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SEfye (StrUrntri. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. BT MAII-—IH ABTABCB—BOSTAOm PREPAID. l)al!r Edition, one year . •18.00 PartJOf«/p«r, Bondar Edition: LlieraryamJ Rellflon* Ixjuble hhfrt. |*JK Saturday Edition, twelre pacta. £.OO Trt-WceWy, one year 6‘(KI I’arta of a year, per month *<H> WKBKI.T BDITIOH, POSTPAID. One copy, per year... • l»W) Cloboffoor. 0.00 Ppeclroen coplea aent free. Give Poit-Officeaddrcaa in foil, Including State end County. HemUuncramtybemade either by drift, exprca* Post-Office order, or In retdttered letter, it oar risk. TERMS TO CITT SUBSCRIBERS. Pally. delivered. Saadi? excepted, M cents per week, pally, delivered, Sunday Included, accents per week. Address TUB TRIBUNE COMPANY, Comer Madison tad Dearborn-tta.i Chicago. 111. Orders for the delivery of Tna Tnintrxt at Evanston. Englewood, and Hyde Pars left la the counting-room will receive prompt attention. TBIBUNTS BRANCH OFFICES. Tnn Cojcaoo Tatncn* baa established branch offices Tor tba receipt of aobacrlptlons tad advertisements as follows: NEW* YORK—Room SO jyvhmi* Building. F.T.Mo* ysnoiv, Manager. PARIS, France—N& id Rue delaOrange*Batellere. B. Mablxe, Agent. LONDON, Eng.—American Exchange. 4(9 Strand. Dikbt F. Giluu, Agent BAR FRANCISCO. CaL-Palace QoteL amusements. Ilooley’a Theatre. Randolph rtreet, between Clark and LaSalle. Engagement of the Majeroola. “Camille.** llavtrty’s Theatre* • Dearborn street, corner of llooroe. Kogerement of tbe Colville Folly Company. “ HoMnvon Cnuoe.” MONDAY, AUGUST 12, 1878. In Now York on Saturday greenbacks were worth 99) in gold sod silver coin. We are to-day threatened with the un welcome south wind, and the rise in tem perature which accompanies that oppressive visitor. A San Francisco dispatch announces the death in that city yesterday, from hemor rhage of the longs, of Mr. H. J. Montague, tho well-known actor, who was to have ap peared in Chicogo one week from to-ulghfc at McVickcr's Theatre. Tho attractions presented at numerous favorite summer-resorts East and West are grouped in an interesting collection of gos eippy letters which wo print this morning, descriptive of the delights at Saratoga, Manch Chunk, Waukesha, Geneva Lake, Madison, and Ooscobeb 1 Among the local religions events of yester day was tho celebration of tho twentieth an niversary of the pastorate of the Rev. Dr. Everts, of the First Baptist Church; ser mons by tho Rev. Willard H. Robinson, at the Second Baptist Church; by the Rev. Dr. Rutherford, at the Third Presbyterian Church; and by the Rev. £. N. Barrett, at Westminster Church. Austria has on band a bigger undertaking than she bargained for when the occupation of Bosnia was stipulated for at tho Berlin Congress. The fall force of resisting troops which the Austrian army will have to en counter is estimated at 100,000 well-armed moo, consisting of Bosnians, Arnsats, Al banians, and regular Turkish troops, tho latter evidently operating by consent of the Porte, or at least without Its prohibition, since it is reported that Turkey disputes tho right of Austria to possess the territory ex cept through a separate convention with the Ottoman Government. The labor troubles of the Typographical Union and tho Order of Crispins formed tho subject of discussion yesterday at a mass meeting of the Amalgamated Trades-Unions, at which speeches were mode and resolu tions passed pledging support to the mou now on a strike. Tho cose of the printers was presented by Mr. Lang in a speech com mendable for its moderation and for the evi dent purpose of the speaker to bring for word In a spirit of fairness what aro con ceived to bo the facts and figures In support of tho position taken by the Typographical Union in opposition to any reduction in rates of composition. A curious question of international law Laa been raised by the Canadian Government in forbidding United States Revenue-Marine steamers from succoring American vessels in distress in Canadian waters. The question involves the point whether tho exclusive right of pilotage and towage enjoyed by Canadian tugboats also Includes the right to let an American vessel go to the bottom when tho tugboat making tho tow is unable to prevent the wreck, as was tbe case re cently when a United States revenue steamer went to the relief of the disabled ship. The Canadian tugmen maintain their right to the whole business, and the Treasury Depart ment at Washington will look Into the law of the case. In the course of a speech of welcome to the Columbia College crew on their return from thuir triumphs in England, Mr. Arrau B. Hewitt, the New York Congressman, took occasion to introduce a few remarks not exactly germane to tho subject of boat-rac ing, but which were none the less timely and appropriate. As illustrating the great need 'that college men should go Into politics if they would help to preserve the Government and the institutions their fathers fought for,* Mr. Hewitt brought to their notice the mis sion and purposes of the agitator Kearney in a way that could not fail to deeply Im press the educated muscle before him of the vital importance of arraying intelligence against ignorance, common-sense and good order against fanaticism and recklessness, in tho contest which the Keorueyile* are seek ing to inaugurate. While the Government carried its point in iho effort to secure for the United States Circuit Court in South Carolina the juris* diction of the indicted internal revenue officers who had been held without bail by a State court for tbe killing of a moonshiner, the law in tbe case remains to be settled and a precedent established os to the jurisdiction of State coarts over the action of revenue officers while engaged in the enforcement of the Federal laws. Chief-Justice Wajte, in view of the importance of tbe questions at issue, has arranged to sit with Judge Bond, of the United States Circuit Court, and the management of the case bos been placed in bands no less able and distinguish ed than those of Besjami* IL Bristow, who will be famished with such assistance in the I way of extra counsel as ho may desire. Of course on Imposing array of counsel will be presented by the other aide, and a memory ble buttle in the courts may be expected be* tween advocate* of Blates-Rights and the defenders of Federal supremacy. The New York Hoard of Trade recently Is* sued a report showing the population ac cording to the census of 1870, tho amount of the tax-duplicate, rate of levy, bonded and floating debts and sinking funds of the twenty-eight loading cities of the United States. The highest rate of tax-levy of 1677 Is that of Troy, N. Y., and tho lowest that of Detroit, Mich.,—the rale of Troy being 5.14 per cent and that of Detroit 1.2-ft. This immense disparity is caused by the De troit Assessors valuing property for taxation at its full cash-value, while In Troy it is put io at one-third of full value. Taking popu lation as tho basis, the municipal taxation of Troy Is $17.13 per man, women, and child, and that of Detroit $14.68. Thus, while the nominal rate of taxation of Troy is four times os heavy as that of Detroit, the tax per head is only one-sixth larger. On the basis of valnation, taking the figures of the ten largest cities, Boston lends with the smallest rale of lax-levy. The per-cents of levy for tho several cities are as follows i Boston, 1.31; Ban Francisco, 1.83; Baltl. more, 1.03); Philadelphia, 2.lft; New York, 2.6 ft; St. Louis, 2.80; Cincinnati, 2.01; New Orleans, 2.oft; Brooklyn, IMG; and Chi. eago, 3.01. On the basis of population, taking tho census of 1670 ns the standard, tho tax-levies per capita in the same ten cities rank as follows, the lowest rate being placed first: St. Louis, $16.18; New Orleans, $17.12; Baltimore, $18.42; Philadelphia,. $18.72; Chicago, $19.83; Brooklyn, $19.01; Cincinnati, $241.71; Now York, $30.06; Bos* ton, s3ft.ol; Ban Francisco, $37.03. In this table St. Louis is mode to rank os the lowest taxed city per capita; but that is in consequence of the fraudulent census of 1870, by which the population of St. Lonis was magnified 60,000 above tbo actual num ber of inhabitants in tho place at tbo time. It will bo observed that Boston, with tbo loweat rate per cent of lax-levy, makes next to tho largest levy per capita ; and that San Francisco, with the hoariest assessment per head, stands second in the list for low-rate per cent. New York occupies tho third place per capita, and Cincinnati nearly $4 per head more than Chicago, which is ac counted for by the heavy lax levied to pay ttie interest on the bonds of the railroad which the city is building to Chattanooga in order to secure Southern trade. Deducting the amount of tho sinking funds of thoso cities, and adding their ascertained floating to their bonded indebtedness as reported, wo have the not per cftpiUt debt as follows t San Francisco, $21.83; Chicago, $55.01; St. Louis, $74.41; Philadelphia, $80.58 ; Brook lyn, $98.20; Baltimore, $09.07; Cincinnati, $103.03; Now Orleans, $113.33; Boston, $117.48; Now York, $125. WHAT DOBS KEARNEY KEAN 1 Mr. Keabnst has now had time to give expression to his views. In California he bad tho substantial grievance of tho Chinese immigration and their displacement of Cau casian labor. That grievance, however, docs not exist at tho East. Tho country has been informed by him that his party proposes to carry elections, get control of legislative ami executive power, to corral capitalists and squeeze them, to close up tno banks, to break up tho establishments of the employ ing class, and to take the administration of affairs all in their own bauds. All this is very well; but tho country looks for some thing more than obnse and denunciation. It wants to know something else than that capi tal is robbery, that corporations ore nothing but organizations of white-livered thieves, that boll is proparod for every rich man, that everything that is is wrong, and that whatever is must bo changed. All that bos been repeated so often that It has become tiresome. , Now will Mr.‘Kearney explain how and by what moans he proposes to increase the employment of labor, and how and by what moons ho proposes to iucreose the wages of the increased number of porso ns to bo em ployed 7 If that be object of his apostle ship,—and unless it is, then he is a frand and a deception,—and ho will explain or set 'ortb any rational or practicable plan to accomplish that end, then ho will not have to appeal to unwilling oars, because tho whole country will sustain him. If he has any measure for that purpose, and will ex plain it, and it be supported by reason and practicability, then Tub Chicago Tbidunb will bo willing to follow Keauxey in having such measure adopted. Instead cf being the mere leader of a faction, the mere blat ant yellcr of invective*, the loud-voiced dealer in epithets, the country will recognize him as a benefactor of lus race, and a na tional hero deserving of national honors and rewards. Mr. Kearney, however, mentions nothing of tho kind. Handing some scores of Rail road Directors to ** hell" will not increase production; corrollug some five hundred capitalists and * grinding " them to powder will not make capital more liberal, abun dant, or disposed to invest; electing Res Rim.Bß Governor of Massachusetts will not give employment to an additional laborer, except Rem, and will not increase the wages of a man or woman in (he country; closing tho cotton-mills will not Increase the num ber of employed workmen and workwomen, nor will it increase the weekly or daily wages of any person; stopping tho rallwoys by refusing to let men operate them may throw some thousands of men now at work out of employment, bat will not furnish labor for a man now idle, nor odd anything to the weekly earnings of those now at work. Tbe classes of men who are idle, who have no employment, and have no wages, are of those competent to work In mines, In fur* Daces, iu rolliug*>uiUs and machioe*sbops, In all branches of iron and steelwork; those who are competent to work lu mills making cotton, woolen, ’silk, straw, leather, and other goods of tbat general character; of those competent to labor iu tbe manufacture of glass, cbiua, and earthenware, furniture, and generally iu all kinds of manufactures; and also those competent to work os taeebaa* ics iu housebuilding. Beside these, there are others whose employment depends on the prosperity incidental to the employment of all the others. There are thousands of men engaged iu handling, hauling, and otherwise transporting merchandise end mo* (erial who can And continuous work only when all other classes are at work. When (here is no demand for the product of the iron-founders, machine-shops, and steel- mills, there is a falling off iu the demand for cool; when there is a reduction of the in* come of any portion of the community be* cause of a want of employment and stop page of wages, there is a falling off In the means by which men can purchase, and beuce a reduction In tbe production of cloth ing and all other articles for which wages are generally expended. When production THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE* MONDAY. AUGUST 12, 1878. declines or ceases because of the want of means to purchase, then, extending from one branch of industry to another, the do. dine becomes general, and there is an in* evitable reduction in employment equal to the reduced consumption of the product of labor. It roaches all daascs alike. It strikes the merchant as well as it does the railway, and the mechanic, and the laborer. We have now reached that point where there is a need and a demand for the man who will point ont whore and by what means tho thousands ont of employment can be put at work, and how tho product of their labor can be famished with a market, and how production can bo increased by an increase of consumption. Is Rearnet the man who can tell us how capital may be ap* plied to labor and made to pro* duco more than it now produces, finding an increased consumption among a people with Increased means of purchasing? There can be no substantial relief until this is brought about. If Reabret or any other man can point ont how he can famish an increased market for tho products of labor, then let him proclaim the means to a suffer ing country, and ho will find an united poo. plo anxious and willing to carry his scheme into execution. One boor given bj him to (he statement and elucidation of such a scheme would ac complish more good and direct, substantial benefit to the workingmen and to the conn try than months In wild denunciation and abusive epithets directed against imaginary enemies. Will Mr. Kearney give us his plan for increasing employment ond increas ing wages ? TEAT SILVER DOLLAR. The Bouton Adteriiner is ambitions to join (he Nation and the Now York Timet in the process of selt-slultifleatlou over tho statas of tho silver dollar. Thoso and other organs of tho New York and Now England gold cliqao contended daring tho fight for remon etization that the silver dollar would never bo worth more than its bullion value, and now point to Its non-circulation as an evi- of that foot, holding that tho peo ple don't wont it The Adurtiter fancies thoro was something grotesque about the hooding of an article la Tub Tribune “ "Why Silver Oircnlates at Par with Gold/' because it says silver does not circulate at all; but silver does circulate at par with gold when ever tho coin standard is maintained, and not merely in tho States of the Latin Union where the double standard is in vogue, but also in Germany, where silver has been practically demonetized by Government ac tion. Bo tho Boston Ad whiter wns not so “ smart M as Boston people aro usually ex pected to be. It then continues: We do not csre for tbo slight inconsistency, bat we do protest agalort the assertion, constantly made and reiterated, that silver does not circulate for tho same reason that gold dous not. Thu Treasury offers to pay for greenbacks with silver dollars. It doca not offer gold dollars. Tho peo ple do not want silver dollars; they do want gold dollars. They refuse to make the exchange for aliver, but not even Tub Chicago Thiduxr will asacrtthattherowonldbe any hesitation on the Jinrt of tho people tn taking gold. Tbore Is, thorn ore, this radical difference: Hold stays In the Treasury became It cannot be got at; sliver stays there because nobody wants It- The flovernwent asks too much for Ha silver dollars; it will not dis pose of Its gold. However, we do not Intend to waste this good powder now. It Is better to wait until the Hccictary tries to get silver Into circula tion.— for Tub Tribune soys he has not yet made an effort tn that dtrocllon,— and then we shall have coDlotis quotations to make from the wild-cat ar ticles which Tub Tiudonb Is now publishing in Its desperate effort to convince Itself that It has not ptado an egregious economical blunder. Could anything ho more Inconsequential than this jomblo of contradictions ? Silver docs and does not circulate; it will and will not circulate, —Is about the purport of this sagacious dictum. The plain facts of tho cose, aro these: Tho silver dollar will not circulate generally during a suspension of specie-payments, for so long as greenbacks cannot bo presented for redemption in coin, the silver dollar, in which they aro redeem able as well as in the gold dollar, will have a higher value; a non-interest-bearing note can never bo worth as much, when post duo and unpaid, as tho mouey lu which it is pay able. Nevertheless tho silver dollars circa late In a limited quantity to the extent' that they toko the place of $1 and $2 green backs, for the necessity for small notes will bo sufficient to overcome the J of 1 per cent premium on coin. As to the rolotlons between silver and gold, it Is only necessary to point out that greenbacks aro now within j of 1 per cent of par with gold, and yet they are redeemable, when they aboil be re deemed at all, la silver dollars; then tho silver dollar certoinly cannot be very widely removed from par with the gold dollar. Bat, to dispose of tho question, we will make tho same practical suggestion to tho shrewd Adeerliter financier that wo have olreody made to the Now York Timet and Xation men, viz.: If yon cau buy silver dollars down East at 88 cents, or S>o cents, or even 9.» cents, yon can do <» smashing business by taking oil yon can get, for you can send them oat boro and exchange them at par for tho broadstuils and produce of the Northwest, which you can sell at New England prices, or, if you prefer it, you can got greenbacks for them at a small broker’s commission. Wo know of no better business to go into tbeso hard times, if tbe Eastern papers tell the truth about tho value of silver dollars. If they can't toko this practical advantage of the situation os they describe U, then let us have a suspension of their complaints about tho 90-cont dollar till they can furnish a reason able ami practical test that tho present Action has become a fact. KOBE SECESSION DOCTRINE. Ex-Qov. Joint M. Fulmer, of Illinois, has boou ventilating bis opinions iu a recent lot* ter. lie thinks the 41 Republican party ao* complished iU mission in 1870, and that it ought then have been disbanded, as was the army iu I 860." Why in 1870 any more tbau la 188 Gor 18Q8? Gov. Valuer did uot conclude to join (bo Democrats until 1870, and hence he puts the proper data for the disbandment of the Uopubtlcau party late enough to cover bis own conduct. Iu 1808, when Palmer was the Republican candidate for Governor of Illinois, be never intimated that tba Republican parly ought to disband in 1870, or that ho intended to go back to tbe Democrats. His advice then was to secure tbe National and State Governments, with a view of perpetuating tbe Republican party and forcing the Democratic party to disbond. Spooking of the two parties he writes: 1 ts«ame Uto b« true (hat the Republican party oolv vzUia at ereaeut became it lu« practical con trol of the (Joverumoni. if It were uowum of power.lt Uaoteaayto Imagine any soo<l reason why It should again be Intruded with the mauasv ueut of public atfalre. Like the Democracy. libs* no doauclal creed, though U la not au badly de moralised. Tbe tueorlca that look to an lucreaau aud more general employment of the army iu iho adailaUtrallou of the tioveruuuml.ouJ lu apparent wlUlngueU to claim fur the Federal Uoyeromcul all the power* tbat Congrcaa, Iho i'reildcnt, of the court* may am*rt for it, renders It dangerous. Jo abort, it acema to me that the Republican party ac complished ita mission iu 1»70, and that it ought then have been disbanded aa tbe army was iu Ihdd. The Republican party has. I before said, run lu race, and it will for the next quarter of a century attempt to answer every criticism upon UsacUby appealing to Its record during the Civil War, aud will always fear to yield any power for the Federal (Jvvcrutuvut which It claimed or exercised dutiu^ the Wsr. The Democratic psrly, on the other hand. Is theoretically right now »s It was before the War on the moM Important and essential prin- pie* of constitutional republican government. »t present Infected with heresies and nonsense, l it mar, nntl will pronnblv. rid It*clf«f them, JUcandosnbv steady apneale to tie own fun* mental doctrine*. What aro tho “ moat important and essen tia! principles of oonatUntional government" on which (he Republican party fundamental ly differs from the Democratic party, and on which the latter, despite all its heresies, is "theoretically right now as it wait before tho War”? Gov. Palmer himself famishes the answer,—State Sovereignty. It is related - (bat a man of eminent learning and ability in England, when accused of mental aberra tion, endured for days tho test of n rigid and exhausting examination by distinguished jurists, and, while ho gave no sign of mental weakness, gave abundant evidence of the most extensive learning and clearness of judgment. At last ho was asked if he was not Cubist, and he promptly answered that bo was. So with Oov. Palmer : once (ouch tho subject of Stote Rights and the nationality of the United States as opposed to a new confederation of sovereign States, and the delusion of an otherwise well-balanced mind is revealed. Theo retically, tho Democratic party, though fresh from a long . and costly war, favors tho doctrine that the United States aro a confederation of sovereign States and not a nation, ond that the nse of an army by the more agent of tho States to assert and en force national anthority in the territory of and over tbe people of the sovereign States "is dangerous" to liberty and sub versive of constitutional right. For this reason he thinks the party generally, though poisoned with heresies, is right now, as it was in 1800, when the Dem ocratic Stoles appealed to arms to defend themselves against the nation. It is true, tho Governor offered Uls services to the nation, snd led national troops Into the ter ritory of sovereign States, suspended civil authority by the use of the bayonet, arrested and imprisoned free citizens acting under the authority of their sovereign States, and shot them down In the field as he would any other public enemies in time of war. Never theless, leaving to others to explain or ac count for this violence to the sanctity of free and sovereign States, tho Governor now be bolds tho existence of an army of 25,000 men in a population of 45,000,000 as signifi cant of terrible danger. lie alone command ed a greater force than that, and some how or another gained considerable credit for re-establishing national authority within tho hostile Democratic and sovereign States, who only insisted in 1860 on tho doctrine which tho Democratic party now holds iu opposition to the theory of tho Republican party. Without State Sovereignty, according to Falmbb, the Democratic party would bo barren of a sound political principle; while with it, the American people will be apt to hold it, os they did in 1861, as a constant menace of disunion, rebellion, civil war, ond anarchy. LECHEROUS BONDHOLDERS. In all bis harangues Dennis Keaunet de nominates those persons who hold any Gov ernment securities as "lecherous bond holders." Sometimes he varies it by calling them " thieving, lecherous bondholders/' or ‘‘bondholding, lechorons rascals," bat what ever tho phraseology may be the chief allega tion against them is lechery. Tho gravamen of his accusation Is tho offense against chastity; tbo grievance complained of is incontinence on the part of bondholders, or the tendency of owning bonds to produce concupiscence. As Dennis keeps a private secretary in bis employment whom ho bronght along with him from tho land of Duet Haute, we take it for granted that tbe meaning of tbe word has been explained to him, and that he ap plies it understandlogly. Wbusted defines a lecher as a man given to lewdaess j one ad dicted in on excessive degree to iudulgonceof sexual desires aud illicit commerce with women. And lecherous—Keabnei’s favorite adjective—moans addicted to lewdaess, prone to indulge lust, eto. It would scorn that Kearney mast bavo observed some Immoral influence wrought on a citizen by investing a portion of bis money In United States bonds. If a man lends any money to the National Gov eminent at ft or 0 per cent in time of war t or 4 per cent in time of peace, be instantly bo* comes a bod, loose citizen, according to Den nis, The loaning pf money to the Govern- 1 went at half the mmol bank rates of inter est changes the lender's moral character, and ho sinks Into a *• lecher," and thereafter is a u lecherous bondholder." The way to avoid this fall of man Is not to lend any money to the Government. To hoard money docs not appear to undermine masculine vir tue, nor is it dangerous to a man's chastity to donate money to Keauney's crowd of tramps, and a person may even invest it in food or clothing and still bo pure; but if in a moment of weakness or absent-minded* ness he gives way before the enticements of 4 per cent interest on his money from Uncle Sam, from thotbourhebocomesinflamedwith lawless carnal desires, and, in the language of the Celtic drayman, he is thereafter a “lecherous bondholder." The remedy for this deploroble effect of bonds ou the holders is that advocated by Drink Poucboy, viz., “ to burn thorn." The burden of Prick's war-song is “burn the bonds." lie pro poses to organize rifle clubs for the purpose of compelling the “lecherous" wretches who have loaned money to the Govern meut to surrender their bonds m order to have them burned. Keabney states the pyscho logical effect the ownership of bonds pro duces on a man—that U makes him lecher ous; and Poueuoy prescribes tbe remedy that will restore him to the paths of virtue— to seize his bonds and hum them. HIHHEBOTA OANE-8Q0A&. Vor many years experiments have been made to convert the Juice of tho sorghum-cane Into granulated sugar, ami to free It of the peculiar wild taste the sorghum-sirups possess. It Is now claimed Ibis has been accomplished by parties of Minnesota. Wo understand that, after a long series of experiments and observa tions, they have found a variety of the cane which produces a pure saccharine Juice, free of the disagreeable and objectionable taste at tached to the aorghum-molasm heretofore In use. The Bt. Paul Prm of the Otb lust, has tho following remarks concerning this Important matter. The sorghum-cane will grow wherever corn can be raised, and It la as easily cultivated a* corn. The sugar and molaases Imported Into this country from the West Indies, taking one year with another, costs as much as the whvaf exported will pay for. If this country pro duced all of Us “ sweetening,” it would then be perfectly Independent in Us commercial re lations with the world, and need never fear the recurrence of an adverse balance of trade to drain aw ay its coin-money, days the Prut: The cultivation of ameer augar lu Minnesota promises to be one of the greatest agricultural pur ■ulUef the day, for it ha* been demonstrated that Minnesota can »acctsalully compete with Louisiana lu tho production of this ludlsnousablu uecussity of huiuau 11(c. Minnesota claims the credit of having produced a sugar-cane from whoso Juice* •ugai can b* UirtcihjyranulaitJ at iridiag expense, and specimens of the augar have been forwards d to all oarta of the country, where it hue created Immense sensation. Gen. T.cDrr, CnmmUeloner ' Agriculture at Washington. I* satisfied that the mart'l million* of dollar/ now annually anent for foreign snirats will be raved to do* meatle manufactures and the farmer*, who can ralrc their own sugar as read* 1 1 y aa thev can any other ngrlcnlmra) commodity. The gentlemen who have been nimt prominent In bringing Minnesota amber mear-cane to the atten tion of the world are .Merer*. Pint 11. Kixxxr, of Morristown, and C. F. Mti.l.an. ofDnndas, both of whom aro largely engaged In the growing of cane. There gentleman hare, a* they think, wisely con cluded to make a grand practical exhibition of their cane, and the procesaof converting It Into sugar, at the great Plate Fair In St. Pan). Three gentle men are now In Bt. Paul, and were engaged yester day at the fairgrounds in mnklngarrangemcntsfor their wonderful show. Their location I* ertah- JUhed, snd timidities snd machinery will at onto be put up to carry on one of the mo«t astonishing feat* that was ever performed In public. Thor will, in fact, every day during the State Fair, In (be presence of ten* of thousands of spectator*, tnanufactu'* tugur direct from the cane, every process being explained dnrimr the operation, for the benefit of the farmer* of Minnesota, for whoso especial benefit this exhibition will bn given. Messrs. Kixnkv and Mitutit hare practically proved that athoutaiul pounds of suaar ran be raised to the onreofeane, and that the cane can almost as easily be cultivated a* com. Tho machinery for converting the cane Into augur anil sirup I* simple and inexpensive, while the article produced Is equal if not superior In appearance and taste to any sugar produced In Louisiana or Cuba. The farmers of Mtnncsota’aro therefore especially in vited to witness the practical proof of the merits of the amber sugar-cane, which will bo famished at the State Fair at St. Paul. FIAT MONEY. To the Editor n/ The Tribune. CiticAoo, Aug. 10.—Much has been foolishlv said and written about flat money; and.* If run will allow a little space in your paper, 1 will elucidate the subject In a new light, or possibly obscure It effectually, m others have done. Flat money Is that which Is made money by the fiat, tbe law or the aupromo power, of tho State or country in which It la used: in other words, it is lawful money, and none other. If we should nso horso-rnilroad tickets as a matter of convenience In making change, as we did before tho War, in Chicago, such tickets would take the place of money practically, and answer its uses for the time being; but they could not properly bo deemed lawful money, because there I* no fiat power or law compelling any one to receive them. In like manner we might nso gold, silver, copper, and nicuel, or greenbacks, as money, by common consent, and effect tbe exchanges necessary in civilised society. We might weigh oar gold and other metals each time one product or article was exchanged or purchased, or Invent new methods of doing business; but the world seems to have discarded such crude methods of (rutile, and to have adopted tho flat principle of making lawful money, regulating Its value by the flat of Govern ment. This fiat makes a certain weight of metal, of a specified name ond finenass, a dollar or an eagle, a cent or a nickel. The power to Infuse tho flat principle Into Inert matter, and give It vitality, Is clearly expressed in these words of the Constitution: *• to coin money, and regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coins.*' There Is no limit to this power to coin money and fix iu value, except the discretion and good sense of Congress. Wo may laugh it and ridicule men who advance rugae and impracticable theories or * * flat money, ” but the great truth alii! mast be acknowledged: "Flatmoney," or money made by theeupremo power of a State, la the only safe money. Calvin 1)b Wolf. REMARKS. Mr. Db wolf, we regret to perceive, foils to cast any new light on what te "flat money ”; but has realized hla fears, and "obscured it.” 110 looks to the Constitution to llntl the "flat ” power conferred on tho Government, and, after quoting tbc language of tho supremo law, wholly misunderstands and misinterprets Its meaning. The Constitution confers on Con gress tho authority “to coin money, and regu late the value thereof, and of foreign coins. 1 ’ "To coin ” is a verb, and WanaTUiuJellucs It: "To stamp and convert Into money,as a piece of oulal; to mint.” The noun "coin” Is defined by tbe same authority, as applied to money. " A piece of metal on which certain characters are stamped, making It (the metal) legally curreut os money.” All this refers exclusively to metal money; and, when tho Constitution was made, the only metal money In tho civilized world consisted of gold and silver. Copper was only used as token-currency, to make change In the fractions ami transactions too small for gold or silver money. There was no such money os flat paper at tbe time our Constitution was framed. There was not a paper dollar In existence. Such a thing was not known. Tho Continental cur rency was the nearest approach to (tat or legal tender paper, and that had ignomlniously played out and become utterly worthless. If tbe Constitution recognizes "flat paper” os coin, then tho .term "foreign coins” must mean flat paper of foreign nations, and there fore Congress would have the right to regulate tho value of the Irredeemable oaper coins of other countries; which, as a proposition, Is ri diculous on Us face, as Mr. Db Wolf must see. The " foreign coins ” mentioned by the Consti tution mean gold and sliver,of course; and "to coin money” Is a very different process from printing paper. Wo print ou paper. We stamp metal. To coin money by tbo Government Is to take quantities of bullion, and melt it, and run into molds a certain weight of this gold or silver, and stamp certain characters thereon. That was the Idea the framers of tbo Coustltu- tloo bad when they used the expression, “to coin money.” Printing of reams of paper In parallelogram shape, with pictures and words asserting “This Is one dollar,” or “ ten,” or “ one hundred dol lars,“is “flat” paper scrip. The Government may decree that It shall pass as legal-tender money; but It Is utterly impoulbla (or the Gov ernment to attach any purchasing power to such mi Irredeemable piece of paper. It will only be worth what people wilt give for it; and, U much of It be Issued, its purchasing power will bo nothing. This, too, on Ibcbypothcsls that stub arbitrary shinplastcrs could ho forccdon citizens as legal-tender In lawful payment of debts based ou valuable considerations; hut there Is no hint of any such power conferred on Congress by the Constitution.. Mr. Da Wolf llluytrates bis Idea of “fiat” paper money by a horsu-csr ticket; other flat l&ts do tbe same by means of a postage-stamp. But, singularly enough, the one overlooks the fact that the value of tbe car-ticket consists In Us redemption ou demand by a ride on the hursc-car. This actual service constitutes Its redemption, and makes K current, and not any “fiat” of tbe companies. The postage-stamp persons also fall to perceive, (or some reason, that the stamp Is redeemed by couvoylng the letter to Us destination. This service equals In value the money paid for the stamp, and the stamp Is equivalent to the money, on the one side, and to the service of carrying tbe letter, on the other. The postage stamp Is, therefore, a wholly different thing from a “fist” pteceof paper, promising no re demption in nujey or service on ilemubd, and )K)ssessing no Intrinsic or exchangeable value whatever. Of the crowd that assembled In Paneuil Hall, llnston, to welcome the Irish blatherskite, KasiiNsr, the Intelligent correspondent of (lie New York Tribum writes: No doubt the meeting was a meeting of working* men: but it was out particularly marked—why mould It bare been?—from any crowo at a polit ical meeting lo midsummer. 1 was mixed nu with It. I bad time lo take a good look at it, and U was Juat a crowd of workingmen, well fed. comforta bly clothed or comfortably unclothed. In blab ■plrtta, without a tangible grievance, with the whole night before them, and uuuod to havo a good time. 1 am no chicken, and in my day have eevu crowds of angry men. Aml-dlavery mobs, meeting* broken up or tried lu be broken up by leaiau UvMJXue ana hie ban/, Jim* Utiowx meet ings, and the Irish not* la New York; and I have ■euu hungry, eilcol, deaperule Fans moba. and •warms of London and l.iverpoul poor; and if 1 Uostoo hasn't any more mlecryand downtrodden poor and laboring people to ahow tban she packed Into Faneuil flail and the square about it last nlglu, Ur. Uxssia Ksaukxv and .Mr. Cush hkuun will nave their labor for their palua. In side. what struck we la the crowd waa the entire waul of eurm-ainees. When 1 remembered other crowds 1 bad seen la that same hall,— especially when I remembered tbe worn, earnest, sau faces of the French workingmen and women, who would have worked themselves, and scorned their spirits that could have been moved to smile at anything, lu those dark days of lb 70 t —l could not fee) my heart stirred by tula assembly. Dial shouted and yelled its applause at every mentum of the word ••hell,” or ••thief, 1 ’ or “villain,” or “bond holiwr.” and were always ready with a burse laugo for anything that savored of rowdyism. 1 looked narrowly for any face that seemed to bo touched with feeling or sympathy. 1 looked for signs of poverty or autletiug. I didn't sae a wan in the hall who would not bate felt Insulted if a dollar bud been offered him in charity. I saw no rough, nor the first alga of auydealro to make a disturbance. It is stated in a Fond du Lac (Wls.)papcr that the Hon. Cuiui.ES A. Elduiuub, who repre sented that district in Congress fur ten years, is willing to accept the Greenback or National nomination this fall, and try titles with Ocn. Edwards, Bragg, the present member and prospective* nominee of tho Democratic party. The rnmor h entitled to credence for several good anil sufficient rroxuns, among which may be mentioned that a bitter personal feud of long standing and violent character exists between Okaoo and Eldridgb, that was very much ag gravated by Bragg's efforts to defeat En nui dub’s Congressional aspirations; and tbo latter now acos an excellent opoortunlty to eelzo upon tho paper-money lunacy to UyBRAOO out. If ho cannot get bock Into Con gress again himself. Eldridgb* has still a largo following among the implacable Bourbons of Ida district, boring been an old Copperhead ail through the War, while Braoo was a Colon soldier; and, If Eldridgb runs, tho result Is quite likely to be disastrous lo Bragg’s pros pects. Braoo voted for the Confederate Field for Doorkeeper, and that has set tho teeth of many Democratic Irishmen In Ids district on edge; and, altogether, it looks considerably squally for little Brauo. Bragg's principal competitor In tho regular Convention Is State- Senator Job Rankin, of Manitowoc County, tho present Chairman of the Democratic State Cen tral Committee. Our MllwnUßce correspondent suggests tbo probability of Matt Carpenter running for Congress In that district on the Greenback ticket,—which would not be a had Idea when It Is considered that Matt Is crazv to get back Into Congress again; and the other fact that the district Is hopelessly Democratic. Matt was always popular with the boys, and the present disorganized condition of the Democracy In that district offers an excellent opportunity for him to utilize that "personal magnetism” and fer vid oratory that have long been Mr. Carpbn trr’b principal stock In trade. If we ore to lose the brilliant services and Infinite resources of Benjamin F. Butler from the halts of Congress, there Is no man that we can now think of who has the varied and diversified ability to fill bis place as well as Matt Carpenter. Ills own uncertain political status fully corresponds with the unstable affairs In the Milwaukee district, and H seems as if there was a tide In Matt’s affairs which taken at Us flood might lead on to Wash ington. Lost Friday, Aug. 10. Mr. John Bright, the (Treat Liberal member of the English Parliament, comolutcd toe twenty-first year of his connec tion with Birmingham os one of Its Representa tives In Parliament. The event is to be com memorated fa u manner worthy of the town. Says the Birmingham Post: It may take place toward me dost of September or the beginning of October, and it le pronosod that the proceeding* shall occupy two days, on the first there wilt be a public reception of Mr. BmotiT, ami a procession will (hen no through the main streets of the town to llinyley Hall. Hero It is proposed that addresses shall be presented from Birmingham, and that representatives of Liberal organizations throughout the country shall also have the opportunity of presenting addresses. The programme Tor the second day includes a meeting with the Committee of the Six Hundred,and a pub lic dinner In the Town-ilall In the evening. It la Intended, further, that a atatue of Hr. Dninur shall bo erected hi some conspicuous place, and also that a oresontatioQ shall bo made to Mr. ItniotiT himself—one that may remain In bta fam ily as an heirloom for generations to come. Tbo New Orleans Fkayunt gives as concise a definition of tho •* National” party a* we remember to have seen. They are especially distinguished from all others, .says tbo Pica yune, by their “absolute-money” dogma. “They advocate the withdrawal from circula tion of the notes of the National Banks. They want the entire' bonds of tho United States called In and settled In greenbacks. They want . nil Government duea paid in greenbacks. They want $1,000,000,000 In paper money printed and paid out to laborers on new and extensive pub lic national works, that shall give employment to armies of men now Idle. It will be remem bered that one of the witnesses before the Con gressional Committee investigating the labor uucstton expressed his plan ot having the Gov ernment Issue $1,400,000,000 ot greenbacks for public UnpruvemeoU In New Fork City alone. 1 ” The Ideas that Matt Carpenter used to pro mulgate upon finance seem to he spreading. Once upon a time Matt was asked what Ida views were upon the currency question; and he said that all he know abput money wst “to get as much of It as you can, as quickly as you can, and spend tt as soon as you can.” A Mr. Man win was before the Labor Committee tbo other day, and gave a similar specific for hard times. His Idea was that every man should be com pelled by taw to speud all tho money that might come Into bis possession os soon ss be received it. Mr. Mbrwin was of the opinion that this would prevent boarding and make things lively, and It would certainly prevent the stagnation of trade to some extent. According to the opinion of ex-Gov. John M. Palmer, the Democratic party “is at present Infected with heresies and nonsense,” which, he hop**, It will rid Itself of In due process of time.' Vain hope. Look how tt (s tom up unou the financial question, for example, it is foi 1 bard money In New York and soft money InjLoulsl ana; for one thing In Delaware and Just the reverse In Wisconsin; lor coin money In Con necticut and for fiat money In Virginia; lor some sort of inflation In Illinois, and lor nobody knows what in Ohio and Indiana. Mr. &MAU.Bt writes (rotn Ohio to the New York lyibune that, os tho National party 1* or* gaulzed in secret councils, U is Imposalrde to estimate correctly its exact strength. He says ttial tie should not be surprised If It cast 75.000 or 100,0U0 votes to Ohio. 11 U looks now as U We should have a quiet canvass, followed by a pretty full vote. The result will unquestion ably be determined by tbo effect of the National movement In drawing strength from the old parties.” Ex-Uov. Paluxu says bo expects the Repub lican party will attempt to answer all criticisms upon Its acts by” appealing to its record dur ing the Civil War.” Well, If It sAois/a adopt that Una of defense, as weak os It would be, it would tbeii have au Immense advantage over the party that Mr. PALMiir is now consorting with, because the Democracy lias no record to appeal to except oue of shame, disloyalty, and open sympathy with Rebels (u arms. Unless another postponement takes place, Senator TuubmaN will open bis part of tho campaign to-morrow afternoon, at Hamilton, O. Kxeept that It Is Thurman's keynote and bid for tbe Presidential uominatlon of bis party, the chief Interest that the public attaches to bis performance will be his definition of tbe Ohio ‘•ldee.” Tom Kwihq bos already told us what the “Idee” Is, and now we wait to get Tiiur mam’s definition of It. While Qor. Hrndrioks la hard at work try ing to explain tbo poalUoo of Dak VooauiKS ou the currency question* some of the colored voters of Indiana would like to have him ex* plain UU own record on the repeal of the Fu gitive-Slave law* against the repeal of which be argued and voted. Hsnobicks had a bod and chronic attack of necrophobia lu tue early part of bis public career, and now be would like to rub the record out. The New York 3Vm«, in an article on the Commissions! contest In tbe Boutb, claims that the Sixth District lu Maryland, the Sixth la Mississippi, ihe Tenth In Tennessee, tbe Second Arkansas, Ninth Kentucky, Second Florida, Fifth Texas, and First West Virginia, can be carried by the Republicans. It thiuka also that tbe Republicans cau gtiu a member, each, in South Carolina and Alabama. DixxuKßXßiiir calls tbe men who furnish employment to labor “vampires,” who, be says, “ must be long.” Tbe laborers will have a good time finding work when alt the men wbo hire work* men are wiped out aua I heir properly de stroyed. “ We workingmen,"said Dbrki» Kxaitxar lu bis Lyuu (Mass.) speech, “ are tbe only dignified and respectable body of men iu California, aud, with those of Massachusetts, are the onlr nlfled body of men In the Union. Let all y< nr meetings be dlsrnlflcd, let your actions bn tlcmanly on all occasions, moke no ilcviw parly, either Republican thieves or Dctn ,irat|,. robbers, put them In a light place, and. W hf. n ’ you get them there, squeeze them tight." report of tbo speech continues: “1 wjij ttnue my speech a little longer: It Is too goo,] to break off. [At this point Kearnrv to!<] a story which was too gross, Indecent, and pro. fane for publication.]” The storv was iindoubt. edly Intended to illustrate Dennis’ Idea of wh»t constitutes "dignity.” " Suppose.” says the Indianapolis Joum? "thattbo Communists nud Nationals suiv(c.| In so thoroughly alarming capital that <-npit a |. Ists will not engage to any new enterprise, c of invest tbclr funds, nor employ labor at any price, would tho workingmen of the country b any butter off In that condition of tilings tii ln they are now I Labor Is even more depended on capital than capital Is on labor.” Ex-Gov. Palmer thinks tho Republican party accomplished its mission in 1870, and ought to havo been disbanded at that time. About that time Mr. Palmeil did disband his nart o( it, and went over Into tbo camp of the nictny, where ho still abides; bat somehow very for of his old associates thought It worth wbtlo to follow him; consequently tbo Republican mnj has not yet disbanded. Qov. Palmer la persuaded that, thougli u, party Is now "apparently groping iu the d«* without definite aim, It wilt at no dktatldiy reach solid ground.” Not. If It keeps on la tbe war that It Is now going, Governor. The onif way for It to reach "solid ground” is to Uks tbo back track. It must retrace its sleoj t piirj e Itself of disloyalty, and bring forth fruits met* for repentance. it took Hendricks some time to explain t» the people of Indian* Just “what Mr. Voo». Übbs believes” oo the subject of the finaiKti. Hendricks also very kindly nominated Ofo. Harrison as the Republican candidate lor ibg United States Senate. But nobody has yet felt colled upon to define the position of Qen. lh|. bison. He did that quite effectually him'dl. Keynotes have been Bounded so often and be come so numerous that there <a Just now con siderable music in the air. The Ohio sky Is already lurid with the reflec tion of Tuprvan's old “bandanner.” When will Dan Vooriibes explain tbo ex planation Of lIBNDRICKSf WASHINGTON. Jlrlstow Tabes Hold of the South Corolla* Whisky Case—Johnson, of Wvoinlutr-An Inhumane Prohibition by the Oauadlaa Government. Special Dltpateh 19 Tht Tribunt. Wasiiinoton, D. C., Aug. 11.—The managt ment of the South Carolina case on tho parr of tbo United States, before Chief Justice Walla and Judge Bond has been offered and accepted Py Oen. Bristow. Tho Government will alto give him such assistance os bo desires. It Is tbs intention of the Government to make this ca?e * precedent In all questions arising on account of actions of the UnitedStatcs officers In enforc ing tbo United States laws within the State*. The authorities of tbo Slate of South Carolto* are understood to be preparing for the best pre sentation possible of the State-Rights view of these cases. It Is alto expected on the part of tbo Government that tbo various questions at issue covered by this cose will come up from lbs Circuit Court to the Supremo Court for final hearing and decision. E. P. Johnson, United Stales Attorney for Wyoming, baa made lull answer to tbo charset lately preferred against him by Alfred Lee, tho County Clerk In Wyoming, and Judge King man, of the Territorial Bench. Ho was charged with returning a fraudulent hill of expenses and of making a general attack upon tho Bench of the Territory. The charges have been fully Investigated by dlrectiou of tbo Attorney-Geo era!, and It Is believed that they have beta found to be umutlaiued by tbo agent making report for that office. In addition to the answer of Mr. Johnson, bo Is most thoroughly Indorsed here by lawyers and citizens of the highest standing In the Territory, who write after the close of tho Investigation made Into the charges against Mr. Johnson The Canadian authorities have Just forbidden United States Revenue-Marine steamers iroiu succoring American vessels In distress In Cana dian waters. Tbo action of the British Govern ment In this respect has been called to the at tention of the Solicitor of the Treasury Depart ment for the purpose of an examination of tbs laws, with a view to ascertaining whether ilia United flutes steamer violated any law or its commander exceeded his authority In th« premises when he went to tho rescue of sa American vessel in Canadian waters, although in tow by an English tug-boat which seemed incapable of saving it from becoming a wreck. It is a rule, even In American waters, for revenue-marine steamers not to interfere with tug-boats whra piloting American vessels. The question no* is as to bow far this prohibition applies to those steamers when It Is oppurent that, without their aid, the yessel must bo lost. The Canadian tug boat owners or pilots are Jealous of our marine cutters, knowing that their lees for pilotage and for rescuing a ship are very much diminished If the steamers ot our Government Interfere wlta what they claim to be their exclusive right and line of duty. An Investigation will be made Into the whole subject by the Treasury Department. A DEED OF DA KING. Display of Commendable Nerve at Colum* bus, O. Bptdal Ditpaltk to 7 ft* TMSunr. Columbus, 0., Aug. 11.—One of the most daring feats of heroism ever witnessed lu this section was made by an attendant at theloßaue Asylum last evening. A young lady patient of sliKDt tlgurc bad lu some unaccountable mnnuer worked berself between the iron bars, ond,wbeo discovered, was bunging ou the outside of tbs wloduw-slll, some fifty feet above the ground. To rescue the unfortunate woman from tbo out side by the use of ladders was Urn only hope, but tbcrc were none at hand which would reat-h above the second-story window. Charley Mardl», the attendant referred to, stripped off his cost and vest and ascended to the second story. Uf displaying the utmost nen'e and endurance he finally succeeded lu securing ahold of the win dow frame above. With one hand ho clung 1“ the iron bars and with the other grasped Uw poor unfortunate just os she lost her bold of tbo cosing above, and succeeded In seating h»|f ou the wlqduwtlll. At tbU crista Hid lady < reason returned, and sbe begged her rescuer to save bliuself and let her drop to the ground, some fifty feet below. Hopes were passed to Manila, wbo secured them around too ladys wulsu when aim was lowered lu tbu ground, Manlin being relieved from bu perilous position In tnc same manner. Those who witnessed the bviulcund successful effort pronounced It one requiring tbu utmost nerve, skill, and bravery* HYMENEAL CocsriL riturre, la., Aug. 11.—Tills morn* luff, lu the parlors of the Ogden House, In thi* city, Mr. J. U. Voud, a partner lu the RcdpstU Lyceum. Bureau, was married to Miss Isabel M* Stone, of Boston, by the Her. If. W. Beecher, assisted by Judge Burke. It bad beeu thought by tbe friends of the parties that tbo married would take place tbo coming fall. Mr.Fondactoui* panics Mr. Boecber In his California lecturing lour, and tbo trip through that State promised so much benefit to tue impaired health of M»»e btouu that she consented at length to venture from Boston to this city, where Mr. and Mrs. Beecher awaited her. The entire party *nt leave for tbe Pacific eoaal to-day. EAST. ST. LOUIS. St. i.ouis, Mo., Aug. U.—Too injunction granted by Judge Watts agaluat Mayor Bo** man and the General Law Council of Bast Louis was not served on them until last even* log, and uo action bos been taken by them yet* Everything Is quiet there, and nothing probably be done by the Bowmauhes until they receive an opinion bv their lawyers touching* lo force and tiled ul the injunction, which mevbe given to-morrow. Both Councils will quel to morrow. when something tangible vs ill, W* doubt, develop.