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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, May 03, 1879, Image 10

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10
THE NEGRO EXODUS.
Causes of the Migration from the
Negro’s Point of
View.
tetters Written by Negroes in
Kansas to Tbeir Friends
South.
They Are Not Discouraged, but
Think There Is Room
for All.
A law to Protect People—“ God’s Own
Country ” —l’iie Free State
of Kansas.
Come Up and Help Us—Democrats as
Scarce.as Rich Black Men—
Hanging Men for
Killing,
Trem Oar Din Corrwonamt.
Edwards Station (eighteen miles east of
Vicksburg),' Miss., April 30.—The reasons for
the migration ‘are variously given, and are so
colored by personal Interests, prejudices, and
ignorance, that it is difficult to construct a
reasonable theory out of them. To borrow an
illustration from Dr. Holmes, there have been,
not one migration, but four. There are the mi
gration as understood and explained by the ne
gro; the migration as understood aud explained
by the merchants; the migration as understood
and explained by the planter; and the migra
tion as understood and explained by the facts.
1 should be very unwilling to charge conceal
ment or disingenuonsness upon any of the
classes mentioned, and particularly upon the
planters, most of whom are as honorable gen
tlemen useanbeloimdinanypartof the country,-
North or South. It is a vulgar error, though a
common one, to confound them with the
bulldozers. As a class, they arc above that, sort
ot thing. They look upon it with the same sort
of feeling that respectable men of the North
look upon hoodlumlsm. But many of the
planters have been misled as to the causes of
the exodus. The negroes do not talk freely to
any white men here. They say nothing candid
ly abont politics—which is a subject very near
to their hearts—to their employers. Whether
it is true that the negroes are likely to be Bull
dozed at the approaching Presidential election
or not, Ido not pretend to say. My opinion is,
that they will not be. It Is now generallv un
derstood that they arc not to nominate Repub
lican officers, nor to vote a Republican ticket;
and, so long as they will abstain from voting, or
vote Hie Democratic ticket, they are safe. But
there i| another side to the question. There is
THE MIGRATION AS THE NEGRO VIEWS IT.
There is no doubt that the negro values his
political rights, and that he feels he has been
deprived of them since IST4. Mr. .Lewis, of
Harris <fc Lewis, the merchants doing the most
business in Hinds County, informed me that, in
his opinion, the negroes were going away be
cause they thought they would be re-enslaved.
Mr. Lewis deals with thousands of negroes
every year; be has hundreds of thousands of
dollars invested in bis business, and most of it
is advanced to negroes. There probably is not
a white man in the county better informed as
to their fears and hopes. But there is one way
of testing the question still more accurately.
The negroes who have gone to Kansas have writ
ten letters home. These letters have been passed
from hand to baud. They are not intended for
effect on public opinion anywhere, as it is said
the Globe-Democrat affidavits were, but for
private perusal entirely. They must be sincere.
The reasons for going given in these letters
must have been controlling reasons In the minds
of the negroes; the benefits of Kansas as stated
in them roust be those which the negroes really
perceive and enjov. 1 have been at considerable
pains and expense to procure some of these
letters, the dKginals of which are sent here
with. Thev are much stained and worn, and
evidently each one lias passed through many
hands. 'Two of them were procured trom Madl
son Conniv, Louisiana, and two of them from
Hinds Cdnntv, Mississippi. In the former
county there never has been much bulldozing;
in the latter there has oeen a good deal. The
letters from Madison County are as follows:
“NOT DISCOURAGED.”
St. Loins. Mo., March 20. IS7o.— Marobett
Parker, Delta, Lfl.—D*ab Wipe: I arrived in
Sr. Louis, Mo., on Sunday. March 17 Inst. lam
well, and am in hopes that these may find yon ana
the children in good health. I want yon to dispose
of all of oar things that you mav have when you
receive this for the most yon can procure for
them, ana you come with the children to St Lonis,
and I will meet you hcare. If you should write,
direct to me in care of the Second Baptist Church,
corner of Eighth and Christy avenue. You will re
member me to mother and all the family, and say
that there are hundreds of our people passing
ihroogh here for Kansas, and all arc determined to
go. Some of onr people are destitute of means to
go further, out the colored people here arc making
everv effort to assist those that are not able to go
on there way. If yon can sell the horses for a
good price, sell: if not, leave them with my
‘’brother-in-law, William Reace; and cow also. I
will expect von and children as soon as posibic.
Write and let me know. You had better dispose
of all the things that will he cumbersom to travel
with. Make the fraight bills as small os possiole.
I will look for you as soon as you can possibolly
come. Your brother-in-law will put your things
in shape, and put yon and them on a boat, and I
will meet yon here, You will say to a]) that I am
not diecuraged, nor any of the others that come
from the South. I have nothing more to say. I
. remain yooi affectionate husband as ever,
' Dakiel Parser.
This letter was directed to William McNcal,
Esq., care of Thomas Cooch. The second letter
was directed to James Gray, care of Thomas
Cooch, from the same to the same, and is as
follows:
THERE IS A LAW HERE TO PROTECT PEOPLE IN
THEIR RIGHTS.
St. Lons, March 31, 1879. —Dear Wipe Mah
geret Parker: I received your loving letter all
right, ana was giaa to bear you were all well.
What you beard about people being starren or
frozen to death up hero is not so. I can also tell
yon that, after you arrive here, you can go to Kan
sas for $2.50. Glos Gibson, who went there some
time ago, wrote me a letter, in which be says that
the crowd be went with were pretty well fixed, es
pecially those that had money to build. Mary
Williams' daughter has not been sick a day since
she came bere. 2 mean Andrew Williams, the one
who bad the lisle. She sons down every morning
to Belcher's Springs every morning; and it seems
to do her a great deal of good. From that 1 think
it would do Lividfa good if she staid for a while
here. There is work all over the country while U
lasts; and, if Jimmy Gray wants to work, he can
get it. If his wife is a good washer, she can get
work; tu face, women that are good washers and
Ironers can get work easier than men.
If yon can. sell .the machine. But. if you can
not, and that it would cost too much to bring it
up, leave it at your sister's. Yon will never know
anything until you begin to travel. Things that
are hidden out of your sight yon will never
mind. Mr. Bradfield tned to attach Jet Gillea’,
mules, ana aimed to send them down South'
again; hut thev were taken from him by Jet and
the people- They were going to put Mr, Bradfield
in jail for trying to take goods illegaiy, as there is
a law here to protect a man in Ma rights.
Sisters Edmona, Harriet, an Louisa are all well,
and send yon their love. They are looking for
you on every trip of the boat. Mr. Bradfield said
1 did not shake hands with him; but be was so busy
looking after the mules that hcjlid not notice me,
although 1 ebook hands with frank CranoelL who
was right near nlm. That is the wae it was,
although he says I acted as a judge,—something*
which lam not just yet anyhow. Scud my letters
to the rearof 1333 North Eleventh street, St. Louis,
Mo. 1 remain your affectionate husband,
Da>:iel Parker.
What is said in the.above letter about? the
sickness of Mary Williams’ daughter is note
worthy. The colored people here pom plain of
bad health, fever-and-ague, yellow-ieyer, con
sumption, etc. They believe that Kansas. is a
healthier country, aud that has been an induce
ment Sot manr of them to go.
The next two letters are from Hinds County,
Mississippi. The first is addressed on the en
velope in care of t). H. Gregg, aud is as follows:
LIVING SBTTXfi TILA2i I £VSB DID.
Wtandottb, Kan., April 13, 1870.—i1/r.
inqlon Scott— DExnSin; 1 am well and doing well.
X like this country well as tar as I have seen. Give
my Jove to all my friends. Tell your mother tnat
my mother sends her love, and to your father also.
Henry Scott and family,. Washington Scott and
family.
I am making sl2 & month, and mother is making
sls a month. lam livine better than I ever did.
Am working at the fit. James Hotel, Kansas City.
3ly children are both well. Tell Mingo Scott that
Jennet send bowdie. The note sent to Cal Rich
ards is received. Give John Thornton; have wrote
him throe letters, and have gotuo letters yet. Jen
net wants to know how are the children, and wants
to tell you all she likes the country, and is as fat as
she can be. Tell the children howdle.
Jennet says to tell the children to be good, and
eo to school, aud try to be useful in life. - She says
she expects to marrv before Jonj».
Trusting this will find nil well, and tell Aunt
Polly Holms howdic, ami her mother is sick.
Answer soon, and tell all the friends howdic*
Yours, etc., Kumilinb Scott.
Direct your letters to St. James Hotel. Kansas
City. Mo.
P- S.— Please tcil Elder Davis that we are pot
starving to death, and, if ho comes out here, he
can get a line back-riue out of mv money. The
lies In the Raymond Hazetfr. by Mike Benjamin,
are Mia Democrat lie, and Davis should be ashamed
to have such published. I cat and not
calc, and don’t live m the log cabins that the south
affords. Kjiiline Scott.
Elder Davis sectns to have acted Ukerocnv
other colored pastors in attempting to Keep his
congregation here. The fourth letter testifies
mfcre explicitly than auv. of the others to expe
rience of bulldozing la Hinds County:
DEMOCRATS AS SCARCE AS RICH BLACK MEN.
Wyandotte, Kan., Nov. 17, 1878. — Mr. Hilbert
Smith* Eduards, j/im.—Dkau Sin and Friend:
Having a few spare momenta, and thlnkingof what
yoa so often told me about coming to Kansas, I
concluded to write you a word concerning Hod's
country. 1 learned a few days ago, from a letter
that Bill Mabone got from John Fox, that your
daughter, Miss Mary, had the yellow but I
am pleased to learn from the letter your little Car
rie sent Ellen, that -all arc well, and prospering
according to the times. Mr. Smith, lam well and
doing well, and am in the free State of Kansas.
Hod knows, Gilbert, this is the garden-snot of the
world, 44 the Paradise of America for the black
man.** Smith, tellXimrod Price to come to this
country, and he can make a fortnne with his vio
lin, Let me tell yon. Smith, yon can gee more
good land, cheaper goods, better food, better peo
ple. and more work here, than you ever saw In
your life. Jacob Barlow, Henry Hyman, and
Uncle Peter kelson have got them a good home,
and they arc on the places, building their houses.
They intend to build lor themselves a home that
tbev can call their own In reality, and not nomi
nally. Smith, yon can buy land, well-timbered,
we if-watered, with plenty of coal, and close to &
large town, for $2 to $lO per acre, and they will
give 3’on from three to .five years to pay for it.
Again, you can rent* farms,* all unproved with
houses, barns, sheds, and cribs, at a very cheap
rate. There arc plenty of good churches, schools,
and societies. The colored and white all mix to
gether, and there is-iio difference. The place
where theMissUsippians ought to go is in Frank
llu Countv, near the Town of Ottawa. This Is a
good county, and a Democrat is as scarce ns 4 * rich
Black men.” Gilbert, 1 will find you a {food home
if vou will only let me know when you will come.
Brfng a little money and everything you possess.
It will cost but a small sum on the boat. Gilbert,
do you make the bovs leave these days, as you
used to make me? You think you have large feet,
bat there are people here who can lay over you.
Try and persuade Mr. Harney to come in the
spring. This is a Republican Slate. What in the
name of Hod are the white people killing all the
"coons" for? Because they want to come Mo
Kansas. If you kill anybody here, they will hang
you sure. Has S. D. Currie settled that cotton
account yet? Hold things level, and don’t talk too
much: but watch, and get ready for Kansas. May
nod bless Mississippi and all those who want to
stay there; but 1 win take mine here. Tell Billy
Graham to answer my letter.. Truly yours, etc.
J. M. Williams.
These letters, it will be admitted, are credita
ble to the writers, and show a degree of intel
ligence among the black men equal to that of
any agricultural labors in the world. 1 have
generally found the negroes here intelligent.
Many of them can read and write, aud all arc
quick to catch an idea In conversation.
About the state ot affairs in Hinds County,
aud particularly at this station, which was
nearly stripped of laborers, amt suffered more
than any other town in the South, something
will be said at another time. K. W. P.
THE CONKLING MARRIAGE.
Why the Senator Was Not Present-
Dispatch fo Oiacmnurt Enquirer.
Utica, N. Y., April 30.—Utica’s social sensa
tion to-day, the marriage of Miss Bessie Cuuk
ling mid William Oakraan, took place at 0
o’clock this evening. The bride is “33 years of
age, a tall, handsome blonde, and highly edu
cated. the groom is Superintendent of the
side branch of the Delaware, Lackawanna &
Western Railroad, Hie marriage was solemn
ized by the Rev. Dr. A. B. Goodrich, Rector of
Calvary Church. ,
About a month ago it was rumored that Sen
ator Conkliug was opposed to the match. A sec
ond rumor was then given currency, to the effect
that Roscoe was agreeable to the union, and
would give his daughter a residence as a bridal
dowry. The events of to Jay show the accuracy
of the first report, and make apparent the Sen
ator’s real view of the matrimonial choice which
his accomplished daughter has made. Conkling
lias not regarded Miss Bessie’s suitor with favor,
as stated to-dav by one who knows. He opposed
the scheme with characteristic determination.
The feeling against the Senator here bccanse
of his attitude in this matter is not confined to
political circles. It is universal. Miss Bessie
is a queenlv girl, whose many graces of charac
ter have endeared her to all hearts. The man
to whom she has given her love is of unim
peachable morals, polished in manner, but not
wealthy. He was connected with the Paterson
(N. J.)'Locoinotme Works, and achieved a repu
tation as a thoroweb mechanic of the higher
order. Ho has been drilled in the classics,
speaks French and German, and has traveled
abroad. Bis habits ate temperate, bis head is
clear, prospects good, and he is backed by Sam
Sloan, Presidentof the Delaware, Lackawanna &
Western, and a man of great wealth. He has
an income greatly in excess of that enjoyed
by Roscoe Conkling when the now lordly Sena
tor was an humble suitor for the hand of his
wife, who is Horatio Seymour’s sister. To their
credit be it said, the members of Horatio Scy
monris family have given their hearty approval
to Miss Bessie’s matrimonial venture. JobnF.
Seymour, the Governor’s brother, has been act
ive in arranging the details which would natur
ally have fallen to the father of the bride.
Horatio Seymour, Jr., the State Engineer, has
also accorded willing co-operation. Onlv Roscoe
Conkling has stood aloof at a time when his
sympathies and instincts should have been
most warmly felt.
At the wedding this evening were Horatio
Sevtnour and wife, John F. Seymour and wife,
Henry Miller, Morris S. Miller, Mrs. Judge
Doolittle, Moses, Maggie. Nellie, and Blandina
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred C. Coxe, Francis
Keman (son of Senator Kernan), T. R. Proctor,
L. A. Warneck and family, Miss Proctor, Jonn
Brandagie, Mrs, E. A. Wetraore, Sirs. Gen.
Miller, -Mrs. Lincklaen (of Cazenovia), Mrs.
SUonnard (of Yonkers), Sirs. S. G. Bath, H. H.
JJutler and wife, W. G. Scott, Airs. Brandagie,
Judge .Comstock, the Misses Pennington (of
New Jersey), Sirs. Rutger B. Miller, Mrs. Bntler
(of Paterson, N. J., daughter of Justice Brad
ley. of the United States Court), Airs. David
Wager, Air. and Sirs. P. Y. Rogers, the Rev.
Dr. Fowler, Airs. Fowler, Airs. Sturges, Aliss
Sturges, Aliss Wetmore, Dr. and Airs. Watson,
Miss Watson, Air. and Airs, J. C. Dcvereausand
family.
The bridewore a costume of white (no orange
blossoms), ear-ring solitaires, and a large corset,
honquet of roses. The groom led the bride up
to the altar, Gov. Seymour following, escorting
Mrs. Conkling. Airs. Conkling gave the bride
away. At the reception following no intimation
was’given that Senator Conkling had in any
manner recognized the occasion. Indeed, it is
asserted that be has never teen Air. Oakman.
The bridal presents were rich. The leading’
gifts were from Justice Ward Hunt; Gov. Sey
mour, and A. C. Coxe. The reception ter
minated at half-past S o’clock. When ques
tioned as to the Senator’s opposition to the
wedding. Airs. Conkling is reported to have said,
“ One public man in a family is enough.”
ODE TO SUMMER.
Beautiful belle of the evening*
Hindu? eo soft and low.
Ton call the cows from their pasture,
And the boy from his gleaming hoe.
How sad arc the thoughts awakened
Aa your tones fall on my ear I
It Is now (he middle of April,
And Summer will soon ue here.
The zephyrs that blow eo gently
Through the dells and shaded woods
Remind us that Time's fast footsteps
Are too much for V»"inter-goods.
The all-enveloping ulster.
That has shrouded oar forms so loo*.
Is put away with a gentle sigh.
Or sold to a Jew for a song. \y.
A Unique Sanitary Association.
Massachusetts has a peculiar corporation
called u The Massachusetts Public Health Asso
ciation,” which corporation embraces many
eminent citizens. Its object is improvement in
ventilation and drainage, preventing adultera
tion in food, drink, and drugs, :md to establish
training schools for cookery, diet-kitchens for
the sick, etc. Its cookery schools .in Boston
proved so great a success that a sub-corporation
erected a fine hotel, named u Hotel Wellesley,”
with 850 acres of pleasure-garden and farm
grounds, etc., and a training “castle” for
students, at Needham, fourteen miles from
Boston, a .favorite watering-place summer
resort. This enterprise attracted much atten
tion and a full bouse. This year It will open
the season with a sort of public festival recep
tion, at which guests from various States will
be invited to inspect the artistic aud admirable
cookery of its tables, the excellence of its sani
tary reforms in perfect drainage, ventilation,
etc., aud the perfection of its health-recreations,
including yachting; rowing, billiards, fishing,
archery, tiealth-llfis, and various other sanitary
amusements. This reception will tabs place
May 29 aiul'tbetwo following days/
William E. Baker, of Boston, offers to donate
Tim CHICAGO TRIBUNE; SATURDAY. MAY 3, 1879 SIXTEEN. PAQES
property valued at $200,000 provided the sum
ot §IIO,OOO additional is guaranteed, for tue
benefit of the Massachusetts Public Health As
sociation for liie purpose of canning out tue
recommendations of Boards of. Health by in
spection and advice as to improvements m house
ventilation and drainage, for the suppression or
adulteration in food, and for establishment
for schools of cookery and diet kitchens lor the
sick.
HORTICULTURE.
mint Shall I Plant ?-Uoff Shall I Plant 7
When Shall I Plant ?-Woalth IromPlant
,nS" rrom Our Own correspondent.
No. 13 Eighteenth Street, Chicago, Mart.
—These same old questions come to us as oft as
the spring .returns, ami are not so easily ami
curtly answered as at first it seems they might
bß ' “WHAT SHALL I PLANT?” a
Surely, that is something to think of, and to
think of now. Hero Is the Ist of Slay. The
birds are singing (pretty birds!), the buds are
bursting, aud life is waking in every plant, and
shrub, and tree. Do quickly what your hand
finds tb do. There should be no delay.
But the question comes back, “ Wbat shall I
plant?”
One says, “X will plant an orchard this
spring; and he docs well to say so. It should
have been done long ago. The man has been
’on the farm for twenty rears, and,
MARVELOUS AS XT IS,
has not thought to plant an apple-orchard up to
this time. He had said, “It would not pay.”
He thought so, and for twenty years he has fed
himself aud family on “hog aud hominy,” with
out fruit, because it paid bettor, or didn’t
pay to grow fruit. Indeed! What gives jtlie
children that sallow look? They have ndt en
joyed uninterrupted health on the farm. Every
summer they have “-ague ” or “ bilious fever.”
Does it pay to have these? Never,— hardly
ever! More fruit in the diet, and less fat meat,
would pay, as we think. ‘
It is, then, a good idea for every farmer to
ulant an orchard of the various fruits, for family
use at least. And I know that a fruit farm in
the hands of an intelligent and industrious hor
ticulturist. if in tlie right place, docs pay.
But the question returns,
WHAT SHALL X PLANT IN THE ORCHARD?
It will not do to say an anple-tree is an apple
tree, and plant at random. Very much depends
upon the variety planted. What to plant in
certain localities must be determined only after
knowing what is the quality of the soil and cli
mate, and wbat has been the experience ot
planters in that neighborhood.
At the late meeting of the Warsaw Horticul
tural Society, its Secretary, Mr. J. T. Johnson,
had this to say for his district, and, with little
change, perhaps, for local peculiarities, it is ap
plicable to a large district in this aud neighbor
ing States:
WHAT MR. JOHNSON SAYS.
Oar best early apples are Hod .Ist radian. Early
Harvest, Summer I’erroaln, Union), Williams'
Favorite, and Golden Sweet. Our best fall apples
arc Malden's Blusb, Huiubo, Mother, mid Bally
Sweet. Our best winter' apples are Hen Davis.
Jcnlton, Jonathon. lied Canada, Wythe, Grimes’
Golden, Kentucky Sweet, and Broadwell. This
will give a good succession of apples, and of kinds
that are known to grow with a good degree of suc
cess in this rceion.
Our future orchard should contain also pears,
peaches, cherries, grapes, and all the small fruits
which are found to succeed in onr locality; so ihat
we may be ante to eat of all the good things which
Nature has placed within our grasp.
Then the future orchard should bo selected with
special care as to kind and quality of trees; should
be planted with equal care as to style and distance;
should receive thorough cultivation and training,
until the trees become established and formed.
In planting or in pruning, I would have neither
low heads nor narrow rows. I would give applo
irces four or live feet of body before heading, and
plant not less than thirty-five feet apart id the
rows.
Then I would play tha “Yankee” more; that is,
ask questions.—find out what others have learned
in the business,—and then I would profit by their
experience.
But, while I do advise all everywhere who
own farms to plant fruit for home-use, I do not
advise all to go into fruit
AS A BUSINESS,
. for some soils and localities are such as to for
bid success.
In determining what to plant, the following
things are' taken into consideration by a wise
man: Location: market; knowledge, tastes,
and ability of the'cultivatorto do’well what he
undertakes to do. Usually, 100 much is under
taken, and too little accomplished; and hence
the importances • ; '
HOW TO DO A THING.
Howto plant? And where to plant! are ques
tions that cannot be definitely and fully answer
ed. “ The Court is sunposed to know . some
things.” And so he who assumes Uie duties of
a horticulturist must know some things; and
from these he learns the best things, and learns
slowly by reading and experience,.
It Is the common experience that the condi
tions that .surround a being, whether a human
being or a cabbage-plant, have much to do in
the development of the individual life. Hence,
we seek favorable conditions, which, in the case
of plants, Includes thorough preparation and
cultivation of Uie soil. And nere again the cul
tivator is supposed to know some things. But,
If he thinks he knows it all, —if he is not con
stantly learning from others, and from cverv
years’ experience,—he is in a bad way, and will
surely come to grief sooner or later.
HOW IS THE TIME TO PLANT,
when the spring sun begins to shine warm
and bright—providing you are ready. But, if
you are not ready,—!, c., if you have not made
thorough preparation of the soil, and have time
to cultivate, better wait another twelve months.
You will thus gain time in many cases. Undue
haste make waste here as elsewhere.
WEALTH FROM PLANTING.
Everybody may not know that, the wealth of
the States consists chiefly of horticultural and
agricultural products. The following statistics
speak for themselves, giving the exports from
tiie United States that are derived direetlv from
horticulture and agriculture, for the last vear:
Living animals 5 10,000.000
Bread and Dreadstuils 200.700.000
Haw cotton 134.700.000
Manufactured cotton 10.600,000
Leather and leather goods 3,200,000
Oils • 5..‘100.000
Provisions .... 125,000,000
Ta110w..... 7,200,000
Tobacco and manufactures thereof... 02,200,000
YVood and manufactures thereof..... 15,000, Oi’-i
Total 81)00,400,000
Our imports lor the same time, and ot the
some nature, have been:
Coffee 40,800,005
Hines and skins 10, 400, duo
Tea 15,200,000
Jtaw silk 0,000,000
Bresdstuffs. 10,000,000
3lanafuciures of cotton .. in, 000,’COO
Finland manufactures of flax .. .... 15,400.000
I'ruits and huts ... 10.000,000
.Leather and leather g00d5.:..,; 7,000,000
Silk goods 21,300,000
Sugars 77,300,000
Tobacco ana cigars.
Wines
Wool and woolens.
Total 8286,8/0,000
The tide is in our lavor. Is it not the .il
time coming! 0. L.
NEXT YEAR.
Yes, I know the roses will bloom next year.
Red, and fragrant, and languid with dew;
But they are not the same that 1 hold just now.
And next Summer. O Love. I shall not have von.
The roses that bloom next year mav be sweet,
And burning, and red; bat they are not the sane
Aalhesn I hold; for. seel these are dead— i f
They never can burst into perfumed Uame.
New roses will bloom next year—nest June;
But you will not be here,-Love, to see:
And what will the June or the rosea hold
(1/you are gone;, in their hearts, forme?
1879. RjkNstr liniscoLL.
. How to Wear a ShawL
London Queen.
Cashmere shawts, after being so lon* out of
fashion, arc once more to be worn; but, of
course, they are to be put on in a new mauuer.
The square shawl Is to be arranged as a high
scarf on the shoulders, aud is to be fastened
with a double agrafe of either precious stones or
old silver, and this is sewn on so that it will be
always in the same place, exactly aa though the
shawl werea mantle. Thucashmere, when draped
ou the figure, shows a straight line where it ter
minates, the point lulling at the back like a
cane. The Queen wilt shortly publish an illus
tration of this new manner of wearing an Indian
cashmere, as it is difficult to describe clearly io
words. It can only be worn with trained skirt;
therefore, we shall only see it en grande toi
lette.
Car Trade-Interests in Europe*
Washington, April 59.—Gov. Fairchild,
United States Consul-General at Paris, In a re
cent dispatch to the Department of State rc
vjeira Oie discussion going ou in France between
the advocates of .Protection ami; Free Trade,
ilie former seem to have the sympathy of the
,^fi 0rj hffctasses. Among the measures affecting
American interests is a proposition that corn
shall pgy a duty of three francs per quintal as 1
long as corn is less than 30 francs a quintal;
horses are to pay a duty ot 40 francs each, and
horndti cattle 30 francs- The agriculturists op
pose treaties of commerce, and ask for general
tariffs and a reduction ot the indirect taxes on
articles of consumption produced in France, es
pecially on sugars and liquors.
Mr. Weaver, Consul at Antwerp, furnishes
the Department of State with some additional
information regarding the International Exhi
bition to be held in Antwerp this summer. The
exhibition will be open thirty days, beginning
Aug. 21. Alt goods arc to be in hand by July
31. Bulky machinery will not be received. It
will be a good opportunity to place before the
people there the excellences ot American do
mestic utensils and manufactured articles in
genera]. The department of American goods
has been placed under the charge of Mr. S. iH.
Halnc, Post-Office box 726, Antwerp, Belgium.
THE FARM AND GARDEN.
Smoothing tho Farm— Sowing Salt—Patent
Hevliives—'Western JJee-TCcepers* Society—
Sugar from Sorghum—A I'upular Variety
—Cows for Small Afavracrs—The Colorado
Beetle—Pratt- arid Grain-Prospects—llard
at Work.
From Our Oam Correspondent.
Champaign, III.; May 2.—On most farms of
any size, a day or two may bo profitably spent in
removing stones, stumps, aud ant-bills from the
meadows, aud frequently from the plowed
fields. On some farms it is the custom to plow
around the Same stone year after year, aud
there to run over ft with a reaper or mowing
machine, later in the season. Slones are some
times too large to move with profit, although
by building a fire on them they break in frag
ments; but fuelis not always at hand. In such
a case, an excavation may ne made, into which
the stone may bo sunk ont of the way of the
plow. If there is no other use for stone, such
as are found scattered over our farms, they may
be piled up on the lawn, where,, with a little dirt
thrown in among the spaces, they form a pictur
esque object with ivy, verbenas, or other climb
ers growing over them. Old stumps are more
difficult to eradicate, but patient work will
eventually remove the last vestige. The mounds
which disfigure the meadows and pastures should
be leveled with a sharp spade, so lhatthe mower
will suffer no Inconvenience from them.
Those who have experimented say that three
or four bushels ot salt sown on an acre of wheat
will add materially to the yield, and strengthen
and stiffen the straw. Tho present is said to be
the proper time to apply the salt.
It may not be generally known that the pat
ent on movable comb-frames in beehives expired
in IS7B, and any one is at liberty to use the
frame without let or hindrance. There are,
however, about a thousand patents on beehives,
but these apply only to the combination or shape
of the hive. Any one can make the frames, and
suspend them in a bos. We doubt the validity
of any beehive patent,' and should not hesitate
to use any form it wo felt like dointr so,
and should not tear the result of a
lawsuit for damages. Hence, Simula nn
agent for a patent' hive come on
our premises and oiler to sell us a farm-right,
we should tell him, “No. sir,” at once; and wo
advise'all our bee-keeping friends to say the
same. Farm-rights are an imposition under
any circumstances; and the money paid by
farmers for farm-rights to use gates, beehives,
harrows, seeders, washing-machines, churns,
etc., would go a; long way toward paying the
National debt. '
THE WESTE!!;?:GEE-KEEPERS’ SOCIBTT
will hold their annual meeting at Hamilton,
Hancock County, ill., May ti and 7. Arti
cles for exhibition mav'bo sent care Charles
Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, freight prepaid.
Hotels give reduced rates to attendants.
.Members are requested to bring their badges.
The membership fed* is 50 cents, and 25 cents
semi-annually.
These meetings out a great deal of
information, and -are especially valuable to
new-beginners.
The Commissioner'qt Agriculture is dissem
inating seed of the Early Surber sorghum to va
rious parties throughout the country. In con
versation with an old'sqrghnm-maker, a few davs
ago, be assured ns tliat sugar from sorghum, in
paying quantities, w'As’no unusual thing; bathe
wasn’t so sure about 1 it at present prices. He
based his assertion-op .prices paid for sugar ten
years ago. The man'll. X. Stewart, who is now
backing uo the Commissioner of Agriculture- in
ins effort to revive tms exploded idea, was once
a resident of this cityfand had charge of sor
ghum-works here that promised to make the In
vestors rich. Several'-thousand dollars were
spent in experiments.' l hut somehow Stewart
ala-ays failed of success, though he was always
hopeful. Wc understand that he has a patented
process for crystalllitiiig the sugar, in widen di
oxide of sulphur cuts a 'prominent figure. We
apprehend that thesalo of this patent may be a
strong motive in the interest thebTofcssortakes
iu this sorghum business. A good article of re
fined sirup can be made from sorghum-molasses,
and keep the price of bane-molasses down to a
decent price; but spgar iu paying quantities, wc
predict, will never tbe made from it in the
Northern States.
The Ben Davis apple is one o£ the most popu
lar with planters in the West- It is variously
known as Baltimore Bed, Funkhouscr, and New
York Piuifln, In different sections; bur, under
whichever name, is aiwars a tavodte. The tree
is a handsome and thrifty {trailer, a reaular
bearer, and a good keeper. The color o£ the
fruit sells it,—it being a beautiful red, striped
sometimes with yellow - , hut its skin is touuh,
and its quality poor. One-halt the apple-trees
sold at a leading nursery, this spring, were o£
this variety. For thirty years our horticult
urists have" been talking about educating the
taste of the people; blit, in saite of all that has
been written, it must be confessed that size mid
color go further in recommending a fruit than
its superior flavor. For our part, we have got
through urging people to buy something they
arc not acquainted with, wheu they are satisfied
with what they call for.
The better wc become acquainted with the
merits of tnc Jersey cow, the more we are satis
fied that she Is ihe'auimal for small farmers, —
those who keep from one tor ten cows. Where
milk only is the object, the Ayershire or
Holstein may be preferable; but for butter and
cream the Jerecys are the best. A writer in an
agricultural exchange, in speaking ot the merits
of the various breeds, says:
Tlio farmer who usually keeps a few cows, from
which he expects to realize money-proilt, besides
supplying his own taolu with plenty of milk and
butter, should keep only those or each breed as
are best adapted to the purpose. In order to do so,
ho bos to consult the observation and experience
of others to find out that the Jersey is far prefer
able to ail others. The cows of : this breed arc
easily kept very docile and beautiful, yielding
milk.of suoerior richness,* from which is produced
batter which for color, solidity, and fine tlnvor is
nnequalcd. As evidence of ibis, the butter made
from Jersey commands, as a general thine, from
25 to 50 per cent better price in the market than
that made from other breeds.
These cows are becoming common inonr cities
and villages, and, in a few years, will be plenty
on the farms.
Koscoe, HI., April 28.—Will yon please inform
a subscriber, through “The Farm and Garden,”
what can be used in getting rid of potato-bugs, in
preference to Paris-green, which, I understand,
injures the potatoes? 1 think X have beard of using
snipimr. Is this good? There is something that
is much cheaper than Faria-green, and more effect
ive. , E. I’. Colton.
We presume that onr correspondent means
the teu-liued Colorado beetle, and as such we
shall consider the insect lie has to light. Wo
have never heard of anything cheaper or more
efficacious in destroying it than Piris-green.
Sulphur would, no doubt, kill all it came in con
tact with; but, whether it is a poison to the in
sect when eaten, we do hot know. We challenge
the. proof that Paris-green ever injured the
tubers. The cock-and-bull stories told of poison
ings from that source, and of dead cattle from
eating potato-tops, are all canards. Poultry
will learn to eat the beetles, and fifty or sixty
bens will keep unite a large patch free front
them; still we should not rely on poultry
alone if the bugs were plenty, in this section
they have about “played out,” and no one fears
them at all.
. riICIT AND GHATS PROSPECTS.
* The outlook for a beautiful crop of fruit and
grain was, perhaps, never better. Owing to the
extreme and long-continued low temperature of
last winter, it was thought that nearly, if not
quite, all kinds of fruit would he injured; but,
besides blackberries and peaches, nothing ap
pears to be much hurt. A visit to some of the
large orchards, a lew days ago, shows that most
varieties of apples are lull of bloom. Pears are
somewhat injured, and the same may be said of
cherries; hut both arc sufficiently loaded with_
bloom to produce a large crop. Voting peach-"
trees show here and. there a few blossoms, but
the crop will be small. Plums are loaded, and
the fragrance of their inflorescence burdens the
air. All that is needed is' a few warm, bright
days, to enable the boss and insects to thorough
ly mix the pollen in the blossoms, to insure a
largo crop of fruit.
HARD AT'WODK. \
Plowing and planting noiy occupy all the
SOWING SALT.
, PATENT BEEHIVES.
sugar rnott soßoncM.
A POPDr.AR VARIETT.
COWS FOR SHALL FARMERS.
THE COLORADO BEETLE.
farmer’s time. The soil turns over'light and
mellow, and is remarkably free from clous anu
chunks. Most of the spring grain is up anu
looking well. A very large acreage of potatoes
has oeen planted. Pastures are furnishing
plenty of feed, and stock is looking well. Homo
corn-planting has been done. Bight here let us
say that it is poor policy to plant poor seed.
Better pay two prices for an article that is rea
sonably certain to grow, than to try to get along
with that which will require a replanting. It is
also better to plant a few acres less than for
merly. It takes more and belter cultivation to
raise a crop of corn now as compared with
ago. Better tend twenty-live
acres well than to scratch oyer thirty acres.
Bdjul 3s.
THE SUFFRAGE QUESTION.
Women Who mislead Their Sisters, Their
Cousins, ami Their Aunts.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Bloomington, 111., jlay I.—l wish to correct
the following mistakes in my corresnondence:
Of April .19, read “innominabie crimes’’ for
"innumerable crimes”; of| April 26, read
‘‘Satanic badinage ” for "Satanic bdndinaqe.”
The woman-suffragists are spreading discord,
and their doctrine is leprosy to many. Listen
to“ Florian Arcane”: "Holding one-half of
the human race in social bondage because of
being cursed with a female sexual organiza
tion.” This lady's (?) pronouncing a curse
unon her own style of architecture is flying in
the face of Providence, and, of course, her
virus needs no further notice. Her name,
“Plorion Arcane,” signifies a “ hidden flower.”
Verily, another case of a “ hidden flower” bom
to bloom unseen, “and waste its sweetness on
Uie desert air.” Then there Is “Criss Cross,”
with her platitudes of inexperienced girlhood.
She says she sees me in my little niche. Weil,
“Criss Cross,” X see you in No. 10 brogans,
pink trousers, short skirt, and large straw bat,
standing on your inherited platform, the in
verted wash-tub, haranguing your sisters, your
cousins, aud your auuts, about the tyranny of
man. Then comes A. E. Dickinson, who says X
write of those that “suckle fools and chronicle
small beer.” Well, well, come to think, X did
say something about iier, but it is very unkind
of her to accuse me of it in so public a manner.
Then, in closing, she quotes a proverb. -Well, if
1 am not mistaken, one of her ancestors, Adam,
iollowed that proverb, and the result was
very disastrous. I tbauk her for her advice;
but then f always did think that those persons
who give advice unasked have not succeeded in
making the soft spot of their head grow over, —
a soft soot which all Infants have. If these
throe correspondents can write, in their lucid
intervals, such wise (?) articles when the moon
is new,-what will they bring forth when the
moon is full and they get into their "altitudes”?
The minds of tlies'c correspondents, like the
soil o£ Virginia, are “thin by nature and ex
hausted by cultivation.” .
Woman-suttragists do not want woman to be
given in marriage, but they wish to be the
(rivers themselves, and extend the privileges of
leap-year through the entire cycle. The dish
which they serve is wholesome to some, bnt to
mo the odor is abominable. This may be fastidi
ousness or weakness; but, if 1 may be an intel
lectual invalid, I will cot have my dessert da
vored with garlic. .
The seeds of this, libertine-philosophy—sown
broadcast in the poems of Byron and Shelley, and
in the romances of Buiwer, George Sand, and
Eugene Sue—arc deranging many of the cus
toms of good society, and undermining the
corner-stones of morality. I emphatically say
that I do not wish to court satyr society, like'
the nymphs and bacchanals, and hope no one
will endeavor to force it upon me, or nnon peo
ple in general. If he does 1 shall fight hack,
irrespective of sex, race, color, or previous con
dition of servitude.
The womuu-suffragiats may fling away the
crown of liowers of womanhood, unrobe woman
o! her graces aud purity, disband her knights,
aud take her up iuto the thin dry atmosphere of
their philosophy, if pbe will follow them, but
mauwllt not pursue. Ho will still tell them
"that love is of the valley”; that woman’s
province is among the sweet charities of lile
and the sights and sounds of home, where is
beard—
* ‘The moan of doves in immemorial elms.
And murmur of innumerable bees. ”
Soiongas this suffrage movement confined
itself within the limits of pink trousers, short
skirts, ana large straw hats, it was a matter of
amusement: out when women-suffragists teach
that marr!age s is a yoke imposed by man in ty
ranny, and society hy’tbis teachingis endangered,
then it-is time to sound a halt. Old women and
smirking barmaids are mighty different persons.
It is high lime that this unholy onslaught upon
into ahd noble women and brave men be op
posed. Many have stood by aud waited, relying
on the proverb for relief which says: “Death
laughs when old women caper.” But this wifi
not bring peace and pure homes. In no case
has this movement made women more noble, or
made better sons and husbands. It has made
its women-followers less noble, less lemiuiue,
less pure, less chaste, jess lovable. It will rob
woman of her prerogatives, drag her down from
the exalted sphere which God has given her, and
make tier a scheming politician: and, worse, it
unrobes her ot her feminine dignity and graces,
debases her in the estimation of man, debars
her Irom being the honored priestess of home,
disarms her ot her gentleness, destroys her
soirit of phiianthrophv, and world makes her
ignoble in the sight of the cultured; it breaks
down the strongholds of civilized customs, and
lets anarchy revolutionize and destroy the in
stitutions which God has planted.
D, H. Fingrbt.
TWO SPRING-DAYS.
In the balmy April weather*
Vfcinh the budding. windswept trees,
Stood my Love and I toseihor.
Par below ns, in'the distance,
Shone the purple of the seas;
Swept the smooth and sunny meadows;
Wound the aim, blue vales between;
Sloped the hills to meet the shadows
Of ihe woodland's misty green,
Where the blackbirds, singing; wincing,
\MUI the tangled, blossomed sprang
Sent their golden raptures rinsing
Down the valley’s, winding ways.
Where the brooklet broke and sparkled
.'Mound the old rock's silver foot, -
Curved and rippled, shone and darkled,
(•‘learned in iigut, and dipped in shadow
At the maple's mossy root,
flood we; while the years before us
Hloutncd with one eternal Spring.
Dine. unclouded skies were o’er us,
As we heard the blackbirds sing
jn the woodland, wincing, swinging;
'Mid ihe tangled, blossomed sprays,,
Sending goiaon raptures riming
Down IhejValley’s winding ways.
Kow I wander, sad ami weary,
VXcath the sombre, sighing trees.
Hark the day, and bleak and dreary,
far below me, in the distance,
Moan ihe restless, troubled ecus.
Ah! the olden April weather
Had no bitter cnlll like this,
When my Lore and J, together.
Dreamed onr brief, orient dream of bliss.
And the blackbirds, singing, winging,
’Mid the tangled, blossomed sprays.
Sent their golden raptures rinsing
Down the valley’s winding ways.
Bribe brooklet, brightly flowing,
idood we in that bygone Spring. ■
Winds of balm and spice were blowing
From the land of bloom and sunshine.
And wo beard the blackbirds sing.
How the nrooklct frets and shivers;
And a cloud of hopeless tears,
Like chili mists o'er frozen rivers.
Hangs above my future years.
And the blackbirds, singing, winging,
’Slid the tangled, leafless sprays.
Send their mournful measures ringing
Hound my darling's lonely grave;
-Carrier. Wheeler.
THE INDIANS,
The official reports of the recent extended
campaign against the Indian marauders mid
, thefr renegade white allies have been received at
military headquarters in this city, and, while
much embodied In these reports has already
been given in Tub , Trtbose,' they present a
connected history of the offensive movements
along the Yellowstone Valley during the past
month. '
Capt. J. Mix, qf the Second Cavalry, left Fort
Caster, m command of two companies, March
23, in pursuit of the bostiies who had raided the
Yellowstone Valley. Crossing this stream
at Terry’s Landing, fie marched up it
to Stearns’ Ranche, the highest point at
which outrages had been committed. Having
received orders to ’ protect the settlers at Ba
ker’s battlefield, wbo believed themselves
threatened, be sent Capt. Gregg with, his
company to protect them. He himself, turning
to the right, came upon the the trail of the In
dians, which rau northwest. Although a severe
storm nearly washed out all traces, nc held to
the trail until well down toward the Bull Mount
ains, when between rain and buffalo it was
completely lost, but not until the direction was
sufficiently developed to show that the Indians
were making lor the Missouri. The command
struck .the Musclesheil at Monument Rock aiid
searched for the Indians along, the river, hut
without success, as they bad crossed before the
rise In the river, which prevented ’ the troops
from crossing. As the Indians had three .days’
start, and his command was nearly out of sup
pi:es, to . decided to return to Port Caster,
which he reached April S. 'Atcqrdmg to Capt.
Mix, the party consisted of onVd/hts Gros Ven
tres, who had escaped t:om pust some time
ago, ami, haring t alien in wtlf*» small party
from the north, Joined theaJfrStn motives of
revenge. The rest ate saapqakr to be part of
a large warpartvsent from UeJ£o?theru Indiana
to raid the settlement’s. HeSqfthe opinion
that these raids will last untirihe'most severe
measures are adopted, as it, is Baft? impossible
to pursue and •’ catch; a sraalhcJalinc' party,
which leaves little or no trail, aa Sis plenty of
horses for fresh mounts. ’ \ ~s .
Capt. Gregg’s command mhiftvblle had
marched up the North Fork of tlliyeliowstono
as far as Coulston, where be recuJ&rtelegraDh
orders from Post Headtiuartcrs to'Sint in the
direction of theMuscleshell River,, ofreacniug
tlie river he came upon a small'tcaijng-post,
where the day before they had ralssij’ about
eighteen head of stock, but 3uppose(f,litra to
baye strayed. On sending out scouts b) found
that the stock bad been stolen bv IndiaVe find
be followed the trail for sixty miles. Fading
that the hostilcs had turned north audtffcre.
about forty-eight hours in advance, be returned ■
to fort Custer after having traveled about 300
miles.
The reason for sending,, out these two com
mands was information received the previous
evening that the Sioux vibo had stolen the
horses' on Pease’s Bottpp had raided
another bottom above there, steal
ing more horses, and ",f then struck
the valiev twenty-live miles abovpj,killing a man
named Johnson, and wounding ifablher named
Stearns. Lieut.-Coi. Brackett, in\c6mmand of
Fort Custer, in his report says that teas satisfied
from all the information in bis possession that
the Indians committing the depredations are
from beyond the Missouri, and that to put a
stop to future raids it may be necessary to in
augurate a campaign against everything hostile
this side of the British line. -
The details of the murder of Private Badßer,
Company E, Second Cavalry, and the wounding
of Signal-Sergeant Kennedy, whom he was ac
companying, have also been received. They
stopped at noon of Aoril sat tbe point where
tlie telegraph-line crosses'' tbe Mirpah Creek,
about forty-live miles from Fort Keogh. Sud
denly they were fired upon by six ambushed
Indians, tbe first fire killing Baaaer.
Tlie Sergeant was wounded while
trying to reach his horse, hut bid
himself away in the brush. The Indians re
tired, but returned at night without finding tbe
wounded man, although theysecured the borsea
and revolvers and took the scalp of tbe dead
private. A parly from Ceadwood, en route to
Keogh, fortunately apeeared the next day and
look the wounded Sergeant to the fort. As
500 n as the murder became known, three de
tachments were sent out from Keogh; one to
follow on the back trail of the Cheyennes cap
tured by Lieut. Clark, Second Cavalry; another
fo scout no tbe Tongue River for sixty miles, in
the hope of heading the Indians off; and the
third to hasten to the scene of the outrage, take
np the trail, and follow it. Sergt. Thomas B.
Glover had charge of the latterdetachment,con
sisting of fifteen men, four friendly Indians, and
a fialf-breed scout, and reached the Mizpah
April 9. They broke camp the next day and
followed the I roil, which was througn a rugged
and swampy country, for about fortylmiles. The
following day, after traveling about thirty miles,
signs of Indians were discovered, and one of the
scouts who had gone ahead returned with the
news that the hoatiles would come in and sur
render, wnieh they did. The party arrived at
Keogh April 02, alter marching eighty miles
from the place of surrender. The Indians cap
tured were three bucks, four squaws, and one
child. The horse and revolver of tlie wounded
Sergeant were recovered. These Indians are
outlawed from their tribe, having been driven
from camp by Little Wolf previous to his sur
render. Little Wolf says of them: “Your laws
punish such crimes. Hang Ihem or imprison
them for lile; I never want to see t heir faces
again. They knew- I had made peace with
you, and they killed your soldiers.”
These Cheyennes are now in close confinement
at Fort Keogh, and a severe punishment will
be meted out to them.
THE FIELD AND STABLE.
Veterinary Hygiene: I-XIX. Tog ami Dow,
ami Their KU'ect upon Domestic Animals
—A Had Wound—Cancerous Tumors in
Cattle.
Tram Our Own Corvtsrnftifeat.
Chicago,' -May 2.—Notwithstanding that a
log Is nothing but condensed atmospheric
moisture, and may be' defined as “watery
vapors precipitated and suspended in the lower
stratum ot the atmosphere, or in that part of
it nearest to the ground,” its effect upon do
mestic animals differs very often essentially
from that ot a very humid atmosphere, because
foas, according to ihelr source,' contain fre
quently foreign admixtures of an injurious
character, fogs originate most frequently in
low, wet, and marshy or swampy countries, and
over large bodies of water, and contain, there
fore, not seldom, products ot decomposition
and particles of decomposing organic sub
stances. Fogs which come from the ocean, or.
from other large bodies of salt water, contain
salt particles and other constituent parts
of their • source; and fogs which have
their origin in swamps, or in places
where an extensive decomposition of or
ganic substances is going on, are sometimes
surcharged to such an extent with fopeign ad
mixtures ns to betray the' presence ot the latter
by a peculiar, or even fetia, smell. These last,
mentioned fogs especially can have a very in
jurious iuliuehce, and bc'prodnctive of various
diseases,—probably because the same may carry
disease-producing germs, and-thereby constltut e
the means of introducing the latter into the
animal organism. At any rate, the disease-pro
ducing'germs ot swine-plague seem to be able
to be couveved in that way from one placets
another.- Fogs which come from the ocean are
injurious'especially on account of their chilling
effect, and, therefore, a fruitful source of
catarrhal and rheumatic disorders. The only
measure ot prevention that can be applied
against the iutiucnce of a fog consists In keep
ing very susceptible animals in the stable while
the fogey-weather prevails.
Dew may be defined as atmospheric moisture
condensed in shape of drops by cool bodies
upon Uieir exposed surface. It usually consists
of mire and innocuous water, which rises in
shape of steam, or vauor, from the surface of
the earth, while the latter Is warm (during the
day); and is condensed and deposited again
when the surface ot the earth is cooling, and
colder than the atmosphere (during the night
and towards morning). Dew, however, will helm
pure, and possibly injurious to domestic ani
mals, if decomposition of organic substances
is taking place, and esncciaily if infectious mat
ter and disease-producing germs, light and Hue
leuough to .rise into the air, are existing when
the water constituting the dew has evaporated.
In such a case, the process of evaporation not
only causes to ascend into the air the evaporat
ing water, hut with it also such products of de
composition ami such disease-producing germs
(bacteria-germs) as are light and line enough. The
latter descend again with the dew, and are de
nosited npon the grass and herbage, etc., and
also upon the water. If the latter is used for
drinking, ami it the grass and herbage, while
covered'with dew, arc consumed as foil a, those
products of decomposition, and disease-pro
ducing germs, are introduced Into the animal
organism. That such is the case, has been as
certained in the investigation of swine-plague
recently made under the auspices of the De
partment of Agriculture. That in certain lo
calities, and in certain seasons, it is .very dan
gerous to sheep, bnt especially to wool-’shcep,
to be driven out to pasture while the dew is yet
on the grass; and that anthrax-diseases and rot
are a frequent result, are facts well known to
every experienced shepherd.
Blit even a pure dew,—not at all contaminated
with foreign admixtures,—especially If, S-ery
heavy, may become very injurious under cer
tain circumstances. For Instance, if grass
and herbage are of a rank growth, or naturally
very watery, and possess a tendency,,io cause
bloating (tympanitis) If consumed as/ood, that
tendency will bo much greater the grass
and herbage are consumed while wet with
dew. Further, in cold weather, but especially
late in the fail, food covered with dew Is often
productive ot gastric catarrhs, diarrhea,
dysentery, abortion, etc., if consumed early in
the morning, before any other, dry food has
been taken. The prevention, as is obvious,
consists in keeping all those animals likely to
be affected, every morning, ‘ especially in the
fall of the year,—morning-dew and fail-dew are
niorc dangerous than eveniug-dew and snmmar
dew,—in their stables, sheds, pens, or folds,.till
the dew has disappeared from the grass; to
give them some dry food before they are driven
ont, and to drive them in again at sundown, or
soon after. ,
A SAD WOOSH.
Tail, Crawford Co., Ja., —‘ * V etk rjx-atua jt":
I have a colt tbat one year ago was staked out to
grass. lie wound the rope aronndhwjleg, got
down, and cat bis leg to tbe Done. bad
that lhad to have him in slings' for twff' mouths.
It is now twice the natural size ; keeps btiaUng up.
then breaking oat again/ He is a colt. I
should like to be able to'takeaway the swelling
and heal it up. lie ianot lame,- bm fWfr. It is in
the hind bock-joint, no cords being dht. Flcuae
state bowl can reduce.aadheal it, Trib
une. Yours respectfully W. if. lUmeb.
Anmcer. —As the sore is a year itAd, and has
apparently not been treated as it might to, it Is
very difficult to 83 ve you proper advice, nnd ex
tremely doubtful if.you will everntacecd Jo re
ducing the swelling and effecting
healing. . In.tbe first place, you tKftfe to destroy
everything that is morbid, or dclteWut of vitality
(so-called proud flesh), by means of a caustic.—
sulphate of copper, for instance. After timi
has been done, you may dress it with clean cut
ton-batting moistened either witn diluted car
bolic add (1:20 or 30), or with a solution of ih’
mol (thvmol one drachm, alcohol and glycerine
each half an ounce, and water seven to eight
pounds), then apply a bandage, if carbolic add
is used, the dressing and the bandage must be re
newed twice a day; and, it thvmol is preferred
a daily application will be sufiieient. Tbe band’
age should be drawn moderately tight, and the
winding be commenced with at the hoof. 8
CANCEROUS TUMORS is CATTLE.
Answer to L. P, Ij. —Your inquiry was an
swered fully only a few weeks ago. Those ca£
cerous tumors must cither be left alone, be ex
tirpated by means of tbe surgical knife. or ba
destroyed by means of strong caustics. The ex
tirpation, oTthe destruction, must be in all cases
a complete one, otherwise the tumor wilt zr av
again with great rapidity. Varisinsaau.v.
SHOT, WHITE LEAD, Etc.
CHIC
MAXLTACTimERS OF
e 3 - 'Vg|vg
§ 3 '_7~ :=3 ~~ J ~------ CQ
I il^i^MS
ft ijp -^ip^|
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g “
\Vm it> ni wwmiYff v f» mmv
USSs
E.W.BLATCHFORD&CO.,
MAXXiFACTCKEBS OF
LEAD PIPE, SHEET LEAD, BAR 11
PIG LEAS;
BLOCK Til PIPE MD SOLDER.
LIA’SEED OIL ASS OIL CAKE.
PRICES AKD QUALITY" GUARANTEED.
Liquid Cottage Colors,
THE BEST-MIXED PAISTIS THE JUBffit ■-
CMcap fie Mitt,
MANUFACTURERS OF
WHITE IvEAI>, ZIJJC,©IL,
FfilffTY, &c.
COR. GREEN & FULTON-STS,
SCALES.
' *
Simply represents one of the 300
kinds manufactured by the Howe Scale uo.
Each kind of scale warranted to be the Das*
made for tbe purpose intended.
Send tor Catalogne.
BORDEN, SELLECK k GO., Western KW
Cbicaso, St. touis, and Cleveland.
THE
nmEram
A $lO SCALEPORS3.
Just the thing for Family or Office.
' Weighs from ioz! to 125 its.
This little Scale is made with Steel Pearin?? and a V**>g
V.eivm. and will weliiU accurately any i | ’|^ s
i. oz. to ‘Jr, Hh. It It intended to singly- the
mand for a Iloueo Keeper's Sonic, nothing of t Qe \
ever bavin* bean Sold before for leas than from »
§l2. Every Scale Is perfect ami will last
life time. Every family In City. Village, or CojjW
should hare one. It :u-hj a valuable scaic » a *J;£
OiiJee for wetchlnu mall matter, iu well as a coarw
nlenfc Scale for any store. af
Scales sent by espre?a to any npon rfwp *-i
$3. Send for REDUCED PRICE LIST of all gnw 01
< Scales.. CHICAGO SC AMS CO~
i IMiirago* *!ta-
ISOS, STEEL, XmS.Eic.
S, D; KIHBIBK,
IKiJI illLt
CARBIAGE I HEATY
IMlslMHnl
80,82 &84 MicMgan-av.,
CHICAGO.
SIIKCICAt,
~sWAßr~ct' smith,-
• m AStrFACtrr.Er.3 Of
SCRGICiL llTWEffi,
ARTIFICIAL LIMBS,
APPARATUS m MIC v
ForDeforiaitleaor STOCKINET,
T «, (M SjMUnis, ■
, Cratelies, ers ’
Instruments ami Batteries repaired ;
- r ioo uandoi*i*u.st,, cairAun.
\m co„

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