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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, December 16, 1878, Image 2

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Hesse - Dai mstadt to Co Into
Mourning for Twelve
Progress of English Operations In
the Monnlnins of Afglmn*
Gen. Browne Sends Back a Sikh Regi
ment on Account of Sick
Reports flint Rnisln Opposes and that
She Advises n Turkish
The Saltan Seized with a .Desire to Ont
Off His Brother’s Head.
liv Cobtf to ti* fftJP VnrJt fftriM,
New York, D6e. 10,—The. agent sent from
this city by the 'Pullman,Paljicc-Csr Company
hns arrived at Lisbon,-and will- start nf-once for
tills cltv with Aftccll. 'lt has been learned that
Angell sailed from this etty, arriving at London
in August. Early In Ortok-r he left Lon
don in a sailing vessel for Kio do Jan
eiro. The vessel touched at Lisbon, aud
Angel], being sick, was left at the hospital at
his rcqun«t. In ten days lie was discharged from
the hospital, and took un his residence nt the
Centra! Hofei. He was very reserved, and when
ho went'out always rode la a close carriage,
declinin'' >u converse with any one
who sought his acquaintance. Ho had
made arrangements to start for Spain
on the tiny of his arrest. The American Con
sul. Mr. Dlmnn, Identified him from the photo
graph sent by Detective Elder, of this city, and
at Ids request Ancell wasorrested oy tho Super
intendent of the Lisbon police. At first Angcll
was defiant, and declared he would answer no
questions. When taken before n Police Com
missioner he broke down, confessed the crime,
and admitted his Identity.
Rome. Dec. 15.—yvmpathcUc references to
the death of the Princess Alice were made lu all
thu churches to day.
Copenhagen. Dor. IB.—The marriage of Iho
Princess Thvru to the Duke of Ctimlierland will
lake place on the 21st Inst., ns originally In
tended, the funeral of the Princess Alice' having
been list'd for Dec. 18.
Darmstadt. Dec. IB.—Ah early a* Friday
morning the physicians recognized that tho con
dition ni tin! Grand Duchess was hopeless, and
rent secret messages to that effect to England.
Hvmptoms of suffocation appeared at 1 o’clock
Saturday morning, nut were temporarily re-'
moved. The Grand Duke was then Induced to
leave the room, but Ida mother remained min-
Merlng to the Princess until tho Is«t. Tho
Gram] Ducal Court, and llossc-Darmstndt gen
erally, will so Into mourning lor twelve weeks.
London, Dec. 15.—A dispatch from Constan
tinople. under date of Dec. 18, states that
Vnnit! Lobanotf, the Russian Ambassador, has
presented a note protesting against the Issue
of a new Turkish loan, and- declaring that
Turkey nos no right*to sllonlnte her resources
prior to Hmtiuutlng her engagements, Includ
ing the war Indemnity. On the.other hand,
dispatches from St. Petersburg, under date of
Dec. It. deny that Russia would object to a
London, Dev. 15,—A Constantinople dispatch
sat* the Council of Ministers has decided to set
tle without clelay tho questions pending with
(Iroccf, Persia, Monlonegro, and Austria, ami
conclude a definitive treaty with Ilussla us soon
us possible.
* Mon,
London, Do;. If}.— A Plilllppoonlls cor*
respondent says the English and Austrian mem
bers uf the Uomnelian Commission were com
pelled to quit Vent flachra in consequence of
the gathering of an excited mot).
A Postil dispatch states that the recent con
spiracy in Constantinople, according to some
account)*, was a serious attempt to' replace the
tnihau by his brother, Ueslmd Pasha. Thu
Sultan had to he dissuaded from executing
Hcshud and Mahmoud Ibunad Pasha. Thu
former Is confined to the seraglio.
London, Dee. 15. A correspondent at Penth
telegraph* Unit the reports that u new Anglo-
Turkish Convention is about to be concluded
arc becoming more and more consistent. A
telegram from Constantinople, however, states
Lord Salisbury lias not answered Blr Austen
Lu.vard concerning the guarantee of a Turkish
Lahore, Dec. 15,—Oen. JlolmmU telegraphs,
under date of Thursday, os follows: “ We have
finished u reconnaissance to the tup of Hhatur
gardan Pats, and returned to All Khll without
firing a shot. The eountrv 1* friendly. 1 am
rapidly fortifying Pciwar Puss camp.’ l
(■cn. Uobcrts was to leave All Kbit for
Kurum to-day.
(len. Browne has sent a Sikh regiment btek
from Daxka to Peshawar on account uf Slek
Den. Illddulpn has constructed & road over
KUujuk Pass unopposed.
London, Dec. 15.—A correspondent at Push
uwur understands that (leu. Bruwnc’ssdvaneeon
•idjiubad has commenced, ond meets with no
uppus'iimi. It Is impossible that the Turkestan
rc.i.fom-mcntfl, which the Ameer Is reported to
be Intriguing for, will arrive in lime.
Wasuinoton, D. C., Dec. 15.-The treaty he
tween China ami Spain with regard to tbe Immi
gration of thu Chinese to Cuba provides particu
larly for the enpolnlment of Chinese Consular
uilleers in Cuba, and the treatment to be ac
• orded to Chinese subject# resident in that
Island. They can leave the Island or travel
within it at pleasure, and are entitled to “the
mott favorable treatment accorded to subjects
of the same class uf the other higher Bowers."
Those entitled by contract to ho sent back to
China are to claim tho enforcement of
their contracts, but contracts not lutillled
nuut to curried out. Tho Chinese detained in
labor depots will be released. The courts of
the Island are upon to them os the suojeets or
citizens of other Bowers. Prince Hung scuta
copy of the treaty to Minister Seward, asking
him to request oyr Uoverument to instruct Us
Consular uilktr* In Cuba to assist the Consular
uilleers which the Chinese (iovernment will send
to reside in Uiat island in ease questions affect
ing Chinese labored, shall arise, to tho end that
there muv be no failure to carry out the pro
visions of the convention.
Washington, Dec. 15,-MlnUler Kasson, In
u letter to the Secretary of Slate from Vicuna,
utter speaking of thu late reception uf tho Shah
of Buraia by tho Emperor of Austria, says: *• if
tho United States desired a commercial treaty
with tho Shah It Is very probable a favorable
one could bo now obtained, which might be an
especial advantage toour cotton manufacturers,
and to some other brunches of trade. The
wLulu external lrude of Persia is considered to
to from 818,1100,000 lot-M,-
• ruHA,
Biseial c 4 i i TUt Tribunt.
Wasuinoton, D. C., Dec. IS.-PHvalo Infor
mation iu regard to tLu of cmaucipa
tlon in Cuba Is to tho ofleet that within the last
thirty days nearly 3,000 slaves have been eman
cipated hr planters yrho were engaged in the
rebellion, tnd who have returned to the Island.
All of this class are pledged to set their slaves
free. They are also united (or active work to
promote ircncral emancipation.
mis Montenegrins woci.o xnr and mars it
Pksttt, Dec. IS.—Count Andrassy. speaking
before the Hungarian Delegation, declared that
tha annexation of Servtaand Montenegro would
be a moat perverted and unhappy policy.
: London, Dec. 15.—Tne Turkestan Oaxette
states that the Chinese (roopa In Kashgar are
concentrating to operate against old Kuldja,
Which Is occupied by (he Russians.
Rome, Dee. 15.—Signor Deprctii has under
taken the formation of a Cabinet.
Rpteiol Dtfpoleh to The Tribune.
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 15.—A dissipated
wretch named Dennis McCue, residing at No.
83 Maplrfsttrct, and his wife, have bad several
qfiarrels during the last month, and last week
finally parted, butto-day McCue returned to the
house and demanded something to eat. His
wife bitterly upbraided him forspending bis
money, and told him there was nothing in tho
house to cat. He left, and, going to the nearest
butehcr-shop, found that his wife had purr
chased meat there, and had the bill charged
to his personal account. This coranged him,
and, going back to the house, he renewed the
quarrel, dining which his wife struck him n
most terrible blow on tho side of tho head,
almost severing an ear and cutting a largo gash
on hla head. Tho now Infuriated man rushed
Into tho yard, and, seizing a large stick of cord
wood, returned, felled his wih to the door,
commenced belaboring her while in this pros
trate condition, and would have killed her there
had not tho police pulled him off. He was ut
once arrested and taken to the police station,
and being Interviewed by oTriduns reporter, de
nied having struck her with a stick of wood, but
acknowledged having knocked her down and
kicked her. McCue, with the blood running
down his face and cheeks, presented a most re
pulsive appearance. The woman, at a late hour,
was not expected to live, the blow on the head
fracturing the skull and knocking the right eta
out on her cheek. Three of her ribs wero also
broken. The alTair all grew out of Jealousy.
The woman accused him of assocntlng with
prostitutes. Roth parties arc over 50 years of
Washington, D. C., Dec. IB.—Jndian-Agent
John A. Wright rnports to the Commissioner
of Indian Affairs, under the dale of the Lemhi
Agency, Dakota, Dec. 2, that, at Salmon City
the night of tbo Ist lost., two Indian prisoners
(hostl'cs), who were in charge of tho Agent to
be convoyed from Salmon City to Fort Hall,
were captured by a mob and shot to death.
The Agent has procured the names of a num
ber of participants in the riot. The participants
Include Charles Price, a former sub-contractor
for beef at Lemhi Agency, and Dr. Georg* A.
Kenny, late Agcncv Physician.
Boectal Dilate* to Tfii Triburu.
Bloomington, 111., Dec. IB.—Tho police to
day arrested an iron-molder named William
White for making and Issuing counterfeit sub
sidiary coins. Base coins have been numerous
ly circulated throughout this region for some
time, principally ouarters and dimes, made of
lead, of good shape and appearance, but casllv
detected. Saturday night White passed a large
number of them, and finally wan detected at a
saloon, and the police notified. Early this morn
ing officers surrounded tho house and suc
ceeded In capturing White and two complete
sets of molds In plaster of Paris. White con
fessed. Tho police are after severs) others of
the gang.
Itpeetnl PUvatth tn Tht Tribun*.
Clinton, HI., Dec. 15.—At Kenney, 111.,
last night, Jock Freist and Buck Wohlon, two
prominent farmers, while Intoxicated, became
involved In a quarrel, when Waldon, nt an ifn
pleasant remark made by Frotst. drew his re
volver and shot at him several times, but
fortunclv none of them were serious. Tl.c
bullets took effect In his coat. It was a dose
call. A warrant was Issued for Waldon.
Boston, Moss., Dec. 15.—While the British
bark Auaway was on a voyage from New York
to Trieste, two Greeks attacked the mate,
fatally wounding him. and afterwards attempt
ed to kill the boatswain and a seaman, both of
whom had their skulls fractured. Tho Captain
tired upon the mutineers, wounding one, when
troth jumped overboard, and were probably
Sptetal DitfMteh to Tkt Trtbunt,
LaSalle, HI., Dee. 15.—The verdict of ac
quittal at Ottawa yesterday afternoon In tho
trial of lletnau B.' Chapman, of this city,
charged with having robbed the United Stales
Express Company of BN.OUO on the 11th of
September last, ia hailed hero with almost uni
versal pleasure. No light-minded people hud
believed him guilty.*
Cincinnati, 0., Dec. 15.—At Eurobank, a
short distance below the city on tho Ohio Uivcr,
William Plow met William Myers on the road
this morning, and was beaten to death by a dub
in the hands of the latter. Tho affair was the
result of on old grudge. ■
Tit* Dismissal of l.lent.-Oor. Letellleiw
lllglilauders with Dig Legs—Lorn* Helps
• Uoeolto Gentleman—Canadian Colonisa
tion Society—Manitoba Elections,
tfpeclal pltpiUch to TAs TWAuns.
Ottawa, Dec. 15.—Tho Hun. Sir. Chaplotu,
of Quebec, (s lu tbe dtv, ond had an Interview
with Sir John A. Macdonald in reference to tho
dismissal of Lteut.-dov. Lotdller. It ts under
stood that Mr. Cbapltfau Is the bearer of a pe
tit.on signed by all the French Conservative
members of tho Quebec Local Legislature, call
ing for Mr. Letclllcr’s removal. Should this act
he consummated. Judge ilsmiay, uf Montreal,
will probably succeed Mr. Letellier as Llcuteu
aut-(iovernur of Quebec.
The exneuso of tho reception of the Vice
regal party, Including the municipal expendi
ture at Halifax. Montreal, and Ottawa, baa been
estlmat id at 850,000. %
Mr. Do Uoucberville, ex-Brcmierof Quebec,
will probably bo called to the Bcuale, vice Mr.
Lucosle, deceased.
Col. McPherson Is engaged iu organizing a
company of Highlanders. Each man must bo
over five feet eight sad one-halt inehea lu hlght,
and measure Uftcla inches round the calf of the
It Is rumored that tho Mayors of Halifax and
Montreal, the Hon. Mr. Wllmot, thu Hun. air.
Argllp, and several members of the Cabinet,
will bo Knighted on tbe opening uf thu Domin
ion Parliament.
Col. McNeil, who accompanied the Marquis of
Lome and tho Princess Louise to Canada, has
returned to England.
M. Lefaivru, French Consul at Quebec, has a
project lor reopening the commercial relations
Iwliveen the Dominion and France, which cover
the following articles: CauaUlau bottoms to be
put on the some touting as English with regard
to thu Navigation laws; abatement uf tbe Ca
nadian duty upon French wines, and particular
ly clarets and brandies; reduction of duly
Upon articles under the Treaty ut Paris.
The Princess Louise bus lost her little
rosewood cane with a buckhurn knob.
A wagon belonging to a countryman recently
lo.t a) wheel near thu new Edinburg bridge.
The man was unable to replace it himself, and,
a eounle of gentlemen happening along, be
asked If they Would give him a baud. Thev re
sponded, and, when thu wheel was rlghtj the
driver returned thanks. One of the gculiemeu
observed, "And so you ought, seeing that vua
Lad the lSovcrnor-lJcncr.il help you on with
vour wheel." tho utticrwas thu Marqula of
Lome, umi liie run v>no was under obligations
stared at bia La.ciicucy m sarptbc, unable to
say anythin?, as the two moved ol! enjoying the
little episode.
Srtrtol ni'pnlr* to The TWStinc.
Months tu Dec. 15.—The Atlantic port of the
. Allan line of dinner ships to Glasgow is mm*,
(or the winter season, lloston. The first one
leave* that city to-day.
The annual meeting of the .Tacqucs-Cartlcr
Bank will be held on Thursday next. A few of
tnc shareholders favor the winding-up of the
hank, hut the majority evidently favor Its being
run on n different plan from that adopted under
the regime ofJ.Mavor Rcaudrr. They contend
that, as there is about $3X1.000 of ihc capital
of the hank locked un in a coal mine, tl would
uot be wise to liquidate.
T\\e Journal of Commerce mentions the case
of a sub-agent of a native Insurance Company
who has succeeded, during the past summer, in
palming oil upon Ids employers Itogus notes
covering about SOOO,OOO worth of Insurance
policies. Of coarse the Company has assumed
liability in tho matter, ami suffers only to the
extent of the commissions paid out. The Com*
pany tins also ample private guarantees In the
case. .
RDtetnt fhtiMteb to Tht Tribune.
London, OnL, Dec. in.—The Canadian Cob
onlzatlun Society, organized here, has adopted
u constitution n which the objects of the So*
‘•lctv are stated to be to assist deserving parlies
to obtain a homestead on the public lands un*
dcr control of the Society, and, for that pur
pose, to endeavor to obtain from the Govern
ment a grant of a tract of land In some de
sirable locality; also, to provide provisions and
transportation. Implements, seed, stock, and
general supplies, to tho members of the So
ciety who mar bo desirous of so settling, at the
lowest possible market-rates; and to provide
a market fop tho settlers by accepting in return
all kinds of produce. The oilleers of the So
cMy and Its patrons are the most wealthy and
Intlueutlal men In tho cltv.
Richmond, Vo., Dec. 15.—The large tobacco
manufactory of Thomas C. Williams A Co.
burued this morning. The loss Is estimated at
975.000; no insurance on building, but the stock
and fixtures are fully covered.
Conorno. Ont., Dec. 15.—A fire 10-daydestroy
cd tho dwelling-house of Col. Cbamb’llns, with
contents. Loss, 140,000; Insurance, $15,000.
Pretty Conclusive Evidence that There Was
a Tin Thief in the Hntohklsa Cellar—The
Members of the Reven-Up Club Getting a
Good Deal of “Tnn>.”
Special to Tht Ttibune,
. Peoria, 111., Dec. 15.—The Cunningham
whisky case was continued yesterday. The pros
ecution called Joha U. Zclgler, who testified as
My name Is John 11. Zt-lgler. My aye (a 47: bnsl
ness. showcase manufacturing:! came here in VH.
In *Tl<*6 I wah Superintendent of Springdale Cem
etery; was In Inat business over two years. Ism
owner or real estate in this city. 1 have heen In
the Hotchkisses’. It waa In June,*74. I was buying
goods. I was In there twice. I saw barrels la the
cellar. Johnson or youn* Iloicbklss told me
whisky was in the barrels. Whi n 1 was in once
there wus a tin Instrument on the tninghols. 1
don’t know what was In the barrel. The tin was
atioat as large as the bung. I went down on iho
left-hand atalrnof the store, looking towards the
rear of the store. The barrel was next to the
stairway. The other lime I was In I can't say
positively whether there waa any tin thief lylotr
there or not.
I own five store-boUdings antTthree dwelling
He named tbo parties occupying the buildings.
A number of questions were asked to find out
Mr. Zclgler’s wealth.
The tlrst time I went Into the caller I think
was tn June. 1 nought rakes at the time. The
next tlmu it may have been In June or September.
.1 bought Iron rakes after that, hut did nut go Into
the cellar for them. Tbs first time 1 spube to any
one was to Hen Todd, about* year ago; told It to
Jake Unrnea about th>V>e mouths ago. 1
tiara used a whisky thief when a hoy.
Todd and I met on the street
corner. Tbs rakes were tn the rear of tbs store.
The barrels wore about nine feet towards the mid
dle. and nine feet back in the store from where I
landed. The instrument was not in the flrst bar
rat. 1 did not know of tms being Cunningham
Mr. Zetgler is so old citizen here. During
tho War hn had a commission ns Captain In the
Elovcnih Cavalry, and was ahvava mentioned
as a bravo officer. So great a terror did he
prove that u reward of SIO,OOO »vu» offered fur
him by tbo Southern Confederacy. When
Whiting was a Paymaster In the army,
Cam. Edgier'* company often acted
as his escort am! bodyguard. At
one time Mr. Zclelcr's company was ordered
to act as n bodyguard for Gfen. Grant, but. ow
ing to au oversight'of Judge Puterhaugh.
Whiting’s counsel In this case, who was a Major
In the army at that time, must of Mr. Zdgler’s
command was captured in Tennessee during
the War, so, after many years, Whiting, Finer
bsugb, and Zoigler all met again, tint under
different circumstances. As will bo seen, his
testimony was slmplr to tho fact that ho saw a
tin thief sticking but of tho bung-hole of
one of tho Darrels when he went
Into Hotchkiss’ cellar os a customer on
business. The cross-examination was a tiro
some repetition of questions on unimportont
details to get the witness to contradict himself
oq trilling particulars. He did not change his
testimony at all, although the annoyance to him
was very great. The defense asked him how
much ho paid for this piece of property aod
that, their descriptions, who ho bought them
of. bow much ho paid, etc. The defense hsva
claimed all along that there was no tfu thief
there, and, when Todd and other witnesses have
spoken »l it, have endeavored to make It appear
that it was a falsehood.
As tho particulars of Col Toy's testimony con
cerning tho Sevcn-Up Club become spread by
the newspapers the talk increases. The parlies
Implicated are so well known that they are wnr
rlcd and badgered on all sides. . They are fre
quently Interviewed as to whether they intend
lodepy the Impeachment, but aa yet there
seems to lie no haste In font direction. So fur
the prosecution have made a dear ease, and tho
defense will probably commence their tide In a
day or two. Jt Is the general impression that
they will do some tall swearing, ami enduvor to
gel out of the scrape. All the, evidence they
cun Introduce will never change tho uilnds of
the people hi this community, many of whom
are acquainted with the facts, but do not wish
to be drawn Into the quarrel.
Washington, Dec. Id— I*a. m.—lndications
For Tennessee 'and tbe Ohio Valley slluhtly
cooler, northerly winds, clear and partly cloudy
weather, and slightly higher pressure.
Fur (this) the lake region, southerly winds,
•lightly cooler, cloudy weather, occasional light
snow, sod stationary or rising barometer.
Fur tho Upiwr Mississippi and I,ower Mis
souri Valleys, uurtlicasl to southeast winds, ris
ing barometer, stationary temperature, partly
cloudy weather, and numerous rains or snows.
__ „ CIUWAOO, Doc. 14.
Timt, ( Har. i Thr U-t. in rig. |IVI,~//n.'| wiuiker
«:4:i s. m. ai««j ;« ( re s i ’urim^JjVT
HUH s. lit. 3U.UJI at ( 7u X j 4 . ... ciouilr
p. mi. on.*o;, ;a |7u b. w... a cioudr.
4:43 p. in.Mi.tos, aa 79 ( Aim... u.im'w
U:(A) u. m.iOU.IUi 37 Ihi ,S. \V.,| 7 LLsauw
10: IH p. B.OUII) 1 3»l Wt In. W.,| i| .uq Ll. uiwW
Maximum, Jt: inlniuium. 3U. ——
cmoAu.i. Ucc._ls-I0;l‘j p.m.
»'«<■ ) U'lr. j nr. j R'lwL tfilm ' Wiat* tT.
Albany 'as*.*?! an N.W., fair.
Al|K*ita :«mn) i:t ;w.. frc»u...' i luudr.
Buffalo ;iu.io 3* |N.W.,ririb l.t. soow.
retro :sl*a< an IN. W..8en.. 1 l.t. »u»w.
llioMuas. .. as Wl| ID IN., fresh ...' l.t, touw.
Chlcjßo... .an.uTi W | >'. W., fresh, .ojLt.snuw,
cluuliiuAli. .. :kmh aa IN., pi'ulle... Cluar.
Cleveland.... 3w.«7. 3U |'V..u«*iulo..[ .0) I'loudr.
Denver ts'.m' an h..b«-uU« talr.
Detroit ;n.lt 14 IN.(/..pm.. ...('tear.
Duluth 3>. 111 Vi |N.\V,,u , uile .Hrioinlv.
fcscansba .... 17 N.W.. fresh .m cloudy.
FtHarry.... :n.3l Pi IK.,fresh Ciouuy.
Fi.OJitkOD.it 34 h., Un1it.......... near/
Urauti lUvco MAO’* 31 K., gentle.. .03 Ll. snow.
LtCroue !»mn id N.. fresh. fioudy.
Maniueile... olio 33 N.W..*tat. .04 LMou.lv.
MUwausce... 30.13 30 W*.. fresh riou.lv.
NsalitlUo .... Jo. I* :n tN.\V.,aeu I.'loulv.
New orieaus. 30. r> 40 iS.W., In-sli I lesr.
Omaha 30.01 a*i ;s.K.. SL-nile' Ll.sm»w.
oswesu 30. U-. 3n N.w'.rfrcih I'Utwly.
Ploche Z».l»>, 3i N.. fre5h...:...... I'icar.
PUubura .... 3>i K.Vv., peu..| I.l.snov.
Port Duron.. 30.07: U N. \V„ s«u..i., Clear.
Uovhcktvr.... 30.1171 31 W., freah...’ Liuudr.
baa Francisco :>AVi Uabi...., clear,
bl. Louts..... 30 30, 31 N.W., fresh; ,01 Lt.snow,
bi. I'aul... .'3u.u>i 31 N.L..sent. .03 ft.snow.
Toledo. 11.... :u.*<7; 33 W..K«uils. Cloudy.
VUaluioLlty. io.bs. ») Cairn I .loLt suow.
New Vouk, Dec. 18.—Arrived, the Devooia,
from Utasguw.
Qusbnstown, Dec. 15,—Arrived, tbe Indians,
from FblladelpbU.
Fuilapslpuu, Dee. 15.—Arrived, the Ohio,
from Liverpool.
London, Dec. 15.—'Tho steamship Frisia,
from Sew Turk for Hamburg; the I'ity of New
York and Ml. Laurleut, from NeW York, have
arrived out.
New Okliass, Dec. 15. Arrived, the steam
ships Muriuo, from L<‘UUoa, sud DrauuctiWeg,
Iruin brcmiu.
sailed, the kUamsbip NurccLcrj, for Bremen.
Tho Bin? that food tho Money of tho
City of Glasgow Bank.
Extraordinary RcTclallons—Hnw Rollon
Firing Were Kept A lire.
Millions of Pounds Squandered,
Cotr/rpr.nitfnrf .Vrrr fort- throhl.
(I I,a snow, Dec. !.—The extraordinary net
work of fraud and deceit by which tho City of
Glasgow Bonk has been wrecked and thousands
of Innocent persons mined, is being gradually
laid bare. This week, the affairs of Smith,
Fleming & Co., of London, Bombay, and Kar
rscliee, and Matthew At Tltlclman. of Glasgow
anil Leith, have been under the legal micro*
svopc, and an amount of commercial rottenness
has been exposed which has seldom Itecn
equaled. Smith. Fleming Ae Co. at one time did
a magnificent trade with the East Indies, and their
wonderful prosperity reached Its climax In tho
three years immediately preceding the outbreak
of tho Franco-Gcrman war, when their houses
—ln London, Bthnbay, and Kurrachcc—earned
among them an average of £OO,OOO per annum.
This success could not go on forever. Tho tide
turned, and In 1870 the firm suffered a series of
heavy losses. By the failure of their Liverpool
correspondents,—Nieol, Duckworth A; Co.,—
who had been speculating In cotton, they lost
£300,000. They also aulfered severely by the
depression caused by the Franco-German war,
and their losses by that eausc ultimately
amounted to £OO,OOO. At this time, Smith,
Fiemmg <fc Co. were Indebted to the City of
Glasgow Bank for £30.000 cosh and £133,00:)
credit; but, os these sums were fully secured,
the bank need have lost nothing If the Arm had
suspended, as they thought of doing. But It
did not suit tho hank to lot Smith, Fleming fis
Co. collapse, and the partners themselves had
still a hankering after tho rich profits of their
three big tears. They could sen no reason, as
the head of the firm (Mr. J. Fleming) told tils
creditors, “ whv such earnings should not be
continued It only our credit could be maintain*
cd, particularly having regard to the very low
level to which prices of goods and produce hail
fallen in consequence of the war.** Eventually
Fleming came to Glasgow, and here Is his own
account of how they managed business:
t went to Glasgow. and had a long Interview with
tho Manager and several of the Director*, at which
nor position was very freely discussed, and our
stoppage was b* all strongly deprecated. Unfortu
nately, my partners and I old not regard our posi
tion as Irretrievable, and wero not unwilling to ac
cept assistance, provided it could be given con
ditionally. so ns to preserve our money-making
power, f did not ask assistance; but. when It was
offered, I did not feel Justified in refusing It, pro
vided It could bo rendered In a manner which I con
s dered essential to secure success. Much discus
sion took place; and, when it seemed to mo that
the magnitude of the dltllcultlea and the correspotid
ing requirements were not full/ appreciated, and
that the proposals then made or arrangement were
calculated, In my Judgment, to bring all concerned
tntu discredit, I refused to go on. aud left the
room. I wos, however, requested to return, and
ultimately consented to undertake what I Knew
must bo a long and arduous, although I believed
not useless, struggle, upon assurance being given
of effectual assistance.
From that day onward tho firm of Smith,
Fleming ft Co. wero tbc slaves of the bank.
They toiled on, but never recovered tbo shock
which thulr credit received In 1870, In the eight
succeeding years they added to their losses
£i*oo,ooo, not to mention the large sums which
they had to social in commission and interest on
bills, and which ther could only pay by the as
sistance of the managers of the bang. They
kept tho bank regularly informed as to tho state
of their affair*, submitted their balance-sheets
and all other documents, and were bolstered up
year niter year by fresh advances. At the meet
ing of creditors Fleming was severely cross
examined by Mr. Abrahams, who represented
the Credit Lyoonalse:
Mr. Ahrahams-Can you tell us whether during
the last year you made a urodt lu your trading?
Have you made any profit since 18701— Altogether
1 think we have.
Have you made any profit on the London busi
ness?— I tulnk not.
You put down/our losses on yonr trading in
London only at £r>oo,ooo i are you aware of that ?
Yes. I am.
Wore you In the hohltflf making balance-sheds
each half-wart— Wo made a trial balance-sheet for
the last time on the fldth of Juno.
Therefore I nm to take It mat on the flOthof
Juno tart, having made atrial balance-sheet, you
knew tho stale of your affairs?— Yes.
Ami you knew that you owed more than you
could pay?—Wc knew that we owed £1,500,000
more than we could pay.
Why did you not stop payment then?—Hecauve
I was prevcuiud from doing so by the Glasgow
That Is a corporation who prevented you?—l
don't think I ought to mention the name.
I (hum you pad better consult your legal-ad*
Mr. Fleming, 'after consultation, stated that
Air. Hubert Stroimch, Manager of tho City of
Glasgow Bank, was the gcutlcmau who Induced
him nut to stop before,
lie told you not to stop payment?—Not ex
actly. 1 told him I must stop, and be said:
••.No. don't slop-, wo will Dud you In funds to
keep oil."
Hid they know in wbat position you were?—Per*
fectly. I saw Mr. Htronnch Itrt to September, in
Glasgow, and bs prevented roe slopping payment
by providing mo the money to meet certain bo*
1 asked you these questions because my clients
advanced ihnlr money after Julv. and, If you had
Mopped payment when you wanted to, tbuy would
pot have appeared bore (u*duy. Wore these bills
[bolding out sumo bills} printed In tendon and
sent out to llumpay to the Arm there with the
amount (llledlnt-Tliev were all dmun abroad,and
were nut manufactured In London.
Hume further questions brought out the fact
that bills amounting to ADIH.IJUd hail been drawn
by the partner In Bombay nud'sent to London
to tho credit of the London llrm, In order to
keep down tho apparent Indebtedness of tho
hank; that ihc bills lalscly professed to bo
•• for value received, M and that tho latter state
ment was added In the hank. Mr. Abrahams
then put soniH further questions with tbu obloet
of brftmlng Into view tbu dividend declared by
thu bank:
Yon aru a shareholder In the the niy of Glasgow
Dank: do you Know the amount of tne dividend
thev.puld fasti Twelve per cent.
Von know that you owed them £1.500,000 at
that time; did you not receive thu dividend as a
shareholder?—l did.
Did yon maka any remarks to Mr. Ktronacb that
yuu owed a milium ami a bslf to thu bank and could
not par It?—I did not.
Did you not consult any of your other creditors
aaioyonr position besides Air. BlronacU?-No;
You owed money to some of tbe London banka;
did you but consult thorn?—No.
The general feeling of, tho creditors present
was that thu llrm of Smith, Flouting A (Jo, hud
been driven into reckless courses by the pressure
put on them by tbu bank; and It was ultimately
agreed lo liquidate their ulf-iirsbv arrangement,
and nut In bankruptcy, Tholr liabilities amount
to iT.ibM.'J.V.i. while thu assets are Put expected
to exceed 4.265.Ua2,
a uccKbsus srartu.
The me ol Matthew <& Thielmann la some*
-what different lu character from that of Smith,
Fleming tie Ciw, hut It also brings out In airung
reiki the ruinous system ol reckless advances
pursued by the hank wltn the view of warding
ull tho inevitable collapse. Matthew & Thiel*
maun formed only u link in the chain, being
merely the go-between from James Morton, u(
James Morton ik Co. (who had unlimited credit
with the bank), to William liny, tfooa & Co.,
grain merchanta, Glasgow, who had unlimited
power# of apc inline money, and were always
calling for more. Tho whole atory was told in
the Glasgow Bankruptcy Court on Muudav by
Thomas Matthew, the senior partner. Matthew
tk Thlvlmanu started bustaes* us grain and com
mission merchants in Glasgow and l.eith with a
capital of AB.OU). For many years business
prospered, and in IStH their capital had more
than doubled, in that year, William Huy,
Hons tfc Cm., who had had small transactions
with the tlrni fur two years, were unable
tu meet one of their bills. A con
sultation toon place, with the result that Mr-
Thiuimsun became u partner, without capital,
of the Hays, and, in consideration ol tlicpan- ;
uership, Matthew *X Thkhuuim agreed tu supply
them with the means of going on. tiunic largo l
transactions in grain took place between the
two tirms soon after the oartncrsbip negotia
tions, but their rrlotlons were ultenvard of an
almost exclusively liuaneial character. Uv Ij&U,.
In which year llay'a grain-milt was burned, the
liars owed Matthew & liuclmaun, lu cash and
bills current, ITd.-to-i,
A Arm with a capital of iO,UAJ tould nut, of
course, lend tills sum themselves, but it was
advanced by. the bank through Matthew’s 1
brutuer-hi-law, James Morton, who, it must bo
borne tu miud, is indebted tothe bank at the
present time to the extent oi iTLUOO.UUU. Thtd
manu’S partnership with the Hays was for
live years, but ut the cud u( that llinu their
dilUcultks w ere so great that they could not ho
allowed to drop; but Morton* un being umsul ted,
promised to ‘’sets them tbiuugiiit.” Frum
that day uuwaidtho iudvUcdncss of (lie iluvs
tu Muilhow Cv Thielmann increased bv lejj •*
and 1j...:. 1 ■, th.* money tru: i ti.j Lank
through Morton and Matthew to the ever needv
liar. In 1870 tTnv had got close upon £330,000
In this way, and Matthew, who was receiving no
benefit from these transactions, was desirous of
putting an end to the system. 80 was Hay and
so was Morton, who said the thine was an In*
creasing load round his noetc, but he said the
hank did not wish It slopped. Matthew was
Mhat Interest hsd they In the' matter! Thills
the first time that we hare bad the t'ltr of Olaseow
Hank directly mentioned. Had the fond* Mr.
Morion paid to you comedlrcct from tho City Bank?
—I cannot say whore ho got them.
What Interest had the City Hank In Hay A Son
going on?-*l presume ha got thefnnds from the
city Bank hecanse (he bank expressed a desire
that they shonld go on ao ae not to expose the
amount of indebtedness to tho firm of Matthew A
Thtclniann. of which I was then senior partner,
nud 1 was also a partner of Matthew, Buchanan *
Then the bank was desirous that Hay A Son
should go on. as their stoppage might affect Mat*
thcw.tThlulmann and have tba effect of bringing
them down?—Vc*.
Mould the stoppage of Matthew A Thletmann
necessarily hare affected Matthew, Buchanan A
Co. t—The two Arms were entirely dlailuct, but,
being tho senior partner of Matthew, Buchanan A
Co., 1 was encaged In large financial operations in
behalf of .Tames Morton A Co. and tho City Bank.
You, a* partner, were quite conversant with all
the transactions of both firmsf—Yes.
Matthew, Buchanan & Co. had been started In
1608, with £30,01X1 of tho bank’s money, and the
firm was used almost entirely for financial pur*
{loses. At the request of the late Alexander
Slrnnach. manager of the hank and brother of
Robert Stronnch, now In prison, the firm soon
after being floated negotiated a credit of £BO.OOO
against certain securities held by third partlca,
and that system went on increasing until tdlla
amounting to £1,300,000 were floated In this
way. «
8o far on ton know, the corresponding bills and
credits of that £BO.OOO given you In 1808 may have
been on the circle In 1878 J—Yes; part of them
were on circle.
It was lust finance being kept on and Increasing,
ann never being paid offr—Yes.
To turn again to the relations of Matthew Ac
Thleltnann with tho Hays. In 1873 the latter
wore so deeply Involved that it waa Impossible
for them even to pay the £33.»,000 against them
In Matthew A Thlelmann’s books, and It was
agreed oo the advice of James Morton to cancel
the debt, in consideration of the surplus of tho
liars' assets over tho liabilities to outside ered
itorsbeieg assigned to them. This sum waa
estimated at £30,000, but it hns never been paid.
Matthew was questioned on this curious point
as follows:
Did the arrangement carried out In 1870 nrac*
tlcallv cancel the obligations of Hay A Sons to
Arm, except to the extent of any surplusf—
!ncanc»llmrthe£&r»,OOOat«debl due to too
did you consider you were canceling* correspond
ing amount due to Morton on the opposite aide of
the ledger?—Yes, I looked upon that a* folly car
ried out.
And (hat the canceling of the one balance prac
tically canceled the otherf—Yes.
U hy was that not given effect to In your books?—
T presume simply on account of tho relationship
between Mr. Morton and myself.
You were a brother-in-law of Mr. Morton's, and
it did not matter whnt was In yonr books, so far
as he wss concerned?—l know he would never
claim it from mu. ae far as he wae concerned.
And that his creditors would have no claim unon
you?—No. his creditors now have no claim upon
At this time more new blood was Introduced
in tho llrm of William Hay, Sons ft Co., a Mr.
Dalglish, with £13.000 of capital, being sup
plied by Matthew ft Thlolmann. The capital In
this cose also was provided by Morton, at whoso
credit it stands In Matthew ft Thlclmanu , a
books, while it Is placed to tho debit of Dal
glish. Tho Hays were thus made oerfcctlv
solvent by tho wiping out of tho £225,000 anil
the supply of new capital, but the old system of
making advances continued, and at the date of
Matthew ft Thielmamt’s suspension they bed
received, in addition to thu new capital, cash
and bills amounting to £40,000.
Interrogated as to the reasons for starting tho
advances again after the old burden had been
removed, Mr. Matthew thus committed him
Was It not practletlly this, that tho Hays conld
got from vou. both before 187(1 ami after 187(1.
whatever they wauled?—Wo wero to a certain ex
tent under their control.
W tutover sums of monsy they from time to time
required to meet thulr obligations they came to
you for, aud you went to Mr. Morton, 1 presume?
And was there over any objection started by Mr.
Morton to contlnoc these nover-ondintr advances?
—lie demurred frequently to It, but said It was
necessary. Tho City Hank Insisted on the business
being carried ou.
Hay’s suspension would have Inevitably led to
to/ours, I presume?— Yes.
Ami your suspension would have. Inevitably led
to Matthew llnchanan A Co.’*?—Yes.
And Matthew, Buchanan A Co.'s suspension
would have disclosed the huge financing that was
going on for the bandit of the city Hank, and.
therefore, it was essentially necessary that Hay A
yoos should bo carried on?—We wero carrying It
on for Mr. Morton.
Well, for Morton &Co., but In reality Morton
&Co., as far os thisaccuuatle concerned, are tho
City Bank?—Yea.
Then that was the real object of making the
advances to Hay, that they might be kept on
tholr feel, because their suspension would have led
to the dlacloaure of the largo advances?—Yes.
Hut the relation* with tho liov family la
Glasgow were not nil. John Hay A Co,. Leith,
were relative!, and they were In the samo happy
position ,o Matthew A Thtelrnaun as William
Hay, Sons A Co. were, la 1377 tho Leith linn
hod received ±75,000, and that was wiped out,
as the debt of their Glasgow relatives was in
tho previous year. In too aggregate the Hay
family had thus received in twelve or thirteen
years from the friends of tho City Hank, drib
bling through Morton & Mattbow, tbe sum of
wfißnn mo tub mohby 00l
Hare you nny idea what became or that money,
Mr. Matthew, although perhaps It is a delicate
question to put?—They said it was all lost In tho
way of business.
It must hare been speculation.—lt could not he
leyllmulo milliner—l was never able to obtain any
satisfactory account of U.
And you hare asked them?—Overand over again.
Did you ever think It advisable to have access to
their books and satisfy yourself where all the
inonor was going tor-1 was very dissothfled with
tho statement* of their business, and I at one
time raid that I thought It would be necessary to
nrk an accountant to (nvestnruto their affairs, but
Mr. Hay declined to permit it.
Ho that vou havo no idea whatever of tne differ*
ml directions in which theso large sums of money
have gone?— I have never been sole to obtain any
And. in fact, you wore In this position, that they
were tho masters of tho whulo lot of you for any
money they might d»mand?-Yes. Sir. Clcoree
Hoy wroio mo every third or fourth day, saying be
would require so much money, and I had either to
get that or they would slop.
And you knuw what tho consequence* of their
would b«T—Yes, ,
In fact, the oankwould not have allowed them to
With all this tremendous pressure ou him on
all sides, Matthew, according to hU own state*
inent, rnailo only 45)25 per annum out of thu
business of Matthew it Iblclinunn, and nothing
at all out of Matthew, Duchsnan <S Co.
All this enormous labor and rrsponalblHUtv that
you look was solely, I taka'lt, an account of your
brother-in-law, Air. MorlonT-It may be said to bo
(Lit Is It not so?—lt la.
You luul ho intermit In It, gained nothin* by ii.
and did It really In consequence of tnu close re
lationship between youT-Ves, and in order to
carry Inr mum creditably, aa I believe it would
liavo resulted had the bank not suspended oav
Hal hnd ony suspension of any of the bouses that
you referred to taken place before the City of
Giasvuw hank 1 suppose it would nave resulted
In what has now takan pitcaf-L’ndoiibteUly.
And that was tho real object in keoulng U all
afloat f—Ves, a desire to keep It all togetber.
Matthew’s examination was adjourned till
Dec. 10.
Hard Times lu ISciftnml,
r*rr»at>cn>Une* Cinriuuall KnoHirtr.
New Youk, Dec. 12.—Yesterday I had a long
talk with Mr. Armour, uf Armour, Planklntun
& Co., tho largest pork and provision dealers in
the United tjutes. Mr. Armour lias Just re
turned frum England, and he is Ailed with
alarm •( tho ulstreastngfluanctal status of Great
"What Is the matter over there I" I asked.
"A general llnuuclal ruin stares them hi tho
face ull user England. Ireland, and Scotland,”
said Mr. Armour, "Hauks and Individuals are
(ailing everywhere. Tito newspapers do not tell
naif tne storv. The English people are in a
dreadful cundltlou. Manufacturers are ruooln l '
- behind, the tenants cannot pay their rents, real
estate bos shrunk in value and cannot be sold at
any price, tho mechanic is idle, and the former
Is poor.”
•* Why can’t the farmers oay their reals!”
” Because their crops du not pay. Prices for
farm products arc so low that the farmer only
mokes enough to live on. Tho 30.000 land
monopolUls am out in the cold. They can’t
collect their rents, and many seemingly rich
(awilfct are actually sulTeylng from poverty.”
•* VjJtaa makes provisions so Jowl” .
*” The suieudld crops mode ou this side. , The
fad is, the United Suits, having no largo army
to take awav. the laboring men, is making mure
provisions than the whole world can eat. Wu
are putting wheat lo Liverpool at fI.UJ, and
purl: in Dublin and Glasgow—clear sides, dry
sailed—fnr.Vfc. Now, uow’ can the English
funner stand this I Ho pays rental on laud
worth |OOO to 8500 aa acre. Thu lowest farm
lands rent for 810 an acre per auuum, and av
erage 815. Thu average yield of wheat Is
eighteen uu»hels to (he acre. Now, how can a
.‘aimer (-ay his rent I Theu thev used to sell
their pork for 15 cents per pounds and how can
they sell If for cents ana live!’’.
‘‘Then cheap American provisions are ruining
the English farmers!”
“ Yes. They are backing their 9800 land
against our 920 land, and the result Is the S3OO
land Is tumbling. Ihe shrinkage la awful al
ready. They are Just going through what we
have gone through, nr rather they are fixed as
wc would be fixed if some great country tike
China should shin wheat to Chicago and sell It
for 30 cents per bushel, and III! up Cincinnati
with pork at 93 a barrel. Where woula our
farmers he then! They would Iks ruined, ami
our land values would shrink half within a year,
and another crash llKe that In England would
bo upon,us.”
“ What remedy do thiy propose for the hard
* They have no remedy. They are bewildered
and discouraged. A member of Parliament
told me that ho was thinking of advocating an
Import duty on corn, pork, and wheat, and thus
put wheat no lo 92 ami pork uo to 910. Hut
this would he only enacting the odious Corn
again. I told this member that if they
should put an Import duty on wheat and pork
that the wagea of laboring men would have to
be advanced, and then our American manu
facturers would have the advantage. ‘See,’ I
said,'we are already sending cotton cloth, cot
ton thread, and even steel goods amt cutlery, to
England.' ”
“ What do you think will ho the end of tho
hard limes In England!” tasked.
“They will end in a dreadful depreciation of
real estate, the stoppage of the manufactories,
general poverty, mob violence, labor Insunoc
lions, and a general smash-uo of business and
sodetr. If 1 had land In England to-day I would
sell at any price.”
“.Have wo got through shrinking In Amer
” No. That is, wc have and we haven’t.
Lands cast of lowa must shrink still more In
value. Two ton lor live hogs and 20 cents for
corn doesn’t moan 9100 farm lands. It means
920 farm lands. Our dear lands must shrink
more yet, while our cheap lands have struck
bottom. Corn, pork, and wheat are tho great
Icvclcrs. Thev make the price of land.”
“ How did you find things In Germany!”
“ Germany, since she demonetized £150,000,-
000 of her stiver, Is badlvolT too. Her people
•re running away to keep out of the army.
Thev come to England stowed In tho holds of
vessels, hoping to pet from there to America.
Tho poor people In Germany and England aro
all looking toward America. Emigration will
he Immense next year. Every man who can
nay bis passage or steal it will get away from
Euronc, cursed by its big armies and burden
some taxes.”
** Tlio fact la,” said Mr. Armour. " real estate
In England. Ireland, and Scotland has got to
shrink one-half wlthlua year and a half or the
business Interests of the United Kingdom hare
got to go uo lu one mighty crash I"
Uow Conl-Ollnrs, Stove-Pipes, and Ashes
May lie Abolished— The Project In Opera-:
tlon— Peeitnlnrir ami Hygienic Advantages
to lie Derived trom Its Introduction. ''
Sen }'ork IleraM , Die. j.i.
The Holly combination stcam-hcatiog scheme,
which bos for some time past been under dis
cussion,' Is soon to have a practical trial within
the city limits. .Mayor Ely, after hearing all
parties, recommended that an ordinance be
passed by the Hoard of Aldermen giving the
Commissioners of the Sinking Fund pdwer to
grant precinct privileges to certain parties to
convey steam for heating purposes through
mains under the streets of the city.
OCN. hpinola’s opinions.
Gen. Sptaola gave a glowing account of the
results tnat would be achieved by the new
method of heating. Having been Informed, os
will be seen In the description of the system
given below, as to the general claims made for
the Holly system, the reporter requested the
General to coniine himself to the local results
of the adoption of his system of heating. Hu
said: "It costs the city now, so lam Informed
by the police, 82i‘i,*XW u year to carry away
ashes from In front of residences In this city.
Now, if this system of ours Is universally adopt
ed, there will bo one Item of economy, (or there
will bo no ashes to cart off."
"Anything else, General I"
" Yes; It now costs SOOO,OOO a year to heat
the courts, .police stations, engine-houses,
school-houses, and other public buildings, ana
by our system wo can save one-third of that
amount, or 3‘d00.000 a year, to the eltv."
" Is that all I"
“ No; wo will reduce Insurance rates 1 or 1W
per cent."
“In what wav will private parties bo benefited
by the system?"
** Well, their will have the advantage of the
reduction In Insurance rates, first of all; thou
thuy will bo saved about one-half their present
expense In fuel. So much for the financial
aspect of the case. Now, the domestic ad*
vantages ore greater: household help esn bo
reduced, tor there will bo no furnaces or tires
.to attend to, no coni to carry up, and no ashes
to curry down stairs. Cooking of all kinds can
be dune on u slave which .Mr. Holly has Invent
ed, and which will bo provided to subscribers
for steam. The heating of the bouse cun bo
regulated hy a child, such Is the simplicity of
the system. In one house we can send *J(K)
pounds of steam pressure, while next door wo
can mako It two pounds.*'
“ Will tho Introduction of tho system Inter
fere In any way with the present method of
generating steam for power In down-town fac
tories and oillecs)**
“Of course it.wlll, for no mao of common
sense will spend ffjO a week for cenciatlng
steam when he can have steam supplied to him
for half that money, to say nothing of tho bother
and annoyance, dirt aud vexation consequent
on keeping up fires in hollers, which hu will
avoid. Uleht hero I might state that tho two
interests most affected by this new system are
the coal and insurance eompaules. Neither of
them want to have the system introduced, be
cause It wilt alfcct them injuriously hy reducing
the consumption of coal and tbo rates of insur
ance. These are tho parties who have been
working hardest to prevent me gutting Hits
grant, but their animus is quite plain."
WOItK TO iIBUIN in tint 81‘UINa.
In answer to a question to tho point the Gen
eral said it was not contemplated by himself or
hU friends to begin work or set down mains
until next spring. Thu General said, In con.
elusion, that it was contemplated to put up
steam hydrants In the streets, to which, after a
snow-fall, nose could be attached. With the
use of the steam tbo streets could be cleared of
snow In about twenty minutes for one-tenth the
present cost, which ts about Bl.’dA a loud.
In the meantime the water extracted from tho
Junction boxes by tho service pipes is lar'dv
reconverted Into steam in the collar of each
house before heat distribution begins through
out the dwelling, in this wUo: A high pressure
of I rum fifty to sixty pounds being carried iu
Hie boiler and mains the water of condensation
is at the degree o( hunt due to that pressure
when it reaches .the “regulator " valve inside
tho cellar walls. At that point It Is wire-drawn,
and hy a reduction of pressure the reconversion
takes place. The steam then posses on to the
radiators hereafter tu bo described, where it is
again converted into water.
Tbo cellar regulators Invariably reduce Hie
pressure of the steam as It enters each building
to from two to four pounds per square Inch;
and la this method of regulation consists la u
great degree the economy of the system.
Through the comparatively siuall and inexpen
sive pipes used as street mains an Immense
quantity of steam can he form! at high press
ure, whereas at low pressure very much larger
amt more cosily mains would bo required; uud
by the reduction of pressure the moment the
Steam outers a building all the advantages of
the low-pressure system are secured, tvitb a
pressure of two to (our pounds of steam tna
houae costly cast-iron heaters may he done away
with. An explosion "at such a pressure la of
course impossible; a teak would not bo likely to
result In serious damage, and many of the heat
ers uro therefore made of sheet copper, galvan
ized iron, and tin. Tludr forms am! colors, of
course, may he as original uud handsome us our
one’s skill and taste cun devise.
Thu* the old belief that steam could not bo
carried a long distance cifcctlvely on account of
its too rapid condensation baa been demolished,
and at the same time wim’ever condensation
there may bo Is utilized, fchmic special and ac
curate experiments through a mile sod a third
of continuous small plj.e, piotoctod as described,
have resulted In showing the small loss by con
densation and to whut extent the loss can be
turned Into a gain. *| he hot water, with a por
tion of steam from the healers or radiators in
auv building, hatlug performed Us oUkc of di
rect heating, passes to a steam trap In the base
ment, whu h U a part of the system, and where
luo water is separated and circulated through
colls of pipe within a brick iuclosurc.
through this luclosure or bos air Is
passed from the outside of the building,
whuh, heated, by the coll, passes upward
through registers, lu this manner there Is no
waste of heat at all, for the hut water which
enters the houses or which is condensed offer It
arrives there Is made to perform Iho duly of a
fumaeo below; and thus, bv uu Indirect us well
a» a direct in-0.-vas ol tadialtju, every ruv of
heat which enters Is made to do service until u
a not wateb sanvioi as wku..
Moreover, after the hot water bus done this
last service In the coll It flows Into a tank In the
cellar, tho overflow of which rims into tin
sewer. From this tank, filled constantly with
water which l\ chemically pure, a supple of
water is carried jo all parts of tho dwelling
either by atmospheric pressure or by
tho application oi steam. Dv means or
this contrivance, operated Gy the (>r
dlnary atcam pressure in each house, without
extra pump or engine, wafer can he drawn for
bathing and toilet purposes Intvery apartment
or fed to a tank In tho attic above. And
this water can lie hot or drawn cool nt pleasure
Steam Is discharged directly, yet without no|*..‘
• Into water In bath-tubs or elsewhere, raising k
In a very few minutes to the boiling point, and
thus doing away with the old system of hut
water circulation in houses.
Hut tho new system Is adapted out to house
warming purposes alone. It is claimed lint
steam can he served under it to du cookin'-
laundry work, and to aid In many oilier house'-
hold and business Operations, besides running
machinery. In many large hotels the cookie-
Is now done bysteam,ond It will be melancholy
to many people to hear that tho present expen
sive apparatus for that purpose may be super
seded by Holly steam stoves, which will brie
the custom into general use. Cooking, u h
claimed, can be done cheaper and better than hr
a wood or cool stove and without danger nt
burning, and with the avoidance of extrem
host lo tho room during warm weather.
Laundries, greenhouses and conservatories
bathing-establishments, etc., can he served In
means of old or Improved local appliances
Machinery for a great variety of light median
leal and manufacturing purposes such as exist
In all cities can be operated, and tho exhaun
used for heating in the same building, so tint
the two purposes will be accomplished at onu
cost. Steam llre-cnglncs, it la claimed, will h«
greatly simplified In construction and the ro-t
reduced one-half or more,' as tho local boiler
or furnace will he entirely dispensed with. On
the streets of cities and villages Inving a rescr
volrsystcm stcarp will be taken from the main
to the curbstone, where a pipe will come to tin*
Gio street hydrant. The emrhnj
will ho comparatively cheap and portable, ami
alter the alarm, will arrive on tho ground with',
out tho frightful noise and confusion attend
ing the ordinary steam fire-engine. It will
at once take power from the stcam-plpo ami
suction from tho hydraut. Tho power will h e
always ready, and by having tho stcam-plpo im
pinge against the base of tho hydrant freezing
will bo prevented In tho coldest weather. While
tins arrangement will not, perhaps, reduce the
number of firemen. It will Increase their
cdlcloncy and greatly diminish tho cost and cur
r«nt l e *l )e,,Bc * of tho fire departments. Tim
clTcctlveacssof steam Itself as an agent applied
directly to tho extinguishment of fires Is well
known in the oil regions/ In nurnlng building.)
tho fire often rages under tho floors between
the Joists, where It cannot be reached by water
Steam, being lighter than air, when poured Into
such a building in sulliclcnt quantity, rises ami
suffuses these spaces, thus preventing combus
tion* lw *vsJ!l l Ptoc. ut ••sty pounds pressure,
will deliver 6,000 cubic foot of steam per minute,
which would make a body of steam two feet
tlaep below tho celling. In a room 25 by 100 feet.
"Tour Candidate T Cannot Be*’—Positive
and Final Declination of tlio Ohio Guber
natorial Nomination.
Ditoateh In Cincinnati Knqulnr (.Dm.).
Washington D. C., Dec. 14. — 1 speak by
authority In announcing that, under no dream
stances which mav possibly arise, will Judge
Thurman allow himself to be presented as a
Democratic candidate for Ohio’s Gubernatorial
nomination. This conclusion has been readied
by the Judge after the most careful rcllecttun.
Since bis name has bcuu discussed In the news
papers of Ohio as a probable candidate, the
Judge has calmly reviewed the possibilities of
the next campaign In bis own Stale; and, while
ho thoroughly appreciates the advantage which
will accrue to the Democracy, ho does not con
ceive that the necessities of the case require that
ho should head the ticket.
For the past ten days Judge Thurman has
been fairly deluged with letters upon < this sub
ject. Borne of his warmest friends have urged
him to announce that he will make the race—
while others, cqdally as sagacious, have advised
him not to accept; Appreciating Ihr* nnrcasity
of having from Judge Thurman’s own lips his
views with respect to the nomination, your cor
respondent met him to-dav. by appointment, la
his Committee-room at the Senate.
“Now,” said he, “I trust you do not want to
Interview me.’’
Correspondent—“ Fop that purpose, Judge, I
have sought, this meeting. Far be Ic from tint
J-Jnyuirer to misrepresent you, aud, to avoid
even the possibility of so doing, 1 have called to
ask you a direct question: Do you propose to
allow your name tu be used as the Democratic
candidate for Governor of Ohio I"
Judgo Thurman—“i will be equally frank
with you. To every person who bus sttcgcmcil
to mu that 1 should bu our toudldato for Gov
ernor, 1 have replied that I could nut consent.
Tho mure 1 have redacted on tho subject, the
better satisfied 1 am that tbo Interests of the
party do not require mo to mako that race, and
certainly my own well-being requires that I
should not undergo tho trial and strain of mind
and body that n canvass for that olllyu will
necessitate, besides, there ore very wonhv
men in the party, cither one of whom would
matte a good candidate, and whoso friends desire
their nomination, end It would bu an ungracious
thing In mo tu Interfere with their prospects.
There are other end verv strong reasons why
1 should not bo tho candidate, but It is un
necessary to slate them. Indeed, it is wlih
reluctance that I say anything upon the sub
ject, for there is a seeming presumption in
tho declination of a thing that lias not ami
may never be offered; but, inasmuch as some
of our papers have cornu out for my nomination,
und 1 am iutormed by n letter from a friend at
Columbus, received this morning, that It l»
rumored that they have done to pun niv appro
bation, it is proper for me to say that «ucti h
not the case, and that my miud Is llrmlv made
up not to run lor the Governorship."
Correspondent—“ Is this-decision final and
Irrevocable i"
Judge Thurman (with decision)—“lt is. 1
cannot subject myself to the strain of such a
canvass. I have Just gone through a canvas
which few ineu u( rnyuge would havootlcinpU'J,
and i do not feci that it would bu Justice to my
'physical condition to so soon go through an
otticr equally is exciting. Again, how pru[«»»-
torous for mo tosavthatl will accept a crown
which is not offered I"
Correspondent—“Uut, Judge, within yuur
Jqdge Thurman—“l cannot aud will nut con
sent to bo a candidate."
To tlu J&illor o/ Thi TrUnint.
Chicago, Dee. 18.—The enemies of the silver
dollar uro constantly prating of dishonesty,
charging that to make tbo old standard 1*011) a
legal-lender tor 100 ceuta U a flagrant crime
against (lie lumiumcutal principle! of morality.
They Ignore tbo acknowledged fact dial irum
17W tu 1673, when tlio old standard dollar wui
dropped from tbo coinage, it was the milt of
value in all tbe tranaaetioai pf the Government
and tbe people of tbe United States. Gold
dollars wore not coined till 1319, and previous
to that very little gold of a higher denomina
tion was la circulation. Tbe discovery of gold
in California and Australia, and tbe sub
sequent development of their mines, poured
an enormous amount of the now dear.r
metal Into the commercial current*
of tna word, and. fur a lime gold circulated
freely with silver. I Hut, owing to the adoption
of the gold standard hy England and (lerniauv,
that metal haa appreciated In the past few years
from 23 to 40 per cent, and this?!* exactly what
tliegoldlles are.alter. They want that cnor
uious percentage lor tbe debts due them more
than the |<eoulo agreed to pav. This percent
age is tbo measure of their dishonesty. Nor
only that, but, If they could only carry out (belt
rascally schemes, gold would appreciate still
more, and thnr would buy In the prupertvof
the people at 30 to 40 cents on the dollar. The
dishonesty b therefore all on their aide.
For the present st least we oppose any change
|u the standard coins of the nation. Hut, if any
change must be made, the only honest thing to
do U to put less metal la the gold coin* ratin’.'
than add to the weight of tbe old unit of value
fur three-fourths of the life of iho nation. Tins
b what tbe people will sternly demand, and the
guldltes In null street, In Congress and out of
U, may as well prepare themselves to submit
gracefully to tljo Inevitable.
I’OBTLand, Ore., Dec. 15.—1 n (ho (Jolted
States District Court, la the case of tbu United
States vs. W. C. Griswold, charged with fraud
In connection with tbo Indian war claims of
ISM, tbe Jury have returned a ve.'dicl awarding
the I'l-ilacul

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