony of its proceedings. Gen. John
M, Harlan, a gallant soldier, and a citizen of
groat popularity and recognized ability, was
the nominee for Governor.
It is stated by our Washington correspond*
ent that Supervisor Muxn, though not
charged with complicity in tho whisky
frauds in his district, will bo afforded an
opportunity to vacate his office, the appoint*
inont of his successor being by Secretary
Dbistow deemed essential for tho good of
tho service, which will also require tho dls*
missal of all Gangers and Storekeepers of
distillers where frauds havo been discovered.
Doubts are expressed as to whether tho
Emperor of Germany will sign tho bill for
the abolition of monastic institutions, a d the
Empress is desirous that tho Slaters of Mercy
end other orders devoting thcmeolvcs to tho
cars of tho sick aud wounded be exempted
ficom tho provisions of tho measure. Bis-
ISZABOs, having set bis heart upon it, threat
<ms to resign in ease tho bill docs not become
a law before tho session of Parliament ends.
The letter of Mr. Henby Vincent, pub
lished in this paper on Monday, concerning
tho Beeches case, has evoked a dclugo of
letters, in which ha is severely excoriated for
his alleged defense of Mr. R. and arraign
ment of his traducors. Wo publish two of
thoso letters, as indicating how Mr. Vin
cent's letter was understood by perhaps a
great many persons. Wo question, howovor,
whether ho will ever Toceivo any thanks for
bis elaborate review of tho caso from tho
friends of tho Great Defendant.
Another step In tho matter of sotting aside
the recent fraudulent charter election was
taken yesterday under tho auspices of tho
Citizens’ Association. Several prominent
members of that body, including its Presi
dent, are tho complainants in a bill filed In
the Circuit Court against tho City of Chicago,
the hill setting forth the various well-known
grounds for declaring tho returns illegal and
tho election void, —such as ballot-box stuf
fing, fraudulent voting, the neglect to keep
poll-lists, refusal to appoint clerks, insufficient
and informal election notice, and other irreg
uloritioa.
Judge Dilton, of the United States Circuit
Court, yesterday rendered a decision in
the celebrated bridge dispute between Omoha
and Council Bluffs, in which also was in
volved tho question, as between those two
cities, of tho eostero terminus of tho Union
Pacific Railroad* Tho decision is in favor of 1
Council Rlnffs, denying tho right of the
Company to operate the bridge by woy of
transfer or lease to another company, and
compelling the operation of tho bridge in
such a manner as to form a continuous lino
to Council Bluffs. The case will doubtless
be carried to tho United States Supremo
Court.
The Chicago produce markets were Irregu
lar yesterday, with loss doing, &s the Board
of Trade adjoamod at noon in honor of tho
Army Reunion. Moss pork wos quiet, and
16e per brl lower, closing at £[email protected]
cash, and £21.55 for June. Lard was quiet and
24(560 per 100 tbs lower, closing at $16.05®
1&87}ca5hand515.40(3>15.424 for June. Meals
Vera quiet and unchanged, at 6jo for shoul
ders, XlJOllJa for short ribs, and 12}o for
abort clears. Higbwines wore nominally un
changed at $1.16 per gallon. Lake freights
We quiet and firm. Flour was quiet and
•toady. Wksai was moderately active and
i<ro.Jo higher, closing at sl.ol} cash anil
$1.03J for Jnno. Com was in fair demand
and 4@|o higher, closing at 72Jc cash and
74j|o for Jnno. Oats were active and 3@lo
higher, dosing at Clc .cash and 6G-.|o for
Juno. Rye was quiet and steady at SI.OO.
Barley was quiet and unchanged, at $1.83 for
May. Hogs were active and closed easier.
Sales at [email protected]. Cattle were neglected
and weak. Sheep were firm.
Bed Clopd and Spotted Tail wore seized
with a desire to bo interviewed while iu
Omaha, and the editor of tho Dee had the
honor of receiving their communications
upon the subject of tho starvation of their
tribes by dishonest agents. Tho Sioux Chiefs
101 l a pitiful story of privation and suffering,
and, as they have boon shrewd enough to toko
their own interpreters to Washington, they
will bo able to lay before tho Great Father
their grievances in such a shape as to secure
for them a fair hearing and prompt relief and
redress. .
In another column wo print this morning
an interesting hut painful account of tho
reappearance of tho grasshopper plague in
the West. Tho prospect for this year’s suc
cess of our Western fanners is not encourag
ing. It is to bo hoped frost, rain, or some
thing else, will destroy thoso posts, but al
ready they have done considerable damage to
the crops. Last winter, iu numerous public
addresses to tho people for the relief of Kan
sas and Nebraska, Gen. BaianiN expressed
tho belief that tho grasshoppers would be
come a national plague, nud urged tho seed
ing of all the bolt of country over which
they had passed. Tho course of the locusts
is cost, and, it is said, they seldom are bad
two years iu tho same section, but fly off to
a new region to commit their ravages. It is
now on interesting question whether they
may not in time become a national calamity.
Tbo evidence on both sides in tho BEccnnn
trial is now finished, tbo last of tho witnesses
being beard yesterday, tbo Court adjourning
until ‘Wednesday, when tbo argument for tbo
defense will begin, to continue for about fivo
days, according to ilr. EvAnxs* estimate.
Tho prosecution will close, probably occupy
ing about an equal length of time; tbo Judge
will sum up and deliver bis charge to tbo
jury, and there is reason to expect that
in about two weeks the present pro
ceedings will bavo ended. Tho trial
proper began on tho 4th of January
of this year, tbo caso being first brought be
fore Judge McCtm, whoso rule ordering
Tilton to filo a bill of particulars bad been
reversed by Judge Neilson, to whoso Court,
on tbo Stli of Jannary, tbo suit was trans
ferred, Mr, Evauts filing an exception, Tbo
impaneling of the jury began on tbo 6th,
and was concluded in threo days. On tbo
lllb, Mr. Mourns began the opening for tbo
plaintiff, and on tbo 13th Phancib I), Moul
ton took tho stand, precisely four months
ago yesterday.
A PARTY VICTORY.
"While it was not possible tor any newspaper
to withhold its approval of tbo recent success
ful raid on the whisky-ring, the Chicago
Timet cannot repress its Democratic proclivi
ties, and it reflects the probable tenor of
Democratic partisan criticism in tho following
paragraph:
Wiiat does It mean 7 By wbat authority has Becrc.
Tory Boiarov teen secretly placing a mins under tho
combined works of the whisky-ring and tho revenue
service? Who haa permitted him thus to sap and
mine tho strongest bulwarks of tho parly, ud blow up
its fortifications, sending sky-high hundred*, nay
thousands, of its most devoted generals and lieuten
ants ? What does it moon 7 lias Ocaht Jobnsoulzsd 7
Has the Washington Cabinet formed a conspiracy to
destroy tho party ship and drown tbs swarms of olfico
holding rats that bavo so long multiplied and fattened
in tho cargo 7
It means no such thing as the Chicago
Tuna affects to boliovo, and nobody knows
it better than (hot organ. It means that tho
Republican party is now, as in tho post, the
party of reform and progress. Malign in
fluences and corrupt agendas havo from time
to tizuo attached themselves to this party,—
as what groat political party may hopo to es
cape? Money-makers and scoundrels are
shrewd enough to work their way into tho
party in power, and honest men have been
deceived into indorsing or tolerating dishon
est measures. Tho Republican party, in Us
sixteen yean of rale, and besot with difficul
ties and complications that no other party in
this country over encountered, coaid not di
vest itself of these penalties of success. Rut
it has, in all of its trials, developed in time
the pluck, honesty, and ability to expose
the corruption and rid itself of tho
corruptionists that hove threatened to weigh
it down. Raring tho War, and since the
War, tho Republican party has boldly faced
(ho disasters that come from internal rascali
ties, and has maintained itself by exposing
aud correcting tho abuses, instead of shirking
tho responsibility, and endeavoring to hide,
and cover up, aijd smother, its own troubles.
There Is a bravery in tide course akin to tho
patriotism and energy which pat down tho
War of the Rebellion. It is this character
istic of the Republican party which has con
stantly commanded the support of tho popu
lar veto, in spite of serious dissensions,
important disoffeclions, and temporary re
verses. Thcro havo been troubles aud abuses
enough to havo carried down any party
not possessed of this courageous spirit.
Rut every woU-dofiucd abuse lias mot
with prompt investigation, aud tho
exposure aud dismissal of tho guilty parties.
Tho Republican party took tho Orcdit-Mo
bllior swindle by the horns aud grappled with
it successfully. Though it could not recoup
all that had been squandered, it'oxposcd to
public shamo tho men who had boon leaders
in tho conspiracy against tho public moneys,
aud it authorized suits which may in tho
end secure a partial restoration of the fraudu
lent profits. The District of Columbia Ring
was one of tho most formidable raids over
organized upon tho Government Treasury,
and it had the support of tho most powerful
personal and .political influences. Yet tho
Republican party broke it up and scattered
its forces. The New York . Custom-House
clique was similarly sustained by strong
supports of a personal and political char
acter, but it foiled to escape tho inherent op
position of tho party to corruption, and was
driven to the wall. The solary.grab was an
abase of tho public trust, which, like most of
tho public abuses, was achieved by a com
bination of tho bad mon in both parties j but
tho Republican majority in Congress did
what it oould in tho way of atonement as
soon os the drift of publio sentiment was ap
parent, and Repnblican voters promptly
punished those who were chiefly gallty.
When .the sentiment of the country was
plainly declared against the grant of publio
land and moneys for railroad and other im
provement schemes, the Republican party
abandoned its former policy, which had
boon productive of great benefits as
well as abuses. Never was there a more per
, sis tent and powerful lobby than that of the
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1875.
Pacific Mail, and though one Congress was
deceived and controlled by it, an exposure of
its operations by the last Congress led to n
prompt repeal of the subsidy, and left thoso
who wore implicated to Buffer for their Kins.
These are fair samples of what the Republic*
an parly has done to purify its own house
hold, and to retain its claim upon the public
confidence.
The recent movements of the Administra
tion, and especially those iu revenue and mail
service, are entirely in keeping with the pol
icy of the Republican party from the begin,
niug, os we have illustrated it above. They
show that this party is still strong in tho pos
session of tho right material to battle against
its worst enemies,—tho sconndrcls who
act with it for their own selfish purposes,—
and that this material comes to the front
when tho emergencies of tho public service
call it out. It has further the support of Re
publican newspapers, of which tboNow York
Times, tho Boston Advertiser, tho Cincinnati
Gazette, tho St, Louis Democrat, and The
Chicago Tjubunb are samples, which have
the fairness and fortitude to assist in running
down tho corruptionists) and to insist in rid
ding tho party of their prosouco. Tho suc
cess of thoso movements against corruption
by tho Republican party In the
past warrants the utmost confidence in
Secretary Bristow’s breaking of tho
whisky-ring, notwithstanding tho bold
announcement that ho has $10,000,000 and a
vast array of politicians to contend against.
The raid on this gigantic ring has boon begun
in a manner that promises thoroughness in
its prosecution. It will probably load in the
end to n very general change iu the personnel
of tho revenue service, and act ns a warning
and restraint on officeholders for years to
come. In tills way it io a grand victory for
tho Republican party,—grander and more ef
fective than will bo tho defeat of William
Allen in Ohio and tho rescue of Indiana
from tho hands of tho Democrats.
THE FIRST REGIMENT.
Tbo First Regiment of tho Illinois Stato
Guard paraded yesterday for the first time.
There were about 400 men in tbo ranks, be
ing all that bavo yot been uniformed. They
made a most imposing appearance in their
handsome uniform and tasteful equipments.
Tbo effect of threo months * drill to which
tbo companies have been subjected was yes
terday very evident. Tbo officers deserve
tbo highest commendation for the fidelity
with which they hove brought tbo men to
such proficiency.
TUo regiment bos so far been successful in
maintaining its character as an organization
of reputable persons, and it is to bo hoped
will continno so to tho end. There is no such
harry in filb'ng up tbo regiment as to induco
a departure from a rigid rolo of excluding all
persons of intemperate habits or questionable
personal character. Bettor bo a year longer
in filling tho ranks than to toko in those who
may bo a reproach to tho organization, and
ultimately load to its demoralization. Tho
regiment has now a deserved reputation no
composed of first-class men, and that repu
tation is worth much to every association,
but especially to a military organization. Let
it bo maintained, and tho ranks will in duo
time bo filled by those wbo may well regard
it as an honor to bo members of the First
Regiment.
There is nothing to prevent this regiment,
thus composed, and officered by men proud
of their comrades and skillful in military mat
ters, attaining a front rank in tho volunteer
soldiery of tho Northwest. There is nothing
to prevent it becoming a most thoroughly
efficient and drilled organization. Tho
parade yesterday was creditable to tho regi
ment ; lot these young men see to it that tho
standard shall never bo lowered.
THE SCHOOL QUESTION IN OHIO.
It is altogether likely that tho issue be
tween the Catholics and tho public schools
will cut somo figure in tho approaching Gu
bernatorial campaign in Ohio. Tho manner
of passing tho Geqizan law (relative to re
ligious worship in reformatory and charita
ble institutions), though outirely proper in
itself, tho construction which has been put
upon it in certain quarters, and the partisan
ship created in tho Catholic Church, havo all
helped to force any issue that might possibly
arise between tho Catholics and auU-Oalh
olics, and range themselves solidly upon op
posite sides. Added to those circumstances,
tho probability of Judge Tart’s candidature
will help to bring in tho public-school
question. Judge Toft was one of tho
Judges of tho Superior Court in Cincinnati at
the timo tho controversy arose in that city
relative to tho exclusion of tho Riblo from
tho publio schools. The Board of Education
passed a resolution which prohibited tho
reading of tho Riblo, and those favoring its
retention made up u caso In which tho Court
was called on to pass upon tho question. Tho
purport of Judge Taft’s dissenting opinion
(afterwards sustained by tho Supremo Court)
was that, tboro being nothing in tho Consti
tution of tho Stato requiring tho reading of
tho Riblo, nor prohibiting it, it was clearly at
the discretion of tho Roard to retain or ex
clude its use, and that tho Board had not,
therefore, exceeded its province.
Since Judge Taft has been prominently
mentioned In connection with the Republican
nomination for Governor, this decision has
been cited os indicative of his favoring either
a division of tho school-fund between tho
Catholics and Protestants, ox a release of tho
Catholics from taxation for school purposes.
Jadgo Taft, in a recent interview with a cor*
respondent of the Cleveland J/miW, has
finally set at rest all speculations in this re
gard. In reply to a question relative to a
division of tho school-fund, ho quoted that
portion of Ills decision in which lie held that
tho Constitution of tho Stato forbids the im
position of any sectional creed in any form
in tho public schools, and then added:
Jut to tho cuklug of mother Coaetltutloo, I boiler*
It is do part of Ibu Gubernatorial duty. But, if any
one has « curiosity to know what I would do, if I waa
Governor, and a Governor bad anything to do with
making a now Constitution, / new say that I wouti
Itav s that provitioti of th* ConitUuttonjuM <uUU, mid
the ahool-futul ihauii bi forntr tnvMabU~ undivided
and iodivulble.
Uis position waa rendered still clearer by
the following question and answer t
11 If you are not in favor of a division of th* school*
fund, do you favor tha release of the Catholics from
their ihsr* of the taxat now paid for the eupport of
the public achoola f"
•* Certainly not," answered the Judge. M The Catb*
ollca must continue to be taxed for the benefit of the
public schools, like every other close of our people,"
If, then, the Republican party in Ohio
shall nominate Judgo Tin for Governor, it
will have a candidate who holds no doubtful
position in regard to the publio-ahool system
as one of tho institutions of the countryj
and, in this matter, he will receive the sap
port of every citizen who fully realizes the
significance of this issue. There ore many
other reasons why Judge Tin would be a be
coming candidate for the Republican party.
Be has practiced law in Cincinnati with credit
ever sines 18U, eaoept daring tha yeera
lie Bat on tho Bondi. Tho last time
ho was elected to tho Bonch he had
tho exceptional honor of being chosen
unanimously, for, though nominated by tho
regular Republican Convention, tho Demo
crats declined to pat anybody in nomination
against him. Ho joined tho Republican par
ty in its earliest days, has been n stanch
adherent of (ho parly ever since, and has al
ways refused to run after strange gods. With
tho exception of his service on tho Bench, ho
has never been in public life, but his private
career has been ono of consistent integrity
and devotion to the public interests.
CHURCH AND STATE IN GERMANY.
Mr. David A. Wasson's paper before tho
American Association for the Advancement of
Science took tho ground that the present
Teutonia trouble was wholly one-sided. It
represented the Church as aggressive and de
fiant, tho State as reluctantly forced Into a
hesitating policy of defense, which it pur
sues with all possible mildness. This is n cu
rious instance of irreligious bigotry. It is
not usual to find a contest of many years' du
ration between two great bodies, each of
them aiming at practically despotic power, in
which ono is all right and the other all
wrong. Kor arc wo accustomed to consider
Prussia as a timorous, shrinking State, which
cowers before opposition, and must
bo goaded to tho last degree before
making a feeble attempt to assert
its rights. It is almost incredible
that Mr. Wasson could have drawn such a
picture. It is not only wholly improbable on
aprwn grounds, but it is flatly contradicted
by facts. Wo are indebted to tho Springflold
(Mass.) Republican for a statement token
from a Frankfort paper of the Government
prosecutions commenced during tho single
month of March under tho Ecclesiastical laws.
There were between eighty and ninety of
them. Five Bishops were involved. Ono or
two of them were clapped into prison. At
ono fell swoop, thirty-nine priests wore put
in jail for an indefinite period, because they
declined to give any evidence concerning a
“ secret delegate," whom tho Pope is said to
have sent them. Tho address presented to
the Pope a few days since, which
was signed by ono million Ger
mans, was repeatedly searched for, but
was not found. Tho foot that a secret con
fided to so many people escaped detection,
| shows that tho Church has not been enfeebled
by persecution, after all, Tbe flues imposed
during March amounted to more than $1,500,
and tho aggregate term of imprisonment to
which tho culprits were sentenced was twclvo
years. Some arrests were made in the churches
anti by soldiers. There wore twenty “domi
ciliary visits." Twelve public meetings and so
cieties were suppressed, and fourteen school*
masters wore suspended. While Catholicism
was so harassed, n free-thinking preacher
who had the blasphemous temerity to declare
that the Bible contained errors was con
demned to a month’s imprisonment. Wo
commend this incident to the party in
American politics which proposes to “ put
God into the Constitution.” Such uses of
the courts is the natural result of religious
politics. A free-thinker in Jail makes more
free-thinkers than he over could outside of it.
All this, however, was only one branch of tbo
struggle. There wero fifty press prosecu
tions under these same laws during March.
All of them resulted In convictions 1
In view of these facta, the theory stated by
Mr. Wasson may well bo seriously questioned
Wo. are not now discussing tbo right or
wrong of tbo contest. Civilized men gener
ally admit that religious persecution is wrong,
but some of them seem to think that civil
persecution is quite another thing. Whether
or not tills is so, there seems to bo a fine
sample of the latter within tho boundaries of
tho Gorman Empire.
A STRANGE STORY FROM ALABAMA.
Ono of tho rpon who came to tho surface at
tho close of tho War was Mr. George E,
Spencer. Since July 25, 3606, he has sat in
tho United States Senate as a Senator from
the State of Alabama. There is now some
evidence that this statesman obtained his
election in on irregular fashion. The story
runs that some men were bought with money
aud some wero scared with troops. Money
and troops wore both fraudulently supplied by
civil, subordinates of tho General Govern
mont. Tho ways and means of tho first elec
tion of Mr. Spencer have not yet appeared,
but can bo imagined, particularly in the light
of tho revelations before a committee of tho
Alabama Legislature. Tho full report bos not
yet been mado public, bat tho copious ex
tracts from the testimony which we have
printed tend to show that Mr. Spencer is a
political fraud. Tho evidence throws a good
deal of side-light on Southern politics, and Is
altogether on interesting and valuable contri
bution to tbo political history of the South
since tho War.
The proof against, Bpenceb scorns to ho
cumulative and strong. In tho first place,
he is what is called a political carpet-bagger.
Despite some marked and honorable excep
tions, this class, as a class, has not been a
success or a benefit to the country. Then
his alleged agents have been, if tho evidence
bo true, of a queer sort, nts intimate friend
and political supporter is Hinds, the mail*
contractor who has recently been mixed up
in an investigation by Postmaster-General
Jewell. Again, his appo intoes to Federal
offices have in many cases proved to bo of ques
tionable character. Moreover, the Legisla
ture which voted him in, In 1673, was ono of
very mixed character. Finally, the evidence
against tho man is strong, and comes, most of
it, from llopublican sources.
The manner of his re-election, In 1678, ac
cording to tills testimony, seems to have
been ae follows: As tho time approached for
tho Legislature to convene, it became evi
dent that the Democrats, with the help of the
honest Republicans, could defeat Spenoeb.
A splltwos therefore resolved upon. Spekoeb’s
friends withdrew from the regular Legis
lature and set up one of their own in the
Court-House at Montgomery. Each foctlon
then tried to secure a quorum. Two mem
bers of the regular body wore bribed, it Is
said, and one was drugged into insensibility.
The absence of these three prevented any
action by the 44 Capitol Legislature," os It
was colled, in contradistinction to the “Court-
House Legislature." To give tho latter a
quorum, two men, Baksb and Chisholm, de
feated candidates for the Legislature, were
induced to present themselves and claim
seats. They were at once admitted. Then
Spenoeb was elected, and $9,000,000 of bonds
were issued. A connection is supposed to
have existed between the two facts. Suffice
it to eay that, when Attorney-Oenorol Will
iams brought about a coalition of the two
wings of the Legislature, ho made it a con
dition that the validity of Spencer's election
and of tho bonds should not bo questioned.
Alabama never got A cent for those bonds, ac
cording to the financial report of lost year.
Ail aooa as the coalition took place, Hanoi
received a State office. Ho was afterwards
appointed United States Marshal for Northern
Alabama. CinsnoiAi was appointed io a place
in tho Mobile Custom-House.
This is tho general outline of the plan. If
wo should fill It up, wo should qnoto
tho testimony given with such en
gaging frankness by Mr. James Bar-
BEn, Clerk of tho Lower Honso in tho
Spencer Legislature and Assistant Secretary
of tho Bopublicnn State Executive Committee.
Ho submitted Spencer's autograph letters on
tho subject to tho Committee. It was a mail*
contractor who held tho money needed to
elect Mr. Spencer 5 but it was our ingenuous
friend Harder who bought tho Lowndes
County delegation for $2,500 and a mail
route apiece.
Bo tho story goes on. What wo have given
is n sample of tho whole.
In tho case of Oaldwelt., of Kansas, Sena
tor Morton laid down tbs rule that a man
whoso election was duo to bribery, and who
oven consented to tho negotiation, without
meddling in it himself, should bo expelled
from tho Senate. As soon as Congress meets,
lot an investigation take place.
SOUTHERN EDUCATION.
It has boon a matter of public congratula
tion, especially at tho North, that tho pnblio
school wna fast becoming a really national
institution and that universal education Lad
really become a fact In many communities
south of Mason and Dixon’s lino. The fear
of the North lest tho first Civil-Bights bill
should closo Southern schools killed that
measure, and. the second draft of tho bill
wisely left tbe educational question un
touched. Tho closing of tho Arkansas pub
lie schools, made necessary by tho bankrupt
condition of the State, docs not seem to have
attracted any especial attention at tho South,
bnt it has been widely lamented at the
North. Some recent developments in regard
to the text-books in voguo in tho South may
perhaps servo to mitigate grief over tho fail
ure, and joy over tho success, of Southern
schools. A Philadelphia firm has just issued
a Bohool-hlslory, written by a person named
Derry, who colls himself “ Professor," and
who lives at Augusta, Go. Tho book is de
signed for Southern use, and, judged by tho
extracts wo hove seen, is calculated to do as
much harm as auy text-book can. It is bit
terly partisan, and its so-called historical
facta are as unhistorio ns those with which
Henry 0. Caret Is wont to eke out his pro
tectionist platitudes.
Here is a specimen passage from this ill
judged and untimely work:
Which arc ih« moat protporona of the Southern
BUIm?
Virginia, Tennoatea, Georgia, Taxta, sod North
Carolina.
To what do they owe tbair prosperity?
To the fact that the white population in ihoaa States
la largely In excess of the negro popolaUon, and bonce
their State Governments areenUrely In the hands of
tbo whites, tbo only raca that ought aver to bear rale
In this country.
What la ono of the most Important meaauras of
Grant's Administration ?
Tbo adoption of tha Fifteenth Amendment to the
Federal Constitution, which, like the Fourteenth
Amendment, was carried through by force and usur
pation.
What does tha Fifteenth Amendment declare?
It deebrea that the right of citizens of tbo United
BUtes to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
United Btaloa. or by any State, on a coo out of raca,
color, or previous condition of servitude.
What more can yon say of the Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Amendments.
They have served to keep alive a bltterneei of fool
ing which but for them would hare long alnoo died
out.
In these five answers, the pupil is made to
affirm that negroes are unfit to hold any
offices in this country; that tho last two
amendments to tho Constitution wero mado
law by “ force and usurpation " (which in
volves, of course, tho idea that this essential
part of oar fundamental law should bo disre
garded and overthrown) ; and that they have
served only to keep olive bitterness and prej
udice. This is o pretty crop of ideas to sow
in a young mind. It is not to be expected
that Southern text-books should dilate rapt
urously on tho wisdom of tho reconstruction
policy, but Is it too much to expect that they
should toko an impartial, non-partisan view
of tho ovents of the lost fifteen years ? No
hook used In a Northern school, as far as wo
know, contains any malignant tirades against
Southern views. If any such book has
crept into use hero, an exposure of its true
uaturo would insure its disappearance from
tho curriculum. Wo wish we could believe
aa mnch for tho common sense of our follow
oitizena in the Gulf States. Can they hon
estly expect any good result from cramming
such preposterous partisanship into young
brains ? Having gotyootarian religion oat of
tho schools, cannot we rid thorn of sectional
politics too?
It is a nice question in ethics whether the
Philadelphia publishers of this book ore jus
tilled in issuing it. Is the money it yields
them a sufficient atonement for the harm it
may do tho country ? Still, as those publish
ers ore tha ones who wore responsible for tho
mangling of the American edition of Onui*
nuts’ “Encyclopedia,” there is perhaps lit
tle use in viewing their conduct from an
ethical standpoint.
A FAMOUS DEBATE.
A Cincinnati publisher bos just issued a
volume containing Gladstone's letters on the
Vatican decrees and the several answers
thereto, and has given increased interest to
the book by including therein tho report of
the celebrated discussion between the Rev,
Albxandeb Campbell, a noted Presbyterian
clergyman, and tho Rev. John D. Pmi cell, a
Roman Gatholio. Mr. Campbell died some
years ago, and Mr. Pubuell is now Archbish
op of Cincinnati. Tho Cincinnati ComtMrciai
uses the occasion of the repablication of this
debate to glvo some of its history. It took
place in 1887, and at that time the country
was much agitated with religions controver
sies, not only between Protestants and Ootho
lics, bat between Presbyterians, Methodists,
Baptists, Trinitarians, and Unitarians. The
ology was aggressive, and of course relentless.
Debates and discussions wore common, fre
quently degenerating into indccoroasl&ngnago
and stormy meetings. Crowds flocked to
hear these disputations, and, as the Commer
cial states, no one was converted, but each
went away more convinced than before that
ha was right. This particular debate attracted
immense interest. What led to it, according
to Mr. Campbell, was that in 1630 a meeting
of tho “College of Teachers 1 * was hold in
Cincinnati, and at the close of an oration on
universal education Mr. Fdbcell arose,
“ and in that Protestant bouse, and before a
Protestant assembly, directly and positively
protested against allowing tho book which
Protestants claim to contain their religion to
be used in the schools.'*
It seems that this question of reading the
Bible lu the schools is an old one In Cincin
nati. This led to a discussion which soon ex
tended to general questions, and resulted in
an agreement between Messrs. Campbell and
Purcell to have a joint public debate. The
time for the discussion was fixed for the saa
nttdlrg January. Oa the U(b ol January
Mr. Oautsell reached Cincinnati from Beth
any, in West Virginia, ivftcr “a tedious add
perilous joumoy of ton days," by stage, sleigh,
and on foot. Tho next day lUo preliminaries
were arranged for a ooveu-days’ discussion,
excluding Sunday. It was to take place in
the Campbolllto Church, called tho Walnut*
Street Mcoting-Tlonao, 'which building was
subsequently purchased and transformed into
a Catholic church. Tho dobato was hold
from UjJlO a. ra. to 12:30 p. m., and from 3 to
0 o’clock in tho aftornoon, tho time being
equally divided between tho speakers. Five
well-known citizens wore chosen as modera
tors. A stenographer was appointed, and tho
debates wero published for tho benefit of
some charitable purpose. There wore coven
questions discussed, one each day, and those
questions wore substantially as follows:
I. The Roman Catholic Church Is not now amt never
was catbolip, apostolic, or holy, but Is a sect In the
fair Import of that word,
3, Her nollou of apostolle succession la without
foundation In (he Bible, in reason or in fact; an In
jurious Imposition, unscrlptural, and resting wholly
on the opinions of men.
3. Sbo is not uniform in her faith, or united In her
member*, but mutable aud fallible as any other aeet of
philosophy or religion.
4. She ia tho "Babylon'’ of John, the "Man of
Sin ” of Paul, tho ampiro of tho "youngest born N of
Daniel's aoa monster. (Serpent ?}
6. Her customs of purgatory, indulgences, auricular
confessions, oto., aro Immoral in tendency, and In
jurious to the well-being of society, religious and
political.
fi. Wo arc not Indebted to her for onr knowledge of
the Bible, and Us evidences of a divine original.
7. The Roman Calhollo religion—if Infallible and
unsusceptible of reformation, as alleged—is essentially
anti-American, opposed to tbo genius of froo Institu
tions, and positively subversive of them.
The discussion was mi obis one, both dis
putants being in the vigor nml enthusiasm of
youth. The debate was more remarkable be*
cause of the Absence of nil personalities, and
by the courtesy and dignity of both speakers.
Of all those who participated as moderators,
committee-men, etc., at this debate, Arch
bishop PuaceUj alone survives, at the ago of
nearly SO years. Mr, Campbell dicdinlSCU,
BO years old. It would seem that the discus
sion did not settle anything, for these same
points ore os vehemently controverted now
as they were forty years ago.
One may well paueo and wokderwbat the pop
ular view of tho marriage relation actually is,
when a " wedding in the clouds ” Is announced
os an incentive to bring gate-money to tbo en
terprising manager of a balloon-ascent. Vulgar
and offensive os is such a profanation of oven a
civil compact, it is more than eclipsed by a re
cent performance in San Francisco. Tho Molo
deou. or Muslollatl, of that city Is almost unique.
It is a variety hall, In which the oxhioitioo on
the stage is roliod on to attract custom to a low
dive, wherein ecautily-clad waiter-girls servo out
v/idsky. It was announced a day or so smeo that
tbo monotony of tbo evening at one of these
places would he varied by a real wedding on tbe
stage, by which tho favorite clog-danccr
and female vocalist would bo united.
Tho ceremony actually occurred. It was
performed by a Baptist clergyman,
tho Itov. E. Z. BnmoNs, who, for tho sako of a
S2O gold piece, consented to play his part iu this
disgusting performance. At tho conclusion of
tho ceremony the consenting parties woro called
upon for an exhibition of skill, which they gave.
The clergyman was-not encored. On being in
terviewed by a reporter, tho Bev. E. Z. Simmons
expressed tho opinion that it was *' quite a cari
ous affair.” On tho whole, it was. If tho do
nomination in San Francisco do not take special
p&ius to dispense with tho ministrations of Mr.
Simmons, and givo him all tho timo ho wants for
variety performances in Molodeons, tho public
will be led to conclude that It is “ quite a curious
city,” and tho Baptiste of it “ quite curious peo
ple.”
Air. William D. Kcllet's assertion, that all
the South needs to reßtore Its prosperity is a ju
dicious policy of Inflation, has been mot in Bov
oral different quarters, notably la the New Tork
Hatton, with a reference to the condition of
California. Plenty of cheap money is Mr.
Kelley's prescription for tho South; why not
eonfor a similar benefit on the people of Califor
nia 7 There la no currency at all in tbot State.
The benighted population have stuck, through
evil and through good report, to gold and eilvor.
Mr. Kellex’s philosophy would teach him,
aprlori, that tho condition of California must
bo to tho last degree miserable. But tho
facts are very different. California is
to-day tho moat prosperous State In tho
Union. Tho tide of emigration thither
ward la one of tho moot remarkable facts
iu tho history of this country. Nearly twice as
many passengers wore carried into the State dur
ing tho first throe mouths of this year by tho
Contral Pacific Railroad alone as daring tho same
period of 1874. It Is with tho greatest difficulty
that sufficient accommodations can bo provided
for the now-comors, though there appears to bo
work for everybody, and wages arc paid m bard
cash. Tho whole number of public and private
savings backs is placed at about 100, with capi
tal and deposits of ♦125,000,000. Manufactures
are not as yet fully developed, in consequence of
tbo high price of coat, but even this branch of
Industry Is growing rapidly. Those are but iso
lated facts, taken at random from tbs newspa
pers. They ought to be mournful reading for
Mr. Kelley.
Mr. Wuittim, tbs poet, Is not seriously dis
turbed by the various efforts to overthrow the
basis of tho Barbara PniTcms poem. Last
Thursday bo attended the Friends' Mooting at
Amosbary for tho first Umo In-severs! weeks,
having been absent on account of Illness} and
on his return, in conversation with a correspond
ent of the Boston Advertiser, he touched upon
the subject of tho poem and tbo foundation for
it. He said ho board with regret of tho at
tempt to invalidate tho truth of the story j but
his belief in Us verity was perfect and unshaken,
lie had the testimony or friends to support him,
and numerous unsolicited contributions of evi
dence from persons in the South, who wore eye
witnesses of tho incident. Tho matter seems to
ns hardly worth going into iu detail. The
poem exists { and an inquiry into tho circum
stances which gave it birth can be profitable and
interesting only to literary gossips and tbs chron
iclers of small things. Wo know at least what
the post believed when be composed tho beauti
ful lyric. _
The Committee appointed by the National
Temperance Convention, held at Saratoga in
1873, to consider tbo subject of a standard tem
perance work, decided to divide the work into
tnree parts, and to offer two prizes for the two
best essays on each of the following branches of
the subject i (1) The scientific, embracing Its
chemical, physiological, and medical aspects; (3)
the historical, statistical, economical, and politi
cal j and (3) the social, educational, and relig
ious. Through the exertions of Mr. Job U.
Jackson, two prizes, of S6OO and SBOO respect
ively, were given for the scientific treatises. The
Committee now announce that they are ready
with similar prizes for the best essays on tbo
other two branches, tbs offer remaining open
until July 1,1870. Persons deelring to compete
should address A. M. Powkll, No. M Beads
street, New York City.
The Italian Minister of Public Instruction re
cently had occasion to ordsr the resetting of
Uicubl Anoiclo's majestic statue, known as
Orepuscnlo, or Twlhght, which surmounts tho
tomb of Lodknzo db Mspici in Florence. Tho
opportunity was thought by the authorities of
Florence to be a good one for opening tbo tomb
Itself, and settling forever the dispute as to
whether Almsamubo, the reputed son of Lo
manzo, titeiallyelept with bis father. According
ly, the companion-piece to Twilight—Dawn, or
Aurox*—was aleo lifted from its place, sad the
■Satire eover of the laivephagM wee moved
aside. Within wero found two corpses, lying
with their heeds at opposite ends of
the sarcophagus. The bodies were wrapped
in fine linen, having underclothing *m,
loose trimmings ami rich outer garments.
The floah had disappeared, and, aa the
hones wore lifted, they dropped apart. Quo
of the corpses was undoubtedly that of Lorenzo
ami (ho other that of Alessandro. They wore
placed la this last roaling-placo respectively oo
the 14th of March, 1530, and on tho 7lh of May,
1510. It was scarcely desecration to disturb the
dust of such men for so laudable a purponea*
the eottlomont of a disputed question in history.
Neither Loqenzo nor Alessandro deserved troll
of posterity. Both of them flourished during
tho most memorable epoch In the history of
modern art, and by thlo accident obtained a con
sequence which they coiiid never otherwise bare
Inherited.
Tho Clairmont (N. Y.) Episcopal Cbarch has a
frightful scandal which has culminated in a
petition to Bishop OosNitemKß for the removal
of tho pastor, tho Itor. Mr. Batten. The
oflonso committed by this abandoned man Is
almost too shocking for publication, but the
press Is frequently compelled in tbe interests of
morality to divulge hideous secrets, and make
nso of horriblo suggestions. It was found,
then, that Air. Batten whs criminally impecuni
ous. Ho had nothing In the world to live upon
but tho salary paid him by bis congregation. In
addition to this ho had committed tho nnox&m
plod enormity of carrying home his marketing In
a basket, and, to crown all, was convicted of
carrying a broom homo under his arm. This
conduct was so at variance with that of the
popular and fashionable preacher of
tbo day that tho congrcgatlou was natur
ally scandanlzod. Indeed, it is a question
whether thoao illiterate and plebeian Apostles,
I'etru aud Paul, who earned their living re
spectively by catching unpleasant fiah and mak
ing atrong-smolHug tents, could by any possi
bility bopo for pulpit engagements in this oar
aristocratic and sensitive fraction of Christen
dom.
The Journalistic world is acting upon a princi
ple not universally recognized as true, that
matrimony Is economy. The Pioneer and Press
of St. Paul, though differing widely in opinion,
resolved to live together in harmony for the sake
of living at all, and in the Pioncer-Prces sot an
example to their indigent relatives and friends
to boor and forbear. The wedding of tho dole
and Democrat, of St. Louis, on Saturday, should
be equally fortunate. Though they are to one
another as May and December, they are not op
posed in temperament, and tho aim of their wed
ded life will bo that of, their colinato days. The
Globe may become moro staid as it is Impressed
with tho dignity of its consort; tho Democrat
will doubtless foci happier for ending Its bache
lor days. Put tho one thing which both desire
will bo accomplished: tho barrenness of tbeir
former livoa will bo exchanged for, we hope, tbe
productiveness of wedlock.
As the New York papers have at last got
through priuting the statement that Now York
has paid for tho half of tho Shakspeahe me
morial window in Stratford Ohurch, which has
boon finished, and that the churlish residents
of other American cities have refused to sub
ecribo their expected quota, U maybe just as
well to Bay that the item about which so
much ado has boon made io a gross blunder.
Tho tourists this summer who examino the Amer
ican subscription book In Stratford Ohurch will
find that a great part of tbe subscribers whoso
money put In tho half-window bail from other
cities. Cincinnati, fit. Louis, Chicago, and very
many smaller towns, oro represented. It is
doubtful, in fact, whether Now York contributed
even half tbo cost of tho memorial which is now
modestly claimed as her exclusive tribute to tbs
memory of Shaksfeabe.
The success, ofh a now play immediately
necessitates a sharp conflict over Us ownership.
“Tbe Big Bonanza” of Mr. Daly has achieved
an unlocked for success in Now York, and
restored that gentleman to tho position ho for
merly occupied in Now York. Instantly half a
dozen strategists apply themselves to tbs pro
duction of tho piece as nearly as possible. “The
Big Bonanza” was adapted from a Gorman farce
called “Ultimo.” The strategists seize
“Ultimo” and adapt it, advertising It aa “The
same as Mr. Daly's * Big Bonanza.' ” This has
boon done in San Francisco. Daly now pub
lishes the direst warnings to all imitators that
his copyright of “The Big Bonanza” covers all
adaptations of “Ultimo,” and threatens suit,
directing tbo especial attention of Aleasrs. It. M.
Dooley and Tuouas Uaooihb to tbe notice.
The reputation for generous expenditure en
joyed by Americans on the Continent of Europe
has received fresh prorocaliou from the recent
sale of pictures by tho young Spanish artist
Fortuny. The highest price paid for ons
painting was 49.800 francs, given by A. T. Stew
art for "La Plage do Portici." Another, valued
at 24,000 francs, tho “ Basso Cour de I’Aliiam
bra,” was purchased by the same wealthy Ameri
can. While tho disbursement of such sums as
those is not an unusual proceeding by our
fortunate fellow-countrymen, art-sales, es
pecially of meritorious works, indicate anew
field for tho millionaire to work.
The Houston (’lax.') Age Is a newspaper with
a wide range of observation, and highly import
ant opinions upon men and things. It remarks,
apropos of Mr. Jefferson Davis, that)
We love Jeff Davis as we do our life, sod it doei
our soul flood and exalte ua to do him honor, Ood
only makce a few men In a century, and It t« a IUIU
singular, but none the ices true, that tbo only four lu
America living when tbo late War began—Sax Hoc*-
tok, Jm 1 Davis, n. E. Lu, and Btoxswall Jack
son—woro Southern men.
But then some people bare queer Ideas as to
what eoostUutes a mao.
rounoAL NOTES.
Ex-Senator Scott, of PenosylTSDla, hM grav
itated naturally into the Bolicltorohip of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company.
Ex-Senator Pratt was not Bbistow's man for
tho Oommlsslonershlp of Internal Revenue. He
would have preferred a younger and more ener
getic person—from Kentucky, it Is said.
Cebbo-Qobdon Williams, of Kentucky, bar
ing lost the Democratic nomination for Govern
or, gives notice that the Senatorial election will
not go by default Into Congressmen Buck's
hands.
It did Mem queer at the tiros that Marsha
Paoiano should apply to Mr. Frys for ao au
thoritative construction of “th# Winaojm com
promise." Very likely bo know tho opinions of
the author of the oompromleo.
If Mr. Architect Muu.btt’B mouth could be
“ unsealed," ho would assuredly affirm that the
Cincinnati stone is "the best stone the sun ever
shone upon," and that the Mrvlco of the Archi
tect's office, during hit incumbency, ’ was " the
best in the world.’ 1
Canal-reform in New York la In groat danger
of defeat through the machinations of the cor
ruptionists who have hypocritically espoused
the cause. Nobody opposes It openly, but some
body Is starting up a strong undercurrent dead
against the whole movement.
Woucloox and the Young Men's Christian
(Buts**,) Association of Bt. Paul train together
in opposition to Senator McMillan. The cam
paign cannot be conducted on strict crusade
principles, for McMillan himself is a Christian
statesman of the highest typo.
•• God defends the right " is the proud motto
of Senator BraMoanj and really there seams to
be something in it since the report of the luree
ligating Committee has been published. All
hat remains to bo done now Is to have Mr.
BrxMOßtt expelled from the Senate.
The rapturous partisan newspapers were con
siderably distressed when they discovered that
the influential and independent party press had
beaten them la the exposure of the whisky
frauds. Tu Ouoaao Taisroa. Bi. Louie Pam*
oerai, Chialuaeh geests >hd Boetmt -AdeaNtsar

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