Newspaper Page Text
SWbme. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION'. BY MAID*—IN ADVANCE—POSTAGE PEEf AID. Dally Edition, one year SIS-Jln Farts of a rear, pern-ont* ... A.w . Sunday Edition: Literary and Iteliglouß Double Sheet , a4 ‘ aaa la*OU Satuni»y EdltVon, bixteea paces 2.00 "WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID. One copr, per year 9. C£d« twenty -u-tnr m Sbeffiijcn conlea sent free. ' Give Post-Oflicc .ddrpEg la lull, lacludlnc State and County. Remittances may be made either by draft, express, .PoA-tfcSe'order. or In registered letter, at onr risk. ¥ rf teems to city subscribers. Daiysl£lveretl. Sunday excepted. 23 cents per week. Dally. delivered. Sunday Included, 30 cents per week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Comer Madison and Dcarborn-su., Chicago. HI. Orders for the delivery of Tug Tninusx at Evanston, Englewood, and llvde Park left In the counting-room will receive prompt attention. TRIBUNE, BRANCH OFFICES. The Chicago Tetbujtk lias established brancVofflces for tbe receipt of subscriptions and advertisements as fallows: NEW YORK—Room 29 TWbune Building. F. T. -o Txv dejt. Manager. PAUIS, France—No. 16 Rue dc la Grange-Bstcllcre. H. Mauler, Agent. LONDON, Eng.—American Exchange, 449 Strand. Baxuv F. Gillio, Agent. WASHINGTON D. a—1319 F street AMUSEMENTS. TVTcVlcker's Theatre. Madison street, between Dearborn and State. En gagement of Edwin Botib. “Ring Lear." Haverly’s Theatre. Dearborn street, corner of Monroe. Engagement of McKee Rankin and Rittr Blanchard.- **Xhe Danltca." Afternoon and evening. Flooley’s Theatre. EnnColrh street. between Clark and LaSalle. En cogement of Maggie Mitchell. “Janchon." After, noon and evening. Hamlin’s Theatre. Clark street, opposite the Court-Honaa. Engage, dent of Frank Frame. "SI Slocum." Academy of Music. ZZslrted ftreet, between Madison and Monroe. Va riety entertainment. Afternoon and evening. White Stocking Park. Lake Share, foot of Washtncton street. ’ Champion ship game between the Chicago and Stars (of Syra cuse) at 3:40 p. m. ■■ SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1879. “An entiro day was wasted in the Illinois Senate yesterday in a squabble over the bill to levy a tax upon express companies and express wagons, and a lengthy and disagree able lecture by .Senator TVaniso on the duties and proprieties of a legislator’s career. The end of it was the bill was hilled and the Senate put into a bad temper to no purpose. Theodobe B. Webee, who was shot by Mrs. Eobeet Thursday, died yesterday after noon at 2 o’clock from the effects of the wound, and his slayer is held'without bail on the charge of murder. Whatever her condition of mind at the; time she' planned and-executed Ure assassination,—she— now manifests little sorrow or grief at the result of her bloody work. It is eminently proper and desirable that all uncertainty' should be ended- by Mayor Habbibon as to # his intentions regarding the Police and Fire Departments, and the knowledge that he’ has refused to accept Superintendent Seavei’s resignation and will continue that officer at his post will give general satisfaction. Thera should be no politics in the Police Department, and Mayor Habeisos has chosen the right way to. keep. politics out of it. So with the Fire Department. Mar shal Besseb’s . resignation was not tendered because/ we are glad to believe, it was not asked. To" be sure, he thereby missed an opportunity to get a vary flatter ing indorsement faom the new Mayor; but Mr. Bekseb can veiy well get' 'along without this formality, and his, relations with the new administration will-be none the less satisfactory oa that account. Califomia taxpayers who are dissatisfied with the revenue sections of the new Consti tution recently built in that State, have sub mitted the sections of that "document relat ing to taxation to Mr. David A. Wells’ cru cible, and as a result have a quantity and quality of dross which would disgust even the rudimentary student of political science. Mr. Wells condemns in toto the grasping theory adopted by these California Solons, that property, like the milk of the dishonest vender, may bo shimmed on all sides and in every, form in which "it may pre sent itself without regard to its tangibility or the fact that it may become onerous to certain classes of the community, Mr. Weixs can find nothing in this Pacific- Slope theory that commends itself to the mind of the man of average good sense. He declares that tho sweeping provisions of this new Constitution will not stand the test of the United States Constitutional law, and will not even be respected by the people whose property it affects. In a .word, that it is utterly impracticable, and cannot be enforced. The Democrats of Kentucky in State Con vention and the Democrats of Illinois as rep resented in the Legislature have passed reso lutions indorsing the action of Congress in the attempt to open the door to free and un trammeled fraud at Congressional and Presi dential elections. The doctrine set forth in these Democratic declarations foreshadows the course of the party-in Congress, and gives the lie .to the pretense that it is only the troops that are to be kept away from tbe polls. Their policy is far more comprehensive. It includes the repeal of all laws whatsoever by which the Federal Government is empowered to protect the purity of the ballot-box; it means that tissue ballots shall be voted in South Carolina, and that fraud and intimida tion shall be practiced everywhere with' no other hope of prevention or punishment than that based on snch an execution of the lawshs could be expected of State Govern ments .wholly in sympathy with the frauds and their perpetrators. .Resolutions of this kindjatp heeded just now to encourage the Democrats in Congress in their hopeless contest-wjth a strong minority and a fearless Executive: - The only satisfaction they can the. consciousness that their co applauded alike by the Confederates fod tbQ Bourbons of Illinois. confronting them that wiil veto the. Legislative, Ju dicial, and Executive Appropriation bill with its political attachments repealing that part of laws which provides for United States Supervisors of Election, the Democrats are able _to extract very little comfort out of the present situation. They axe now reduced to the necessity of talking abontwhat they will do a year from nett ilarch, when the Presidential' vote of iB6O pomes to bo counted in joint convention* and the 'threats they make , would bo startling in character but for the fact that they relate to a period so for distant that tboro will be ample opportunity in the meantime to forgot that they over made any threats. They do all their revolu tionary talk in a caucus bound about with triple-plated secrecy, and greater care was never taken than now to keep the country in ignorance of what transpires in these con claves. There are hot heads and cool heads, audit all that is said could be published verbatim, the reason for these extra precau tions to keep it from the knowledge of the people would clearly, appear. If the parly councils ware not at variance, and if the most reckless of revolutionary projects wore not earnestly advocated by men of promi nence, there would be none of this oath bound secrecy. THE GROWTH OF NIHILISM. The New York Herald has recently printed a valuable contribution to the literature of Nihilism, which goes to show thati .this formidable agency of revolution is not' so recent in its origin as has been generally supposed. On the other hand, it would appear from the Heralds compilation of facts that this enemy of the Russian Government is already half a century old, though never so active as now. The first secret society was formed in 182 S, and was organized "with the distinctive purpose of substituting constitutional gov ernment for personal despotism. It was not long.before it came in collision with the Government, and on. the 10th of December of that year hundreds paid the penalty of revolution with their blood in the streets of St. Petersburg, while all the members of the .Society who were known were either hanged or banished to Siberia. The fearful revenge of the Government, however, only scotched it It next came to the surface in Loudon, where an organ called the Bell, closely resembling Rochefort's Lan ieme, was established by the revolutionist Heetzen, who advocated the destruction of every member of the Royal family, the titled aristocracy, and the priests, the equal divis ion of landed property, and popular repre sentation. Notwithstanding the efforts of the Government to prevent it, his paper gained wide circulation in Russia, and sym pathizers with his doctrine appeared in all ranks of society. New organizations worn formed, advocating his ideas, and two papers appeared in Russia—the Smremeinnik and the JRuskoic Slowo —which Were devoted Ip a more liberal form of Government. They did not last long, however, as their principal writers were speedily sent to Siberia. Be tween ISSS and 1870 the press had more im munity, and the new movement rapidly gained ground, and women engaged m it even more zealously than the men, not only working as missionaries in the cause of a more liberal Govemment,-but demanding for themselves the . same rights as men. Wealthy women engaged in menial work. Princesses taught peasants. They taught the schools and studied the professions, espe cially that of medicine, and on the marriage question they took the radical ground of ig noring it altogether and becoming wives without. any formalify of ceremony. The term “ Nihilist ” was first applied to them in 1864 by a writer who taunted them with believing in nothing. They accepted the epithet and have retained it ever since. The movement has made its most rapid growth since 1870, and in the post nine years has spread into the army, official circles, the church,'the schools and universities, and all classes of men and women, the latter os a rule being enthusiastic to a degree that treads on fanaticism. Veba Sassulich is only a typo of hundreds of others. The young girls in the schools are often the most zeal ous missionaries in the work of Nihilistic reform. ‘ Speaking of the details of the organization, the Herald states that its members are organ ized into circles, and as soon as a circle num bers sixty members it is subdivided into ten circles of six persons each. Each circle has an agent who collects regular* contributions from the members, which are applied to the purchase of arms and the spread of ideas. Membership is not easily obtained. A can didate has -to bring recommendations of trustworthiness, and, after these have been ’ investigated, he is voted for in full meeting. It only requires two votes to reject him, and if satisfactoiy evidence of disqualification is presented, one vote will do the work. The oath which is taken is one of unusual sever ity. The candidate swears as follows; “I, A. 8., do solemnly, Before the altar of my mother country, promise and swear that I will never disclose, under penalty of death, any of the secrets of the ‘Russian National Secret Society,’ before any agent of the tyrannical Russian Govem- mem, having the Czar at its head, or any one whom Ido not actually know to be a member of this Society; that I will sacrifice my life and all that is sacred to me in the straggle against the bloodthirsty tyrants and oppressors of the Russian people: that I will obey and execute every unani mous decision of the circle, /without hesitation, being ready to sacrifice my life, and regard less of any personal* danger I may en counter in so doing. 1 know that we must be ready to fight in the name of the liberty of the Russian people when the moment of arising shall arrive and the grand sign he given calling all to arms. Ido solemnly swear that I will resist, in case of an attempt to arrest me or any member of the Society by the Government agents, with whatever weapon is at my disposal at the moment, without fear or regard for personal consequences; that I will not recommend any new member with out the knowledge that be is a true friend of the oppressed Russian people; that from the moment I become a member of this * Secret National Rus sian Society’ I regard myself as the sworn enemy to tne Hessian despoiical Government and begin to act against it by every means i can command.” Such is the terrible secret agency with which the Russian Government has to deal, and the very magnitude of its preparations shows that the whole Empire must be honey combed with it. If Hihilism were confined to one city, like St, Petersburg, for instance, the Government, through its secret methods of espionage, would undoubtedly stamp it out; but when it calls upon its experienced Generals and places them in command of the various centres with absolute power, and declares martial law all over tho Empire, it is a confession that the enemy with which it grapples is a powerful one. It is beyond the reach of its police and its secret agents. The severity of the measures - which it has inaugurated, the character : of the men whom it has invested with authority, and tho • summoning of the militaiy to arms, show that it anticipates something more than occasional assassina tions. It has armed itself to meet the threat ened revolution. If such a danger were not menaced, the monstrous preparations made by the Government would be absurd. It has entered the lists against its secret enemy armed with the latter’s weapons. It meets force with force, murder with murder, and barbarity with barbarity. It ia not a very pleasant spectacle, this vast Empire, whose Government has done so mnch to rescue the victims of tyranny outside of its own limits, at warwith its own people; on the one hand, official power seeking to preserve order with theihethods of Asiatic 'despots, and .on the. THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SATURDAY. MAY 3. 1879 SIXTEEN PAGER other hand, a discontented people seeking to accomplish reforms by the methods of the assassin and incendiary. JUDGE THEODORE D. MURPHY. The Republicans of the Twelfth Judicial Circuit have called a Convention to be held at Elgin on the 2Gth inst. to nominate three candidates for Judges of the Circuit Court. The present incumbents are Judge Mubphy, of ■ McHenry; Judge Upton, of Lake j and Judge Codi, of DuPage County. The dis trict is a large one, including Kane, DoKalb, McHenry, Lake, Boone, DuPage, and Ken dall Counties. Those counties are all Re publican in politics, and upon a full party vote can give 9,000 Republican majority. Judges Upton and Cody, the latter a Demo crat, were elected to fill vacancies, and have been comparatively but a short time on the Bench. We believe there is no real opposition to the re-election: of Judge Murphy. He is one of the ablest, most experienced, and in dustrious Judges now on the Bench in Il linois. He.is in the full vigor of his intel lectual strength, and it would be a great loss to the State should he not he re-oleoted. He is probably the first choice of nino-tonths of the voters of the district, including men of all shades of political opinion. After pay ing a high tribute to the judicial character of the Judge, thoHarvard(MoHenry County) Blaindealer says: “Fortunately, so far as this county is con cerned there Is no ground for controversy,—it is a simple matter of the re-election of JudgeHunriiY. The people of McHenry County feel a pardonable pride in having contributed to the judiciary of Illi nois one of Its most abje, conscientious, and satis factory members, whllcf the people of the entire cir cuit have leason to congratulate themselves on the manner In which Judge Munrnr has justified their selection. He has lived among us since he was a boy;.he began the practice of bis profession here, and twenty-one years ago, when he was little more than a boy in years, was elected to a position on the Bench. The fact that he has been kept upon the Bench ever since is one of tho strongest argu ments in favor of an elective judiciary in an In telligent community. Every detail or his life, from his boyhood to the present, has been known to the people; and in all those years there has never been the shadow of a doubt as to his ability, his integrity, or his independence. ” The people and Bar of Chicago feel a direct and personal interest in the re-elec tion of Judge Mouthy. Hq has been' Chief- Justice of the Appellate Court in this dis trict ever siuce that Court was organized,and all have boon impressed with his ability, his promptness, and his fairness, as well os by his personal dignity and manliness. The work of the Appellate Court has not been permitted to fall behind; the Court is prompt in tho disposition of all before it; and the people of this city and the Bar hold the Chief-Justice in high regard officially and personally, and look forward with satisfac tion to his re-ciectiou. , A RED-HOT SOUTHERN PRODUCTION. The exuberant love and tender devotion which the ex-Rebels have for the Union ore not only shown by the occasional outbursts of the Brigadiers in Congress and the bom bastic utterances of the Okolona States, but crop out in all sorts of ways. The latest manifestation of Southern patriotism is con tained in a play which has just been written by a Southern lawyer in Washington, and is intended to fire the Sontbern heart, as a troupe is already organizing to perform it in the Southern cities. Tho Washington cor- respondent of the Cleveland Leader fur nishes his paper with choice extracts from the work, of some of which wo avail our selves. The play is in five nets, and is called “ Madame Surratt.” It, is , written to show that she was the innocent victim of Andrew Johnson's debauchery, drunkenness, and. cruelty, and she accord ingly appears as the heroine. Among the principal characters are John Bbown, Jeff Davis, John 'Wilkes Booth, the assassin,. Bakes, and Paine, the wonld-bo assassin of Mr. Sewaed. John Shown is depicted in a very lively and lurid manner, which will give the scenic artist and property man fine chances for effects. Dike Hamlet’s father, he always appears as a ghost, thongh ho does not stalk about in the majestic manner pe culiar to the Boyal Dane. He is painted as a Communist/and he. goes marching on about the stage 'with the Devil for a compan ion and snakes for followers. In one place the Devil exclaims: Bnt they who sing “John JBroisn it marehlno on,” Will one day raze yon cities from their base— God speed the day, and hell light up their torches I New York, Chicago, Pittsburg, and St. Louis, oil Shall have their guillotines, to mako Franco tremble— For her little spurt of blood was as nothing to that glorious sea. John himself will delight the Socialists. His utterances are always of an incendiary sort, after the following fashion: I’ll leap into the raging multitude; And give to working men a hisiher law, To hold tho world ana capital la awe. Till the Freemen of tho North, Whose children iced on broth, Light up the avenging tire. Leaping from spire to spire— 3ly spirit soaring higher; Till toiling millions find their shackles gone. And shout tohcaveu, “John Brown is marching on.” Meanwhile the Devils themselves are not behind their companions in heat of state ment, though, singularly enough, in view of John’s ferocious utterances, they, manifest a very unbecoming spirit of dislike for him. In one situation they march over the stage burning brimstone in a caldron and singing the following cheerful ditty: Stir the brimstone; stir it well— We brought it from the pita of Hell I Stir the brimstone; let him smell The price of blood—the stink of Hell I The author of “ Madame Surratt " outdoes Mr, Lamar in his admiration of Jeff Davis, who is thus characterized: And now tho’ battling against the world in arms, He leads the land of Washington to war. For four lone years, undaunted and sublime. He stands—the brightest mark upon the cliffs of Time. John Wilkes Booth, however, is the prin cipal object of his devotion. He dislikes Edwin Booth, for “ Edwin is a Union man," thongh he thinks he is John’s ‘‘brill iant brother.” He commences his plan with an allusion to the family, which is somewhat lame both in facts and in metre. He says: fits forefathers, forgcneratlons past, Have been the greatest actors on tbe stage. Descended from the Jews, they still inherit Those gifU of genius, energy and thrift. Which make Judea's name a proverb thro 1 the : world: And notwithstanding England's cruel prejudice, She cradles them mold Westminster Abbey. HU father, was a wonder on the stage— And J. Wilkes Booth Inherits ail his genius. Here is the assassination scene: See I eee! he strikes at yonder towering beads Whose murdered millions lie in gory beds, Strikes Lincoln down; and yonder shooting-star Reveals the lost dread tragedy of war! His death scene is melodramic in tho ex treme. As Booth is shot, he shrieks: “From this wave of fire, with plunging shot, Fll glut the maw of hell, infernal fiends 1 ” As he expires, Lincoln’s ghost rises and sup ports him ! Then comes Mrs. Surratt, with the following not very original.farewell: soft! There Is & judgment jet to come, withholdsHia thunderbolts till then; my mur derers one by one shall fall, im suicide and misery engnlf them aIL v*PA»I?i Fen They know not what they do. ?* r ifriends I To all farewell “y child, a last and long farewell I H wclU ie,BlDeS 0n lb “ child—farewell, fare- The last'scene of all' 1 is intended to be. a stunner.. Paine is being, pushed . about li»e stage by the soldiers with their bayonets. Ho sweeps them all off, however, with his chains, and exclaims, “ Stand back, villains ! Let me walk into my tomb! 11 Whether the soldiers granted his absurd request will never he known, as the curtain falls and the play is over. It will readily be seen that, with plenty of blue and red fire and a lavish use of the lime-light, the play will cany the gallery off its feet, even if it does not capture the par quatte. It is the most vigorous preparation for firing the Southern heart we have yet seen, and will put the Okolona States to its trumps if it wishes henceforth to be consid ered red-hot. THE BANKRUPT-FEE CASES. The trials, or the so-called trials, of the Registers in Bankruptcy before the United States Court on Thursday was another illustration of the uncertainty of the law. Register Hibbard was indicted for the ex tortion of illegal fees in bankruptcy. The indictment charged him with taking these fees of tho bankrupt. It was objected that the fees wore collected from tho bankrupt estate in the hands of the Assignee,—tho assets of the bankrupt having passed into the hands of the Assignee before the foes were collected by tho Register. Tho Court held that this objection was a sound one, and, as the indictment charged the taking from the bankrupt, the case was abandoned, and the jury acquitted the accused. Wo suppose, though wo do not know, that this acquittal does not preclude the indictment of the Register dor taking the illegal foes from some other person, but l who that person is wo will not venture to suggest. In cases of bankruptcy, the prac tice, or the law, provided that at the time of filing tho petition SSO was deposited with the clerk by the petitioner to cover the costs. Tho appointment of the Assignee followed the earnings of the Register, to whom was delivered over tho original deposit. It sedms that tho Register, to bo legally indicted, must be charged with taking the foes of some per son, but who that person is admits, perhaps, of profound discussion and doubt. As the original deposit was made to secure the Reg. istor, and was therefore practically his prop erty from the moment of its deposit, it may turn out in the end that the Register only took the illegal fees out of his own property, —that is, robbed himself of what already was his own. We assume that this so-called trial will be the end of the bankruptcy-fee oases. La boring under the inability to find out whose money was illegally taken by the Register, tho fact of illegal taking cannot well be prosecuted. /While Mr. Hibbard can, therefore, on a criminal prosecution, have no opportunity of explaining, defending, or vindicating his official action, nor be hold to punishment if snob action be declared illegal, there is the tribunal of public opinion which takes juris diction of all this class of cases and decides them without reference to the technical re quirements of statutes or indictments. Pub lic opinion in the end, if it can be fully in formed of the truth, rarely fails in reaching a just decision. Therefore it is that Mr. Hib bard's friends should not ho content with the mere formal verdict of not guilty rendered without any testimony being heard. They owe it to him and to the public to vindi cate his official conduct clearly by a frank statement of the facts. The general declara tion that'the Grand Jury could find in his long record, covering several years, only 318 of‘illegal fe& taken by him, is not any defense.', He was indicted in three oases. Each case charged him with taking a par ticular fee which was said to be illegal. The same fees were taken in hundreds of other cases—these being selected as repre sentative, and, in case of conviction, ample to secure punishment. We understand that the fees charged in these indictments as being illegal are dependent upon a construction of the law, and that some of them have been held by some Courts to be legal and by other Courts illegal, and that his action was taken after the best legal advice, sanctioned by the consent of the parties to the suits. We may be mistaken ns to some of the details, but we think we are not mistaken that Hr. Hibbard owes it to public opinion, and to his further usefulness In office, to make a straightfor ward, manly statement of the facts, and leave it to public opinion to vindicate him if he merits it. THE SILVER QUESTION. The London Economist of a recent date states the work of supplying Germany with gold has been substantially completed. There will have to be, of course, the ordinary annual additions to keep up the supply of coin, but the once formidable demand has been substantially satisfied. 'While Germany has obtained the gold for coinage, the dis carded silver is largely on hand, and much of it remains to bo sold, probably between $75,000,000 and $100,000,000. A portion of this will be consumed for subsidiary coin, but the bulk of it mtist find its way to mar ket The existence of this body of silver, liable to be precipitated bn the market at any time, is given as the reason why France does not at once remove the restriction on silver coinage, and the restriction by the States of the Latin Union and by the United States keeps the price of silver far below its accustomed rate. Assuming that the de pression of silver is due to this stock held by Germany and likely to be forced into the coinage of other States if the re striction bo removed, the Economist advises a remedy which will meet this temporary difficulty. It advises that the British Gov ernment should ascertain from the German Government the amount of silver held by Germany for sale, and that the English Government then authorize the Bank of England to "buy one-half of it, under a pledge that tire remainder be not sold for five years,—the purchase to bo made at the average price of the last three years. By this arrangement Germany would be able to dispose of at a fair price that which she can not now sell, and England would find a profit in the matter of exchange with India and other Eastern couutries. The bank might bo allowed to hold the silver as, bullion and to issue notes against it as she now does against gold. . It is said that this arrange ment requires no Parliamentary legislation, the existing law authorizing the Government to give its sanction to the transaction. It says: 1 ‘ Sir Kobeut Peee, when introducing the act (of 1844), contemplated the possiDiiity of the bank be ing a large buyer of sliver ot'times. He spoke at some length on the impolicy of excluding the bank from being a buyer or silver, and his remarks that * silver will, ’if the bunk is restricted from pur chasing it, 1 sell at a lower price than if the bank were allowed to bay it,’ and that, by permittingita. purchase, ‘we shall probably insure the mainte nance .of such a stock of silver os may give facili ties for rectifying the exchanges and supplying the demandsof commerce,’- show tfaathe perfectly recognized the propriety of the bank storing up silver in this manner woen occasion required. The bank has been in times past, it is as well to call to minq, a huge bolder of silver bullion.” So soon as Germany can onload or dispose of the stock of redeemed silver now on hand, or so materially reduce it as to give promise of its immediate distribution, the States of the Latin Union will remove the restriction on the coining of silver, and the consequent demand, being equal to the annual supply, silver will resume its relation to gold, as it had held in the twenty-five years previous to the demonetization of the $450,000,000 of that metal by Germany. That extraordimry disuse of silver and consequent demand for gold to take Its place forced France to discon tinue coining, and the discovery that the United States had also demonetized silver forced the price down. The exhaustion of the Gorman stock is all that is needed to re store the demand for and the price of silver. ENGLISH AND AMERICAN COMMERCE. There is undoubtedly a growing sentiment in England that Disbaxli’s foreign and home policy is in a large measure responsible for the general depression in English trade and consequent suffering among the people. The Eepublioan party in this country lost more votes on account of the panic and the long period of hard times that followed than it ever lost by reason of any political act of its own. So the Ministerial party in England can scarcely escape a similar responsibility for the hard times, thongh it may be unfair ly imposed by the people. This view of Ihe case has undoubtedly gained new force from the recent speech delivered by Mr. Bbigut before the Liberal Association of Birming ham. The character of the address may be gathered from the following extract : “You will observe thatXhave not assailed the Government. I leave them to the retribution which awaits them. [Loud cheers.] They have played, in my view, falsely with both Parliament and with the country. [Hear, bear.] They have wasted, and are now wasting. the blood and the treasure of our pconle. [Hear, hear. ] They have tarnished the mild reign of the Queen—[Hear, hear] —by needless war and slaughter on two con-. tlucnts, and by the menace of needless war in Europe. They have soiieu the fate name of En gland by subjecting the population of a province which bad been freed by Russia through war and treaty by handing it over to the cruel and the odi ous Government of the Turk. [Hear, hear. ] And beyond this they have shown, in my view, daring an interval of five years through which they have been in possession of office and of power, that they are imbecile at home and turbulent and wick ed abroad. [Great cheering.] Isay this, that I leave them to the judgment of the constituencies of the United Kingdom, to which they must speed ily appeal, and to the heavy condemnation which impartial history will pronounce upon them.” In tho course of his speech, which was all as aggressive and vigorous as the above ex tract,. Mr. Bmqht did ndt omit making a subtle connection between tho policy of the Government and the falling off in trade. He bespoke especially the cultivation of a closer friendship with Russia as the best menus for stimulating the interchange of products. Russia exports com, hides, flax, hemp, and many other commodities of which England is necessarily a purchaser, and En gland would purchase still more largely of Russia if the British manufacturers and merchants could sell more largely to Russia. This is the commercial bearing which the foreign policy of suspicion and distrust in dealing with Russia exerts, and the warlike policy in India and Africa is charged with similarly depressing influence on British commerce. While there is no doubt that the Govern ment policy of Great Britain of lute years has not been calculated to stimulate and de velop the trade of the country, the English are beginning to realize that American com petition has more to do with the prevailing depression than has any policy on the part of the Government. The London Globe, in a recent article on this subject, fully admits that British manufacturers are steadily losing ground where they formerly enjoyed a mon opoly, and attributes the change to the supe riority of American goods and of American management “The Americans,” says the Olobe, bring to commerce, generally, the same method and system that they have brought to meteorology, and with the same certainty of result” This is high praise. The same journal also contributes soma informa tion which, if correct, will give the American people a better appreciation of our Consulate system than has been generally entertained. It is to this system, we are told, that the Americans are indebted foraccurate informa tion as to the condition and demands of for eign markets,—a knowledge which is cer tainly of wonderful aid in guiding the ex tent and character of production. American competition with English trade is reaching out into fields where it would once have been regarded as simply impossible. “ Carrying coals to Newcastle ” was former ly the most vivid expression of a work of supererogation. But the phrase threatens to lose its significance. Not that American coal is directly imported into England as yet, but it is finding markets where English coal alone was sold formerly. This is par- ticularly true of the Mediterranean coun tries. It is only a little more than a year since the first cargo of American coal was shipped to the Mediterranean as an experi ment. But the excellent quality and low price soon commanded it to general use, and now cargoes of coal are frequently consigned to Marseilles, Trieste, Cadiz, Leghorn, Alex andria, and other Mediterranean ports. In the meantime the British coal-fields are los- ing their advantages by long strikes and look outs, Beflection shows that it is rather American competition than Government pol icy which accounts in the main for the de- pression of English trade. Crime often apparently assumes the form of an epidemic. One suicide is almost certain to be followed by another, and one murder breeds another. A railroad accident is sure to bo the forerunner of an indefinite scries, and a bank robbery in one city seta all the burglars at work in others. Dr. Hammond says that a man in Paris, having hung himself on a certain beam In an out-hoase, two or three other persons went successively to the same place and -hung them selves in the same manner, until the Govern ment finally had the beam removed in order to prevent any further imitation of the original suicide. The attempts upon the life of King William, of Germany, were followed by like attempts of assassination on the King of Italy, tlie King of Spain, and the Czar of Russia. The mania to murder actors is just now the rage. One of the Barrymore troupe is killed in Texas and another wounded, and Edwin Booth bare ly escapes from the bullet of a crazy drummer. It seems to be the actors’ tnrn just now. Mrs. Robert follows the example of Mrs. Todng. M. ResXX,' the brilliant Frenchman, has aroused much hostile comment by a passage IN. bis Academy address in which he extolled French literature at the expense of the German. Kenan comes to his own defense, and, while he disclaims' any intention to prejudice Germany or German genius, : be chanrcs that Germans cannot hear the burden of an organization for war and “yet have the necessary suppleness for Industry and peaceful arts.” He asks why German literature is drying up, and why Goethe, ScnnxEß, and Heine have no suc cessors, and answers the question himself by suggesting military burdens and the social con dition. He says: “ Molieke and Yoltaiee would have lost their subtle smile and some times irreverent maliciousness bad they served in the army, for the status of conscript is latalto-cenins.” He 'also ears that-literature requires a gay, brilliant, and good-humored society with the mixture of classes. “ Osten tatious egoism- and studied coldness have never been displayed by the great men figuring in the Pantheon of humanity, and the old German Ideal is not realized in these harsh, narrow minded men affecting a vulgar and positive level and a pretended disdain for posterity. The German mind is cramped in the vice of an arid and frigid school, but it will certainly ex tricate itself and co-ooerate with Franco in the. search for ail that can give grace, gayety, and happiness to life.” But how much of grace, gayety, and happiness in life did the three men, Goethe, Schiller, and Heike, have) And how is it that his two distinguished country men, Voltaire and Moliere, are still without successors) Jesse P. J. Db Beck, formerly Principal of the-Fourth District School in Cincinnati, who was expelled from the position by the School Board, has filed a petition in the United States Circuit Court praying for SIOO,OOO damages against the Enquirer of that city. The plaintiff, says that he is “ by profession a school-teacher, and for the last eleven years, until recently, he has been employed by the Board of Education of the City of Cincinnati, in the Southern District of the State of Ohio, as a school-teacher in the public schools of- said city, and that by careful and diligent and faithful labor he had risen from the position of a ‘ male teacher occupying a fe male teacher’s position’ to the honorable and lucrative position of Principal of the Fourth District School of said city, and also Prin cipal of the Thirteenth District Night School of said City of Cincinnati; that he was a man of good name, fame, and reputation; that ho conducted himself with proper decorum and propriety; . . . and'that by reason of the defendant’s printing and publishing false, scandalous, malicious, and defamatory libels and libelous matter, the said Jesse P. J. Db Beck was expelled from the public schools of Cincinnati, his means of livelihood were taken from him, his profession was destroyed, his standing in society was ruined, bis name was made odious, be was hooted and stoned in the streets of Cincinnati.” Therefore he asks SIOO,- 000 judgment. Dan Yoorhees rises in his place in the Sen ate to a personal explanation. He says that in asmuch as be did not attend the Democratic caucus on a certain evening, falling to get the notice in time, be could not have made the speech which the reporter of the Washington Republican puts into his mouth. Dan evidently has a grudge against that reoorter. He (the re porter) took' the pains to write out a speech which be thought might have been delivered by some corn-fed Bourbon Democrat in that secret caucus (all outsiders being excluded), and Voob iiees> was as good a man to attribute it to as any one else. Of what consequence to the in dustrious and enterprising reporter was it that Mr. Yoorhees was not present and did not otter the sentiments ascribed to him ? Men in the newspaper business must not be confined to bare facts any more than other people. Look at the liberties that other men take; how poets Indulge in license, and how clergymen and lawyers depend upon their imaginations to adorn and embellish their ad dresses. Everybody knows that a good report er who understands histinsiness can writebut a much better speech on any subject than the average member of Congress can make, and if Yoorhees had been present he would have no doubt made the speech reported. Conkhno’3 great speech the other day at tracted an Immense audience. Mr. Evarts was in the front row of the Diplomatic gallery, Sec retary Sherman and Attorney-General Devens occupied seats on the Republican side, and Sec retaries Thompson and ScntjßZ were also pres ent. The galleries were packed to the utmost capacity, and members ot.the House filled every available inch of space on the Senate floof.\ Every Senator was in his scat, and no one loft' it until Mr. Conklino had concluded. The New York Evening East correspondent writes of the remarkable address: . Apart from the main merits of the speech many characteristic incidents occurred to Rive it interest. Uis charm of voice and manner, tile play of feat ure, and graceful and significant action, his artistic use of the adjacent furniture and his neighbors as part of his gestures, his supercilious snubbing of liK-V Hill, the inevitable adectionate by-play witn Eatox, the contemptuous fling at Uur.EPoKD, the suave vivisection of ponderous Senator Davis and his “ soothing strap ” spcecn, the theatrical tear ing up of each sheet of notes as he proceeded, the insolent sneer at the presiding officer, Mr. Titon max, whom he was ‘‘glad to see in hisseat,” the fresh quotations happily introduced, and the old a notations brought in or just suggested with rhe torical art, the original and pictarcsquc phrases which seemed to Invest old and common thoughts with renewed vitality,—a stream of sued incidents was like a delicate sauce added to viands that seem ed perfect without them. The London Times is strenuous In Its demand that the Egyptian problem shall be solved by England without any reference to the Sultan. It says: “ Can any one seriously maintain that we should go back ou what we have done so as to readmit the controlling power of the Sultan with all its evils! Every motive of policy is against it. Egypt is a problem wliich should be solved by the Western Powers without Ori ental aid.” This is the first conspicuous in stance, since the Eastern question has been a disturbing Influence, that the London Times has manifested a disposition to snub Turkey. Does It foreshadow the ultimate destiny of Egypt, or is It because none of the other Powers concerned in the Eastern question are interested in Egypt! The Albany Journal says that the late Gen. Dix was one of the most active and industrious men ever known in the State of New York. It states that, “While Governor,;at 75, he out worked any of his subordinates. He personally examined every matter with care, and his work was as prompt and conscientious as it was thor ough. When on one occasion, rcviewbig with a young Senator a large batch of local measures, the wearied Senator, near midnight, proposed adj ournment, the venerable Executive, still fresh, insisted upon closing up the task, and worked ou for hours later.” Girls whose beaux are addicted to scattering wild oats liberally before marriage may as well listen to what the Eev. James M. Pollmax, of Hew York, said on that subject the other day in a sermon on “ Matrimony.” He de clared that “ The theory that a reformed sinner would make a better husband than a man who had not-needed reformation was one that bad been upheld by preachers, ana lecturers, and writers, but he was not afraid fo brand the theory as a lie—a lie from top to bottom—from circumference to centre.” If the Democrats are determined to open the Louisiana Senatorial business again, can’t they manage somehow to seat Got. Nicholls, who is about to resign! Among the many qualifica tions that Nicholls may be said to possess that should recommend him to the kind considera tion of the Confederates the fact that he lost a leg, an arm, and an eye while doing duty at the front In the Rebel army is sufficient: Senators Butler and Hampton, of South Carolina, are each short a leg, but Nicholls can discount them both. The London Times has a dispatch from Ber lin which says: “On the reassembling of the German Reichstag yesterday a letter from Prince Bismarck was presented asking leave to prosecute Deputy Hassslmann for smuggling prohibited newspapers into the Empire. The introduction of copies of three German news papers published in the United States has been prohibited.” " One of these prohibited newspa pers is said to be printed in Chicago. The New Orleans Times says the colored exodus is losing much of its importance, and that the communities chiefly interested have concluded to let it run its course and to devote themselves to remedying the evil. Proctor Knott fs of the opinion that if Con gress adjourns without passing the appropria tion bills, and the President attempts to call them together again, they wouldn’t respond. The President’s duty in calling an extra session of Congress Is prescribed by the ConstUntio and when that duty is performed he justified in the eyes of the peoole. If the rv, federates refuse to obey the legal anmm.,-, responsibility belongs to them. ’ 146 The anti-TiLDEs papers In New Tort just now giving David Davis a •‘boom” Those that are especially afraid of the nomi nation of Grajtt, except the hu„. think tW the ponderous Senator from Illinois is Inst man. The Sun is already committed to pt Gov. Jobs M. Palmes. If the Democrats in' sist on taking a man of Republican antece’ dents, Palmes is much the better man of tha two. The Philadelphia Times says that the Stata Treasury of Pennsylvania is bankrupt, and to the unspeakable shame of the State it must be confessed that nearly two million dollars already due, and some of it long since due, to schools and charities have not been paid, and cannot bn until the tax is levied. The Times feels bad about it, and calls vigorously upon the Leeish ture to do something. If neither David Davis nor Jons M Palmer is nominated for President, bow would Bill Spiusgeb do for Vice-Presldentl The Mayor of Cincinnati is endeavoring with the aid of the Common Council and the Police Commissioner, to suppress indecent shows. Can’t the Mayor of Springfield under take to suppress the show in the State-House that continues to scandalize the people of Illinois) The Indianapolis Sentinel says: “ Hates may interpose a veto; Blaise, Garfield, and Horn may rant; conspirators may pheme, but the revolution will go on.” Exactly so. The revolution will go on until ISSO, when the people will settle the question now in dis pute. In times of great public peril it is the duty of patriots to ignore personal differences of opin ion and unite for the common defense. The Confederates have consolidated all factions of the Republican party. Gen. Logan declares that he did not go to Washington to make an ass of himself, and now the Philadelphia Times declares that he wasn’t cut out for a fool-killer. The speech of David Davis is operating as a sort of rod to invite Presidential lightning to strike. He is determined not to dodge if ft comes that way. The death of Mr. Clark, member of Congress from lowa, was caused by overwork. No mem ber of theHlinois Legislature has passed in his checks on that acconnt. ' The Pennsylvania Legislature has passed a resolution limiting members to tea minutes in debate. The limit might be taken at Spring field. ■ As a mere question of backbone, the Presi dent seems to have quite as much astheDemo crats in Congress. PERSONALS. Tineas must become a member of Hr. O'Leary’s school for runners. It is painfully evident, Mr. Davis, that It Hayes is the one to be soothed. I The Qaeen of the May is so hoarse that she can’t speak above a whisper. It appears that few people in Texas live long enough to die a natural death. Advice to Tineas: Go to Parole, thou sluggard; consider nis ways, and do likewise. Perhaps something was the matter with Cocas’ stomach—too much wine, for instance. Miss Oliver is a popular Brooklyn preacher, and the ladies of her congregation are perfectly safe. Mr. Lowe’s proposition to fight Logan is clearly anfair. One Southerner can whip In Yankees, Senator Blaine and wife and Gail Hamil ton were guests at a recent dinner in honor of Wade Hampton. In case there is any fighting to be done; onr German Minister's college training will he of good service to him. Eoscoe Conkling ought to be reconciled to his daughter's choice of a husband. She might have'married a coachman- - - Why is Eepresentative lowe so extremely, anxious to whip Senator Logan! Is he a relative of the late Lindley Murray! ■ According to an Eastern paper. Miss Kel logg goes abroad to marry a distinguished member of Royalty. Poor'Cetewayo! Tennyson gets §ls a line for every scrap of poetry he writes; and really he may say his lines have fallen in pleasant places. ; Kew Orleans has a “ HagcHy-Ever Tem perance Society,’’—the “hardly ever” referring to the times it is sober, we suppose. The Brooklyn preachers are trying Mr. Talmage for falsehood and deceit, because, it ap pears, they want a monopoly of both. , Pedestrian Brown, we are told, is called “Blower” because he has lots of wind, and it is s wind which blows no good to Howell and Ennis. Thirteen lawyers defend Cox, the mur derer of Col. Alston, at Atlanta. The resalt of the trial, nevertheless, cannot be worse than hang ing. ■ Madame Eistori and Julia Ward Howe have been giving readings together in Rome for the benefit of the Gould Home, from “Marie Star art.” The Khedive of Egypt is so hard np that he often * ‘ pnta np ” a mammy for a small Dottle, and he is anxious to sell tne pyramids ar a rcasoa; able figure. Kansas offers peculiar temptations to- the colored race,. Mach of the country being prairle’- land, high trees In which chickens may roost are very scarce. ■ ’ An exchange says: “ The remains of a prehistoric people have been found In Ohio.” Poor things! Why did tttey perish! Were there aq more offices! Just previous to her departure for Europe, Mies Kellogg, we hear, was “smothered with kisses. ’’ We thought Clara Louise was old enough to know better. The firmness of Mr. Hayes’ backbone is the more astonishing to Zach Chandler from tha fact that the President takes nothing stronger thsa crab-apple cider. • ■ -■ J John T; Raymond, we learn from cm paper, poached the head of a landlord In that section of the country because be thought there was millions In it. ' The President appears to have been omit ted in the distribution of JMr. Davis’ celebrated soothing-sirup. He was actually so lursh and un wind as to veto the Army bill. Mr. Talmage preached lost Sunday on “David and the Philistines,” in illustration, douotlesa, of the manner In which he is to come the Brooklyn Presbytery. Bob Xngersoll is doubtless right. There probably is no such place: and each men as Rich ards, the Nebraska murderer, go to Heaven'be*, cause there's nowhere else to go, T . An exchange says that Gray, $0 man who fired at Edwin Booth, should travel abroad as a Czar-killer. This la a piece of Czar-casai *t tht expense of Hr. Gray’s shooting. Lord Beaconsfield is said to boast that be never owned a watch or an umbrella. The boast probably solves the mystery of the disappearance of a great many of these articles. An exchange says: “ According to all the reports. King Alfonso is to marry at least a dozen Princesses.” Why, the horrid young Her* mon! He’s worse than John W. Young. • If Mr. Tennyson is a bibliophile, observes ; an English journal, he must be pleased, and if be Isnota bibliophile,'be must be amazed, atthe'’ prices paid for first editions of his works. ’ Mr. De La Matyr says that he introduced the bill for the issue of that billion or two of ere® l *', backs merely td oblige a friend.. Hr. De La Maty* is an exceedingly obliging person. To accommodate a friend he will make a fool of bimasU.