Newspaper Page Text
Sfye ®rUmtw. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. JTT MAIL—IN ADVANCE—POSTAOH PREPAID. p*lly Edition, one yew..... .... 81*2.0(1 Ban^*r f J^i e ion: P Ul?r»rf tni'l Ucilßlou* iloijhle BAMiraAyKdViVon.’iuieeri’nilrc* 2.00 WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID. On* copy, pcrycnr. Club of four.... Club of ten Cluo of twenty. Specimen cootei sent free. Aire I’oii-Ofllce addreu (a full. Including flute end Count/. Remittance! max be made either by draft, expreu. roit-ODlce order, or lo reglitered teller, at our rlilc. TERMS TO CITY BUIISCItIUBKS. lull/, delivered, Sunday excepted, 39 centi per week. Dally, delivered. Sunday Included, 30 ccnta per wcelc. Addrcia TUB THIRUNK COMPANY, Comer Madlion and I»carliorn-ata., Chicago, 111. Ordcra for the delivery of Tit* Tiiiiuinb at Kvaniton, rnglowood, and jlvde l*ark left In the counting-room will receive prompt attention. TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES. Tni (Toicaoo Tamrmt hu eatabiuhed branch otllcea for Uie receipt of aubacrlpiloni and adrertiiemcnu aa follow*: NEW TOfiK-noom so Tribune Building. F. T. Mo* Faoprw, Manager. FAKIS, France—No. IBJlao de la Orange-Patcllere. 11. Maiilxr, Agent. LONDON, Bug.—American Exchange, 449 Strand. Uikry F. Gittiii. Agent. BAK Fit AN CISCO, Cal.-Palnca Hotel WASHINGTON D. C.-IBID FattCOU AMUSEMENTS. MeTlckerVi Theatre. Madlion alrcct, between Dearborn and State. Ka gaacment of Itlco'a Surprleo Party. "Horrors.” llavnly’a Theatre. Dearborn aircot. comer of Mnnroo. Engagement Of J. K.Kratnct. "Our Now Fritz.” lloolcr’n Tbnnlre, Randolph itreet, toiwpcn Clark and LaSalle. En gagement ofLotta. "Musette." Untrrtln'a Theatre. Clark street, opposite tho Conrt-Houie. Engagement cf C. W. Barry. " Broken Fetter*." Variety Olio. Academy of Aftule* Halsted street, between Madison and Monroe. Va*' rietjr entertainment. Exposition llntldlng. Lake Shore, foot of Washington street. Madame Anderson, tho Pcdcstrlcnnc. THURSDAY, MARCH 18, 1879. A mysterious disappearance, which re mained a mystery for over thirteen years, has at length been accounted for in Ellon villo, Ulster County, N. Y., where there opening of an abandoned lead mine dis closed tbo skeleton of a man who faded from view in February, 1800. It is presumed ho was murdered and thrown into the mine by a man who subsequently became insane and is now dead. ' The bill providing fdr driveways to the public parks of Chicago boa finally been per mitted to emerge from the obscurity in which it was for several weeks kept by (he Honso Committee on Municipal Affairs, ond is now in a fair way to bo passed. Sir. Moss Wentworth is entitled to the eminence of having exerted himself to defeat a measure in which all Chicago is deeply interested, and which, as it concerns no other part of the Slate, ought to be passed without delay. The report of the Provision Inspection Committee of the Chicago Board of Trade, relative to the complaints received from Belgium of unsound meals shipped from the United States, is a practical and business- like presentment of tb6 reasons for theso complaints and tbo way to avoid being im - posed upon in the purchase of exported meats that are imperfectly cured. Tho acceptance of moats of inferior quality packed under fictitious brands and Inspected by inspectors not authorized by tho commercial organizations whoBQ interest it is that tho inspection shall bo uniform and reliable—this is shown to bo tho chief cause of the instances of (Besot isfoction that have occurred in foreign mar kets. Tho purchaser of exclusively first quality and standard brands of provisions that have boon regularly inspected need have but little fear of getting an unsound article. The Washington Post has once more as sumed to mark out tho details of the revolu tionary programme of tho Democracy at tho extra session. It was a true prophet at tho last trial, when tho plan of defeating tho ap propriatious and compelling tho call of another session was announced, and its pre dictions are liable to bo verified again. Tho Post undoubtedly speaks for tho bulldozing element of tho party when it announces that tho Legislative bill will bo promptly passed precisely in tho form that it passed tho lust House, and thou, If it la vetoed by tho President, there will bo no Attempt to pass tho hill over his veto, but both Houses will at ouco adjourn, leaving tho Legislative and Army appropria tions unprovided for, and tho Government without funds to keep it in operation. This Is precisely tbo kind of statesmanship (hat is by tho Republicans rolled upon to insure their success in tbo next Presidential cam paign, and It really looks as if tho usual opportune blundering of tho Democracy was Mot to bo lacking this time. Tbe Common Connell has finished tbo Annual Appropriation bill, and it now goes to tbo Mayor for bin examination. There is urgent need that ho examine it closely, mid that he freely exorcise his power to return without his approval any or all items that shall to him seem extravagant or inoppor tune. Tho total of tho bill has been swelled SOIB,OOO since It came from tho Finance Committee, ond now amounts to $3,- 075,000, which roust be raised by taxation, an aggregate appropriation for 1370 of $1,875,(KM), Including tho unexpended cash ou hand and yet to be re ceived from various sources. Mayor Heath is about to retire upon well-earned laurels as an able manager of tho municipal finances and a careful conservator of tho city’s credit, and ho cannot bettor conclude his successful administration than by vetoing such items in this appropriation ordinaueo as ho knows to bo uuuooossary aud extravagant. He coaid lop off tho entire SOOO,OOO increase without in jury'to a single Interest that needs money. Tbo Governor of Indiana on Tuesday sent to the Legislature of bis State about such a document as a non-jobbing taxpayer of Illinois would send to his own General Assembly if bo woro to make any communication' at all,—that is, tho Governor told the legislaloni that they hod been “beating" tho people, and should have been satisfied with slicking the State for a single session of such salaried soldiering and luoompolouoy instead of piling on the rank outrage of an extra sitting foe tho sola purpose of 'passing bills to pay themselves and tbe rings in charge of tho Stale insilintious. Yesterday, after having slept over tho loot* uro of tbo Governor, the legislators did Bomo loud co-ordinate-branch blustering, coupling their kicking with tho very amus ing assertion that old Blue Jeans, in in* suiting them, had insulted tho people whom tho legislature has tho pleasure of swindling. Ho has, however, concluded not to take arms In defense of tho insulted peo ple just yet, nnd tho loud-lnlkors wore qui etly muzzled nnd put on hack scats. ; M The nominees of tho Governor for mem bers of tho Stale Board of Health wore yes terday confirmed by the Senate, including Dr. Rauch, concerning whom a majority of tho Committee report that tho charges of habitual Intoxication, profanity, etc., ore not sustained; while a minority report sots forth tho painful fact that tho Doctor is afflicted with tho alcohol habit. The adoption of tho majority report and tho confirmation of Dr. Rauch shows that tho weight of opinion was that the case was not so serious as to necessi tate the amputation of tho affected member. The complete collapse of Daniel O'Leary, tho Chicago pedestrian, and his withdrawal from the contest in Row York Is calculated to still further lower toward absolute disre pute tho business of getting up walking matches for tbo gato*monoy that can bo squeezed out of a silly public. O'Leary's downfall wonld excite sympathy and commis eration among his former friends and admirers in this city were it not for tho very strong impression prevalent that bis break ing down is tho result of dissipation and ex cess. Tho man who but recently commanded tho admiration of a muscle-worshiping world by reason of bis extraordinary capacity as a pedestrian is reduced to tho condition of a pitiful wreck, portly through tho indulgence of gross appetites, but largely on account of tbo terrible strain his system has undergone in previous con* tests. Ho might have lasted longer if bo had hod tho brain and will-power to withstand temptation, hnt tho end was snro to como, and was only hastened by a little in conse* qnonco of his failnra to gob and keep himself in condition for such a test of endurance. Tlio City of Ssogdiu, in Southeastern Hun* gar;, hna become tbo scone of one of the most terrible catastrophes of modem times. The city contains some 80,000 inhabitants, and is situated on the Hirer Thoiss, which runs through its centre. It appears that the laud is very low and marshy, and in ordi nary times levees or artificial banks are needed to keep the river from encroaching npon the dwellers of the town. The spring floods from the Carpathian Mountains have sot in and the river, swollen to an un precedented bight, has broken its banks and inundated the entire city and surrounding country. Buildings of every description have been swept away by the force of the angry waters, and nearly the entire population are rendered homeless. The loss of life, it is es- timnted, will bo groat, and the suffering con sequent upon this sudden and, crushing visitation will bo fearful. Already the cry far food is beard, and the prospect of early relief is uot encouraging. The sight is said to bo utterly indescribable. Whore bnt yes terday layt thriving commercial and manu facturing city Is now only a watery desolation. THE CITY ELECTION—THE REPUBLICAN TICKET. Tbo Republicans have every reason to ha satisfied with the action of tho City Convon* lion and tho ward primaries in tho nomina tion of a general ticket and candidates for Aldermen. For tbo good of tho city, and to guard against emergencies, wo hopo tbo Democrats will do as well, though experience with Democratic conventions and primaries in tho past mokes it a case of almost hoping against hopo. At all events, it is now cor* lain that tho Democrats cannot put a ticket in the field that will command any moro re spect or confidence than the ticket which tho Republicans have nominated, and, if they put up an inferior ticket, then Republican success is assured. Tho Republican ticket Is essentially a business) ticket, and iuspiros the belief that tho city will bo run ou business principles if (ho Republican candidates shall bo elected. Mr. A. M. Wrioht is a straightforward, mat tor-oMaat, and plain-spoken man, who la con ceded on nil sides to havo positive and ollloiout executive ability. Ho will take hold of tho Mayor’s office with the purpose of running it in muoh tho same fashion as it has been run during Mayor Heath's administration, which Mr. Wrioht heartily approves. In Sir. M. A, Far well’s bauds the city moneys will bo perfectly safe, for, as a successful business man, ho will know how to toko care of them, and Ids personal integrity is apovo reproach. Col. Rioarv is a popular aud excellent lawyer, and, as tho olfico for which ho is a candidate is but a continuation of the practice of his own profession, ho wilt briug (o it all the requirements needed; ho is also a vigorous and devoted Republican, aud will be of good service in tho national campaign of next year. Mr. Peter Busohwah is a youug man of American birth and German parentage, a resident of tho North Division, who is in every way competent for tho position of City Clerk. Excellent as tho general ticket Is, it is a mutter for still moro cougratulatlon that tho Aldermanlo nominations include tbe very best men who could bo procured. Messrs. Dixon aud Ballard, of tho First and Second Wards, are gentlemen of largo experience in public affairs, and their records entitle thorn to continued confidence. Messrs. John M. Clark aud Amos Grannis, of tho Third and Fourth Words, are representative men of the first-class residence districts in which they live, and their election TT assured beyond any question. Mr. O. W. Barrett of tho Eighth, Mr. Richard Jokes of,the Ninth, Mr. George B. Swift of tho Eleventh, Mr. J. D. Everett of the Twelfth, Mr. John O. Enoeus of tho Fifteenth, aro all business muu of good standing who wifi represent taxpayers’ interests in tho Council. There should be a special effort to re-elect Aid. Thompson in tho Thirteenth Ward, because a special effort is being made by designing men to beat him on account of his steadfast adherence to an economical policy in the management of city affairs. No nominations havo been made by the Republicans in tho Sixth, Seventh, aud Sixteenth Wards, because it was thought wiser to make any combination in those districts which may bo necessary to defeat tho tax-eaters and Com munists. Mr. Souweisthal, tho present Al derman from the Sixteenth (though n Demo crat), ought to ho voted for by tho Repub licans for re-election, if ho runs against a Communistic candidate, as ho has made an excellent Alderman. There is danger that (bo Communists may elect in tho Fourteenth Ward also; Mr. Louts Mautin, whom tho Republicans havo nominated, deserves to bo elected, aud will bo if ho receives the support THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: THURSDAY. MARCH W. l87!)-TWELVE PAGES, of tho elements opposed to Commmilsm. Aid. Janssens Is probably ns good n man as stands any chance of election from tbnt wnrd, nnd wo hope tho Republican Club of tbo Eighteenth Wnrd will present tbo right sort of material upon which tbo full strength of tbo parly will unite, Tills is a will put Carter Harrison snd bis peculiar frlomls to Iholr spurn, If ho is to ho tho fltolo-Sovorolgnly candidate for Mayor. Harrison himself will have to adopt n moro courageous policy than that of going to Kentucky to escape a decision about accepting tho Greenback nomination and to ovoid embarrassing ques tions if bo has any idea of boating A. M. WnimiT, backed tip by so strong a ticket ns tho Republicans have put in tbo Hold. 110 cannot como back any too soon nor rid him self any too quickly of bis Fiat associations if bo intends to mako the campaign. What ever may bo tbo result, it% a satisfaction to fool that tho Republicans 1 havo nominated reputable men throughout, and have catered to none of tho low and dangerous elements that enter Into local politics. ENGLAND'S EASTERN WARS. The two wars which Ragland now has on hand are likely to keep her busy for some time to oome, but will oud iu securing her a very handsome indemnity in tho way of territory. Since Cetewavo surrounded and overwhelmed tho camp-guard of Loan Chelmsford's invading forco, tho tide of battle has turned and tho Zulus have boon defeated with largo loss of mou and mala rial. Tho defeat scorns to havo* overcome their fierceness and dcsiro for war, os they nro represented ns qoc indisposed to accept terms of peace. Tho. only hope that Cete* wato can have for prolonging tho war is in his personal influence over his warriors, his success in inducing other tribes to join his foroo, and in keeping tho Transvaal neutral. Even admitting, howover, that ho should succeed in every ouo of these throe direc tions, his ultimate success is hopeless. If necessary, tho English Government will pour in tr oops enough to overrun tho wholo of South Africa. It is only a ques tion of time, therefore, and of very short timo at that, how soon Oetew.vyo will bo suing for peace. Whoa that timo comes, tho English will not leave their Natal colony exposed to any further danger from Zulu laud, but will go in and occupy it,—iu other words, annex it to tho Queen’s dominions and bring Cetewato and his dusky warriors un der tho influence of English civilization. The work of making a scientific rectifies- tion of the northwestern frontier of India by cutting oil a slice of Eastern Afghanistan also progresses favorably in the main. A small oolum n was attacked and defeated last month by ono of the treacherous hill tribes, but sot-bneks like this kind are only tempo rary, and do not afloat the progress of the gen eral campaign. The English accomplished the most dangerous pact of their work when they got through the passes and cstab lishod their communications, and when the campaign is renewed this spring wo may look to see them go forward with irresistible momentum. The recent death of the Ameer, Sherd Ali, has been of immense importance to them, first, because it has provoked civil strifes among factions of which they could take ad vantage, and second, because It deprives the Afghans of the moral help which Russia has been giving them. The Russian Govern ment has very little confidence in Yakoob Kuan, who has proclaimed himself Ameer since' the death of his father, and the Afghans themselves are not over well satis fied with their now ruler. As in the case of tho South African campaign, it Is only a question of time how soon the English will advance their Indian frontier to tho table lauds of Afghanistan and establish a strong barrier against Russian progress towards India. Those two wars off tholr hands, It appears highly probable that the next move of tho English will bo to subjugate tho now King of Rnrmah, who has signalized his accession to tho throne by cruelties ns inhuman as those which are practiced by tho rulers of Dahomey, and by menaces against the peace of British Burmnh. Tho resident representa tives of tho English Government have al ready made formal protest# and have been rudely aud dlsoourtoouidy repulsed. If a repulse of a similar sort from the late Amcor of Afghanistan was sufficient cause for an Invasion of tho territory by England, there is no reason to expect that she will pocket tho affront of tho King of Burmah. When the convenient time comes, therefore, wo are likely to hoar of another annexation movement on the Eastern frontier of India and moro scioutifio rectification. As all throe of those rectifica tions are in tho interest of religion, morals, commerce, ond civilization, tho English ac quisitions of territory will not bo looked upon with jealousy by tho world in general. THE ABSORPTION OF GOLD, Wo print ou interesting communication made to tho American Silver Commission organized in 1870, bringing the figures of tho estimated metafile money in tho princi pal countries of tho world down to the be ginning of tbo present year. Some of tho iuformation is of interest. In 1872 Germany began tho coinage of gold under tho law demonetizing silver, aud at the ond of that year had joined a sum equal to $100,000,000. Up to'January,lß79, (he total gold coinage of Germany equaled $-118,551,200. Since 1872 the tendency has been to concentrate (he gold in those coun tries having on exclusive gold currency, and under this tendency gold Ims been drawn from other countries whore silver or depre ciated paper Is (ho money in use. Since 1671 Japan has coined about $50,000,000 of gold, all of which has disappeared, aud most of it has been traced, directly or indirectly, to England. This coinage in Japan was of gold belonging to an old stock which had long boon in the country. There has always been a largo stock of gold in India, and England has boon drawing it from that country, India being supplied from elsewhere. But since the disturbance in tho value of silver India has retained her gold, but suspended her im portations of that metal. The importations of gold into England from Australia has increased to $81,000,000 annually since 1878. From 1878 to 1878 England has received $11,000,000 of gold from Chinn. During tho sumo period the net imports of gold into Eugluud from Mexico, Central America, South America, and the West Indies has not exceeded $28,000,000. All these silver-using countries, therefore, may bo said to have been exhausted of any supply of gold beyoud the ordinary supply needed for foreign trade. Tho absorption of gold by those countries using gold since 1672 is traced by Mr, Wes toh, and the amounts closely estimated. From the amount coined by Germany most bo deducted tho amount of gold ou baud aud (ho amount locked up or buried in tho military chests. Deducting these, the ab sorption of gold by Germany Is put down at <’>oo,ooo, and tho amount absorbed by Holland and the Scandinavian States at $40,- 000,000, and by tho United States at SIOO,- 000,000. Tho sum taken by the United States, howover, for resumption oud other pnrposos and held to data may bo considered at $2r>0,000,000, giving as tho total absorp tion of gold since tho demonetization of sil ver $810,000,000. Tliis has boon by States previously using silver or paper, and increas ing tho demand for gold to (hat extent. The estimate of gold in coin and bars now held by tho countries named, they constitut ing the gotd-nsing nations, is ns follows: ~..$ 000,000.000 ... 300,000.000 .... 250.u00.000 000,000,000 Great Britain and colonics.... Germany United States Franco ioilnnd, Doiclum, SwltzorlHQ<l«tnd HduuUunviatx Statei 100,000.000 .81,000,000,000 Grand total. The Amount of Biker hold as money by those same States is thus stated Franco United 5taten........ Uollom), Bclglnm, Switzerland .8 450,000.000 . 25,000.000 Total , 8 675.000,000 This places the totnt metallic money avail oblo at $2,476,000,000. Tho gold supply has reached its limit, tho nmmal product v boing no longer more than Bufilciont to meet tho current con sumption. To moot tho sudden demand created by tho demonetization of silver, there has been draw* the surplus gold from all parts of tho world whore it has been in store and not in use as money, and taken to gold-using countries. This inadequacy of tho supply has of course given it an in creased value wherever it is of necessity os money. Tho demand for metallic money has not by any moans decreased, nor has its ne cessity, and hence tho world must look hereafter, as it has always done, to silver to fill up tho measure earned by tho deficiency in tho production of gold. Tho demonetization of silver caused a great increase in tho demand for gold, with' out leading to any increase of production. Tho insufficiency or dearness of gold shows tho impolicy of tho demonetization of silver, and experience further shows tho certain re turn of silver to its proper proportion as part of tho metallic money of tho country. Wo rater the reader to the paper of Mr. Weston, which is printed in full in this issue of Tub Teiduke. THE EADS JETTIES FAILURE. The Now Orleans 71»im of tho 4tb prints tho fol lowing, elated “Port Eads, .March a—noon"! “The British steamship MlUado, outward bound, la unround In tho Jetties, above Crane Island. She lies In tho channel, and is wonting down Into shoal water. Her draft la twenty-one foot cloven inches alt and nineteen feet seven Inches forward." Tho bottom of the twcnly-four-foot channel, for which tbo Government has paid Capt. Bads, has a violent, uncontrollable prejudice against vessels drawing twenty-two feet.— Memphis Avalanche, It is time to call a halt on tho Eads jetty job, for tho reason that it is demonstrating itself to be o stupendous fraud. The only jetties that aro now needed aro such as will protect, not the mouth of tho Mississippi River, but tho pockets of tho taxpayers of tho country from tbo raids of Capt. Eads and his crowd of contractors and lobbyists. Tho warning lias boon sounded over and over again, In Congress and out of Congress, by papers nt tho North and at tho South, by Government officials, and by old, experienced river pilots and engineers, that tbo jetties not only would bo, bat wore already, a failure, and still tho leeches havo gone on drawing appropriations from tho Treasury, and, by the aid of powerful lobbies, getting legisla tion so changed ns to get stilt greater amounts than the contracts call for. Capt. Cowden, in his recent letter In Tub Ouicaqo TainuNE, showed tbo exact state of tho original contract in tbo following state ment: “Tho contract; without any reference to tho depth of water that was on tho bar at that time, stipulated that whoa a channel twenty feet la depth and no less than 200 feot wide may bo secured, $500,000 shall bo paid. When a channel twenty two feet deep by *IOO feet wide, 5- p 'oo, ooo shall bo paid. When a channel twenty-four feet (loop and not less than 250 feet wide shall bo secured, SSOO, • 000 shall bo paid. After said depth shall have been secured for twelve months, $250,000 shall bo paid. Tho twenty-four feet by 250 feet wide channel has never boon secured, when tho Govern ment has already paid 8-, 000,000, or $250,000 mure than the contract bad tho channel so stipu lated been secured. ” Senator Davis, in h!s speech npon tho River and Harbor bill, substantiates Oapt. Cowdbn: “Now what has boon Iho result! Tho law was to be, an far as tho contract went, that whoa twenty four feet of water was obtained than there would bo $11,000,000 duo. Consequently, reaching about twenty-two feet of water or a little rising, accord ing to the latent report, there would bo 81,000,000 due, but f'.'.OOO, 000 of it has been paid or Is at tho disposal ufCnpt. Radii. Therefore, the contractor has had In his control $1,000,000 more than tho Government agreed to pay at any lime, except upon the modification of (ho contract last year. For tho past two years probably there has been no progress in tho depth of tho channel. Two years ago the channel wasnhout the same as it Is to-day in depth, nnd it Is nut ns deep now ns It was two months ugo. I understand tho fact to bu that on tho 13lh of tho month Just passed, February, the depth was about twenty-two /tel, and that In January last tt was nearly twenty-four Jett. Consequently, there has boon, Instead of an Increase In depth, Just the re verse, mid there Is not us much water now as there was formerly. u After having secured $1,000,000 more than tho contract intended, Capt. Eads, with tho help of his lobby, succeeded in running in upon the Iliver and Harbor bill an amendment to tho original contract by which ho grabs $750,000 in one block, with out any more work whatever being done. In addition to this grab, tho half-million blocks, contingent upon certain depths at tho jetties, are also provided for; hut, os Capt. Eads has already succeeded In getting far more than tho contracts call for, it is not, likely that future payments will de pend nt nil upon tho depths of water ho may secure, bnt, on tho other hand, with the help of his lobby, wo may expect that ho will continue to grab tho taxpayers* money without any reference to tho condition or progress of tho work. Even tliis might be tolerated if there were any hope that this gigantic experiment would ho crowned with success. So far from this, it not only proves a failure, bnt looks very much like a bold, unblushing attempt, thus far successful, to defraud tho people, Tho reports of Capt. 1 Buowk, the Government Engineer, and Gen. Comstock, show that out beyond tho crest of the bar, where tho jetties wore exposed to tho action of tho waves, they wore washed away long ago and cannot bo replaced. Tho same reports show conclusively that the “ teredo,” a very de structive worm, has badly eaten tho lower tiers of the outer ends, sometimes oven to partial disintegration. Tho bar outside is not affected at all by tho jetties. It is there to-day os It was there 200 years ago, when described by the French navigators, though ot that time in was eight or ton miles further inland, and it always will bo there so long as fhe waters of tho Missis sippi and Gulf of Mexico continue to meot- Itls estimated that at the least calculation 813 billion pounds of dry earth pass out of tho Mississippi yearly,—sufficient, as a "Iliver Engineer " wrote to Ton Twibunb the other day, to form a mountain a mile square and 258 foot high | and, so long os the Gulf of ( Mexico lasts and tho Mississippi River runs, this subaqueous roouutnin will stand to mark tho confluence of tho two, Capt. Eads, and his lobbies, and his jetties to tho contrary notwithstanding. Havo tho jetties deepened the water in the channel? Tho engineers say that there nro twouly-lwo foot of water in thoold channel. As far back as 1720lhore were twenty-two foot. In 1810 tho bar pilots took vessels to sea drawing from eighteen to twenty feet. During tho War, tho steamship Mississippi, that was lost in tho Fort Hudson fight, came in over thobnr drawing twenty-ono feet, and the Richmond and Hartford, drawing about tho some, frequently crossed It. Maj. Howells' report for 1677 says that during tho year twenty vessels wont to sea drawing from twenty to twenty-ono foot and two drawing over twonly-ono foot. Worse than this is tho fact that on the 13th of January last there wore nearly twenty-four foot of water, while on the 13th of tho next month thoro were but twenty-two feet at Eads' pass, showing that instead of an Increase thoro is not as much water as formerly at tbo old pass. Thus tho Government has sunk $2,000,000 on this stupendous experimental humbug without any result. With such facto as those confronting Con gress, these appropriations aro a criminal waste of money, tantamount to robbery. If it continues, if Eads is permitted to go on with his abortive scheme of attempting to wail in the Mississippi River with willow brush, instead of allowing it to discharge its surplus waters through tho bayous which , Nature has provided, aided by artificial ; canals, it is only o question of timo how soon ho will break tbo Treasury with his jetties, as ho has bankrupted tho St. Louis Bridge Company and broke tho Missouri State Bank with his bridge. It Is lime to choke off tho jobbers oud contractors and stop tho humbug. 100,000,000 OFFICIAL TENACITY AND RAPACITY. Tho inclination to bold on as long as pos sible and to grab as much os possible Booms to bo an official instinct. There may bo ex ceptions enough to prove the rule, but wo do not recall any of those exceptions in the attachments to tho Illinois Legislature. Tho reflection is suggested by tho fact that only now, at least two years after such ac tion should havo boon token, bos tho House of Representatives passed a bill abolishing tho Hoard of State-House Com missioners, and that iho passage of tho act by the Senate is still a matter of donbt. Tho gentlemen who compose this Hoard, in spito of widespread discontent throughout tho State at their official management, have clung to their places two years beyond' tho time when the appropriation for tho work in their charge was exhausted. They expended all tho money on tho Statc-Houso which was permitted by tho Constitution without tho authorization of a popular vote, then loft It in on incomplete condition and asked tho people to vote half a million more to finish it. Tho Legislature two years ago ap proved this unreasonable demand, but tho people refused to indorse it by an overwhelm ing vote. That vote ought to have been reproof enough for tho State-House Commis sioners, and self-respect and obedience to the popular will should have prompted them to resign. They wore informed by the people os plainly as possible that tho pop ular belief was that they hod wasted tho money spent on tho Stnto-Hoaso; that they had, by unnecessary alterations and ex travagance, exceeded the warrant of the Constitution; that there was no confidence in their management, and that they ought to rotiro. But tho Commissioners clang to their places just tho same, and would proba bly continue to chug to them till .death should overtake them, unless they were re moved or tho Boon! abolished. If, finally, there Is serious intention on the part of tho Legislature to abolish this Board, it is probably because tho conclusion bos boon reached that the people will vote no more money to expend on tho State-House until they are satisfied that its disbursement will not bo confided to a sob of men who are re sponsible for tho previous wastefulness. It Is almost impossible persuade one official body to take any act which will bring nbont the destruction of any other official body. There Is a strong bond of sympathy between all men who draw money from tho public treasury; they ore firmly united in tho desire to continue to draw money, how ever much they may bo divided-on abstract political questions. Any proposition to ap propriate public funds for tho establishment of now institutions,—whether prisous, asy lums, schools, or official Hoards,—or to at tach pay to places which had previously boon without pay, or to increase emoluments and expanses in any way, always receives (ho most respectful attention; but it is next to impossible to got tho legislative oar for any demand that a Board bo abolished or ex penses curtailed. There have boon some striking instances of this legislative charac teristic at this session as well ns the last. Tho appeal of tho people of Cook County for the privilege of electing an entirely now Board of County Commissioners every year has boon; steadily denied, because tho schema would involve legislating a few persons out of office, —just as though there worosomo vested right about officoholdiug which is superior to the will of tho people. But there is no difficulty in securing tho introduction of a bill' amending the General Incorporation act so as to pay Aldermen a salary of $1,500 a year. We shouldn't bo surprised if this proposition emanated from tho Chicago Council or some of its surroundings; though tho Council has authority under the General Charter to veto itself salaries, it ban not tbo pluck to do so, and would probably welcome nuy legislative device giving Aldermen sola* ries in any cose. Even o pretense of economy is usually but q cover for extravagance in oflloial life. This is tbo condition of the proposed introduction of a gas-moobino into the State Capitol. Under the pretense of reducing on expendi ture of less than S3OO a month, certain mem bers favor the adoption of a certain patent, and the erection of building and machinery which, in original investment, and interest, and expenses, will involve on annual cost of twice or thrice as much as the present cur rent expenditures for lighting tbo State- House. So it is proposed by certain mem bers, on tbo plea of economy, to out off all appropriations for militia, and thus deprive the State of the protection of a volunteer armed police, eo necessary to the preserva tion of property and the assurance of publio peace. There is no political patronage in the State Guard organization, and so it Is desired to abolish it ou (ho pretense of sav ing SIOO,OOO u year (which is the amount asked for), but at the same time it is pro* posed to create anew set of officials known as “ official reporters," who will impose a cost, first and last, of twiea as much as could bo saved by abandoning the State Guard. If anything, we think the pretense of economy is more costly than the avowed extravagance} and nearly all the measures of n political nature show a cbronlo disposi tion to hang on to offlco aa long as possible and to grab ns much os possible. Twenty years ago the project ot a ship-enna from Georgian Bay to Toronto was widely dis cussed, mid attracted very general attention. The distance Is only 100 miles, and of this only some forty miles Is to be close canal navigation. Mora than half the route lies In the valleys of the Notawasaga, Holland, and Humber Rivers and Lake Bimcoo. The bard times of 1857*’00 put a damper on the discussion, and (or several years tho project passed nearly out of sight of tho public. But from the report of the Special Committee of tho Ontario Parliament, pub lished lu Tub Tribune of Tuesday, It looks os If a vigorous movement may possibly bo made in tho Interest of this enterprise. The great barrier to bo overcome is tho deep cat between the Holland Marshes and tho Humber River, which, if the canal ho fed from Lake Simcoo, requires a culling through tho sand ridges of the enormous depth of 107 feet. Since tho In ception of tho enterprise a lift-lock has been In vented In England, which, tt la claimed, works admirably, and doos away with the necessity of the deep cut. This may bring the cost ol the canal down to much less than the former esti mates, uud render tho work perhaps posslblo. A Parts correspondent bos discovered striking points of resemblance between Qajidetta and Blaine. Bays tho observer: Qamdetta's strongest weapon Is sold to be his tongue, achieving his greatest successes Oy his pas sionate harangues m the Chamber of Deputies. A jual Idea of ttic Frenchman can bo bad by imagin ing the American a little darker, his hair Jot black, bis figure stouter, and bit gesture more animated. The two bare the same stature to an Inch, the same pretended preoccupation In listening to debate, the same arrogant vigor of response, the same hector ing. both of the weak and strong, the saino exces sive sclf-conildcncc, the same pompous disdain of parliamentary rule. Both men have come lo the front through political upheaval; Blaine through tho civil War; Gamiietta through tho ertmo and downfall of the Kmniro. The latter denounced Louis Napoleon and ills manifold Bins In so audacious a manner tbat tho Emperor was ntupefied, amt others, less bold, wore encouraged to express their sincere opinions of tho strangula tion of freedom. Oamhktta bns boon more suc cessful than any ono of his countrymen In restrain ing tho passions of tho Parisian populace, and to his fervid oraln and yet steady hand may be ascribed tho temperance which lias enabled the young Republic lo pans unharmed through so many and so Imminent perils. Oanbetta Is declared to bo more practical than Blaine,—to bo in action all tbat Blaine Is in management and debate. The St. Louis Car Association Is getting itself Into trouble. Its action with reference to legal advertising bas brought out some curious reve lations of rascality on the part of members of the Bar. The Oloht'Dtmocrai reiterates its charge that many lawyers have habitually pocketed the difference between full advertis ing rates and the reduced terms offered for legal notices, and other newspapers call attention to a remarkable lawyer’s fee of 81,800 among the expenses of collecting 811,000 of fcc« in the Circuit Clerk’s office, it would seem that the last question the Bar Association of fit. Louis ought to have touched was that of exorbitant fees, for aay purpose whatever. It is usually the practice to print legal advertisements in obscure newspapers where they arc never scon and where they are dear at any price. If the practice is different In St. Louis, so much tbo hotter for litigants. There is, In any case, no reason why the lawyers should plume them selves oa their superior ludustry In the matter of lee-taking. The Judicial election In Illinois takes placo Juno 3. Five of tbo seven Judges of tho Su premo Court will then be elected. The First District, embracing twenty-four counties In the extreme southern part of tho State, was former ly represented oa tbo Bench by Judge Siombz iIHBKSB, but Is now represented by Judge David* J. Baker, appointed temporarily by Gov. Collou. It will elect a new Judge this year. Tho Second District, Including nineteen counties just north of the First District, will probably re-elect Judge Scbolfibld. TheTblrd District, composed of sixteen counties In Con trol Illinois, Including Sangamon and McLean, has two candidates In the Held,—the Hon. John M. Scott, ot Bloomington, who Is a candidate for re-oleclion, and B. 8. Edwards, of Spring field. Judge Walker, of tbo Fourth District, and Judge Craio, of the Fifth, hold over. The terms of Judge Sheldon, of tho Sixth District, and Judge DiOREt, of tho Seventh, expire this year; it Is presumed both will be candidates for re-election. Jbpp Davis said In his farewell speech to the United States Senate eighteen years ago the 31st of January last, that he would have followed Mississippi out of the Union even If be bod bo* licTcd that she was not acting with sufficient provocation. “Bat 1 maybe permitted tossy,” ho continued, “ that I do think she baa a justi fiable cause, and I approve of ber act* 1 con ferred with her pcoolo before the act was taken, counseled them then that If the state of things which they apprehended should exist when the Convention met they shdald take the action which they have now adopted.” This was the plain language of treason in the United States Senate Cham per eighteen years ago. It was a disgrace to the Government that permitted It; ami the people who should again put that traitor In the same place to use again, U he chose, the same language, would be unworthy to use o freo ballot. 'i =Thc Irene Macgllllcuddy ” papers were writ ten, It is well understood, by Mr. Lawrence Olu'Ua.nt, an English author of some repute ut home, who baa visited friends In America, and (s familiar with all the phases of Now York society. They have Just been claimed, however, by a young and audacious clergyman on Staten Island, who has put forth another small volume called “Lady Huckleberry Enlarges on Her Husband's Follies; a Continuation of UteMac gllllcuady Papers.” This continuation purports to bo by tbe author of the first series of papers', but the Internal evidence shows a different hand. The continuation U more vulgar and loss witty than the original. The name of Willuh U. Uahmibreb has been mentioned In connection wjth the nomlna tlon for Alderman in the Eighteenth Ward. Mr. MANNiBRitt: la a suitable man for the place. The estate which ho in pari represent* i& among the heaviest taxpayers in the city. Ills reputa tion Is above reproach, and he has just the kina of leisure which ought to be employed more often than It Is In the public service. If the young men should sco fit to nominate and elect him he would be every way a worthy representa tive of the best interests of the ward. ThO Chlcaco jlfsdicai .Journal and J&ommer, Id imitation of a British publication, luu estab lished a confessional, Id wbicb, it U expected, practitioners will record their blunder# lor the reproof and guidance of Use profession. The experiment is an Interesting ope. It# success will largely depend, of course,'on the strict con cealment of the names of contributors. If physicians contribute with any freedom to the now department they will embarrass the editors with the richness of their experience in blunders* A little nonsense now and then Is spoken by Uiu beat of men. Mr. FitoTmgoiuu, of New York, ordinarily a sensible mao, said in a New York address Sunday: “The work of tbo press Is externals that of the pulpit Internal. Ono addresses the ear, the other the soul of the world.” This is simple rot. it signifies noth* tug. Think of Talmaqx addressing “the soul of the world “—with his talented legs I If Blackuubn Is made Speaker the Southern Democrats will not have the paltry excuse to oiler that he Is a subsidy mao. Ills name does not anywhere appear on the list ot voters In favor of ihe Brazilian subsidy, and tbo Vicks burg Herald opposes him because he duos not advocate Southern Improvements. He will be elected, if at all, because bo is a Rebel and a flre-catcr. __ Mr. CnsßLHa Wyllts Elliott’s lectures be fore the Decorative Art Society lu this city promise to ho useful and Interesting to a large class of people. The first one, oo “ Household Life and Art in Greece lu tho Time of Pbiuatbs,” *“ delivered Turadev niter,uren, end celta a remarkable aufllcrca Irett, f ot cl..nri„ mt numbers. I'Tro more Iceturo. are to lie 1,,™ 11 ed on the following ..j'S'"' l.tt« and Art In German; tn Urn Timl" 1 !•«..» "I "in Franco In tl.c Time of J„T V “ Arc*’; '• In tire Time of Fuancis “il'n 01 Blond In Urn Time of Riciunn Time of Q.renn Eu Z *„et„." Two Icclnrc,,,m lie delivered each ween, tliu .er0.,,1 one 10-nm row, In tire room, of llio Decorative Art s„ r „?!’ It lo to bo hoped the; will cell out Uie otten.u wico which their merits deserve. Uc “** Poor Mmc. AnmmaoN b, , tm nbout tbc track ot tho Exiioillion Bulbll'n' blind and halt dead. Tbc exhibition Is dc»,T log and dlsßUallnif. It omrbt to bo «lom»T Tim police authorities probable rcluso lorn, Jl tcro on tho ground that they ban no He m do to Inasmuch ns a license has been taken Hut lire Mayor can roroko tire license u" self-inflicted tortures ot this wretched worn, should be reflarded na tho acts ot an | M , n parson, mid prevented for n reason similar, that which would lend on; humane person Z dcslro dial n maniac gaaldnir himself wkh. kulfo should bo taken Into custody. * Tho Mississippi Legislature which Is loeW n successor to ilnuco will be chosen next fin It can elect Jew Davis, Ir It feels incliJi spile of bis disabilities. If It does «u as no* seems probable, the Democratic chances forth* Presidency in 1880 will not bo worth a rmtL Wo hope tho Mississippi Legislature and the Solid South con be depended on to do tlio RA, publican party Hint service. Let the squarely made between treason mid loyalty, and the Republican party will como out ahead. Tho operators on the Board of Trade seem to bo afraid that Fisher & Co. may get another telegram from Keene, which will not b« t forgery. PERSONALS. Ur. Kimball's attention Is hereby called (&• Archbishop Parccll. Ex*Sonator Patterson, of South Carolina boa settled In Arizona. * Mrs. Bayard Taylor, who arrived in Now York recently. Is very til. Poor Air. Tildcn! Ho has eo little Toioc left that bo cannot tel) tbo truth. A horse kicked Henry Borgb. This, wo be* levc. Is the bight of ingratitude. Mr. Tilden is vindicated. For ho himself has said It, and It’s greatly to bis credit. Wo will book the Chicago pedestrian lo drink 2,700 bottloi of wine In 2,700 hours, Wall Whitman nod many of his readers are going South for tho benefit of bis health. Senator Logan, wo ore ossurod, is a lb<j violinist. Ho can even Addle grammatically. ' It oppears that UauUm Marble is to estab lish a Western branch of tbo barrel in this city. Gen. Sherman so loves the South that bo is willing to let'll help make bis brother President. Senator Conkllng in six foot throe, and he would like to be seventy-live Inches a President, Tbo portrait of Cetowayo la tho Graph id convinces as tbat he is fall as black as bo has baea painted. The King of tho Zulus wishes by this time that tbo infernal English weald carry the war oat of Africa. Wo have not yet lost out confidence in O'Leary. Wo believe he can stiff get away nlth several bottles. Mr. O'Leary had boon drinking so much ot late tbat the championship belt wouldn't hire fitted him, anyway. Tho Now York Tribune is rapidly improv. Ing under Whltclaw llcid’a management—of mil* tors not connected with it. No omoan( of legislation will apparently change the nature of tho Chinese. They still charge the same for washing. George Francis Train Is writing editorials for a Now York greenback pacer. Bis lunacy niff not be detected In sneb work. Tho Zulus aro getting whipped, ond we might say that tho shoe Is on tho othor foot, U Cotewayo didn’t go barefooted. It appoors, after all, that Minister Chris* tlanojr does not go to Porn for hit health. Ho in* tends to bare bis wife go there too. “Personals" will bo absent to-morrow. “Personals” and the Prince of Wales ore tbs Duke of Connaagnt's “nest men." Denny Kearney predicts that this country will be rained within six months. Ur. Kearney mast be bound over to keep tbe peace. . u Owing to tho hard times," the Buffalo JSxpretß tells us, “spring bonnets will bo worn mostly In the millinery establishments." The coll for an extra session to begin noit Monday gave members of Congress bat two weeks la which to properly serve their country. A man out Wool hanged himself the other day because ho wanted to bo an angel. Wo are afraid bo’ll bo an angel with a sore throiL Tho recent dofoatM of tho Zulus are clear ly tho result of the discouraging nows that Prince Napoleon bad allied himaelf with uiu English. A colored brother in tho Chaplain of the Alabama House of Representatives. They think down there that anybody is good enough to do the praying. 010 Bull roomed with Thackeray, and many of Thackeray's Illustrations would appear to show that the latter need bis room-mate’s flgura for bta caricatures. TELEGRAPHIC NOTES. New Orleans, March 12,— The Jury In the Caddo election case were unable to agree, ana were discharged by Judge Woods. Kvtctat Vtuxitch to Tbt itioune, Omni, Neb., March 13.-Gea. Sheridan, Cob Foraytbo, and Copt. Gregory arrived hero this mornlOß Irom Cblcaeo, and were Joined by Qca. Crook and Lieut, iiourke. Tlie whole party left tojeotber tor Camp lloblnfionlolo^ vcetlgato Indian affair*, and to locate the ne military post on Snake River, la Northern i »■- braaka Special JMtpateA to The Tribune. Ann Arbor, Midi., March 12.—K. A. he to-day gave Judge Kaiiudcll, coU ” se * University, a deed conning the Bealo-btcero collection to the University, conditioned, l a*- over, upon the erection of afire-proof mu l building Id whlcli to place It. It Is , LegUlature Mill make the necessary appro?™* tlou for such building. it»edal Dltpate* to Bourn Emin, 111.. March 13.-Tho EJ°“ pretty well thawed out now, and UI though spring had really begun lo «w°cst. plowing or Bowing has yet been done, *> u farmer# will comment© this week if th weather continues. Tho lee has gone the Fox River. In this State and Dakota, ami long Irakis to with ImoilgrunU and ihelr goods PA* 8 .. * j m , road daily. The rush of westward-bound i» mlgrauiß U unprecedented. CHARLES FECHTER. Oxlal BUI*K» U Tti IWW** Vim.lDtl.Pllu, March »-Cul. Mt 11 editor ol tije Tima, to reloroiico •“ ™"‘°* "i, Charles Feebler, tho actor.hu withdrawn' |, ]ihol-ouft eeelhll tint journal, »»)•»• 1 u yet oosuit to withdraw, u urcicntud to IheOrood Jur )' “ (11 “ , ~i Tiro DUtrict Attorney .lerctaca ™ b 0 withhold tho bill ot tire Vcbriiary.t . cua wu lUsd lor trial ou tho noth ol Afrt' consaut ot couusel, unlesa nolle ( elrau by cither eldo l»o ,i w ST bcitlonloß of tic; term o< J„ purpose to continue. Iho C .„i forth* has given formal notice to Vim uy a) defendant that the prosecution Jifl the April term, and, aa the !?*“„,h itiaoluw. moowealth to continue lor oao h 1 a wnJt)cr the caso cannot ho reached uritu ( n ,to Hr. Feebler doea not seem to ““ £ nd ,„, had the muter Uhe wu holer. the u ( j* an opportunity to come to “* 9 maud a trial**'