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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, November 15, 1878, Image 4

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ST)* SrWmnc.
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TERMS TO CtTT SUBSCIUDBIIi,
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TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES.
Tnc Chicago TninvNi Ims citabUshedbrtach offices
for the receipt of subscriptions and Advertisements as
follows:
NKW TOnR-noora 39 Ttidvm Building. JF.T.'Mo-
Faduis, Manager.
r*ltlts. France—So. IS Roe de UGrsoge»DsteHere.
11. Maulkk. Agent.
LONDON, tug.—American Exchange, 4« Strand.
llkxry F. Gillio, Agent.
bAS FRANCISCO. Csl.-Palace Hotel.
AMUSEMENTS.
IfcTleher’s Theatre.
Madison it reft, between liearbom and “t.iiv. Fn*
ghgenitot of tho Strekoscb Itallsu o.j;- •
•• Mlgnuo."
Hook?*" Thentre.
Pandnlnb street, between curie nnd Lignite. F.n*
pigeraentof thoLlngard Troupe. "Onr Boyi" and
••Jo Jobes.”
Ilnverly’e Theatre.
Dcsrborn street, ccnicrof Monroe. Engagement of
tbe Colville Folly Company. "Robinson Crusoe. M
ArnHemy of Music*
jfnlrird >treel. between Madison and Monroe. Va*
rletr. novelty, nod specially performance*.
Hamlin's Theatre.
Cl»rk<>treet,o|i|K)iliethe Coitrt*llouis. Eoso«ctnent
of Warner ib L'ottoo'a Minstrels. Afternoon and oVeti*
McCormick Halt.
ClntK urcet, corner of Klntle. Prof. Cromwell will
Illustrate “The Vatican and Its Statues.”
Metropolitan Theatre,
cfark street, opposite Sherman .House. Variety en
tertainment.
Folly Theatre.
Dcsplaines street, between Washington and Madison,
Ensaacment of the Female Minstrels.
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
ORIENTAL LODGE NO. KL A. F. A A, M.-tlSll
12J i.nsallo-st. Hutted Comnmnlrstloti this (Friday)
eu nlnc si 7:3oo'cluek, for business sod work on the
M. M. Dc/ruo Vlsliun cordially Invited. Ur order of
tiie Master. E. N. TCCKKK. Secretary.
COVENANT LODGE, NO, «2U. A. F. * A. M. -Rea*
uirr Cutiinuinlratlon aicortutlilan Mall. 197 Mast Kin*
zlc-iL. this (Friday) evening, at 7:30 o'clock, for bust*
nrta and work on the I bird Degree. A full attendance
of tint members Is requested, aa' the M. \V. 0. M. has
slunlflca tils lutehtlon to ho present. Visitors always
wclioinc. Dy order Jl. W. WULSKLKV, W. si.
wu.LIAM KtUlt, Secretary.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1878.
Greenbacks at the New York Stock Ex
change yesterday closed at Ol)J.
Edwin Lee Brown, of Chicago, was yes*
terday elected President of the American
Humane Society, ot its session in Baltimore.
As a humanitarian Mr. Brown is well and
favorably known, and this high honor is not
unmerited.
An abstract of the biennial report of the
Trustees of tbo Northern Insane Asylum is
submitted to the public this morning. It
allows tbo institution to bo carefully fulfill*
iujj the objects for which it was created.
Reliable dispatches from Georgia assert
that Wadc, Republican, was elected to Coo*
grass by at least 3,000 majority, but was
counted out by the Democrats. Ho migb 4
os well bo counted out as contested out. Ho
had no right to Interfere with the Solid
South.
The body of tbo late A. T. Stewart has
boon found, and the perpetrators of the out*
rage aro known, though thoir names wero
not given to the pnblio lost night. An offi
cial says when the names ore published the
people of New York will bo thoroughly
astounded.
Tho National Woman’s Suffrage Associa
tion yesterday elected Mrs. Rebecca K. llaz
zaud, of Missouri, President; Col. T. W.
Hiooinson, Lloyd Qaboisok, and Mrs. Mary
A. Livermore, Vice-Presidents; Mrs. Juua
Vi’aud Howe, Corresponding Secretary; and
Mrs. Myuaßuadwzel, of Chicago,Treasurer.
Black Friday will not down. Bankruptcy
proceedings in the case of Albert Speyer*
(odco broker for Fisk & Gould), whose con
tracts wore so brazenly repudiated by faL
firm, will soon determine whether Jay
Gould shall bo again compelled to pay back
to hts victims a portion of his enormous
hauls, after (ho manner of (he celebrated
Eric restitution of $0,000,000.
The Treasury authorities are outspoken in
their regrets that the Now York bankers
should openly antagonize tho silver dollar.
The point is well taken that tho National
Banks aro themselves tho servants of the
Government, and should they persist in this
unwise move the Banking law will bo so
amended as to force them to take as depos
its whatever Congress may doclaro to be
legal-tender.
Steps have been taken toward the forma
tion in Chicago of an association having for
iU object the puttlug forth of united effort
to protect the youth of the Northwest
against tho sickening flood of depraved aud
licentious literature that is sapping tho
foundations of moral purity among the ris
ing generation. Tbo movement is in excel
lent hands, and should command the unre
stricted support of every true man and
woman in Chicago.
The Western Wholesale Druggists' Asso
ciation, representing over 100 of tho leading
drug houses of the West, concluded Us an
nual Convention yesterday. Action was
taken looking to a repeal of the stamp tax on
proprietary goods, to the requirement of a
more competent examination as to the quali
fication of persons desiring to practice
pharmacy, to the discouragement and pre
vention of adulteration in drags and medi
cines, and to the limitation of credits.
The County Board has voted to reduce to
23 cents per dsy the Sheriff's allowance lor
dieting prisoners, the change to take effect
ouly when the Democratic Sheriff shall h%ve
retired and the Republican Sheriff-elect
entered upon the duties of bis This
tpaim ot poet-morUm economy is eminently
riiaracterislie of the old Board. It la a
uca&urer portly of spite and partly of bon-t
combe, being supported by the identical fac
tion which less than a year ago refused to
reduce Kxrm’s allowance to a figure which
admitted of no division of the spoils.
The people have just intrusted the manage
ment of county affairs to a new Board, and
by a majority of about 11,000 votes have
intimated iholr desire that the outgoing
crowd meddle with the business as little as
may be. It id quite possible that the {Doom
ing Hoard may resolve upon a ntill more
economical and satisfactory plan of feeding
the Jail prisoners, and that lb will insist upon
regulating this and other matters to suit
itself. .
Loan Salisbury, under .date of Nov. 7,
replies to Secretary Evabts* lasi dispatch ou
the fishery question. With friendly earnest
ness the British Secretary of Foreign Affairs
insists upon the construction which her
Majesty’s Government has put upon tho
Treaty of Washington. He lays down, he
says, no new principles of international law,
but fortifies bis demands by ample affidavits.
The communication Is as courteous as it is
carefully prepared.
Attorney-General Devins was yesterday
engaged in arguing before tbe Supremo
Oourt the question whether tho United
Stales has the constitutional fight to prohibit
polygamous marriages in the Territories.
Geobok Reynolds hod been convicted in tbe
Territorial courts, and in his appeal mainly
rested on the plea tliat polygamy was a re
ligions duty,which Mr. Devins most effectu
ally disposed of by comparing the Mormons
to East India thugs, In that they rioted in
murder as a religious duty.
A Cincinnati Alderman and iteatons Demo
crat named J. J. Kelly undertook tbe Ern
Holland game, and got caught. At the late
election be was industrious in procuring ille
gal votes, was detected, and yesterday con
victed in tho United States Court. Another
boisterous Democrat, a Lieutenant of Police,
is also under indictment for cursing and
driving a Federal Supervisor away from tho
polls. Some of the some sort of law and
Justice is what is needed among tho bull-,
dozers and ballot-box staffers of (be South.
/■ 1 ■, . ■ 1■ 1 . ■
Gen. Sbibman’s annual report in its ar
raignment of tho Government’s Indian policy
is looked npon in Washington as part of a
preconcerted move by tlio army generally
upon tbe Interior Deportment, and is ex*
citing mnch attention. That Department,
while not assuming (be offensive, is Trilling
to stand by Us record. One army officer
charges the Dopartmont with not supplying
a certain tribe, which, upon investigation, is
found not to bo entitled to the Government
bounty. The Interior Department believes
tho charges of mismanagement and neglect
are solely made for tho purpose of scouring
a transfer of the Indian Bureau to tho War
Department.
The Washington dispatches represent the
President os unwilling to be regarded as hav
ing uhongodorabandonodhis Southern pplfoy,
or os having confessed it to be a failure. He
is said to have authorized the statement that
his policy toward the South will remain
what it always has been, a policy of pro
teelion to the citizen of whatever political
party in the exercise of his political rights,
and that the only change he has undergone
is a change in his estimate of' the Southern
character. He means now as heretofore
that the Constitution and laws guaranteeing
absolute political equality shall be enforced
wherever they may bo disregarded, only he
now sees more reason than ever before for
directing apodal attention to such enforce*
monfc in the South. Whether his policy has
beeu changed or not, it is quite evident that
the President 44 moausbusiness" from this
time forth, and that, so far as the niggardly
appropriations of a DemocraticCongreHS will
permit, the power of the Government will
bo exerted to punish the violence and fraud
that have run riot in the South until it
xeomed that a day of reckoning would never
come.
THE SILVER CONTROVERSY,
Tho gold clique have deliberately reopened
the silver controversy. The movement U a
concerted one. All the organs have bean
impressed mto tho sorvioe, end aro engaged
in reiterating tho old falsehoods and contrib
tiling new ones. Tho fight is bound to be,as
selfish and unscrupulous as it was before,
with the disadvantage on tho side of tho
money-lenders that they ore now making an
open effort to impose offensive legislation upon
the people, while before they were defending
a demonetization that hod been procured
surreptitiously If not fraudulently. Wo
cannot bnt regret that tho status of silver
has not been allowed to stand as It now Is,
for It would have boon better for.tbotime-
Dclng, perhaps, to abide by restricted colu
nge} but the gold clique are not content
with this, and are determined upon forcing a
change. The only change they will get Is
the passage of a law providing for the froo
coinage of silver, and placing that coin on
precisely tho same footing as gold in onr
monetary system. There is dq donbt that
this is the true position of silver In this
country, and the action of the Mew York
banks and tbo offensive tone assumed by the
gold organs will establish this relation sooner
than it could otherwise have been brought
about.
It is only a few days since the question
was reopened, and yet there is already a full
crop of lies ready for harvest. Without
taking the pains to parcel these falsehoods
oat among their originators, it may still bo
worth while to expose some of them for the
purpose of showing bow utterly uAscropu
lous the organs of the gold clique are:
Lie No. I.—That silver has depreciated 13
per cent Tho relative value of a commod
ity cannot bo determined by a comparison
will) a single and exceptional standard} Ills
governed by the average or run of values.
Silver does not hold the same ratio of value
to gold that H hgld a few years ago, portly
because its monetary employment has large
ly decreased by demonetization in Germany
and this country, and partly because the
stock of gold Is contracting as compared
with the demand for it ' But almost any
other given commodity may be taken, and
it will be found that tho value of silver has
not decreased,* but on the contrary
has increased, within the last few
years. An ounce of silver will
to-day purchase more flour, meat, cotton,
wool, iron, or coal, than sa ounce of silver
would have purchased five years ago, though
the silver dollar was relatively worth piore
than the gold dollar at that time. Bo a tllver
dollar will to-day purchase more of the neoes
sary articles of life than conld have been
procured for a silver dollar five years ago.
Lie No. 3.—'That remonetization of silver
was **qn attempt to make 85 cents’ worth of
silver a dollar.” The faotis that the remon
etized Oliver dollar contains just BTls grains
of pure silver, which is precisely the amount
It contained before it was demonetized, and
precisely the amount it bad alwsys contained
from the very foundation of the Govern
ment. It was this standard dollar of 871}
grains pure stiver which constituted 'IW
cents, so that it is obviously false and ridicu
lous to say that It now amounts to only 83
ceuts.
Lie No. 3.—That there would be a loss of
THE CHICAGO
15 per coni in the purchasing power of the
greenbacks and bank-notes, amounting to
one hundred million dollars, by maintaining
the standard stiver dollar. The -fact is, that
the greenbacks and bank-notes arc not now
worth within one-cighth of 1 per cent as
much aa the standard silver dollar in which
they arc redeemable along with gold. To
make them actually interchangeable with the
standard silver dollars on demand would in
crease thetr value to that extent, instead of
diminishing it. Greenbacks and bank-notes
are not property, bnt only promises to pay 5
tbeir purchasing value depends ultimately on
tboir redeemnbility, and the aggregate rela
tive value of all forms of property will bo
increased by making these greenbacks rep
resent tho doable standard instead of a con
tracted and Insufficient standard of gold
alone,—on which basis they probsbly could
not bo redeemed at nil.
LU Ho. 4.—That the vast empire of India
“is reported ” to have about decided to
adopt tho gold standard. There is and has
been no snob report outside of the invention
of those m this country who have put it
forth. There is not the smallest likelihood
that tho use of silver as money will be
abandoned In Indio. The English people
themselves would be stricken with alarm at
any sueh action, for they would be brought
face to face with tho prospect of losing their
own stock of gold and suffering more from
hard times than they do now. It may pay
England to abide by tho single gold standard,
so long as tho silver standard or the double
standard shall prevail In a largo part of the
commercial world; but England would share
In tho common disaster if tho monetary use
of silver should be discontinued everywhere,
and the entire commerce of the world should
be thrown upon (ho inadequate basis of gold
alone.
Lie Ho. s.—That tho States of the Latin
Union aro “ glutted " with silver, and that
the people find it a burden. It is true the
Latin Union have suspended tbs free coinage
of silver os a protection ogainst German de
monetization ; bnt it is also true that, at tho
rate of 15) to 1, while our silver dollar Is at
tho rote of 10 to 1, Franco keeps between
$300,000,000 and $400,000,000 of silver at
par with gold, and has enjoyed an easy
money-market and steady prosperity, while
Germany, Great Britain, and tho United
States havo been suffering a long period of
depression. It would take six years, as (he
law now stands, before there would bo as
much silver in circulation in this country as
there now is in Franco.
Those arc a few of the falsehoods sot afloat
,as a basis for a demand that the Silver bill
shall be repealed. Aro tho people crazy
who make (bis demand? Have they forgot
ten that the present Silver bill, providing a
limited and restricted coinage, passed both
Houses of Congress by more than two-thirds
majority ? Don’t they know that oven this
tremendous majority fell short of tho public
sentiment in favor of restoring the silver
dollar to our monetary system ? Can’t they
see that, if the issue be forced upon Con
gress again, tbe result wilt be to open tho
doors wider stlU,*and provide for free coin
age and silver certificates precisely os in the
cose of gold? If the money-lenders arc de
termined there shall be a single standard in
this country, they will find that it will bo a
silver and not a gold standard.
THE SUBSIDY CONVEITTIOK.
Some few weeks ago there was a meeting
hold In this city, called by several gentlemen
engaged in tbo promotion of protection and
cheap money, jit which Qon, Bnsser, of Now
Orleans, was present, and mode'an earnest
speech on ‘the subject of granting
subsidies by the Government to various
projected schemes. As a result of
this meeting it was resolved that a
Convention, primarily called to meet at New
Orleans, but which could not conveniently
bo hold there because of the yellowfevor,
should bo hold in Chicago Nov. 13, and that
all States, cities, and towns in the country bo
invited to send delegates to consider the
measures necessary to promote an increase of
our trade with foreign countries. Invitations
were sent broadcast all over tbo country, and
on last Tuesday the Convention met in this
city. Tlie Mayor of Chicago appointed a
hundred or more citizens to attend tbo Con*
vootion.
Tho body had hardly met before the pur
pose to use the occasion to advocate subsi
dies to railways and ocean steamships was
evident, and as this city and Its people are
opposed to all snob schemes, and those of tho
Chicogo delegates who attended so said
and so voted, it pleased several delegates
from other parts of the country to doclaro
that Chicago hod got up tho Convention, and
hod got the delegates here In a trap. Tbo
Convention was not called In the interest of
Chicago. Before any considerable number of
our people bad heard of anything relating to
it, the call had been issued. There was no
u trap"abontit. Finding that the Convention
had been adroitly packed to bolster up Tom
Scott's Texas Pacific Railway job and other
proposed robberies, tbo Chicago delegates
merely protested against having the resolu
tions adopted going before the country ns an
expression, of the sentiments of the people
of this city.
During tho discussions In the Convention
It was frequently slated that Illinois had
profited largely from the subsidy business;
that in 1630 Congress had made a grant of
land to aid in the construction of the Illinois
Central Railway, and therefore Illinois ought
not to object to a subsidy to other roads in
other sections of the country. There would
be some force in this objection if there wore
any similarity ill tho fools. Congress In
1830 granted in aid of the Illinois Railway
each alternate section for six miles on each
side of the road; the alternate sections of
lend held by the Government to be there
after sold at $3.30 per acre, being double the
maximum price asked for Government land.
This land bad been In the market for thirty
yean, and had been vainly offered for sale,
some of It as low is 60 cents an acre. • The
result was that the Government sold every
acre of the reserved land at $3.50 per
acre for cash, thereby getting the
full sum of money for which It would
have sold the whole land at any time
daring the thirty years previous. Tbs action
of the Government was that of any prudent,
proprietor. It waa followed by like'graqts
to other States and to all the Pacific Rail
roads. Tom Scott’s Pacific Rood has a .laud
grant from the United States of 31,000,000
acres, and perhaps 6,000,000 acres, from tha
State of Texas. This, grant Js equal to, or
more than, twice ss'many acres per mile As
the graqd to the Illinois RoadU It will be
seen that the groat of land of which the
Texa* Pacific jtoad is in {Possession was
'twice as great per mile as to tbs Illinois Road,
and therefore tho Texas |foad cannot com
plain of any injustice. ~No one asks to take
away the land. But Uis proposed to
add to the land that the United States shall
guarantee the Interest on the bonds of
the Company at tho rate of $33,000 per mile
XRIBUIVEj FRIDAY, KOVEMHER 16, 1878.
for 1,700 miles, tho bonds (o boar interest at
5 per cent for forty yearn, the wiilo differ
ence between tbe two cases become* very
plain,—a blind man can almost ace It. The
(otftl interest which tho United Stale? is
naked to guarantee will Aggregate over $120,-
000,000, to be secured by a second mortgage,
the first being for About $00,000,000 pripoU
pal of the bonds. Not one dollar was over
taken out of (he Treasury, or asked for, to
build the’ Illinois Central Railroad. Tho
reference to the Illinois case os a precedent
for the loan of credit to Tom Soon’s road by
the vociferous gentleman from St. Louis
was far-fotchod, impertinent, false, and ma
licious.
Land, however, will not satisfy the lobby,
oven if it will build railroads. Ills said that
dogs who have once feasted on mutton there
after relish no other meat. Tho enormous
swindle of over $100,(XX),000 on (ho Union
and Central Pacific Railways have given the
American lobby a distaste for land or any
other form of grant save bonds or cash.
Their Idea of a railroad Is a plausible pro*
text for a subsidy. If a subsidy is not need
ed, these people care nothing about the road.
Tho Atchison, Topeka A Kansas Railroad
has a grant of land so fsr as it rnns through
Kansas, but nothing for tho 1,000 miles be
yond. It Is bnilding rapidly by means of
private capital, and asks no subsidy. Tho
Texas pillagers ask $35,000 a mile bond sub
sidy. The road itself can bo huiltfor $15,000
a mile; the difference of SBO,OOO per mile is
tho grand steal, to promote which tho
lobby from New Orleans to Maine Is bowling
'in conventions, lying in newspapers, and in
sidiously bribing and corrupting wherever it
can. It is $20,000 a mile for 1,700 miles
that is the motive power which will fill Wash
ington tho coming winter, demanding that
“commerce be promoted.”
It is claimed, however, that the Central
and Union Pacific Roods exact excessive rates
for transportation, and therefore there must
be competition. Did tbo unsophisticated
children who came here from Pittsburg, Bt.
Louis, and New Orleans, over hear of such a
thing as railr6ad combination and pooling of
receipts ? If tho rival railroads oast of tho
Mississippi River to the Atlantia can and do
pool, why not (ho roads west of the Missouri
River do tho some t Competition in railway
business moans combination.
1 The competition in transportation Is alone
furnished by tho water routes or the lakes
and canals from tho East to tho West, and
by tho Mississippi Riser from St. Louis to
Now Orleans. These alone, and not railroad
competition, control thd rapacity of railroad
combination. There con be no objection to
Congress by law placing,a mazimmn rate for
transportation on all land*gront subsidized
railroads; and let snob law bo enforced by
ilho most vigorous penalties. Thero is tbo
remedy for ovor-ohorgirig. But subsidizing
Tom Scott’s railroad will accomplish actually
nothing in reducing freights; it will merely
strengthen the combination. Sncb a propo
sition is an Insult to popular Intelligence, es
pecially In the light of tho costly experience
of the past. os tho head of a
railroad to the Tactile, will be no more
rapacious in his exactions than will Soorr,
or Vamdkbbilt, or foiVrrr, or OAniurrr.
They are all alike in thafmattor of extortion
to tho extent of thelr'^porlunities.
The animus of tho late Convention was
hardly disguised. The ‘‘elections arc over.
Many of tho present of Congress
have not boon ro-eloobilJ Their terms expire
on the fld of March
this Is tho favorable time to tompt the weak
ness of retiring membOM| Hence tho lobby
is aroused for tho • grand excited
to vigorous action prepMfcatory to feasting on
the carcass of legislative morality. The birds
of prey from for and wftle will flock to Wash
ington this .winter} tbftgrand movement on
tho Treasury must be made during tho ninety
days of this winter's scWrion. All tho bold,
Impudent beggars wlljlie there plying their
vocation, and appealing to Congress to rob
and plunder tho in their behalf.
——— to
THE SOUTH CAROLINA OUTRAGE.
The rod-shlrtod Democrats of Soath Caro
lina have ot last succeeded in making that
State "solid.” They have elected or rather
counted in every number of Congress.
They have carried every county in the State.
In 1870 they had majoHtios In only eighteen
of tho thirty-two commies. Tho remaining
fourteen counties govs 81,288 Republican
majority, which Is now entirely wiped out.
Tho Legislature now stands ICO Democrats
in both Houses to 8 Republicans (
Tho Charleston Nexe*. and Couriir says:
"These figures, better - than words, measure
and explain the political revolution in South
Carolina.” A few words, however, will ex
plain bow these figures were obtained, and
how the revolution was accomplished.
Whet Intimidation, and threat, and display
of military force failed to securo, was accom
plished by that last resort of desperate men
—ballot-box stuffing, and it was practiced
with a degree of boldness that would hove
made Tammany oshaihed oven in its palmiest
days of, fraud. Every poll was in the hands
of -Democrats. No Republican Judges
or inspectors were allowed. The Super
visors appointed under the laws of the
United States were either driven off or were
obliged to stand and witness tho infamous
frauds without the power to prevent them,
or even tho opportunity to protest against
them.' By the use of the small tissue-paper
ticket inclosed in the large register ticket, a
voter wss enabled to oast at least twenty
votes. By this liberal stylo of Individual
voting, it happened tliat in some precincts
there were four times os many Democratic
votes cost as there wore voters or all parlies in
the prooinot. la other precincts, tho
judges deliberately picked out (he Repub
lican votes, threw them away, and substi
tuted unvoted packages of tickets. Tho
stuffing was even carried beyond all limits
of necessity, so that the Democratic majority
all over the State is larger than the number
of Democratic voters.
Under such circumstances as these it be
comes tho duty of tbo three Republican can
didates for Congress— Mackey, Rainey, and
Smalls— to give notice of n contest, so that
there may be an investigation of these in*
famous outrages. The whole delegation
should be thrown out and a new election
ordered. They have never been elected at
alh They will bring with them to Wash
ington certificates honeycombed with fraud.
If the Democratic House persists iu seating
(hem, let them do it, but the Republicans
must see to it that the odium rests where It
belongs. The stamp of fraud must be placed
upon the Democratic party so thatit caunpt.
be effaced, and it must be made tp.bcar ths
infamous responsibility,, Jf the South Caro-.
Hna delegation is admitted to Beats iu Con
gress,* they will hold seats to which they
never were elected, and not only they, but
the party which shields them in this wrong,
most be allowed no opportunity to shirk or
escape responsibility therefor.
Tho Solid South' has'carried the joke too
for this time. It has disfranchised on entire
party. It has seised the ballot-box by force,
nnd manipulated it to carry out Its own ends.
It lias sent n delegation to Congress who do
not represent the people of South Carolina,
and who never were elected by thorn. It has
defied the Constitution and the laws, denied
all (he rights of the people, taken away the
elective franchise, and set up an oligarchy In
place of tho democratic principles upon
which our Government Is conducted. Tho
dimensions of this outrage extend beyond
tho local limits of South Carolina. It is a
crlmo so grave in character and startling in
consequences as to demand tho cognizance
of tho people of the whole country. Let
them demand, therefore, either that this del
egation shall bo thrown out or that an Inves
tigation shall be rondo which will fasten tho
responsibility upon the Democrats party.
It is a crlmo not to be condoned Or palliated.
It has gone too far.
PRINTED JOURNALS,
As regularly as the General Assembly con
venes comes np in some shape or other that
old and threadbare proposition to make a
printed record of each day’s proceedings;
and os regularly has the sober honesty of a
majority of that body pat it away os a
temptation not even to be looked npon. It
is a proposition which has as Its foundation
a desire npon tbo port of some impecunious
printing firm to get Us hands into the. State
Treasury} it is a proposition indefensible
from any standpoint of precedent, necessity,
or oven common use. Two years ego it
come up in this shape t Mr. Bon Hopkins
called np tbo following Joint resolution:
H'tntftd, That the Journal* of both Rouses be
amt they are hereby ordered to bo printed riatir.
and a copy thereof laid on the desk of each mem
ber at tbo opening of each session, etc., etc.
The resolution was referred to a select,
.committee composed of Messrs. Winter,
Brrno, Wmonr, Taylor of Cook, and Her
niKOTON. After giving tho resolution careful
consideration, this Committee reported it
back with the explanation that it would cost
$25 a day if printed in journal form, and $5
a day if printed in p Springfield dally paper.
Tho report was without recommendation,
and upon motion of Judge Hallzt, of Jas
per, was indefinitely postponed.
Some years ago tho General Assembly ox
perimouted with this question of printing
the journals daily, and abandoned it for tbo
reasons that the expense was wholly dispro
portionate to tho valuo received, nnd was a
useless expenditure of tho people’s money.
Dnt now the proposition is brought forward
anew in the biennial report of Mr. Secretary
of-Stnto Harlow to the Governor. Tho Sec
retary recommends —
The dolly publication of every day's proceed
hire, to bo laid on tho desk of each member tho
morning following, thus giving to over* one the
opportunity to correct any error* In tliblr record
mat might apoear. and tho clerk could also i«e if
each step In legislation had been taxon as tho law
directs and boon property noted in the Journal kept
by him.
The Secretory does not put it on the usual
ground of public convenience, but wonts the
journal printed (hat *' the clerk can see If
each stop in legislation has boon taken os
tho law directs.” It has been the custom
of each House of the General Assembly to
provide itself with an army of clerks, and
certainly there ought to he some one of
them with intelligence enough to keep tho
journal correctly and os the.law directs.
Tho brief experience the Stole has hod with
printed journals demonstrated that they
served to multiply, embarrass, and delay
legislation. Tho proposition, we repeat,
Is utterly IndcDfcusiblo, and It is to bo
regretted that it has received tho oißdal
sanction of tbo Secretary of State.
THE PRESIDENT AND THE SOUTH.
Tbo policy of magnanimity and concilia
tion has been tried twice with the Southern
States. At the close of the War of the He*
hellion President Lincoln’s attitude toward
the conquered .people was one of extreme
generosity. lie bad had barely time to
foreshadow it when he was assassinated.
The people of the North were not indis
posed to support the policy of magnanimity
proposed by Lincoln ; hut upon the acces
sion of Johnson it became evident that it
woi entirely impracticable,—impracticable
solely on account of the revival of passion
and ill-temper ot tbo South. Ko sooner was
Johnson fairly seated in the White House
than ho gave indications of a purpose not
merely to treat the conquered South gener
ously and charitably, but to reward it for
acts of rebellion. And the South seized
with avidity the apparent opportunity not
to bo reconciled, bat to be revenged. So
evident was this temper that the Repub
lican parly was compelled not only to resist
the spirit of Southern aggression bat to re
padiato the man who betrayed so deter
mined a purpose to pander to its Impudent
demands. President Hans Inaugurated
the second groat effort at conciliation.
Ho was pledged to It in the Republican
national platform. In his acceptance
of the nomination, and In bis Inaugural
he promised to keep these pledges. He did
so most faithfully, so faithfully, indeed, that
ho destroyed for a time the unity of the
party by which he was elected, nearly split
ting It In twain. No guarantee sought by
Southern Democratic leaders was refused by
Mr. Hates. Ho placed one of their number
la ids Oabinet 5 be appointed Southern Demo
crats to Federal offices in the £outh} he
withdrew tbo army from Its Southern sta
tions { ho counseled with the most distin
guished Southern statesmen, and acted upon
their advice in putting into operation a thor
ough policy of hearty conciliation. All ho
asked in return was an assurance that there
should bo peace, that Southern Republicans,
both white and colored, should be protected
in all their civil and political rights. It is
not enough to soy that this request of the
President was granted. He was assured,
with every appearance of sincerity,
that there was nothing the South so
much desired aa peace j that the re
moval of tho army would alley all
irritation, and that thereupon outrages
upon tbo rights of the colored people would
aud.should absolutely oooso. This compact,
if compact it may be called, was mode with
Gov. Hampton, of South Carolina, and Qov.
Niouolls, of Louisiana, and their side of It
was guaranteed by such men as Ooa. Oon
don and Ben Hill. Hampton and Niouoi lb'
had the power to oorry out their compact, if
such a compact oou be executed in behalf
of the Southern people .by anybody. TUa
late eleoiiou in those States shows con
clusively that they have utterly failed,
whether from design on their part or not
it is not necessary to Inquire, It happens
that, in the States 1 whose chief executive
offices are held by Hampton and. Hiouollb,
the lato elections proved .to bo traglo forces.
The very things that Hampton uulNioaoix*
solemnly assured the President would not
and should not bo done were done; 1 . Repub
lican • meetings were broken up and
dispersed by violence, the freedom of
speech was abolished, and unoffending
citizens were shot to death for opinion’s sake
solely. Qu the day of election tho pulls
were located at such inaccessible places os to
discourage Republican voters • they wore
given into tho hands of Democratic officer*
nlono i bnmla of armed men invested them
on every bond find intimidated Republicans,
ond in many cases nolunlly killed thorn in
tlio very act of attempting to exercise tho
snored right of suffrage. And when all
these diabolical contrivances failed to tnrn
the scale In favor of tho Democracy, the bal
lot-boxes were staffed with false ballots by
the thousand. Those crimes against free
government which Hampton and N/cnoixs
declared should cease forever from the face
of their States at least were openly and
andaolonsly committed from one end to the
other of their States,-r-commUted more
openly and more audaciously In their States
than in any other States of the Sooth I Np
wonder that the Prosidentregards his South*
om policy os a dis&stfous failure. No wan
ner that ho signifies a purpose to punish
rigorously and to tho last roan the scoundrels
who have not only so abused his confidence
but violated the laws of the lamb
DtatriobAltornoy Leonard, of Louisiana,
formerly a Confederate officer, tells a fearful
story of the intimidation practiced In his
State. It was not intimidation simply. The
colprcd Republicans were so bent upon exer
cising tho right of suffrage that to stop them
it became necessary to shoot them down in
thoir tracks on tho way to the polls* and It Is
scarcely necessary to say that they were shot
down 1 * Twenty.flvo, or fifty, or seventy,
five free citizens of Lonisiona wore shot dead
on tho Cth of November beonnso they offered
to vote the Republican ticket 1 Supervisors
of Election appointed by tho authority of
tho United States were kicked and cuffed
nwny from tho polls, and treated with tho
contumely only accorded to criminals by
seml.barbarous Governments. And, bo it
borne in mind, not because (hoy were pre
sumed to bo protecting the interests of cor.
pot*bog candidates for office. Oh, no! There
wore no corpeUbaggers standing for office.
Mr. Leonard says t “ The Republican emu
didnUs were native Southern men, but the
Democrats Iml announced Vmt the Republicans
should not be permitted to, carry Vie election.”
There is no more freedom of speech and po
litical action for tho native Southron now
than there was formerly for a carpet-bagger.
The negroes of Caddo Parish this year nom
inated native Southrons to office, but, when
they appeared to voto for them, they were
shot down Itko dogs t Mr. Leonard says t
“ Tho probability is that seventy five negroes
loere killed in that locality alone, and the un .
buried bodies of many of them are being
preyed upon by animals. Large bombers of
negroes hnvo lied to tho swamps/*
la tho prosecution of the murderers of
these citizens tho President will hove tho
hearty support of all houest men and good
citizens. And if tiio Democratic party
chooses to hold aloof, let it suffer tho con
sequenoos.
THE NORTH CAROLINA FRAUDS.
The Bourbons of North Carolina era not
behind (ho Bourbons of South Carolina in
the frond business. The methods differ,
but (be results aimed at are the some. In
three of (bo Congressional Districts Repub
licans wore fairly elected. Having been
elected, It is now proposed to Count them
out under a law passed by the last Demo*
oratic Legislature for this express purpose.
This law gives the proolnct and .county
officers of election, who are all Democrats,
power to revise and correct returns. The
system of revision and correction in these
districts will bo to expunge the Republican
majorities apon all sorts of quibbles, and
thus return three Democrat#-in thoirplaces.
In the other districts of the State, Demo*
crate were elected by a now style of fraud,
which consisted in taking the registration
lists before . the polls wore open and
marking off tho names of colored Repub
licans, nod then informing them when they
offered their votes that their names bad been
marked off for some reasons not known to
tho Judges and so their votes could not be
received. By this means six Democrats were
elected, and by the revision plan (be throe
Republicans who were elected will bo counted
out, so that tho Stato will send a solid Demo
cratic delegation to Congress, lu Louisiana,
the Democratic delegation was made solid by
disfitmahisemont of tho black Republicans.
In- Mississippi no negro dares to vote, so
there wos no trouble there, Id Alabama, the
only Republican who dared to run, Jni
HanatsoN, was undoubtedly elected, but lus
majority will never bo allowed to appear.
In Booth Carolina, ballot*tA>x*stuffiug by
means of tisßno*papor votes returned a solid
Democratic delegation, and now the Repub*
hcan State of North Carolina comes next as
solidly Democratic, tho work of fraud hav
ing been done both beforo and after election.
It is evident enough that the Bourbon
loaders In the South have coolly and system*
otiosity determined thot no Republican shall
go to Congress from that section, and we
moy expect to hear shortly thst the Ropab*
liean member In Florida bos been swindled
out a* his oleolion. The South will go into
the next Congress solidly Democratic, as one
of the results of tho President's Southern
policy. Many of Us alleged dsombem of
Congress will go to Washington with certlfl.
cotoe stamped with fraud, and (hero is no
hope that there is honesty euoAgh among
the Northern Democrats to feline to let
them have seats to which they wore neVer
elected. Under those circumstances. It bo*
comes the duty of those who are entitled to
their seals to give notice of contest, and for
the Republican members to boldly challenge
the right of the South to brook into the House
and steal Republican seats. They must
demand a thorough investigation of these
outrageous frauds, and place them beforo
the country so that the odium may be fas*
toned where it rightly belongs. This Info*
tuous and gigantic political crime. is too
startling in character and dangerous in con*
sequences to be passed over in silence. A
neglect to protest against it and to challenge
this bold usurpation will establish a prece
dent fraught with danger, and Imperiling
the future existence of republican Institu
tions.
Ax wo suypsctcd, there .vu no troth to the
Intimation that the Now York Ciearing.Hoiue
liad f rocorod the approval of Secretary Saaa
uin for their project of excluding aliver dol.
lore from the lino cf commercial deposits.
It wet ridiculous to presume that the Seen
tary of the Treasury would, sanction a delib
erate violation of the law in . any case, ,ni !
especially when euoh violation is calcu
lated to impede, instead of assisting, resump
tion, , The direct information from Wash
ington is to the effect thht both the Secre*
tcry of the Trcmorr .ami Comptroller of the
Cumncy were opposed to.the proposed dis
crimination against silver. It was not
.necessary, of coarse, to eavry tbta oppoaition
so far os to refuse the corporation of the
banks in the work of resumption to the ex
tent of abolishing tha distinction between
gold and greenbacks. The matter of silver
deposits cuu be left to the lav and com*
morclal demands. In the meantime, how
ever, it miiy'bo that the action of the Now
York banks will Induce Congress to malco
them co-operate still farther In the work of
resumption by compelling them to redeem
tholr notes of issuo In cola instead of green
backs. Will they then bo so mnch inclined*
to exclndo silver from their vaults ?
CHATTEL-LOAN BHYLOCK9
Tho Boston Herald has done goud service
In exposing the details of the cbatlol-loan
business and the infamous robberies that Rro
perpetrated by these harpies, who thrive not
only In Boston but In other largo cities by
tracing npon the necessities of the poor
The iniquity of this business lies in the rates
that are charged, which are of the most ex.
tortionate description, the usual charge ho!
lag f> per cent a month, or CO per c on t per
annum, on sums of SIOO and upwards. If
tho party borrows only SSO ho is charged
Just as much as if he borrowed stoo,—that
is, bo pays SCO a year, at the rate of 120 per
cent, for tho use of SSO. The way tho bnsi.
ness is done is described by tho Ihr all mb. ‘
stantiolly as follows: The concern advor!
tiscs that it has a certain amount of money'
to loan on household furniture which need
not be removed. There ere always plenty
of victims who owe small sums of money on
their furniture which they cannot pay. They
moke tho engagement and get their
money, the aura being so small that
they are sore they can pny it
and tho broker agreeing to lot them have the
principal so long as (bey can keep np the
interest payments. Ue takes a chattel mort
gage which does not specify any interest
(hot being contained In tho note, while tho
borrower is charged $2.50, twice what it
ought to bo, for recycling the mortgage,
which is simply a bill of solo with a right of
redemption. By this means the Shyloek, in
the first place, while really doing a morU
gage-loan business, escapes taxation, the
transaction being in the nature of.asale;
la tho second piece, ho crtidcs far tho same
reason the provision of tho law that exempts
a certain amount of household property from
seizure; In tho third place, upon any failure
of the borrower to comply with the agree,
ment, tho Shyloek can possess himself of the
property, because It has really been his
since the and of tho first mouth which legal,
ly terminated the agreement. In the largo
majority of.cases, tho borrower loses not
only bis furniture, but all the money he has
paid. The Herald soys t
A borrower may, after pavlnsr the exorbitant In*
leresl of the osorar for two or three yean (hi which
time he list returned to the louder the urhicm.ii
nearly twicu overt, get out of work, and cannut
Hthe Interest when the month uxplre*. Tito
Iter, perhaps, allow* him another month, ami
then. It be cannot pay tho interest due, adu-i
upon the furniture, ha* It carted to hi* ilorcroom,
and, in lime, sells It at private tale, ur by auction,
ot uaually much more than was advanced upon u,
together with coats and charges.
This lufomona buslaess which Is wringing
not only their money but their goods out of
poor people is not confined to Boston,
There are Just such harpies in Chicago and
other Urge cities, into whose remorseless
dutches the poor arc driven by hard uocos*
eity. The hard times has made their bnai.
ness a brisk one, sod the loss of o monlb's
work, sometimes of, a week's, involving one
failure to pay interest, has brought raiuapoo
many a household.
As a remedy for this rascality, the Herald
suggests that those chattel-brokers should hi
compelled to keep an open sot of books, al*
ways convenient for public Inspection, and
that tiielr rate of interest should never ex*
cecd 2 ppr cent a month.- It should bo pro*
vldod by law that they cannot loan money
upo{i a-deed but upon an no.
tool mortgage, and- that such mortgage
should be taxed on the mortgagee, and that
there shall be no foreclosure without allow*
lug the mortgagor a reasonable time for re.
dempUon, and finally (hat the property shall
be advertised and sold at public auction as
lu the case of real estate. With some such
restrictions os those, the poor would be pro*
tooled from the rapacity*and greed of these
Shylockt, .. .
Tlio scheme on the'pHrt of the Uourbohs of
Wlsconsln'to no the Congressional delegation
from that Bute la purely Democratic ami onuretjr
worthy of tho present disreputable monagcmcnl
of the leaders of that party. It U proposed to
have Kino contest the seat of llazxlton lu the
Third District on account of fraud, and, If the
House will oust lUzhi.ton and Beat Kino, tbs
delegation will stand 4 Republicans tad 4
Democrats. In cose tho election of the next
President goes to the Homo (or decision, the
vote of Wisconsin being a 110 will bo of no arsll,
although It Is ns curtain to go Republican hr a
largo majority at tho next Presidential election
as Vermont. It Is therefore worth while from
tliu Democratic atandj>oint to make an elfort to
provide In season for neutralising tho ten Re
publican votes of Wisconsin, and they hare sot
the means in their own hands to do It.
JUsatTon’s majority Is only 175, which Is of
Itself prima fuel* evidence to the Dourbou
mind that there was fraud used m his election.
This presumption U further vended by the fact
that tho district always has buen largely Re
publican,—bis always sent a large Republican
delegation to the State Legislature, and has
always been represented by a Republican
In Congress. Rut this Is the year
But down la tho Bourbon almanac for
the Third District to Hop, and It ouxbt
to 1100 accordingly. A dispatch to Tui
TnioUNi froni Madison Is to the effect
that Kino has been there to arrange the
preliminaries for contesting ilszihiOM’s seat,
and lias engaged tho servlets of a well-known
attorney. Everything favors the project. The
House of Representatives Is In the hands of the
right crowd to consummate just suedaduodof
Villainy. They don't need Kino’s vote In tue
Home, for they have a clear working majority
wltnout It; hut there la the contingency of
IBbo staring than) In the face. If Mr.IUxsLTON
will remember the 'utterly unconscionable
method adopted by the lost Confederate Rouse
to eettle a contested election case lu Massa
chusetts and one In Colorado, be will make up
bla mind to resume tho practice of law at his old
home lu Boseohel alter the 41b of next March. The
justice of bis cause will have nothing whatever
to do with Its decision. Even the example of
the ease of P. V. DidSTKR, of the Milwaukee
District, will be of no avail. Duustbu's ma
jority la leu than Hacbltun’s,—only HU,—but
be la a Democrat, and belongs to that immacu
late party bf teform that never was known to
cast a fraudulent ballot
An Incomplete list of the public subscription!
for the benefit of the yellow-lever sufferers to
forty-eight titles lu this country, Canada, suu
Europe, shows a total of 91 t Udl),(XlO, New York
stands at the bead with 1305,000, but this docs
not Include th? subscriptions of the various
churches, Masonic and atiic v societies, nud Iroju
private Individuals. phlJiuslphia sires |lA*
000; Chicago, 9100,000} Boston, 955,W0; Cluclu
ostt, |dO>OUU Boston Is sixth on the list, aud
Clutiuuaii tenth. 8u Louis and Cincinnati* 4 '' -
tuura lain Boston, while Baltimore, Louisville,
and Washioglon gave more than ClucUiua;!. it
is estimated that tho eutlfe swuVht contributed
exceeded 92,000,000. Even poor M«*o lcUl
liberal donations.
The argument* UiUlUaHou* which show
tho utter fully aud fraud o( a sysie
have been produced and reproduced over au
over again. They have ulsorecdvcd new *
and sanction by * declarative uiaiurh.v w
hundred thousand vote* si this yew’s eiecu® **
besides tha vast bsrd-tuouav tKmocisde ,y

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