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IOWA RAILROAD MATTERS. Dus Moines, In., 'March 30.—The contest be* tween the Chicago,' Milwaukee * St. I’aul and the McGregor & Missouri Railroad Companies over the land-grant lands, amounting to about 118,000 acres, has been decided bv Land-Com missioner Williamson, at Washington, In favor of the Chicago, Milwaukee &SU Paul. In ISOI, .Congress granted'lo the Slate aid In the building of a railroad fyom Sioux City to the Southern Mtnncsot a line,mid from McGregor lo a .point In O'RrlcnCounty, where It Intersected the lines from Sioux City, and along the forty-third parallel, each odd-numbered section of laud, for a width of ten sections, along each aide of said road. This grant was accepted by the McGregor A Western Rail road Company. The grant compelled the Com pany lo build twenty miles of road each year, mid If It failed to do Mils the State had power to resume the Inml. This Company, heforu Soj>- tomher, 18d", built the road to C'atmar, forty tbreo miles; hub February, 18(15, the State re sumed the grant, and In March of that Tear re granted the lands to the McGregor & Sioux City Railway Company, conditioned that twenty miles of road should ho built each year, mid the whole rdnd completed before December, 1875. The. name of this Cnmpanv was soon after claused to McGregor <fc Missouri Railroad Com pany. In ItWS-biU-’TO Iho McGregor it Mis souri Railway Company built Irom Colmar to -Algous, 130 miles, and ceased operations, there by forfeiting Hair grant. In 137(1 the Legisla ture resumed the lands and rcgranlcd them to the same Company, on certain conditions, which the Company tailed to accept. Thelustsesslonof the Legislature the grant was again resumed, nml the lauds granted to the Chicago, Milwau kee & St. Paul Railroad Company on condition that (lie road was to bo built from AlgmmtoShel • don, In O'Brien County, within two years. Tbo Company accepted the grant, mid built the road the first year, thereby more than filling Its cun tract. On making application for its lands, lb Was discovered that the McGregor & Missouri Railroad Company had Jumped tnelr claim, mid liad on flic a claim dated March 83,1771, for about 112,000 acres lying west of Algonu, or along the road built by the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, nml set'tiD that they have the right under the cram, of 1804 lo 100 sections of. bind far every ten miles of road, mid that theV'nmv be selected onvwhcro within the lim its of the grant; mid Hardier that the right to this land vested on the completion of cneh ten utiles of road, hence Hie bind so earned could not be resumed by the Slate, as It had no title thereto. Non*, it should bo rcmcmbcied that when this grant was made the country along the eastern ball of the lino was thickly settled and was populous, mid alfordcd abundant local trafllc to warrant the building of the road. In addition thereto local aid or subsidies were given. Along the western half Micro were no settlements. The grunt was made for the pur pose of developing the country. There was not at the time the grant was made enough unoc cupied land to give the hundred sections for etch ten miicK of road along the entire lino. The question, therefore, was, whether It was reasonable to suppose Unit Congress would give a bonus for having a road In a settled country w hero U was invited by local aid ami encouraged by Inca) aid, mid expect that portion to be built without a bonus where there was no local trade, nor local aid,—or, in other words, whether the grunt was not In terms co-terminus, ami applied to each ten miles of road ns completed. That the land must bn taken from the ten mile limit ulonc the road actually built. Com missioner Williamson takes the co-terminus new of the ease, and holds that under Sec. 1 of the grant of ISO 4, which save, “ Every alter nate section designated br odd numbers'for ten lections In width on each side of said road,” the right to the land does out inure any faster than the road is built, and then it is only to bind on each side of the road. Under tills con struction he holds that the him! west of Algona belongs to the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, mid will be patentedTo the State for that Com pany. tie also holds that the McGregor & Mis souri Hallrond Company can only take bind earned according to the miles It built, and not lauds earned by miles built by unv other Com pany,—-Umt is, the lands earned by each Com pany will bo certified to such Company only. Tills decision will intcrlcre somewhat with some of DmlanU-grabseliemes of the McGregor * Mis souri mid the old McGregor* Western, which were ventilated In lids correspondence In Tub Triuunb a low years ogo. It is pleasing to lowa people to know that Mr. Williamson Is redeem -lug the Department over which lie presides from the very bud character which his predecessors bad somehow entailed upon it. If lie will in some way stop the further certification of lands to the old Dos Mblncs Valley Uallroad Com pany, long dead and buried, and which Die Uplted Stales Land-Otllee records hero show bus already got over 10.UU0 acres more limn it is entitled to, lie .will do a good thing fur Dm Stutc and Dm people who wish to got cheap homes la Northern lowa. WISCONSIN. SPKfat Dispatch to The Tribune. Miuvaukiii?, April I.— ln conversation with n reporter to-day, Manager Merrill pronounced as utterly without foundation the report which originated at La Crosse the other day. to the effect that the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Hallway Company have In contemplation the curly construction of a lino of road along the hank of die Mississippi River from La Crosse to Pralrln du Chlen. Ho says the track now being built along the levee In La Crosse contemplates nothing Uo,vend affording better facilities for the business-men of that city, who are heavy shippers and receivers. Concerning the extension of thc Chlengo, Mil waukee A St. Paul Company's line westward ‘from Putto'sun, the present lowa terminus Manager Merrill said that it has been decided by the Company otllecrs and Directors to con tinue the utr-lino us originally projected, with out reference to tins desires of the people of Ynrlcion. It la possible Unit a spur may oo built to Vmiklon, but no action looking to such u consummation had vet been taken. Thu air lino westward Irani Patterson contemplates Undo City os Its objective point, untie City I* situated west of tne Missouri River, HR) miles distant irom Patterson, and about forty miles north of a due westerly course. It Is not Uni design tn complete more than 100 miles of this extctmlou the present season. This will curry the roud to the lertilo vullevof the James River, where a halt will bo made until the spring of 1880. h Morn way bills wore made out at the freight office of the Chicago & Northwestern Railway, in this city, during the month of March than In any previous momh since the roud was estab lished. This indicates that the March ship ments‘out of Milwaukee over the road were heavier than those ot any previous period lu Us history. Tlio Clintonvllln (Wls.) flrnOd savs; ‘‘The fact that the Milwaukee, Luke Shore A Western Railway will be extended at no distant period In the future, is an unquestionable certainty: the route it will pursue only scorns to he the Issue. Two routes have received a sort of preliminary survey, one via 6hawnno to the recently-devel oped lion mines lu Ranges 15, 10, IT. iipd 18 cast, the other pursuing a nurlhwnstlv route from this pulnt through Western Hlmwu'uo and Oconto Counties, taking a direct course fur Umouugon, Its Huai point ot terminus." MACDONALD KXRLAINS. To the LMilur ut The Tribune. Chicago, April I,—'The article appearing In your paper or to-day, “110 Wants It All,** la cal culated to produce a Tory false Impression upon 'die minds of your readers, and, unless contra lifted, mlglit tend to do a serious injury, und to Icslroy the good feeling now existing between die parties mentioned therein. The facts of the case are. that the Merchants 1 Dispatch Transpor tation Company have consolidated their olllces In this city under the control of Mr. John Crompton, as originally contemplated. The business relations between (he Croat Western Hallway and Hie lines controlled by Mr. Vander bilt are unchanged, and will not ‘at present bo Interrupted. Vonr reporter must have been misinformed when lie was told (whether ma liciously or otherwise) Unit I hud said ibut •• X would make it warm fur Vmulcibili," etc, U is hardly necessary for mu to say that such an explosion was never used by me, nor would lave been in unycu*e,usltwould be antagonistic to the Interests 1 represent. Yours truly, (iODFItUX Mauponald. ■ ITEMS. The Transportation Association will meat tor lay at tlm Grand Pacific Hotel, provided a quorum canbc secured, to lake action regard dig dm sale of 1,000-inllo tickets lo commercial ‘xovclers und others. The New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail road Company has leased the Huston & New York Air-l.luc, running from New Haven, L’onh., lo Willinuntlc, Conn., which'-bas cost snout Sj,OUJ,PUU. ami is, with tlm connecting toads, dm shortest route between New York and Heston. . William W, Street, contracting agent of tlm Hlue Unu (fast freight) in this city, died yester day morning at hi» residence, fill) west Jackson meet, of erysipelas iu urn bead. Thu deceased been sick only for a few days, and it w»s not believed that It was anything serious until Monday afternoon, when bo began to fall rap* Idly. The sad Intelligence will casta Bloom over a large circle of friends and relatives. Ho has three sons in the railroad business. lie came to this city in 1857, and for the last twenty years has lieen connected with the [roll'll* de partment of the Michigan Central Railroad, ills remains will bo taken to London, Can., this afternoon. Mr. A. A. Ackcrly has been appointed Super intendent of Machinery of the Chicago «fc Alton Railroad. Ho will have charge of the Locomo tive and Cor Departments. Allcotmnmiicatlons relating to Hie business of these departments should be addressed to him at Bloomington, ill. CANADA. Nova Rnotln Coni Wants Protection—'The MeCnbo .Murder Hhni-—Shipment of iron- Ore—Montreal Irishmen Kick nt the Wnku-Sceno In tbo '• Hlinngbnum Betel- Iter—Parliament—Many* Items. fipfdal Dlepntch to The Tribune. Windsor, April I.—There is still a great deal of talk about Hie tunnel at Grosso Isle. There will be n meeting nt Detroit this week for the purpose of taking steps lo secure from Urn Gov ernment the right of way over or under the De troit River, mid of considering the advisability of building n bridge nt this point, and trying to persuade air. Vanderbilt to Join them In n bridge, Instead of going on with the tunnel. There is being signed bv the principal vessel owners a memorial to Vanderbilt asking him to go ahead with the tunnel, mid not pay any at tention to the bridge. A copy Is also to bo sent lo Ottawa. Special Dltonieh lo Tfi« Tribune. Ottawa, Oat., April I.—lt Is said (bat the time is not far distant when the Qliccu will cross the Atlantic and signalize by her presence hero not only the deep Interest she feels In her Canadian subjects, but also her lively maternal Interest in all that appertains to her daughter. It is also stated that more than one member of the Royal family will visit Canada during the coming summer, when the British North American fleet will rendezvous at Halifax, under tho command of the Duke of Edinburg. Sr-ectat Dleva r«A to The Tribune. Paths, Ont„ April I.— A party numbering over 500 left to-night for Manitoba. They are from points along the main line of the Great Western Hallway, between Hamilton and Lon don, and the Wellington, Grey & Bruce Divis ion, ami occupy two trains, consisting of sixteen passenger coaches, two baggage, and thirty freight cars. The capital at ilia disposal of the party amounts to over a quarter of a million dollars. Special Dlepatr A to Toe Tribune. Mostueal, April I.—Tim icc-orldeo opposite tltu city which this time last year imd vanished, is passable yet, and largo quantities of produce arc being carried out upon it from Die St. Lambert railway station to tiiis city. Tills is done to evade Die Grand Trunk freight charges. Duringthe performance of Die >( Shnughraun ,, by McDowell’s Company, at Die Academy, a crowd of men and boys In Dm gallery pelted the actors with turnips, cabbages, mid eggs when Dm curtain rose on Dm wuke-scene, mid it Imd to he omitted. None of Dm actors wore bit, but great excitement prevailed among the audience. Tim trouble arose at I lie burlesque of Dm wake. Tim civic expenditure of Montreal tills year Is estimated at $1,507,858, against §1.41W,0i»l in 1878. The Increase occurs In Dm reserve fund and expenditure on raids. Special ntevatrb lo The Tribune. Quebec, April l.—‘Thomas J. Barry, a stu dent of Lornl University, and a promising young ecclesiastic, who won Dm first Duflerin medal at Dm Quebec Seminary, Is dead. In regard to Dm lictelllcr matter, Dm Quebec French Conservatives feel anything bat satisfied with Dm present position of nllulrs. Mr. Tnrte, editor of Dm Citiiailienne, telegraphs to bis paper what shnolv amounts to a threat to break from Sir John Macdonald. Hu says Dial Dm Vamuiteiwe is Dm organ of no man and of no faction, and Dmt Um Lower Can adian Conservatives bold Dm balance of power, and bv lending Dudr support to Mr. Mackenzie could defeat Sir John Macdonald, who bus fur rears been in a minority in his own province. This Is written apropos of Dm I.eteUicr matter, ami as a reason why Dm demands of Dm French Conservatives must be acceded to. It is also rumored here that- Dm ease will be referred to England, an interim Administrator superseding Lieut.-Gov. Letelller. Special f)i»patch lo The Tribune. Ottawa, April I.—Tim lion. Mr. Kccsor has given notice I hat he will move Dial an order of Dm .Senate do issue tubring to Dm bar of Dmt House James Keith Gordon, of Dm Town of Whitby, to give evidence in the mutter of Eliza Marla Campbell, who prays fora judicial separa tion from her husband, Hubert Campbell. A largo number of contractors are at the Capital in coimeeilun with Dm proposed bridg ing of Dm Ottawa Hlvcr at Ottawa by the Que bec Government. Tim tenders are to be opened this week. Another well-attended caucus of the Opposi tion bus been held, when a general amendment to the tariff was adapted and certain oilier ppccllle amendments discussed. The French Canadian Liberal members are most Intense In their opposition to the bread tax. and will en deavor to secure to co-operation of Uio French Canadian Conservatives to defeat it. It is not expected Umt Parliament will bo prorogued till the beginning of May. So for no important legislation save the tariff has been introduced. The real work of the session has yet to be done. The whole of the tariff and Uiu estimates have yet to bo passed. Sufctat TMtmtch to The Tribune. Hamilton, April I.— lt Is stated on* Urn best authority Umt Ihe Great Western Uallwav Com pany will lose at least $50,000 a year by the new tariff, owing to Uiu Increased prices on coal, iron, and supplies of all kinds. The sharehold ers cannot he recouped for rids loss by an In crease of trallie. for the tendency of the tariff Is to diminish the volume ol freights. The man agers recognize this fact, and are about to re duce the number of trains. They also Intend to discharge many of their employes and to cut down the wages of the men still retained on the staff. No doubt other railways will be forced to similar action, o« also the navlguUon companies of inland waters. Sprint ntepaten to The JV'Vme. St. John, N. 11., April I,—Mechanics and oth ers desirous ot settling In the country provided means fur so doing are furnished them held a meeting in St. Mary’s Church. A memorial was signed asking that the Government to give free grunts of land, and loan rations, farming I mole meats, etc., until the first crop lie harvested. The Hhorltl’s office has since been besieged by persons anxious to lie considered and ready to start at any moment. At least lUU persons have signed their names to a document asking to be permit ted to Join the movement. An act Ik before the Nova Scotia Legislature providing fur the funding of the public debt of the province, and empowering the Government to borrow $800,(K)0 at U per cent. The public debt of Newfoundland Is 833, SUU,S.VJof wnleh Is repayable before 1802. The estimated revenue for Iff’iO is $012,051. During 1878, ninety-live vessels of a,770 tons were linllt In the colony, the bounty on which was SII,OBB, making the total shipping of New foundland tor 1878 as follows: 1.5(15 sailing ves sels. 72,008 tons; 2(1 steamers, 0,205 tons: total, 1,501 vessels, 70,203 tons. •tyyrhii HiHuuun to Th» 7rd>un«. Ottawa, April I.—Copies of u pamphlet com piled ami issued underUmummices of the Hoards of Trade of IMclmt and Cape Hreton, on the coal-industry ul the Dominion, its relation lo the iron, shipping, ami carrying trade of Cana da, have been distributed to members of tliu Uuu»u of Commons. Tin: object of the pamphlet Is to present a case to the House In favor of u liiiill on the Importation of American coal, for dm protection of tins particular Industry, Hesidcs giving mill'll Information respecting tlm coal lieldsof Canada, the pamphlet furnishes statistics respecting muse In oilier portions of dm world. Tim output of coal in IS real Urltuln during !H7tj was ia.VUli*as tons, oi winch quantity Id.O.KK IIOU tons were exported. Tim output ol dm Dulled Stales was SU,tHW,OOO. In a comparison of dm extent of dm cuat liclds, it is stated (hat those ul (he Dominion cover tW.OOUmnmromilts, or live times dm urea of those oi (Sreut drituln. Tim eoal-llelds of die Northwest are spoken of us being very rich. The output ot ihoaeln llrlt- Isli Columbia wuij 161.0 W tons in ISI7, tlm greater portlun ot which was exported lo Hun TruncHco. T liu present capacity of tlm Nova-Hcodu mines is y,OJO,IXX) tons per annum, 'or&UtMJOO tons more Limn the consumption in' Canada. The nmm objects of dm pamphlet uro l» show dm following facts: That Nova-Hcotla extmrth lo dm United Slates have fallen from 4U5.1U1 tons in Raft toBS,4W tons in IbTH, wnlle our importations from tlm United States have risen from 102,200 tuns in ISlftlo 71t1,61b tons in 1b76. That dm capacity of the present Working collieries of the Dominion Is 2,000,000 tons an nually. Not uiie-tbird of this Is imw being raised to dm surface, but. with a tariff that would secure dm home-market, tins output would be attained, and the coal delivered to dm con sumer as cheaply as It could be obtained from abroad. * Sptcial IJlifiaich to Tin TnSuna, Woodstock, Out., April I.—What Is known os the McCabe uiuracr-caiu Las Juat bccu con THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; WEDNESDAY! APRIL 2. 1879—TWELVE PAGEBc chided at Iho Assises hero. There were two prisoners on trial,—one being George McCabe, the husband of the woman said to have been poisoned t and the other, Dr. Rowers, who Is suspected of having administered the poison at the Inattention of the hushmd. McCabe’s wife died suddenly, mid there were circumstances connected with her death which set inquiries on foot, resulting In the trial Just ended. Shu hod a farm In West Oxford, worth $3,000. it ‘ was testified by witnesses that McCabe ami his wife did not live hanpilv; Unit McCabe wanted lo get the farm Into his own hand: and that, ho offered nneighbor $2,01X1 lo do away with his (McCabe’s) wife. It was bus* neclcd that Dr. Rowers 'administered some sort of poison on the husband's solicitation, mid irot well paid for lr.;dmt this suspicion was not con* cluslvely established at the trial. ' testifies lo having sold the Doctor aconitine, which It was utmost Impossible to detect In Hut system. An analysis of Ibe stomach was made, but the nolson could not be detected, although the medical men who made the post-mortem examination testified that all the external symptoms produced by the particular kind of poison Dr. Rowers bought were apparent. McCabe appears to have made sure of the property, mid produced a will signed bv Ids wife, leaving It all to him. Dr. Rowers seems to have stood well In Ids profession. The worst that was said of him was, that at times ho was dissipated. A strong point In his favor was the (allure to llnd tin* poison: while the strong point asninsb McCabe was his avowed wish to get rid of his wife, and pet hold of her property. The trial created great excitement In the town mid vicinity, where all parties were well known. A large number of witnesses were examined for the prosecution mid on belmlt of the prisoners. Thu case was dually given to the jury, but limy failed to agree,—pari being for conviction mid part for acquittal,—mid they were discharged. McCabe mid Rowers have been remanded back to Jull, to stand llielr trial at the fall Assizes. S,wtril ni*/fifr>> m The TWftuwf. Belleville, April I.—’Tho first* shipment of Iron-mo from the Modoc Mines has been made to Buffalo. It Is an experimental lot, mid will be thoroughly tested. If the ore proves to bo what Is anticipated, the proprietors of the mine will ship largely to the United States. THE DANCE OP DEATH. Ravages of tbo Small-Vox In Ceara, Brazil —ltrealflng-Out of tho llbick Plague. Vorrtnuurulence AVtc Fork Ittmld, Fortat.bza, Ccarn, Brazil, Feb. 9.—lt looks now tiko the beginning of the end. Tlio winter promises to bo a good one, with abundant mine. In'Dcccrnber wo Imd felt slight showers. In January, at Fortaleza, Dmro were nine days marked by rain. On the llih there was a heavy pour; Dm pluviometer marked 23.40mllllmetres. For the whole month we have 03.40 millimetres of rain, which is more than the fall in January, 1870, before tiic drought. Since my letter of Doe. 80 the mortality from small-pox Ims been steadily decreasing In Fortaleza. The whole number of recorded deaths in January was 2,860, of which 2,154 wore from small-pox. On Jan. 81 only nine persons were buried In Logoafundn, and the now eases are among freshly arrived refugees from the Interior. It may bo said that the epidemic has ceased, so far as tills city is concerned, but Unit is simply from lack of material. Of the survivors at least one-fourth have had the discaso slightly, one-fourth tiavo been saved by vaccination, and the remainder would be exempt In any case. Now that we see the cud wo may review tha progress of this scourge, one of the most terrible tlmthislory can show us. 1 will Just add that my (Igurcs are hot. guesses at the truth or approximations. 1 state the number of deaths that are recorded on the books of the two city cemeteries; only in three or four eases, where I have not obtained these oindal figure*, I have placed a mark of doaut on the table. Tim small-pox appeared early in Dm first drought year ot 1877, and It was present all through that year mid 1878, but in Die multitude of deaths from famine, yellow fever, berl-berl, ami bilious fevers, three small-pox eases were bardlv noticed: only in Dm fall of 18i < it was mm of Urn predominant diseases. In August. 1878, it again assumed an umuumiu : force, and from Dint Dine Hu increase was tearfully rapid, us the following table will show: . Smalhmn o‘athi from tU-tihe. Jiur* oih/r <l'*'it*e*. talent t'-i/m- JUnlediti Ptm• futubiCtiH’ frfij nf San IB7S. fiery, Joi* hni.lithi. Tomt. August ) ..0)3,101 3.37.1 b“jiti'iut)or > 1.472 ..Oon tl 1.3;*l octuijur ) 1,370 i, era November 0.h?4 1,3:11 n.ur, liewiulrar (?) j.uut is OJJ IH7O. January 3,1*1 terj a, (Hi) Totals 3-MH.7 7,41:1 avr,34 Tliu population Id August was about 3.l,<XM> resident and almost 103,000 adventitious, but UiU was constantly decreasing, nut only from deaths, but because the refugees were drained oil Into i he vlllniEvs nrotunl. . On Nov. I t lie en tire Dumilnlion of me city was probably'from 80.000 to 00,000, mid it is from this Umt we must calculate the death rates of November and De cember. Moreover, the emigrants were either averse to burying their dead In the general trenches, or to<» lazy to carry them there; eo they oltun shirked their duty by making graves In mu dry woods oround, or carrying corpses out on catamarans and sinking them iu the sea. it Is impossible to calculate the number of these unrecorded dead; hut wo cun hardly place It at less than 10 per cent of the whole, and possibly It may bo 5 per cent. Still, my previous calcu lation of 21,000 for the deaths in December was too high,—probable 13,000 would not be far from tun truth. This would bo mare than a lourth of the population In thirty days. It was n dark tune fur the city. In the churches they had been praying ad pretondum plurlum, nml it did nob rutn; now It was pro quacmnijue trlbulathmc. It seemed far u while us if Heaven had forsaken them altogether. Think of a town with two-tlflhsuf the people sick of small-pox and hardly enough men to he found for thecoinetervservlce I Wllhlhedccreas cd death-rate of January the light-hearted people took up their pleasures again. Thero has been music in the park; clubs are assembling (us in dued they did all tnrougb December); there are parties now and then; and so the world goes on us It went before, lint the epidemic truin its locus in the city has spread in all directions; In Hie villages around the poor people are dying like sheep in a slaugliter-bousc. In December It was L’aeatuba and Balm: now It is Mecojeoa, Marangunpe, and other places. The Govern ment has dispatched phvslclnns to these points, but the Infection is so universal that nottilng can be done to stop the (Unease, except to pre vent travel from one point to another, and that is too violent a measure lor these easy-going riders. Vaccination In Infected districts Is dangerous, because, an bus been shown here, if smull-nox appears in a patient nl the same time with the vaccination sores the almost curtain in sult is death. Besides this the peasant refugees have an tin accountable repugnance to vaccination. J could understand this if they had not before thetreyes the good clfects of the measure. It was shown in all the hospitals. Thus, hi the Hospital do Alto da I'lmenta, out of DOT small-pox patients in January, only ten had been vaccinated, and all these recovered. In the Luzarolo tiuu Sebas tian, of 1M patients received iu thirteen days mdv three hud been vaccinated. In Alugadlvo, out ofllVJ patients three went vaccinated; nml ko with other hospitals. I think Unit these llg urea are conclusive enough. Vaccination might have saved us from small pox, but what shall save us nowf * Uo you won der that I fenrl 1 called on President Julia, us 1 remember, on the 20th of December. At that time Ids wife was sulferlng with fever, and Kimdl-pox was feared, though situ hud been vac cinated. Thu vaccination could guard her from Kinrll-pox, but It was powerless before the oilier more fearful disease. Two duvs only the fever) lasted; then came the livid black spots, and then a nustv funeral at nlgiit, with Haring torches to light the lew friends who dared to at tend this collln. There had been other cases of this “ hoxlgus nrclus," 1 heard them woken of pretty often, but dm popular opinion seemed to he that these were virulent eases of small-pox. A few only had heard of the black plague, and those were dm ones who feared most. I'tm plague Imsbeeu present In Russia. Could It cross dm Atlantic! Ur could it be generated on this Continent I It Is u question (or plivslchms to decide whether the plague Is generated here. Ido nut think and It could have been brought here from Europe; Uussiun ships sometimes come to lira mi, burnt present tlm chances are small that limy could bring the plague In tlm winter and over b.UOO miles of water. D this Is dm true plague, it has been generated in Ceara. You may Judge Whether this is possible when you consider that 27,000 persons were burled here hi two months. Tlm main cemetery where dm small-pox patients uro buried Is three miles away from the town and uu tlm Icowurd side, but It Is constantly visited by (he body-carriers, and if dm plague were generated dieru they would ha dm first to receive u. Wlmdmr the first cases Were, lit fact, among them I have not beau able to Und, but It Is nonsense to suppose that dm l.oguuluiida Cemetery could not lined tlm town. At dtui place dm dead are buried hi Handles, deep enough but In louse sand which has no die- Inluctant properties; the stench Is horrible mid growing worse us (he bodies dueav. Resides this there is tlm Hau Joao Haiitlstu Cemetery, almost In tlm town, and also In louse sand. Caskets are never used; Umueod are Limed In light pine coffins or without any. Fortaleza Is on high ground, nml the streets arc kept com mcmlahly clean, but the refugees’ huts around arc abominably filthy. In It iho plague) That Is a question that Is occupying a good tnanv minds Just now. Tho Government Is silent oh the subject, but a special commission of phy sicians fms arrived from Ulo Janeiro, nml It is no secret Hint they are to study this new disease with the view of preventing Its spread. Well- Informed people speak of It as peato prcln, but that Is between friends mid under Iho breath; to tho mosses It is still hexlgas-prolas, tho black ntnnll-pox. The number of rases Is somewhat on the increase, but it Is Impossible to sav how many deaths there have been, os tho Govern ment elves no Information. Ro tong as Hn? matter rests In doubt It will bo well for the Untied stales Government lo take nil precautions with respect, to ships trading wit it Ceara. One or two American schooners or barks appear here every month; they bring pro visions mid entry oil a little cotton mid sugar. Just now 1 believe that the Ccnm refugees tiro better fed than tliose of other provinces. Else where there have been murmurs of discontent. From Mossoro (Province of Rio Grande do Norte) wo hear that some 2.000 refugees, led by ono Francisco Morrelra do Carvalho, surrounded tho barracks and threatened to destroy Hie com mandant mid his little compsiiv of soldiers un less food was given to them. This was on the 2-lth of January. The food was given, but two days afterward the refugees returned In great force,—a ragged crowd, with Hie women lu front (probablv lor protection I). The Commandant attempted to arrest Carvalho, hut was shot down. Four soldiers and several rioters were killed In the struggle tkat%eii9ucd, ami finally Hie military were driven out of town mid the provision houses were sacked. Tho President of Ccorn has sunt o steamer to Rio Grande with fresh provisions. Wc await further nows from the South. CLIPPING A TIGER. Mr. Foreptinglt*# Delicate Surgical Operation on ’‘.Jim,” tho Uongal Tiger of tbo JPhlla dolphin Zoo. Corrttnhnitnce Sue Turk Herald, PniLADEM’iiiA, March 28.—'Tho interesting feat of clipping the ingrowing claws of tho rovul Bengal tiger “Jim,” nn Inhabitant of “The Zoo,” was accomplished to-day with n great deal of dllllcnlty. On account of thu lack of constant attrition on rough ground, such as they would have had If traversing their native jungle 'instead of the smooth floor of his cage, Jim’s claws had become length ened to an unnatural size, and, contin uing to curvo Inward, had crown deeply into Ids paws, by which the animal was exposed to an attack of lockjaw. Hence thu clipping. Thu well-known nnlorni trainer, Mr. A. J. Kore jmugh, was retained fur thu operation, and ap peared early tills morning at thu carnivora liousu of thu Zoo, accompanied by Dr. Chap man. physician to the garden; Arthur E. Brwon, tlm Superintendent, mid four keepers. Mr. Forepauch had provided himself For thu operation with n strong thrcc-aunrtur Inch rope, looped at one end, a long pole, mid four short half-inch cords, also looped, a thick, knotty Mckorv club, mid n pair of sharp wire nippers, and with these tools proceuded to do the Joo as follows: The loop of the Innrcr ropo was placed on tho end of the lons pole mid thrust Into the cage. At tho Instant the tiger leaped into the furthest corner with a terrlllc . roar which startled tho other animal*, and tho Hons, tigers, leopards, and hyenas all howled In chorus. The loop, however, was run over “Jim’s ” neck, mid ho was gradually drawn, in splto of his struggles, to the front of the cage. Mr. Forepnngh now showed consummate cool ness and Judgment, nhd quietly and quickly di rected Ids assistants td secure the animal to* thu front ot the cage. “Now his feet,” and thu fore feet were in the' loops with thu aid of an iron semper, mid tllctlger, bewildered at thu tactics of his supposed enemies, shook ids bend, roared, and for a few 1 tibconds struggled fiercely to get loose, but. Mislead of getting loose, op portunity was taken'to get the loops of tlio other ropes on the hhnJ feet, and he was thrown on Ids side and drown up to thu front »I thu cage, with Ids hind feci, sticking clear through and the foru feet to t)iu.cdgc. In this position lionwus secured and safety cords attached to thihunds, each ono of thu lat ter being held by unaiof the assistants, so that nil soon us Hie operation was completed all the feet could he loosed ,■at once. As soon us tho feet were thus secured the rope around the neck was cast oft, soitiiiut the tiger’s head was free. One ot the .keepers was then stationed near the head, so ease ho bit at the ropes binding the feet omut the operator he could thrust ttie linrdwnp(| ; knotted club into Ids month for .him to bite jon. This became neces sary so often that (,(io hard club was chewed into a onlpy brush. “All ready,” said Foropaugh, mid, taking In Ids rigid hand al/ippe, sharp wire clip, had each ingrowing claw,.ln turn pried from the Hush ami slrulghtened.ont, mid clipped oil to thu required size. Thi'right hind foot was I lie worst, ono of theclaWnhavniggrownfullyaii inch lido urn flesh, and, bv jMmstant Irritation, caused thu wound to Inilaniu mid fester. As noon ns this, with u part of life outer shell, which had been shed Into the wbuml, had been removed, thu tiger appeared lo'qulet down ami submitted to have the rest of liui'blnws of the same loot clipped without making much struggling. The right trout paw w*us o!m> badly lacerated and lu llamcd. Thu claws were clipped in every case very onlckly and successfully. As soon us the claws of each foot were clipped the operator ruohcd burnt alum Into the festered wounds to burn nwuv the proud flesh, and then poured over the wounds balsam of Hr to heal tlm same. After all tho claws had been clipped, Mr Foreoangh, stooping back, cautioned his assist ants to he ready to pull Uiu safety-cords at tlio word. Bo thu animal, freed irom ull the curds, ot once, mining lo Ids legs like a flush ami Jumped to the rear of thu cage, where he llrst llcKcd his bloody chaps, and, squatting, sooth ingly Belted nis paws, apparently satisfied that they were still In his, possession, commenced pacing his cage, showing evident signs of hav ing experienced great relief from the operations performed on him. Thu whole operation occu pied onlv twenty minutes mid was very satis factory to all parties. In a few duvs the paws will be examined again for proud Hush. JENKINS. V A krona In I’nrlininnnf. T/>wlnn f.'iirrtfumtittne* Xew I’.rZ,* Timet. It would bu Impossible to imagine a person who, being a member o( Vnrllament, could bo treated with more general contempt in Hint au gust usßOiublnuo than Mr. Jenkins. The Homo mud to dial! Wlmlloy, It treated Kcneollywllh haughty Imllllercnco; but its gall rises against Jenkins. A small-headed, pompous man, with the phrenological organ of eulf-eoncelt rising up to a very cono upon which you might hang your umbrella, a saint might bu excused for being angry with him, Thu English House of Com mons Is a most tolerant assemblage. As a rule, It Is eminently dignltlud. It Is always more or less fair. Hut Jenkins Is a red rag to Us dignity, fairness, patience, ami tolerance. No mad hull gels more mad at a red rug Hum of Commons with Jenkins’red bald head waggled at it. Last night, without notlea, without warning, lie Jumped up, ami, tossing up ids organ of vanity until his head looked like a eocoauut In u high state of agitation, he de manded to know whether the (Jovernnient hud any intention to place the supreme command of (he forces of South Africa in other hands. Now, a quest ion of tins gravity ought to have had a responsible ami milucntinl sponsor. Thu .Ministry and the House suonid have been prop erly prepared for it. The Chancellor of the Ex chequer replied curtly: "No, sir; us at present advised, they have not." The Ministerialists cheered ami the Liberals laughed, for the ex tremist ol them would scorn to follow Jenkins into tile lobby. Jenkins was not abasned. lie rose again to demand that the subject should lie discussed. At least that is what one gathers on wading through the Interruptions; and to put nlmsell lit order ho moved tne adjournment of the House, a regular hut rarely used, ami very Inconvenient, motion. "Orderl" "Oh. oh!” and all kinds of disturbances greeted Jenkins from botu sides of tlio House. Hu appealed to the Speaker, who said lie was acting within his rights. Jenkins rocifcnitedf Thu House talked, lunched, uml then made a noise Hue the wlnd,-~a sort of general nouU Jenkins went on. It was dlillcult to hear what ho said, but ho was denouncing Lord Chelmsford' us uu incompetent General. I'resontlr ho produced a " lllnu Hook " and »ume papers. Thu House groaned. 'Hie whole House groaned. Tito noise rose and fell like the wind In a storm, it was not coiulned to one side or the oilier. It was general. Jenkins tossed bis Head about, and waved bis arms. Now and then you could bear ids onu single supporter scream, •• I tear, bear." That supporter was Mr. Wiguur, the honorable moodier lor Cavan. Sir John Huy lulcrlcml. Ho understood the Government were ready to discuss the question whenever it was properly Introduced. Jenkins " rose to or der," and snubbed Sir John Huy. The House hooted ami slmllled its feet. Mr. Biegar " ro»u to order." Jenkins snubbed Blggur. Thu House roared wltn laughter. Jenkins didn’t want anybody's assistance. "Do 1 understand the honorable gentleman will conclude with a motion I" asked the Speaker. " Vcs," ho would. Onto more he opened his "Blue Book." "Dl- Tide,” “ Agreed,” “ Move,” cried the Romo. Mr. Blgcnr rose. Col. Mure r#sc. Mr. Jen kins snt down. Mr. Jenkins irot up again. The reporters nro supposed to know what they said. Tlic Sneaker trot up lo say ho did not. “Un fairness—lncompetency—right to discuss pa tronage of Morso Guards—Ministry cannot de fend tlm mnn they have Intrusted In comnllllul. ,, These were the words winch .Tonkins screamed above the uproar, end at Inst ho moved the nd jnurnmunt of the Rouse end sat down. “Does any honorable member second 111” asked the Speaker. Tha Mouse thought it was all over. There was a general slab of relief. “ I rise to second It,” however, exclaimed Sir Robert Reel, mid the Mouse was Instantly quiet, for, erratic ns this honorable member Is, it rcsocctk hl« tab 'ent mid his name. lie spoke brlcllv. his point holng that tlm Chancellor of the Exchequers answer was unsatisfactory; nut, presently, when ho drifted Into mi attack on I.ord Chelmsford’s want of generalship, ho, too, was interrupted. One honorable member was understood to object to a man being hit In tils absence. The Mouse was clearly disinclined to permit uuv impeachment of Lord Chelmsford, ox* cent In regular mid solemn order, notice given, and all that. Thu Hpeaker reminded Sir Robert that he was out of order In discuss* lug the policy mid conduct of the Zulu war. Mr. Chaplin rose and expressed his regret that Sir Robert Reel should hove Jeopardized his parliamentary reputation by lollowmg the lend of the honorable tneniDcr for Dundee. The House laughed. Mr. Chaplin went on to con* demn the unparliamentary conduct of Jenkins, although the Speaker had ruled Dundee's despised member In order. Col. Mure rose again. Jenkins did likewise. Ho “rose to order.” Mr. Blggar complained of Interrup tions. Thu Speaker Intimated that the hon orable member for Cavan was the chief of fender. Roars ot laughter. Jilggar kept his seat fur thu remainder of the night. At last the storm ceased with thu rising of the Chan cellor ul ttio Exchequer, who assured thu House that the Ministry did not wish to stifle discus sion; that they wore alive to their responsibili ties and ready to answer for tiiclr acts; ho re gretted "the scene” which bad taken place, mid they were prepared fur a complete discus- Blob of Zulu alTnlrs whenever it was regularly mid properly raised. Lord Ilnrtlngton, us the leader ul tho Opposition, agreed >Mh the Chan* cellar of thu Exchequer, while at the same lime he questioned If the House had consulted its dignity by the persistent wav In which It had tried to prevent nn honorable member from speaking. The Opposition cheered at this, though at one time they had made just as much poise ns the other side; for who could stand Mr. Jenkins’empty arrogance mid pomposity I Any gentleman whom they had suspected taking Jenkins’ course would have been ap* f dauded to thu echo. “Due mnn may steal n lursc, while another may nob look over thu hedge.” Lord Hartlngtoa suggested that Jenkins should withdraw his motion, which thu honorable member for Dundee did, mid thu Mouse melted down to such small proportions that, shortly afterward, when there was a question touching thu Ordnance Service Corps, there was a dlvloion, uml thu Government sus tained u defeat by a -majority of 1. the flgurcs being, for Government (W, against uO. GENIUS AND MAIIUIAGE. Point* for Ladies Wedded to “ Kztromoly ’* Clever llushnmU—l.oKson* Drawn from tlio Matrimonial Kxpurlences of Dr. Aber nathy, ItouMcnu, Dr. Johnson, Drydon, and John Milton. dutmbtr*' Journal. It has been said by Ucorgc Sand that love and courtship end together; so that he who would be always in love must be ever a wooer. Such, however, was not tho opinion of the famous physician, Dr. Abernethy, whoso courtship, like Ills prescriptions, was Short mid to the point. The doctor had been attending a lady for several weeks, and had ob served during those hurried visits cer tain qualities in ttie daughter which ho con sidered would render her Invaluable as a wife. Accordingly on a Sunday, when taking leave of his patient, ho addressed her to the fol •lowing purport: “You are now so well that I need not see you after Monday next, when I shall come to pav you my farewell visit, hut In tho meantime I wish you and your daughter seriously to consider tho proposal I am now ’ about to moke.' It Is abrupt and unceremonious, lam aware; but the execsslv oeceupation of my time by my professional duties affords mo uo leisure to accomplish what I desire by the more ordlrnry course of attention mid solicitation. My annual receipts amount to 1 ■ pounds, mid I can,' settle —— pounds on my wife; my diameter is generally known to tho public, no that you may readily understand what It Is. 1 have seen In your daughter a tender mid n*lceUonutu child, an ostldlous mid careful nurse, mid a ccullo mid ladyllKo member of a inuifiy. Such a person must be all that a hus band could covet, and 1 oifer mv hand and for tune for her acceptance. On Monday, when I call, I shall oxnect your determination; for I mdlv have not time for the routine of court ship.” It w->uld nave been interesting to know how this was received bv tho patient and her daughter. The burnt Intimation of mu,ml re ceipts; the “my character I* known to the pub lic, so you may readily ascertain what it is ”; then Iho declaration, “and no time for court ship," “shall expect an answer on Monday”; all this must have been somewhat startling to thu patient “who was now so well.” To med ical men, who above all others long to kill two birds witn one stone, tho above prescription may prove a UfCtnl one, and might wh h advan tage he placed In the I’hnrnincopccta. it was at least thoroughly successful In the cose recorded, fur o happier couple never existed. A woman of mean intelligence, ono might imagine, would seldom he chosen by men of great Intellect as a lifelong companion. Vet Bucli mtiaUintcfi scum to be the must fascinat ing for uur greatest geniuses. The wife of Dr. Johnson is described as a vulgar woman. Bho was fib years of age when tins Doctor (who wusoniv 2D married her, and according to Uurriek, sho w as very fat, with swelled chucks of a florid red, produced bv thick painting, and increased by the liberal use of cordials. Sim was Haring mid fiiiitusilu in her dress, and alfcctud both in her speech and general behavior. It must be ad mitted,‘however, that Johnson himself was not idioiioihur a “braw wooer.” “Hu was then,” Miss Porter (the lady’s daughter) tells us, “lean mid lank, so that ids immense structure of hones was hideously striking to the eye, mid he often had seemingly convulsive starts ami odd gesticulations, which tended to excite at unee surprise and ridicule.” Hut a* John con said to Boauclere with much gravi ty: “Sir. it was a love nmrrlago on both sides.” It certainly was so on the Doc tor’s part, and his atlectlun mid esteem for “Tetsy” remained as strong up to tho day of her death as It was on that ol their marriage. But if Johnson, with his rugged exterior, could scarcely hope for n great prize in the lot tery, no such remark can lie made of the court ly, h.imlboinc, Intellectual (Soothe. This great man, an intimate friend of his Prince, mid the idol of the Wciinur Court, was captivated bv a girl In humble life, whoso fattier was a drunk ard, and who herself made artificial (lowers ior a livelihood. Bo sensible was tlm girl of the mesalliance that sho herself refused (lootlie’s oiler of marriage. The marriage did take place, however, but not till tho lapse of years had stolen away all her charms, ami (he family com plaint—drunkenness—had seized upon her. htill duel lie’s affection remained, aiid the great pout worked patiently, if sorrowfully, by Urn bide of a foollsn mid drunken wife. Bach another bride did Honosouu choose, amt lie himself gives the following accountm her abilities: “I wished from thu first to form her mind, hut my toil was In vain. Ido not blush to avow ilmt she has never been able to read; though she writes fairly. When I went to live In t ho Hue den Petits Champs, there was a cluck opposite my windows upon widen I strove to teach her to -distinguish (lie hours for more than a month. Bhu docs not quite know them now (utter twenty years). Bhu bus never been able to follow the order of the twelve months ot the vear; and knows not how to do the sim plest sum, notwithstanding all the trouble I have taken to teach her. Shu does not know how to count money, and has no idea of what coin to give nr how much change to got hack in ouv marketing transaction. What she says is olten ihe opposite of what sho wishes to say. At nnu time 1 made a dictionary of her phrases lor tho umusemunt of Madame tie Luxemburg: mid her Qni jiro quo have become .celebrated in tho circles I frequented.” One would think that with such a catalogue of defects, the husband could bcareelv much esteem thu wife: what follows bUttleluuUy enlightens us on this point, “lint ttds person, so shallow, so stupid If you will, is an excellent advisor upon dilllcnlt occasions. Often It has Imnncnea In Switzerland, In England, and In France, In thu misfortunes winch had overtaken me, she has given mo ad vice which was thu best in the circumstances; sue Ims removed me from dangers Into which I was blindly running, and before women of (ho rank, before nobles mid princes, Iqwgood sense, her replies, mid her conduct inspired universal esteem; and compliments, which 1 know lo lie sincere, were repeatedly addressed tome upon her merit.” And to thu end of his life the pnllosoplier loved and admired Ills Thereto, as no did in ids voungcr days when they lived m ihclr Purisiuu'gamn, looking ior hours together upon the pule moon, until (lie mudier-iudaw came upon lue scene and broke the spell, it certmuly appears from the evidence which wo possess on the subject of Mich marrlogcs, that ono ef two conditions Is necessary In ordef to secure abiding domestic comfort. Tlio Inch* must he unusnolly simple or stupid; or she must bo unusually Intelligent mul wise. The vorv habits of abstraction nod nclf-study of n mnn of genius lead him frequently and Hnmotlmes for long away from all communion with Ida family. Thu* It Is necessary, In order to calmly sulfur such neglect, to have an Intense sympathy In the work and with the genius wnlch demands It; such sympathy as wo 11ml, for example, the wife of Niebuhr giving evidence of on her deathbed. Niebuhr had never sunken to tier of her aoprnncblngdcnth, much ns he longed to receive her parting wishes, because the phy sician forbade nil excitement. Once otilv, n lew dnvs before her death, ns he was holding her In his arms, ho asked her If there was no pleasure he could give her, nothing he could do for her sake. Shu replied with n look of unutterable loves “ You will finish your history whether I live or die.” That was her only desire. Or, an we have salt), falling such nobility of mind, It would appear that the next best hope of lihppluesa for the genius Is to bo found In the opposite extreme—that Is, perfect humanity or simplicity, or In the downright stupidity of Ids wife. An example ot this latter success, more particular and striking than those wo have given, Is to bo found In the life of one of the greatest of German authors, lie was subject to (Us of the fiercest passion, In which he de nounced Ids wife (a simple creature) in torrents of the must tragical and scathing language. Any woman of liner suscentlbilit y or belter edu cation must have trcniblwj with terror under sm-h paroxysms of rage; but thin Indv listened with calm admiration: she did not understand n syllable of the Speech: but Hie unhesitating How of high-sounding words and the Impressive gestures captivated the mind of the simple woman, and the torrent of abuse which should have overwhelmed her with grief only drew from her some ingenuous expres sions of sincere admiration, Bhu was always under the Impression that at these moments her husluml was but rehearsing to her parts of the Play he had Just written j and she was no doubt fluttered too In her little wav with the role of critic apparently assigned her. Obviously, passion which nod so entirely missed its mark could nut be continued with any reasonable hope of success. Beside, Die (allure was not more signal than comical, ami It never failed to restore the good humor of the choleric author. Now, if we turn to instances in which men of great genius have married woman who have been neither dbtingnUn"d for sense aor for the want of it,—whoso mental calibre has been of a mediocre kind,—wo cannot but bo struck with tho frequent unhappiness which has followed. Such ladles are nut foolish, ns tho term Is usually understood; they perform Hie duties which they imagine belonged to their station, nml they expect the privileges ala» which per tain to it. Tims they make excellent partners fur our business men. who?o duties nml whoso pleasures they understand and generally share. But if such* a lady thinks of uniting herself to n mnn of great genius, lot her reflect upon the fate of tier sisters who have made Hint experiment. Take first the experiences of Dry den, our great English poet, nml ol his wife Lady Elizabeth. The lady, though belonging to the aristocracy, nml, therefore, presumably well educated, hud no svnipathy with the ge nius of her husband.—a genius that required tils retirement so frequently from the family-circle; she was, moreover, a woman of violent temper amt of but moderate intelligence. Dryden had had suffered much from that temper; and “tils Invectives,” tmys Malone, “against the married state were frequent nml bitter, and wero con tinued to the latest period of nb life.” And ns Sir Walter Scott gently remarks: “Ills excur sions to the country seem to have been fre quent; perhaps tho more so as Lady Elizabeth always remained In town.” Milton’s unfortunate matrimonial engage ments are well known to all, ami his “Treatise on Divorce,” which his domestic misfortune stung him Into writing, has been widely perused by nil classes. But In tills Instance we can led less sympathy for the austere Milton than for that girl of 17, who was brought up In n homo where there was plenty of company, and mer riment, and dancing, and who, when she came to live with the author of “Paradise Lost,” found it so solitary. No merriment and danc ing in Milton’s house, assuredly; but all study ing ns If for their lives,—Hie great poet reading, writing, ami conversing in n dozen or more dif ferent languages, his nephewH struggling hard with two or three. A veritable mill, this new house of hers, from attic to bnsemuut, and the never-ceasing grinding of verbs mid declensions a plague to (ter ears. Wimb would Hie poor child not haveglvcn to have It changed Into a real null; the one. lor Instance, near her homo at Forest Hill in Oxfordolilre; mid Instead of hearing Hie valuable bphilons of-' Luefntlu'vaMifl'Eblciolasi nud Demosthenes, how her heart would have thumped with joy to have heard the voices of Tom mid Jerry shouting to tho terriers 1 Borne such thoughts the young bride must hare had, fur after a low weeks she fled back to tier coun try home, promising to return—some day—us all children do on the eve of their release. Ami now, In conclusion, may we venture to nsk tho young Judies who may read these lines to reflect before giving their hands to genius, let genius press them ever so eagerly. Let them ask themselves ft they are stupid enough for such a fate; or are they clever enough. Per haps no belter test lit the matter could be ap plied than that mentioned above. Huvlngduly reflected, let the young lady say to herself: “DoI tcel certain Hint I snail always prefer Epictetus ami Lucretius to Tom and Jerry and their more active pursuits I” JEFF DAVIS. An Interview with tho Ex-Confedornte Presi dent—lib Opinion of the Future of tho Nnutti—Adrnntagu of Paid Labor Over Slave Labor. JJ'ielnn Herald, STarch 30.’ A few days ago the writer was u passenger on board the steamer Hubert E. Leo, noon the Mississippi Hlvcr, upward bound from Now Orleans. Among the passengers, two gentlemen, advanced In years and of venerable appearance, attracted my attention as they conversed upon the saloon deck. They seemed to bo intimate friends. Doth were well and plainly dressed, but the appearance of the one was especially noticeable from the fact that bo did most of the talking. He had a short, pray beard, uray hair, and woro a Derby hat wltn brim so narrow as to give him an almost ridiculous appearance. Ills voleo was tremu lous and low, and lie had the appearance of a man of 80, for there was a stoop In his shoul ders, and he seemed to bo one who had borne the full weight of the cares and burdens of the world lor at least four-score years. Taking a seat beside them, I could not fall to overhear some of the conversation, which did not seem In any manner to be private. Presently one of tho attendants upon Iho boat, probably suspecting that I was a Northern man, quietly remarked, lu passing: ‘‘The man in tho queer hat Is Jeff Davis.” Of course, your correspondent became at once alive to the situation. Shortly after, In accordance with Southern customs, a suggestion came Horn one of the parties that a drink Just then would be advisable, nod, brandy having been nominated as (he “ plr.en,” bold partook with apparent relish at the bar. On his return from thuhar. the ex-l’resldunc of the Cunlednracv took « scat near mu. and, as I had been a personal acquaint unco and friend of Franklin Fierce mid donator Ammon, of New Hampshire.‘and know .Mr. Davis' irlcndly relations wltu them in days gone by, 1 madu bold to Introduce myself us a former resident uf Concord, N. 11., and us an inllmutu personal friend uf Ills former associated mid coadjutors when ho was a Cabinet ulllcer. My statement put me at mice upon guod terms with him, and led to a conversation of inoro than three hours. Mr Davis stroke In terms of the Greatest affection of ox-Tresldeut Tierce, saying often. •• Dear man,—dear man 1 ” Ho said lie regarded him us a person of brilliant powers, and a statesman far above tho average, and, to sub stantiate his own good opinion, remarked that when bo was in tho Cabinet, It was said by some one that Mr. Tierce nmol be a great man, or ne could nut have kept three such menus William L. Aiarcy* Caleb Cushing, mid Julfcr eun Davis as Cabinet ulih-urs during his whole Administration. In thucoursuof onr conversa tion Mr. Davis descanted verv freely upon the war with Mexico and the part which President Tierce and himself bore In it, and gave granule accounts of some of the battles in which lie hud led the forces of the United States to victory. Cuming back gradually to more recent sub jects, and to the events of the lute War of Urn ItebelUon, he spoke In moderate terms, and only expressed any sensitiveness upon one point, lie Bald: “It la generally believed ui the North that I am ehlelly responsible for that great ealamPv, 1 was hut one of the vest body of the South, and no mure responsible than thousands of others. Thu War would lave taken |>laco without mo, ns Inevitably as It did with me. It was one of those ili.ngs which was sure to como in tho progress of events, and in solving the great problems of gavernment upon this continent.” Ho con ceded expressly that the abolition of slavery would prove an ultimate good to the country,— that it was a manliest advantage to ihowlilto race, for it would lead to the development of the tioutli. Increase her Industries, divide up her S treat lauded estates, and multiply her maim aeluruig and mechanical Industrie#. From the advantages ot climate alone be thought the fu ture ut uiu HoutU more promising than that of any other section of the country; but bo fully believed that the condition of the present gen. crution of Hie black race was all the worse by reason of the aooilMnn of slavery. 1 Mr. Davis doubts very much the wisdom of the attempt to educate tlio negro, mid of course ho utterly dH>cllovcs In giving him llio ballot Ho said, however, that ho was watching with a good deal of Interest the experiment of Ids cdu cation, and was not prepared to say but In the next generation it might bo a necessity, In order to enable the negro to protect mid guard Im own rights. Mr, Davis spoke of the negro race In a rather patronizing way,—as children, and not as men. lie said they were affectionate, kindly In disposition, and full of the bcttcrqbol. Hies that belong to a servile race; that they were natural servants, and ho could norcr believe they could bo placed on an equality with the whites, either by education, legislation, or any possible changes of oubllo sentiment In regard to them. It was Ids opinion that, wherever the negro race was found, It must bo ns an Inferior and servile race, and, in the long run, ihcv would give way to the su nerlor rnco under any and nil circumstances. He said that, but for tho need of their labor In the fields of tho Booth, ho did not think it would be possible for the race to subsist for many generations in competition with the widro race, who wore so much their superiors In tho capacity to (dan nml to accomplish results by patient ami persistent effort. Mr. Davis acknowledged, however, that ho bad changed Ids mind entirely noon ono ques tion, viz., that thegreat staples of the South, cotton and sugar, could be produced with great er economy and in orenlor abundance by paid labor rather than by Hie labor of slaves. Ho said to your correspondent: '• This has already been demonstrated, mid that fact atone goes far to prove the advantage which tho noolltlon of slavery has been to the whites.” lio said, fur ther: 11 What I have said of plantation labor Is equally true of house ordumestlcemployments: tor now a far less numberof servants Is required than formerly to do the work of a household, mid wo avoid all the expense and anuovnnco of tho feeble, superannuated, luulsupcnmmcruites Hint were found upon all the old plantations lu a state of dependence upon the owner.” Referring to tho political status of tho negro, Mr. Davis said that the freedmen had naturally been misled by the politicians, thinking, as a matter of course,(that Northern men wero tliolr truest friends, but of lata years there was n de cided change in their feelings, and they seemed to have reached tho opposite conclusion,—that their best friends were in the South, whore their homes were, nml In the long run, it would be found that the negro, having but little real self dependence, would vote In accordance with the wishes mid sentiments of those who employed him. For this reason he thought the negrovoto would he n less Important factor In tho politics of me future than Northern men supposed. Referring to the oft-reiterated charges of coercion mid bulldozing of the negro voters in some sections, the cx-Confcderato chief said ho had no doubt that there wero Individual In stances of cruelty mid coercion on the part of Inwlcss.mcn in some sections, but ho believed the prevailing sentiment among Southern men was ono of the greatest kindness and good-will toward their turmer slaves. Ho mentioned several Instances of friendship and devotion on the part of freedmen to their former masters to sljow that this kindly feeling was reciprocal, mid narrated several 'anecdotes Illustrative of their fidelitvdurlng tho War to the families of their masters, which showed their remarkable qualities of affection mid gratitude. At the time of mv Interview the recent at tacks upon Mr. Davis by Messrs. Hoar, Blaine, mid Chandler in Hie Senate haa not bcou made, and ho spoke without any warmth of feeling when yonr correspondent led the conversation to national affairs. Ho said ho accepted the sit uation us decided by tho arbitrament of the sword; that he was very hopeful of the future of the country; Hint he did nob believe there was any existing cause for sectional estrange ment, or that there could be anv hereafter. In discussing this tuple, lie talked rather as a spectator viewing tilings ns from a distance, In which ho had neither part nor lot. Ho said one of the results of Hie War nlreadr apparent was that the South was less de pendent upon the North than heretofore, fur while she would simply the groat surplus of cotton, rice, mid sugar as before, tho people had oegun to produce u greater variety of crops fur their own use than over before, mid they would eventually compute with other sections In man ufactures ami me mechanic arts. In this con nection ho remarked Hint, while the South was destitute of money and tho valno of real estate was greatly depressed, In a very short time the price of lauded property would advance because of its intrinsic value In tfio production of staple articles ..of.. commerce. Feinting to tho nch> sugar 'plantations on both sides of the Lower Mississippi through which wo were passing, ho said that before me War they wero valued nt SIOO per acre; since then they could rnrclv bo sold for $lO per acre. Before Hie War the Southern States produced nearly unu-haif the sugar mid molasses con sumed in the country; now they wore produc ing only about ouc-tenth of the supply, and lie could not doubt that betore many years the pro duction would far exceed anv previous results, lie fald that, although Cuba had some ad vantages over Louisiana, it was his belief that under the new system of paid labor in connec tion with the Improved machinery recently in troduced, Louisiana could successfully compete with the sugar planters of that bland. During our wtiolc conversation Mr. Davis made no reference to auv private grievances or to any sectional topics. If he had any opinions ns to a “Solid South ” ho withheld them from your correspondent. If ho favored tho proposed subsidy for tbo Texas Pacific Railroad, he hud nothing to say upon the matter; but upon the general subject of interim) improvements ho ex pressed a wish that Congress should do more than It has yob done or proposed to do to pro tect the banks of tho Mississippi, in tho interest of agriculture mid commerce. Mr. Davis Is 71 years of nge. Hu evidently has no ambitions or aspirations for himself, but seemed deeply solicitous for the welfare and prosperity of the whole country. He said the only disturbing elements to be discerned now wero the elforts of the extremists upon both sides to keep alive the animosities mid hatreds of the past. If Congress would pursue a moderate course, and attend to its legitimate duties of general legis lation fur the good of the whole country, all ilia great social mid Industrial questions which wero now the source of so much contention would soon settle themselves, and the country would be at peace. As we were about to part, your correspond ent expressed a wish that ho might Home day meet Mr. Davis in Boston, saying that tno pconle of Massachusetts were magnanimous enough, notwithstanding all tho unhappy past, to treat him with consideration and cour tesy. Ho sadly smiled, and, referring to a for mer visit to Boston many years ago, when Gen. Butler took a prominent part la his reception, remarked, “I suppose ho would give mo a very dtlfurunt reception now. but you nmv assure the people of Boston that 1 have no unkloducas In my heart to them or anv u( Hie people of tho North. Imu not the devil that they have point ed me. I have neither horns nor hoofs, and If tliev know mu Hiuv would find I am very much like ono of Hiemaulves.” With a cordial grasp of Hio hand ho hade mo good-night, nml re turned to the Indies’ saloon, where lib wife, an Intelligent, educated, and refined lady, as I af terwards learned, about 03 years ol age, awaited hb coming. N. B. B. THE CITY OF GLASGOW BANK. JT.rtA 11, /.•Hulun 'llmu. Our Glasgow correspondent telegraphed las night: “It appears that the City Dank liquida tors are unwilling to Isbuo any official report as to the result of tho first call until the surrender arrangements with shareholders, tho Trustee actions, and other mutters are disposed of. It is pretty well understood, however, that tho amount received In cash up to the present date la iM,!r,*U,OOU, halt a million of which was paid to the account of tho second installment o( the call now also due. To tills sum there remains to bo added certain securities and deposits, which niiou tho cutlro amount realized to about two millions, out of which the llrst division has been paid. As respects the arrangements which are being mudo with shareholders, It may bo men tioned that In one Instance I*IO,OJO has been given up, tho holding in tho bank being only a small odd lot of stuck.” Soma one has at last discovered tho tendency of the average milkman to water his milk, ills instinctive desire that his milk shall ba pure Im pels him to wash it carefully befure delivering It in his customers, ami some of the water is apt to get left In.— Hutton Advertiser, • JItJSB.MJSS CJAISUb* pfSCYMANITE CO. P. J. PULU2II, Proprietor, WUST (IIUNUV. AIAH4. OIIANITK MOSUMKNTAL WOKkef every descrip tion, executed In Uni next unuiuvr, lu Limit, UAUIL lUiU AMUhlt bPOTYgI) Q-RANITH. V.itlmxlc* or nrrtor* for llulbllua Work promptly st tenJua iu. Our «|u»rrlo»nreof die licitiiualliytlsrXulua •leek, aim wo buvu uxtcutlvo bicaui I'uiiiUnik Wurax. CunmimuJfucu ana order* mllelicit. $26. SSO. SIOO. S2OO. SSOO. Ales. Kroitilostiim&C’o. have Peon fur manvvear* •lock brokers sad usukoraln New Vork, at te Wsil-A. They Imu Uiu ruimuutjii of nululutf fur ihelr cuilum cr* lurae return* (rum Uivesiiavnu ruuylut from s.%> to taoo. Mid Uavu tho ciiVU'ilo rcimiiulou of elwsya max la* Huluk rvtjirn*. Sena fur iuslr UnassMij esuu r* liM.-iav Vork Trltmus.