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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, March 01, 1879, Image 10

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(That tbo Forty-filth ConEfresi Hai
Developed—republicans En
01,trill, of Leaden and of Views lmg| (bo
taotrats—nointpring- of tbo
Grant OloTcment.
Tbo Uncertain Quantity of Mr. TUdon's
Methods—Possibility of Divid
ing the Booth,
yen York Herald (tnd. Dm,),
Wasuinotok, D. C.. Feb. 91.—The session of
Congress Is now so near Its close that while It is
t little 100 early to sum up the legislative re
mits, the political conclusions may bo stated
.with ,some degree of accuracy. Partisan poli
tics have had less effect on legislation this win
ter than Is usual; the political debates have
been neither numerous nor Important. The
Teller Committee, the only political cotpmlttee
established at this sesslou, Ims been of smalt
account, and under tho quieting and business
like Inllucncoof tbo Administration, and with
both parties extremely anxious to avoid mis
takes, Congress has mainly busied itself with
Die appropriation bills, and merely political
measures, such as attempts on the currency,
have broken down in committee or In tbo
Rouses. Nevertheless, as politicians from all
parts of the country arc assembled here, so ttio
news and views of every State aro more easily
gathered and compared here than ot ony other
point, and out of this comparison some conclu
sions on which, whether they aro correct or not,
a large number of Important men act.
Well, in tbo first, ulacc, the last three months
have undoubtedly madu tiic Republicans more
and the Democrats less hopeful ot success next
year than they wore before Congress met. When
Congress assembled on tho Ist of Dcccmbet tbo
shrewdest Republicans privately gave up tbo
contest In IS-SU. They did not bcllovu that their
party could elect the next President, hence tbo
goucral concurrence in llio Grant movement at
that time.
If wo can elect Grant, Hint will drag us out
of the slough,” said a prominent Republican
early In December. "If be is beaten ho Is out
of tho way, uml that Is a gain to (ho party, on
which ho linucs like an Old Man of Hie Sea.”
The Democrats at Hmt Hroo were of tho same
mind. They had no doubt Uml they could bo..t
Grant, whom limy believed ns strong as any
oUior Republican candidate In certain contin
gencies, but Hie weakest ot nil In others.
All this now chanced. It is not very easy to
tell precisely the reasons, but the fact Is Unit
the Republicans arc at this time encouraged nml
bopctul, and the Democrats Know that defeat Is
looking them in the face. The main reason,
perhaps, is, that the session has perceptibly In.
creased the dissensions In the Democratic party
mu! its general demoralization as an organiza
tion, while the Republicans arc, undoubtedly,
more united than when the session opened.
The Democratic party, ns it is assembled hero,
has too many ointers mid too few privates. If
Mr. Running, of Ohio,could enforce on his party
such a measure as the Army Reorganization bill,
—a measure retiringou half-pav or no pay at all
A large share of the Democratic commanders,
—this would greatly help it. It Is, ns they say
the army to. greatly ovcr-ollkcred. It has too
many Presidential candidates, too many candi
dates for the Speakership, 100 many men who
would like to bo Chairmen of Cqmmittecs, or
who ore or who would like to be eminent in
tome way, nnd each of whom Is engaged in cut
ting the throats of the others, or, to speak mure
iccurately, in undermining his rivals.
The Democrats are torn to pieces by ener
getic Presidential candidates, while tho Repub
licans rally about tho name ot Grant, with
whom they ore confident of heating Sherman It
tho astute Secretary of the Treusurv should
loom up too strong in the Convention, mid
whom they van drop U ft should at any time bo
convenient to drop him for some one else than
Sherman. They owe mure than they are willing
to confess In this matter to their President. If
sir. Hayes, hko Gert. Grant to IBTtl, had a
hankering for another term, or if, like Jackson,
lie werQ bent on advancing the fortunes of a
favorite, or, like Buchanan, on marring those
of some one he detested, his party would to
day bo in even a more demoralized
condition than tho Democrats. Rut
the President docs not want a second term, and
has no candidate of tils own; he leaves Presi
dential rivalries entirely alone: nnd the party
machinery moves, therefore, without any fric
tion from the White House. The Republican
candidates are not fighting each other,—at
least, not to the party's Injury. No one of
them Is In haste to commit himself or his party
to anv particular policy for 1880; and the Re
publicans have tho further advantage that they
occupy the interior lines, to use u military term,
—the States they count on carrying are In the
centre; while tho Democrats are troubled with
an Eastern and a Western policy, each irroeou
clloblo with the other,—not to speak of a
Southern policy of internal improvements nnd
subsidies, which Is opposed both in tho East
and West.
As politics stand at this time, the Republican
Presidential candidates represent substantially
one policy; nnd whether men arc lor Grant, or
Cunkllug, or Rlaluc, Everts, nr Wasbburnc, or
Garfield, or Sherman, they differ only as to can
didates, mid not us to measures, which are left
for next year’s events to finally decide. Unt
With the Democrats It Is very different. Their
candidates represent policies. Thur
man, who heads tho “Ohio movement,”repre
tents the policy of paper-money iullntlon: mid
lie has of Into made himself also the ullv of
tho peculiarly Bourboutot element of the South
which Is found mainly lit Kentucky, nml which
led the filibustering movement during the Elec
toral struggle, nml has of late engineered (Im
movement lor at all hazards repealing the Fed
eral Election laws. Hendricks, who hopes to
aojd whatever of the soft-money West Thurman
tminoi cot, is not much more than Thurman
amt water. Roth are alike unacceptable to East
iru Democrat?.
In Uu; Host Mr. Ttltiuu la bcro understood lo
ho maitimr a secret but very cnermtic canvass,
stretching Ills operations over a considerably
part of the South mid into some Western lo
calities. Ills methods nru often discussed hero,
uml arc sutllclontly curious. 110 avoids the real
leaders of fiubltc opinion in the different sue*
lions, uml seeks to tpluco under obligations to
bhnsclf'a less prominent doas,—country edit
ors who need a little help for their papers, and
country Congressmen who have needed a Ilulo
help in their districts. Ills aim seems to be to
get control of the local leaders, the men who
manucu county conventions uml send ddecates
to State conventions. Of course this nnlva
repetition of the manouvres of iHTtJ, whim Mr.
Tlldcn was lound to Imvo the greatest number
t)I votes at Bt. Louis, without possessing cither
the favor or the confidence of the lenders of bis
It Is asserted hero that, while Mr. Tiidcn In
Dianaging for himnelf, the Tiidcn men—whonvor
they may bo—have some doubts about his “ last
ing long enough,'' and have provided against so
awkward u eoutlngcncr us tin It candidate droit
ping out Just when they have completed the
machinery necessary for bis nomination, by set
tling upon an alternate; and this chosen alter
nate ts sold to bo CJen. McClellan. It Is a singu
lar selection; nut It Is supposed to mean that
Mr. Tlhlen wishes to appoint his own heir, ami
will not in any cose give h's support to either
Mr. Bayard or Mr. Thurman, or any other con
spicuous Democrat. As to politics, Mr. Tiidcn
Is supposed to be willing to stand on a platform
ns good us the Convention will accent. In 1870
he swallowed a denunciation of the Resumption
set and a demand for Its repeal, ami lu 18S0 ho
will, it is thought, be ut least equally complai
Mr. Havard represents, of course, sound cur
rency, mnl, iu audition, u prudent and consrrva
live policy fn general. On Urn currency ques
lion no Is understood to occupy a position which
Ia inoru absolutely safe uml sound tliau that of
most of the Republicans. Me is understood to
sold that the Uovermneut ought not to! issue
Urn paper money of I ho country: Unit tliu Legal-
Tender act ought to bo repealed or dcclsred r.n
tonstitutlonal; and that the Nution-Uanklng
lystem, with such amendments as it may bo
found to need from time to time, (s the safest
system tbis country bos ever bad Jor the bill
holders, who, belli;; the great body of laboring
people, arc tho persons whom it Is the duty of
Government to make absolutely secure.
Thu Eastern Democrats hero have tusdo up
their minds that they will not support In IbSD
any candidate who stands on an inflation plat
form, or who is personally committed to cur
rency heresies, but they hope that tide question
will bo substantially “out of politics’* before
next year.
The Western men* In their turn* profess a do
termination not to aarremlor Iho “ Ohio Idea. 1 '
(to called, but they ore getting. ready to tnocllfr
It; nml (hero Is a movement on foot which has
for Its object an alliance between the Western
Democratic party and tbo Grccnbackcrs on a
platform of war on the National banks, and tbo
issue of paper money ontybv the Government
nnil In tbo shape of legal-tender notes. Tbo
Western Democrats hultcvo Hint, If they ran
consolidate the Greenback vote with tbclr own,
they can carrv enough Western States, with llm
solid Boulb, io enable them to do without New
York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. Tbo
Qrcenbnckcrs, some of whom aro shrewd men,
aro not unwilling; to make such an alliance ami
to accept such a platform. They say that It
will he nt least tbo entering of tbo small end of
the wedge.
“ If wu can destroy the National banka," they
aav, 11 wo con always demand a larger issue ot
greenbacks, and the rest will come with olTorl.
What wo ncod is the machinery of a regular
party organization to drlvo in the wedge.”
They confess that the Greenback vote alone
con accomplish but little, but they urge that a
consolidation of tbo Qrecnbock and Democratic
vote would sweep many Western States on
which the Republicans depend to carry their
candidate In: mid that with the Solid South
such a combination could carrv enough Western
States to win the election. Renee, the shrewd
est of their leaders are ready to accept a Demo
cratic alliance on a platform of “ extinction of
thu National banks, Government legal-tenders
the only tinner money, and unlimited coinage of
silver. With Dial to carry the country In 1880,
wo will trust to fortune and the logic of everts
for the rest,” they say.
It will bo observed that In all theae calcula
tions a solid Democratic South la taken for
f [ranted. Rut there aro Democratic politicians
icro who begin to recognize tho (net Unit tbo
South la, or at least may bo next year, an ex
tremely uncertain political quantity. They ac
knowledge privately that there is an undoubted
and growing tendency In tbo Southern States to
a reorganisation of parties; and that, If such a
movement should once begin- In any one State,
t Is Impossible to foretell where It would end.
They confess that nothing but the low mid
blundering character of most of the Adminis
tration's Federal appointments In tbo South,
mid tbo continued hostile atilludn of prominent
Runuollcans and (heir swooping denunciations
of tbo South ns a section uml ns a people, have
kept tbo Southern Stales solidly tn tho Demo
cratic ratiks.
“Sherman lias controlled the Southern ap
pointments.” said a prominent Democrat the
other day, “nml ho has llxed them for himself.
If ho can continue to have Ids own way. wo
Democrats may hope for a solid South next
vear; nml, in laying his own plans for the con
trol of tlio Southern delegations In the Repub
lican Convention, Sherman Is really helping ns.'*
Hero amt Hieru n Republican, however, begins
to see the same thing. There Is so general an
opposition in that, partv to Mr. Sherman as a
siiLccssor to .Mr. Hayes, labors to pave
the way for n nomination arc watched with a
great deal of Jealousy: It Is said that ho alms to
secure Uie Southern delegations In the Conven
tion for himself as against Gou. (Irnnt or any
one else; and it Is possible that, If some
of the Republican leaders should sou the West
ern Stales endangered by u coalition between
the Democratic and Greenback vote, and Mr.
Sherman gaining control of the Southern dele
gations to the Convention, they may hold it the
part of good policy to assume a different course
toward the South, In order to split It up, and at
once break up Mr. Sherman’s plans, ami secure
four or five Southern Slates to the Itopublican
party next vear. There Is no doubt that this
can bo douc, and with very little dldlculty, It
the attempt- la made la time. Even Gen. Grant
could carry half-a-dozen Southern States next
year If he would simply say that ho would rec
ognize uu honest Southern Republican party,
mid turn our. the carpet-baggers, bummers, ami
Incapable* who still hold the Federal unices
down there. Grant’s policy In other respects
has a great fascination for Southern men, and
ho Is ofteu very kindly mentioned by thera
Hear the Other Side—'Tho Origin of Life*.
—Judge Lamphlro's Reply to Dr. Hum
phrey's Essay.
from Our Onm ComsmniUnL
Chicago, Feb. 28.—W0 published last week
Dr. A. G. Humphrey's theory of plant-life,
which Is the materialistic theory. X have re
ceived the following paper from Judge Lam-
Dhtre, of Galesburg, (he Doctor’s neighbor. It
presents another view of this question of
“A belief In tho supernatural,” save the
Judge, "is as old and as universal as man him
self. Probably no nation of people has ever
existed on the earth that has not had nn Idea,
mure or less distinct, of a power above Nature.”
While ho would not make two much of what
seems to bo the universal faith, ho would give
it its duo weight.
Ho then proceeds with Ids argument thus:
Mankind have been unable toaccountfor what
they nee and know upon any oilier hypothesis.
This belie* has not been conllnea to unv class,
people, or age. The greatest minds of nil time
have found among Its defenders. In u time of
such great month) octlvity os tho present, It it
to he expected that a subject of such universe-
Interest should come to the front; and accord-
Inglv wo llnd tho most cultured and profound
thinkers of tho ago occupied with tho question,
nml, us usual, not only divided among them
selves, but against themselves,—the sumo
writer, sometimes in tho same work, both
denying mid altlrndng tho supernatural. We
may call this belief a superstition, or the effect
of a disordered brain; but that docs not settle
tiic question or satisfy the mind. It is n ghost
that will not down at the bidding. We arc
naturally led to ask, Why should this thought
be eternally recurring to the learned and great,
ns well us to the simple and Ignorant, It U has
no foundation In fact!
The believer in tho supernatural maintains
that life la something above and superior to
mutter, and totally distinct from It, nml beyond
the power of mutter and all natural tftreos to
produce; while tho materialist holds that life Is
Hie product ot matter,-—Hint mutter, when proper
ly conditioned, evolves life. These views, so
discordant, when followed to their logical con
clusions, involve the very foundations of so
ciety, and are among the most Important and
practical questions of the time.
At the lute meeting of the Blato Horticultural
Society, our fellow-townsman, Dr. A. G.
Humphrey, read a paper entitled *• Tho Origin
ami Evolution of Life In Plants.” It evinces
. much rending ami atudv, and many of its state
ments mid conclusion?, 1 doubt not, are cor
rect. While tho reasoning is nominally con
duct I to plnnt-llte, it will bo seep Mint it applies
ns well lo animal life, mid so 1 understand tho
Doctor to mean, il matter and its forces ore
sullldent to produce plant-life, it must be equal
to Hie tusk of producing animal Hie, that being
but a steo higher In the scale.
The drift and purport of the Doctor's paper
will be seen ami understood from the following
quotations. The Italics oru mine, 110 asks:
‘Ms Use life of plants a homogeneous and din
tlnct power, or is It the resultant of the action
of n multitude of matcrlol forces I” (dome
times the strongest kind of ufllrmotlon Is con*
tallied in a question./ Again lie savs: “In a
careful analysis of this very Important subject,
wo may llnd, Instead of there being a new anil
higher foreu In Nature, as wo havo suggested,
which raises insttpr Irom an Inorganic to an
organic state, iA<iflA's poieer it a wnllttr want
jithit on of the known Junes of S'alure, and Is
quite ns inherent in certain forms of mutter os
cohesion, density, porosity, etc." in another
place he says, speaking of the great changes on
the earth: i'Vim ualurat cautts ttone, the
primeval sea ultimately became densely peopled
with organic living farms."
These quotations speak for themselves, and
need no explanatory notes from anyone. Thu
principle taught Is, that all Hie Is the product
of matter and its forces; and, tf that he true, |t
clTcctnully elmla out the supernatural, ami
overthrows the moral structure bused upon that
Idea. The principle laid down by the Doctor
will suffer no equal near the throne, but must
reign supreme, j like the manliness of ITof.
Huxley and tils followers. In boldly traveling
where their premises lead them. This praise Is
not due to all materialists; Prof. Tyndall, for
Instance, hesitates, ua it fearful to tuko tbo leap
(hutuparutes'blm (rum all hope of t future
There aro certain fundamental propositions
or laws that I presume neither Dr. Humphrey
nor any of thu scientists will deny. They aro:
1. All phenomena aro governed by law. In
other words, there is no such thing as chance.
2. Thu sumo conditions or causes must nre
duce the sumo effects. To Illustratei Two
parts of hydrogen combined with unu of oxygen
always produces water.
U. All llie.whetlier plant or animal, has Its be
ginning In germ-cells, or protoplasm, or matter
of life,—these teuns'being used bv scientists
Interchangeably, or aa substantially synony
mous. *
•i. The elements of all gerni-cclis ore sub
stantially tho same.
This fourth proposition la not universally ad
mitted. but 1 shall bu able to support it by the
highest sclcntlllc authority,—that of prof. Hux
ley himself.
In his lecture entitled “The Physical liases of
Life,” he says: ” What is meant hr tho physical
bases of life is, that there is one kind of malfsr
common to all living beings, and It is named
protoplasm, No doubt it may appear at first
sight that, In tbo various kinds of living beings,
wn have only difference before ns, as In the
lichen on the rock, and (be painter that paints
It; the microscopic animalcule, or fungus; the
(Inner whale, or Indian ffg; tbo dower In the
hair of the girl, and thu blood In her veins I
nevertheless, throughout these, and nil other
diversities, there really exists a three-fold unity,
—a unity of faculty, a unity of form, and 'a
uwtyof eubtlanee," Again, ho says that tbo
protoplasm ot the lowest organisms is "rum*
ha’lv (dentleal with, nbd, most readily con
vened into, that of any animal." He
further asserts the protoplasm to bo
an identical combination of carbon, hydrogen,
oxygen, ond nitrogen. Again Iho Italics ore
mine. 1 may add, upon excellent authority,
that the most pcrfoctnunlysls, made by (be most
skilled chemists, and under the most favorable
circumstances, has failed to detect any differ
ence In Hie proportion of the elements fa differ
ent germ-cells, or protoplasm. 1 might give
oilier Quotations from Prof. Huxley to the same
effect, but It cannot bo ncccisnrv. I tblnk lam
fully Justified In saying that the elements in all
ccrm-cclls arc substantially Identical.
In this controversy between tbo materialists
and the believers In tbo supernatural, the former
have taken the laboring onr. They Imvo under
taken to prove, In opnosltfon to a vast majority
of mankind, that all phenomena. Including that
of life, aro caused by, and referable to, purely
natural laws or forces,—limit licse laws or forces
ore sufficient of themselves to produce and ac
count (or all wo sou ami know; and It is for
them to make out their vase by what lawyers
would tall a preponderance of evidence,
ami such as will necessarily exclude nil
other hypotheses. When -men undertake
to unsettle and supplant tbo world's
convictions, they ought not to expect
to succeed by merely suggesting doubts and dlf
tlcullles tn the wav of those convictions; their
contention should bo so strong ond conclusive
as to preclude all rational reply. In other
words, they ought to give us abetter, more
rational, consistent, ami philosophical belief
than that they seek to supplnut. Have they
done so to this case I
Now, having In mind the noovo propositions
or laws, namely, that all things are subject to
law; that Uic same conditions produce thu
same effects; that all life begins In germ-cells;
uml that tbo elements of all gorm-culls arc tbo
same—mid It follows Inevitably—as Inevitably
ns that two and two make four—that, In tbo
whole universe, there can bo butane product
from gcrm-cclls,—onu klud ot species of life.
All can readily eco that, but (or tbo first law,
chance, or a freak of Nature as It is sometimes
called, might produce different klndsufltfo;
but for tbo second, the result would always bo
uncertain; and that uncertainty might result in
adlfforont kind of life; bulfor the,third, life
might como tn through somu other channel than
gcrm-cclls; ami, but for. tbo fourth, the ele
ments ot the gcrm-cclls might bo different,
and so produce a variety of life—hatched
of tbo mynad forms of animat
and plant life which we In our Ignorance sup
posed to exist on earth, there Is, uml can bo,
but one I That Is to say, granting what these
wonderful scientists-or, more properly speak
ing, materialists—require ns to hcllovc, that
(hero is no other source of life but that of Na
ture, and wo are shut In and forced to this most
slrnopc and absurd conclusion. If the materi
alists would escape this dilemma, they must
show conclusively that onu or more of the above
r repositions Is or aro untrue. Until they do
his, a little more modesty would greatly become
According to Prof. Huxley, the same condi
tions—that Is tn say, the same germ-cells or pro
tonlosm—produce, now a lichen, now the paint
er that paints It: now a ycnst-plant, now a
whale; the same fountain Bonding forth both
sweet mid bitter waters. And vet he will tell
us that there IS no such thing ds chance; that
(lie same conditions must produce the same ef
fects; that all life originates la germ-cells or
protoplasm; and that the elements of those
uerra-cells arc hlontlcnll May I not suggest—
under mv breath, of course—that much learning
hath made these people mad?
Rutlt may bo said that, although tho ele
ments of all germ-cells are the same, yet that
the mointrlum of these elements nmv tie differ
ent lu utlfercnt gorro-eclls, and, being different,
Umt difference nmv produce a dilfc'ront result,
plant or animal. If tbu elements arc Hie same,
how can they bo different! Rut, that aside, I
have no desire to play upon words, or take any
mere technical advantage. Thu struggle Is not
for victory, lint for truth,—lor the right. In
this connection, it is proper to say that these
germ-cells are so small, so minute, that they
cannot bo Been by the naked eve, ami con only
bo detected by the most powerful microscope.
Mow, suppose wo admit this difference hi the
proportion of the elements of different germ
cells,—though. as is raid above, tho most per
fect analysis has not been able to detect the
slightest difference,—what infinite variety in
the quantity of the intlnitealmnl elements to
prodiue such' nn infinite variety of plant and
animal life! And may we not add, what gross
absurdities men have to resort to to
get rid of the supernatural,—to get Clod
out of the universe 1 It Ims often been
said, mid with much force mid truth,
that there are no more credulous people in the
world then Atheists, it the above four propo
sitions or lowa are granted,—and no Intelligent
scientist will deny the three first, and neither
Prof. Huxley nor any of his followers can deny
tho fourth,—lt follows that wo must look to the
Supernatural—to u power above matter and nil
natural forces—to account for the variety of
plant and animal life.
What natural law (a there that can give to ono
lump ol day the form, qualities, and character*
isllcsof n tiger; to another that of a lamb; to
another that of a rose! The maxim ot tho
schoolmen was, From nolhlmr, nothing comes.
Surely, no more can ho gob out ot matter than
Is In Ir, at least potentially. With thu material
ist, llfu becomes o mere uucstlun ot tho com
pounding; of matter, no that It mey punctate
certain forms and qualities of life. Now If, by
Die combination of mutter, n force can bo
evolved that, will create or produce life, or {( by
such combination life is evolved, then wbv
may not any skilled operator produce life,
of whatever kind or character bo please,—
that of an oak, a rose, or an elephant; nut elm
ply giving to the object of his creation a ma
terial form, but vitality,—Ufol This must
necessarily be thu logical conclusion from the
promises laid down by materialists.
Believers In tho supernatural hold that there
Is n power above matter, and Inflnltclv superior
to It,—a power ever present, ever active, plant
ing In this perm-cell a life that shall take tho
farm of mi oak, or oak-llfo If you please,—ln •
that, an elephant,—ln another, u man; that lids
life, so planted, gives form ami character to the
dead mutter with which U clothes itself as with
n purulent, using tho natural forces for Urn
building up ami preservation of tho material
form,—three forces being foreign to, and utterly
distinct from, the Ufo within that uses them;
that this life dominates matter, rendering It
moro or less plastic, and so molding U os to ex
press, through that matter, the thought, or
Idea, or character of thu life within; and, finally,
that this life uses the material body as a me
dium or moans of communication with tho ma
terial world without, as one might pub out his
hand to touch nr move a material body, and so
continue to use It os long as intercourse with
the material world Is accessary or useful to thu
tlfo within.
11 Rulers of dm Queen's Naves.'*
_ yeio York Timet.
The ridicule cost by “11. M, 8. Pinafore 1 ’
upon the “shore-going olHcers” of the British
navy would have been even morn appropriate
In the seventeenth century, when it was quite a
common thing to transfer olllccrs from the land
service to the fleet without any preparation.
One of those thus transferred was fieri. Monk,
who bud at that time never been to scu In bis
life. Another was Prince Rupert, the famous
cavalry leader of Charles, I.'s army, who, when
appointed to the command of a man-of-war,
moused the laughter of the crew by calling out,
“ Wheel to the left," Instead of “Port your
holm." Itobert Blake, afterward second
only to Nelson himself, had been mili
tary commandant at the siege of Taun
ton, Immediately before his appointment
as Vice-Admiral of the Channel fleet. Lord
Torrluglon'a name was corrupicd Into “Tarry-
In-town " by the suitors, in consequence ot Ills
undisguised prelcrenee of hie town hnuso to his
quarter-deck. Lord Dor»Cl's close attention to
his duiv was shown by Ihu fad of his requir
ing to have Ids own llag-shlp pointed out to
him. But fortunately the service contained
oilier men of a very different tvpc. Tho say
ing current ut that time In the English navy,
“lucre's no Admiral llko u cabin-boy," arose
from a singular chain of succession formed by
the throe great Admirals of the century. The
llrst of these was tilr Christopher Mings, who
begun bis corccr as a cabin-boy. ills cabin-boy
became Blr John Nnrborougli, popularly known
us “ Gunpowder Jack and the cahin-hoy of
HlrJohu Nurborough became blr Cloudcsley
I.ifo 111 U I.lKlltllOUlO.
A grim story of life in a lighthouse cornea
from the llurnmU coast, and ft printed iu tho
Itangoon Wins/. A telegram having announced
that thu light on the Alcuada Ifeef was not
visible, a steamer was dispatched to ascertain
thu cause. Thu captain on landing discovered
two of tho men In the lighthouse dead, while a
third was lying In a precarious state, Tho
keeper stated that signals of distress, ouch as
‘‘Jwaut Immediate help” and “ Mud dying,”
had been exolblted by him for about twenty
days. Aa a last resort, all Ida signals having
lulled to attract attention, ha darkened thu
lights on thu Hussein side, fueling eor(ain:ihut
this step would not fall to attract attention to
the lighthouse. And so, with the dead and thu
dying, ho watched for relief, which come at last*
The Senate Committee's Report as to
the Jett? Contract at South
Copt. Corrdon Stigmatizes the Job as a
u Stupendous Fraud on the
To the Editor of the VitiehmoU Commercial:
Through your columns I beg leave to notice one
of the most extraordinary reports that ever
emanated from a Senate Committee, t have
reference to that made by Senator Cameron, of
Wisconsin, of the Select Committee on Trans
portation. with reference to tho jetty contract
at South Pass.
It soys " that as thoro were only seven to nine
feet of water on tho bar. and there are now
twenty-throe feet, or a deepening of fourteen
feet, for the seeming of twenty-one feet In
creased depth, the contractor Is entitled, unacr
the law, to receive $5,250,000, which Is at the
rate of $250,000 for each foot. Upon this basin
ho would bo entitled now to receive fourteen
times $350,000, or $8,300,000. Of this sum ho
hos received $3,000,000, leaving duo and unpaid
$1,500,000.'’ *
This conclusion, to say the least, Is without a
sustaining fact; for the contract, without any
reference to the depth of water that was on the
bar at that time, stipulated that when a channel
twenty foot In depth uud no less than 200 feet
wide may bo secured, $500,000 shall bo paid.
When a channel twenty-two feet deep by 200
loot wide, $500,000 shall bo paid. When a
channel twenty-four feet deep and not
less than 250 feet wide shall bo secured $500,000
shall bo paid. After said depth shall have been
secured for twelve months $350,000 shall ho
paid. The twontv-four feet by 250 feet wldo
channel has never been secured, when the Gov
ernment has already paid $3,000,000, or $350,000
more than the contract had the cbauncl so stip
ulated been secured.
In the face of these facts this Committee tells
Congress and the country that there Is now due
this contractor $1,500,000.
Of course, the amount of one, two, or oven ton
million dollars Is a more trillo to such a Govern
ment as this, and the pooolo can os well afford
to bo rohbod of that amount by Jetty Jobs as by
Indian Agencies or olher steals, when It Is so
easy to collect that amount by an increased tax
on tea, col Too, or other Imports used by the peo
ple, or by the reducing of the salaries of women
and other employes of the Government,
Was this all, 1 don’t know that any one would
have any right to say a word or question the
motives of the men who will make such a re
port. *
Bat as the bar at tbo month of tho Mississippi
•River, which no human agency can remove or
overcome, costs tho poonlo of the Mississippi
anil Ohio Valievs fully $1,000,000 a day, and
knowing this to ho true, i, In tho name of this
outraged and plundered people, enter mv most
solemn protest against such legislation, for the
whole thing, from Its Incipieucy, Is a trick to
delay as long as possible the opening of the
Mississippi River with an outlet that will ho per
manent, mid as deep as that of New York, which
con only he secured by a ranol.
So much for Mr. Cameron and his Committee.
Now let us see what the engineers say, who ap
pear to give aid and comfort to this Job. Where
did they find that the Jetty work was “so substan
tial, tree from danger or Injury by wave-action
or destruction by the teredo# ” or that there
was no till outside of the Jetties area, although
there was not as much water on the barbv
eight Inches as there was a year ago, hue that it
was much narrower, and that twenty-six feet
was all the water the commerce of the Missis
sippi Valley needed 1
To have arrived at all these conclusions this
Board of Engineers certainly never saw Copt.
Brown, this Government Engineer, or his or
Gen. Comstock’s reports on tho “Jetties,”
for they ore full of statements that tho work
never was substantial, that out beyond tho crest
of the bur, from 250 to 300 feet, only where the
Jetties wore exposed to tho action of tho woves,
they had washed away long ago. and could not
bo replaced. As for the '• teredo,” I will give
tho exact words of Cool. Brown In his report,
up to last July. Capt. Drown says:
Tbe worm! and their effects in the Jetties were
tlrst observed in December, 1870, the epoolnmnsof
pint l attacked having been Imho jetties about olent
months. In thu month of Jammrr, 1877, n willow
sapling, badly eaten by worms at the larger end,
was taken from tbe jetties, presumably nine feet
below the surface. Rmcethonmimylnvciitlgitloiis
Into the condition of the mattresses at the lower
ends of the Jetties have been made, and the Inva
riable result bus boon to find that willows of (ho
mattresses In the lower tiers of the ontcr ends of
the Jollies are badly affected, sometimes to partial
disintegration. No traces of worms have boon
tound in tbe Jetties above n point 10.000 feet be
low East Point, or 1,770 foot above the lower end
of the east Jetty, and none have boon observed
nearer than four and n bajf feet to the surface of
water at any point.
This speaks for Itself, and, as regards the All
outside, the maps nml reports of Qen. Corn
stock all show It to be gradual, mid going on nil
the time. Cant. Hums’ report shows the aver
age 1111 from June, 1870, to Juno, 1677, from the
and of the jetties out one mite and a quarter,
was eleven feet mid seven ioohes.
But If Congress really wants to know tbe
true extent of this (111 at the jetties, I will give
the olllclal soundings from March, 1874, to No
vember, 1673: One mile out from the crest of
thu bar the All was eight feet; two miles out
the fill was thirty-four feet; two and a half
miles out ft was forty-two feet; four miles nut
It was thirty and ouo-lmK feet; and live miles
out It was twenty-seven feet.
In (his connection 1 will give the All or bar
extension by reference to the report of Muj. C.
W. Howell lor 1877. On page 400 ho says:
The surveys covering Hits bar formation off the
three main passes, out as far ns depth* of 1100 mid
U’)o feet, show conclusively that the growth of this
formation has been creatfy underestimated In the
past. Thu till at Southwest Pass, seven and one
half miles out from the bar, between surveys of
March, J 874, nml September, 1870. inclmlingthrce
hlgh-watur periods, would take it to Uio surface in
iiftcon tunes as lone, or forty-five years. At 00, -
000 feet out (or eleven and ono-tblrd miles) tho Oil
wos one-tenth of tho depth, mving thirty years to
reach the surface at that place at the some rote.
bincuCapt. Talcotl's survey In 1808 the till. 7,7,000
feet out (ten miles;, bos boon GUO feet, which, ut
tho same rate continued, would carry It to the sur
face tn eighteen years.
The surveys at ths South (or Jody) Pass tn 1874
and 1877,, inclndo two hlgh-rlver periods, and off
thu bar the dll Mune-olcvoutbof the (tenth of water
at G7>, 000 foot out (over four miles) from the crest
of the bar, at which rata It would take it twenty
two years to reach tbe surface, on a line further
cast twenty-eight years, and on the weal line twen
ty-six yean.
This (111 to tho eastward, as well os to the west
ward of the Jetties, hot only explodes the As
sumption of a littoral current, but that it Is
going on, mid It is time that those whoso Inter
est It Is to keep thu river from being opened, os
well as improved, was properly understood.
Rut It makes no difference How many million
cable feet of mud thu river dumps Into tho Gulf
every year, or what havoc tho teredos may make
with thu otherwise permanent willow slicks,
The watchful engineer, thu Intelligent com
mittees, mid tho over faithful railroad news
papers, hi w hose columns tho Jolty channels are
always bottomless, will all boor witness that
they never beard of a bar outside, and that the
“ teredo ” never has had the audacity to Insert
his muvlus In one of ll|e Jetty willows.
As regards the litlla bar that has grown so
narrow of late, some two years ago Oapt, Drown
said: “ The little bar of 100 feet wide Is all that
obstructs commerce.”
That llttlo bar ib ull Itiat ever cave any trou
ble oi tho Southwest Pais, which has since 17UL
extended out into the uulf over seventeen
miles, and now occupies tho place at that Pass
where In IKtt there was 140 loct of water.
When the Mississippi Hirer marches out Into
the (lulf 100 or 1100 mites further, that little bar
will always be hi advance of the nver banks Unit
follow, and build it up as It rocs. That little
bar was described by Pursue, tho French en
gineer, In 1718, us It is to-day at Uallzo Pass,
when It was from eight to ten miles inland from
where It now Is, and that little bar will always
be found where the waters of the river and
those of the Uulf meet.
Tlmt little bar, since the Jetty Job commenced,
bus cost the working people of the United
States fully 11,00(1,000,001,1, und the people aro
llmllng it out.
Thu engineers say there are twenty-three feet
of water throughout the Jetty channel, und from
the reports of all those Interested In keeping
the river closed, one would be made believe (hut
until tho Jetties there never was more than
eight or ton .feet channel on the bars at tbo
river’s mouth.'
Put what aro the fasts! As far back as 1730
there were twenty-two feet of water on thu bar.
Ihe old bar pilots tell us that as far back as
1840 (hey took vessels to sea drawing from
eighteen lo twenty feet*
During the War tho steamship Mississippi,
Umt was lost In the Port Hudson flsbt, esme in
over the bar, drawing over twenty-one feet.
Tho Uichmoud, Hartford, and other vessels of
pear sam« draft, crossed tbo bar frequently.
Mai. Howell’s report for 1877 gives the follow-
Ing facts as tbo depths of water nt Southwest
Feet, Inchtt,
Pace42s, February, dopthofchannel.2o 0
Pago 420, March, depth of channel....2o (I
Pave 424, Aorll, depth of channel 20 U
Pago 424, May, depth of channel 20 0
Pass 425, Jnne, depth of channel.. .21 0
For the year twenty vesicle wont to sea drawing
from twenty to twenty.ono feet, and two drawing
over twenty.one feet.
All those are facts Hint can not be denied, and
that after nil this loss to tho country ofono bill
ion dollars, and tho Government sunk 13,000,-
000 in tho job, wo have but 111110 more water
than we had before.
With these facts, how can Senators and Repre
sentatives vole to perpetuate this stupendous
fraud on the people)
If Congress wants to get at the facts about
the Mississippi River, Its mouth, ami thu rec
lamatlonof its valley from overflow, it con only
be done by a committee of its own members to
go, son, and hear. This will got ot iho truth,
and defeat nit Jobs,
«»A B t rccar^B , k° •tatement made by Gen.
Wright that 2ft feet was enough water nt the
mouth of the Mississippi, when Now York, not
satisfied with 33 feet through Sandy Hook, has
blown ouUlell Gate to 40 feet, and yet want*
more,—lf Gen. Wright knows, anything about
transportation, lie knows the commerce center
ing at one point cannot have the same advan
tages of other pons, unless the depth of water
be the same, for how can New Orleans freight
as cheaply on 23 to 2d feet of water ns Now
York, that has over SO feet! If ho will take tho
trouble to read the Senate report on transporta
tion for 1873 he will see that all the com
mercial men of Now Orleans and other cities of
the Mississippi Valley said that New Orleans
requires 23 or 80 feet ot water to place
that port on an equality with other ports.
With these facts tbo Board of Engineers, of
which Gen. Wright was a member, recommend
ed the St. I’ldilp Canal, when the charts show
that such vcsselsas enter Now York harbor
could not approach nearer than eight miles Its
sea end, hut the oilier dav the Board of En
gineers, of which Gen. Wright was a member,
recommended o river jol ty system costing some
870,000,000, ami 8000,000 to test one, when half
that sum would test another system that will, at
a small expense, deepen tho channel of the
river and reclaim the low lands, for which an
other Board of Engineers ask 850,000,000 to
start with.
Without any disrespect to Senators or en
gineers, I mention these things Unit people may
sco the drift of things, and If Congress really
has any desire and will take tho trouble to In
vestigate, it will be found Hint much of the
money advanced by Hie Government never wont
Into tho jatty work, but Into the pockets of con
tractors and associates. X am, respectfully,
John Cowdbn.
Interesting Incidents of the English In
vasion of Shore All's Dominions—Happy
New Year In the Kliost Valley—Tho Sci
ence of Murder—A Terrible Hanging
Cnrretnnndtitf* Fete York fferaltf.
London, Fob. o.—Though tho military opera*
tions In Afghanistan aro not of mucin* Interest
beyond the brief announcements of the tele
graph the correspondents In tbc Held bare many
Incidents of camp experience to toll which ore
well worth reading, and they aro Important, 100,
as showing tho character of the Afghan, with
whom England has to deal politically as well
as with tho breech-loader.* Besides the
hostility of tho Afghans, the difficulty of
finding rations, water, etc., and the ter*
rlblo blll-cllmblng, the Invading army has
a hitter enemy In Jack Frost While tho sun
shines tho weather Is not so cold, but “as tho
sun goes down,” writes (he Standard's cor
respondent with Gen. Stewart at Quottah,
frost grips one’s bands with startling sudden
ness, and at Us first touch our servants collapse.
They seem visibly to shrink before tho cold,
their fingers become useless, their wits para
lyzed. A tall and well-fed Hindoo, who has
tramped his score of miles without aa effort
In the sunshine, can do nothing but crouch
above tho fire which all Ids energies are
spent lu feeding. Hu squats before It, a loan
heap of clothes, and If you speak to him his
brain must thaw before ho understands. Serv
ants all cluster In a group, npocchles.l and help
less. No warm clothing comforts them, though
it saves their lives. A sod cose Is that of Maj.
Bates, who lives In a state of paralysis, unable
to move a limb. Going out of his lent at night
with Insufficient clothing ho fell suddenly as if
struck with a bullet. Doctors suppose that the
sudden shock of cold brought out lurking dis
“Native followers have died of the fever, but
so quietly and uncomplainingly that the num
bers are not to bo ascertained. Our party dis
covered two corpses, mid rescued perhaps bolf a
dozen on the rood; I know of as many more.
If a mao strangle toward sunset, or If bo sit
down, as these neoptu will, In the mused mid
scml-tornld state I have described, be must
surely bo Irozun unless compelled to move, an
accident which depends upon the passage of
some European. The conduct of a native when
bo Undo himself unable to proceed Is character
istic. lie makes no report, nor even moans,
but draws apart, wraps blmsolf up, and quietly
dies.' l
There Is little or no uniform worn,by our sol
diery, says the same correspondent. Ofllccrs
and men. English or native, profur Aarifcf, a dun
colored stun of cotton. Too cut follows Indi
vidual taste amongolllcors. some wearing tunics,
some Jackets; trousers, breeches, or knicker
bockers ore used Indiscriminately, It la always
thus op campaign In India, und Government
cannot much longer persist In supplying a uni
form which everybody discards when work la
expected. Karkk has recommended itself to
prnetleal men alike (or color mid material. .
Five camel-loads belonging to Third Ghoorkns
wore looted by hilliuun wltliln n mile of camp.
When tho drivers arrived, covered with blood
xml clamoring. Col. Patterson asked.why they
had nut defended themselves, since the Govern
ment had furnished each of them with akword.
They frmiklv admitted that the tulwar lu their
belts bad been forgotten at the crisis; but this
proved to ho an unimportant fact, fur the hilt
was so securely tied to tho scabbard that (he
quickest of them could not draw his weapon
under seven minutes bv the clock. It was droll
to observe the stolid contomut of tho little
Qhoorkas around for these big nincompoops.
nouoena and cut-tiiuoats.
Mr. Macphcreon, ono of the very ablest In
dian correspondents, mid who fa with Gen.
Roberts, writing on Nuw-Ycor’a Day from the
Khoet Valley, says: “It Is not thu inhabitants
of Kbost itself that wc fear so much as tho
tribes wboso territory surrounds the Kliost Val
ley,—the Mongols mid the Wazlrls,” mid Mr,
Macphoreon’s opinion Is shown by later tele
graphic news to have been correct. And ns It
was those tribes which finally obliged Gen.
Roberts to return to Kliurum, It will be Inter
esting to know more about them. The Mon
gols, savs this correspondent, are n set of pro
fessed rubbers mid cui-lbruutn. They live In
black tents and Inhabit no regular vil
lages, so that when thev commit a raid they
roll up their habitations and disappear. As
for tbe Wnzlris, they are rubbers also, but, in
addition to their reputation for being clever
thieves, they enjoy the name of being one of tbe
bravest suctions of the Afghans. Tiiey claim to
be Independent of any ruler whatever, mid. as
If it were to punctuate this claim, they lose no
opportunity of murdering mid plundering. A
favorite trick of theirs, when (hey ecu an en
campment, Is'to gather a number together, wait
till darkness has sot in. uml then march through
among the tems with drawn swords, cutting at
everything In their wuy, mid stealing all they
can fay their hands upon iu tho general confu
sion, Not pleasant people these to have as one’s
At least a dozen of our camp followers have
been cut up und literally crimped like a codllih
by their bloodthirsty assailants. The Afghan,
whether ho bo Turi, JaJI, Wnzlri, Mongo), or
Afroedce. appears to have ft method in his mur
der, und to have studied tho art of making a
body look us horrible us possible. Wo have had
men slain In tho Durwaxa Pass, in Thull, and
along (ho road from Thull to Khurura, mid each
body found hos been carved almost exactly In
the same fashion.
On one occasion several of iho followers con
nected with the transport department dawdled
behind either to smoke or cut their food. A
Rung of Turls or Jails, who had boon watching
them In ambush, rushed down upon them with
Ihclr knives. Six of tho camp-followers were
killed; the remainder managed to escape.
Afterward some men of tho Twenty-third
Pioneers, who aro now in the Durwuxu Pass,
trying to mako tho road butter, saw four
Afghans skulking behind a rock, Intently
watching a mule muu who was lagging.
The Sepoys “wont for” tbo Afghans und cap
tumid three. They questioned their prisoners
as to whether they bad soy weapons about
them. Every Afghan looked as Innocent as bo
could, mid Bald be bad not such" a thins m ft
kudoi or‘ft pistol In hi* possession | cover had
one, In fact* They were nil sonrchert, however,
amt encli wa* found to bnva a sword or knife
concealed beneath his dreis. Two of the knives
were covered with blood. There could bo little
doubt about wlmt the rascal* hod been at, and
tbcy wore seized and brought luto the camp at
Ocp. Roberts, with new* comine in dally
about men being attached, saw that vleorou*
stops must bo taken to show the Inhabitants of
these parts that wo were determined not to
allow open lawlessness and wanton bloodshed
to ko unpunished. He therefore passed an
order that tho Jails who wcro captured In tho
Dunvasti Pass, and tho man who was caught
reddnimlcd' on tho opposite side of tho
Klmrnm. should bo banged, and that (ho
follow who was captured prowling about with
tho loaded gnu should bo publicly whipped.
On Tuesday ihess sentences wore carried out.
Information of tbo forthcoming execution was
published as widely as possible, and au effort
wos made to get (ho bond men of the surround
ing villages to bo present. At 10 o'clock on the
morning of tho cxecutlou a great crowed of
people was gathered in tho vicinity of tho gal
lows. At 11 o’clock a company of tho Twenty
first marched down to the gallows with the four
doomed prisoners In their midst. Their dress
comlilcdonlyofn Jong, blue cotton shirt and
loose pvjamna tied In at their ankles, lu two
of the instances the shirts were a mass of rags,
frayed into ribbons at the edges and holding
wonderfully together. None of them wore
sandals or headdresses. There (hoy stood, star
ing curiously around them, with their Jet hair
hanging over their faces and their hands strapped
behind lliclr backs, and all looking thoroughly
desperate rulllans. Tho Provost Marshal, a
siout-bullt Sergeant of tho Tenth Hussars,
showed each man bis plank, and made him walk
across It. This all (ho men did with much com
pulsion. They did not appear to realize what
was about to happen to them, and kept looking
over their shoulders to see wlmt was going on.
Their legs were strapped together, what ap
peared to bo thefr old blue puggarees, or tur
bans, were lied over their faces, and the nooses
were fixed round their necks. Then they ap
peared to realize what was coming, and all com
menced crvlug out prayers to Allah.
Four European soldiers caught up ropes at
tached to the planking. A signal was given and
they pulled at thu stnio moment, sweeping
away thu scaffold and launching the prisoners
Into the air. Cut it was only fur a second that
the condemned men bung. Tlio crossbeam
croaked and broke with a startling crash, and
tho four men foil to the ground, naif hanging,
half resting their feet on tbo earth. Scarcely
bad any parson time to feel horrified at this un
fortunate accident boforo the Provost Marshal
drew bis revolver and scat a bullet through
each man's brain.
a mmrr alarm.
At tho dead of last night, when no sound
could be heard but llio occasional "All's well”
of tlie pickets, there suddenly was sot up a
most alarming howling and shrieking, piingicd
with thb sounds of a drum and another shrill
musical instrument, like an Afghan pipe.
Awakened from our first sleep hr this un
earthly noise, we groped for our revolvers uml
prepared for tho worst. It seemed perfectly
clear that the Jajls ami Yurts had swarmed
out of tho iJurwoza Foes and all tho
other places which they infest, mid wero
now attempting to destroy thd camp
in something after tho manner of thu
dare-devil Wuzlrls. When wo wero more
fully awake—when, in fact, we wero prepared
to sell our lives dearly to tho rash Invaders of
our camp—strauguly enough wo hoard amid tho
thundering din sounds of Jauffhtur and merri
ment similar to that which follows a students'
tea party. Again, the fiendish instrument,
whose shrill blasts wore making night hideous,
sounded uncommonly like Dio Scotch bagolpo,
while tho drum must be a British drum, for no
Afghan could beat It so fast and keep such good
time to the more piercing musical weapon. As
thu storm of music and laughter drew nearer wo
stepped out of our tents, still with our revolvers
in our bunds, ready to solve tbo 'mystery.
What was It? Had tho enemy been bold enough
to attack us on our own ground? No; it was
simply the officers and men of (ho Seventy
second Regiment serenading the General, and,
In accordance with a time-honored Scotch
practice, playing the old year out and the new
year in.
Visitors to the lent of thu Tenth Hussars, says
a correspondent of the Wsuu at Qaeawut, are opt
to got a surprise, not only to their ears but to
their eyes. Chancing to be them thu other day,
oqu ot tho officers called out In that loud tono
of voice in which Indian servants are shouted
to, “Lord Bcuconsfiold, gurram pan! Iso.”
At once from Dio outside the voice of a
KhiUmugher replied, " Aloha Sahib, gurram
pan! latulial, lata hoi.” I cannot undertake to
explain tho whole of this veritable Asian
mystery, hut 1 can translate these words, which
will be a contribution so far of the matter. Thu
officer first requests my Lard Beaconsfluld to
bring some hut water and Die reply announces
Dmt the hot water is la the process of being
brought by that uobleman. No ono but myself
scorned to heed tho words; every ono in tho
tent remained ns If nothing remarkable had been
said, Indicating that they were all familiar with
such n cull; so 1 hesitated to ask what hidden
meaning could be connected with thu words!
had listened to.
Of course I took care not to look astonished,
but there true u moment or so of a atrantre bus*
pense, which was nt la«t so fur ended by tho on
trnncu of a Khltmugbar with u kettle containing
hot water. A glance at hts face and tho aston
ishment already begun was still moro Increased
by scoing a face before mu which seemed to he
luvtalcarwith that which wo are so familiar with
in tho pages of J‘uneh, and which wo recognize
,ns the countenance of tho present Prime
ter of England. Tho iiut, of tho skin is un
doubtedly different, ba|VUie form of the fea
tures, and oven the expression, are strikingly
alike, tho curl hanging over the brow being mo
only point wanting, but tho rolad at once sug
gests that it is Micro, bat is concealed by the
folds of Mil* white puggaree, which covers the
forehead close down to the eves. The re
semblance, uo doubt, explains ihu reason of the
name, but why Lord Ikuconstleid should nave
such u perfect Doppclcnngcr out hero In Afghan
istan nt Mils momeut is a mystery which may or
may out require an explanation.
v trrrny r r» * i* m a td iv«**
« ' 1 I* l #* OP ALL KINDS.
111 Si 118 Lake St., Chicago.
V/ \SJ BocarefultobuyonlythoGenulno,
Orrica ihuisn Arr*in*.
„ , . . , Wsiuikcitox, Fob. 17, 1870.
..Staled proposal*. (indorsed Fropuials fur Wasooa,
Ilarnc**, ctd.. a# the cats tufy bo), addressed to (he
CommlNluiicrof Indian Again, will ho received at No.
4lThomav«t, New Turk city, mull U m. of Wednes
day. March a iwju, for furnlihlug tho followlua
articles lor the Indian Service, viz. i
4hj wagon*. !U.( inch, wide gaugo. with bows and 10
os mick cover*.ami extra act doitiiln and alnzlo trees.
Julllronodi ullioite tiiado In Hie bertmaiiDoraudof
well sciaoncd lumbe-. uo bruuking-ptowa. J'J Inch,
with coulter-wlmcl and t niter. 4uO itlrrliitf-Dlowß.il
Iticbi (XI double-ahovel plows; 0 bull-tongue plow*. I
horiei rd crosilng or marking plowit id luadard mow
ers; tl standard reapers; 1 IhrmhUik inacid un h
horse rnkcat roxiNcytliva sud auaihai SKWjinit autfoni
looiog-chalns, S loclii 4a ckuvciil *aw»i 600hand
aawit .V>idrawing kalvorn lm o»-yok>*. heavyiLO,*
ioi pound* burix'd fence wire, galvanlzeai la aoicn
Dluiuots’ iioei.Tlnohi :<OI borrow*; us<iaeta wagon bar
iK'ii.djubk', (l;rJ*ctiof which tube without hreechlmtlt
mauls u'ow harnuaa. con*iitl»tf of bridle,collar,hiincs.
ana ini; rdalnen aodotco cari'cater*’ hammers.
A sample of the harness to bo furoUhed may be aeoa
at 41 Tuomaa-it.
In ail caaoa where It la Impracticable to furnlah asm*
number. tic., 01 tho article! pruiiuied to lie HirnUliid.
Alaothu followimi fliock'k-aulo to tie dellvumd at Hie
reapccilvo Agtmolca, on or before the lu of June, next,
.'■Otibolfera end ao bulls for Cheyenne Hirer Acenor.
Dakotas uj hulla each for Tine IllJue ana Uuwbim
Ayuaclei, Pekuiai ami KOhoffcia for Omaha Agency.
Ndiraake.-all hclfcra to bo of beat American atuck. i
{ear* old, ami the bulla at Irati full imartvr Dur*
lain, Ayrahlroor Jeraayblood, between IwonJuyem
t lio rlstit la: reierrod to reject any or all L'.iK or any
part of any lIJi and to Increase ordlmlnlab tbe quail*
|Utcs of any or all thu article* named In the forego*
o i!l.i.icra will b« required to forward with their bldi a
cmilled chuck or draft., payable to the order of
Ilia Loinnitailoner of (Indian Alfalfa. on aoua ono
of tbo Hereinafter dualuuated National- llanka
or United State* liopoaltortca. fur at leaal a pur
centum of the nroaa amount of tbo bid. which
check or draft will bo returued upon the exccu*
Hun of the contract with proper aumlu for the faith*
fui Dirfurmaucu or liiuautmt, vis. i
Chemical National Hank. Sew York. Natlonalproad*
war Uank. Now Vuijit Philadelphia National Hank.
1 hjlttdeluhU; fh rd National Uank. Cincinnati* Union
National Uauk, Chicago, Fourth National Uank. Hi.
I.ouUj and the United btalca AaaUunt-Trtaaurera at
CnlcauuaadbL Loula.
ItWderearu lovltod to bepreaeatat lha opening of
Pellveriea will be required Immediately upon aieea*
cuthm of contract, cxcetit In tho caac of atook*catlle,
Slftfmi wra , So b S l Kff' , '* t ‘“ r ’ a - ,or
AH artlclea eoutracied for will ha aubjeei to
being accepted oo bJf U9 Yeruuieot Jnapectora beforu
• B. A. 11AYT. CoiatnUalonar.
Bt. Louia, Fob. 18. 1979
Scaled Fropoaale will be received at the 0000 of d.
T. Hmeraon, Chief Unilinear. Hi. LouU. up to Uarcb
Maryville. Mo., to Council Olufla, lowa, Plan*, pru>
fllu, andapeclgcatfoniiobeaccn at the office.
•B. W» LBWU. Jr., President*
Slronff Testimony from non, Am™ ,
tho Power ef Hulway's Italy Si ? to
CttßO of Sofallo lllroumnlLn ?
. Ha. lUowayi With tui-V.”’ Tor*,
aers. fortholistyetrl li i 11 !Ir«
•"".ro “»l«cki of ■o(neite ,, A
MCg“ 10 " ,0 mr “«'K Sili •« uffihs g
trSed'iUmott*slMho rcmc(tk^ e recotnn? mi f t ‘ ,<1 - Ihm
KM 011 ’ ho * ne 10 seller, 1 i«
ontwarS 'apnllciUonV nr n Unhnonu II ?n l ? la,,lt ’ lll: ' , t3iii,
tJiiSw'ietossiCTr. <Z
created hjr site Uelfnf. in# shortf U n . ( a
‘fyelwjihoui» bottle la my tsUm. r frlcnd> 1 never
T°ars truly, 080. btabb,
Soro Throat, DifflcnhffiS
im?* rai,| W}'
Vuic, rbiiaiitn. and froitbltoi, itw»»r'» r
her will aiToru immediate cme, and u« rnniin^^^* 1
lor. few ci.jr, olloot «porm.iniiteSr!i ‘ pßcJ'^g*
IR. ZR. ZR,.
HAMM'S ill ill
In from One to Twenty Mlaulcg.
After Heading this Advertisement need
any one Buffer with Pain,
Itwm the first sod Ii tbo
That Instantly stops tho most excnicUtloi pilot ii.
luys luilanmißtlon ami cures Comiculoai wlmhtrof
tho Limp*, Htomacb, Rowels or utbor slsadtororum.
ay ono application,
In from Ono to Twenty Mlimtes.
No mutter how violent or excruciating tbs ritn. tha
niicumatlo Bea-rlUdcn, Inflrin, Crippled, Nfrmt
Neuralgic, or prostrated wlih dlscuo tatj iufi«r,
Inflammation of tbo Kidneys,
Inflammation of tha Bladder,
Inflammation of tbo Bowels,
Congestion of the Longs,
Soro Throat, Difficult Breathing,
Palpitation of tho Heart
Hysterica, Croup, Diphtheria,
Catarrh, Influenza,
Headache, Toothache,
Neuralgia, Rheumatism,
Cold. Chills, Ague Chills,
Chilblains, and Frost Bites
The application of the Ready Relief to tbspartet
paru wlioro tbs pain or difficulty czlita will afford hn
and comfort,
. Thirty tu aixty drop* in half a tumbler of water *lll
In n few mlnutca cure Cramp*, H>a«ni, Sourbioraich,
Heartburn, hick Headache, Dltrrlurs, Dnroterj,
Colic. Wind In the Dowel*, andatl Internal rafna .
Traveler* should always enrry ahotiluof UAH WAT 3
RKADVURUKKwim them. A few drop* In *»t«
will prevent sickness or pain* from change of water.
Installer than french brandy or Hitters a* atUno*
FRVBR AND AGUE cured for flfty cents. There I*
not a remedial ascot In thl* world that will rare tmr
and Ajrue. and all other Mnlarlou*. Hllloul hfirlei.
Typhoid, yellow, and other Fever* raided ';y h* l ' , |i',L*
IT III). bo quickly rb RAHWAY'S itLAUI ItKLlLF
fifty centa per bottle*
Lnnga or Stomach. Hkln or Ilonßi»Fleihe*
Chmnlc RhomnatUm, Scrofula, niandu.ar ;'**■ P.fi
Hacking Dry Cough. cWcro-i* AifriTluu*.
tkUDpialpU, DlcedloßOf tins l.unes Dyn'fP*’*; ‘[V
UraiE, TTo Dolorcau*. Wblto Hwciilw, uraor* ti
ten, fikln and lllp Dlacsies, Slereurlat Dl»e»cfc
mala L'omrlnliiU, uout, Prepay, bait DUeuia,
cliUla, Cousumptloo.
Liver Complaint, &c.
Constitutional. and bkltt DUcasci. but It l* Uiaoag
jwiliivo cure for _
Urinary ead Womb Dlieaic*. Ortrcl, plahelr*,
tjcojijmjco of Wtlor, Incoutlownco of Hrli.e,„,.#£«*
DUoaao, Albuminuria, and Id all cam w iero tlitrs aw
brick-dust deposit*. or iht water I* thick. £ r
mixed with aubaiances like the while of n ?bij tft/k.
threads like while allk. of there U VVi 'mut*. sni
lift ISS"' SSW"Su , Mi:r I, riI&^XBVLU».
DR, EADIVAY & CO., B 2 AVarrcn-st.,>'.T.
Perfectly luieleaa. elegantl/Mdcd wHJ
purse, fevnlato. purify. clcatut, “ f( j ert 0 r t®*
ftudway'i Pljla, for the cure of all lilliJJer. S'er* 0
Stomach, Liver, Ho well. Kidney»> J . jycu. led'
UlauiuciL Headache. I onallpalloiu C'*ti> Jt cl
«oitloii.T)y»pU!>ila. THUpuauvA K «oi »M Pj‘
of ibe Bowels, rllra, aud ult dcw« »!.>«'! w -.daerare.
tcrnal VUcera. tVarra. It'd to till > t miutnl o'
Purely vegetable, couialulug uo tm-rcur/
bour Kructatlona, blnkluyeor Hurtled
the stomach. Swimming of l, .*. £ j ,n. lh««"
Difficult HreaUilnc. 1 lallcrlngnl 0 a
t»f budocatlon Kanaallona wlieri 111 a 1 w
Douor Wula before thoals it. lottf a • Ve ii J uueii»i
the fiend. IJeCcUucr of Pcr.p tsi
ceute per hog* Sold by Drugging
«False and Two,’
Bend a letter atamp to BADWAY* C0.. 85
■^nufiShwenh Umuanmli w»» »— Bl, ~

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