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Ww QWlnwjc* TEH MS OF SUBSCRIPTION, RT MAIL—IN ADVANCE—POSTAGE rRXPAtI). rally Edition, one rear 912.00 srtsof a year. per month - i.OO Sunday Edition: Literary nnd Religious Dounleshret 2.00 Saturday Edition, twelve pages. 2.00 Trt-Wefltly, one year...., 5.00 J'arlsof a rear. pertnonln 00 WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID. i:SB Prerlmen copin' ten! tree. Give Post-Office address la fall Including Stats and County. Remittance* maybe made cither bvdraft, exam* Pcit-Office order, or In reghtered letter*. at our risk. TERMS TO CITY BUBBCRIDERS. Baity, delivered. Sunday excepted. as eenta per week. Ba'ly, delivered, Sunday Included. 90 canta per week. Address THE TRIBUNR COMPANY, Corner Madlaon nnd Dearborn ■»!*., Chicago, PI. Order* for the delivery of Tnt Tatatrxa at Bvanston. Englewood, and llydo Park left in the counting-room will iccelvo oronint attention. TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES. Tn* Cntcano Tstncira ho eatabiuhed branch office* for the receipt of inbecrtnUoni and adrcrUacment* a* follow*! NEW TORR-Room 39 Tribun* Building. F. T. Mo- FAUt'tx, Manager. ; PARIS, France-No. 10 Roe de Is Grange-Batetlere. It. Mantas, Agent. LONDON. Eng.—American Exchange. 419 Strand. Disnr F. Otti.tM. Agent. * SAN FRANCISCO. Cal.-Palace Hotel* AMUSEMENTS. MeVleker’s Theatre* Madison street, between Dearborn and State. •• A Celebrated cue,” by the Union Square Company. lloeley’a Theatre. Randolph itreet. between Clark and LaSalle. Engagement of Botbern. “A Crnibed Tragedian.” New Chicago Theatre, Clark street. opposite Sherman House. Engage, gnent of UaTcrly'eMinatrcU. llavrrly’a Theatre* Monroe itreet, corner of Dearborn. "Aladdin.” Coliseum Novelty Theatre. Clark street, opposite Court-House. Variety per* formance. West Twelfth-Street Tnrner Halt* hectare by George Francis Train. Subject! "Or- Bulling Prosperity." SOCIETY MEETINGS. WAURANBIA I.OPOK. No. ISO. A. F. and A. 3!.- Ttccnlar Comimmlratlun this (Friday.) evening at7:9o sharp. at Masonic Hall. 7S Monroe-sL Work on F. C. Degree. All members are urgently requested to be I'nvcnt, a* business of Interest will rome Iwfore (ho meeting. _ J. A. STODDARD, W. 31. J. c. HOWELL, Sec’y. ORIENTAL LODGE. No. 89, A. F. A A. M.-TUII 123 l.ssnlle-st. Special Communication this (Friday) evening, at o’clock prompt, for work ud F. C. De gree, vbltors cordially Invited to meet with «». By Older of the Master. E. N. TUCKER, Secretary. 1. O. o. F.—Member* of tlia Order furomhle to the fermatloo of a new lodge In tbOTlrlnlly of Lincoln r«rK. are reqnrateit tomeet at the Maaonle Hail, cor* orr of Clark and C’eniro-iu., thu Friday evening at f: jo o’clock. FKIDAY, MABGH 22, 1878. Greenbacks at tho New York Stock Ex change yesterday dosed ot 08jf. Tho two men charged with tho terrible triple mnrdor at Wheeling, W. Vo., which was described in oar dispatches yesterday, have an excellent prospect of paying the penalty of their crime before tho sun rites this morning. At midnight crowds were gathering, and it seemed certain that tho men would bo token out and hanged. A murder trial of uncommon interest in that part of tho State is in progress ot Waukegan, 111., where John Davison stands charged with tho killing of Prrzn Booeut bon, an old and wealthy citizen of Lake Connty. The tragedy grew oat of an old difficulty about *tbe opening of a rood through Davison’s farm, and an intense de gree of feeling and interest has been excited in connection with the trial. A Catholic priest, with the medieval name of Blasiuh Piaronrus, was found guilty of murder in tho first degree, upon a second trial, at Philadelphia yesterday. Tho re ligious troubles in Germany some years ago involved him to such an extent that he thought it safest to fly to America. Arrived in Pennsylvania, at (he fann-hoaso of Ills brother, ho took sides in a petty feud exist ing between bis brother oud a neighbor, and, in an altercation, shot and killed the neighbor. There were peculiar circum stances surrounding the act, somewhat sim ilar to those alleged in mitigation of the homicide committed by Davison, now on trial ot Waukegan. Stanley Matthews had something to say on tho timbor-stoaling question in the Senoto yesterday which was quite to tho point. Ho Htiggestcd that the asiailants of Secretary Scntmz would do hotter to expend thoir eloquence in advocating tho repeal of the law which prohibits tho wholesale robbery of tho Government's timber-covered domain than in abusing tho Secretary for faithfully executing tho law as it stands. Out it takes n little more moral courage to openly urge tho removal of all protection of the property of tho Government against tho inroads of thieves Uiau to assail a Department officer on account of cases of individual hardship and persecution which never occurred. The signing of the Stay bill yesterday by tho Governor of Massachusetts was Just in tho nick of time to prevent a disclosure of tho rottenness of the Brighton Barings Bank, which, taking prompt advantage of the new law, refused to payout sums upon which the sixty-days* notices hod expired. The Legislature having stopped In between the bank managers and the depositors and as sumed to change the contract requiring the payment of depositors after the requisite no tice, tho Baviugs Bunk Commissioners now announce to the Brighton depositors that they con only got 10 per cent of their money during the next six months, and 10 per cent more between September, 1878, and March, IH7D, and not a cent more unless tho Com misbiouers so direct. This is the practical operation of the Btay law which is (he product of the inferior article of integrity and intelligence abounding in Massaohn setts. It will belp the banks mightily to re cover or collapse at their leisure, audit will prevent panics by convincing depositors of tho folly of getting excited about money which the Legislature has decided is no longer their own. An article on the unfinished Custom- House aud Post-Office building, and the present condition of the Government office accommodations in Chicago, U printed in our columns this morning, with a view to demonstrating to the Senators and Uepre eontative# the pressing necessities of the case. Figures are given which show the vol ume and importance of the Government business transacted In this city, and prove the urgent need of larger aud more suit able quarters for its transactions. The Im mediate appropriation by Congress of a sum sufficient to rush forward the completion of tho Custom-House with the same speed and energy that pnvata parties would display wader ftlmilar pressure would be a measure of downright economy In dollars And ceuts; whilo tbs fact that the property nnd records of the Government nro constantly endan gered by reason of insecure provision against loss by Are or injnry by other canses shonld convince Congress of the imperative duly of hurrying np the work. In this instance time is money, and true economy can best be en forced by promptly appropriating the money necessary to pnt the bnilding in readiness for occupation and nso. OTjXAbt, the Chicago pedestrian, is at tracting a large share of the world's atten tion by his magnificent display of speed and endurance in the great tournament now In progress In London. While his other com petitors have availed themselves of tho privilege of vaiylng their gait by occasions! runs, skips, etc., the Chicago man has been guilty of no such foolishness, but has kept np that wonderful springy stop which has made him famous as a model for walkers, and at the end of nine ty-six hours from tho time iho tournament began he bad walked 373 miles, an average of nearly four miles an hour, including the time spent In rest and sleep. The contest closes to-morrow night at 13 o'clock, ond O'Lkabi's victory over all his competitors seems to be assured. An extract Is printed from an editorial in a late number of tho London iVne*,—a journal scarcely second to tho London Time* In char acter and influence,—ln which It is candidly admitted that tho United States Government is not responsible for the statement msdo in foreign prospectuses that tho bonds sold there wonld be redeemed in gold. The New* thinks the Bemonetization act was unwise, as, of course, most of the English press pro* fess to think, but odds: “We ore bound to say that, if the United States Congress tokos a different view of tho matter, there is still no ease of repudiation against (bom.” The Jfete* goes oven farther than this, and, otter noting that this conntry has tho some right exorcised by other countries to change its standard of values within certain limits, it continues that, “ looking at the way in which gold bos been rising In value of late years, we cannot say that in substituting a double standard instead of a single one of gold, Americans have no excuse for thinking that what they do merely prevents tho overpay ment of tho creditors." That is It, precisely,. with tho addition that tho American people had the more right to this opinion, inasmuch as they had never agreed or intended at any time to pay tho debt in gold alone. EEBDMPTION OF SPECIE-PAYMENTS. Tho conference between Secretary Sium man and the Senate Finance Committee led to n very thorough discussion of tho Bo sumption question, and wo think a careful consideration of that discussion will con vince every one that practical resumption on tho let of January next will be a much easier matter than tho majority of people have sup* posed, and that It will enlarge tho stock of money and promote general confidence, to tho infinite relief of tho whole country. The question has assumed an entirely different aspect since tho passage of tho Bemonetiza* Uon act. The difference is just this: On a single gold basis it was necessary to con template an attempt at resumption with a limited and inadequate specie currency; this was a circumstance sure to arouse a general suspicion of failure, and there would have been a rush for gold and subsequent hoard ing thereof in anticipation of a renewed sus pension and a consequent decline in value of the United States notes. With silver os well os gold os the basis of resump tion, there can bo no reasonable doubt os to a sufficiency for specie payments, there will be general confidence in the accomplish ment of tho effort, the people will hove no disposition to make a frantic on the Treasury for redemption of greenbacks in specie, and tho specie will not bo hoarded at the loss of Interest when there la no prospect of its having a special valno over tho na tional currency. Secretary SnznuAH virtu ally admitted this distinction between re sumption now and before, though he did not soy it in so man/ words. Secretary Sukrman made it very evident, we think, that all circumstances have a tendency to shape themselves in favor of resumption. As to the actual specie reserve which may bo accumulated, it is evident that the authority of the Besamption law, as it stands, will enable tho Government to acquire about $140,000,000 by Jan. 1 next, without doing any injury to the business of tho country. There will then be a re demption fund of more than one-third tho outstanding Government notes. Such a reserve has boon regarded as ample for a private banking business conducted on principles calculated to inspire pnblio con fidence, and there is no reason to doubt its adequacy In the hands of tho Government with vast resources and an irreproachable credit that can command money at tho very lowest rates of interest, Tho greenbacks will still retain their character os legal-ten ders, if reissued, aud will still constitute the redemption fund for the National Banks; aud the free oironlotlon of gold and silver, when resumption shall once be recognized os a /alt accompli, will speedily enable the banka to provide themselves with an adequate spe cie reserve, the accumulation of which they have already begun to a considerable extent. There are several circumstances which Sec retary Bukhman thinks can be made auxiliary to permanent resumption. One is tho sale of 4 per cent bonds for greenbacks, authority for which has already been given by the Senate and only needs the concurrence of the House, which will scarcely be withheld. The Gov ernment can make such sales with profit, for, with the proceeds thereof, it can bay gold at the cost of I per cent where with to redeem outstanding 0 per cents sub* ject to coll, thus saving li per cent interest per annum. The influence of this procedure upon resumption would consist in tho ten dency to equalize the value of coin and greenbacks by enabling the sole of bonds, interest and principal payable in coin, for greenbacks at par. The return of bonds from Europe to this country, which has been held up by tho goldltea as threatening dire disaster, will also operate, Secretary Sukbuan adults, in favor of easy and per manent resumption, oa the payment of the coin interest at home will maintain the stock of coin in this country, which will not then be hoarded, bat come into general use for interest or investment. After the sale of 4 per cent bonds for greenbacks shall have continued for a~ few months, the Secretary further recommends as a measure also cal culated to equalize greenback* aud coin that the former be made receivable for duties. Such a measure would, of course, be unwise if resumption were to be Indefinitely postponed, and the distinction between coin and Government notes were to be maintained; but the receipt of green backs for duties, which form the fund for the payment of interest in coin, would be an THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; FRIDA ¥- MARCH 23, 187 a official expression of entire confidence in the accomplishment of resumption, and coin having no longer any special or exclnsive valno, and with no prospect of having any, there would no longer be any temptation to hoard it; it wonld seek investment as the only way In which it could be made useful or profitable. Finally, Secretary Sherman thinks that Congress should give express authority for the maintenance of tho green back Issue to tho amount of $300,000,000, and this suggestion is worthy of serious con sideration. On tho one hand, it would qniet the apprehension of those who think resumption will necessarily re sult in a disastrous contraction of the currency of tho country, for the reissue of any greenbacks redeemed at tho Treasury In specie would give tho conn try the specie, the greenbacks, and all the National Bank notes demanded by business, all of which wonld circulate side by side. On tho other hand, it wonld remove the necessity contemplated by some of the rc snmpUonists of redeeming (ho whole stock of greenbacks at a fixed date, leaving the National Banka and all other institutions and people to do tho same. Tho theory is that Government notes shall bo kept out perma nently and steadily to the amount of $300,- 000,000, and that tho Government shall maintain a coin reserve of ono-third that amount for redemption purposes. There is little donbt that tho co-operation of all tho auxiliaries to resumption that have been named with the encouragement of proper legislation (or oven non-lcgislntion perhaps) will moke resumption n fixed fact oven before the date named in the law. In contemplation of this strong probability, Secretory Sherman was warranted in saying that “ to go backward over all of this long, weary agony and struggle toward resumption would bo a sign of national wcoknoss and do the nation great harm, do our credit harm, and bring injnry on ns all." Those who be lieve that iho distress of hard times can only be relieved by an enlargement of the stock of money shonld now join the ranks of those who demand resumption, for it is resump tion alone that can add gold and silver to our paper currency; a farther postpone ment of resumption will again widen the difference between specie and greenbacks, and leave tho business of tho country on tho basis of greenbacks alone, with no enlarge ment of the volume thereof, but with a de cided decline in thoir purchasing volne, amounting in point of fact to so much con traction. CANDIDATES FUB ALDEBMEN. Tho nominations for Aldermen mode by what oro known as tho local organizations of tho Democratic party arO| wo confess, moat disconraging. They arc discouraging be cause they promise, if suocossful, to reduce tho Board of Aldermen below any grade of respectability heretofore existing in that body. All can recall tho days when the famous “ 19”— a majority of the Board— was as openly for sale os are horses at the horse market, and tho coming Council, If made np of men such as have been nomi* noted by tho Democratic ward organizations, promises to restore that mode and character of City Government. Wo are not disposed to bold the moss of citizens who call them selves Democrats responsible for these nominations. Wo suppose that tho major ity of citizens of all parties desire on honest City Government, and are equally interested in an economical administration of pnblio affairs, bat tho nomination of those candidates leaves them no alternative but to vote for such men or vote for tho men nominated on tho other side. Bight here arises a serious difficulty. Tho nomina tion of a number of disreputable and im proper candidates on one side is a strong encouragement for tho some class of persons to have themselves nominated by tho other party. Tho men who seek offices for which they are not competent ore not confined to any one organization. If there wore ton organizations in.tho city, each could turn out eighteen candidates for Aldermen, and no man of mere human capocity could distinguish which of the lot was the least disreputable, unfit, and incompetent. When ever either party nominates a first-class man for a local office, It, to some extent, compels the odvo.se party to put up a candidate equally free of objectionable qualities; and so, when one party names a bummer or a trader, tho trader or the bummer on tho other side puts himself forward. The result is the election of the class of men who too often make up the Oity Councils in tho larger cities. Among those nominated for Aldermen by the Democratic ward meetings may bo found several of tho men who fig nred in the hold-over Council of 187U-'(1, and who were only ejected by tho moral revolu tion of the outraged and Indignant citizens two years ago. There is a class of men who, when not bolding office as Aldermen or County Commissioners, ore employed os bar keepers or doorkeepers to concert-saloons, and who turn np as candidates for any office thot may have to be filled. This year pre sents a large crop of this Ham of office seekers. We not only ask what the Democratic voters of the city intend to do about this business, but what the Bepublicaus and citi zens generally Intend to do. Is the election of the new City,Connell to go by default? Is the City Government to be given over to the control of the mob, and is the general crash, and disaster, and suspension, so much dreaded, to be precipitated by the election of a City Council of tho character foreshadowed by tho Democratic nominations? This i« no trifling matter. There Is no room for indifference, and it will not do to assume that “ things will take core of them* eelies," The condition of the City Govern ment is hopeless enough even with a Council composed of the best of citizens. What will it bo with a City Council composed of men who seek places in that body for plunderj to sell tbeir votes to contractors, and to vole any expenditure for which they may be paid 7 There is no use in mincing words about this matter. That that is the purpose, and the sole purpose, for which these men seek places in the City Council Is notorious and is not disguised. Are the people of this city prepared to submit to this kind of rule 7 Will thfcy idly permit these men to be elected Aldermen without an effort to prevent the calamitous disgrace 7 The Uepublioans have yet to make their nominations. While national politics are of very little consequence in municipal affairs, party organizations afford the best way to bring forward candidates. When the esndi dates on both sides for Aldermen are repu table citizens, voters can follow their per* sonal and political choice wlthont injury; but when there Is a choice between men because of tbeir character for honesty, fitness, expo* rience, and general qualifications, then mere party nominations should have little weight. There are eighteen Aldermen to be elected j can there not be that number of reputable men of personal integrity and ordinary fit* noss who can bo nominated? And, if nomi nated,(can they not ho elected? Certainly there aro voters enough In the city able, Trill ing, and anxious to elect respectable citizens, and can those not bo anitod in n determina tion to preserve what littlo is loft of Munic ipal Government from utter wreck and ruin? Wo appeal, therefore, to the republicans to do their duty to the city in making selec tions. Let them merit success by the char acter of their candidates, and trust confid ingly in the intelligence and patriotism of tho public generally for the election of those best fitted for tho places. AN ANTI-SILVBB CTEQTTLAR, A correspondent in Wisconsin sends us a printed copy of a business circular issued by a firm of motel dealers in New York City. The circular is remarkable particularly for its ignorance, its bad grammar, and Us cool impudence. Wo give two paragraphs from this document, which road t Tho SUrer bill, in Us original Intention, content- f listed haying tho bonanza Mirer production, colo ns it. and compelling (he people of these States and others to receive It at a forced valuation; guaranteeing (hereby tho slirer producer against all the results of on enurmonsty Increasing uro dnctlon, and In (he magnificent wealth amt power which he now possesses. During tho War the creation and Issues of cur rency were made by the Government for the pay ment of lie war expenses—tbn material of war. its armies and navies—but now. In peace, with limited and contracting wants, the creation nf thousands of millions nf slirer coins or greenbacks would cause them to Ist Idle In tbe Government vaults, unless the public got up another war for the Gov ernment to spend Ibis money for, or unless It beneficently distributed it to tho general pnhllc without cundkieration, or return, or security. For all baring security can now get any quantity of circulating medium at n rcry moderate interest. It is true the lay brethren of life—the socially lame, halt, and blind, tne trimp and the Com munist, aro not ablo at present to get at the *• medium, '* but perhaps a little more legislation will disturb It more to their satisfaction. This is but a sample of tho means resorted to by tho New York dealers to influence pub lic sentiment throughout tho country. The fact that this kind of staff is sent out indi cates that tho writers realty believe tho peo pie of tho West are as ignorant as it Is the custom in New York to represent them to be. The Rtatomont that the Silver bill had for its original purpose the purchase of the prod uct of the silver mines, and compelling the people to receive It at a forced valuation, is a feeble repetition of nonsense published in the Now York papers, but which an intelli gent merchant should feel ashamed to see in print over his own signature. The Free Coinage bill allowed any holder of silver bullion to deposit the same with the mint, and to receive the same when coined, upon paying the cost of coining. Tho bill os passed authorizes tho coinage of silver dollars to tho fall capacity of tho mint; and os the amount possible to bo coined in cither case is precisely tho same, wo do not understand how the owners of silver bullion could be benefited in the one case any more than in tho other. We know of no law in this country that can compel any man to sell his labor or his goods for silver, gold, or poper at “ a forced valua tion, "or at any valuation that ho does not ohooso to accept. Tho Government now coins silver, and with silver coin purchases other silver bullion, which is in turn coined; but in this there is no compulsion upon any person to take silver coin at a forced valua tion. If tho bullion deposited by private persons was coined and delivered to them, there is no law by which they could purchase any more metal or other property with it than they could purchase with tho gold or green backs for which they might sell their silver bullion. Tho objection to tho coinage of “thousands of millions of silver coins," which would “lie idle in the Government vaults," is one of those brainless declorations which brainless individuals moke without having any idea of what they aro trying to say. Wo do not know that tho Government could bo placed in a bettor condition than to have some “ thousands of millions " of silver dollars on hand in the Treasury vaults. A tax-plundered and oppressed people would rejoice in tho situation. This intoUlgentiron monger of Pearl street would probably have tho “creation" or the coinage of metallic money limited, just as the manufacturers of pig-iron would bo glad to have the produc tion of that metal limited to tho demands of tho homo market. As a literary os well as a scientific production, this circular Is worthy of preservation, marking as it does tho prog ress of oultnre and knowledge in the metal trade of Now York City. ANOTHER DEMOCRATIC ABSURDITY. The bill introduced in Congress by Mr. Goods, of Virginia, to authorize the Govorn rocnt to embark in tho life-insurance busi ness, and take risks upon tho lives of a certain class of its servants, is in keeping •with tho general sentiment of tho Demo cratic Reformers. Tho bill would be a sur prising one, if the majority of people hod not ceased to be surprised at anything Democratic ingenuity con suggest. If tho Fublio Treasury can bo depleted for tho bene fit of Southerners who lost their mules and peanuts daring tho 'War, if tho Government can undertake to improve all tho property of farmers on tho Mississippi River, and if it con go into the business of circulating news papers, of coarse thcro is nothing in tho Constitution or tho lows to prevent it from setting up in the life-insurance business, is suing policies to the few or to tho multitude, and closing up business eventually with a grand collapse, after tho manner of the Royal Anglo-Bengalee and several others conducted hero at homo by managers more real than Tigg Montague, Mr. Goodx’s bill purports to bo for the benefit of those who go down to the sea in ships that belong to tho Government, and authorizes the Secretaries of the Navy and of the Treasury to open up the llfe-insuronee business in Washington, probably under the firm name of Messrs. Thompson & Suxbvun, as agents for the Government. It provides that any officer of tho navy or of the marine corps, possessing the requisite physical diagnosis, may take oat a policy in any amount not exceeding $25,000, ' The Secre tary issues the policy at a premium which la determined by ascertaining tho doath-rato for the several ages between 18 and 75 years, after the manner of so many other insurance companies now rotting on the sands. There will be no doubt that the premiums will be paid, because the Paymasters will reserve them quarterly out of officers' pay, though there is no condition that the tax shall be re duced If the pay is reduced. As the Democrats love neither the army nor the navy, a reduc tion of pay is not an impossibility, in which case (be tax would be an onerous one. Offi cers can choose whether to take out a paid up policy or one on the yearly-payment plan, which shows that the Government is determined not to be outdone in courtesy by the companies that, do a general business, bat do not carry the Star-Spangled Banner at the fore. The Government is also to agree to make no special charges for dangerous service, which Is gratuitous kindness, since it is impossible to conceive upon what dan gerous errand our fleet of tubs could be sent. It Is also provided that no policy shall be in validated by the suicide of the holder, in which respect tho Government Company wonld differ from other corporations, in which tho policy-holder is nsaatly invalidated by the suicide of the company. Lastly, offi cers who resign can. keep up their policy by keeping np tho premiums, which shows that we live under a truly paternal Government, that will look after its servants so long as the servant does not lot bis premium lapse. Tho most remarkable feature of this bill is tho discrimination it makes. If tho Gov ernment is going into tho insurance business, why should it select a few officers of tho navy who have nothing to do and lire (o great old age, and of the marine corps, who never die, but dry up and blow away, and leave the crews without this • inestimable blessing? If it is going to insure naval officers, why not army officers ? Why con fine its favors to the aristocratic branch of the service? And if to army officers, why not Postmasters, and Collectors, and Bnb- Treasurers, and all their employes, giving them tho same option % of continuing their policies after their official heads are off? Thisbeinga Govern ment of, for, and by the people, what right has a gilt-edged Admiral or high-toned Com modore to stop into Tigg Montague's pffice and take precedence of tho lowly letter-car rier who does more end better work in a year than an Admiral, although tho etiquette of tho area and the lamp.post is not so elegant or exacting as that of the quarter-deck? Re ducing tho matter to first principles, if tho Government is going into the life-insurance business for the benefit of the Commodores, why not lot tho whole people who employ and pay tho Commodores have the advan tage of it also? As tho people jost now have a groat deal of confidence in life-insurance companies, they wonld. undoubtedly rush enthusiastically to the Government concern, and business wonld speedily boom along so merrily that In a short time it could follow the precedents of tho private corporations and smash. What the office itself would not be oblo to accomplish In that direction wonld be supplied by tho rings, jobbers, agents, doctors, actuaries, and tho rest of the retinue incidental to the business. Serious ly, members of Congress ought to know that tho only insurance the people desire at the hands of tho Government is the insurance of good government, economy, wiso legislation, and prompt execution of laws. If the Com modores want to insure their lives, there are private corporations yet doing badness who can accommodate them. Tho Goode bill is a bad bill. It bos neither tho advantage of constitutionality nor expediency. REDUCING THE SCHOOL-EXPENSES. Tho Hoard of Education seems disposed to distribute tho loss of revenue resulting from the IS per cent reduction of the sohool appropriations through oil departments equally. With this object in view, the Special Committee appointed to consider tho subject has recommended (1) that Prin cipals bo required to dovoto two-thirds of their time to the instruction of classes; (2) that the general school year be shortened one week, and the high-sohool year two weeks. No better plan than this could bo devised if tho main object were the equal distribution of the loss among teachers. Bat the question to bo considered is wbeiher such a distribution will tond most to secure tho efficiency of tho schools and promote the interests of the people. There Is no doubt something captivating to tho Board in the idea of impartiality as between the different kinds of schools and different classes of teachers. But if their impartiality works an equal injury to the more and the less useful branches of the service, it is foolish and wasteful. An equality of this kind may, in tho long run, bo a great inequality and in justice to tho public. The most important interests to bo con. sidorod in making a reduction ore not tho Interests of tho teachers but those of tho scholars. The questions tho Board ought to put itself are: (1) What class of scholars, if any, con afford to do without instruction at the public expense ? and (2) What class of studies, if any, can bo dispensed with ? It is evident that, on the theory thot the schools aro essential to tho preservation' of free government,—the only theory which justifies their existence,—the most important are those in which the primary branches are taught. These aro tho conditions of all fu ture education, of an average degree of pop ular intelligence, and even of profitable em ployment. Tho privileges they afford can not bo denied or abridged without a denial or abridgment of the fundamental rights on which tho whole school system is based. The class of scholars in attendance upon those schools is more important than any other, because it is the largest and because it is the neediest. About nine-tenths of the scholars in attendance in the primary schools never go into tho higher branches at all. When they have been grounded in the rudi ments they leave school forever and go to work. Moreover, their necessities are such that they have to toko their schooling when they can get it. They cannot wait the pleas ure of a Board of Education or a City Coun cil. If they fail to get their schooling this year, many of them must foil to get it at all. The question, then, is flatly presented, whether it is more important that a large number of persons should learn to read, write, and cipher, or that a smaller number should learn the differential calculus and the catalogue of the ships. This question leads to the further one, whether the reduction of tho moans of instruction equally in both in stances is a fair provision for the public wants. There con hardly be any doubt as to the relative importance of these branches of studies. The Legislature recognised it in the distinction it drew in the statutes between common and high schools, making the establishment of the former compulsory and that of the latter optional. There is even a question as to the legality of tho latter Institutions. The Constitution of the State only empowers the General Assembly to provide “a thorough and effl cient system of free schools whereby all the children of this State may receive a good commoiuoehool tducation" It does not pro vide for academies such as oar high schools, In which there Is a course avowedly intended to prepare young men for college. The question has never been passed upon by the Supremo Court, but it is at least donbtfnl whether the Board of Education has not erred in its definition of “a good common school education." Bo long as ihia doubt prevails, it would be wise in curtailing ex penses to discriminate against the classes which have only a presumptive legal ex istence. The class of studies which can be easiest dispensed with are plainly those which con fer the least good upon the least numbers. These are the studies now panned in the high schools, many of which are merely pre paratory to something else, and the so-called ornamental branches in the common schools, viz.: Music, drawing, and German. The absurdity of making the common-school iye tem preparatory to something else, while It Is not complete in itself, is manifest. Prep* arntior. is a high and important fnnetion of a liberal education, bnt it cannot bo Jnstiilod as part of a public system which is crippled by insufficient appropriation. There is nei ther symmetry nor sense in snob a system. The ornamental branches which are punned in the common schools are objectionable, under the present circumstances, chiefly be cause they are ornamental. The city, being In straitened financial circumstances, is com pelled to lop off all luxuries, and It should start with music, drawing, and German at once. The argnmont Is not, as one innocent member put it, that these studies help citizens in after life. The question Is whether they are a greater benefit to the public os a whole than reading, writing, and arithemetio as a whole. Are they, in short, sncli benefits that all the children most bo deprived of reading, writing, and arithmetic one week in the year in order to pay for mnsic, drawing, and German? Is it not better that one boy should learn to read and writo than that ten should learn to sing, as boys dosing? We hold that it is; and that the abridgment of the former privi lege to maintain the latter is a pnblio scandal and disgrace. ■ Mr. EaoLZsn, in his minority report on this subject to the Board, ex pressed the common-sense view of it What ever reduction is made ought to bo made in the higher schools, drawing, mode, and German; os these are the lost to be added to every school system they should bo the first to bo withdrawn. The deprivotion need be at the most only temporary; and if it leaves unimpaired the moons of instruction in the primary branches it will be approved by the people. INDIAN AFFAIRS. The Board of Indian Commissioners hare mode their ninth annual report, covering their operations for the year 1877, and pre sent some extremely interesting statistical matter, showing considerable agricultural, industrial, and educational development among the nation’s wards. The summary of results under the peace policy inaugu rated in 1860 is specially valuable, and will surprise those who have boon unacquainted with the workings of the policy in detail. Of the 278,000 Indians now in the United States, not including those in Alaska, the peace policy has induced 112,003 to doff their furs and blankets and don citizen’s dress, which is a decided advance in the direction of civilization, if not of grace and beauty. They now occupy 22,109 houses, and have 830 schools with 437 teachers, attended by 11,615 scholars, against 111 schools, 134 teachers, and 4,718 scholars in 1608. In many other respects they show a groat ad vance daring tho past ton years. There are 40,897 of them who con read, whereas none of them could in 1808 ; and 28,000 of them attend church, and are as good Christians, lot us hope, os those of their white brethren who spend so much time wrangling over dogmas. Industrially also they make a very good showing. They are cultivating 202,560 acres of land, and, not in eluding the five civilized tribes, 84,083 of them ore engaged in tilling tho ground. They have raised during the past year 088,- 276 bushels of wheat, 4,050,093 bushels of corn, 849,247 bushels of oats and barley, 550,975 bushels of vegetables, 148,478 tons of hay, and they own 210,260 horses and mules, 217,883 cattle, 121,858 swine, and 587,444 sheep. In addition to these cheering results, tho Oommissioners urge, os another strong argument why the management of Indian affairs should not be intrusted to tho War Department, that supplies contracted for and furnished to military posts have cost from 88 to 78 per cent more than at the neighboring Indian Agencies. The Commis sioners make a very strong appeal, upon the strength of the practical results of the peace policy, to have it continued permanently. The strongest arguments to bo made against the peace policy ore the Indian rings on the one bond, organized for purposes of plunder, which, under cover of the peace policy, are continually repelling the Indian from civilizing tendencies; and on the other that, during the operation of the peace pol icy, four bitter and expensive wars have been fought,—Ujo Apache, Modoc, Sioux, and Nez-Peroes,— and that the Chiefs who have conducted those- wars, among thorn Captain Jaox, Szttino-Bdll, and Onixp Jo seph, have been men of superior intelligence. Although one of these loaders is dead, an other in the British dominions, and the third surrendered, there la no guaranty that wo may not have more wars, and that other In dians may not rise and take their places. The solution of the Indian question most un doubtedly Is to be found in absorbing him Into the body politic and making him a citi zen, with all the rights, and at the same time responsibilities, of citizenship. There is no doubt that the peace policy can accomplish a great deal by educating the younger In dians and bringing them up under the influ* enoe of civilization; but, so far os the older Indians are concerned, the army is the most complete civilizing agency. If proper legal tribunals wore established and law and good government were extended on the reserva tions, there would be little need for the army on them, and the Agencies would need no protection so long as Indiins could be convinced that treaty stipulations would not be violated. If, how ever, Agencies are to be the locations of organized swindling, and the posts from which arms and material of war are to be freely distributed, then there must be con stant use for the army, besides which it is notorious thst there are still roving bands which utterly refuse to go upon the reserva tions, and will have to be forced there by the army. The, Peace ’Commission is doing a great and useful work m reclaiming the red men, and no one woold wish to have the ex periment abandoned; but the time has not yet come when the army can be abandoned as an agency in civilizing Indians. Its with drawal from the vicinity of the reservations and the frontier forts would plunge the whole Indian question into confusion again, and expose the frontier settlers to cer tain massacre. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs in his report to the Secretary of the Interior recognizes more clearly the Commission the drawbacks to Indian prog ress that exist at these Agencies in the dis honesty of Agents, traders, and contractors, and lays special strees upon the value of educating the yoong. If the Commission will purge the Agencies, and lend their aid to the Secretary of the Interior in his efforts to smash the Indian rings, there will be great hope for the future of the Indian j but, so long as these abases exist, and so long as the insane policy is persisted in of furnishing Indians with arms and ammunition, there will be almost constant use for the army. No one questions the correctness of the peace theory In the abstract, but so long as the older wild Indians exist, who cannot be reached by the Commission, and greedy ras cals can organize rinse to fleece those at the Aganeies, the talk of discontinuing the use of the army is Idle. Tbe New York World thinks It is “ nonsense ” to suppose that the editor of the Chicago TV,** was Influenced to support Tildbis by '‘the tnie election prophecy of the ghost of Calhoun »» It wasn’t the ghost of Calhoun, but a charlatan named Huntoon (a similarity In names), who claimed the power to summon spirits from the vasty deep, or elsewhere. let, notwithstanding tbe exposure of Huntoon, and tils own con fesslon nt having played upon the susceptible Mr. fiTonar with a base deception, the Timet again cornea out with an editorial expression of unbounded faith In tbe spirit-influence. We fear, therefore, (hat the Tima will commit as many follies In tbe futnre as (o the past under the Influence of supposititious ghosts ot Demo cratic antecedents. The IVbrW, by the way, expresses tbe opinion that Mr. Btomt docs not do anything under auch unsubstantial Influences as spiritual manifestations, “nor. Indeed, without tfumtanit of substantial reasons.” The World has evi dently beard that story about the TYmea and Tilpbn’s barrel of money, and credits It la preference to the spirit Influences; that ex planation certainly commends itself to a com mon-sense estimate of the Timet' character. But how many “ Ptomandt ot substantial real sons ” did It take to convert the Timet to the Tost Scott aubsidy, which it was alleged that Mr. Uuntoon's bogua ghosts bod brought about I. The Aldermanlc contest in the Thirteenth Ward possesses some features of peculiar Inter est by reason of the exertions ot the taxpaying, non-polltlclan element among tbe Republican* to secure a suitable representative lathe Com mon Council. They have made a most excel lent selection In the person of Mr. A. C. Knopf, a substantial, intelligent business man, and will labor hard to secure bis nomination nt the primary polls to-morrow. The Democrats have, os usual, taken tho other extreme, aod have nominated for Alderman one O'Callaohan, a saloon-keeper utterly without fitness for tho place. Against such an opponent Mr. Knopf,, if nominated by tho Republicans, would poll a tremendous vote. He Is of the right sort, and can bo nominated nod elected without doubt If tho business men and respectable taxpayers of tho ward turn out and attend to it. San fitelano, where the treaty between Russia and Turkey was signed, Is about six miles from tho old Roman wall ot Constantinople, amlU the village near which an American, Or. Davis, started an unsuccessful model-farm in 1818. PERSONAL, Sardoa says it takes him five months, working fire boars dally, to writs a comedy. throws away twice oa much aa be uaea, and usually ellminatea aome of hla characters after be baa be gun tbe final draft of bis play. Boron Grant’s Kensington mansion or, rather, the London residence of Bonanza Mackey —la one of the Ilona (bis season. Tho hoad-scrv anl’a income from "tips" for showing tbo curious over It la placed at f 125 a week. A Georgia husband recently snod oni a writ of habeas corpus to recover bis wife from the possession of bla father-in-law, bat tho upright Judge dismissed the salt on tbs groand that the parent waa entitled to tbe services of bis daughter until she was SI. Clnsorot, the Commnnist General, who took a leading part in the insurrection In Paris la 1871. Is said by a French paper to bare been shot by tbe Russians after tbe capture of Plevna. This la probably incorrect, for Clusorct Is believed to bo In Persia, drilling the Shah's troops. In a book review not long ago the New York Eetnlng Pott , writing of Sir Philip Francis, called him about half tbo Unto Sir Pbillo Sidney, using tbe two names as If they wore inter changeable, a lapse which ooHber tbe Ink Comp, nor tbe Vigilant Proof-Reader noticed. Another tniraclo is reported from Paris. The dangbter of the proprietor of tbe Uniters, be ing afflicted with a soro toe, was cured by tho ap plication of aome lint which had boeneroployod on the legs of the late Pontiff. There Is a vigor and freshness about this story which compels admira tion. If, as proposed, the Qnoon's youngest son, Prince Leopold, should bo crested Dakeof Sussex, only four counties la England will bo left unoc cupied sa tltnlsr designations,—Dorset, Middle •ex, Monmouth, sad York. There are two coun ties tsesnt la Wsles, fire la Ireland, snd ten ia Scotland. President Hayes is left alone at the ‘White House till Aaril 0, bis fsmlljr betas on a tbreo weeks' visit to Chllllcothe and Cincinnati. By tbe way, tbe ladles of the Executive Manslomdo not go Into hysterics when they see s burlesque of taelr temperance principles or Sunday evening singing of bymna. They only lacgb. Miss Lucy Hooper recently took port in an amateur performance of tbe well-known play, “Caste,"in Paris. Her acting U tbasdeacrlbed by Mrs Lucy Hooper In a letter to tbe New York OraphU: “Miss Hooper as Polly was full of gayety ana vivacity, and received from an English cntle prvaent Ibe supreme compliment of being compared to tbe original ereatrls of tbe psit,Marla Wilton, now Mrs. Bancroft." A London hostess apologized to Count BcbouvaloS tbe otber night, at a political party, fortbeatupldltjof a servant who baa announced him sa Count Shuffle-off; but, oa tbe Austrian and German representatives were sunounced imme diately after nnderthe names of Beast and Mon ster, tbe Russian diplomat passed on amiling. This perversion of the names of Cuonts von Beast and Munster is cbsraetensUc of the London servant. Newspaper readers may remember the marriage of Prince Alexander de Lyoar, a German noble, with Miss Parsons, a Columbus girl. One of tbe London “boulevard weeklies" says, m its Paris correspondence, that the Princess is still very pretty, but retains “soma of tba war-whoop,” whatever that means, Intimating that as time goes on she Is evolotlnglntoa being of Inferior caste to her “handsomeand accomplished husband." Herr fiigismond Librowioz, of Hamburg, bas published a book called “Tbe Kiss and tbe KUalos," la wbicb be mikee the ridiculously low estimatsof 150,000,000 kisses a day given by ail the inhabitants of tbe world! Cbly one klsa a week on an average 11 England be puls down for 13.000. Germany for 20,000,000, France for 18.000. and Russia, where male osculation Is Ibe rule, for 30,000,000, leaving only 00,000,000 for tbe rest of the universe. Why, Chicago alone la good for—for bow many! A rag-picker's daughter was married ia New York Sunday, and tbe Ceremony was de scribed by the World as being one of romintle In terest. Tbe bride, Miss Hossrls Clardulla, brought to bar husband s dowry of $3,000 In cash, which shows that tbs business of rsg-plcklog U not so on remunerative as might be supposed. In return log from tbe ebarob, each carriage of guests was supplied with s liberal quantity of pennies snd sweetmeats, which were thrown out la Usodslal to tbe crowds gathered oa tbe streets. 000 of the most successful newspapers ia the world is tbe Argus, published la Melbourne, la the Colooy of Victoria, Australis. It was started about thirty yssrs ago by Mr. Edward Wilson, s young Englishman who bad Immigrated to Ibe sew country laprder to tarn his small capital to belter advantage than be couldat home. A number of cap italists were Interested with him la tbe enterprise, which sank • large amount of money before It be came profitable. In 1833 the Argus hid a circulation equal to that of any three London papers, and bed bicorae excellent property. Tbe weekly edition, called tbe AmtraUuian . contains an enormous amount of reading matter. Of late years Mr. Wilson baa lived la England, etlll retaining up to bis death, recently, his proprietary Interest in the Argus, The Dak* of Athol* boo eerenteea inferior tltlea, the Dakee of Argyll end Hamilton here •!»' teen, the MerqaU of Bate bee fifteen, end oo he* the Duke of Baccleach, while hie Orece of North* omberieod hee thirteen. The Bake of Atbole'e fall uni ie John Jomee Hugh Henry Stewart Murray, eeventh Dake of Athole, MorqaU of QuUlbordloeond of Athole, Berl of TaUibordioe.of Athole. oodof Stratblay andStraihardle, VUcount ofßolqahidor, VUcoantOUnalmoDdondOlenlyoa, Boron Murray, Baron Bolvenle end Geek. Boron Percy, Boron Lacy, Boron Poynloae, PIU-Peyne end Bryan. Boron Lotimer, Boron Strong*. Boron Murrey end Korl Strange, end Boron Olenlyon. Of tbeee the Boron Percy, 1290, u the older; UUw ond Boron Lacy. lili. next.