OCR Interpretation

Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, March 28, 1879, Image 12

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1879-03-28/ed-1/seq-12/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 12

Qon. Henderson Declares that the
Recent Act Was Not a Job,
But Simply a Device to Force Congress to
Carry Ont Governmental Contracts,
The Steretary of War Hot Rxptctcd to Dispute oi
the Water-Power, as Use Jet Intbeilzcs
Ulsi to Do.
From Our Own Cominsnitfnt.
Washington, March 23.—The recent articles
to Tub TiumiNß on the subject of the Moline
Water-Power, and the provisions respecting It
in the Sundry Civil Appropriation hill, have not
failed to attract Attention here. Meeting
Representative of the Hock Island District, re
cently, I asked him If he desired to make any
explanation ns to his connection with Mint legis
lation, when he made the following reply:
•» i have seen thu articles referred to, In Tub
TnmuNß of the 11th nnd 12th Inst., and will
any that, lo ray opinion, Micro Is nut the slightest
ground for characterizing the provision inserted
Id tho Sundry Civil Appropriation hill by thu
Conference Commillee,authorizing the Secretary
of War to loose the Water-Power at Moline, 111.,
as a * Job.* I know there Is not so far ns I am
personally concerned. It Is true Mint i favored
such provision if nothing else could be done.
But, at the same lime, I urged thu Committee
of Conference, or the majority of it, both of tho
Senate and House Committees, not to adopt It,
but to Insist upon thu amendment, which hud
been made In the Senate, making an appropria
tion for the Water-Power, nnd only to Insert the
provision as to leasing in case thu appropriation
for tho Water-Power was not retained lu thu
bill. But, while that Is true, it Ik equally true
Hint I was not then, am not now’, and never
have been, In favor of disposing of the Water-
Power to the Moline Water-Power Company, by
lease or otherwise. And thin 1 believe tho Mo
line Water-Power Company well understands.
I know that the Hon. John M. Gould, a mem
ber of the Company, who was In Washington
and rcprcEcnicd the Company at the, time Ihc
provision in question was adopted, understands
that I nm not in favor of any such disposition
of the Water-Power.”
tlie adoption of any suchleplslnUonl”
•‘lt would require some time to answer fully
why I favored the adoption of such provisions
In caso tbe appropriation made by the Senator
was stricken out. But for three successive
years, and at every regular session of Congress
since I had been a member, I had urged an ap
propriation for Urn purpose of complet
ing the development of the Water-
Power at Moline. Buell an appropriation had
been recommended by the Commanding Olllccr
at tho Rock-Island Arsenal, who had charge of
the Water-Power as well as the Arsenal. It.
had also been recommended by the Chief of
Ordnance, mid by three successive Secretaries
of War; and I believed that such an appropria
tion was demanded to carry out in good faith
tho contracts made by the Government with
the Moline Water-Power Company; not, only to
prevent loss to tho Company mid great damage
to the manufacturing Interests of one of the
most enterprising manufacturing cities of Illi
nois, bub for tho interests of tho Uock-Islmid
Arsenal and of (he United States, in preserving
mid maintaining one of the must valuable
Water-Powers In the West; all of which I had
earnestly urged before the Committee on Aj»-
propriaUons of tho House, and on the llnor ol
the House, as will appear from the Voutfrcttloual
‘•SccVol. 17 ConnresaiomlJicaml, FlrstScsslon
Forty-fourth Congress, pages 4,035 mid 4,035;
Vol. 33 Second Session stunt) Congress, pages
1,338 and 1.539; and Vol. 11l Second Session
Foriy-llflb Congress, tinges 4,513 nml 4.5111.
“llyt the House Committee on Appropriations
tunny appropriation whatever for the Water-
Tower. Anil, In 187(5, tin* Chairman of the Com
mittee, among other objections to such nn ap
propriation, stated, an will appear from the
UnitfjrcMhual Jfecord, that, ho far ns he was nbio
to learn, the Government of the United Slates
would substitute Bicam entirely fur use In the
Rock-Island Arsenal instead of water-power;
that ho'might bo mistaken In that, but thomrlit
he was not; tbutho was so Informed, and, so
far os the use of water was concerned by the
Government In connection with the Moline
Water-Power Company at the Rock-Island Ar
senal, It would not he needed nl nil. Thu Chair
man also said, in the same discussion:
•• ‘When wo take Into consideration the fact Hint,
ns we arc Informed, sieam-powor has been Hubsti*
tutml altogether for wmor-power tn that Ameaui,
wo think that the whole water-power there can ho
handed over to Uio Molmo Wutcr-I'owor Com
“ To this I replied that it was entirely now* to
mo that steam was to he substituted for water;
mid I referred to documents to allow* that Hie
Commandant at Die Rock-Island Arsnal had
expressly said that, after the Government hud
expended so largo an amount of money, and
IntiU to final a tcaler-jiowr, liu believed It would
bo unwise, and not economical, to leave It im-
“in 18i i, at the Second Session of the Forty
fourth Congress,
i again urocii
in appropriation for the Water-Tower: and, in
the remarks 1 made on the amendment ottered
by me, 1 r°fcrrcd to the statement made In* the
Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations
that It would not be well to abandon the Wa
ter-Power; mid I again read from the report of
Col. D. W. Flagler, Commandant of the Hock-
Island Arsenal, the following extract:
“ *1 bcllcvu it would bo unwise, and not econ
omical, fur the Government, after having expend
ed so much money, and built so groat a Water-
Tower, to leave It iintlnl»tisd. It Is also dear that
the acts of Congress on this subject, ami die con
tracts inutlo with the Moline Company, require
that the work snail bo done. ’
“ But uo appropriation was made.
“Again, in 18(8.1 urged an appropriation;
hut it was defeated. And, In the discussion nti
the amendment submitted bv mo fur such ap
propriation, Mr. Hewitt, of Now* York, who whs
a member of the Committee on Appropriations,
and hud charge of that subject, stated tbui.
after the money asked for should be expended,
the water-power would not be worth 50 mils;
mul hu further said:
•“ I think the Government should make a new
contract with the Molina Water-Power Company,
and let them go on to do whatever they see lit.’
- “See CutujrmhHat Jleconl, .Second Hessian,
Fortv-flftli Congress, Vol. Hi, page 4,5151.”
“ What happened ut the lust session of Con
cress I”
“At the last session of Congress, Hm Com
mittee on Appropriations of tin; House, or at
least some members at It, were, ns I am advised,
again urged to malm an appropriation. J did nut
urge tt In the House because I was tally satistlcd
while Mr. Hewitt was a member of Hm Com
mittee and entertained tlio views tie did upon
the subject of the Water-Power. Hut Judge
Gould, of Moline, saw Mr. Hewitt, and hud a
conversation with him, as he Informed me; ami
be Bald to mo that Mr. llcwltt would not con
sent to any appropriation, but was willing that
the Secretary of War might bn outhorir.ud tn
lease the Water-Power, so that the Company
wight go on at Us pwn expense and develop
and maintain It. He also showed me n proposi
tion in writing, which had been snlunUted to
Mr. Hewitt, which made an appropriation for
completing the Water-Power, etc., with u pro
viso that tlie Hccretarv of War was authorized
to lease the Water-Power, etc., if it could be
done consistently wPU the Interests of Hm
United Slates. And, in ease of a lease, then no
V*rt of the bum appropriated was to be ex
pooled. Mr. Hewitt bud with Ids pencil erased
everyjjjjnir relating to the appropriation, ami
Hie proviso as to leasing some-
'yAASueWn proposition satisfactory!”
aids was u«t satisfactory to .indue Gould,
for neither he m»r myself believed it would
“"‘ount Hut, after the riumlrv
Civil bill had passed the Htmse. us it did, under
u Hie rule*, without opporlaiiUy
lor discussion or amendment,
appropriating $75,000 for the completion of the
development of the UMer-l’owcr, with a pio-
Vlso auiisluntlallv Ibesnoiu' ui that adopted by
the Conference Commiilec, ami asked Senator
Oglesby to oiler it ln/lhe Henate. This lie did,
and bad it relerrcd tv the Committee on Appro
priations of tiiu gesate. Tim benute Commit tee
did not adopt It, Hit amended tin* bill by appro
priating $25,000,/which amendment was agreed
to by the himati; but Uie House did nut con
cur, and me bill went to a Conference Com
mittee'when 1 unule every effort in my
pow'f to induce the Committee of Couivteuet
to agree to tho amendment. I saw Senators
Wlndom and Dorsey, mid Representatives
Atkins ami Hale - , of the Committee, nml per
sonally iirjrcd them to Insist «oo» the amend
ment appropriating 823,(W0 for the Water-
Power; that It was just uml right; nml that Mr.
Hewitt should not bn Allowed to defeat U.
Hut. having concluded that. If the Appropriation
inode bv Iho Senate was not agreed to. It would
he heller to have the provision In record to
leasing, which Mr. Hewitt would agree to,
adopted, I old ask (hat, If nothing else could he
done, It should bo adopted bv Hie Committee.
And to that extent I am responsible, ami have
no disposition to shrink from It. I believe the
provision was written by myself, nml was
adopted by the Committee In the very language
In which 1 wrote It.”
MVhntdoyou think was likclv lobe the ef
fect of such legislation on the Government
“I Old tint believe then, nnd certainly do not
now, that any harm to thu Hock-Island Arsenal,
or to MieGovernment of Mm United Slates, would
or could result from such provision. 1 believed
the Secretary of War to be not only a man ol
ability mid of good sound Judgment, hut ol thu
highest Integrity and honor; ami I know him
to be a warm friend of the Hock-Island Atecnal,
and had tho most undoubted faith that
mid nothing hut whnt was just mid right In the
matter. 1 may sav, further, that I knew thu
views of thu Chief ol Ordnance, and of the
Commanding Olllcer of Die Hock-Island Ar
senal, who has charge of It uml of the
Water-Power, so well, nml believing—in
fact, knowing—that the Secretary of War
would, before exercising the discretionary
power conferred upon him, advise wltn
them, nml bo governed largely hv their ad
vice, that I entertained no doubt hut Mint the
result would lie that the Secretary would (hid
Mint he could not make any lease ol
thu Water-Power consistently with the interests
of the Government of the United States; that
he would advise Congress to Mmleirect, mid in
Unit wav silence the talk about abandoning the
Water-Power, ‘ or disposing of It In anyway;
and that then Congress would do wlmt I believe
should he done to carry out the contracts made
hv the Government with Mie Moline Water-
Power Company, ami which I had earnestly
urged for more than three years past. This Is
all 1 expected, and Just wnat 1 desired, from
the adoption of the provision complained of;
nml this 1 supposed was well understood by
donators Oglesby and Davis. It certainly was
hy lbc Jlon. .J. M. Gould, of the Moline Water-
Power Company. And that Is the reason why
the Secretary of War was authorized and em
powered only, mid not directed or required, to
lease; and why ho was only authorized to
lease if the mtiue could be dune comMenty with
the Inlrrcsti uf the Government of the l/uded
SMa. n ■ E. B. W,
A Few but Gratifying Signs of n KcvlmK
Lotulou Xetrt, March 11.
The reports from the various centres ol our
manufacturing industry which wo published
yesterday showed a few signs of that revival of
trade lor which the country has been long anx
iously looking. These signs may be as transi
tory ns the first gleams of spring, but they are
at least ns welcome, and they may Indicate that
the lung winter of business depression is at
length drawing to a close. Perhaps it is all the
more encouraging that such improvement ns
there to occurs in the Industry which ilrst felt
the reaction from the inflation of 1573. The
Cleveland iron trade Is reported to have been
linn In tone, makers holding to tho advance in
prices, mid in some eases exceeding them. The
returns ot stock for the past month arc
also better than was anticipated, mid
the shipments during Ihu month have
exceeded those of January by 17,707 ions.
From South Wales It is reported that there Is
a Utile more work in hand at some of tlie iron
works, and tlie tinplate Industry shows a dis
tinct revival, the demand being well kept up,
wnlle prices have 'somewhat Improved. There
are some similar improvements nt Slicllleld,
notwithstanding the countermanding of large
orders which were In hand for sheep-shears,
edge tools, mid wire-fencing for the Cape, in
consequence of the outbreak of the Zulu war.
Both from Slicllleld mid from Mlddlesborongh
there are reports of the adoption of improved
methods of manufacture which have facilitated
tin* competition with foreign countries. In the
former town some of I lit- firms have erected
modernized machinery, which has enabled them
to compete with American makers In
such articles as light liay-lorks, am)
in consequence large orders for
those articles are reported. At Middlcs
tu.rough a large firm has discovered that the Bel
gians are using mi improved furnace, which
makes more economical use of fuel, and, hav
ing adopted the improvement, ate In a position
to compete successfully with (heir Continental
rivals. At Leeds the makcru of locomotive
engines are somewhat busier with Colonial mid
Continental orders, the competition lor which
is exceedingly severe. In the cotton manufac
ture no Improvement Is reported, mid In Hie
woolen trade tln.ro was said to be n livelier feel
ing in the Leeds market on Saturday owing to
the improvement in tho wurthcr; hut there was
no increase in tho actual transactions. A simi
lar anticipation of Improvement is stated to
have prevailed at Bradford. Put it Ims not yet
been realized. From that town it is reported
that the homo iradu continue* very restricted,
but a moderate business is being done in the
lower class of goods with Franco mid Germany.
The (rencrulsluggishness of the home trade,
notwithstanding' the Improvement In the
weather, is shown In the low tralUu returns of
the railways, which amounted in the aggregate
last week to i.U r i 5s n mile ns against jL'i s'J 10s
tn the same t ime Inst year. The amount of the
reduction which our trade has undergone, as
compared with the prosperous years which pre
ceded 1874, Is to some extent indicated bv this
falling oIT m the railway trullle. There Ison
the one hand u decrease in the goods trullle,
and on the other diminution In the passenger
receipts, owing to the contraction of enterprise
and the smaller spending power of the public.
Thu decrease of the goods tratllc may hu due to
tin* sluggishness of the home trade; ami wuaru
nut in uosfeCSHltm of statistics which unable us
to compare ihe actual transactions of the pres
cut time with those of live years since. With
respect to tint export trade these statistics
do. exist, and .Mr. R. Gillen has set lorth
their results with his usual dearness in
a report to the Secretary of the Hoard
of Trade on Hie prices of exports of
British and Irish pioduee In the veins 18111-'77.
Mr. Gillen’s report is dated In November last,
and consequently dues not deni with last year's
llgures; but ids statements are nonu tile less
important, ns Indicating the real diameter of
the depression from which we are Buttering, it
Is valuable lobe reminded, as Mr. Glffen’s re
view reminds ns, lbat the present depression,
though Hindi longer In duration than Unit widdi
lias taken place In funner periods, is very
similar in kind.
Mr. Gltten takes ISO! os the startlng-pilhit,
hueanse it was a year of great stagnation,. .Since
that date there have been two periods ol_. great
prosperity of trade, accompanied by advancing
pi levs, mid t wo corresponding periods of depress
ion, In which verv marked lulling ulf In-values
look place. The depression in IStU was succeed
ed bv prosperity in ISO.'), and ibis prosperity
lasted till 180(1. when a severe commercial reac
tion took place, which produced Hie depression
of INIV-’O’.I. A revival look place in 1870,
which led to Urn unusual expansion of
Hie years IHTI-’7H; and then followed
Urn depression (rum which there are
only the taint signs of recovery’ we have already
noted in the''early spring of 18*0. If tlie prece
dents of termer periods bad been lullowed, (bn
recovery should have begun in 1877, and should
have liecn In full progress in 1878. it Is worth
white noting that the lime thus Indicated was
that m which the disturbing policy of the Gov
ernment was developed; and Hie effect of the
Zulu war on the Cope trade, to which wo have
referred above, indicates nl once bow that pol
icy has postponed the revival of business. No
fear of our being drugged into war existed In
Ibthlor in 1871; and lienee (here was no chock
to reviving commercial touildenco. In 1877 and
1878 Unit fear lias been eomunmlly present; and
nu revival of enterprise Jus been possible, in
stead of Improving ns business and prices did in
both the termer periods alter Hie third year of
depression, the full lias been eomlnuous, and la
even now scarcely cheeked, 'l ire marked feat
ure in our export trade at these periods seems
to be liu lulling oil In Hie value rather limn in
ibe(|U:Citiry ul the articles exported.
Mr. (illicit publishes u very striking table,
BhowUg at one view the quantity and value of
Hit; exports of Hie ehtel articles of home
manaiaelme In 18711; the quantity and value of
theAume articles In 1877: and Hie total value In
1877, had the prices of 187.1 been kept up. The
dolorcd value of llieso articles in 1878 was
iaUJ.IIiIMWI; liu; value of the same unifies ex
torted m 1877 was declared tube i.T47,801,!H0.
Mr. Gltten, however, Ins reckoned the JUii'es
ot 1877 at the values ut 18751, and lie Units that
they amount to iIHH.XW, I3U. Apart from tbu
ilmine in value, the lulling dll Is consequently
less than u million. How much of the decrease
of over forty-three millions In value attocts the
prullts of trade it Is Impossible to ascertain. bo
for us the cottou trade is concerned, the full in
the cost of tlie raw material bus been consider
able and uccmmlb for ureal purl of the loss of
value in the manufactured export. Hut n large
purl of our export trade consists ot articles
which are wholly or largely the exclusive prod
uct of the Untied Kingdom, and the fall In
< thebe values could uuly be compensated lor by
n corresponding diminution In tbo prices of
articles or general consumption.
This would mean nf course n fall In wages;
nml Mr. Gillen's figures would seem to Indicate
that n reduction of some 22 per cent hi the cost
nf producing our manufactured goods would
have made the export trade of 1877 as prolllablo
as that of 1873, or. ntjio says, mure prolllntde
ns requiring less nomlnaUfapltal. If this Is the
cnee, the chief loss has been in the dullness of
the homo trade; and n revival nt homo would
restore much of the prosperity of the manufact
uring districts. That all trade was most tin
prolllntde In 1877, and tins been still more un
profitable hi 1878. Is proved by every kind nf
evidence. It is. however, encouraging to know
that the decrease In the actual bulk of our trans
actions is but small, nml that a very small rise
In values nr n further economy In tho cost of
production may make the dlitercnce between
prosperous or nnprosprrous times. The revival
of the homo trade would alone probably make
the change for which the great manufacturing
communities are longing: and a good harvest
with assurance of peace would give us this.
A Talk with f.lrut.-Clnv. Tabor, of Colorado.
tVrrWrtnrf Ilfrnlrt, itorrh ca.
Llcut.-Oov. Tabor, of Colorado, arrived In
Cleveland yesterday and registered at the For
est House, amt ns it had been said that ho had
purchased tho Alaska Consolidated Mining
Company’s property, nnd furthermore that ho
was a large mine owner, with interests in much
writeii-nbout Lcadvillc, a reporter was detailed
to Interview him on these matters.
Calling the Governor's attention to the tele
gram from Chicago lu reference to his purchase
of tho Alaska Consolidated property, the re
porter asked him whether or not the telegram
was true.
“ No, It Is 001,” was tho answer; “ I do not
see how such a report started, nnd It has been
done by no authority of mine. I am now In
Cleveland negotiating for the purchase, but, al
though I have made whnt I consider an advan
tageous otter, nothing definite has been arrived
** Why nrc you anxious to obtnSn possession
of this property! ,r
*• It Is located between two of my best mines,
nml with it 1 would Imvo the cream of the San
Juan Valley.”
” Will you give soma hl.dorv of your experi
ences in tlie mining country. Mr. Tabori ”
“ Certainly. In ISTiP, at the time of the (Treat
excitement about the Pike’s Peak country, I
started out for ‘Pike’s Peak or bust.’ 1 was
then a poor man, and when 1 got there mv pos
sessions put together amounted to my team.
For four years 1 worked in the mines, mid then
commenced selling goods, which has bean my
occupation since then until lately, when 1 sold
out my business, ami am now* devoting
myself almost exclusively to the mining
trade. 1 am now connected with the
Little Pittsburg. New Discovery, Wlnnc
muck, Dives, Carboniferous, Crysolifc, Little
Eva, Eaton, Falrview, Pandora. Vulture. Kit
Carson, Climax, Dyer, belle of Colorado, Excel
sior, am) four or live oilier mines in Lcudvlllc,
besides the Bmi Jumi, lied llogers.Haxon, JJuIUe
Vardcii. ami three or four undeveloped mines in
tlie San Juan Valley. Most of these are doing
well, as can readllv'bo seen from the fact that
my share of the net dividend for last mouth of
the Little Pittsburg Consolidated Mining Com
pany, comprising ihu Little Pittsburg. Now
Discovery, Witinemuek, and Dives Mines,
amounted to $125,0911. Tills, when it Is taken
into consideration that these mines are not in
full working order as yet, makes a pretty fair
showing for the wealth of the country.”
Sneaking of the City of Luadvlllo, Mr. Tabor
was asked to give a description of the city, Its
industries, audits population.
•‘There is,” said he, **« population of from
10,POO to 111, 1)00 men in Leadvlllc, of which I lie
greater part are good, law-abiding citizens,
though, of course, we have there representatives
of nil classes of men who iloek Into n mining
camp. There are not, however, over 3,000 of the
disreputable class of men who are always hunt
ing jobs, but trying nut to get them. Our Citv
Government is a splendid one. In fact, I thing
it fullv equal to that ot either New York or
Cleveland, nml all misdemeanors are as prompt
ly and summarily dealt with as at the latter
placei!. Our banking interests are excellent,
there being three good hunks in Leadvlllc, the
Bank of Leadvlllc, Lake County Dank, and
Miners’ Exchange. Being President of the Bank
of Lendvlllu 1 can speak more positively of that
than of the others, but they nrc all undoubted
ly doing a large business. To give some
idea of this I will say that In my
bank wo started last October with the Intention
of keeping one cashier ami a man to take enru
of the olllcc. When 1 left there a few days ago
we had, nml have hud for a long time, six men,
who are kept constantly at work, mid there may
bo two or three more employed since then. 1
should not bo surprised if such were the ease.
Them ore thirty paying mines now in Leadvlllc,
besides over lUU prospective ones, in regard to
tlie religious ami educational departments of
our .citv, wo ham three churches, Episcopal,
Catholic, and Methodist, mid a very lino un
graded school, in which the higher brandies, ns
well as the common mid perhaps more useful
once, are taught We also have three daily pa
pers, two morning ami one evening, and each
issuing a weekly. The demand fur papers is
good, mid they are read a great deal more than
is usually the ease in places of this kind.”
‘•What about Jibe building prospects!”
“They urn grand. There arc at the present
time at least 850 buildings In process of erec
tion. Lumber is very scarce mid dear, bringing
sl>o per 1,000 in Unit, market, mi increase since
lust summer from $23 ami $35. mid nine or ten
mills are kept constantly running to supply the
“Does the rush of emigration to Lcadvlllo
still continual”
“ Yes. Tiie pUeo Is overrun. Between 400
and 500 arrive dally, and the railroads are run
ning extra trains to accommodate them. The
enuu still keeps up, and (lie managers of the
railroads complain that they cannot keep their
employes,us they desert and start for the mines
whenever importunity utters. There is now a
considerable demand for good railroad men, and
such a class, I think, would receive employment
on remunerative terms.”
“Governor, would you advise a man without
means to go there!”
“Not at present. We have more now’than
we know w hut to do with. Hut some time in
dune or July would bo n good time to go there,
If at all. Ido nut want to load any one to go
w ith Die anticipation of gulling rich without
any trouble, ido not believe that any mini
should ftart fur u now eountrv with Just
enougtijmoney to carry him there, and bodend
broke 'as soon ns lie arrives. This is it mistake
which many make, and Ihsd, when regrets are
worse than useless, that the true condition of
things does nut warrant such foil}*. Every one
should go there prepared to come back if they
are not successful In llndlng Die employment
they eeek. AH classes of business at Lciidvillo
are prospering, but each department is full to
uvcrlluwlng, with a great uumber of men out of
W#» I’rcnUco Itribml?
A brother of George 1). Prentice, residing In
Washington, lias been interviewed with rel
cronce to Hie story Unit the ureal editor accept
ed n bribe of $35,000 to print a Secession
editorial, und then when It did not apoeardld
not return the money, and nothlnu was ever
Kidd about It by the parlies who bud paid for an
urtlelo they didn’t get. This is said of Hie
brother and Ida talk: p
•'The brother of the urcat editor the poet Is
now in his OUih year, a small spare man, with
long gruv hair fulllmr on each side of a faro
which attracts by Jim kindly smile und henevo
lent aspect, lie talked freely about bis brut her.
and did not scorn to he disturbed by tliu recent
publications relluclinu on bis character us a
man und patriot. ‘ VeV lie said, * 1 have rend
a number of newspaper articles, purporting to
uivd Hie historv of a bargain made in 1801 by
my brother with (ho lenders of Hie Confederacy. l
“ Wliat do y«u know about Use matter! 1
“ ’it is tliu llrst i had ever heard ol it.’
“ 4 Did you have any conversation with your
brother at that time on political subjects <*
4 No, i did not. He was living In Louisville
and lin Washington. He came here shortly
after Hie War began, and afterward quite fre
quently during Is continuance.’
“ ‘Did lie. In any conversation vou held with
him during these visits, speak of his being ap
proached in the Interests of tho Conicderncv to
secure the support of Ids paper to that cause I’
4,4 0 h, yes. I remember Ids'telling mu that
Gcu. Beauregard offered him $500,000 to secure
(tie supjMirt of (he paper. This amount was
Intended for Hie purchase of the paper out
right, or, Incase piy brother did nut wish to
sell, the olfer would remain good, providing the
paper would remain neutral. 1
••' Are you sure about Hie amount !*
44 4 Certainly; he was oiTcred a check for Hint
amount on Hie Hunk of Georgia, and In llioso
days, uni know, that was a good bank.*
‘‘•How was this olfer entertained!’
•“Du merolv spoke of it to mu In a casual
way in connection with other tuples about tliu
War, and ihu possibility of ids having accepted
Hie oiler, or thought of doing so, did not oueo
occur to me. 1 ”
The Suffering In (iluncenter. Muss.
Jlotlm AitrtrlUer, Mnrrh M.
A few of Hie many cases of destitution have
hccu looked into by u representative of the Capo
Aim AdvcrlUrr, and temporary relief furnished
In each. Onu was that of u 'family at the Fort
where there w«ru u w idow and six children.
They were entirely out of food, and tha children
had all got cold, un account of their not having
shoes. On Washington street there was a fam
ily of four children. The mother was In despair,
as there was nothing to cat In thu hbuse, and tho
last stick of wood was on the lire. On Perkins
street was a family comprising 'a widow
nml three children, the eldest 4k year's nnd the
youngest 21 months. The mother sat with her
children about her, the vcryjplcturo uf despair,
moaning lor thu husband who had been Iter stay
mid support. Hu had earned hut little thu past
year, mid most abject poverty was apparent. On
thesatno street there dwells thu widow of onnof
thu skinners, a woman with five children, the
eldest 12 years ami thu voungest 2. When asked
concerning her situation, she burst into tears.
Said alto: '‘When my good man was alive wo
had had hard work to support, our family; but
now that ho has gone 1 know not- wlmt I shall
do. The future Is dark, very dark tome, uml
when 1 think Unit I shall never again see my
husband the thought Is terrible.” Her great
desire was to keep her children at school and to
get thu necessary clothing to render ilium com
fortable. On Green street was foumt a
woman bearing tho appearance of overwork,
anxiety, and grief, nml 'surrounded by seven
children, thu oldest 11 years of age, a lad who
has been seriously 111 with a lung dillieultv, from
which ho was slowly recovering, mid, by, con
tinued good nursing, and with the proper nour
ishment, bids fair to recover; the others rang
ing from 10 to 2k years, bright children, hut
scarcely half-clothed. On Sadler street live n
widow ami her three little girls. They were en
tirely destitute, wnd the mother also has a sister
very sick and poor. On Perkins street was
found a widow with live children mid her
widowed mother, thu eldest child? yearn and
thu youngest mi infant. Here was poverty of
thu most abject kind, the children thinly chid,
nnd hearing evidence of being poorly fed. These
observations are the result of visits Hindu dur
ing two half-days. The relief-work is carried on
with alt possible energy, but It. Is tar from being
complete, on account of limited means.
The Hoard of Trade Religious Association.
To the Editor of Hit Tribune.
Chicago, March 27.—1 n anticipation of tho
passage ofahc act through the Legislature au
thorizing religious societies to hold miy amount
of property free of taxation hy the Stale, there
is already a movement, mi foot to organize u
“ Board of Trade Religious Association.” Thu
members expect to save themselves any further
tuxes mid assessments on real estate and per*
sonal property hy transferring their prop
erty to the' Association and each mem
ber taking shares In proportion to tho
nmomilof property contributed. Of course this
will throw the expense of maintaining the (Jov
ernment on to other individuals not so for
tunate ns to belong to any “religious associa
tion,” hut there will probably always bo cnouch
who arc not posted ns to the method of escap
ing taxation to support the (Jovernmcnl. The
olltcu of the Association is already crowded
with applicants tor admission, and tin; “creed ”
is adopted by all. ” Salvation by faith alonu ”
was nwr so popular. Anti-Tax.
Imprisonment for Debt.
To the Editor of The Trtbimr.
CutCAGO, March 27.—When Andrew Jackson
ran for President In 182-1, ono of thu Issues
before tho people of this country was the
abolition of Imprisonment for debt. Lafayette
came over that year for a visit, Inquired for u
former comrade In arms In thu War of the Rev
olution, found him In Jail for debt, and procured
his release. This circumstance greatly aided
the Democratic effort to overthrow the law
which enabled a creditor to Imprison his debtor
until the utmost farthing was paid. Tho aboli
tion of this law was demanded by poor men, by
laborers, those who sought to prevent this accu
mulation of property In the hands of thu few;
and was carried by the Democracy.
If wo could now resurrect thu arguments then
used to.prove thu justice and expediency of re
leasing thu debtor from tlm power of the cred
itor they would read strangely In tho light of the
late Democratic departure in Indiana, where the
party of the poor man lias recently restored the
old penalty on thu crime of debt, and u man
who owes another more than two weeks* wages
lor working in a mine may bo imprisoned as a
It is a little dlfllcult to understand why it 1s
more criminal to bo in debt to a minor than to
any oilier man, ami the only logical reason
which cun bo conceived fur selecting employers
engaged in working' mines ns special objects of
imprisonment must bo a desire on the part of
thu .Legislature to stop mining operations in
that State.
This may be (rood policy, nud could nt least bo
defended f»y broad, strong reasons; but the leu*
islatlon should have been procured by u fair,
honest statement of (lie causes leading to It, and
the object to bo accomplished.
There is no doubt that the coal Holds of this
country nro being exhausted in a most reckless
and Improvident manner: and that tiie people
show little regard fur the rights of posterity In
Ihelr destruction of the forests now growing on
the surface of the earth, and those stored In its
vaults long centuries ago. Wo certainly have
no right to usu up in one generation tiie capital
which u thrllty Nature has accumulated fur (he
use of her children In all ages, and no true
statesman can look with indllTcreneo on the
wicked,* wanton waste of all our natural ami na
tional resources by the men of this ago.
Men who look to the future must see with
pain and alarm the coke ovens of Pennsylvania
in wlitcb the bust portion of millions of tons of
coni is every year converted Into gas and smoko
to pollute the air, and llamc that Is utterly use
If, therefore, the people of Indiana have
come to see the sin mid folly ol this distinction,
and have honestly concluded to keep their coal
as a legacy fur their children, God speed them
m the good work; but they should do It In a
way to he understood and to educate the world
up to their plane. It Is tint a few years since
Indiana held out every Inducement to capital
ists, both in her own borders mid In other
States, to open and work her mines, ami, now
that their capital 100 invented, it Is not honest
to make such Investments criminal without due
notice! Alter inducing thousands of miners to
locate In the Commonwealth, it Is not fair to
legislate (hem out of work without having given
them time to remove to other States where
mining Is not interdicted.
That the clTect of (ids recent legislation must
be to check, and ultimately stop, eoal-mlning in
tiie Jloofiler State must bo apparent, to all re
ducting people; mul the fact that it lies passed
under the pretense of aiding miners In their
struggle with employers only proves that Dem
ocratic leaders regard their constituents as
grnwn-up children, to be amused with soap
bubbles mid Intluted with pompous brcatii.
There is no law of trade which does or can
secure a coal mcVcliant any msire than any other
merchant Irom loss mul disappointment In thu
collection of money duo him,—no fixed arrange
menl by which ho Is secured in a cash market
for Ids goods; hut according to this tiew law he
must pay his hands without reference to the
statu ot his cash account, or go to Jail like a
Or course money lenders being aware of Ills
dilemma would stand ready to skin him on one
side and Ida creditors on the oilier, and if ho ti
made like other men he will begin to curtail his
business, and tret out of it as soon ns possible.
There certainly will nut be another dollar in*
vested tu the mining business In Indiana while
this law stands on the statute books unless bv
men who have special arrangements fur evading
U, and the result must he to close the mines.
It Is n singular fact In human progress that
the very class of men who m I*3l demanded the
abolition of all law* authorizing Imprisonment
lor debt should, In IH7H, demand a return to the
old principle; but It would be still more singu
lar If tlds backward revolution could stop hero.
If men who employ others to work In minus
may be Imnrisoned for nuii-pnvmunt of w ages at
a certain time, why not imprison men who hire
others lo work in miy and every other depart
inentof labor, atal when the law Is equalized,
who are going lo be the employers! Who will
choose to bo Unit Immovable link In a tlnxiblo
and moving chain w hich must hear all the strain
of every Ihictuulloii In markets, every ueeldcut
and casualty!
Certainly the arch enemy of the race could
not devise a mure potent plan for adding to (he
list of die unemployed millions who now cry
aloud for relief; and when any considerable
portion of them enu be made to ueeept such'u
measure us one of relief, there Is a sad outlook
(or the tuture, and u pretty fair prospect of our
becoming a nation of lazzurmil like the Italy of
twenty years ago. Ja.nu Uunv Hwissuulm.
Liquor nt tho Capital.
Cm‘*tunn‘ttnrt VUrtlumt ftfratti,
A resolution was lung ago passed bV Congress
prohibiting the salu of liquor hi tire Capitol
building. For some lime the resolution was
obeyed, but Dually It was evaded bv tlie keepers
of tho two restaurants, who put oat liquor in
cups. Those desiring a drink of whisky pad but
to usk for a “cup of tea." mid tho Unitor was
produced. Finally the salu become bolder, mid
on tho last night of the Forty-tilth Congress, in
tho House restaurant, 3,U70 drinks of lager beer
wero disposed of at Dvo cents a drink, besides
tho whisky, brandy, wine, and butties of cham
pagne that were sold. I
Hills of Fare.
Phllailtluhln J*rogr»t»,
Word comes Irum London that tho sensclc&s
fashion of French fur dinner menus Is to be done
away with. At several recent grand dinners tiro
bills of faro have bceu In English.
A spuing' I*okm SPRUNG.
Tho caw gambols over the green,
.And tho turnips sprout m the soil;
While nut stops the buckwheat-cane,
And In steps tho red rosy boll.
The awnings are yawning above ns,
The whttownshcr Inugheth In gleet
j\nd tho ladles arc bobbing around
To sen whnt new styles they can see.
April bills arc Just ready to blossom.
The corn-doctor hovers around;
While tho merchant stirs up his trade,
Ami tho farmer likewise tho ground.
Tho bees nro beginning to bumble,
The haw-tree gives out a hnw-lmw:
The bcer-lrndc commences to brighten.
And the frcc-tnncber ertteth his slaw.
Then soon will the liana-organ grind
"Gentle Annie”and “OrnndLilliur's Clock” |
And the festive cat will veil on the fence—
Also, auctioneers selling old slocx.
But with ull these Joys there aro sorrows.
And the worst, wo desire you to know tl.
Is the bunding of that incoinpretiemdblu thing
That Is known ns tho gentle spring-poet.
Detroit Free Fret*.
Vesterdny morning, soon after the eating
stands on the'Central Market had been thrown
open to the maw of the bumrt-y public, ami
while Mrs. Mogruder was telling a small boy
that she could hold up Iter bund mid swear
that she never used beans hi her codec, a
stranger came along and asked if ho could got
n bite to cut. Mrs. Magrudor had liven ou thu
market for ninny years, and she thinks she
knows a thing or two. She has Haltered her
self that she could tell to a bite Just how much
a customer could cat, and site has fnrycars bad
on undisguised contempt for thtn-hodied, spare
faced men, who try to chew their calico and
mlnco their toast.
This strnugcr was a little better than a six
foot shadow, ills foreground consisted of a
sltlrt-eoilnr mid n mouth ns big n.i a minco-plc,
mid the perspective revealed nothing but two
hollow eyes set holow a thin lino of sandy eye
brows. Ho remarked that ho had just arrived
from Dnvton, mul was somewhat hungry, but
wanted llrst to inquire how much his breakfast
would cost him, us lie was rather short of
“Ohl I suppose you may bo able to worry
down six nr seven cunts’ worth uf provisions
and a c.up of codec,” she replied.
“ Suppose you say 23 cents for all I want to
cull” ho said, as thu corners of his eyes began
to twitch.
Mrs. Mngruder looked him over,and mentally
calculated that tdiu would make Just 13 cents by
the bargain, mid she replied':
“ I must have my money In advance, you
“Oh, certainly—boro It Is. Now, then, I’m
to eat my All for the quarter!”
Sho said that was the understanding, and
winked at thu woman in the next stall. The
thin man from Dayton doubled up on a stool,
opened his mouth, and a fried sausage went
out of sight bo quickly that the lust end seamed
to smoke - . A tried cake followed, then a second
sausage, and after a gulp or two the man hand
ed nut his cup with the words: «
” That tastes like real colleo—glmmojsotno
While she was Ailing the cup ho got awav
with two hot biscuits and a slice of beef, anti
the colfcc came In Justin time to wash down a
hunk of mince pic. lie could use both urma
ami his mouth at once, and ho attended etrlctlv
to business. Whcn Mrs. Mngruder had Ailed
the third eup her smite had quite vanished. She
saw that she wouldn't come out even without
resorting to strategy, and she began asking
questions. Tiie man answered none of them
except by a mournful shake of tho head. Crash i
crash I went his Jaws, mid he reached out from
tho shoitidci* like clock-work. Airs. Mngruder
called his attention to a dog-flght across thu
way, hut ho ate faster than ever. Tho bell
struck 9,Jam! sho remarked that n big conflagra
tion was raging at thu Union Depot, but tho
man did not raise his eyes.
When Mrs. iMngruder dlscovcrod that sho was
at least six shillings behind she said that sho
was a “ poor widow with live children to sup
“ llow 1 do pity you I” replied tho mao as ho
passed Ids cup with ono hand and raked in a
biscuit with the oilier.
Then Mrs. Mngruder told a story about a man
drooping dead on tiic market, thu day before on
account of overeating, hut tho man got away
with two fried cakes ami replied:
“Curious how some folks wilt make hogs of
At length Mrs. Mngruder wanted to know
how much longer ho could stand it, and the
thin man from Dnvtoa gave her a reproachful
glance ami answered:
“ Have I thus early fallen In with swindlers
and falsifiers!”
Sho let him go on for threo or four minutes
more, and then she hinted that a detective was
prowling around there evidently “spotting l *
sumo one.
“ If he’ll only give mo twenty-live minutes to
finish my breakfast, he can take me and be
hanged 1” answered the man, and his arms
worked faster than ever.
Mrs. Magrndcr was cornered. She laid his
money down, mid usked him fur the sake of her
poor orphans to move on and leave her at least
one Irted-eaku us a business foundation. Ho
paused with his cup held out for the seventh
time, and perhaps something In her tearful look
reminded him of Ids poor dead mother, lor he
••Well, I am onlv human, and I admit Unit
my heart Is tender. 1 don’t like to leave oil in
the middle of my breakfast, but I’ll take the
money mid move on for your children's soke.”
Hu got up looking Just as much like a lath as
when ho sat down, ami when he was out of sight
Mrs. Magrndcr turned to the desolate ruins and
groaned out:
‘•I’ll take my solemn oath If $4 would make
mu good for this, and 1 must tell my husband
that i lilted out a schooner on trust I’ 1
San Fi'andico Corviiiiomtenct notion Cnmmrrclol
There arc no many curious turns of Fortune's
wheel on the Comstock. I heard only yesterday
of a case where cold-bloodod persistency of pur
pose mid tcnacltyof grit In face of most discour
aging circumstances won a big fortune,—and thu
easels the more remarkable because, knowing
the parties, meeting them almost every day, be
ing familiar with their surroundings, etc., I
never before heard of it. It leaked out only by
accident. Mr. Root Is the man who designed all
the machinery, laid all the plans, made oil the
contracts, mul superintended the work of build
ing (lov. Stanford's famous wlre-cahlc street-rail
road In this city, which runs a distance of nearly
two miles through thu richest mid host part of
the city, mid is to-day thu modal street-rail
way of tho continent. Root is a young
man, not over .'ll), thin, wiry, homely,
and—welt, shabby. He Is a splendid
mechanic, mid though for along time In Cent ml
raeillc employ nobody knew until bo built the
Stanford street railway, entirely on bis own
plans, ihuUhcru was so much in him. To look
at him you wouldn't think Root ever saw a
mining-stock ccrlillcatc.
Vet one day when Sierra Nevada was booming
along at 200, Root walked Info the adieu of a
lending broker, an old friend, mid ho said:
“Dan, guess we'd butter get rid of some of
lids now." and ho handed over two ecrtlllcates,
ono of f>oo shares and the other of 100. •• Dan "
took them, looked them over, and noticed that
thu backs of hot h were perfectly covered with
receipts for assessments.
“ Where in the world did you cot these!"
asked Dun.
••nought’em four years ago," said Root.
“Hud ’em lying In mv trunk ever since. Raid,
I think, 50 cents a share for some, six bits for
some mure, mid got sumo for two IPs. Been
paying assessments ever since, religious!?, and
the whole lot stands mo In about $5 u shore.
1 waul you to sell half of It now, for 1 guess u’s
Mute to ‘call the turn,'" and within throe days
300 shares of Root's stock f|iund a market at
from S2OO to $330, mid his broker passed to Ills
credit over SOO,OOO.
The other UOOjslmres ho got rid of at 1235 and
$3lO, mid about $70,000 more went lo Ids credit,
lie hauled down $50,000, and then, os to the
rust, said to his broker (mid here is Dio point 1
want to make), “ 1 want you to put so many
thousand into Norcrusn, so many Into Cali
fornia, so many Into Curry, mid so many into
Belcher. Toy fur them, let them He; mid when
assessments come pay on them."
‘•But," said the broker, “you may have to
wait, mid"
“ That’s just what I expect to do—wait. But
sooner or later some one or the other of those
stocks will lusta mo a fortune."
And that Is ilia spirit that our average work
ing Californian* goes' into speculation on the
Comstock with. Few hembuy Comstock stocks
for dividends. Let a mine thero begin to pay
dividends, and unless they aro very big, or tho
mine has a prospect of keeping them up, not a
dollar Is added to the value of the stock. Our
quiet buyer, our business man, our shrewd
capitalist, aro all actuated by tho same Idea.
“Buy them when they are cheap, lav them
away, and sooner or Inter If any mine within a
mile makes a strike wo may make 600 per cent.
Jf the strike should cornu In our owu mine wo
may make from 6,000 to Id,QUO per cent, uud,
perhaps, if wo have stork enough. walk ol! wllh
the fortune wo expected to have to work oil our
lives for." < i
Ihtlia* {Tfr.i Oiimmernntj
There transpired on the public square Tester*
day an episode which wo think fs of sutllclnnt
interest to be perpetuated in type. A country*
man had brought to thu city ami offered lor sale
n horso, informing the crowd that he was com*
polled to dispose of the animal, He began to
cry the merits of his steed, and succeeded in
attracting a crowd. Several of them examined
the ottering with the usual critical cyo of the
trader, ami pronounced the beast a sorry Invest*
ment. Homo lamrhod at tim high praise be*
stowed on him hv Mio owner, ami were Irrcvrr
ent enough to suggest that the cuntminial of the
animal would havp to bo eolcbrntcil. NeverMie
less the bidding began ami dragged with its oe
enstomed slowness until all of sll had been
ottered, .lust then a gentleman In the crowd
stepped forward ami took a gaud look at the
creature. After he had tlnlshud lie (pilntiy re
marked, " I want that horse.” lie accordingly
hid sir>. and continued to steadily raise each
otter until It was knocked down lo him at $1)1.
Some of the crowd laughed at his bargain, but
he bold his pence until lie had paid his money
and received his Dili of sale, fie then vouch*
safed the Simula statement, •• 1 rode that horse
during the War.” A Commercial man,who Imp*
pened to be one of the lookers-on, at once In
terrogated him upon thu matter, lie stated
that his nnmu was Charles I.liuUoy, and that hu
was a native of Nicholas County, Ky. During
the War ho was a member of Cupl. j,ec Hatha
way's company, wolch served under Morgan
at the batilo of Cynthlaim, Ky, "I was rid
ing that Identical animal you see stand
ing there, and both 1 ami my horse were
wounded. Come, ami 1 will show vent the place
where he was struck.” He wicked to tint head
of his purchase, and looking closely found what
appeared to ho a faint near on the left side of
his neck. “Now.” said he, “to show you that
lam not wrong in my opinion that lie is mv
horse, I will call him hv Ida old name, and Ptl
hot Unit he recognizes U.” “Sorrel Joe,” said
he, and sure enough the Intelligent animal
pricked his cars as if hu fulty understood Mm
name. Mr. Ltndluy says that when hu was
wounded In Mm light he was taken to the rear,
and that somehow his faithful horse was left be
hind. From that time until now* ho has never
seen Ids dumb companion of that Imrd-lought
campaign. How ho ever got hero Is a question,
the countryman having bought him from a per
son in tnis city. Mr. D. says Miat no monuy
could get thu creature froth him. ilu Is going
to taku him to his nluco in this countv, ami keep
him In comfort for thu remainder of ills days.
AVic ivrk Herald.
“Bblnol” “Black ’em? ” < •Shlncl ,, yelled a
llttto bootblack named DenisllulUn, ns bo satin*
tered down Centra street yesterday morning
with a box slung over bis shoulder. A well
dressed man, wearhigahlch bat mid while neck
tie. beckoned Die youngster. The boots wore
quickly blackened, and (he man who wore the
boots throw tho bootblack a nickel. There
upon the bootblack informed him that It was
Sunday, und his prico was 10 cents instead of
live. Thu man refused to comply with the de
dcmaml, mid, after a few hot words had been
exchanged, the bootblack, who had rend all the
10-ccnt novels, swore . that ho would get oven.
The man catered a saloon lu the vicinity, and
soon forgot nil about the dllllculty. Not so
with Denis Hallln, the bootblack, lie spun
around the block like n deer, mid In a very few
moments had the “gang,” which consisted of
seven other bootblacks, ready for un attack.
A large ash-box mid several barrels
stood on the sidewalk In front of
the saloon, mid behind these the
“gang” secreted themselves, armed with mud
balls especially prepared for the occasion. They
had hardly perfected their arrangements for
the attack, when the well-dressed gentleman
with the high hut, whlto necktie, mid shining
hoots emerged from the saloon. “Now, slug
’em I” yelled Dems. This order was carried out
to tho letter. A largo mud-ball struck directly
under the well-dressed gentleman’s chin, be
spattering bis whlto shirt bosom. Ho had not
time to recover from this shock before, his bat
sustained porlous damage by coming In contact
with a dying shoe. A dirty barrel-hoop took
effect around his neck, mid blacking-brushes mid
tln-cmis followed in hot pursuit. The Inst, touch
of the “ make-up ” was given by Denis himself,
who threw a mud-ball, which, to Ids great de
light, completely closed the well-dressed gen
tleman's left eye. Thu man them turned on Ins
assailants mid succeeded in capturing Denis.
A police oflkcr arraigned him In the Tombs I’o
lieu Court. Justice Smith held the youthful
transgressor fur trial In detuult of S3OO bail on
complaint of the well-dressed man. who gave
Ids name an Morris Wolf, of No. 435 Broome
Scientific discovery: Draw a tooth and you
•will get high scream.
Garlic is said to bo a sovereign remedy for
gout. There Is no remedy for garlic.
“Always pay as you go,” said an old man to
his nephew. “Dut, uncle, suppose I haven’t
anything to pay with!” “Then don’t go.”
Art is cold, but Nature is warm. What work
of the chlsclcrcan compare with the bust in
spired by three gln-sllngs and a couple of
A Minneapolis cat has achieved a kitten with
live heads, ilow sweet It will be, when that cat
attains Its majority, to have It sit on (he back
fence and commune with itself!
Old lady (to boy dragging a child along)—
“All. you bad hoy, dragging Idm along like
Unit 1 o’posln' you was to kill him?” Hnd boy—-
“Gobi Don’t care. Got another In-doors.
Funny Fo'.kt,
“Why don’t you got even with him?” was
asked of a youth whoso schoolmate was In the
habit of hectoring him, and the wise young man
replied, “I never cross the tease for tear he
might dot my eyes.”
A llttlo 5-ycnr-ohl boy, who had seen a pea
cock for the first time, ran Into the house ex
claiming to his sister, **o Lizzie I I’ve seen u
great, great, big monsllferous tall walking
around with n hen tied to it.”
A kind father of Southboro’, Maes., a man
well-to-do, took his siek eon to the doctor last
week, and told him if ho could cure Hie hov for
less than the cost of a funeral to go ahead,' but
if ho couldn't the youth must take his cimuecs.
A Wheeling inventor is getting un a new
patent chair lor dentists. A' concealed spring
in ll runs a tack un through the scut, and while
the patient is howling, and his attention Is
diverted by the attack below, the tooth Is yank
ed out. , . , •
An eminent scientist announces that the posi
tion of the planets during the early purl of next
summer indicates with unerring certainty an un
precedented rago of poets. Wo believe, how
ever. Unit tbo man ol science was hired to say
tills by the proprietors of shot-cun stores.—Jiur
Scene: German recitation room, March, 1880,
Tutor—Mr. X., please translate the following
sentence: “My brother has a glass of water
unit a piece of bread.” Mr. X. (dropped from
’80): “Please, sir, 1 don’t know tho words for
water and broad; wu always did our'sentences
last year In beer and cheese."— Ill's iia'ord.
Tbo l’trhcot*, nmedlcal journal,says: “When
a person begins to shiver, Urn blood is receding
from the surface, congestion to u greater or
lesser extent has taken place, mid ” mid,
yes, wo recognize the picture easily. U Is the
young man who Is in the act of putting on a
dean shirt, mul who suddenly hears his sister
mid a troop of girls romping towards his room,
to the door of 'which there la neither key nor
boll.— Feu Orltnut T,met.
Too Much Sleep.
’ QuhUn Uulf,
The effects of too much sleep are uot less sig
nal than those arising from Us privation. Tho
whole nervous system becomes blunted, so that
the muscular energy is enfeebled, end the sen
sations and moral and intellectual man! testations
are olnundcd. All the bad elTeets of Inaction
become developed: the functions are exerted
with less energy; the digestion Is torpid, tho ex
cretions are diminished, whilst, iu some In
stances, the secretion of fat accumulates to an
inordinate extent. Tho mempry Is Impaired, tho
powers of Imagination are dormant, and the
mind fulls into a hind of Hebetude, chlclly be
cause Ute functions of the lutollbct are not suf
ficiently exerted, when sleep' Is too pro
longed or too olton repeated. To sleep much
Is not necessarily to bo a good alepper. Gener
ally they ere tho poorest sleep?™ who remain
longest In bed; t. c., they awaken less refreshed
than If tbu hour of arising were earlier by an
hour or two. White It Is true chut children and
young people require more sleep than their eld
ers, vet It should be tho curd of parents Unit
ovcrlnduigcnco ho not permitted. Where the
habit Is for children to lie lu bed until 8 or 0 In
tho morning, tbu last two hours. a( least, do not
bring sound, dreamless sleep, where the hour of
retiring IsßorU p. m., but arc spent In “doz
ing," and, lu fuel, such excuse cannot full to uV
sure Uie harmful results described by tbo au
thorltv uuuted. What Is called “lozlucss"
among children Is, iu very many eases, disease,
nmt Is largely due to this, as well ns the other
muses mentioned, Hint undermine the found*,
tlous of health.
The Fotirtrcnth-fUrcrt House Torn Dnwn«
Celebrated Entertainments In the 1)«.
molUhipi Itulldlnu—The Great Dinner la
Charles Dickens, and That Given by #ir
Morton Peto.
.Vne Ynrk 8»n,
Persons passing the corner of Fourteenth
street ami Filth avenue, during the last month
or so, could hardly huvo failed to notice that the
memorable building known as Delmotdco’s vrn
In process of demolition. When Dolmonlco
moved to Fourteenth street, eighteen years ago,
it was’very remarkably up-town. There were
no shops nor shopping then in that thorough
fare, exclusively composed In those days of
hamlsomoi ambitious residences, and resorted
to ns a fashionable promenade. It was then the
dividing lino of up-town ami down-town, but
far more up than down, quite remote from gen
eral business, and hnvened, It was thought,
from alt peril of Its inroad.
It Is common to speak of Dolmonlco as If
Micro wore only one; but there are at present
three Dclmonlcos,—Lorenzo, Biro, and Charles,
—who superintend the (our houses In South
William and llrond streets, Broadway, and Filth
avenue. The Dclmonlcos wore originally Swiss
(the Swiss have lung beenrenowned for entering,
ami have the most delightful hotels on the
globe), nr, properly, Swlos-ltalluns, having coma
from Ticino, the must southern Canton of the
little Republic, and at one thnu part of the
ancient Duchy of Milan. Their name Is proper
ly written In two words, Dot Monlco, and pro
nounced with (ho principal accent on
Mm penultimate—Del Mo-nm-co— not oa
the antepenultimate—Del J/bn-e-co—as com*
mmily rendered, and, Indeed, accent
ed/||by thu restaurateurs themselves,
practical men, who are Indifferent to orthoepy,
provided their customers pay their bills. The
pioneers arc said to Imvu been Giovanni (John)
and I’lclro (Peter) Delmonleo, who emigrated
and set up n small entlng-houbc In William
street, in a building said to bo haunted, mid there
fore cheap, innro then half a century since, ami
by good cooking,—comparatively little under
stood hero Mien,—discreet management, ami
close Attention lo business, thrived presently.
They hod no notion of becoming the mode;
they nought to make an honest livelihood hv
soiling good food at a fair price; and they sold
It so uniformly that In a few veers Miev had se
cured a sung patronage, and when merchants
and bankers, or their clerks, wanted a steak,
chop, or i cutlet done to a turn, with toothsome
accompaniments, they dropped Into Dchnonl
The fame of (he plain though capital eating*
house swiftly spread. Tho Swiss brothers were
making money.
Lorenzo, a nephew, the oldest surviving mem
ber of the family, mid present general director
of the Dulmonleo restaurants, crossed the At
lantic after awhile, and lu duo time entered into
partnership with Giovanni and (Metro. Next
anno Biro, another nephew, unde of Charles,
who was born here forty-odd years since, anil
who managed the Fourteenth-street nlncc after
its opening, anil now manages the establishment
at .Fifth avenue mid Twenty-sixth street. Ho is
the grand-nephew of the nrlmodlal Dulmonlcos,
much (he best known of tlic tribe, is thoroughly
American, mid tho must enterprising of thi
family dead or living.
A feeling akin to melancholy is excited by
gazing at the old dismantled corner, where so
many elaborate dinners, clegaut receptions,
brilliant parties, mid balls have been given In
the days gone by. What delicate viands, what
rich, costly wines have been eaten and drank la
the large and small saloons, flow . many elo
quent men have talked; how nmnv lovely
women have looked lovelier from their con
sciousness ■of deserving admiration; what
gifted mid noble minds have been honored;
what delightful flirtatious have been earned op;
what Ihimielul and political schemes have been
concocted; what glorious reunions and ambro
sial nights have been bad within those over*
thrown walla I Gena. Thomas, Kearney, Cus
ter, Wadsworth, Charles Sumner, Ben Wade,
Thaddeus Slovens, John F. Hale, Bennett,
Greeley, Raymond. James T. Bradv, Thomas F.
Meagher, Bayard Tavlor, Lincoln, Bryant, Dick
ens, Astor, Vanderbilt; Stewart, ami adventur
ers like '1 weed and Fisk have repeatedly sat at
tho plenteous board and been merrv, where the
sunshine and the rain now fall unobstructed.
The most extensive dinner ever given at tbo
crumbled shrine ofentcrtalumcntwns the dinner
given by Sir Morion I’ctotoalmndml merchants,
with a sprinkling ol Journalists, about the close
of the Civil Mar. ilu was regirdcd as Im
mensely wealthy; ho hud vast interests in rail*
ways, and various public improvements; was an
exemplar of orthodox?, attended any number
of churches, prayed long and loud, contributed
handsomely to benevolent societies, was a
favorite of evangelical clergymen, and was
fulsomcly eulogized us the model - Christian
merchant. After he had returned to England
he was arraigned for fraudulent transactions on
an enormous scale, am], although ho cscuncd
prison by certain legal technicalities, he was
condemned in public opinion, and forever ruined
in reputation, Sir Morton’s piety was doubt
less u studied hypocrisy, y practiced for the pur
pose of more readily carrying out bis dishonest
schemes, mid, perhaps, of eliciting sympathy
when he should bo found out.
Ostentatious expenditure was one of tlio
methods he adopted to gain favor In this coun
try, ami he was never more ostentatious than
in his order to Delmonleo, who was enjoined to
exercise ids ingenuity in making everything the
Very best that money would buy. Consequently,
the dinner was a marvel of skill, and art, mid
extravagance. Thu saloon was smothered in
the rarest Powers; the menu was In gilt on em
broidered satin; some of the wine cost $25 a
bottle; the cleverest musicians were engaged at
fancy prices; Clara Louise Kellogg had $1,1)00
for two songs, and a present besides of a dia
mond bracelet. In nil probability such u dinner
bus never boon served in Uie Republic; It would
have delighted Soyeraml Fruncatclll, uml hnd
the ancient Greek I’blloxcnus been there he
would again have wished for the neck of u crane
that lie might longer onloy the passage of so
many dainties down ids greedy throat. The
total cost was about $50,000, or S2OO for each
person present.
Among the guests was JaincsUordon Bennett,
the elder, who very rarely accepted invitations,
and whose person wits so unfamiliar, despite Ids
universally known name, lhat very few persons
recognized him.' It was, we think, Ids last ap
pearance In public: mid then ho seemed ill ut
case, greatly bored, and withdrew as curly ai
decent courtesy would allow.
The most famous enterUimncut ut the Four*
teeuth street restaurant was the Dlekcus dinner
(lbli8), to which he had been Invited by the lead
ing journalists of the city,—tbe sole invitation
of a public kind he accepted during hfs stay in
the country. Tbo occasion m&dn mnnv outsiders
eager to take part; but ns onlysoo porsonscouid
be accommodated, ami us there were Journalists
enough to reach the number, it was strictly a
professional entertainment, and a very pleasant
one. The celebrated novelist was not very well
at i lie lime, mid bis delay In arriving caused the
assembled company to fear that he would not
come at all. The fear hnd well nigh become
conviction, mid disappointment was de
pleted hi every face, when the guest,
nearly an hour after the time named, hobbled
In on the arm of a friend, mid.snpported by a
cane, ilo was suffering from a very sore fool,
but, notwithstanding acute pain, boro himself
charmingly, and made one of ids happiest,
speeches, continuously Interrupted by rapturous
applause. He was altogether exceptional to tbo
rule of his countrymen, very few of whom sliino
us responders to toasts, having very little of tbo
readiness, grace, and vivacity that go toward
oral success at taolo. lie was particularly
struck by the fluency mid humor of the peopl'd
over hero, and remarked after the dinner that
he had tever before heard so much good post
prandial eloquence, (ieorgo William Curtis’
speech no pronounced a model of elegance,
pertinence, mid precision.
it is noteworthy that, although wine was un
limited, not one of the SJO Journalists, who as
n body are not usually accounted very abstemi
ous or moderate under convivial conditions,
transcended the limit of discretion or
was the least indecorous or unconven
tional in manner, nmugro the continual flow
of wine. It U doubtful If this could be said of
the sumo number of men of any other profes
sion under liko circumstances. Thu Dickens
dinner was in every way enjoyed and enjoyable;
and when the writers lor the press learned, two
yours later, that he who had begun his career as
reporter for the Mvrnhm Vhrvnlctf, who had
made the world lough and weep over Ids iVd
uicka and i’aui Dumbest, his Sum WtlUrt mid
Little XeiU } hb Dick Swhxllert mid Afjntt ll'ifl - *
Jidda, had dropped his pen forever, they re
called the festivity mid good-lellowdilp at the
up-town Delmuulco’s, nnd were glad that they
hud been there.
Nothing material Is left now of that and so
many luxurious feasts and macolilcout sympo
sia except the ml heaps of bricks ranged along
the sidewalk. Even those will soon vanish iuto
new walls, but uot walls that wIU-,ccho U» die
merriment, and anecdote, and eloquohee us did
those which stmt In tho thousands of clever
eaters mid drinkers who resorted for llftceu
years to the fashionable restaurants.

xml | txt