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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, March 11, 1879, Image 1

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||wEli. ! a
j[ OW Spring Shades, choice
quality, SI.OO a yard.
4 letter line of Dress Silks,
Heavy Gros Grain, $1.25 a
Out Gros Grain Silk at
$1.50 a Yard
fflll compare favorably with
.car $2 quality of last season.
Handsome Trimming Silks, all
(hades, 650, 750 a yard.
We will continue our sale of
Black Dress Silks.
Our prices are 15 per cent low
er than those of any other
We are receiving daily NOV
In nil the latest shades of colors.
VlHhai'o outiimmediate and care
ful attention. By sending for sam
pits goods can he purchased equally
ct well as by com iny to the city . Up
on examination, If goods are not
satisfactory, they can be returned
mid money cheerfully refunded •
121 & 123 State-st.
ire 10. 254 lladison-st.
fob wholhsai.b business.
- Chamber of Commerce.
ofnrr lf 5 T *• 1870. the very desirable RANKING*
►v. .? i 1 , l 2 ?! "sshlngton-if.. corner of Exchange*
I 1?* 1 •t'Jo'n'UK Cll ASIIIKK OK COMMEIiOE.
hanking or Freight OUlco la the city,
mmnstile, .
- Room 20. No. 120 Washlngtou-st.
IdstrAi’A* “.“."’“hash-av. now occupied by Field,
r either separately or together.
- MEAD A COE. UOLaSatle-st.
B rt2 B ßopff , 2n , i U ["l : ‘l!° 'S 1 * on •cleudflc nrtn
fc Ac J u, “ ,e * Tclc»cope», Micro*
w state I.IMH
‘lmkov .Tbiirijuir, Marrna
£lntCihin V*V. l£t• •• • lluiridajr. March 13
, *7O. according to accommodation.
»cc«nai;*l>in, «ioj ro
»AnnACK, n.ncr.l ??i’SSf
13* Wiuhlngtoa-it., Chicago.
\ London I'nria.
s,lu rday Irom Kew York lor
♦* rrmoUi ttuuimgCM bookod tor
. u ATks ok u*.«luwe*l rate*.
J*Ko#, ljiniin«'iV ,A<, * !! "'* ,r,,,n Now Vork to South*
cSSJ, *,«*'*■“• an-1 llrumca. flntcabln. CICOi
rSWmei il?- 5 . .WJf raic «» * :M - UeiuruUouuwat
L*- li. CLAiifc^d-[^T l a . A CO., aiJowlmi Green,
i^J^ u »Uici^ bSiU£i * co, ‘ 3 douttt Clark*«.l
vr. Ji**' Vurlt anil uiuso*.
* !c ‘ioi ir^ tl ? 7 i‘ l ■»» i uiM;A»aiA.Mcb*o.io»m
Xtkv'JJ*.' 11 April6, 3pm
li;.iT.\ or * c to Luiulon direct.
do TTublnitoa-tu
"Hite star line,
JiV # '^n4^if, c r ‘L sl , llle i non Hofei Mali between
•"* “ Cun "
mail line.
A«L"' ~ek b’'W*
ti . • *®»NhT, Qeacr«tWaiters Agent.
m (Sfyi&aQsi Pa% ©fibrnue/
. . . . ■ - /
FREE AfniiSEfflElVT.
Spring Overcoat
The Expense Is
Getting Out!
UnsnTDassalile Tailor Clothiers,
Somewhat known as WIL
sometimes called the Boston
Square-Dealing Clothing-
Cor. Madison & Ciark-sts.
Got a Branch Store 238-240-242
Blue Island-av., cor. Twelfth
st.; got another Branch Store,
532 Milwaukee-av., cor. Huck
Laiiest Dealers i Cites
in Clap.
10 OUB
State & Wasliiiigton-sts.
Wield, Leiter
& Co.
Tbe “Ocmi'' complete, wlthVord* and muilc. In
Mnnro's 10-Cent Musical Library.
Number* 17. ipnnd 10 contain tlio vocal arrangement
of thn enltrn oprrani prcacutcd In tua principal then*
ireaof the country.
aocenta for the three Dunthcnutnd dm complete opera.
For aale br all aovadcaler*. or aunt i>aautte free. Ad*
UruM N. l„ .lIIIMIO. I'uhllvlirr.
74 lloeianan-at.. Nl. V.
otrsi.xr.ys cakon.
GOLD and SII.VRH Ore* amt million carefully and
accurately ASSAYED. Gold ahd silver UDUUIIT.
ilar.Blicetand Granulated Ann Gold and Hllvrr for ole.
CUfOAOU UEFINIWU CU.. 150 V lfth-ay., Chicago.
Grand Opening
At tho celebrated FAIt.VWAV MOSES TurktiU Ua
zatr. inn Wahuli-av. TiirkUh. I'enlan, nod Pag
liUtau Itupi nml Carpet*. I'lam). Table, Cltalr, ntid
Cuiliton Cover* la modern and ancient embrutdcrr,
Turklih Fancy (loodt. Thlt Is tha only atom liiCnl*
c.tco Imvlnit a full usortiuent of Turkish Hugs aud
lowa liiiiis-Msrtpa ins.
If you wUh to buy or «ull land In Northwuatcrn lowa
or make choice loan* oa Improved farm*, addreaa
oKMbuyuuoi. &co.,
Kmmruburtc, la.
Reference*: Pint Notional Hank, Hlbbird, Blencer
A Co., Judge K. A. Otli, Chicago.
From May I, aitoro tulUlile for Hardware builne**,
tioribot tioDroo'U., and cm of Clark. Andrea* H ao.
Tribune office.
V U n Klfl Tk OOLD I‘KN Mufjr. removed from
it fr IT IVvlklirUira Uouu to 81 Clarlcef.
u ■ any jieao. Pcue re*polnlod.
The Speakership Fight Gro
wing Warmer with
Every Hour.
Morrison Assumes Prominence
as Blackburn’s Principal
Noisy Throats of a Bolt in Cer
tain Possible Contin
Table Showing Blackburn’s
Strength as Figured by
Democrats Preparing to Alight
from Tholr Loiglslatlvo-Po"
Ittical High Horse.
Their Own Party Precedents Tell
Sadly Against the Ob
Beside Their Pockets Must Suffer It
the Appropriation Bill
Senators Driven from the Capitol by a
Crowd of Hungry Office-
special Di*jxitch <1 Tito Tribuna,
Washington, D. C., March 10.—Tho Speaker*
ship not (s boiling. Blackburn has opened his
headquarters. Randall will do the same to*
morrow. Everything Is chaotic. The feeling
against Uandall is strong enough to defeat him
If it could bo united. It U not yet certain that
It can bo upon Blackburn. Tho earnest advo*
cacy of Blackburn by Morrison aids the former,
but Morrison’s zeal Is known to bo stimulated
by the fact that ho was badly treated by Randall
In the organization of the committees, and that
his opposition to Randall is perhaps as much
duo to spite os to'preference, for tho Southern
candidate. Randall opens his canvass with tho
claim of 95 votes In the caucus.
Blackburn concedes blm only 5-1.
Ramlnll docs not admit more than
•1U votes for Blackburn. The line between
tho North and South Is likely to bo
before the contest is ended. The druggie Is
largely sectional. The sunporters of Blackburn
are not to be deterred by any cry of a Solid
South. That shibboleth Is rather their rallying
word; hut therenro eomo Northern Democrats
opposed to Randall who ore not Inclined to vote
for Blackburn. There are noisy threats on both
sides that If this or or that man Is nominated
oy the Democratic Caucus there will bo a bolt.
But little dependence Is to bo placed upon
Democratic polling. Sam Cox says, speaking
of Randall’s candidacy, “Wo will break Sam’s
back this trip.” Yet Sam Co* may yet vote for
Randall, and be clad to got even the position of
purveyor of bouquets in ordinary as Chair
man of the Library Committee.
Mr. Blackburu to-night says that he considers
the following table a fair statement of. his
| Stafft, Voter.
New Jersey 1
New York 4
North Carolina ....... :i
Ohio 0
Oregon X
Pennsylvania 4
Smith Carolina 4
Tennessee. 5
Texas It
Virginia H
West Virginia 1
Wisconsin :j
, ... 1
.... 3
Alabama ...
Arkansas . .
Necessary to a choice, 75.
Air. Randall's friends have so far put forward
no list such os the above, nut they say confi
dcntly that they arc certain of 00 votes in
caucus. As there ore but 148 Democratic Rep
resentatives, it Is evident that Uiero are not
enough to (111 both claims.
still Insist that there will bo no caucus nomi
nation for Speaker, for tbo reason that neither
of tbo Democratic factions has a sulHclent
number of votes to make a quorum of tho
whole Homo without the aid of thu Nationals.
Tho leudurs of the latter now Insist that they
havo fifteen votes, a lotting down of two. They
claim to have received to-day a letter from
Representative Low, of Alabama, giving ad
hesion to their cause, and slatlrjg lime ho will
act In caucus and vote with them. It is also
claimed that a telegram to tho same cited bas
been received from Hendrick B. Wright, of
I'ennsylvunhi, but this Is doubted. If Uic
Groenbnekers have lltocn votes, the Democrats
will have five votes less than the number nec
essary to elect.
Blackburn tonight received a telegram from
William U. Morrison, Mating Hint the totter
would arrive bore to-morrow night. Morrison
Is relied upon ns Blackburn’s most elllclont
campaign manager, nml (s expected to secure the
necessary number of Northern votes to make
Blackburn’s election certain.
fiptrlal iihtpaU'h to Tht Tribun*.
Washington, D. C., March 10.—The Demo
crate are making uml.roitoratlng the chariru that
thuSuporvlsor law wasoriglnally passed us a rider
to an appropriation hill, and that consequently
no proper complaint can be made if the Demo
crats repeal It on an appropriation bill. Homo
of tho Republican Senators have conceded this
point, and have ottemptod to answer It. An
examination of the law, however, abows that
the Democratic charge la a false one, and that
the law for Election Supervisors was on Inde
pendent statute, thoroughly debated and opeuud
to amendment.
a sou sTonr.
When the programme of forcing tho President
to slim obnoxious measures by refusing to ap
proprlato money for hts salary was announced,
Senator Ulalno is reported to have told Senator
Wnyte that the threat reminded him of tho man
whose dog annoyed him on n bitterly cold night.
Going out In his dressing-gown and slippers,
tho man pulled tho dog out of his kennel, and
stood holding him by his chain, declaring that ho
would freeze the dog to death. The President
can stand tho failure to appropriate for his
salary iTs long os Congress can without tho
money. It la a significant fact that the Dem
ocrats are already beginning to talk of a modi
fication of their aeroamla for political action re
lating to the election laws at tho coming session.
Thera are a number of tbem who do not bollore
that they can
here or carry the bettor part o( their party io
Ute country with them in forcing through all
that they losUtcdupon la the hit appropriation
bill*. For tbU rcaeon there la talk of yielding
their position on that part of the election law
which provide! for Supervisor*, but to losUt to
Hie last upon the repeal of the law authorizing
the employment of DcputysMarshals, or of that
authorizing the use of troops at the polls, and
of the jurors’ test-oath sections. They concede
(he strength of the argument for the retention
of the Supervisors on the ground that each party
is represented, an argument they claim which
docs not apply to employment of .Marshals,
since Uicy ore of one party only*
as far as Indicated, Is by no means general
among Democrats, while declarations that no
portion of the Beck plan will be abandoned nro
very common. Still, even the most extreme
men among them admit that It wilt be Impossi
ble to force tbis programme If even a small
number of Democrats support such compromise
os that indicated.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Timet has collated for the information of
the Democrats the strong position taken in the
past by the distinguished lights of the party
against legislation on appropriation bills: When
the House, In 1853, attached the tariff sccllonjto
the Sundry-Civil bill, tbo leading Democratic
Senators denounced the action in unmeasured
terms, and defeated tbc section (n the Senate.
The House itself then abandoned the attempt.
This was at a time when the (Question of tariff
was a sharp Issue. Mr. Bayard, lather of the
present Senator, said:
I am not willing by my vote to sanction tbo adop
tion of a general system of legislation on appro
priation bills for any and every purpose that the
majority may see flt to place on them. The effect
must necessarily be to stoo the discussion of mat
ters of general legislation, nnd then what becomes
of our country as a free country, and wbat becomes
of our legislative bodies ns bodies In which there ts to
boa full, (air,nnd free discussion and Investigation
of measures, the effector which Is afterward to be
judged of by the people of the country? If tuu can
coerce tbc minority by placing them in this posi
tion,—that either they mast abandon the discus
sion or principles or measures and adopt it, or they
must stop tbo wheels of the Government by voting
downanapproprlatlon bill which Is necessary for Its
support, —to what fourfnl consequences may it not
lead: and yet that is the effect of the system.
Mr. Benjamin, of Louisians, favored adjourn*
ment, and In explaining his reasons for desiring
an adjournment sold:
I cannot but believe that when the hour of calm
reflection shall come, after nn adjournment when
they (the advocates of the tariff section) go homo
and relied upon the consequences of the deter*
mloatlon which they seem now to evince, they will
hesitate long before they wilt bring this Govern*
ment to a stand. They will hesitate before they
adopt any such revolutionary expedient for so
qiicsllonaolo an end. They will long hesitate if.
with a decided Democratic .majority In both
branclica of Congresa, a Ilepubllcan Prcddentshall
dud himself without means to carry on the Gov*
eminent, except by resorting to that most piteous
of all expedients, no extra session of Congress..
If, however, under lha circumstances, and after
such reflection, they shall think proper to persist
In that course, those who, with the honorable Sen
ator from Delaware, who last spoke {Mr. Bayard)
believe that Self-Government by deliberative as
semblies cannot exist under the pressmoof coer
cive principles like these now sought to be ap
plied to the minority: those who believe that
Hie bitter chalice which is now recommended to
some lives may at some future day, with tenfold
offccl. bo turned to the lips of those who now offer
that chalice to others: those of us who believe
that, under nn circumstance and In no event m It
properto allow ordinary appropriations for carry
ing on the Government to be embarrassed by meas
ure) involving great interests of the country to
the extent to which this measure does involve,
without examination, without consideration, with
out nn opportunity for examination or for consid
eration. will bo compelled to resist this expedient
to the bitter end, and let (he country determine
upon which Bide shall rest the responsibility.
of Mississippi, said:
A bad example is more honored in the breach
than in the observance anyhow, but when, by fol
lowing it, it may lead to serious consequences in
the future, and present a state of things in which
von must stand at a disadvantage, It seems to me
the sooner you beat a rotrcat.thu butter.
of Illinois, said s .. ~
Kvcn If the bill wero right In * itself. If It* pro.
visions were correct, I could not consent by my
vole to put Itln (his appropriation bill, for the rea
son that such u course is revolutionary In Its char*
actor. You have to override nil the rules, all the
usages, all the safeguards which time ami experi
ence have thrown around your legislative proceed
ings, Inurder to Insertthls provision In your Civil
undDlploiunllc Appropriation hill.
Mr. Clayton, of Illinois, said:
But. air. If the proposition were oven just, It
has been rightly described by mr colleague (Mr.
ilayaru) and others In in present form and place na
a measure of coercion,—a revolutionary inensiiro
that will ho attended in the future with the moat
disastrous consequences to the country.
Special Dispatch to The Tribune.
Washington, D. C., March lO.—Thls being
the last day upon which testimony can bo taken
by thu Southern Claims Commission, thcroliaa
been snbinlltcd to thu Commission, evidence In
support of moro than 100 of the old claims pend
ing before It. The life of thu Commission was
extended by the late Congress to the 10th of
March, 1860, but the Intervening time is to bo
given to the adjudication of pendlngclalma upon
testimony already submitted. The Commis
sioners have reason to believe that some exten
sive frauds’ have ' been recently attempted by
means of false evidence In recard to the owner
ship of certain property captured by our troops
during the War and sold for the benefit of the
Government. If the reports made by the Southern
agents of the Commission ore home out when
their moro detailed statements are received,
they will show that In the single class of trans
actions in which not more than four or five per
sons were encaged, claims amounting to moro
than $1,500,000, which weru fully established by
documentary mid oral testimony In Washington,
prove to bo utterly fraudulent whuu examined
upon the spot. Certain claimants of undis
puted loyalty have appeared, and exhibited
what purported to bo proofs Unit they were (ho
owners of certain largo lots of confiscated prop
erty. in support of their claims Ihey have pro
duced thu former owners of Uiu same
property, who sworu they had sold It
to claimants. Subsequent'developments have
shown that such transactions never took place
until after Uiu Wur, and then only with a view
to recovering thu value of thu property from
uiu Government.
Sjieeial Dispatch to The Tribune.
Washington, D. C., March 10.— The Inroad
of candidates Is like (lie plague In Egypt. Sena*
tors who sat through the almost continuous ses
sion from Friday til) Tuesday say they felt frush
at tho end of It compared with the fatigue
caused since by their experience with ncwlv
nrrlvcd otHcc-aoekcrs. So burdensome had
matters became by Saturday that a regular
exodus of Democratic members und Senators
began, und to-day Uioy appear to be
scattered iu all cities witbln easy reach,
und some have even started for
points well south fur the sole purpose, os they
Informed their friends, of putting themselves
beyond the reach of tho crowd of persistent ap
plicants. Thu most usual Senatorial comparison
of the situation Is to plague-locusts. A few
of tho more impatient have ventured to men
tion Urn frogs, while ono or two, whoso puilonco
appeared to be exhausted, resorted to mention
ing tho still more disagreeable plague of IDo as
ono that seemed to express his views of tho sit
uation more clearly than the others.
J'rnrn Our Oun Comtpinutent.
Washington, 0. 0., .March 7.—Tho question
of the repeal of tho law authorizing tho ap
pointment of Supervisors ami Deputy Marshals
at Federal elections will bo tbu most Important
subject of discussion at the coming extra session
of tbe Forty-sixth Congress. It will bo well for
Northern people to ibis agita
tion is about. Tho Impression evidently prevails
that the Dcmoctals think the “Solid South” Is
to bo captured by tbo Republicans, und’that the
Supervisors and Deputy Marshals have been
used maialy in the South, That U not tbu fact.
Tbo Attorney-General baa caused tables to bo
compiled from the official record of the par*
ment of these Marshals and Supervisors, which
show that something quite the contrary Is the
ease. Astounding as the statement mar
appear to those whose only Informa
tion Is the argument of the Southern
Hotspurs In Congress, It nevertheless
is a fact that a comparatively small number of
Supervisors and Marshals have been employed
In the Southern States. An examination of the
tables which follow will show this. In South
Carolina, for Instance, in 187(1, at the Federal
elections, there were employed 388 Deputy
Marshals, who were paid $303. In Massachu
setts the same year there were employed 117
Deputy Marshals. Yet, in the City of New
York, and the Southern District of that State,
there were employed 2,500 Deputy Marshals, at
an expense or $&),785. The trouble with the
Supervisor law, according to Democratic theory,
is, not bo much that it tends to counteract the
efforts of the bulldozers and the Ked-Shirts, but
that, in the Presidential e'tclion of 1880, It is a
formidable check to the jtrevenVon of frauds in
the (Mu of j\’exo York , fry meant of which the Dem
ocrat* hope to secure the Electoral vote of that State,
awl, consequently, the Presideney.
An examination of the tables which follow
will prove a very interesting study, keeping
this central fact in view:
A list of Supervisors and Deputy Marshals em
ployed In the Federal elections InIKTO. and their
pay: also, pay of Chief Snpervliors and United
Mates Commissioners under the Election Laws.
Ain't paid A'o. of Ain't v'J
Chief tin- Super- Super
states and DUirlelt, pervlsors, tltort. visors.
Alabama, Northern ... ..
Alabama, Middle
Alabama. Eastern 82,208 10 $459
Arkansas, F.astcrn ....
Arkansas, Western....
California 1,557 103 4.405
Florida, Northern.
Illinois, Northern 183 5,0(0
Louisiana 4,10.1 270 4,115
Maryland 077 574 2,870
Massachusetts 25.1 66 000
Missouri, Eastern IH7 132 1.500
New Jersey 5,371 85 .1,420
New York, Northern .. 7,723 300 (1,075
New York, Eastern.... 12.150 370 11,074
Now York, Southern .. 10,383 1,070 32,115
North Carolina 527
Pennsylvania, Eastern 1.808 27,360
Pcnnsflvnnla. Western. 221 2,240
South Carolina
Tennessee. Western... 120
Texas, Eastern 240 33 105
Virginia, Eastern... .. 551
Virginia. Western 200
West Virginia
Now Mexico
Total. 853.081 4,803 $100,410
jYo. of Am't p'd Total
Vermin Deputy am’tmf
States and Districts, Marshals. Marshals, paid.
Alabama, Northern.... 150
Alabama, Middle 244
Alabama. Southern. . 102 $3,530 $5,188
Arkansas, Eastern 785
Arkansas, Western.... 214
California 244 4,225 10,208
Delaware 135
Florida, Northern. ... 745
Georgia 207 1.410 • 1,410
Illinois. Northern 115 1,103 0,745
Louisiana MO 5,705 14,283
Maryland 1,222 8,085 11,032
Massachusetts 117 1,170 2,083
Mississippi,Northern.. 230
Mlsnlssippl.Sonthern.. I)
Missouri, Eastern 1,032 10,385 17,002
Nevada 0
NewJcrscy 240 6,085 11,870
Now York. Northern.. 342 7,025 25,023
Now York, Eastern.... 723 11,1180 33,810
New York. Southern.. 2,500 30,783 01,587
North Carolina 100 527
Oregon 13
Pennsylvania, Eastern. 317 3,500 00,800
Pennsylvania. Western 40 400 2,730
South Carolina 33H 305 305
Tennessee, Western... 30 40 1,756
Texas, Eastern 18 414
Virginia, Eastern SOI 1,785 2,330
Virginia, Western 200
West Virginia 4 *
Idaho..' -k 4
New Mexico... 78
Utah 18
Total 11,010 $111,012 $275,200
The following Is a list of the same officers,
etc., for the year 1878, except for Chief Super
visors In Northern and Southern New York*,
which have not been sent to the Department;
those of Eastern New York, New Jersey, and
Pennsylvania nut fully adjusted:
Ain't p'd A'o. Am't p'd
Uh'fSu-of Su- Super
states and Districts, percis's. pervls's. rlsors.
Alabama, Southern §1,651 ..... §l,OOO
Illinois. Northern 224 4,480
Kentucky ... lid 870
Louisiana 1,313 . 206 3,000
Maryland 331 230 2,030
Michigan, Eastern 52 3.300
NewJcrscy 7,324 148 3,030
Now York, Southern 1,125 30,000
New York, Eastern.... 15,072 354 10,(120
Now York. Northern, 374 11,000
Ohm, Southern 740 800
Pennsylvania, Eastern.. 5,830 1,370 27.440
Pennsylvania, Western 3!2 3,121
South Carolina 34 680
Virginia, Eastern 70 020
Total $33,100 4.601) $101,021
A'o. of Am't p'd Total
Deputy Deputy amount
Slates and Districts. Slarsh'ls. Mareh'ts. paid.
Alabama, Southern §l.OOO §3,551
Illinois, Northern 224 2,210 6,720
Kentucky 870 1,830
Louisiana 120 4,000 8.013
Maryland 700 4,44 3 7,740
Now Jersey 102 2,880 13,254
Now York, Southern.. .1,350 27,000 50,207
Now York, Eastern.... 581 0,30(1 33.002
Now York, Northern... 374 7,000 18,000
Ohio, Southern ... . 71 417 2,078
Pennsylvania, Eastern . 750 7,550 .40,820
Pennsylvania,Western.. .. 3,121
South Carolina 700 1,380
Virginia, Eastern 102 570 1,100
Total 4.407 §65,202 §202,201
Snrdaf CmrtitwtuUiut 0/ The Trttume.
Washington, D. C., March B.—There were
ttirco conferences upon the Post-Office Appro
priation bill before It finally passed; and, when
it did pass, there was a general misunderstand
ing ns to Its provisions. Thu essential icaturcs
of this law may bo gathered from the extracts
given below from the report of. the Committed
of Conference, which show that the postal sys
tem has been materially altered. The informa
tion contained in this report will not bo officially
made public until the law can be printed, which
will not bo for some time. Meanwhile, this re
port will bo of interest to every person having
to do with (lie Post-Ullice.
The provision of special interest to outgoing
Congressmen was inserted by the Conference,
and was not contained In the bill as it passed
either House. This provision la:
ProrUtedfurther, That from and after tho pas
aauu of this uct, Senators, Hepresoniatives. and
DekaalM InCongross, the Secretary of the Senate
ami (.’lurk of the House of Itopn-seiitatives, may
send and rccctvn through the mail free all public
documents printed by order of Controls; and the
name of each Senator, HeprosoiituUvo. Delegate,
Secretary of tho Senate, and Clerk of the House,
shall be written thereon with (ho proper designa
tion of tho olllcu he held*, aad the provisions of
(his suction shall apply to each of (bo persona
named herein until tho Ural Monday tn December
following the expiration of their respective terms
of office.
Florida, Northern.
Texas, Eastern...
Virginia, Eastern.
New Mexico.
Tho following sections contain those general
features of the hill which are new legislation:
Skc. 3. 'th- Postmaster-General shall, lu all
eases, decide upon what trains and In wbul man
ner the mulls snail be convoyed.
Sac, 4. That ull cars or parts of cars used for
tho railway mail service shall be of such style,
length, amt character, and furnished In suchj man
ner. as shall bs required by the I’ostnnwlor-Uon
eral, and shall .be constructed, Idled up, mam
luluct). heated, and lighted by and at the expense
of Hie railroad companies.
Hue. A. That Hie Postmaster-General shall de
duct iroin the pay of the railroad companies, for
every failure to deliver o mail withiu its schedule
time, nut less than one-half of the price or the
trip, and where Hie trip la not performed, not less
than the once of one trip, and not exceeding, in
either cue. the price of three trips: iVoiiusif,
houtvtr , Thai if Hie failure is caused by a con
necting road, then only the connecting road shall
bo dnud. And where such failure la caused by un
avoidable casualty tho Postmaster-General, In Ids
discretion, may remit tbe hue. And bo may make
deduction! and Impose flues for other delin
bxu. U. Tbst tbe Postmaster-General snail re
quest all railroad companies transporting tbe malls
to furnish, under seal, such data relating to tbe
operating, receipts, end expenditures of such roads
as may, mills judgment, be deemed necessary to
enable him to ascertain the cost.of mail transpor
tation and tbe proper compensation to bs paid for
the same; and he elisll. in hi* annual report to
Congress, make such recommendations. founded |
on the Information obtained tinder tbfa section, as,
shall, In hi* opinion, bo Juat and ennltanle. . *
.Sec. 7. That mailable matter shall be dlvidedJ
into fonr clauses; 2
First—Written matter:
Second—Periodical publications: /
Third— Miscellaneous printed matter;
Beo. h. Mailable matter of the Ural class shall
embrace letters, postal cards, and all matters
wholly or partly In writing, except as hereinafter
Site. I). That on mailable matter of the ilrst
class, except pouat-conls ami drop-letters. post*
acn shall ba paid at the rata of three cunts for each
half ounce or fraction thereof; poual-carda shall
bo transmitted through thn mails at «postage
charge of one cent each, Including the cost of man
ufacture: and drop*letfnni shall lie mailed at the
rate of two cents per half-ounce or friction there
of, tnclnding delivery ot letter-carrier offices, nnd
one cent for each half-ouncn or fraction thereof
where free delivery by carrier Is not established.
Thu rostuiastcr-fJeneral may, however, provide by
regulation for transmitting unpaid nnd duly certi
fied letters of soldiers, sailors, and marines in the
service of the United States to their destination, to
be paid on delivery.
Sec. 10. That mailable matter of the second
class shall embrace ail newspapers and other peri
odical publications which are issued at stated In
tervals. and as frequently as four times a year, and
are within Ihe conditions named in Secs. Id and I I.
Ken. 11. Publications of the second class, except
as provided in Sec. 25, when sent by tbe publisher
thereof, nnd from tin ofiico of publication, in
cluding sample copies, or when sent from a news
agency to actual subscribers thereto, or to other
nows-ngenta, shall bo entitled lo transmission
through the mails at two cents a pound or fraction
thereof, such postage to bo prepaid, os now pro
vided bylaw.
Sec, 12. That matter of the second class may he
examined at the office of mailing, and if found to
contain matter which Is subject to a higher rate of
postage, each matter shall be charged with postage
at the rate to which the Inclosed matter is subject:
Prodded, That nothing herein contained shill be
so construed as to prohibit tbe insertion In period
icals of advertisements attached permanently to
tbe same.
Eeo. 13. That any person who. shall submit, or
cause to be submitted, fur transportation in tbu
mails, any false evidence to the Postmaster rela
tive (o the character of his publication, shall he
deemeu guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon con
viction thereof in any court of competent Juris
diction, shall for every such offense be punished
by a fine of not less than 8100 nor tnoru (him 8500.
Sec. 14. That the conditions upon which a publi
cation shall be admitted to the second class are as
First—lt must regularly ho Issued at staled In
tervals, as frequently as four times n year, and
bear a date of issue, and bo numbered consecu
Becoml—lt must bo Issued from a known ofiico of
Third—lt must be formed of printed paper
sheets, wlthont board, cloth, leather, or otlmr
substantial binding, such as distinguish printed
books for preservation from periodical publica
Fourth—lt must be originated and published for
tbs dissemination of information of a public char
acter. or devoted to literature, the sciences, arts,
or some special industry, and having a legitimate
list of subscribers; Provided, hotetrer, That noth
ing herein contained shall be so construed ns lo
odmli to the second-class rate regular publications
designed primarily for advertising purposes, or for
freo circulation, or for circulation at nominal
Be«*. 15. -That foreign newspapers and other
periodicals of the same general character as those
admitted to the second class In thn United Slates
may, under the direction of the Postmaster-Gen
eral, on application of tbe 'publisher* thereof or
their agents, bo transmitted through the mails at
the same rates ns If published lo tbu United States.
Nothing In this act shall be so construed as to
allow the transmission tdrongh the mails of. anv
Eiihllcotlon which violates any copyright granted
y (tie United Stales.
Sec. 10. That pnblWicrs of matter of tbe second
class may, without subjecting U lo extra postage,
fold within their regular Issues a supplement; bnt
in all cases the added matter must up germane to
(ho publication which it supplements, that Is to
say. matter snppllcd to complete that to which it la
added or supplemented, but omitted from the reg
ular idsuo for want of space, time, or greater con
venience. which supplement must In every case
be Issued with tne publication.
Sec. IT, Tnat mail-matter of the third class shall
embrace books, transient newspapers and period
icals, circulars, mid other matter wholly in print
(not Included In Hcc. 12), proof-sheets, corrected
proof-sheets, nnd manuscript copy accompanying
the same, and postage fiJuU.be pain at the rate of
one' cent for each two-ounces or fractional part
thereof, and shall fully ho prepaid by postage
stamps s(fixed to said matter. Printed matter other
than books received In the mails from foreign
countries under the provisions of postal treaties or
conventions shall nc free of customs dnty, and
books which uro admitted lo the international
malls exchanged under the provisions of the Uni
versal Postal-Union Convention may, when sub
ject to customs duty, bo delivered to addresses in
the United Stales under such regulations for tho
collection of duties as may bo agreed upon by tho
Secretary of tho Treasury and tho Postmaster-
General. .
Bcc. 18. That the term M circular" is defined
to be a printed letter which, according lo internal
evidence, is being sent In Identical terms to several
persons. A circular shall not lose ltd character us
such when tbe date and the name of the addressed
nnd of (he sender shall bo therein written, nor by
the correction of mere typographical errors in
Sec. IH. That “printed matter," within the in
tendment of tills act, is defined to be the reproduc
tion upon patter, by any process exeunt that of
handwriting, of spy words, tetters, characters,
figures, or images, or of any combination (hereof,
not having the character of an actual and personal
Skc. 20, That mailable matter of tho fourth class
shall embrace nil matt.r nut embraced in the first,
second, or third class, which is not In its form or
nature liable to destroy, deface, or otherwise dam
age the contents of tho mail-bng, or harm (he per
son of any one engaged In tbu postal sorrier, oud
is not above tho weight provided by law, which is
hereby declared to oo not exceeding four pounds
for each package thereof, except in case of single
books welshing in excess of that amount, and ex
cept far books nnd documents published or circu
lated by order of Congress, or ofilclal manor
emanating from any of the Departments of tho
Government, or from the Smithsonian Institution,
or which is not declared nun-mailable under the
provisions of Sec. 0,bt):l of the Devised Statutes
as amended by tho act of July 12, 18TU, or matter
appertaining to lotteries, gift concerts, or fraudu
lent schemes or devices.
Sxc. 21. That all matter of the fourth class shall
bo subject to examination nnd to n postage charge
at tno'rato of one cent an ounce or fraction there
of, to bo prepaid by stamps affixed. If any matter
excluded from the mails by the preceding section
of this act, except that declared non-mullnblo by
Sec. 3,803 of the Devised Statutes hs amended,
shall, by Inadvertence, reach (he office of destina
tion, the same snail bo delivered In accurdauco
with Its address: Provided, That the parly ad
dressed shall furnish tho name and address of the
sender to tho Postmaster at the office of delivery,
who shall immediately report the fuels to too
Poilinosler-Geiiural. If the person addressed re
fuse (ogive tho required Information, the Post
master shall hold tho package subject to the order
of the Postmaster-Genera). All matter declared
non-mailable by Sec. 3,8(13 of the Devised Stat
utes as amended, which shall reach the office of
delivery, shall bo held by the Postmaster at tho
said office subject to the order of the Postmaster-
Bcc. 22. That mailable matter of tbe second
class shall contain no writing, print, mark, or sign
liioretm or therein in addition to tbe original print,
except as herein provided, to-wlt, (lie name aim
address of the person to whom Urn mutter shall l>e
sunt.slid index-figures of HUbacripUon-book,either
written or printed, tho printed title of the publica
tion, tho printed name and address of tho publisher
or sender of tho same, and written or printed words
or figures, or both, Indicating the date on which
(be subscription to such matter will end. Upon
matter of the third class, or upon tbe wrapper In
closing the same, the sender may write (its own
name or address thereon, with Ihe word “from"
above and preceding the same, and Inelthorcaso
may make simple marks Intended to designate a
word or passage of the text to which It is desired lo
cull attention. There may bo placed upon tho
cover or blank leave* of any book or of any printed
inattur of (ho third ctasa a simple manuscript dedi
cation or Inscription that dors not porlako of tho
nature of a personal correspondence. Upon any
package of matter of tho fourth class the sender
may write or print hi* owu name and address, pro
reded by the word “irorn," and there may also bo
written or printed the number and names of the
articles Inclosed; and the sender thereof may write
or print upon or attach to uuy such article by mg
or übel a mark, number, name, or letter for pur
pose of Identification.
Hsu. 23. Thai matter of ihe second, third, or
fourth class containing any writing or printing
oihor than indicated in the preceding section, or
made in tbe manner other than therein Indicated,
shall not be delivered except upon the payment of
postage fur matter-of tho first elms, deducting
therefrom any amount which may have been pre
paid by stamp* affixed toauch nutter; and any per
son who shall conceal or tuclose any matter of a
higher class in that of a lower class, mid deposit,
or causa the same to bo deposited, fur couvuyauca
by mall, at a less rate than would be charged for
both such higher uud lower class matter, shall, for
every such offense, lie liable to a penally of 610:
Provided, however, That nothing Uerulu contained
•hall bo so construed as to prevent publishers of tho
second class and news-agents from inclosing, In
their publications, bills, receipts, and order* fur
subscription* thereto; but such bills, receipts, and
orders abili bo in such form as to convey no other
information than the name, locution, and subscrip
tion-price of the publication or publication* to
which they refer.
Bx(‘, 21. That the Postmaster-General may pre
scribe, oy regulation, tbe maimer of wrapping and
securing fur the mails ail packages of matter not
charged with first-class postage, so that thn con
tent* of each packages may be easily examined;
and no package the convents of which cannot ba
JR five cents.
# » ———— ■■■" ' ' ■
I • n examined shall pass in tho malls, or bs de* . ■ 1
I at a less rate than for matter of the first
25. That publications of the second class,’
2«rcopy to each actual subscriber residing In tho
rjPmty where tho same are printed. In whole or la
7 art, and published, shall go free through lh*
ijfnlls; bnt the same shall not no delivered at
offices, or distributed by carriers,
mless postage is paid thereon at tbe mo pro- .•<
scribed In Sec. 13 of this act: Provided, That the
rate of postage on newspapers, except weeklies
and poriodlcalsnoicxcceillnatwoounccsinwelght,
when the same are deposited In a letter-carrier
office for delivery by Its carriers, shell be uniform
at one cent each: periodicals weighing more than
twoonnees shall be subject, when delivered by
such carriers, to a postage of two cents each, and
these rates shall be prepaid by stamp* affixed/
Sr.c. 23. That nil mail matter of the first data
upon wnlch one fell rate of postage h«s been ’ pre
paid shall be forwarded to Its destination, charged
with the unpaid rate, to be collected on delivery;
but Postmasters, before delivering the same, or
any article of mall matter upon which prepayment
in full has not been made, shall affix, or cause to
be affixed, and canceled, as ordinary stamps are can
celed. one or more stamps equivalent in value to
tho amount of pottage due on such article of mail
matter, which stamps snail tie of such special de
sign and denomination as tho I’ostmastur-General
may prcicrllw, and which shall In no case bo sold • .
by any Postmaster nor received by him in prepay
ment of postage. That in lieu of tho commission
now allowed to Postmasters at offices of the fourth,
class upon tho amount of unpaid lottcr-posug*
collected, seen Postmasters shall receive a com
mission upon the amount of anch special stamps so
canceled, the same as now allowed upon postage
stamps, stamped envelopes, postal-cards, and
newspaper and periodical stamps, canceled ns post
ages on matter actually mailed at their offices:
Provid'd, Tho Postmaster-General roar, in hit
discretion, proscribe Instead such regulation there-'
for at the offices whore free delivery is established
as. In bis Judgment, tho good of tbe service may
Sec. 27. That any Postmaster orothetfperson cn-,
gaged in the postal-service who shall collect, and
fail to account for, tho postage duo upon any artlclo
of mail-matter which he may deliver, without hav
ing previously affixed and canceled such special
stamps, an hereinbefore provided, or who shall fail
to affix each stomp, shall be deemed guilty of »
misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, snail b»
punished by a fine of $5O.
Bkc. 28. That any person who ebal! use, or at-,
tempi to use, lu payment of postage, any canceled
postage-stamp or postage-stamps, whether tho
same nave been heforo used or not, or shall hr any
means remove, or attempt to remove, or assist la
removing, marks from any postage-stamp or post
age-stamps, with, intent to use the same inpay
ment of postage, or who knowingly shall have In
his possession any postage-stamp or postage
stamps canceled, with intent to use the same, of
from which such cancellation marks have been re
moved, or shall Hull or offer to soli any such stamp or
stamps, or who shall use or attempt to usu tbe eamo
In payment of postage, arshnll remove tho super
scription from any stamped envelope or postal
card that has once been used'm tho payment,
of postage, with Intent to again nso
tho same for a like purpose, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, and-shall, on conviction there
of, bu punished by Imprisonment for uot less than
six months nor more than one year, or by a fine of
not leas than $lOO nor more than 8500 for each of-,
fense. or by both such tine and imprisonment, la
tbe discretion of tbe Court.
Beo. 21). Tho provisions of tho fifth and sixth
sections of the act entitled “An act establishing
post-routes, ena for other purposes," approved
March 3. 1877. for the transmission of official mail
manor, be, and they are hereby, extended to oil
officers of the United States Governmenkaudmodo
applicable to oil official mall-matter transmitted
between any of the officers of tbu United States, or.
between any such officer nod cither of the Execu
tive Domirtmenta or otilccra of the Government, ths
envelopes of such matter In all cases to bear appro
priate indorsements containing thu proper designa
tion of the office from which tho same Is trana-,
milted, with a statement of tbe penalty for their,
misuse. And the provisions of said fifth and sixth
sections are hereby likewise extended and mado
applicable to nil official mall-mattorsent from tba
Smithsonian Institution: Prodded, That this act
shall not extend or apply to Pension-Agents or
other officers who receive a fixed allowance as com
pensation for their cervices, including expenses for
Sec. 30. That Sec. 3,058 of tho Devised Statutes
be, and the Situe la hereby, amended so as to road
as follows: “Tho Postmaster-General, whenever
ho may deem It consistent with tho public interest,
may acceptor require new surety upon any con
tract existing or hereafter mado for carrying the
mails in substitution tor and release of any exist-,
ing surety." ,
Sec. 31. Any parson performing the duties of
Postmaster, by authority of tho 'President, at any
Pout-Office whore thuru is a vacancy for any caune, ’
shall receive for tbe term for which tbeduty Is par
formed tbe same compodenllnn to which ho would,
huvo been entitled if regularly appointed"ihd con-' "
firmed a* such Postmaster; and all services hereto
fore rendered In liku cases shall be paid for uuder
(his provision.
Sec. 32. That so much of this act os Is embraced
in Secs, ito 30, both Inclusive, shall take effect
from the Ist day of May. IK7U; and all acts or
parts of act* Inconsistent with tbs provisions of
this act sro hereby repealed.
Cinnnnalt Commercial, Mareh B.
Much baa been said In a spirit of levity about
the great efforts of Senator Conkllng. Ho has
repeatedly been reported by bis admiring friends
to be about to make the groat effort of his life,
and usually when so advertised be does nothing.
At last, however, he lus mado that effort. 110
did it In reply to a bantering speech by Senator
Thurman, and It Is recorded that Thurman salt)
to him when lie had finished, “ That is tho best
speech you have ever made la your life.’* 18
will bu remembered that this speech was lo the •
night, amidst tho closing scenes of tho session;
and that reference was had to Thurman 1 *
candidacy for the Presidency.
“ It will not bu necessary in my case, os it 1*
said anxious mid nervous political aspirants
sometimes find It necessary heforo voting upon
a question to go out and nob only consult tho
signs in the zodiac, but eou how all ’ the tin
roosters on all the barns stand, so ns to know
exactly which way thu wind blows. (Laughter.]
I will not ask lime to do that, because 1 have no
Presidential prospects to bo imperiled by any
mistake 1 may make In voting here. I shall,
however, want an opportunity to look at thu
balance sheet. I shall want to sea whether at
that particular time thoru is or is likely to bo
anv money in the Treasury with which to do
such u magnificent thing ns In exact, appro
priate, nnd Imposing language tho honorable
Senator from Ohio will be sure to propose. Tho
President. If nil these varied and, as a lawyer
from the Senator's State on cu snld, ‘mulllfldoua*
circumstances (laughter] shall concur, nnd 1C
there shall be a harmonious uuion of
all things, showing that the nick of
time, thu longed-for and worked-for
moment has come for tho honorable Senator ' -
from Ohio to make his popularity absolutely
universal by adding to the cudless, idolizing
train which follows him lu the serried ranks of
the soldiers of the Mexican war, tho honorublo -
Senator may ho sure that I will voto to add all
that resplendent length of tall to bis political
kite. (Laughter.) 1 submit to the honorable
Senator Dint nothing could bu fairer than this.
Ido not believe that the Senator now 1* at his
best for so great and yritlral an endeavor. Tho
Senator has, during Sunday uud Sunday night,
delivered so maov eloquent and fervid speeches,
ho has so taxed hi* brain ami his imagination,
particularly his imagination uud many of ills
highest faculties, that I do not believe it within
Ihe limits of mortal possibility that ho con ’
still have reserve force enough to expand him
self—l might moruapproprialoiy sayspread him
self— (laughter!— as undoubtedly ho would
be glad to do when ho takes up the question of
the Mexican war, looks over * the wholo
tield, calculates ail the chances,
nnd arranges it so that all the
lights mid shadows wilt strike, as they should
strike, in reference to 1880 ami other great mid
interesting epochs. [Laughter.] Tlio Senator
from Ohio Is in a jesting mood to-nlglit. lata
In grim earnest. lam for tho men who carried
the Htar-tJpangled Manner and planted it on
the tower of the City of the Aztecs. Thovaro
the men for whom the honorable Senator from
Ohio should legislate, but with Ills anxiety ho
may need to go further. 1 buz him to remem
ber thorn who fought on the other side. A good
many of them have crossed thu border to live or
steal cattle. They may be a factor In elections
and results, and 1 beg him nut to be thought
less of them, lie should go vurv sure-footed,
ami not march without scouts. In every view
it Is an important mutter, and 1 warn tlio honor- -
able benator not to run any risk to turn his
back upon a brilliant future by doing anything
without the utmost forecast. Tho soldiers* .
ballot in this country Is very large. It boa .
great force In many tilates. Jt Is im
merous Indeed lu all tho Staten, and ;
there, aru political advantages and
hazards which ought, 1 thlok, to relievo th<s
subject from the levity with which the honora
ble Senator from Ohio seem* Inclined to trostlt. •
Let mo say further to that honorublo Senator,
that when ho 1* us old as I am, when ho has bad
us much experience as 1 have had in those grand
and placid assemblages, each a plaza do Tauro,
culled Democratic National Conventions, ho
will ho satisfied, as 1 urn, that nut lu’the morn
ing at Q o’clock, when he Is tired, when ho is •
under tho reaction of his many speeches which

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