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SSljjc TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. rr MAIL—IN ADVASCK—TOSTAOB PREPAID.' Dally Edition. cm* year 912.00 1‘mI» nfii vrnr. r<-» monili 1.00 t'l'Kiny Llic nryanrl (icilulona Double M>*"i 2..»0 f ktimiay I Clllon. rtvcivc pairra. 2.01) WREKI.t EDITION, POSTPAID. <irr rnpy. r*r yeur. ......S I.tIO I !•<!>•.t four 5.00 l r»nmrn « »cnlfrfe. (.n«* puft-otucc iJilrtM in full, Including State sod roimtr. iirniiifaneea may lie made either by draft, expreu, Ton-Office order, or In reßlMerert letter, at our flak. tfrms to cur sunscnmsns. rally, delivered, Fnnday excepted, ascents per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, Itocentl per week. Addirn TIIB TUIIUINB COMPANY, Comer MadUen and Dcarborn-ata., Chicago, HI. Order* ler the delivery of Tna Tr.mrx* it Evanaton, Enaifwooci, an<i ii)-de Pars left lu the connilng-rooto »ui receive prompt attention. TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES. Tn* Cmcano Tmncxr. hat eitahllahrdbranch office* p>r the receipt of tulncrtpllona and advertisements u follow*: NKW TOr.K-noom 20 TYfftmußolldlng. F.T.Mc pAiinx*. Manager. PaIUS, France—No. 10 Hue dolaGrange*BateHers. It. Manx.nr., Agent. LONDON, Eng.-American Exchange, 440 Strand. U*MiV F. Gil. Lin. Agent. SAN FItAKLTSCO, Cat.-Palace Hotel. AMUSEMENTS. McVlckcr's Theatre. Mailliod ftreer, between Dearborn ai>* ■ * •» gngcmcnl of iho btrakoacb Kalian -i-iups. •• Trivial#." Iloolrj Tlirnlre. Randolph iimt, ln-iwrcn Clark nn4 LaSalle. En- Ragemeot ot tbe Unsaid Troupe. "Our lioya." Ilnvrrly’fl Thenire. Dearborn street. corner of Mouroc. Engagement of tbe Colville Folly Company. "Dabes In (ho Wood." Academy nf nfttftir. HnlitPd xtrprt, bctwrcn Mart Hon ami Monroe. V** ru-tjr. novel)?, and npvclftlt? performance*. Afternoon aud evening. Hamlin's Theatre. Clark »trcr(,opro»Uefhe Cmin-ilouie. Engagement ot tYagncr A Coitoti'a Mlniirrla. MrCortn'lck Ilnll. Clark aireer, comer of Kiotle. Prof. Cromwell will lllimraie “.Switzerland." Metropolitan Theatre, Clark atrect, uppoilte Sherman Home. Variety an* tertalument. Folly Theatre. Deirlalnc* street, between WaMilngtoo and Madison. Emrrurcmcnt or the Female Minstrels. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER H, 1878. Greenbacks at the Now York Stock Ex change yesterday could not bo bought for 'J'JI, 100 being demanded. The Central Prison at Toronto was the scene of a disastrous and exciting conflagra tion yesterday. The flames were subdued before it became necessary to remove tbo convicts. Tbo funeral of the late Norman B. .limn occurred yesterday at the Fourth Presbyte rian Church, aud the attendance of a largo number of tbo loading men of Chicago whs in itself an earnest tribute of sorrow and re spcct. The Convention of Railway Commissioners closed a two.days’ session at Colambua yes terdny. The Convention took a wido range in its discussions, but just what interest it had in assailing iho patent laws wos loft somowhot obscure. The Hod. James Macki*. Stale Treasurer of /s T ew York, and Miss Salub, daughter of c*x-Mnyor BnmoN, of 9t. Louis, wore mar ried in tho latter city yostorday amid the plaudits and congratulations of the society world at tho other ond of the bridge. Geo. J. D, Cox at Cincinnati yesterday contradicted tho published statement that Gen. Reno was killed by one of tlie men of tho Twenty .third Ohio. He says Reno at the time of bis death was In front of Gen. Stubois* division, and that bo was killed by a shot from tho enemy’s skirmishers. Mrs, Lucr Stone Blackwell presided over forty-four delegates, composing the Woman’s National Suffrage Association, at Indianapolis yesterday. Tho feature of the Kossio.i was a letter from Lloyd Garrison bidding tho Association to never cease agi tating the question of impartial suffrage. Voonnxcs appears in a Cincinnati paper. He tolls tho public what he will do on the reassembling of Congress, but omits hia pro gramme for whipping in refractory Hoosier legislators. Ho quoted and indorsed tho reverent remark of William Allen, that specie payments was “a d d barren ideality." Tho investigation of tho charges made against Gov. Colquitt, of Georgia, was*con tinued yesterday at Atlanta. Senator* Urn Hill was examined, but ns the sessions of the Committee ore private, his evidence is not made public. The Atlanta papers de nounce tho Committee and beUevo it is try ing to whitewash tho Governor. Again (he minor obtains circulation that the Atlantic Great Western Rood is to pass under control of tho Erie. A committee of the English Trustees has lately-been inspect ing the Atlantic A*. Great Western, and have arrived at tho conclusion that it would bead vantngcous to the bondholders to lot tho Krio operate their lino as part of its own. A railway war of considerable magnitude is Just now stirring up (lie people at Cincin nati. Tho cautioning parlies are the east bound lines, and tickst-peddlcrs stand on (ho streets hawking tickets to New York for $3.50, to Philadelphia sl, to Cleveland $2, and to Columbus si. Round trip tickets to New York, good for thirty days, aro sold for $». An educated, acoompUsbedscoundral, pass log under tho namo of tho Rev. John Will jams, was arrested ut Charleston, Dl, yester day and token to Terre Haute for coufidcuc ing a widow and the MoffulPHlreot Method ist congregation out of a good deal of money. "When arrested he had about perfected his plans for swindling a very worthy Coles County widow. Gen. SntßiUN submits his annual report to the Secretary of War, in which ho argues over again hie well-known theories on tho Indian question. Age has softened tho old wurriur, and be is now a humanitarian. His rqtort allows there ore 7,629 enlisted men in lUo cavalry, 2,090 in (he artillery, and 11,20.3 in the infantry. Adding engineers and other arms of the service, there is a grand total of 24,701 enlisted men. He be lieves the army to be well sad economically supplied, and its efficiency and discipline good. .i-.A ivtory Sheuujin has lost no time in dis claiming any sympathy or identification with the discrimination of tu© New York tanks against tho legal-tender stiver dollar. He does not believe that the amount of silver coin now on hand o> the amount which will bo added to Iho Block in the Treasury vaulta for some time to come will in any degree ob struct tho operations of Iho New York Clearing-House, and anticipates that addi tional demands for silver will bo created by tho discontinnnnco after Jan. 1 of the Issue of notes in smaller denominations than $3 by (ho National Banks, as well as by tho re* qnirements of the smaller banks for silver to aid In the redemption of their notes. In New Orleans there are now as many political refugees as after the treacherous campaign of 167 G. From Tensas and Con cordia Parishes particularly, many of these poor } proscribed citizens come and tell of an unfortunate condition of affairs. Fifty black people were murdered in Concordia within the three weeks immediately preceding tho last election; even tho United States Com missioner was driven out of the parish. In Tensas there were not less than a hundred killed. All these atrocities are certified to by affidavits of refugees. It is full time tho new departure wore taken. Considering that tbe Subsidy Convention just adjourned was carefully pocked in ths interest of Toil Scott’s Texas Pacific scheme, John RoAon’s Chester ship-yard, nnd tho iron and slrol trade of Ponnsyl* vania, tho adoption of the cut-and-dried programme of subsidy-grabbing resolutions was not much of a victory after all. Chicago was selected as tho place of meeting pre snmably because of the known hoKtility of its business men to plunder of the National Treasury in any form, tho expectation being that local opposition would bo silenced by tho preponderance of subsidy sentiment. But no such result was accom plished. A very vigorous minority made itself beard and felt during the debate and on the final vote, which, after all the core taken to make it solid and unanimous, showed no more than oighty-eight delegates willing to swallow Iho whole dose, while fifty-eight re jected it entire. Tom Scott’s attorneys and lobbyists ought to be able to put up a better job tbau this. Tho Southern people never do anything by halves. They seceded unanimously, they (ought stubbornly, they hated bitterly, they bulldozed colored and while Republic ans in a spirit of entire accord, and they have lately gone into the business of ballot box stuffing* with an astonishing degree of zeal aud industry. In the latter accomplishment they are clearly entitled to wear the bolt. Northern professors of the science of multiplying votes are mere bunglers by comparison. They have never so much as approached the skill and effi ciency displayed at the recent elections in the Southern States. To stuff thirty ballots into the small slit of a poll iug-box at one operation is an achieve ment which borders on the stupendous, ond yet it was actually done in numerous in stances. To bo sure they overdid it, really embarrassing the Democratic election offi cers with the wealth of their contributions, but this was to bo expected in the first Hush of a now discovery. They will sober down in time, and do the business in a more mod erate way, unless it should happen that through a rigid enforcement of the United States Election laws the oeriod of their use fulness is suddenly cut short. THE SUBSIDY CONVENTION, The so-called Commercial Convention yes terday adopted a series of resolutions urging Congress to vote a subsidy to each of the long list of schemes which have boon pressed on Congress for a number of years. The subsidies recommended ore ns follows t 1. A grant of money or tredifc to Texas <sc Pacific Railroad. 2. Immediate “provision for ocean nail service between tho chief ports of the United States and all important commercial points on tho coast of South America." 3. Subsidy for enlarging and deepening and making permanently navigable the Dis mal Swamp Canal, so as to connect Chesa peake Day, near Norfolk, Vo., aufl Pamlico Sound, N. 0. 4. Tho Convention appointed a committee to visit Washington and unite with tho lobby in urging favorable action on these measures by Congress. It will bo seen, therefore, that the Conven tion m a whole hod no’ higher thought of commercial freedom, tho extension of trade, or tho revival of commerce, than that the country he taxed to poy subsidies to impe cunious men and bankrupt construction com panies, The successful stealing of SG(,OOU,- 000 of ‘ bonds for tbo Union end Central Pa cific Railway Companies, and (ho additional $30,000,000 already paid for interest by the United States, and the $40,000,000 interest yet to bo paid on these same bonds, have so whetted tho appetite of adventurers and of professional lobbyists that, in their estima tion, uo enterprise is worthy of notloe un less it bo fostered by a national subsidy. At tho moment this Convention was in session, and was resolving that Congress should go to tbo relief of Tom Scott's bank rupt Construction Company, there were two railroad companies actively and vigorously pushing their roads .on towards the Pacific coast. Tho Northern Pacific Road, already completed to Dlsmarck, in Dakota, has just Issued proposals for building 200 miles of (rack westward during tbo coming year. The Company is building tho rood out of the money of Us stockholders, asking no subsidy or national aid, ami can have all the private capital it may require. On the south, there is the Atchison, Topeka & Banta Fo Road, extending from Atchison and City. This road will be completed to Albuquerque in the spring, while at tho west ern end (he road from Sen Francisco to Fort Yuma, now 700 miles long, will be extended eastward 200 uules, leaving but a comparatively short gap to bo com pleted. Long before Congress can be bribed, bulldozed, and coaxed into voting a subsidy to Hcoir's road, a now road complete from Kansas City to Son Francisco, with eastern connections with Bt. Louis and Chi cago, will be in actual operation. This mag nificent enterprise, construeted exclusively with private capital, asking and wanting uo subsidy, was wholly Ignored by the Commer cial Convention. Thare was nothing in this grand work that offered any rewards to tho lobby, and therefore it was disregarded and denied all mention by iba Convention. That body had stomach only for tho railroad scheme which bound the United States to pay au aggregate of $120,000,000 M interest on the bonds of Tom Scott's Construction Company. ' rT , Tho demand made for subsidy for ocesn steamships is unlimited. Every Atlantic port wants, not a steamer, but a line. Port land, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Nor foil, Savannah, Mobile, Now Orleans, and Galveston—all want a lino each. Theru is no man iu the United States who wonts to write a letter on business or otherwise who THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; THURSDAY. KOVKAtBER 11, 1878, cannot have (hat letter taken to any com mercial city or town in Mexico or Sonlh America and delivered for six cents, without any other cost Co the Government. If urgency bo required, ho can telegraph. Now it is proposed to establish "linos "of steamships between all these American and South American ports, and pay tho cost of operating them out of the National Troas nry. Ton millions of dollars annually will hardly cover the subsidies which this Con vention has demanded of Congress for these ocean steamers, ou tho pretense of earning the mails, which are now carried at tho rate of three cents per letter ocean postage, amount ing probably, all told, to $2,000 a year. The whole scheme is one of brazen plunder, rob bery, and fraud. It is to feed and support a gigantic lobby of paupers, who demand to bo maintained at the public expense. Tho groat defense urged by the advocates of subsidies is that it employs labor and gives work to honest industry. Tho Govern ment has no revenue save what it derives from taxation. Every dollar of tax collected is taken from the means of tho people. Tho average earning of n workman, out of which ho has to support a family, may bo put down at S3OO a year. Every thousand dollars taken by the Government for taxes lakes away from tho people the sum necessary to pay tho wages of two workmen, and tho support of two families. Each million of dollars lakon by tho Govcrnra6nt from tho public in tho way of taxes is taking away the wages of 2.000 workmen and tho support of ns many families. A large part of this tax is expend ed in collecting it: onc-lhird or moro of tho money expended for subsidies is paid out for the support of tbe lobby and for corruption In procuring it; the remainder is applied not for tho employment of labor, hut os profits or dividends of plunder by burglars, and divided between the chiefs and proprie tors of tho scheme. How much of the $!15,- 000,000 olrcady got by tho Pacific Ronds from tho Government for subsidy has boon expended for labor? Roud tho story of tho Crcdit-Uobilior for the names of tho lusty laborers and horny-handed workmen who pocketed the proceeds of that enormous robbory. Of what possible benefit to laborers and work ingmen is it for the Government to scoop away tho millions of dollars annually iu tho way of taxes to pay subsidies, when by so doing it takes from tho wages fund of the people a sum equal to tho annual wages of 20.000 workmen, taming them out of em ployment to starve or become vagrants, to support a gang of professional lobbyists whose business is to corrupt legislation, de moralize tho public sentiment, to maintain a class of impecunious and pauperized news papers, gambling-houses, and all other forms of criminal dissipation, and give honest em ployment to one roan for each thirty dis missed from honest work ? That is tho final outcome of all subsidies. The people nro taxed, and tho money is given—absolutely given—to those whenever did an honest day's labor, and who will never do one so long ns weak and corrupt Congresses will by tholr votes toko money from tho Treasury to bo distributed in subsidies. Of all forms of subsidy, that in tho shape of compensation for carrying the mails on the ocean is tho most barefaced. It has hardly a rag to disguise its indecency. It has been but a few years when one of thoso steamship companies actually paid $750,000 to procure a subsidy of $1,000,000. Tho Convention turned its back on all measures looking to tho enlargement and extension of our foreign trade, and to tho opening up of now markets for tho sale of American manufactures, and sank to tho mere level of any other meeting of (ho lobby to bolster up designs for tho plunder of tho National Treasury. THE PRESIDENT'S NEW DEPARTURE. There is a legend to the effect that once upon a time there was a mild-mannered and good-tempered, unrosontful man, wbo wtih shamefully abused by another. On one oc cosiou bis persecutor went so for as to snap bis fingers at him, to rudely jostle him, to slap bis face, to tweak his nose, and to pluck him by the beard. Tfao victim, who woe slow to anger, bore bis torments with com placency until after be had boon kicked be hind, when the good-nntnrcd man, warming np to a realization of the nature of tho in dignities that tho fellow had inflicted, bid him in solemn tones to beware how bo pro ceeded further lest ho should rouse tho lion in tho meek man's nature. Tho bully did not toko the warning, but deliberately spat In bis face. "Whereupon the lion was roused. What became of the tormentor history docs not state, but the reader can draw his own inferences. Tho President has been undergoing tho ex periences of this much-abused roan of the legend. He inaugurated his Administration with a definite policy, fully and explicitly declared in bis public statements, to efface every remembrance of tho late War, to bring about an ora of reconciliation and good feel ing not only between the whites and blacks In the South, but also between tho whole people of tho North and South, and to leave tho Southern people free to regulate their own Institutions and to restore their system of government under tho Constitution and the lays. As au evidence of his sincerity he withdrew tho Federal troops which had been previously employed in protecting the rights of a largo portion of tho Southern people, and placed tho whole machinery of govern ment in tho hands of the political loaders. In their turn, these leaders and the press of tho South promised thj}t they would restore order lu that section, that they would crush out every attempt at political persecution, and guarantee every citizen of the South in tho free enjoyment of his political opinion and its equally free expression at tbo ballot-box. The troops were withdrawn to the Texas frontier and the Plains, to hunt' Greasers and Indians, and the South was left to itself, with the President’s policy and its own pledges, for which Qov. Nicholas, of Lou isiana, and Gov. Hampton, of South Caro lina, stood oa special sponsors. Tho viper won no sooner left to himself on the hearth than be began to oocoil and hiss. Freed from the presence of the troops, the old spirit of sectionalism revived, and it took shape in the dotoruiiuotiou to array a Solid South against the North. To do this, it was necessary to crush out every vestige of Itepablieanisu. This hod been al ready accomplished in' Alabama and Mississippi, and the work was then begun in Louisiana and South Caro, lino, the very Slates which, through the pledges of their Executives, had made them selves responsible for the successful opera tion of the Southern policy. No means were left untried to bring about this end, end for two years past the whole drift of Democratic effort in those States, and in other sections of the South, has been to de stroy a Ucpublicau majority, and to place every voter in tho situation where, unless ho voted tho Democratic tick*. I, ic.acuitl not rote at all. To effect this tho Southern Bourbons linvo employed every possible ngoucy,—threats, intimidation, ostracism, banishment, incendiarism, whippings, ami even death. They made (ho black man's lifo a burden until they forced him to vote tho Democratic ticket or not vole at nil. They drove while Republicans away. They broko up their meeting'’. They threw some into prison. They compelled others to fly to save their lives. They murdered United States officers who were pursuing their legal duty, and shielded tho murderers from nr* rest or punishment. They hunted, hound ed, persecuted, nnd tortured the negro until ho well might question whether ho had any right to live nt nil, much less (o vote. The President boro it all patiently, lie had faith that these disorders would soon cease, and that tho leaders would administer the justice thoy had promised, lie still up held his policy, though many of his own party friends fell off from him, and not a gleam of hope appeared in the South. Ho was confronted on the one hand by a bitterly hostile faction in Congress, and on the other by ecoff and (aunt in tho South. No partisan influence could swerve him from tho faithful execution of his policy, bnt (hero were not wanting intimations that tho time might come when the lion would bo roused. That lima has come. The recent election has shown that there Is no longer such a thing as free popular suffrage in tho South. Tho most infamous frauds over known in tho political history of this country have been openly committed In South Carolina and many parts of Louisiana, and are not only palliotod but justified by (bo Rourbon lead ers. Tammany in Us worst days never witnessed such open, shamefaced desecra tion of (he right of suffrage. Tbo ballot boxes of a whole State were so manipulated that tho legitimate Republican majorities were utterly wiped out, and Democratic majorities were counted larger than the whole number of Democratic voters. The Republican meetings wore not only broken up during the canvass, but no Republican judges wore allowed at any poll in tbo elec tion, while the Supervisors, authorized and appointed under the laws of tho United States, wore driven from their stations. The laws were openly sot at de fiance. A Rourbou oligarchy usurped every power of Government and trampled upon every right of the citizen. It precipi tated the issue to that point whore patience ceased to be a virtue, ao<t now tho President has abandoned his policy with tbo same vig orous emphasis with which he assorted it. In his own language, “ Tbo time for discus filou has passed. It is now too lato for any thing bat tho most determined and vigorous action.” It may bo too lato oven for that; but in anything ho may constitutionally do to restore (he operation of tho law and tho rights of citizens in the South, he may bo assured of the warm tyinpalby and support of tho majority of Iho Northern people, lie need not bo. surprised to find them in advance of him in this respect, bnt in his now departure he may be surprised to find that thoy do not .share his sympathy for Hampton and Nicuoxxs, or his continued effort to shrive them from any blame in tho promises. They believe’ thot either one of those Executives, had ho been so disposed, coaid have organized'a party that would have prevented these monstrous outrages and frauds, and compelled obedience to tho laws. Thoy believe ■ those two - men are treacherous, and hove I ,violated their public pledges. o WALL STREET DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THE SILVER DOLLAR. It ncoms that tho New York bankers are determined to inaugurate the discrimination ogainst tlio legnl-tcndcrstandnrd silver dollar recommended by their Committee, and' the/ protend to bare tho giytti approval of the Secretary of tho Troosnry. Wo very much donbt that Secretary Sherman has advised or approved tho proposition to treat the silver dollars as silver bullion f tho law makes theso standard dollars a full legat-tonder along with gold and greenback notes, and it wonid bo a singular and disgraceful thing for the chief finance officer of the Government to onconr ago any sot of men in a deliberate effort to nullify the law. Wo presume tho fact to ho that Secretary Sherman has approved tho action of tho New York bankers so far os it tends to aid in the work of resumption, and on account of timidity has not positively an tagonized them in their hostility to silver money, because bo was afraid to quarrel with thorn. Mr. Sherman is too sn* gaclous a politician to take sides against tho people in this mattor, whatever his indi vidual opinions may be; and, when the Kcw York bankers shall be called to account for their discrimination against silver, they will foil to find an apologist In tho* Secretary of tbo Treasury for this part of their pro gramme. Tho determination of the Now York bonks not to discriminate,in favor of gold as against greenbacks after tbo Ist of January is wise oml commendable. There is no doubt that their refusal to receive gold as special deposits, their abolition of special gold checks in the Clearing-House, and their intention to pay out gold as well as green backs In the ordinary nm of business, will do much toward disabusing tho publio mind of tho error of regarding gold as having a special value; and the breaking of (bis habit will be of material assistouco to tho Government, because there will then ho Ices disposition to run upon the Sub-Treasury for gold in exchange for greenbacks. Rut why complicate tho situation and embarrass (ho Government, on the other hand, by re fusing to accept tbo legal-tender standard silver dollars except on special deposit ? In what possible manner can this discrimination against the silver dollars assist in tbo work of resumption ? The foct is, that the crisis of resumption is merely an opportunity, and the desire to aid the Government in this work a mere pretensefor another desperate effort to ostoUish tho single gold standard. ■!( is this fact that will call for (ho resentment of the poople.—a resentment so lively and earnest that it wjU find a tangible expression during the first month of tho coming session of Con gress. If tho expression of this resentment shall prove embarrassing to the banks, (hey will havo the poor satisfaction of knowing that they brought it on themselves. Suppose, however, tho New York banks shall succeed in giving tho standard silver dollars a secondary place by the proposed discrimination against them, what then? Wo will say that the inconvenience occa sioned by tho refusal of the banks to receive silver dollars except on special deposit will have tho effect of placing them at a small discount, perhaps one-fourth or one-half of 1 per cent, giving (hum about tho same rela tive value as tho greenbacks nogr have. They will still remain full legal-tender for all debts, public and private, including duties and taxes, and, the moment they shall be come chcuoer thou the acid or orccubuck dollar, they will bo Sought for the purpose of paying debts and pitying taxes. Tho taxes of thin country alone amount to six hundred* of millions a year, including tho General Government, tho State and Municipal Governments. Tho one-half of t per cent will bo dMngh to induce people to seek the silver dollars at (hat rate for the payment of all those taxes. All men with debts maturing of every description will endeavor to got tho silver dollars nt tho ruling discount, with which to discharge their obligations. Even capitalists who make loans will seek to ex change their gold or greenbacks into silver In order to loan tho cheaper money. A univer sal demand for silver dollars will spring up all over tho country tho nioraonlthoso dollars are quoted below par with gdtd and green back dollars, and such a demand will quickly restore the equilibrium. Does any Now York banker imagine thot the combined efforts of Wall street can combat great natural uni. venal laws and tho selfish interest of com mercial transactions? Can any combination hope to exclude silver money from com merce, when every shrewd man (n business will sock it for one purpose or another? Could all the bankers in tho country acting together keep tho legal-tender silver dollars at a discount, when there was a uni versal demand for them tho moment they are at a discount? The course outlined by tho Now York bankers may bo (ho moans of creating in a few mouths a public demand for tho silver dollars to an extent that would not have been readied otherwise for several years. Nor will such a demand drive gold ont of circulation until there shall bo silver dollars enough to pay all the taxes and debts and transact all the busi ness of tho country. Practically, then, tho scheme of tho Now York banks Is manifestly absurd, and would defeat its owu purpose, even if they should bo allowed to pursue it in their own blind, stupid, egotistical way, for, if they should succeed in depreciating the silver dollars, they would merely create a now demand therefor of enormous proportions, ond thus hasten tho arrival at a silver basis. In tbo meantime, tbo announcement of their purpose to discriminate against will excite n universal hostility to the New York banks. It will bo accepted by the peo ple and by Congress as a disposition on tho part of tbo Eastern bankers and (ho money lenders to defeat the law of (ho land and demonetize silver in spite of tho popular will. In order to 'antagonize this effort, Congress will probably bo prepared to take two important steps, viz.: (I) To provide for tho free coin age of silver dollars, and (2) to compel the banks to redeem their notes in coin instead of legal-tender as they do now. If tho peo plo of this country shall be forced by tho money interests to choose between tho con tracted and constantly contracting gold standard and the enlarged and growing silver standard they will choose the latter; if there is to bo a single monetary standard, then it Is in tho Interest of tho masses to have the cheaper and more abundant metal, and free coinage of silver will bo provided as ths quickest means for obtaining tho silver standard, end the surest means for avoiding tbo dear gold standard. A law requiring the banks to redeem their circulating notes in colu instead of greenbacks will find general favor for several reasonst It will relievo the Government of ono-half tho burden of re sumption; it will admonish tho banks for lending themselves to tho New York gold clique; and it will provide au opening for at least $100,000,000 of sil ver dollars immediately, for tho banks will need that sum for reserve purposes. Will tho mouoy-lntorosts of New York be auy hotter satisfied with such laws than they ore now 7 Will thoy not regret that they inter fered to prevent tbo free circulation of legal tender silver alongside of gold and green, backs? Tho circulation at par of the throe kinds of money after resumption will bo tbo natural result,of the law os it now stands, if tho banks do not interfere to preyont it. That condition of things will probably con tmue till the bullion*.valuo of silver shall be restored, (when all objection to (be silver dollar would disappear), because tbo ailver dollars will not drive off tho gold dollars be fore $1100,000,000 or $100,000,000 of tho former shall come into circulation, and long before that time silver bullion will have attained Us former relative value with gold. In resisting this course of things, the New York bankers will bring on a flood that will carry them and their gold clique out of sight. PARTISAN DICTATION. At a meeting of tho Second Ward Repub lican Club, bold on Monday evening last, a resolution was passed with reference to Sheriff Hoffman's appointments which, to put it mildly, Is an impudent interference with matters over which tills Club has no Jurisdiction, and upon which .they have no right to dictate. It is due, however, to the Republicans of tho ward to preface tho com ment which this resolution calls for with tho declaration that it does not represent their sentiments, but those of a little clique who have no authority to declare the wishes of tho voters of tho Second Ward. As tho roso lutlon, however, stands as tho official action of the Club, it calls for sharp rebuke. Tho resolution, after wliureaning that it is confidently expected that (ho SUcriff.cloet will give that ward Us sharo of the appoint ments, and that there are a great many per sons out of business, declares “that (ho President of (he Second Ward Club, together with tho Executive Committee of said Club, be requested to select tho'uamcs of ton mem bers of the Club, and present thorn to MnJ. Hoffman, with tho request (hat ho select whatsoever appointments ho may make from tho Second Ward from these names,” —and that a committee of three wait upon him with tho list of names. If any such Oumuuitca with ony such list of names waiU upon MaJ. How man, it is to be hoped that ho will politely bliow them tbe door, and send thorn bach across tbo river. Thin resolution pro poses to Introduce n bit of Tammany Into our county politics which- will cot go down. Having just smashed one machine, the peo ple of Chicago are in no mood to havo anoth er machine of the same kind set in ojterotfon, even before the mine of tbo old puu is swept out. Having taken tauo with Sheriff Keen on this very subject, Is it not a little impa dent fur a small ring of ward politicians to como forward oud demand the appointment of meu from it curtain locality? Whqudid residence in a certain street, block, or ward qualify a man to. servo as a deputy or clerk lu the Sheriff's office? If residence in the Second Ward is a qualification, is not rcsl deuce in every other of the words and iu every one of the country towns Jast as strong a qualification? If being out of business a qualification in the Second Ward, Idleness or misfortune iu all the other wards' and country towns is just os much a qualification, and the Sacoud Ward riua iniobt as well rolccl a hundred names as well as ton, ami Insist nponlho appointment of tho wholo of them. It was n dictation exactly of this kind nml his yielding to It that defeated Sheriff Kuny, During his Administration, tho bummers of (Ills and that ward complained they had no representation. He yielded to their clamor eo far as to make some changes In hb ap pointments. As the lime for a notv election drew nigh, tho clamor-increased, and Kean yielded to it by promising these bummers la tho various wards that they should name all his appointments. Tho result was that lie was overwhelmingly defeated, and the ma chine which the bnmraors bad sot up was smashed. It was tho same old story. Tho hummers were to select competent and re sponsible men for tbo offices, but the people, deceived over and over again, put no faith in them. If MnJ. Hoffman has any serious inten tion to accept tho dictation of any ward club, or any political clique, in making Ids appointments, ho had better resign his olßco at once. If ho shall follow out Kean's poll cy in this matter, his administration will be a disastrous failure, tbo public Interests will bo neglected, nml corruption and misman agement will characterize his entire term of office, lie will have a list of deputies, bail iffs, and clerks, and will not bo actually re sponsible for thorn, although the law makes him so. His wholo administration will be thrown into coufifslon and end in niter fail ure. We drt not believe MaJ. Hoffman, how ever, has any such iiitoutignn, or will follow any such policy. His obligations under his oath, his duty to tho people of tho county, the promises which he has made, and the im portant fact that ho is not n candi date for ro-uomiuotion, aro sulßoienlty strong inducements to prevent him from yielding (o tho impudent dictation of tho Second Ward or nny other ward clique. Ho has given a public pledge that fitness for tho office will bo tho only qualifi cation for appointment, and wo bcliovo ho will adhero to his pledge. "Ho is in a posi tion to soy to tho Second Ward delegation when they come to him with their list of names t “ Gentleman, I propose to moke my own appointments. There may bo ap pointments from tho Bcdftml Ward, and there may bo none. It will depend upon tbo fitness of tho men I find there. Ido not in tend to tnkoauy man because bo lives in any. particular locality. I am ready to receive suggestions aud to consider them, but all my appointments will bo based upon the industry, honesty, and ability of tho ap plicants. For this purpose, Ido not need nny absolute list of nominees to chooio from. Good morning, gentle men.” Tho open aud declared wnr on silver by tho banks of tho City of Now Vork will find hut Hltlo sympathy iu tho West nnd North* west. Wo do not beliovo that thoro is one bnnk iu Chicago or In any of tbo Northwest ern cities which will approve or indorse tho schema of tho Now York banks. That scheme is to nullify tho law of tho land making tho silver dollar a legal-tender by refusing to ac cept it os bankable money, nnd by refusing to transaot any business with n merchant who receives silver in the conrso of his Imjii ness. Tho attempt to nullify tho not of Congress, and tho assumed co-operation of Secretary Bukhman by locking tbo silver dol lars in tho vaults of tbo Treasury, will not receive the approval of tha banks or of any class of persons at tho West. On the contrary, it in more tjbpn probable, should thero bo this alHnuce'bolwoon ‘tho Now York banks and Secretary Sherman, that Congress will anticipate tbo rosnmptiou of specie payments by some very peremp tory and deoisivo legislation. At present the banks ore tho only class of tho American people who will not bo compelled to mako specie payments on tbo Ist of January. The Government, as tho case now stands, is com pelled to furnish tho banks with coin with which to redeem their notes, and this coin these banka insist shall bo gold and not silver. They announce beforehand that they will demaud gold of tho Government, and will not tnko silver. In this emergency the duty of Congress Is plain and nnmls takablo. It Is to declare that, on tho day that tho Government resumes specie payments, greenbacks shall coaso to bo legal-tender in redemption of bank-notes, which notes shall bo redeemed on demand in tho legal coin of tho United States. Tho banks have os many notes outstanding nearly as the Government; so long as the Government is obliged to furnish them with gold, they will refuse silver. But lot the Government dissolve tho partnership, ami lot those banks take oaro of (heir own cur ronoy, and find' (heir own gold wherever they can got It. Perhaps tho decision (hat silver shall not bo treated ns bankable funds may undergo a revision. At all events, wo are assured that not ouo bank iu Chicago or the Northwest proposes to tnko any part or give any assistance whatever in this open declaration of war by tho Now York banks against the Government, extending to a bold unllifioaliun of the law; and, if the' New York banks cun carry ou tho wor of them selves, then they will have a fair opportunity to show their strength and ability. , Tho full returns from the Third Wisconsin Congressional District show that tho Hum (luouau C. IJAi'PLTON, the llcpnblican candi date, Is elected by a very small majority, only 175, over Kino, Flutist mul Democrat. Kino made a desperate effort lu gel elected, and It Is reported that he snent at hast 910,000 In the campaign. Thu district is a large erne, siurcely touched by a railroad line, and tho inhabitants are engaged In agriculture und lead-mining. Many of (hem ate foreigners, und are easily duped by designing pulltlelaus. Tho (irceiduek lunacy spread liUa a fearful epidemic, but Jlaxclton foucht It Inch by huh. Ills majority is small, but It is larger than Dupstuh's in the Fourth (Milwaukee), tho famous Democratic district. The next Confederate Huns* will probably adopt a Used number tu decide contested elec tion*. Thu*, any Republican who docs not claim a majority uf 1,W3 ur over will bo ousted ut omt and bis scat given to a Democrat. Its cases where there were three candidates, tho Republican will be required tu have more votes than both tho (inenbacker audtbo Democrat. Otherwise he must step down and out. It is said to be the fashion amouar clergymen when they get a harreUul of senoons tu turn it upside down cud preach them oyer again, “dealing from the bottom." Now tbst Mr. Dsns bus gone back on Tildkn, bo ran utilise oil bis old editorials on tbo "Great Fraud" by reproducing them and simply striking uut tbo name of Ultjikuiouu U. Hires and inserting tbaluf SisiußL J. Tildes. The Buffalo Vuur.’er t evtfcnlly interested in some eas company, says: "Thu public Is begin ning tu lose faith iu Edison's Inventions. His discoveries, however interesting, ore uut likely to prove of practical value." Miss Cstiibuinb Lloyd, a schoolmistress la Nowharg, Bugged a refractory and rebellious boy the other day, and tho imp’s father brought suit Inr Si nun Jjiuiiriu. Ttu* IrirrcouMu’l •»« It, lint acquitted Miss Li.otd, ami made g n . purse for her of Si". The Court held t u ‘•parents have a rlirut to conltol thrir H.ihin os lone ns the? ilu not overstep certain bound" ami when they take them to Pi-bool n,,..’. delegate to tho teacher that same power’,,! restraint ami correction they possess Ut .,, r the law." This Is much sounder doctrine u,™ that enunciated hy the Supreme Court of \\ i cousin, which held that corporal oun!si.;m nt p schools was In nil eases sufficient ground# Jur a suit lor assault. a It never rains but It pour*. For the next f >-,y months the telegraph will be nightly burdcnui with the reports of grave robberies In dig, ri ,,, sections of the country, and there will | IC nn lltl easy loellng In the minds of manv person* , V | ’ have been bereaved of their blends l»v death Ills not Improbable that the plan of irmmu,./ Instead of burial, will find new advocate* turn in order to circumvent these dc-spu a „ tß creatures that stsnd ready to violate the tci u,. r c«t Iccllmrsof the human heart. Fromsiriniv a sanitary point of observation, It cetiahuy ha*s much to rccommsud it. Tho story runs that Mm Cmma Aimorr colled at the White House the oilier eunin.- nnd that .Mrs. H*tf.S brought out the books and requested the great i y sing some ot the good old revival hymn*. M| Sl Annort song "Show IMtv, lord; 0 herd. | or . give.” with such pathos that the President was moved to tears. 'I lint Is very good; hut a tnore appropriate place to sing that hvmn übnM |*> Ornmercy Park. Ten to one, however, tint the old sinner Inside would not weep unless acme one would lend him an colon. The Poston JUra’d says that M». lltrrr.Rn has suggested more Hum a dozen epitaphs fur his own tombstone during the past fifteen year* tiont- of which sccnUo bu exac-lly appropriate! On one occasion ho asked to Iwvc It but-dhrd Ids tombstone that " he never commanded the Army of Hie Poiomue." Now ho has help chough In making epitaphs. Here Is a coud one: Pmesth this prone Ho# Hknst llm.rr. Who served the houth ps wholesale »mk-r- All hie life long he was a uruhher. And naught but death could slop hl« jobber In on« of (lie public schools of New Vorl;, the next ilav after (lie election, one of tlk- r,> male lonelier* vorlcil the mmiolouy of her morning exercises by marching her pupil* up ami acting tbcm how ibflr fathers voted the day before for Mayor. An Inquisitive fattier sent Uor a note flic next morning, asking her if that was what Ids eblldrtMi wore hcul to M-hool for. Ami yet soma people insist that political economy should bo taught in the common schools. John N. Dakin, who was convicted nf killing his brother-in-law, John K, Htopoh, at Mar shalltown, In., was yesterday sentenced lo (a), prisonment for life. The singular feature of the trial was tho oppearnnro of Frank Ross, who solclflnlyoworo ho himself killed M-romm. While Judge Mitciibm. admitted tliut Ro it gave every evidence til being of sound mind and In earnest, yet ho nlso believed that Dakin commuted the murder, and so sentenced him. The New York Grajih'c suys that during tho year 1877 there were erected 1,-IU3 cdliices fit that city, at a cost of *U),RIP,4II. During this year the number will exceed l.fiOO, at a total cost of 610,1500,000,-nn average of over CIO,OOO for every building. When the cheapness of material and labor la considered, It will be seen that these structures must be handsome and durable for tho cost orlco. several oromtnent Republicans In tho •present House of Representatives will ho missed inter tho present session. Among them are Hals, Banks, Butler, Townsend, Foster, Brnat aud, and Cox. On tho Democratic side those who must “go” are Hbwjtt, Rotter, l*i»t.s, Bati.br, Banning, Harrison, Tiiockmortun, ami Glover. A nice lot of gcntlcmcu fur au evening .parly. When John Randolph, of Roanoke, made use of that terrible sarcasm In tho House of Representatives: “lie shines and Mink*, and stinks ami shines, like n rotten mackerel hr moonlight,” ho Intended no reference.to tho diplomats who arc doing tho Newfoundland business that has already become fishy ou their hands. if October fixed Euqcnb Hale, Chairman of tho National Republican Committee, Novem ber did tlio same for Senator Bahnum, Chair man of tho Democratic Congressional Commit tee. Honors aru easy, but tho chances fur speedy resurrection seem to Ro # on tho side of tho Maine man. In accordaneu with tho suggestion of tho Geneva Conference of the Young Men’s Chris tian Association, all tho churches arc praying this week for thu young mct\ Except In (he City ol Chicago, there oro a largo number of 'wicked young men who need praying for. Tho rate of “ Tna Iron Hand” Is threatened. I* the Republic at nn emir— Cincinnati . Tlie Republic seems to bo pretty much'it an end In several of the ex-Rchel Stales. “Tho Iron Hand” Is what Is imperatively needed down thero in order to Insure a Government republican in form. A New Orleans correspondent has a mild war of putting It. Ihi says that the champion liar, Andbiison. Is “ laboring under a nutuiui ina bility to toil tho truth.” And what makes it bad U tho luct that no act of Congress can u move Mr. Anderson’s dUablllUo>. Miss Harriet Hosmkr, tho sculptor, has patented a process for converting limestone into marble not to he distinguished from the must perfect and beautiful natural marble. Au experiment with it Is to ho made ou the En glish Embassy building In Romo. The Her. Hr. IlmvotiTit, of New York, ad vanced lbe opinion lu*t tjurtduy llmt if ucr Kuril wcro to visit that city und begin lu ml down salaries uml reform things generally in tho public olllces, lie would he anything tut popular. Now lhat Georgia bhs become us thoroughly bankrupt an she l.i Democratic, her newspapers , cry out fur ttie .Morcir Lcll-pumh. Hvr principal commerce belli? in whisk*, the bill* punch would noun Ull her Treasury. Matt Caupuctuk tells a Washington re porter that the contest for the scat In the ('idled States Sonata in Wisconsin is between himself and Mr. Kuvc-«. 1C It comes to that, Kurcs will have u soft thing. A ClcvelumKJerman paper has wisely coucluJ* cd that It d'Kuti'c know whom the Republicans will nominateiu 1&0. Itis tho only paper In the United Slates whose editor cannot name the lucky mao. _ * Mrs. Felton made a successful ra c fur Con press In Georgia. Don Toouos says it’s a i Ity she can't bo sworn In instead of ber ImsUinJ, wbo hid behind ber skirts during tho canvass. Gcu. Job Johnston' describes Ben Buti-»» ®* "a nun despised in tho North and execrated the South." it Is wgll Ihot BuTtxn «««* out w Congress before Job JounsTON comes lu. In a good many localities all over the country Democratic editors have kindly loaned the euu of their roosters to tbo Republicans,— they “ aV * lug uo use for 1 hem this year. FWc years' imprisonment and #jW fine Is ‘ worst lhat van happen to the ghouls who«. rlcd off Btbwsitx*s corpse—R they are caught. The Ciiiilonatl inquirer seems 10 . anxious to scud Gkakt booming lu lb>D a-s b>. Louis Olobt-Diirwcrxit. Maine was a little rough on Blaine iu ber. but Conuuno was not win.