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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, April 09, 1879, Image 4

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2I)V SttrUmtue.
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TERMS TO CITT BimSCRIRIIUS.
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will receive prompt attention. \
TRIBUNE BRANCH
Tits CmoaooTumults ha*talsblWied branch offlcai
for the receipt of lubacrlpllont &nd idvcrtlietnenu a*
follows: '• •
MBW TOUK-Room 39 mblffUßulldlOg. F. T. Wfl-
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PARIS, Franco—No. 10 Rue doUGraago-Datellere.
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’ BAN FKANCtSCO. Cal.-Palace UoVU
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AMUSEMENTS.
MoTlckcr’s Theatre.
■Madlion street, between Dearborn and tata. "H.
V. B. Pinafore.'’ Afternoon and evening. '
IlitTrrly’n Theatre*
Dearborn itnset, corner of Monroe. Eogaument
of DeoThorooion, •• Joihua Whitcomb.” Aitwnoon
and evening.
lloolry’n Theatre.
1 Randolph it: ecu between Clark and LaSalle. En
gagement of :the Hess English Opera. “Faulaoi
Virginia-” _____
t.VJnmUw's'Tbcatro.. '
Clark streeu o np®*itc the Conrt-ITouse. Engage'auqt'
of George Donlft “The Soldier's Trust.”
' S TcCormlck Unit.
North Clark atn sot, corner Klnsle. Dissolving Pan*
oramlc Views. India.
A*cn<lemy of Alaste*
Raided street, between Madison nml Monroe. Va
riety entertalnmot U Afternoon and evening.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 0, 1870.
The usual difl lenity experienced in impor
tant cases in. tho Criminal Court—that of
obtaining jurors sufficiently ignorant and
Imbecile —is encountered in tho Stevens
’murder trial, which began yesterday. No
progress has boon jd ado thus far, owing to tbo
extreme scarcity of persons in Chicago who
never road tlio newspapers, and who hove,
therefore, never hom'd of tbo Stevens mur
der case,
Jndgo McAllister lias ordorod tho release
from custody of Mrs. Gelderman, who was
bold on a Coroner’s war. rant ns an accessory
with Dr. Meter in the p oisoning of licr hus
band. In tho the Court there is
no evidence to justify her imprisonment
pending tho notion of tho Grand Jury, tho
fact of her engagement to Dr. Mxter bo
shortly after tho death of her husband not
being regarded as sufficient to raiso a reason
able presumption that she hadanyhand in
Disking herself a widow.
John W. Gheoo-, ox-Snporintondont of tho
Money-Order Department of tho Chicago
Post-Office, has been found guilty of embez
zlement by tho jury in the United States Dis
' Tua~iWßalJieUl OI nlfl counsel
that GnEdp only boxvrqwod, and did not steal,
tho money intrusted to his keeping, wont for
nothing against tho explicit presentment of
tho law concerning tho case in tho instruc
tions given to tho jury by Judge Blodgett.
Tho pnblio officer who converts, if only tem
porarily, to hts own uso tho money/? in his
keeping is by the law mado guilty of a crime
punishable by imprisonment of from six
months to ton years, and it is well that this
fact should bo mado known with forco and
emphasis, ns it now is in tho conviction of
John W. Gbego.
Tho Army Appropriation bill as it passed
the House was reported to tho Senate yes
terday, and Mr. Basins promptly gave
notice of an amendment which proposes to
make it a penal offense, punishable with fine
and imprisonment, for Rod-Sliirts, White-
Liners, Biflo-Clubs, Regulators, or bulldozers
lu any guise, singly or collectively, to appear
•armed with a deadly weapon within a mile
of any polling-place whero candidates for
Congress nro being voted for. Mr. Blairs
intends that tho Democracy shall bo brought
to a square vote ou tho proposition to put
all armed bodies or persona on an equal
footing with Federal troops in respect of not
being permitted near voting-places. Such
an amendment was ruled out iu tho House
as “ not germane, ,r but it will bo brought to a
vote in (he Senate.
In tho oQurso of tho debate upon tho ad
mission of Bell ns Senator from Now
Hampshire, Ben Hill, iu a careless moment,
spoke of tho appointee as presenting his
credentials “to tho Confederate Senate."
The blunder is 0 serious one, but it reveals
what is uppermost in the minds of tho Bohol
Brigadiers. Tho Brigadiers ore in tho ma
jority in both Houses of Congress, and they
are dictating terms to the Administration in
1870 as they did iu 18C0, but they seem to
forgot that tho entire programme of 16G0
most bo carried out before Mr. Hill's blun
der becomes a reality. To establish a Con
federate Senate it will bo necessary for Mr.
Ben Hill aud his associates to go homo aud
Inaugurate a second War of Rebellion. Be
fore a Confederate Senate comes into power,
tho Northern States will have something to
s#y. Such an accomplishment Is not a mat
ter of ballots but bullets.
The PoliUtcht Correspondent, which nsa*
ally gets at tbo core of political matters,
affirms that the project of n union between
Bulgaria and Eastern Uonmolia originated
with Russia, and that tbo English Cabinet
has so far acoodod to the project os to recog
nize the union as a possibility, and therefore
is not unwilling to treat It as a political
question. The most remarkable feature of
its information, however, is (bat tbo English
Cabinet thinks a solution of tbo problem
might ho found in convincing tbo Forte of
the necessity of appointing as Governor-
General of Eastern Itoumolia tbo person
elected Prince of Bulgaria. As this policy
united Moldavia and Wallaohla In 166 a, it
will be pretty hard to convince the Forte of
the necessity of such a compromise, which
will be sore to unite Roumella and Bulgaria
", in spite of the Treaty of Berlin, as it did
) Moldavia and Wullacbla in spite of the
' l Treaty of Paris.
Toward the close of the Forty-flfthGongress
the Republicans proffered os a compromise
measure their assent to the repeal of the
Jurors' Test-Oath law, provided the Demo
crat# would permit the passage of the Legis
iative Aooropriallon bill without the clause
repealing tlio Supervisors' law. Tboy would
even have consented to the political attach
ment to tho Army, bill forbidding tbo pres*
onco of troops near tlio polls If by this con*
cession they could have retained tho law for
tho protection of tho ballot-box and avoided
the necessity of an extra session. Uni tho
Democrats would accept no compromise, and
nothing loss than tho absolute removal of all
restriction upon election frauds and outrages
from the Federal statutes would All tho bill.
Sinoo that limp plain declarations have boon
made of the Confederate purpose to repeal
nil war and reconstruction legislation, and
upon this issue tbo Republicans oro willing
to moot tboir adversaries. Senator Edmunds
has pointed out valid reasons why the Tost-
Oath law. should not bo entirely repealed,
and tboro is certain to bo a contest over tbo
question. A total repeal would permit
white-liners, rifle-club men, and oven moon
shiners to servo upon juries before whom
persons woro tried for offering armed resist
ance to tbo United Stales laws, and tho re
tention of tbo clause which prohibits jury
sorvico by snob offenders will doubtless bo
contended for by tbo Republicans,
m
Tbo plan of tho Ohio Democracy bos
brought defeat and ruin to tbo Northern sec
tion of tbo Confodorato parly. They entered
tho campaign with a brand-new platform,
based on living issues, and tho issue of tbo
fight Is dire and disastrous defeat. This plot
form, builded by tho disciples of Thurman,
has proven rotten and unsubstantial, and In
its wreck ore burled tbe Presidential
hopes of tbo Ohio Senator. Tbo princi
ples enunciated in tbo document aforesaid
woro of a kind to ticklo tho politicalpalato at
tho South, but It appears that tbo North,
and ovon Hamilton Oouuty, Ohio, ore
not yet . ready ’to embrace them.
Tbo clarion voice of tbo Democracy,
from its Ohio stump, called for tbo
;ropbnl of tho United States Election laws,
'JIiV weeding-out of all Republican officials
tad Influence from the Capital of tho Na
tion, «ni tbo placing at tbo holm of tho meni
who first hungered and thirsted for tho Na
tion's life, and who, foiling in tho attain
ment of their treasonable desires, now wish
him to got another bold, with tho hope of
succeeding better next time. It is certain
that tbo Democratic 'huo-and-cry in favor of
regulating tho Election laws does not
take well in Northern latitudes. This
fact is shown by tho voto fox Su
perior Judge in Cincinnati. Tho Ro
publican candldoto for that offico tyoa
tho Chief Supervisor at, tlio lost Congres
sional election. Yol, notwithstanding the
Democrats in all their speeches as'well as
their platform emphasized the peculiar hei
nonenofis of that candidoto’s offense in serving
ns such officer, tho ox-Snporvisor ran ahead
of his ticket, whiob was elected by several
thousand majority. Tbo Ohio election will
probably mark tbe dawn of an era of anxiety
in tbo Domocratio party, and win servo os a
bint to tbo party engineers In 'Washington
that they arc possibly going a littlotoo fast.
THE IEBBON OF THE ELECTIONS.
Monday was a bod day for tho Bobel
Brigadiers. . They had plucked up some
courage because, a week ago, Chicago wont
Democratic, owing to weak nominations and
apathetic voters on tho Bopnblican side.
They looked upon their victory in Chicago
ns a straw which showed that the wind out
West was blowing Southerly. They fondly
imagined that, having captured tho citadel
of Western Bepnblicanism, all tho remain
ing works would givo way, and, by getting
tho local forces in control, tho way would be
mado easy for tho National campaign, and
they would havo no difficulty in returning a
Democratic President, Tho returns show
how bitterly they woro disappointed. Tho
Republicans havo swept Ohio, and thereby
fired tho first gun with tolling effect. They
havo not only carried thoir old stamp
ing ground, but havo token tho old
Democratic strongholds, leaving not
a peg upon which tho Bourbons
can hang a*hopo. In Michigan they whipped
tho Bourbons and crazy Fiatists combined,
and swept the State by nearly 10,000 major
ity. In Illinois, lowa, Minnesoto, Connecti
cut, fid Maine, though tho elections woro
scattering, they havo lost no ground, bat on
tho other hand hove advanced thoir colors
nearer to tho enemies* works. In Ohio and
Michigan, where tho contest was most gen
eral and important In its significance, tho
fight was mndo squarely upon National is
sues, and those two great States voted in
*IB7O tho woy they fired from 1801 to 1803.
If tho Bom-bous in Congress could derive
ouy comfort from the election in Chicago,
wherein tho question of local government
only was concerned, it remains to bo seen
how much comfort they will derive from tho
great aud powerful Stalo of Ohio, whero the
battle was fought squarely upon tho National
ispo, and where something besides tho in
terests of homo government woro at stake.
Tho elections of Monday Bottled some
vital points. Tho Democrats of Ohio in Uioir
platform mado tbo issue a National ouo. It
was forced upon tbo Republicans, but they
boldly accepted it and -won, and thus fore*
shadowed the result of the National contest.
They felt that it was the final struggle bo*
tween the Southern Gonfodoraoy and tbo
United States, and they wont into tbo strug*
glo with tbo same spirit and enthusiasm that
characterized tbo loyal men of tho North
when tbo first shot was fired at Sumter. It
was tbo first warning to a Solid South that
tbo North also is solidifying. It was a ro*
minder to tbo Southern Brigadiers that they
have not yet captured tbo OopUal, though
Bch Hill in an absent moment ut*
tors tbo thought .that is nearest
bis heart ho* speaks of tbo
body of which ho is a member
as tho 44 Confederate Sonata.” It was an
omphalic declaration to tho South that the
North will not allow tho Confederacy to tako
possession of Congress or tbo Government
with tho purpose of controlling them, to
cooroe the President, or to dictate to the
Northern people. It expressed, through the
ballot<box, the determination hot only of tho
people of Ohio, but of tbo whole North,
that the few remaining vestiges of the War
legislation shall not bo erased from the
statute-books, and that tbo safeguards of an
honest election shall not bo broken down, in
order tbqt tho reviving Confederacy may ob.
tain control of tbo Government. If tbo
Southern Brigadiers and tbeir Northern Cap.
porboad allies aro capable of understanding
the political drift of this election, they will
rood in Us overwhelming result that the
North is not yot ready to pay the Rebel war
debt, to pension Rebel soldiers, or to pay
Rebel war claims 3 that tho lapse of time since
tho close of the War of tbo Rebellion has
not obliterated tbo rocolleoUon of Southern
treason against tbo Government { that it will
never admit the right of secession which
the Brigadiers aro now boldly affirming upon
thq floor of Congress, nor (be infamous doc
trine that State Sovereignty is superior to
National} that tho safeguards of (heballot*
THEi CHICAGO TRIBUNE: \VEDNESDAY. APRIL 9,. IB79rrT n WRLYE PAGES.'
box shalljbo retained; and that every citizen
of tbo South shall have tho free exorcise of
tho right of suffrage which is guaranteed him
by the Constitution. Those oro tho lessons
of tho elections on Monday, ami, while they
ought to oucourngo tho Republicans In Con
gress and tho President to stoutly resist tho
revolutionary schemes of the majority, (hoy
ought at the same tlmo to warn the South
that (ho North has onco more ordered it to
bolt.
AN OLD RING SEEKING NEW LIFE.
A morning newspaper which occasionally
acted as on organ of tho old County
during tho latter's active Hfo is now anxiofta
that another combination of a similar nature
shall be created, with special reference to the
city’s half of tho public building now In course
of erection on tho Court-House Square. Tho
basis for saoh a combination wonld bo tho re
jection of tbe Bedford stone, which tlio city
is using In tho construction of Its building,
and the adoption of tho Cook County lime
stone, which has been used in tho erection
of tho county building. There was a lively
controversy, at tho time the city authorities
began work, ns to a choice between tho two
stones, and that controversy resulted In tho
adoption of tho Bedford because it was de
cided to bo at onco superior and cheaper.
That should have boon tho end of tbo mat
ter. But tbo men associated with tho old
County Ring have never ceased to lament
tboir loss of opportunity, and have persist
ently ogitatod tbo rejection of tho stone
that was adopted in favor of tho stone
under their control. Tho election of a now
City Government and Council has given
these persons their periodical chanco to re
vive tho matter; and, though tho founda
tion, tho basement, and a largo part of tbo
first story of tbo city building are already
constructed,, they have set tboir newspaper
organ at work in tbo hope that a majority of
the now Council will outer into tbo scheme.
Indeed, this saroo organ has published a lot
of Aldermen alleged to bo favorable to tbo
change who moke up a largo majority of that
body, and it probably expects aid and com
fort-from Mr. Hardison because it sup
ported him during a fow days of tbo cam
paign. It is but fair to say, however, that
there havo been as yet no indications cither
that Mr. Harrison bos any sympathy with
tbo project, or that a sufficient number of
tbo newly-elected Aldermen will enter into
tbo movement to make it practicable.
It would bo tho most barefaced and out
rageous fraud ever practiced upon a com
munity If tho proposed chaugo from tho
Bedford stone to the Oook County limestone
should bo ordered at this time. Such a
change could only bo brought about at tho
dictation of a Bing, and houco tho cost can
not ho approximately figured. Yet tho or
gan of tho combination desiring to effect the
change admits that it would cost tho city
$286,0t0, which represents tho minimum
extras that would bo incurred, and docs not
iuclado the stealings for which the Bing
really seek the change. This sum of $280,-
000 extra is said to include tho cost of tearing
down that portion of tho first story already
built, tho difforonoo of prico between tho
stono now in uso and tho Cook County stone,
tho allowance of domago to tho present
contractors of 13 por cent on tho face of thoir
contract, and about ono-hnlf tho cost for
granlto which tho county incurred. But this
estimate of tho damage, though largo enough
to demand a dismissal of tho proposition, is
notoriously below the real-cost which tho
city would incur. lusteadof s2Bo,oooextra,
it is probable that tho extra cost would not
fall short of $1,000,000. . Tho damages which
could bo recovered by the present contract
ors cannot bo fixed at 10 por cont or any
other figure; they would havo a good claim
against tho city not merely for tho stono
actually in place, but for all that has been
out, quarried, or contracted for, besides a
claim for indemnifying damages on account
of tho broach of contract. There is no
reason why tho cost of granite should bo
estimated at one-half of what tho county
paid, for, in the bauds of tho new Bing, it is
moro prahahlo that it would bo mado to cost
moro instead of less. Besides, it is not with
in tho domain of human foresight to esti
mate tho limit of cost for publio work under
Bing management 5 instead of $280,000 ex
tra, It is moro reasonable to predict that tho
city would suffer to tho extent of $1,000,000
at least.
Tho Bing organ ends its recommendation
of this hago job with tho remark that “ tho
people should determine for themselves "
whether or not tho change should bo made.
But tho pooplo havo determined tho matter,
and it is only by swindling them out of their
decision that the change can ho accomplished.
The pooplo elected tho Mayor and Oouncil
that chose tho Bodford stono, and subse
quently ratified that cboioo. Tho rolativo
cost and merits of the two kinds of stono
wore publicly canvassed, and tho conclusion
was deliberately reached that it would bo
wiser to adopt tho Bedford stone. Tho ob
jection of tho alleged difference in color was
vigorously urged oud honestly considered; it
was decided that thcro would ho no appre
ciable difforonoo in color or appear
onco after the two buildings should
havo boon finished, and tbero is no
reason now for changing that judgment.
But oven if such difforonoo in color really
existed as tho dofoatod Blog contractors and
thoir lobbyists allege, there would bo no ex
cuse at tho present time for incurring tho
cost of $1,000,000, moro or loss, to soouro
absolute uniformity in color. Tho city and
county buildings nro separata and distinct
structures, uniform in general design and
elevation, but fronting ou parallel
(so that both fronts cannot bo scon at ouo
and tho samo time), and actually separated
by a court or alloy of tho width of 0 street.
No privato person building ono of two houses
of this kiud, thus situated, would oousout to
incur a cost of several hundred thousand
dollars, after satisfying himsolf of tho condi
tions he bad accepted, by a prediction thuf
tho stono ho had chosen would not havo
precisely tho samo shade of color as that of
his neighbor’s. As a matter of fact, how
over, there will bo no perceptible differ
ence in the coldr of tbo two buildings. Any
one who desires to satisfy himself that tbo
Cook County stone will turn as dark os the
Bedford stone need only compare tbo base
ment story of tbo county building with (bo
stone at the top, which bos boon recently put
in pluoo. Tbo question of color, lu one
word, is a mero pretext to enable tbo old
County Bing to get control of tbo city build
iug, and tbo now Oily Administration will
quiokly bring itself into disrepute if It shall
give ear to the selfish and unscrupulous in
terests that are urging the change.
Gen. Bbaqo, of Wisconsin, tried bard to
throw dost in (be eyes of the members of (be
House the other day, in regard to tbo election
of Jndgo of tbo Supreme Court in that State.
He endeavored (o have it appear that the re
election of Judge Colb by ten or fifteen
thousand majority was in no wise a Repub-
lican victory, and cited tho fact that tho Re
publican press of tho State generally dep
recated all efforts to mako (ho selection
of a Supremo Jndgo a partisan ques
tion. So far so good, and that
is tho truth as stated by Braoo ; but bo didn't
go quite far enough. Ho ought to have ex
plained to tho Houao that, notwithstanding
tho objections of tbo Republicans to waging
n parly contest over a judicial officer, tho
Domoorats would not aud did not consent to
it, but brought out tboir man, indorsed by
tho Chairman of tho Democratic Stoto Cen
tral Committee, and supported by nearly
ovory Domocratio paper in Wisconsin. Not
only that, but, for tbo first time in tho his
tory of tho State, the Domocratio candidate
for Judge, Montgomery M. Cotiirbn, stump
ed tho Slate in his own behalf, and bad his
. blowers and sinkers at ovory poll on election
day. Tho truth of tho story Is that, with
tho exception of a largo proportion of tho
Domocratio lawyers of tho State,—to their
credit bo it said, —tbo Domocratio party as
(mob made tbo issno os squarely os they
could, and got all tbo votes tboy could for
their candidate. Now that tboy aro badly
beaten at a garoo of tboir own, Braoo and
other leaders aro trying to parry tbo sovoro
blow that was dealt them by tbo Repub
licans.
THE NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY DE-
CISION.
Tbo decision by tbo Supremo Court of
tbo United States in the cose of tbe North
western University at Evanston will bo
received by tbo people of this Stnto with
some surprise, if not disappointment. Tho
facts may bo briefly stated. Tho Constitu
tion of Illinois of 1618, in See. 3 of Art. 0,
provided:
“Tho property of tbo Ststo sod counties, both
real and personal, and such other property ae the
General Assembly mar deem necessary for school,
religious, and charitable purposes, may bo ex
empted from taxation.”
In 1805 tho charter of tbo Northwestern
University which bad boon previously granted
was amended by tbo Legislature, and this
provision was included in tbo amendment:
“Toatall property of whatever kinder descrip
tion belonging to or owned by said corporation
shall bo forever froo from taxation for any and all
purposes.”
Since 1855 tho University lias extended its
landed possessions. It owns several thou
sands of acres of land. It owns nearly the
entire area of land on which tho Oity of
Evanston is built, besides many valuable lots
in this city. This land is rented or loosed,
and is nsod for every imaginable purpose.
Uantil 1873 the State made no attempt to
tax any of this property, and in that year tho
Assessor returned for taxation all the land
owned by the University, except such as was
in actual use by that corporation for school
purposes. Upon (his property tho tax was
extended. Tho University sued out a re
straining order against tho solo of tho
land by the Tax Collector, and eventu
ally tho question was taken to tho
flapremo Court of tho State, whoro in duo
time that Court hold that the exemption
granted by the amended charter in 1655, so
far as it applied to property not in nse for
school purposes, was void, because in excess
of the authority granted to tho Legislature
by the Constitution of the Slate. Tho case
was thereupon taken to tho Supremo Court
of tho United States, where it has been
hoard, and ou Monday was decided.
It scorns that in this ease tho Court bos
overlooked or disregarded the general rule
that, in questions involving purely tho con
struction of tho State Constitution on mat
ters pertaining to State affairs, tho Federal
Courts will always follow tho interpretation
placed by tho Supreme Court of tho State on
tho Constitution of that State. Tho Court
has now decided that tho Supreme Court of
Illinois had misunderstood tho Constitution
of tha State, and that tho Legislature
was amply empowered to exempt any lauds
tho proceeds of which was applied to tho
support of schools. Under this decision
tho University maj hold any land or other
property (tho exemption including every de
scription of property) free of taxes, so long
as tho proceeds of such properly aro ap
plied to tho support of the University.
This decision does not apply merely to tho
University, but to a long list of other insti
tutions ; tho constitutional grant of power
to exempt school property extends equally to
property hold by religions and charitable in
stitutions. Wo publish elsewhere a list of
tho institutions which, by special legislation
similar to that in tho ease of tho Northwest
ern University, hold property under special
exemption from taxation. This special leg
islation ceased upon tho adoption of tho
present Constitution, though by general law
it applies to all property actually need for
sebool, religious, and charitable institutions,
Exao tly what remedy tho State boa in tho
promises is a question. for lawyers and for
tho Legislature. Tho decision shows merely
that tho Legislature bail tho power under
tho old Constitution, and had exorcised that
power. Is tho power of taxation so alien
ablo that, onoo surrendered, it cannot bp re
sumed 7 Could tho Legislature of 1865
alienate tho power to tax certain property,
or tho property of certain persons, for all
timo 7 Can tho Legislature of 1670, by re
pealing the exemption clause of tho act of
1855, resume for tho State tho power to tax
that portion of the laqds and other property
of tbo University, and of all those other in
stitutions, not actually used for school, re
ligions, and charitable purposes ? Tho act
of 1855, having been declared to bo constltu
tionol, remains in force until repealed, and
then arises tho other question, Oan it bo re
pooled P Could tho Legislature of 1655 bind
tho State for all time to come not to tax tho
property of certain individuals aud corpora
tions ?
This latter question oan only bo deter
mined by tho repeal of tho act of 1855, and
of all tho other acts granting general exemp
tions from taxation to those various corpora
tions. If that act bo repealed, then the
property may bo reassessed and taxed, and
tho case again taken to (bo courts upon tho
issue of tho power of tho State to resume
its authority to tax property once exempted.
The present Constitution has boon sup
posed to have out off thhs business of special
exemption from taxotion. Tho douse re
lating to this subject reads t
“The property of (he State, coaotlii, and other
municipal corueratioua, both real and personal,
and euch other property at rpsy be need ezclnelve*
ly for agricultural and horticultural eoclotlci, for
Hcbooli, religious, cemetery, and charitable pur
pose*, may be exempted from taxation, but inch
exemption aball be only by general law."
Tho general law adopted in 1872 exempts t
■ “All ppbllo icbool-bonaes, all property of In
stitutions of learning, Including the real eetata on
which the Institution* are located, not leaaed by
such Inatitutiuoa or otherwise Died with a view
to profit. 1 *
We suppose that this general law may be
amended, and that It.is not a “contract" to
remain unalterable fur all time. Is it possi
ble for the Legislature to bind tho State by
special and irrepoolablo law, when ft has no
power to do so by goneral lawf Or is this
exemption from taxation Under tbe general
law also a contract, extending through nil
time? This question is rapidly assuming
great importance because of tho growing de
mand that all exemptions of church prop
erty, and of tho prpporty of all schools not
free, bo abolished, and', such property taxed
as other properly. however, tlio Btato
has surrendered forovof.tho right to tax such
property, then furthar agitation on tho sub
ject is idle. ■. > l
EXEMPT FROM TAXES.
Tho following is a list l bf tho 102 inslitn
tions vrhoso property baa boon exempted
from tnxnUon in Ibis State by special chnr
tor*. In fortj-kwo eases tbo fxomptions ap
ply only to tbo property In aolnal use by tbo
institutions.' In ili Iho exemption U gen
oral, as in tbo coso pf the Northwestern Uni
versity. Tho list roads: 0
Sterling Academy at Sterling.
Wesleyan Seminary of Peoria.
Whitehall Mam an<t Female Seminary sad Or*
phan Inslltuto.
Hennepin Union Seminary at Ueanepla,
Mount Carroll Seminary.
Galena Theological Seminary.
Northern Illinois Agricultural College.
Peoria Female Academy.
Poorid Academy. ... s
I)o Quoin Fomaln'Semloarr.
Union Acadcpjr.
Chicago Theological Seminary. '
Fulton Seminary.
Clark Seminary at Aurora.
Marengo Collegiate Inslltuto of the Presbytery of
Chicago.
Bureau College.
Eureka College.
Naahvllio Academy.
Hyde Park Seminary.
Prairio City Academy.
Dixon Collegiate Institute.
Carhondalo College.
Mad University.
Blackburn Theological Seminary.
Rockford Wesleyan Seminary,
Lombard Unlvcriity.
Monmouth College.
Evanston Seminary.
Aledo Collegiate Institute.
Chicago Relief and Aid Society.
Rock RlverSeminary and Collegiate Institute,
flnshnoll College.
Waukegan Academy.
Chicago Uomo for tho Friendless.
Blandinytllo Seminary.
Charleston Academy.
Galena Classical Institute,
Mattoon Academy.
Olney Ualo and Female Collet-*.'
Washington Academy.
Bloomlngdalo Academy.
El Paso Academy.
Lockport Seminary.
Metropolis College.
Woodstock University.
Young Men’s Christian Association of Chicago.
Insane Asylum in Cook'Connty.'
Ministerial Education Society' of the Methodist
Church.' 1 •
Illinois NotnralHlstory Society.
Mattoon Fcroalp Seminary.
Mattoon College.
Roman Catholic Asylum of tho Dloeesa of tbo
Catholic Bishop of Chicago.
American Bible Society.
Sprlngileld Uomo for tho Friendless,
Chicago Ministry at Large.
Barrington Academy.
Grundy Academy.
De Soto College.
Westfield College.
Auguslana College and Seminary. ■
Washington Seminary. _
Quincy Independent Gorman School Association.
Peoria Gorman School Association.
Baptist Theological Union.
Lincoln University.
Chicago Nursery and Half-Orphan Asylum,
St. Luke’s Hospital of Chicago. -
Chicago Erring Women's Rofugo for Reform.
German Union-Evangelical Synod.
Illinois Agricultural College.
Illinois Soldiers* College.
Southern Illinois College.
Edgar Collegiate institute.
Do Witt County Seminary.
United Hebrew Relief Association of Chicago.
Washingtonian Uomo uf Chicago.
Seamen's Benevolent Union.
Sisters of the Good Shepherd.
Young Ladies' Atbcnsum.
Chicago Astronomical Society.
Chicago Historical Society.
Ladles' Baptist Educational Society.
Bennett College of Electric Medicine and Sur
gery.
Jennings' Seminary.
Jorsoyvillo Academy.
Mount Vernon College.
Rock Falls College.'
Classical Seminary at East Paw Paw.
Winnotka Academy.
Chicago Academy of Sciences.
Uhlich Evangelical Lutheran Orphan Asylum.
Public Library Association of Chicago.
Young Men's Christian Association of Jackson
ville.
Young Men’s Christian Association of Spring
field.
Garrett Biblical Institute of Evanston.
Northwestern University.
It is of great importance to tbo people of
Illinois that tlio Supreme Court shall soon
decide whether a citizen of this State, not
guilty of or oven charged with the commis
sion of any crime, can bo deprived of his
liberty and disgraced before the world with
out “ duo process of law.” In other words,
is either branch of the Illinois Legislature
vested by the Constitution of this Stole with
the dangerous power of passing a resolu
tion which, without the concurrence of the
other House or the sanction of the Execu
tive, Is of sufficient legal force to confine o
man in a felon's cell for on alleged infraction
of the privileges of the body, or for a con
structive contempt? Tho treatment that
Mr. Kevins has received at tho hands
of the Lower House of tho Loglslo
tnro of Illinois is, no donbt, essentially vi
cious, vindictive, illegal, and ■ des
potic, end involves a question that
cannot bo trifled with by a lot of
spiteful ignoramuses clothed in a little
brief authority. As long as the popular
branch of tho Qonoral t Assembly cannot levy
a tax of one mill each upon tho dogs of Il
linois without tho consent of tho Senate and
tho Governor, It is absurd to suppose that its
whim, caprice, or malice is sufficient to de
prive a citizen of his liberty and subject him
to i4l the pains end penalties that it is possi
ble for any court of justice to inflict. Stand
ing by itself tbo House is hot oven a “ co
ordinate " branch of tbo Government p it is
not a law-making power] it is not a court of
justice] and It is certainly a now revelation
of Us constitutional powers if It can incar
cerate a man In prison without trial accord
ing to the forms of law, and hold him thorp
until it pleases a majority of his enemies to
release him. This Is a grave question to be
settled by the oonrt of last resort.
When Diu. Bpbinoeo returns to Spring
field be will find oat that tbe corn-fed mew*
bora ol tho Illinois Legislature have more
exulted Ideas of parliamentary etiquette and
decorum than was entertained by tbe Forty
fifth Congress, During tbe last session
Springers Ootnmlttee b&4‘ n tussle with
Gxobqb F. Shwaqd, Minister to China, and,
as Dill could neither make SewaUd take on
oath nor produce his books, ho (Springer)
got the House to deolaro 1 SbwAbd in con
tempt, and had him brought to the bar of
the House, To insult tbp House of llepro
aontatlvea and defy the authority of Us
Committee was almost 04 grave an offense,
one would think, os to disobey Fat Babri’s
roosters in tho Lower House of Springfield,
but it was not so regarded at Washington.
The House of Representatives merely turned
Mr. Bkwabo oyer tp l the custody pf
Sorgeant-at-Anas, and* that officer allowed
him to go whoroyor ho planned, only oxnot
iug tho promise thnb ho would bo on hnnd
wheneverho was wanted. This waaoftor Mr.
Beward hml, in roply to tho questions of
Bponkcr Randall in tho prosonoo of tho
llouso, firmly resisted its authority, and de
clared lua iutontibn to oontinuo to do so.
Beward was charged with various sorions
offenses, and Bpjunorr labored dillßently
all ono night and until 4 o’clock in tho rnorn
ing to got tho Hauso to adopt articles Im
pcaching, him for high crlmoq and m(sdd*
rooanors. If it had so happened that
Seward had boon arraigned for contempt by
tho Illinois Legislature ho would have boon
sent to jail at once, and not turned oyor to
tho caro of tho Sorgennt-at-Arms, or ovon to
havo spent Sunday outside of tho jail limits.
Mr. Kevins has not boon guilty of any crime,
nor violated any statute law. Ho is simply
hold to bo in contempt because ho willnot
rovonl tho namo of a certain member of tho
Legislature and betray that member's confi
dence. Ho refuses to disgrace bimsolf, and
for this ho is punished with imprisonment in
a common jail and placed on a par with
thieves and burglars. Mr. Kevins is no
doubt perfectly willing to tell the Committee
nil ho knows of 'his own knowledge pVont
tho matter involved in the controversy, and
hoyond that ho should not bo required to go^
If the able statesmen, jurists, and legislators
who compose tho lower branch of tlio Illinois
Legislature had been at oil familiar with par
liamentary history and precedent ‘ they would
not have been so prompt in committing Mr.
Kevins to jail for constructive contempt. Wo
pointed out the other day how the United States
Senate punished William Duanb for contempt
when that body was presided over by Thomas
Jefferson as Vice-President, which was mere
ly to turn him over to tho custody of the Ser
gcant-at-Arms. In May’s treatise on parlia
mentary law in England, on page 73, there Is a
copy of the warrant issued by the Speaker of tho
House of Commons in tho ease of J/Wiiplton,
Esq., Sheriff of Middlesex, who had been ad
judged guilty of contempt. It roads:
Whereas, Tho House of Commons have this day
resolved that ,T. Wuvltok, having been found
guilty of contempt, '. . . bo committed to'lhb
custody of tho Scrgcant-al-Arms of this Hohse
... to keen during the pleasure of this HOuse;
for which tliis shall bo yotir sufficient warrant
But this was lb liberty-loving England, where
the rights of the Individual arc respected and
secure, and not in despotic IlUnuU, \yhcre a
vindictive and ignorant majority of opo branch
of Urn Legislature may trnmplo down the citi
zen’s inalienable privileges as a herd of cattle
trample down tlto grain.
Tno Honorable Patrick Talleyrand Wn«-
ncnrobCß Barry, of ibis city, Chairman of the
Smelling Committee of the Illinois House of
Hcprcscntatlvcs (I) dpclptcs that he went' to
Springfield at the opcblng of the present session
“an honest mnn. u We do not dispute the as
sertion of the scholarly Jurist and statesman
from Cook, but merely remark hi passing that
f Mr. Patrick Talleyrand Wiluerporob
Barry is an honest man ho must fee) in the dis
reputable crowd that he is now consorting with
like a cat In a strange garret.
Oil. E. A. Calkins, editor of tbo Milwaukee
i’u itfuy Telegraph, and one of (he best posted
Democratic politicians la Wisconsin, states bis
belief that tbc choice of bis party in that State
lor President Is as nearly unanimous for Til
dbn's rcnoininatlon as it can be without a for
mal Interchange of views upou the subject. If
Col. Calkins is correct in this opinion, mid wo
see uo reason to doubi it, Wisconsin may bo sot
down for Tilden in tbo Nominating Convention
of 15S0, and that, too, without unheeding tho
old “bar'l.”
U Mr. Frank E. Ncvins bad simply killed a
man hi) would have been admitted to ball, but
os ho refused to toll Pat Barry's Smelling
Committee who it was who told him a story
about a member of tbo Illinois Legislature, he
must bo kept under lock uud key, Ip company
with felons, tramps, and burglars.. It is dbubu
ful, however, it Mr. Nevins finds his presort
company any more disagreeable than that with
which ho was thrown prior to his IncMccrp'don
iu the Sangamon County Jail.
John Bribden ‘Walker, In his Washington
Jbpublie, calls attention to the fact that Bek;
Pbrlbx Poors was turned out of bis place as.
Clerk to the Committee on Printing wltih less
cercmonv than ho bad a right to expect. H|s
predecessor In ofllce was given a year’s notice,
and, when retired, a year’s extra pay; yet, al
though ho had grown gray In the service, JIaJ-
Poore was turned out of the committee-room
at a moment’s notice.
Superintendent Seats? will probably And It
a small recommendation to favor that ho be
trayed the Administration which appointed him
Into tho hands of Its enemies. Yet this Is pre
cisely the claim to favor he mokes. Ho would
have been wiser to imltato the Fire Marshal,
who says, truthfully, that ho tried to keep his
Department out of politics altogether, so far as
he could.
The Legislature seems to think It bos accom
plished a good joke In committing to a filthy
Jail a respectable man; but it trill be very sur
prising 11 some of the members do not moderate
their mirth before they get home. There la
more than one record bo made up between
now and the time of adjournment.
The defeat of the corrupt Democmic-Qcccn
bock coalition in Michigan showe that, whatever
else tho peonlo may favor, they do not approve
a spoils programme alone.
Chicago was not mode In vala.—Cincinnati
quirer.
Nor Cincinnati.
PERSONALS,
It appears that Col Forney’s JProgreu
Isn’t making any.
“ Birdlo " Bell is very sweet and tempting,
bat alas I she’s loaded.
The Confederates aro now doing tho bosi
lighting of their lives.
“Birdie” 8011, wo taka it, is not from
Texas. She shoot* too poorly. ,
We may perhaps speak of Mr. Davis as
the South’s favorite Jefferson.
Ootowayo wants to plant his crops before
ho plao(s any more Englishmen.
Louisa Margaret has a png-nose, yet the
blood of Kings circulates to the very tip of It.
Boss Shepherd is in New Mexico trying
bsrd to lead an honest life; hut It’s uphill baalooss
for him.
Mr. J, O. S. Blnoktmro, of Kentucky,
must take a troche, lie baa really talked blmsoll
hoarse.
A olroua proprietor ia trying to odd Molllo
Fancber, the foaling girl of Now York, to bi«
bla curiosities.
The Devil, wo lonrn, is lu Texas, and all we
have gut to say is. thattba Dsvll is In worse 90m*
lianr than usual. ,
Widow Oliver wants a position In the Post-
Office Department; but the mailing done there la
not blackmailing.
Jeff Davis, we bollovo, la In the life-insur
ance business, ami his, we suppose, Is the only
true Southern “pulley. M
Chief Joseph's other name !g In-mut-too
yali-lal-lal. They call him Joseph because be U
so bashful among the ladies.
"There is a bottom to Mr. Tildop's bar
rel, V says on exchange. Yea. But It Is g good
ways from the top, wo bopo.
Whitolaw Held should hot have declined.
Tho Trlbunt boer-baioment bad peculiarly well
fitted him for the German mission.
Moses is on his way to Washington, hop.
lag to secure for the Horthwestsrn Indiana aoma.
thing more tangible than promises. Tbla Is cer
tainly oqo of the pdgUkea of Moses, and i big one.
too.
CANADA.
The Honoretyp Par||amo{itprJ«n
from Victoria Cots Mp and’
Kicks.
Ho Is Squelched py tho Horri
fied tlniiucka Alter Much
Trouble.
Additional ftoalrictiona Put upon
tho Export of American
Cattle.
Tho Mayor of Montreal Making Prep,
orations for tho Queen’s
Birthday.
'ffo Jlpnoy to Bo Fat Bp for tho Expenses
of the Brooklyn Regiment.
A TThole Raft of EpgUsU Aristocrat^
Coming to Canada.
Sptdal r>i*patcn to no Tribune.
OrrAwXi April B.~ln the House of Commons
this afternoon, Amor Dccoambs, member for
Victoria, llrlttsti Columbia, moved for leave to
introduce a bill to provide for thopeaecful sep
aration of British Columbia from the Dominion
of Canada. Tho' Speaker asked who seconded
Uie motion, but there was no response. Dccos
raoacontinued! 1 *Tlio honorablegentlemenlad
been condemning British Columbia as an ex
crescnce, and had been making ail kinds of in.
soloot remarks against that Province.”
The Hon. Mr. Mackenzie asked tho fipeakci
what was before tho House.
The Speaker—Nothing.
Mackenzie said: “Then the honorable gen*
tlemen should bo called to order.”
Decosmos continued to repeat bis remarks.
The Speaker culled upon Mr. Decosmos to take
his scat, but the latter persisted, amidst shouts
of “Ordcrl” and some confusion. 'Do said
ho had beard, from lime to time, the grossest
attacks upon British Columbia. It
HAD DBBN CALLED AN EjICRESOBNOB,
an incubus, and a burden to the Dominion that
yielded no return. Ho made this motion to test
the sincerity of those honorable gentlemen.
They said they had wished to get rid of that
Province, and ho asked them to second his mo*
tlon, but there was not d single one from
Premier down who dare do It. Ho continued
In the ' 'same ’ strain for some time,
when the Hon. Mr. Holton 'rose to a pointer
order, and objected to the honorable gentlemen
debating a motion to introduce a bill that failed
to get a second reading. The Speaker sustained
the point of order raised, and Decosmos was
obliged to sit down.
SIR JOHN MACDONALD
has found that bo lias made a great mistake in
trying to make his Excellency shoulder the
responsibility in regard to the Lelolller dis
missal case, for, yesterday afternoon, in the
House, be virtually odmltled that it was upon
the recommendation of himself and Cabinet
that tliu matter was referred to the Homo’oulbor-
Itles. This declaration was brought about, It i|
said, by a sharp letter from the Governor-Gen
eral to Sir John, calling upon him to state tho
precise facts to the House, ns his Exteljcncf
was of opinion that ho had been placed in a
falsa position. Tbo Governor-General, baviiut
his confidence Id tbo personal Integrity of the
leader of tbo Government destoyed by Ills shuf
fling, bos sent Capt. Harvey, bis Aldc-dc-Cump,
to England as a special messenger, bearing eh
patches,.pod to make such other verbal cxpla
nations as may be necessary.
A. DEPUTATION OP QUEBEC LIBERALS,
on behalf of Mr. Lctolller, are certain to leave
for London this week, but tbo names of those
Who will compose tho deputation have not yet
boon made public.
.. CATTLE.
Special DinatcA to The I Vfftwac.
Montreal, April B.—a. cablegram says a
further restriction upon tho cattle trade his
been established In England. It will disqualify
any steamship that may have carried cattle from
o scheduled port from all unscheduled privileges
for three mouths from tho date of her last Toy
age. Under this regulation Canadian cattle
shipped from Canada on a vessel that may have
carried cattle from tho United States during the
prescribed period will have to be slaughtered on
arrival, the same as It they had come direct
from the United States.
AM ABSCONDER
from Boston named Hamilton Brock, who has
been living hero In grand stylo all winter, las
been arrested by American detectives, and vol
unteered to return without going through the
formality of' extradition on condition that ho
would not bo prosecuted. Tho araouut of his
defalcation wos 923,000, 918,000 of which be hu
given up.
RIPLBMBN.
t&tcial ZHtpat& to no Tribune.
OrrAWA, April B.—The United States Nation
al Rifle Association has extended, through Ad
jutant-General Powell, an Invitation to the
Canadian militia-forces and the members of the
Provincial Associations to participate In their
annual prlzc-moctlug at Crocdmoor. His Ex
cellency, who Is a crack small-boro shot, has
also received an Invitation to compete In tho
matches. It Is hardly probable he will takopart
la tho shooting; he may, however, pay Creed
moor a visit.
RATIONAL BANKS.
Tho National currency resolutions will prob
ably bo Introduced Into tho Houso of Commons
on Monday. An Interesting debate is looked
for. Work on paper currency In the Puhllo
Library hero for some time past has been pretty
well thumbed. Air. Wallace, a Conservative of
phenomenally advanced views, has charge of
tho resolutions, which affirm that money Is a
creation of tho Government; that tho Govern*
meat, la granting Issuing powers, prejudices tho
interest of tho people, and ought to furnish a
supply of money ample for tho people’s
needs; that copper coins bo legal
tender up tofL and that paper tokens there
after bo legal-tender; that all debts previously
contracted bo paid In the terms of tho contract,
but that gold contracts be thereafter illegal;
that this currency bo converted Into land-scrip
or Dominion bonds, bearing interest; that Die
land-scrip be of 9100, 9500, and 91,000 denom
inations; that the bonds ho of ISO, |9O, 9100,
91,000, 95,000, sind 910,000.—th0 bonds of 9100
and under to bo payable In flvo years (□ Domin
ion money, and to he legal-tender,—the bonds
over 9100 to be payable in twenty years, and to
bo transferable on the order of the party la whose
favor they wore first issued; and that, to save
Inconvenience to tho hanks, they bo given Na
tional currency in exchange for their note-circu
lation, they granting a bond to tho Dominion
therefor. There are other resolutions, but thcM
are the chief.
TUB TUHSIL.
Mr. Tllllngbait, of lUa New York Centnli
and W. Muir, of the Canada Southern Rail*
way, and oilier Influential gentlemen, aro hero
to consult with tho Minister of Public Work la
regard to tho tunneling of the Detroit River.
The principal steamboat and vessel-owncra,
captains, and Insurance-men In Canada bars
signed a document approving of the building of
the tunnel.
TUB ST. tiWItBNOU PUIDQB,
At a meeting of the Committee on Railways
and Canals, Mr. Kellogg, of the Buffalo Bridge
Company, was nominated, and gave it as hi*
opinion that the Bt. Lawrence could easily b«
bridged at Coteau, tho span over the channel
being 200 foot. The building of the bridge
would not interfere with navigation. A river
pilot concurred in the latter opinion. Thu bill
will likely be passed, notwithstanding the effort
to defeat It,
X HOLIDAY BOUBMB.
Senator Carrolb baa brought in a bill to make
the 13th of July a statutory holiday. Klebt
Years ago ho brought lu a bill ' w
the tame end, but withdrew H
at the request of tho Government, ostensibly 00
account of the strong auit-Confcdcnuo feeling
th*h existing In Nova Beotia. The Government
aecma averse to establishing a national holiday
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