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THE NEGRO HEGIRA.
oomo Information as to tho Colored Emigration from tho South to Kansas, The 44 Tennessee ItanMMnta & Horac stcml Association,” ami Its Operations. Eovoinl Colonies from Tonnossos and Ken tucky Already Settled Comfortably in Kansas, The Colored Teople Wnnt Homes of Their Own, in a I,nmi Where They Can Enjoy Their Rights. , ffr'dal Cfirrnpanitrnee tif The Tribune, Topeka. Km., March 22.—Your readers will tm glad to hear aliutil (he colored emigrants in Kansas tram the Pouth. 1 called yesterday at the house of Columbus M< Johnson, who lathe agent at Topeka of Hie "Tennessee Ileal-Estate & Homestead Association,' *’ and who Is devot ing his time at present to looking after the wel fare of (he recently-arrived immigrants, ile Is a middle-aged mid intelligent colored man. I found him disposed to he communicative. Ho appears to have been a man of considerable prominence In Tennessee after the War: and, at my request for information, ho showed me various papers exhibiting evidence of his having held positions of trust ami honor. He was a delegate lotbc Republican National Convention at, Philadelphia hi !8?J, from the Fifth Con gressional District of Tennessee; ami was also a delegate to tho Cincinnati Convention (n I.HTd, from (he Fourth District. The Association of which he la an agent was formed at Nashville . AS EAltl.T as 180'J. It contemplated the purchase of small farms In Tennessee, nmi the encouragement of the freodmeu in 'the farming districts to become owners of tljd kind they should cultivate, it was soon found that no headway could be made In the.undertaking, and, after holding a State Convention over tin: subject, a Commit tee was appointed to visit Kansas, to see If cheaper homes could not bo found aiqoog a more friendly people than in the land of their former slavedom. Mr. Johnson was a member of that Committee. The Committee came to Kansas, and returned with a favorable report. Hut, although the organization was kept up, it was several years before the emigration gal (airly started. One other Committee sent out made an unfavorable report; Kansas hod met with some adversities: and the blacks preferred to llvo In the land of their birth any way. Bub a few. families COMMENCED MOVING TO KANSAS from the time of the first Committee report, In 16(19. Letters written back by such families gave cncomuccment to others to come; ami, m 1878, Bonjamiu Singleton, the President of the Association, himself came out to take a look at Kansas. His report was so favorable that a company or 200 or 800 gathered, and Singleton brought them out that year,— locating ,them In Cherokee Couuty, in the southeast corner of the State. From-tliat time the railroad-agents over various routes have been stlmulatiing the emigration by offers of low fares. They bring companies fromNnslivllle to Topeka at $lO a head. The Association has continued to keep up active operations. Emigrants desiring to come are by Its agency thrown Into companies, placed under competent leaders, and cheap rates of transportation arc secured. Homo half-dozen different partied, numbering from 100’to 800 each, have come out under the auspices of this Association. Most of the parties hare come to Topfcka.From here they have GONE TO VARIOUS PARTS UP THE STATE. Several hundred- have, gone to Barton-County, away down In Hie 'Arkansas Valley;'others to iludgotmm mid other frontier counties. . In JB»7, Johnson himself came to Kansas, In company with Singleton, the President. They together spent nnieii lime obtalnlnglnfunnntlon from (invcrnincnt uml oilier Uud officers, and. In exploring mid viewing lands. Johnson bus remained hero, and Singleton attends to affairs at Nashville. Among other colonics which they have established fs ono in Morris and Lyon Counties, called the Singleton Colony. This Is upon some lands pure-based by the (Jdvornmeni from the. Kansas tribe of Indians, and which is to be sold to the settlers at a low price,—at from $1 to $5 per acre, It Is said,—and on long time. Other companies have come nut besides those organized by this Emigration Company,—some from Tennessee, and some from Kentucky. Many of these immigrants have scattered out through the older counties, wheru they rent lund, (arm on shares, or work for wages, in some instances tlie immigrants me able to buy Improved (arms; or small unimproved tracts, at from $5 to SIU an acre. They are NEAUI.V ALL AOIUCUI.TUIIAP LAIIOUEII3, mill, os Johnson and ullimof them admit, Imvo, much the larger part of them, liltlo means other than their own hands to begin life with lu tills to them strange country. Miuiv of those who Imvo como out to tho lion tier, upon homestead lands or upon cheap railroad lands, make their etibslstonco and their lirbl gains by working fur wages on thu now farms of thu moru lorclmndcd wlillo settlers. Fortunately for these people, the present lame Immigration of white people to the new counties In Kansas enables the blades to fail in among the others hi places where they cau get work at fair wages. This, Johnson soya, those wiio have cone to Ilarton, Morris, and other counties uro doing; and only in one in* stance lias (here been disaster and aulTerlng, so far us 1 can lenru. That was in the case of TUB NICODEMUS COLONY, in Graham County, towards (lie northwest part of the State, on thu Solomon Hlvcr. That colony was commenced in the summer of 1877,—t00 late in the season to raise any as that year. The people came from Ken* y. They came out under thu lend of a white man who was moru enterprising than cau tious. Jio was ambitious to pupulatu a new* couuty, mid to establish a county-scut which should bear his own name, Hill's City. The principal part of the colour, however, clustered around a location in another part of the county, to winch they gave the moru appropriate name, Nlcodcmus. Midwinter found them short of provisions, mid they were too remote from other settlements to get work to earn the means to carry them through. They were obliged to apply to the people of the older coun ties for aid. This they got. The Conference of ihu Mutlibdist Church, meeting at Salluu lu March following, also instituted meuytres to help the colony along till they should rulso a crop. They did raise a crop last .war, sulllclont for their subsistence, exeunt in the case of a few families who had the misfortune to bo burnt out by unralriu-Qre last fall. On the whole, this colony SBBMS NOW TO 118 I'HOSPBItINU. They are settled on homestead lands. Every man gels his farm of lt)U acres by pavmcnt of jand-olllto fees of about sld and living on Hie land tlyu years. If he'was u soldier mid helped to light for his freedom, he gets a rebate of time from Hie live veurs’ probation. But these people do not talk about a probation. Tbo up permost thought with them appears to bo to tnaho homes—permanent nlnnlng-placcs fur themselves mid their children—upon portions of Cod's footstool which they shall lie enabled to call their own. and Hie fruits of the cultivation ol which shall he their own. subject lo Hie oper ation of no oppressive lion laws made by their former masters for the purpose of robbing them of Hm principal proceeds of their labor. Thu Mcodemus Colony, in spite of drawbacks, (s Stowing, and this spring EXPECTS I.AUUE ACCESSIONS from Kentucky. This information I obtain from members of the colour, portions of whoso families arc lurrying (n Topeka, working to help earn the means of carrying on I lie mam enter prise of mnklng homes on Dm frontier, nearly 200 miles away. Four (lays ago, a company of between 200 and &AJ of tin sc colored immigrants arrived here from Nashville. Yesterday 1 hud u con versation with Martin Oglesby, who was men tunica to me as one of tliu leading men of the company. He is u plain-looking farm-negro. He told me lie could nut write, though he hud oueo learned lo read some. His company, he •aid, had * gathered ut Nashville from the country within tony mites uiouml, and without Buy reference to the operations of the Home stead Company of which Singleton Is President, though Mhiglulon had given them a letter to Iho •gent, Johnson, In Topeka, mid Johnson hud •“led them Here since they came. They find, • large part of them, were obliged to take up temporary quarters In a large unoccupied budding in North Topeka. Hut in three days' Hoc they had all found butter places, generally temporary quarters among people of llictr color throughout thv Hiy. Homo have found employ* mem; hut they have NOT COMB TO THIS TLACR TO STAY. They have coma hero a* a point from which they may go to Hie country when they shall have ob tained tho necessary Information to enable them to Indgn ns to where In Kansas they can best maim their homesteads,—upon cheap lands, or upon the free puhlledninsln. Gglenhy, and his companions who gathered around, told nm that they had nil received a great ileal of advice since they hid touched here, which they would have to lake tlmo to digest, thiimj lisd advised them to go out on one inlhoad nmi some oy another: to the frontier or to some town. -Johnson had cx jvaim d to them Hie advantages of the Hlnclo ion Colony, on the Kalians Indian lands. The 1 opeku city imlhoriiles hud seemed to desire to get them out of town, for fear they were pau pers, or no account of some prejudice. Hut they had stalled without lenders In this enter prise. Krperlcncu In following leaders during the last llfteen vearn had taught them to he cautious. As one remarked: " We have found no lender to trust but tub nun ovßuiißAi) or tin. No know onlv lids: Hint, If we are to get our own rights, uftd leave our children where they may enjoy tin* rights of freemen after us, w e must get out of (lie Pouth, out of the Hutches of onr former masters, who arc hold ing us In bond*.ns had us slavery. Our friends who have rome here hafaro ns to Kansas have tola us enough to make us believe that wo nm gut our rights and make-us liomrs here. We have not come to heg, We brought, with us enough to live on n little • while, and we have our hands to work with. Here we see labor going briskly on In Topeka, ns If you hml Just I>cgmi lo make n new town mid a new Stale. So we learn It Is all over Kansas. If we, after the life of struggle and toll we have gone through, every man. woman, ami child of us, cannot pitch in and do our share of thin work, mid make n living ami make un homes with the rust, why can't wet We have faith in God, and faith in ourselves. That’s enough.” A. I.nTI EIl FROM EX-OOV. VINCItnACK. TE? Washington, March 2i).—Ex-Clov. Pinchbaek, writing from Della, Madison Parish,'La., .March 11, thus dcßcribes the negro exodus: “Before leaving Now Orleans 1 heard of the Kansas lover among the colored people of this section, bub did not attach much impurinnec to It. 1 was, therefore, surprised on nearing the Della ferry-landing to (hid the banks of the river covered with colored people and their little stores of wurldly'goods. The crowd awaiting transportation at this point was estimated at 800, but 1 Icitrn It was swollen to 500 yesterday, when the people too* their departure on the Hi. Louis packet (Snind Tower for Kansas. A noticeable ■ feature about their departure was the fact that, not one of that vast number was permitted to hoard the steamer until fare was paid to HI. Louis. Tins fact explodes the erro neous Idea that these people are having their expenses paid by somn outside nueney, and that the movement. Is not u spontaneous one on their part. Numerous reasons are alleged for this remarkable exodus, but, so Inr ns I have been able to learn, the real cause Is an appre hension of undefined danger in the near future. They religiously belief that the Constitutional Convention bodcs'llicm no good; that, it has hum called lor, the express purpose of abridg ing their rights and liberties, anti they arc * lice lug from tins wrath to come.’ They are abso lutely panle-elrleken. livery road lending to the river is tilled with wagons loaded with plunder, and families who seem to think anv where la belter than here. On my way yester day to Mlltlken's lleiul, I saw a large crowd comped on the binding at Duckport. A still larger crowd awaited transportation at Mllll* ken’s Demi. . There is no doubt in my mind that this movement has assumed formidable shafK*, and, unless some means ore devised to arrest it, this portion of tlx* State will soon bo entirely depopulated of Us laboring dashes. “The entire congregations of two of the lead ing Baptist churches of this parish have already cone, and the estimate of the number Unit has Inft since.the movement began Is placed by the white planters as high us 1,500. While I deeply deplore the condition of things up here, lam not certain hut what it will bo productive of more good than harm in the end, In that it has (might the white people of Louisiana Unit There is a point beyond which even negro endurance cannot last.” t'Jov. PluehDack says meetings have been held in Madison. Parish at which Ucn. Morey, Will iam Murray, himself,.and others have attended mid addressed the blacks, ami he expresses the belief that their efforts wlll’lead to a mutual understanding between Uie planters and the laborers. ' THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE. Tcmporuiico nt Itochelle. To Bis IWHor a f The Tribune. Rochbu.b, HI., March 20.—Our approaching municipal election is beginning to arouse con siderable Interest hero. The question of the license or prohibition of the liquor tralllc is the all-absorbing question, ami Is the only Issue. D. A. Baxter, the handsomest man in tho city, and tho must popular among “tho boys.” la to be the candidate of tho License party for the Mayoralty. W. W. Holcomb, the Receiver of the C. it I. Halli-oid, a massively-built and a splendid business man, will lend the friends of prohibition, if Mr. Holcomb should be elected, woo betide the luckless culprit upon whom he will lay bis ponderous hand. An irumenU' petition of nearly, if not quite, a majority of the voters requests our esteemed citizen, H. 11. Qlenn, lu consent to rim for the office of School Director. He will consent. S. NcwnpapM-* In (ho Malls. To the Editor of The Tribune, Chicago, March 20.—A few days since 1 saw a paragraph in your paper saying that a large per ccufago of the transient newspaper mall did not reach It s destination, but was sold as waste pa per. For the information of many who arc 'sending newspapers to their frlemlsduily, please stale whether a sixteen-page Thihunb dr Time*, properly wrapped, and stamped (with u one cent slump), will insure its transit through the molls. By answering you will oblige ninny leaders. W. H. A. [ln order to insure the transmission of a eopr of Tub Sunday Tiuhunb— sixteen pages—u threc-cent slump Is required. For on eight or twelve pace TitthUNE, u two-ceut stump. The same applies to the ZVmu.] An Appeal fur tho Homeless Hlachs. To the lUHIor nj The 7‘rhoinr. Battle CiiRBK, Mich., March 21. —1 n rending the horrible tides given by those poor blacks in their lllclit from those iniumuus, murderous Southern Plates, I am surprised to see no move miuic by the Christian societies tu relievo Hair wants uml lo help them on their journey to homes in Kansas. What n burning shame it Is Hull they don't attract moru attention in behalf of their suiTcrlngs. Several times have Ihu Northern and Eastern States been called upon to and did relieve tho people of Kansas when in distress, but these were white people, hut uu moru worthy of our sympathy and liuip than • these poor blacks, who are driven out by Hie murderous clans of the South. When the refu gees of other lands are thrown on our shores, tiio press and pulpit and Christian associations vie with each oilier to tender hospitality. This is all right; but is it right to neglect those inno cent people and let them bulfurl Tiio articles In your paper of to-day ought to lire every Im mune heart ut the damnable treatment o£ the poor blacks by the people ut those accursed hiatus Hint will connive ut such acts us is evi dent they do. Will your paper muko tbe ap peal! There are millions of acres of land in Kansas. Let us lend u helping band to get homos for those poor, persecuted people. Yours, ii. Wilms. Discovery of Gold Near Wichita, Ktt«, To Pis J'.dilnr nj The 7 rlhuiie. Waukuun, 111., March 2d.—l liavo read tho letter In yesterday's Issue on this subject vritb considerable Interest, the more so as fur four ami a half years last past 1 have resided In that section, mid tun acquainted with almost every neiu of the surrounding country. J may bo per* milted to say that I am an Englishman, and went direct Irum England to Kansas, Judging from my general reading and the must reliable Information accessible that Kansas was des* lined to become the Stale of the Uulou. My residence there for the period stated has more than eonllrmed the soundness of my views and the correctness of my Judgment. I do not claim any special credit to myself, but 1 cannot resist the temptation at this Juncture to state that in my travels and amateur geological Inves tigations m the Arkansas Valley, 1 always stated that It was rich In mineral resources, and only required knowledge, means, and muscle to de velop them. Vour articles would ccrtiluly seem to indicate that 1 was not far from being a true prophet. I will not, like sumo men would do, strive to hide the truth, and say that 1 have no intcieH In this mutter, but at unco confess that 1 havu a farm ol UlO acres close to the City of Wtcblu, beslub* owning some ol the very heat located property lit the city, and of course 1 hope honestly that every word your cone- THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE spomlonf. sayslslnm, hut your render* will read ily sen that, ilie mere fact of hoping for Hie hunt cannot nercssttatn the heat, to he. Should the honnii7.ii hnvfl been discovered near my old home I would mo«t willingly place my hunt oilier* at thu feet of all Intending to wend their way thither, Inn little while I shall (Hart on my journey to Jolti my family on the farm. Yours faithfully, A. Whitworth. In Justlen to Miss Wlllnrd, To Hi* Editor a/ 'J'hf Tribune, Jounr, 111., March 23.—The following explan atory latter will show to what extent the state ment mode before the House at Springfield a few days since, In regard to thu use, by Miss Willard, of the State paper and stamp?, Is true. Miss Willard went to Jacksonville to fill tem perance engagement?, and while there was the guest of Mrs. Gillette, at thu Deaf and Dumb Asylum. Prominent members of Urn Legislature had represented to Mbs Wlllnrd that it would ho for tlm henelllof the “JfotnM’rotecllan Peti tion ” to have the addition of -10,(XKi signatures to It helorn It was presented lotlie Shiate. The original petition was presented to hull) Hrnate and House, fihe resolved to return nmi present the petition, with the additional signature*, to the senate. It was not necessary to deluge the Plate with petitions as before; knowing now* who me workers were, documents could he sent directly to them. Ah there l« a printing establishment connect ed with the Deaf nmi Dumb Asylum, Miss Wil lard had 2.500 documents struck oir. Her own otlldal notes having given out,’she purchased what was necessary from the Institution, amt Hie (allowing is the full amount of the hill, with Items: March H, lot, OPO circular* 8 5.00 March «. to M)(I0 envelopes U.OO March U), ro .‘*oo slips J.no .March 10, to l.UOOclrrulnri*...' Ilino March 10, to 2*2 Uiree-cent slamfe 00 March Jg, lo envelopes ,lv. 1.H5 Total This statement Is a fair showing of how far a temneranco woman g«ts her lingers into the public crib. Mns. M. Jlabwuod. Wound mid Voinmi. To the Editor nj The Tribune. Chicago, March 23.—“ Circumstances alter eases.” Noah Webster, in making up his dic tionary of the English language, made a sad mistake In (kilning the words liberty, equality, freedom, ntul chivalry. We of the North have always been taught that where nil things were equal in two given quantities, equality was pro duced. But how sadly arc wo disappointed when wo go South mid Hud that, though wo may be morally, Intellectually, ami physically on a level, there Is no equality- Ami wlivf Simply for the reason that we were born in the North, mid are not, therefore, ennuis, but “carpet baggers.” Liberty ami freedom I What glori ous old words! How our hearts In our younger days have swelled with emotion at the recital, of the glorious deeds of valor performed In thy defense. Once thou meant that “mail was born with certain mallenatilo rights”; that among these were “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” But now, alas! how chanced. You ask u Southerner to dcilno these, mid he answers, “1 reckon they menu for weuns to do ns we like, mid make youuns do us we do.” Once It was chivalrous to defend the weak, the poor, and the lowly; but modern chivalry bulldozes the weak, robs the poor, and tramples the rights of the lowly in the dust. Were wo to mount the pin ions of our glorious old “Bird of Freedom ” and soar aloft, mid land In the home of llm“Cane the Turkey” we would be an alien,—a “carpet bagger.’' Hut should,one of her proud sons be landed In Chicago he would be a gentleman mid a candidate for Mayor. Doubtless “ Our Carter ” expects us all to rush to the polls ou election-day and cast our voles for a “Solid South,” Just to show our dtsDocillon to return good for evil, etc. Yes. us much ought wo to Import Southerners to till all of ourofliees, as they arc a “superior race and born to rule,” and we—are “mud sills.” American. Mr. Ingcrsoll Criticism). 7V» (lie Hdlfor of The Tribune, Chicago, March 20. I was glad to see that you stigmatized ns “vulgar and flippant” the harangue of Mr. lugersoll, which invaded the sanctity of our Sabbath, bringing sadness to many a wife and mother whose, loved one was drawn from the homo fireside on that sactcd □ay,—sacred not only to Chrl&tluns, but to all who hold dear the name of “home,” mid who, after n week of busy toll and fast-speeding time, 'hull with pleasure the one day of peace and rest, but many of whom were Induced to leave It and go out to hear Mr. J,,—to hear, to laugh, and to accept, because It Is so easy to adopt wrung, and this sneaker is very adroit In enlarging upon Uie ideas which many, In the rebound from the strict parental theory forced upon them In their younger days, have tried to believe. It Is sneusy to tench a man wlmt he wishes to learn, and also in avoiding those points In his own un belief which his Heaters would nut accept. Mt. I. thinks there (q no hereafter; that ho will die like a bird or a leaf: that he has no soul I Now, if he had talked of that, many of his hearers would not have accented It; but no, ho Is lectur ing for dollars, and it would not uo to lessen his popularity. Ho he suokc only of Unit which ho could maico them believe, anil 1 hey, dazzled by the wit of the man, pay homage to him that is due only to genius, which he certainly does not possess, and It will be so proven In a few years i»y his fading from sight and being forgotten. Voltaire possessed something more than wit,— perhaps one evidence of which was his change of name,—but the must earnest admirers of tlds man bring no evidence that he Ims more, or that they leuni anything from him which they hud not thought before, bub which they do nut wish tlu-lr wives to accept. 1 bear a husband saying, “1 would not want my wife to change her bellet”: hut the wile answers, “1 would gladly bring you to mine, ami have striven all the-m years to do so, but I know I have suc ceeded at least In convincing you that one Is made purer and derated by being a Christian.” .And happy tire we who, if wo do nut think just lu-i onr* mothers did, have not at least “pro gressed” entirely out of our religion; on the contrary, as the scientist In the greater knowledge of this advanced ago does nut dis card his science, but enlarges upon It, so our religion, In becoming more broad, is none the less deep, tint is sweeping on in greater beauty and strength Ilian ever belore. 8. L. • Tim Wlumt (itieslinn. To thr LMif'ip oj The Tribune. Spiunovim.u, Wls., March 2-I.— ln looking over Hie, article in Titu Tuiuune of March 11) under Hie caption of 11 Blighted Wheat,” I ecu Hint one very important item is altogether lost tight of. In llie consumption of wheat year (crop of 1878) the estimated bushels cannot ho ndlcd mi :ib u basis for estimating the dour or bread of said crop as compared with Hie bushels produced In 1877. Tim spring wheat of 1878 will not produce us much Hour per bushel ns the cron of 1877 did iiy onu-lourth, and in many lo calities it fulls short fully one-half, it now re quires from four to six bushels Of spring wheat lo produce IPO pounds of dour, whereas three bushels of the crop of 1877 would more than make MX) pounds after being tolled. Conceding Unit wu had 1(8*1,- 00t>,000 bushels in 1878; I lien deducting Ca,UOO,LKKI (uiic-lourth shortage In flour), and it leaves us but 281,000.01)0 bushels equal in Hour products will) lormorycors, and from this latter amount take our bread and seed, and wo have but 01,000,000 left (or export; and if we havu already exported moru than 01,000,000 bushels, we have to stand Hie shortage between this mid another harvest ourselves, Thu “ agricultural press" is not very reliable in estimating Hm amount of Hour a given quantity of wheat will yield. The milling Journals are much better authority. It is an hfiposslblllty for shrunken or shriveled wheat to produce ns much Hour us wheat that lias fully matured. Any one on a moment's reduction should know tills. There Is mure bran mid offal in u bushel (by weight or measure) of shriveled wheat than there is in a bushel of plump, woJI-dovelopcd wheat; conse quently there must be less Hour. For tliu purpoio of planting, No. 2 spring wheat will Pa found uh good ns No. 1 spring, providing tin-weather Is propitious after Hu; grain germinates. The larger Hie berry thu moru nutriment thu young plant will have to draw upon in ease of drought. Tho crop of 1878 in , this couuty (Vernon) is about all out of lirst bauds, many of thu small farmers being obliged to buy their seed of their more fortunate neighbors. Winter wheat in this county looked well when Hie snow went oil two weeks ago, but since that time we have had hard freezing, with almost constant high winds. What thu outcome of the crop will lie is prettv hard to determine at tills time. However, there Is one tiling ccrlaln,—none of Hie farm products of 1878 imvo paid the fanner, and It will tic found lielure Hie present year is out that tiio in sane howl of " overproduction ” is what has beat him. - Dickson & Uiuuam. The Altns Ufu-Tusurunoe Company. to the AWlor a f The Tribune. Cmcuuo, March 2d.—Tim General Agents of this Company In ihelr letter of the 181 h say: ‘t H the Judge or ony.oihcr person will call at our utiles wo shall be pleased to clvu any In formation that maybe desired Id regard to the 1 vEtua Life," etc. Ido want soma luformallot/, and hope these THURSDAY. MARCH 27.. JB7»--TWELVE PAGES. agents will be able to give a satisfactory ex planation of the extraordinary transactions I Khali refer to. Ulricas they do so the Company must be branded with having t arried on a sys tom of fraud unparalleled Id the history of in* surnneo companies. My policy requires mo to pay annually 970.50 In cash, and giro a note for o like amount. Knch noto ts payable twelve months after date, hut without Interest, fn 1874 the Company held hit noto for $177.73. In Jt>7s my new note would no 9711.50. which, added to the old note, would lie $357.30. Instead ot taking n new note from mo for 8357.20, It compelled me to give* a new noto for sl4Ol, being 8189.78 more than It was emit tod to. Now, what is this but down right rohbcryl Now, Messrs. Paul & Mason, tell me how you Increased my note from 8177.73 to C445.WJ In fine year I (Jive mu the explanation. Nor Is tills all. They not only robbed me of $189.78, but they charged mu with one year'* interest on my note of $177.73. when (he note did not draw Interest, which I paid In cash. Now, gentlemen, why did you do Hits! Did you not know I hut a nolo does not draw Interest until alter due unless It Is so agreed In thu l>ody of lliunotuf Vou will hardly nuke yourselves no Idiotic n* to deny Unit. Nor I* this nil. Thin Company that you claim Is managed so exclsdvely for the interest of the policy-holders that Its managers virtually keep In their own hands the surplus of lour and a quarter millions that belongs to the Insured mi as to hoiiellt their “children'll children,” lest, 1 suppose, if It wan paid over to the Insured, dn-v might spend U, this Company each year took Irom me (and I presume from every other policy-holder) a new note, Including ulf the old notes, which note was at all times made payable twelve immilm after date, but without Interest,—that ie.lt did not agree to pay Interest, ret each year the Company made me pay In cn«n the Interest on cacti note, 'thus for thirteen years It has each year fraudulently and UhmoncMlv oomnellcd me to pay interest tlicv were not entitled to la this bcnrlltlng my ”children's children”! 1 am itHliumed io admit I have been so deceived; but their milliner of doing business Is such as may well deceive an unsuspecting iicrson. The gentlemanly agents, with a pluusinillty peculiar to their calling, annually hand you a statement already made out, cosh to much, interest on note so much, mid new note already made out to sign, and this was handed me to comply with as a condition to continue, or, as the Company call It, renew my policy. AIM had to do was to give my cheek. 1 confess I never discovered this gross fraud until,to-day. flow much more rascality I shall discover I cannot (ell. .515.01 Now, 1 Imvo a legal claim itnun this Company; first, that the $189.78 they fraudulently Included In my note ul 1875 he Indorsed upon my note; and second, a legal claim for all the interest I have paid them for thirteen years. Wilt Messrs. Paul ik Mason inform mu whether thu Company wilt pay that back without a suit! Thu Com pany Roasts of its wealth. Will It rectify a wtong, and show Us willingness to bn Just? 1 do not desire a lawsuit, but I will not submit to be robbed. The managers may tell me of their wealth, hut I tell them they may ” learn that they, too, arc penetrable stud.” Look a moment at thu greed of this Company, whose maw, like cormorants, Is never satlslled. 1 1. They lake Irom the titr/tlm eandntj* of the Company a million of dollars to Increase the stock that amount, and divide It am'mj them sat'd*. They take nt another time $750,000 from the turpi ha fnwtn to Incuensc their slock tlml amount, and divide it amony thfm*e.'vfA. 3. They have made thotfjiKdley-hohlers (for 1 assume they have robbed others as (tier him* me) nay hundreds of thousands of dollars an* minlly, by way of Interest, they bad no more right to than a bandit. 4. Hut. not yet satistied, they hold on with a grip of a Shyloek to four and a quarter millions of dollars which belong lo the poller-holders, but whl:h they refuse to divide. They Imre by their grinding operations crushed policy-holders, and compelled them to forfeit l/ie>r jioSiq/aitvr paying nil they could earn for years, ami ab sorbed what they hod put In, mid’brought pov erty. and want, and suffering to myriads of families which Uicso cormorants claimed to beuctlu Evbubtt Van Uuubn. PENDERGRASS. Tho ISxtrnordlnnry llnsto and Unfairness with Which lie W«« Unshed Into'Prison In South Carolina fur Opinion's Hake. Vorretnotuttnee h’eie Yuri- Tribune, Washington, D. C., March Sl.—Senator Tell er bns received In reply to a loiter written by him to a prominent lawycrin South Carolina an account of the trial of .John If. Pendergrass (col ored), of Klngstreo, who was recently sentenced to two years* Imprisonment nt hard labor, or to pay a fine of SSOO and easts of trial tor libel. The act of libel consisted In writing a letter to Mr. Kwalls. Inst full, giving an account of the fraud and violence of which Mr. Pender grass was a witness during the last election. This letter Mr. Swalls allowed to ho published, and Immediately afterward the writer was arrested and Indicted for libel, us were also many others who had made reports of the same character. The mat ter about which Pendergrass wrote was Investi gated by the Teller Committee when in Booth Carolina. According to the belief of thp mem bers of the Committee, the facts were tully proved to bo as Pendergrass reported them. The correspondent of Senator Teller writes: “ Mr. Pendergrass, im sumo others, scums lo have labored under the apprehension that no bill would he sent to tho Grand Jury at the March term of the Court, nor until the Juno term, understanding, as he informed me, that these cases were in obedience to the lex tationls held hi terrurum to abide tho development of the United Slates Court hi April, lie was sur rendered by his hull some time before court, and tliu great mistake the poor fellow made was in making no elfort towards his defense. "lie hud no money and buljlttle means it was true, but had he advised me us Mr. —— did who dime down and saw mu, 1 would have volunteered to defend him, an I have Invariably done. Ills ease was utterly beyond the reach o*( the Federal arm and process. Ho was put upon Ids trial hy the presiding Judge, the Hon. T. J. Mackey, without counsel, having no means to employ one. Ills only defense was his unsup ported evidence on the stand. 'l'ho newspaper with the letter in print was produced, and one Montgomery, a black man, his personal ami political Irieml. turned State’s evidence against him to escape his own trial. I learned that Ihe Judge charged the Jury that, the mailing of the letter containing ItbeloiH matter was sulilclent publication, and tbut the Intent was n question of fact lor the jury, the burden of proof to show tlio absence of malice having been shifted to the shoulders of the defense by legal presumption. “ I need not weary you with the law, al though 1 have carefully studied the case am] all the latest authorities and reported cases, 1 cannot say what a fetch Jury will do. Neither u prophet nor Hie son of a prophet can do that, and that jury might have convicted him In ony event; but'wltn the information the poor tef lon* gave mo In jail ho never could have had that verdict written up against him. Thu Su premo Court would have set It aside, In my opinion, lie was convicted and sentenced to two years In the Pculletulurv, or 8500 lino and co*ts. “When I reached Klngstroo I called at mica ut Ihu jail mid saw him. Thu Besslons had ad journed, the term dosed, mid every legal avo* uuu was barred mraliiHt the reopening of the ease. 1 hud long Interviews with (lie Judge and solicitor and others. 1 asked the Judge and solicitor If they would sign on application fur pardon, Imt they retimed to do bo, as it was too dose upon the sentence. I then went Into court the next morn* In'' mid made the host append [ could, moving thu Court to Instruct the tiherill not to send him to thu Penitentiary, u fearful nlneo in winter hero, for iwentv days, that ho might have the time to ruUn thu flue among his trleuds. The roquesi wan refused. I then went out and summoned to my room nil (hu negroes who had property, mid whom 1 could reach, mid they said they weru willing to pledge tlicir little all, nml were sure thu money could ho easily raised us eoon as thu congregations could ho reached ' throughout thu country. The Judge promised to nut In thu eertlllcatu of sentence the proviso of lib instant release upon payment of lliu line, urging thu people to imiUu thu collections as soon us possible. 1 was compelled to return on account of thu exceeding press of my public business. Thu poor fellow seemed oppressed with a strange a kind of presciitl mein, us hu tula mu when thu doors of thu pen iteiitlary closed upon him (hey would close for* over, but i did my best to disabuse his mind of that Idea and left him. I do not believe that Pendergrass knows what libel menus." Itmiior that I.uniu ami Ills Wife Are to Visit Newport Next Hummer, Nkwpokt, H. March lid.—The report circu lated some weeks since that her Itoyal Highness Princess Loulmj apd the Marqulsof Lome would Visit this watering-place during (becoming sum* iner appears to have foundation. It Is at ouv rale a fact that a gentleman .well known to thu majority of our summer residents has for some time boon negotiating with a prominent real* estate agent here lu reference to thu hiring ol a cottage for thu coming summer, the lessee to be Sir Edward Thornton. From the best Informa tion to be derived, It Is certain that within u day or two a lease will be signed by thu gentleman referred to; mid, furthermore, It Is understood that the house to be hired is one owned by Bos tonians. FRANCE. The Report of the Commission on the Crisis of 1877. Rtcoimnendcil linpurlinicnl of Hie So Broglie ami RoMi'hoiet Jlinlulrlr,. TUolr Persistant Recourse to Corruption, Fraud, Violence, and Terror. • An Anti.Kepiiblican Gonp d’ Etat Their Undoubted Intention. JJttjMleh M r.mulnn 77m it. Pairs, March 9.—ln the Chamber of Deputies yesterday nlterdoon, M. ilrlsson ascended the tribune, amid profound alienee, to submit the reporter the Commission on the Crisis of 1877, and the reading of it occupied su hour mid n quarter. The report begins by recalling that the Chamber bad referred to the Commission both the nets of the Rllh of May .Ministry ami certain events In the first fortnight of Novem ber In IS77,—a proof that It connected both with a concerted plan for changing the form of Gov ernment. During the lint, period the chief olh lect was to force universal suffrage to rescind Its vote of 1870 nml give a majority adverse to the Republic, for wlrii-h purpose the Constitution was violated, laws trnmnled under foot, Individual liberty Illegally Infringed, the magistracy in cited to partisanship; corruption, fraud, vio lence, and terror resorted to. During tiic second period the authors of the lllth of May were organising the means of MARINO l’l* ItV FOHCE for the absence of national assent, and what was then attempted or meditated threw light on thu real designs of the original scheme. The 10th of May was a thunderclap for alt hut those who prollted by It, and it Is as futile as In 1830 to seek by subtle constructions* of the law to screen Illegalities. The Inventors of the policy of combat never sincerely applied the rules of constitutional government, and the Inlluencc they had retained over the President ot the Re public enabled them to prevent the formation of a truly homogeneous and parllamentaryGov ernment. Their favorite tactics were a conflict between the two Chambers and the election to the Senate* of the moat notorious enemies of (he Republic. After showing that the Impending election of nmoiety of the Departmental Councils nml the entirety of the Municipalities threatened tin* loss of the Senatorial majority, the report points out that the pretexts for the eviction of M. Jules Simon and the allegations against Iho Chamber were frivolous pretexts, while the rapidity of the personal dinners made after the Kith of Mav proves that the scheme had boon long premeditated liv the occult Gov ernment which overturned M. Thiers. It charges the De Broglie Cabinet with VIOLATING TUB CONSTITUTION hr re-opcning the nuesllon of the existence of the Republic, by Instigating the President to assume personal power, and hv endeavoring to convert tiro Parliamentary Republican Consti tution Into n kind of dlctntorslilp. In proof ofi this it cites the hitter opposition of the Cabinet to the most moderate Rcpnbllcan.thCßlxmonUis' parliamentary Interregnum, the manifestoes and speeches of the President, who was constantly made to sneak of "my policy, mv Government, my ideas,” besides warning the electors that If they did not elect his candidates he should hold his ground against them with the aid of the Sen ate. Enlightened by events end .impelled In hotiesty. the President did not, however, follow to the cud the detestable counsels of his Minis ters. The report dwells nt length on the postpone ment of the elections, proving that under no previous Constitution since ISI4 was the legal interval exhausted, much less exceeded. It then shows that the law on the Department Council elections was also violated; Hint the hawking of Republican newspapers was Illegally prohibited; that public bouses were Illegally closed; that Ministerial circulars Instated on non-puhttcal olllelals taking part In the cam paign; that AN ACTUAL TEUUOHISU was exercised over them: that secret agents were bent Into thu departments; that subsidies for public works were promised, with a view to Influence the elections; that judlclnl posts were placed at the disposal of Prelects for electoral purposes; umlMmtln more than 8.000 prose cations justice was made subservient to. Minis* terlal pollcv. At Agen nu Independent Con servative candidate was Induced to withdraw by a judicial appointment at Algiers, and there were no less than forty-one telegrams respecting this shameful bargain, dllllcultv being found in creating a'vacuucy at Alders mid also In ob taining the candidate's withdrawal prior to his appointment. The report mentions one ease lu which a Justice of the Peace was dismissed for having awarded 200 francs damages against the Police Commissary for the withdrawal of colporteurs l licenses; another in which the opinion of the Judges was sounded before the prosecution was Instituted against a General Councillor for an unpalatable speech; a third in which a man, sentenced to fifteen days 1 Imprisonment for putting fuchslm* Into wine, was pardoned on the ground of his Conservative views ami Influence; iuiil a fourth In which tm Avignon paper was imillßD WITH TBI.EOItAMS AND COItItBSI'OXD BNCE, bring threatened with judicial severities If It rc* ceded from lift? bargain. Hath the editor ami manager were lined ami Imprisoned hi accord* once with the threat of the Prefect,—” Jo Jnchcrai oartpict sur le dll journal,”—ami it eventuallv became docile, the long telegraphic re* ports gratuitously furnlahed It aiming a diversion of revenue from tltf Siuto. The telegraph. indeed, was placed 'at the disposal of the Ministerial papers, but them nrc no means of nsccrtulnftig the amount thus lost to the revenue or the considerable sums ex pended by the Ministers for the electoral prop aganda. Alter noticing the attempt made on the eve of the elections to produce a rise on the Hoarse, and'to represent this to the country as fore shadowing u lloverument victory, the report urges that the Cabinet, In promoting Us nncen- Bliiuilouul projects, crlmmaliv abused Its pow ers, perverted every deoartment of the Stale, ami nulllcd justice. It proceeds to mention that citizens were arbitrarily arrested, purlieu larlv in Dordogne, lluule-l.olrc, Hottehcs-du- Utiune, and Murbihan, being released Immedi ately niter the elections, ami that in Vaucluse and elsewhere citizens were I'UBVnSTCD nv force or threats from watching the ballot. (Jemlarmea ami sol diers being employed In several communes for this Intimidation. A number ot functionaries, moreover, were obliged during the electoral pe*. rlod to leave their residences, while the num berless menaces directed against functionaries ami citizens were all designed to hamper the free exercise of ctvle rights. All these acts were a part of a concerted plan to be carried out all over the country, ami they come within arti cles 11/J and 110 or 114 ami 115 of the Penal Code. The Investigation in Dordogne shows that agents were sent oy the Ministry near thu clam of Uh career to carry ott certain documents from thu Prefectures. Several Prefects Imi tated, Indeed, to give them un, but, thu Minis trv insisting, ihev yielded. On thu PJih of De cember these agents were still in thu south. The preliminary Investigation will show to whom the document* were delivered, the nature of the responsibility, mid whether Hu* acts come within article 17a or articles 254 and 353 of the Penal Code. TUUNISO TO TUB SECOND PBUIOD, thu report uulula out that after Hie unequivocal verdict of Hu: country (he Cabinet was hound to retire; whereas ft alleetcd to disregard thu adverse majority, proceeded to hold Hie deoart mental elections, and threatened by its news papers a second dissolution. On Hie Chamber directing an Inquiry Into the elections. Hie Cab inet forbade Its tuettouurlus to give evidence or to allow thu use of the public buildings, mid It Incited Hie citizens to disobedience, hutlduiilr, however, thu Ministry disappeared, apparently on the discovery that the Honuto would nut eoutitonaucu a second dissolution. Thu follow ing Cabinet, consisting of men iiiiconnected with Hie two Chambers, had nothing parlia mentary about It, but was headed by a military man, uen. do ilochebouot. The report pro* coeds to Bay: ÜBN. UOCIIEUOUBT, who was commanding at Bordeaux, Is summoned to Paris on the ImU yf November bv telegrams, In which no inctiilun is made of Hie intention to maku him Prime Minister, and begging him simply to c-utue tu Parts on the following day and call at the Klysto. lien. Itoiuobouel had. however, doubt less sooie notion as io the motives fur which be was summoned tu Paris, lor ho immediately tele* emptied io Hen. Ducrot, the commandant of the Eighth Corps at Hourjrrs, as follows: **l am sum moned to Paris by Marshal MacMaboii. You can Imairlus the feelings 1 experience in regard to (ho proposals which uiuy be made to me. 1 shill Ira this uteulug and to-morrow (Tusaiay) at thu llol«l Vonillemont, Paris." Thn fact tint ffon. *Jn Ifocbchonet tuldresse* himself to (Jen. Durrnt in tliffle ternif* makes II oxln-mrW probable Hint in previous interview* anil correspondence thu formation o' a Cntitii't of military Intlnenro baa been discussed and Hint (ion. Din.rol wna no stranger to the plan. Tim latter, in fact, dors not hesitate, and nt once replies to M. dn Jfochcbouct: "In present circumstance* yon cannot refuse. Only mu be It a condition ttmt yon are allowed to omko the change* In the Minis terial personnel ami tlic garrisons of Pari* and Versailles which seem to yon Indlspensibie on your own responsibility. Count on my fullest to. operation, lam wrlilnr lo you,” This Hegram nntharlr.es the supposition that (ion. iMicrot was aware of the mission reserved for (Jen. Itochu oonet. Instead of yielding lo thu nation, prepa rations arc being made TO lIEStST IT. Tan it be fancied that the Ministers of the Ifllh of May still hi power nre In Ignorance of this rasoln- Hon and preparation*? \Vn* It llm Due dr Broglie, chief of the retiring '..'ablncl, who gave the President of (tie Itepunllc (he advice to sum mon M. do Bochebonct? The preliminary Id ■miry will, dniilitlrs*. clear up lids nnlnt. )ou hive *■•*» that (Jen. Intend advised M. ile llnchebouet to make changes In the personnel of the Ministry of War. l ids advice was forthwith followed. On the Till of November M. do IfocheOmiet iHecrapheil lo Ocn. Dncrnt: • ’ Nothing settled. HeMl Mtnbel lo me to-dav. •* nn the following rtav (Jen. Ilncrot to f;apt, tlanay at Versailles us follows: rell (Jen, do Kocliebonet tlial Mlrihel accepts the post oi Chief of the htn!T. nut cannot leave ids room for two or three days owing to an indbpod lion. (Jen. .Mlriled Is (ten. Bnrrot's Ohlef of tlm btall. Tim new Prime Minister wm» arcordinglv drawing from the latter not only Inspire™, Iml co operator*. Tho Itoehclimiet Ministry was Installed, On the •iSlhof November It was placed In n minority tn the Chamber hr dl.'i votes to It dirt not re tire. Us language from the trilmtio was a little Ims aggressive than that of lw predecessors: still, the coup do force aeetm In prcnaratlen, Kvtdcnce of It la in rr.Kjtrr. V\« sliall plare the most Important Items of it be fore yon. Two telegrams Irani the Minister of war. on the tilth and tilth of November, lottos commandant at Marseille! and the commandant at Bums recommend elgnllitani precamluns to them, among others to call tn the arms tji lomnng to pri vate persons to Port M.-lean. The retik of the Lyons eimimnndant conlntiicd this pa<«rige; “I do not donne that von wilt proclaim tin* stale of siege hr telegraph.” Other telegrams extire-s the fear Hint certain corps will not lend llipm"**b*e» to the premeditated coup ti*/orcf. On the 4th of De cember the Minister of.tvarielegrnpbetu the earn manmiiil nt Toulon** us follows: ”1 tint told ttiai the Ninth Bcgiinent cannot is* counted upon. Is lids true? Are Havre any measure* to lo taken?'* W|iai. then, did the promoters of the enterprise premeditate lo dread rcalatanciMm the part of the troops? SUSPICION AND KBAK srcm to hsro stolen Into their tirensK The fnl. lowin'* tfl«*trrnm« nmn to show tills: “Minister of War to Mm Military Movernornf Lyons. Dec. .1: According to tnfurniaMon It annenrs certain that ptrinhuffir* are vn eouravf with the orders given in the cnlcf of votir corn*. Secrecy as to ynnr cunihlentml inotrticMnn* In cane of (intnrb nrtce-s In not inaintrunoit." •• I-’umi tin* same Min ister to tin* (toicrnoruf Lyons, Dec. r»: If 1 am welt informed, linllm, Coininlhiurv nt the Prefect ure of Lyons. I* divulging at Km? Urnl'ce the ed tnliiMruliVf! secrets," The following telegram In dated the same day: “To the Commandant of the Klchth Corn*. Hnnrtrrs: In reply in M»nr clpnnrcd telegram, and cumfonnnMy to the verbal m-urnc tlonr I gave yon. I beg vou to tnrldd anv ah*enc«. of General* of Dlvldmi failing a .Ministerial order, even should those officer* bo convoked for ilie com missions." fJn this tclegrpin there are two observa tions to makes tlrstly. that C.mi, Ducrot came tn J’nrl* between 11m ItUh of November ami the .Tta of December, that there ore vernal instruc tions; secondly, that the moment for action dues not seem distant. The Minister of War and (Jen. Ducrot need a fresh conference, for Mi* following telegram was »enl off on Dec. 0: “ Minister of War lo the Corn nunrlatitof thc.Kignth Coro* at IhMirges: I mi thori/e yoti to come to Parle on Sunday. A Da* rauro Cabinet is at present tn fonnniion." Those last words Bhovvlhal for (Jen. Dncrul and M. ne Koiichcbimcl the political question OUTWEIGHS BVEIiVTIUKO. An attempt ut conciliation was. m fart. Just thou talked of: the nation thought an understanding was going to lie established between the President of (he Hcpiihllcnnd the representatives of Prince. This was the hope of uvory good clizcii. Outlie <lhuf December M. do liucheintimt teleirrmihs to (Jen. Ducrot: “The negotiation* for the torma tluns of a Mlnialry arc broken off because) of me Marshal's refusal to give wav on (ho qne-Mon of the Ministries of War and Foreign affairs." Gen. Ducrot replica: “Tnanks. Mav tin* good (tod and Marshal MacMabon be Messed and gloriilHl.” I Laughter mid exclamations.) We will mu com ment on this cry of triumph extorted from den. Ducrot by Mm news that war was resumed between the (lovernment and the nation. The two tele prams of the Till of December sufficiently snow what sentiments animated the promoters of the enterprise. From this moment measures of detail are adopted to. insure the currying out of their resolutions, Optlietllh of December the Jnten dantof the Fifth Army Corps undressed the fol lowing telegram to the Sons.ltiieiidanta of Illois, Auxurre, Melon, Fontainebleau, Hens, and the Sna-l'refccta of Jolgny. Frovins, Montargls, Ven* dome, uml Homorimtln: “Have Imuiodlatelv convurc-d Into each barnick. so as to lw ready nt the disposal of the troops,—infantry, cavalry, and artillery,— TWO DAVS* MOHILIZATION UATIONS, including preserved meat. For Hie horses two days’oats. Scud me word.” Wc shall sec further onthnt this measure wo* pot taken aolely in the area of the Fifth Corps. On the 10th of December two fresh telocram* nrc exchanged between the Minister of War, tlm President of the Council, uod Men. Ducrot: • • Tn<? Minister of War to the Commandant of the KltrhiU Corps at Donrßca: Tin* .Military Commission will meet to-morrow (Tuesday) inurnhiß. I’ruv ronm nndscp nm <m yotir arrival.” "Tliu Commandant of the EirliMi Corns to the Minister of War at I'am: “I will call on jon to-morrow at H o'clock.’' It was wltliom doubt at this hist inter* view that llto dellnttlve resolutions were taken. Such at least is the conclusion wo draw from the two following telegrams: “I’.’thof December.— Minister of War to thu Commandant of tlm Third (hinisatllounn: Organize thu Delaunay Drutade for the execution of tdun No. V. as you propose in the letter handed tne by Commandant Mossard.” ••I’Jlhof December.—'The Minister of War to the Cummandiuituf the Tenth Corps at Iteuncs: En deavor In be UItADV ON TUaSDAT AT LATEST. Your troops should take all comp effects, but It Is impossible to uda carrliifes," l.uslly, on the lllth of December,—namely: the day when the Ditfoure .Ministry is formed,—M. do Itochubimet udißraiihs to Bordeaux; ••I’rnvwnrn confidentially ui headquarters to atop all prepara tions of departure, 1 shall probably resume tho command of the Eighteenth Army Corps. ,T Tht-«c lclcßr.imsruveal.lt not the orßanlxatlon, at least the existence of the plot. The design of rusintuig Inc national will was formed: thu tusolullon loud was taken: the acents for nirryltiß it out worn chosen; tho mlilinry tirraiigcmenU were larued: and thu orders for putting the plan mio execution were given. Lastly, as If still nioru to prove that there wm. In all this only a political roasplrucv, mid that no contingency of Insurrection Justified these prupamlluns. us hoiiii as u Constitutional MhiuDy Is formed everything Is countermanded by thu Minuter of War. and ho returns to take thu command of bis urmv corps. TUB KBPOUT then dwell* on tho petulon of Maj, I.abordere, who shows llint (Ilmi. Koclicbouul’* Pistiucilmis to the coninmmJcrs of thu annv corps at Mil* be ginning of December were not posted, but sent by olliiur* of his stud: Mint two davit'Held ra tions weru convoyed on Mm lith of December to Mm barracks ut the FourleutC.h Infantry Jin*- inient at Lbmufca; that <m Mu* sumo day M»* drilling of Mm conscripts just arrived was h’cgim by teaching them exclusively how to load: Mint, on Mm llhii nil tlm ollleors were summoned In Meld uniform with tbulr revolvers, tlm soldiers belli}* romlv to lake arms, mid Mm olllecrs’ horses saddled in Mic court. Tlm report ([notes the Major’s aecotmt of the orders given In case of disturbances at Limoges; how tlm crowd was to bu dispersed; and how, after Mm usual sum mons, the suldicru wore lo tire, without regard to the women and children tlm crowd would probably put lu front. Tlm report agrees with Mm Major Mutt all this, coupled with the tele grams above (pioted, INDICATED A COUP D'ETAT, especially ns tlm Bsmo order* worn «lven else where. On Unit very dav, moreover, Dm Minis ler of Dm Interior tclogrsplmd l« several I’re feelss “ I.oslduc*do nndstaneo IVmporlant a l’Kly«'P. n The report urgns that Uui enter prise of the Kith of May was not designed to ob tain the assent of the nation, lor In that case Its authors would have resigned at latest on their Ural defeat lu the Chamber, but that It wo* to change the form of government. Why the con spirators paused at the lust moment will, per haps. (to Known hereafter. The report main tains that the Do Broglie Cabinet formed Du* design, ami that the Uoehebimet Cabinet Ilmiras onlv us the agent for carrying it out. After re capitulating Dm various charges, it mulntalus llmtthev /all within the IVnul Code, mid that there Is serious presumption of the Ministry having been utility of treuMm and betrayal of trust. It therefore concludes by proposing to the Chamber Tim rot.LowiNd übhomjtion: Conformably wlthsArt. Tl. paragraph U, of th« Ccm-tllullonal Law of the Kith of •Inly, 1875, Dm Chamber of Deputies impeaches befuru llio Senate the members ol llm Ministry of Ihe Ullbof May, 1877, headed by tbu Duo He llruglle. and of (he Ministry of thegddof November. 1877, bunded by M. tie ItuelietHiuel. •.*. Three Commissioners taken from the Clmmoer uf Deputies shall be nominated by It In take in its name all the requisite measure* to conduct the Impeachment before (ho Senate, to which body the present resolution and all tha documents collected by the CommUMlou of Inquiry shall be transmitted at (bo earliest moment. Struck by is Hull of Tiro. Sew I'orK Tribune, Uarrh Jl. A buy, about 15 years of ago, named Edward Drain, living with bis fattier, Jacob Drain, u( No. lm Ellison street. In Paterson, N. J., was sent, about U p. tu. Saturday, to purchass tome groceries at a sturu close by. On Dio way ho was Joined by another buy named Robert Du- roe, about 19 years of age. It was raining hard. An they were going across a vacant lot In Pearl street, at the end of Summer street, In order to get l o Mechanic street, Duroc says ho looked up and saw coining toward them from above in an oblique lino n small ball of lire, which In an' instant struck (train an the left breast, passed ' tinder his cant, ami spread into n mass of (lame over the boy's breast and side, liraln was holding his felt hand on his hreau nt the time, it ml In It was n quarter of. a dollar. Both Imya were terribly frightened, and Brain says ho was nearly knocked down. They ran through to Mechanic street, Into the grocery store kept by a’man named Cox. tic ■ fimnedhitelv-stripped-o(T voting Bruin's blazing clothes. The hoy’s coat was bunted lo n cinder on one side, as was - also his underclothing, nis side was badly scorched mid blistered, and tin* end of his thumb,’ In cluding the nail, was burned oIT. Ills left hand was also badlv burned, and the 2-5-ccnt piece which he bold in his band was partly melted. Young Brain was put muter Hie medical care of Or. (iarnett, who pronounced Ida injuries not dangerous. Brain says that, he saw nothing: l hut Ini only henrd a hissing noise over his head just ns he was struck. The other hov, a very Intelligent little fellow, who was about llflcon feetfrom Ids comrade, says he saw Ihe ball of. (Ire coming very distinctly.. Brain claims not. to have felt any shock as from n solid substance, hut says he was paralyzed for the moment. Both boys urn truthful mid their story Is credited by all those to whom It has been told. iMONTICKIjLO. Tire Home of .TelTeraoii Again tinder tlio Auctioneer’s Ilnminer—nought by dnflfcr noti at. Levy, of Now* Vnrk—lts History, and the'lntentions of the I’rnsent Owner* A#»n r«rJk tUrnU f. il’irch 21. Mnntlccllo, the termor Iminu and burial spot of Thomas Jefferson, was sold at public auction on the tiOth of March by order of a Virginia court, and purebnsed by Jefferson M. Levy, of tills city, for $10,500. The salo was thu result of n friendly suit Instituted lor the purpose of making a distribution among the heirs of Copt. Uriah I*. Levy, and, beyond « few - members ot that family, there were no strangers nt the Sale. The attendance was not. small, however, fora great number of Virginia gentlemen and reel- > dentsof the neighboring counties were present, drawn thither, It would appear, more from cu riosity than Irom a desire to bid for the hon ored homestead of thu dead statesman. The sale was made on the premises by u local nttc-' tioiieer, and the Hi st bid was Unit of $5,000, made bv S. M. Keller, of Charlottesville, Va. Mr. Asnhcl S. Levy, a cousin of -Hie purchaser, made n numherof bids, but. llnallv retiring, thu prorcrly was knocked down to Mr. Jefferson Levy for thu price named above. The purchaser is a son of the late Mr. .Tonal I’. Levy, mid wn* already the owner of a largo portion of the old estate. By tins salo of thn mansion he become* the owner of nearly oil of the original property. ‘•iffiartwoH," the birth-. plaee of Jnfferson, was also recently sold at auction, hut the public interest, doe* not. turn toward it n* it doe* to .Monticcllo. Jefferson re moved to the latter place In 1701, and com menced a number of Improvements both in Dm building* and on the estate. When nt homo ho passed much of Id* lime in personally superin tending the Improvements, and very frequently assisted the workmen In erecting u wall or ex cavating. Montlccllo N 530 feet lilt'll, mid slopes cant ward one and n half mllca hvagcotle declivity to the llivauna llivcr. The mansion externally Is of the Doric order of (Irechm architecture. The front hall of entrance receded six feet within the front wall of the building, covered by a por tico the width of the recess, projecting tweuty live feet, mid rising to tin? full night of tfio hnu«e. The ball lilso extends to the roof of the house. Midway in this hall passages lead off to cither extremity of the building. 'Hie rooms ut tho extremities of those passages terminate in oc tagonal projections. Fiaxm covering this rcccsft project six feet beyond nt the level of the roof and resting on brick arches. The northern ono connects the house, with the public terrain, wlille the southern one is closed in for n green house. To Hie east of these passages, on each side of the hall, are sleoeplng-rooma. The front is one and une-half stories in bight. The. rooms on the west front occupy ttic whole bight, making Hie house one story, except the parlor, or central room, which Is surmounted by an oc tagonal story, witli a dome or spherical roof. This was originally designed for n billiard-room, hut before Its completion a law prohib iting public or private billiard-tables lit Ibe Slate of Virginia was passed uml thu intention wits abuidoncd. U was lo havo been approached by rlairwnys, connected with a gallery at the Inner extremity oMhtniall, which itself tortus the connection with the lodging* rooms, but these stairways wero never eroctfcd, leaving in (his respect a great detlclency id tho house. The parlor projects twenty feet beyond the body of the house, covered by a portico. It Is one story, and surmounted by the billiard* room, which will probably lie put’to the use for which it was originally intended by its present owner. The original plan of t his projection was square, hut when the cellar was built up to tlio Hour above the room was projected bevond Uto square liv three aides of an octagon, leavlng.a space beyond the collar not excavated, and It ’ was in this place that some of Jefferson’s faith ful servants concealed their muster's pinto when Montlccllo was visited by British troops. The Hour* of the house tire most ly In hardwood; generally wild cherry squares of about ten Inches wide. The borders nro of beech squares, about four inches wide. Both of these woods are very hard, ami to-dav pre sent the appearance of a handsome tessellated Hour. The ton of thu hill was leveled Into » space (KM) by "00 feet, circular at each end. Tim lull slopes gently on every side from the lawn, upon winch, 100 feel from the eastern edge, stands Mm mansion, its projecting porticoes, east and west, with the width o( the house, occu py 11X1 feet each way. From the northern ter race thu vtcwH are tdmply sublime, and hero Jof* ferson and Ids trleuds were acciMomed lo sit on summer evenings. Here, perhaps, has been gathered more lovo of liberty, virtue, wisdom, mid learning than on any other private spot in America, mid within a short distance now Ho tho remains of Mm statcuium whose purity ntnl no bility of life hallows tho ground he mice trod. Ou the Ist of November, ISJD, the property, Mien embracing fi-VJ acres, was sold by Mn. Martha Ihunhilph and Col. Thomas J, Kurulolph, Mm executors of Jefferson, to I)r. James T. Barclay, for Mm sum of $7,000. After holding the property for some years, during which ho disposed of JKU acres, Dr. Barclay sold wliut re mained, itiehidhig the maiitdou, to Capt. Uriah I*. Levy, of this city, for $2,700. Capt. Levy, or ••Commodore,’* us lie was termed bv the people living near Munflcello, lived uu tin* ‘property for a number of years, in IMW the Uehel Govern ment confiscated Mm property, mid tc was sold at public auction tixlm late Ben i'lcklln for $30,50;), nutattlmdoseof thu War the estate again iiuim into Mm Lew family. Commodore Levy died in this city m ISIU, ami it was hnmd by tho terms of ills wilt that 1m hud leit Montlcello to Mte "people of Mm United Stales, or such per tains us Congress may appoint in trust, for the sole and only purpose of establish ing and maintaining an agricultural school for Mm purpose of educating as practical farmers the children of warrant officers of tho United .States whom fathers tire dead, etc.” In Mm event of Congress not accepting the gift it wits to he given !<• Mie State of Virginia for thn same purpose, and should thu Leglaluturo of that Statu not lake steps to accent the gilt, then Mm estate was to go to certain Jlebrotv societies of New Vork and i’hihdelphia for tho purpose ol educating pour children between the ages of 12 and 111 years. Upon application of thu heirs this clause of the Commodore's will was de clared void by Mm Court at Appeals of this State, and since Mm decree was pronounced in . ISO.’) Mm property bus been in the possession of Mm heirs. * Mr. I.cvy, the present owner, Is now on the estate, and has been busy since the day of pur chase in arranging tlm Incidental legal business, lie will arrive home some time during tlm com line week. It is bis Intention to make a summer residence of .Mouileello, restoring as far as pos sible the grounds and surrnimdmgß to their ap pearance when tlm great owner was alive. Thu mansion will not be disturbed,—at least not far tin) present,—and everything will he done to keeii green the association* and memories ot tbs past. A Doubtful Candidate, ■ . ' Motion Journal, * There appears to be some doubt about Uie residence of Dm condldaic of the Democratic Convention of Rhode Island for Lieutenant- Coventor. None of Dio gentlemen responsible for Dm tunning of tlm Convention kuowony thing about the Doctor; but some one told a reporter Unit hi* name was Ur. John D. Uutluv, of Woonsocket. Further Investigation dis closes the fact tliutthecandidate'a name is Ur, John M. Hailey, and that he resides lu lililurlea, In Massachusetts; that Ur. liulloy formerly llvctt in Woonsocket, but for the last two years has lived on a farm in Dlllerlca, althougu he still has an oillcv in Woonsocket, and be has regis tered there, where Ids wife pays a large tax. His name, turnover, has been dropped from the directory. Hu is a (Irevnbacker of the rankest type, which may account fur his evidently "Hat” residence lu llhode Island. Inasmuch a* it is dlllicult lo obtain the consent of Rhode Island Democrats to ba candidates uq the State ticket, and as candidates are only needed py that party m Rhode Island to concentrate -« small veto that would otherwise appear under the head ot scattering. Dr. bade) Usd at well l>« miUtmliUKlU . . 9