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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, January 28, 1879, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1879-01-28/ed-1/seq-7/

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National Gambling—The Great
i„,o«tIonof the I’rlxea at Ihe'Palala do
I'Jnduslrle-A Curious Agglom
Arraneemouta for the Drawing-The'Wln
niog Numbora—The Ticket-
CoselP ff° m the Theatres and
the Boulevards —The
gatetol Conttpvndtnee 0/ 1TI« gVfbtm*.
Pirns, J«n. .“-Tlie vl« 01 Eambllntr, like
-Ll-thtt ptcoaaut vk-M wherewith the clovon-
Srf Btnllcmro tempi. u« to dntractlon, bu
.i*k of cornmniilallD* luclf from ono perron
fo,palter with great rnpMltr. Mb*, boon .0
in the caac of the lingo mania tor the unlonful
ipooghno longer Illcßal-eoecnlotlon pirak-
Franco by Hie Invention of that melon
hol» pieca of official humbug known as the
National Exhibition Lottery. Introduced to the
, or i.! si a benevolent scheme for the assistance
If ai'J workingmen,-the former of
•hom It was to help by Uio aHmulua It would
rite to the sate of their wares, while It was to
hrfn the worklncmen by free admission to the
ffODilcra of the Champ do .Mara and Trocadero,
-this lottery-project soon throw, oil the
lollow pretense of benevolence, and
.bowed HscU in Us real chsractcr, os
afcsnUc sop offered to tho unhealthy national
cfivlmr for oxcUcmont. The original Issue of
one million tickets was, os every one knows,,
mduslly Increased. From ono It swelled.
aulcKlr to two. four, eight, ten, and finally io
Tho austere organs of French Republicanism
(who ought to have been more consistent) falrlyi
lost their senses, mid warmly defended n wholly
snomlnablo mid indefensible thing. The con
tagion spread, from Paris to the Provinces, from
the Provinces abroad, till It at loat reached the
dUUnt shores of America, whence,, for aught I
nn tell to the contrary, It may have traveled to
JipiD, China, mid back again to Europe via the.
chhlj deserts of Siberia-and Russia. What
itopped the Issue of tickets! Why, after
hiring run up to twelve millions, did
the Government suddenly cat oft the
fupplv, though the demand, far from ceasing,
«n getting louder mid greater dolly! Possibly
It mav have been for that very reason. My Im
cresiloo Is, that the Government was rather
frightened by the devil Itself had raised. A
moment camp when the press began’to share
the alarm, mid the very Journals which hod at
llrtt sung the praises o! the lottery sounded the
tocsin most vigorously: pot, however, until the
edllors-iD-cliicf, their staffs, their subscribers—
mil non-subscribers—had tho dcslred number
of tickets safely stored away In their desks or
pockets, mid had thus an undoubted advaiitago
over the tartly speculators who had trusted to
the chances of the thirteenth million.
Ob! I don't wish to sot myself up os any bet
ter than the rest. •
Jmt as my reader may have bought,—just os
tint gentleman at my side bought (spending $lO
od them out of ou Income of $700), Just os
tliousmuls upon thousands of workmen and
hungry women hare certainly bought, hoping,
vllti me audacity of desperation, to win one of
the diamond necklaces or the $35,000 sliver
service. But that only bears out thu truism
with which I began my letter.
Well, this is not Uio nlacu for sermons. It
will, I sin sure, be more to thu taste of my In
telligent readers If i give them some Idea of tho
trite* lie has a microscopic chance of winning
tor himself with hit) frauc ticket. About thu
time this arrives lu Chicago, tho World in gen
ml will bo mightily Interested In the same
cuesilon, for. by the latest arrangement, the
tm inc will commence on tho Wth lust., at tho
Trucaderu Halle des Fetes.
All the prizes so far delivered to the Lottery
Commissioners are at this moment being elosst
flctl anti ticketed
In twelve rooms of thu I’aloli do Plndustrle,—
that large building In the Champs Elyscos used
fur tliu annual Salon. Things were still In a
line state of confusion when I visited thu Palace
the other d*y, hut order was issuing from the
chaos. Each of the twelve rooms is distinguish
tJ by a letter of (ho alphabet, having, I pns
turn?, some mysterious connection with tho
disulkatlon of ihe prizes,—u connection quite
Invisible to me, by-tlic-bv. A detachment of
uwk-cycd myrmidons Of thu Frefol de Follco
keeps vigilant watch over all the
treasure, nnd moke* Itself horribly
unpleasant to the few privileged per
tuns admitted to View »tho various loti. At
every room 1 entered 1 was challenged to pro
duce my puss; and, on »ny trustingly bringing
>'<Us uciiitl with a vaguo Intention of taking
Kune notes for the benefit of Tub Tridunk, a
polite man slopped quickly up to me mid re
'lUentcd me to desist. I suppose bo objected to
tar " taking anything off,” even os a mere fig
tiro ot speech. Make yuuraolf easy, then, as to
the lafety of your winnings—expectant.
cl the lottery are the silver service aforesaid
Uxi-Danet-aljlc /or 8 mouey equivalent, If de
jireu); i>tu mni'nllk'cnt dlumoiul necklaces; a
uruc number ui pianos, American organs, har
oooums; * small'but (Inu organ by Cavallle
toil, the maker of tlio creat Instrument that
' r °M he Ttocadfro Concert-Hall; buatanml
1 1. Innumerable, In marble and terra
m i J l f ' lttlar< ” mirror* by t lie score: pictures
j"V c “X ficiieh arlliu, and in rare Instances
SJv/°f. particular merit), Including the large
„, ir P r * ,c *(• study of bnrern-llfe), exhibited
MM W • a,lon al} d 8t Ihe Champ de Mura;
totiu,uronzo ami marble, wooden and gilt;
[««», Japanese, Chinese, Hungarian, English,
the “arlldc-do-Paris "
” e hundred, etc., etc. For the healthy
8 ,re niedldne-cbeaia, and lor iho sickly
* re drawing room gymnasiums. Blogle
Wring no ntc nights of stairs have a
i.ml ( iL wlnn,nif ®n ornamental street-lamp with
10 , match; and grumpy bachelors
"ifkcyihooao, indulge inu food fancy that
cn .f. w,l l t * rr J f ud soma of the assorted petti
,L "*‘ "“t there are more eccentric prizes than
~7,... Ah enterprising tradesman otters
tiru.£ ,? Pickets of corn-plaster to
ai ,d a well-known Paris
tn.t i . Ur ff uur ' tho Passage Juuttroy,
ino,^., 4 voluntary contribution to the prises
niitlli w twelve carheta for dinner at his
iimi \,' ueul ~' l, y ho means a bad one, be It
i;tn voralcalof all,however,ls the Circa*-
t-a,.,r „* e,nan . who, being careless of tho at-
Bi l ii. *®it h! g /or him In hi* home-circle,
•ho.?. * to be tho slavey ol any one
w, ° b,m * * give you the last pteooof
V 1 fucelvod It, bill without guar
h htcral exactness, though 1 hayo u 6
'«s*ou i 0 doubt lu
, M . lll ° process of classification Is
cirnt;! , 1 ** Intended to open tho exhibition
hsiri 04 # 10 th , Public, st a charge of a from* or
•«%* 2i“ uSitoi.) °“ lh * 1B “* (d “*
Itstn «,™ ui uwino will Siam.
«»* l , iSl I TCi , » w P uk)|lc t and rigidly hon
«l rwFiw^*' * l olterT I* w very honest piece
t/|V?" » um| ,l/ anything has been wade out
°»*da I* 1 !\ “r lborillLfl * it has probably been
Jr*»n o,« l »h»t«»ny method. First will bo
ittn?»i! x Kr#u d prizes,—the diamonds, etc.;
»2iiftJ e,#er ‘. wfiol« operation w II last
ii*d the original arrange-
Watin,V’. t,lft ‘i b *’ rß,ilo i would haro lasted
MoJik.!°? ,**>• 1 ,J V numbersdrswu will bo
iJli twelve series,-!, e./iup-
c »ttcrwh ,, * bo all the 6tki*s, no
Wi«« r 18er ? c * m®y belong to, wlu
*i UUiU value. Ou tho closing day
<n»n d ‘»««ood necklace will be
Ur# D i lin f; , tc-ket* lor Hie Nations! Lottery
Wjo» ttU * l .* oretmum la Paris and
I'Mcll r, ,‘^ &e °* tlie first scries are st present
d Hu. ufj? r, u f ihrefl francs each; while those
fcetif, ,lb . ,et ‘ ; h only a aou above original
hiftiiaiwii oae Irau « fi fe centimes. Not
kkets i!f !Vf,» lv difference In the figures, Uie
tW*. * *| lu scries are promised the same
'i n . *.* , BU * U « uuayowed trickery I*
,4 op«v Elders of the first, U»e people
«4y i*o riamoi for Uiclr ouo-/rauo article
1 icl 'iuwo a« tools, or eccentric*.
kau ,iS? 7 cnr cr °wded since tho Jour de I’Ab;
noth n'? 1 uff D,jr llut letter, there has
baric. l u??i V, ? T Dew 10 iulk of lu drama or
•list »t«i»^c*though, they have revived
SJ cc ,r e ’ ‘‘Kotbomsgo,” at the
die Quillet’s “Mootjojo’ 1 still
Uu ratd« tv, 4 Urn \audevllls; and the
Ihc I*.! . n .i u ,„ f° not begun to weary
BWlnvolyuspairous ol Urn Bouffes.
Erckmnnn-Chatrlsn ami T.onli Dnryl (the
author of “La Maltrcste Legitime”) are re
ported to bard completed a grand drama co
ttvUd "LaOuorro” (“War”) for the (lateivl
and M. Vlzcnllno, the cx-imprcsarlo of the
defunct Theatre Lyrhiuc. continues Ids series
of Tuesday musical festivals at the Hippo*
dromo, next week, with n concert, at which M.
(iulraud, of “Piccollno*’ fame, Is to conduct
sumo unpublished fragments of a now work,
“ Le Peu.”
has recently been Issued hv the police. Prior to
Hie opening of the Exhibition all wine-shops
ami cafes (with certain exceptions) were obliged
to close at midnight. It has been decided that
In futnre the special permission granted to keep
'open during the Exhibition months till 1 a. m.
shall he Hindu gcficr.il. So the “ won’l-iM
liome-tlll-mornlngs" bore now lliu countenance
of (ho authorilics. Hitherto tlicylud only their
own. JlAnur Melt/.er.
A Recent fnnlon hy the Queen Revives an
Ohl Story of llnbllrt Love and Crime*
C‘>nttDf>nrifi>ee 2fen Yi-rk If<-rlrf.
Dublin, Jan. B.—The Queen bus very recently
pardoned Henry Klrwan, whusotrl.il for the
murder of his wife Marla, twenty-six yearn ago,
created an Interest- almost world-wide. Few,
perhaps, of tho present generation of new spa-,
per-readors, busily an It has kept pace with the
strides of crime at home, will recall the-circum
stances of a tragedy which convulsed Dublin so
ciety In 1852 and threw Klrwnn Into Spike Island
Prison, near Queenstown, with the shadow of a
'halter around his neck; but the story Is one
having many dramatic features, and (s well
worth a second telling.
1 Klrwan was an artist of rising fame, a man of
wealth, highly esteemed In Dublin society, und
prominent In the Freemasonry ol that city. It
was supposed that bis domestic relations were
of the pleasantest kind, amt it only became
known after the death of the wife, whom it was
alleged he murdered, that ho had been for sev
eral years bearing the expense of another
establishment at Itlng End, on the outskirts of
Dublin, which was presided over hv a second
. Mrs. Atrwan, also named Maria,—Marla Teresa
Kenney,—and the mother by him of eight,
children. Each Wife waa ignorant of iho exist
ence of the other: but the murdered woman in
April, 1853, accidentally discovered Hie circum
stances. These complications served to fur
nish one mid, perhaps, .the strongest of the
three elements which in all murder eases must
be considered,—motive. If motive to instigate
nhd opportunity to accomplish can be proven,
the physical net of murder Is easily and some
times too raslilv Inferred.
Tim artist with his rightful wife—the one with
whoso murder he was charged—were in the haMt
of spendingaporUonur Ihcirsumincrsat Iluwth.
a very popular seaside resort about seven miles
. from Dublin. Here at the time of tho tragedy
they were established. Just tv mllu from Ilowth
is a small island known os Ireland** Eye, which
In those days, us at the present time, was given
over to a few untamable coata and the pictur
esque ruins of what was once a monastery. To
the sea It presents a nigged frontof perpendicu
lar rocks Into which tho waves have eaten queer
little nooks mid eaves. It was the habit ot the
artist frequently to visit this lonely place, whose
picturesqueness mid commanding position fur
nished themes for his sketch-book. Mrs. Klr
won. U was said, often .accompanied her hus
band, and while he worked she amused herself
by bathing In some one of the little pools
made by this singular honey-combed sea-wall.
The water In none of them was deep, but it was
peculiarly limpid and pleasant to bathe In. On
IheOlh of September, 1853, the artist and his
wife were rowed over to this Island by
boatmen who were instructed to return for them
early lu the evening. .At the time appointed
they did return mid were met at the beach by
Klrwnn, who, In a word, told Uitm that his wife
had stranuclv disappeared, and hade them pull
him back to llowtn. Thu boatmen, aware that
there was no way by which the lady could have
left the Island, urged a further search fur her,
to which her husband Indifferently—so they af
terwards wctc allowed to testify—consented.
Exploring one by one the many caves ot tho
coast, they at last came upon the unfortunate
woman lying lu her bathing-dress In the rocky
ledge of a shallow pool, her feet alone In tho
water. Upon her face and body were super
-11 dal cuts and bruises, ami blood had issued
from her nose mid oars. The body wns token to
tho mainland, where, a Coroner’s Jury having
returned a verdict of ** occidental death,” It
was burled in the cemetery, tho ground of which
was so wet that rapid decomposition was found
to have rendered It Incapable of furnishing nuy
proof when at last a suspicion of foul play was
aroused. Thu suspicion arose first In tho mind
of a shrewd detective, who, noticing at the
funeral an unknown woman, was Impelled by
that strange fote which seems to go (mini In
hand with the craft, to follow her to Dublin,
ami thus learned the secret of Klrwsu’s double
Here wns the needed motive; tlio rest was
easily added. Klrwan was indicted for murder
In November, 1852, and brought to trial on the
(Ith of the ensuing December.
Upon the trial a ynctlng party were found who
remembered while tacking close In under the
Inland on tho evening of thetilhof September
to have heard a woman ahrieK *, four other per
sons who were on tho main land - testliled simi
larly. Thu boatmen recalled Klrwan’s Indiffer
ence os to any search for bis wife, ami also the
ugly circumstance of the lady’s clothes having
Itcen found lu a spot previously searched mid
alter Klrwan had been a abort tlmu away from
tho searchers. It wes also shown that tho
knowledge of her huvhami’s relations with the
woman at King’s End had only come to the Indy
a few months before (he fatal atturnoun. It was
proved that the orllst wont to (he Island with a
award stick In Ids hand. These facts,with some
others of similar Import, were nimble shuttles
In winding a futol web about the man. Thu
trial lasted two days mid was ably conducted.
Some physicians lor the defense testliled that
she might have died of epilepsy. All
that wealth could do was done fur the accused.
On the 10th of December, however, ho was
found guilty ami sentenced by Mr. Justice
Crompton to death. This result was unexpected
hv either the accused nr his friends. Thu loiter
were numerous,.wealthy, und Inlluuntial. Then,
us still continues dm policy of the law in Great
Britain, und wns once the raso In New York, ac
cused persons were prohibited from giving tes
timony. Hl* own story, however, was com
municated to the Homo Secretary, who In dial
year was Lord Palmerston, and it was so
straightforward an one that, While the Minister
did not feel Justified lu recommending u full
pardon to the Crown, he did sanction a commu
tation to Imprisonment for Hie. Klrwan’s
Ctorv substantially waa that, although Ina wife
hnd nominally forgiven him, and lor the sake of
society appearances had made neither a family
nor a public complaint, sl»o was Jealous. Whiio
sho ami himself were In the place of
Urn alleged murder—to which he
had gone for sketching purposes,
as was natural, unit indeed ho produced two
sketches made at the time,—ft ‘‘tiff" arose.
&he separated from him ami strolled away rather
sulkllv, mid said she would bathe; but what oc
curred he knew not. and could only suppose
that she fell from rocks or was taken with con
gestion of the head. Ha dented tho inferences
of the boatmen,—against the Introduction of
which as evidence hi* counsel had vainly striv
en,—and said that, although dazed by ber dis
appearance, ami for a time overwhelmed at the
sudden thought of the complications which
must publicly ensue, and that would bring Mr*.
Kirwsu number two to a full knowledge of af
fairs.— nevertheless hb Intended* to, und sup
posed that by bis conduct be did. give every dU
puaillOß unit effort to (he scorch for her. 110
i contended that If he had been disposed to mur
der her he could more easily have designed an
accidents! overturning of a boat.—for he waa a
good swimmer,—or have caused the tide to lake
I away ber body. Moreover, that ho c»uld have
! then slated tho disappearance in his own wav.
I For several years tne matter dlvlocd Dublin
society and Irish gossip into partisans ol guilt
and Innocence, Perhaps the majority might bo
quoted aa believing In the latter. He was, oft Is
I to be readily observed from the accounts ol Uio
I trial, convicted solely upon circumstantial evi-
I,donee. And U was argued that since wife nuin-
I-ber one knew of wife number two, und had not
I lu any wise divulged her knowledge or displayed
any disposition to use It os a aword, there was
I’ wo rosl motive for the killing. Especially not,
when even her natural death. It published in
Dublin papers, would acquaint number two and
her children of the complication. No one ac
cused him of .living unhappily with either. Ihe
discussion unfolded the theory of a duality In
love, ami that a .iiersou might love two of dif
ferent dispositions ami different-physical amt
mental characteristics with equal teat ami ot>-
pareut fidelity (and that in shwrt, there were
often lave case* where not only Ignorance made
bliss, but rendered applicable another saying
that “ concerning things unt apiiarent they were
as good as if they did not exist-"
'iheevents, however, faded Into forgetful
ness, amt some of the children of tbenupritoii
ed father died, and some grew Into womanhood
and manhood; bo all the w hile asserting his In
noccucb, and never disputing vindictiveness,
but philosophically admitting that circumstances
certainly held him somewhat at disadvantage.
Tho pardon is now not placed U|*m the ground
of the belief of the Home tiecretory in Kirwou's
Innocence, but partially upon the uuubt which
has been alrengthvnwl by the events ot time
and partially upon bis untfbrta 'good conduct
and iimucvut bearing.
Balloting for United States Sen
ator In the Kansas Cau
Ingalls Gets but Fifty-tour Votoa,
Blghty-llvo Doing Neces
Proposition In the Illinois leghlatnro
to Get Gp a Revenue Com
*T*r*n\ Ti\n>air.h Ut TKf Tlibnne.
Induhai’oms, Jan, 27.—Further Investlea
lon of Iho affairs of the Soldiers’ Orphans’
lomo shows Hint Ellison Williams, resident
irustcc at Knlghistown, la a principal partner
in a dry goods firm there, unci has sold to the
Home (roods to the amount of S2,(Mb.H2 during
the three last years, in defiance of the law,
which says that no Trustee shall be Interested
In any contracts connected with, or purchase
for, the Hume during his term of office. This
particular institution seems to have been man
aged by the Trustees with the most sublime dis
regard of law, and It Is net Improbable that such
would be found to bo the case wllh oilier
institutions If subjected to rigorous search. Eh
Henderson, Auditor of Slate, vacated his office
to-day, and was succeeded hy Hen. M. D. Mun
son, Auditor elect. A proportion will he Intro
duced authorizing (he Stale-House Commis
sioners to make a loan of ♦l,000,(W0nml com
plete tho Htatc-Housu as soon as possible. This
will meet with general support among the Dem
ocrats, who claim that the accommodations af
forded at tho Court-House arc nut sufficient,
mid Umt the ventilation Is suOlcicnt to kilt oil
half the members eVery session, which Is true.
Every county officer who has been la the build
ing for a year Is sick now.
lu the House to-day, MaJ. Gordon, of this
comity, Introduced u bill to repeal the Criminal
Court nnd transfer Us duties and docket to the
Circuit Court.
Mr. Willard, of Floyd, Chairman of (he Com
mittee on Fees and Salaries, introduced a bill
llxlng the fees of county officers and grading
them on the basis of county population. Fur
the County of Marion the fees are: Clerk,
13,100; Sheriff, $3,100; Auditor. $3,800; Treas
urer, $3,000:. Recorder, SI,OOO. Tiiey are
now given Deputies, from five to ten each,
at salaries of $000; the Deputies are not half
enough to do the business of the office. Such
legislation can only spring from utter Ignorance,
or from a corrupt desire to bring the whole
matter of reform in the matter of fees ami sala
ries Into disrepute, and defeat every effort In
that direction. The nominations br tbc Governor
of Timothy Nlcholsou, John T. Scott, of Vhro
County, mid Murray Briggs, of Sullivan, as
Trustees of the State Normal School, were con
firmed by tbc Senate.
Special Vlupateh to The Trl&uns.
Springfield, 111., Jan. 37.—80th branches of
the General Assembly met thia evening at &
o'clock, and adjourned, there being no quorum
present In either House.
The effect of the Uro causing tho partial de
struction of Armour <fe Co.'s packing-house at
tho Stock-Tards has caused a fooling of uneasi
ness In regard to the water-supply, which Is to
result in a llttlo legislation. Mr. Hopkins boa
prepared a bill to authorize the Block-Yards
Company, situated lu tho Town of Lake, out
side lliu corporate limits of Chicago, to
contract with the city for a water-supply.
The water from the Hyde VatK Holly
Works, coming so long a distance, (a not con
sidered sufficient, notwithstanding the proposed
Improvements. The proposed legislation will
bo pushed through by Mr. Hopkins as soon tu
practicable. There Is the appealancc of% smalt
lobby on tho ground this evening, and there Is a
prospect of some pretty lively work In tho
future In the Interest of corporations.
An Important measure Is prepared and will
be presented to the Senate to-morrow, which
will havu tho effect ot shortening the present
session of the General Assembly verr materially
If carried. The measure In question Is a Joint
resolution looking to the establishment of a
Commission, consisting of thirteen members, to
devise a new Revenue law for the State. Three
of these Commissioners are to bo appointed
from the Senate, five from the House,
and five bv the Governor. The Joint
resolution has been carefully prepared
by Senator Hamilton, a young lawyer of
ability from Bloomington, after consultation
with a number of prominent gentlemen
throughout the Slate, who advise the plan
proposed as the best one under the circum
stances to reach the end desired. The Com
mission will sit during the recess of the Leg
islature, ami report to an adjourned session
In January next. 'Hie members of tho Com
mission are to draw the same pay and mileage
a* members of the Legislature, and thu body
Is to sit wherever thu members see fit, com
mencing In September next. Tho resolution
also provides that all thu measures on reve
nue Introduced during thu present General As
sembly shall bo referred to this Commission.
The adjourned session of tho Legislature Is to
moot for no other purpose than to consider (ho
rc|>art of tho Commission. Members of the
previous Goueral Assemblies say Umt it has
been Impossible amid Uie excitement and Inter
ruptions of legislation to devise a proper
Uo venue law during a session ot tho Legislature.
They think that tho sub|oct of revenue, the
Appropriation bill, and a few other matters are
all that really need thfilr consideration at tbia
session, and Umt Uie establishment ot thu Com
mission proposed will dose up tho necessary
work of the present Assembly in a very short
time. They claim that the people will really be
saved thu expense of a lung session now, and
will have a good sound Revenue law In lliu end
which will meet thu requirements of the times.
CohUMiiUfl, 0., Jan. 37.—1 n the Senate hills
were Introduced tu give public school buildings
tho use of water from waterworks free of lax *,
to require local insurance agendo* to report the
gross receipts of their agencies to the County
Auditor for taxation.
In the House a resolution was adopted thank
ing Congress for the passage of, and tho Fresi
dent for •Igalng, the Pension hill. A resolution
wss offered, sml laid on the table to print, call
ing uoon Congress to legislate on the financial
quciUon In accordance with the Ideas promulgat
ed by Uie National party.
Bills were Introduced to repeal that section of
the law which relieves the Supreme Court
judges from District Court duty; to aid in the
construction ol narrow-gauge railroads, by al
lowing subscriber* to the stock five years to
make psymeuts; providing that certificate* shall
nut be Issued to persons to practice medicine
for a longer term than one year who have at
tended but ooe course ot lectures.
In the House this afternoon a resolution was
offered, ami Isld over to discuss, calling upon
Ohio Congressmen to oppose auy measure look
lug to tbc repeal ot the Resumption act.
lu the Senate a bill was introduced forbid
ding partners of Frosecatiog-Attorneys from
defending prisoners.
Special Dit&uch to Jte Tribune.
Topeka, Ka*., Jtn. 27.—TUC city Is crowded
with cltiaeos from alt parts of the Stale to assist
tbrlr favorite Senatorial candidate. The street
In front of the Tefft House is blocked fonhalf
a square with people, and the excitement runs
Ideb. Atchison scat over % large lobby to-day
lu the interest of Ingalls, and so equally large
delegation arrived from Leavenworth to work
for Anthony. The Informal ballot will be
taken to-morrow. It U expected that the
votes trill be very scattering . until
the contest begins to assume shape.
When it becomes apparent that either loralls,
Anthony, or Simpson will be elected, thp scat
tered votes will he important factors, Simpson
expects to hold aulßdent strength to prevent
the choicest either of the others, and to force
Anthony to join him In order to defeat Ingalls,
but It Is not probable that Anthony can carry
his supporters In a body to Simpson, and, when
tbo break occurs, Ingalls may secure enough to
give him the requisite majority. Anthony al
lows Slmoson only fifteen votes, but Ingalls
concedes him as high as twenty-five. Anthony’s
own strength Is slated by him at forty-two.
Ingalls claims from sixty to seventy.
|)f tnnieh 'o Thu Trttnint.
Toprra, Kan., Jan. 27—11 p. p.— [ lie Itooub-
Ifean caucus 10-nlght was attended hr HO mem
bers of the two houses, eight being absent.. Three
ballots were taken for United States Senator, as
r>n»T IIAM.OT.
W I Atiliiuny 2.1
.. .. 71 Scato-rlmr 5
«ro*i» ttAt.i.or.
Inffall* .'»! | Anihcmy 21
Slmp«on 11-!!I 1 -!! Phillips in
Campbell.... 7 I .‘•coupriii'/ :i
Tti>> third Imllat wns ilm* Minn rs thn sc'-rond,
nml |lie cmiciH *di*mmfd until to morrow iilkM,
’llic caucus rule requires clirlitv-thrcn votes to
nominate. To-nii'tit’s result is regarded as
Indue favorable to Imralls. as It Is Known tlmt
most of thn absentees ft re IniralU men, mid
tliut the voles (riven to Campbell mil be fur
Ingalls on the formal ballot.
Judge Campbell,
Special tnwiirh lo Th» Tribune.
Jan. 27.—T1i0 Fcnalo was
Ft. Paui., Minn.,
not in scaslon to-day.
In lliu House llic twentieth petition for pro
hibition of the use of the bran wheat-tester wo#
A concurrent resolution was adapted dlrect
ng the Judiciary Committee to Inquire Into
past legislation affecting tliu Stale lamia known
os swamp ami overflowed lands, mid Utc pro
priety ut reserving tliu remainder to create
funds tor (lie purchase of suitable grounds imd
fur the erection of a new Capitol building.
The Ilonso also concurred In the Senate
amendments enlarging the scope of the pro
posed State-Prison Invesllirallon.
Mr. McCracken Introduced a LIU repealing
the law which allows the dentil pcnnltyTo be In
flicted only when the Jury tu a murder cam pre
scribes It. __
/rptcial Diepateh to Vie Tribune.
Madison, Win., Jan. 27.—1 n (lie Senate, to
night, Senator Peering presented the credentials
of Senator-elect Bennett, from Jefferson Coun
ty, who appeared, was sworn In, nnd took tils
seat. In the Assembly bills were Introduced
relating to (he fumigation of grain; changing
the name of the State militia; regarding the
prices of swamplands In Shawnee County; mak
ing abstracts of title prlma facie
evidence; enabling the CUr of Undue to read
lust Its debt; giving consent to the Northern
Pacific Uallroad to complete its mad through
Wisconsin to the Montreal Hirer. Dills passed
relating to the United Status const survey;
authorising Racine to borrow money, mid pro
viding for special terms of court lu the Seventh
Circuit. Mr. Ilutdiiusoti put tn n resolution
accenting Gov. Washburn's Edgewood farm
fora Hoys* Industrial School.
Lima Hook, Ark., Jan. 27.—0 n motion of
Senator Terry, that part of the journal referring
to the charge that SSOO bad been offered Repre
sentatlvo Jlaliflcld tu vote for Johnson for
Senator was, after debate, expunged.
Representative Fishback read la the House a
letter from Robert Johnson, tn which ho says ho
defies all such charges, and denounces them
as false.” He asked a prompt Investigation tu
bring out the whole truth.
Mr. Fishback moved n committee of five to
Investigate. Laid over till to-morrow.
Doth (louses adjourned (rum respect for
Representative Holman, of Savior County, who
died yesterday. _____
Richmond, Va., Jan. 37.—The Senate to-day,
by a unanimous vote, adopted lliu report of thu
Special Joint Committee ou alleged usurpation
of State Jurisdiction by Federal Judge Ktves,
in the case of the Reynolds brothers, negroes,
charged with murder, toguthcrwilh a long series
of Btste's-Ulghis resolutions.
The Rerent Discovery In Tnolittmie County
—What Came of Resenting n Squirrel's
Tuolumne (Cal.) Jnilecen'lent.
A. Gardner has discovered a mammoth cave
In the dividing ridgu between (he South Branch
and main Stanislaus Rivers, two tnilua above
the Junction uiui one mile northerly from Flue
Log, at au elevation of about 1,800 feet above
tho river. The discovery wus made under the
following very peculiar circumstances. In which
an Insignificant squirrel figures verv conspicu
ously. Go thu Ist of December, 1878, Gardner
says he was engaged tn working his placer claim,
which Is distant fIUO led from the entrance of
the cave. A squirrel perched Itself upon a tree
near by and commenced to chatter and suit
acorn-shucks ut him. Tnls ha considered a chal
lenge to tight it out on that line. So he re
paired to his cabin uiui armed himself with a
double-barreled ahoi-gun. marched out mid
faced his diminutive antagonist. Thu fight
opened with a sntritod skirmish of both parties,
and ended after Gardner had fired seven rounds
at Ills aquirrclship—the seventh Just as his little
tormentor was disappearing In thu dark re
cesses of a crevice in the ledge above his claim.
Ho pursued ft to its retreat, and then com
menced searching in the ere vice, to discover, it
possible, tliu hldlng-placo of his vanquished foe,
but laded. Thu search, however, resulted In thu
discovery Jof the greatest natural wonder in tho
county, and, perhaps In the Statu, os future
developments in that direction may prove, tn its
class. Societies lliu historv ot Us dh-covcry.
It Is adorned with decorations of dazzling
beauty, unsurpassed in character on live I’acttle
slope. The entrance to tliu cave is situated at
(he base of a bluff, and eighty feet above the
gulch, and access is had through a crevice In
tliu ledge, three feet in width by six feet In
length. Descending by ladder ten feel, you
reach the floor ot uu luallucd archway, (Unplug
at an angle of thirty-live degrees, tram twenty
to tli rty led lu hhriil, by thirty feet lu width.
Dcscemllng thu Incline, which is 100 leet in
length, we reach thu floor of thu grand arch
way, Irom forty to slxtv feet in bight, varying
In width from twenty to thirty feet, from which
radiate scores of similar archways leading to
spacious chambers, with (heir lofty ceilings
draped with bnllUul stalactites, that glitter and
sparkle In the light of a lump like gems of ocean
waves of which wo read. Tho floors and walls
of this subterraneous hall are entirely coaled
with stalagmites, pure crystallization. Wo cun
best describe thia crystal formation tu tbUwlte:
For Instance, It resembles in makeup, and ap
pears to the vision, like a sheet of snow lying
loosely lu large flakes uu o pane of glass. We
visited, under guidance of the discoverer, uianv
large clumbers, of which Uie grandeur and
brilliancy baffle description. Our rambles
through the subterraneous archways were con
tinued for four hours. To give the most minute
details of what we witnessed during our ram
bles lu the cave would fill every page of thu
Tuolumne huUfjeniteut, 11 The Bridal Chamber ’’
Is sixty fed in length, twenty led in width,
with slightly arched ceding ten to fifteen feet;
floor and walls crystallized; from the ceiling de
pend hundreds ol stalactites from one to six feet
in length. This chamber fur surpasses ihe won
drous beauties of Uni “ Cave City ” of Calaveras
County. So says U. Bostwkk, who, lu ISVJ.
visited that cave. “The Crystal Falaic,
though not so spacious as thu ilrst-mcnilmicd
room, Is equally ss attractive; its crystal forma
tions are ui rare beauty.
Explorations made of (he cavu extend over tu
ares of one-half a mile. In uo direction already
explored bos there been found auy tenntuatlug
potut to the cavern, Gardner saj* he will con
tinue tu explore till every recess of the cave is
discovered uiui Its extent known. Through
tome system of experimental surveys of the
surface, he ddermtued the extent ol the cave to
bo lour miles.
Boston, 51**#., Jan. 27.—1 tls stated that the
Needham Savings Bank will be closed, owing to
a lack ol business.
Cincinnati, 0., Jap. 37.—The First National
Bank at Granville, 0., has suspended. The de
positors w ill be paid In lull, but holders of the
bank's papers will be the losers.
Usweuo, N. Y., Jan. 37.—Ihe National Ma
rine Bank Is to be closed. Cause, Uie high rate
of taxation and Ihe low rate of Interest.
Awiiil <o The Tribune
Avrora, 111., Jsu. 37.—William Lawrence &
Co., dealers tu dry goods, closed thetr doors thu
morning. The firm was composed of William
Lawrence. Lyman Baldwin, and M. A. Higgins,
and bad transacted a large business for mauv
year*lu the West Divutuuo( lli«city. Uu be
lieved tbclr assets will be b 6 cents and per-
Laos 100 to (he dollar of indebtedness, ll.ey
have thu respect aud sympathy of Ihe entire
community lu their misfortune.
Perilous Voyage of Capt. Boyton
and a Herald Reporter.
Ilcht ,1 Tkrillfng jUienlnre—Tlit Tito Hail,
(ittn tnprtMned bj Fields «I If*.
,\n) l*»f* JUrnld. Jon. ao.
Thank the Lord that I am once more on drjr
land nml sufficiently thawed uni to give Hie fol*
lowln* account of my voyage with Capt. Paul
Iluyton down the bay and to Dio Narrows on
Friday night, In a robber life-saving suit, ft
may be a matter of Interest to know Hint I can
not awlm a stroke or pull an oar f und never bad
on a llfo-saring suit before in my life.
I confess tliat before entering the water at
Castle Harden 1 felt slightly apprehensive as to
whether wc should be able to make our way
through Hie floating IcO and show fli.il covered
the shore waters, but no sooner bud I touched
water nnd reclined comfortably at full length
than confidence returned tome, und It did not
require the encouraging words of that, veteran
voyager, my companion, to rctsviro me. The
buoyancy of the rubber dress Is something
wonderful, and, although the air chambers were
Iml ImlllTercntly inflated, the slightest motion
of the double-btaded paddle was sufficient to
propel me along at will.
“ Now, then," cried the Captain, as we turned
our faces toward I lie tfound, "cross your legs
und brace up in the water. Grasp your paddle
(Irmly, mid don't try to throw up a bushel of
water at every stroke. l*e( your movements be
very easy and careful, for should you flounder
around in the water you arc liable to turn over
un vmsr face und drown. Now, bid vour|frlcnd*
good-by, fur our voyage baa begun."
A rocket was sent up by the Jovial Captain,
nml amid many encouraging words mid consid
erable waving of handkerchiefs wo pulled out
Into the stream. The situation was Impres
sive In the extreme. Htrctchlng out before
us were the great black waters of the
hay, with here mid there a light twink
ling In the distance, which lent a sinister and
weird aspect to (he scene. However, this was
m» time to contemplate the peculiarities of New
York Hay, as seen at night, so wc humored the
ebb current nml headed for Governor's Island,
where pno little flickering light could In? seen
shedding a dingy sheen upon Die waters at the
foot of Castle William.
When fairly out In the river the Captain
placed Ida bugle to Ids lips mid blew a shrill
blast that was echoed back from the Long
Island shore, nml startled flu* sentries in the
fort. Then the note* of a military bugle-call
were sounded In a jaunty manner, nml as Its
cadence* reached the ears of tin* sentry pacing
lonelily up mid down, wo were falotlv hailed i»y
the listening watchman. At the point of the
Island a large field of fee was encountered, and,
summoning alt nur strength for the purpose,
we droro straight ahead, right Into the midst of
the crating, seedling mass.
Buddenfy I was surprised by Hoyton crylnc
out, "Hold the Habv whllo I go after that large
cake of Ice." An Instant afterward H flashed
upon me that the name of the boat was “llabv
Mine,” mid I took hold of the slender line that
held the little provision boat, while the Captain
noiselessly darted oil and disappeared In tho
surrounding darkness, leaving me to my own
reflections, which, I may ns well confess, were not
of the must cheerful nature, “ilalloo, halloo,”
enme the Captain’s volte, followed by a cavalry
charge upon the bugle, which led mo toward a
point In the middle of the river, where Uovton
was towing a large take of ice In my direction.
“Clamber up on lop.” said n»y companion,
minting from his exertions, “and pull up the
boat after you; we're going to take lunch.”
Whllo tin* Captain spoke he stood upright (o
the water, tils two hands grasping the whirling
mass of Ice and a good-natured smile upon hu
dripping countenance. Seized with a desire to
do likewise 1 also attempted to assume an up
right position, but made a ludicrous failure, and
succeeded only tn getting a mouthful of hrluy
water and an all but dislocated shoulder. lam
Inclined to believe that Cam. Horton ts the only
man living who can muster this difficult feat.
Placing one hand on the drifting cake mid the
other on my attentive comrade's shoulder I man
aged lo clamber to the surface of the Ice. where
1 ant Willi my feet lo the freezing water, all
nuino and ati(T from the effect* of my lev hath.
The Imat soon occupied a position alongside of
me, and a tolerably good lunch was Indulged In.
Capt- Uoyton remained In tlie water ami partook
of the wluo nod other good things with a zeal
tlmt betokened n well-developed appetite, which
was no dotihl sharpened by . tim sail
sea breeze. Wo then til cigars, and. slip
ping from the lee. I once more joined the
Captain, and wo paddled on la silence. Ur this
lime the current was hurrying us rapidly In the
direction of Uedloe's Island, which looked like
Urn hack of some Inure hluck sea inniislcr, not a
debtor sign of human life bring risible. Just
os the silliness was crowing oppressive the Cap*
lain sane, In a clear baritone voice, “Sbenadora.
1 Lore Your Daughter,” and ”My Hoy and 1,”
“ This,” said Uoyton, ”Is how I hare passed
many a nlcht on the European rivers, when I
dare'not sleep nor even close tuyeres. Bee how
the lights drop out one by one as we leave New
York behind ut. Imagine yourself floating out
hero In the buy and not a light to be seen on
shore nod you have but a faint Idea of what my
nights on the French Hirer Loire were. 1 have
often passed a whole night hi such complete
Isolation from the sounds of civilization ami llfo
that I plarcd Incessantly upon my bugle to keep
up roy courage. At midnight! would strain my
curs to catch the sound of convent bells, ami
otter Hie monotonous quietude they seemed Ilka
music to mu.”
Wo were now within halllugdlstanco of Uodloe’s
Islmiil, and the Captain attached ouuof his largo
torpedo rockets to a stick, and, directing tlto
course of the missile toward the centre of Die
ig|;|tid, the bomb exploded with a crash and a
shower of colored light* that were seen mid
heard ill over this bar. The watchmen ud Uiu
{■land were either oiT duty or asleep, aa no re
-6|xjiißis was mode, even whoa Boytuu added lu-
Aiilt to injury by blowing a triumphant flourish
upon hU bugle. it wua then a quarter to U
o'clock, mid the stars, which were previously
hidden by light clouds, now came out bright
mid clear overhead while tho wind became pierc
ingly told,
uovton’s mistake.
Wu had Just left Bedloc’s Island and were hj
dint of terrific paddling gelling out from among
the floating leu when lluytoa exclaimed, “My
Qod, boru’ii a acad man! 1 * at the sumo time
pointing In the direction of the object. Kur a
moment my unpracticed eye was unable to sco
anything, hut hood a floating mass came Into
view, nml I felt a chill of horror seize me, and 1
grew faint and tick as I lie ghastliness of Um
illuatlon presented Itself to my mind. I
would have stopped Bovtoa from bringing mo
any nearer to the sjot, but In an instant ho was
gone from mv aide and pulled toward (ho corpse
with startling velocity. A closer examination
of the object, however, dls{*cllod all such feel*
lugs, as It turned out to he simply an old
mattress of cork shavings.
By this time wo were in Die middle of lie bay
uiul making for tlio Bobbin's Reef light. The
temperature lu my suit grow lower each mo
muiit, and soon a peculiar sensation began to
taka possession of mo. 'Die clothing worn un
derneath the rubber suit was necessarily warm,
ami, at the outset, a considerable perspiration
was Induced. As the cold begun to Increase in
in* limbs this sweat gathered (a large beads, so
chilly dial 1 could uot get rid ol the Ides that
mv dress had sprung alcsk, and (lie water was
tutoring at the waist, boreral times 1 reached
my bund around to the fastenings at (lie hack In
order to feel a nosiihlo bole or opening, without
result. At last 1 mentioned this fact in Iloyton,
who laughed loudly, and said itmt it was an el
feel of the Imagination which occurred to him
frequently, even though bo knew there was no
dangar. The suffering, through cold ami numb
ness, was Increasing, and my hands were becoin
lug too stiff to hold the paddle, the Captain
begun to notice my slow and labored motion*.
Just as wo were opposite Uubbfu's fleet light,
uiul without a word of explanation, he puddled
up close to mr side and begun uscries of pound
ings and thumpings which, ho afterward said,
were done to get up * healthy circulation of thu
blood. I, very naturally, remonstrated, but was
consoled by **1)0, Unit's nothing: wait till »•
get out further." To make me fed moro com
fortable several shark stories were related, Roy
too at the same time assuring ms that Ihu part
of the bay we were floating lu was frequented
by shirks of a dangerous species- ’1 he entire
stretch to BUple'ou was a scries of similar eu
urtalnoxeuu. My comyaulou told me tlml I
was the only person who had sver made such a
voyage with him, and the drst reporter who had
ever tluated lu a rubber suit. This was proba
bly done to cheer me up. for 1 was making des
perate efforts to shake off the numbness by
using my paddle ata racing sace
“fgues* we’ll strike across to Stapleton,"
said lloytuu, as thu lights ou the ferry slip
hashed fu view. *• Vou Just get lu my wake and
follow the boat's light."
The orderwould have been put Into execution
but for au ominous creaking and splashing
found just •head, Largo cakes nf Ice, being
raoldlv borne toward the Narrows by tlie swift
current, rame lurching In on all aides.
"Haiti’’ screamed Horton. ‘‘lf you value
your life turn around and cull against tho tide.
We are Imtwecn two Immense fields of Ice, which
are Hosing in on ns. .Never mlml the cold now,
hut clear the floe If vuu pull your arms from
their sockets.” For Hie ‘first time In
the trio flie great swimmer began to
show signs of uneasiness, ami wc went against
the tide with a significant encrer. Hut it was
useless. In less than ten minutes we were
hemmed in bv floating masses of Ice that ground
against each oilier with a harsh, vicious no>e.
unpN-ae.inllv suggestive of our po-siblo fate,
't he paddle became temporarily caught among
the cakes, ami on attempting to release It my
inml whs drawn between two Diet es. mid. despite
ihe protection afforded by the rubber glove, the
skin was scraped off tin* back, Nothing couid
Ih* M-fii, os t)<>- fee rose in t Ik; water around us
mid obscured our vision. Added to this was my
scimritmii from mr aquatic chaperon, on lm
nu’u-e cake of Ice having llontcd In between us.
Hut Haul Boyton Is tint (hr kind of a man who
deserts a friend in distress.
11 (Jen vuu get bold of tho cake of Ice to your
right," he erted.
"I'll trv."
siohsi.s or msTßtfls unukedbd.
And in another moment I saw him looming
above mu In Ills dripping suit WKh one luml out
stretched to as«l*t mo to a plaro of safety.
"Now you're all rlgnt," said he, "mid I'll try
mi'l wako up the folks on shore.” 8o raving In*
drew a marlm* signal light of distress mid set it
off. Tin- « ff.-ct was indescribable. The power
ful blue light lit up Hie whole hay nud revealed
a large held of Ice all around us,
which glittered and sparkled, assuming
nil muuicr of radiant lines under
the Illumination of tho signal light,
Tho light also showed that we had drifted past
Htnpletoti and were being earned down through
the Narrows. Nut a was made to our
signal, except whore a white light was flashed
In answer, hut no assistance was offered, al
though, in addition to the blue flambesu. rocket
after rocket wa* sent up In appeal. Finally, as
tin? situation was crowing momentarily more
desperate, Hovton gave the order to fight our
war out. Then began a journey over tee and
through water until I was sore In every part of
my body. Tho Captain still hears the scratches
of the tee on his face, while 1 was more for
tunate, and was simply poumled and squeezed
about the body.
On our war out wc would mount one cake,
walk two or three steps, mid then suddenly be
ponged Into the lev stream, the seawater be
ginning to freeze uoon our faces. " Baby
.'line " had a hard time of l(, nud was alter
nalelv tossed on thu heavy sea going out or car
ried under the arm of her owner. But at last a
huge rake of the floe cut tho zinc deck so that
It leaked. Boynton produced some beeswax
and attempted to repair her, with but partial
When opposite Fort Hamilton a rocket was
sent up. uml wo crossed over to tho cost shore
to catch the up-current of thu Hood-tide. The
slack water allowed the ice to beseparated with
out much trouble, and after a short struggle we
found ourselves In clear water, with a fair run
ning flood-ttde.
Up to this time 1 had " paddled my own
canoe,” but 1 began to feel very sore and ex
hausted from thu effects of thu continued
strain lu paddling and the struggle lu the Ice.
It was at tlila point that Capt. Horton began to
show his mettle. Placing my head between his
feet he drove me ahead of him toward Staple
ton, his paddle moving with the regularity mid
time of tnc screw of a propeller, while I did my
feeble best to help him. Aa we neared the
binding some of my strength returned, and 1
took the paddle again independent of Boyton.
Suddenly 1 hoayd a cry of " Baby's gone to the
bottom 1” »tid looking around 1 found that the
boat had sunk with the lantern, leaving us In
perfect darkness and liable to be cut down at
any moment by passing bunts. Fortunately,
liovton had hold of thu lino to
which (he little craft was attached. An
effort wm made to raise her to thu surface, ns
she contained money, a valuable gold watch,
rockets, etc., and, most Important of all, the
hrsndv ffssk. Boyton soon succeed lu bringing
the sunken boat to the suriove. 'lliu thermom
eter was missing and a lino revolver. The boat
was then placed on Button’* breast and towed
into a private dock. W e had to climb up thu
side of dm pier In our suits, ami thu boat was
also lilted to the wharf. The landing was
made at d o’clock, when wo had been seven
hours la the water,
Stiff and sore, we were making our way along
tho pier to thu main share when we found mir
wav suddenly blocked by the watchrnau at the
dock. On seeing us ho Jumped back lor a mo
ment, unable to understand tho situation. On
explaining bis errand to tho officer the latter
said, referring to the JferaUt reporter, " What
lu blazes is that thing there! ”
"Oh. it’s only a friend I brought along with
me fur a little trip down the bay. Will you lm
kind enough to direct us to Stapleton VII
“I've a rooJ mind to show you to the station
house; yees bare vlllanous-looKlng faces, both
Ol TO-”
A Judlcous amount of cajoling Induced the
suspicious watahtnan to show us dm war to
Stapleton, which wo found iu complete dark
ness. Our teeth were chattering In our heads,
however, -and wo were determined to (Ind
some accommodations. Accordingly the
Captain took up a iwsltlon iu front of
Ujv View Mouse and blew hla bugle
lustllv, but without any effect. and we went
away' disimslcd. A small coffee-saloon was
found open, but the proprietor viewed us with
evident suspicion, and Informed us that bo had
no coffee or oilier eatable or drinkable articles.
Urowu desperate by our exposed position, we
sat down In the place and took forcible posses
As the salts were Inflated ire presented a
gigantic appearance, and were left la undis
turbed possession until 0 o’clock, when wo took
the Staten Island ferryboat for New York. At
the Ilatlery thousandsof persons bad assembled
to witness us sad down the bay on our return,
but os the lee prevented us from availing our
selves of the flood-tide they were disappointed.
A large crowd followed ourcurrlsee when we
drove from the ferry to Doytou’s hotel In Uni
versity place.
Tim I’.illi-j- ..r I.ro XIII.
Correivwulfnet tondm
nous, Dec. 31.—1 n every utterance of I.co
XIII., whether spoken from the Pontifical
throne to those assembled before him, or writ
ten to members of the Episcopate, there Is the
evidence of a dhdlnetly defined, well-thought
out line of policy, upon which hla Holiness re
turns with most gcutlc but most Inflexible In
sistence, Ills aim Is, without doubt, substan
tially the same as that which influenced the
words of Ulus IX., but the course be
follows Is essentially different and Is
far more likely to lead to the result
ho desires. Whatever may be tbe quality of
the wisdom thu Pope possesses, his gentleness
In Its application Is untiring, and, were he speak
ing ns slinnly the great pastor of the must
widely-extended branch of the Christian Church,
were all ixissihdtty of the ambitious alms of thu
Sovereign Pontiff and King excluded, bis words
would—us Indeed they must for their great pru
dence—command Ihu attention and considera
tion of all thinking men. Of course the Pope
sneak*, as oil Pope* must, from the conviction
this Pope has must uncompromisingly declared,
that there neither Is unrean Iks any other Church
but the Homan. So f&r as that goes, It may be
said other ministers of Clot), speaking from
other pulpits, do the same; hut it (s the
acuteness of the political Insight shown by
Leo Xlll. In the choice of the road by which to
accomplish bis purpose, the skill with which ho
seUs the opportunities the actual condition of
things affords him, which make hla utterances
inis Christinas especially worthy of attention;
uud more particularly again. Inasmuch as Urn
immediate publication of that In tbu form of a
lelii'i written to flic Archbishop of Cologne on
Christmas-Kvc shows that U was addressed first
to the Merman nation, and then to (he world ut
large,Simultaneous with this letter wo have the
discourses delivered by the Pope in reply to the
felicitations of the College of Caruluala on
ChrUtmaa-JJay and those those of the Pielaturu
uu the tlfitU.
In addrestlue the Cardinal*. Out I'opo, having
reminded them tltut tiic boo ol Cod, iu HU In
comparable mercy, appeared upon earth to ful
lUt the Divine mission of restoring the worldly
raising it from the depths of corruption into
which it had liUleu to w new life, tald that hus
much as Christ's spirit governs the Church
founded by Him, so, whenever In past centuries
society by lit own fault fell fruoi the ouhlo dig-
Pity to wuivh Christ had elevated It, the Church
raised it once more from the mire and misery
through the superhuman virtue of the Redeem"
er. At it was tu the past, so eveu t« thla mis
erable ago lu which we live aoelety can
have uu other escape from the evils existing but
by turning to Christ and becoming iccoiiclled
to Hit Church; lUunilnduo remedy so eflKu
clout at that of humble submission und docile
Christian obedience. It U impossible to hope
for (he return of order iu aoelety if authority
und the laws by whKh it governs arc not lu all
things lu conformity with iho Immutable und
eternal principles of truth uud Justice, of which
the Church Is the custodian und guardlau. hut,
while Leo XIII. expressed in this wise hi* Oplu
lous—perhaps 1 ought to say hit convictions—to
the members of the sacred Senate, his tone In
speaking to the Prslalura— I “his venerable
brethren who, endowed with the episcopal office,
had tho high honor of assisting nearest,
to Ids footstool "—was that of kindly bat most
distinct command as to the means to bo em
ployed In seconding hla desires. He nourished
the Ann hope that they would show more and
more resptcndently before (he people the light
of sacerdotal virture. He was glad to tell them
that be looked confidently for the best results
from flic Intelligent and willing Industry of
which they were'now more than otcr called
upon to give proof; mid then, after alluding lu
t lie new attributions he Pad assigned to those
who could no longer employ (heir talents In
" the honorable offices which under tho paternal
tcmpor.it rule of tho Roman Pontiff ware coo*
tided to them.’* he continued:
“ In those difficult moments. In which efforts
are made to oppress amt weaken the Churth and
to throw discredit upon her sacred ministers, it
becomes the duty of those who by the Divine
mercy hare been called to serve her to uphold
the honor of her Institutions, to make their ftl?-
dom shine in the eyes of the world, and to show
themselves, for doctrine, for spotless purily of
life, and fur industry, the true light of the world
and the true salt of the earth. We do not doubt
that all of you, convinced of the Important ad
vantagesof which our paternal solicitude for
you will be fruitful, will fall Into oar views and
second our desires In sll things.”
In the letter addressed bv Leo XIII. to tho
Archbishop of Cologne we hare the substance
of these discourses communicated for direct
application In the German Empire, and accom
panied, or rather prefaced, by a distinct afflfuwv
t)»n of Oh? unity ol purpose existing through
out tin? Episcopate. Vuu have already published
the text of this letter. It sets forth so distinctly
the views the Pope entertains,mid the course ho
has made up hit mind to follow for their fulfill
ment. that It would appear at the same time
Omt his negotiations wuirllie German Govern
ment have proved ineffectual.
Us Origin and Progr®**.
London, Jan. SO.—The JJrltUh Med'eaUbumat
publishes the following: "Russian and German
medical Journals state that the East of Europe
Is In a stale of great alarm at the progress of
what they allege to be tho plague, which la rap
idly making Us way upward toward the north
and ca«t of Russia, from tho Caspian Sea along
the course of thu Volga. According to an arti
cle, dated Jan. 10, published In the Vienna Med
ie>nitch* Wtxhtntchrifl, No. 8, It has reached
Nljil Novgorod. As far at regards Uic origin ot
the disease, It is now ascertained that It was Im
ported by two regiments of Cossacks who bad
lately returned from the war In Turkey, and la
apito of strict orders to disinfect everything,
probably hid a part of their booty, which,
without doubt, contained the germs of tho
Infection. When tho disease first
showed Itself It was rather neglected and
looked upon merely as a variety ot typhus
fever, and It was not until the mortality began
to assume alarming proportions that the local
authorities began to feel It to bo their duty to
do something toward arresting Its farther
progress. Accordingly a strict quarantine was
unforced, but the Inhabitants ol Astrschao,
seised with a paulc, bad begun tolly in different
directions, scattering on their way germs of tho
disease, which advanced to the North over tho
provinces of Samara and Saratoff and reached
Zarltzya. This last-named place ought espe
cially to have been protected, being s very lm-
D-irlont trading town on the Volga, connected
bv rail with almost the whole ot Russia, and
through It with the rest of Europe. Having
once passed that place the plague wont on
spreading till It reached Nljil Novgorod, which
Is only a few hours' distant from Moscow, tho
centra ot Russia.
" It Is a curious fact that some of the Russian
papers, among others the VralteMibuyoa Vedo
riiosti (Afutleai Afoot), persistently deny the ex
istence of the disease, and simply treat It as an
outbreak of malignant tvphus, while the St. I‘«-
Urtburyer iVbelsrueArift and other papers open
ly speak of It as the plague. Tho number for
Dec. 88 (Jan. W) of the VraiKhtubuyya Vadomoiti
contains telegrams from the Governors of the
Infected provinces (Astr&cbsn and Saratoff) to
the Minister of tho Interior, which reports tho
present state of affairs as most hopeful. The
mortality has decreased, and there are very few
new patients. A most energetic quarantine Is
enforced. Tho Infected towns and villages,
which ars divided Into districts, are not allowed
to communicate with each otiicr. etc. It sumo
places It Is stated that only live to ten persons
have died within a week. The symptoms are
described as being a headache, accompanied by
fever and swelling of the glands,
"The Vienna; Jfniktnitche WntthrljU No. 3,
draws a most terrible picture of the present
state of things In Russia. Whatever tho
disease may be, whether merely exauthematto
typhoid fever or a/e6m recurrent, or really the
plague, It Is certain it would never have as
sumed those terrible dimensions If the Govern
ment hsd not treated it at first with unpardona
ble neglect. It is almost too late now to at
tempt to stop It, especially as the Russian na
tion Itself bus very vague ideas regarding sani
tary arrangements, and the misery caused by
the last war and tho famine have undermined
the lorecs of the population, rendering It unfit
to resist the infection. Another very important
thing is a want of experienced medical men la
Russia. About * one-third of the Russian
doctors died either during tho war,
or from typhoid fever which fol
lowed it, and a largo number of
young students have been'Summoned from
hospitals and medical schools to tsko their
plseca. Tho Vicuna AltdlcinUcht WoehenMehrtJ't
Insists on the importance, in tho Interest of tho
whole of Europe, of providing Russia with
doctors and helping her to keep down and re
strain her powerful enemy. Both Dr. lolo
kauer ami Prof. Botkin have decided the dis
ease to be really Ute plague in its worst form.
They have drawn this conclusion from the ex
traordinary mortality (00 per cent), tho rapid
spreading of the disease, nod the very few eases
of recovery, If any, which have come under
Ihclr notice. The bU Petersburg Mtdiclnltchs
UWti»ut/in/( of Dec. 80 (Jan. U), merely gWes
a short notice on Ute disease, stating that, al
though the Government persists In calling it
epidemic, It can no longer be doubted from Uio
tenor of its communication to the official papers
that It is thu plague."
At about 8 o'clock last avsuing Oflleer Cobh,
of the fllrnnau-Street Station, while traveling
hla beat, came upon a gang of tea or fifteen
young ruffians who wore standing lu front of
Henry Spelliuger'a saloon, No, 851) Blue Island
avenue. As the officer came up oue of the
gang, a notorious young rowdy Darned
Ulllle ilatplnu said, There Ua —— —— I
have got It lu for, and 1 am going to Uck him.'*
The officer ordered them to disperse (or borne,
whereutMjti Hnlploe struck and clinched with
him. When he bad been thrown, oome one
caught the officer bv the legs and turned
him under, and then Iltlplne got up
uud ran. The officer fired one shot at
him. which unfortunately went wide of the
murk uud struck Mr. Albert Krumpber, of No.
(1811 Uloroan street, In the calf of the leg, caus
ing a slight flesh wound. After the abol
had been fired, lialpluo returned and
clinched with the officer a second
time, and during the struggle soma
oue struck the officer on the head with a sand
bag, or some similar weapon, temporarily stun;
ulng him. Halplue again ran off, and thu officer
Urea a second shot at him, hut with what auo
ccss Is unkuowo. Officer Cobb was badly used
up, and usd his thumbs bsil|y_bltteUj
prices, 35, CO, 7&o, k&dtl.OO.
Tur one week ocly. lloaduy, Ju. n, every evenlßff
tod Wtueewiey end BaturiUy matlneee,
When will be produced (Dm time bereUba new E*-
K- ■ Nautical Cotnla Opera, by W. B. 0 direct sod Ar»
ttulUventtlieUUat Lyndon. How twit »d Bue
ton Scuitiluo). cuUlletl tIElt UAJESTV S SHIP
J'INAFoBK; Ur. The l.aaa that Lore* a bailor. For
cau ace programmes. Opera Hooka, l&c. Monday, rta
8- Ibo Sew York CtUerloa Comedy Company .
v.itti Monts?, Wednesday and Saturday Matlnecaol
UiU week only, a new drama by Abby sage lUcivardaoa,
Adapted from Oaborlau’a "DseCorde au Cou" ("WUft*
ja art Inchof lila Life”).
Neat Week- The great Eng'lib Tragedienne,
Hats :iu,v*n 'i’ll iMTiiu.
J. il. UAVKULV Froortelor sod Manager.
EXHALT? BEOS. 1 Grandest Spectacle,
TUli Mo.sT umtUEUl’B uCk.NfcUt I
lUtlnec* VTcdncadtys and Saturdays atx
S 7 clarkst.. vptHMlwCuun-UauM.
Juno’s Olympian llcauty Congress
|A, 21. SX. IQd 50u.
Matlaeei Tuesday and Friday »l i;UU,

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