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T. Y MAIL —IV ADVANCE—POSTAGE PREPAID. Daily Edition, one year— 5512.00 I’aruof a year, per month 1.00 Mindnv Edition: Literary ami Religious Double Edition, twelve page*. 2.00 'iri-Weekly, ouc year s*oo 1 arts of a year, per month 50 WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID, mo copy, per year. < lul.ct tour. £ ptrimcn copies sent free. (,lvc Post-Office address in full. Including State ami County Remittance* may be made cither by draft, express, IW-Ufficc order, or In registered letter, at our risk. TERMS TO CITY SUBSCRIBERS. Daily, delivered. Sunday excepted, 25cents per week. Dfiilj-, delivered. Sunday Included. 30 cents ner week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Comer Madlron and Dearborn-sta.. Chicago. 111. Orders tor the delivery of TueTumcNß at Evanston, Ftiglcwcod, and Hyde Pars left In the counting-room vili receive promptattention. tribune branch offices. Tub Chicago Tripcne lias established branch offices fer the receipt of subscriptions and advertisements ai follow*; NEW YOlDv—r.oom 29 Tribune Building. F.T. Mo* Faddes, Manager. PARIS, France—No. 1C Rue delaGrange-Batcllcre. JI. Mauler, Agent.- LONDON, Eng.—American Exchange, 449 Strand. Uemiv P. Gu.no. Agent. &AN FRANCISCO, CaL—Palace notch SOCIETY MEETINGS. WASHINGTON CHAPTER, NO. 43. R. A. M.— Fpt-clul ConviM*.aUon Thursday cv< ning. *t 7:30 o'clock, Oct. 34. at hall corner of Randolph and lla:»ted-sta., for work on the **Counc!l Decrci.” All Royal Arch Masons in this Grand Jurisdiction are fraternally in vited to meet with id, aud receive the degrees. By or der HENRY M UNITERM AN, 11. P. CHARLES 1). WRIGHT, SccioUry. COVENANT LODGE, NO. 526. A. F. *A. M.— Spe cial Communication Friday evening, Oct. 25, at 7:30 o'clock, at Corinthian Hall, 187 East Klnzie-st. Work on ilie M. M. Degree. Visiting brethren arc cordially Invited. The members are also requested to attend. Ly order M, W. WOLSELKY, W. M. WILLIAM KERR, Secretary. CHIOAGO COMMANDERY, NO. in. K. T.-Statcd Conclave.-Monday evpnlna, Oct. .21. IS7S. at Asylum, comerHaisled and ICamlolplfsts. Aiull attendance r:vjucstcd. Visiting Sir Kulßlits courteously Invited, ju order of tbc Eminent Commander. JAMES E. MEGINN, Recorder. I. O. O. F.—EXCELSIOR ENCAMPMENT fonl •■formed). No. IfW.—Hall Twenty-second-st.. bcUveen State-tit- and Wabaali-ar. First, Second, and Third De crees conferred uext Friday evening, Uct. 25. Vl»Jtlug brother* Invited. By order _ _ A. 11. WAGGENER, C. P. VAN RENSSELAER GRAND I.ODGF. OF PERFEC tIon, A. <t A. Scottish Rite Masons, will hold a Special Assembly on Thursday evening next. Work en the Fourth and Fifth Degrees. By order of AMOS PETTIBONE, T. P. G. M. EU. GOODALE, Grand Secretary. BLAIR LODGE, NO. 303. A. F. & AfM.-Regu }«r Communication Monday evening. 2lsl Inst., at I I-?;.- Masons’ Hall, 76 Monroe-st., at 7:3oo’clock, for business and work on the M. M. Degree. Visiting brethren cordially invited. By order of D. 11. DICKINbON. W. M. LAFAYETTE CHAPTER, - NO. 2. R, A. M.-Tlali. 7i> Monroe-st. —Visitor* cordially Invited to meet with u- !n S|HM-ial Convocation.. Monday evening, Oct. 21, at I ;yo o’clock, for work onP. and M, K. Degrees. W. D. REID. U. P. K N. TUCKER, Secretary. CORINTHIAN CHAPTER NO. 69. R. A. M.— Social Convocation Monday evening. Oct. 21, at 7:30 o'clock. Work on tlie P. and M. K. M. Degree. Visit ing Companions arc cordially invited. By order. U. W. BARNARD, H. P. APOLLO COMMANDERY. NO. 1. K. T.-Speclsl Conclave next Tuesday evening, at S o’clock. The Or th r of the Temple will he eonlcnvd. Visitors are courteously invited. By order of the Commander. J. IL DUNi-UP, Recorder. RT. BERNARD COMMANDERY. NO. 35, K. T.- Sprclal Conclave Wednesday evening. Oct. 23, at7;3o o’clock. Work on Hie Order of the Red Cross. Visit- Jug Companion* arc courteously Invited, r.y order ,1. S. WHITE, E. C. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1876, In New York on Saturday greenbacks ruled at 119} cents on the dollar. The Tribune’s Milwaukee correspondent, having carefully surveyed the field, pro nounces Matt Carpenter politically dead. Definite advices from "Waterproof, La., declare that the rumored insurrection of ne groes in Tensas Parish had little or no foun- dation. A respectable colored woman yesterday positively identified John Lamb as tho man who fired the pistol which resulted in the death of Officer Race. Lamb, who had been in custody, was remanded. The National Democratic Committee, like the Fiat baby, has inflated and busted. It has closed its doors at "Washington, and W. IL Barnuh, the Chairman, has gone hack to the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, where he has resided ever since ho was elected Sen ator from Connecticut. At Memphis, yesterday morning, hundreds of people rose early to see the frost who perhaps had not seen the sun rise in years, and when they saw the frost, like frolicsome schoolboys, they gathered it up into little balls. Tho fever is now certain to abate in a few hours, or days at furthest. Yesterday morning a gang of desperadoes a< tempted to capture an east-bound train on tlie Kansas Pacific Railroad near Fort Hark cr. The train-men, with more than average courage, however, repulsed the robbers aud captured the lender, one Mike Rourke, who is now safe in jail at Brookville. The new Canadian Ministry was announced yesterday, os follows: Interior, Sir John A. Macdonald; Finance, S. L. Tillet; Public Works, Charles Tuppee ; Agriculture, J. J. Pope; President of the Council, John O'Connor.' James McDonald, Member of the Privy Council.and Minister of Justice. The Committee appointed to* investigate tho charges against Congressman Acklek, of Louisiana, report in favor of his removal from the ticket, and, in view of the fact that a general Convention cannot meet, the Com mittee requests the Congressional Committee to name a candidate in place of Acklen. Another Democratic official of Congress 3ms been overhauled in the commission of crime. John Ki.inck, messenger to the Clerk of tho House, was detected yesterday in purloining letters, abstracting drafts, and forging the name of Green Adams, Chief Clerk. The evidences of his guilt were found in his trunk. An important arrest of counterfeiters was made by Detective Peekixs, of the Govern ment force, in Bradford County, Pennsylva nia, yesterday. The gang was well supplied with $lO notes on the First National of La fayette, Ind., $3 notes on the Hanover (Pa.) National, and counterfeit gold and silver coin of all denominations. J. O. Landht, State Register of Voters in Louisiana, decides" that “ the National party is a faction,” and not entitled to representa tion on Election Boards with the Republicans and Democrats. As this decision is final, tho probabilities are that Sam-Cast’s and Aewauee Smith’s friends in Louisiana will be returned on the lists as “ scattering.” Tho National Republican Committee ad vises the lowa Republicans to give tho ques tion of electing Congressmen in November a thoughtful consideration, assigning the veiy proper reason that past experience demonstrates that a Democratic majority is capable of almost any political outrage. In view of even this contingency, tho last House changed the rules, and clothed the Clerk -with absolute arbitrary power. The Committee urges the party to take no chances, ns it cannot compete with the De mocracy in rascality. The London Titties yesterday declared the Glasgow bank-failure to bo “ the result of mismanagement and long-continued fraud, *» and that the total loss will aggregate SC, 200,000. .S 1.50 5.00 The Count3 r Commissioners’ Ring con template asking the people to put a mort gage of $750,000 upon the taxable property of Cook County, In IS7G it cost SGC7,4SO and in 1877 $700,000 to run the several de partments and institutions of the county. These appropriations were denounced as ex orbitant Will the taxpaj'ers consent to in crease the latter sum $403,550 ? Ben Butler has been reading up ancient history, ami feels encouraged. Before Sylla defeated young Marius, ho saw two goats fighting. Old Strabismus saw two goats fighting on Boston Common, which he considers a favorable augury. If ho would only sacrifice Kearney and exhibit his pauuch, the people might be reconciled to Butler as. Consul for one year. Tom Ewino. who barely got himself re turned to Congress, was delivered of a lot of stuff in Washington yesterday. In the face of the temperate and sensible opinions of Senator McDonald, Ewino declares that *• opposition to resumption and bank money carried Ohio by 30,000 and Indiana by 45,000, aud gained eleven Congressmen.” Ewing’s figures, like his rhetoric, are unman ageable. ___ An important decision was rendered yes terday by an Indiana Court touching the re sponsibility of bondsmen. John A. Droeg 2IEYEB, Treasurer of Fort Wayne, proved a defaulter in-the sum of $50,000. He bad just been re-elected, and when the city brought suit to recover it was found that the names of his second bondsmen were all forged. The city then sued on the original bond, and got a verdict for $17,200. Col. Abner Taylor, one of the candidates for Senator of the First District, publishes a card making a proposition to Mr. George E, "White, which, if accepted, will settle the Senatorial imbroglio in the district at once. The Colonel is evidently disgusted with the shape the thing has assumed. Ho is tired of attempted arbitrations, and is not disposed to leave so grave a matter to a game of chance, or to skill in cards of “mutual friends.” Ho has all along professed a will ingness to withdraw unconditionally if White would do the same, in order that a new man, on whom the whole party could unite, might be placed on the ticket aud be elected Senator. If Mr. White is sincere in his declaration that he is willing to withdraw if Taylor does, he has only to signify his acceptance of the Colonel’s proposition, and the party will soon supply the vacancy with some acceptable candidate. If Mr. White is not sincere, then let him quit fooling and openly state his intention to sacrifice the seat if in his power to do so. THE HERESY OF DR, THOMAS. The Rock River Conference, in session at Mount Carroll recently, adopted a series of resolutions censuring Dr. Thomas. Resi dents of Chicago and members of the Meth odist Church throughout the country do not need to be informed who Dr. Thomas is ; but, for the benefit of others, it seems well to explain that ho is a Methodist clergyman who, though now barely 40 years of age, has long been prominent in the Northwest. For a number of years post his liberal tenden cies have been noticed with apprehension by the strict constructionists in his own Church, and with unfeigned pleasure by tho Liberals themselves. This is not tho first time he has been remonstrated with by his brethren in the Church. His connection with the Chicago Philosophical Society, which i uclnded in its membership a number of avowed infi dels, was a source of anxiety to many good Methodists; and the meetings of the Society in the rooms of the First Methodist Church, formerly under Dr, Thomas* pastorate, were finally •• forbidden. To such a stage did the dissatisfaction with his teachings advance that, a few years ago, when the new assignments of Conference were made, he was exiled, as it was supposed, to Aurora. But he made himself felt even in that comparatively small place. He de livered there a series of sermons on “ The Origin and Destiny of Man,” which attracted the largest audiences in the Northwest. These sermons have since been published, aud, though extremely unorthodox, are now sold largely at the official depository in this city. From Aurora Dr. Thomas came again to Chicago, as pastor of the Centenary Church, which has possibly the largest con gregation of any Methodist church in the city. Here he has taught “ advanced views,” showing some further departures from tho old standards. These views ho has ex pounded with such simplicity of stylo and breadth of learning, such earnestness, grace, and candor, that, whatever may be the result of tho present conflict iusido the Church, ho will always have a large following outside of it. The Conference asked Dr. Thomas for a categorical statement of bis views. lie gave one, and it was unsatisfactory to his brethrenl But. inasmuch ns he professed loyalty to the Church, and promised at least to make him self clearly understood in the future, it was deemed best not to arraign him for trial at once. The Conference was content, there fore, to pass n series of resolutions distinctly setting forth the facts, and censuring him. The last resolution, which was a warning that persistence in the errors complained of would provoke a trial, closed ns follows: We deem it best, in tbc interest of charity and peace, to take no further action in the premises, jor the present. The issue is thus fairly made; and it may be interesting to inquire, in view of the prospect of further trouble, precisely what are the doctrines of Dr. Thomas to which his brethren take such serious exception. In the paper submitted by him to the Confer ence, he made a tolerably clear breast of it; and from this and his printed sermons it will be possible to state his opinions without any chancellor misrepresentation. His first point was as follows: ;• T On tho subject of religion, I hold to what is known as the moral-influence- tilbury. This is so heterodox that, for all the Con ference desired to know, Dr. Thomas might have stopped with it The “ moral-influence theory” is only n form of modified Uni-, tarianism: It is a theory that Christ, did not come into the world to suffer the penalty of the sins incurred by man through Adam, but to regenerate society through the i'uflu cnce of His example. - Dr. Thomas mokes the stoty of ADAM’p/fail “ a kind of poem,—a song sung to the childhood of our race ” (“Origin and Destiny of Man,” p. 53.) Further, he says (Ibid., p.'SG); “In relation to tho Adamic transgression I must contend THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1878—SIXTEEN PAGES. against the doctrine that wo inherit guilt because there was sin in the first pair.” Be lieving, as he does, that wo do not inherit guilt from Adam, —that “in Adam's fall wo sinned [not] all,” —he has no need to provide for a vicarious atonement. There is no room in his system for the doctrine of “expiation.” To his mind Cueist is only a Great Exemplar, as Confucius, Zoroaster, Marcus Aurelius, and Mohammed were in a less degree. Secondly, Dr. Thomas says In reference to the final condition of the wicked I have never doubted, nor do I doubt, the fact of future or after-death punishment. Whatever may be the condition of the cost or the nature of their suffering, i cannot conceive of Iliac condition under the government of a just God as being worse than non-existence. As to the duration and results of that punishment, whether it be eternal or cor rective, resulting in reformation or ending in anni hilation. 1 have not reached any settled conviction. The subject has cost roe almost unutterable mental suffering, and I And myself as the years goby growing Into a larger hope for mankind. He believes (“ Origin and Destluy of Man,” p. H>B) that Heaven and Hell begin in this world”; that (Ibid., p, 1(19) “it is not essen tial we should believe in endless punishment in order to be Christians”; that “a wrath ful or vindictive punishment” of mau by God is “absolutely unthinkable.’- (Ibid., p. 171.} This, of course, is XJuiversalism. The moment it becomes optional for a church member to believe in endless punishment or not, the doctrine is of no consequence in the creed of the Church. It is n mere bugaboo to frighten timid women aud children, and might as well be dropped. Dr. Thomas’ third statement is as follows On the question of the inspiration of the Script ures, 1 should lind difficulty ia accepting the ver bal theory, but i do fully believe that the men who wrote the Scriptures were Inspired, and that these Scriptures contain in substance the word of God; aim I think that those who have heard me speak frequently, ora careful reading of my print ed discourses, will bear me out in the truthfulness ot these statements. Confirmation of this is found in the vol ume already quoted from, where it is said (page 100): “There is not a man in the world that .knows certainly who wrote the book of Genesis, the book of Exodus, of Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.” On another page we hud this: “Nobody knows, or ever will know, whether wo have in the New Testan#nt the exact words that Cubist uttered.” This view is correctly and mildly described by one of Dr. Thomas’ clerical brethren as “ unorthodox.” There is much more of the same sort in his printed discourses, as when he subscribes to the theory that Adam was not the first man, but only the first white man, thus con victing Genesis of a paltry quibble, aud that the Darwinian theory, though not yet proved, is in a way of being proved. But enough has been told already to show how greatly Dr. Thomas is at variance with the views ollicially promulgated by his Church. It is not the purpose of this article to judge whether he or the Church is right, or to express an opinion as to the action of either in the future, but merely to provide material for the reader to draw his own conclusions from, and to follow the further progress of the controversy in an intelligent way. TEE COUNTY RING’S SCHEME. T].»o latest expedient of the County King to gain some popular support for tho pro posed issue of $750,000 bonds may be found in the following resolutions offered by “ Ee former” WirEF.r.Ki:, and passed by the Board: Whereas, It is represented by the press of the City of Chicago that the County Board of Cook County can, by a judicious management of the af fairsof the county, defray the current expenses of the connty for the various institutions, and at the same time retain sutllcicnt money from the tax levy to prosecute the work on the Court-House; and Whereas, It is estimated by the County Board that it win require the fnjl amount,of the tax-levy to defray the current expenses-.of thu*coinity urf- r tier the most judicious-.inui economical manage ment of county affairs, • without appropriating a dollar to the Building Fund; and Whereas, H is desirable to continue work on the Court-House, provided funds can be raised for the purpose; therefore, Jieeolvtd , That the Citizens* Association of the City of Chicago be, and they are hereby, earnestly requested to appoint a committee of their own number to mceta committcc of tho County Board, for the purpose of devising tho best means for raising funds to continue the work on the Court- House building. Whether these resolutions were offered and adopted in the assurance that somebody connected with the Citizens’ Association, could be found to indorse the bond issue, or whether they were merely designed to se- cure the consent of the Association to a con ference with the hope that even such recog nition would give the Ring countenance, we hope the Citizens* Association will not bo caught with any such chaff. Tho case in hand is not one that requires any consulta tion, and the Citizens* Association should not encourage the Ring, even to that extent. There is just one Citizens’ Association to pass upon this proposition, aud that is the taxpayers. who are asked to mortgage their property $750,000 more than it is now mortgaged for the benefit of a scheming, un scrupulous, anu voracious Ring. It is simply insolent on the part of the County Ring to ask any association of citi zens to consult with them as to whether the appropriations for next year can bo reduced so as to save money enough to go on with tlie Court-House work. Tho facts are so clear that ho who runs may read. The County King have exhausted the entire tax levy in appropriations for tho general ex penses, —all the money they are permitted by the Constitution to levy against the prop erty. After providing for the payment of the interest on the indebtedness, there re mained §l,K*:>,7. : >o, and this vast sum was divided up among the different departments and institutions. Tho appropriations for the very same departments and institutions list 3'ear were §700,000, and tho year before §(!07,-ISO. That is to say, the King to mn up the general expenses the coming year § IOO,- 5.70 more than they were this last year, and §170,070 more than the year before, when Lhe indicted Commissioners ran the affairs of the county. Such n proposition is too pre posterous to admit of any consultation. It needs no conference to determine that over 33 per cent more money is not required to pay tho expenses for the coming year Ilian was required two years ago, when it is n matter of common notoriety that the de mands of tho paupers and tho cost of every thing purchased by tho county have decreased 33 per cent. Tho simple fact is, that tho County Bing has exhausted the tax-levy in appropriations for general expenses in order to create the impression; that work on, tho; Court-House wiU be stopped unless the bonds be voted • but tho device iis tod transparent to deceive anybody. Why should $115,000 be voted for tho County Clerk’s office; when only SBO,OOO were voted for the last year of Dike’s extravagant administration? Why should $13,000 be voted for keepings the County Building clean' and in repair, when §lo,ooo' sufficed for that purpose last year? Why should the cost of running the In sane Asylum bo increased this year to sllO,OOO, or neariy double what it was last year? Why should the County Agent be authorized to expend $150,000 this year, when SIOO,OOO was more than enough for him last year? Why should $85,000 be spent on the Hospital this year, as against SOO,OOO last year and $50,000 the year before ? "Why should $32,000 bo ap propriated for outdoor relief, when $20,000 was regarded us enough last year ? Why should there bo an item of $47,000 for “ mis cellaneous expenses ” that did not appear at all in last year's appropriations ? The same answer applies to all these questions, viz.: It was designed to swell every item till the tax-levy should be exhausted, and leave noth ing for the Court-House, and then say to the public, “ You must vote the bonds or the work must stop.” The proposition to vote $750,000 bonds is plainly a steal. The sum originally fixed upon was $500,000. but $250,000 were added as a fund to help carry through the job. The popular approval of this proposition would enable the Ring to steal between $000,900 and $700,000 during the next twelve mouths. Enough money can be saved out of the gen eral tax-levy to pursue the work, and this will bo done if the Ring bo forced to it. They will be forced to it if the people re fuse to vote the bonds. No committee of the Citizens’ Association is necessary to con vince the people that this is the proper course, nor could any such committee con vince the people of the contrary. The Ring should not be countenanced to the extent of a conference on the subject, but all good citizens should turn their efforts in the di rection of electing five good men, whom there is every reason to believe tbo Repub lican ticket has presented this year, as the first step toward dislodging the present cor rupt gang. Pending this achievement, no bonds should be voted on any pretext. THE LOCAL CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGN. The Congressional nominations in the three Chicago districts are now full. In the First, the Republicans have nominated Will iam Aldrich; the Democrats, J. R. Doo little, Jr.; and the Grcenbackers, William Y. Barr. In the Second, the Republicans have nominated George R. Davis; the Democrats, Milks Kehoe; and the Green backers, James Felch. In the Third, the Republicans have nominated Hiram Barber, Jr.; the Democrats, Lambert Tree (invol untary); and the Greenbackers, A, B. Cob- Nell. The riffraff nominated by the Inde pendent Greenbackers aud Socialists is not of sufficient importance to specify, as it will not make a ripple m the election, nor for purposes of comparison is it necessary to consider the regular Greenback nominations, as they will make scarcely any impression upon the vote of the three districts. The real light in every district is between a Ropub- licau nnd a Democrat; the real issue is be tween honest money ahd dishonest money ; and wo have every reason to believe that Chicago, and tho towns nnd counties embraced in the thr.ee, districts, will send three houest-mouey • Republicans to Con gress, leave three soft-money Democrats at home, aud utterly squelch the nine Fintists aud Socialists who have the temerity to cum ber up the ticket, for no apparent purpose except to delay tho counting of the final re sult. - It does not needi. much argument and but very little comparison to show that tho Republican nominations are immeasurably stronger than the Democratic, and that the Republicans have placed men in the field who deserve to win andwiJlwin if the taxpay ing, Intelligent, and' respectable class of citizens do their Every Democratic candidate represents dlnaucial repudiation and dishonesty, and : h"niust them the re serves of the Church;‘|.tJje schoolhouse, the workshop, and the coratfingrroom should be brought up. ' In the First District, tho Democratic nominee is the sou of v his fatherland par takes of tho mania fcj£' office which has al ways been characteristic: of the family, and has become a chronic comxfiaint. As to abilit}*, there is no reason why ho should havo been chosen in preference to a thou sand and one other lawyers of his calibre. So far as any service jto tho city is con cerned, that has yet to bo performed, and will not bo of any more’importance than the usual style of service rendered by profession- al politicians. So far as principle is con cerned, he is all things? to all men. He se cured the Democratic nomination, and then got an independent Greenback nomination by cutting under the regular Fiat candidate and offering to go still deeper into the ab surdities of the Fiat lunacy. Ho is now pandering to the Communists in order to got their vote in the Fifth and Sixth Wards, and will leave no stone unturned to muster the votes of the most corrupt nud dangerous elements in the district nud array them against the Republicans: As against this man, without without political princi ple, without experience, without any fixed standing, known only to the public as on inveterate office-seeker, the Republicans have nominated Mr. Aldrich, who has already served one term, is thoroughly ac quainted with the wants.of his district, and will bo all the better qualified to represent • his constituency by reason of his experience iu Congress. He is a successful and honor able merchant, who has reflected credit upon tbe commercial reputationbf Chicago at liomo and abroad, an advocate of honest money,—a man whose personal character is above re proach, and whoso record for honesty and manliness is without stain, —and a legislator who did all that could be done for Chicago in a Democratic Congress.. In the Second District, the chronic Demo cratic office-seeker, Miles Kehoe, heads the ticket. Like his associate on the South Side, he, too, is the representative of dishonest money, and has that remarkable de gree of ability and qualification for the position of Congressman which can only be acquired by long and intimate con nection with the potty details of ward poli tics and the manipulation of saloon bummers. Ho is nominated to succeed a man immeas urably superior to him in ability, whatever may be thought of his aquiline eccentricities. His nomination is clearly to bo traced to the sentimental indignation of the Irish against Mr. Harrison for voting against Gen. Shields iu his candidacy for Doorkeeper of the Honse; but the American and German Democrats, and the better and more sensible portion of the Irish, take very little stock in this indignation, and are not so well satisfied with the slaughter of Sir. Harrison as to lend very enthusiastic aid in the election of so small a man as Sliles Kexzoe to fill his place. Against him the Republicans have placed George 11. Davis, a young and rising man of honorable record, and full of energy and industry. lu Congress he. will, be a live worker, and ho : will go there with as high and honorable a reputation as any man on the floor. He has no axes to grind, ho ward bummers to recom pense. His honorable career as a citizen, his success in his profession, and bis sterling qualities as a man; commend him to the voters of his district, and will undoubtedly secure votes for him from the opposition. In the Third District, the energetic and enthusiastic manner in which the Republic an candidate, Air. Barbed, has already cpn ducted the campaign, and his great popularity among voters of all parties, have so com pleted demoralized the Democracy that it looks as if his canvass and election would bo a walk-over. He was nominated with surprising unanimity, and he will be elected in the same manner. Against his involun tary competitor, Judge Tree, there is nothing to be said. He is a 'gentleman of unblem ished reputation and high professional posi tion, and, if it wore possible to defeat Mr. Barber, the regret would be tempered with the reflection that he was beaten by such an eminent citizen. As the Democratic Con gressional Committee, however, has gone begging with the nomination, and ns it has finally, after repeated declinations, forced it upon Judgo v Tree, who does not want the office, aud will spend neither money nor time in the race, and os it is going to drag him over the course a dead, inert weight, it is evident enough that, if the Re publicans of the Third District do their duty on the sth of November, Mr. Barber will bo elected by an overwhelming majority. The prospects in. all three districts are good for a Republican victory. To insure that victory it is only necessary for every Republican to vote and work for his candi date, to be active in rallying the whole strength of the party, and to watch the ballot-boxes with vigilance. Chicago has a largo majority for honest money. If it docs not cost that majority, it can only be cither because of the supinencss]of Republicans, or because their majority has been obliterated by corrupt aud dishonest means. PAYING DEBTS IN FIAT MONEY. Thcre are a great number of persons in all parts of the country who are in debt and whose land is in mortgage, and who, because of the depreciation in the value of property, as sume that if Congress would authorize the issue of “absolute paper money ” in suffi cient quantity it would sink in value so much and be so abundant that, being legal tender, existing debts could bo paid oH and mortgages discharged at a reduction of one half or one-quarter of their amount in pres- ent money. Wo suppose—nnd all the facts and circum stances justify the supposition—that, were it not for the expectation and hope that the is sue of this scrip would in some way enable a man to pay his existing debts at a compara tively small cost to himself, the advocates of fiat shiuplastcrs would be few and far be tween. The argument runs thus: Ais a farmer owing a mortgage on his land for $5,000, bearing 9 per cent interest. 13 is a mechanic owing a* mortgage on his homo of $1,500, hearing 8 per cent interest. Wheat is sell ing at $1 per bushel, and wages are $2 a day. If fiat money be issued, it will depreciate to 25 or 30 cents on the dollar; wheat will sell for $3 or $4 per bushel, and wages will nse to $0 or $8 per day in this cheap stuff. The mouej', being legal-tender, can be forced on creditors and employed to pay off mortgages, after which these persons will havo no fur ther interest in or desire for'fiat money. It is only because these tempting induce ments are held out by office-seeking dema gogues that jiersous, embarrassed finan cially, favor a scheme which their good sense, common honesty, nnd past experience must convince them is fallacious and ruin ous. This they all admit, but they expect it to hold out long enough to disembarrass them, and then they will not care how soon the trash is abolished. They regard it as a kink of new-fangled bankrupt law, which will enable the desperately-embarrassed debtor to retain his property nnd sponge out his obligations at the same time. Does it never occur to these persons that it is possible they aro.following a delusion ; that they are cheating themselves, and that it is n?t in the power of Congress, short of a total revolution, to make any such fiat money ns is proposed a legal-tender to pay any debt now existing ? Will they consider the facts and circumstances, and then say what chance they can have to pay off existing debts in fiat paper ? The Congress, in ISG2, under the irresisti ble necessities of war, issued Treasury notes which promised on their face to pay “ dollars ” to the bearer. These notes were made legal-tender, A “ dollar ”as then de fined by the laws of the United States rep resented a given weight of gold or a given weight of silver of certain proportions ns to fineness. The legal-tender notes thus issued, while not dollars and not professing to be dollars of themselves, were promises to pay coin dollars. There is, therefore, a very wide and natural distinction be tween the issue of paper notes to circulate as money, which are the promises of the Government to pay the bearer in gold or silver “ dollars,” and paper of no value in itself, and containing no promise to pay in anything, but purporting to be “dollars” in fact as well as in law. The Supremo Court of the United States sustained the validity of the greenbacks because of the necessity which demanded the loan in that form, and because thej' were issued in anticipation of the public revenue, they being made payable out of tbe public revenue, arid because they were payable in coin dollars. The Court said: It is clear these notes are obligations of the United State*. Their name imports obligation, and everj* one or them hears on its face a promise to pay a certain pain. The dollar-note Is a premise to pay a dollar; and the dollar intended is the coin dollar of the United Stale*, —a cerium weight and fineness of gold or silver. It is clear that if the United States, under the power to borrow money, must issue to the lender an obligation to pay him dol lars, meaning the constitutional coin dollars of the United States, the issue of paper dollars not in the nature of an obligation or a promise to pay, in coin or any other form of dollars of value, is something wholly dif ferent, is nob a loan, is not borrowing money, and is not the hind,. quality, or character of paper intended for circulation which the Court decided could lawfully be made a legal-tender. The greenbacks being notes redeemable in coin, and the fiat paper dollar being some thing entirely different, nothing in the word, spirit, intent, or meaning of-the Court in declaring the greenback lawful can have any authority or application to the issue of fiat money. * • • AU the existing private debts in tlie United States are payable in gold, or in coin, or in “lawful money,” which includes greenbacks and coin. There are coin debts existing un der special written contracts, which con tracts the Snpremo Court has upheld. In some Stales taxes are, by State laws, made payable in coin, and the Court has affirmed that even greenbacks are not legal-tender in payment of such taxes. In the absence of special contracts, all private debts are . paya ble by law in coin, or in -greenbacks, which in turn are to be redeemed in coin. We have shown that the Court has held that greenbacks are themselves a contract to pay the bearer coin dollars. If there were any doubt as to this, the act of Congress of 18CU “solemnly pledged” the national faith to mate provision at the earliest practicable 145, or GC per cent, were orphans or h period for “the redemption of the United orphans. Of 270 youthful criminals s t States notes in coin.” That was a pledge the Western House of Kefuge, in Uoch i*° that the promise of the notes should bo Jf. Y„ last year, 15 were orphans 7d kept. Six years later Congress fixed the half-orphans, the parents of 39 had date at which the notes should be so re- rated, 70 had intemperate parents deemed in gold and silver dollars. were the children of criminals. That is All the debts in the United States existing homes of 232 out of 270 had been destro 1 at this time are, therefore, by contract, and by death, iutemperance, licentiousne/* by contract having the force of law, payable crime. , 8 > or in coin, or in national notes promising re- 0f lbe 7,009 inmates of IV-form . demption in coin, and which by contract on iu tlie United States in 1S(;S .. the part of the Government are payable on were orphans or half-orphans OM? and after a certain date iu gold and silver. yonths eoramitt6d tbe JnTel^,e p Now we submit to the good sense and in- tiary at llettray, France, 201 were foamW telhgent judgment of those tn debt who ad- G 47 were illegitimates, 2SI bad , voente fiat money, whether, m case Con- in illicit union, 501 had stenfather- orl* gress should direct on issue of fiat paper, motUers> and IG - 7 were rs?eP they can ever expect to discharge an existing Mr , Bo.vxevix.le de Mxpsaxgv a <1:-.- : contract legally payable in coin, or paper g nished jarigt of F and au ’ promismg to pay com, with scrip which is momber of tho ParHamentarT not a national obligation, which is not a onPrisoll and Reform, and whose oh promise to pay coin which is not redeema- t, oa aad e;q)erieucQ eatitla him to blo in com at a specified date, or at any time, in anthorit y f 6ays: .. n is tbis anything whatever and which professes to be noranti aeglected iaf wMch , t a *£ idollars other than the coin dollars of the pariod wUI constituto e . Jtiro United States of certain weights m gold or crimiua , 9 . stady tbo anteeedent “ “wl , adult criminals, and you will find that, with We have shown wo think, that the issue tbe greater part of tha mJral of fiat paper dollars is something wholly sity whicll bas C3ased their ‘ distinct from the issue of paper promises to early childhood” m pay coin dollars, and. therefore, there is no llj(ving estaW!slled a fact tlut jg „ analogy whatever between the legal reason- eraUy coacedcd( _ aamcl that ignoraaet mg which declare tlic latter issue to be legal vice , and aeglact in th m * under all the circumstances and tho claim for stones t 0 crime ia aftcr Ufe _ llr the issue of fiat money. The issue of “ fiat” llext tncd to show that the m ’ f money would bo an entirely new question, class of cbildraa could be saved to good cili without precedent and without one word of zaaßbip with raasoaabla carß and „ judicial suggestion. and tbat by jjjg U3Q of tbese preTent j ve °\ Do any of these men who favor the issue cies crime and paaparism conld bc * of tons of “ Cat ” scrip in tho hope of finding diminished. The history of 24,000 children a relief in paying their present debts, believe wbo weat out from the various institution! that any Court, or any Judge of any Court, in of tbe United States shows that 75 p er cenf the United States would sanction such a were saved to society; and of 4 000 youth.! doctrine ns that Congress could “ borrow ” trained at Metlray, France, within thirty money in time of peace and give no token or seven yearSi only 5 per ceat re i flpscd evidence of its liability and of the criminal courses. national obligation to redeem tho loan In England, in 1834, pauperism had so in.' in the “dollars" of tho country, creased that it cost tho people §32 000 000 which the Courts from 1789 to IS7S have annually. Crime had increased in like nib held to mean the coin dollars of the United Especially was this true of juvenile crime. States? Not one creditor would accept a Vagrant children, under the skillful teach, dollar of such money in liquidation of his mgs c f such rascals as Dickens describes old claim; no Court would recognize the tender to be in “Oliver Twist," graduated of such “ money ”as having any legal value at is and 20 adepts in all criminal practices, or price; and tho fiat scrip, branded with il- Thirty years ago the people and the Govern, legality, would perish in the hands of the raont turned attention to tho establishment dupes who should seek it, intending to use ot orphan asylums and industrial schools for it to discharge debts without the employ- those not tainted with crime, and other insti ment of any money. tutions of a reformatory character for older’ ; and criminal classes. Into these over 3,000 children were soon gathered, and so sac. cessful have they proved in saving chil dren that tho Government now appro priates $900,000 annually for their main tenance. And the money is not spent in vain, as the statistics show. Thus,' in IS3G. before this system went into opera tion, with a population of fifteen million!*, 10,125 were sentenced to imprisonment, 3,Gil to penal servitude, and 4,273 to transporta-, lion to Australia, —a total of 18,009 convic tiors. But in 1875, with a population of ■ 23,500,000, only 9,282 were sentenced to im prisonment and 1,030 to penal servitude,—a total of 10,921. That is, while population had increased 50 per cent, crime had dimin ished 40 per cent. Under the old system crime had increased in a much more rapid ratio than population, as it is doing in some sections of this country. So much for that aspect of this interesting subject. i Thcro-is another important phasd ** of criminality that is already attracting con siderable attention in this country, which is/* quite distinct from the juvenile-delinquent view of the matter. How is society toderi with the educated criminals that at present: iufest it, —tbe Spexcees, the Axc.ells, the . Chaces, the Hatha wats, and others of that CRIME AND EDUCATION. The criminal classes have become so large in-tho United States, and arc increasing so rapidly, that statesmen and patriots are filled with dismay when they contemplate the pos sibilities of the near future. There Is no doubt but that a large majority of the people in every civilized community are better than their forefathers; but it cannot be disputed that -wickedness has made a corresponding progress in the race with goodness. The rascals of to-day are smarter and more cun ning than their ancestors. A higher degree of intelligence has been applied to the com mission of crime. An ignoramus may steal a horse or a pocketbook, or commit a burg lary, but it requires business tact, cuuping, shrewdness, and skill to get control of a corporation, hoodwink the Direct ors and stockholders of a joint-stock company, gobble its assets, and elope and live like a Prince in some foreign Capital. A successful highwayman or murderer would lack the capacity required in an accomplished forger or counterfeiter. The Evil One, who sowed tares amongst the wheat while the husbandman slept, has not always confined bis labors to agriculture, but has invaded the higher domain of intelli gence, and poisoned the fountains of educa tion. Somehow that portion of the moral universe presided over by the Devil is more prolific and easier of cultivation than that devoted to the best interests of the human race. Weeds, thistles, and brambles seem to nourish without the husbandman’s atten tion, while wheat, corn, oud cotton require unceasing industry and attention. On the other hand, tramps, burglars, defaulters, and thieves of all sorts, big and little, seem to be indigenous to the soil, and multiply accord ing to the highest arithmetical series. The crimiual classes in this country are not only very large already and constantly increasing, but they are maintained at a most extravagant and enormous expense. By our present complicated and expensive legal machinery, the business of arresting, indicting, trying, convicting, sentencing, and maintaining a convict is oftentimes tcu times more costly to the taxpayers, simply viewed from the money standpoint, than it would bo to have graduated him with the highest honors of his class at either of the best educational institutions in the land. And persons interested in the study of sociology begin to ask if it is not everyway better to prevent crime than to punish it. The best educators have long advocated this doctrine, and have patiently awaited the decision of the stupid public, that can only be reached sometimes through the pocket. The pocket-nerve is getting more and more sensitive, as the bills for the support of criminals are paid. What can be done ? Some advanced thinkers and writers upon the subject say that the State must begin at the fountain-head and educate all pauper and otherwise dependent children, and thus convert into good citizens the class that are sure to vex and torment ns, if left to them selves. That is on the theory that educa tion is the great and infallible panacea for the prevention of crime; but is it? Can bad blood be purified by intellectual and moral culture so that the vicious tendency of heredity may be overcome? Educators often become specialists, and specialists be come extremists. But statistics seem to prove that education, moral and intellectual, is the best and only cure for crime. What one vicious family is capable of doing in the line of evil is well told by JVIr. Dugdale in his remarkable history of the Juke family. In this family, running through six genera tions, there were 20G paupers, 70 criminals, and 128 prostitutes. All these were reared in ignorance and neglect, and surrounded by bad influences from early childhood. iEsop's fable about roiling the water up stream holds good in the blood of the hu man race as well. familiar couplet, ’Tis education forms the common mind. Just as the twig is bent the tree’* Inclined, r? is ns trno to-day as ever. At a State Con vention of the Directors of Uie Poor, held recently at Pittsburg, Mr. L. P. Auden, Superintendent of the State School for De pendent Children, Coldwater, Mich., read a paper to show that the ranks of onr paupers and criminals are chiefly recruited from neg lected and dependent children. Some of Mr. Auden's statistics are worthy of re capitulation and serious attention. In Michi gan, out of 252 cases of juveniles arrested for crime in 1576, 143, or 57 per cent, were orphans or half-orphans. Oat of 217 sent the same year to the .Ohio Reform-School. ilk, who rob by the thousand, and who prey upon those classes in the community who are least able to defend themselves? 'Who will undertake the reformation of the ras- ■ I cals that wreck life-insurance companies, rob savings banks, steal joint-stock corpora tions, and gobble railroads? The environ ment-of nearly all these men was the home, the school, the college, and the Chnrch of Christ, and they are therefore estopped from entering the plea of being surrounded *by evil influences in their childhood, or that; they carried the fatal taint of heredity which caused their downfall and mined their good names. Hero is a new field for the Christian? the philanthropist, and the moral ; reformer to cultivate. THE SCOTCH BAHE-FAILUBE. The report of the experts who have been engaged in examining the affairs of the City of Glasgow Bank makes a showing which must* deprive Spencer of the medal be has been wearing around Europe as the cham pion bank-wreckcr. The system of opera* tious was very much the same os Spencer's, . but the scale was more gigantic. Where Spencer speculated in dollars, the Scotch- Directors speculated in pounds; and where* Spencer swindled by thousands, his Scotch ... imitators swindled by millions. The bank was completely gutted the assets literally exhausted, the liabilities grossly undorMti- 4 mated, the accounts falsified, and the share-’ holders plundered. Nearly $30,000,000 havfl ‘ been squandered, during the bust five years, while the Directors regularly declared annual. dividends of 12 per cent in order to keep up • the deception and continue their opportuni ties for plunder. Some of the items of this monstrous coafl- deuce game may be repeated in order to show that bunk-wrecking is an art not con fined to the United States. The books of the Glasgow concern failed to show nearly 50,000,000 of bills that had been accepted and were payable. The credits of the hank • were similarly exaggerated by nearly $5,000,- 000 more. The shareholders were led to be- • lieve that the bank had loaned oil good fie- ; curities about .$5,700,000 more than had actually been invested in that way. They likewise exaggerated the value of the securi ties actually on hand by about $20,000,000, • • The note issue of the bank was limited by ! charter to £72,921, or about $3C0,000; th® law required that any issue in excess of this ; amount should bo covered by an actual reserve of* coin in the hank vaults* The note circulation was run op to £G01,190, or . about $3,200,000, while the actual coin in the vaults, in the hands of the tellers, and in all the branches amounted to only £293,515, or considerably less than $1,500,000, so that there was a defi cit here to the amount of about $1,700,000. In order to circulate this unlawful surplus of notes, the Bonk Directors had falsified thrir weekly reports to the Government as.to the .' amount of bullion on hand. - The. management of the City of Glasgow Bank was as criminal as that of any saving 3 institution in this country which has been bankrupted by similar practices. Specula tion, favoritism, loans on worthless securi ties, the declaration of dividends that bad never been earned, carrying utterly bad notes; as assets, and false swearing id