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NEW yORK-Itnom SO Trlbunt Building. F. T. Me- Fionas. Mnnsucr. PARIS. Krancc-Ko. 10 Rue de la (irange-lUtellorc. 11. MAnt.rH' Agent. LONDON. Eor.—American Exchange, 449 Strand. HkkrtF. OiLi.id, Agent. WASHINGTON D. G.—1910 F street. AMUSEMENTS. McTleltrr'a Theatre. Madlion street, between Dearborn and State. En* gsgementof Edwin Booth. "Richelieu." Ilnveriy’fl Theatre. Dearborn street, corner of Monroo. Engagament of McKee Rankin and Kitty Blanchard. "The Dtnltei." _____ lloolct’h Theatre. Randolph afreet, between Clark an<l LaSalle. En casement of Massio Mitchell. "Fanchon.” Hamlin's Theatre. Clark itreel, oppodto-tho Cotm-Ifonia. Engage ment of Frank Frame. "PI Slocum." Academy of Mnilc. Raided street, between Madiron and Monroe. Va riety entertainment. ■ White Blocking Dark. Lake Shore, foot of Waahlngton Plreot. Champion phlp pamo between tho Chicago and Starrs (of Syra chic) ftt:ti4op. m. THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1879, Orenburg, a largo city of Russia situated on tbo Urol River, wan devastated by fire on Monday and Tuesday of ibis week, tbo prin cipal part of the city being destroyed; while Oratclicnko, a village on tbo Volga, has been completely wiped oat by fire. . Somo of tho sober-minded Democrats in Congress have been trying to cipher just bow much political capital tboir party will probably make by bolding this extra session of Congress. Tho results of tho figuring bavo not yet boon given to tbo public, neither arc they said to bo qmto satisfactory to those most interested in them. Tho thrilling episode • narrated In our Springfield dispatches shows what danger surrounds tbo members of tbo Legislature on every side, and emphasizes tbo necessity for increased vigilance upon tbo part of tbo botol-kcopcra at tho Slate Capital. It may ovon become necessary to put au incorrupti ble watchman ou duly in every corridor to afford protection to the guests. A commendable disposition to closely scru tinize appropriation UiDs-}>bt6ri -their pas sage is shown by tbo House at Springfield, la tho case of the Eye nud Ear Infirmary at Chicago a reduction of Id per cent was or dered npon a total of about and when tho same rule is applied to tbo bigger institutions tho taxpayers will have reason to commend tbo economical tendencies of tbo House. Tho publihLcrH of a French newspaper Lava boon fined S2OO nnd condemned to tkroo mouths'imprisonment on account of printing a latter justifying the Commune. Even with the increased liberality of tho prosont purely Republican Government of Franco there are .some things which tho journals aro not permitted to do, and up* holding tho Commune nnd the horrors of 1871 in Paris is very properly ono of them. Gen. Toombs, tho Georgia firo-eotor, is in favor of carrying pistols. la an interview with (ho representative of tho Atlanta Consti tution ho said: “ Everybody is expected to lay aside his pistol, and tho first thing you know some d—u coward who regards neither Jaw nor honor will shoot you in tho back. It is all wrong, sir 1 A man ought tn carry arms when ho thinks his life is in danger. It is not wrong for him to do so, and, so far ns I am concerned, I will do it whenever I want to defend myself.” This is a frank confes sion that every man's Jifo is in danger in tho Couth, though it has tho unrestricted right ■pf self-government, and that tho law is pow erless for protection. If white men pro not eafo without carrying pistols, Is it any wonder that (ho negro, whoso life is of no conse quence whatever under any circumstances, manifests a desire to oxodizo to Kansas? Wo aro glad to bo üblo to announce that tho sum of $2,000 in cash has been raised in Chicago and forwarded to Kansas for the relief of the colored rofngccs. Alt who wore called upon for contributions not only re sponded promptly and cheerfully, but ex pressed themselves as glad of tho privilege. The subscription was started at noon, nnd before 3 o'clock §1,300 had boon collected, and the Kansas Committee were telegraphed to draw for tho amount. Nothing like a thorough canvass has been mode, but a few individuals and firms to whom (he matter was presented gave the entire amount. This will no doubt accomplish a great deal of good, but much more Is needed, as those needy refugees are numbered by thousands, and they are destitute of every thing. There is no intention of supporting them in Idleness, but funds will bo required to transport them to points whore they oan find employment, nnd to furnish temporary, relief to tho women and children and the, aged and sick. Pmui* D. Aiwoim, Esq., No. 1/58 Washington street, will continue to receive and forward any contributions for this purpose. Tho Now Orleans Times of tho 27th gives tho details of another outrage upon tho Indians, this time iu Now Mexico. Tho Apoohes have left their reservation at Ojos Callcutes and aro at large in tho Ban Metro Mountains, their Chief, Vioromo, declaring that ho and his people will die rather than go back. The pause of tho stampede was tho promulgation of on order for them to go upon the Fort Stanton reservation. They wore first assigned to a Urge reservation abounding In game and well watered, at Fort Tulerosa, Speculators having influence set at work and got them removed to Ojos Cali sutes, a aeries of warm springs at the base of the San Malro Mountains, and then bought the reservation for $30,000, wWrti Mil cost tlio Government Sr»OO,(HK). Tbo Indians wero very much dissatisfied, but submitted. Rome six mouths ago tbo same gang of spec* ulnlors board that thero woro rich mineral veins at OJon Oalientcs and commenced tßclr wire-pulling to buy that reservation also, with tbo result already stated. Tbo Now Orleans Times very justly says: “Are the Indians prisoners, that they should bo forced to dwell In a ctrcnrmcrlbcd soot, where they can hare net (lief comfort nor security? Has the United States the right to drive those Door wretches from reservation to reservation, violat ing Its treaties and outraging justice! These .Mloinhrca Apaches have huen peaceable for tea years, they have kept their faith until now, and in ail probability would have continued in good be havior, had nottbe Government scon (It to hound them so about that human nature could stand It no longer. Especially otttrngeons Is It. when we know that Ills done In the Interest of a horde of political speculators, who roh both the Indian and the United States at ono And the same time.’* At no time since the pendency of tho Electoral contest of tH7t>-*77 have the Demo orals lu Congress, bocti confronted with so serious a problem as that which at present engages tboir undivided attention, viz.: What to Do About tbo Veto. Tbo Itausa and Senate caucuses grappled with It yester day, but woro unablo to arrive at nuy con clusion touching future action further than to agree that tho question of passing tho Army bill over tho President’s veto shall be voted on in the Honso to-day without debate. Beyond this nothing. Tho Joint Canons Committee are expected to con fer together and devise somo escape out of the dilemma. From tho extraordinary pre cautions to prevent ouy leaking ont of tho views expressed by tho different speak ers, it is evident that tho Demo crats are sadly divided as to tbo proper stand to take; that is to say, (boy are utterly unprepared for a position of af fairs which was ns dearly apparent si* weeks ago as it is to-day. Ono thing seems at this timo certain—that tbo Democrats hove, by their own blind and reck less mismanagement, tboir stupid misapprehension of tbo President's views nud purposes, worked themselves iuto a corner, and can’t got ant except by backing out. Tbo alternative is either to carry out tbo throat of adjourning without nuy appropriations, or else to pass tbo op* propriatlon bills without the political amend ments, pass tbo latter ns independent meas ures, and than adjourn with all possible bosto. ____________ It is qnito likely that tho average American citizen who is engrossed with getting his daily broad and tho education of his children docs not fully understand tho bitterness of tho doboto now going on in Washington. It is really ono of tho fiercest discussions that had over taken plaoo in Congress, and there has certainly been nothing liko it since tho closo of that famous session in 18(50, when so many Southern Congressmen shook tho dust of Washington from their feet and wont homo to soccdo with their States. To show something of tho spirit of the debate and tho spirit which ani mates tho Confederate Brigadiers, wo need only quote a few sentences from tho speech which Senator Oakland recently delivered in tho Senate of tho United States on tho Army Appropriation bill. In reply to Mr. Blaine, Mr. Oakland said that in order that there might bo no misunderstanding on tho subject, so far ns ho was concerned, ho would say : “I would soo this building crmnblo and given up to tho owls, and' bats, and rats, nod ovory ship of oars rot in its moorings, and tho Supremo Court and all tho bnlanco of thorn suspended before I would sec, with out attempting to protect them, tho rights of tho humblest citizen shackled by tho leg islation of Congress, or tho humblest citizen of this country deprived of his rights in any way.” Tho real sentiment which Mr. Oak land was trying to express in this rhetorical way was, that ho would seo tho Capitol and tho Supremo Court porish rather than see tho Democratic party fail to carry out (ho vicious and revolutionary legislation that It has en tered upon at tho present session of Congress for purely partisan purposes. Sir. Oakland and his confederates may us well understand that they will not see the Capitol crumble, nor tho Supreme Court stop, *nor tho wheels of Government come to a standstill, merely because tho Domo-Confcdcrato party cauuot have its way. Tho patriotic sentiment that kept Mr. Oakland and his Southern friends from crossing tho Long Bridge in 18(53 and burning tho Capitol will prevent them now from giving it over to tho occupancy of rats, bats, and owls. Tho private donations of tho well-to-do North—if worst comes to 'worst—will bo sufficient to support both army and navy until an appeal oan ho taken from an insolent Democratic majority in Congress to (bo supremo sovereign—the People. Mr. Pesdlxton, of Ohio, Is an inventor. Ills original invention was tho issue of green backs when tbey wore worth 00 cents on the dollar, and their use iu paying off tho C-20 bonds. Those bonds havo now all been taken ap, and that patent has become use loss. His other patent was to require every President to have an oratorical Cabinet. 'Whan lie was ifi Congress before,—that is, during the War,—he proposed a bill to bare tho Cabinet officers attend tho meetings of Congress and par ticipate iu the debates. That bill was in tended to assimilate to some extent our Legislative and Executive branches of tho Government with those of Great Britain. Tho attempt must bo a failure, unless wo have a revolution iu (ho form of tho Govern ment. In Great Britain and other European countries all legislation of an important character Is proposed by tho Government. Such a thing as a House of Commons op posed to tho Ministry is an Impossibility. Tho moment they disagree, thou tho Minis try go out of office or Parliament is dis solved. Tho Government proposes all legis lation of a National character. Tho House debates, approves, and accepts It. If tho Ministry insist on any measure and tho House refuses to accept It, then the Ministry resign, and n now ono agreeing with tho House is appointed. The Executive and tho Legislative brunches, therefore, must always agree, and m that ease, us tho legislation proposed proceeds from the Ministry, It is appropriate and necessary that tho Minis ters should participate in the discussion and have seats in Parliament. Our theory of government makes tho Legislature and tho Executive wholly independent of caoh other. Legislation Is to originate with tho Congress exclusively, and the Executive has only to accept It or veto U, whoa Congress, if so dis posed, may pass it notwithstanding the veto. To adopt tho English plan will bo to reduce (bo President to a more official cipher, and practically commit all Executive power to a committee of tho House of Representatives. The whole system of clicks and balances devised by our Constitution will be abol ished by adopting (be Oabiuot-iu-Cou- if , wo follow the English THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: THURSDAY. MAY 1. 1870—TWELVE PAGES. plan of having tbo Ministry ngroo with the House or go out of office. If wo do not adopt that plan, but merely have tbo Cabinet attend tbo meetings of Congress to orate, tbon tho proposed system becomes absurd. When Mr. Pendleton prepared Ibis measure In tbo House somo yearn ago, It was opposed by Mr. Cox, tbon of Ohio and now of Now York. Hint gentleman dissected tho bill most skillfully. His speech, which was ono of tho best of his many nblo ones, killed the bill lustantcr. Its ridlculo was so irresistible that tho per ished at its birth. During tho years that Mr, Pr.sm.KTON has been out of Congress ho lias been brooding over tho falo of his pot schomo, and now, npon his return, repro duces it revised, corrected, and improved. It will hardly need Bam Cox’s wit to over whelm it again. THE PRESIDENT AND THE DEMOCRATS Tho ultra Democrats In Washington pro fess to rejoice greatly because the President has vetoed tho Army bill, and claim that they will stand batter before tbo country than if be had approved this measure and reserved bis veto for the attack on the Elec tion law which the Legislative Appropria tion bill contains. This looks very much as if tbo Democrats wore whistling to keep their courage up. The strongest point in tho veto message is to bo fonnd in the connection which the President establishes between tho political sections of tho Army hill and tho attempt to break down tho National Election law. To have approved tho political sec tions of the Army 1)111 would have been to give away tbo National cause, for tbon it would have made little difference whether tbo repeal legislation in tbo Legislative bill should succeed or fall. If tho President and every civil officer of tho National Govern ment woro prohibited by law from calling upon (bo United States troops or any other armed body to keep tho ponce at tho polls, National authority would bo Impotent to enforce tbo law protecting tbo National Supervisors at Congressional elections, and the Demo crats could afford to allow the election stat utes .to remain, since they would become a dead letter. Tbo disapproval of tho proposed Democratic restriction npon civil authority in tbo enforcement of tbo Election law was equally necessary, whether that law was to bo repealed or allowed to stand. If tbo Elec tion law was to bo repealed, tbon tbo prohi bition contained in tho Army bill was a part of such repeal, and called for tbo X*rosidon tinl veto os well an every other part of tbo same scheme. If the Election law was not to bo repealed, (hen it was tho duty of tho X’rcsidont to protect that portion of tho army regulations through which alone tho civil authorities can hope to onforco tho Election law and protoot tho Supervisors. The Democratic criticism of tho mpssago directed at that portion which sots forth that tbo existing statutes already famish amplo guarantee against military interference with elections, is also weak and fallacious. Tho Democratic argument is that, if tbo President were govomodby this consideration, then bo vetoed tbo now restriction proposed in tbo Army bill beoauso it was cumulative and unnecessary, and that tho President bos not tbo right to exorcise bis veto power ns to any measure passed by Congress which ho simply regards os superfluous and as pro vlding restrictions already assorted in exist ing laws. But this criticism is based upon a palpable distortion of the President's mes sage. Tbo inference from that document, as well ns from nil previous expressions nud acts of President Hates, Is that ho is as violently opposed to military interference with elections ns tho most orthodox Demo crat. Ho cited existing statutes to show that tbo lows as they now stand afford a guarantee against such interference, and bo strengthened this opinion by citing tbo un disputed fact that no attempt at military interference with elections has boon at tempted, proposed, or contemplated under his Administration. Hence tho now rcstric- turn is not necessary to prevent military interference, and tho theory sot up by tho Democrats that it is necessary to that end is a mere pretense to covor up another par* pose, viz.: Tho purpose of defeating tho execution of tho Eloction laws. This was tho real design of tho political sections of tho Army bill, nnd this it was which demanded tho President's veto. Tho course of the argument is clear and consist out. Tho measure woo vetoed, not because it was Unnecessary to tho commendable pur pose of preventing military interference with elections, hut because it was designed and calculated to prevent tho enforcement of other laws which are necessary to tho welfare of an elective Government. Tho fact is that tho Democrats aro much more embarrassed by the reasoning of tho veto-message than they had expected to he. Tho pretense that tho legislation which they proposed was designed to chock military des potism has boon so thoroughly exposed and so completely dissipated that they havo' nothing to stand on in case of a farther at tempt (o force this legislation upon tho country. If they shall undertake to adjourn without voting tho appropriations for tho support of tho army, and for tho mainte nance of tho Executive, Judicial, and Legis lative branches of tho Government, thou they will fully confirm tho apprehen sions expressed in tho President's message that there wan a design to nullify his constitutional prerogative, and they will thus justify his course in re sisting such nu attempt at tho outset. Tho issue they will then not bo so much ns to tho retention or abandonment of (ho National Election laws as it will tie over the right of tho Democratic) party to disband the army and block (bo wheels of Govern ment, because tbey have just enough majority to do (hot but not enough to carry through their legislation over tho President’s veto iu the constitutional way. The people at tho next general election will then be called upon either to approve or disapprove a nullifies tioa of the Constitution by a Congressional cabal. The Democrats may welt hesitate before making such au issue as that. Of course it is impossible to foretell what Uiu Democrats will do. They do uol know themselves. Tboy aro iu a quandary. Any decision taken now may bo abandoned in a few days. Tboru nro undoubtedly many Democrats who aro in favor of making tbo desperate issue of nn adjournment without voting tbo appropriations. A submission of tbo political legislation (o tho X’residout in a separate measure may bo tried before a Anal decision as to adjournment shall be taken. Delay will bo tbo only result of snob a course, and tbo Democrats must determine sooner or later whether ibey will vote the Government supplies, or whether they will refuse to vote them, without regard to their political scheme. It looks us though many of the. Southern members will opposo uu adjourn ment without voting supplies, since tho Con- I federates control the caucus and will be hold | responsible for this desperate uudrevolu- lionary project. It is probable, too, as Mr. MonninoN intimates, that conservative busi ness interests among tbo Democrats at tho North will bo brought,to boar against this dangerous disturbance.’ Tho more conserva tive Democratic newspapers at tho North are already combating tbo schomo. “ Under no temptation, under 1 no provocation," says tho Now York HbrW, “lot Congress now ad journ without making nil (ho appropriations nocorsavy to carry 'on tho Government." Tho Boston /talsnyst “Further compulsory proceedings by tbo Democrats (o force tbo Executive to carry out tho dccroo of bis party (o tbo extent ,of actual revolution sooms, therefore, unadvisnblo, and, it is pre sumed, will not bo insisted on." Other Democratic journals, like tho Now York Sun nud tbo Cincinnati inquirer, counsel ex treme measures, Tbo Democrats are divided, and tho Republicans are united, in this issue; this circumstance foreshadows tbo result whoa tho issuo shall come before tho people, no matter how the Democrats may determine to submit it (0 the popular verdict. WHAT HONEST CITY GOVERNMENT MAT Mayor Heath's address on closing his term of office furnishes ono of tho clearest and most satisfactory illustrations of what an honest City Government, fearlessly aud resolutely administered by upright nud intelligent officers, may do, if so dis posed, wltbm a comparatively brief time. In April, 187G,—three years ago,—tbo linon olal condition of Chicago was at (bo lowest point. It was slrongty doubted ovon by tbo most sanguine whether tho City Government could maintain Its existence. So desperate w ns tho .condition of affairs,that a disband ment of tbo Government was demanded by somo as tbo only means of deliverance, and such a result was strongly feared as inevit able by others. An appeal to tho Interest and patriotism of tbo substantial citizens hod tbo effoat of drawing them to tho polls, and, of tho new Council elected at that lime, a majority of two-thirds was composed of men of high personal character, largo interests, and of ripe business experience. At tho snmo tirao Sir. Thomas Hoyne was elected Mayor, who at onco united with tbo new Counoil In trying to avert tbo further drift ing toward bankruptcy. This election of Mayor was, however, soon after sot asido ou a technicality, and on tbo Ist of July Mr. Heath was oleotod Mayor. At that timo tbo city was in debt- to over ilia amount of $3,000,000, evidenced by out standing scrip of questionable legality, tbo repudiation of which had many advocates. Tbo city bad also used up for current ex penses $1,800,000 belonging to special funds; ‘thero was not a dollar in tbo Treasury ; tbo city was prohibited from borrowing, nud could not, with millions of its papor under protest, borrow a penny, ovon if it bad tbo legal power to do so, In various other mat ters, the finances of tbo city woro in hopeless and inoxtrioablo confusion. Nearly six mouths’ salaries of tbo public employes woro duo and unpaid. Tbo now City Government addressed itself at onco to grapplo with this condition of affairs. Immediately, aud to tbo extent of its power at that timo, tho Council abolished offices, and reduced salaries, and suspended appropriations. Tbo second year it carried this reform to tbo full extent of its power, ‘ and thereby, in addition to paying off largo portions of tbo debt, was able to reduce tax ation over ono million of dollars. At tho ond of tbo official term of Mayor Heath tbo result of tho tbroo years of honest nud economical government was summed up, with tho following gratifying exhibits: Julyl, IH7o—Fmulcd dobl . May, JB7o Funded debt Induction $ 301,000 July 113, IH7U->Oautondii)g illegal cer* tiacotcs.... . L . iV $ a,on,wo May 1, 1870—Same, oulawndlnjj, llodnctlon 8 3,702,000 •Inly, 1870— Credit funds overdrawn..s 1,800,000 July, IH7U—Credit funds overdrawn.. 000,000 deduction, In the meantime tho illegalities of former proceedings In tax-levies have been remedied, and the city will have during this year to its credit from those remedial proceedings con-* corning past revenue supposed to have been lost good assets amounting to $1,230,338, or more than sufficient to pay tho outstand ing illegal scrip and tho overdraft of credit funds. Assuming that this Inst result, tho labor of which has boon performed during tho lost throe years, Is an accomplished fact, it will bo soon that tho honest City Govern* mont has, from tho wreck and debris of tho bankrupt Treasury It found in July, 1870, practically paid off: oiil city flcrlp. Overdraft*..., Headed debt.. Tots) reduction of debt. la addition, tho city holds other assets rescued from confusion and'illogallty of pro ceeding years to tho sum of $031,321. Out of tho revenues for 1877 and 1678, being tho two years under which tho taxes wore levied, oollcotcd, and expanded by tho late City Administration, there Is a surplus reserve of SIOO,OOO available as cash funjjs, to bo expended or held to bo accumulated with like reserve surplus for 1870, A vast amount of complicated matters growing out of unadjusted and disputed special assessments has boon settled and paid off. Curing those throe years tho cost of entry* ing on (ho Government has been reduced. Tho following table will show tho oxtoul In various departments! DtoarUntnt. IBTI. IR7O. 1878. Fire S4UB.SUI 8-W0.710 9.'l7U.AUfl Felice u:i.v»:in £>711,001 -iiji.mj Health U1.7U7 .'>ll,ooo -m.O'lO Water. 011,707 007,IK)I 684,461) Never, in llio history of this or any City Government, havo the Police, Fire, nnci Health Departments been more fnilhfully or efficiently administered than in thin city during tho last two years. Another groat reduction has boon accomplished in tho cost of lighting tho city. Tho number of lamps has boon increased fio per cont with a re duction of tho total cost of JlO por cent. Hero aro tho figures. Tho cost of gas each year for tho years 1873 to 1878, inclusive, is as follows: Ivor. Cotl. IKTU 1), HU I SfJ77,MO ~ 7.H71 6','iai fiSjJbno lo.Miii 4(ii!iVi7 10. frill 'Jtlt),BlU .10,711 Notwithstanding tho oily has taken tip ami paid off $5,000,000 of indebtedness existing at the time when the honest and economical Government entered oflioo in 187 U, and has paid off a largo amount of old claims and disputed liabilities, it has, by tho exorcise of thrift, and energy, and firm resistance of all jobbery, been able to reduce taxation. Hero arc tho sums of th,e tai-lovios for several years isri 1876, INTO Tho appropriation* for the laet-montioned years include provUiou for a surplus me* nuo, Amounting in nil to perhaps $570,GU0,- Thoro Is no scrip for 187 fl or 1877 out standing; till Ims boon paid and taken up; Hint for 1978 will bo promptly pnld as tho tax Is collected. Tho legality of these latter cortiflcnlos hns boon affirmed by (bo Supremo Court. This record of tho City Government of Chicago elands out in brilliant contrast with that of othar cities lu tho country. While every city in tho land has been adding large sums annually to its debt and to its current expenditures, Chicago has boon paying off its dobt and reducing taxation, and at the same time bns never boon so ably, efficiently, and wisely governed. It required courage and perseverance to attack and reduce tho army of persons on the salary list; but the Council elected in 187 rt, and those In office until last week, have been faithful to their trust. They have defied the throats and blandishments of those In office and those seeking office, and tho strong army of Jobbers, contractors, speculators, and official paupers socking largo appropriations and largo expenditures. Tho now Government has within tho throo years reduced taxation $4,C00,000, hns so managed tho business of Ibo city to pay off $.7,000,000 of debt, and has a handsome surplus to hand over to its successors In office. Mayor Heath and his associates in tho Council and iu all branches of the Government may well bo proud of tho record they have made for themselves, a record honorable to them per sonally and to Chioogo, and furnishing an example which their successors may follow with credit and profit. If Mayor Harrison and tho Council now in office will as resolutely resist nil appeals to depart from tho careful and economical policy of tho late City Government, and to enter upon a system of extravagant expendi ture, tho city, at tho- close of the term iu 1881, will havo a surplus of cash revenue on hand which will enable tho city to obnndon tho uso of scrip for (ho greater part of tho year, and at tho samo time further tcduca tho debt and tho rato of interest paid thereon. GOME NEW RULERS. Tho Treaty of Berlin constituted Bulgarin on Autonomous nml tributary principality,' under the Bnzoramty of tho Sultan. It also pro* vided that tho provisional organizational Bul garia should bo directed, till the completion of tho organic law, by an Imperial Russian Com missioner assisted by an Imperial Turkish Commissioner, this provisional organization not to last more thou nine months from tho signing of tho treaty. It farther provided that on assembly of the notables of Bulgaria, convoked at Tiruova, tbo ancient Capital, should draft a Constitution, tbo basis of which should bo absolute religious freedom. Finally it provided that “tho Prince of Balgaria shall bo freely elected by Ike population and confirmed by the Sublime Porto, with tbo assent of tho Powers. No memborof any of tbo reigning dynasties of tbo Great European Powers shall bo elected Prince of Bulgaria. In tbo oveut of the Princely dignity becom ing vacant, tho election of tbo now Prince shall bo made under tbo same conditions and in tho same forms." These provisions have now been consummated in con sonance with tho treaty. Tbo organic law was adopted and proclaimed some weeks ago, and on Tuesday last tho Prince of Bat tenborg was elected Prince without opposi tion over Prince Waldeuar, son of tho King of Denmark and brother of tho Princess Tuyra, who recently married tho Duke of Cumberland, who was supported by England and Prince Henry of llouss. Tho Prlnoo elcot is Alexander Joseph, son of Princo Alexander Louis George Frederic Emile, of (hohousa of Hesse,and was supported by Rus sia, in whoso armies his father haddono excel lent service, Tho sou was born in 1857, and was ono of those scions of royalty out of business who have yot a record to make, though ho served with gallantry on tbo staff of tho Grand Duke Nicholas during tho loto war. II is fothor, however, figured very ex tensively in tho field. Ho whs born in 1823, son of Louis 11. of llesso-Darmstadt, and brother of Maria Alexandrovna, tho present Empress of Russia. Ho served in tho Rus sian army through tho famous campaigns in tho Caucasus against Schamyl, in 1845. In 1851 ho retired from tho Russian service and married tho daughter of tho Russian General, Count llaucr, who was raised to tho dignity of a Countess, and in 1658 became Princess of Battonborg. In 1859 bo served m the Austrian campaign agaiusb Italy, and in 1699 commanded tbo Eighth Corps in tho war against Prussia. If military prowess is hereditary In this caso, tho Prince-elect ought to bo a good soldier, whatever may bo bis abilities as a ruler, and as military capacity will bo especially needed In maintaining tho newly-acquired autonomy of his Princedom, not buly as against Turk* ish perfidy but tho conspiracies of his own heterogeneous populations, who are deter mined to violate tho treaty by forcing a union of Bulgaria with Eastern Roumolln, tho ohoico of tho Convention apparently is a fortunate ono. It will also aid his admin* istratiou that ho is in direct sympathy with Russia, and that ho will bo cordially sup ported by that Power. Ilia first official act sooins to have been a stipulation that tho Russians employed in Bulgarin should retain their posts five years and afterwards bo nat uralized, if they so desire, which makes tho cutiro civil administration of Bulgaria Rua siaii in its character and tendencies. .$13,437,000 . 111, 041), QUO 240,000 $ 000.000 $3,011,330 . I.HOOJIOD . 31)4,000 ,SVJO3,n:)o Art. XIII. of tho Berlin Treaty also provides ns follows t “ Thoro is formed to tho south of tho Daikons a province which shall take tho uamo of eastern Donatella, nnd which shall remain under tho direct military and political authority of his Impo rial Majesty tho Sultan, subject to certain conditions of administrative autonomy. It shall have n Christian Governor-General and Art. XVII. of tho treaty provides that 44 tho Qovoruor-Oenoral of Eastern Doumo 11a shall ho appointed by tho Sublimo Forte, with tho assent of tho Powers, for a term of Avo years.” These articles aro also in process of fulAlimouti and a second now ruler has come to tho surface, Aleso Pasha, who has been appointed by tbo X’orto in consonance with (ho treaty. Tho appointment will still further tend to unite Bulgaria and Eastern Doumolio, as the now Governor is a Bulgarian by birth. The Arst person nominated by tho Porto was Dusteu Pasha. While tho other Powers favored him, Dussia opposed him because he was not a member of tho Eastern Church but of tho Church of Dome, and ho was abruptly dropped, ond Aeeko Pasha appointed. Ho is the third son of his father, who was made Prince of Samos by tho Porto andwasknowu as tho Prince Ynuonmits. Ho received bis education both In the Eastern and Western languages at Berlin and thou served eight years as Secretary in the Ottoman Embassy at London. Shiao that time ho has Ailed various important positions in tho Turkish service, and was recently Ambassador at Vi enna; 'As both Russia and England have nc- —10,77 J ,|5,40f1,(JT0 . 5,108,081 4.010, HUS 4.^515 0,77H,».jU 3."7U.-i:.O copied tlio appointment, thcro.is no doubt of bin confirmation, though tlio Trench have boon trying very Imrd to Imvo (hair Commis sioner, M. ])r Coutoni.t, Appointed. Thun far, therefore, tho work of recon struction goes bravely on, nnd If tho Powers enn satisfactorily solve tho voxod problem of (ho occupation of Eastern lloumolln nnd choko off Turkey from her determined pur pose of being tho occupying Power, ft now ora of prosperity nnd freedom will havo dawned upon tho vlolnus of Turkish parse* ention and intolerance. THE NEW MAYOR. Mr. Carter H. Harrison is undorlnklng to rido a very high homo. Tho foat is ono that nlwnys involves tho danger of n fall, nnd tho full is apt to bo sudden nnd hard if it comes. Thoro is something Almost offensive about tho haughty manner In which Mr. Harrison has assumed tho position of Mayor. If ho means to soouro Advantages for tho tax payors, wo wish him success in spile of tho Imperious fashion ho Ims assumed. Put thoro is reason (o fear thnt, no matter how good his intentions may bo, ho has gouo nbont his work with a mistaken estimate of his own importance. The. post of Mayor of Chicago has become a very democratic sort of office of late years •, it will not boar tho ceremony of tho President's position, nud anything like tho imperialism of an autocrat is apt to attract hostility (hat may prove em barrassing. As ft rule, tho Mayor can Accom plish more by conciliatory methods, so long as ho does not saorifleo any principle or be come tho tool of any clique, than he cad by any ostentatious display of official authority. Mr. Harrison may become bolter convinced of this After r few weeks' experience than ho is now. The over-confident Carter plunged into very hot woler nt tho very beginning by tho flnnounoemout of his Council Committees, Ho seems to have mode up his list so as to dissatisfy a good many Democrats as well as a good many Republicans, and nt tho samo tiroo attract a good deni of outsida criticism. Tho hostility which bo has thus oxoitod will embarrass him considerably, oven if ho shall succeed in maintaining tho right under tho present charter of appointing tho Council Committees. This hostility, according to present indications, will bo increased when ho announces his appointments to tho various city offices. There is something altogether 100 formal, not to speak of (ho cruelty in volved, iu exacting from tho present incum bents a resignation of their places. Why should Mr. Benneb, for instance, with tho consciousness'of having done bis duty ns Fire-Marshal, and enjoying (ho confidence of tho community, tender his resignation at Mayor Harrison's call? If it is tho purpose of tho now Mayor to retain Mr. Benner in his present position, as everybody has sup posed ho will do, thou tho ceremony of res ignation and reappointment might well bo dispensed with, ns Mr. Benner's term of office has not expired; it is only puerile to insist upon this recognition of tho now Mayor’s supremo authority. If Mr. Ben ner's place is to bo filled by some one else, then Mr. Harhison has no claim upon that officer’s assistance, nud ho should assume tho full responsibility of removing an efficient public servant to mako room for some Demo cratic politician. Wo Lave token Mr. Ben , neb's case simply as an illustration 5 tbo' same line of reasoning applies to all other bonds of deportments. . Tho danger wo apprehend from Mr. IlAn rison’s course thus far is that ho will bo over come by 0 sense of his present importance and tho greater things which ho thinks await him iu tho way of future political prefer ment. The proper spirit which should govern tho incumbent of tho Mayor’s office is rather a sense of responsibility in tho dis charge of a serious trust, which should bo managed according to legal and business principles in behalf of tho people. If Mr. Habbison will simply regard himself as tho salaried tool of a largo corporation, and manage tho affairs of said corporation in tho best interests of tho stockholders, without any particular flourish of trumpets, without pompous assertion of authority, and without special consideration for any party or fac tion, ho will servo his employers and him self better than ho can iu any other woy. Rioiiaiids. who was hung In Mlndcn, Ne braska, on Saturdoy, after confessing that ho had murdered six persons,— among them a sleeping woman and her three Innocent children, —asked the crowd to unite with him In singing tho familiar hymn commencing, “There is a fountain filled with blood.” A much more np oroprlato couplet for such a sinner, expiating his guilt upon tho scallotd, would have been this: And If my soul Is sent to Hell, Thy righteous law approves It well. An exchange paper well says that, of all travesties on religion which often make scaf fold scenes so repulsive, this appears to be about tho most horrible. Hiciuuus expressed no remorso nor contrition for his bloody crimes, but thought he should go to Heaven. Hie style in which tho wives of California millionaires dress their children Is graphically described by a recent San Francisco letter. The subject was a remarkably beautiful little girl, who sat between her parents iu a conspicuous row at tho theatre In ablaze o! gaslight. As to the little dear's dress: She wore 0 dress of black velvet enlivened by a Elaatron of blue satin.* and Jong, Tighl-bluo cm rotdored kids covered her hands and arms. A tur quoise locket depended from her neck, and brace lots set with the same encircled her wrists, llur light hair was combed bacn plainly behind her cars In a braid tied with blue and cardinal satin ribbon, while her rolling while plush hat was wound with a superb ostrich feather of mixed blue ana cardi nal. The Philadelphia Press says tlmt John M, Pai.meu “elcut oiio night at a village tavern with Stephen A. Douglas, olid this circum stance seems to have turned his attention to politics.” This may be all true enough; out the tiling tlmt puzzles us Is, what circumstance turned the attention of Mr. Chaulrs A. Dana, of the Now York .Sun, to JOUH M. Palueu as a Presidential candidate 1 Is it a Judgment upon him I Mr. GiuienT, tho English author whoso “ Pinafore ” has Inul such an unprecedented run in this country, baa written a play that was recently produced (u London uml pronounced a signal and Irretrlevo bio failure. Mr. Giuieut must stick to tho “naveo" uud remember that— Larger bides may venture more, Put little boats must keep nearshore, “ Congress should stand tlrm in support of tho freedom of tho ballot uml the llborty of tho cltizuu,” says a Democratic exchange. Of course It should; and the freedom of the ballot, lit Confederate parlance, moans to stuff the box with It, mul the liberty of the citizen elgnlllei tho privilege of excluding from tho polls every voter opposed to the regular Democratic candi dates. A banker In Washington last week refusal to let a Southern Congressman have a loan because he (tho Congressman) had been voting in favor of stopping the wheels of Government. The bor rower had tho necessary collaterals and In dorsors ell right, but It was a matter of princtp! s with thu banker, and not one of interest. Some of ” thu first families of Virginia” are appealing to tho Governor tor tho exercise of Executive cleueuuy lu favor of Poinuaxibu, who killed Curtis*, and who la under ' to (ho Penitentiary. Poi.vnßXTEii tj , toned young man, nnd belongs to h" ranh fellow* who think it no harm to 1m one they don’t like. The Governor *m an * tho people bust by lotting the judgment i* m# cculcd. "**** The question now is, "Shall tho Arm* » proprlolion bill pass, Iho objeeltm,, J Prcsldaut to the contrary notwlii»t ntl ,. ‘,,1 Two-thirds of the mcmiicrs-clect nro rml? . In the anirmatlvo, mid tho Confederate,hi* . got them. They must try some oilier to bulldozo tho Frosldont. Wclboi Thurman Is afraid Tom Ihviso map the Greenback and Democrats coalition !° I?* dale for Governor of Ohio, and, if turn up ns a prominent candidate lor p r ul * in 1880. Thurman needn’t give himself,! 1 trouble on that score. Kwino will bo for Governor If ho runs. 11,8 Gov. manor, of Ohio, Is In the grocery bn.i ness, or ho belongs to n llrm In Cincinnati th i Is In it, nnd now that ho Is n candidate f or m election ho finds It convenient to travel nhnu the country soiling sugar, coffee, uml Boao ", and hard. p * Mr. Lown says ho will not brand .Tojih * LooANollar "because he Is a Senator of nil United Stales,” which is not a good reason it all. A much bettor reason, nnd probably th, true one, was Hint John didn’t lie. 1 ’ Thera Is a report that Oon. BuTi.jsnwiii-*.- 20,000 acres of land In Wisconsin lobemini Into forms for the benefit of colored immigrant, from the South. That Is better than running for Governor of Massachusetts. When Henry Watterson reads the P rej L dent’s veto message lie will regret more this ever that ho had not used his 100,000 slalom Kentuckians and sooted Tieubn. ilisjmr nuds a great mistake that time. Bulldozing in Mississippi and Louisiana scum to bo more successlul thou It Is In Washington, It succeeds better wben tried on a than when applied to tho Chid Executive' offl. ccr of the United Stales. An exchange laments Mint such a little State as Vermont should be represented by so crest 1 man ns Senator Edmunds. Borne of theism Slates are not overbalanced in Hint way. Dennis Kearney Ims not yet been ronmllcd in regard to the Grant reception In Ban Fran cisco. He may Issue his pronunclamcato and slop It altogether. Clara Louise Kellogg sailed from Xtn York on tbo Germanic ou Saturday. Now look outforafuss “overthere” In “the sweet by and by." Dan VoonttßES wants to tight Blaine with tho Jawbone of an ass. Dan would have Jut it a great disadvantage in ou encounter of Uut kind. Tho Cincinnati Comuuretal soys that when David Davis was on the Supreme bench tbs biggest suit In that court was the one ho trorc.g The siege of tho White Bouse: The Confed erates surrounding tho Executive Mansion uul crying, “ Sign or Starve." Tlic Confederates have captured the Caoitol, bub they have not yet captured the White House. Bates bolds the fort. The wheels of Government are still running, the Dcmo-Coufcderatcs to tho coulr&r; cot withstanding. * Every dog lias his day, and the present scuba of Congress will adjourn about dog-days. If any man attempts to starve down tbs American flag, veto him on tho spot. There seems to bo backbone enough lu Ihs White House for all practical purposes. For a “fraudulent President,” Mr. Hath came to (Imo most beautifully. After life's fitful fever, tho Army Approprlt- Uon bill sleeps well. PERSONALS, Tho Ohio man, after all, proves to be 4 vertebrate. “ Blower ”,Brown Is evidently olocomolhs In disguise. Anna Dickinson Is still recuperating st rilialOD, r«. Speaking of tho President’s backbone, Lons tuny It wave! Mrs. Winslow should have tho second place ,on the Davis ticket Mr. Tildon to Mr. David Davis; What are you doing on my side of the fencer Tho Zulu warriors cover themselves with glory and very little of anything else. Mr. Westou has como to the conclusion that the walking Is notgood In England. David Davis’ extreme anxiety for peace Is explained by tho fact that he's too fat to run. Eliza Pinkston has gone to Kansas, and tbs wants “Massa Sherman to send along (Ist mule." Tho report that Grant will not accept a third term ought to silence the rumors that hell insane. Tho Zulus oro still fighting. Evidently they have not yet read Senator David Davis’ im speech. Sir. Booth loves tragedy,—that is to saj, tho kind which rcnnlrca nothing wore harmful than blank cartridges. Tho extent of Mr. Hayes’ backbone has mined him with circus managers as a performer ol boneless contortion acts. John T, Raymond whipped a man at An burn, N. Y„ tboother nlsM. *h.nunmlonaw shout ol him, wc suppose. Tho President displayed n good deal of backbone after nil? but perhaps ho borrowed il for this particular occasion. If Mr, Lincoln wore alivo now ho would doubtless insist on reconstruction la the cue 0 bis dear friend, David Davis. Tho Khedivo bos just succeeded in making a raise of 81. 700,000. ondhos temporarily aW“* doned bis froo-lunch rentes. Tho man who shot at the Czar is to haw trial, and ho had bettor toko o change of veuiw Chicago and go; a packed jury. Tho Talmago trial ought to star I ® country, though of course It would ruin ttio noss of * * Pinafore,” companies. John Shorumu cannot be President. An trnly It ought to be enough for a man to bs kno as tho •• Keeper of the Great Slate." Tho Queen of tho May favors a postpo moot of Muy.uay until (ho Fourth of July 00 count of tho Inclemency of the weather. To prevent going out between tlio sc *j the muu whom everybody goes out to see iu«* put on tho froo list sous to be seen lu»Ue* I.cadviUo whlaky contains ho niu°h ® that several uooplWho have drank a good It have become howling temperance reformat. Tho possibility that Grant is good reason why the White V 'Uie should m w» ed tutu a Inaatlo oiylnn» for another four y • llrouHou'uoomot is coming, vancc agent has bothered around this olHce notice, vro believe that U must bospr«‘/» show, Tho Brooklyn Presbytery larolhor disgraceful this week than U was Ust* needs some of David Davis’ ncvcr-iaumw They aro trying la innko out that Is an English horse. Parole Is » can, sad always voles (ho straight t v ticket, ff t c i beyond times eluco tho greatest e Senator Conkllog’s life. Kate Cha«o --P been'beard to say, "How >° u Utmuisxt"