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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, October 20, 1878, Image 4

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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SOCIETY MEETINGS.
WASHINGTON CHAPTER, NO. 43. R. A. M.—
Fpt-clul ConviM*.aUon Thursday cv< ning. *t 7:30 o'clock,
Oct. 34. at hall corner of Randolph and lla:»ted-sta.,
for work on the **Counc!l Decrci.” All Royal Arch
Masons in this Grand Jurisdiction are fraternally in
vited to meet with id, aud receive the degrees. By or
der HENRY M UNITERM AN, 11. P.
CHARLES 1). WRIGHT, SccioUry.
COVENANT LODGE, NO. 526. A. F. *A. M.— Spe
cial Communication Friday evening, Oct. 25, at 7:30
o'clock, at Corinthian Hall, 187 East Klnzie-st. Work
on ilie M. M. Degree. Visiting brethren arc cordially
Invited. The members are also requested to attend.
Ly order M, W. WOLSELKY, W. M.
WILLIAM KERR, Secretary.
CHIOAGO COMMANDERY, NO. in. K. T.-Statcd
Conclave.-Monday evpnlna, Oct. .21. IS7S. at Asylum,
comerHaisled and ICamlolplfsts. Aiull attendance
r:vjucstcd. Visiting Sir Kulßlits courteously Invited,
ju order of tbc Eminent Commander.
JAMES E. MEGINN, Recorder.
I. O. O. F.—EXCELSIOR ENCAMPMENT fonl
•■formed). No. IfW.—Hall Twenty-second-st.. bcUveen
State-tit- and Wabaali-ar. First, Second, and Third De
crees conferred uext Friday evening, Uct. 25. Vl»Jtlug
brother* Invited. By order _ _
A. 11. WAGGENER, C. P.
VAN RENSSELAER GRAND I.ODGF. OF PERFEC
tIon, A. <t A. Scottish Rite Masons, will hold a Special
Assembly on Thursday evening next. Work en the
Fourth and Fifth Degrees. By order of
AMOS PETTIBONE, T. P. G. M.
EU. GOODALE, Grand Secretary.
BLAIR LODGE, NO. 303. A. F. & AfM.-Regu
}«r Communication Monday evening. 2lsl Inst., at
I I-?;.- Masons’ Hall, 76 Monroe-st., at 7:3oo’clock, for
business and work on the M. M. Degree. Visiting
brethren cordially invited. By order of
D. 11. DICKINbON. W. M.
LAFAYETTE CHAPTER, - NO. 2. R, A. M.-Tlali.
7i> Monroe-st. —Visitor* cordially Invited to meet with
u- !n S|HM-ial Convocation.. Monday evening, Oct. 21, at
I ;yo o’clock, for work onP. and M, K. Degrees.
W. D. REID. U. P.
K N. TUCKER, Secretary.
CORINTHIAN CHAPTER NO. 69. R. A. M.—
Social Convocation Monday evening. Oct. 21, at 7:30
o'clock. Work on tlie P. and M. K. M. Degree. Visit
ing Companions arc cordially invited. By order.
U. W. BARNARD, H. P.
APOLLO COMMANDERY. NO. 1. K. T.-Speclsl
Conclave next Tuesday evening, at S o’clock. The Or
th r of the Temple will he eonlcnvd. Visitors are
courteously invited. By order of the Commander.
J. IL DUNi-UP, Recorder.
RT. BERNARD COMMANDERY. NO. 35, K. T.-
Sprclal Conclave Wednesday evening. Oct. 23, at7;3o
o’clock. Work on Hie Order of the Red Cross. Visit-
Jug Companion* arc courteously Invited, r.y order
,1. S. WHITE, E. C.
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1876,
In New York on Saturday greenbacks
ruled at 119} cents on the dollar.
The Tribune’s Milwaukee correspondent,
having carefully surveyed the field, pro
nounces Matt Carpenter politically dead.
Definite advices from "Waterproof, La.,
declare that the rumored insurrection of ne
groes in Tensas Parish had little or no foun-
dation.
A respectable colored woman yesterday
positively identified John Lamb as tho man
who fired the pistol which resulted in the
death of Officer Race. Lamb, who had been
in custody, was remanded.
The National Democratic Committee, like
the Fiat baby, has inflated and busted. It
has closed its doors at "Washington, and W.
IL Barnuh, the Chairman, has gone hack to
the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, where
he has resided ever since ho was elected Sen
ator from Connecticut.
At Memphis, yesterday morning, hundreds
of people rose early to see the frost who
perhaps had not seen the sun rise in years,
and when they saw the frost, like frolicsome
schoolboys, they gathered it up into little
balls. Tho fever is now certain to abate in a
few hours, or days at furthest.
Yesterday morning a gang of desperadoes
a< tempted to capture an east-bound train on
tlie Kansas Pacific Railroad near Fort Hark
cr. The train-men, with more than average
courage, however, repulsed the robbers aud
captured the lender, one Mike Rourke, who
is now safe in jail at Brookville.
The new Canadian Ministry was announced
yesterday, os follows: Interior, Sir John A.
Macdonald; Finance, S. L. Tillet; Public
Works, Charles Tuppee ; Agriculture, J. J.
Pope; President of the Council, John
O'Connor.' James McDonald, Member of
the Privy Council.and Minister of Justice.
The Committee appointed to* investigate
tho charges against Congressman Acklek, of
Louisiana, report in favor of his removal
from the ticket, and, in view of the fact that
a general Convention cannot meet, the Com
mittee requests the Congressional Committee
to name a candidate in place of Acklen.
Another Democratic official of Congress
3ms been overhauled in the commission of
crime. John Ki.inck, messenger to the
Clerk of tho House, was detected yesterday
in purloining letters, abstracting drafts, and
forging the name of Green Adams, Chief
Clerk. The evidences of his guilt were
found in his trunk.
An important arrest of counterfeiters was
made by Detective Peekixs, of the Govern
ment force, in Bradford County, Pennsylva
nia, yesterday. The gang was well supplied
with $lO notes on the First National of La
fayette, Ind., $3 notes on the Hanover (Pa.)
National, and counterfeit gold and silver
coin of all denominations.
J. O. Landht, State Register of Voters in
Louisiana, decides" that “ the National party
is a faction,” and not entitled to representa
tion on Election Boards with the Republicans
and Democrats. As this decision is final,
tho probabilities are that Sam-Cast’s and
Aewauee Smith’s friends in Louisiana will
be returned on the lists as “ scattering.”
Tho National Republican Committee ad
vises the lowa Republicans to give tho ques
tion of electing Congressmen in November
a thoughtful consideration, assigning the
veiy proper reason that past experience
demonstrates that a Democratic majority is
capable of almost any political outrage. In
view of even this contingency, tho last
House changed the rules, and clothed the
Clerk -with absolute arbitrary power. The
Committee urges the party to take no
chances, ns it cannot compete with the De
mocracy in rascality.
The London Titties yesterday declared the
Glasgow bank-failure to bo “ the result of
mismanagement and long-continued fraud, *»
and that the total loss will aggregate
SC, 200,000.
.S 1.50
5.00
The Count3 r Commissioners’ Ring con
template asking the people to put a mort
gage of $750,000 upon the taxable property
of Cook County, In IS7G it cost SGC7,4SO
and in 1877 $700,000 to run the several de
partments and institutions of the county.
These appropriations were denounced as ex
orbitant Will the taxpaj'ers consent to in
crease the latter sum $403,550 ?
Ben Butler has been reading up ancient
history, ami feels encouraged. Before
Sylla defeated young Marius, ho saw two
goats fighting. Old Strabismus saw two
goats fighting on Boston Common, which he
considers a favorable augury. If ho would
only sacrifice Kearney and exhibit his
pauuch, the people might be reconciled to
Butler as. Consul for one year.
Tom Ewino. who barely got himself re
turned to Congress, was delivered of a lot of
stuff in Washington yesterday. In the face
of the temperate and sensible opinions of
Senator McDonald, Ewino declares that
*• opposition to resumption and bank money
carried Ohio by 30,000 and Indiana by
45,000, aud gained eleven Congressmen.”
Ewing’s figures, like his rhetoric, are unman
ageable. ___
An important decision was rendered yes
terday by an Indiana Court touching the re
sponsibility of bondsmen. John A. Droeg
2IEYEB, Treasurer of Fort Wayne, proved a
defaulter in-the sum of $50,000. He bad
just been re-elected, and when the city
brought suit to recover it was found that the
names of his second bondsmen were all
forged. The city then sued on the original
bond, and got a verdict for $17,200.
Col. Abner Taylor, one of the candidates
for Senator of the First District, publishes a
card making a proposition to Mr. George E,
"White, which, if accepted, will settle the
Senatorial imbroglio in the district at once.
The Colonel is evidently disgusted with the
shape the thing has assumed. Ho is tired
of attempted arbitrations, and is not disposed
to leave so grave a matter to a game of
chance, or to skill in cards of “mutual
friends.” Ho has all along professed a will
ingness to withdraw unconditionally if
White would do the same, in order that a
new man, on whom the whole party could
unite, might be placed on the ticket aud be
elected Senator. If Mr. White is sincere in
his declaration that he is willing to withdraw
if Taylor does, he has only to signify his
acceptance of the Colonel’s proposition, and
the party will soon supply the vacancy with
some acceptable candidate. If Mr. White
is not sincere, then let him quit fooling and
openly state his intention to sacrifice the
seat if in his power to do so.
THE HERESY OF DR, THOMAS.
The Rock River Conference, in session at
Mount Carroll recently, adopted a series of
resolutions censuring Dr. Thomas. Resi
dents of Chicago and members of the Meth
odist Church throughout the country do not
need to be informed who Dr. Thomas is ;
but, for the benefit of others, it seems well
to explain that ho is a Methodist clergyman
who, though now barely 40 years of age, has
long been prominent in the Northwest. For
a number of years post his liberal tenden
cies have been noticed with apprehension by
the strict constructionists in his own Church,
and with unfeigned pleasure by tho Liberals
themselves. This is not tho first time he
has been remonstrated with by his brethren
in the Church. His connection with the
Chicago Philosophical Society, which i uclnded
in its membership a number of avowed infi
dels, was a source of anxiety to many good
Methodists; and the meetings of the Society
in the rooms of the First Methodist Church,
formerly under Dr, Thomas* pastorate,
were finally •• forbidden. To such a
stage did the dissatisfaction with
his teachings advance that, a few years ago,
when the new assignments of Conference
were made, he was exiled, as it was supposed,
to Aurora. But he made himself felt even
in that comparatively small place. He de
livered there a series of sermons on “ The
Origin and Destiny of Man,” which attracted
the largest audiences in the Northwest.
These sermons have since been published,
aud, though extremely unorthodox, are now
sold largely at the official depository in this
city. From Aurora Dr. Thomas came again
to Chicago, as pastor of the Centenary
Church, which has possibly the largest con
gregation of any Methodist church in the
city. Here he has taught “ advanced views,”
showing some further departures from tho
old standards. These views ho has ex
pounded with such simplicity of stylo and
breadth of learning, such earnestness, grace,
and candor, that, whatever may be the result
of tho present conflict iusido the Church, ho
will always have a large following outside
of it.
The Conference asked Dr. Thomas for a
categorical statement of bis views. lie gave
one, and it was unsatisfactory to his brethrenl
But. inasmuch ns he professed loyalty to the
Church, and promised at least to make him
self clearly understood in the future, it was
deemed best not to arraign him for trial at
once. The Conference was content, there
fore, to pass n series of resolutions distinctly
setting forth the facts, and censuring him.
The last resolution, which was a warning
that persistence in the errors complained of
would provoke a trial, closed ns follows:
We deem it best, in tbc interest of charity and
peace, to take no further action in the premises,
jor the present.
The issue is thus fairly made; and it may
be interesting to inquire, in view of the
prospect of further trouble, precisely what
are the doctrines of Dr. Thomas to which
his brethren take such serious exception. In
the paper submitted by him to the Confer
ence, he made a tolerably clear breast of it;
and from this and his printed sermons it will
be possible to state his opinions without any
chancellor misrepresentation.
His first point was as follows: ;• T
On tho subject of religion, I hold
to what is known as the moral-influence- tilbury.
This is so heterodox that, for all the Con
ference desired to know, Dr. Thomas might
have stopped with it The “ moral-influence
theory” is only n form of modified Uni-,
tarianism: It is a theory that Christ, did
not come into the world to suffer the penalty
of the sins incurred by man through Adam,
but to regenerate society through the i'uflu
cnce of His example. - Dr. Thomas mokes
the stoty of ADAM’p/fail “ a kind of poem,—a
song sung to the childhood of our race ”
(“Origin and Destiny of Man,” p. 53.)
Further, he says (Ibid., p.'SG); “In relation
to tho Adamic transgression I must contend
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1878—SIXTEEN PAGES.
against the doctrine that wo inherit guilt
because there was sin in the first pair.” Be
lieving, as he does, that wo do not inherit
guilt from Adam, —that “in Adam's fall wo
sinned [not] all,” —he has no need to provide
for a vicarious atonement. There is no
room in his system for the doctrine of
“expiation.” To his mind Cueist is only
a Great Exemplar, as Confucius, Zoroaster,
Marcus Aurelius, and Mohammed were in a
less degree.
Secondly, Dr. Thomas says
In reference to the final condition of the wicked
I have never doubted, nor do I doubt, the fact of
future or after-death punishment. Whatever may
be the condition of the cost or the nature of their
suffering, i cannot conceive of Iliac condition
under the government of a just God as being worse
than non-existence. As to the duration and results
of that punishment, whether it be eternal or cor
rective, resulting in reformation or ending in anni
hilation. 1 have not reached any settled conviction.
The subject has cost roe almost unutterable mental
suffering, and I And myself as the years goby
growing Into a larger hope for mankind.
He believes (“ Origin and Destluy of Man,”
p. H>B) that Heaven and Hell begin in this
world”; that (Ibid., p, 1(19) “it is not essen
tial we should believe in endless punishment
in order to be Christians”; that “a wrath
ful or vindictive punishment” of mau by
God is “absolutely unthinkable.’- (Ibid., p.
171.} This, of course, is XJuiversalism. The
moment it becomes optional for a church
member to believe in endless punishment or
not, the doctrine is of no consequence in the
creed of the Church. It is n mere bugaboo
to frighten timid women aud children, and
might as well be dropped.
Dr. Thomas’ third statement is as follows
On the question of the inspiration of the Script
ures, 1 should lind difficulty ia accepting the ver
bal theory, but i do fully believe that the men
who wrote the Scriptures were Inspired, and that
these Scriptures contain in substance the word of
God; aim I think that those who have heard me
speak frequently, ora careful reading of my print
ed discourses, will bear me out in the truthfulness
ot these statements.
Confirmation of this is found in the vol
ume already quoted from, where it is said
(page 100): “There is not a man in the
world that .knows certainly who wrote the
book of Genesis, the book of Exodus, of
Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.”
On another page we hud this: “Nobody
knows, or ever will know, whether wo have
in the New Testan#nt the exact words that
Cubist uttered.” This view is correctly and
mildly described by one of Dr. Thomas’
clerical brethren as “ unorthodox.”
There is much more of the same sort in
his printed discourses, as when he subscribes
to the theory that Adam was not the first
man, but only the first white man, thus con
victing Genesis of a paltry quibble, aud that
the Darwinian theory, though not yet proved,
is in a way of being proved. But enough
has been told already to show how greatly
Dr. Thomas is at variance with the views
ollicially promulgated by his Church. It is
not the purpose of this article to judge
whether he or the Church is right, or to
express an opinion as to the action of either
in the future, but merely to provide material
for the reader to draw his own conclusions
from, and to follow the further progress of
the controversy in an intelligent way.
TEE COUNTY RING’S SCHEME.
T].»o latest expedient of the County King
to gain some popular support for tho pro
posed issue of $750,000 bonds may be found
in the following resolutions offered by “ Ee
former” WirEF.r.Ki:, and passed by the Board:
Whereas, It is represented by the press of the
City of Chicago that the County Board of Cook
County can, by a judicious management of the af
fairsof the county, defray the current expenses of
the connty for the various institutions, and at the
same time retain sutllcicnt money from the tax
levy to prosecute the work on the Court-House;
and
Whereas, It is estimated by the County Board
that it win require the fnjl amount,of the tax-levy
to defray the current expenses-.of thu*coinity urf- r
tier the most judicious-.inui economical manage
ment of county affairs, • without appropriating a
dollar to the Building Fund; and
Whereas, H is desirable to continue work on
the Court-House, provided funds can be raised for
the purpose; therefore,
Jieeolvtd , That the Citizens* Association of the
City of Chicago be, and they are hereby, earnestly
requested to appoint a committee of their own
number to mceta committcc of tho County Board,
for the purpose of devising tho best means for
raising funds to continue the work on the Court-
House building.
Whether these resolutions were offered
and adopted in the assurance that somebody
connected with the Citizens’ Association,
could be found to indorse the bond issue, or
whether they were merely designed to se-
cure the consent of the Association to a con
ference with the hope that even such recog
nition would give the Ring countenance, we
hope the Citizens* Association will not bo
caught with any such chaff. Tho case in
hand is not one that requires any consulta
tion, and the Citizens* Association should
not encourage the Ring, even to that extent.
There is just one Citizens’ Association to
pass upon this proposition, aud that is the
taxpayers. who are asked to mortgage their
property $750,000 more than it is now
mortgaged for the benefit of a scheming, un
scrupulous, anu voracious Ring.
It is simply insolent on the part of the
County Ring to ask any association of citi
zens to consult with them as to whether the
appropriations for next year can bo reduced
so as to save money enough to go on with
tlie Court-House work. Tho facts are so
clear that ho who runs may read. The
County King have exhausted the entire tax
levy in appropriations for tho general ex
penses, —all the money they are permitted
by the Constitution to levy against the prop
erty. After providing for the payment of
the interest on the indebtedness, there re
mained §l,K*:>,7. : >o, and this vast
sum was divided up among the
different departments and institutions.
Tho appropriations for the very same
departments and institutions list 3'ear were
§700,000, and tho year before §(!07,-ISO.
That is to say, the King to mn up
the general expenses the coming year § IOO,-
5.70 more than they were this last year, and
§170,070 more than the year before, when
Lhe indicted Commissioners ran the affairs of
the county. Such n proposition is too pre
posterous to admit of any consultation. It
needs no conference to determine that over
33 per cent more money is not required to
pay tho expenses for the coming year Ilian
was required two years ago, when it is n
matter of common notoriety that the de
mands of tho paupers and tho cost of every
thing purchased by tho county have decreased
33 per cent.
Tho simple fact is, that tho County Bing
has exhausted the tax-levy in appropriations
for general expenses in order to create the
impression; that work on, tho; Court-House
wiU be stopped unless the bonds be voted •
but tho device iis tod transparent to deceive
anybody. Why should $115,000 be voted
for tho County Clerk’s office; when only
SBO,OOO were voted for the last year of Dike’s
extravagant administration? Why should
$13,000 be voted for keepings the County
Building clean' and in repair, when §lo,ooo'
sufficed for that purpose last year? Why
should the cost of running the In
sane Asylum bo increased this year to
sllO,OOO, or neariy double what it
was last year? Why should the County
Agent be authorized to expend $150,000
this year, when SIOO,OOO was more than
enough for him last year? Why should
$85,000 be spent on the Hospital this year,
as against SOO,OOO last year and $50,000 the
year before ? "Why should $32,000 bo ap
propriated for outdoor relief, when $20,000
was regarded us enough last year ? Why
should there bo an item of $47,000 for “ mis
cellaneous expenses ” that did not appear at
all in last year's appropriations ? The same
answer applies to all these questions, viz.:
It was designed to swell every item till the
tax-levy should be exhausted, and leave noth
ing for the Court-House, and then say to the
public, “ You must vote the bonds or the
work must stop.”
The proposition to vote $750,000 bonds is
plainly a steal. The sum originally fixed
upon was $500,000. but $250,000 were added
as a fund to help carry through the job. The
popular approval of this proposition would
enable the Ring to steal between $000,900
and $700,000 during the next twelve mouths.
Enough money can be saved out of the gen
eral tax-levy to pursue the work, and this
will bo done if the Ring bo forced to it.
They will be forced to it if the people re
fuse to vote the bonds. No committee of
the Citizens’ Association is necessary to con
vince the people that this is the proper
course, nor could any such committee con
vince the people of the contrary. The Ring
should not be countenanced to the extent of
a conference on the subject, but all good
citizens should turn their efforts in the di
rection of electing five good men, whom
there is every reason to believe tbo Repub
lican ticket has presented this year, as the
first step toward dislodging the present cor
rupt gang. Pending this achievement, no
bonds should be voted on any pretext.
THE LOCAL CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGN.
The Congressional nominations in the
three Chicago districts are now full. In the
First, the Republicans have nominated Will
iam Aldrich; the Democrats, J. R. Doo
little, Jr.; and the Grcenbackers, William
Y. Barr. In the Second, the Republicans
have nominated George R. Davis; the
Democrats, Milks Kehoe; and the Green
backers, James Felch. In the Third, the
Republicans have nominated Hiram Barber,
Jr.; the Democrats, Lambert Tree (invol
untary); and the Greenbackers, A, B. Cob-
Nell. The riffraff nominated by the Inde
pendent Greenbackers aud Socialists is not
of sufficient importance to specify, as it will
not make a ripple m the election, nor for
purposes of comparison is it necessary to
consider the regular Greenback nominations,
as they will make scarcely any impression
upon the vote of the three districts. The real
light in every district is between a Ropub-
licau nnd a Democrat; the real issue is be
tween honest money ahd dishonest money ;
and wo have every reason to believe
that Chicago, and tho towns nnd counties
embraced in the thr.ee, districts, will send
three houest-mouey • Republicans to Con
gress, leave three soft-money Democrats at
home, aud utterly squelch the nine Fintists
aud Socialists who have the temerity to cum
ber up the ticket, for no apparent purpose
except to delay tho counting of the final re
sult. -
It does not needi. much argument and
but very little comparison to show that tho
Republican nominations are immeasurably
stronger than the Democratic, and that the
Republicans have placed men in the field who
deserve to win andwiJlwin if the taxpay
ing, Intelligent, and' respectable class of
citizens do their Every Democratic
candidate represents dlnaucial repudiation
and dishonesty, and : h"niust them the re
serves of the Church;‘|.tJje schoolhouse, the
workshop, and the coratfingrroom should be
brought up. '
In the First District, tho Democratic
nominee is the sou of v his fatherland par
takes of tho mania fcj£' office which has al
ways been characteristic: of the family, and
has become a chronic comxfiaint. As to
abilit}*, there is no reason why ho should
havo been chosen in preference to a thou
sand and one other lawyers of his calibre.
So far as any service jto tho city is con
cerned, that has yet to bo performed, and
will not bo of any more’importance than the
usual style of service rendered by profession-
al politicians. So far as principle is con
cerned, he is all things? to all men. He se
cured the Democratic nomination, and then
got an independent Greenback nomination
by cutting under the regular Fiat candidate
and offering to go still deeper into the ab
surdities of the Fiat lunacy. Ho is now
pandering to the Communists in order to got
their vote in the Fifth and Sixth Wards,
and will leave no stone unturned to muster
the votes of the most corrupt nud dangerous
elements in the district nud array them
against the Republicans: As against this
man, without without political princi
ple, without experience, without any fixed
standing, known only to the public as on
inveterate office-seeker, the Republicans
have nominated Mr. Aldrich, who has
already served one term, is thoroughly ac
quainted with the wants.of his district, and
will bo all the better qualified to represent
• his constituency by reason of his experience
iu Congress. He is a successful and honor
able merchant, who has reflected credit upon
tbe commercial reputationbf Chicago at liomo
and abroad, an advocate of honest money,—a
man whose personal character is above re
proach, and whoso record for honesty and
manliness is without stain, —and a legislator
who did all that could be done for Chicago
in a Democratic Congress..
In the Second District, the chronic Demo
cratic office-seeker, Miles Kehoe, heads the
ticket. Like his associate on the South
Side, he, too, is the representative of dishonest
money, and has that remarkable de
gree of ability and qualification for
the position of Congressman which can
only be acquired by long and intimate con
nection with the potty details of ward poli
tics and the manipulation of saloon bummers.
Ho is nominated to succeed a man immeas
urably superior to him in ability, whatever
may be thought of his aquiline eccentricities.
His nomination is clearly to bo traced to the
sentimental indignation of the Irish against
Mr. Harrison for voting against Gen.
Shields iu his candidacy for Doorkeeper of
the Honse; but the American and
German Democrats, and the better
and more sensible portion of the Irish,
take very little stock in this indignation, and
are not so well satisfied with the slaughter
of Sir. Harrison as to lend very enthusiastic
aid in the election of so small a man as
Sliles Kexzoe to fill his place. Against him
the Republicans have placed George 11.
Davis, a young and rising man of honorable
record, and full of energy and industry. lu
Congress he. will, be a live worker, and ho
: will go there with as high and honorable a
reputation as any man on the floor. He has
no axes to grind, ho ward bummers to recom
pense. His honorable career as a citizen,
his success in his profession, and bis sterling
qualities as a man; commend him to the voters
of his district, and will undoubtedly secure
votes for him from the opposition.
In the Third District, the energetic and
enthusiastic manner in which the Republic
an candidate, Air. Barbed, has already cpn
ducted the campaign, and his great popularity
among voters of all parties, have so com
pleted demoralized the Democracy that it
looks as if his canvass and election would
bo a walk-over. He was nominated with
surprising unanimity, and he will be elected
in the same manner. Against his involun
tary competitor, Judge Tree, there is nothing
to be said. He is a 'gentleman of unblem
ished reputation and high professional posi
tion, and, if it wore possible to defeat Mr.
Barber, the regret would be tempered with
the reflection that he was beaten by such an
eminent citizen. As the Democratic Con
gressional Committee, however, has gone
begging with the nomination, and ns it
has finally, after repeated declinations,
forced it upon Judgo v Tree, who does not
want the office, aud will spend neither money
nor time in the race, and os it is going to
drag him over the course a dead, inert
weight, it is evident enough that, if the Re
publicans of the Third District do their duty
on the sth of November, Mr. Barber will bo
elected by an overwhelming majority.
The prospects in. all three districts are
good for a Republican victory. To insure
that victory it is only necessary for every
Republican to vote and work for his candi
date, to be active in rallying the whole
strength of the party, and to watch the
ballot-boxes with vigilance. Chicago has a
largo majority for honest money. If it docs
not cost that majority, it can only be cither
because of the supinencss]of Republicans, or
because their majority has been obliterated
by corrupt aud dishonest means.
PAYING DEBTS IN FIAT MONEY.
Thcre are a great number of persons in all
parts of the country who are in debt and whose
land is in mortgage, and who, because of
the depreciation in the value of property, as
sume that if Congress would authorize the
issue of “absolute paper money ” in suffi
cient quantity it would sink in value so
much and be so abundant that, being legal
tender, existing debts could bo paid oH and
mortgages discharged at a reduction of one
half or one-quarter of their amount in pres-
ent money.
Wo suppose—nnd all the facts and circum
stances justify the supposition—that, were it
not for the expectation and hope that the is
sue of this scrip would in some way enable a
man to pay his existing debts at a compara
tively small cost to himself, the advocates of
fiat shiuplastcrs would be few and far be
tween.
The argument runs thus: Ais a farmer
owing a mortgage on his land for $5,000,
bearing 9 per cent interest. 13 is a mechanic
owing a* mortgage on his homo of $1,500,
hearing 8 per cent interest. Wheat is sell
ing at $1 per bushel, and wages are $2 a day.
If fiat money be issued, it will depreciate to
25 or 30 cents on the dollar; wheat will sell
for $3 or $4 per bushel, and wages will nse
to $0 or $8 per day in this cheap stuff. The
mouej', being legal-tender, can be forced on
creditors and employed to pay off mortgages,
after which these persons will havo no fur
ther interest in or desire for'fiat money.
It is only because these tempting induce
ments are held out by office-seeking dema
gogues that jiersous, embarrassed finan
cially, favor a scheme which their good
sense, common honesty, nnd past experience
must convince them is fallacious and ruin
ous. This they all admit, but they expect
it to hold out long enough to disembarrass
them, and then they will not care how soon
the trash is abolished. They regard it as a
kink of new-fangled bankrupt law, which
will enable the desperately-embarrassed
debtor to retain his property nnd sponge
out his obligations at the same time.
Does it never occur to these persons that
it is possible they aro.following a delusion ;
that they are cheating themselves, and that
it is n?t in the power of Congress, short of a
total revolution, to make any such fiat money
ns is proposed a legal-tender to pay any debt
now existing ? Will they consider the facts
and circumstances, and then say what
chance they can have to pay off existing
debts in fiat paper ?
The Congress, in ISG2, under the irresisti
ble necessities of war, issued Treasury
notes which promised on their face to pay
“ dollars ” to the bearer. These notes were
made legal-tender, A “ dollar ”as then de
fined by the laws of the United States rep
resented a given weight of gold or a given
weight of silver of certain proportions ns to
fineness. The legal-tender notes thus issued,
while not dollars and not professing to be
dollars of themselves, were promises to pay
coin dollars. There is, therefore, a
very wide and natural distinction be
tween the issue of paper notes to circulate
as money, which are the promises of the
Government to pay the bearer in gold or
silver “ dollars,” and paper of no value in
itself, and containing no promise to pay in
anything, but purporting to be “dollars” in
fact as well as in law. The Supremo Court
of the United States sustained the validity
of the greenbacks because of the necessity
which demanded the loan in that form, and
because thej' were issued in anticipation of
the public revenue, they being made payable
out of tbe public revenue, arid because they
were payable in coin dollars. The Court
said:
It is clear these notes are obligations of the
United State*. Their name imports obligation,
and everj* one or them hears on its face a promise
to pay a certain pain. The dollar-note Is a premise
to pay a dollar; and the dollar intended is the coin
dollar of the United Stale*, —a cerium weight and
fineness of gold or silver.
It is clear that if the United States, under
the power to borrow money, must issue to
the lender an obligation to pay him dol
lars, meaning the constitutional coin dollars
of the United States, the issue of paper
dollars not in the nature of an obligation or
a promise to pay, in coin or any other form
of dollars of value, is something wholly dif
ferent, is nob a loan, is not borrowing
money, and is not the hind,. quality, or
character of paper intended for circulation
which the Court decided could lawfully be
made a legal-tender.
The greenbacks being notes redeemable in
coin, and the fiat paper dollar being some
thing entirely different, nothing in the word,
spirit, intent, or meaning of-the Court in
declaring the greenback lawful can have any
authority or application to the issue of fiat
money. * • •
AU the existing private debts in tlie United
States are payable in gold, or in coin, or in
“lawful money,” which includes greenbacks
and coin. There are coin debts existing un
der special written contracts, which con
tracts the Snpremo Court has upheld. In
some Stales taxes are, by State laws, made
payable in coin, and the Court has affirmed
that even greenbacks are not legal-tender in
payment of such taxes. In the absence of
special contracts, all private debts are . paya
ble by law in coin, or in -greenbacks, which
in turn are to be redeemed in coin. We
have shown that the Court has held that
greenbacks are themselves a contract to pay
the bearer coin dollars. If there were any
doubt as to this, the act of Congress of 18CU
“solemnly pledged” the national faith to
mate provision at the earliest practicable 145, or GC per cent, were orphans or h
period for “the redemption of the United orphans. Of 270 youthful criminals s t
States notes in coin.” That was a pledge the Western House of Kefuge, in Uoch i*°
that the promise of the notes should bo Jf. Y„ last year, 15 were orphans 7d
kept. Six years later Congress fixed the half-orphans, the parents of 39 had
date at which the notes should be so re- rated, 70 had intemperate parents
deemed in gold and silver dollars. were the children of criminals. That is
All the debts in the United States existing homes of 232 out of 270 had been destro 1
at this time are, therefore, by contract, and by death, iutemperance, licentiousne/*
by contract having the force of law, payable crime. , 8 > or
in coin, or in national notes promising re- 0f lbe 7,009 inmates of IV-form .
demption in coin, and which by contract on iu tlie United States in 1S(;S ..
the part of the Government are payable on were orphans or half-orphans OM?
and after a certain date iu gold and silver. yonths eoramitt6d tbe JnTel^,e p
Now we submit to the good sense and in- tiary at llettray, France, 201 were foamW
telhgent judgment of those tn debt who ad- G 47 were illegitimates, 2SI bad ,
voente fiat money, whether, m case Con- in illicit union, 501 had stenfather- orl*
gress should direct on issue of fiat paper, motUers> and IG - 7 were rs?eP
they can ever expect to discharge an existing Mr , Bo.vxevix.le de Mxpsaxgv a <1:-.- :
contract legally payable in coin, or paper g nished jarigt of F and au ’
promismg to pay com, with scrip which is momber of tho ParHamentarT
not a national obligation, which is not a onPrisoll and Reform, and whose oh
promise to pay coin which is not redeema- t, oa aad e;q)erieucQ eatitla him to
blo in com at a specified date, or at any time, in anthorit y f 6ays: .. n is tbis
anything whatever and which professes to be noranti aeglected iaf wMch , t a *£
idollars other than the coin dollars of the pariod wUI constituto e . Jtiro
United States of certain weights m gold or crimiua , 9 . stady tbo anteeedent “
“wl , adult criminals, and you will find that, with
We have shown wo think, that the issue tbe greater part of tha mJral
of fiat paper dollars is something wholly sity whicll bas C3ased their ‘
distinct from the issue of paper promises to early childhood” m
pay coin dollars, and. therefore, there is no llj(ving estaW!slled a fact tlut jg „
analogy whatever between the legal reason- eraUy coacedcd( _ aamcl that ignoraaet
mg which declare tlic latter issue to be legal vice , and aeglact in th m *
under all the circumstances and tho claim for stones t 0 crime ia aftcr Ufe _ llr
the issue of fiat money. The issue of “ fiat” llext tncd to show that the m ’ f
money would bo an entirely new question, class of cbildraa could be saved to good cili
without precedent and without one word of zaaßbip with raasoaabla carß and „
judicial suggestion. and tbat by jjjg U3Q of tbese preTent j ve °\
Do any of these men who favor the issue cies crime and paaparism conld bc *
of tons of “ Cat ” scrip in tho hope of finding diminished. The history of 24,000 children
a relief in paying their present debts, believe wbo weat out from the various institution!
that any Court, or any Judge of any Court, in of tbe United States shows that 75 p er cenf
the United States would sanction such a were saved to society; and of 4 000 youth.!
doctrine ns that Congress could “ borrow ” trained at Metlray, France, within thirty
money in time of peace and give no token or seven yearSi only 5 per ceat re i flpscd
evidence of its liability and of the criminal courses.
national obligation to redeem tho loan In England, in 1834, pauperism had so in.'
in the “dollars" of tho country, creased that it cost tho people §32 000 000
which the Courts from 1789 to IS7S have annually. Crime had increased in like nib
held to mean the coin dollars of the United Especially was this true of juvenile crime.
States? Not one creditor would accept a Vagrant children, under the skillful teach,
dollar of such money in liquidation of his mgs c f such rascals as Dickens describes old
claim; no Court would recognize the tender to be in “Oliver Twist," graduated
of such “ money ”as having any legal value at is and 20 adepts in all criminal practices,
or price; and tho fiat scrip, branded with il- Thirty years ago the people and the Govern,
legality, would perish in the hands of the raont turned attention to tho establishment
dupes who should seek it, intending to use ot orphan asylums and industrial schools for
it to discharge debts without the employ- those not tainted with crime, and other insti
ment of any money. tutions of a reformatory character for older’
; and criminal classes. Into these over 3,000
children were soon gathered, and so sac.
cessful have they proved in saving chil
dren that tho Government now appro
priates $900,000 annually for their main
tenance. And the money is not spent
in vain, as the statistics show. Thus,'
in IS3G. before this system went into opera
tion, with a population of fifteen million!*,
10,125 were sentenced to imprisonment, 3,Gil
to penal servitude, and 4,273 to transporta-,
lion to Australia, —a total of 18,009 convic
tiors. But in 1875, with a population of ■
23,500,000, only 9,282 were sentenced to im
prisonment and 1,030 to penal servitude,—a
total of 10,921. That is, while population
had increased 50 per cent, crime had dimin
ished 40 per cent. Under the old system
crime had increased in a much more rapid
ratio than population, as it is doing in some
sections of this country.
So much for that aspect of this interesting
subject. i Thcro-is another important phasd **
of criminality that is already attracting con
siderable attention in this country, which is/*
quite distinct from the juvenile-delinquent
view of the matter. How is society toderi
with the educated criminals that at present:
iufest it, —tbe Spexcees, the Axc.ells, the .
Chaces, the Hatha wats, and others of that
CRIME AND EDUCATION.
The criminal classes have become so large
in-tho United States, and arc increasing so
rapidly, that statesmen and patriots are filled
with dismay when they contemplate the pos
sibilities of the near future. There Is no
doubt but that a large majority of the people
in every civilized community are better than
their forefathers; but it cannot be disputed
that -wickedness has made a corresponding
progress in the race with goodness. The
rascals of to-day are smarter and more cun
ning than their ancestors. A higher degree
of intelligence has been applied to the com
mission of crime. An ignoramus may steal
a horse or a pocketbook, or commit a burg
lary, but it requires business tact, cuuping,
shrewdness, and skill to get control
of a corporation, hoodwink the Direct
ors and stockholders of a joint-stock
company, gobble its assets, and elope
and live like a Prince in some
foreign Capital. A successful highwayman
or murderer would lack the capacity required
in an accomplished forger or counterfeiter.
The Evil One, who sowed tares amongst the
wheat while the husbandman slept, has not
always confined bis labors to agriculture,
but has invaded the higher domain of intelli
gence, and poisoned the fountains of educa
tion. Somehow that portion of the moral
universe presided over by the Devil is more
prolific and easier of cultivation than that
devoted to the best interests of the human
race. Weeds, thistles, and brambles seem to
nourish without the husbandman’s atten
tion, while wheat, corn, oud cotton require
unceasing industry and attention. On the
other hand, tramps, burglars, defaulters, and
thieves of all sorts, big and little, seem to be
indigenous to the soil, and multiply accord
ing to the highest arithmetical series.
The crimiual classes in this country are
not only very large already and constantly
increasing, but they are maintained at a
most extravagant and enormous expense.
By our present complicated and expensive
legal machinery, the business of arresting,
indicting, trying, convicting, sentencing,
and maintaining a convict is oftentimes tcu
times more costly to the taxpayers, simply
viewed from the money standpoint, than it
would bo to have graduated him with
the highest honors of his class at either of
the best educational institutions in the land.
And persons interested in the study of
sociology begin to ask if it is not everyway
better to prevent crime than to punish it.
The best educators have long advocated this
doctrine, and have patiently awaited the
decision of the stupid public, that can only
be reached sometimes through the pocket.
The pocket-nerve is getting more and more
sensitive, as the bills for the support of
criminals are paid. What can be done ? Some
advanced thinkers and writers upon the
subject say that the State must begin at the
fountain-head and educate all pauper and
otherwise dependent children, and thus
convert into good citizens the class that are
sure to vex and torment ns, if left to them
selves. That is on the theory that educa
tion is the great and infallible panacea for
the prevention of crime; but is it? Can
bad blood be purified by intellectual and
moral culture so that the vicious tendency
of heredity may be overcome? Educators
often become specialists, and specialists be
come extremists. But statistics seem to
prove that education, moral and intellectual,
is the best and only cure for crime. What
one vicious family is capable of doing in the
line of evil is well told by JVIr. Dugdale in
his remarkable history of the Juke family.
In this family, running through six genera
tions, there were 20G paupers, 70 criminals,
and 128 prostitutes. All these were reared
in ignorance and neglect, and surrounded by
bad influences from early childhood.
iEsop's fable about roiling the water
up stream holds good in the blood of the hu
man race as well. familiar couplet,
’Tis education forms the common mind.
Just as the twig is bent the tree’* Inclined, r?
is ns trno to-day as ever. At a State Con
vention of the Directors of Uie Poor, held
recently at Pittsburg, Mr. L. P. Auden,
Superintendent of the State School for De
pendent Children, Coldwater, Mich., read a
paper to show that the ranks of onr paupers
and criminals are chiefly recruited from neg
lected and dependent children. Some of
Mr. Auden's statistics are worthy of re
capitulation and serious attention. In Michi
gan, out of 252 cases of juveniles arrested
for crime in 1576, 143, or 57 per cent, were
orphans or half-orphans. Oat of 217 sent
the same year to the .Ohio Reform-School.
ilk, who rob by the thousand, and who prey
upon those classes in the community who
are least able to defend themselves? 'Who
will undertake the reformation of the ras- ■ I
cals that wreck life-insurance companies,
rob savings banks, steal joint-stock corpora
tions, and gobble railroads? The environ
ment-of nearly all these men was the home,
the school, the college, and the Chnrch of
Christ, and they are therefore estopped
from entering the plea of being surrounded
*by evil influences in their childhood, or that;
they carried the fatal taint of heredity
which caused their downfall and mined their
good names. Hero is a new field for the
Christian? the philanthropist, and the moral ;
reformer to cultivate.
THE SCOTCH BAHE-FAILUBE.
The report of the experts who have been
engaged in examining the affairs of the City
of Glasgow Bank makes a showing which
must* deprive Spencer of the medal be has
been wearing around Europe as the cham
pion bank-wreckcr. The system of opera*
tious was very much the same os Spencer's, .
but the scale was more gigantic. Where
Spencer speculated in dollars, the Scotch-
Directors speculated in pounds; and where*
Spencer swindled by thousands, his Scotch ...
imitators swindled by millions. The bank
was completely gutted the assets literally
exhausted, the liabilities grossly undorMti- 4
mated, the accounts falsified, and the share-’
holders plundered. Nearly $30,000,000 havfl ‘
been squandered, during the bust five years,
while the Directors regularly declared annual.
dividends of 12 per cent in order to keep up •
the deception and continue their opportuni
ties for plunder.
Some of the items of this monstrous coafl-
deuce game may be repeated in order to
show that bunk-wrecking is an art not con
fined to the United States. The books of
the Glasgow concern failed to show nearly
50,000,000 of bills that had been accepted
and were payable. The credits of the hank •
were similarly exaggerated by nearly $5,000,-
000 more. The shareholders were led to be- •
lieve that the bank had loaned oil good fie- ;
curities about .$5,700,000 more than had
actually been invested in that way. They
likewise exaggerated the value of the securi
ties actually on hand by about $20,000,000, • •
The note issue of the bank was limited by !
charter to £72,921, or about $3C0,000; th®
law required that any issue in excess of this ;
amount should bo covered by an actual
reserve of* coin in the hank vaults*
The note circulation was run op
to £G01,190, or . about $3,200,000,
while the actual coin in the vaults, in the
hands of the tellers, and in all the branches
amounted to only £293,515, or considerably
less than $1,500,000, so that there was a defi
cit here to the amount of about $1,700,000.
In order to circulate this unlawful surplus of
notes, the Bonk Directors had falsified thrir
weekly reports to the Government as.to the .'
amount of bullion on hand. -
The. management of the City of Glasgow
Bank was as criminal as that of any saving 3
institution in this country which has been
bankrupted by similar practices. Specula
tion, favoritism, loans on worthless securi
ties, the declaration of dividends that bad
never been earned, carrying utterly bad
notes; as assets, and false swearing id

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