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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, March 20, 1878, Image 7

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A WHEAT COUNTRY.
The Valfey of the Red RiVer of
thd North,
Description of tho Country by a
Citizen of Chicago.
Tbo Immense Farms of Hr. Pntrjmplc
and Ills Associate's, am! Hotr
They Are Worked.
yin eliraale— Gra^slioppers—Dailroads—A Splendid
Oppirlonity for Chicago Capitalists. ,
To thi* Editor of The THhunv.
red River Vallbt op ms North, FAnao,
Dakota Territory, .March 15.—Few of your rbad
trt, I Imagine, have any very dear or correct
Idea or conception of thin portion of the North
of its extent and diameter, as well as
0 f ps commercial Importance In the future.
We, in Chicago, are apt to think of tho tied
River Valley of the North os being somewhere
lU p In the vicinity of tho Arctic regions,—some
where near the North Dole; and, with this
thought Impressed upon our minds, we dismiss
Uic subject and give It no further thought. But,
when one reaches hero and actually Hilda him
itlf upon the ground, ho falls to realize that ho
Is any nearer the frozen regions than tho cltl
tens ot Cairo or Memphis do when the? And
themselves in Chicago. The temperature ot
this country, In winter, is tho same ns In Ver
mont, New Hampshire, and Canada; and, In
summer, the same ns in Pennsylvania.
Here He, unquestionably,
TRS WIIRAT-FIBI.PS OF TUB WBSTBItJf COOBTRT,
]t Is doubtful if another so largo a body of lam!
to favorably adapted to whcat-cuUnfo can any
where be found this side of tho Rocky Moun
(sini, if npon the Continent, and certainly not
ot Uic price at which land here can he bought.
This valley, by reason of Lake Superior setting
to far Inland, Is but J6O miles from lake-navl
gallon, from Duluth, and 085 miles in a due
northwesterly direction from Chicago and
Springfield, HI. Taking the cars ot tbo Mil
waukee A St. Paul or Northwestern Railroad,
at Madison or Rlnzio street, at 10 a. m., one
teaches hero the following evening at 7 p. m.,—
thlrty-lhfve hours from the time of starting.
At SI. Paul, the Northern Pacific cars, and the
cars of the Milwaukee A 81. Paul and North
western Railroads, all come Into the same depot.
This valley extends from Breckinridge (forty
live miles from here), on tho south, to Lake
Winnipeg, on tho north,—a distance of nearly
STB miles, duo north and sbuth. It Is from
forty to fifty miles in width, and embraces over
10,000,000 acres of laud. It Is watered by a
dozen or twenty small rivers; and,
for fertility and productiveness of soil, is
onsurpaSacd. Its eastern border U about
ten miles from tbe Red River at thla point, and
ItswcAtcnl about thirty. .On its eastern bor
der, the Bt. Paul A Pacific Railroad now runs
north soventy-flvo miles to Fisher’s Lauding.
During 1878 this road will probably bo com
pleted to Pembina, wbero it will connect with
the Pembina A Fort Garry Road, which Is being
hiillt by tho Canadian Government, to bo fin
ished July I,lß7B,—giving tho citizens ot Fort
(lorry, or Winnipeg (a place of 7,000 inhabi
tants. on, tho Red River, 225 miles north of
here), no all-rail connection with the Northern
Pacific and tho outside world.
TUB ÜBD RIVBH
(thS dividing line between Dakota and Minne
sota)—a stream of good depth from here to
Lake Winnipeg, with the exception of a abort
distance about sixty miles below here—mean
ders through the centre (or very nearly the cen
tre) of the valley. It is about 10U feet In width,
ami is certainly, without any exception,
tbc crookcdcst stream upon this Con
tinent, traversing 550 miles to make
225 in a direct lino. There aro eight good
(died steamers plying upon It, between Fargo,
Fisher’s Landing (the present terminus of tho
Pt. Fuul & Fm-illc Ball rood), and Winnipeg;
ami they are said to do a heavy and verv lucra
tive business, during the season of navigation,
In tho way of transporting settlcrfc and (heir
supplies to Manitoba, and all along up aud
down the valley mirth of here,—bringing the
products of tbo country to market, In return.
This gives your readers the outline of the
valley; , ,
HOW FOR TUB BOH.
The roll Is a very rich black mold, from eight
een inches to four feet In depth, resting upon a
clay sub-soil. This sub-soli seems to bo strong
ly mixed or imprcguutcd, oil through, with
gypsum or pieces of limestone, quite soft, ami
is said to be as productive of wheat as tho top
soil. At.Gooso River, thirty-five miles north of
this place, this sub-soil is said to crop out to
the surface: and hero it was that the largest
crop of wheat raised in the valley last season Is
reported to have been grown. With such a poll,
it is claimed that these lands cannot bo exhaust
ed by wheat or any other culture. At fort
Garry and around tho Hudson’s Ray settle
ment, wheat Is said to have been
ckoppbu von fifty ibaiis continuously,
without tho lauds showing tho least sign to-day
of exhaustion or weakness. It is also said that,
when the gophers burrow fb the wheat-tlclds in
tills vicinity, throwing up tho sub-soil, the
wheat-plant Immediately around the gopher
hole outstrips the balance of the Held. This
goes to show that the sub-soil IS of overyfertilo
nature, and would act as a fertilizer If it could
be brought to tbe surface and mixed wltb tho
top-soil which of Itself is extremely rich and
would scorn to require no aid. Buell a thing as
resting soil or rotating crops Is never thought of
in this section; neither Is theopplylngof manure
to land a consideration with farmers in this val
ley.
It is in this valley that Mr. Dolrymple and his
associates— Mr. George W. Cass, of New York;
Mr. P. R. Cheuey.of Boston; and Messrs. Gran
din Rrotbers, of Tldloule, fa.—have their large
farms, besides numbers of others. It Is here
thut farming is prosecuted as a business, and Is
followed as energetically and systematically u
any business in Chicago, and upon the same
principles. Tue work la directed and tho ac
counts kept lu the same, manner aa Is the bust
ucssof any largo manufactory in our city. A few
items in relation lu t\vo of these farms may not
l\unloterest(ng to your readers. 1 speak of
tlieeo for the resson that they are more exten
sive and more fully developed than auy others.
TUB CASS-CIIENBY FARM,
ts It Is called, situated Immediately upon tho
railroad, at Casscllou, Cass County, Dakota twen
ty miles west of here, embraces IU.UOU acres.
In 167(1 Us cron eoou rlsed I,‘JrtO acres; lu 1677,
3,415 acres. The yield of this U. 415 acres (all
but about 1,400 of It upon sod-laud, broken In
May and June, 1870, and not backset or rc
plowed) was T 0,413 bushels,—an average of
twenty-three and uue-fuurth bushels. To get
tin* land Into shape, and to cultivate nod har
vest this crop, required twenty-four breaking
plows, 100 stubble-plows, sixty-seven harrows,
twenty-six broadcast seeders, twenty-six har
vesters, and tivo steam threshing-machines.
The crop of 187 b will be 8,000 seres. The ground
Is now prepared, and this body or tract will bo
sown as soon as the laud is sufficiently dry: 100
acres were seeded a week ago. w hen work had
to bo stopped, deeding would be well along
to-day, upon this farm, but for the rain of this
Week, Which has been very heavy during almost
the entire time since Sunday last. The culture
sod harvesting of this 8,000 acre* will require
tie use of forty seeders, 100 harrows, I2s»tub
bic-plows. llfty harvesters, and ten steam
ijycihine-maehlnes. Next year, or by 1880 at
the outside, It is the Intention of the proprietors
to have this entire /Arm of 10,000 acres all Id
wheal.
UPON THI OiUNDIN FAHU,
■s It Is called, upon tbo lied Elver, tliirty-flre
mile* uortbof here, will be sowu thla spring
b.UOj acres of wheat, requiring machinery lu
proportion to the Cass-Cheuey farm. The
product of this farm, last August, was 63,600
bushel* from 3,600 acre*,— being an average of a
little over twenty-four buahels. This farm cm
traies 33,0 W acres.
meshing Is done from the shoes. EscU
Pirvester Is calculated to cut twelve acres per
®*f. and It is intended that harvesting will be
sd completed lu twelve days from tbo lime of
commencement, when the grain la Immediately
threshed and sent to Duluth, on lla way to Naur
fork. As soon as harvesting la over, tbo atub
j-'ic-pound is Immediately plowed for the fol
toning spring-sowing, together with the new
Ciuund broken in May and June previously,—
sben the bauds are discharged, the tools aUired,
ami all expenses, except the keeping of the
•■oik through the winter, axe slopped- Work
•u (hi* country is usually commenced the fore
fan of April, and ended the fore part of No*
• ruiUr,—making a season of stout seven
Mr. Dalrvmpie is Interested In both
v tbcu* farms, and they arc both run under bla
and supervision.
auJing these gentlemen broke
ground lu tU* valley only two year* since, I
am reliably Informed that their crops of 1870
tad 1577
IIAVB FOl.t.T nBIMBtmSRD TIIEIi
for their outlay for land, outfit, amt cost of
culture, up to and Including the harvesting of
the cron of 1877. This shows the remunerative
character of this kind of Investment when prose
cuted as other kinds of business arc conducted.
Considering its safety and its returns, there are
few enterprises (inlay, followed for a term of
years, which equal It for the Investment of
money; and, wnen this is said, duo allowance
Is made for drawluuks In the shape of grass
hoppers, Injury to crops, etc. Bt. Paul and
Minneapolis capitalists see this, and are heavily
investing in large farming In the different
wheat-crowing sections of Minnesota and
Dakota; and to me It Is a matter of surprise
that Chicago capitalists do not turn their at
tention In ttds same direction. In the growing
of wheat, exclusively as a business, upon
a largo scale, large economies ran bo
practiced; and among the number may he
mentioned the fact of the wheat-ernp being
made and harvested In about four months, ne
cessitating ft farmer being under expense only
about one-half the year. After a crop Is har
vested, the ground Is replowed, and there (a
nothing more to do until seed-time the follow
ing April. The hands are paid off. when they
go into the pineries of Northern Minnesota, and
work until tUo coming spring, when they return
to the farm.
THIS VAI.T.BT
Is admirably adapted to whcat-cutturo (and par
ticularly wheat-culture upon a largo scale) by
reason ot its sol), size, surface, climate, ami ab
sence of rain during tbe harvest-season, it Is
one vast level prairie for mites and miles, as far
as the eye can rcadiiWltli Just undulation sum
dent for drainage. Thcro (a very little waste
land In this part of the valley; ana t anv told
that this Is a characteristic of It all over. A
farmer having five sections, side by tide, can
run almost nn unbroken furrow five mites in
any direction; aud It is said this can bo done In
almost any carl of the valley. This matter of
lung furrows or long stretches In farming is a
great saving,—a great economy In the working
of hands and loams In Strung force. Thera Is
no time lost.
Mr. Dalrymole works, Ids forces, either at
plowing,-harrowing, seeding, or harvesting, In
battalions of ten or fifteen teams together,—
one following closely upon the other, with a
foreman over alLWiVhcn a break occurs, or any
implement gels dH of order, It Is thrown out
of column ami Immediately repaired, when It
again takes Its place at tho foot of the line, and
proceeds to do its work in regular order. He
seldom puts his forces upon u stretch of less
than a mile. This keens his men aud teams con
stantly In action, aud little time Is wasted In
frequent turnings.
TUB CMMATS HERB—
long days In summer (and these long days Are
about tho only evidence thev have, so the peo
ple say, of their being nearer tho North Pole
than wu arc, in summer, If not In winter), hot ut
midday, cool at nlglu— seems favogpbly adapt
ed to wheat-culture. It Is considered that It is
the climate north of 47 degrees, together with
tho soil lo this northern latitude, which produces
whot Is called 41 No. 1 Hard Minnesota ’’ wheat.
During harvest-season there Is salt} to b<*no
rain la this section of the country, or, If any,
only very light, not sufficient to interfere with
harvest-work. The climate here Is tho same as
In Northern Minnesota, so noted the world over
for Its hcalthfuincss. There Is no such thing
known hero as fever and ague of consumption,
except it ho cases whore persons have conic here
lo get relief. Of these there aro quite a num
ber settled in tho valley and west, who arc re
liortcd to hard been greatly benefited, .lust
now it Is as mild and pleasant hero as In Chi
cago.
Tlio principal product of this section Is
“HO. 1 lIAIID MINNESOTA *’ WHEAT,
the price of which Is governed by the MUwankco
market, reports of which are received here three
times daily. There la at all times a cash mar
ket (or all that Is altered, ami plenty of buyers,
at the Milwaukee price for the some
grade, less the freight to Duluth,—ls
cents. The market hero to-day Is 03 coots.
The supply of labor is said to bo equal to the
demand, at about 130 per month, and Is com
,posed largely of Hermans, Norwegians, and
Mcnuonltcs. The price of laud Is from $1.25 to
$lO per aero, according to quality and location.
Fuel Is scarce hero: the valley Is not well sup
plied, although this county (Cass) Is' said to
contain 50.000 acres of timber. Wood at this
point is $3 to $3.50 per cord. Fifty to seventy
five miles cost of hero there Is timber Ip great
abundance. Utilizing hay and straw /or fuel
does not seem to have been adopted hero as yet
to any extent; that It can bo done, with press
es, to good advantage, there Is, 1 am told, no
question. As soon as the Northern Pacific Hall
road (s extended beyond the Missouri forty
miles, coal of good quality can be delivered In
the valley at a cost not exceeding $1 per ton,—
when this drawback will have been overcome.
GRASSItOFI'BItS
visited the couutry In 1870, did ahont 10 per
cent damage In spots, and lelt for ports uu
known. Theru being no circs deposited any
where In this country, tho people of Minnesota
and Dakota consider they are rid of them for a
number of years to come. A very largo Iroml-
ration Is looked for hero this spring and com
nr summer. Tho solos of tho Northern i’aclilo
Railroad Lnnd-Ofllcc, the past six months, have
been enormous; and the Government Land-
Olllco at this placo has been crowded with work
for a lone time, from what 1 have seen since
1 esmo here, 1 should say that the Indlcolloiu
point very strongly to n large Incoming of set
tlers from this on. both from this country and
abroad. Tho Mcnnonltcs aro settling In Mani
toba, cast and west from the lied River, up (ho
valleys of tho Assinibolno and Saskatchewan, on
tho west and between tho lied River and tho
Lake of the Woods, on tho cast, aro said to be
other millions of acres of land similar to those
In this valley, and, iu point of fertility, not a
whit behind them.
TUB CANADA PACIFIC ItAIUIOAD
is now being built through these Manitoba
lands, which, report says, are open to settle
meat at $1,115 per acre or thereabouts,—lands ns
well adapted to the culture of wheat, outs, and
barley as those I have already described. Mani
toba, it Is thought, will be settled very largely
this year and next bv Canadians, who will reach
it via tbe Northern I'adilc Railroad and Red
River, in advance of the completion of the
Canadian I’nclrtc Railroad, two years hence,
from fort William, on Lako Superior, to a
point 250 miles west of the Red-River Valley.
Men of capital aro already here,—but not in
largo numbers,— looking around; while small
settlers—those who build up a qouutry—have
uot commenced to come in yet freely. It Is too
early.
TUB NORTIIBRN PACIFIC RAILROAD
icrosscs tho valley at tins polut; It has a good
.roadbed, good iron, and flrst-elass engines and
’cars (plenty of tbe latter); ami, under tho man
.ogemeiit of lbs present elilclent General Man
lager, Mr. H. E. Hurgent, formerly of the Michi
gan Central, it Is expected that this road will
mow take a new departure. On tho (rains
• with palace-sleepers will run through from 81.
.Paul to Rlsumrek In tweuly-two hours.—forty
three hours from Chicago to Rlsmarek. Tills
’time will probably tie shortened, by or before
the Ist o( May, to forty hours,—making this
‘altogether tho quickest route between Chicago
‘and tho Rtack lulls.
1 have been Informed since I arrived here that
arrangements have been made for running three
.boats from Rlsmarek to Fort Renton and lust
below, to connection with this rood, with a view
to encouraging the shipment of ore in consider
able quantities Irom Montana cast, via tho
Northern fscltle Railroad and Duluth steamers.
Should Congress, it this session, extend the time
for the construction of this road, the road will
‘ be extended 200 miles west of the Missouri this
year, and to the focltlc within the limit of the
extension,—so iam reliably Informed. When
this Northern fudlie reaches the Yellowstone
Valley and the hills of Montana, It is thought
bv railroad-meu—men of large railroad-expert*
cucc—that Us tralhc will be
VERY HEAVY AND VBIIY RBMUNBBATIVB.
1 have nuw given your reader* a very alight
and hurried outline or description of this aeo
tlon of the country, (or the purpose of calling
aiteutiou to Ita importance lu the future. Obi*
i-ugo due* not aecm to he well reureaented here;
aho doea not aecm, aa U her wont, to he reach*
lint out in till* direction. The country Is brand*
new yet,—afltlemcut hardly begun; but, In Uvo
year* from thla time, with the attention which
it U nuw attracting wept up, there wtll be but
little land in the valley unoccupied, from one
cud to the other. Willi auch u aoil; with land,
•o favorably adapted to wheat-culture, at merely
nominal price*; will) railroads running through
thla valley lengthwise and breadthwise; with
river-oartgatloii the entire length of It; with
freight to' Duluth not exceeding 15 cents per
bukhcl, and possibly lower,—Us settlement can
not be kept back; Immlgratluu la bound to be
attracted to it.. T. W.
THE SOLDIERS OF 1812.
To IAS £4dor of TU# Trlftuns.
Clbvilanu, 0., March 18.—Id toswer to
many letteis, I am happy to Inform you the
Pension bill, fog which 1 have so long and
earnestly contended, la now * law. The De
partment will aood advise me whet rules tbev
have adopted (or executing It, when 1 will pub
lish the proper blanks, applications, etc., which
will be sent to all volunteers and their widows
free who write to me desiring them. I have
very complete records of amice ot many thou
sands. Have also preserved the numbers of
laud-warrants passing through my bauds. They
are invaluable to those whoso memory has
failed, and to their widops, aa they show the
company and regiment tu which the service was
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY. MARCH 20, 1878.
performed. Desiring to help the old volunteers
and their widows. I shall take pleasure In fur
bishing any information to them, their widows,
or children free, but to no one else.
The law grants a pension to nil who served
fourteen days, or who were In any engagement
in the war with Great Dritain In 1812. (It was
declared .lone 18,1813, and ended July 17,1815.)
All who were In service fourteen davs between
these dates, either as enlisted or drafted, includ
ing militia and votmdeern of the military and
naval service of the United Stales. Including In
dians and American citizens 6f African descent,
who were honorably discharged.
If they have gone to the Celestial City, their
widows are entitled (no matter when married).
The pension commences from March W, 1878,
when the act was approved, ami continues dur
ing the life of the old vetersn or widow, as the
case may be. G. F. Lewis.
ARMY NEWS.
IIEADQUAUTKIW OF TUB AItMY.
Wasuinuton, D. C.—Bpeewt Order! No. 51. -
fly direction of the Secretary of War, rot. Daniel
McClure, AsileUnl Paymaster-General, will te
porlon April 1, IH7B, to the Lieutenant-General
commanding Military Division of the Missouri for
Assignment to tioty.
My direction of the Secretary of War, First-
Lieut John U. Mattery, Corps of Engineers, will
report In person to tho Chief-of Engineers for
temporary duty.
Special Urden So. 50.—Tit direction of the Sec
retary of tVsr, a BoaM of (ifllecrs to consist of
Col. J. 1. OreM, Elehih Cavalry: Cspt. N. H.
Crimes, Assistant Giiariertnaster. First.-Lleu(.
W. C. Forbttsb, Fifth Cavalry, will assemble
it tho Bt. Louis Powder Depot March 21,
for the pnrpose of Inspecting the grounds
and old buildings at that depot. The Board will
report npon their nresent condition, and mnka
Such recommendation for the disposition of the
buildings as, in 11s Judgment, may be proper and
expedient Tho Junior member will act as He
border.
The following-named men have been ordered to
ho discharged: Corporal Tnomta (I. Greene, Ord
nance Department: Privates William A. Fabrinue,
Couipanr K. battalion Of Engineers: Byron Wil
son. Company F. Seventh Cavalry; William John
son, Company £), First Cavalry; Peter Becker,
Depot Band, Mounted Service; Edwin Garland,
Signal Service; and llccruit Edgar Wilburns,
Mounted Service United Slates Army.
DEPARTMENT OF DAKOTA.
IlBADuUAnTrns. St. Paui„ Minn. —Special Or •
den So. 20.—Acting Assistant Surgeon E. W. Du-
Bose, U.B. A., Is hereby relieved from dnly at
Cheyenne Agency, and Is assigned to duty at Fort
Abraham Lincoln. He will proceed without delay
to the latlor-naroeo post and feport to the com
manding officer.
la addition to his present dntles, Cant. E. I).
Baker, Quartermaster's Department, will, on and
after April 1. 1878, perform tho dntles of Depot
Quartermaster at Bismarck. Unon being relieved
hy Capt. E. D. Baker, Quartermaster’s Depart
ment, In the duties of Dtpot Quartermaster at Bis
marck, Second Ltcnl. Charles St. J. Chubb,Seven
teenth Infantry, will proceed to Join his company
at Standing Hock. • _
Cant. W. A. Eldcrkln, Subsistence Department,
will proceed from Sioux City, la., to Spotted Tall
Agency, D.T., on public business: and. on com
pletion thereof, will return to his station at Sluus
of the General-in-Chief, at the re
quest of Ihe Interior Department, the following
named officers are horcbv detailed as Acting Indian
Agents at the Indian Agencies set opposite their
respective names, viz.: Capt, Theodore Schwan,
Eleventh Infantry,—at Chevenuo Agency, D. T.;
First Lieut. W. E. Dougherty, First Infantry,—
at Crow Creek and Lower Urate Agencies, D. T.
DEPARTMENT OP THE MISSOURI.
lICAiiqUAnTBBs, Four Lbavbnwoiitii, Has.—
Special Ordtrt Ho. 48. Inspections of public
property, with a view to its condemnation, in ac
cordance with tbo provisions of General Orders
No. 0, series of 1870, from these headquarters,
will be made daring the month of April, 1878, or
as soon thereafter as practicable, as follows:
By CalL W. M. Bunn. Second Artillery, A. D.
C. and A. A. I. Q., at Ouarlcrmaster’s and sob
slstenco depots, and Military Prison, Fort Leaven
worth. Kansas;
By Lleut.-Cot. It. I. Bodge, Twenty-third .In
fantry, at post of Port Leavenworth. Kansas;
llv Col. «. Fennypaeker. Sixteenth Infantry, at
Forts llllev and Barker, Kansas;
Ily capt. B, M. Vance, Sixteenth',lnfantry, at
Fort Bays, Kansas;
Ily Lient. -Col. James Van Voast, Sixteenth In
fantry, nt Port Wallace, Kansas;
By Col. C. 11. Smith, Nineteenth Infantry, at
Fort Lyon, Colorado;
By cant, (leorge tiharkley. Fifteenth Infantry,
at Fort Borland, Colorado;
Bv Capi. C. It. Lavton. Sixteenth Infantry, at
Fort Gibson, Indian Territory:
By Capt. J. 11. Bradford, Nineteenth Infantry,
at Fort Ilodgo, Katuns;
By Lieut.-Col. J. F. Batch, Fonrtb Cavalry, at
Fort Klllott, Texas;
By Capt. J. 11. Smith, Nineteenth Infantry, at
Fort Lamed, Kansas;
By MnJ. J. K. Jllxnor, Fourth Cavalry, at'Fort
Reno. Indian Territory;
By Lieut.-Col. J. \v. Davidson, Tenth Cavalry,
at Fort Sill, Indian Territory;
By MaJ. 11. A. Ilatnbrlcbi, Nineteenth Infantry,
at Camp Supply, Indian Territory;
By Col. Edward Hatch, Ninth Cavalry, at Santa
Fo and Port Marcy. New Mexico;
By Capt. Oscar Bacon. Ninth Cavalry, at Forta
Bayard and Seldom New Mexico;
. Ily MaJ. N. W. Osborne, Fifteenth Infantry, at
Forts Craig and McHao. New Mexico;
By MnJ. J. F. Wade. Ninth Cavalry, at Fort
Bliss, Texas, and vicinity;
By MnJ. A. F. Morrow, Ninth Cavalry, at Fort
Union, New Mexico:
By capt. (I. A. Pnrlnjrlon, Ninth Cavalry, at
Fort Stanton. Now Mexico:
Ily Lieut. -Col. P. T. Hwolne, fifteenth Infantry,
at Port Wingate, Now Mexico;
lijr Cspt. A. K. Hooker, Nluib Cavalry, st OJo
Callonle, New Mexico.
hptclat Ordtrt No. 40.—0 n the recommendation
of the Governor of Leavenworth Military Prison,
Port Leavenworth. Kan., the following-named
military prisoners entlttedloan aonlcmeiit of live
days a month for continuous good conduct, tuny be
discharged from the prison on (he dates set oppo
site their respective mums: George Washington,
March Id; G. W. Woodward, March 23; Francis
Collins and E. A. Williams,March 24; OltoMente,
March 27.
, Acting AislHant-Bnrpeon T. A. Davis, U. 8.
A., Is hereby temporarily relieved from fluty at
'Kurt Dodge, Kan., and will proceed to PortWol-
Tace, Kan., and report in the commanding oDlevi
of that post for duty during the temporary ab
sence of Assistant-Surgeon W* 1L Stoinmeu, U.
ib. A.
DEPARTMENT OP TEXAS.
' TlßAnqOAnTEiis, Bam Antonio, Tex.— Speeiat
. Ordtrt No. 53.—First Lieut. John fl. Gifford,
Ascend Artillery, is hereby temporarily attached
do flattery O, Second Artillery, for duty. He will
.report to Copt, 0. A. Woodruff, Second Artillery,
'commanding said battery, accordingly.
! A general court martial will convene in this city
fon the 81st Inst, fur tbe irtsl of First Lieut. U.
jW. Saxton, Twenty-fourth Infantry, and inch
(other persons as may bo properly brought before
|ll. Detail for tho Court: Col. 11. U. Cilia, Tenth
Infsolry; Uajs. N. 0. McLaughlin. Tenth Caval
ry; James McMlllen, Second Artillery; Coni. K.
’ll. WlllUton, Second Artillery; First Limits. A.
M. Raphael. Eleventh Infantry; K. S. Curtis,
Second Artillery; Herbert Cushman, Twentieth In
fantry. Capu J. W. Clous. Twenty-fourth in
fantry. Is appointed Judge Advocate of the Court.
bpteial Ordtrt No. 65.—Recruits James Dea
isnd. Thomas Donohue, William Klsnrr, and Leu
‘(ieliueuder, enlisted In this city by Capu J. W.
Clous, Twenty-fourth Infantry, Recruiting Officer,
are assigned to battery B, Second Artillery. The
‘ commanding officer Tost of Ban Antonio, Tex.,
will direct them to report to their company com
mander at ones.
MISCELLANEOUS.
Leaveiof absence have been granted Col. Thomas
C. Devin, Third Cavalry; Maj. J. 0. Chandler,
Quartermaster; Capls. Gaines Lawion, Twenty
fifth Infantry; 1). T. Well#, Eighth Infantry;
>damuel McConlte, Fonrtecnth Infantry; First-
Lleuts. It E. Whitman,Third Cavalry (extended):
J, L. Fowler, D. J. Cralgle, Twelfth Infantry;
C. E. Nordstrom, Tenth Cavalry; J. Y. I'orter,
Assistant Burcefin United Stale* Army: P. D.WII
mo. Twenty-nftb Infauiry; andßecood-Lieut. W.
T. Wolfe, second Infantry,
8, 027. To authorise the construction of a nar
row-gauge railroad from Bismarck to the Black
lies. 134. Authorising the Secretary of War to
deliver to the City of wlnlerset, Madison County,
la., four cannon, with carriages, for tho Soldiers'
Monument to said city.
H. It. 8,830. tirauling a pension to the minor
children of Benjamin U. Elsenhower, late a pri
vate in Company L, Thirteenth Pennsylvania Cav
alry Volunteers.
if. H. 8,845. For the relief of Cyrus C. Clark,
Paymaster In the army.
11. U.3,84U. To establish a mint for the coinage
of gold and silver at Indianapolis. intbeß'ateof
Indiana, and appropriating certain Government
grounds and buildings fur lbs use of the same, as
iilso money for the purchased the necessary ma
chinery.
U. ft. 3,513. Providing for tbo payment of
awsrda made to Creek Indiana who enlisted in the
Federal army, loyal refugees, and freedmen.
11. H. 8,862. For the relief of the legal repre
sentatives of the late James Monroe. Lieutenant*
Colonel Virginia State Line. Wet or the lievolu
tlon, end President of the I'nlted Stale*.
U. It. 135. For the relief of Uenlel J. Benner,of
Gettysburg, Pa., late First'Ltcuteuant Illinois
Volunteers.
U. u. 1,285. For the relief of Arabella Blley,
executrix of the late Brig. -Geo. Bennett Itiley.
ll.lt. 2.880. The Fortification bill passed the
Mouse, as follows: That the stun of |loo.ooobo,
and tba>*anie Is bsrour, appropriated out of any
money In the Treasury, not otherwise appropriat
ed, fur the protection, preservation, sod repair of
lortlflcstiuns and other works of defense, for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1870. the ssmo to Im
expended under the direction of the Secretary of
War; also. the following for arma
ment of fortifications, namelv: For the arm
ament of sea-const fortifications. Inelndlng
heavy gnns and howitzers fur flank defense. car
riages, projectiles, fases. powder, and Imple
ments, their trial and proof, and all necessary
expenses incident (hereto, and for (lading or other
machine gun#, $13.7,U00. For torpedoes for har
bor defenses and preservation of die name, and for
torpedo experiment* In their apnlfratton to harhor
and land defense, and for Instruction of engineer
battalion In their preparation and application,
$-70,000. Provided, that the money herein appro
printed for torpedoes ahull only be n*ert In the
estnollst me n t and maintenance of torpedoea to he
opernted from more stations for the destruction of
an enemy's vessel approaching the shoro or enter
ing (he channel and (airwara of harbors.
MARIN E NEWS.
fIATMNCi RUMHI ttf ItHTMK.
The following Hue* were tho aabjccl of mncb
dleciierlon lent year hy English and Scotch paper*,
Ina will lie handy for the mariner to paete in hie
hat if he cannot keen them in lili memory:
raETKKTITS or COI.MMOJf— UItMIHir MXRTIH/1.
w liPti hoth »Me jhrhta jon ree ahead.
i’ofl four tieirn ami rhoV four lied.
fireen to Oreen/am/Tted to Red.
Perfect aafetfs *o ahead.
or>i»iikii,
, Kole.—Thlalathc wjaltlan of ffreatertdanßers there
la nothin* for ft hut a (rood look-out, caution. ant)
Moment.
If toynuratarhoard Red arrear.
It fa fhitr rtdtf to keep clears
To art aa Judgment aa/a la propers
To port or atarboatd. back or atop-her.
Rut when upon four port la aeen
A ateamer'a atarjioarrt light of green.
•ibero* not m muc.it for yon to tin,
lor (Jrecn to |>ort keep* clear of you.
All (hip* mom keep • pood look-out, and •teamihtp*
m uac atoii and «o amim if m;c«ji»ary.
ffolh in »afety and In doubt,
Alway* keep a good look-outt
In (Uuper. wlm no room to turn.
Kaiu-iicr. Itack'lier. uo amern.
The recktcM u»« of pori-licbu lead* to collltloa.
A LlGtlT-KKKI’KII MriIPUISRD.
We hare received the following from thellpht
keeper St I’orl Colborne, under date of Saturday
This morning 1 noticed a rewcl Itelow Point Albino,
and waa much *urr>rl*i*d. aa my lamp* were alld»*n.
•mi not thtnklUK of any inurement on (be lake* at ibis
•ernun at the year. With some exertion lam ready for
IlKbtinit Hit* ermine, the llebls are arranged the
•ame aa la*t fall, until the new lower i* nnicbed.
David Forties.
The vessel seen by Mr. Fortier was probably the
sebr Young America, which cleared from lids port
Saturday morning.— Jluffato Ktprett, 1 filh.
A GOOD UEASON.
The tog Florence arrived Friday night from Black
Hirer with the scow Marius Tuttle In tow. the lat
ter loaded with fish. She returned Saturday with
the outfit of the schr Thomas dawn, which was
dismasted last season, and Is Loins refitted by Up
son. Walton .It Co. There Is no reason, except a
jack of paying business, why vessels should not at
once run to and from all Lake Erie ports.—t'fvce
lana paper, mili.
ESCANAIIA’S ICE THADE.
Capt. Calloway, of the schr Myosutls, which ar
rived up day before yesterday with acargoofUGO
tons of ice from Esennaba, reports that the stockof
lee there has been exhausted, aud aboutO,ooo tons
In all have been shipped. The lehrs It. C. Rich
ard* and lint J. O. Tharcr were among the lost
vessels to load at Kscanaba with lee. A large stuck
of lee hlu the houses at Sturgeon Bay. It,ls sold
the 1.000 tons shipped on theS. L, Watson brought
83.75 per tuu.
AVEKAOK GIIAIN FUEIGIITfI.
The average rates on corn last season were as
follows: May, 2.0; June. 1.0; July, 2.2; August,
0.0; September, 0.4, October, 4.4; November,
O.fl, Too average rate on wheat was 3.7, and the
highest rale Oc.
NAVIGATION NOTES.
Cnicaoo.— I The now cauat-boat on the stocks at
Doolittle's yard Is nearly completed....THo sail
makers carried their point, ond wont to work yes
terday at 83.50 per day.... The Union Towing
Association Is having its (ups painted In a
tasty manner, and when all are com
pleted they wilt mako'n handsome appearance....
An exchange says: Cnpt. 8. 11. Orumraond,
L. K. Yerkes, andCapi. Mcqneen have purchased
the Ward line slmr Keweenaw, and will run her as
an excursion boat out of Chlcago....Tliu schr Be
loit received her outfit yesterday, ami left port last
evening for Kewaunee, where she will lake on a
load of posts for Chicago, The schr Driver also
got away for a load of ties.... Aid. Wolfe, of Mil
waukee ond shipyard note, was around the mar
iners' haunts on South Water sheet yesterday,
and Informed his numerous friends (hat "that
dream” continued a standing prophecy.... The
large schr San Diego was towed down from the
elevator last eveuhly and moored east of Clark
street bridge, where she will remain until April 1,
when she will probably sail for ilultalo. Her Cap
tain bas arrived and taken command uf her.
ISi.aKwiißUK.~The tug Holton hits gone Into
commUnlon at Milwaukee. ...TUe stinrs Aitmon
aud Minneapolis. of the Detroit £ Milwaukee
Itallroud line.resumed their lrlpsMouday....Cupt.
Frank Leighton has been appointed Local Steam*
boat Inspector ot I'orl Huron, vice John 8. Hots
ford....The nebr Stampede arrived at Milwaukee
from Kacanaba, with a cargo of tee fur Hiatt's
brewery, under the Helms’contract....lt was the
•team-large J. \V. Hnook that passed through the
Straits Friday last Cupt. Mcllrfdu Is In command
of her.... United States Marshal Matthews sold
at public vendue Monday, at Detroit, the
prop Ira Chalice. for ana
thn tug Favorite for $1,000....
The reports of the Uorermnent engineers favor
able to harbor Improvements upon lint lakes arc
now before the House Committee on Commerce,
which Is maturing a bill of appropriations for the
same.... The UulTalu Vommtrani J'Uerlutr says
the departure of the schr Young America from
that port Friday last is the earliest recorded for
thirty years. In IH.VJ n Vessel cleared from UullaJo
on tbo k’olh day of Starch.
ATTAINS AT CLKVKLAND.
fititcial i)ttfialeh (o Tht Tribune.
Ci.KTEt.AND. 0., March 10,— Navigation Is open*
Ing much earlier and moro lively Until before for
years. Largo numbers of men have been employ
ed fur several weeks past In repairing and rebuild-
Ini; upon the docks. The strike which wan report
ed^some days ago among the several hundred siilii
carpculers employed by tbo flrui of Thomas tjuaylo
& son has been adjusted, the men returning to
work at the old pay. This tlrm Is pushing forward
several vessels towards completion.
The (Hobo Dry-Docks are employing at least 400
men. and are doing an extensive re pairing.
All the men along the river prophesy aa early
and brisk opening and a prosperous season.
TOUT OF CHICAGO.
The following wore tbo arrivals and clearances
since last report:
Abhivai.s—Schr MyosotU. hlcanaba, fldO tons Ice;
schr Petrel. Detroit ilarbor.no tuna lee: sclirßellu
Drown, Ahnapec. fl.ouo railroad llcsi achr Ketchum,
Abnapue. 6,7«» i railroad ties: schr Charlie Rtbhard.
Ahnapee. 4,101 railroad ties; prop Ocnmo. Milwaukee,
too nrla Hour, On brls elder, 4<u pkgs butter, and sun
driest atmr Alpena. Muskegon, sundriesi prop skylark,
lleuton Harbor. 60 brla apples and sundries, uucases
eggs and anndrles front fit. Joseph.
ixi*it*KL’««-l’roD Oconto, Milwaukee, suodrtesi
Green liar, sundries! stmr Alpena. Muskegon, lubrla
fiork. S6triad, apples, and tuodrlest Grand Haven. 26
iris pork. and sundrlest prop rkylark. llcnlou Harbor.
30 sacks wheat, and tuuarles-sumlrlet tu HI. Joseph.
Ibe following vessels cleared light! Kelir Mocking-
UtrJ. Manltowoei schr li. 0. Albrecht, Liidluglunt
schr Mariner, Horn’s I’lert schr Hells Drown, Ahnapeo i
schr Ketchum. Ahuapeet sehr A, llradloy, While Lake)
KbrC. J. Roedcr. Horn's I'lor; sehr Charlie llltibard.
Alinaj'cei schr Delull. Alaskai sehr Petrel, Sheboygan;
schr.i- A. Holmes, Muskegoni tchrU. It. Norris, But
ton's Uaji ichrW, U. Hawkins, mouy Creek.
THE SILVER DOLLAK.
A Denunciation of the Present Cola, end a
Plea for the Coin of 1703.
Cincinnati Onmintrelat.
The new dollar) as a work of art, la not popu
lar. It does not look like on American coin.
The eagle is not an American eagle, but comes
from the French. The “lu God we trust ”
motto, Itself m doubtful taste, la made ludi
crously prominent and placed in German text.
On both aides tbe coin la crowded, and the effect
Is out pleasing. Tbe best thing that could have
been done would have been tbe adoption of tbe
design uf the dollar of 17113. As we are restor
ing ilie old standard, we should bare reproduced
tbe old coin.
Inquiry develops tbe fact that no are Indebt
ed to Ur. Llodermsn (or all that U exceptional
and inappropriate lu the new dollar, in tho
Ural place, having aided m Imposing, as lie
thought, for all time, the lirltlsh gold policy
upon this country, be introduced as coin-design
er «u English engraver, Mr. Morgan. This was
not all. He felt tbo necessity of Illustrating
bla authority, and did It by dictating arbitrary
conditions to tbe declgoer. There could nut
have been a more perfect arrangement lor pro
ducing the failure that is before the country.
The Philadelphia Tuntt telis us what this med
dling was in the following terms:
One day when Director Llnderman waa talking
to Mr. Morgan about the reverse, bo suggested
that ibere should be no more o( that “gridiron
shield" business on tbe national fowl's breast.
The Director alluded lu tbs shield of tbe great
coat-of-aruis o( tbo Republic. Tbe Director fur
ther charged that there should be no more lettilnz
down on tbe part of tbe eagle. He bad settled
down about enough, lie must, Indeed, bo so ed?
graved as to appear in the very act of ascending.
Tbe coin of tbe nation should Indicate tbu aspira
tion of tbe Liberty (JodJess and of the people.
Mr. Morgan could not. therefore, eelect
tbe eprcadlng eagle, tbe natural, shrieking
monarch of tbe Rockies; nor could be
chouae tbe heraldic bird, this being a
free laud, and accordingly adopted whit be colls
the heroic design. Tbs eagle on tbe new dollar Is,
then heroic. IDs body U erect, Inclining to tbe
left, tbe bead being poised as If in anger, with
shut besk pointing contrariwise. Wlilia tbe old
wings droop, the new ones ore raised as If for
(light, and the claws are together. The wings, in
fact, chiefly mfcrk the new filed.
Po the ridiculous ewrle that spoils tho new
coin Is Dr. Mndcrman'a bird, and It seems to
boon lust about such a strain as the Doctor
himself. Tlic only part of the design of the coin
that is not unfamiliar and offensive is the Lib
erty head, ami all of it. that is good Ik taken
from the old coin. The Philadelphia 7<mrs
save:
Inmaklngthe half-dollar design (thedollarde
sign Is an enlargement of the half-dollar design
Blinded to) tho young engraver was at once pleased
with the Idea of the old familiar “Liberty held.”
lie was i)iea«cd with the Idea more than with the
brad, lie knew, too, that no British device edhld
supersede In her own land the bright counterpart
of the conventional goddess, tie recognised the
majesty of (be design, and adopted It fur his ob
verse. lint If. when the new dollars are rlrco
luted freely, one will take the trouble to compare
the Englishman's “Improved head" with that
upon the old coins, the result of lus tinkering will
become very noticeable. The chin of the goddess
in the new de«lcn is prominently m<>te
Arm, more rounding and rernlar. The
faint attempt at a double chin seen In
former work Is tost, and the lower part of the re
lief Is said to prove the real clvhl/ed woman this
time. Nor do tbe flowing locks, manure and wavy,
Is they escape from the complete can, cover the
ear. Which is as marked an organ as the straight,
fno nose. Once n designer pictured the Liberty
nose as slightly retrousse. —he wanted to catch the
real appearance of the American woman, even at
the expense of a fancy nose. Tno moot delicate
touch of the engraver's art In the new head comes,
however, as he himself asserts, in the fullness of
the face and the line depression of the centre of the
relief. When measured with mlnnie detail the
parts of the head almnt tho ear are found to be
scarcely above the surface of the coin: yet so per
fect la the execution that the same ronndness ap
pears as of old. Itls, as the engraver thinks,
an achievement of the deceptive relief.
it Is creditable to Mr. Morgan's lute (hut ho
was pleased with the old familiar Liberty lieail,
but It la necessary to say that the chances are
not successful. It would ho a good thing for
Congress to interfere and order the preparation
of new dies for the reproduction of the ancient
dollar, without the atrocious modern Improve
ments.
UTICA REDEEMED.
To ffte Editor ot 7Tie Tribune.
Utica, 111,, March 18.—Perhaps but few of
the readers of Tub Tribune know where Utica
Is. Let a “ runner,” wUo had occasion to stop
there u day or two on business, ntni who be
come dceplr Interested in Its condition and
prospects, enlighten them.
Utica Is a small town on the line of the Chi
cago, Itock Island & Pacific Bond, In LaSalle
County. ten miles west of Ottawa and lire
cast of LaSalle. It Is on excellent point fur
the grain-trade, and has cement-works of great
value, hut the town has never had a verr
good reputation abroad, indeed, It bas always
had a pretty hard numc.
Fortunately, a change has been wrought.
Utica has been redeemed. A revival of wonder
ful proportions has made almost a dean sweep.
The Baptist Church, from a handful of breth
ren, has been enlarged an hundred fold. And,
what Is so wonderful, the additions to the
church have Itecu from the ranks of the busi
ness portion of the people, embracing the
wealth, Intelligence, rellnement, and moral
worth of the community. Many of the readers
of Tub Tribune will recogulzo familiar names
lu the following: Nlccum, Gilbert. Norton,
Griffin, White, Stewart, Hadley, KobroU, Irwin,
Wilson. Pierce, Powdcrly, Bartlett. No wonder
the zeotous pastor feels to thank God and take
courage. Utica Is redeemed. K.
ELI PERKINS TO G. F. T.
The following dispatch, whh-h explains itself,
was received at this office yesterday:
Dz» Moines, la.. March W—To Editor Tribune,
Chicago: Don’t fight George Francis. 1 will apol
ogize and pay the 875.000 damages. Inclosed
find check for the amount—lf you can.
[Signed] Km Perkins.
AMUSEMENT*.
biccoumkkViallT
SALE BEGINS
To-Morrow SEATS
For the Grand Concert MONDAY, March SS. m-ikiug
the brief series of Concerts lo lie giveo here by Mien
THURSBY
Culminate la a Grand Musical
TESTIMONIAL
To her exalted position ss America's greatest Concert
Trims Dorms, for which Concert has been secured the
most brilliant array of solo talent. Including
Mrs. Ames Killings,
Al»l»y ( lark.
Original Sweiiißh Quartette,
FeHScmlen, Curlctou,
MYRON WHITNEY.
JLlclitonburg:, Allen,
Pease, Colby,
Comprising a Concert Company the like of which has
never before been heard In Chicago. Nothwltbstand
lug Hie euonnoui eipensc. tickets will be sold at
Crirt INCLUDING *7R a
BEATS. / OC
ft, 11.25. and 11.60. at Root & son*’, iMKttfe-st., tu
morrow morning. GKO. u. CARPENTER, Manager.
IH’tOUJIKK HALL.
TO-MORROW
WOF.FSOIIN MIO LIT
TESTIMONIAL PM D) li I
For which occasion hai been aceured a moat brill*
taut array of talent, Including
THURSBY, WHITNEY,
together wllb Mr*. FRANK HALL, Hr. JAMES (Jll.L,
Xlr. C. A. KMMIR. the Eminent Violinist (late with
Thomas’ Orchestra), Mr. A. UnsESIIECKEIt and do
hot of Chicago's young planlste, Hist FANSV ULU*
MESKELD, and the full chorus of the
BEETHOVEN SOCIETY
Orund ORCHESTRA.
Kccuro your seats to-day.at Lyon A llfaty’a.ina State
st. Ticketa, fl. Reserved seats wlitmut eitrs charge.
IIOOLEV’S THEATRE.
PRICES - f 1.50,t1, 7je, mv. 35c, according to location.
MAYINEK PRICES—73c, hoc, and 23c.
isoTKZE^asri
MONDAY. March to, FVRUV F.VKNINO at 0, and
WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY MATINEES at a p.m.
—Farewell appearances (n Chicago. Ix-forv bis return
to England,of the eminent Comedian. Uil. SOTIIEUN,
assisted by HIS OWN COMPANY of Artists, from the
Park Theatre. N.T. MR. SOTIIEUN will appear In bis
new character, (be central figure of A LIFK-I.IKK
PICTURE, new to the stage. In lleury J. Uyrou'a dra
ma, entitled
A CRUSHED TRAGEDIAN;
Or. TIIK PUOMPTKIi'B IUIX.
DK LACY FITZALTAMONT MU. 80TUEUK
(The principal Tragedian of thebuagglctoo Circuit).
Do* Office open all day. Secure your icata early to
avoid ttie ruilt.
IIAVERI.V’S THEATRE,
(Late Adclphl.)
J. n. lIAVERLY Proprletoa and Manager.
Wedneaday. Grand Arabian N'lglita Matinee. MagnlO.
ceut Wednesday MgbtUlU.
AUUIUMOr. Tbe Wauilcrrul Laaip.
Provided at an outlay of over ST.ttt) by Manager John
KlUlcr. with belli lui complete Combination*, (lor*
feooa Nee Scenery and coitutne*. Cbluetc nance*.
irlUiant Illumination*. A grand array of special Nor.
eliy Star*, etc. Matlneea Wednenlay and Saturday.
McVICKER’S THEATRE.
Tffß ORKAT DRAMA
OK TilK SEASO.SI
wllli lUo
Union-Square CELEBRATED
Company. | UAbb I
EVBBY NIQHT, WEDNESDAY AND
batuudAy MATINEES.
BeiU McureU on* week la uivtai'a.
KVKNINU IMUC'E* eulv 29, W, 79 CU., todll.
MATINBEB—29. 50. «ud79cu.
THE GENUINE
LIQUOR OF THE BENEDICTINE OF FECAMP ABBEY
Created la ISIO,
Aperient, digestive, lonic, sweet, and exquisite. Tbe Benedictine is deci
dedly now the queen ofwll liquors adopted on ull the good lablen, at the res
taurant and at honte.lu the (irst-class hotels,as lu ihe prince’s drawing-rooms,
the Benedictine is tbe necessary complement of every good repast, and Its
daily use facilitates all tbo functions of the stomach.
General warehouse at Fecamp (Hcinc-luferleurc).
General agents for Chicago : Messrs. Cazado, Crooks and Reynaad,
23, Soulh-wiiUam Street, New-York.
AiHUftK.ttKOTA*
¥eiTciii( A(;o theatreT
Thia Afternoon and F.rening,
IIAVKUIjY’H MINSTKRI.S.
Arlington, luce, Kemble, t.lnden, Carter, Cnihman,
Welch. ItlfC, California Onartettr.
ta<lW Grand Matinee. AdmlAlon. 53c and fto**.
Keening pnce*-75. oa and73e. Hot Ulßce open all
day.
.Monday-Firat appearance ffAnRYO. nicnMOSD.
coMsnui ji6vhr.Tr theatre,
To-Night, Grand Matins* Friday an<l SoOday, grand
•tier*u of the 4- Act Dnma.
OOliO IHNCOVKRYa
Alto tti* OH/tnal nA«Jir-nAr.ott»sK. HOWtAND MS*
THUS, WATROS A KIJ.Is UttlAN FOJIKKBT, and
many others. Popular i*r»er»-;M. an, and noc.
«EO. FRANCIS TRAIN
Among Hi* Aorta Mata! Free Speech In Chicago! We),
come toTIMtNKH 1141.1.. We.t Twctllhit.. Wednca
day Krentog. March 2»». subject. “TIIK COMMUSB.”
Admletlon. auc. ikserrw. yie.
u\i,ti;r('.i,yman,
BLOOTTTIONIST,
aO4 Mlnlilgan-ar., between llnbbard and Perk-confU.
IftAIIjICOAD TIJIB TAUth*
ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF TRAINS,
F*rL»irirros or ttmaesoa Masss.-fSaturdar
crecited, •Sunday eleepted. {Monday excepted!
mnOAOO k FOKTHWEBTF.RTT RATLWAT.
Ticket Offices. t>3 ciark-it, (Shermaa • float*) tod it
the denote.
AppllcFi't tine....... *io:an a. m. * s*ao a m
oHiiii* (,'ltjr <fe Yankton....... MOSita m •a-aon'm
<t{)ubu()iie Hay Ba.rl* almr*. •iu ; !sis.m; *.r : t<um'
oiiubußue Night Kx.rla (."ton ♦ 0;n p. mi t 0:3) a. m
«Gma ha Sight Kapre r ~:K {, n. \ «-Tos*m
oSloux City a Vankion A V, ’ W „ I S:J} **2
n Krrep't. lirckfil * Dutm'jtie *«*;tr.>.Tn. *3-|i»3‘m!
ol reep t. HockTd A n in. •n-i'iim
tllllwaukeo Fmi M»i| (daily), j nun SI m. I « ; t»)n:m!
hMUwaHkeo txpfcai i. m. *7:»3i>.m
(■Milwaukee Pa«*engef • s-cm n» •Jo-'ina tn
t.Milwankei; Pa«*nnn;f (dally) « i*;*nn. m. | •-4 a bn.’tn'
tmeen Har kmraa........... < fir;*) «, m. • 7;Wp.m.
* £* u }s£ unM^ 1U Kf ” »>• • 4:«0p.-n.
tSL Paul A Winona lixpreaa.. f n:mp. m. i
(■t*tfo«*e Kx|irc** t p;fr»n. m. 1 7n)t,m
M|ardnetleK«pre« ... .. ... j proop. m. j 0:1)*, m!
otenera take A Itockford.... • <:»n i». m. Mo-4n* m
(■Geneva take Kaprnw *4;<tn in. • |i;v.». m
I'ullman Ilotri t;ar« are mn Ihrmifh. between c*»l
--»r tn-"?a , m UnC I,,ufT ** «nthM«ln learln* CUlcaao
No other road run* Piitimia of tor other form of
hotel car* wnt of Clilruif'.. ;
o—ltcpo! cornernf Wriii tnJ fClnrletu.
O—ltfoOt corner of t’aoal and KlQ£le**u.
CHICAGO, BURLINGTON & QUINO7 RAILROAD.
Drfnt* f(M>l of Ijlcc-hI., lii(lUn»-*i'.,«nd SlxieenUi-it.
nndCanal andsixteemb-iu. Ticket Office*, so Clark*
ti.. aud at dapou.
Train*. I heave. |
Mrndola 4rOalMhnff KtprrM. (• 7:41 p.m.
Ottawa* Ptreator Bxpre«....;* 7r.Mß.in. • 7inp.ni.
Ilorkford * Frerporl KiprcM, a. m. {• »: r. p. in.
Dubuque * Slum city Express a.m. * 3:1.5 p.m.
I’aciflc Fast KsprcM ... •ininoa.m. * 3:4'.<p.in.
K*n*M* Colorado Kxpre«.... : *Ml:3oa in. • 3:Vip m.
Downer - * Drove PaMenirer.... •innoa.m.i* annp m
Aurora I'Mnenper • 3:15p.m..* 7:51a.m.
MendotaAHtreatorPataeoEcr. • 4:lsti.tn. *l<j:ina.in.
Aurnralbutengcr * n:;<Op.m. • A:.vta.m.
Downer - * Drovel’a*«cn»er..... • «:tsp.m. * «:4la.m.
Freeport* IMihtmue Kiprcw.. • 0: - v* p.m. • ii;;o a.m.
omalia Main Kxprent fin-oip.m. 1 mua.in.
Texa«F*« Exrrcai limmp.m. t n;ft'ia.m.
KantaaClijr A fit- Joe hxprt**. tnuuop.m. | n:-V» a.in.
Pullman Pnlaee IMnUia-< *r» and Pullman in-wheel
Sk-enlna-Cari are run between Chlcauo ami Omaha on
the Pacitlc Expren.
CHICAGO. ALTON k BX. LOUIS AND CHICAGO
KANSAS Cm Ac DENVER SHORT LINES.
Union liepot. tv«i Mile, near MadUon-st. brl'Ue. and
'fweniy-tliird-tt. Ticket Utflee. lai lUmln'.pb sU
I Leave. j Arrive.
*U:aop. m.>* m.
M. MJUiKV aprmsneiu r.»....i* !»:(») a. tit- * *:!»»;•. m.
St. Lotili. Springfield * Teta* I twin. m. I T-.uot. re.
I'corta. itorlluaion • Pa*t K*. * »:ooa. m. .* S:TCn. tn.
* KrttkiiK ( K»|>ren*. <| U:liiit. m. } 7:«M a. mi.
Strrator, Laron. WaihTon tn. * O.a.Mi. m.
Joliet* Dwigtit Accummlafni* .Vui p. m. * »:j)a. m.
CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE k SI. PAUL RAILWAY.
Union Depot, corner Mallwn and Canal-tw. Ticket
utllce. ra sooth Oark-it., oppwite Bhcrtnao Home,
and at depot.
Milwaukee Bipre**
\vu>«uii,Mu * Mlm>e«ota.()reen
Hay. anil Alrmuba iiimuil)
l>n/ KiprcM *lotlOa. m. •4:0O;». m.
WiHtmMn. liwa. ami Mins* '
*.tn KTprrss • 5:CUt>. m. ‘HMaa. w.
Wlaconilti A• Mlrtnc*ota.<fr«*fll
Hay. strvcnaTolnt. ami Aali*:
laml itirituKli NlKlii Kintfv. ) ii:aip. m. t 7:<io* in.
All train* ntn via VilwaukP*. TlrkrUfnrM '
and MlnncapolKarpiroM elihi-r via Madlaim >
ductilen, or via Waierunra. LaCrown. and
ILLINOIS CBNTRAI BnILROA
Perot, foot of I.Bke-ir. ami f«Hit of Tvenii
Ticket onicc. lat Hauoul|’tfn.« near
PL I.ouli Eirrraa ;• *:»»(*. m. I*
Pi. Luma Kivi Linn I|n mp. m. 11
Cairo* New Urli-ana K* .... • P;3d». m
<iCalro.N* , wOrl , n»*TfX*a K* limmn. in,
Pmnpßmil Lijir*.* ♦ m.
p|innno>'M Slum Et lioioop. m.
jvurla. llurllnuion * Krukiik * hi
MVimi*, HiirlliHnun * Krukuk limmp. in,
Imhunun* Blum Clip (■:«..... *ln;<Ua. rn.
Hubiirjnu* Plouk dtp E» ’U:fi|). tn.
(•liman Paa**iißcr m.
tt On Saturday nUtit run* to Ont rail* only.
I Oa Saturday nlalit rnm to I'rorla only.
MICHIGAN CENTRAL RAILROAD.
Depot, foot ot Lako-tt.. ami tout of Twenty ■••cond'it.
Ticket Otllcc. 07Clarlf»t., »<>uthea*l corner of Kao
culpti, Oratul I‘aclOc Hotel, ami at t'almcr Ilyina.
Mall (via Main sad Air Line!.. * 7;«>a. m. I •« iMp. m.
I»«y F.ii>rc« • u:u>a. m.l* 7i4up. in.
Ka.ainasou Accumuxxlailuti.. * :iri*> p. ni m.
Adamic KapreM (dolly» I A:j». in. 1) s.ina. m.
Main F.i|>rc»t t*ti;iiu». m rin.«.%a m-
FirreßUEO, FT. WAYJTC h CHICAGO RAILWAY.
D«*rot ffimcr Cunal ant Mai(l»«n-»u. TU'kriOiQco*.
C&Clark-il.. rainier. Home. aiul (iratul I’aclitu Hotel.
Mall and Fafre**,
raclDc bziirvii
Fiat Line*.
BALTIMORE & OHIO.
Trains leave from Kipo*lllun IliiiMlng. foot of Mon
rwr-M. Hokci oiUlvsi to Clark*H.. Palmer Home,
(iraud Pacittu. ami Depot (Exposition Uulldliu).
Morning Express..
1-aaiLlne
LAKE SHOES k MIOHIQAN BODTHEBS.
MorolngMall—OlJ Lin 5......
N. T. pUosluo Special Ex.
Atlantic Express, daily.
Mulit Exprtsa.
pmTBBURO, CIHOINNATt k BT. LOUI3 &. &.
(Cincinnati Air-Llueand Kokomo Line.)
Depot corner u( Clinton and Carrull-sts. West Side.
Cincinnati, Indianapolis. Lo
uisville. Columuua a East I
Day Express I* S:4oa. m. • RilOp. m.
♦» Nlgtii Express .11 S:oj p. in.l| TiJua. m.
KAHKAKBB LINE.
Daoolfootof Laks iu and foot of Twcoty-aecond-it.
| Depart. | Arrive.
Cincinnati, Indlanapoila *’ I
Louisville Day Kaunas ,♦ U:3i>a. in. • 8;lilp. m.
*• Night Express. ..’I *:■«> V- Hi * | 7;X)». m.
CHICAGO. BOGS ISLAND k PACIFIC RAILROAD
Jjcimu corner of Via Uurea sod hli«rui*o-»U. Tlckot
OUlce, &UClirk*»Ui bUerraan Hume.
Omaha. Leavenw'th A Atcb Ex •josiss.in. • «:nop, in.
Peru Acegiimjixlaiton • a:u>?.m. • U;r» a. m.
bUbt fciureM.. IO;Oup. iu. !t S:3as. tu.
All meals on (be Omaha Kapi
cars, ai76cenu«acb.
CHICAGO k BABTEHK IU
“UauvlileTu
Ticket Offices; 77 Clark it.,or I
corner Cllutoo and
St. l.ouk|A Kubvlite Riprraa * 7>lOa.m.'*ll;fup. in.
Kasbville end Florida Kapfeaa t p.iu. | 7; IS a. in.
nilDlUAlo
ASTHMA
CATARRH,
on- UEbttlONh,
CnUoit. I‘AI.FI*
TAUOS. and Bit
aflecUouaof tbe rcetilratwry orgaoe, art Inimrillateif
relieved bjf tbs uu wi l,r*n»eeur’a Tnbea. bold In
FarliaiJlr. LevaMcur'e I'hamaor. Hailed on lecelpl
or prlc««St.tt> br K. Foi l. KIU A CO., Ageuti, New
York, bold by druggliie neutrally.
UUNKUI(!TIN£.
ELECTRIC BELT* AllO 8«>B>.
ADDRESS!
To the Weak, Nervous, and
Debilitated, who Suffer from
111-Health consequent On
Lingering, Chronic, Nerv
ous or Functional Diseases.
External Remedies are the
Safest
and heat that can bn applied in dtaeaacs, on
account of the facility which Ire ponreas of
watching their action nnd their result*;
ami of tlicae remedies Electricity, lit the
form of mild, continuous, and prolonged
currents, as realised exclusively by
PULVERWIftCHER'S
ELECTRIC
Andre.
Irfarr.
™BANDS,
haa been found the most valuable, safe, aito
pie, and efficient known treatment for tlio
cure of disease. In our descriptive Pam
phlet we review the manifold benefit* to bo
derived from Pulvermachcr’a Appliance*,
and bring forward testimonj in their favor
from the most
Arrive.
Learned Physicians and Sci-
in Europe anti this country. We also dem
onstrate why relief and cure mult from
their use after ever; oilier plan of treatment
lias failed. Header,
Are You Afiiicted,
and wish to recover the same degree of health,
strength, and energy os ek|>crlenccd In former
rears? Do any of the following symptoms or
class of symptoms meet your diseased condi
tion? Are you suffering from ill-health in
any of its many and multifarious forms, con
sequent on n lingering, nervous, chronic, or
functional disease? Do you feel nervous, de
bilitated, fretful, timid, and lack the power
of will and action? Arc you subject to I 6«
of memory, have spells of fainting, fullness
ol blood in the head, feel lialucis, moping.
| Leave. ~Arrive.
;• 7iMa. nt. • 7:Mp. w
Unfit for Business
nr pleasure, mid subject to fits of melan
choly?. Air your kidneys, stomach, urinary
organs, liver or blood In a disordered condi
tion? I>o you slider from rheumatism, neu
ralgia, or aches and pains? Have you been
Indiscreet in early years and
for Bi, I'aui
ii and I’ralrli
' Winona.
if«reoQiMt.
Clark.
Arrlre.
A Victim to Youthful Follies,
or curried tin* marital relation to excess in
Inter years? Have these indiscretions and
excesses left 7011 tu a weak and debilitated
condition? Are you timid, nervous, and lor
getlnl, and your mjnd continually dvrellinr
on the subject? Have you
«:l*M m.
o:'<U. 111.
0:11(1. 111.
fl:im m.
, fl.ISi. m.
I m.
* (Mill. ill.
4 0:0U«. in.
• Jr.'ip rn.
• o :n* m.
* Ul23ft- in.
Lost Confidence in Yourself
and energy fur husinoas pursuits 7 Are you
subject to any of the following symptoms:
dreams, palpitation of the heart, bashfulim*,
restless nights, broken sleep, nightmare,
confusion of ideas, aversion to Society, dizzi
ness in the head, dimness of sight, pimples
and blotclieson tho face and back, and other
dcs|Huident symptoms? There are
Arrhe.
Thousands of Young Men,
middle-aged, and even the old, who suffer
from nervous ami physical debility. There
ore also thousands of females
I 1 Arrive.
!• B:io«. m.if 7:nio. m.
I amp. ni.il M:m». m.
I u.iao. in. 1; fl;3oa. m.
l.eaVf.
Broken Down in Health
and uplrits from disorders peculiar to their
sex, and who, from false modest/ or neglect,
prolong their sufferings. Why, then, further
neglect a subject so productive of health and
future happiness when there Is at hand a
means of cure? Why not throw off the yoke
altogether, and seek a remedy that has
Arrive.
’Leave.
,1* H:soa, m. f A:4oa. m.
Jt t)!«up. in. * untip. in.
Arrive.
Leave.
Viass.m. 7t«op. m.
icuia.iu. .Ttsou. in.
, S:l»n.tn. . H:ms. n.
■♦loiaup. m. I S!«oa. in
Science and Common Sense .
to commend it?—a remedy of indisputable
efficacy, and the most certain means of re
storation to health and pristine vigor?
There arc many diseases of an acute and
fehrlle type that we do not propose to euro
by means of Electricity; but from all that
Kloc(ro*l'hyeiology teaches us, in regard to,
the modus operands of the
Depart. | Arrive.
Curative and Preservative
effects of Voltaic Electricity, we msy moct
reasonably infer that nil those chronic ail
ment* onil all disease# dependent on a tie*
pressed condition of the nervous forces, ex
haustion of nerve jKtwer, or the diminished
energy of vital functions, as treated upon la
our publications, are happily most suscepti
ble of cure by means of
"Leave. { ArrlreT
press are served la alula*
JJHOJS RAILROAD.
l)esrhoni'St. l aa<l Depot,
1 Carroll*u._ __
T Leave. | Arrive.
Pulvermacher’s Electric
Belts and Bands.
These conditions they will cure, while druge
will not; and we offer the most convincing
testimony direct from the sfiUctsd them
selves who have been restored to
Health, Strength, and Energy
altar drugging iu vain for months and years.
For Descriptive Pamphlet end the ELEO*
TRIO QUARTERLY, a large Illustrated
Journal, containing full partioulare and
Information worth thousands. Coplea
mailed free. Call on or address
PULVERMACHER GALVANIC CO.,
Oor. Bth dt Via. SU.. CINCINNATI, O.
Or 818 BrMdwmj, NEW YORK.
BRANCH OFFICE:
218 State Street, Chicago,
A Oompejenl and Regularly Qualified
Phyelclan In eltendeno..
7
entific Men
SEND NOW

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