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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, April 06, 1879, Image 4

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Sfye Uvihnm.
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TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES.
The Chicago Tribune has established branch offices
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follows:
NEW YORK—Boom 29 Trilune Building. T. T. Mo-
Fappen, Manager.
PARIS, France—No. 18 Rue de la Grange-B&tellere.
H. Mauler, Agent. *
LONDON, Eng.—American Exchange, 119 Strand.
Hem’.y f. Gzllig, Agent.
SAN FRANCISCO, CaL—Palace Hotel
WASHINGTON D. C.—1319 F street.
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
D. C. CKEGIER LODGE, NO. 643 A. F. AND A.
M. —Regular Communication Wednesday evening.
April :i, at 8 o'clock sharp, at their hall. Nos. lU6
and 10s Mliwaakec-av., for business and wont.
Members are hereby notllleu to attend. Visiting breth
ren cordially invited. By order.
GEORGE H. lIITTMILLEB, Acting W. W.
JOHN GINOCHIO, Secretary.
THOS. J. TURNER LODGE. NO. 409. A. K. * A.
M.—Al Freemasons’ Hall CAmerican Expreußullfilnp),
76 Monroe-st.. Thursday evening, April 10, at 6 o'clock,
for business and Work. All members are notified to be
present. Visitors are cordials Invited to meet with us.
Take notice and govern yourselves accordingly.
JOHN E. FETIIBONE, W. M.
TV. M. STANTON, Secretary.
EXCELSIOR (UNIFORMED) ENCAMPMENT, NO.
ICS. I. 0.0. F. (Hall corner of Clark and WasUlngtou
sts.)—Mill meet next Friday eve.nlue. April n. la
fatigue dress. The First and Second Degrees will be
vonrerred, and other Important business. Visiting
Patriarchs Invited. By order C. C. CiIABH, C. F.
E. D. UEINEKS, Scribe.
LUMBERMAN'S LODGE. No. 717, A. F. &A, M.—
Regular Communication Wednesday evening. April
9. at their hall. Nos. 773 to 7*4 South Halsted*sL All
members are requested to attend, as the Grand Master
will pay the lodge a vlsiL Visiting brethren cordially
Invited. By order of the tv. M.
£. M. ASHLEY, Secretary.
APOLLO COMMANDERYNO. 1. K.T.—Special Con
clave Tuesday evening, Aprils. 1379. at 7:30 o’clock.
The order of the Temple wdl be conferred. Sir Knights
of Apollo Commandery are expected to appear fully
equipped- Members of other Cotnmandencs are al
ways welcome. By order of the Eminent Commander.
HI S. TIFFANY, Recorder.
WILEY M. EGAN CHAPTER, NO. 176, R. A. M.—
The members are requested to appear at their hall. No.
770 and 777 South Halsted-sL. Sunday morning. April
& at 11 o’clock sharp, for the purpose of attending the
funeral of our late Companion Frederick Henry God
win. By order of J. HODGES, H. P.
WILEY M. EGAN CHAPTER, NO. 176, R. A. M.
—Regular Convocation Friday evening, April 11, at 8
o’clock, for transaction of Important business. All
members requested to be present. By order of U. P.
E. F. NEWELL, Secretary.
NATIONAL LODGE, NO. 590. A. F. & A. M.-Wlll
hold a Special Communication at their hall Sunday*,
April 6. at 12 o’clock, to attend the funeral of our de
ceased brother, Fred Godwin. Carriages to Oakwoods
Cemetery. By order of
- J. W. OSTRANDER, W. M.
D. A. CASHMAN LODGE, NO. B^o.—Regular Com
munication Tuesday evening. April 8. at their hall
corner West Madison and Rubey-sts. Work on the E.
A. Degree. Visitors welcome.
G. A. DOUGLASS. Secretary.
SUNDAY, APRIL 6, 1879.
The annual boat-race between crews from
Oxford and Cambridge Universities, which
always creates an immense amount of excite
ment and enthusiasm in England, took place
yesterday over the usual course. As expect
ed, Cambridge won easily, being never head
ed from start to finish.
Egypt is breaking up the slave-trade with
a vengeance. She is carrying the war into
Africa, and the course of her armies is
strewn with the corpses of slave-dealers.
There are no half-way measures adopted, the
dealers being obliged either to give up their
chattels or their miserable lives, and they
generally prefer the latter as least embar
rassing.
The sorrows and joys of the venerable Si-
MoxCxMEßOsandthe sprightly butfraiTWidow
Onrran will be no more the subject of public
wonder and gossip, since Judge Caeitee, of
the District Supreme Court, yesterday re
fused the plaintiffs motion for a now trial.
This is supposed to be a final ending of the
case, and everybody will hope that the sup
position may prove true.
The Bourbons of the House, in passing
the Army bill, have accomplished the first
stage of their journey, the object of which
is the capture of the White House, and the
victorious chiefs are considerably elated.
There are, however, many impediments yet
to be overcome before that covetedlend is
reached. The Senate will now take hold
of the measure, end it is not
at all certain, notwithstanding that body has
a Democratic majority, that the bill will get
through without important modifications
which will obviate the necessity of a veto.
The Greenback-National party voted with
the Democrats, and were repaid by the latter
adjourning over till Tuesday to prevent the
introduction of financial panaceas by the
former.
Jons Diym, the murderer of Policeman
Each, came before the Criminal Court yes
terday again, his counsel making a motion
and argument for a new trial. The usual
number of affidavits (mostly from people
who have been convicted of crimes) were
presented, and the lawyer argued that his
client had been convicted on the evidence
of persons who should not be be
lieved- The Judge overruled the
motion, however, and sentenced Lamb to be
hung on the 20th of next June. The prison
er was marched to his cell, and, under the
mellowing influences of n pipe, confided to
the reporters that the sentence was no more
than what he expected. An appeal to the
Appellate Court will now be taken, and an
application for a supersedeas be the next
move in the matter.
Springfield was agog yesterday over the
court proceedings in the case of The Tbib
une correspondent, whose fidelity to truth
in writing of the members of the House
caused his commitment to jail for alleged
contempt of that body. In the morning an
application for a wris of habeas corpus was
made, and the balance of the day devoted to
its argument. Ex-Gov. Pausixe, who appeared
for The Tehsune reporter, held that the writ
by virtue of which his client was incarcer
ated was void, and presented cogent reasons
to support his claim. The other side was
represented by a Committee of “Managers,”
appointed by the House, and they
were led to the attack by Attor
ney-General Ensiim. The hearing of the
matter occupied .the Court until late
last night, when the discussion veered to the
question of admitting the prisoner to bail in
the event of the case being continued until
Monday. After listening to long arguments
on this point, the Court decided that
the commitment was a valid one, and
must remain in force until the
application for a writ of habeas corpus had
been decided. At the time of Ibis writing
two dispatches have been received from the
reporter, one stating that he has been held,
and the other that he is in favor of an early
adjournment of the Legislature, which latter
sentiment has been the prayer of taxpayers
for several weeks.
1860 AND 1879.
Nineteen years ago yesterday the Common
Council of the City of Chicago passed the
following ordinance:
* * An Ordinance concerning the Fire-Llm!ts:
: 8 1:88
. 11.00
. 20.00
“Sec. 1. it* it ordoined, etc.. That permission
is hereby given to Peter Face, Sylvester Lixd,
C. N, Holden, and others, to erect within the
Ore-limits of the South Division, on the vacant lot
corner of Lake and Market streets, a temporary
wooden building, one or two stories high, as may
be required, and of other dimensions than the
rules regulating the Oredimits require: Provided,
That they obligate themselves to remove said build
ing prior to the Ist dav of December next in such'
penalty as shall compensate the Comptroller for all
expense in removing and taking down the same:
Provided, further , That if such building is not
taken down within rhe prescribed time, the mate*
rials therein shall become the property of the City
of Chicago.
“Sec. 2. That so mnch of Sec. 4 of Art. 2 of
an ordinance concerning the Fire Department, be
ing Chap. xxn. of Municipal Laws, also of all
other ordinances or parts of ordinances incon
sisient with the erection of this building, be and
the same are hereby repealed, it being the inten
tion of this ordinance to grant permission for the
erection of this building, bni nothing else. ”
This ordinance was passed by unanimous
vote in a special meeting, the following Al
dermen being present: Botsfobd, Colby,
Harris, AT*-nfiTT*T.T., Jones, Joy, Kennedy,
Myers, Tapi, Foss, Eeno, Alston, Hubbard,
Wahl, PRiNDrntLLE, .Cqmisky, and McDon
ald. The “ temporary wooden building,”
the erection of which speedily followed the
passage of this ordinance, though a homely,
unpretentious structure, almost thrown to
gether, became famous all over the
country as the Republican Wigwam, within
whose huge inclosure Aspumr Lincoln was
selected as the standard-bearer of the Re
publican party and the Commander-in-Chief
of the Union hosts that overthrew the South
ern Secessionists who were plotting treason
at Charleston, S. 0., in the very month this
ordinance was passed. The scene that at
tended the close of the long struggle between
the friends of Mr. Seward and Mr. Lincoln
was a memorable one. The great outburst
of enthusiasm from the thousands inside and
outside the building when Mr. Lincoln’s
nomination was announced, and the inspir
ing character of the surroundings, constituted
a scene the like of which had never been
known before in our political history. It
was not alone local pride that aroused this
j übilant demonstration, hut the removal of a
grave apprehension, the lifting of a great
burden, —for even then there were many
who perceived the clonds of war
gathering darkly on the horizon, and
felt that they had a steadfast counselor
and safe guide in any emergency that might
occur. One year later, Stephen A. Douglas
delivered the last speech of his life within
its walls. The Rebels had fired upon the
flag of their country, and the North was
rousing itself for the defense of the Govern
ment They were the last words of the
great orator, and they were the last words
spoken within its walls, and these last words
were an earnest and exalted appeal for
patriotic devotion to the Union and an
earnest support of the Government in the
crisis that was at hand.
The provision of the ordinance for the re
moval of the building within a 'specified
time was never enforced. In the sweep of
stirring events from 1861 to ISCS, oulminat
. ing in the assassination of the Presi
dent who was first nominated within its
walls, and in the overthrow of the
. Confederacy, the building passed out of
thought. There are no landmarks in Chi
cago. Buildings do not last long enough to
accumulate associations. The resistless
growth of the city and the constantly-in
creasing demands of trade either sweep away
landmarks or radically change their charac
ter so that they are no longer recognizable.
Thus it was that in a short time the memor
able building which had been the theatre of
such stiixing scenes become a mart of traffic,
and dealers in flour, grain, butter, eggs, and
poultry divided its great space among them
selves, until a fire destroyed it one night in
a twinkling. A new structure took its place,
which Buffered a like fate in the great confla
gration of 187 L
In 1800, when this ordinance was passed,
the South was beginning to boast it would
capture the Capital. Now in 1879 it boasts
it lias captured it. The Solid South has
control of the legislative functions, and
threatens to starve the Government, as it
then threatened to shoot it, if it does not
yield to its dictation. The ex-llebels are
again crowding closely upon the loyal men
of the North. They are threatening the
Government now as they threatened it then.
They dictate and menace now as they did
then. They have commenced their attack
upon the Government now as they did then,
only the attack comes in a new direction. They
then declared that if a Republican President
were elected they would go out of the Union.
They now declare that if the safeguards of a
free election are not broken down, so that a
Republican President cannot be elected, the
Government shall not have a dollar for its
support. There is the same feeling of un
easiness and apprehension in the minds of
loyal men now that there was then. Should
another crisis bo forced upon the North
Chicago may be relied upon for another
Wigwam, and Illinois to furnish the man
who will lead the country safely through ail
its dangers.
THE LEGISLATIVE CONTEMPT.
The House of Representatives of the
State of Illinois has ordered that Mr. Kevins
be imprisoned in the County Jail of Sanga
mon County until he shall answer- the ques
tion who told him that it was rumored that
a member of the House had taken §1,500
improperly. If Hr. Kevins answered the
question he would have betrayed the confi
dence which pertains to the profession, and
which is never violated. .The question de
manded was not who the member was that
was accused, but it was, Who told the corre
spondent that a- member was accused ? If
the object of the House was to find the per
son charged, that it might give him an op
portunity of denying the imputation, all it
had to do, perhaps, was to call the roll, and
each member would be able to tell as much
as the correspondent could tell, and that
would be, “ I heard that the person accused
was Mr. .” The House, if not disposed
to subject its own members to such an un
pleasant duty, might have summoned prob
ably every man and woman in Springfield,
from the Governor down to the smallest
bootblack, and each would have repeated the
same story, ‘*l heard that Mr, 'had
taken §1,500.” The only man in Illinois
who has heard the story and is under an ob
ligation not to give the name of his inform
ant has been selected and sent to jail for not
doing what any citizen of Springfield ormem
ber of the Legislature could do just os well,
THE CHICAGO TRIBUIVE: SUNDAY. APRIL 6, 1879—SIXTEEN PAGES
and who is under no obligation of secrecy.
Wo suppose the story has been spread to all
parts of the State, because any man visiting
Springfield, if he have not the information
thrust upon him, can in all probability hear
the whole story rehearsed at any street-cor
ner, in any saloon or barber-shop, or in any
horse-car. We suppose the story is known
to every man man in Chicago whose curiosi
ty has led him to ask for it.
The House by its action indicates that it
hits no desire to know which of its members
is accused by rumor. All that its action de
mands is, Which of its members told the
newspaper correspondent that such a rumor
prevailed ? The object sought seems to bo
to punish the member who repeated the ru
mor, and not to find out whether there was
any truth in the story or not.
The gentlemen in the Legislature aro
strong in their assertion of the prerogative
of either House to compel a witness to an
swer any question, and to treat his refusal
to answer as a contempt, to be punished by
imprisonment There is no doubt as to the
power of either House to punish for con
tempt ; but the action of the House is not
final or conclusive. A Justice of the Peace
or a Judge of a County or Circuit Court has
jurisdiction in cases of contempt, but the
judgment of such tribunals is open to review
by any Court of superior authority. So with
the Legislature. When it acts judicially to
the extent of imprisoning a citizen it exer
cises judicial functions, and its action in that
capacity is as open to review as is the action
of a Justice of the Peace or a County Court. As
a branch of the Legislature, the House has
power to punish for contempt, but,its find
ings and sentences in that capacity are sub
ject to review by the Judicial Department, in
which the Constitution has reposed supremo
judicial authority. When either House of
the Legislature exercises judicial functions
it acts as an inferior. Court, and
its proceedings in that capacity are
subject to review by the Courts of
Law. The Supreme Court, in hearing
appeals from inferior Courts on questions of
contempt, will inquire whether there was an
actual contempt. If this case had been be
fore a Circuit Court, and the witness, in the
course of a trial, had been asked, “ Have
you been told that one of these parties bos
committed an offense, and, if so, who told
you ?” and the Court should have ordered
the witness to be kept in jail for contempt
until ho answered, the Supreme Court would
probably decide that the question itself was
illegal and improper, and should not have
been asked, and therefore the refusal to an
swer was not a contempt It will not do
for the House to set up a claim that it pos
sesses arbitrary powers. There is no tribunal
having the power to deprive a man of his
liberty in defiance of the law. No man can
bo compelled to give evidence in a Court
tending to criminate himself, and it has been
held judicially that this rule holds os good
in the case of an examination by a legis
lative body as elsewhere. When the legis
lative body acts'judicially it becomes a Court
inferior to the Supreme Court, and is
bound by all the rules of law by which
all other Courts are limited. And yet
some hundred and more men, pretending
to be intelligent lawyers and law-makers,
deliberately sent a man to jail for refusing
to answer a question which would not ho
tolerated by any cross-roads Justice of
the Peace Court from Maine to Arizona.
The silly pretense that our correspondent
was actuated by the purpose of libeling the
Legislature because it elected John A. Logan
is beneath contempt. No greater evidence
of the malice, ignorance, and disregard of
law, justice, and propriety on the part of the
Legislature can ha asked than is’furnished
by its action in this so-called case of con
tempt. Its pretense that it caunot investi
gate a charge of corruption because a corre
spondent refuses to tell who informed him
of a rumor is ridiculous, when all the per
sons said to bo implicated by the rumor—
the payers and the payees—are alive, and
known to every member of both branches
of the Legislature. While the whole State
is inquiring, Why not investigate the substan
tial accusation? the House is devoting its
energies to the persecution of a man for not
ropeatiugcommonhearsay. That will not blind
any person to the real trouble in the case.
HISTORY OF THE PUBLIC DEBT.
The closing oail of the 5-20 bonds of the
United States marks an important point in
the financial history of this country. A
few facts will illustrate the wonderful history
of the credit of the United States during the
eighteen years beginning with July, 1301,
The debt of the Uuited States, on the let
day of July, ISGI, was §88,100,000, of which
about §21,000,000 was ou account of the
War, then in its infancy. The growth of
that debt since then and its decline is a mat
ter of instructive interest The aggregate
on the Ist of July in each year was as fol
lows :
1861 S 88,400,000
1802
1803.
1804.
1883,
1860.
1807.
1868.
1800.
On the 4th of March, 1809, the Secretary
of the Treasury put the law providing for a
sinking fund in operation, and also began
the application of the surplus revenue to the
purchase of the debt. The maximum of the
debt was reached in 18CC, and. from March,
ISG9, the diminution of the debt continued
regularly until, on the Ist of July, 1870, it
was reduced to $2,104,180,000, the reduction
at that time being $598,043,000, or at the
rale of nearly $00,000,000 a year from the
time the debt had reached its maximum.
On the 14th of June, 1870, Congress au
thorized the issue of new bonds, bearing 5,
44, and 4 per cent interest, to be exchanged
for outstanding G-per-cents or gold, and the
proceeds applied to the redemption of the
G-per-cents. In July, 1870, the outstanding
bonds were of the following amounts and
character:
Total bonded debt 82,108,308,000
Hoods bcapne tl oer cent 1,013,801,000
Bonus bearing 5 per cent— 101,507,000
On the Ist of July, 1876, these figures had
been changed to the following:
Total bonded debt
Bonds bearing 0 per cent.
Bonds bcaiina 5 per cent.
It will be seen that in the six years the
principal of the bonded debt was reduced
§408,463,000, and the annual interest on
§510,000,000 had been reduced from G to 5
per cent.
On the Ist of January, 1879, the bonded
debt statement showed the following figures:
Total bonded debt $1,809,812,830
Bonds nearing ti per cent... 758,106,200
Bonds bearing 5 per cunt 703.008, 030
Bonds bearing 4>,i per cent 250,000,000
Bonds bearina 4 per cent las, 700,000
Tne G per cent bonds included a twenty
year loan made in ISGI, which is not re
deemable until after 1881, and amounts to
§189,321,350, and some \ smaller items, and
also 5-20 bonds to the amount of §373,104,-
850.
The Secretary of the Treasury announces
that since the Ist of January last 4 per cent
bonds to the full amount of all these 5-20
bonds have been token; and that on the Ist
of July, 1879, or within nine years from the
date of the Funding act, there have been
converted of the bonded debts 6 per cent
bonds to the amounts os follows :
6s converted into 5 per cents 5 SOS, 440,800
Os converted into iy. percents.... 250,000,000
8s converted into 4 per cents 571,804,850
The reduction accomplished in the annual
interest on this conversion of bonds is $20,-
270,700. The burden of tbe debt is, there
fore, reduced that much every year. The
sale of 4 per cent bonds is suspended
for the time, but the Government will
in the meantime issue 4 per cent certifi
cates, fundable hereafter into 4 per cent
bonds, the money received for them being
applied to the payment of the old 10-40 bonds,
bearing 5 per cent interest and issued in
1864, and which amonnt to $194,000,000.
There is nothing, however, in the history
of national finances equal to the sale of 4 pec
cent bonds since the Ist of January, 1879.
Over $370,000,000 of such bonds sold at par
within ninety-five days, and such an event
is unknown in the history of any nation.
Among the ancients, with slight differences
among various nations, dissolution of the
marriage ties was merely a voluntary matter
so far as the- husband was concerned, and
the wife was scarcely more restrained, ex
cept among the barbarous people, who
bought and sold their women. Even in the
early Christian period divorce was always
obtainable under a condition of mutual con
sent, and, in the absence of mutual consent,
for a variety of causes. Later on, marriage
assumed tbe sanctity of a sacrament, and the
Catholic Church adopted the rule that there
could be no divorce where the marriage was
originally lawful for any causa that should
leave either party at liberty to marry again.
Greater freedom in a dissolution of marriage,
ns well as other matters, was established by
the Reformation, and Henry Till, furnished
a precedent for extreme liberality in this re
gard. There have been from that time on
numerous nnd onrious changes of public sen
timent and statutory law in all countries.
The present latitude for divorce is
very broad in Prussia, for instance, while
there is no such thing as abso
« °
lute divorce recognized by the existing
civil code in France, where it was obtain
able even upon mutual consent in the early
part of the present century. On the whole,
however, the tendency of the past two or
three centuries has been in the direction of
greater freedom and facilities for divorce
ment.
The United States generally have afforded
easier escapes from the bonds of matrimony
than any other country, and a recent ex
posure in New York shows that the possi
bilities of divorce are greater there than
anywhere else, though the law is stricter
than that of any other State. Under the
law of New York State, adultery is the sole
cause after marriage which is recognized as
sufficient grounds for divorce; and the,State
Courts are, as a rule, rigid in the enforce
ment of the law and in the construction of
cases that grow out of previous divorces.
Nevertheless, it has been shown to be pos
sible for a person to secure a divorce through
a New York lawyer at a small cost, though
such person has never actually been
married. A reporter for the New York
World demonstrated this by following
up an advertisement which promised
“alegal divorce within thirty days,” with
free consultation, an avoidance of scandal,
and a fee contingent upon furnishing the de
cree. • The reporter was actually a single
man, but represented himself as married to
a wife living in New Brunswick. He ad
mitted that he could bring no charges against
the wifely conduct of his supposititious
spouse, but the lawyer to whom he applied
undertook to procure him a legal release
from a wife who did not exist for “ incom
patibility of temper.” The applicant swore
to no papers, but paid §lO on account, left
the matter in the hands of the attorney, and
in course' of time received a decree, in
due form, purporting to be signed by the
Judge and Clerk of the Circuit Court of
Walworth County, .Wis., attested by seal.
The whole transaction cost only §35, and
required only about two months in time.
Inquiry at Elkhorn, Wis., subsequently de
veloped that certain parties in Now York,
Massachusetts, and other Eastern States have
been in the habit of sending out for certified
copies of alleged decrees that had been
rendered there in divorce cases, which
do not appear upon the record, so that
it appears the practice of palming off these
fraudulent decrees has been very general. It
is probably the usual method employed by
the divorce shysters in Eastern States when
other facilities are closed to them.
lu addition to such cases of actual forgery,
decrees of divorce are obtained in certain
States and Territories which are scarcely less
fraudulent. The Utah divorce was a very
easy and popular escape for husbands who
wanted to get rid of their wives, or wives
who wanted to get rid of their husbands ;
but it has fallen somewhat into disfavor of
late, since the Courts in some of the States
have refused to recognize it. The Legisla
ture of ■ Nevada has gone into the divorce
business on its own account, which is a
special accommodation to such San Francis
co people as long for a change in marital re
lations. Several of the States, in their
statutes and the practice of their Courts, are
unselfishly generous in the extension of fa
cilities to citizens of other States whore the
laws are prejudicial to easy divorce without
cause. There is not a day passes but there
is some complication, more or less serious,
growing out of the lax practice in granting
divorces. Mrs. Oliver, of Simon Cameron
notoriety, alleged that she had been married,
but had been divorced, not by any magis
trate, but by long-continued absence from
her husband. She had not been married at
all, except under the construction that long
continued cohabitation and public recogni
tion of marital relations constitutes a mar
riage, as the' New York .Courts hold it does.
A curious case is reported from Ohio, where
on old lady claims a dower from her deceased
husband’s estate, which claim is resisted by
his children nnder a former marriage on the
ground that she was never the legal wife of
their deceased father. The fact appears to
be that the old lady was married under the"
forms of law three or four times, though
really never but once. Her first husband was
a thief and outlaw, and is said to be still liv
ing. When he was sent to the Penitentiary
for the first time, the wife was informed by
a local Justice of the Peace that her hus
band’s conviction of a crime was in it
self a divorcement. Acting upon this theory,
she married a second husband, and had
children, now grown into men and women,
who are illegitimate in the eyes of the law.
When the second husband died she married
a third, and, after the death of the third, a
fourth, a part of whose property she now
314,211,000
1,008,703,000
1,740,000,000
2,084.003,000
2,002,823,000
2.036.320,000
2,032,240,000
■81,699,005,000
. 988,479,000
. 711,426,000
Total
DIVORCE MADE EASY.
seeks in vain, though she herself was in
nocent of any wrong in all the matrimonial
alliances.
The legitimacy of offspring and the titles
to property in this country—two essential
conditions to the safety and well-being of
society—will be seriously threatened if this
increased facility and promiscuousness of
divorce shall be tolerated much longer. It
will not be safe for anybody to trace back a
genealogical record in the next century.
There are now thirty-eight States and seven
Territories in which the laws all differ more
or less, ranging from the strictest construc
tion of the marriage relations to the broadest
avenues of escape. Uniformity would
certainly be desirable, so that one might
know whether one is divorced or not.
Just how it is to be obtained short
of a convention of States, we don’t
know. It is possible that Congress
might sat on example by passing a general
law for the regulation of divorce in the Ter
ritories and the District of Columbia, which,
if ic should hit upon a happy mean, might
gradually bo adopted by all the State Gov
ernments. As the religious and social re
formers are certainly making no headway in
repressing the desire for divorcement, it is
very evident that something ought to be done
in a common statutory way to place some
uniform restrictions, or give some, uniform
facilities, for this peculiar institution.
.$1,330,305,200
- Family jars, operatic wars, and church
rows require the most subtle diplomacy fx*oui
outsiders who have the temerity to interfere.
The rule is that both parties to the disturb
ance turn npon the would-be peacemaker,
and suspend hostilities for the time being,
and unite forces to annihilate the intruder.
But, even at the risk of incurring the dis
pleasure of both factions in the particular
religious denominations which Mr. Tal
siage to represent, we are prompt
,ed to remark that the trial of that gentle
man is an exhibition of unchristianly spirit
and indecorous behavior which amounts to n
scandal upon religion, and which ought to
be brought to the speediest possible termina
tion. This is true whatever the merits of
the charges against Mr. be, or
however good a defense ha may ha able to
make to those charges. Whether we regard
the actual language and sentiment expressed
on the trial, or the hilarious manner in
which the audience (presumably of church
people) receive .these unseemly expressions,
the trial is simply disgraceful, and it con
hardly fail to furnish scoffers with new
material for scandal and contempt.
The Court, the jury, the accused, the -wit
nesses, and the counsel are all, or nearly all,
clergymen or ex-clergymen.' Yet the Kev.
Hathaway testified that the -Kev. Talaiagi;
told him that the Kev. Vandyke was “ a no
torious liar”; and thereupon the audience
burst out into a loud guffaw of laughter.
One reverend gentleman accused another
reverend gentleman of being a defaulter; a
third reverend gentleman proposed to hiring
the whole matter before the Presbytery,
whereupon the first reverend gentleman
turned upon the third with the charitable,
not to say benign, remark, “If you do, we
will turn on you and kill you; whether we
find anything against you or not, there are
men who will swear there is.” The Kev.
Taimage, in a meekness of spirit supposed
to be characteristic of his cloth, sprang to
his feet and denounced the .testimony as
“ the biggest pack of falsehoods he had ever
heard ”; arid then, shaking his fist at a fourth
reverend gentleman, said he “ wouldn’t allow
Dr. Bttelee to call him friend or brother.”
Thereat the audience applauded vociferously,
probably recalling the Scriptural injunctions
about charity out of a pure heart, and about
loving one’s neighbor as oneself. The Kev.
Dr. Botleb took a more worldly view of the
matter, and thought it would be better that
the Presbytery sit with closed doors, if this
sort of thing were to go on. But the audi
ence hissed and hooted at this suggestion
that it might possibly be excluded from the
circus.
While the Talmage trial must certainly be
very humiliating to all who take an ’active
interest and denominational pride in the
creed this person professes, it would be un
fair to draw conclusions from it that would
reflect upon the Church as an institution.
The moral of it seems to be that churches
should avoid the loud and flaring sensation
alism which Talmage and his flock have cul
tivated. Beligious work becomes mercenary
and disreputable when, through the agency
of either a newspaper or the pulpit, it seeks
the notoriety of a public show. Talmage
and his personal adherents and admirers
have courted this kind of notoriety of
late years. The Tabernacle has been one of
the regular sights of a visit to the Metrop
olis, like Gilmore’s Garden or the Aquarium.
The latest resort to public attention was a
night-tour among the slums of the city,
which were subsequently described in the
style of a police journal, interlarded with just
enough admonition and exhortation to make
these descriptions pass muster as sermons.
The pulpit occupied by Talmage has been
distinguished only for parade, fanfare, and
antics. It has not only failed to furnish as
much entertainment as the minstrel stage or
the opera bouffe, but it has lacked the spirit
of sanctity and the sincerity of religion to
atone for its shortcomings. The disgraceful
exhibition now in progress under the name
of a trial is a fitting sequel to the career
whereby Talmage has achieved a sort of no
toriety, and it may be a lesson to churches
everywhere not to. go and do likewise.
The investigation of the extraordinary
manner in which the financial affairs of the
Chicago Post-Office were conducted while
that institution was under the control of
McArthur is revealing some rather
gloomily humorous facts in relation
to the shameful ones heretofore made
public. Ho Miller, the ex-Cashier
of the money-order office, was on the stand
yesterday, and related the circumstances at
tending his forced and hurried flight to Can
ada, and subsequent return, to become, as he
tries to have it appear, a vi carious sufferer.
His midnight sprees in company with Golsen
were vividly described by the witness, and
the whole presentation was an appalling
picture of crime and debauchery.
Minister Welsh was not, it seems, guilty of
the supreme idiocy charged against him of de
manding an increase of his salary. This ex
planation comes a little late, but it is made on
authority of the State Department, and must
be accepted as sufficient. If it was thrown out
to test public feeling, it must have been emi
nently satisfactory in producing positive re
sults.
If we only had the Springfield Republican, and
the Philadelphia Tima, and two or three other
papers of the same able and independent kind,
ont this way, of course it would be possible to
carry the local elections as those newspaper
oracles might desire; but, not having them, we
eball have to put up with a Democratic Admin
istration. We have no doubt at all that if Mr.
Bowles’ young men had been able to get In
THE TAIMAGE CIRCUS.
their worksite Sixteenth Ward, formerly a Re
publicaa stronghold, would not bare given a
majority for the Socialistic candidate; and if
Alexander .McClure bad been in a position to
argue calmly and candidly with bis compatriots,
of Bridgeport, they would not have returned
such unprecedentedly large Democratic majori
ties. But the loss of Chicago, owing to the
absence of these Independent editors, is the
gain of SpringSeld, and Philadelphia, and other
cities in the East. It is a comfort to know that
the average Independent editor at home is a
power, and controls his own Ideal elections to
suit himself. ’
The proceedings in the House Friday, which
were the richest kind of boulfe, have already
been dramatized by a contemporary writer. The
celebrated dungeon scene is thus Interpreted:
The Speaker. Away with him! I will teach this
presumptuous reporter to discipline his emotions.
Have you such a thing as a dungeon in town?
Ml. Wo have! , ,
The Speaker. Then load him with chains and
take him there at once!
OCTETTE,
Frank, . Farewell, my own. .
Light of my life, farewell!
For crime unknown,
1 go to a dungeon cell.
All, For crime, etc.
Trib, In the meantime, farewell!
And all alone
Rejoice in your dungeon cell 1
All. And all, etc.
The Speaker, A bone, a bone,
I’ll nick with this writer fell;
Let him be shown
At once to his dungeon celL
All. Let him, etc.
80B00GS, HOGS, ASt> SEPUEW MOSES.
Ha'll hear no moan
Of the paper he loves so well I
. . No telephone
Communicates with bis cell!
All. No telephone, clc.
The Court (mysteriously). But when is known
The secret I have to tell,
Wide will be thrown
< The door of bis dungeon coll.
All, Wide will be thrown
Tho door of his dungeon celL
The attempts of rival publications to snatch
the crown of martyrdom away from The Tbib
uhb will be defeated; but, it most dc confessed,
they are audacious enough. Witness the follow
ing comments on the imprisonment of The
Tbibokb correspondent:
From a mnrnfnj vaoer.
The idiocy which gratified Tun Tribune corre
spondent infected ninety-six members of the
Honec. while only thirty-live were free from it.
The theory of the triumphant majority is supposed
to be thai’their virtue has been proved spotless by
the vigor with which itsussailunts are handled; but
there is a good deal of douut auoui the correctness of
mis belief; and in fact the opinion that a black
mailing ring of the most infamous character does
exist in or'in connection with the Legislature is
naming strength among the people doily.
r'r-ia another miner.
Mr. Nbvins, Tub Tkibunb correspondent at
Springfield, was sent to jail yesterday for contempt
of the Legislature, if the Learsiature is going to
keep.this tlimg up, the jail facilities at Springfield
will have to be greatly enlarged. There are
few honest men in the State who do not look upon
the present Legislature with coutempe.
These are tush bids, but they will not be ac
cepted.
The editor of the Davenport Gazette does not
think Grant is being carried toward the Wbitc-
Ilouse on any “ mighty flood,” as reported. He
calls attention to two notable but apparently
forgotten facts of lowa political history. One
of these was the refusal of the Republican Con
vention of 1876 to say a word in its platform ex
pressive of confidence in or regard for Gen.
Grant. The other fact was a speech of Prank
Hatton, editor of the Burlington Bawkeye, in
r.he Convention of 1875, opposing a resolution
which mildly approved the Administration of
Gen. Grant. Hatton Is how “booming ” for
Grant, and this last little reminiscence makes
him feel uncomfortable.
The St. Paul Pioneer-Press does not agree
with the popular choice of Gen. Grant for the
Presidency, but feels constrained to admit that
the vast majority of Republicans in Minnesota,
at least, are for him. The Democrats are
equally solid for Tilden. The Pr&s believes
that the preferences of both parties are so well
declared that it will be impossible lor any other
candidates to make headway against them. All
this is put in a leading editorial, and means
business, so far as the Press is concerned,
though it is decidedly not, of Its own choice, a
Grant paper. 1
WniTEUtw Reid was offered the Mission to
Berlin as a reward for his services to the Repub
lican party; but Georgs Jones, of the New
York Times, who did more than Mr. Reid to
make Mr. Hayes President, has not been of
fered a reward. This may be due to the quali
fied opposition of the Times to the President’s
policy since the inauguration. But this ouly
makes clearer than ever the fact that personal
feeling had a good deal to do with the offer,
spite of Mr. Starts’ statement to the contrary.
There Is room enough in the Colorado Valley
for all our colored fellow-citizens in the South.
But they must not commit the mistake of mov
ing into States already Republican. They should
go into the Territories, and carve out new States,
which they and their descendants may rule and
represent in Congress forevermore. Then to
the Solid South will be opposed a Solid West,
equal in weight and power, and opposite in po
litical tendencies.
Gen. Jo Hawley’s vigorous speech in the
Lower House Friday will cause his constituents
to rejoice more than ever that he was not elect
ed to the United States Senate. He would be
of much less service in that branch of Congress,
where the Democratic majority is so large, than
in bis present posit ion of one of the minority
leaders in the House.
I believe this Investigation was gotten np to
punish the Legislature for electing John A. Logax
to the United States Senate.— Speech of Mr,
Scroops in the Illinois House.
The punishment of the Legislature lor that
betrayal of trust is in the hands of the people,
and The Tribune has no disposition to inter
fere with it.
J. W. Fornet knew Judge Elliott, who was
shot bj Buford. The Judge came into Con
gress in 1553, two years after John C. Breck
inridge, and was about one year bis senior.
He was a gentle, graceful, agreeable man, and a
deyoted friend of the late Democratic Vice-
President.
The members were perfectly at the mercy of the
reporters, who could stive them such a reputation
as they pleased.— Speech of Mr. Trusdell in the
Illinois Louse.
This is a mistake. The reporters, however
earnestly they might try, could not ewe the
majority of the members a good reputation.
Are we going to he down like curs? That Is the
ragged issue. —Speech of Mr. McKinlay, of Edgar,
intheJUinoti House.
It seems extremely probable that. If the ma
jority lie down at all, they will lie down in that
way. ~
Jefferson Davis frankly admits that the
abolition of slavery hag been a great blessing to
the whites of the South. True. But there is
one thing would be a greater blessing, and that
is the abolition of Jefferson Davis.
Wart Whitman writes oddly and pict
uresquely of “ Soring on the Delaware,” for
Mr. J. W. Fornet’s Progress, which, by the
way, is a most entertaining paper, and ought to
have a wide success.
A member of the Legislature indignantly de
nies that the present Legislature Is a Granger
body, and insists that there are but compara
tively few Grangers among the members.
PERSONALS.
Clara Morris* Article 48 —Hit him twice,
Freddie.
A burnt ohild dreads the fire; bat a Solid
South foreetUth its licking.
Tho story of 500 buffaloes breaking through
the ice, Is, like the ice, too chin.
The Chinese are of the opinion that Clara
Morris is unnecessarily emotional.
Napoleon, it is believed, cannot keep lime.
Bonaparte from the shining shore. .
• Gen. Garfield is not a Methodist, as re
ported. He was never ordained as a clergyman.
but waa a lay-preacher in the Disciples (Campbell,
itej Church.
England is better off than we are. n.
Zulus haven’t captured the Capitol.
The Southern rooster, it seems, is a mncV
bigger bird than the American eagle.
Election day was All-Fools’ day, and con.
aequently the Republicans had no chance.
A San Francisco paper mentions a blondj
Chinaman. He has doubtless chalked bis queue, !
The Widow Oliver’s love-letters to herself
show that she Isn’t one of “ them d d litem,
feliers.”
Queen Victoria wore at her son’s wedding -
the great Koh-i-noor blazing in a brooch on ha ,
black dress. z
The tramp nuisance dwindles into insig. -
nldcanceas compared with etruliiog “Pinafore*,
companies.
Mr. Snowball is a New Jersey
but we should not think he could survive the heat s;
of a campaign. ‘
. A little while longer and it will even be “
hazardous for Sergt. Bates to carry the American '
dag through the North.-
Bob Toombs is going to address a Fair iq ■
Texas next fall if the Texans haven’t killed each
other off by that time.
Old Aba, the Wisconsin war-eagle, is said I
to be in poor health. Ho can’t stand the Coofed. I
erate majority, we suppose. *
Fitz-John Porter, doubtless, was one of
the bravest of the brave: but it has taken the coun
try sixteen years to And It out.
Cetywayo’s subjects arenot pleased with
his policy, and some South African Conkliagii
making war on bis Administration.
An exchange'calls tho Hon. Simon"Cam-_
eron an k 1 April fool ”; but we are afraid he will not
get over it this month or tho next.
Advice to tho ladies m reference to the
gay deceiver, Simon Cameron: Trust him notj
he is fooling thee, be is fooling thee.
Col. Alston, who was killed at Atlanta the
other day, is described as a man of impulsive gen*
erosity. In the use of a pistol, we suppose.
Miss Von Berg won the recent waiting
match In New York; but she had great difficulty'
in saving her hair from the other contestants.
The Brooklyn Presbytery claims that it is
* 4 sitting as a Coart of Jesus Christ, ” and Mr. Tal
mage would doubtless be warranted in trying it for
blasphemy.
The latest fire-escape weighs only sis
pounds, and yet it will rescue a man weighing 300»
vVhnt a convenient thing it would be in the place
the existence of which Bob ingcrsoll denies. 33
It is pretty well settled, that G. "W. Childs'
will take hold of the New York iForfd. The de
struction of the fruit crop will materially decrease
the demand for obituary poetry, and he will hence!
have time, he believes, to look after two papers,'
both daily.
Prof. Dana, the geologist of Tale, although
60 years old, is a tremendous pedestrian, and
can run Tike a deer. In his excursions with his
students they find that few can keep pace with,
him when he lets himself out, and instead of'
fooling around with stones and dirt he ought to
become a pedestrian.
Young Cornelius Vanderbilt, son of Will
iam H., stopped at the Altamaba Hotel in
Ga., while traveling southward to Florida a few
days ago. When seated with his retinne at the
tea-table, he told one of his negro servants to ait
at the same table, so that the servant might eat
his fill by train-time. XJp rose the Altamaba host,
and with angry gestures ordered the darkey to.
leave the room. Up rose the millionaire and swore
mat, unless the darkey were allowed to remain, he
would leave the hotel. The proprietor still kicked.'
The Vanderbilt crowd left. **Sow,” says tbo
Jessup Sentinel, 14 what means the purse-proud
swell-bead!” ‘‘Vanderbilt,” exclaims another
esteemed contemporary, the Quitman Free Pretty
“Vanderbilt is an infernal skunk.” “This perr
son,” adds the Macon Telegraph and J ltsanoer,
“this person will have to leam the first principle!
of a gentleman.”
THE WEATHER,
Office of the Chief Signal Officv p*
Washington, D. C., Aprils—l a. m. — ForWjf
Tennessee, .the Ohio Valley, and Lower Lake re* -*
gfion, warmer, clear or partly cloudy weather, 1 : r
rariable winds, shifting to southeasterly, sta-
tionary, or falling barometer. g
For the Upper Lake region, upper Missis- p
sinpi and lower Missouri valley, increasing l|
cloadiucss followed by rain areas, colder north- [g
westerly winds, risina: barometer, preccdea id g
south and east portions by falling baromerantf g|
warmer southeast winds. ; P
The Missouri Hirer will rise. * ' : m
Loa±h obsksvatton-s. •• • B
Aprils. ||
tel, Jen. IP enihtr-. §|
Ttme.' [ Ear, I Thr 7T«.i Wind.
6:03 a. m. 30. ISO 34 70 N....
11:18 a. m. 30.206 36 , 03 N. E.
2:«J p. rn.-30.137 30 j 33 ,E. ..
5:53 p.m.i30.130 44 I 02 E
9:00 a. m. |30.134: 38 63 ,S. E.
10:13 a. m.|30.134j33 I 03 IS. E.
Minimum. 4-1: lUialmtinj, 31.
OCKJCEaI* OB<:*.i:rATIOJTB.
' OHIOAN.). April 5-10:13 p.m. \
Staihns.
Aloanr. 30.08’ 24 fN.W., brlskl
A10ena....... 130.07 1 20 iCalm {
Breckinridge itai.ai! 45 tresh....
Bmfslo 3Jj.1l 28 S. W.. fresh
Cairo 30.20; 43 In. HT., light
Cheyenne. ..'*29.771 33 |N. 1V„ brisk
Chicago 30.131 33 'S.E.. gen..
Clnclcnail ...,30.13' 40 IN.. light....
Cleveland....i3o.i7i so ;E., fresh...
Davenport... 30.00| 42 IV., fresh ..
Denver. 29.76 5! ;'V., brisk...
Dea Moines.. 120.93 47 ;S.b.. gentle
Detroit 100. 11' so is., gentle. .
DodteCltr...'29.29' 67 is., brisk ...
Duluth,Minn 2.'. , ..2; 33 Calm
Erie j 30.151 31 Is. W., gen..
Esennsbn 30.03| 34 jS. fresu...
yon c1b50n..'20.90 33 9. E., fresh
tread Haven 30.14! 31 W..gentle..
m«MaDOlls.;3o.l4) 40 Ca1m.......
Seokuk 130-C.j 45 IS. b.. fresh
La Crosse....lsu.o2 43 !S., gentle..l
Leavenworth. 29.93 ) 57 iS. E., fresh
Louisvlhe....;3o. I7j 45 W„ light..
Mndtson...... 30.07> 39 iS..fresu.
“ • " »l! 9.1 ' r •'
34 !K.’E.,KCn.
130.19 1 fit iS. K., gcu.
Marquette
Memonla..
X9[ -
illlsrauKce.
43 ;Calm
57 'S.. fresh..
53 !S.E.,brlst.
58 !S. IC,, fresh
3 3 S. W.. fresh
38 ;S. W„ light
32 |K.W.,Ben..
[ao.2ij
30.20
29.15
129.81
&X 12
,i».89
[30.18
"I
N'ashviLe....
New Orleans,
Norm Plaice.
Omaha
Oswego
Pembina.....
PltLacmrir....
so.nl'S7 IS.E.,fresd.
30.13- 24 I'W., fresh...
20.10 36 =E., light. ..
3».uj| 62 |S. E.,ecn..
Sc. i’aol... . 20.00 ,44 is. £.. fresh
Pori Huron.
Rochester...
Smduslc?....
Shreveport..
St. Louis....
38 ; W., fresh...
;S. E., fresb
65 'S.E.. ircslu'
Toledo ...
Viokfibnrs.
Yankton..
30.12
30.21
29.82
PACIFIC-COAST INDIANS. ■ is
Special Dimat cA to The Tribune. ' ?S;J.
Omaha, Neb., April s. —This evening Capt.
Boyle, of the Twenty-first In antry, and N. A
Cornoyer, Agent of the Umatilla Indians, atr
rived hero from San Francisco, in charge of. t*';'
Chief Moses, Chief of the Sinkerhouse Indians; >• ';<
Jim, his nephew; Howlish-wampoo, Chief of ■
the Caynse; Young Chief and Umpine; also. L. .
the Cayuse Chiefs, Winnipsnook, Chief of the ■
Umatillas, and Homeli, Chief of the Wallsr ;
Wallas, accompanied by John Mcßean and Ab» -
Lincoln, half-breeds, who are interpreters. Thfl -
delegation will leave for Washington Sunday ; r
evening to hold a conference with President jJV
Hayes and the loerior Department, by whom _
they were summoned to tlie Capital. They repte- j
sent the principal tnbes in Washington Territory, r-'x:
and Oregon, numbering about 4,500 people, f,
Their principal object in visiting Washington
to adjust some old matters concerning some
treaties, and about their reservations, and It U
expected that a permanent treaty of peace *l“,
be made with them. Pbg
- -
THE SOUTHERN EXODUS. , M
Nsw Obleans, April 5.—A call has been
Issued by many colored clergymen, teachcrV ,
and social directors of the colored people o!
this State for a Convention to meet to* ■ "tS?
Orleans April 17 to consider the condition of - f-r -v.
their race in Louisiana. They say: “War** ;
eard with grave apprehension the wrongs
outrages Irom wh*a*omau -of our pec, I • ■*****•['
to-day, and the alarm which das iubuencjj pit.
them to a general exodus from fsorth Loouwna j-Si
and the turbulent parishes in the State. 1 ’ '}:i
OCEAN STEAMSHIP NEWS. I|i
Liverpool, April s.—Steamers Adriatic, fto® ;;
New York, aud Bavarian, from Boston, b ITI
arrived out. ;■
New York, April s.— Arrived, City of ./•
sels, from Liverpool. j - ■
FINANCIAL’
Boston, Mass., April s.—The creditors of t« W,
Plunkett Woolen Company, at ilmsdal^- -I; J
considering its condition. Liabilities, s9o,o®* 'v .s'.
k
IL
4 Clear.
7 Clear.
6 Clear.
7 I 'Clear.
5 {Clear.
5 I gear.
Weuller•
H'intL
l:uiu
.[Fair.
, Clear.
.Clear,
cloudy.
Clear. ' 1?
.25 iiy. saow g
.....Clear. *
.... Clear. • ‘ fa
....Clear. • -.gg
....Clear. ,:&i
....'Cloudy. • K
....'Clear. Is
....'Clear. • g
....jFair. ' X>
....iClear. > 15
....Clear. . fe
....Cloudy. !PJ
....Clear. Ss
...Clear. 55
SSE , ■
... Clear. *.».
~..lFalr. : fe*
...clear. • -
... Clear. : i
...Cloudy# 61
...IClear. • IS
....Clear. tst
....■Clear. ' »
....[Cloudy. -fig
'Clear. ; S|
Cloudy. •, S 5
Clear. • Sp
1 Cloudy. j ? Is
I. Clear. ‘.. 0
Clear. . ' w
■IV.V.’. Clear. •||
1 cloudy. -2|
: Fair. . »
Clear. ■: .gs
1...:.. Clear. •
trcah

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