Newspaper Page Text
Account of a Deliberate Murder
and Suicide at Mus
£ San and Woman, Desperately in
Love, Prefer Death to Sep
Sandusky, 0., in the Hands of a
A Meeting to Protest Against the De
cent lynching Broken Dp.
He lynchers Overawe the Respectable
Portion of tbe Community.
£ Miners* Camp in Idaho Kohhed of
Sixteen Thousand Dollars.
- Special Dispatch-to The Tribune.
Muscatine, Is., Sept. 7, —About noon tbis
dty was horror-struck by a murder and suicide.
Yesterday morning Fred A. Zeak and Carrie
E. Meyers came to this city. They were at
Zeak’s sister’s this morning, and spent the
morning in shopping and visiting. They went
ap-stairs at about 11 o’clock, and there was
no suspicion of anything wrong. A pistol shot
was heard, and soon after another. On going
no-stairs both were found lying dead on tbe
floor. Zeak lay with his left arm extended and
Carrie by bis side, her bead on bis arm. A
bullet had passed through her head. He was
shot in the forehead. Both were dressed
in new, dean clothes,—she with white kid slip
pers and he with embroidered slippers. Long
pieces of white and black ribbons were tied
about their arms, all of which were purchased
today. Zeak had telegraphed from Leaven
worth, Kan., to a friend to meet him here the
Cth, and be and his friend went round to make
the purchases, but his friend did not have his
suspicions aroused. Upon examination it* was
found that Zeak must have shot Carrie, and
then tried to shoot himself. Failing, he re
moved the empty shell from the pistol,
threw it on the floor, placed a new one in
the pistol, and then fired tbe fatal shot. An
envelope was in Carrie’s pocket containing the
following letters, which Explain the cause of
this wonderfully deliberate and well-executed
tragedy. The victims were respectively 29 and*
24 years old. Zeak has always borne a good
character, and has many relatives here:
* jfrscATJ.vE Cirr, la., SepL 7,187 S.—land Miss
Carrie C. Myers expect to end oar lives to-day.
This is our troubles: In March, 1876, Sadie F.
Carpenter swore a bastard child on me, which God
knows and 1 know is not mine. Although
1 bad no way to defend myself nnder
Kansas State laws, I have never lived with her.
thinking! could obtain a divorce from her, but It
teems impossible to get a divorce. So I have made
cp my mind not to be troubled the way 1 have bln
tor nearly three years; and this young ladle and 1
have bin encaged for nearly three years, and she is
determined to eo with me, and bees me to take her
with me, which I intend to do. I don't think
it will be wrong for me to do as
she wishes me to. I know it will seem
like a tenable thing to the public, but we are both
willing to leave this troublesome world. Mv place
of business is in Kansas City, since I left Colum
bus, Kan. We have bin determined to do this pro
viding 1 could not get a divorce, which proved in
that wav last week when Sadie informed me she
intended to torment me all she could if I did not
lire with her, which I would not do. Wishing her
well bearafter, and she will never take
the advantage of another man as she did
with me. alftbough she is not to blame for
alt I will tell the guilty parties,—P. F. Shackle,
J. Tompkins, Wm. WcWlleon. One of these three
is the father of that child, and to clear themselves
they hired her to swear that child on me. This
the trouih of all my troubles. I wish them all
well. F. A. Zemk.
Mcscatre Cnr, lowa 7—lß76.—'Well, Lewis,
S explained mv troubles to you last night as far as
1 dared to. so you would not suspect what wc
determined to do. Lewis, this young ladle
and I love each other so well that wc are
going end oar troubles. Wc are dojng this in our
rite mind. We don't want to live any longer. 1
hope yon will insist to Hannah to have this young
hey nut in the same grave with me in onr own lot.
and the pintle 1 want you to have, as I don't want
fiftdic to have anything that 1 ever had.
I think everything is left all rite. Yes. X'want
joq to send BUI Uungcrford a dispatch as soon as
I bid fairwell. William Hnmrcrford. Kansas City,
no.. Corner 12 and Bell street. Fairwell Lewie.
Lerie, 1 will meet you in heaven. Yoor old
friend, F. A Zz ak.
■Muscatine Citt, Tfl-, Sept 7, 1878. —T0 my
cuter Hannah: Hannah, you know what my
troubles are, and this forenoon I and this young
air will leave this troublesome world. Hannah,
It is m j wish to have her put in the same grave
thih me. There is no girl could be more truer than
ue has bin to me. Wc arc going to die together,
sod we want to be put together. So I lion you will
oom your brother wishes. Put this ladie in the
tune grave with me. Hannah, its very hard for
to leave you, hut my troubles is the
case of my dead. I have no other
troubles except this bastard case. Wc love each
other and prefer dicing rather than be kept apart,
•owe have chosen this way of eudlnsour troubles.
1 don’t fear death. I never have done enythlng
t*»i causes me to be afraid to die. 1 am ready to
wc. 1 would like like to see the rest at borne, but
lot as It is 1 will not get to see them, but hop to
*** all of them in heaven. All be good to your
selves. Sister do as 1 wish. 1 want her with me.
«’e want to be together. Your brother.
F. A. Zzak.
Bzmi Friend Hannah: As lam going with mv
entended husband to love this worid. you can do
▼Ub my elotbes tvhatcvcr you are a mind to. Send
them to my home or keep them. 1 have no opaac
tfina. So 1 will bid you good bye and farewell.
Itobtfeel bat fore it is God's will fore na to leve
busworld. Cauriz C. Mvzns.
IT you ehold won to rite to my folks bear is the
wereAs; Mr. Friedcrick Myers, Coalfield, Cher*
ckteCo., Kansas. box2C.
To the Western Associated Press.
Muscatine, la., Sept. 7.— The most delib
erate muruer and suicide,, that ever occurred in
this locality happened to-day, between 13 and
1 o’clock, at the corner of Eighth aud Oak
streets, in this city. The murderer was F. A.
2eak. a German, about 26 .years of age, a resi
dent of Kansas City, Mo., and his victim Car
rie Myers, apparently about 22 years of age,
▼hose home is about five miles from Cherokee,
Kaa. Both parties arrived in the city ou yes
terday’s train from the West. Early this morn
ing Zcak, with a friend named Frutig, went to
a shoe store, where Zcak putebased a pair of
white slippers for the woman, and, being unable
to fit himself with a similar pair, purchased
another kind, both of which were worn when
the bodies were found lying together, with
some crape on the arms of each, which was also
purchased at the same time.
That the tragedy was unmistakably premedi
tated* and that the uaitics came to this citv for
this purpose alone, there is scarcely a doubt.
A' lieu found, both were neatly dressed, their
cast-oil clothing lying by their side, and the
woman resting her head on Zcak’s arm.
The weapon used was a Smith & Wesson im
proved five-shooter, calibre 3S, eight Inches lon-.
The woman was shot in the neht temple, the
hall passing throu-b the head, coming out over
tac left car; the man in the centre of the fore
mad. Two balls arc cone from the weapon, and
oeccap was snapped.
a number of relatives in and
li city, and was formerly a resident
ere. The woman was a total stranger, never
JT been in the city before. No cause is as
although a letter written immediately
TV 01 *: the tragedy occurred, addressed to a
* n aos ®s City, may throw* some
JVW r on the matter, the contents of which can
b€ obtained until the meetingof the 1 Coroner’s
j already summoned.
; , ,/‘f^ TlxE ’ Sept. 7.—The facts developed
x- t- ,^°^° aer ’ 5 inquest held on the bodies of
1 committed suicide after mur
‘ SSSSSf* CatTiQ P* Mycra in this dty, about
ittiflSu >staDt^^2s follows: Zeak
most of his life‘until, some
•whinit an alliance with a woman
his to marry her.
J--J P . an child ‘before*’ mar
atjfi’fli?l' ■ f°^*ranlydenied its authorship,'
iimi»^* S u ,^ cr lVctl the wife during all this
.? Use d every effort to procure a
’ might marry the womaii whom
but, his efforts being truit-
J f aSf*Jn2t ; VTP Solved on the course pursued,
'"trsi2? e< * 5t out wilij great deliberation. The
.Recurred at the residence of Mr.
> iinaJi.u 00 Windco, comer of Eighth
: ana Uak streets, a brother-in-law of Zeak’s*
where the parties had beco staying since ycster
™orn*nc» which time they arrived in the
eity direct from Kansas. The entire forenoon
was spent in purchasing such articles of wear
ing apparel as they desired to be burled in, and
in writing a number of letters to i datives and
friends, assigning as their reason for the act
that they loved each other too much to live
apart, and, there being no prospect of their be
lugable to live otherwise, preferred death in
each other's arms.
Jt>e Vfomjm was a resident of Coalfield, Cher-
OKee County, Has., at which place her parents,
reside. She gave her age as iS. On her person
5’ as fnnna a number of receipts for several hun
dred dollars paid for property in Kansas. Aside
from this nothing is known of Her, she having
been an entire stranger in this city. The mur
derer and suicide was, however, well known,
having a number of relatives in and around this
city, and also a brother living at 22'J West Lake
street, Chicago. He had always borne a good
character, and was well thought of bv all inti
mate with him.
llie double funeral Trill take place to-morrow.
Special Dispatch to Tim Tribune,
Sandusky, 0., Sept. T.—Whch an event of
the magnitude of taking the life of a fellow
being by violence transpires in a communi
ty of less than 20,000, the excitement incident
thereto does not soon die. Such an event did
transpire herein the early hours of last Wednes
day evening In the lynching of tbe colored man
William Taylor, and the excitement on all
hands over the same is still at the highest pitch.
Decent people arc outraged and chagrined that
Mississippi outlawries should happen on the
staid Western Reserve. The rioters arc excited
over the prospect of arrest and punishment. So
far as anything to the contrary appears
to the stranger on a short sojourn, the
town is still practically in the bands
of the mob. The decent people outnumber
them, without doubt, but are afraid to assert
themselves. The business men fear loss of
property and custom; olllceholders and seekers
fear the loss of paltry votes. The Bar of the
county took action on Thursday night, con
demning the action of the mob, and calling for
the punishment of the ringleaders. An at
tempt was made by the leading members last
night to get the citizens to ratify this, but some
of the men who hung Taylor filled the streets
in front of the ball and filled tbe air with
howls ana threats. The managers concluded
best to adjourn until 10 o’clock this morn
ing in the public park. Apparently not more
than a dozen of the respectable citizens
showed themselves bore, but the meeting was
taken complete possession of by boys under 20
y ears old, and more than a thousand rioters
theu proposed to pass resolutions, first express
ing sympathy for the friends of Alice O’Donnell,
the murdered girl, and then to demand the
arrest and trial of the ringleaders of the riot.
Homer Goodwin, a prominent attorney, at
tempted to take charge of the meeting and
have a Chairman elected, but the crowd voted
down two decent men who were suggested by
bowls of “No,” and it was finally decided to do
away with a Chairman.
Mr. Goodwin then read bis resolutions, and
they were booted down. Such expressions as
follow were common: “ Quit the whole busi
ness and go home,” “Let the past go by,”
“ You want to make money out of it, you law
yers,” “ You want to encourage men to mur
der another one,”
Calls were made for some one to make an in
cendiary speech.- Finally a gray-headed man
with a colored shirt, inflamed with drink,
stepped forward with his coat off, ana, with a
leer and pacific wave of bis bandL, said: 44 Go
home now and mind your business. There will
be an end of this. That’s what I say.” Finally
a little stoop-shouldered man, with a plug
hat - and heavy cane, said to be the
proprietor of a small pbotogrnpbcr’s car,
stepped forward and said: “ The inan who mur
ders should hang.” [Cries from crowd, “He did
hang.”] Miller continued: ‘‘Give a lawyer $5
and be will sec you anywhere. Since 1 searched
half a day for that poor girl I have wanted jus
tice. 1 glory that It is all past, and now let it
Meanwhile Mr. Goodwin and the men who
had called the indignation meeting had de
parted much chagrined, and gradually the others
followed as complete victors. The lynchers
were almost exclusively Catholic, and the Hi
bernian Society here bos fathered the affair, and
proposed at the meeting last night to furnish
money for the defense of any who may be. ar
The Coroner’s inquest is going slowly on.
But very little testimony can'be elicited, how
ever, and what will be the result is much iu the
A GUILTY CONSCIENCE*
Special Ditvcich to T7te Tribune,
New York, Sept. 7,—A good-looking young
Irish woman walked into the Jersey Oitv Police
Headquarters this morning, and inquired for
Chief Nathan, and, on his appearance, told him
she wished to be arrested for murdering her
child. The astonished Chief, satisfying him
self she was sober and rational, took her
to his office, where she; told her story, crying
violently. She said her name was Mary Phil
lips. Sue was the wife of Isaac Phillips, a
plumber, of Jersey City. She was married a
year and a half ago, and the issue of the union
was a sou, wlio, at the time of his death, was
5 months old. Her husband’s family were, she
alleged, most bitterly opposed to the marriage,
but that did nof prevent the young couple
from making their home with them. Life
with them finally became unendurable, she
says, and last* week .she determined to
leave and earn her own living. She
got a situation in New York, but her relatives
refused to keep her baby, and told her she must
look after him. She took him' with her into the
streets Wednesday last. Discouraged, she knew
not where to go with him, and finally resolved
to kill both herself and child. She
bought some laudanum, took oart of it herself,
and gave the baby the rest. She was not af
fected beyond vomiting, but in a little time ibe
baby died, despite her frantic, efforts to rouse
him. She returned to her husband, and
they buried the baby the same
day. Since she bad been
unable to sleep, and was going mad from her
guilty conscience. She finally decided to con
fess and give herself up, and did so without her
husband’s knowledge. The woman was ex
amined by a Justice and committed to the
Coroner’s care. Her relatives deny ill-feeling
or knowledge that, the baby died of poison. The
mother made contradictory statements to the
Justice, saying she gave tnc child laudanum to
soothe its pain. She asked Chief. Nathan if she
would be hung, and said she was ready to suffer
for her crime. The case is a singular one, aud
the Coroner will Investigate it. *
‘ Special Dispatch to The Tribune,
Omaha, Neb.. Sept. 7. —A cold-blooded mur
der, the second one this week, was committed
this afternoon by James. Burke, a professional
gambler, who shot Morris Weil. The two men
bad been playing pool, and it is said Weil owed
Burke $3, and they had some dispute about the
matter. • Burke afterwords accidentally met
Weil at Collins’ harness-shop, and, walking up
to him, he accused him of not keeping his
word, and then fired at him, striking him in the
left breast near the heart. Weil jumped
towards Burke, and catching hold of
him hurled him through a glass
partition and seized the revolver from
him. Burke then gave him the slip, and started
on the run, while Weil walked out to the side
walk and attempted to lire at him with the re
volver which be had taken from nim. Just as
he was aiming the pistol, however, nc tell on
the sidewalk and expired in a few moments.
Burke was arrested after he bad run a block or
two. Hia bead aud face had been badly cut by
the glass, and he was covered with blood.
Weil was a Texas cattle-man, was agent for a
wealthy Texas lady, and had just sold 2,500 head
of cattle for her to N. P- Clark, the .Mlssourl-
Rirer ocef-coflitractor, and was talking to him at
the time he was-shot.
Salt Lake, Utah, Sept. T.—On Wednesday
last a party of seven men, mounted and well
armed, came into the,mining camp of Caraboo,
Idaho, forty-five miles Loda Sprimrs,
Idaho; where some twenty or'thirty miners were
at work on- scattered claims.' They robbed all
of them in detail, also the store at the camp;
took all the good horses with them, shot the
poorest ones,' and left. They got about SIC,OOO,
mostly in gold dust, from the miners. It is
supposed that this is the same party that lately
took up and! ou theUniouPacificatMedicine
Bow. ' ' .
UNDESERVED CEEMENCT. *
• Spfdal Dispatch io Tbe Tntr^iC,
SrsiKCFiELD, !!!., Scot. 7.—lt has transpired
to-diy, ’through the gossip of dives frequented;
by the worst classes, that the : Governor on
Thursday-*-pardoned- Pete Burns, a notorious
thug, out of tbc County Jail, where he was sent
for the attempted murder of h:s wife* last July*
She, however, only made a charge of as
sault, on which he was sent to fail
THE CHICAGO TRIBUKS: SUNDAY. SEPTEMBER 8, 1878-SIXTEEN PAGT~
by the Countv Judge for ninety davs.
A lot of sickly sentimentalists petitioned
for his pardou, and the Governor umviselv
yielded to their prayer. Hums was about to
day vowing vengeance on all newspaper men
'and others who had commented on his attempt
to murder his wile. He is u plug-ugly and thug,
as bad as the two who were recently hanged in
Chicago, but the Governor apparently was una
ware of his character until after the pardon was
issued. Intelligence of the extending of Execu
tive clemency was suppressed until to-day.
There is considerable local feeling over the mat
ter, as Burns is ouc of.the worst characters that
ever infested this section.
Special Dispatch to The Tribune,
Detroit, Mich., Sett, o.—Last night Jacob
Kloscn, a venerable fanner living six miles from
this city, was murdered in his sleep, Ids skull
being smashed in with an ax. His money was
missing, and so was Chris Brclteubach, his 17-
year old grandson, who bad served a term in the
Reform School for robbing the old man four
years previously. Last night Breltcnbacb went
to the Reform School in Lansing and inquired
for a boy he had known there. Superintendent
Howe arrested him, and to-day the prisoneVwas
brought back here and arraigned on u charge of
murder. He strenuously asserts his inno
cence, and says that, as tnc old peo
ple didn't want him around the house, he
left early in the evening of the murder, and
started out through the State in search of em
ployment. His manner is nrenossessingand his
story well eouuectcd. The belief is gaining
ground that the real criminal is yet at large.
Lansing, Mich., Sept. o.—This morning in
an interview, Christ. Breitenbach, the alleged
murderer of Glesscr, his grandfather, in
Greenfield Township, near Detroit, on Sunday
last, denied any knowledge of the awful crime
for which he was arrested. He noticed in a
paper that the old man was killed. When asked
why he did not return he said it was nothing
to him; the old man drove him away, and he
did not stay in the place long when told to go.
He claims to have left the old people the even
ing before instead of early in the morning. He
is between 1C and 17 years old, -thick set,
swarthv, sinister countenance. It is impossible
to catch his eye. Hu exhibits groat sangfroid, and
is very guarded about what he says. He was
discharged from the Reform School two years
ago, where he was sent for stealing $-15 from
Glcsser. It is a singular coincidence that the
same amount was taken Irom the old man after
dealing the fatal blow* with the ax. lie says his
reason for returning to the Reform-School
was to ascertain the whereabouts of a former
Inmate named .Miller.
Superintendent Howe deserves credit for the
clever manner in which lie effected the capture.
When accosted by Howe, Brellcubach gave him
self awav by replying: “Don’t you know me?
It’s Christ. 1 ’ Ilowc replied pleasantly, and in
vited him and a tramp companion into his
office, where he arrested and handcuffed them.
When informed that he was a prisoner, Brcitcu
bach inclined to show fight, and attempted to
draw a revolver, but Howe had him covered.
He then surrendered and quietly submitted,
lie was delivered to JScrgt. Reynolds and taken
to Detroit this morning.
Special Dispatch to TJte Tribune,
Janesville, Wis., Sept. 7.—About 10:30 this
morning a stranger went to the house o£ Ed F.
Carpenter, Third Ward, and asked the girl if
Mr. Doty had a barn near. She told him Doty
nsea Carpenter’s bafn. The stranger went into
the barn, and about fifteen minutes later the
barn was discovered to be on fire, and before
any assistance could arrive the flames spread to
the barn of C. IS. Jackman, both being' con
sumed. The houses of Jackman and Gould, and
the barn of B. B. Eldredge. had a narrow es
cape, only being saved by tiic efforts of tnc citi
zens. The Fire Department was unable to ren
der much assistance so far from the water.
Loss about $1,200. Insured for SSOO.
THE INDIANAPOLIS DEFICIENCY.
Special Lisvatch to The Tribune.
Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 6.—Nothing new
has developed In the First National Bank mat
ter. To-nfght one of the ex-officers of tnc bank
stated that Miller’s shortage would be settled
in a day or two, and, that being done, further
proceedings as to Miller would be discontinued.
The present officers of the bank decline to talk,
and there is reason to believe, and it Is so pub
lished, that between Slaughter and Miller the
bank suffered for fully $75,000, most 'of. which
was made un some time since by secured .paper
of the parties.
Cincinnati, 0., Sept. 6.—Mrs.' i! M. J.
Daughertv, tvho was arrested and placed on
trial for the murder of her son-in-law,' Samuel
Armstrong, at his farm, neai London, 0., last
month, has been acquitted of the crime. ,It will
be remembered, as detailed in these dispatches
at the time, that Mr. Armstrong, wl\o; was a
wealthy farmer and widely known, was shot
through the head at night ’while asleep beside
his wife. i
Special Dispatch to The Tribune.
New York, Sept, 7.— The banks here have
become alarmed at the number of forged checks
presented for payment, and are seeking some
way to avoid the danger. The Mechanics’Na
tional Bank has issued a circular to its deposit
ors, asking‘them not to draw checks for over
SIOO except to order.
Special Dispatch'to The Tribune, .
Kexosua, Wis., Sept. 7.—A man giving his
name as Deckerman, alias Haberscld, was
arrested to-day near the State line, on a charge
of obtaining money under false pretenses in
Milwaukee. He was taken to the above city on
the evening train.
MURDERED TEN TEAKS AGO.
Pottsville, Sept. 7.—Two Mollie Maguires,
Muniey and Noon, were arrested at Maizcville
this evening, charged witii the murder of Pat
rick Stanton at Dunesvilie,near Mahanoy Plane,
ten years ago.
THE SOUTH CAROLINA CASE.
Baltimore, Md., Sept. 7.— ln the South
Carolina Railroad case to-day, before Judge
Bond, sitting in Chambers, Julian Mitchell de
livered his argument in favor of the complain
ant’s bill for an injunction and the appoint
ment of a Receiver. holding that the manage
ment of the road since 1866 hail been injudi
cious and ruinous. The Court adjourned until
NEW JERSEY CENTRAL.
New York, Sept. 7. —The mortgage to
secure the payment of the $5,500,000 bonds
issued bv the Central Kailroad Company of
New Jersey in accordance with the adjustment
made with its creditors February last was re
corded to-day. .
Special DlspatcnHo The TYihune.
Quincy, 111., Sept. C.—it. M. Miles, Division
Freight and Passenger Agent of the Chicago,
Burlington & Quincy, Railroad, died at bis home
in this dty this morning shortly alter S o’clock.
Mr. Miles had been seriously HI for some
months, and recently took* a trip to tbc West in
the hope of improving his condition, but that
his disease would terminate fatailv and so sud
denly his most intimate friends did not antici
pate. Mr, Miles was 40 years of age. He was a
native of Dover, N. il., from which place he
went to Haverhill, Mass., and lirst
engaged in business. Subsequently lie became
connected with railroads, and for a long lime af
ter coming West had charge of the genera! tick
et olllce of the Chicago, Burlington it Quincy
Road on Clark street, in Chicago. During the
War he was an officer in the annv. Two years
ago last July he came to Quiucv to accept the
position which he held at *his death. During
that time he had endeared himself to the entire
community, and particularly to the business
men of the city, witn whom he was in constant
intercourse. Mr. Miles leaves a wife and three
children in tills citv.
New Youk, Sept. 6,—Gen. Sprague, United
States Army, died to-nlght.
. droned.. . .
New Haven, Sept. 7.—Nellie Byron, variety
hall vocalist, was drowned to-day at SaVih'Roclc.
A Deadly Explosion.
A small Greek vessel, loaded with powder,'
lately, approached Mandriika, .village of
Turkey in Asia, in order ’to dispose; of the arti
cle to the Bedouins of the toasi. ’Turkish
sponge-gatherers at work in the neighborhood
deft ibcir vcsselsfor the-Grecki .craft and carh
estly requested,the, Captain uot;tp sell, powder
to the Bedouins until their departure or, they,
would ccr'alhly be killed. .The Captain ret used
to comply, and a fight dnsaed. Either by acci
dent or design the powder was lighted, and the
vessel and seveuiy-livc men were blown into the
Snb-Treasnrsrs Ordered to Exchange
the Silver Dollar for Dnited
Another Step in'the .Resumption
Scheme by Secretary Sher
Silver Bullion Now Bought Ex
clusively in This Country.
Special pfepatchc tQj The Tribune.
Washington, D. C.,‘Sept. 7.—Secretary Sher
man late this afternoon issued au order to
Treasurer Gilfillnn and all Sub-Treasurers, di
recting them to exchange standard silver dollars
for United States notes., Jn conversation with
your correspondent this 1 evening Secretary
Sherman said that ho 1 had issued the above
named order after mature’deliberation, and he
had purposely fixed the 16th Inst, as the day
upon which to eivc it .effect in order that the
country may have due and timely notice
of its import. It*' was another step
towards resumption of specie-payments. “Un
der this order,” said the Secretary, “ the people
can exchange United States notes for standard
silver dollars, and with the latter they can pay
custom duties or buy the 4 per cent bonds. 1
anticipate a further decline in the cold premium.
It is only at one-quarter of one cent to day, and
there is no reason whythat premium should
not be rubbed out.”
In rehlv to the qucstiqil as to what he should
do if more notes were presented than there was
silver in the Treasury, the Secretary replied
that he did not anticipate any such contingency:
** I think I shall be able to supply all demands
made upon the Treasury. Of course I expect
that a great many silver, dollars will be paid la
for custom dues and in exchange for 4 percent
bonds, but the amounts thus paid in will nat
urally be paid out again. Tt must‘not be for
gotten also that all silver certificates that may be
received by the Treasury enables it to use a cor
responding amount of silver dollars, as the re
ception of such certificates by the Government
for dues 'will release silver dollars to u corre
sponding amount now held for their redemp
tion. I am quite confident that the Treasury
will be able to exchange silver dollars for all
United States notes that may be presented,
and 1 entertain no apprehensions upon that
The Secretary, referring to the reports here
tofore circulated that he contemplated issuing
the miner gold coins before Jan. 1,1879, dis
claimed any such intention. He desired it to
be understood, however, that he now has suffi
cient gold in the Treasury for resumption pur
poses, and that he will be ready to carry out the
provisions of the Resumption act on «fan. 1.
leaves for lowa to-night. He will speak at Keo-
kuk next Monday, and will also make other
speeches during the campaign.
The Treasury Department has taken vigorous
steps to prevent smuggling by men-of-war, and
has ordered hereafter that Inspectors visit every
naval ship upon arrival.
who is here, expressed the greatest confidence
in his own election, and it is probable also tiiat
Judge Kelley will receive the Republican nom
ination and be elected. Speaker Randall’s con
fidence as to his own election is shown by the
Pennsylvania Republicans who have'been
Frank Burr, Patent-Office Clerk, wbo is run
ning lor Congress in West Virginia, has tendered
his resignation to Secretary Sclmrz.
The Treasury now buys all its silver bullion
for standard dollars in this country.
Representative Michael* White, of Indiana,
expresses the opinion that the Republicans of
that State will certainly carry the Legislature
and gain a Senator, although they may lose the
Secretary of the Republican Congressional Com
mittee, has been again called away from his du
ty by sickness in his family.'
It is probable now tnat the proposed plan of
sending Republican speakers South will be
abandoned on account of the prevalence of the
A gentleman who has recently returned from
New YorJc visited thcAsrlnm where the witness
Leet is, who went insane during his examination
beiorc the Potter Committee. Leet insists that
he was badly deceived; that the oulv condition
on which he* agreed to be a witness was that he
should be permitted to tell his own story, aud
should not be examined bv Ben Butler.
To the IWatcm Press.
Washington, D. C., Sept. 7.—The Treasury
now holds $349,119,450 in bonds to secure Na
tional Bank circulation, and $13,033,400 to se
cure public deposits. Bonds held to secure 4
per cent loan, $5,055,400; United Stales bonds
deposited for circulation forthe week, $211,500;
amount withdrawn. $170,000; National Bank
circulation outstanding, currency notes, $321,-
953,002; gold notes, $1,432,920; ’internal reve
nue receipts, 545C,030; customs receipts, $543,-
440; National Bank notes received for redemp
tion for the week ending to-day compared with
the corresponding period last year: 1877, $3,-
645,000; IS7S, 82,801,000..
Special Disvatch to The Trwune.
Philadelphia, Sept, 7.— This was the last
day for the registrv of Republican candidates
for Congress, and the result appears to have
settled things in the First District. Chapman
Freeman has not registered, and the contest is
thus given up. This leaves a clear field for
Gen. 11. H. Bingham, who has been in politics
for twelve years, and hasrnade enough, so that
he can afford to go to Washington. He is now
Clerk of the Orphans’ Court, a place that he
has held for two terms. The office is worth
about $30,000 a year, and be has held it for
sir years. Before that he was Postmaster
for three or four years. He is strong enough
in the ward, though he was a strong Blaine man
at Cincinnati, and for that reason was out with
the Camerons until they thought it useless to
keep up the feud, as he was a pretty strong
man with the high-toned elements of.the party.
In the Second District. Charley O’Neil has no
opposition to speak of, though Col. Charles H,
Gibbon, who was beaten last year, isruuuiug for
tne nomination by the Democracy.
Senator Rcyburn is making a lively fight
against Judge Kelley in the Fourth,’and is
thought to have a good chance of defeating
him for the nomination, .which is as good as an
in the Fifth A. Charmer has no opposition for
In the Third Sara Randall will easily go hack
despite all the talk ahont his losing the re
nomination. There arc no strong forces against
him, and it is likely that when the push comes
he will go in without a no.
Gen. -McCandless, lath Secretary of Internal
Affairs, is trying for the. nomination in the First
District, and thinks that he can defeat Gen.
Bingham, hut toe wish is father to the thought.
the conferees in the Chester and Delaware
District, which is hopelessly Republican, have
renominated William Ward.
Special Dispatch to '77te Tribune.
Milwaukee, Wis., Sept. 7.—The calls on
Matt 11. Carpenter to be a candidate for United
Stales Senator are being circulated by Dr.
Charles Fricke, Ed Sanderson, Alonzo G. Sex
ton, William Finkler, and two or
three other parties. Dr, Frickc’s
call is headed by Inbush Brothers, and
contains the' names df Matthews Bros., cx-
Mayor Joseph Phillips, C. F. Bradley, Gale &>
Frank, anjl.leading Germans, Lou Sexton's
call is principally composed of commission
merchants on West Water street, and the name
of Louis Kmdskopfi.the champion “squealer ”
in the crooked whlskf* titles, has a prominent
pia?e." Sheriff Sanger Wfused to sign anv of the
calKj. ' The ’copy held by Ed Sanderson is : for
ouse-ih thc Chnmbcr of Commerce and among,
rbusih'eavmen, Sexton’s call about
290 Dr. Prickers call has'a'larger niun
' beiv principally ot Germans, - and •he * has
'agents l wna arc •ehynlatlng ‘ the eirl\ , lor
him. The claim is raadjithit they will procure
5,000 or 0,t)00 names to the call, and that the
movement is especially, strung with the Ger-
mans, who were never before support-
G rf of Carpenter. It is understood that,,
after the call Is sufficiently signed,
it wifi be replied to briefly in a letter by
Carpenter, to be followed bv a public meeting
and grand demonstration at the Academy of
-Music, where Iris speech will be made. The
Germans who sign the call assert that their
signatures arc conditional on his adopting and
prom ulgating a satisfactory platform.
Cleveland, 0., Sept. 7.— Amos Townsend
was renominated for Congress to-dav bv accla
mation by the Republicans of this district. The
utmost good feeling was manifested among the
delegates. Mr. Townsend will without doubt
be elected. Some sensible resolutions were
adopted expressing confidence in Mr. Townsend
and the platform of the State Convention.
Among other planks was the following:
tVnERBAs. There is issued by oar Government a
silver dollar known as the “ trade dollar,” which,
altiioiieh not originally intended for circulation in
this country, U now in very general circulation,
aluiouch not a Icctil-tcndcr; and
Wmkukak. Said •* trade dollar” contains seven
and one-hair grains more silver than our legal
tender silver dollar; therefore.
ileso'red. That our Representative in Congress
be requested to use all proper influence to secure
such Congressional action as mav nc necessary to
make the ’‘trade dollar” either legal tender or
exchangeable at par for inclcgal-tcmlcr silver dol
An enthusiastic and largely-attended, ranss
inceting wan held in the Public Square this
evening* Hen. C. 11. Grosvenor-and the lion.
A. M. Hums were the orators. This is the first
meeting of the campaign here, and prospects
Stirs rudely, hut, congenial with the night,
•Whatever walks is gliding like a spirit.
The tinkling of the vigilant guitar ft
Of some sleepless lover to n wakeful mistress
Is heard in the vicinity of the Joneses;
And cautious opening of the casement shows
That he is not tmheam: while the young bund.
Fair na the moonlight, of which it seem a part.
So delicately white, it trembles in
The act of opening the forbidden lattice
To lefin his soft music—makes his heart
Thrill like bis lyre-strings at tin* sight
And then, with gentle gesture, she drops
A sack of flour plump on his head!
1. That fish may be sealed much easier by
dipping into boiling water about a minute.
2. That fish may as well be scaled, if desired,
before packing down in salt; though, in that
case, do not scald them.'
3. Salt fish are quickest and best freshened by
soaking in sour miik.
4. That milk which is turned or changed may
be sweetened, and rendered lit for use again,
by stirring in a little soda.
5. That salt will curdle new milk; hence, in
preparing milk-porridge, gravies, etc., the salt
should not be added until the dish is prepared.
0. That fresh meat, after beginning to sour,
will sweeten if placed out of doors in the cool
7, That clear boiling water will remove tca
stmns and many fruit-stains. Pour the water
through the stain, and thus prevent its spread
ing over the fabric. »
S, That ripe tomatoes will remove ink and
other status from white cloth; also, from the
0, That a tcaspoonful of turpentine boiled
with your white clothes will aid the whitening
10. That boiled starch is much improved by
the addition of a little sperm, or a little salt, or
both, or a little gum-Arabie dissolved.
11. That,beeswax and salt will‘make your
rusty flat-irons as clean and smooth as glass.
Tic a lump of wax in a rag, and keep it for that
purpose. .;Whcn the irons are hot, rub them
first with tbc wax-rag, then scour with a paper
or cloth sprinkled with salt.
12. That blue ointment and kerosene, mixed
in equal proportions, and applied to bedsteads,
is an unfailing bedbug remedy; and that a coat
of whitewash.ls ditto for the walls of a log
house. *. .
13. That kerosene will soften boots or shoes
which have been hardened by water, and render
them as pliable as new.
14. That'kerosene will make tin teakettles as
bright as new. Saturate a woolen rag and
rub witlTit. It will also remove stains from
clean varnished furniture.
15. Thatcool rain-water and soda will remove
machine-grease from washable frabrles,—Ex
Hitherto, among civilized nations, Russia has
stood alone in the use of the calendar of Julius
Ca;sar. This is called the ‘‘Old Style,” while
the Gregorian calendar, instituted by Pope
Gregory XIII. on Oct. 5,1552, is known as the
“New Style.” The adoption of the latter is to
be discussed at an impending Congress of sa
vants at St. Petersburg. The Gregorian calen
dar was speedily adopted in most Catholic coun
tries soon after its author had issued his brifcf
so directing. In the Protestant States of Ger
many it bad been only partially adopted in tTOO,
and not wholly until 1774. In England the
changefrom theJoUn to the Gregorian reckon
ing was made by act of Parliament in 1751, bv
which it was ordered that legal year should
begin, not, as previously, on the 25th of March,
but on the Ist of .January, and that, after the
3d of September. 1752, the next day
should be held as the 14th. thus dropping out
the eleven days which, under the Julian calen
dar, sligntly overestimated the years’ length, up
to 1752, had made an ’ error of that number of
days in nearly* eighteen centuries. At present,
what is the 12th of the mouth in other coun
tries, is only the Ist in Russia. If theNewStvle
be adopted in the Czar’s dominions, it is to be
Imped that bis subjects will act with more com
mon sense than was exhibited by the English on
the change of style in 1752. Many Englishmen,
ignorant and foolish, were so mightily enraged
against the statesmen (Lords Chesterfield aud
Macclesfield) who had originated and carried
the measure through Parliament, that, in the
streets aud on the hustings, they lustily shouted
against them, “Who stole our eleven da}*s?”
and “Give us back our eleven days.” Perhaps
the Russian populace of 187 S may be wiser, and,
therefore, more moderate, over a change of the
calendar, than the peasantry and the lower pop
ulation of London had been in 1752.
He was showing thd man the new bay mule
that he was working in a team with the old
gray. “ You warrant him sound, and perfectly
kind and gentle?” the man said. “ Perfectly,”
said Farmer John. 44 My wife and children
drive him, and he is a perfect pec. Comes Into
the bouse like a dog.” 44 Easy to shoe?” asked
the man. *• Well, I guess so; fact is, I never
had him shod. I don’t believe in it; ne works
Letter without it.” said Farmer John. 44 Jlow
docs he act when you put the crupper on?”
asked the man. Farmer John hesitated, 44 Well,
pretty good, I guess,” he said; “fact is, I
never put It on.” 44 flow docs it get on?”
asked the man; “who does put it on?” 44 \V r ell,
1 kind of don’t know,” said Farmer John;
“fact is, he bad the harness on when I-got
him, an’ it fit him so well, an’ he seemed to be
so kind o’contented in it,’like, that 1 sort of
never look it oll’n him.” 44 And how long have
you had him?” asked the man. Farmer John
chewed a wheat-straw very meditatively.
“ Well,”he said, “not to exceed morc’u two
year, mebbe.” And the man backed a little
further awav, and said he would “Sort of look,
round a little further before, he bought, like.”
And Farmer John never saw him again, not
even unto this day.
TIIEY WANTED A PATENT.
Washlnaton Correspondence Hartford Times.
Several days ago an application reached the
Patcnt-OUlce from J. J. Strong-and Kate Al.'
Strong, of Talladcgo, Ala., for a patent for an
ant guard. The -petition, which was. a
fanny one,.SiCLforth that, the Strongs, who arc'
man ami wife, had •jofntir’put.their nttndfe
get her, and had invented the most wonderful
thing ever heard of,-—to-wit,’an u ant guard, I ’—•
which they went on to describe at great length.
They claimed that ; it was patentable, as it wa4[*
ncW and useful, two things that are nccessarv
to secure a patent. The guard consisted of f
■drawing a chalk-mark around a table or other.
place, bv which; ft’'was! claimed,’ the approach
of ants was -stopped. Mr* Strong says, !
and Mrs. Strong swears it’is true, that an ant*
cannot walk over a (dialk-liue,and that all that is
necessary to keep ants away from anything is to
draw a chalk-line aronnd it. It appears that
Special Disvatch to The Tribune.
BYRON IN VENICE.
Oil City Derrick.
I will try
Whether the air will calm my spirits: His
A goodly night: the cloudy wind which blew
From the Levant hath crept into hia cave,
And palled the cave in after turn.
Wlmt a stillness! and what a contrast
With the scene I have left.
Where a great throng swayed and sang,
And loudly called for Deer!
THINGS 'WORTH KNOWING.
“NEW STTLE” IN RUSSIA.
THE BAY MULE.
chalK makes an ant’s legs slip up, as soaping a
track prevents a railroad-engine from starting
Hie petition was novel and caused considerable
'fun. At last the Commissioner of Patents
looked over the precedents and directed his law
clerk to write a decision refusing the application
on the ground that there was nothing new in
the invention claimed; that chalk bad been
used for such purposes heretofore; and winding
up with the general statement that such ideas
are not patentable. This decision was
sent to the Strong family,, but it failed
satisfy them. They had made up their
minds that there was millions in their inven
tion, and they do not intend to be cheated out
of it by any such decision. As they have money,
they can pay lawyers. To-day there was filed
a « **pP ea l from the decision of the Commissioner
of Patents. This appeal will be tried, in Sep
tember next, in the Circuit Court. Even If the
Strongs do not obtain a patent tberc will some
good come out of the application, for it will
give two or three patent lawyers a job. It may
turn out that the Strongs will have to nay all
the expenses of the appeal, costs of court, etc.,
and in case thev do it will be an amount suf
ficient to make them drop patents, especially if
of no more value than an:-guards. In the
meantime, and until this case Is decided, all who
so desire will have the permission of tncStrongs
to use chalk ana make chalk-lines to keep
The pleasing picture of the lowa heroine, who
had two pickerel under harness, and was drawn
by them up and down a pond in a bcautitul
little boat, was the sweetest fish-story ever
clipped with an exchange editor’s shears. But
who shall say that the ingenuity of the local
chronicler has got to the end of its tether ami
devised the sweetest possible ifth-storyf Bere
is the Whitehall Timat, for instance, with a ro
mance of the Queen of the speckled beauties. A
man had an artificial trout-pond with at least
3,000 fish, each weighing from half a pound to
two pounds, more or less. He also has a little
girl, 5 years old, who has succeeded in training
the fish so that she cun eo to the edge of
the pond and with a handful of crumbs
feed them from her clmhbv hand. Thev
have learned to jump oat of the water anil
snatch worms from her fingres, and they are
extremely fond of their little mistress. One
day she lost her balance and pitched headlong
into the water where it was deep. She savsthat
when she went “way down ” she called lustUv
for help. Her cries quickly attracted her
parents, and they were horrified at seeing the
little girl floating upon the surface of the pond.
The father rushed to the water’s edge and
reached out for his pet, and as he raised her
from the water a perfect solid mass of trout was
•found beneath her. These faithful subjects of
the little Queen, as she fell, quickly gathered
beneath her and thus showed their love for
their mistress by bearing up her body until aid
arrived, tbits preventing her from meeting a
STANDING ON’ HER HEAD.
Far and away, beyond all the attractions of
the Exhibition—to the Parisians, at least, who,
as a body, regard the Great International Dry-
Goods Store, Picture Show, and Fancy 4 Bazar
in the Champ de Mars far less in the light of an
artistic and industrial display than as a machine
for squeezing monev directly ami indirectly out
of foreigners—is an oil painting in a shoo in
the Hue Vivienne, representing a lady standing
(with some slight assistance from her hands) on
her head. The ladv is life-size, her reversed
countenance is irradiated dv an impudent leer;
and . her costume is strictly that of
Hans Brietnmnn’s mermaid—that is to
say, she has “ nodiugs on.’* All dav
long, and up to 10 at night, this characteristic
performance is surveyed by a crowd composed,
not only of “Gugussc” and “Lalle,” but of
ladies and gentlemen. The manner in which
the English and Americans dodge by the repre
hensible work of art and then dodge back again,
is curious to view. The staple of the commen
taries ou the reversed lady amounts generally to
TVfn.v, ma's e'est dro 7 e. The intention of the
artist, however, has been of anvthing bat a
droll nature, so 1 understand. He was desirous
of demonstrating the great advantage of the
study of gymnastics to the female sex. and in
the picture the lady's devotion to athletics is
denoted by a number of dumb-bells, skipping
ropes,' and “Indian cluos ” scattered about her
There Is a curious case* at Rockport of the sin
gular attachment sometimes instituted between
man and the lower animals. A Mr. Hate has
been for a long time accustomed to throw bits*
of food for some cels in a little brook that runs
along the back of his lot. Latterly be observed
that they seemed to be waiting for his visit, and
with a little training they were induced to cat
food directly from bis hand. Then tbev learned
to play and'fondle about his fingers, held in me
water, and enjoved his caresses. More recently
the largest one of the four—a huge old fellow,
over two feet long and very large around—al
lows Mr. Hale to take him entirely out of the
water, slide him about freely from hand to
baud, apparently enjoying the novel gymnas
tics. When Mr. H. goes Co the brook, he calls
them with a peculiar whistle, and they soon
come rushing briskly from down stream. Not
long ago he brought them his usual lunch of
lislr and mackerel, when only the large one
came. The eel waited a few moments, then
turned down stream, and soon came back,
bringing his tardy family to supper. This shows
there is no touch of human nature in them, for
any ordinary biped boarder would have pitched
in without waiting, and cleared the table.
Hftrnlt Fere /Vc.«.
An elderly gentleman of benign appearance
has of late been distributing religious tracts in
the street ears, and yesterday at least one case
of quickened conscience was brought to public
notice. A young man entered trie ear, paid his
nickel, and’washanded a tract headed: '‘Are
'You a Sinnerl” fle turned pale at once, read a
few lines, and suddenly called out:
“Yes, I am! I put a bad nickel In the fare
box, bnt now I’ll begin a new life by being hon
est. Here, driver, change this half-djlhirand
I’ll pay my fare over again!”
The change was given him and he paid, but
after riding a block or so hcleft the car to sec a
man on the walk. The passengers thought it a.
wonderful case, and all were deeply interested/
when the driver suddenly called out:
"Hang me, if this ’ere half-dollar isn’t bogus!”
Fnr The T> ib'tne.
A tight fit: Delirium tremens.
A gross mistake: Eleven dozen for twelve.
The money question: u Flow much is he
Common scents; Those that are wafted from
Once more for the stews. Did anybody ever
see a tacK hammer!
“ You’re sweet on us,” as tne buckwheat
cakes remarked to the sirup.
The man who broke the news was advised to
be more careful next time.
Young man, If you want a sweet heart, any
respectable butcher will supply you with one.
Money paid for a wig is like musical concord,
because it’s haT-money. Our physician says we
. If your neighbor begs your cake, and is sup
plied on every occasion with “sponger-cake,
she ought to take the hint.
Everybody must take things as they come.
This is especially true of cholera and yellow fe
“ You are the flower of your company,” said
a young lady to a member ot ibe Second Regi
ment “I should be, dear,” he replied, “il I
bad ten drills more.”
The family of Mr. and Mrs. Jones consists of
one boy and a girl. Jones thinks his life would
be sweeter if he had more lasses.
A fanner whose cows were sick was advised
to dose them plentifully with whisky. He did
so, and was rewarded with a choice variety of
“ Good gracious, Maria I” exclaimed Mr.Spil
kins, “bow my back itchesi” “Uoess..,soiue*
body’s put a flea in your rear,’’ she replied.
Spilkins said there were paragraphers enough
without hertrying to be funny. .
Meeting a commercial traveler who- was
tyfnttof old Robinson ’ County, Gnbbins re
marked to bis wife: “Tight as a drum, ain't
'bet” “ Worse’n thaV’she replied, “he’s tight
os adrunuher.” -
“X am going to Alaska; 77 siift a gentleman tp.
bis friend. “ Indeed l”‘ remarked the' friend,
“and docs ypur wife approve ot it!” ,• “Don’t
know,” replied thq other, “rbut Alaska.”
A fashionably-dressed*.-woman'*" entered. a
dtugiatorc on Clark street the. other davyand
informed *the clerk that her husband -had over* -
loaded his atomheb,. and that she desired to get
an epidemic to relieve him. * > **»
“Father,”said antngufetHvc Boy, “JVhatls
whisky-straightr*‘ “Whisky’s: trait, my Son,”
replied toe old man, who had been there him
self, “ whisky’s trait is getting people drunk.”
The lad reflected in silence.
Mehemet Ali and Twenty Follow
ers ftffurdered in Albania.
Fighting Still in Progress at Several
i Points in Bosnia.
The Russians Complete Their
Occupation of Batoum.
THE EAST .
V4ESNA, Sept. 7.—Fighting was renewed
Thursday at DoboJ. The combatants engaged
are estimated at 22,000.
V ienna, • Sept. 7.—Gen. Szapary telegraphs
that ha defeated the insurgents on Thursday.
They dispersed in various directions, the main
body taking the* direction of Tuzla. The
Austrians now hold the road between Gracantea,
Trebuik, and Magloi, and am fortifying their
positions. The Austrian loss in this engage
ment was sixty-five killed, and 377 wounded or
Gen. Zach telegraphs that two of the most
important outworks of Bfhacs have been capt
ured after obstinate lighting, but the positions
before his left wing are still In possession of the
St, Petersburg. Sept. 7—The Russians oc
cupied Batoum Friday morning. The entry was
perfectly peaceable. Dervish Pasha is arranging
for the embarkation ot the few remaining Tur£
Constantinople, Sept 7.—Mehemet Ali
Pasha, who was sent to pacify Albania, was
mobbed at Yacoua, sixty-seven miles northeast
.of Scutari, lie tied the place, and took refuge
in a shed, but was pursued bv the Albanians,
who called upon him to organize an attack
against the Austrians. He refused, and was,
with twenty members o£ his suite, massacred.
The Porte intends shortly to dispatch an Em
bassy to Afghanistan.
Bucharest, bent. 7.—Prince Karogeorgevlch,
the pretender to the Servian throne, and Gen.
IgnatlcfT arc mentioned as possible candidates
lor the Bulgarian throne.
Bucharest. Scot. 7. —The rinderpest is rap
idly extending throughout Roumania. The au
thorities neglect taking precautions to prevent
LABOR AND WAGE S —REPORT FROM THE UNITED
STATES CONSUL AT AMSTERDAM,
Washington, D. C., Scot. 3. —A dispatch re
cently received at the Department of State
from Mr. David Eckstein, the American <.V«al
at Amsterdam, contains an interesting report
as to labor and wages in the Netherlands.
ricultural laborers who are employed by the
year, and who have their homes and receive
their subsistence upon the premises of their
cinplovers, arc paid from 125 to 350 florins per
annum, and usually receive two common suits of
clothing duringsnch period of time. Farm labor
ers hired bv the day during the harvest season,
or at any other busy tide, receive from 1 to 1.25
florins per day and‘board. Laborers employed
bv the florists and nurscrvraca at the City of
Haarlem and its neighborhood in raising bulbs
or flower roots arc paid 7.25 florins.per week
for nine months In the year, and for the other
three monts G.G2 florins per week. Female
servants arc paid from 50 to 150 florins per an
num. Those who receive onlv from 50 to 75
florins do not live in the houses of their em
ployers, but come early l» the morning and
leave about 4 o'clock in-the afternoon. *
Diamond cutting and polishing Is a business
peculiar to Amsterdam. It is carried on to a
great extent, and has of late rears been
remarkable prosperous. Experienced and skill
ful diamond-cutters are now earning from Ift)
to 20-; florins per week. There are said to be
over 1,503 of them in Amsterdam, The pros
perity of this trade dates from the discovery
of diamonds at the Cape of Good Hope. Since
that time the diamond-cutters have bad almost
uninterrupted lucrative employment, and
many of them have-acquired thereby large for
| The following statement shows the amount
of wages paid certain mechanic* bv the boar,
Dutch currency viz.: Carpenters, from 3$ to
25 cents; masons, from IS to 25 cents; paint
ers, from 17 to 25 cents; plumbers, from into
22 cents; paper-hangers, from to 22 cents;
blacksmiths, from JS to 25 cents; stucco-work
ers. from 22 to 25 cents. Shoemakers doino
fine or best work earn 15 to 10.50 florins pet .
week; those doing ordinary work and repair
ing cam fromC to 0 florins per week. Tailors
employed in making fine, fashionable garments
earn from 14 to 17 florins per week; those doing
common work and repairing from to 9 florin*
per week. Car-makers, when steadily at work,
receive from 12 to 17 florins ncr week. Common
laborers working on railroads get from I to 3.50.
florin % ner dav, and the same amount is usually
paid by contractors on public works.
Tile number of hours mechanics and laborers
work in the Netherlands is never less, but often
more, than twelve per dav. The present rate.*
of wages for nearlvall classes of labor arc from
25 to 25 per cent greater than thev were about
five ycarsago.bat during the same time Urn
cost of living to the laborer has increased to
even a higher rate than the wage;?. The general
condition of the laboring classes is not regarded
as prosperous, and U is onlv by being extremely
frugal, economical, and abstemious that many
are able to maintain themselves and families.
There docs not, however, appear to be any
widespread discontent, nor do the moss of the
laboring classes seem to be in the least imareg
nated with Communistic ideas. The Consul, in
closing his report, refers to the noteworthy
fact that nearly all the real estate in Amster
dam ha* increased in value from to 10U p«*r
cent duri Ig the past Bor 10 years. Business Is
at present very much depressed in the Nether
lands, but bv no means as much as in other
countries in Europe.
Paris, Sept, 7. —To meet the wishes of sev
eral Chambers of Commerce, the French and
American delegates to the Conference on the
commercial treaty will hold public meetings at
Macon, Lyons, Saint Etienne, Ninas, Mont
pelier, Avignon, and Marseilles. The first
meeting will be beid at Macon to-day.
The «>tton-spinners of Northern France have
resolved not to work bv gaslight, iu order to
lessen the accumulation of stock.
SILVER IN LONDON.
London, Sept. 7.—The Timet says the silver
market has fallen Into a very weak condition.
There were no transactions, so 52d per ounce
continues nominally nuoted.
THE MANCHESTER MARKET.
The Manchester (UtartVan says the movement
for curtailing production has become considera
ble. Scarcely any description of cloth or yarn
can be shipped at current rates without loss.
What They Cost.
yew York Sun.
For the benefit-of a correspondent in Mobile,
who wishes to know the cost of several of the
monumental works of the metropolis, the fol
lowing facts are given: . t ~ ..
The new Post-Office, designed by MulletUand
built of Dix Island granite, coat about $7,000,-
The Brooklvn Bridge has cost a little more
than $9,000,000 up to date. When completed,
the total bill will be about $14,000,000, accord
ing to present estimates.
The City-Hall, with its marble front and
brown-stone back, cost $500,000 at the beginning
of the century, when labor was cheap and Job
bery rare. , _ • '
Vanderbilt’s Jlirand- Central Depot cost $2,- '
250,000. hut the approach to the depot* through
the Fourth avenue viaduct and tunnels, cost .
$6,000,000 or s7,ooo,ooo,.half..paid bv the Van
derbilts and bait, by the city. - .*■
The Tribune tall tower Is nine stories high,, ;
has. a gin-shop and a oiock. cost about
$600,000, and is mortgaged for $300,000, which .
*ib tost about its pretent value. ■ .
Tue Croton Water-Works have coat between. ;
$25,000,030 and $30,000,000. .
' • The house that Mrs. A-.X Stcwartdivcs in
cost‘s2,ooo,ooo. . ; - r V . ;
Thft Custom-House cost $1,600,000, ami has ,
been a'sourcb pf great perplexity to, Hayes.
budding qwt a roudd.piililoa.- r *» v - ,
The Western Union Telegraph’s building cost
-52,30p,0q0. ... ... w p .
• The'Cbuntv Court-House was originally esti—.,-
the expense was* between- .
$12,000,000 and $14,0U0,U00, nearly $6,000,000
ot which went for furniture, and
plastering and painting.