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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, November 17, 1875, Image 4

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TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE.
Rirx* or arnucntmoji (patahis b* *dtjj»ci>.
I’nHlnao I'rrpnld At (lilt Office.
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hum!*? Edition: Literary and UtMrtloos do»»bl«
R.OO
TrMVcckij, pusi-patil, tjear U.otl
Part* of ytar at fame rate.
TTKT.aLV tDIUOH, POSTPAID.
On*(iipjr, per RI.AO
Cluhut iWp, pat I.no
(Jlnl, of twenty, jnr copy I . Ift
The pontage ii 1.1 ccnu a year, which we will prepay.
Bpfdmni copied lent free.
To proven! delay ami mWakea, bo onr* anil flire
Peat-Office addrctui in full, Incliuling SUloaml County.
Henqtlanecn may Ixj nude either by draft, express,
Poat-Oftlco order, nrlu rostered letter*, at onr risk.
TsnMfl to cirr aursciunr*".
Dally, delivered, Sunday excepted, 33 cents per week.
Daily, delivered, Sundar included, 30 cent* per week,
Address TIIK Tit 1 BUNK COMPANY,
Center Madlena and Dcarlßirn-ets., Chicago, 111,
AMUSEMENTS.
ADELPHI THEATRE—Dearborn etreef, corner
Monroe. Eugwcincnt of the RlrnUyTroupc. •' Around
(he World in Eighty Days.” Afternoon and evening.
NEW CHICAGO THEATRE—CIark street, l»etwe«n
Randolph and Lake, Eugni;eu)ent of Kelly it LootTa
ftUuairel*. Afternoon and evening.
WOOD'S MUSEUM—Monroo alreef, between Dear
bom am] State. “ (Irifiltli daunt." Afternoon and
•vealug.
DOOLEY'S THEATRE-Randolph atreet, between
Clark and LaSalle. Eugagoinent of tbo California
Utoatrela, Afternoon and evening.
MoVICKER*B THEATRE— Madlnon aired, between
Dearborn and (Rate. Engagement of Jane Coomb*.
Adrienne the Actress,"
HALBTED STREET OPERA HOUSE Habited
itreet, corner Harrlaou. MacEvuy’a Hlbemlttan,
tTARWELL HALL—Madlaon atreet. between Clark
knd LaSalle. DuQuiJcy’n “ Tour of tlie Holy Land."
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
HEBPF.HTA LODGE NO, (11. A. F. ft A, M.-n<vm
l«r coiuiniiDlolii'n «t Miwenle Tomplf, corner lUu
rtolph mil HaNod-nlc,. (hla (UV<Jnj.i.J*>) evnilnx,
Not. 17. TlllUD DEOUEE. VwWlnu I rMlirva cor
dially Invited. C. 11. UIIENAN, W. M.
. CUAS. F. FOERBTO, Scc’y.
BT. BERNARD COMMANDERY, No, 3.% K. T.—
(Rated Couclaui thin (W«lnc; ! <liy) cvcnltiff at 7:”0
o'clock. Work on the Order of K. T. By order E. 0.
J. o. DICKERSON, Recorder.
Sftjr. CPjit’ntttf Owcilamc.
Wednesday Homme, November 17, 1875.
Greenbacks at tho Now York Gold Ex
change yesterday opened and closed at 87jj.
Victor Emanuel yesterday issued a decree
granting a subsidy of 190,000 lire to tho
Italian Committee having in charge tho rep
resentation of that nation at tho American
Centennial. ___________
A significant cpisodo in tho Spanish civ\\
war is chronicled in tho cable dispatches. It
is tho delivery by special messenger of a letter
from Don Carlos to King Alfonso, — a cir
cumstance of so unusual a character as to ex
rite much attention, and givo rise to rumors
that tbo conclusion of pence between tho
Government and tho Carlisle is among tbo
near probabilities.
It is now understood that tho recent diplo
nmtio correspondence between Washington
and Madrid has uot had direct reference to
tho Cuban struggle, but was initiated by our
Government to secure on abrogation of an old
treaty which allows Spain to board any Amer
ican vessel on suspicion ond institute search
for articles contraband of war. This onerous
obligation is nob recognized in treaties now
existing with other countries, and tho recent
activity at tbo nary-yard betokens tho ur
gent effort which the Administration will
raako to secure provisions loss galling and
ixtraordinary.
All that remains of Joseph Gumoim was
yesterday committed to Mother Earth in tho
Catholic Cemetery at Montreal. From tho
lapse of time— six years—since tho man’s
spirit parted with tho flesh, it is uot to bo
supposed that much remained, but tho
friend*} of tho deceased have shown their
steadfastness, and tho Canadian civil authori
ties havo established a precedent. Whether
tho enemies of Gunman will rest satisfied
with this solution of tho problem remain?! to
bo soon. Tho concrete that confines tho dust
will hardly prevent a resurrection should
such a course bo determined on.
An enterprising gamester in Washington
conceived tho brilliant idea of selling
on tho result of tbo race for tho Speakership
of tho next Congress. Tho schema was oil right
audita projector responsible, but nobody would
buy. If it was a bucking of ono’s judgment
as to the swiftest homo, tho best oarsman,
the strongest base-ball nine, or the most ex
pert billiard-player, plenty of people would
invest; but this thing of belting on whot
tho average Democratic Congressman will do
when it cornea to making judicious uso of his
rote, is worse than buying a lottery-tickot or
“ representing "ut bunko. No wonder tho
Washington pool-seller had to shut hia empty
box and abandon the scheme.
In reply to a request by tho SUte’a-Attor
noy for an opinion as to tho constitutionality
of tho statute requiring judges of election to
□umber each ballot, Judge Jameson, of tho
Superior Court, now presiding in the Crim
inal Court, has written n letter in which, af
ter citing numerous authorities, he takes the
ground that tho statute in unconstitutional
the object and meaning of the Constitution
being that the ballot shall ho strictly
secret. This object is defeated by the
system of numbering ballots, and, according
to Judge Jameson, the election judges of the
First Precinct of tho Fifth Ward, in refusing
to number tho ballots at the recent election,
obeyed the Constitution whilo violating the
statute. Judge Koocus hoe already rendered
a decision to the same olfeot regarding the
Ulcgolity of plociug numbers upon ballots,
and tho Grand Jury, acting upon such au
thority, wilt therefore find no indictments
against the Fifth Ward judges.
The Chicago produce markets wore steadier
yesterday, though not strong. Mess pork
was quiet and easier, closing at SIO.OO seller
the year, and $10.20 fdr February. Lard was
in bettor demand and firm, closing at $ll.BO
toller the year, and $11.07$ for February.
Meats were quiet, aud j}@|o lower, closing at
for part shoulders (boxed) ; [email protected] for
short ribs do, and ll|o lor abort clears do.
liighwinos were quiet and solowor, at sl.lls
per gallon. Flour was dull and unchanged*.
Wheat wf«s more active and $o higher, closing
it $1.06J cash and sl.ooj for December.
Corn was more active, but closed weak at
Mo cash and 50)o for November, Oats
were quiet and steady, closing at lM)]o cash
and Clo for December. It ye was quiet and
firm at C7o. Barley was quiet mid stronger,
closing tame at 85$o for November and Bio
for December. Hogs were dull and aver
aged Ido lower.' Sales mostly at $6.90<g>7.10.
Cattle were firm and unchanged. Sheep
wee quiet, - On Saturday evening last there
was in start 1 in Ibis city 1,001,312 bn wheat,
702,/tOl 1m corn, 323,144 1m oats, 104,918 bn
rye, nncl 32.', 3(51 bn barley.
The Judiciary Committee of the Common
Council, as was generally expected, has re
ported adversely to the abolition of (be office
of City Mondial, upon the thin pretext that
( tho police force is not yet reorganized. It
will bo a matter of some surprise to this com
munity tho announcement that tho forco in
to ho reorganized ; but, oven assuming that
this is the case, why is a City Marshal neces
sary for tho work? If the Superintendent
can’t reorganize it, after all his experience,
how can n City Marshal do it ? And if ho
reorganize it, what need is there of cm
ploying two men to do ono man’s work. The
ofljco is a sinecure so long os tho office of
Superintendent exists, os the duties of the
two are identical. If tho Council must have
a City Marshal, thou abolish the office of
Superintendent.
Judge McAllister, in resigning his posir
lion as Associate Justice of fim Illinois Su
premo Court in order to accept tho unani
mous election of Judge of tho Circuit Court
of Cook County, has written a letter to Gov.
Beveridge explanatory of Lis reasons for
thus voluntarily taking a step downward in
the scale of judicial eminence. Tho cause of
Judge McAllisters course is, briefly, over
work. From the showing ho makes it will
bo scon that an unequal, unfair, and really
enormous apportionment of Supremo Court
labor and responsibility has fallen upon
him merely because ho happened to
reside in tho district embracing tho
City of Chicago, which furnishes
more than one-half of tho business of the
Supremo Court. Failing health and the cer
tainty that total prostration would result
from tho terrible over-tax upon his powers
compelled his resignation. Cook County is
tho gainer in securing Judge McAllister for
tho Circuit ComT, but the facts set forth in
his letter of resignation are such as to set on
foot a serious inquiry* as to the necessity of
making provision for tho enlargement of the
Supremo Court Bench by tho election of at
least three more Justices, all of whom, to se
cure convenience and dispatch in the trans
action of business and fairness in tho division
of labor, should reside in the Chicago dis
trict.
EFFECT OP fIPECCE-PAYMEHT.
Laid week wo published a letter of Mr.
Jesse Cox, Jr,, of this city, on the question
of resuming specie-payments. While ap
proving of much of tho substance of tho lot
tor, wo thou suggested that some of the state
ments were untenable. Ad Mr. Cox but gives
expression to views entertained by thousands
of others who are honestly considering tho
subject, wo reproduce from his letter ono
statement:
It U, nmonpst oilier tilings, Ihepretpertof » groat
demand by tho Government for gold with which to
comply with tho terms or tho IhMumpitoa act, that
Lceps tho gold premium double what It was two yours
ago, while paper will buy nearly twice aa much of
every other commodity oa It would buy two years
To create a groat demand lor gold by making (be pa
per-money redeemable in gold, will esuao gold to rinn
in value mil prices of every other commodity to fail
not 15, hut 50 percent, and bring rum upon everyone
who owm money, however small the amount. To per
sist la enforcing tho Resumption act now In force will
bring certain ruin.
Tho trouble with us is that tho demand for
gold in the United States is comparatively
bo small that the supply is equally limited.
Every dollar in gold wo rocoivo in excess of
tho small demand is shipped to other places
where it is wonted more than here. Practi
cally, wo havo no use for gold in this country
but to pay oar foreign balances. Wo buy
merchandise, and wo owe debts in Europe;
wo export a certain amount of domestic pro*
Auctions; tho ditTcronco between tho value of
these exports, and the value of our imports,
and the amount of our interest payments,
aud the amount drawn by America ns
in Europe, must bo paid for In gold.
That is practically tho only use wo
hove for gold in this country, under
tho system of irredeemable paper. It is,
nevertheless, true that this demand toy gold,
limited os it is, determines tho value of the
paper for tho time. Tho valuo of tho green
hacks is ascertained exactly when the holder
wishes to obtain gold for them. Tho value
of all our exports is ascertained by the
amount of gold which can bo obtained for
them; tho value of tho importa is ascer
tained by the amount of gold wo have to pay
fov them. It is not, true that it is tho pros
pect of a great demand for gold four years
honco with which to resumo specie-pay
ments that keeps greenbacks of a Ipss valuo
in gold than in 16711; and if tho priccs'of
commodities in paper aro less than they wore
two years ago, they aro also proportionately
less in gold. Whatever is produced in surplus
in tho United States bos its price fixed by (ho
price obtainable in gold therefor in foreign
countries. Tho price of wheat in tho United
States is determined by tho price obtainable
for tho surplus in gold in England. The
same rule applies to all our agricultural
products of which wo export the surplus.
Tho prices of all our manufactured articles
are fixed and determined by tho prices in
gold nt which similar articles may bo im
ported and sold for in this country. All
other commodities have their prices fixed by
the general average of tho importable aud
exportable articles. Slono and ice will ordi
narily continue their relative values with iron,
sugar, tin, machinery, etc. Tho real valuo
of everything, after all, is the gold value
thereof. Ku matter how tho paper value
may rise ami fall, behind tho fluctuation is
to bo found tho real value, —tliu equivalent
value of all things continues to be measured
In Hold.
I’rices, then, in the United States are
not only influenced but determined by
tho world's prices. If paper-money
were wholly abolished, prices could
not fall, bo long ua wo aro able to buy as
we do now, wluvt wo need at foreign prices,
and sell our Kurplus abroad, ns wo do now, at
foreign prices, 'The abolition of paper
money in this country cannot affect prices in
foreign countries. 80 long as we can soil our
products abroad, os wo do now, domestic
prices will not fall below what we am got
elsewhere; and domestic prices cannot fall bo
lowthelowcsfc pricent wliichwecan Import tho
some articles from elsewhere. Them might,
and probobly would ho, a temporary stria!
gonoy in loanable funds, but, the demand be
iug created, tho country would rapidly re
oeive all tho coin needed to make oil the ex
changes In our trade and commerce.
Tho “ ruin," therefore, whiohMr. Cox pro
dicta resumption wpuld produce is purely im
aginary,—an idle fear; we mean, of coarse, if
the proper steps aro taken, as we suggested,
to enable debtors to pay their debts contract
ed on a paper basis in paper itself, and con
•fining obligatory specie-payments to now con
tracts.
We know of no way of avoiding the de
mand for gold to b« paid abroad so long as
, our exports of domestic production fall be
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 17, 1875.
low tho aggregate of onr payments abroad.
A remedy for this may bo found in such a
change of onr tariff and revenue policy ns
would increase onr manufactures, so
that tbo latter conld bo exported.
Tho manufacturers have taken this
thing into their own hands, and, discarding
tho delusive fraud of Protection, have begun
tho exportation of cotton and leather goods,
which has boon practically suspended since
tho beginning of the War. Tho anuual ox.
portation of a hundred millions of dollars*
worth of iron, cotton, leather, and other
manufactures would render the demand for
tho importation of gold to settle balances
wholly unnecessary.
Tho decline in values since 1873, referred
to hy Mr. Cox, has not been so groat ns ho
imagines, savo in thoso kinds of property
which wore largely speculative. In many
lines of manufacture there was groat over
production, induced by tho wild speculations
of tho time. There woro various grand specu
lations in operation, nndboudsand stocks were
buoyant and lively. Everybody could borrow’
money on these securities, and speculation
extended to large dealings. Tbo panic of 1873
was a collapse of speculation. Tho wii;d and
water escaped, but nothing real and sub
sfantinl was destroyed. Actual took tbo place
of fancy values,—that was all. Thoso who had
stocks of goods on hand beyond tho demand
naturally suspended production, and waited
until those stocks woro got rid of, and thou
production was resumed at real and not spec
ulative prices.
If Congress shall have tho wisdom to fix
a day after which greenbacks shall not bo a
legal-tender for tho payment of now debts,
and will authorize tho funding of greenbacks
in an interest-bearing bond, itself a legal
tender in tho payment of all old debts, specie
payments can lie resumed at any time without
the least disturbance of actual values, and
without any interference with tho equities of
debtors and creditors.
AN EXTRAORDINARY SILENCE.
What nil* the St. Louis papers ? For weeks
past tho Government has been investigating
ami prosecuting frauds in tho revenue in that
city. A very generous proportion of tho
population of that city has boon indicted,
and a largo number inoro are under surveil
lance for “ways that are dark and tricks that
are vain "in dealing with “ crooked whisky."
Some prominent people have already gone to
tho Penitentiary, and others must shortly
follow. Tho courts aro running night and
day to accommodate tho Government No
man trusts his neighbor any longer. No ono
knows where tho bolt will next fall. Every
whisky-shop is agitated. Every distillery
trembles. Lawyers, editors, merchants,
Government officials, private and public
people of all sorts, kinds, oml colors, oven
dead men, have been scooped into tho not,
and tho work is still going on. Every news
paper in tho country outside of St. Louis
is filled with tho details of tho regnant sen
sation of the day. State Governments and
tho National Administration itself stand by in
mute surprise, wondering what will come
next. And yet the newspapers of St. Louis
do not seem to bo aware that anything is
going on in that city beyond tho daily inspec
tion of tho BlgFifteon-Million-Dollar Bridge
and tho daily grists of tho Police Court.
Search their columns through and yon find
no mention of crooked whisky, of arrests,
investigations, indictments, prosecutions, and
penalties; uo obituary notices of those who
have boon caught in tho visa; so lamentations
for those who aro evidently doomed; no
sorrow over tho misdeeds of tho past; no bright
hopes for tho future ; not oven an allusion
to tho matchless oratory of tho much
mulcted Joyce. All his pre-PenitonUary
rhetoric was wasted upon tho people of St.
Louis, and ho wont to “ tho prison-wolls
that hemmed in Galileo, Coluudos, Tasso,
and Napoleon," unheralded by tho St. Louis
papers. They know not oven that “ tho
rain falls lightly on tho mountain, tho sun
shines warmly on the plains, and the Hood
even now is settling into its former bed,
where the crystal waters shall again reflect
tho green foliage of tho oak and tho sycamore,
and tho gentle breezes and birds shall make
merry music in the cathedral aisles of a gen
erous nation." And such a plaintive pastoral
as this, that Cobydon might have piped to
Phyllis, tending his flocks beneath um
brageous elms, was wasted upon tho desert air,
likewise his proud prophecy: “I shall breast
tho pelting storm and lift my head cleat
and bold to the coming sunshine of tmth and
redemption." Truly tho prophot is not with
out honor; save in Uls own country, and tho
martyr Joyce goes to tho Penitentiary with a
halo about bis head, tho whole country ad
miring bis farewell speech, and yet uo ono in
St. Louis knows it. And others must come
and go, and who in St. Louis will know it ?
She hides her head in tho sand, like tho os
trich, and fancies no ono secs her because she
sees no one.
What is Uio meaning of all this ? What has
come over the spirit of tlip St. Ix)uis uows
pnpors ? Their discussions of the Skuptchina,
of the Herzegovinians, and of the operations
of the Kbnn of Kbokand, are able and elo
quent; but why do wo hoot nothing of
tho operations of Con MAaurßE, and Con
Meobob, and Con-Oannon, and possibly of
still more Cons to come, concerning whom
they concur in continuing unconscious? It
cannot bo that they aro ignorant of what is
going on iu their midst. This would betray
most lamentable ignorance and want of cu.
terprise, and that they ore not unenterprising
is shown by tho fact that they are oven now
agitating tho possibility of a war between
England and Malacca, and the possible con
sequences of the proposed inundation of
Sahara. Aro they so utterly demoralized
that they aro paralyzed and panic-struck os
they contemplate the fearful corruptions
which have. so long festered in that
wicked city? Or, still more startling sup
position, have they, too, been up to
tho elbows in iniquity?’ Have they
been iu whisky that is crooked? Ho they
also fear “ tho prison-walls that hemmed iu
Galileo, Columbus, Tasso, and Napoleon ” ?
Aro their eyes, like those of the lamented
Jokoe, fixed “where tho crystal waters slqdl
again reflect tho green foliage of tho oak and
tho sycamore, and tho gentle breezes and
birds shall make merry musio in the cathe
dral aisles of a generous nation " ? This sol
emn, blank, and ominous sllouce is painful,—
especially painful to their professional breth
ren elsewhere, who, in the general wreck and
crash, are eagerly waiting lor some tidings
from the St. Louis newspapers. We hope
they are not singing so small because they,
too, have been overtaken in the general
smash.
The eagerness with which the Aldermen
conspired to continue themselves in on office
to which no pay Is attached beyond the term
for which they were elected has not escoped
all penalty. They put upon Chicago a char
ter which the people did not want in order to
gratify this selfish purpose, sad now they
find that they cannot ho tho beneficiaries to
tho extent which they had hoped. Mr. Hil
dreth is ono of the disappointed. Ho hoped
to ho City Marshal, hut tho charter makes it
nn olTonso punishable with flan and imprison
ment for an Alderman to take any other
office during tho term for which ho Is elect
ed. And now Corporation-Counsel Dicfirtr
lias decided that tho Aldcrmnnio term does
not expire Dec. 1, nn would have boon tho
case if the charter of 18? J had not been
adopted, hut that it extends over till next
spring, or till a successor shall have liecn
elected. So not only cannot Mr. Hildreth
ho City Marshal, but nono of tho other
“ hold-over” Aldermen enu take any of tho
numerous positions which they arc about to
create, nor share in tho bcnciitn of any con
tract. Wo fancy that, if this eject of tho
now charter hod boon frilly npprcciolod be
fore election, there would not have boon so
much ballot-box stuffing to secure its adop
tion.
THE DOURT-HOUSE BUILDING.
Tho simultaneous action of the County
Board ami tho Common Council last Monday
on tho Court-House building shows that pub
lie opinion has not yet lost all its force. The
conviction evidently beamed upon tho Com
mlscionora and Aldermen that tho people of
Chicago would not tolerate a plain violation
of the contract between tho city and county,
and have two distinct buildings erected on tho
Court-House Hiptaro without any harmony in
design. Perhaps it wan tho movement of
citizens to bring tho matter into tho courts,
and to enjoin tho prosecution of tho work
until a uniform stylo shall ho agreed
upon, which brought tho two bodies
to their senses. a At all events, tho
Common Council instructed tho Mayor,
Boaiol of Public Works, and tho Building
Committee, to consult with tho Commission
ers os to an agreement of plan ; and a resolu
tion wan introduced into tho County Hoard
authorizing the Joint Committee of Gommis
bioucra and Aldermen to confer with tho city
authorities to agree upon a plan whereby tho
county shall construct the entire building,
and rent ono-lmlf to tho city at 7 per cent per
annum on tho cost of tho one-half which they
shall occupy. Though this resolution was
laid over for ono week, there is a hope that
it may ho adopted.
It is to tho advantage of tho city, and,
therefore, also to all who pay seven-eighths
of tho cost of tho entiro structure, that tho
entire building shall bo paid for out of tho
county funds. Tho city has no authority to
borrow more money. If it goes on with its
share of tho work, it will have to pay for it
out of taxes levied upon thoproporty-owuors.
Such a course necessitates ono of two things,
—either that tho city’s port of tho work
shall bo done very slowly, or that’ tho tax
payers bo oppressed beyond their re
sources in order to meet this ex
traordinary expenditure over and above
tho payment of tho regular aud enormous
espouses of tho City Government. Tho
county, on tho other hand, has tho authority
to borrow all tho money necessary to tho con
struction of tho entiro building; and, in rent
ing one-half of tho building to tho city at 7
per cont on tho cost of tho construction, tho
city pays tbo interest on half tho monoy bor
rowed, aud may at sorao future time pur
chase Us half of tho building at its actual cost
if it shall prove to bo mutually desirable. Tho
advantage of such on arrangement is perfect
ly opparont when it is remembered that both
County and City Governments represent
really tho samo tax-payors. The city tax
payers pay for all the construction of tho
city's half, and four-fifths of the cost of tho
county's half, thus making nine-tenths of tho
whole.
"While thin arrangement will bo tho proper
ono lo make, if tho Aldermen and Commis
sioners are intelligent and honest enough to
rccoguizo it, any failnre to agree upon it will
not excuse n continuation of the work on tho
present basis of a house divided against it
self. This will bo an outrage that tho pco*
plo qf Chicago will not endure. If tho Com
missioners and Aldermen do not quickly agree
upon some common design for tho building
in accordance with tho contract long sinco
made between tho city and county, tho Citi
zens' Association must stop in and demand a
Judicial enforcement of that contract, and a
suspension of tho work antil a common plan
shall bo agreed upon. "Wo bopo that tho
Aldcrmon and Commissioners will have
sufficient respect for public opinion and tho
public interest to come to such on agreement
without being forced to it by tho courts.
THE ST. LOUIS WHISKY BIND.
Tho opening speech of Assistant District-
Attorney Peddbioic in the McDonald cose
gives tho best outline that has yet been pre
sented of tho operations of tho Whisky Bing,
so far os tho implication of Government
officials is concerned, and shows how bold
and reckless nil parties had become. -In
tracing tho various checks imposed by law, it
was shown pretty certainly that the frauds
could not have been committed without tho
co-operation of the higher as well as the sub
ordinate officials. It seems that tho fonna
tion of the general Bing and tho scheme of
systematic plunder were begun in 1671, when
McDonald was Supervisor of Internal Bov
enuo and tho recently-Couvlotod' Joyce
Special Agent in tho same service.
Tho two men were most intimate in
tholr public and private relations. They
imported a man. named Mitonus from
Cincinnati to act as go-between. His duty
was to collect tho corruption fund, from tho
distillers and rcctiilers and distribute it
aaioug tho officials. The fund for a time was
collected and divided under the thin disguise
of a campaign fund.
It seems that the distillers came into (ids
King on© by one, until at last many were com*
polled to choose between becoming members
of it, and dividing with the officials, or rotir
lug from business. They could not continue
to manufacture and pay the tax on whisky
when others were selling oven below the tax
without counting anything for the coat of
the material and manufacturing. This or*
gauization of the Bing lasted up to 1674,
when lUodibb was appoints Collector.
Meoiiuz then went away, supposing that
the King Jiad been broken, but it
was soon revived, and a man named
Fitzoox took Mcanux’s place* The practice
was for Mxanux to divide the money received
from tbo distillers Into five parts which bo
placed in five envelopes,—a process strikingly
similar to tbo manner in which the Twzzo
corruption funds were distributed. The
District-Attorney says it will be proved that
the parties who received these envelopes
wftre Joun A. Joyce, already convicted, John
McDonald, now on trial, Wixj.uk MoKxs,
proprietor of a St. Louis paper who has been
Indicted, Mxobub himself, and the former
Collector at St. Louis, who is now dead.
According to the rules of the Bing, the
Gaugers and Storekeepers were to receive $1
per barrel at times, $1,50 at othsr times,
and $8 at others, Bat the Gaugers and
Storekeepers Bomotimes combined with tho
distiller*) to “defraud" tbo higher officials of
their share. The distillers could make more
money by paying tbo Gaugers and Store
keepers s'» a barrel to got tbo whisky out,
and not report to the higher officials, and
this was occasionally done. Joyce regarded
this os “ swindling," and put the screws on
the distillers whom ho impeded of practicing
it. Hut McDonald and Joton also occa
sionally suspected that the proportion of
“straight" to the “crooked" whisky was
too largo; and, in 1872, McDonald called
Mbouvi: to account, and wanted to
know “why in hell more waa not
manufactured." About the same time, Joyce
and McDonald made a lour of the warehouse
in order to ascertain what they might expect,
and the former asked “ which was the straight
and which the grape-vine,"—the latter being
the “crooked” whisky which was put out
without payment of tho tax.
It can scarcely ho doubted that so plain a
statement of tho case has boon made up on
actual evidence. This view of tho matter in
further confirmed by Joyce's demand for
sentence on tho Jefferson City trial, and by
tho pleadings of guilty entered by many of
tho St. Louis King. If McDonald ho con
victed, tho whole history of tho King will un
doubtedly come to light, and no beneficiary
of tho corruption can reasonably hope to
escape.
THE WIFE OP TWO HUSBAHDS.
Tho Empress Euoenie, tho match-maker
of two hemispheres, persuaded Countess Val
entine dk Chimay, beautiful, good, and rich,
to marry tho Prince nc HnAcrniEMONT, hand
some, bad, and poor. Tho only points on
which tho two agreed were good looks and
youth. These proved insufficient to keep
them together, Tho Priuco went on tho
Mexican expedition; tho Princess stayed at
homo, led a spotless life, and wrote him long
letters which ho did not tako tho trouble to
answer. When ho returned, she wont to
Brest to moot him. Hut ho had already
started for Paris. She pursued him there
only to find that ho had left for his chateau.
Ho wrote thouco his first letter to hoi, after
an Absence of two years. It was composed
of these touching words;
What have you done with my shirts J I
don’t find them la tho nmoir«.
Wien tho two Anally met In Paris, it was
only to separate. The Prince began a scan*
Unions life. The Princess sued for n separa
tion. It took her seven years to gain it. Tho
French law docs not recognize divorce, so
that neither party could legally marry again,
oven after the separation tie corps hod boon
decreed* lint meanwhile the Princess had
fallen In love with Prince OeohoelUdesco, o!
Moldavia-Wallachia, and was bound to marry
him. Having tho will, she found iho way.
A very devious way it was. She moved to
Dresden and had herself naturalized os a
Saxon. Thou she got an absolute divorce
from a Dresden court. There was now no
obstacle to her civil marriage, outside
of Franco. But a religious difficulty
remained. Tho Cotholio Church repudi
ates divorce. Tho Pope would not
sanction a remarriage. Tho Princess db
Beauffhemont received tho nows calmly,
abjured Romanism forthwith, and became a
member of tho Greek Church. Tho Greek
priest at Dresden, a native Russian, baptized
her and said ho would perform tho marriage
service for her, provided tho Emperor of the
Russias would give his consent. That poten
tate had iho coho laid before him and mode
no objection. Everything was legal, os far
os Russian laws and Greek CalhoUo rules
wore concerned. Tho religions marriage was
promptly performed in Dresden, and tho
civil marriage followed it ot the IVollochian
Legation in Paris. Tho Rnssian Minister at
tended the ceremony and signed tho con
tract. And yet the Princess Bibbsco is still
tho Princess Beauffhemoni 1 in Franco.
French law and Catholic law give her one
husband; tho Greek Church and tho rest of
Europe give her another. She is tho wife of
two men.
Her position in Franco is unique. Bho is
liable to prosecution for bigamy, and can bo,
It is stud, extradited from any other civilized
country to which she may flee. Her drat
husband con take possession of their two chil
dren, oven If tho latter should wish to remain
with their mother. If sho bos any chil
dren by her second husband, they will be
egally known by the name of de Beaxtotus
uont, not Dedebco. If tho courts should
grant them tho latter mono, it would make
them illegitimate and incapablo of inheriting
any part of their mother's immense fortune.
Finally, if Madame 8.-B. should over decide to
go back to tho first 8., the second would ho
helpless. So this wife has tho choice, in
France, of her two htisbands. Possible poly
andry is introduced upon tho soil of Europe,
TEE WARD WILL CASE.
Ebed B. Wabd, when 12 years old, was a
cabin-boy on a lake schooner; at 26, he was
a Captain; at 08, a citizen of Detroit, with a
fortune of $250,000; at 00, an apoplectic cap
italist with liabilities of $1,000,000 and re
sources of $5,000,000. About 11 o'clock on
tho morning of Jon. 2, 1875, bo fell dead in
tho streets of Detroit. The nows was carried
homo before Urn body was. Two of tho dead
man's sons jumped into a wagon and drove
down town. Another wagon passed them on
tho way. It hold tho corpse of their father.
They did not stop, hat drove straight to a
lawyer’s office. Those two woro tho sons of
Copt. Wabp’h first wife. Ho had by her five
children, including two imbeciles, before
16(19. lu that year, ho compelled her to sue
for adivorco. Two months after it was grant
ed, ho married another woman. Tho pres
ent Mrs. Waud has two children, a boy
and girl. When tbo will was opened, it was
found that tho bulk of the property was loft
to her and her children; about SIOO,OOO was
sot apart for legacies; and the remainder was
vested in trustees for the benefit of tho older
children. Tho conditions attached to tho
trust gave the holders an almost unlimited
power to beggar the heirs. They were
never to pay them more than S2OO a month
apiece, except in case of sickness, and might
give them as much less as they chose. This,
the most stringent of the provisions, was
added in a second codicil, dated March 18,
1674. Milton D. and Obables Wabd, tbo
oldest sane sons of the Captain, decided to
contest thp will. Mrs. Wabo offered to pay
them $200,000 and compromise the matter,
but this was declined.
The case opened Sept. 21, 1875. After the
failure of an attempt to quash the will on
technical grounds, the contest was narrowed
down to the question of insanity or undue In
fluence. To establish one or both of these
points, evidence was Introduced to show the
dead men’s belief in Spiritualism. The Judge
ruled that such a belief was no evidence of in
sanity, because Spiritualism was merely one of
many religions prevalent in this country, bat
he held that testimony of this sort might bo
produced to show undue influence. A num
ber ol noted mediums were on the witness*
stand. Ono of them was ft Mrs. Marti*, who
Hods room within her ample frame for seven
spirits, Among whom Are those of Dean Rion
mono, Iho railway lung, Howard,
of Michigan, And A German geologist with
the nnouphonlous nnmo of " Cabbage John.”
0. J, was a groat favorite with the capitalist.
Ho instructed him in variouslmslnessmAttors,
ami said unkind things about n oorlain Michi
gan statesman who was then running for ro
olcotlon to tho Senate, And who was opposed
by Mr. Ward. Tho successful speculator
Asked “Cabbage Jon*” About railroads,
about mining on Lake Superior, about glass,
making in Missouri, about nil manner of
enterprises, Tho spirit of tho noted Indian
“Hen Jacket,” who materializes in tho shape
of a rod-faced merchant of Detroit, notified
Cnpt Ward of his impending death, And tho
Inttor afterwords said that the Indian had
told him to “ keep his blankets gathered up,
for they would call him before tho flowers
bloomed again.” Most of tho spiritual guides
wore consulted about tho half-dozen different
wills which wore drawn up hy Mr. Ward.
While ho seems to have taken or rejected tho
business advice of bis goblins according to
his own previous views of tbo matter, bo fol
lowed ghostly counsel quite implicitly in the
matter of his wills.
Tho trial, which lasted nearly fifty days,
was fruitless. Ninety-two witnesses swore
to various pros and cons. Nino lawyers
earned big fees by examining nnd cross-cx
nmining tho witnesses, by trying to bully
each other, nnd by roaring sonorous sound nt
tho Jury. Tho latter retired Nov. 10. After
fifty-four hours of disagreement, it was dis*
charged. Eight Jurors wished to break tbo
will, nud oil of them Agreed that tho codicil
ought not to stand. Tho case is to como np
again next January, unless it bo settled by
agreement before then.
The annual report of the Fire Marshal*
rondo nt the Inst mooting of tlio Common
Council, is n very encouraging ono, and shows
that tho Fire Department has profiled by the
experiences of the great fires of 1871 and of
1874. During tho year there have been no
less than 142 lire alarms, and yot tho loss by
llro has been only $49,0.78, or an average loss
ut each fire of about $315 in tho case of
properly involving $1,001,035. This shows
that tho flromcn have been on Ibo alert and
have worked with skill and intelligence, and
it also reflects great credit upon tho executive
ability of Fire-Marshal Benner. There is
ono feature of tho report which deserves im
mediate attention, and tit nt is Ids recommend
ation that telegraph wires, north of Van
Baron street, shall bo run underground,
because they obstruct tho streets and
because bo may at any time bo obliged to cut
down the polos in order to raise ladders to
the upper stories of business blocks. These
poles are tho most numerous and lofty in the
roost crowded thoroughfares, whore, in case
of tiro, tho emergency contemplated by Mar
shal Benner would bo mire to exist. If there
bo any practical reason why they cannot bo
laid underground, they might at least bo ran
in more Isolated streets, wbero they would
not bo so ranch of a nuisance end obstruc
tion os they ore now. This, however, is but
an incident of the report. The whole docu
ment wo would refer to tho earnest attention
of the Now York World ns a sample of tho
manner in which Chicago has been protect
ing herself .against tiro, and in confirmation
of our previous assertion that Chicago is bet
tor protected oven than Now York City.
The Common Council, at its last meeting,
concurred in a resolution calling upon tho
Mayor to make an immediate demand upon
the Horn Edwin D. Morgan, Chairman of
tho Now York Committee, for tbo funds con
tributed by French artists at tho time of tho
groat fire, 11 to bo used for tho purpose for
which it was originally intended.” As the
purpose for which the fund was originally
intended docs not now and has not for a
long time existed, tho resolution appears
gratuitous, to say tho least, and suggests
several questions. Suppose that Mr. Mor
oan declines to deliver up the money, as ho
moat undoubtedly will, in tho language of
Mr. Tweed, what is tbo Counoil going to do
oboutit? If tbo money is delivered, who is
to receive it ? To whoso benefit is it to
bo applied ? This money was sot opart for
the benefit of sufferers by tho fire. Who aro
they ? Where aro they ? Tho money has
been hold for nearly four years because they
have not been found. Has tho Council sud
denly found them ? And lastly, what has tho
Council to do with It anyway ? Tho purpose
for which tho fund was intended no longer
existing, and it being impossible to ohtan
any new instructions from tbo donors as to
Us disposition, somo ( of them being dead and
many others scattered far and near, tho fund
should long ago have been returned to Franco
for tho relief of sufferers in that country.
Even if it should bo seat hero, what guarantee
can tbo Council give that it will over bo ex
pended for public charity ?
Tbo history of tho ran that brought about tho
suspension a fow days since of tbo National Gold
fiauk and Trust Company, of Ban Francisco, is
significant os Illustrating how easily a panic in
excited. Tho bank had a circulation of $900,-
000, secured by a deposit of $1,000,000 United
States bonds in tbo Troaepry Department. It
temporarily suspended upon the collapse of tbo
Bank of Californio, but a fow daya after re
sumed business, end on investigation of its
affairs by the official examiner it was found to
have assets to tho amount of $1,300,000 In ex
cess of all Us liabilities, and its solvency was
unquestioned. But a ebook for SI,OOO was pre
sented, about which there was soma Irrogqlnrity,
until the correction of which tho bank refused
payment. Thereon Ida holder industriously
circulated the nows on California street that the
bank couldn’t pay a SI,OOO check, and tho run
began. The bank stood It until two minute* ot
tho dosing hour, having paid out SIOO,OOO lu
gold, and having still a small balance loft, when
a check for 917,000 was presented, and the doors
were olosod. The official examiner then found
(hat the assets were in excess of all
liabilities, but ench was tho extent of tho panlo
that it was Impossible to get a day’s time in
which to realize on a portion at least of this
amount, and the concern wont into liquidation.
The defense of tbe Young Men's Christian
Association of Washington to tbe salt of tbe
Assignee of (be Freedman's Bank would ludl*
cate that tbs Association stands In need of much
Christianising. The suit la brought to foreclose
a trust deed on the property of tbe Association,
given to soouro a loan of $33,000, and whatever
should be recovered in it will go toward payment
of tbe swindled negro depositors. The Associa
tion makes no denial of the debt, bat pleads that
the execution of the trust deed Is defective,
technically, in form, and on that ground resists
the foreclosure. That is, tho Association, finding
an opportunity to evade payment of tbe
•38,000 on a mere technicality, intends to
do so if poealblo at tbe expense of tbo poor
negro depositors. Wbst makes tbs matter look
worse Is, that tbe Association bos even refused
to pay Interest on tbe note since October, 1873.
There may be another side to the question: bat
If there be, it is singular tbo Association bas not
set it np in defense | sod tbe fact that no other
defease la tosds Indicates powerfully that Urns
is hone other, and that the Young Men's eta*,
tlan Association of Washington, reduced to
alternative of returning to the negro dopo-iitors
tho $33,000 or of doing thorn out of It on apip,
ttfoggiug plea, deliberately chose (ho latter,
A high regard for tho fllottaof things oomptli M
to ante Tu* CnioAao TniPiTNR heir many "mim™,
dollars of other peepin'* money " did Congreas don .
(othateltyarterUieftref Huch an exlcnnivo tmh'u
benefldiry a* Chicago U ought 10 bo one of tho
object to a river improvement that whUminotincW h«:
eftt the whole Mleelvlppl Valley,—.S7, l.tuii Timt
Tim Chicago Taiaunb responds that Conjire*
did not donate soy “millions of other poopIv (
money” to Chicago after the great fire. Crnj»re«
did enact tb&t during ono year certain ckeeei 0 f
building material might bo admitted f ros of
duty, ami under that provision of law rotdq f or
individuals saved some thousands of dollm.
Wo do not know that thin was a donation o(
other people’s money. The articles import
ed under that taw would not have been j m .
ported nt nil bad that law not boon in force.
There has becu no time since or before
that law when Chicago has not been willing a ß ,j
Anxious that ad tho duties on budding material
of whatever description, especially lamhtr
should be abolished, that tho whole cousin
might bo relieved of tho tnudou of taxation with
out revenue. Chicago would have rejoiced to
have had tho materials used in (he construction
of tbo Bt. Louis bridge exempted from taxation'
bad tills been done, there might have been come!
thing tees of other people's mo.icy lost in tbit
magnificent undertaking.
Tbo National Association organize! to tecur)
(ho adoption of an amendment to tho Comma,
tion of tho United States which shall rccogok
Christianity as tho oornor-stono of our political
institutions bold its annual mooting nt Pbiladei.
phis on tbs 9th inst., tho Hoo. F::ux Dno.*(or
presiding. Tbo object of tbo Soc'olf was de
clared to bo tho maintenauco of tho Sunday
and of tho present form of judicial nath. (he ta
toiitiou of tho Uiblo In (bo public r-choob, and
tbo securing of proper recognition of Christian,
Ity In all now Constitutions for the HtVou. Steps
were also taken to secure articles of incorpora
tion for tho Society, under the name of tho N't.
tloml Itoform Association. Tho Association ad
journed to moot at Philadelphia during tbs hit
weak of Juno, 1876.
There seams to be a disposition ahead? npo&
the par: of the Amerhaa r;oo<rapiiora to ie.
credit Btanlet with tbo discovery of the nourcei
of the Nile. A writer hi tho Now York Tima
ban already accorded bleu this proud dmioctioo,
and now comes Judge Daev, Id a paper read b*
fore the American Geographical Society. and
states that tho region explored by Stanley it
(bat mentioned by Ptolemy : “On tbo western
boundaries of the Anthropophagi are tbo Moun*
tains of tbo Moon, whose snows are received by
the marshes of tbo Nile. Those marshes, tbi
Judge contends, svro tho very locality of Stan
ley's oxploiation* and tho real oourcee of tb(
Nile. Meanwhile tho London Geographical 8>
clcty {9 diecuftßiug the statement* made bj
Stanley in hia recent letters, and its decialoa
will bo awaited with groat interest.
After an exhaustive research to discover ihi
“Independent voter," about whom so much kai
of late been said, tho Detroit Free Tress con
cludes that bo IB the voter who staya at home*
It was those independent voters, the Free Prm
concedes, who gave tho Democrats tho majority
in tho present House, and who, that journal
vaguely observes,—perhaps because of the fact
that tbo stay-at-nomo vote was brought out al
the late elections for tbo Republican ticket,—
“ will decide tbo Presidential election of 1970
perhaps directly by participation therein ; if not
directly, then indirectly, but just as effectively
by absence from tbo polls."
The politician of the old school, with nice cod
sricutious sernpios, baa come to tbosurftceii
(ho person of Qen. A. 11. H. Stuart, who *u
lately elected to the Legislature from Augnsti
County, Vo., though ho declined the nomination,
bv a majority of two votes. Ho now resigns,
baying t
My public career hm now extended through non
than thirty yean. During that timet have filled many
high position* in the State and Notional council*, w
to this time, to fares t am tnformoJ. not a treatli
of suspicion has ever rested on tho mind of any oot
as to the Integrity of my motives and conduct. . . •
If 1 wore to accept tho petition to which 1 have beta
elected by u majority of only two votes. 1 should fo-r
that my capacity for usefulness would be serlouuy
1m naired.”
Foe entertaining tho challongo—which he
overruled'— of a Juror on tho ground that he wai
a Mormon, the Salt Lako Herald, Eniaiun
YoDNO’a organ, savagely assails ,Indgaßofiziwsf,
ami says:
This'practice must be set down aa almply anrthtt
attempt to override the principles of law and Juid-t
on the pat t of a smell minority, In order to aecurs ter*
loin results through the medium of tho courts. . • •
We protest and aball continue to protest against ini,
wicked and anti-American attempts which are ai> con
stantly being made by a little ring lu Utah to resort W
the convenient policy of packed Juries In order to
carry their points.
Tho latest Parisian onlornrlso for Ihe aanlio»
ration of the mlserieo of mankind is tho orftanizi*
tlon of a aocloty to war upon the pump-handle
practice, styled by tho French fe fhake hand*
Tho good Abbe Defoornev hea reinforced the
movement with an appeal to piety agalnit tbs
practice, which, ho says, originated amonu f the
Froo Masons, and of course had aome diabolical
significance, and ho has petitioned the Pope to
forbid it “ In the name of religion and decency.
Jouk Fonorrn finds lilmiell deserted Iff the
Alabama Democracy In his advocacy of lioncel
money, who generally are na onthuslaatic f° r
rag-money repudiation aa Ihoy arc for their re
pudiation new Constitution. Hut ho sett «■ h«
ecoro with them by merely observing hi hri
paper, tbo Mobile Jiegiater, that “ Any P-ww-'**
candidate can boot out of sight any Benucratio
candidate who may bo pitted against him upen
such an Issue.”
Tho telegraph yesterday convoyed the Info*
motion that gold boa been discovered In «»•
Charlton Hills, Missouri. As the Black HmJ
have not panned out as well as was oxpc.dod.«
la now in order for tbo Intcr-Ocean to hi IP Mis
souri agents and speculators by urgin'* Ike l )J>
plo to rush pell-mell to tho Chariton IUU-j.
The complete olfiolal raturna of the lormyl*
■vaaia election give lIAftTUANit 12,030 plura.it)
over PeßsuiNO, for Governor, Buo*ne, in*
Prohibition candidate, received 10,214 vo'.oa.
PEEfiOHAL
Camilla Ursa and troupe are at the Pelocr.
Toe Hon. W. B. Taylor, of Erie, Uat tUo She*
man. , . ..,
The lion. 0. P. Win Word, of Beloit. U at
Sherman.
Col. E. A. Howard, of the BpotledToll
is at the Pacific.
0. E. Britt and the Hon. J. J. Higeniss. «
Milwaukee, are at the Tromoot.
The Hone. A. H. Petlibona and Peter HelenW,
of Cedar Falla, are at the Tromoot.
John Allen, President of the Peoria* *
Jacksonville Boliroad, la at the Pacific.
Charlotte Ooahman has recovered her health,
and will aoon Rive a reading In Philadelphia.
Pelletier lathe beat dancer who
Chicago since Bonfanti. The people o
appreciate her.
The Hon. M. 0. Kerr eaja TbomuJoffcrs
la bia model of a statesman. ' Webster bo
was not a statesman, bat on orator
lUobard Grant White baa been Mrioaslf* •
bat la now In a fair way-nf recovery. u«*
not Ueterophemlze, however, for some time J
H. Funk BioLlt. Dlimwc at “ ull “ , ‘ 0 ° ,
WuUm UaUwad, .ml J. A. ari«r,Fr. | BM*<,_
of th. Pittsburg. Clnclno.U 4 Bt. to»“ 11
ro»4, K« »t tbo Tromoot.
Quo of our aollS moo wu ot hi* offleo
Suodor afternoon, wbon a Wood P»»“8 »
stir lbs door open andhh o ', Tbo h hr„ r ; t j
nun, alas I was dUoorarad wllbbla ,M * b '
in * bl* ladgar. “ Till U flu* ample,mast (or a

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