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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, March 22, 1878, Image 4

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TEH MS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
RT MAIL—IN ADVANCE—POSTAGE rRXPAtI).
rally Edition, one rear 912.00
srtsof a year. per month - i.OO
Sunday Edition: Literary nnd Religious
Dounleshret 2.00
Saturday Edition, twelve pages. 2.00
Trt-Wefltly, one year...., 5.00
J'arlsof a rear. pertnonln 00
WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID.
i:SB
Prerlmen copin' ten! tree.
Give Post-Office address la fall Including Stats and
County.
Remittance* maybe made cither bvdraft, exam*
Pcit-Office order, or In reghtered letter*. at our risk.
TERMS TO CITY BUBBCRIDERS.
Baity, delivered. Sunday excepted. as eenta per week.
Ba'ly, delivered, Sunday Included. 90 canta per week.
Address THE TRIBUNR COMPANY,
Corner Madlaon nnd Dearborn ■»!*., Chicago, PI.
Order* for the delivery of Tnt Tatatrxa at Bvanston.
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TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES.
Tn* Cntcano Tstncira ho eatabiuhed branch office*
for the receipt of inbecrtnUoni and adrcrUacment* a*
follow*!
NEW TORR-Room 39 Tribun* Building. F. T. Mo-
FAUt'tx, Manager.
; PARIS, France-No. 10 Roe de Is Grange-Batetlere.
It. Mantas, Agent.
LONDON. Eng.—American Exchange. 419 Strand.
Disnr F. Otti.tM. Agent.
* SAN FRANCISCO. Cal.-Palace Hotel*
AMUSEMENTS.
MeVleker’s Theatre*
Madison street, between Dearborn and State.
•• A Celebrated cue,” by the Union Square Company.
lloeley’a Theatre.
Randolph itreet. between Clark and LaSalle.
Engagement of Botbern. “A Crnibed Tragedian.”
New Chicago Theatre,
Clark street. opposite Sherman House. Engage,
gnent of UaTcrly'eMinatrcU.
llavrrly’a Theatre*
Monroe itreet, corner of Dearborn. "Aladdin.”
Coliseum Novelty Theatre.
Clark street, opposite Court-House. Variety per*
formance.
West Twelfth-Street Tnrner Halt*
hectare by George Francis Train. Subject! "Or-
Bulling Prosperity."
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
WAURANBIA I.OPOK. No. ISO. A. F. and A. 3!.-
Ttccnlar Comimmlratlun this (Friday.) evening at7:9o
sharp. at Masonic Hall. 7S Monroe-sL Work on F. C.
Degree. All members are urgently requested to be
I'nvcnt, a* business of Interest will rome Iwfore (ho
meeting. _ J. A. STODDARD, W. 31.
J. c. HOWELL, Sec’y.
ORIENTAL LODGE. No. 89, A. F. A A. M.-TUII
123 l.ssnlle-st. Special Communication this (Friday)
evening, at o’clock prompt, for work ud F. C. De
gree, vbltors cordially Invited to meet with «». By
Older of the Master. E. N. TUCKER, Secretary.
1. O. o. F.—Member* of tlia Order furomhle to the
fermatloo of a new lodge In tbOTlrlnlly of Lincoln
r«rK. are reqnrateit tomeet at the Maaonle Hail, cor*
orr of Clark and C’eniro-iu., thu Friday evening at
f: jo o’clock.
FKIDAY, MABGH 22, 1878.
Greenbacks at tho New York Stock Ex
change yesterday dosed ot 08jf.
Tho two men charged with tho terrible
triple mnrdor at Wheeling, W. Vo., which
was described in oar dispatches yesterday,
have an excellent prospect of paying the
penalty of their crime before tho sun rites
this morning. At midnight crowds were
gathering, and it seemed certain that tho
men would bo token out and hanged.
A murder trial of uncommon interest in
that part of tho State is in progress ot
Waukegan, 111., where John Davison stands
charged with tho killing of Prrzn Booeut
bon, an old and wealthy citizen of Lake
Connty. The tragedy grew oat of an old
difficulty about *tbe opening of a rood
through Davison’s farm, and an intense de
gree of feeling and interest has been excited
in connection with the trial.
A Catholic priest, with the medieval name
of Blasiuh Piaronrus, was found guilty of
murder in tho first degree, upon a second
trial, at Philadelphia yesterday. Tho re
ligious troubles in Germany some years ago
involved him to such an extent that he
thought it safest to fly to America. Arrived
in Pennsylvania, at (he fann-hoaso of Ills
brother, ho took sides in a petty feud exist
ing between bis brother oud a neighbor,
and, in an altercation, shot and killed the
neighbor. There were peculiar circum
stances surrounding the act, somewhat sim
ilar to those alleged in mitigation of the
homicide committed by Davison, now on
trial ot Waukegan.
Stanley Matthews had something to say
on tho timbor-stoaling question in the Senoto
yesterday which was quite to tho point. Ho
Htiggestcd that the asiailants of Secretary
Scntmz would do hotter to expend thoir
eloquence in advocating tho repeal of the
law which prohibits tho wholesale robbery of
tho Government's timber-covered domain
than in abusing tho Secretary for faithfully
executing tho law as it stands. Out it takes
n little more moral courage to openly urge
tho removal of all protection of the property
of tho Government against tho inroads of
thieves Uiau to assail a Department officer on
account of cases of individual hardship and
persecution which never occurred.
The signing of the Stay bill yesterday by
tho Governor of Massachusetts was Just in
tho nick of time to prevent a disclosure of
tho rottenness of the Brighton Barings Bank,
which, taking prompt advantage of the new
law, refused to payout sums upon which
the sixty-days* notices hod expired. The
Legislature having stopped In between the
bank managers and the depositors and as
sumed to change the contract requiring the
payment of depositors after the requisite no
tice, tho Baviugs Bunk Commissioners now
announce to the Brighton depositors that
they con only got 10 per cent of their money
during the next six months, and 10 per cent
more between September, 1878, and March,
IH7D, and not a cent more unless tho Com
misbiouers so direct. This is the practical
operation of the Btay law which is (he
product of the inferior article of integrity
and intelligence abounding in Massaohn
setts. It will belp the banks mightily to re
cover or collapse at their leisure, audit will
prevent panics by convincing depositors of
tho folly of getting excited about money
which the Legislature has decided is no
longer their own.
An article on the unfinished Custom-
House aud Post-Office building, and the
present condition of the Government office
accommodations in Chicago, U printed in
our columns this morning, with a view to
demonstrating to the Senators and Uepre
eontative# the pressing necessities of the
case. Figures are given which show the vol
ume and importance of the Government
business transacted In this city, and prove
the urgent need of larger aud more suit
able quarters for its transactions. The Im
mediate appropriation by Congress of a sum
sufficient to rush forward the completion of
tho Custom-House with the same speed and
energy that pnvata parties would display
wader ftlmilar pressure would be a measure
of downright economy In dollars And ceuts;
whilo tbs fact that the property nnd records
of the Government nro constantly endan
gered by reason of insecure provision against
loss by Are or injnry by other canses shonld
convince Congress of the imperative duly of
hurrying np the work. In this instance time
is money, and true economy can best be en
forced by promptly appropriating the money
necessary to pnt the bnilding in readiness
for occupation and nso.
OTjXAbt, the Chicago pedestrian, is at
tracting a large share of the world's atten
tion by his magnificent display of speed and
endurance in the great tournament now In
progress In London. While his other com
petitors have availed themselves of tho
privilege of vaiylng their gait by occasions!
runs, skips, etc., the Chicago man has
been guilty of no such foolishness,
but has kept np that wonderful
springy stop which has made him famous as
a model for walkers, and at the end of nine
ty-six hours from tho time iho tournament
began he bad walked 373 miles, an average
of nearly four miles an hour, including the
time spent In rest and sleep. The contest
closes to-morrow night at 13 o'clock, ond
O'Lkabi's victory over all his competitors
seems to be assured.
An extract Is printed from an editorial in a
late number of tho London iVne*,—a journal
scarcely second to tho London Time* In char
acter and influence,—ln which It is candidly
admitted that tho United States Government
is not responsible for the statement msdo in
foreign prospectuses that tho bonds sold
there wonld be redeemed in gold. The New*
thinks the Bemonetization act was unwise,
as, of course, most of the English press pro*
fess to think, but odds: “We ore bound to
say that, if the United States Congress tokos
a different view of tho matter, there is still
no ease of repudiation against (bom.” The
Jfete* goes oven farther than this, and, otter
noting that this conntry has tho some right
exorcised by other countries to change its
standard of values within certain limits, it
continues that, “ looking at the way in which
gold bos been rising In value of late years,
we cannot say that in substituting a double
standard instead of a single one of gold,
Americans have no excuse for thinking that
what they do merely prevents tho overpay
ment of tho creditors." That is It, precisely,.
with tho addition that tho American people
had the more right to this opinion, inasmuch
as they had never agreed or intended at any
time to pay tho debt in gold alone.
EEBDMPTION OF SPECIE-PAYMENTS.
Tho conference between Secretary Sium
man and the Senate Finance Committee led
to n very thorough discussion of tho Bo
sumption question, and wo think a careful
consideration of that discussion will con
vince every one that practical resumption on
tho let of January next will be a much easier
matter than tho majority of people have sup*
posed, and that It will enlarge tho stock of
money and promote general confidence, to
tho infinite relief of tho whole country. The
question has assumed an entirely different
aspect since tho passage of tho Bemonetiza*
Uon act. The difference is just this: On a
single gold basis it was necessary to con
template an attempt at resumption with a
limited and inadequate specie currency; this
was a circumstance sure to arouse a general
suspicion of failure, and there would have
been a rush for gold and subsequent hoard
ing thereof in anticipation of a renewed sus
pension and a consequent decline in
value of the United States notes. With silver
os well os gold os the basis of resump
tion, there can bo no reasonable doubt os
to a sufficiency for specie payments, there
will be general confidence in the accomplish
ment of tho effort, the people will hove no
disposition to make a frantic on the
Treasury for redemption of greenbacks in
specie, and tho specie will not bo hoarded at
the loss of Interest when there la no prospect
of its having a special valno over tho na
tional currency. Secretary SnznuAH virtu
ally admitted this distinction between re
sumption now and before, though he did not
soy it in so man/ words.
Secretary Sukrman made it very evident,
we think, that all circumstances have a
tendency to shape themselves in favor of
resumption. As to the actual specie reserve
which may bo accumulated, it is evident
that the authority of the Besamption law,
as it stands, will enable tho Government to
acquire about $140,000,000 by Jan. 1 next,
without doing any injury to the business of
tho country. There will then be a re
demption fund of more than one-third
tho outstanding Government notes. Such
a reserve has boon regarded as ample
for a private banking business conducted
on principles calculated to inspire pnblio con
fidence, and there is no reason to doubt its
adequacy In the hands of tho Government
with vast resources and an irreproachable
credit that can command money at tho very
lowest rates of interest, Tho greenbacks
will still retain their character os legal-ten
ders, if reissued, aud will still constitute the
redemption fund for the National Banks;
aud the free oironlotlon of gold and silver,
when resumption shall once be recognized os
a /alt accompli, will speedily enable the banka
to provide themselves with an adequate spe
cie reserve, the accumulation of which they
have already begun to a considerable extent.
There are several circumstances which Sec
retary Bukhman thinks can be made auxiliary
to permanent resumption. One is tho sale of 4
per cent bonds for greenbacks, authority for
which has already been given by the Senate
and only needs the concurrence of the House,
which will scarcely be withheld. The Gov
ernment can make such sales with profit,
for, with the proceeds thereof, it can
bay gold at the cost of I per cent where
with to redeem outstanding 0 per cents sub*
ject to coll, thus saving li per cent interest
per annum. The influence of this procedure
upon resumption would consist in tho ten
dency to equalize the value of coin and
greenbacks by enabling the sole of bonds,
interest and principal payable in coin, for
greenbacks at par. The return of bonds
from Europe to this country, which has
been held up by tho goldltea as threatening
dire disaster, will also operate, Secretary
Sukbuan adults, in favor of easy and per
manent resumption, oa the payment of the
coin interest at home will maintain the stock
of coin in this country, which will not then
be hoarded, bat come into general use for
interest or investment. After the sale of 4
per cent bonds for greenbacks shall have
continued for a~ few months, the Secretary
further recommends as a measure also cal
culated to equalize greenback* aud coin
that the former be made receivable
for duties. Such a measure would,
of course, be unwise if resumption were to
be Indefinitely postponed, and the distinction
between coin and Government notes were to
be maintained; but the receipt of green
backs for duties, which form the fund for
the payment of interest in coin, would be an
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; FRIDA ¥- MARCH 23, 187 a
official expression of entire confidence in the
accomplishment of resumption, and coin
having no longer any special or exclnsive
valno, and with no prospect of having any,
there would no longer be any temptation to
hoard it; it wonld seek investment as the
only way In which it could be made useful
or profitable. Finally, Secretary Sherman
thinks that Congress should give express
authority for the maintenance of tho green
back Issue to tho amount of $300,000,000,
and this suggestion is worthy of serious con
sideration. On tho one hand, it would
qniet the apprehension of those who
think resumption will necessarily re
sult in a disastrous contraction of
the currency of tho country, for
the reissue of any greenbacks redeemed at
tho Treasury In specie would give tho conn
try the specie, the greenbacks, and all the
National Bank notes demanded by business,
all of which wonld circulate side by side.
On tho other hand, it wonld remove the
necessity contemplated by some of the rc
snmpUonists of redeeming (ho whole stock
of greenbacks at a fixed date, leaving the
National Banka and all other institutions and
people to do tho same. Tho theory is that
Government notes shall bo kept out perma
nently and steadily to the amount of $300,-
000,000, and that tho Government shall
maintain a coin reserve of ono-third that
amount for redemption purposes.
There is little donbt that tho co-operation
of all tho auxiliaries to resumption that have
been named with the encouragement of
proper legislation (or oven non-lcgislntion
perhaps) will moke resumption n fixed fact
oven before the date named in the law. In
contemplation of this strong probability,
Secretory Sherman was warranted in saying
that “ to go backward over all of this long,
weary agony and struggle toward resumption
would bo a sign of national wcoknoss and do
the nation great harm, do our credit harm,
and bring injnry on ns all." Those who be
lieve that iho distress of hard times can only
be relieved by an enlargement of the stock
of money shonld now join the ranks of those
who demand resumption, for it is resump
tion alone that can add gold and silver to
our paper currency; a farther postpone
ment of resumption will again widen the
difference between specie and greenbacks,
and leave tho business of tho country on tho
basis of greenbacks alone, with no enlarge
ment of the volume thereof, but with a de
cided decline in thoir purchasing volne,
amounting in point of fact to so much con
traction.
CANDIDATES FUB ALDEBMEN.
Tho nominations for Aldermen mode by
what oro known as tho local organizations of
tho Democratic party arO| wo confess, moat
disconraging. They arc discouraging be
cause they promise, if suocossful, to reduce
tho Board of Aldermen below any grade of
respectability heretofore existing in that
body. All can recall tho days when the
famous “ 19”— a majority of the Board—
was as openly for sale os are horses at the
horse market, and tho coming Council, If
made np of men such as have been nomi*
noted by tho Democratic ward organizations,
promises to restore that mode and character
of City Government. Wo are not disposed to
bold the moss of citizens who call them
selves Democrats responsible for these
nominations. Wo suppose that tho major
ity of citizens of all parties desire on
honest City Government, and are equally
interested in an economical administration
of pnblio affairs, bat tho nomination of
those candidates leaves them no alternative
but to vote for such men or vote for tho
men nominated on tho other side. Bight
here arises a serious difficulty. Tho nomina
tion of a number of disreputable and im
proper candidates on one side is a strong
encouragement for tho some class of persons
to have themselves nominated by tho other
party. Tho men who seek offices for which
they are not competent ore not confined to
any one organization. If there wore ton
organizations in.tho city, each could turn out
eighteen candidates for Aldermen, and no
man of mere human capocity could
distinguish which of the lot was the least
disreputable, unfit, and incompetent. When
ever either party nominates a first-class man
for a local office, It, to some extent, compels
the odvo.se party to put up a candidate
equally free of objectionable qualities; and
so, when one party names a bummer or a
trader, tho trader or the bummer on tho
other side puts himself forward. The result
is the election of the class of men who too
often make up the Oity Councils in tho
larger cities. Among those nominated for
Aldermen by the Democratic ward meetings
may bo found several of tho men who fig
nred in the hold-over Council of 187U-'(1, and
who were only ejected by tho moral revolu
tion of the outraged and Indignant citizens
two years ago. There is a class of men who,
when not bolding office as Aldermen or
County Commissioners, ore employed os bar
keepers or doorkeepers to concert-saloons,
and who turn np as candidates for any office
thot may have to be filled. This year pre
sents a large crop of this Ham of office
seekers.
We not only ask what the Democratic
voters of the city intend to do about this
business, but what the Bepublicaus and citi
zens generally Intend to do. Is the election
of the new City,Connell to go by default?
Is the City Government to be given over to
the control of the mob, and is the general
crash, and disaster, and suspension, so much
dreaded, to be precipitated by the election of
a City Council of tho character foreshadowed
by tho Democratic nominations?
This i« no trifling matter. There Is no
room for indifference, and it will not do to
assume that “ things will take core of them*
eelies," The condition of the City Govern
ment is hopeless enough even with a Council
composed of the best of citizens. What will
it bo with a City Council composed of men
who seek places in that body for plunderj
to sell tbeir votes to contractors, and to vole
any expenditure for which they may be paid 7
There is no use in mincing words about this
matter. That that is the purpose, and the
sole purpose, for which these men seek
places in the City Council Is notorious and
is not disguised. Are the people of this city
prepared to submit to this kind of rule 7
Will thfcy idly permit these men to be elected
Aldermen without an effort to prevent the
calamitous disgrace 7
The Uepublioans have yet to make their
nominations. While national politics are of
very little consequence in municipal affairs,
party organizations afford the best way to
bring forward candidates. When the esndi
dates on both sides for Aldermen are repu
table citizens, voters can follow their per*
sonal and political choice wlthont injury; but
when there Is a choice between men because
of tbeir character for honesty, fitness, expo*
rience, and general qualifications, then mere
party nominations should have little weight.
There are eighteen Aldermen to be elected j
can there not be that number of reputable
men of personal integrity and ordinary fit*
noss who can bo nominated? And, if nomi
nated,(can they not ho elected? Certainly
there aro voters enough In the city able, Trill
ing, and anxious to elect respectable citizens,
and can those not bo anitod in n determina
tion to preserve what littlo is loft of Munic
ipal Government from utter wreck and ruin?
Wo appeal, therefore, to the republicans to
do their duty to the city in making selec
tions. Let them merit success by the char
acter of their candidates, and trust confid
ingly in the intelligence and patriotism of
tho public generally for the election of those
best fitted for tho places.
AN ANTI-SILVBB CTEQTTLAR,
A correspondent in Wisconsin sends us a
printed copy of a business circular issued by
a firm of motel dealers in New York City.
The circular is remarkable particularly for
its ignorance, its bad grammar, and Us cool
impudence. Wo give two paragraphs from
this document, which road t
Tho SUrer bill, in Us original Intention, content-
f listed haying tho bonanza Mirer production, colo
ns it. and compelling (he people of these States
and others to receive It at a forced valuation;
guaranteeing (hereby tho slirer producer against
all the results of on enurmonsty Increasing uro
dnctlon, and In (he magnificent wealth amt power
which he now possesses.
During tho War the creation and Issues of cur
rency were made by the Government for the pay
ment of lie war expenses—tbn material of war. its
armies and navies—but now. In peace, with limited
and contracting wants, the creation nf thousands
of millions nf slirer coins or greenbacks would
cause them to Ist Idle In tbe Government vaults,
unless the public got up another war for the Gov
ernment to spend Ibis money for, or unless It
beneficently distributed it to tho general pnhllc
without cundkieration, or return, or security. For
all baring security can now get any quantity of
circulating medium at n rcry moderate interest.
It is true the lay brethren of life—the socially
lame, halt, and blind, tne trimp and the Com
munist, aro not ablo at present to get at the
*• medium, '* but perhaps a little more legislation
will disturb It more to their satisfaction.
This is but a sample of tho means resorted
to by tho New York dealers to influence pub
lic sentiment throughout tho country. The
fact that this kind of staff is sent out indi
cates that tho writers realty believe tho peo
pie of tho West are as ignorant as it Is the
custom in New York to represent them to be.
The Rtatomont that the Silver bill had for
its original purpose the purchase of the prod
uct of the silver mines, and compelling the
people to receive It at a forced valuation, is a
feeble repetition of nonsense published in
the Now York papers, but which an intelli
gent merchant should feel ashamed to see in
print over his own signature.
The Free Coinage bill allowed any holder
of silver bullion to deposit the same with the
mint, and to receive the same when coined,
upon paying the cost of coining. Tho bill
os passed authorizes tho coinage of silver
dollars to tho fall capacity of tho mint; and
os the amount possible to bo coined
in cither case is precisely tho same,
wo do not understand how the owners of
silver bullion could be benefited in the one
case any more than in tho other. We know
of no law in this country that can compel
any man to sell his labor or his goods for
silver, gold, or poper at “ a forced valua
tion, "or at any valuation that ho does not
ohooso to accept. Tho Government now
coins silver, and with silver coin purchases
other silver bullion, which is in turn coined;
but in this there is no compulsion upon any
person to take silver coin at a forced valua
tion. If tho bullion deposited by private
persons was coined and delivered to them,
there is no law by which they could purchase
any more metal or other property with it than
they could purchase with tho gold or green
backs for which they might sell their silver
bullion. Tho objection to tho coinage of
“thousands of millions of silver coins,"
which would “lie idle in the Government
vaults," is one of those brainless declorations
which brainless individuals moke without
having any idea of what they aro trying to
say. Wo do not know that tho Government
could bo placed in a bettor condition than to
have some “ thousands of millions " of silver
dollars on hand in the Treasury vaults. A
tax-plundered and oppressed people would
rejoice in tho situation. This intoUlgentiron
monger of Pearl street would probably have
tho “creation" or the coinage of metallic
money limited, just as the manufacturers of
pig-iron would bo glad to have the produc
tion of that metal limited to tho demands of
tho homo market. As a literary os well as a
scientific production, this circular Is worthy
of preservation, marking as it does tho prog
ress of oultnre and knowledge in the metal
trade of Now York City.
ANOTHER DEMOCRATIC ABSURDITY.
The bill introduced in Congress by Mr.
Goods, of Virginia, to authorize the Govorn
rocnt to embark in tho life-insurance busi
ness, and take risks upon tho lives of a
certain class of its servants, is in keeping
•with tho general sentiment of tho Demo
cratic Reformers. Tho bill would be a sur
prising one, if the majority of people hod
not ceased to be surprised at anything
Democratic ingenuity con suggest. If tho
Fublio Treasury can bo depleted for tho bene
fit of Southerners who lost their mules and
peanuts daring tho 'War, if tho Government
can undertake to improve all tho property of
farmers on tho Mississippi River, and if it
con go into the business of circulating news
papers, of coarse thcro is nothing in tho
Constitution or tho lows to prevent it from
setting up in the life-insurance business, is
suing policies to the few or to tho multitude,
and closing up business eventually with a
grand collapse, after tho manner of the
Royal Anglo-Bengalee and several others
conducted hero at homo by managers more
real than Tigg Montague,
Mr. Goodx’s bill purports to bo for the
benefit of those who go down to the sea in
ships that belong to tho Government, and
authorizes the Secretaries of the Navy and
of the Treasury to open up the llfe-insuronee
business in Washington, probably under the
firm name of Messrs. Thompson & Suxbvun,
as agents for the Government. It provides
that any officer of tho navy or of the marine
corps, possessing the requisite physical
diagnosis, may take oat a policy in any
amount not exceeding $25,000, ' The Secre
tary issues the policy at a premium which la
determined by ascertaining tho doath-rato
for the several ages between 18 and 75 years,
after the manner of so many other insurance
companies now rotting on the sands. There
will be no doubt that the premiums will be
paid, because the Paymasters will reserve
them quarterly out of officers' pay, though
there is no condition that the tax shall be re
duced If the pay is reduced. As the Democrats
love neither the army nor the navy, a reduc
tion of pay is not an impossibility, in which
case (be tax would be an onerous one. Offi
cers can choose whether to take out a paid
up policy or one on the yearly-payment
plan, which shows that the Government is
determined not to be outdone in courtesy by
the companies that, do a general business,
bat do not carry the Star-Spangled Banner at
the fore. The Government is also to agree
to make no special charges for dangerous
service, which Is gratuitous kindness, since
it is impossible to conceive upon what dan
gerous errand our fleet of tubs could be sent.
It Is also provided that no policy shall be in
validated by the suicide of the holder, in
which respect tho Government Company
wonld differ from other corporations, in
which tho policy-holder is nsaatly invalidated
by the suicide of the company. Lastly, offi
cers who resign can. keep up their policy by
keeping np tho premiums, which shows that
we live under a truly paternal Government,
that will look after its servants so long as
the servant does not lot bis premium lapse.
Tho most remarkable feature of this bill
is tho discrimination it makes. If tho Gov
ernment is going into tho insurance business,
why should it select a few officers of tho
navy who have nothing to do and lire (o
great old age, and of the marine corps, who
never die, but dry up and blow away, and
leave the crews without this • inestimable
blessing? If it is going to insure naval
officers, why not army officers ? Why con
fine its favors to the aristocratic branch of
the service? And if to army officers, why
not Postmasters, and Collectors, and Bnb-
Treasurers, and all their employes,
giving them tho same option % of
continuing their policies after their
official heads are off? Thisbeinga Govern
ment of, for, and by the people, what right
has a gilt-edged Admiral or high-toned Com
modore to stop into Tigg Montague's pffice
and take precedence of tho lowly letter-car
rier who does more end better work in a year
than an Admiral, although tho etiquette of
tho area and the lamp.post is not so elegant
or exacting as that of the quarter-deck? Re
ducing tho matter to first principles, if tho
Government is going into the life-insurance
business for the benefit of the Commodores,
why not lot tho whole people who employ
and pay tho Commodores have the advan
tage of it also? As tho people jost now have
a groat deal of confidence in life-insurance
companies, they wonld. undoubtedly rush
enthusiastically to the Government concern,
and business wonld speedily boom along so
merrily that In a short time it could follow
the precedents of tho private corporations
and smash. What the office itself would not
be oblo to accomplish In that direction
wonld be supplied by tho rings, jobbers,
agents, doctors, actuaries, and tho rest of the
retinue incidental to the business. Serious
ly, members of Congress ought to know that
tho only insurance the people desire at the
hands of tho Government is the insurance of
good government, economy, wiso legislation,
and prompt execution of laws. If the Com
modores want to insure their lives, there are
private corporations yet doing badness who
can accommodate them. Tho Goode bill is
a bad bill. It bos neither tho advantage of
constitutionality nor expediency.
REDUCING THE SCHOOL-EXPENSES.
Tho Hoard of Education seems disposed
to distribute tho loss of revenue resulting
from the IS per cent reduction of the sohool
appropriations through oil departments
equally. With this object in view, the
Special Committee appointed to consider
tho subject has recommended (1) that Prin
cipals bo required to dovoto two-thirds of
their time to the instruction of classes;
(2) that the general school year be shortened
one week, and the high-sohool year two
weeks. No better plan than this could bo
devised if tho main object were the equal
distribution of the loss among teachers. Bat
the question to bo considered is wbeiher
such a distribution will tond most to secure
tho efficiency of tho schools and promote the
interests of the people. There Is no doubt
something captivating to tho Board in the
idea of impartiality as between the different
kinds of schools and different classes of
teachers. But if their impartiality works an
equal injury to the more and the less useful
branches of the service, it is foolish and
wasteful. An equality of this kind may, in
tho long run, bo a great inequality and in
justice to tho public.
The most important interests to bo con.
sidorod in making a reduction ore not tho
Interests of tho teachers but those of tho
scholars. The questions tho Board ought to
put itself are: (1) What class of scholars, if
any, con afford to do without instruction at
the public expense ? and (2) What class of
studies, if any, can bo dispensed with ? It
is evident that, on the theory thot the
schools aro essential to tho preservation' of
free government,—the only theory which
justifies their existence,—the most important
are those in which the primary branches are
taught. These aro tho conditions of all fu
ture education, of an average degree of pop
ular intelligence, and even of profitable em
ployment. Tho privileges they afford can
not bo denied or abridged without a denial
or abridgment of the fundamental rights
on which tho whole school system is based.
The class of scholars in attendance upon
those schools is more important than any
other, because it is the largest and because
it is the neediest. About nine-tenths of the
scholars in attendance in the primary schools
never go into tho higher branches at all.
When they have been grounded in the rudi
ments they leave school forever and go to
work. Moreover, their necessities are such
that they have to toko their schooling when
they can get it. They cannot wait the pleas
ure of a Board of Education or a City Coun
cil. If they fail to get their schooling this
year, many of them must foil to get it at all.
The question, then, is flatly presented,
whether it is more important that a large
number of persons should learn to read,
write, and cipher, or that a smaller number
should learn the differential calculus and the
catalogue of the ships. This question leads
to the further one, whether the reduction of
tho moans of instruction equally in both in
stances is a fair provision for the public
wants. There con hardly be any doubt as to
the relative importance of these branches of
studies. The Legislature recognised it in
the distinction it drew in the statutes
between common and high schools,
making the establishment of the former
compulsory and that of the latter optional.
There is even a question as to the legality
of tho latter Institutions. The Constitution
of the State only empowers the General
Assembly to provide “a thorough and effl
cient system of free schools whereby all the
children of this State may receive a good
commoiuoehool tducation" It does not pro
vide for academies such as oar high schools,
In which there Is a course avowedly intended
to prepare young men for college. The
question has never been passed upon by the
Supremo Court, but it is at least donbtfnl
whether the Board of Education has not
erred in its definition of “a good common
school education." Bo long as ihia doubt
prevails, it would be wise in curtailing ex
penses to discriminate against the classes
which have only a presumptive legal ex
istence.
The class of studies which can be easiest
dispensed with are plainly those which con
fer the least good upon the least numbers.
These are the studies now panned in the
high schools, many of which are merely pre
paratory to something else, and the so-called
ornamental branches in the common schools,
viz.: Music, drawing, and German. The
absurdity of making the common-school iye
tem preparatory to something else, while It
Is not complete in itself, is manifest. Prep*
arntior. is a high and important fnnetion of
a liberal education, bnt it cannot bo Jnstiilod
as part of a public system which is crippled
by insufficient appropriation. There is nei
ther symmetry nor sense in snob a system.
The ornamental branches which are punned
in the common schools are objectionable,
under the present circumstances, chiefly be
cause they are ornamental. The city, being In
straitened financial circumstances, is com
pelled to lop off all luxuries, and It should
start with music, drawing, and German at
once. The argnmont Is not, as one innocent
member put it, that these studies help
citizens in after life. The question Is
whether they are a greater benefit to
the public os a whole than reading, writing,
and arithemetio as a whole. Are they, in
short, sncli benefits that all the children
most bo deprived of reading, writing, and
arithmetic one week in the year in order to
pay for mnsic, drawing, and German? Is
it not better that one boy should learn to
read and writo than that ten should learn to
sing, as boys dosing? We hold that it is;
and that the abridgment of the former privi
lege to maintain the latter is a pnblio scandal
and disgrace. ■ Mr. EaoLZsn, in his minority
report on this subject to the Board, ex
pressed the common-sense view of it What
ever reduction is made ought to bo made in
the higher schools, drawing, mode, and
German; os these are the lost to be added to
every school system they should bo the first
to bo withdrawn. The deprivotion need be
at the most only temporary; and if it leaves
unimpaired the moons of instruction in the
primary branches it will be approved by the
people.
INDIAN AFFAIRS.
The Board of Indian Commissioners hare
mode their ninth annual report, covering
their operations for the year 1877, and pre
sent some extremely interesting statistical
matter, showing considerable agricultural,
industrial, and educational development
among the nation’s wards. The summary
of results under the peace policy inaugu
rated in 1860 is specially valuable, and will
surprise those who have boon unacquainted
with the workings of the policy in detail.
Of the 278,000 Indians now in the United
States, not including those in Alaska, the
peace policy has induced 112,003 to doff their
furs and blankets and don citizen’s dress,
which is a decided advance in the direction
of civilization, if not of grace and beauty.
They now occupy 22,109 houses, and have
830 schools with 437 teachers, attended by
11,615 scholars, against 111 schools, 134
teachers, and 4,718 scholars in 1608. In
many other respects they show a groat ad
vance daring tho past ton years. There are
40,897 of them who con read, whereas none
of them could in 1808 ; and 28,000
of them attend church, and are as good
Christians, lot us hope, os those of their
white brethren who spend so much time
wrangling over dogmas. Industrially also
they make a very good showing. They are
cultivating 202,560 acres of land, and, not in
eluding the five civilized tribes, 84,083 of
them ore engaged in tilling tho ground.
They have raised during the past year 088,-
276 bushels of wheat, 4,050,093 bushels of
corn, 849,247 bushels of oats and barley,
550,975 bushels of vegetables, 148,478 tons
of hay, and they own 210,260 horses and
mules, 217,883 cattle, 121,858 swine, and
587,444 sheep. In addition to these cheering
results, tho Oommissioners urge, os another
strong argument why the management of
Indian affairs should not be intrusted to tho
War Department, that supplies contracted
for and furnished to military posts have cost
from 88 to 78 per cent more than at the
neighboring Indian Agencies. The Commis
sioners make a very strong appeal, upon the
strength of the practical results of the peace
policy, to have it continued permanently.
The strongest arguments to bo made
against the peace policy ore the Indian rings
on the one bond, organized for purposes of
plunder, which, under cover of the peace
policy, are continually repelling the Indian
from civilizing tendencies; and on the other
that, during the operation of the peace pol
icy, four bitter and expensive wars have
been fought,—Ujo Apache, Modoc, Sioux,
and Nez-Peroes,— and that the Chiefs who
have conducted those- wars, among thorn
Captain Jaox, Szttino-Bdll, and Onixp Jo
seph, have been men of superior intelligence.
Although one of these loaders is dead, an
other in the British dominions, and the third
surrendered, there la no guaranty that wo
may not have more wars, and that other In
dians may not rise and take their places.
The solution of the Indian question most un
doubtedly Is to be found in absorbing him
Into the body politic and making him a citi
zen, with all the rights, and at the same time
responsibilities, of citizenship. There is no
doubt that the peace policy can accomplish
a great deal by educating the younger In
dians and bringing them up under the influ*
enoe of civilization; but, so far os the older
Indians are concerned, the army is the most
complete civilizing agency. If proper legal
tribunals wore established and law and good
government were extended on the reserva
tions, there would be little need for the
army on them, and the Agencies would need
no protection so long as Indiins could
be convinced that treaty stipulations
would not be violated. If, how
ever, Agencies are to be the locations
of organized swindling, and the posts from
which arms and material of war are to be
freely distributed, then there must be con
stant use for the army, besides which it is
notorious thst there are still roving bands
which utterly refuse to go upon the reserva
tions, and will have to be forced there by the
army. The, Peace ’Commission is doing a
great and useful work m reclaiming the red
men, and no one woold wish to have the ex
periment abandoned; but the time has not
yet come when the army can be abandoned
as an agency in civilizing Indians. Its with
drawal from the vicinity of the reservations
and the frontier forts would plunge the
whole Indian question into confusion
again, and expose the frontier settlers to cer
tain massacre. The Commissioner of Indian
Affairs in his report to the Secretary of the
Interior recognizes more clearly the
Commission the drawbacks to Indian prog
ress that exist at these Agencies in the dis
honesty of Agents, traders, and contractors,
and lays special strees upon the value of
educating the yoong. If the Commission
will purge the Agencies, and lend their aid to
the Secretary of the Interior in his efforts to
smash the Indian rings, there will be great
hope for the future of the Indian j but, so
long as these abases exist, and so long as the
insane policy is persisted in of furnishing
Indians with arms and ammunition, there
will be almost constant use for the army.
No one questions the correctness of the
peace theory In the abstract, but so long as
the older wild Indians exist, who cannot be
reached by the Commission, and greedy ras
cals can organize rinse to fleece those at the
Aganeies, the talk of discontinuing the use
of the army is Idle.
Tbe New York World thinks It is “ nonsense ”
to suppose that the editor of the Chicago TV,**
was Influenced to support Tildbis by '‘the tnie
election prophecy of the ghost of Calhoun »»
It wasn’t the ghost of Calhoun, but a charlatan
named Huntoon (a similarity In names), who
claimed the power to summon spirits from the
vasty deep, or elsewhere. let, notwithstanding
tbe exposure of Huntoon, and tils own con
fesslon nt having played upon the susceptible
Mr. fiTonar with a base deception, the Timet
again cornea out with an editorial expression of
unbounded faith In tbe spirit-influence. We
fear, therefore, (hat the Tima will commit as
many follies In tbe futnre as (o the past under
the Influence of supposititious ghosts ot Demo
cratic antecedents. The IVbrW, by the
way, expresses tbe opinion that Mr.
Btomt docs not do anything under
auch unsubstantial Influences as spiritual
manifestations, “nor. Indeed, without tfumtanit
of substantial reasons.” The World has evi
dently beard that story about the TYmea and
Tilpbn’s barrel of money, and credits It la
preference to the spirit Influences; that ex
planation certainly commends itself to a com
mon-sense estimate of the Timet' character.
But how many “ Ptomandt ot substantial real
sons ” did It take to convert the Timet to the
Tost Scott aubsidy, which it was alleged that
Mr. Uuntoon's bogua ghosts bod brought
about I.
The Aldermanlc contest in the Thirteenth
Ward possesses some features of peculiar Inter
est by reason of the exertions ot the taxpaying,
non-polltlclan element among tbe Republican*
to secure a suitable representative lathe Com
mon Council. They have made a most excel
lent selection In the person of Mr. A. C. Knopf,
a substantial, intelligent business man, and
will labor hard to secure bis nomination nt the
primary polls to-morrow. The Democrats have,
os usual, taken tho other extreme, aod have
nominated for Alderman one O'Callaohan, a
saloon-keeper utterly without fitness for tho
place. Against such an opponent Mr. Knopf,, if
nominated by tho Republicans, would poll a
tremendous vote. He Is of the right sort, and
can bo nominated nod elected without doubt If
tho business men and respectable taxpayers of
tho ward turn out and attend to it.
San fitelano, where the treaty between Russia
and Turkey was signed, Is about six miles from
tho old Roman wall ot Constantinople, amlU
the village near which an American, Or. Davis,
started an unsuccessful model-farm in 1818.
PERSONAL,
Sardoa says it takes him five months,
working fire boars dally, to writs a comedy.
throws away twice oa much aa be uaea, and usually
ellminatea aome of hla characters after be baa be
gun tbe final draft of bis play.
Boron Grant’s Kensington mansion or,
rather, the London residence of Bonanza Mackey
—la one of the Ilona (bis season. Tho hoad-scrv
anl’a income from "tips" for showing tbo curious
over It la placed at f 125 a week.
A Georgia husband recently snod oni a
writ of habeas corpus to recover bis wife from the
possession of bla father-in-law, bat tho upright
Judge dismissed the salt on tbs groand that the
parent waa entitled to tbe services of bis daughter
until she was SI.
Clnsorot, the Commnnist General, who
took a leading part in the insurrection In Paris la
1871. Is said by a French paper to bare been shot
by tbe Russians after tbe capture of Plevna. This
la probably incorrect, for Clusorct Is believed to bo
In Persia, drilling the Shah's troops.
In a book review not long ago the
New York Eetnlng Pott , writing of Sir Philip
Francis, called him about half tbo Unto Sir Pbillo
Sidney, using tbe two names as If they wore inter
changeable, a lapse which ooHber tbe Ink Comp,
nor tbe Vigilant Proof-Reader noticed.
Another tniraclo is reported from Paris.
The dangbter of the proprietor of tbe Uniters, be
ing afflicted with a soro toe, was cured by tho ap
plication of aome lint which had boeneroployod on
the legs of the late Pontiff. There Is a vigor and
freshness about this story which compels admira
tion.
If, as proposed, the Qnoon's youngest son,
Prince Leopold, should bo crested Dakeof Sussex,
only four counties la England will bo left unoc
cupied sa tltnlsr designations,—Dorset, Middle
•ex, Monmouth, sad York. There are two coun
ties tsesnt la Wsles, fire la Ireland, snd ten ia
Scotland.
President Hayes is left alone at the ‘White
House till Aaril 0, bis fsmlljr betas on a tbreo
weeks' visit to Chllllcothe and Cincinnati. By tbe
way, tbe ladles of the Executive Manslomdo not
go Into hysterics when they see s burlesque of
taelr temperance principles or Sunday evening
singing of bymna. They only lacgb.
Miss Lucy Hooper recently took port in an
amateur performance of tbe well-known play,
“Caste,"in Paris. Her acting U tbasdeacrlbed
by Mrs Lucy Hooper In a letter to tbe New York
OraphU: “Miss Hooper as Polly was full of
gayety ana vivacity, and received from an English
cntle prvaent Ibe supreme compliment of being
compared to tbe original ereatrls of tbe psit,Marla
Wilton, now Mrs. Bancroft."
A London hostess apologized to Count
BcbouvaloS tbe otber night, at a political party,
fortbeatupldltjof a servant who baa announced
him sa Count Shuffle-off; but, oa tbe Austrian and
German representatives were sunounced imme
diately after nnderthe names of Beast and Mon
ster, tbe Russian diplomat passed on amiling. This
perversion of the names of Cuonts von Beast and
Munster is cbsraetensUc of the London servant.
Newspaper readers may remember the
marriage of Prince Alexander de Lyoar, a German
noble, with Miss Parsons, a Columbus girl. One of
tbe London “boulevard weeklies" says, m its
Paris correspondence, that the Princess is still very
pretty, but retains “soma of tba war-whoop,”
whatever that means, Intimating that as time goes
on she Is evolotlnglntoa being of Inferior caste
to her “handsomeand accomplished husband."
Herr fiigismond Librowioz, of Hamburg,
bas published a book called “Tbe Kiss and tbe
KUalos," la wbicb be mikee the ridiculously low
estimatsof 150,000,000 kisses a day given by ail
the inhabitants of tbe world! Cbly one klsa a
week on an average 11 England be puls down for
13.000. Germany for 20,000,000, France for
18.000. and Russia, where male osculation Is
Ibe rule, for 30,000,000, leaving only 00,000,000
for tbe rest of the universe. Why, Chicago alone
la good for—for bow many!
A rag-picker's daughter was married ia
New York Sunday, and tbe Ceremony was de
scribed by the World as being one of romintle In
terest. Tbe bride, Miss Hossrls Clardulla, brought
to bar husband s dowry of $3,000 In cash, which
shows that tbs business of rsg-plcklog U not so
on remunerative as might be supposed. In return
log from tbe ebarob, each carriage of guests was
supplied with s liberal quantity of pennies snd
sweetmeats, which were thrown out la Usodslal
to tbe crowds gathered oa tbe streets.
000 of the most successful newspapers ia
the world is tbe Argus, published la Melbourne, la
the Colooy of Victoria, Australis. It was started
about thirty yssrs ago by Mr. Edward Wilson, s
young Englishman who bad Immigrated to Ibe sew
country laprder to tarn his small capital to belter
advantage than be couldat home. A number of cap
italists were Interested with him la tbe enterprise,
which sank • large amount of money before It be
came profitable. In 1833 the Argus hid a circulation
equal to that of any three London papers, and bed
bicorae excellent property. Tbe weekly edition,
called tbe AmtraUuian . contains an enormous
amount of reading matter. Of late years Mr. Wilson
baa lived la England, etlll retaining up to bis
death, recently, his proprietary Interest in the
Argus,
The Dak* of Athol* boo eerenteea inferior
tltlea, the Dakee of Argyll end Hamilton here •!»'
teen, the MerqaU of Bate bee fifteen, end oo he*
the Duke of Baccleach, while hie Orece of North*
omberieod hee thirteen. The Bake of Atbole'e
fall uni ie John Jomee Hugh Henry Stewart
Murray, eeventh Dake of Athole, MorqaU of
QuUlbordloeond of Athole, Berl of TaUibordioe.of
Athole. oodof Stratblay andStraihardle, VUcount
ofßolqahidor, VUcoantOUnalmoDdondOlenlyoa,
Boron Murray, Baron Bolvenle end Geek. Boron
Percy, Boron Lacy, Boron Poynloae, PIU-Peyne
end Bryan. Boron Lotimer, Boron Strong*. Boron
Murrey end Korl Strange, end Boron Olenlyon. Of
tbeee the Boron Percy, 1290, u the older; UUw
ond Boron Lacy. lili. next.

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