OCR Interpretation


Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, February 21, 1879, Image 9

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1879-02-21/ed-1/seq-9/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 9

tuecourts.
„ Emma Mlno Suit Dir
® ! to Want of Equity.
, Jfj.c.od, Bom Sum to Obtain an
1 W Halemnl of lainlion.
Suits, Judgments, Confas
slons, Etc.
. , lmro veaterduy illiml.icd, for want
hr bill of V. A. Brora w. Wllll.m
.!t«ihcn. The null was brouibt In
CnMo «™ ‘ h T0 |„ o 0 ( „ onc-slxtli Interest
Emma Mlno, mid also u like In
'"'‘iUTteorodufor threeyenra. The irliolo
•*" . rfilmed o'M, In nominal number.,
wJL Tbo cati.o Of .ctlon occurred in
, ,i, 0 j,Klco held Ibnt Brora had been
h"|' r l.chra In waiting four ycara alter hi.
f 4 “ rl ""’ 1,0 “ ,d ,horo “ r “
,7-i.re,(lns point. Involved In the cult,
cenld be decided on 11.0 one quo*
Mtllimee, ami be would not consider
Jolktri. An appeal was taken to the Abpel
lile Court, I|OEnM t juniirarr.
„ „ oaufeldtifeCo.niodoonoibcrattockycator
, bankrupt Ann of Adolph Boehm and
iSVrtiu.a, In the ehapoof another suit In
J° QU . to recover about ssl>s duo on two
nota. It .cema that Urn plnlnlllfa
selling liquors to Boohm & Hartman
,M ” .Km of goodo oold. Thoaamo elmruca
of Iraud, ml.repre.enlatlon, and
StSlol conveyance na were inado outno
1 ..wlica tbc .nine plnlntllta licenn two
S ins»?“b»* th» •«"•« dcb '""’' „ A » }'“■">
0 .nil nilwr notes soon to become due, In fa
irtfte s!mo Arm, It Is probable Boehm &
Eiln will hnve a plenty of litigation on
imd before long-
UNITED BTATEB COURTS.
(V.trnld & Co., of New York, beznn n stilt
jJSSSaSntt the Oriental Powder-Mills to
Hfflfffi, D. 'V. Kelly, ami Ilenrv A. Os
fiecutor* of the *wlll of M. 1). Peak,
jJSebl salt for SO,OOO atrainst the Universal
commenced
i tail igaiost Archie W. Hopkins to recover
B-Kcllv sued Iltnlolph Wolfaon and
Itiodoro Wollslcln for §2,000. *
nANKiturrcv.
Adlwhanre was Issued to Beticnck Havens.
[a tlio case of Rebecca 11. and Marcus B.
MrcrMUi order was Issued ncrulnst Morris Mycra
(oriDaltactirac'at tor contempt In refusing to
T*r over money s In tils bunds as Provisional As
janec.
bopbutoji corat in unim'.
gtetiancr Bros. & Co. lllcd a bill yesterday
mlost Enos Avrca and 8. 11. McCroa to re*
itn!n the collection of thiricciMwentleths of
ibclr pcrsou-il-Dropertv lax for 1878. They atnlo
iLjt ibdr Mock of coods was assessed by the
Deputy Aiscssor at *71),000, to which they ns*
seated* but that afterwards, without their
knowledge, it was raised by some one In. the As-
Kwor's office to $200,000, and now they oru
oiled on to pay a tax of $0,270.00. They are
vUIIdz to pay the tax on $70,000, but claim that
the mount ever and above that is illegal, the
ißcrttso In their assessment having been made
without notice to then*.
Hie Union National Dank Died a bill against
the faeln of the late \V. F. Coolhaugh to get
the title to Lot SO in Stone’s Subdivision of the
X. w sail S. E. of Block Bln Johnston & Leu’s
Subdivision of Die S. W. of Bcc. 20, 80, 14.
wis bought in by Coolbaugh as Trustee fur
the bank at a Trustee's sale, it having been
morigMcd to the bank to secure the Indebted*
Mnof F.N. Hamlin. Coolbaugh never had anv
Interest in the land, but acted lor the bank, aud
the litter now asks to have the legal title eon
rejfd to it.
CIUCUIT COUHT.
Mir? E. Kellogg sued Trank 0. Stone for
lim
The National Park Bank of Now York
brought suit in ejectment against Alice, Mary,
Nellie, Jobu, Peter, Thomas,venule william,
J'Mpb. James, Rose, nud Daniel Kearns, laying
damages at $2,000. '
, John Maloney filed a petition for habeas
cormti, setting out that he Is confined In the
tollcesUUon under a charge of being a fugitive
from Justice, hut that me warrant is insufllclent,
and that no bond has been filed according to
law. He therefore asks to be set at liberty.
COUN7T COURT.
' The Chicago Jockov Club commenced a suit
iciloit Ihe nvcntiiff Journal to recover 61,854.75.
The declaration filed acts out that the Club In
Scptemberlast procured from the Journal nrint-
Iflff of the value of $7711, ami paid therefore the
turn of |3,(U?.70. Tho dilfcrence between the
two stuns la tho amount claimed bv the Club,
malt seems that when the money was paid
over It was onn contract for that amount of
printing, which It dues not want.
CTUMINAL COUUT.
A. 0. Fulton was acquitted of robbery,
rred Bltuon was tried for an assault and ac
quitted. I
John Ryan was tried for larceny, found trullty
ana under sgc, und was given two weeks In tho
Uuntv-Jail. •
lirccnv Slarlltl waa aCf l u *t-tcd of the charge of
Frau’* Cormier was tried for driving away a
fA OUnJ irullty, and was given thirty days
in the County Jail. <
»anemndcd lalJ PlCa(lCdKll!,ty t 0 ,nn ‘‘ cny ’ um *
.rSSisr- anil "• u - D " ivor ° o,l
TUB CAI.L.
t 0 211, inclusive. No.
onlH'^l^ r^ e l , «'^J^ lo<lt } ar, • and consolidated cases
V.. 8 5, d COod for tho morning.
7 lD ’ so - ttnd ioi to yuo «
~ <!0!l ' P«wt». Sexton, on trial.
•a tji*| E jAULa °s-ABBIBtB Judge Clary. No case
teu 00 "'- 2 '" CJ " c .l.ndar,
?u* Ifi. 10, 21, 2,'j. 24. 20. 27
Tll “- 10 16 > Inclinin'. Xo. l.StronJ
jS£ £T p “" e •'•'cUMrucr, mi trial.
Inclusive, excont
Jimiji. ' J'nvMnonlrUl.
« Unnau.-t.nrt, Noble vi. Walilncr,
1.010." ILLUJI«-Xo«.l LLUJI «-Xo«. 131, ox UIIJ, l,UoU«nil
i.siis 0 ? i.w. V-'in. 1,2011,
‘Mlllilii ’ ' ' I’-1 1 ’- 14 ' 1.530.
JUUOXUNTB.
“■Soimill’o i l */? A- Kor "' *3,10:1.01.-IV.
tilt „ (l »;nmvr. 571.U0.-Simon
|1.87i-ci,.rr.. L ? . k “ n<l ! !er 'n»n 0. Deitmior,
IMiSonitJ MlllutiM Jr.. v>. Spoßonl c.
E H»I‘«X S:o!ai“" i! F “ ‘ v *' jo, 'P | > Boer mill
-v Atltnil C 'v l^l , T ~ Jl , ll(:!1 llmimih— John Wilder
“'••Cl Jte auiS w,| "" in
t/Ui. Tc raii.t. 8184.17, aud motion for new
>sfiSf Jt'ffir'Sff'ft'j?- 0,10 v ”' Koßionlol
*l>l'S.ll. onn motion for upiv
‘•"a, Kb??’ . ooLfJ’’ 0 o L fJ’’ “«• ctc " v>. Paul tfn-
E *hn. M?o “-.“wrer etnl. v«. P. A.
iwucooth mV, u- 6c ! l J" , s , V m,nn * fio V vs
®-O.TooiV V ? 'u)'i3a r ’ ‘ - «•
IMPORTANT ADUmALTV SUIT.
o»4\n 01 Tht Tribute
WtriW' r 8 ’ Mlc,h «: Feh - 20—The Chicago
tit tftyST 9 * o * of owners or
RjbSiJi \,£P m .Sf recovered a decree at Grand
JoboA hii f.'» .> ue » d ?.'* fu r ulr '* t H«* steamer
'tree, .ii .L^ r , Ulc , full ' “luo of tlio brie unit
W lhaitm. d pi° b 0 The libel al
\fw ree# 'bound from Chicago to
•‘tlhcr ahmi, C l '’ c,lco >intfrcd thick* foggy
l«8, Khkite/, un * cl , OD Thursday, AoririS,
•ben it
C U nVil Ul J a u * l(l remained in thgt
tltued iJS tIX A“, bjw . l 0 d V»« 1 »»» when the fog
log Uia* Enirn^ 0 ? 0 clucl{ ou that morn
tkoDg, being stanch,* stout, mid
wS U .,!S' tt l , l>#ralcd, equipped, und
m about S»f?. U * 7 “? nU b y east, with the
bsving a blowing a slx-mlhi breeze,
KttorinliSLU .L,« ropurly etatloncU forward
16 ofc S ma “ nt lhu w beel fud
B *rteatiou r «»* t % k attending to the
“tail »lcnai.i!?,M. ftdlu VC6S «U with the
Cw “lcu\ aiui n., l )r .° 1 0crl y Placed and brightly
jaaodUig at nw tt . BU ( rom lllu fog-horn
t! *» of a ar Intervale, when two whta
w«loicad&^Bß.el Wero «««rd. Then the
lr Join a. lr*T ? l "bat proved to be the steam*
‘ooa beuiiiov^mi?. 10 “ v ‘ u w, und her red light
the Ero p y« ,t' •bowing that she was puss*
*«rd thu | tp ** il } aafety. In a moment after*
We. and uS mccn light alone wus vial*
° ul to the iU«. onu matu ol the Kxprets sung
to put her wheel a-porl,
suj iiru^L Uo * t ut tlill P«t It to the star
ts forco struck amt ran Into
l »e«u the itS« ‘*s her on her port bow bo*
fWe anddccl nh aiia .. ca, b° ttt t«cutting Into (ho
Ull ln i, u 4 l t,,reu feet, causing her to
foreoloit in*t al i t,v o houra, when she sunk
fcJei e*gi of Michigan, about twenty
” tw Amsterdam, und became a
1 w thhauld S f? l, “ l, ‘ llwJ ' the Master of Uie
Ik*® to Uibv^l?*?.! oo fhe steamer, and asked
ElDre7« U - 1 daylight, lulormlug them
■ prej « "M la a slaking coadiuoai
but tho uleamrr, after walling about ten min
utes, dlsopoenrcd, mid left the Express mid tier
crew to her fate.
ilic defense on behalf of the Dlx was Unit
(lierpff was dense; that the steamer was sailing
8. W. K H., going about nine miles an hoar;
that only two blasts of the Express fog-horn
were lirat heard, mid then three; that, suppos
ing she was crossing the steamer’s course, she
starboarded, ami would have cleared the Ex
press If she had not ported her helm, mid Unit
no torch wuk exhibited by the schooner; ami
that, being in charge of the second mate, she
bad no olllccr on deck.
judge Wltlicy, before whom the case was
argued by William 11. Condon on behalf of the
Lxpress. mid by G. C. Markham, of Milwaukee,
on behalf of the Dlx, decided that the Express
held her course, sounded proper fog-signals,
had proper olllccr on deck, and was not obllcca
to show a torch; that the Dlx, going’eight to
nine miles an hour, was md moving at the mod
erate speed In a fog which the law required:
that she did not stop and hack, ns also requit ed
by statute; that her male changed her course
before ho saw the lights or sails of the Ex
press, which was Improper; mid Hint by star
boarding ho eroded the imtli of the Express. mid
thereby unused the collision, which would not
have occurred If the Dlx had not put her helm
to starboard.
PENNSYLVANIA.
Tltden’a Machinations In the Keystone Stale.
. Pim.ADHi.i-uu, Pa., Feb. 10.—On Tuesday’
next the regular February municipal elections
will tako place In X'cnnsylvanla. This fact
would cxettc no attention were it not for the
circumstance that a certain gentleman, resid
ing In Now York City, iu Gramurey Park, by the
namo of Samuel Jones Tlldch, is interested hi
n certain ward light. From tho extensive do
main of national polities Mr.Tilden has descend
ed Into Hie battles of a single ward or district
of Philadelphia for a purpose. Ills efforts orb
mainly directed to save William McMullln, the
notorious 'Squire, who Is the right-hand man of
S. J. Randall, the Speaker of the National
House of Representatives. Immediately after
the campaign had closed lust November, mid
the Republicans of Pennsylvania had achieved
such a magnificent victory, reports were circu
lated that attempts would bo made to carry
Pennsylvania furTildun In the delegates to the
National Convention. In this light Samuel J.
R.imlull was hard pushed by tho Republicans,
and lie appealed to Tlldcu, who, the Democrats
say, luruished $5,000, with which the Spcakenif
(he House purchased tnx-reeeipts enough to en
able tliu Democrats to elect him. In return for
tt Is U imlall I? to carry tho Philadelphia Dele
gates to the National Nominating Convention
for Tlldcu, but ho cannot deliver the goods. In
order to do this tic must retain the services of
the notorious ’Squire McMullln. who Isa eaudi
dato lur the Select Council of Philadelphia, and
Hie Republicans mid tllssatlnlicd Democrats are
fighting him. Besides Itimiull. Tilden Im few
admirers In this city, mid Hie Wallace wing of
the parly, which Includes all Hie leaders except
Randall, are fighting McMullln for tho purpose
of breaking down Randall, and at Hie same
lime defeating Tilden for the nomination for
the PresUlcnev.
McMullln mid Albert Fletcher—the latter Is
the Superintendent of the Document-Rooms of
the House—manage Randall’s polltl.al business
In this city.. Fletcher was “shelved” at the
first movement In the primary elections of the
Democracy in January, und now those who op
pose Tilden und Randall arc working to defeat
McMullln in tho Fourth Ward, which Is the bul
bed of Democracy and Randall's stronghold.
Tlldcu reached our still further mid took u hand
In tho Barr-Wullnco light, In the hope of break
ing down the Senator. William L. Scott, of
Eric, was enlisted in his favor, und Hendrick B.
Wright, who desires to give every man In the
country a mule and n farm, was enabled to re
gain Ids seat iu Congress through Hie aid of
Tildcn's “bar'l.” In return for all this they
are to elect delegates to the National Conven
tion Cor tho resident of Gramcrey Park. Tilden
lias reached out also in a vum endeavor to cap
ture the Democratic City Committee of Phila
delphia. hoping thereby to control the delegates
to the Stale Convention in 18S0 from here, which
help to elect the delegates to tho National Con
vention.
The Philadelphia Democrats, except Randall,
arc in favor of. Thomas J. Ba'vara. ol Delaware,
for President in IbSO, and they uo not disguise
the fact since Titden has come to the front In
cltv politics. ■ The Bayard men are moving first
to kill oil McMullln, by which they will weaken
Uandnll and keep him from carrying out his
bargain. They have the Uitr Comnillicu in
their hands,' and George McGowan will ho re
elected Chairman, which will ho another nail in
the Tllden colliti.. Thu liarr-Wallaco light In
the western- part of- the State lias been smoih
ered, and Samuel Jones Tlldcn, of Clramony
Park, New York, llnds cold comfort In Phila
delphia polities. It is amusing to hear Randall's
men talk of Tildun. Albert Plotehcr, for exam
ple, says: “Tlldcn, with his money, is the only
man who cotild defeat Grunt. Wo must have
him, because he has the cash.”
Ills a well-known fact that Tlldcn has agents
all through the Slate, whose bushicssltlstotnlk
him up as an Injured man ami to show that he
Is not politically dead yet. The tight opens in
Pennsylvania now, because the City and County
Committees have a hand hi naming the dele
gates to the State Convention, which elects
those to the National Convention, MeMuUln
has proved useful to the Republicans many
times In local politics, and for what he has dune
he may ho elected by their aid. The matter Is
doubtful, however, and the result of the contest
Is looked forward to with groat Interest.
Municipal Klcctlons,
Fkakkun, Pu., Feb. 18.—The city election
was held to-day. Mr. J. C. Sibley, the Repub
lican nominee, was elected by 140 majority.
On. Cm, Pa., Fob. 18.—The city election to
day caused much local excitement, and vcsultlll
lu the Republicans electing four of the six Conn
oilmen to liu elected, and five of tho six School
Directors, a considerable fight being made on the
latter on Uiu-question of taxation of church
properly.
ClitEßNVii.i.E, Pa., Feb. 18.—At our local
election to-day the Democrat-Greenbacks elected
their candidate for Burgees by two majority,
mid also their candidates fur High Constable
and Assessor. -The lothl vote cast was hut fifty
eight les* than the November election, when
they had a majority of forty over the Republic
ans.
Rradino, Pa., Feb. 18.—Tho Democrats mid
Nationals of this city combined, mill, at the
election to-dav, C. T. Evans, the present Repub
lican Mayor, was defeated by Henry A. Tyson
bv 1,182 majority. Col. John E. Arthur, lor
City Treasurer, Democrat, was elected over Dr.
Israel Cleaner, Republican, by 1,511)5 majority.
William A. Knnklc, Republican, has 18(1 major
ity over Joseph S. Haver, Democrat, for Cltv
Comptroller. Roth branches of tho Council
arc Democratic.
THE NEGRO IN POLITICS,
To the lirtitor oJ The Tribune.
Angola, 111., Feb. 10.— Whether Tub Tiuiiuni
would accord mo space to discuss the negro
suffrage question were I disposed to discuss It
I think extremely problematical; but os un ob
server, lu contradistinction to a politician, 1 ask
for room for a few observations In rcsocct to
tho “symposium ” ’ published, from advance
sheets of tho Xorlh American Jieolev, in Mon
day’s Issue of your paper. _
The question <sf negro suffrage, according to
Mr. Blamo, and by admission of thoolber parties
to tbu donate, has been removed, by whol ho
terms ” the argument ub impussibill ” from the
domain of practical politics; us u political fuel
llls'scttlcd; und from henceforth, except us its
practical operation may alfect the destiny of thu
race to whom, according to Mr. Gurilcld, It
comes as “ the best possible armament,” cun
have only u specululivu Interest. It that bo
true, why discuss ill Mr. Jllulne Is Inimensclv
pruetleal; ho Is immensely personal as
well,—l mean this hi no offensive sense,
hut as pushing bis political lorluncs. Why uso’
that trenchant peu to impale n high Democratic
dignitary und pussttlv Presidential leader In
the discussion of a question which, by Ins own
showing, has been settled beyond thu possibility
of alteration! Hut the pungency with which
Mr. Blaine writes will not free him from thu
criticism of having written under the Impulse
of a direct personal political Interest, rather
than a disinterested observer, or oven as a
statesman. An hmuiry os to who suggested
this “symposium” over a settled question
might furnish un unique commentary upon the
political honesty of men who claim to iuud the
van ot the great army that struggles for human
freedom und progress.
Jf thu negro-snffrago question Is settled for
ever os au integral part ol uur political politv,
why upon it here, In this osteutatlous manner,
hy men' who assume to bo, or whom
their friends . assume to be, repre*
auutatlvcs of the different phases of political
thought lu this country! Wherefore
this discussion at all I Is Itslmply to give these
gentlemen at this lato day an opportunity to
place in permanent form tudr views uikiii this
Jueitlou, to the enlightenment of their ill*iu
ormed countrymen, or Is there more lu tins
discussion thuu aupeors on thu surface? lain
inclined to the opinion that, with thu originates
of the •* symposium,” it was meaut lor any
thing else than a mere opportunity to place
themselves proploeutiy ou record upon this
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE i FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 2], IB7a-TWELVE PAGES,
question throneli Hie medium of on Influential
Journal eunposed to Im mm-partlsan.
Is Mr. Blaltio the suggesfcrl It would ucem
so, si life Im opens und closes the debate; ut
leant it would appear Hint he wan not uver.’e to
Hie discussion. .Mr. Blulno, In referring to the
fact that Democratic indorsement of negro suf
liuco has fame fiiKt us the Democrats seem to
have captured the negro vole, hopes lie will pot
ho charged »l»li cynicism: It might he retorted
with equal relief from such charge, that Mr.
Blaine’s sudden Interest In a settled
problem Is wonderfully coincident with
Ids conviction that the capture of the imam vote
by the Democrats mentis its Irrevocable lons to I he
Ifcpnhllcans. This view* will certainly detract
not from the Interest, hut from the tulluuncu of
the discussion on the nubile mind.
It seems to me that Mr. Illume (s not title-
Bother logical. Hu assumes that the question
of negro suffrage has liccn Irrevocably settled.
Doing a recognized Interpreter of Itvpiibllciin
sentiment, and that claiming to reflect more
nearly than any other the ircnlus of our institu
tions, he can only base such an assumption on
one proposition, nnnielv, that negro suffrage has
moved, and for all lime to come will prove, to
ho military for the titaro and best for tin;coun
try. Jf not, If It has been neither wise nor
profitable legislation, mi alteration in respect to
It mar certainly be Included among the possi
bilities Unit shall engage llic attention of the
luturu Htatcsmaii. To argue otherwise would
be to divest our form of government of Its
distinctive, what. Indeed we claim to be
its highest and best, characteristic,—the right
to alter what Is bad ami to Improve wlmt- Is
good, but Mr. Blaine Is too shrewd to commit
himself to such a proposition. He assumes that
the question of negro-suffrage, ns far us tils a
question of fact, Is nettled; and then he avers
Unit It has been the one thing the negro needed
to raise blni to the supposed level of his white
neighbor; Unit It has been entlrelv satislaclorv
us an educational method. 'I luh why quarrel
with 111 if the conmUnllonal enactments cun
furring the franchise upon the m!£ro, and wlneli
he claims to have been a “ stater, progression ”
in the cause of truth, have been so satisfactory,
why lids extraordinary discussion to which we
are now treatedf Wnv disturb Hie good order
of things bv a discussion whose tendency must
bo to unsettle!
Mr. Jilulnc cannot complain if disinterested
people conclude that he has found negro-suf
frage, ns it exists In the noutu under n Rcpub
lieun Admimairuilon, aintlilng but sutislaetury,
orevcnendurnhlc. The fact Is Unit the. Republican
party, in conferring this groat Political tight
upon tiie negro, overreached Itself. The slick
which it cut from the primitive woods of the
South, upon which It had so fondly hoped in
lean when Hie tenure of its power should In?
loosened In the Northern Slates, has been raised
In this the time of Its extremity to cruel: its
own crown. And Mr. Blaine Is nut logical when
lie shows had temper over the outcome of u
pulley largely of Ids own desiring. It will not
avail to claim that the negro }» Intimidated—
that he Is prevented from the proper exj.clse of
lids great function: the franchise, according to
tiie Senator from Maine, •is nil educator.—inis
been in the hands of Hie negro an educator; it
Is too bad that It has educated him to vole in
opposition to wlint this grunt champion of Hie
race claims to be bis highest intercutsl It Is not
Hie llrst time that history lias recorded the
spectacle of a politician being caught In his own
trap. , •
But, aside from Mr. Rlalne, aside from Hie
question of his political triumph or otherwise,
too problem of the practical Incorporation of
Hie negro ns a living, permanent element into
our political structure Is among the grave ques
tions of the future; hut not altogeuier a hope
less one so far as its snilslactory solution Is con
cerned. TnnTumuNc strikes the Key note uud
touches the bottom of the matter when it ap
peals, In hclmlf of negro suffrage, to the very
“ theory of our Government mid to Hie nature
of our iiisittutloiui.” A great war, however
much It may have been waged simply for the
perpetuation of the Union, treed the negro us a
practical result. It would have hcen Impcrlect
had it left him there; nuv, It would liavu been a
loul wrung ami outrage If. iu Ireciug the negro,
it had placed no weapons In’hls hands lu defend
his new liberty. We were bound to give him
Hie ballot. A provisional, or it territorial, or a
military Government would not have alwats
been possible under our theory of government,
and Hie ballot was the must reasonable means
of defense Unit was available for the negro in
Hie untried situation Into which the exigen
cies of war bud thrust him. 1 advocated negro
suffrage ten years ago in Michigan, as a Virgin
ian, and did'it because I claimed that, without
Hie ballot, in giving the negro treedom wu had
done him a grievous .111 instead of conferring
upon him o blessing. It was the great political
blunder of the Democratic party, whose capacity
for tilundelng seems unlimited, to have opposed
negro suffrage from Hie outset, mid It baa been
Us political misfortune to have been nimble, or
unwilling, to recognize. Its illness and slgnitl
ounce fllueo it has been coulerred; and If, at tills
late day, It Is beginning' to open Its eves to Hie
real aspect of the situation, It deserves neither
credit nor thunks.
A leader of men is one present on the crcalest
occasions and whosu mind Is never conquered
by courtesy, it. can now be recollected thatu
year or two ago, when Kcllonr mid Butler were
paired into the Senate, .indue Thurman arose to
Hdmhilsiur to Mr. Bayard u stern rebuke. Mr.
Thunnuii had urranced to take advantage of u
temuorary occupation of the Hour by Mr. Bay
ard the day beture amt to make that untlnished
possession the Initial nblut for a piece of strute*
ny,—namely, to have Kustls, or Butler, or some
body forced into the Senate then and there by
the aid of twoinllrm Uepnblieims. The Ilepuh-
Iteau Senators appealed to Bayard, If bin point
or advantage of the day before entitled him to
any such rufht. A merely shrewd rascal of a
partisan would have answered “ yes.” Bayard
said that he could nut allow u partisan opportu
nity to press him from Ids conviction of honor;
the Hour hud been yielded to him by a Bepub*
Beau for another purpose, and that courtesy
must not he turned Into u punishment.
On this Koimtor 'i hurmun har.uurued Mr. Bay
ard soundly: “The Senator Iron: Delaware
cHimot urroiruto that he has inure honor than
myself, or am* Senator on tills (lour I” But
honor is In the net, not. the arrouallun nor re
buke. Bayard’s net was the verv kiduhihness
of i’arllumeniury behavior. Mr. Thurman’s re
buke was the repartee m one too nicely weighed
to the moral scale and lomid Buhl there. The
subsequent events have eunllrmcd both men In
ilieir standards. Baturd has crown like Sir
Charles Urandison, by
’'Snnmdnc the actions of the day
MEXICAN JUNKETING TOUK, i:»ch ü ß .o™ i. e
Hut, aside from all party considerations mere
ly, the matter insist he considered in its out
come or still tn abeyance. The negro Is to nettle
it. Mr. Biulne'a frantic appeals to his prejudice,
and to the memory of his old wrongs, will nut
settle it. They may affect the coming election,
but they cun never settle the problem of negro
sullragu noon any high grounds. Thai cun only
be settled by the negro himself: by his own
energy, bis thrift, bis honestv, ids Intelligence,
and bis worth: and that it will be settled satis
factorily,—and by tills 1 mean In the bilerest of
the negro himself,—llls advance In the last ten
years gives us the best augury; ami If it should
be settled adversely to the ambition of such
statesmen as Mr. Blaine, possibly the country
would not materially suffer. *
Juun.Moiioan McKovvn.
No Incroiwfl of Trade, ami Why.
St, /.on/*r Globe* Democrat,
The testimony of thu more observing of the
excursionists who have Just returned from the
Mexican Junketing tour goes to show that,
cutrcrly as we may desire closer commercial re
lations mid larger trade with our next neighbors
ou the South, considerable time must elapse
mid u vast amount of missionary work taunt be
done before dur hopes in that regard are likely
to he realized. The obstacles that lie In Ihe way
of our trade wltli,.Mcxk*o may not ho Insunmmm
uhle, hut they are many mid great, and It must
ho said that no salhductory way of avoiding or
overcoming them has yet been discovered. .Mex
ico I* little Iwtter limn an armed rump. Hostil
ities between opposing political organizations arc
liable to begin uvonv time, mid when ilicy do
begin it In btul fur hotju unlive mid foreign trad
ers. So lung as this unsettled condition of af
fairs exists commerce will make slow bendwav.
It every cargo of goods brought Into ihe coun
try must he guarded by un armed escort, trans
portal nm will be too costly mid 100 dangerous
(o make Mexican trade particularly inviting to
American merchants.
Aside from ilic risk of open robbery, the lack
of decent roads mid the enormous prices charged
lor transportation Ijy wagon make It utmost im
possible to establish large und permanent trade
relations with Mexico. Our merchants do not
want to pay tneso charges before their goods
ore sold mid paid fur, and thu Mexicans do
nut wish to take large risks for the sake
of introducing American goods. Rail
roads are almost unknown except between
Die City of Mexico and a few places of promi
nence. The other means of cuiinminlcaiion are
by mule-wagon, mid. in a fe w. eu«us, by water.
IJolh of these methods are slow and costly. The
high tariff levied on all goods imported is an
other stumbling-block la our way; but H must
bo maintained, since (ho Government, has to
depend on its customs duties fur thu bull: of its
revenue. At present thu national expenditures
are from 67,000,000 to 810,000,00:1 per year. In
excess of the revenues, und a reduction In thu
tariff would only make the deficit greater, at
least fur a time. Thu Instability of me Govern
ment, the sbsjof thu national debt, mid the
general luck of faith in thu credit of thu nation,
make it Impossible for Mexico to borrow.
If It were not for her lack of credit wo might
hope that Mexico would open u way for closer
commercial relations with the United Stales
by building a railway north from her capital to
connect with the great railway system of this
country. This would solve thu whole vexed
question of .Mexican trade ul once, and it Is the
only thing that could. 8u long us tho mule Is
the eolef locomotive In Mexico, so long will thu
half-savage Mexican prefer robbery us a means
of earning a livelihood to honest labor, and so
long will ihe risk of loss be too great to permit
a large trade with this cuuucrv. Thu railway
Is (lie greatest civilizer the world bus ever
known. It is opposed to revolution und lu
favor of peaceful pursuits everywhere. If (he
Mexican 'States were bound together with
bands of steel, as the United titutes are, we
wouU hear less of threatened uprisings und
more ot commercial prosperity. Until some
steps arc taken to cisiaoll.il) railway eonnochous
between this country ami Mexico, .Mexican
trade will remain an unrealized dream. Thu
existing conditions render any attempt at un
exchange of products on a largo scale impossi
ble. Until some prospect lor tho building of an
International railway exists our merchants hud
better give their attention to securing closer
commercial relations with Texas, Die Indian
Territory, New Mexico, Kansas, und Nebraska.
That country is nearer to our doors, richer lu
all that embellishes civilized life, and safer to
deal with than Mexico.
A Cure for llog*Cliol«ru.
The Lcwlstoa OatclU, published la Fulton
County. Illinois, contains the following i “ livery
paoer In Hie United States ought, occasionally to
keep the fuel, before Its readers that burnt corn
Is a curtain and speedy cure for hog-cholera.
The best wav h to make n pile of corn on the
colei, effectually s'oreli It,und Mu n give Hie
offered hogs Inc access 1011. This remedy was
dlsnivcrn) by E. E. I«<ivke, at the time Ins dis
tillery wan burnt in this county, togetln r with n
large lot of More corn, which wa-, ho mm li in
jured an to he unfit for tide* nml was liaulrd out
and greedily eaten bv Hie hogs, several ot which
wens dyingdallv. After the second dar not n
single bog was lost, and the dlscuM! entirely dis
appeared*. The remedy has been tried In a num
ber of esses since, and never tailed.”
rOMTICS IN WASHINGTON.
Tim Rivalry Ilulrrcmi tho Two Lending
Democratic Senators.
riai/i in the (Jwuhic.
Washington, Feb. IS.—Thu competition be
tween Thurman mid Bayard lc ns line ns any
thing wo have had. No such copied reigns in
the Republican ranks, where Blaine mid Conk
ling never debate against each other, and Ed
munds seldom docs more than debate.
Bayard reprcbcnts more nearly than any
Democrat the educating power of the fads of
the last eighteen years. Ha helievea that the
good behavior, Hie rctpeclahllllv* Hie conservat
ism, the teachability of Ida parly must he,Us
only safe way to regain control. Thurman
knows nothing about such subjects. An old
war-horse of the party, successful In ikillHcs
ofier Hie War, Thurman has tasted of the fruits
of aggression, mid Ids lime—any man’s time—is
too brief to wait for the whole partv to get up
to Bayard’s moral .-tandard.
To put it briefly, Tom Bayard is too good for
bis party. Hu has no grtat city like New York,
Baltimore, Charleston, or Cincinnati casting a
stuffed ballot, which is nccdlul to Ids peliiicul
continuance. 'lburnian has to carrv Uhlu next
October ami the OuUber Pillowing bv the utd of
such cities, mid the United ."ila'e.i Election laws
have cut down Ids vote. He Is ahold politician;
It tool: as much boldness to maUu Ids Hamilton
speech, reconciling himself to ihe Greenback
side of inn partv hi Ohio, a* it look mural cow
ardice. Hu imauly wild, Hue Henry IV. abjur
ing nit* Protestant religion, “ Absolution or I’ll
never he absolute!”
The Hamilton speech did Thurman moral
harm but not political; it restored Ins party to
lilm. 'lhevsind: “Old man, wu’ru beat, but
wu expected you to mingle your tears with us! ”
Thu Imnl-imiiiey Democrats of Oliiu will suih
port him on lliu ground inal lu 1 luid a lie, be
lieving that, lip only hurreudered for strategy.
Thu aufl-uiuney Democrats arc to glad of
lit* eouuleiiancu that their vanhv is perfectly
sailslfcd. Hu has gained Ohio, widen be did not
half have before, bv one act or mural renuncia
tion. Hu expected to make ids next tinpresHion
on tiu: tiutilli. Imvnig been partly promised sup
port In u. und liuioru Tilden or ilendneks or
Bayard could make I tie suggestion old Thurman
got bis caucus together, stormed at tliu Federal
legislation mjulust the Sou Hi mid Democtatie
cities, mid wnun it adjourned he lull that one
bold act consecrated two apostaeius.
Bayard, however, addressed that caucus. Ills
always his advantage Hiat no would rather he
Bayard ihuu President. Ills Judgment cannot
he mistaken if he consults his conscience mid
Hie steady interests of peace and patriotibm.
ilu opposed Hie Instinct of revolution. “We
nru notyeLTegally iu power! Why do we pre
cipitate alarm ( Thu country is larger Hum we
are. mid no busty, bpld net of ours can hold it.”
Next morning, except the moru drunken,
hraggadocla fellows, tliu Democrats said; “Bav
ard was right.” Mr. Tnunuan found his
sceptre barren iu his hand.
it begins to appear that Mr. Thurmeii’R tal
ents arc a little on the line of Hie m>.«erupulous.
lie has uu occasional mysterious wav ut not
voting on Important occasions—us, for Instance,
on tiu* New York (Justum-ltuusu diungea.
Judge Thurman knew on Friday Unit Hie vote
was to bo taken on Monday, but on the Inter
vening Saturday he slipped off lo Ohio mid was
gone live davs. Mr. Bayard, whom Mr. Conk-
Img had treated with as grout consideration ns
Tlidniian, held his ground, went to Hie Presi
dent’s ufisiktaucu. and was the hero of that vic
tory, good or evil.
Mr. Tliurman ho* learned to recant without
blushiug, ami to revolutionize without scruple,
hut there is a law lu statesmen's as well us
apothecaries’ weight, tlmt so many scruple*
compose « dram,—yet there may be a drum
without a scruple.
There Is one pure mid upright man In the
Democratic purlv whom it might present to the
country, hut it won’t. The purtv don’t want u
man who might object to the “ boys ” stealing.
SOUTHEUN HAIIiUOAI).
Various Hrlti'ines fur Subsidies,
W'lal.inulon Ilfi'iilJ.
Col. Scott started lu with this Congress hy
asking fora guarantee on main lino and branches
of $35,000 per mile In bonds or the 8,000,000
acres of lands with which to build his road to
the Pnctlic. Huntington followed this hy an ef
fort to hnltd the western halt of it for the old
land-grant amt no bonds. At this the Scott
party, at this session, reduced their demands
lor bunds to an average of 237,500 per mile on a
single line, without eastern connections, and a
proposition,to turn back to the CSovernmcnt its
own lands, provided the Untied States shall suit
them and credit the proceeds on the bonds and
Interest payable out of the Treasury. Then
came the Backbone Load of Louisiana, de
claring that neither of the other parties have
provided for u terminus on the Mississippi,
ami olforod lo hulld the road from New Or
leans west to El Paso nt $35,000 pur mtle,
with the sumo proviso as to the lapsed land
grant us above. No sooner is thin done than
along comes donator Johnston, of Virginia,
with a proposition looking to (ho adoption ol
the loregumg ulfers giving Lo tiiu road west of
Kl I’aso i lie land-grant, and to a system of roads
east of El Paso a subsidy of SIO,OOO u mile,with
connection# to New Orleans, Vicksburg, and
Memphis. This bill has hecu amended In com
mittees by adding a brunua to Vlnito, looking
toward HI. Louie, and uuuther from El Paso,
looking toward Denver.
The lust few days have been prolific of now
combinations and new bills on this Southern
Uoad to the Pacific. Senator Withers, of Vir
ginia, has Introduced another compromise bill
correcting and amending tlmt of his colleague,
the undo leatmcs being alike, and differing
chlellv In 4110 fact that it provides fur an In
dependent lino serosa Arkansas to servo as a
Memphis connection, uUo lor thu closing of
the gup in the Hhrcvuport Hue, but leaving
the lower lluo across Louisiana to bo com
pleted by private capital. For the two fprks
from El i’aso to Fort Worth, and from El
Paso to Han Antonio, a direct subsidy of $15,000
per mile, as well us to thu Mississippi links,
about I,COO tulles In the aggregate of oldcdroud.
Ami now comes a combination of Now Orient)#
it Texas llatlruad men with a still lower offer;
Senator Kellogg has introduced a bill wbieii,
with the correspondence presented therewith
uml published in another part ol this issue, sub
stantially says: That no concern need bo had
about 'the New Orleans terminal connection, as
that i# taking care of itself, uml within a year
the rood will be ruunlng continuously 500 miles
went toward the Jtio Clrande. Tnls last offer Is,
in substance, to build the COO miles which will
then remain between Hun Amonto and El Paso
far an advance of SIO,OOO a mile, to b« repaid In
services. This Is all the aid required—so,ooo,-
ObO—and us it covers the entire southwestern
frontier uml gives a direct connection to the l’a
cille besides, Is thu best hid Uml bos yet been
made. Thu raid west of El Paso is uualdcd bv
either lands or bonds, if Congress will but wait
It may probably have a proposal to build the
cullro Uua without auy aid whatever.
HcliUeuiunu’s Exhumations.
Dr. j&chllvmauu resumed last October the ox*
bumafluu of thu pro-historic cities which be
found lying oue above auother at llisaarllk, and
the lowermost but oue of which he hMidcuti*
fled with King Priam's Troy. After carrying on
ids operations for a couple of months they wive
cut short by whiter, and In Deecmbcr he paid n
living visit to London to add to the collection
bearing Ills name nt thcHouth Kensington Mu
seum his Hilril share of the fresh flnds. Among
them may be turned a pig In ivory, to match
tho->c In terracotta, and ulmvealla dagger of
meteoric Meel, found In Hie Rural Trojan house,
Hie verv first Iron tunica hv him In any pre-hl«-
torle div either In HieTroador the l*clopoiine‘-«s.
According to thf last letters received by the archie*
ologlst's friends In London since his return to
his home at Athens, he will resume Ids work at
iHiisarllk on the Ist of March, mid continue It
until the Ist of June. He lias obtained Irom
the Turkish Government permission to sink
shafts in the large conical tombs scattered over
He* Plain of Trov, and known to local tradition
n« llioxi of the Homeric heroes, as well ns lu the
village of Koum-Kole. “It la true,” lie says,
“Unit the six heroic tumuli hitherto excavated
have given no result whatever: but f attribute
Hie failure merely to the Inexperience of the ex
cavators, ami 1 fed confident, that. If not more.
I shall ut least And in each tomb the kev to Sts
chronology; nay. 1 venture to promise this even
for tho:m tumult which have alrendv hcen exca
vated.” As lu Koum-Knle, It Is Ids firm belief
that It covers Hie minis of the ancient city
Aelilllclou, mentioned by Jlcrodutus, Strabo,
and Pliny.
SOUTHERN UNIONISTS.
A Olmntly ttemlnlscrnro.
IJuooKr-TS, N. Y,, Feb. 10.— To the Editor of
the AVw York Timm Chancing to reread the
article In your issue of Sunday, the 2d Inst.,
under the title ot “The Cry of Famine,” 1 can
not retrain (tom attempting a brief statement
of n scene 1 witnessed during Hie War:
Just previous to the full of Vicksburg I went
dawn Hie MisKlsrippl River as far an New Mad
rid, visiting all the posts, camps, mid hospitals
along ‘.he way. While nt Cairo u steamer came
up from the .South, loaded with Union refugees
from Northern Alabama. No pen can do Jus
tice to the scene it presented. It has been tnv
lot to witness much suffering and destitution,
mid, except on that occasion, 1 have always felt
that If Hie pecuniary or medical old Hiu'i Mas
needed was licjond mv reach, I desired still to
remain to extend toy ‘•ymnariiy, widen might
souihe, encourage, or Mrcngihcn: hut so over
whelming were im* calamities of thorn sufferers
Hint it was with difficulty I could refrain from
raising my hamhi to heaven, mid, with a scremii
of horror, rushing from the vcsarl.
Sick, dying, dead; flush bllMcrea bv exposure
to the Min:'clothing blenched and torn from
weeks of Ivmgin the woods and swamps; fami
lies separated by death und still more criicl ac
cidents mid foes, which made Hndr fate even
worta limn dealh. A woman lav upon I lie floor
of Hie open deck In Hie lust armies of deidh
from exposure. (Northern Alabama is u health
ful locality, and only expo Mire caused the ill
ness on this etomner.; Great bends of cold
perspiration eoycred her face, mid her sufferings
seemed intense. Near her hovered her sister,
the widow ol a .Southern Union iiuldlur. beseech
ing her In heart-rending tones nut to die mid
leave her atom: with Hie children. At ihc Icct
of the dying woman sat a child of 10 years, mid
In her arms she held mi infant, which was cach
ing aplccu of raw fat pork. Hie only loud ex
cept armv bread Hie soldiers had to offer
It. Tho dying woman's only words were.
“My baby, my poor babyl Oh, if I could
only see my husband before X die!” Hu was a
soldier in tliu Union army, and In company of
Hie husband of another sister who hud died on
that steamer two davs beloro; and Hie surviv
ing sister was Urns to bu left with eleven did
dicn—Hu: three lumillcs—among uitcr stran
gers, a refugee from home, without u peunv.
mid the oldest chlhl was the little nurse of 10
years. In tins cabin, women with hcarU burst
ing with their own troubles were with gcuilc
hands straightening the almost flcshluss limbs
of a sweet little child of 10 months, dosing Its
hollow eyes and bandaging Its skinny jaws. In
reply to my quurv a broken-hearted woman
turned her great blue eyes upon me, and tears
streamed over her palld checks, as alio said:
“ U starved to dentn, Madam, fur waut ol
proper nourishment. Us mother died four
days ago, mid two days after her lltllo sou.
•I years old; mid there stands the husband mui
fa’iher.”
1 turned anil saw, leaning against tin* banis
ters beside the stair. l *, In an attitude of despair,
a tail, dark-haired, mu! alarmingly pale nmii, m
United aimed uniform. I said: “Hod help
you, mv brother.” “Yes.” said In*, ‘‘lie onlv
emu I litiil a furlough to lake mr little fumllr
from Alabama to my mother. In Hibson, hid.
Hut I’ve nothing led to take but my household
goods. 1 shall go, mid then return to tny post
to tight for my country, mid (io;l help me that i
may never shoot a Hebei from revengeful mo
tives. 1 don’t cure how soon I follow my family,
but 1 will d.e serving m.v country.”
A woman tut nursing her four little children,
—all tick mid one dying.. Heslde her stout!
nnolher woman In what hid been elegant cloth
ing. The husbands of both were Union soldiers,
mill one son of the latter was in Union ranks,
nud another—a hul of l*i years—was guide for a
company of Ohio cavalry, and a child ut 8 was
with Ids mother. She saldt “We two have
been neighbors and true to the Union. 1 bad a
large plantation, well stocked, and a stone boose,
which, lm<i it been wood, would have been
burned long ago. We have dune lor the
Union ua long as any means were left us. ami
do nut fed ilmtWi* arc hoopers when wo ask
that It do fur us now. Often have I had mv
stock killed, and wo have gone with a carriage
lull of provisions we had cooked ami taken
It to the Union soldiers. Twice wo walked on
moonless nights—once seven, and again nine
miles—through roans ami swamps, halted often
by Hebei pickets, but avoiding nr outwitting
them, mid once wading three streams one oi
them to our arm-pits, to notify the Union camp
of Intended Hebei attacks lor which wo knew
thev were not prepared.”
None but the Inllnltc One can faithfully or
lb I v record the suitcring mid the heroism of
.Smihern Unionists, mid may Heaven forbid
licit »mr nation should ever forget or neglect to
suitably remember them. {Senator Hill’s ••poor
tsmilicrn widow ” niav be in pitiable clrcmn
stances, but it Is hoped her “meagre fare” Is
equivalent to “a cruse of oil ” ami “a measure
ot meal,” as it seems she has yet taxable prop
erty fur him to protect.
llAimurr N. It. (Jot’i’.
THE SMALL BOV IN ENGLAND.
A llnllut Intended for n Zulu Striking in
Nearer Itoine.
Lomlon .Von, ./im. c 7.
A correspondent telegraph# tlmt a must ex
traordinary shouting case, which Is likely to
have u fatal termination, happened yesterday at
Portsmouth. On Monday morning four young
sters named McFurlan, und Williams, uml Trav
ers, two of the latter name being brothers, left
their homes at Southport to attend school at
Manchester. Their parents arc most respecta
ble people, one being in practice ns a surgeon,
mid another being a retired engineer. As Urn
hoys, the oldest of whom is only H, while thu
youngest Is but 9 years old, did nut return that
evening, and us It was ascertained that they had
managed to obtain possession of £lO, the itpHce
were communicated with, hut Inquiries,
proving fruitless, handbills describing them
were furwaidod on Friday to all seaport (owns.
Their whereabout# were discovered through a
must painful circumstance. Vesterdav morning
the Chief Constuolu of Portsmouth (Mr. James
Jervis) was Informed that a hoy hua been shot
at a hotel, nod had lo bo taken to the Horough
Hospital. It tnnsplml that the missing boys
hud been sleeping at the hotel since Tuesday,
but taking their meals outside, Yesterday
morning Tom Travers, who 1# only 9 years old,
handed a loaded bix-clminhcreu revolver to
McFurlan, who was In bed, and whether acci
dentally or otherwise does not appear, It went
off, the bullet penetrating under Travers’
loft eve. On removal to thu hospital (ho
house surgeon pronounced thu case a danger
ous one, ami three independent surgeon# were
at once called In, but they hud not, up
to the time ol writing, succeeded In extracting
the bullet. Thu police' look the other young
sters to the station, und, on searching I heir
pockets ami (he room they had occupied, found
no fewer than four >lx-chumbercu revolvers uml
three pistols, ail loaded, together with a ballot
mold and a quantity of cartridges und ummiini-
Uou. Thu youngsters did nub leave their home
for any supposititious grievance, hut because one
of them bail had a brother In Africa, and they
wished to work out their passages to that part
of the globe. How they contrived to elude the
vigilance of thu police und - Journey us far a#
Portsmouth, and unuit arrival there to tell a
sutllclcnily pluustblo story to the hotel proprie
tor to Induce him lu accept them as lodgers, is
most remarkable. Mr. tiervr# ha# telegraphed
to Southport, odd the parents of thu boys are
expected at Portsmouth 10-duy.
Commorou of Kmtlaiid unit Franc® mDe.
oreosud Exports.
llotluh Journal.
In our review of tho eommcroo of Knehutd
for 1576, tro muted Unit for tho lost quarter of
tho year her fordtru Irado showed an unusual
decrease lu tlm dcm.md from abroad for her
manufactures, and thul tho tuluro outlook was
unpromising. The Information for tho pasltwu
mouths from England continue this opinion.
In Franco, upon tho other hind, thu last month
of thu year proved to be remarkably active in
this direction, the export of manufacture* for
the month of December baviiig exceeded the
average n! the tear In- W.OD.Oda franc?. Tins
export trade was ul«o oettvu during the? same
period. We niumld mil 1m surprised lo see
coming to the trout hi'tills direction more
rapidly Hun in the put. S.iols undoubtedly
In n more prosperous condition tlcm oilier
countries, as Hie remarkable manner In which
she lins passed through the recent world-wide
financial depression abundantly Illustrates. With
our own country Hu so can he Inn Mttc iloiiht
hut that her commerce will largely Increase.
'I he very prosperity of France cannot bni lend
to this result, u> 11 Is cvliletil dial tin; hitherto
staM ami frugal population of Franca are begm
nlm; to appreciate their Increasin'.: prosperity hv
following the example of Kngl md unit our own
country. I’oouJattuti Is now increasing, and will
still further tend to Increa-e hi tlift cities and
towns, nt Hu: expense of the country.
More luxurious habits are beginning to make
llietr wav among Hie people. This cannot hut
have Its effect upon our future commerce with
her. France, for Instance, Is likely lo elcmand
more of our hren Muffs Hnm In the past, be
cause In that country subdivision of lands has
gone so fur Hint large farms arc very rare, lint
Hie Increased tlemmid will not nefhau.s be nt the
ratio of Increase shown lust year, which was ow
ing to a partial failure, of her crops.
Under existing cln-mnstanecs It Is becoming
year hy year n greater ImpoMiljlllty for French
fanners In compete with our large prairie farina
of the West. And Frame Is rapidly arriving nt
Hut point when, like England, the will have to
depend unon us lor regular ami large sunpllca of
hivniWtiilb, as well iu Increasing ipiantiHcs of
provisions. 'I lie heavy taxes of France do not
Bcem to have any retarding Inlhienco upon her
prosperity. Miisl* easily accounted for upon
Hie supposition that they arc paid to he return
ed atram to her own eittzenc', instead ot* oeliisr
expended to meet Interest upon a debt field
abroad.
England’* revenue for IS7S was about SKX),-
OOUjOJO. That of Frame was, os wc leurn from
reporUrecrmt ly hwied.fVc.VWVMP.dcrlvcd from
direct taxes to Hu* extent of 9143,DU0,0J0. from a
lux of 3 percent upon interest and dividends,
realizing .‘?3,0;W l o.'o, and from Indirect, taxes lo
the amount of .•rj’.OJ V'OJ. This taxation Is
about ua severe us uiiv Hint mir 6wncountry had
to endure during our lute Ilchclhon.
CLAY’S mi,EM A.
An Inntilo Chapter of Henry Clay's Political
Life.
Corrf»onn<tfncr. Vlertlanrt tttruUt.
Jbffbusow, 0., February, 13IU—Among the
letters preserved by the Hon. .1. A. Cllddlnga of
the correspondence of his fattier, the Jlon.
Joshua U. Ulddlngs, there arc none more Inter
esting as hearing noon Important political top
ics tlmn the following regarding Henry Clay,
most ol which were written by Hie Ashland sago
himself. Each of these letters was marked
“cunthlenthl,” and some “confidential and
private,” hut their present owner thinks there
can lie no objection umr to their ptiblleatlon.
The llmis from (.lidding* to Clay, and reads:
CLAV’s VIEWS ItCQUKSTRI).
•leitukson, 0., .fitly 0, ISU.—Duau Sm: Our
people ot all political parties regard the great
question to he wln-ibcr the nation shall u*snmo
upnn Itself the support of slavery In the tjintes;
whether the people of the Tree Slate* Ahull he
Involved In me expense of us maintenance.
These, you are aware, arc pressed upon our at
tention in the ohk-lui correspondence accompa
nying the Texas treaty, and we regard them tin
|Kjrtunt end even vital to our institutions. We
arc therefore rallying upon that Issue. From
your Texas letter and the analysis of Wldg doc
trines given In your speech at Knldirh. we re
gard yon as opposed to such propositions. In
Hu* ninth article of the Whig journal, as given
in your published remarks, you slate: ••The
maintenance r.reirn re >/ hv the -everal Mates of
their own local and peculiar instltu l l<>no/- to he
a fundament'll principle of the Whig party. Un
the 4lu Just. Hie Inti'l tfriurr arrived
with your Kalclgh rpeech a* written out t*v
yourself. In It wc find no allu>jon to the'
above doctrine. This has .led many in
apprehend that we have mi*t..keu 'your
views on Him all-important point.
Indeed, the nb«encc of ail alludon* to it in ymir
speech as written by yourself ha* created great
apprehensions in the minds of many of vonr
friends. 1 regard It n* Important that no should
he lulonned on Hie tuhject. Indeed, our people
feel that they have Hie cignt to understand
y»mr sentiments in respect to thin Important
question now pressed upon us hy the op;»o>ite
party. I would therefore most respcettnllv
suggest that you cause joarviews on this point
to he made public In such way ns vonr judgment
may dictate. The importance of such u step
can only be appreciated hv those who under
stand Hie deep feeling which now pervades the
minds ol u portion of the people of all the free
States against ail participation in the support nf
the institution of aluvery. if I have tm>elf
mistaken vour views on mis point, I beg von
will Inform me at whip earliest leisure. Wttli
great respect, your obedient servant,
•luslll'A it; (tJDDIXOS.
TUB 0M19910S AtTJDENf.II..
ABiiT.ANn.JulyllUbil.—.MvDbauSip.; . . .
The. omission In my Raleigh speech, ns putt*
llMied, of thu priiieiple "that the nniiittciiauee
exclusively by tint several State* ot inch-own
local ami peculiar IpMtiulloiis,” was altogether
accidental and wlllio.i! any design. 1 udheru
faithfully to that prinelnh’, which 1 have on
various occasion* announced. ‘l'he declaration
of that principle by me once Is as goo.l us a
thousand times, fur I hope all men will do niu
the JUFtiee to .utppuse that I Intend fjithfullv to
execute, as fur u.s 1 can, every punUe pledge, or
promise, or assurance I- may make. The
Raleigh speech, us corrected bv mo, was wrtMen
out. by the uld of notes taken hy u stenographer
at thu ilpiull was delivered,’ and there, are
other omission* of what I suit! in the
delivery of It unintentionally made. Your own
experience In the preparation for the
press of speeches previously delivered will have
nitguested to you how impracticable It I* to write
them out exactly us they were delivered. 1 have
great repugnance to np ( ,caring before tin! pulilte
without an urgent nmsMiv, You will under
stand ami appreciate my motives, lint II asuit
tilde occasion shall occur I will take pleasure in
complying with your request again to niinomicn
the principle, the onutMou of which in the
Raleigh speech has occasioned your request. 1
offer you cordial congratulations upon our suc
cess In Louisiana. 1 considered that State as
certain for us in November us auv State In thu
Union, ami 1 am happy to add that the Whig
cause will sustain no prejudice from the Texas
ounstluu aiivwlaro in the South or Southwest.
1 am your friend ami obedient servant,
11. i.T.av.
A HISOUbAH POSITION.
Amii.anij, lllli Sept., ISH.—.My Dkah Sm:
Your friendly letter of the 4th tost., which I
have Just reemvd. affords me a good opportu
nity of writing to you, winch 1 very much de
sired. iam extremely sorry that mv letters to
Alabama should have produced unv unfavora
ble Impressions in your portion of Ohio. It. was
not my intention In those letters to vary the
gnmud In the smallest degree which I had us
sinned In my Raleigh letter, kind been rep
resented to iiiu (hut in Unit letter 1 had dis
played u determined opposition to the annexa
tion of Texas to Hie untied Slates, although
the who'.u Union might he in favor of It, ami
U could tie peacefully ami honorably effected
upon fair ami juM terms. It was my purpose
In those Alabama letters to say that no personal
or private motives prompted me to oppose an
nexation; but that mv opinion In opposition to
It was founded solely upon public ami general
considerations. .) therefore said that, if by com
mon consent, of the Union without national dis
honor, mid without war, mid upon Just con
ditions, thn übleetuf annexation could'ho ac
complished, I did mu wish to be considered as
standing in opposition to the wishes of thu
whole Confederacy, but on the supposition stat
ed would ho glad to see those wishes gratified.
Could 1 say less* Cun (t bo expected that I
should nut myself In opposition to tin* concur
rent will of tho whole nation, if such should ho
its will! You appear to have rightly conceived
me, ami I think any one who will tuku a tulnind
candid view of all mv letters together must bo
sulitled with Ihelr Import, and perleelly con
vinced of mv entire consistency. IJut, invdear
sir, us 1 had learned from I’ittsburgtliut niv lust
Alabama letter was operating mischievously
there. I have addressed a letter to James Dun
lap, Dsn., and others, in which i reaffirmed all
the sentiment* mid opinions which 1 expressed
In my Raleigh letter, and go to ilm length of
saving that if three such Stales as Ohio, Massa
ehnseilfl, mid Vermont were to manliest a de
cided opposition to (he annexation of Tuxus, It
ought not to bo annexed to the United shales.
That letter will be published, will probably
reach you by tiro time that tills dues, and I con
lldcutfy anticipate will be sattsfueUiry.
Mv position is very singular. Whilst at thu
South 1 am represented m a liberty man, at the
North 1 am described a* an ultra-supporter of
slavery, when, In fact, I am neither one nor Urn
other. Tills peculiarity of position exposes mo
to u crow-lire Irons oppoMtu directions, und ren
dered it indispensably necessary that 1 should
cornu out, u tew duvs ugo. with a note In rela
tion to u letter ol L'assms M. Clay, Kiq„ lirst
published lit the Tfi'imt. That letter, altimugh
l have uu doubt it was written with the best In
tentions, was doing great Injustice to tho Whig
cause, even hero lit Kentucky, and tla-ro was
much reason to apprehend that it would be
more extensively prejudicial iu the State* of
Tennessee, Ueorgla, North Carolina, and Lou
isiana, upon whoso Vote wc have strung reason
for c lUtiUig. You, 1 trust, will bo satUiicd
ui,h t o; pootlou taken lu my uotb, that the ox
iaieucc, maintenance, uud continuance of the
Institution of slavery depend exclusively
upon Slate power nnd authority I As
you had expressed regret that my Ra
leigh speech should have omitted (hat princi
ple, I thought the occailon usuitablo one for re*
assorting It. 1 shall he very sorry It Mr. Clay
should he at all wounded by my note. Such was
not my intention, ami If he had been here ho
would have felt the Imperative necessity for It.
I mu, wIMi great respect, your friend uml obe
dient servant, Ji, Clat.
slavrut iv xnr. district op Colombia,
1 lie following letter, In Mr. Clay’s own hand
writing, addressed to Air. SamuclTlcndry, Is re
ferred to, It will be seen. In the one sent ilircclly
to Mr. Uiddintrs, which follows It:
Ashland. Sept, 21, ISM.—Dear Sin: In re
ply to your letter of tliu 10th lust., just received,
1 would say that I suppose it to be In the power
of Congress to repeal any laws which It may
have passed for the support of slavery (n Min'
District of Columbia, If It should think'proper
to do so. i am, respectfully, your obedient
servant, h. Clay.
A WORSE DILEMMA.
Ashland. Sept. 21,1844.—Mr Dear 8m: Be
fore I received your favor ot the 10th lust., t
had addressed n letter to you t jwhich I presume
you have since received, but which had not
reached you at the date of yours. In that letter
J expressed my great reluctance on account of
Hie necessity orialug out of tho letter of C. M.
Clay, Esq., of my publishing my note lo Hie
Lexington o’»i-nrr. I stated what I still be
lieve, Hint there was great dtnger ot the Joss of
lour Slave Stales If 1 left Air. Clay’s letter mir
mutced. 1 slated to you, also, that 1 expected
a letter which I addressed to I’lttslmrg would
!>•: published, hut it has not been, mid whv 1 do
not know. 1 regret extremely the slate of things
which you describe In Ohio; the loss ot Its
Electoral vote will. I fear, lend to the Inevitable
defeat of Hie Whig parly. Always prepared
myself for any event, amt ready (o acquiesce In
nnv decision of the people of the United States,
I elimtid deplore Hint dclcat less on my own ac
count than Hint of our common country. I
transmit Inclosed a letter Jn reply to one which
you forwarded from Air. lleudry, hut I
sincerely hope It may not lie published,
because the mind la In sueb a
state of excitement that anything from me at
tlila time Is hublo to Hie greatest perversion.
Jn certain States, which you can well imagine, If.
might occasion us a much greater loss than any
gain In your quarter; uml I must add that I am
nlrald mat all your patriotic efforts to conciliate
the support of the X.lberty parly arevatn and
fruitless. Their course in Vermont, although
our friend Air. Slade was the candidate there for
(Jovcrnor, mid their more recent course In
Maine cannot have escaped vour observation.
Another reason for not publishing my letter to
Mr. Hendry la that 1 have had many letter*
from X«n Vnrk, Pennsylvania.mid Oiito request
ing mo toforhcnnvrhliig letters for publication.
Notwithstanding which I am almost dally im
portuned to write others. I thought you would
have been pleased with that part of my noto
drawn from me by Mr. Clay’s letter lu wnlch 1
Btutc that the power over the institution of
slavery in the Slave States Is vested exclusively
lu them. 1 will transmit to you in alcwdav*
an editorial article on the subject of ray three
letters In regard to Texas, with which I hope
you will lie well pleased. 1 am, faithfully, your
friend and obedient servant, 11. Clat.
IN THE SLUMS.
Soda! Evil Studied from Idfo by a Party of
Illinois r.cglHlntors.
SI. Lom* T(w»:lour7Utt,
The Public Appropriation Committee of the
Illinois Legislature, the member* of which have
been examining public institution* in the lower
part of the Stale, arrived in tst. Louis Friday
evening, and stopped at Hie Planters’ House.
Yesterday was spent In visiting the institution
far Hie 1511 ml, the Insane Asylum, and other
places. Lust night was given to a general in*
Apeetlon of the city by. gaslight. A reporter
learned at the Four Courts thutDeteetlvca Caw•
let* and Hennessey, two of Hie oldest ami best
posted men on the force, had been engaged to
allow the party around, and that the procession
would start Irom the Planters’ House utß
o’clock.
At that lintlr Hie rcportcrputlu an appearance
in the corridor of the hotel, and, tlmllng several
of the Legislators engaged In eonver?al.on,
ventured to inquire of one what use they de
sired to make of Hie detective*.
“ Uh,” said the gentleman, •* I guess there
may tic a couple of individual* who would like
to see sights for Hie gratiileation of Hich- own
personal curiosity, but us a body wc have no
use for the men.”
“ You tli> nut. intend, then, to investigate the
social evil!” c|Ui*i'f«:«l the reporter.
“No. Mr; 1 really know of no such project.
At least, I have heard ttotlilnt? «*r me kind, ami
if any such scheme were proposed iCo not.
think If. could have lulled to midi luy eorj*.
Well, now, I will (eli .tun: thu largest portion
of otir Committee arc stooping at uu- Llndcl),
ami I can’t say what thee pmpo<e doin':.
The latter MarumentVn* evidently intended
to mislead the Item-hunter, hut it Jett nliurt of
its mission. Thu reporter next called usldu min
ol tin* detectives, tind mude u strenuous clTurt
to nump him, hut all the reportorlal eloquence
wu* wasted on a deaf car, ho fur m* tiiu aeenm
pliMimcot of the object was concerned. Thn
oillcer hint been directed, ho he mjlil, to come
there and place himself subject to the orders of
u certain party, nod an the reporter accosted him
ns on came In the dour he had not had a chance
to confer hIUi anybody, and could not, there*
lore, come many conclusion respecting mu duty
he would he called upon to perform.
The party (fathered In a suspicious croup and
waited mull me purler gave notice lit the usual
stentorian voice that the ’bus fur tho Iron
.Mountain Railroad was in waiting. This wait
me signal for the (JoiumUteu to start on its
round:*, and the whole crowd descended thn
steps toward the pavement. The object in
Marline out at this lime was evidently to mis
lead me reporter and others uh to their
real Intentions, mid make hollevo they
wero bound fur the depot. It was noticeable,
however, ihni they Uhl nut enter thu omnibus
which stood In wattlin', Imt proceeded by foot
to the corner of Fifth und Market streets, where
they entered carriages, lour In number, and
drove rapidly toward the south. This looked
still more as though they Intended to make the
Iron .Mountain Road thefr destination.
The reporter sawT he carriages depart, but uot
until he hud heard tho following question ami
answer from two members of thu party:
“Where ore we guingl” said one.
“To no place iu particular, but everywhere in
general,” was the answer. “We propose to seo
the high und the low, as it U, lu full blast.”
When tho carriage#, stopped soon after und
emptied the tour loads of humanity into thu vile
recesses in the vicinity of Third and Almond
streets. It was quite clear what “low ” meant.
Later in thu night the carriages were discovered
drawn uu in front of u resort for the fruit on
Klevenlli street, and then it was apparent what
“high ” meant.
A Minister's Ncnsatlon After n Dog's Ilite,
p.tiia'ifiohia JuoM.
Considerable alarm exists in the lower end of
Chester County, caused by the appearance of
several dogs showing unmistakable signs of hy
drophobia. About three weeks ugo ibo Rev,
Daniel Sommer, while removing u muzzle from
tits dog’s mouth, was scratched on thn hand,
Into which sumo of tiiu saliva entered. It is not
known that the dog was mud, but It afterwards
bit u child of Mr. Sommer mid was then kilted.
Mr. Hummer was attacked with symptoms of
hydrophobia on Thursday evening last, while
f ouring out a glass of water ut his supper table,
lo thus stales the facts of his casein a com
munication to tho Vsfurd J'rtu: “On Thurs
day' about 0 p. in. 1 sat down to supper, and by
the simple pouring out of a glass of water,
which 1 both saw and heard, a most strange and
unnerving sensation arose within me, I got up
from the table ami alter a minute or two walked
out ot doors, 'though feeling hut Utile relief, 1
relumed to the house, determined to test Urn
matter by pumnlng u bucket of water. I wauled
to know whether the sensation experienced at
the table mid the pouring out of water were
mere coincidents lu time, or were related to each
other lu fact, liut 1 ouly looked at thu water In
ilm bucket (It contained about u gallon) when
the former sensation was produced in an inteuti
llcd degree. I turned from Hie water, unnerved
us never before lu my life, with considerable
muscular emotion und anxious, hurried breath
ing, fully convinced that ! was u victim of hy
drophobia, which word, you are aware, means
fear or dread ul water. My ease is lu the doc
tor’s hands, uud iu fur be has treated m« sue
cessluliy.
A Doctor Who Married a Niece of N, F.
Willis Commits Hnlridv.
r«rrWMO»irfr»r# Xetrt. <
Kdemiuiui, Fa.. Feb. 14.—About thirty min
utes after 0 o’clock last uight, Dr. William
Kddy, of tills place, stepped into thu barroom
ot the Newport llau*e, uud ejaculated iu
French, “I am poor uud In trouble.” lie then
foil to the lloor, and expired lu about one-half
hour, Kddy had taken two drachms of chloral,
Hu was aged JW years, uud married a daughter
of thu lute eminent poet, N. F. Willis. The de
ceased bus u stepmother living near Now Bed
ford, Mass. Recently the deceased bos been
drinking excessively und continuously. Or,
Kddy was a man of uuusual iDtelligeuee, amt
possessed a line education. With his other ac
complishments he Was uusta of iljc lilUefcuu
languages.
9

xml | txt