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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, May 03, 1879, Image 16

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16
LITERATURE.
Prof. Cegenbauer’s Work on Com
parative Anatomy.
“ Pleading in Civil Actions ”-A “ Smok
ing Song”—The Zola School.
Literary Items—Art and Science Notes—
Anthropometrical Measurements.
English Historical Medals—Velocity of
Light—The World in Miniature,
GEGENB AUER'S
anatomy.
A French writer has said that “Philosophical
anatomy is a science altogether French.” “Ger
many. it is true, counts among her sayansOken,
Meckel, Spii, Caras, and many others, but the
term science ought not to bo accorded to the
theories so often arbitrarily prooosed by these
distinguished men."
’ilie work of Prof. Gegenbaner la
entitled “Comparative Anatomy,” hut it is
something more than simply a comparison of
the form and structure of the parts of different
organisms with each other, and with those of
man. It ueals also with the fundamental prin
ciples or laws ot development and growth, and
consequently comes within the definition of
philosophical anatomy, as that term is used by
the French authorities. It seeks not ouly to
establish resemblances and differences, but to
determine, as far as possible, the meaning of
those similar or dissimilar parts,—the reasons
fort his differentiation. In the study of this
question the author has conducted 'his experi
ments under the direction ot what Prof.
Lankcster would call a “trained”
and “ healthy use of his speculative faculties.”
Throughout the book,and “without reserve, the
doctrine of Evolution appears as the living.moy-
Jng investment of the dry bones of anatomical
fact.”
As defined by Prof. Gegenbaner, “ The task
ot comparative anatomy is the morphological
explanation of the nlienomcna of form met
with in the ‘ organization of the animal body.”
His philosophy seems to be nearly in accord
wim that of Gcolfroy St, Hilaire, with a recog
nition of facts approximating it to the school
ot Cuvier, and separating it widely from the
methods and reasoning of Scheiling.
His doctrines and methods are positive of ra
tional. Observation is not subordinated to ab
straction. Facts are not held to bethc servants
of ideas. The work is by no means, therefore,
one of speculation. The details are worked oat
with much patience, and their interpretation
based noon what are generally recognized as
scientific laws. The author, does not at tempt to
explain the origin of living forms. He assumes
tl.c ir existence. He defines an organ as a part
which presides over some function, as motion
or sensation. The association of organs con
stitute an organism. He includes under
this term organism certain bodies in
which no organs can be individnall;
separated, and assumes the existence of organs
in them from the mere fact that they arc living.
Of the primal impress, or force, mat gives to
brute mutter the property and pheuomenaof life
he says nothing; hut so soon as change or dif
ferentiation commences lie recognizes the influ
ence of environment. On the one band the im
pacts ot surrounding matter, and on the other
ot work on its own part; or, as Herbert Spencer
would sav, “ The adjustment of internal rela
tion to external relations.” He says, n. 14: “ A
part of the body which was formerly like the
rest, and consequently not different from it, —
tiiatis, wasjinditlcrent,—passes into the condition
of being separate, becomes distinguishable or
different from the rest; and as this differentia
tion is connected with the division of labor.
In as much as it is conditioned by it, it may be
regarded as the product of it,” Whether the
production of the lowest lump of life—the rai
croscooic mass ot protoplasm—is the result ot
such a division of labor among the different
elements of living bodies, he docs not express
an opinion; but, concerning the production of
forms, he savs; “As to free or spontaneous cell
formation, so much at least is certain, that it is
not. as common as was once supposed,” leaving
the reader in doubt whether, in the opinion of
the author, it ever occurs.
The chapter upon “Organs and Organism”
presents the more recent facts ami doctrines
concerning the development of tissues, and the
combination of these into systems, in a close and
systematic manner. An effort is made to deter
mine what may be called the pedigree of the
animal world.
The classification adopted has this end in
view. The earliest forms, or Protozoa, are re
garded as the ancestors of two groups, Vermes
and Cmlcmorata. Vermes arc the progenitors
of moiusca. brachiopoda cchinodermata arthro
pods, and a stem from which spring the tuni
cate and vertebrate. The highest vertebrates
are, therefore, the descendants of the lowest
forms of life, or plastids, microscopic masses
of living matter. This statement of the rela
tionship of man with worms closes the general
part of the work. The special part is divided into
sections devoted to the consideration in detail
of the comparative structure of these genera
tions of life.
The section devotedio the vertebrates is the
most complete, as to the general student It is
the most important. In this group the author
finds a heritage derived from ancestral forms.
To these transmitted qualities, in the slow
progress of ages there are being' added on the
one hand new adaptations and differentiations,
and on the other old forms -and
Uses are being put aside, or rather
suppressed,—laid away as useless lumber;
but occasionally, like old furniture, tempo*
rarily brought out to make, as it were, the
changing tastes and fashions of the times.
The life-history of the animal kingdom Is like
that ot an individual,—progress from the low,
weak, and simple form and function to the
higii, strong, and complex.
Tiic final outcome is something at which the
author does not even hint,—whether the whole
animal world is to go on everlastingly strug
gling upward or finally to reach, as does the
individual, the limit of its possibilities, and
t hen to enter upon a process of gradual death.
This problem, like that of origin of life, he
leaves to more specalative minds, of which, for
turatcly, the world is sufficiently full.
The translation is into good English,—a state
ment which cannot be predicated of the En
glish dress ot many scientific works from the
German. The preface, nv Prof. Lankester.
contains a few criticisms and notes that add to
its value. The illustrations and the mechanical
execution of the work are good.
Elements of Comparative Anatomy. By Carl
Gcgenliauer, Professor of Anatomy and Director
ot the Anatomical Institute at Heidelberg
Translated by Jeffrey Bell, B. A.,Magdalen Col
lege, Oxford.
The translation revised and a preface written
by E. Ray Lankester, M. A., F. R. S., Fellow of
Exeter College, Oxford, and Professor of Zoolo
gy and Comparative Anatomy in University Col
lege, London. London: Macmillan & Co." IS7S.
Price, ST. H. A. J.
SPECTALi PLEADING.
The mastery of the science ana art of special
pleading is the most difficult task a lawyer has
to undertake in the study of his chosen protest
sioa; and its absurdities afford the most con
spicuous butt for ridicule to those who wish to
carp at tile law’s delays. Many of the Gordian
knots of its inconsistencies have been ruthlessly
cut by iconoclastic .Legislatures; but the hetero
geneous system thus formed by the forced
union of common law and legislative acts is
mure difficult to comprehend than even the old
method, arbitrary and fanciful as it often was.
The transition state in any art or science is the
most difficult to be understood, because it is so
lluctuatiug. To fully understand the pres
ent mixed system of pleading in this
State, it is as necessary to read Chitty
or Stcnhens as though every rule in those
books was in force. Few lawyers think so; but
the result is, that they work like children, just
as they are told, dependent on the statutes or
reports for every form. Fifty years ago, when
reiorm la pleadings was scarcely more than
talked about, wnen the old common law was
looked onas the fount of human wisdom. Dr.
P' an ?. Published a little work entitled
Pleading in Livii Actions,” in which lie under
took to explain and Illustrate the growth and
reason of special pleading. Judging by the
present time, be was very conservative; but,
considering him In reference to the time in which
he wrote, tie was quite “advanced ” in his opin
ions. His treatise might perhaps well be called
tin; philosophy of special pleading, for he con
siders it rather as an exposition of the sub
ject than for the purpose of formally
laying down rules. But, taken in cither
■wav, it is an excellent work, which should be
read by every young lawyer or law-student be
fore beginning the more abstruse workof Chitty.
More than this, it "is interesting to the general
reader in a historical light. Nearly, if not quite,
all the reforms advocated by the author have
Dceu brought about: many that be never
dreamed of have been accomplished; but the
book is still very valuable as an introduction to
the subject of which it treats, anil will do more
to cave a comprehensive view of this difficult
branch of jurisprudence than manv larger works.
It will also help to the understanding of the
present Jiybrid system of practice in this State,
where the attempt is matting to practice under a
code without having a code.
This work of Dr. Evans has lust been re
printed in excellent style, with some improve
ments in the way of notes and divisions into
chanters, and- can now be had without dif
ficult!', it bavins: been out of print 'far years.
(I'ieadimr in Civil Actions. By Hugh Davey
Evans, LL. D. Second edition. By William
Miller, of the Chicago Bar. Chicago: E. B.
Myers, am. Svo., law sheep, pp. 323. Price, $3.)
. Graduates of the principal American colleges,
student-days have fallen within the last
quarter of a century, will recall one of the
songs they used to sing, entitled “ The Smok
ing Song,” which begins:
floating away. like die fountain’s spray,
Or the snow-white plume of a niaioeu,
The smoke-wreaths rise to the star-lit skiei
With blissful fragrance laden.
And of which the refrain is:
Then smoke away till a golden ray
fights np the dawn of the morrow;
for a cheerful cigar like a shield will bar
The blows ot care and sorrow.
COMPARATIVE
This song is perhaps the most striking poem
In English literature which the theme of tobac
co has inspired; and it is, at the same time,
almost the one lyric, remarkable from a literary
point of view, which American student life has
produced. Its author is Mr. Francis M. Finch,
of the Tale class of 1849, who, as Is the case In
many other notable instances' which might be
cited, has subordinated his literary tastes to de
votion to his profession. A well-known mem
ber of the Bar in Western New York, he has,
however, not completely abandoned his worship
of the Muses for that ot Themis, as two lyrics
of wide popularity—“ The Blue and the Gray ”
and “Nathan Hale’’—abundantly evince.
“The Smoking Song" was an almost im
promptu effort. During one of his last years
at Yale, it chanced that the members of his
college society—the Psl Upsilon—were sitting
in their chapter-room, after the close ot one
of their meetings, engaged in smoking, chat
ting, and singing student-songs. 1n an interval
of comparative silence a member suddenly re
marked, “We’ve lots of drinking-songs,—why
don’t somebody write a smoking-song?” Mr.
Finch, whose facility at versification has always
been remarkable, at once withdrew into a quiet
corner, and in a tew minutes produced the first
three verses of “The Smoking Song,” written
to the melody of what was then a great favor
ite, Charles Fenno Hoffman’s “ Sparkling and
Bright.” These were af once sung with im
mense delight. The next morning these stanzas
were revised and the four remaining ones writ
ten. The subsequent history of the song is
equally notable, it baa been published both in
Englishand California journals, ascribed, in the
former case to a well-known English writer, and
in the latter to a Pacific Dard of less
fame. In both cases, graduates of Yale,,
residing in the two regions named, at once com
municated to the public journals the necessary
correction, giving the name of the real author.
Some years ago, a new air of great merit, and
far better adapted to the words than “Spark
ling and Bright.” originated at the University of
Virginia, and to this melody it is now generally
sung. It early ceased to bo the peculiar profit
erty o£ the society for which it was written, and
became the common possession of the whole
student world. In our colleges it is still the most
popular and the most universally heard of the
better class ot undergraduate songs; and trill
probably always maintain its place as a favorite.
Mr. Finch has produced several other class, anni
versary, and society lyrics familiar to the ears ot
Yale men. He has just, written another, enti
tled “The Old Men’s Song,” which is the annual
convention song for this year of the Psi Unsdon
Fraternity, and which will be first sung at its
convention in New Haven next month, at which
the author Is to he presen t. •
The literature which “L’Assommoir" is the
tyne. Is making such progress in France that I
loresee the day when “LaFille aux Yeuxd'Or,"
of Balzac, “Mademoiselle.de Maupan," “Mad
ame Bovary," and Giraud ma
Femme,” will be ‘given as prizes at con
vent schools for girls. For a long time
the “Fille Elisa," of M. De Goncourt
has been surpassed by two or three
works of Mme, Quivogue, who uses the signa
ture of Mure de Montlfaud, and. by “ Madame
Becart,” which itself is tame in comparison with
a new masterpiece of the same kind, “Les
Scßors Vatard." J 1 remains to be seen whether
the Sceurs Yatard are more chaste and ideal
than “ Madmc Andre," the novel of 31. Jean
Riehepin. Some eccentric Englishmen will, per
haps, have the " curiosity to collect all these
abominations; but I warn them that these tales
resemble French novels as closely as the Cham
ber of Horrors of Mme. Tnssaud does the treas
ures of the British Museum.
Still it is true that people buy, as they go
along, this horrid stuff, and that, thanks to its
financial success, disciples throng to the school
of M. Zola. This master, as they call him,
metes out praise and advice to his imitators,
after having vilified in a Russian journal all his
contemporaries who permit themselves to think
and write; and extols “Madame Becart” in a
letter of forty-three lines, which the publisher
prints at the beginning of the book, and which
he advertises on the cover. It is in the name of
"i lotre maitre a tout, le grand Balzac" that M.
W. Zola distributes his mixes. The fact is that
he descends from Balzac as i'rcron from the
Abbe Desfontaines; but betakes the relation
ship seriously, and it is a pleasure to listen to his
oracles, Hedlsensses like agourmet all theimpro
prieties of the epoch, dwells upon the evil smells
and smiles paternally on the heaps of dirty linen
as if they were family treasures. Nothing is
more curious than this attitude of a professional
rag-picker and a dilettante frequenter of the
sewers. The illustrious author of the “Sym
phonic dcs Frontages” has cultivated all his
senses to such a pitch that a. false note that
would have escaped the Malade Imaglnaire
would be at once detected by bis subtle organi
zation.
When I tell you that such a nachvderm is
founding a school do not suppose 1 am joking.
Last summer a charming young man, highly
educated, distinguished, "who had just won a
prize offered by the Academy, came to the office
of the J)ix-jicuvietne Siecie to oiler me a novel
in the style of “ L’Assommoir.” It was a long
story, full of details that showed knowledge,
about a maitre d'etudes in the Quartier Latin, who
began by drinking beer, went on to brandv, and
then to absinthe, and tyasted the bones
of bis skull to such an extent that
when resting his trembling hands on his head
be shoved his lingers into his brain. Ah,
French fiction lias advanced since the days of
“Telemaque ”! The hero of the last novel that
M. Zoia has blessed with his pontifical hands is
also a maitre d'etudes , or as the phrase is, apian.
He is ugly, he is vulgar, he is red-haired, he
dresses like an ape, and is as stupid as a goose.
Wniic dangling after a servant-girl he manages
to inspire an unbridled passion in the mistress
of the house, a happy woman loved bv a
millionaire poet. This mad woman—how "can
she be called anything else?—thinks to seduce
him by leaving him 200,000 francs, but the mo
ment the will is signed and sealed be shuts up
Madame Becart in a Gothic mouse-trap and
leaves her there to die ot starvation. He is him
self killed by a game-keeper, and the unfor
tunate poet dies ot sorrow without knowing
why, simply to give the final touch to this plot,
as new as it is probable. Such is the stuff that
delights our portieres, and perhaps some of our
bourgeoises, in the year of delicate tastes, 1879.
Now or never should a pyramid, 500 feet high,
be rated in honor of the modest, amiable, and
truthful Paul de Kock. ■
A new series of “ Bab Ballads " by Mr. Gll-
Is under way.
Milton received $25 for “ Paradise Lost,” and
Dr. Holland received $12,000 for “Bitter
Sweet.”
Gustav Freytag. author of “Debit and
Credit,” etc., has lately made his housekeeper
Mrs. G. F.
A writer In a Southern periodical calls Uncle
Tom “ that preposterous old darkey,” and Mrs.
Stowe “the American Mrs. Jeilyby.”
Prince Mettcrnlch’s autobiography is the only
important announcement of the London pub
lisners. it will not be ready before October.
Mrs. H. W. Beecher has put her impressions
of Florida and us capabilities into a small vol
ume called “Letters fiom Florida,” which Is
published by the Appletons.
The eighth volume of Proffott’s “American
Decisions” is just received, with its excellent
selection of decisions of seven States, embrac
ing the years 1817 to 1820, Inclusive.
Mr. Fronde gives the following description of
the way lie came to begin writing English his-'
tory: “1 found myself obliged to 'settle to
some definite occupation. 1 would have gladly
gone to the Bar,"or studied medicine, or gone
into business. But, as the lawtben stood, these
roads were closed to me. 1 did not wish, I
could not afford to be idle; and though I knew
•‘THE SMOKING SONG.”
Hartford Curani.'
THE ZOLA SCHOOL.
Edmund A.hnitt in London Albrnorum.
LITERARY NOTES.
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SATURDAY MAY 3, 1879-SIXTEEN PAGES.
that X had but the most moderate capacity for
it, literature was the only alternative left open
to me.”
The printing press which Napoleon carried
with him to Moscow, ami which fell Into the
h:imls of the Russians during his retreat, Is now
at St. Petersburg:, ami the owner offers to sell
it for 1,000 roubles ($730).
A uniform edition of Voltaire’s works is now
publishing iu Paris, of which the twenty-third
volume is just out. The seventh and last vol
ume of a uniform and complete “Montes
quieu” is also announced.
Mr. Flanehe, the dramatist, now upward.of 80
Tears of age. is still under the necessity of
laboring at nis desk, and the proposition has
been made to publish for bis benefit a hand
some edition of his extravaganzas in five vol
umes. -
A Turkish Commission on the alphabet has
recommended the use of Roman letters for staff
military maps,'because they allow more names
in the same space than the Arabic character.
This is regarded as a step towards Romanizing
the Turkish language.
There seems some prospect of the catalogue
of printed books in the British Museum library
being published at last, if orders., for 1,000
copies from the libraries ot the world are re
ceived. A specimen page has been prepared.
It may be printed at a cost as low as $4 a vol
ume loolscap folio of 1,000 pages. The cata
logue would include English orbited books from
1450 to 187 S, representing about 1,250,000 vol
umes, and comprising between 3,000,000 and
3,000,000 of entries,—i. c., main titles and cross
references. The work would require about
forty-five volumes.
At the recent Tennyson sale in London, “The
Lover’s Tale,” the chief curiosity of the collec
tion, brought $205. It is a single naem of
sixty pages, 12mo size, and was privately print
ed in 1533. Of the “ Poems by Two Brothers ”
there were five copies. The small paper one
was sold for $19.25; the large paper one, which
was a presentation copy from Charles Tennyson,
for SSO, and the other Targe naper ones for $45
and $41.25, respectively. “ Poems, Chiefly Lyr
ical,” by Alfred Tennyson (1830), being the first
edition in which the poet’s name appeared,
fetched $42.50. A copy of the first edition of
“Maud” went for $(i.75, one of “In Memo
riam” for $20.23, and one of the “Idylls of a
King”for $7.75,
At the celebration of the twenty-fifth anni
versary ot the establishment in New York of the
American branch ot the publishing-house of
George Kentledge & Sons, a few evenings since,
the company sang after a toast complimentary
to the manager:'
For he isaßontlcdgeman;
For be himself has said it.
And it’s greatly to his credit
That he is a Houtledgeman,
That nc is a Rouclcdgcmau;
For be might have been a Htrptr,
A Scribner or a Carter,
Or perhans an Applc-/cn,
Or perhaps an Apple-fan.
But, in spite of all temptations
To sell out pnbhcations,
He remains a Rmitlc-dgeman,
Be remains a Koutlcdgeraan.
M. Zola, prolific and successful writer that be
is, seems to be nothing if not critical. Few of
his brother novelists have escaped t he judgment
of his pen, whether of high or low degree, and
now he ventures to qssail the patriarchal Hugo
in several articles contributed to the Voltaire,
Those who hold up M. Hugo as a universal ge
nius are, he says, his worst enemies, and, in
spite of “Les Miserables,” M. Zola affirms that
the day will come when its antuor will be re
membered only as a poet. He is the most mar
velous handier of words and rhythms the
French have ever had, Put even as a poet he is
declared to be In full decline. He is a rare and
splendid plant, now fully ripe and In the hjjght
of his greatness, but “he is so great that he is
failing to pieces, so ripe that bis verses fall to
the ground like fruit in autumn.” M. Zola
knows workmen who reduce their expenses for
tobacco in order to buy Hugo’s books—not to
read Diem, but to bind and keep them as part of
the furniture of the best room in their homea.
Fronde's “Caesar,”‘now in press at Charles
Scribner's Sons' lor publication near the middle
o£ May, will make a crown Bvo. of several hun
dred paces. Mr. Froude calls It “A Sketch,"
and explains in a preface that he does this be
cause the materials do not exist lor a portrait
which shall be at once authentic and complete,"
At the end of the final chapter he remarks that
Caesar “fought, his battles to establish some
tolerable degree of justice in the Government of
this world," and that he succeeded, “though he
was murdered for .doing strange and
startling resemblance," he continues “ between
the fate of the Founder of the Kingdom of this
world and of the Founder of the Kingdom not
of this world, for which the first was aprepara
tiou. Each was denounced for making himself
a King; each was malicned os the friend of pub
licans and sinners; each was betrayed bv tuose
whom he had loved and cared for; each was put
to death; and Caesar also was believed to b&vc
risen again’uud ascended into Heaven and be
came a divine being." The Standard, ot/Lon
don, declares the work to be*“bv far the best
account of Julius Ciosar to be found in the En
glish language." Froude’s estimate of Caesar
is, it thinks, in the main correct, while do writer
has probably better understood and depicted the
characters of Marius and Sylla.
ART NOTES.
The Due d’Aumaio has bought for a sum,
said to be over 630,000 francs, the collection of
forty paintings of M. F. Reisct, Honorary Di
rector of National Museums, wnich is celebrated
throughout Europe, and was to have been sold
at the Hotel Drouot on Monday last. It will be
placed at Chantilly in a special gallery, and will
form a notable feature among the collections
already at that princely residence.
The ancient Romans paid what were then fab
ulous prices lor Greek pictures. Lucullus
bought a copy of the celebrated “ Spinner ” for
$2,080; Hortensius paid $5.423f0r “The Argo
nauts” of Cydias; Ciesar naid $83,466 for an
“ Ajax Contesting for the Armor of Achilles ”
and a “ Medea,” by Timonaque, to ornament
the Temple of Venns Genetrix; and Agrippa
$41,820 for an “ Ajax ” and a “ Venus.” '
A creditor seized, the other day, in Paris, In
satisfaction of a judgment against an artist, a
picture which the latter was painting for the
Salon. Tlie Civil Tribunal of the Seine decided
the seizure to be illegal, as. though the work
was in process of execution, it was an incom
plete and not definite manifestation of the
thought of the author, similar to an unpublish
ed manuscript; was nut a merchantable thing,
and could only become so by the will of its au
thor.
Mnncacsy’s “ Milton ” Is now on exhibition in
Berlin. At Pestb his countrymen welcomed it
with great enthusiasm, amt the municipal au
thorities offered the painter a public reception,
which he. however, aid not accept. After ex
hibiting during Mav and June in London the
painting will be sent to New York, to take its
destined place among the collection at the
Lenox Library. Courtry has made a large etch
ing ot the canvas, which will be shortly publish
ed. Muncacsv has received from the Emperor
of Austria the Order of the Iron Crown.
SPARKS OP SCIENCE.
ANTHKOPOMETRICAL MEASURE-
MENXS.
London Timet, April 15.
The department of Anthropometry, of so
much importance to the science of anthropol
ogy, has recently been carried to groat perfec
tion, and its method extensively applied. Some
very curious and very interesting results have
thus been obtained; some of the most interest
ing of these have been recently published by
Dr. A. Weisbach, Chief Physician to the Austro-
Hungarian Hospital in Constantinople, who, Dr.
von Scherzer tells us, has probably taken more
measurements of living men than any other an
thropologist. Dr. IVeisbach’s measurements
relcr to nineteen different peoples and more
than 200 individuals from the most various
parts of the earth. The most Interesting of
these measurements refer to the pulse, the
length of the body, the circumference of the
head, the bight and length of the nose, as well
.as the comparison and length of the arm and
bones with each other. Thus, for example, the
number of pulse-beats per minute varies within
wide limits: the Congo Negroes (62), and next
to them the Hottentots and Rumanians (01),
have the slowest pulses. Then follow the
Zinganl (69), Magyars and Caffres (TO), North
Sclaves (72) and Siamese (74), Soudanese and
Sandwich Islanders (78), Jews, Javanese, and
liugis (77), Amboinese and Japanese (78), and
lately the Chinese (79). The quickest pulses be
long to the Tagals (SO), the Madurese anil Nibo
bars (81). As to hieht, the smallest among the
peoples measured are the Hottentots (1,286 mill
metres); this is far behind any other people, as
the next, the Tagals, are 1,582. Then follow
the Japanese (1,569), the Amboinese (1,594),.
Jews (1,599). Zingani (1,609), Australians (1,617),
iV -' ,a(l urese (1,628), South Chinese
0,646), Javanese (1.657), Magyars
Chh^s,?n‘r S - ( , I ’“ty ,?° rUI Slaves (1,671). North
Wi*” o )- and Congo negroes (1,076). The
ea i nre . ments > however,, are found
JSSS*.iSnt Sa P d > T J' ch Islanders and Kanaks
UoVrL ““hpcU'fs), Caffres a,753), and the
Maoris of New Zealand (1,757). To compare
these with the stature hi European
pies, we. find that that of the Eu
j glish and Irish is 1,690 millimetres; the Scotch,
1,708; Sweaes, 1,700; Norwegians, 1,728; Danes,
1,055; Germans, 1,080; French, 1,607; Italians,
lyOOS; and, lastlv, Spaniards and Portuguese,
1.658. The greatest circumference of the head
is found among the Patagonians (014 millime
tres) smd Maoris (000). Following these are the
Caffres (575), Nikobars (567), North Sclaves
(554),C0ng0 Negroes, youth Chinese, and Kanaka
(553), Tagals, Sundanesc, and Rumanians (552),
Japanese (550), Bugis and Jews (545), Amboinese
(544), Javanese (542). Hottentots (540), and,
lastly, the Zinganis- and Siamese (529).
Stature and circumference of head Gen
erally stand to each other in opposite rela
tions: although there are exceptions, as in the
ease of the Siamese with small siatureand small
head, and the Patagonians with great hicht
ami large head. The breadth of the root of the
nose is found greatest among the Patagonians
(41 millimetres), less among the Congo Negroes
(S6j, Australians; Maoris, and South Chinese
(35), Sundanesc, Amboinese, Bugis, Nikonars,
Tangals, and Kanaks (34). North Chinese, Caf
fres, North Sclaves, Rumanians, Magyars, and
Zinganis (33), Jews, Japanese, Siamese, Java
nese, and Hottentots (32.) The Jews and Pata
gonians excel in length of nose (71 millimetres).
Following these arc the Kanaks (54), Ruma
nians (53), North Sclaves and Maoris (52), Tagals
(51). Japanese and North Chinese (50), Siamese,
Magyars, Zingani, Madurese (49), Amboinese
(48), Nikobars (47), Javanese, South
Chinese, Caffres (46), Hottentots (44), Congo
Negroes (42), Bugis (41), and Australians (30).
The breadth of the nostril gives quite another
arrangement. Here we find the Australians
excel! (53 millimetres); then come Congo
Negroes (48), Caffres and Patagonians (44),
Tagals (42). Nikobars (41), Hotten
tots and Soudanese (40), Malav races (39), South
Chinese (37), North Chinese (36), Japanese, North
Sclaves, Rumanians, Zingani (35), Magyars and
Jews (34). With regard to the bust, it is found
that the North American Indians and the Poly
nesians cxcell all others in size. Next to them
come the North, Middle, and East Europeans,
after them come the West Europeans, Negroes,
and alter them the South Europeans, who are
followed by the East Asiatics and Malays.
Among European peoples, in respect of race, we
find the narrowest chests among the Semites,
followed in order bv Romance, Celts, Fins,
Zingani, Germans, and Sclaves. Interesting
results are obtained by comparison ot the length
of arm and * the leg-bones. Among East
Europeans the leg-bones throughout arc longer
than the arm; among Australians, Polynesians,
and especially East Asiatics and the £atagoni-‘
ans, the leg-bones arc shorter .than the arm;
among Africans only the Congo Negroes have
the icg-boucs longer than the arm.
ENGLISH HISTORICAL MEDALS.
London Times, Aarll 14.
The numismatic treasures preserved in the
British Museum will bear comparison with
those o£ any other in the world. Starling with
tlie handsome nucleus formed’by by the cabinets
of itsplouncler, Sir Hans Sloan, and Sir Robert
Cotton, it has been enriched from time to time
by many valuable purchases and gifts, especially
by the bequests of the Rev. C. M. Cracherode,
i Mr. R. P. Knight, Miss Banks, and others, the
■ Marsden donation, George IV.’s presentation of
i his father’s library and its contents to the coun
i try, and by the annual .parliamentary grants,
until its money value is now estimated at more
than £3,000,000. No wonder that the medal
, room of the British Museum, in which are
hoarded, besides medals properly so-called, —
f. c., metal memorials struck, not for purposes
of commerce, but solely in commemoration of
historical personages and events, —coins, an
cient and modern, home and foreign,
many of them of ' extreme rarity, 'and
some even unique, has always been, and still
is, guarded with hardly less jealousy than
tiie bullion cellars of the Bank of England or
the Mint. To the public at large ibis interest
ing and instructive department of our national
collection has long been a" scaled book, no visit
ors being admitted within the mysterious pre
cincts of the medal-room without soecial per
mission. Numismatic students, however, find
no dilliculty in obtaining this, whether natives
of the British Empire or’fdrelguers. Once prop
erly introduced, all who require to examine the
cabinets can, of course, reckon upon receivingthe
most courteous attentionaudmost etlicienthelp
in their learned researches from the keeper of
the coins and medals, Mr. R. S. Poole, or, in his
absence, from his assistants. This distinction
there is no intention of tweaking down. But al
though the general public will not be ad
mitted to the medal-room; the crowds who
flock at this holiday Season to the museum
will find as they enter the'' King’s Library four
class cases on the left-haha side filled with an
-invaluablcselection of medfllsillustratiugthc last
four centuries of our ‘national history. This
first step in the popularization of our numis
matic collections is not. thedcast interesting and
hopeful of the valuable "reforms for which the
nation has to thank the new principal Librarian
and Secretary to the Trustees, Mr. Edward Au
gustus Bond. That this’step is to be followed
by others in the same direction will be* seen bv a
glance at the cases on the right side, where a
beginning has been made of a similar Italian se
ries of medals. Higher than 400 years ago the
•‘Medqllie History of England” floes not as
cend, as ,Jhe learned John Pinkerton observed
in bis work thus entitled, which was published
in 1802. His series docs not reach beyond the
Revolution, whereas the last of the 500 or so
shown in the King’s Library commemorate our
Crimean and even later victories. The
earliest medal commemorating an English
man, although it was produced in Italy,
is one bearing, besides the Cross ■of St.
John, the name, arms, and bustof John Kendal,
Knight of St. Jobu of Jerusalem, and Grand
Prior of the Order in England, in the reign of
Edward IV. He was Turcopcllier of Rodes, an
ofllce said to answer to that of General of In
fantry, which was annexed to that of Grand
I Prior of England, and was ordinarily held by
Englishmen. The medal, which Is cast, not
struck, in copper, is tinted “in the time of the
siege by the Turks, 1450.” This is the ever
memorable siege which began on the 23d of
May in that year and ended on the 19th of
August, when ‘the Knights of Rhodes, under
their Grand Master, Pierre.d’Aubnsson, who re
ceived five wounds, repulsed, after the total dis
mantling of the fortifications by the Turkish
artillery, the Christian ■ renegado, Misach
Palaiologus Pasha, with his fleet of 169
ships and a land army of 100,000, ot
whom 9,000 were slaughtered, and 15,000 carried
off wounded by the baffled Moslems. The next
reign illustrated in the Museum series is that of
Henry VHL. of whom there arc several medals,
one in copper gilt giving a fine medallion por
trait after Holbein. Another, in gold, here
represented by an electrotype, as in all similar
instances, commemorates the King’s assertion
of his supremacy in the Church. It bears date
in 1513. A medal of Anne Bolcyn is In lead.
Then follow medals of Thomas Cromwell, Earl
of Essex, dated 1538, two years before his ex
ecution; the Chancellor, Sir Thomas More;
Sir Michael Mercator, Chancellor of the Duchy
of Cloves, dated in the 4Sth year of his age.
This last is in silver, and is very naturally con
jectured to have Dcen struck in Holland.' This
will give an Idea of the general arrangement.
First come medals of the Sovereign; then those
commemorating the great events of the reign;
lastly, its courtiers, statesmen, and Generals.
From Henry VIII. downward thereis no further
hiatus in tlic reigns.
THE VELOCITY'' OF LIGHT.
Seta York Times .
I would seem that the scientific world ot
America is destined to be adorned with a new
and brilliant name. Ensign A. A. Michcison, a
graduate o£ the Annapolis Naval Academy, and
not yet 27 years of age, has distinguished him
self by studies in the science of optics which
promise the discovery of a method for measur
ing the velocity of light with almost as much
accuracy as the velocity of an ordinary pro
jectile. The two methods now used for this
purpose give a difference in the rate of move
myut ot light of about 1,000 miles per second.
Ensign Michelson believes that be pan, over a
space of 1,500 feet, so exactly measure the rate
of movement as to reduce the possible error to
.twenty miles in the second. Some time ago
be made an address before a scientific body
on the subject of “Light,” which attracted
ranch attention, and won him the warm encour
agement in the pursuit ot his studies of Prof.
Newcomb, the astronomer, and a number of
other eminent scientific gentlemen at home and
abroad. In that address he mentioned the ex- ■
perimcnts he had made toward measuring the
velocity of light, and so strongly interested were
his bearers, that some who bad the ear of the
Goveenment besought Congress to grant an ap
propriation ot $20,000 for the purpose of ena
bling the young naval officer to continue his ex
periments on a larger and more elaborate scale
than be had been able to do, having to defray
the expense out of his own slender pay. Unner
orders from the Navy Department, Ensign
Michcison has erected, or is erecting, the appa
ratus necessary to determine his theory practic
ally, and in two or three weeks the observations
will be commenced. But this could not have
been were it not for the generosity of
Mr. Albert G. JEfeminway, of this city—
i retired banker and broker— who,
through a relative, became acquainted with
young Michelson. The money irom the Gov
ernment could not be had, or at any rate was
not available, and Mr. Hcminway generously
placed bis ample means at the disposal of the
young savant, giving him carle blanche for his
expenses in connection with the experiments.
This action on Mr. Heminway’s part could only
have been dictated by pure love o£ science. lor
it dhes not appear how any pecuniary train is to
follow from ascertainingthe velocity of light.
Wry many of the leading scientific men of the
country have visited the'Naval Academy to in
spect the apparatus which Ensign Michelson is
erecting, and they are warm in their praises of
the genius of the inventor. It appears that the
young man was specially distinguished as a stu
dent by his genius for mathematics, besides be
ing an excellent general student. The Professor
of Mathematics at the Academy declared that
his pupil was capable of writing a hew calculus.
Mr. Huminway is enthusiastic in his praise of
bis protege, and predicts great things of him in
the future.
THE "WORLD IN MINIATURE.
iVeio Y»rk Tribune.
Mr. Grube, a maker of wax images In this
city, has constructed what is claimed to be the
largest globe of the world, showing the ranges
of mountains and other peculiarities of the sur
face of the earth in relief, now in existence.
Its diameter is lour feet and about one inch,
the scale being one in 10,000,000. The range of
even the Himalayas would not be visible upon
this globe If the same scale were adopted for
the elevations as, for the map, and accordingly
the relief is made upon a scale which exag
gerates bights twenty times. The oceaus, seas,
and rivers are colored blue; the con
tinents are yellow; the glaciers, ice
bergs, and floating cakes of ice white.
Plains and mountain ranges are clearly
shown, and every part of the world .is exhibited
iu its true character. Ked, black, and white
lines cross the globe to indicate the isothermal
belts, tlie variations of the magnetic needle,
the date line where ships correct their logs by
skipping from Saturday' to Monday, and vice
Versa, and other facts of like character. The
map has been corrected in the light of the latest
discoveries idown to two months ago. The
northern coast of Siberia has been much altered
in the atlases by the Nordcuskeldt exnedition,
the ships sailing in deep water over places
marked as 500 miles inland, ami being compell
ed logo hundreds of miles around promontories,
etc., which are occupied on the maps by bodies
of water. The globe is made of wood. The re
lief is formed by wax. .Mr. Grube has been two
years in perfecting his globe, anil Chiuf-.iustice
Daly and other geographers have lately been
giving attention to it.
SCIENCE NOTES.
Dr. Palli, a distinguished Italian savant, ad
vances the novel doctrine that the human organ
ism undergoes In the course of-Its existence a
slow oxidation, on the completion of which
death ensues. This operation should take (ac
cidents executed) about 100 years. To counter
act this devitalizing action he recommends that
a few grains of a sulphate be taken every morn
ing.
Dr. Roosa, fn a lecture on the ear, said that
no small amount of trouble in the car was
caused by too irequent syringing and boring out
with a twisted towel or handkerchief, not to
mention hair-pins, bodkins, aud other metallic
instruments. In bis opinion, one should never
put any thing in the car smaller than the little
liugpr, although one writer has said, Put in
nothing smaller than the eioow. The avoidance
of many ear-troubles was .to be assured by
taking care not to duck the head in cold water,
or to syringe tnc deeper part without the order
of a physician, or introduce any body which can
ppsli the wax lower down in the drum.
Two millions of eucalyptus trees have been
planted in Algeria. The French Government
ms granted a subvention to a company for the
planting of a yet larger number. In Corsica
more than 1,000,000 trees have been planted. In
Cyprus 30,000 have already been planted by the
British authorities in the fever-infested locali-
ties. The Italian Government is planting a
forest of these miasma-absorbing trees on the
Camuagna, in the vicinity of Rome. Prince
Troubetkoy tliinks the Encalytus amygdalina is
the most useful variety of the tree. It is very
picturesque ami of remarkably rapid growth".
Plants grow in pots, ami replanted at the age of
0 months have attained in eight years a bight
of seventeen metres. Its leaves contain six
limes as much volatile oil as those of the
Eucalyptus globulus. It grows as well in a
dainp.as in a dry and exposed soil. ' It bears cold
very well, having resisted a temperature of 21
degrees labrenbeit in a villa near Rome.
' The Elmira (N. T.) Advertiser favors its readers
with an account of a circumstance which hap
pened at that place to a child alllicted with diph
theria: “In looking into the child’s throat the
mother saw a moving raierbeoens, which sue re
moved, with others. The largest was one-fourth
of an inch long, covered with hair, and with a
head something like a caterpillar, tapering body,
long and hairy. It was easily seen with the
naked eve.” “Dr. J. M. Flood Is considerably
interested in this mammoth Bacteria.” “They
were vegetable parasites, and get from the
throat to the blooa, heart, and other organs.”
It is difficult to surmise for what purpose this
story was invented, extent as a test of credulity.
Those really acquainted with the form of bac
teria must read it with the same astonishment
they would exhihit if told that a shad bad been
captured forty feet In length, having the head
of a monkey and the wings of an eagle. The as
sertion, also, that sometbiog one-fourth of an
inch in length can he seen with the naked eve
snows the fellow was a wag .—Cincinnati in
quirer.
TELEGRAPHY.
A Xew Company—Ten Millions of Capital
Subscribed—Officers ami Incorporators of
the Company—A Western-Union View of
tho Scheme.
Sew Turk Tribune. April 30.
The articles of incorporation of the Union
Telegraph Company were filed yesterday in the
County Clerk’s office, and at the same time in
the office of the Secretary of State, at Albany.
The Company is organized with a capital of
$10,000,1*00, in shares of SIOO. The corporators
named are Jay Gould, of New York, whose sub
scription is lor 50,000'shares; David H. Bates,
of New York, and Charles A. Tinker, of Balti
more, Jld., whose subscriptions are for 25,000
shares each. By the terms of incorporation the
Company is authorized to run lines through all
the States and many of the Territories.
This enterprise is understood to be part of a
vast scheme that may extend from the Atlantic
to the Pacific Coast. The nucleus ini this State
is the Central Union Telegraph Company, which
began operations about six months ago. The
charter of this Company has been bought re
cently by the organizers of the present Com
psny. Work has been begun, not only in this
Put in other States, and the line from Boston to
Baltimore is under contract.
The Central Union Company has a line com
pleted through this city to High Bridge, and is
n actual operation from Syracuse to Oswego.
Beginning in this city at the Produce Exchange,
the line runs through William and Mulberry
streets to Bleecker street, and through the
latter across the city to Seventh avenue.
Passing through Seventh avenue to Broad
way, it extends through Ninth avenue to
McComb’s Dam Bridge, and thence through
Westchester County. From its beglnnin"
to the river the poles have been set and the
wires run. This part of the line was completed
several months ago. From this city the poles
ImVe been distributed along the route to Albany,
and are in position ns far as Schenectady. The
line extends from Albany to Buffalo, at which
point connection will bo made with the West.
The line of of the new Company wili
be in operation to Chicago, by two independ
ent routes, within three months. One
of these routes will be by the wav of
the Albany and Buffalo line, connecting at Buf
falo with the Canada line. The other will pe
by the wav of Baltimore and the- present line of
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. In order to
complete the proposed connections, it is neces
sary for the new Company to build lines to Bal
timore and Oswego, and 'from Chicago to De
troit. The line from Boston to this city and
from here to Baltimore is already under con
struction, and will be completed, it is expected,
within about ninety days. Work was begun a
week ago ’on the lines cast and south of this
citv.
The further extension of the line is under
stood to depend upon the co-operation of the
lines non owned and operated by railroad com
panies. , A bill to enable railroad companies to
do a general telegraph business was introduced
in the last Congress by Senator Jones, ot Flori
da. By.the Butler amendment the bill, in effect,
became attached to the Army bill, and in too
present Cougress was made a danse
of the same bill. It is said that
the intention ot the bill was to pre
vent litigation. The right. do a general tele
graph business is claimed by the railroad com
panies which own the lines. It is said that this
rigid has been supported by the only decision
ever given by the Supreme Court of the United
States. The right has been exercised by the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, which
has done its through business by means
ot the Atlantic & • Pacific Telegraoh Com
pany.r The local business along its line the Com
pany alone has done, collecting and making
its own rates. The PennsylvaniaTtailroad Com
pany is said also to have done a general busi
ness for many years, although for its own con
venience its through business ha?,beea'dime by
the Western Union Company.' ra '.Th6’ Wabash
Railway Company is said to own.tits own lines.
It is understood that these coihpnutei'have no
contracts with the Western Unioq Company
time will interfere with the exercise yj i claimetl
inherent rights. ‘i
By completing the proposed llnb'pf, the Cen
tral Union Company to Buffalo, atm jby build
ing the line now under contract from Bcfston to
Baltimore, the new Company is brought into
direct connection with railroad iines'cECcnding
to the Pacific Slope, it is said bv oUle'crs of the
new Company to be Improbable that th'c'rallroad
companies will wait for the passage of Ujc-Con
gressional bill. Several of them aretgim'cted
soon to unite with the lines of the Company,
it is understood that they will take portions of
die stock of the Company. ,
The newline wilt run, it is said, over the
routes of the Union Pacific and Kansas Pacific
Roads, of the Kansas City * Northern and the
Wabash Roads. From the eastern terminus of
the Wabash Road it will run by several routes
to the seaboard. Quo of these, it is expected,
will be the Pennsylvania Road, another by the
Baltimore <fc Ohio, and still another by the new
route bv way of Albany and Buffalo.
The ’Central Union line has been heretofore
under the charge of Joseph OWea, of Oswego,
who projected it. Be will be the Secretary of
the new Company. Its President will be David
H. Bates, of this city, whose resignation as Gen
eral Superintendent of the Atlanta & Pacific
Company will lake effect to-day. Dennis
Doren, who has been connected for manv
years with the Western Union Company, will
be its Superintendent of Construction. Charles
A. Tinker, one of me corporators of the .new
Company, recently resigned a nosition with the
Atlantic & Pacific'Company to accept that of
Superintendent of Telegraphs on the Baltimore
<fc Ohio Railroad Company. -Mr. Tinker has been
identified with telegraphy for eighteen years;
Mr. Bates, the President, for a little longer
period; while Mr. Doren has served for more
than a quarter of a century.
The name of the new Company, as filed in the
articles of incorporation, is the Union Telegraph
Company. / it was found yesterday that a previ
ous charter had been granted about twenty
years ago to a company with the same name. A
change inlthe designation will be made, there
fore, at once, but it is said that the line in this
Statewilllbe known by that of the Central
Union, to whose rights and charter the new
Comuany has succeeded.
In regards-tp the right of railroads to do a gen
eral telegraphic-business, a member of the new
Company said last evening: “The railroads
undoubtedly possess the right already. In any
case, they may say, as the prisoner remarked to
his lawyer who declared there was no law by
whicli he could be put in jail, ‘ But lam now
in prison.’ The railroad companies are now
doing a public business along their linesPi,
X WESTERN UNION VIEW Ot THE SCHEME.'''-
A person connected with the .Western Union
Telegraph Company, in sneaking of the forma
tion of the new Company, said, last night: “I
have not a very exalted opinion of this new
1 scheme. 1 don’t believe that it is a legitimate
enterprise. 1 believe that the persons interested
in it never intend to build the line. It looks to
me like a demonstration, a kind of public show
lor making handsome profits out of Western
Union stock. I don’t know who are ‘short’
of Western Union, but some persons are,
and they are attempting to get the price down.
In a word, I think the plan to form a new tele
graph company is a stock-jobbing operation.
This fs not the first time it has been discussed
either. I think it was nearly a year ago that it
was first snoken about, A man bv the name of
Owen, who was a line-builder for those other
Companies which have been in opposition to the
Western Union, was very actively canvassing
for this new Company last fail. They have
a line already constructed from Syracuse
to Oswego. About last Christmas they placed
in nosition a number of poles on Seventh ave
nue. The Company was then known as the
Central Union Telegraph Comnany. Well,
Owen tried to get subscriptions because be
wanted to build the line, ife worked hard to
get subscriptions, but didn’t succeed, and finally
the scheme fell througn. Now it has been re
vived again. It takes' about $lO to get a char
ter for a corporation with a capital of $10,000,-
000, and then those interested can begin work
ing their plans.
“ There are two motives that induce men to
enter into an arrangement of this kind. The
practical men make money by building the line
and the Wall-street men make money out of
Western Union stock. A dodge of this kind
frightens the timid men who hold Western
Union stock. They get afraid that Western
Union will tali very heavily, and they sell at
a sacrifice. It does not affect the large hold
ers, such men as Vanderbilt and ex-Gov.
.Morgan. Of course, there have been, attempts
made before to form companies in opposition to
the Western Union. .There were the United
States, the Southern Atlantic, the Franklin, trie
Continental, the Bankers <fc Brokers’ (which
was sold out by the Sheriff), and the Atlantic &
Pacific. Some of these Companies lasted a
number of years, but I can solely say that not
one ever earned a dividend. The Atlantic <fc
Pacific paid a dividend, but the Directors after
ward acknowledged they didn’t earn it. 1 be
lieve that none of the Companies ever earned
their working expenses.
“It must be remembered that the money is
made in building these new. telegraph lines, not
in operating them. When the Continental
Company was formed, this was seen very plain
ly, The managers-made heavy contracts for
building the lines to Baltimore and Boston.
Then they tried to organize the Company and
get subscriptions, but they never obtained the
stock. To operate a new Company with suc
cess, it would have to touch all points in the
country. This was the great mistake made
by the Atlantic Pacific. They
had their lines touching on the one
side at san Francisco, St. Louis, Louis
ville, Chicago, New Orleans, Buffalo, Detroit,
and some intermediate points, and on the other
side at Boston, Portland, Montreal, and inter
mediate stations. They argued that these were
the places widen yielded more than halt the
reveuue to the Western Union, and that they
had the cream of the business. But it was
never thought that the revenue was not derived
from these places communicating with each
other. The money was certainly made at the
large cities, but communication was received
from all over the country. So, when the earn
ings were pooled with the Atlantic* Pacific
Company, it was discovered that they had less
than onc-eichth
“As for railroad-tclearraphy, which this new
Comoany probably contemplates, it is a humbuir.
Tou would have to go back twentv-hve years iu
the history of telegraphy to link together roads
to make such a method pay. Whatever murht
have been done in the past, a system of that
kind could not succeed now. 1 don’t think any
Telegraph Company could damage seriously the
business of the Western Union with less than
$20,000,000 capital iu less than five vears. The
formation of new Companies raight'be a little
painful to the Trustees of the Western Union,
but it doesn’t frighten them in the least.”
THE ROSE AND THE VIOLET.
A "Rose newly blown was the hedgerow adorning,
A Rose newly blown, on a soft Summer-day;
She was bright with the biashes and the dew of the"
morning.
And greeted each traveler coming that way.
She irbddcd, and beckoned, and, tenderly smiling,
Her love ro the passer-by half way confessed;
But never a one, for the Rose's beguiling,
Would give the poor blossom a place oh his breast.
And the dust was so thick, and the san was bo glar-
ing
Which beat nnreproved on that daughter of Juuc.
That, spent and neglected where many were far-
ing.
Her dew and her beauty were gone ere the noon.
But, deep In the shade of the woodland, a flower
Looked timidly out from tne moss and the fern,.
As shy us the brown hares that nestle and cower ‘
If Zepfayras, straying, the forest-leaves turn.
Yet thither a youth through the thicket came'seek*
. in?, • - S
And found the low Violet hidden apart;
Then, kneeling, he. plucked her, and, tlovinety
speaking, J
The fiow’ret so humble he laid on bis heart.
And the song that be sighed to the Violkt, blessing
His soul with her fragrance that exquisite hour,
i’ond lovers still breathe, though thd cold earth Is
pressing j
The breast oi the bard and the bloom of the flower.
Then, maidens, dear maidens, behold and take
warning—
Remember the Violet bidden away,
And lament for the Rosebud that soft Snmmcr
moming * ./•
That doomed her own charms to neglect and decay.
Madison, Wls. Charles 2tocLE Gregory.
Hendricks Writing More ietters. -o
Washington Dispatch. Courier-Journal
By the permission of (ioV. Hendricks,'rtho is
in the city to-day, voupcorrcsoonilent is aHowcil
to publish the tallowing private lettfe’r.
to a Washington gentleman; • 01
Indianapolis, March 31, 1579.’ To Esq
—Mr Dear Sin: I have roar favor of iij’e ’°Bt'i
asking whether tbere-is any fonridaticfiF for the
statement contained in the newspaper silo which
yon inclosed, toThe effect that f have Written to
members of the Democratic party in I'owtsylvanla
the renommation of the ticket tif IH7U fop
1880. ‘lnmsunmscd to see sqch a B taUmcnt It
is without any foundation in truth. J have written
nosaca letter, and have In no form. expressed any
such view, is known, desire the
nomination in IS<C as a candidate Vice-
Presidency, and do not thing it would, in any con
tingency, be my duty again to ucceut a nomina
tion for a position which I do not desire. Very
respectfully. 5. A. Hendricks.
SEED MD PLANT INVIGOKATOB.
Farmers and Gardeners, Look
to Year Interests!
THE fITME colon
OH 1
SEED AND PLANT
INVIGORATOS.
The Greatest Discovery of its
Eind, of modern times, for increas
ing tne Vital Force and Early Mai
turityof
SEEDS MD PLATO.
(PATENTED APRIL 21, 1874.)
Its use secures Early Maturity
Sure Crops. Large Yield, and Do!
struotion to Insects. A Fertilizer
Condensed and Fest-Destrover
Combined. Better, Cheaper, and
More- Easily Applied than Guano
or Blaster.
BEIGE—TWO DOLLAES BEH
HALF-BOUND PACKAGE,-the
quantity tor one bushel of Seed.
■DXaCE
CHICAGO WEEKLY TRIBIE
•A. BEEMITJM
To Eyery Purchaser of a Pack
age of.thd Compound.
To enconrnpe a trial, ye have nmtnzcil with the mb-
Ushers of Tun Intnrsnso that we can ana ao
olfnr to every purchaser of a pannage of the emr
S'OU.VU. a year's subscription to lliu Weekly Edition
of that paper. This alfords. of couree, js.rcsr an?
proht on the Compound; hut, as we are conOdent lIS
atrial of the article will la every case he followed hr
further and enlarced orders, we are unite wllllm- th.i
every purchaser shall have with hu flrst order tie Im
premium offered. ,’1 a ®
Remit money by Post-Office order orreßtstercd letter
at onr risk, and the-package will he atoacemaUed.
post-paid, to your address, and your name haadedm
the publishers of Tux TuinuNß for entry uain
boots of subscription. . Address y UWQ thtle
„ 'VAUGA3IAX CO..
_,R00m.5 Tribune Building, Chicago.
A Brief History of the Compound and
What Is Claimed for It.
The flr?t succcssful.experimcntmadebyMr WAUGA-
Man with the Compound was In the summerof isA.
upon Seed Corn, planted In soli from whicn corn had
been cultivated the two preceding rears, wltn me f.ii
lowing result: Corn plautedMayai. isrj: Leaves of
corn sis Inches wide In thirty-eight days; in.fult mssei
July XI,— forty-one days; cwn blown down by g'orm
July 14: set up and hoed July 15 (which was me only
cu.tlvatfgn It received): com husked and taken In Oct.
fi; yield was at the rate of .three hundred and thlrtvl
eluhtiaas) bushels of ear* per acre, all sound, well
matured, and no nubbins. .The extraordinary growth
nad yield of this corn so attracted the attention of the
farmers In that neighborhood that many of them wera
anxious to try it the following season upon their own
corn, which they did, and with extraordinary results.
It is claimed (1) chat it insures the more certain ger
mination and growth of the seed: (i) Itproducea plants
of more vigorous and rapid growth; (3) maturity la
reached sooner than by the ordinary method of plant
ing; (4) danger from early planting and frosts mar
thereby be avoided; (5) it la applied atrectly to the
seed, and Is not used broadcast, as many fertilizers
are: (6) the cost of preparing seeds—corn, for Instance
—will amount to only a,trifle; (7) it Is a perfect protec
tion for the seed and shoot against wire-worms, cut
worms. and grubs.
Of the many testimonials given the fol
lowing are submitted;
rrom Noyes, of PennaylTiaifc^
\ IVesti»oet, Clinton Co.. Pa.. Sept. 4, 1877.
T used the Vitatlve Compound, or Seed and Plant In*
rfeorator. on my seed corn, last spring, and am more
than pleased with the result. 1 soaked the seed as per
directions, and planted the same while wet. and la
three days It was alt up nicely. Not a spear was cut by
the worm. The crows pulled up a little of It one morn
ing. bull think only that one time. The corn came op
wuh a beantitul dark green color, and has so continued
until within a tew days, when it commenced to ripen.
I consider the Compound’ a valuable discovery, and It
will rlchlj* repay anyone who will try It. 1 shall
tamly give It another trial IX 1 can procure It. Tours
very truly, A. C, NOTES.
From the Pennsylvania State Ag. College,
Nearßcllefoote, Centre Co., ra.. Nov. 15, 1377.
.... 1 ploughed up a plot of onc-eigbth of in
acre and borrowed It well, ana soaked corn in tbe Com*
pound, according to the directions: olio, some comta
water, and planted both tbe someday. NowthUoae
eighth of au acre Is one and one*quarter rods wide, and
sixteen rods long, making room for six rows of con.
I planted, by band, three rows of that soaked with die
Compound and three rows with that which was soaked
la the water; that would be onc*slxteenth of an acre
each. 1 kept watching It all summer, and could notice
no difference In tbe crop; but when cutting time ctae,
1 saw distinctly that~that which was soaked with tbe
Compound was tbe best. My crop of fodder was good,
but we hod a dry spell about the time of caring and tbe
corn was no: so good. Tbe corn taken off the. plot
which was soaked with the Compound-was sfardud one*
half bushels, while that taken from the plot which was
soaked with water produced but five bushels. At that
proportion, five bushels would make eighty bash els per
acre, while six'and-one-half bushels would maseiid
bushels-per acre, showing a difference of tweaty-foor
bushels in favor of the Compound, it also produced
fifty pounds more fodder, which would be sou more u
tbe acre. Vourstruly. -
-WM. C, ITUET, Superintendent.
Cxxxl Dover. Ohio, Nor. 17. 1877.
. J was Induced to try a package of tbe Vitatlve Com
pound on my corn, i bought a package and soaked one
busheU according to directions, and planted it on a
piece of ground which Xhavo used for tbe same pur
pose for the lost twenty-seven years. The corn came
up very even and strong, and of a good color, it grew
thrifty, and was not at all Injured by grub-worms, and
at the husklns turned ontlarge, plump ears. Other
years 1 have had to put’ from thirty to forty loans of
manure on the same land, at, a cost of 50 cents per load.
This year my corals as good, or netter. and only Si of
outlay. I think the Compound is a first-rate article,
easily used, cheap, and giving cood results. Yoori
truly, . WJiSLEY MINOU.
Dkkrt, "Westmoreland Co.. Pa.. Dec. 17, 1577.
This Is to certify that I have tried the VUattve Com
pound on cabbage worms, sod found that It destroyed
them effectually. I dissolved a tablespoonfal of the
material In a gallon, of water, and sorlnkled the plants
about twice a week, with great success. f"
, TDUiIAS H. SPIRES. •
BLaIBSVLLLK. Pa., Dec. 20.1977. »•
Assn experiment, I used.Waugamon’s Compound on .
some seed wheat, last fail, planting the same area of
land with prepared and unprepared seed. The result, .?
when we harvested and*xhreshed, was nine dozen
sheaves, yielding eight bushels from the patch sown
with prepared seed, while from the unprepared seed we
cot but live dozen sheaves and four bushels of wheat.
In my corutieid there were eight rows planted without
the use of the Compound, wuich did nut yield mure
than half the com that the same number of rows did
when the seed was prepared. 1 also used the Compound
on some ••pop-corn.*'and the growth was so large that'
the persons seeing it thought It was the common com.
The grub or wire worm did not disturb any corn pre
pared with the Compound. 1 con fnllv recommend It -
to farmers, and will never plant without It, If X can get
it. Tours, «Sc..
\ "WM. STITT.
MrnpßTowy vXxlet. Md.. Xov. 18. 1873.
I purchased a few packages of your Vltatlve Com
pound. and used them with such satisfactory results
that it given me great pleasure to add my testimony to
lue value of the already popular Compound. 1 used It
on a held in which my corn had always heretofore suf
fered from worms, but this year escaped entirely by the
use of the Compound. lam fully sallstied that Its use
will mage corn come up 'more regularly, preserve a
blacker green color, and grow mure ratddiy, and not ha
vo much affected by the dry weather while small. My
exoereluce with It leads me to think that birds will not
take out corn to which the compound has been ap*
plied, and 1 will add that 1 01d not find it necessary to
replant a single hilt fn my whole field. I feel that lam
well repaid (or all.l invested in It, and. If I can get ft,
1 do uoi think I shall ever 'again plant a field of lata
corn without giving It the benefit of the Compound.
DANIEL B. D. SMELTZEIL
1 -
From the S.jC. State Agricultural College.
, ■ k OUANOEBCUO. S. C.. Sept. 5. 1»7 1*.J
<* * * J soaked, la a solution of the Compound,
some Sorghum seeds, which were then planted, Juno
-t*. iu common garden soli, and no other manure ftp
piled. They came up In four days. Some of the stalks
are now (about seventy days from planting) over nine
(U> feet high, ami, over one Inch In diameter at tne first
Joint. The seeds will be ripe iu five or six days. Some
cahoace plants Infrttcd with the green worms (cater
pillar of Peerla Überacca) and me Harlequin hugs
(.Murgantla Hlsiritmica) were sprinkled with a solution
of me compound. After the tecund sprinkling the In
sects disappeared. 1 can and will cheerfully recom
mend the Vlutive Compound. Respectfullyvourc
M. A. IHUIKOU. B. I'fl.
Prof. Agriculture. S. C, State Ag. College.
• LanojiorneP.-0., Bucks Co., Pa., Dec. 31. 1878.
Rejected Friends: The package of Compound re
ceived of thee last spring 1 used according to directions,
and 1 am satisfied that where It was applied 1 had at
least ten bushel* more com per acre than alongside
where the ground and seed were similar iu all other
respects. Dcfngskepticul. I plumed alternate rows In
the field, the seed soaked la the Vnative
Compound ed oho row; the next-row was soaked tne
same length of time to water without the Cocowwoo;
and theudrd row was planted dry. . I'could readily dis
tinguish where the Compound was applied, both In the
darker grocn of the growing corn ami in the Increased
aire and of ears. It seems ridiculous and im
probable that such results can be produced by the ap
plication of such a small amount of fertilizing mate
rial. l shall test It again more fully tins spring, and t
hope to give a good report next fall. If rav experience
of the past season u confirmed, the.article will prove »
very valuable acquisition to tne farming community.
Thy friend, HbClOlt WILDMAn.
Ouster of MlddietQwn. Grange, JSo- lari P. of U.
Lock Haven, Pa., Dec. 31.1878
I used the Vltaclve Compound on my corn oaci whac
co seeds as directed The result la our com crop never
was better. My tobacco plants were earlier tnaa my
neighbors’, who planted some two weeks before me.
My plants were a perfect success, while several tobacco
raisers' seeds falled—lhey came to me fur plants. I ex
pect to use the Compound next year ou all u l /, 1 ?
seeds, lours truly, , . •. K. 55. \VKLb»-
TnrNKxrvtt.LE, Forest Co.. Pa., Jan. 5!. WJJL
Last year I tried the Vlutive Compound, ana ants*
say U went far ahead of all expectation. I haosboufc
one acre of worn out ground, an<U l*v using tUesturu *
received over one hundred and twenty-live (125 J(
els of good corn. Kvery one around here wants itv *
remain yours respectfully, L FETLlibbfcNJ.
• Waco, Tcx..'Jan. 24. ifTfi.
.... A brother-in-law of mine, an extensive fann
cr. and a very practical man, tried It last year, ana w
well pleased with It. Ueing a new country, with/ 1 ®”
soli, we do not need guano or other manures. outo«“
principal trouble’arises from early frosts, cut or gru*J
worm*, amL worse tlian all. the birds pull up 5
smlwbc~i.au that we almost luvnrlauiy bayeton:.
plant. Yours respectfully, U. b. iIOISUA* •

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