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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, December 11, 1875, Image 11

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ahe hod been admitted only a few month*.
wm for many year* a cripple and a pauper.
Sho procured the boreal needs of life by Uio ealo
cf her brother's photograph and by copying eorae
of bin abort storied with her own hand. Her
(cut request was that ah? might bo buried byhla
George Eliot’s new novel Is, like Middle
march." a story of Engliub life. It is of tbo
tuGHm>t day, and deals for the greater part with
the liighorapheto of society. The Harpers have
secured Us publication on this side, paying what
ciutui an enormous pries for the advance sheets.
UidKot was once Interrupted iu a speech ho
Mas making from tbo tribune in the French As
etr.ibly- “TYbo are you ?" lie demanded. "I
riii Grimier do CaaHSgnno," was Uio reply. M Ob.
tli'.'i), it’s of no consequence." rejoined Guizot,
with a dry, earcs-tlc smile. The interrupter was
tu» father of the notorious duelist.
The Marquis of Bute la trying to secure tbe
<.<,noriration of his mother-in-law, the late Lad?
Howard, of Qlobbop. When he says canonize he
guana make a saint of. Iu some parte of the
civilized world motbern-In-law are canonized an
the sepoys wers in India. At any rate, it would
he to find hotter material for ealnts among
the humble members of the domestic circle.
i.utus Cook, a Cincinnati baker, jumped out of
t wjrni bod and ran a mile at the top of his speed
litt Monday night. He was clothed iu a single
and his appearance on the street at
tiia: unseemly hour excited some curious com
iicot. The fact was explained when it was
jua>i() known that the bed from which Louts
jumped was that of his friend's wife. His med-
UhLuiis had been rudely disturbed by tbe unex
p> a«d appearance of his friend.
The Philadelphia police were thrown in a
l.u itl iitalo of excitement last Tuesday by a tele-
dispatch received by Gen. Bingham,
kigiiad “Tweed," sod directing somebody to
ju'.-t'i the ex-Boss at the 12 o'clock traiu from
h.Mv York. Afler a prolonged sod anxious
«urvh. without results, it was discovered that
tii- ,li,-patch had come from Thurlow Weed, and
tfi-t tpo letters “T, Weed" had been trans
(uiiih-d by tbe operator into “Tweed."
ql.o first volume of Mr. BryanCe “Popular
iiiHi.uy of tbo United States " will bo published
rstly nest year. The work will bo complete lu
iu"r royal octavo volumes, beginning with a
tbeidi of tbo Mound Builders, aud ending with
the National Centennial. Bcoldoa tbe name of
WuliEfn Cullen Bryant, that of fjldncy Howard
U-y -thu for some time held au important
fiiuuriul position iu connection with Tub Om
ix:u TmnuHE—appears on tbo titlo page. Tbo
v.oik nil) bo profusely illustrated.
Joaquin Miller says that lie didn’t know a
l icanaui moment for years after bis marriage.
Of linn painful episode In bis life be spoko thus
:0 a reporter : “Every man or woman will bavo
jiu or her sav about that part of my life. If
I read a certain book correctly there is but one
sho arbitrates finally. But that sort of aantl
jicnr aside, I leavo no scandal to feed tbe world
;o,—it dourly loves It, doesn’t it?—nor bavo I
tuybudy’u forgiveness to ask. I may be mbt
ukcu, but I don’t think the world will ever look
uJ'mqmn Miller’s face expecting him to give it
♦lilt ho has buried."
noTKL AnnrvAU).
I'.ihurr /fetus—Lyman Little, Cleveland; O. F.
(vici.Otlesburg; A, M. llurlbul, Hartford 1 T. B.ss,
Njvr ViirL: John Amery, New York; George U.
(jUm, United States Army; Ocl, Burned, united
Army; J. M. Krum, Bt, Louis: tbo Hon. C, K.
Ueli, M I*.. London, lip,; A. J, Nutting, Now
fink; Joseph VlU* and wife, Wisconsin; Charles
iUU.uk, Denver; H. 0. Harrington, Georgetown,
>l.; 11. 1„ Bryant, LewlslowD....OruiM( Piui/fe-*A.
il, Long, Toledo; C. M. Osborn, Hook
(nhnd; C, J. Ires. Burlington; D. T.
ibunii-Hon, Fokin; J. H. Newberry and J. A,
lUoilliuH, Detroit: U. H. Wiley, Newton, Mm.;
Lilfhop Wdlc-s, Wueonsln; ox-Gov. Morrill and C. U.
Atkina, Pcs Moines; D. Vunea and Anpoa Smith, Mil
aaukte; B. J, Torp, Now Haven; a. M. Whipple,
soutli Adams. Miss.; Jacob Forsyth, Indiana; «. U.
tlsinlltcu. New York... .lVtmont Iloute— lf. 0. Brad*
trj, San I'ranclsco; tbe Hon. W. W. Walker, Cedar
Elillils; K. A- Gray and C. IL Benderoon. London;
K. U. Pulrcll, Pittsburg; O. Mlnneserode, Jr., Hi.
LwL; tit nrce Hamlin, 8 m Francisco; W. W. Marsh
ml J. It. Ilodefer, Iowa; E. B, Hattorly. Aurora; H.
d. Hunter, Washington; M. M. Msnvlll, LaCmsse;
U, T. Cooper, Philadelphia ; 8. A. Jewett: Clevo*
and; J. F. Carter and G. O. Holmes,
Nmcord. N. il.,..Shtrman House—The Hon. J. B,
Oowe, Gloucester, Mass.; Col. J. A. Harris.Pittsburg;
P.o.Cummings, Baltimore; tha Hon. O. Williams,
DlcdnuiU; the Hon. Darter Onrtis tod tho Hon. Amos
Itftke, Madison; D.W. TUford, IndlanspoUa; W. H.
Hijar. Miryiano; E. L. Merritt, Bpriugdeld; J. F.
keosou, Gardner, Hi.: J. L. Elwood, Delialb; 1* B.
Howland, Burlington, vt,; W. M. Anger, Omaha....
b’arjfkr /lyurr—Thomas Creamer, Cincinnati; H.
Bohn, Now York; J. H. Babcock, Woshlnalon: F.
ffidaworth, Illinois; U. LaFarge, N»w York; W. D,
Bill, Minneapolis,
The following are tbo principal Astronomical
jlicucinolin of tho <reas 1876. Tho time* given
are i.'bicsgo moan Urns, and tho appearance la
that pr-Bomod to an observer In this city, tmleee
olburuiao elated:
fan. 3, O. IC, 33. 30. July 3,0, Iff, 33. SO.
P'b. 11, I:|, -.0, 17. ’ Aug. c, 13, :0. 37.
Har-ti 5. IV. I'JT 38. Sept, 8, 10,17, 39.
apxil 3. • j . 10. 33, SO. Oct. 1,8, 16,31. 29.
b-y 7, ]4, 31, 34. Nor. 6.13,10, 38.
lime l, n, 18. 35. Dee. 0,10,17, 39, 01.
Tho year will contain 966 days, of which 63
will bo Puodays. Aprilo (marked with an*)
wll bo Baater-Banday, being tbo first Sunday
following tho passage of the sun through the
(mud equinox.
mz Moos,
fuU Atom* >'<u .Vocni.
day, A. in. (fay, A. m,
~ii 0 3*i<a.m, 2d 701j4a.tr,
H 1 a.m. S 3 9U a.m.
0 047 p.m. 31 4 30)4 p.m.
....... 0 9 47J4i.ni, 20 11 S^p.ra.
S 0 47tf ».m, 1U 0 3.1,'* ».tn,
....... 8 BS3J4P.m. 17 4 I&V.Q).
8 0 S«{ a.tn. IT 4 «V 4.0).
....... 1 0 4014 pan. 15 6 07J4 p.m.
1 0 WJtf 4.18. 10 0 30, V p.m.
ao 4 p.m
unbin perihelion... 3m. 3.... 4h. 00 p. u.
Teruil ..March VO, Oh. 30 tu m.
’Uiuuitr fUilkUcf,, June 29.. Hb. 41 p.in.
lu .V.>iicUoa....,,.July 1.,.. Ch. 31 a,m.
kiiainox.... Sept. 33 ..lob. 01 «.tn.
Solstice Doc. 31... Ah. 4 a.m.
unblu Perihelion..,.. Dm.01... Oh. 10p.m.
J l *!
-■rtnbtr ...
There will be four eclipses In 187Q,—two of
( L A iiutlal eclipse of the Moon in the night
tailoring March 9 ; risible from every part of
die United Btales and Canadas, if weather por
tdL Tie following are the times of the phases
« seen from Chicago i
Umu suton IWnumbre 10b. 7m. p. m.
UuoDtQtassbsdew lib. Sim. p. m.
•rWfUitola rtsbt asMuoion 11b. Sum, p, to.
Cijdie of ccUm« 10b. 31m. a, u.
“»o leaves ibodow lb. Sllfm. a. m.
“woUsvcalSmumbrs 3b. Mto. a. m.
At tbo mlddlo of the eclipse, 0.8 of the Moon’s
hamster will be In the shadow.
2. An annular eclipse of the sao, March 25.
fhe annular phase will be risible ou tble con
duent only at places very near a line from Yen
jotmr’t Inland to the northwest shore of Hud.
Wa Bay. tit will be risible, as a partial
eclipse, from all parts of the United Biatee aod
Utoadaa outside that limit, except in Florida,
t'bs pbiie will be greatest in Chicago a few
bjoutes before 8 o’clock In the afternoon.
A partial eclipse of (bs moon at 8:30 p. m.
*f Bept. 9, not risible on this continent.
i. A total eclipse of the sun, at half-past 1
(clock in the afternoon of Sept. 17, not risible
10 any | art of the American Continent. The
mo will rise eallpeed to the eastern half of Aus-
and the phenomenon will bs risible from
(large port of the South Pacific and Antarctic
Jccans, the limit of the partial pbass putlog
'«/ near the South Pols.
•■mi •innaii
i/cmiry—Tb« following in tbft gmUik
» DU|f»HoD» of Jliroory from lU* iQUi For oat
,f dtj» *ft«r theta <U(u be wiUbtrUlWt,
u • ,IQ *U dito Uit bumltbtd iilm i
la the weak, ilUr aaaaet, Jan. 38, Ift dag. 3ft
“Ji «»| 31, 32 dog. BA nln. | Sept. 17, Sift dtg.
iu Ui« eut. befose ianriee, Meroh 10, 37 deg.
Hulo.t anijS, 30 deg. 69 min. i 00k.38. 19
37 nilo.
Jut ifter Barnet Jen. 39i Mercury wtU be only
deg, north Iren Baton t both being eaiily
»uibU la the twilight, if the elawepbtre be
uw. Qn the Mtattflitif VuthllMiNttf
will bo again in conjunction with B&tum, the
lessor planet being only 0.4 deg. south from the
grofttor. Kept. 10. a little before Hiimct, the
Moon will pass betwoan us and Mercury.
Venua —Will bean evening star till July 14,
and riae boforo the sun during the remainder of
the year. In the evening of Jan. 10, abe
will be leas than half a degree notitla from
Saturn, both being a little east from the etnr
Delta lo Capricoruua. In tbs evening of .March
28, abo will 1)0 \}{ degrees north from Mam.
Her greatest elongation east (45 deg., 83 min.)
will occur Id the evening of May 4, when she
wilt be just north front the bright stars in the
feet of Gemini, aud very near the pnnllioo oc
cupied bv Uranus when that planet wan discov
ered by Ilorncbol. June 21, she will be stationary
b. tirrou Pollux aud I’racsopc. In the
evening of July 5. she will pass
degrees south from Mars, both being nearly In
line between Pollux and Procyon. July 14 la
the date of bor inferior conjunction with the
r,un. Aug. 4 elio will bo stationary, near Gamma
(Athena), in Gemini. Aug. 2U she will bo at
her greatest brilliancy, a little west of a line
from Pollux to I’roevon. Sept. 23 she will be
at her greatest western elongation (40 dog. 8 m.),
and in the bead of Loo. Oct. 2, at 7a. m., she
will be 1 dog. 89 m. south from 'Uranus, both
being 4 dog. west from Kogulus ; and Nov. 2S
she will to 1 deg. 15 m. north from Mara, both
being 8 deg. east from Arista.
Mart— Will bo an evening star till Aug. 12,
the date of bis conjunction with the euu, when
both will bo (n conjunction with Uranus, and
neatly in opposition t 6 ijaturn. He will rise be
fore the sun for the remainder of the year. Dur
ing January and February ho will bo among the
stars in the Fit-hog (Pisces). March 1, between
El Itischa and Hamah April 7, Just sooth from
the Pleiades. April 31, bo will pass degrees
south from Aldcbaran. May 11, about 4)tf de
grees south from El Nath (Beta Tauri). July
39, south dogtocs from Pollux. Aug. 23,
north 1 degree from Itogulus. Oct. 5, south 13
deems from Denobola. Nov. 11, north B>£
degrees from Arista; aud Dec. 10, north 25
mlnuloo from Alpha iu Libra.
Jupiter— Will bo a morning star till May 17.
the date of bis opposition to the sun, aud an
evening star from that date till Dec. 4, when ho
will bo iu conjunction with the sun and Mercu
ry. Bo will bo tu the head of Scorpio neatly all
the year, and a very InicreHtiug object in the
evening sky during the summer and autumn
months. At 1 o'clock in the morning of Feb. 23
ho will pars Just below Beta in Scorpio, the dis
tance between the edge of the planet aud the
star being only four seconds of arc, or one-nintb
part of the apparent diameter of Jupiter. In the
morning of April 5 bo will retrograde past the
same star, being about four minutes of arc
above it July 10 ho will be stationary in Lfbra.
,Saturn —Will set after the sun till Fob. 17, the
date of conjunction. From that lime he will rise
before the sun till Aug. 27, when be will bo on
the meridian at midnight; aud wdl bo an evening
star during the lost four mouths of the year,
being among the stars of Aquarius. The moon
will pass directly between the earth and Batum
three times during the year, viz; Aug. o—lo
o'clock p. ni.; Sept. B—2 o’clock a. m.; and
Bopt. 80—5:40 a. m. The two first will bo visible
from Chicago, weather permitting. The rings
of Saturn are rapidly closing up. In Juno (be
apparent length of the ellipoo will be to the ap
parent breadth nearly aa 10 to 1.
Uranxtt— Will bo ou the meridian at midnight
of Fob. 0, and Iu conjunction with the sun Aug
-12. Ho will bo justwleiblo to the naked eye on
fine evenings, in tbe spring aud early summer
mouths, just under the first stars In the head of
JYepfunc-—Will bo on the meridian at midnight
Oct. 20. Ilia right ascension at that Oslo will ho
2 hoard 0 minutes, and north declination 11 do*
gross 6 minutes, —nearly on a line from Bamal
to Mookar. He cannot bo seen except through
tho telescope.
Fob. 8, from 8:40 p. m. to about 11:30 p. m.,
tho moon being near bar first quarter, will pass
oyer tbe Floiados, occulting la succession all
tho prominent members of the group except one.
She nlll again pass through tbo Pleiades Nov.
2, from 11 to 11:20 in tbo evening, occulting
three of tho six that are ordinarily visible.
Fob. 17, about 4:40 a. m„ the moon will occult
a star of tbo third magnitude, known at Pi, in
Aug. 0, at 0:50 p. m., tbo moon being near tbe
full, will occult the planot Saturn; and again at
S o’clock In the morning of Sept, 8.
Deo. 4, at 10 p. m., tbo moon will oooolt Qatb
mn In Oaoeefi of the foortb magnitude.
The alarm from Box 661 at 0i65 last evening
was false.
Tho alarm from Box 771 at 1:10 yesterday af
ternoon was caused by a fire lu a two-story frame
hoaso, No. 101 Sedgwick street, owned and occu
pied by William Langs as a residence. Damage,
about $25, on which there Is no insurance. It
was caused by a defective chimney,
Tho alarm from Box 311 at 6:18 o’clock last
evening was caused by tho discovery of a flro in
tbo two-story brick building No. 576 South Canal
street, owned by W. B. James and occupied by
James & Co. as % machine shop. Tho tiro orig
inated in a pile of rags in the basement. Dam
ans to building, QtQO; to tbo maobjaory, QSOO.
Tbo amount of insurance oonld not be ascer
’i he alarm from Boi 345 at 1:26 o’clock yes
terday morulng vu.caused or tire trunking oat
la tbo smouldering remains of a previous Ore Id
the two-story frame building at No. 00 Bine
Island avenue, owned by William Mather, and
occupied by bun on the eooond story as a rest*
aeuoe, and on the drat floor by Uoory Qrebe ae
a cigar store. Tbo damage was but Domical.
The tire originated in a closet in the rear of the
tobacco atoio, probably from a spark of a fire
which had boon extinguished but a few bouts
Limx Rock, Ark., Deo. 10.—Cares’ gin, 4
mUoa below toon, Mills' gin. at the earns place,
aod Brown’# gin, 10 miles below, wore set on tire
and destroyed last night. Lees by the former,
92,000 each. Brown’s lose, 96,000.
Bootoh, Mass., Deo. 10— E. D. Peters A Co.,
(be oldest and most extensive lumber commis
sion firm in Boston, bos suspended. Large loss
es by the shrinkage Id property and business
depression are the causes assigned. A meeting
of tboir creditors Is soon to bs held.
special Ditpat*’ » to J'b* Chicago Trihunt,
Blooujkqton, 111.,. Bao. 10.—DashioU, tbs
largest wholnsale millmcry-dealer in Blooming
ton, was closed to-day br the Sheriff on a judg
ment note for 93.600. Assets, 97,000 to 910,00 U.
WASsmorojr, B. C., Bee. 11—1 a. m.—For the
Upper Mississippi tod Lower Missouri Valleys
and Upper Lakes, felling barometer, southerly
and westerly winds, stationary temperature, and
eloudy weather.
umoaoo, Dec. 10.
30.03 Ml
M.M W;
m.m 4i
W.WI 4l|
2V.M, 871
M.M 87
•oa, frail.
C4H., fr«U. 1
U,n t frtth.
W B.i (rMtt.,
BXIB,, frMb.
M'fc, fmli.
6:Ua. m.
ll:isa. m.
3ftop« in.
lifp. m.
bum p. m.
fttlulmoia thermometer, 90.
Oaiaiao, D#o. ifr-Mldnlght.
Station. ~\B*r. Thr WiM. Kami EtafUr.
Chicago...„W.M 87 a - W -I f'Mfc* .os'zjgbt snow,
CbnSmal. aa.w «1 N. W., hriik, yj,.
Brcfc’nrMM'tt.Da 10 N. W„ (mb Icioulr.
blmutrck..i2o.Bi UN. W., fmh Fair.
Deteuport, 28. W 84IN. W„ brisk. Cloud*.
D*n?er.. Jw.l3 67|W„ freeh |C4oudjr,
Duluth ....stt.W 84 Calm. iCloudjr,
Fu QMTjr.. 89.07 e t.fmb,.... .18 Cioodjr.
ruOUaoa, 30.17 M N.,1rub..... OUix.
Keokuk.... 30.01 UN. W„ freeh
laCkmm.. 84.Qi 87,8. W.. Trab lOloudy,
bS 2;ii mlk. w.’, rmh \tfU.
mSa K«a®~
President Joy Itcpllcs to Attacks
on tlio Michigan Central,
Error, of Fact and of Inference in Ur.
Barrett', Statement.
Jfeir York Merchant, Protest Against Ex-
cessive Itallroad Kates.
The Validity of County Bonds in
Aid of Kansas Railroads.
Ulscollaneou, Items.
About a week ago quite a hubbub was created
in financial circles by the publication of a state
ment made out by a Mr. Barrett, of Boston,
which sot forth that tbo financial condition of
the Michigan Central Itallroad was in a very un
satisfactory condition. In consequence of that
statement the stock of the road has gone down to
53. lower than it has ever before been quoted. A
day or two ago a reporter of the Detroit Free
J’ress called upon Mr. J. F. Joy, the President
of the Michigan Central liailroad, to learn what
ho had to say in regard lo Mr. Barrett's criti
cism. Mr. Joy made a very full and concise
statement, answering all the assertions of Mr.
Barrett. The following is a summary of it:
It u vary assy to point out tbe errors and to show
tho entire falsity of tbs statement* oa made and tbo
results from them la the letter of Mr. lUrrett of (be
29tb of November, and nnblsbsd in various papers of
(he country eiuce, relative to tho accounts of tho
Michigan Central Railroad Company, ffia ataletnent
goes back to the annual report of 1871 and extends
from thence down to tbo last report, professing to
atato Uio accounts with accuracy, aud to show that tbe
dividends then made upon tho slock were not fairly
earned, and that tho oxjieoaoH of mainUiuaure of per
m nent road and repairs of robing-*lock aro not mr
roctiy given in tho annuel statements of the Company,
aud tbnt (ba difference between receipts by tbo Tress
ur«r and earnlnga need explanation. I will examine
his statement, ao far m may be necessary to uhow how
Inaccurate and wholly unreliable U la, and astliify
slockboldura and tbe publlu probably of the accuracy
of tbo accounts of tho Company,
UU first statement is oa follows, May 31,1871;
Capital stock (11.643,648
Rondo, u. o *3,:m,0e8
Alr-Lluo 1,900,(KIO
KaUmtzoa b H, liw 7KM.DO
J. & N.X Ktt.OJU
Q. U. Valley 1.W0.000
1 8,284,988
Total $22,900,880
Quanntooa on .Toilet & Northern Indian- and Grand
River Valley Hoad* about $14,000 per annum.
Anoiul interest oa tb« above boudi aud guarantees
ou stock $064,049.
Busldub of main lino and branches for yew ending
May 81,
(Irons earnings $3,420^33
Operating expenses. 3,601,011
Not earnings $1,639,112
Ooduct Interest and guarantees, as above.... tKU.iMQ
Dividend Dec. 31. 6 nor cent
Dividend July S, Ida, 6 per cent.
Showing dividends larger than (ho earnings, accord
ing to bis figures.
This U Ihu foil aUUment completa a* made by him.
NoV, iu the first place, tho bou Jed debt of this Com
pany U atatfid too high by him by tho sum of S&}T,OOO,
tbs; amount of bonds then outstanding as staled by
him baying boon aheody paid and deponKed with (ha
trustees of the sinking fund. They were paid from
earnings. The bonds of (bo Oosnpaoy mimuurtlng at
that timo were $3,630,UW Instead of (t.S'Ji.Miy u stated
by Ur. UatrelL The amount of intercut on this
amount of bond* la $31,130.
There wors no gnaranteea for dividend* on Grand
Rivet Valley stock for that year, not for throe yaara
afterward. Tbe stock of tbe Joliot t Northern In
diana Company all belonged to tbe Michigan Central
Company except tbe dividend upon winch
would be only $5,600. Tbcro la an error In the state
ment of Mr. Barrett, tburofore, In that Item, of $34,-
000 of guarantee* nf Joliot £ Northern Indiana, and
Grand lUver Valley stock of $29,000. These two items
of $51,230 and 529,000 dlfforcnoo in Interval übsngo the
statement of Mr. Barrett of tbo charges upon the
Company for that year by $30,130. These errors run
through his whole statement.
Tbeluooroosooouut of ibst year, as stated In tha
report of tha Treasurer, shows at tbe commencomaut
of tbo year • balance to tbe credit of Inooma applica
ble to dividends of $436,732. The year commences
with June J, and with that balance on hand from tho
previous year's earnings. Out of that was a & per
cent dividend July 6,1370, of $601,935, leaving still to
(he credit of that account $331,334. to which, of
course, vara in due eMrsa of time during tbe year
added tbo net earnings of the year, amounting, as
correUy stated by Ur. Barrett, to $1,50J,U3. both
sums amounting to $1,703,140 standing to tbs credit
of Income and applicable to dividends. Out of this
enm were mode the dividends stated by him :
December 1,1370 .t. $ 089,345
July 6,18TU 707,770
Iking s total of (1,137.135
And still tearing at the data of the dividends last
made a surplus of $330,011 to be carried Harvard aa a
balance to the credit of the Income aooount of the
next year. All this appears by the report of the Treas
urer of that gear, and must bare been before Air. Bar
rett's eyes, and tne simple atalement of the figures
now from the report most put to the rout all Mr. Bar*
Mil's array of figures, and all tho doubts and bob*
plclooa which may have been created by him in the
mtnds of either atookhoUor* or the public. This la a
sample of oil his statements. Hvery one may be dis
posed of as easily, and it cannot bo necessary to go
through with them each one year by year.
As regards that feature ot Ur. Baxtoli’s letter
in which ho endeavors to show what
tub expense* or run bailboao
aro per mile run of the locomotive, where,
after establishing a rule os to the proper ex
penses by comparison, he applies the rule to tho
Michigan Central Railroad, and tries to prove
that tho actual expenses must have been much
greater than the reports show thorn to have been,
Mr. Joy says:
Of course, be would not intentionally seek to
convey to Uio public mind the Idea (but tho accounts
of this Company have for five years been falsely and
fraudulently kept unless be really believes It. But
mark bow carelessly bis statements have been made,
lie baa taken the whole mileage of the cajrtnea for
those years, upon both main line and branches, tod,
In calculating its effects upon tho track and conse
quent cost or keeping it In repair, be has taken onlr
tbo expense of repairs upon (he worn !mc, and left
out all tbo outlays of money to keep tbe tracks of tho
braneboe In order. Tbo main Una bad Just been re
laid with steel almost entire, and was a complete new
stool road, with new ties and a perfect roadbed. Tbo
branches were ill Iron and required Urge mpetnc,
while tbe reverse wse (bo ease with (be main line.
What conclusion shall we draw relative to an expert In
railway accounts whose criticisms aro characterized
by aucb an application of a rule as this 7 Tbe earns
reports which giro bint tho mileage of locomotives
give Idm (ho roads over which they run, as well as
tho length and business of the mads. Why does he
take the mileage of ail tbe line* aa lbs proper criterion
of (he coet of keeping team all In repair end then take
only tbe expense laid out on tbe most perfect lino, end
lose than half tho whole as being the whole coat of
maintaining (bam all T
Oao other statement may be noticed, not became It
la wrong, but because from the way It U stated It is
calculated to create a foist improrslou. lie says on
page 53 of report for 187 ft the gross earnings are stated
at 17,103,380. On pagett the gross receipts are staled
St 10,7*1.013, and the “ net u eorraapondlugly reduced
—uo explanation appearing In the report. Tbe art
dent Intention of tide U to oonrey (be impression that
one or tbo other etstemeute cannot be (rue, uud that
the real earnings aro not equal to reputed earnings.
Doce not this critic know tbs difference between the
comings which way be made In the Writ by*lho road
and tbe cash receipts by the Treasurer In Beaten T If
1m bad examined the same lUleuieute of earning! and
receipts In tbe report of the year before ha would bare
sera tbst the receipts of cash by that officer were
actually greater than ail tbe gross earnings of tho year.
This grows out of the course of business ana tbe man
ner or dulug it slid collecting tbe freights and pa»-
•eager money, which perhaps should be staled. .
All the roads west of Chicago terminate tbalr way
bills at that point. There they dvlifsr over the busi
ness consigned Kut to the Eastern linos, end those re
ceiving It are required to puy the bock Irdghl unto
Chicago. This back freight paid by them Is added to
the rate from Chicago to Now England or New York,
and the property goae forward, end la New York or
New England the wnole bill for back charges to Chica
go, and the freight money earned from thence Cast, la
collected at tbl point of dosUusllou by tbe olhcareoX
the last road over which it la carried. It is generally
about three to four weexs after the property la received
at Chicago before the money earned and paid eul by
this Company is received by It. This money la earned
therefore, three or four wssks before tho cash for It la
received. The earning#, therefore, and Ihereoelpto
are not Identical. The amount of money which may
be due to this Conijany for such unreal!ted
earnings varies vary groat!/. If It 1a a cargo of tea,
as happened this year, from China, added to other
bullosas, tho back chargee are paid at Chicago from
China to that point. They go forward with the cargo
to New York. It way be two such cargoes in addi
tion to all other freight. The amount of money In
volved becomes Very Urge. On ail such business by
Grand Trunk, N«w York Central, and Erie, the
amount outstanding sometimes la aaveral Hundred
thousand dollars. Uometimsa It la quite email. It la
tbe difference in th«e# amounts of freight earned and
which at tho dose of different years cause*
tbe oath receipts of one year to fall for abort of the
grow earning*, and the next year to exceed them.
It appears singular that an export critic of railway ac
counts is not able to distinguish between money
tirntd and not received end cash la th* Uses ary,
fftaiH) Wthtr,
.... Cloudy,
.oi.n, ■d’w
...... U.U) 1 *
,| iLtcn’w
noTU7 Atuottr «iuu* iutoitio**.
from the idtlcee Jaet received Iron New
Tork, the raeroheste of Uut ally here el lut
awakened end beg to le Uli tone tiepe b|
which It if exr.eolod to break np tho present
combination of ra I road a. Tliov come late, but
ntiil thov como, and if they go on aa thoy bavo
begun (bey will undoubtedly bring the magnates
to terms. Tho meeting was hold at tbe New
York Chamber of Commerce Wednesday after
noon, sod was attended by the most prominent
and influential merchants of (hat city.
Mr. B. G. Arnold was elected Chairman. He
said that the object of tho meeting was one of
groat Importance to tbe mercantile Interests of
tbe dtr. They were suffering from a most un
natural cause: New York railroads were dis
criminating in their rates of freight against New
York. This bad been tbe case for several years,
but never to such an extent as at present. They
all knew how Identified tbo great corporations of
Philadelphia and Baltimore wets with the inter
ests of (nose cilios. It was a patriotic principle
with them lo advance and protect tbo
Irado of thouo cities. Nothing qf tho
kind bad over been known in Now York.
They, as merchant*, found it ilifllcult to compre
hend the theory upou which tho largest support
ers of railroads wore habitually and persistently
sacrificed to minor intercut). It was contrary to
all tbe ordinary principles of mercantile prac
tice. Tho main point lor them to consider was.
Whom Is the remedy ? They must seek for one.
He trusted, in conclusion, that measures might
be dovisod by which a revolution iu tbe manage
ment of the Now York Ceutrai and Erie Rail
roads. In llioir consideration of tho interests
which afforded thorn tbe largest support, could
be brought about.
Sroocucs wore made by Metars. Clafiin. Dodge.
TUurber, Smith, aud a number of other influen
tial merchants, all agreeing that the present
stale of affairs was unbearable, and that some
thing had to bo done to protect the intoroats of
Now York.
Finally, tbo following resolutions ware unani
mously adopted: *
Whitrea*, For poveral years pul it haa been tbe cus
tom of tbo main railroad companies to thu West, lu
combining ou fn-ight rates, to mske their schedule tbs
buds of a differential tariff, greatly discrliolmUlnff
against shlpmnuts from New York and in favor of
other competing point*, most uolibly Itoslon,
delpbla, sud RoTtlmore, to the eerluus injury of IU)
large mercantile community here, amt through It to
the whole country, ss well an dcUructloa to the cen
tral welfare and natural growth of oar city; theleforo,
to H
iuntvtd. That while we have no wish to unwarrant
ably Interfere with the management or operation of
any of the various railroad organizations, and on every
account dcfllrc them prosperity, yet wo couUmJ that
their administration should bo Impartial, and upon
some scale of equal chargee sud advantages with re
spect to All tho great contra* of trade both But and
West, for which we are at all times ready aud willing
to pay rates that shall be remunerative to the com
praUes. only claiming that Xew York should not be
placed at nnv disadvantage.
IlfioUid, That since (be.system pursued by tbo
railroads baa been directly at variance with thceo
sound principles, teihe manifest and Increasing detri
ment of New York and Ita commercial position, wo,
aa New York merchants, for rclf-prol«tlou, nod in Uio
rightful defoc;** of our oaten-ling biulnow relations,
and long-established intimate connection with tho
development und trade of (he Orost Woet and Baulh,
are called upon to unite in an earnest and determined
protest against the unjuzt sod Improvident policy so
continuously adopted by tbs powerful railroad com
binations, and to respectfully demand from them
some prompt and reasonable consideration of tbo Im
portant and valuable interests located here, with a
fslr adjustment uf freights as between New York and
other ctUea.
}{f4olctit. That, tR citizens of this great metropolis,
tho chief commercial centre of tho continent, while
wo oro Justly proud of iu eommandlug position and
illuntriunii hlalory, Us vast Influence, political and
nodal, at homo sod abroad, we feel a rrspoiuibUity to
guard Us resources and perpetuate Jta prosperity;
end we cannot quietly submit to ace either suffer, or
any legitimate rights of our city impaired,
hftoittd, Ttwt we believe the ultimate result of the
present railroad freight policy must prove as ruinous
to the railroad companies whose principal connections
are with Now York as to the city itself, by increasing
and building up a competition at points less directly
under their control, and opening the way for now
idiaunels of freight traffic distant from their main lines.
AVre/c/tf, That in our efforts to seonrn tome Hmne
diats relief lu the matter of New York freights, we
•hail appreciate the sympathy and assistance of any of
the railroad organizations which may co-operate with
us, dtid pledge ourselves to support and potrouizs the
samo to enr utmost ability, in preference to all other
competing roads.
JtUvivea, That a committee of seven lone from each
leading branch of trade, as far as possible) he appoint
ed to mibinlt the sentiment and action of this meeting
to tho various railroad corporations, und to communi
cate their reply to the merchants at such early date aa
may be decided upon.
JlttolrtJ, That, if uoeossary, a mass-meeting of the
merchants of Now York, representing all the interests
a {Tooled, be called without de>ay, to lake more definite
action upon tt» questions at issue.
Air. ThuAor, of the Cheap Transportation
Association, aaid the die criminations complained
of were mostly ou such classes as wore princi
pally shipped. He submitted statements and
facts,and copies of eome correspondence with
Vendor blit. He had failed to got any satisfac
tion. Tho Cho&p Transportation Society be
lieved the time bad come for an exclusive
freight railroad. Such a road could be built to
carry freight at one-half (ho present rates. It
should bo under the control of the National
Government, so that combination with other
roads would be impossible. He then submitted
a motion to appoint a committee of five to con
fer with the managers of the principal New
York lines, which was unanimously adopted.
.% 026.063
. 689,30.4
. 7J3^B!T
Cm b. & a
Sptefai DitpoteA la The Chicago 7'ribnm,
QotncT.HL, Deo.lo.—Foreorae months past It
has peon currently reported that the Chicago,
Burlington A Quincy Railroad was Terr desirous
of possessing the Quincy, Alton A 8L Louis
Branch, partly completed to Louisiana. Twice
have the 031 core of the former corporation at*
temptod to negotiate for the purchase of the lat
ter line. The two sets of officers failed to agree
on satisfactory terms, as tho stockholders of the
Quinoy, Alton A Bt. Louis wore sot willing to
sell the lino from this city to Hannibal without
also disposing of the rood below that
point to Louisiana. Tho Chicago, Bur
lington A Quinoy desired only that
portion of the road between this cltrr and Hanni
bal. as it would allow direct connections at tho
latter station to bo made with tho Missouri,
Kansas A Topeka for tho West and Southwest.
Tho Impression is quite general to-day than an
arrangement boa been perfected whereby tho
management of the Quinoy, Alloa A Bt. Louis
falls to tho Chicago. Burlington A Quinoy, and
it is believed that tbo stockholders of tho former
road receiro a guarantee lease for the use of tho
road. The consideration named In the contractor
tbo time the new airragement goes nito effect
are not known by tbs officers of either road in
this citv. It is presumed, however, that an Ac
count of stock and other preliminary operations
will take place next week, as President Woods,
of tho Quinoy, Alton A Bt. Louis, is expected In
the city at that time.
Svtcial Dltpal-h ti the Chicago Tribune,
Topkka. Han.. Deo. 10.—The United States
Circuit Court, in nosaion hare for tho past two
weeks, has adjourned, after the transaction of a
large amount of business. A considerable por
tion of the term was occupied lu the trial of
cases resisting payment and testing the va
lidity of bondu voted br counties and
cities in aid oi' railroads. Thews esses
nero generally decided In favor of the bond
holders or railroad companies and against tbs
tax-psyen. ThodiMtrinsof tbo Court in pass
ing upon the main issue was to the
effect that, where bonds have beeu reg
ularly voted for a lawful object, they can
not bo invalidated by informalities in
(heir issuance, delivery, or solo, and that, on
the other hand, whnre bonds have not been
legally voted, or have been voted for an illegal ob
ject, they oro void, oven in the hands of innocent
purchasers without notice. While tne Eastern
and older counties o t tho States are many of
them trying to evade i\ho payment of this class
of soourilioe, tbo dows.v counties are clamorous
for au opportunity to ftatdou themselves with
bonds in aid of railroads and will make a deter
mined effort in the Legislature this winter to
aoours tbs repeal of the Uvw limiting bond-voting
to 6 per osnt of tbo taxable value of property.
9p»eM DUuUtX c> Tht C.Wot* aWtime.
Mhwauk**, Dec. 10.—Under* a decree of fore
closure for the United States Court, United
States Marshal Hamilton to-day sold the Mil
waukee, Manitowoc 4 Orean Buy Bailwav for
•1,223,988.76 to Messrs. A* Korda, L. Wells,
M. P. Jessup. 8. 8- Sands, and W. H. Onion, of
Kaw York, bondholders | and the Milwaukee,
Lake Shore 4 Western (o the same pemona for
•2, 609,418.20.
oflio nattioao oomossioiitt.
CoLCwnua, 0., Dec* 10,—Oov. Allen to-day
appointed Lincoln Q. Delano, of ChiUltioihe,
State Commissioner of RsUroads, and UA* graphs
that Ur. Delano is a wealthy fanner end stock
raisor, and ha* been prominently connected with
the State Board of Agile ultwa for aome joart*
TBi vaxaiu AAiLßoan Duvwonas.
KtvYonx, Dec, 10.—The injunction re*. Irvin
lag Ike BaUroad Company from fanning eteam-
ships in connection with their railroad is con
tinued by the court.
cmcAuo .v jtor.Tuwf-ftizn!!.
St*eutl A»i»/ufe-A to r ir-h»nt.
Nf.w York, Dec, 10.—Tho information pub
lished by you In dinpaUMoa from ibi* cuy rela
tive to the Chicago .V Northwestern liailroad.
was obtained from regular and responsible n«:WH
channols and behoved at the time to bo true.
Vico-Prealdont Hykos to-day declared that the
publications wfiVo mode in (ho interest of a
strong clique of beam, and were misrepresenta
tions and libelous. Tbe Irifiunc authority
claims to have obtained (ho facts from sup
preened reports of the company, and insists
that they are correct. Vice-President Hyks*,
on tho other baud, declares that tho only
pait of tho report alluded to which was
suppressed was s part which contained
information which would have injured tho Com
pany In tho } emling Granger suits. Itm satis
fied by personal Inquiry that this latter is a fact,
but have bul no opportunity to examine the
other figures aud facts put forth hero to the dis
credit of the road.
The Pittsburg <t FUWavna (Uitroad wid hero
aftcrdiapatcharegularerprosstnun at l) o’clock
p. ra. every Sunday. Heretofore no trama were
dispatched Saturday or Sunday evenings on Ibis
line. Now trams will leavo every evening ex
cept Saturday. This change will prove a groat
convenience to the patrons of this lino.
.TXffiol JjfinotM to U* Chicaav Tnb'inf.
Keouck. la., Dee. 19.—A suit entitled J.
Ttacv, AMlgueo of E. H. Edger Jc Co., of Bur
lington, vs. tho Chicago. Burlington A Quincy
Kailway was commenced in this city to-dav. Tho
suit was brought to recover £25.900 which sum
tbo plaintiff claims he is emitted to in conse-
3 nonce of a noii-oompliapco on tbo part of tho
ompaoy with tho lowa Hallway Tariff law. Tbo
petitlou contains a long list of overcharges ou
grain, which, it is alleged, wero paid under pro
test. Tbe case will -be heard at tho January
term of the court.
Stteial IHAnatet, to Thf C7u eaoo Trl6*ifW.
DATF-RponT. Is.. Deo. 10 —Hunt. Kiddie, of tbe
Chicago. Hock Inland k Pacific Uoad. lias nisJo
a formal proposition to tlio rcoplo of Knoxville
tu extend the road from Osksiobea to that place.
Tile terms are that tbe people of Marion County
furniab free right of way through the county,
tbe derot grounds required, and £35,990 enbkldv.
and giving tbo Company till tbo l*t of October.
1876, to build to Knoxville, and till Doc. 1.1877,
to complete It to Carlisle.
On Tnursday a public meeting of tbe citizens
of Knoxville was held, ana a committee of five
appointed to go to Chicago and close a contract
with tbo officer* of tho Chicago. Bock Inland dr
Paciflo. This baa boon done, and work will be
gin iu the spring upon tho Northwestern Exten
sion. Tho extension from Unkaloosa to Carlisle
will be about 40 miles, and it is probable that, in
time, the road will be carried on to indianola,
Ctiero connecting with the Indianoia Branch of
the same road. Uiuh giving two hoea from Dav
enport to Doa Moincrt.
Lost and .saveil-Gavernmental In.
qulry Beinamled.
New Y'orx. Dec. 10.— Diap&tchrm from Lon
don state that when tbe Deutschland left Bre
men abo bod 101 adults, eleven children, and
two infants. Of those, fifty-tux bavo been
saved, and fifty-eight are missing, together with
a few of tho crew.
M, Myers, a Bremen merchant, who was a pas
senger, censures tho people of Harwich for not
sending amhstanco on Monday, lie says tbo
sea was rough, but not daoueroos.. and be
thinks tho Captain mirth! safelr have launched
tho boats during tho day. some of which wore
only swept awav on Tuesday night.
A tog brought in, yesterday, six additional
corpses—two lomalo and four male. Ono was
Indentifled as Oransmar, a tint-cabin passenger.
A lugger also boarded the Deutschland yester
day, and found other bodies. The IdontUlcatloo
of tho corpses is difficult.
A Franciscan monk convoys tho bodice of the
four none to the monastery at Stratford, near
London, for interment. Other bodies will bo
buried at Harwich.
Ko arrangements bavo boon made for recover
ing the cargo, and a lloet of fishing-smacks are
round the steamer, carrving away evenrtblog
that is portable. Tho abeno of mm and plunder
is fearful.
The Captain was an deck at the time of the
London. Deo. 10.— The steamship Deutsch
land is a hopeless wreck. The Board of Trade
will institute an inquiry into tho disaster.
b|Anotbor Inquest was opened at Harwich to
day on the bodies brought from tbo Deutsch
land. CapL King. Master of the tug Liverpool,
was examined, and testified that the Coast
Guard notified him on Monday evening of sig
nals of distress, but on account of tho storm it
was not thought prudent to put out to sea until
daylight. Ho did not hcliovo if he had reached
the wreck sooner that be coaid have commenced
saving lives earlier than be did, because the sea
was so high during the night. Adjourned until
London, Dec. ll.—B a. m.—A telegram from
Berlin sates that all tbo members or mo Liberal
party in the Reichstag have Burned au interpella
tion asking the Government for information in
regard to the loaa of the steamer Deutschland,
In addition to this a motion has been made in
Reichstag for the introduction of a measure pro
vielnglor official inquiries into caauaiuea to
German shipping.
Hew York Tribune, Dec. 8.
Tho Deutschland was au iron screw steamer,
brig-rigged and three-decked, of 2.870 ions bur
den. built by Caird A Co,, of Greenock, Scot
land, in 18C0. She rated Al. Her cost was
about X 75.000 sterling, or $370,000, andhorvalu
ation at tho time of the‘*frrock was $200,000. Bho
was in all respects like the other steamers of the
Company, and was considered one of the strong
est vessels on tho lino. Her dimensions were:
Length, 210 feet; beam. 12 feet: depth of hold.
2C feet. She had seven water-tight com
partments, and carried a double-cylinder
compound engine of 700-borso power, which
via put in by Sommers A Co, of South
ampton, England, two years ago. Bho
hmj accommodations for 700 steerage, 100 second
cabin, and 60 first-cabin passongors. and could
carry by measurement 1,200 tons of freight. She
has been running between Now York and Bromou
for the last oino years, and has nover mot with
an accident before exoopt in January last, when
she oroke hoc screw in mid-ocean, and put bock
to Southampton. In this disabled condition sho
drifted for twelve days, encountering very heavy
weather without farther damage. The Deutsch
land had been laid up at Bremen during tho
Hummer on account of the dullness of trade, and
was on her Ural voyage to New York since last
winter. She left New York last on P« b. 25.
lbs former Captain of tho Deutschland was
named William Ludewlga. ilo was roooutly ap
pointed Inspector of tho Company's ship-yard
at Bromouhavon, and his place was takun by Ed
ward Briukeustem, w bo commanded tho i loutsch
land at the time of tho wreck Dxiukens.*oiu has
been employed by the Company as a Captain of
their oceau steamers for thirteen years, lie was
000 of their oldest and most trusted officers. He
tlrat commanded the Hanna, and has boon in
command of other hrst-cla-ss vessels of tho lino.
This was his first voyage in (bo Deutschland.
Tho last vessel commanded by him before tbe
Deutschland was the llhein, which left Now York
for Bremen on Ocu 530.
The North German Lloyd Steamship Company
wu established IQ 1867. but was uot fairly run*
nlug until 1853. Last year the Company had
eleven atoamem. rated as A!, running regularly
between Now York and Cremeu, two vessels de
parting each week. Tula year, however, the
Company has been running only one steamer
Kr week, having seven vessels plying regularly
tween New Vork acd Bremen. The eleven
vessels belonging to this hue are as follows, in
tbs order of tuoir building : lianas, America,
Uerman, Woeer, Deutschland, Rhein, Mam,
Donau. Mosel, Nockar, and Oder. In 180 C, as a
branch of the main link, the Company ostab*
lished a line of six steamere plying regularly bo*
tween firemen and Baltimore, and m 1868 six
more steamers running between firemen and
New Orleans ware pot on.
Paix Rivas, Mass-, Deo. 10.—An order has
been received here from 'Manchester, England,
for 28,000 piece* of printing cloth.
Colored IPorotlaouglal*
AUatUa (Oa.) Ctouftlutwn.
Yesterday, as we wars passing a street beyond
the Atlanta Medical College, and on which a
somber of negroes reside, we heard an old ne*
gro calling out to bis wife i L . ~ , .
«* Msnda I Is you got deco ohlokios oorraled
in de smoke-house like I told yer ?"
“No 1 an 1 1 ilk* to know wbar's d# matter wid
yon, dat joa’s ao 'tickler * about dera ohlokios all
at one* P* she replied. . , .
M Mebberyou mindl I knows where de mat
ter. and data naff till dem chicklus is boused 1
When I heart dat dam niggers ober der in tbs
neat yard ts gwme to nab a party to-morrow
nlihL I wants to be shore dat my obiokiits
•Meat tend it, yea bear mo I •
, lii were at one* lathed m
An Eastern Gentleman of Hit'll
Business Posit {mi Visits
Tho Interesting Lotto? of a Man Who
Knew What Ho Was Writing
Ills Observations Among tho Manufac
turer* of, am! Dealers In, Faints,
Glass, Ktc.
Wo reproduce below tho entertaining and
valuable latter written by a gentleman from a
prominent Atlantic citr. who was briefly sojourn
ing io Chicago on a Joint mission of basincsß
and pleasure. Thoroughly familiar with tbo
trado in paints, oils, glass, and their co-ordinate
branches, be m&do a careful and understanding
tour of tho Chicago bonnes io those linos of
buelnoat. Ills observations among, and mature
indorsements of, certain first-class establish*
monts wore omlxidiod in tho following very in
teresting letter to a home newspaper :
The novelty of a name first attracted my at
tention to a new Invention, which, upon investi
gation. I found to fully warrant the into. I refer
to Alexander's Four-Aco Preserving Taint. Just
what connection there could ho between four
aces and a pot of paint, wan what puzzled me,
and set curiosity all agog. The Tour-Ace Pre
serving Taint, fur rahroad, naval and steamboat
uses, aud for paimcrs. architect!, builders, and
all roofing, wearing, and preserving purposes,
is manufactured by E. H. Alexander 4 Co.,
dealers iu creosote, boiled oils, leads, varnishes,
cat rubbers, saturated felt, aud all roofing-mt
terialri. Chicago, whoso office is Hoorn No. 19, in
tho Palmer House. Quo might suppose, from
the above description, that Mc'itm. Alexander «k
Co. transact business m some dimly-lighted
basement or oleaginous store-room. On the
cuutrarv, Hoorn No. lb is reached from tho entre
sol of the hotel, and ia furnished pa elegantly as
any reception or gnc*t room in this grind build
ing, amt is equally adapted to business or pleas
ure. So, too. is the proprietor, for that matter.
Hut to return to the Tour-Aco Taint: It is
made from creosote, boiled oils, loads, varmsben,
gums, rubber, etc., and was first mauufoctuie l
in 1552, and tested by experiments and use.
with tho additions of various improvements, un
til 1857, when it was considered perfect. Nev
ertheless, the procrietors. who are eminently
practical men, have improved It materially since
that time, until to-day they aro prepared to
guarantee every gallon, and challenge tbo world
to produce its equal. Kaiiruad men and me
chanics have long taxed their ingenuity
to discover a paint which would answer
the demands for car-roofs. Such on article
must ho cheap and durable, and possess tho
quality of preserving tho wood. It must also bo
a foe to rust or corrosion on tic, zinc, or iron, ns
well as to decay in canvas or felt, years of time
and fortunes have been wasted in the invention
of devices that at first gave promise of meeting
these exacting demands, but which eventually
turned out to bo cither utterly worthless or uf
oolv temporary value. Knowing that their re
ward would bo great if they succeeded, Messrs.
.Alexander & Co. persevered iu their expert
montu through years of discouragement,
one) at last achieved a permanent and perfect
success. Tor eighteen years tho Four-Ace
Paint ban been in constant use whore it has been
subjected to the severest tost, and it has iu
every instance given full and complete satisfac
tion. as is amply attested, not only by tho
numerous tei-timonislH from leading railroad
men and builders of the country, bat by largely
Increased orders annually. The facts aro that
this paint b&s become a staple article ot maim
facturo and export, and Its trial never fails to
Insure its adoption, as it is, beyond question,
the cheapest and most durable preserving and
wearing paint over produced.
Of a number of its virtues 1 can speak from
personal observation. Applied to canvas, it
searches oat and fills every fibre and pore, ren
dering it soft aud pliable, ’and preserving it from
decay. Spread upon old Urreu or painted can
vas roofs, it tills all tho cracks and loak-bolea.
aud makes tbo roofs almost as pood as now. Ha
apolication to tin. zinc, aud iron has proved per
fectly successful, as it protects them from rust
aod corrosion, and leaves s smooth wearing sur
face that will not crack or scale in any climate.
Old shingled roofs, that are leaking, will ac
knowledge tho compliment of a coat of
this point by smoothing their wrinkles,
and remain water-tight for years. An ingenious
method le adopted largely by Chicago architects
to render a bnck or stone dwelling free fron
damp walls, and I wonder that it has notcomo in
to vogue more generally in the East. It is to lay a
plank thoroughly saturated with this paint be
tween the cellar and upper walls, and. as no
dampness can pass through the plank, the up
per rooms are dry and comfortable. As the
Foor-Aco readily penetrates wood, and is imper
vious to dampness or water, It is
a most valuable material for painting
the upper surface aud Joints of car
aud bridge-timbers. Of course ita peculiar
Eroncmes render it invaluable to tbo ship
aiider, for painting the hulls of vessels, both
inside and out. A carefully-prepared statement
by tho Superintendent of tho Illinois Central
Hailroad Companr's car-works shows that It is
100 per cent the cheapest in use.
Mr. Alexander is a very prominent and public
spirited citizen, always foremost in every enter
prise that will benotit the city, whether time,
energy, or money are required.
Walking along Lake street the other day, I
saw a sign that reminded mo of home. It woe
that of C. T. Reynolds «fc Co., the old paint,
color, and varnish house, that has stood and
picHpored, as is well known, for over 10D years,
now located on Fulton street. New York, h
seemed like meeting an old fnend, so I stepped
inside and introduced myself. I mot Mr. L*. H.
Cutler, the resident partner and manager of the
Chicago house, which 1 found to bo an auxiliary
of the famous old New York establishment. X
learned that the Chicago house was started in
ISC*. and that it is now one of the loading, if
not the largest, bouses in its line to the West.
Indeed, it could hardly be otherwise with the
prestige and support of such a powerful Eastern
ally, its location, No. 21 Lake street, is one of
the very heat in the city.
Yesterday I looked in at the establishment of
Holden it Tascott, No. 212 Madison street, man
ufacturers of and wholesale dealers la Xascott's
celebrated patent enamel paint, which lam told
is meeting with great favor, and is coming into
general use. The great advantage this paint
offers la its cheapness, durability, and pureness.
Cheapness is a groat desideratum, but the fact
that it is unaffected by change of temperature
and will not ctact, peal, or blister is of the ut
most importance. It is made of strictly pure
white load, oxide of zinc, pure linseed oil. and
the Beat coloring pigment, which gives it Us
matchless beauty, bright, smooth surface, and
anoqoaied power of resistance to the weather.
Another great advantage of this paint is (bat it
is already mixed for use, and may be applied by
the most Inexperienced workman. It hxa been
manufactured and sold throughout tha Norib
west for the past six years with increased sales
annually; a fact which amply demonstrates Us
JAMZft it. nice.
Chicago has an unusually large number of
magnificent business palaces, ami this is one of
the features of the citv that particularly strikes
a stranger. Tromiuent among these establish
ments is that of James H.llice, at Nos. 80 and
B 2 Adams street, the well-known Importer of
polished, rough, and crystal plato glass,
French plate and (lorman mirrors,, also
English, French, end American window
gums. The interior is filled with a very
Jorge and complete stock, arranged with ex
cellent teste. This Is the only importing bouse
west of Now York that makes a specialty of,
aud bandies exclusively, window and French
plate glass, mirrors, etc. 'ilia trade of the house
evinces its popularity throughout tho West.
1 am assured, on reliable authority, tbst last
Tear’s sales reached oo Immense figure, being
larger then those of any similar house vest of
Now York.
Mr. Nice has, by a long and intelligent experi
ence, mastered the trade, and is marching stead
ily forward oa the broad road to feme sod for
tune, with the most positive assurance of obuo
deal success.
•acute vs* itau,
HemtUen (0.) fpselafer.
Some months ago ft gentleman from Dumfries
paid a visit to ft friend of hi* In the Township of
Beverly, a Ur. Henry, and remained with him
several days. Daring his visit tbs Dumfries gen
tleman complained that his bouae vraa literally
Infested with rats aod mice, Hs had tried every
device to get rid of Uieoi, and all bad failed. Ur.
Henry, who li aa Ingenious aa be la fund of
•port, declared that be would battle the rata out
of bU friend's cellar la little less than no time,
to tu bla own eipwuiou. Tbo ntxt day the two
stntlemon drove to tbe gautlman's bouse In
llumfrioa. Ur. Henry took with him a common
aoatiervgrois matchbox, pleroed with ft few
holaa, which be nUesd carefully noder the teat
of tbe buggy. The Domfrlee gentleman, feeling
, ibat hi* m*M «a« gain* to nve Uat a turnup
probably with tome Improvement on a ferret,'
Mkod no questions, tho bettor to enjoy tbo sur
pn«« when 11 did come, Arrived at the house
tnpy had dinner, and, after tbo ladles had
coined. Mr. Henry placed tho box on tho labl«
and removed tho nd. la an Inman; from thr
hoi looped o full-grown garter-snake, meiflur
>nc %y t foot In length. Tho reptile, which wai
highly oxcitcd with tho heal, roarea Itself al
most on tho extremity ot da kail, and glided
about tho table with remarkable rapidity, lick
ing ita gbaatlyjaws with ita forked and nlmbli
tongue. Tho Dumfries gentleman shrank bad
into tho corner almost petrified with hoiror. Air
Henry showed bow ailW this was by taking tin
Hiiaiio upon his arm and handling It much or i
hack-driver would bis whlp-laab. Hlafoamwen
llnaily overcome, and when ho had compose*
li>mse)f ho led hia fiiend Into tho cellar, when
the •make was not at liberty. Tho reptile ira
mediately darted for the wall, and tho next mo
ment dit-covored a hole, into which it glided will
the greatest case. An interested terrier stood at
their hct-K aad both pcn’lemen held dub*
winch wore trumps Just about them. The snake
had not disappeaietl nror a minute before half*
a-dozen rat-4 bounced out of tho hole and mot t
terrible fate at tho bands of their enemies out
side. Hut the mako was not satisfied ; ft dis
covered every rat-hole iu the cellar, and glided
in and out among the rocks where oven a rat
could not have gone. It was finally taken uf
and placed in tbo box offer twenty rata and
almost as many mice hid been killed. Tb«
anako belongs to a black gaiter family, which are
In reality tho best friend-* tho farmer has got.
Thov live exclusively on flcld-mica. worms, flies,
and other vermin, and if thov swallow a frog oi
dine on a couple of yonng ground-birds, or acci
dentally ghdo across the path of a human being,
their lives should bo preserved, as their good
qualities counterbalance those defects. The one
possessed by Mr. Honrv was captured by him
last summer (a a pca.ncfd, and since ho has hod
It no rats aro to be aecu or beard of in tho flcigli
borhood of bis house. The roptilo is kept in a
box. as before stated, and is fed upon Uvor.
Next summer Mr. llenrv intends to capture all
the snakes ho possiblv can alive nod train them
up for tho benefit of bis neighbors.
Coughs tod cold* are often overlooked. A ccmtln
nance for any length of time cause* irritation of the
lungs or tome chronic throat disease, “Browa’a
Bcouehlal Troches ” are an elteHaal cough remedy
Dtirnott’M Cocnalmr
Prevents the Hair from Falling.
Promotes Its Hmlihy Growth.
It not Greasy nor Hiicky.
Leaves no Dieai-reetbte Olor.
Hiih.lucfl Refractory Hair.
Uraxm'd Cocoainl
Soothes the Irritated Scilp-SUa,
Affords the Richest Lustre.
Is not an Alcoholic Wash.
Kills Dandruff.
Gives tie w Life to the flair.
Bubnxtt's Ccx'usrKE
Domains Longest in Effect.
83 & 85 STATE-ST.,
(Fmt Door north I'ieU, Drtler b C,.)
latest ntsomiioss
Un aii iip Mis,
Dinner, Tea, BroaMast, & Lnncli Sets,
Beat "White Granite anil P. G. Goods.
Tho Patent Standard Tabular
But light for price offered the public. Can be need
oa soy Gas or Kerosene Fixture, or Centra Table.
Lamps and Lamp Goods of Every
HOLIDAY goods.
At naif and Two-thirds Value.
GOOPSPEED’S, No. 208 State-sfc
A superb collection of Engravings sod Etchings-*.
Proof-Copies. Bare ami Cuoke ImproMlun*,—are now
for sale and on exhibition at Ilia etore of Messrs. JAN
SEN, McCLUBQ A CO,. 117 and 1H Btats-sL
Q. E. PFEIFFER, Age 3 John-at.. N. T.
Merobont Tailors,
The CHICAGO PANTS are warranted all wool, vs
shrunk, well trimmed, newest goods, best
workmanship, perfect lit,
89.00 A X»ATR.
a Wilson & E vend Ears
IglwggjSfN 47 *4O Wut Ui Bt
pr Seed for Catalegas,
Uanafaetureie el

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