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Slj£ TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. RT MATT.—TN ADVANCE —POSTAGE PREPAID. p*Hr Edition, one your Sl9-QQ l'*ruof.«jmr, porn.onf*»...., . l«Ol> bunds* Kdlllnnt Mtnary anrt Religion* Double Palurdijr Edition, ilstccn pace* 2.00 WKBKJ.T EDITION, POSTPAID. On? MPT* wrycar. cum of four Club of clan of twtrntr ■ Specimen coplm tent free. Olvc I’otfUinca aodrcn In full, Including Bltlo and County. Remittances may lie made eltlicr by draft, express, I’oit-OQIco order, or In jegUiercd letter, nt our risk. ir.UMsTo city puiiscmnsKs. Dally, delivered. Sunday excepted. V> rent* per week. Dally, delivered. Sunday Included, no cents per week. Address TIIK TltinUNP. COMPANY, • Corner Mftdlion and Dearborn-*!*.. Chfcmro. 111. Order* for the delivery of Tub mines* at Evanston, Knalenond, and Hyde Turk led In the couollns-roora will re reive prompt attention. TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES. Tnx CiitrAoo TntncNß has established branch ofllcaa fenhe rucclpt of tnbscrlpuoai sod adrertliemcntt as follows! NEW vottK-Iloom 90 Tribune Building, r. T. Mo- Fadokn. Manager. PAIRS, France—No. 16 Hue de la Urange.Batellere. U. Maiiurr, AgcnU LONDON, bug.—American Exchange, 440 Strand. Utxr.vF.Oiu.ni. Agent. WASHINGTON D, C.-1310 r street. AMUSEMENTS. McVlckcr’s Theatre. Madison street, between Dearborn nud State. En gagement of Edwin Booth. “Slijlock." Ilnverl.v’s Theatre, Dearborn street, comer of Monroe. Engagttnent of the Colville Burlesque Company. "Cinderella.” Afternoon and evening. llonley** Theatre, Rrnitolpb mm, b*t»rrn Clark nm! l,*S*lle. En gagement of Mnjrdo Mitchell. Afternoon, "Jane Eyre.” Evening, ‘Tear! of Savor.” Ilntnlln'A Theatre. Clark ftreet, orroMto ihe Court-Houis. Engage' inentof Jennie lluglici. “The French Spy,” SOCIETY MEETINGS. nKRPRHIA LODGE. No. 411, A. F. A A. M.-Tbo member* are hereby nolltled w attend a Regular Com luimlcnilon of the lodge, to lm held nt (he hall, corner Randolph nud IlnDted-fts., this Wednesday evening. May 7, at 7 o’clock itiorp, for Important work ana Ixinluusi. Milting brethren cordially Invited. Bv order ~,CIIAS. lI.IiUKNAN, W. M. CHAb. B» DHADLKV, secretary. WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1879. A failure lo receive tho requisite majority defeated the bill in tho Pennsylvania Legis lature providing for tho redemption of ovor $2,000,000 worth of certificates issued to parlies who suffered from tho Rebel raids to which tho Southern border of tho Stato was subject daring tho War. Tho strong appeal mndo by Senator John son, of Cook, iu favor of the bill to punish by lino and imprisonment tho loaning of public money by any custodian had tho Effect of convincing tho Senate of tho desirability of prohibiting by law u practice that has boon attended with moat pernicious results. Tho bill was passed. Tho man who was captured in rhiladol phla on Monday morning while trying to ex change for 4 per cents somo of tho Govern ment bonds stolon from tho Manhattan Savings Bank lost October, proves to bo a noted criminal, Johnny Dodds, who has boon connected with a series of tho heaviest bank robberies perpetrated for several years past, his latest exploit being tho murder of Bar uon, tho Cashier of tho Doxtor, Me., bank, because ho refused to unlock tbo safe. Largo sums of money havo boon offered for his apprehension, and there is nu excellent pros pect of his seclusion for tho remainder of his natural life. Now that tho Republicans in tho Illinois Legislature have assumed tlio responsibility for tho progroas of busies# boforo that body, as thoy havo virtually dono by consid ering in cftucui tho party action necessary to bring about an early adjournment, it is to bo hoped that they will succeed iu demonstrat ing Iholr sincere desire to accomplish such legislation os is indispensable, to drop all else, and bring tho session speedily to a close. The making of n special order for to day of tho appropriation bills is a stop in tho right direction, and if tho policy of strict devotion to necessary business is stead lly pursued it will, bo quite possible to ad journ by tho ond of tho prosout month. It has been decided by tho Cabinet to place in tbo hands of Gen, Sheridan tho nottor of checking tho unlawful incursions 3y immigrants upon tho lands of tho Indian Territory. It will bo his duty not only to prevent further encroachments, but also to compel tho retirement of tho squatters al ready there, as tho emigration movement to that Territory is *in violation of law, and must bo prohibited. It happens, for- Innately, that no question of Statu Rights or military interference outers into (his affair. Tho Indian Territory is under tho control of tbo Interior Department, ami express pro vision is mado by law for dealing with Ires passers on Indian reservations by tho aid of tho United Status army. The Democratic canons bill was yesterday introduced and passed in tho House, tho Democrats ond Greonbaokcrs supporting tho measure,whilo tho Republicans voted solidly against. Tho latter woro ablo to force-the admission of n substitute, as it was iu ibuir power lo filibuster and provont a voto. 01 conrso tho substitute was voted down, receiving but ono voto, that of a Greonbacker, la addition to tbo regular Republican strength. Tho bill will now go to tho Senate, and receive consideration thero before tho Legislative, Judicial, and Executive bill is token up. Afler.tho caucus measure has been passed, and until it has been returned by tbo President with or with out his signature, thoro will ho a political calm in Congress, and after that another storm. * . Resolutions woro yesterday passed by tho Mississippi Valley Labor Convention at Vicks burg urging tho negroes to pauao iu their headlong exodus, end bolding out tho fairest of promises of protection ’ and friendship os an inducement for thorn to remain. It is not the first timo that a Convention composed of Democrats has mado pledges of complete civil and political equality for tho negro, but it Is perhaps tho first timo that a Democratic Convention ip 'tbo South has fully realized tho necessity.of redeeming such pledges, Tho threatened labor famine has brought about this realization, and it is a hopeful feature of (ho situation that everj* planter who otteudod tbo Vicksburg Conv^n* tlou went homo fully determined upon put ling luto practice tbo falr-soundlug words contolned iu tbo resolutions, Tho ne v groes aro not to ho dissuaded by words only from their -purpose to ' vmigratp to n laud where the black man is by |avr and Us enforcement protected in every right and privilege, and thq meet* attending (ho efforts of tho Convention to reassure thorn will depend Altogether upon tho practical evidences of sincerity (hat shall ho furnished by tho white employers, The law prohibiting tbo sale of railroad tickets by a class of men known as ** scalp ors” is a measure directly in tho interest of honesty and morality, since (he prohibition removes in great measure tbo temptation to steal the ticketsj indeed, bnt for tho profit realized from trofilo In stolon tickets there would bo little encouragement for tho scalp ers to continue doing business. They have made strong efforts to secure the repeal of the law, and have lobbied strenuously at Springfield to that end, but their labor has been In vain, tho House yesterday do foatiug tho bill for repeal by a vole of 82 to 21. So long as tho purchaser of n ticket can exchange it back and receive from tho railroad company what ho paid, nobody’s rights ate impaired, and the scalper's occu pation is gone unless ho 'deals with thieves; so (hat the defeat of tho repeal bill is for tho public good. * m ; ihh The St. Petersburg correspondent of tho Cologne Qautte gives many interesting do* tails of tho revolutionary movement in Rus sia. According to his statement, the movc ment is a purely Social one, and has little to do with whot is known as Nihilism, and nothing whatever to do with tho Internation als. It Is the Court, that separates the Czar from tho people that tho Socialists are seek ing to break down. •They demand a repre sentative Government. According to their programme, the Third Division—tho police gendarmerie—must bo swept away. They further demand the abolition of corporal punishment with tho stick in prisons, better treatment of political prisoners, reform in tho courts of Justice, and changes In tho procedure in prellmlnory examinations nn* der the secret police. Ono of their pronuu oiamontos says: "Since wo ore unable to obtain any redress In a legal way, and that because in Russia, not tho Czar, bat those about tho Czar, really govern tho country, wo shall, unless attention is paid to our wishes, enter upon tho illegal way, and wo shall shoot, stab, and mnrdcr until oar de* mauds are satisfied ami tho Camarilla is swept from tho face of tho earth,” Tho cor respondent says at tho close of tho letter: “The revolutionary party U now fostering the discontent prevailing among tho most burdened classes of the people without Itself cherishing Communistic tendencies. Its only object has been to make ns many discontented people os possible, ns they might be made to render excellent service to the cause as food for powder. Many now ad herents have likewise Joined the movement who previously were deterred by the fear that tho cbn* spirnev would bo discovered, but who now, seeing that every attempt ami enterprise of the revolu tionists remains undiscovered and unpunished, willingly make common cause with them, Thus tt has come to pass that at urosent tbo secret con federacy, which stretches from tho Baltic and White Sea to tho Black Sea and the Caspian, counts ns many ns 111,000 working members, not to speak of the numberless agents who have taken the oath of loyalty, but who ore otherwise uninitiated. Among the members it in stated that there aro several ficnurnls besides the Abbot of a monastery. The total property of the revolutionary committee Is now estimated at 2, OHO. 000 roubles.” THE SUNDAY QUESTION AGAIN. Tho operation of tho Sunday laws at New ark, N. J., or rather tho operations of those who havo been seeking to enforce them, continue to furnish valuable practical sug gcslions to our own clergymen who aro just now engaged in trying to sotvo tho problem how lo secure a moro general observance of tho Sabbath Day. It will ho remembered that tho advocates of tho Sunday laws iu that city recently organized themselves into nn association called tho Lnw-aud-Order Longue, and directed their efforts against tho beer saloons which abound there, and that tho saloon-keepers in turn organized themselves into a Citizens' Protective Association, and demanded that tho wholo codo of Sunday laws should bo enforced, and put their do maud into practical effect by arresting every ono who did unnecessary work on tho Sab bath. By tins scheme thoy succeeded in stopping tho solo of Sunday papers, tho do delivery of tho mails, tho snlo of milk, cigars, groceries, and bread, tho running of street cars and steam railroad trains, tho open ing of barbers’ shops, and ovory form of labor, in foot, that was not absolutely This unexpected off sot proved to bo a calamity to citizens in general, while thoso who wanted lo drink boor flocked over to East Newark, whoro • thoro was no bar to drinking, and drank twice ns much as they would Imvo dono nt homo. Tho retaliatory attempt to enforce tho laws at lost convinced not only tho gen eral public, but tho very men who were fore most In advocating them, that tho effect was not only very inconvenient, but lu very many cases supremely ridiculous. Tito lib orty of tho individual was bo much abridged that ho became nn actual sufferer, and Sun day was a day of gloom and n nuisance. Even tho Law-nnd-Ordor League could not ; enduro it, and thoy came to tho Citizens’ Pro tective Association and expressed themselves ns ready for a compromise. The bcor-soll ers nud boor-drinkers asked them what thoy wauled, Thoy replied Hint they demanded n quiet Sabbath, and thoy wero told they could Imvo it. This rather pstonislicd tho Rumlay-lnw advocates, and (hoy woro still more astonished when they wu ro told by tho bcor-scllers that this was Just whot they wanted themselves. Hero was an easy basis for compromise. Tho beer men informed them they would drink thoir beer quietly and without interfering with any one, if (hoy woro lot atono, Tho Sun dny-law men gladly accepted tho offer, for they had already Buffered enough from tho deprivation of their milk, meat, bread, to bacco, mails, horse-cars, etc. The compro mise seems to have givou satisfaction to all concerned. Tho boor-drinkers havo their boor again, and tho Bumluy-law men have n quiet Sabbath, In all this, it seems, thoro is n strong hint for our own clergymen. In it not wise for them to recognize that in all great eommuni tics having diverse population people do not think alike ? That what may offend ono man's conscience docs not dis turb another's? That Germans, brought up to drink beer and to meet in a social way on Sunday, do not concider these practices wrong on Sunday or any other day in tho week ? And that it will bo just as hard to con viuoe them thoy aro doing wrong as it would bo to convince ono of theso clergymen that ho is doing wrong by preaching on Sunday ? Under tho very Statu law which was quoted at tho last meeting, it would bo possible to shut off every form of unnecessary labor on Sunday, ond this would ho a public calamity. Thero are dens of infamy in this city which ought io bo closed on tho Sabbath amt on every other day also, for they aro a disgrace to tho' community. Thoro aro theatrical and variety exhibitions of on indecent and immoral character which ought lo b« closed on tho Sabbath by. tho mu nicipal authorities, without any suggestion even from tho clergymen, and undoubtedly TITK rrriCAGO TRIBUNE; WEDNESDAY. MAY 7. 187!)—TWELVE PAGES.' tho. hotter cl mu of tho Gormans and nil other nationalities would assist in closing Ihom; hut ordinary reason and past experl* onoo ought (o convince tho Sunday-law nd voentos that (hoy cannot undertake a general crusade against quUst, pcnocahlo practices that do not interfere with tho rights or wor ship of the religious public without meeting with ultimate defeat and producing a hurt ful reaction, ‘What they may think is wrong, others through habit and education think is right. There is a golden menu in this mat ter, and, if all parlies can meet there, Chi cago can have a quiet Sabbath, and a combi nation of forces could bo made against what all decent people know is evil and wish to have suppressed. THE HEW DEMOCRATIC EXPEDIENT. Tho now Democratic programme Is fixed so far ns tho Army Appropriation bill Is con cerned. Tho following is tho text of tho hilt introduced simultaneously into tho Sen ate and tho House, upon tho passage and Presidential approval of which tho Demo crats wilt consent to voto tho supplies for the army: WimnsAß, Tho presence of troops at the polls Is contrary to the spirit of our institutions ami tho traditions of onr people, anti tends to destroy the freedom of elections; therefore, lit it enacted, etc., That tt shall not ho lawful to bring to or employ nt anyplace where a general or special-election Is being held in the State any pari of the army or navv of tho United States, unless such force be necessary to repel tho armed enemies of the United Stales, or to enforce Pec. -I, Art. IV. of the Constitution of the United States, and tho laws made In pursuance thereof, on application of tho Legislature or Executive of the Slate whore such force Is to be used, and so much of nil laws as are inconsistent herewith Is hereby repealed. Thera is a curious diversion of opinions as to tho real character and aim of this measure. The Democrats claim that it is loss objec tionable, so far as restriction upou tho Executive use of tho army is concerned, than tho sections which it was nt first proposed to repeal lu tho Army Appropriation bill. Some Republicans seem inclined to admit that tho bill will rocoivo tho President's signature, because President Hates, Iq his message ac companying tho voto of the Army bill, ex pressed himself os hostile to military Inter ference with elections ns any Democrat could bo. Tho most numerous body of Repub licans declare tho now bill to bo worse iu Us design and more far-reaching in Us effects than tho political amendments which called out tbo voto of tho Anuy bill. If tho bill shall receive tbo united support of tho Dem ocrats nud solid opposition of tho Republic qus ia both Houses, just ns tho Anuy bill did, its success or failure will depend upon tho President. Tho fact about tho bill scorns to bo that it was drawn with n view that it might servo tho Democrats os an nvouno to escape from tho awkward dilemma ia which they have placed themselves. In order to make it do this service it was necessary to frame it in such manner os would be likely to meet tho President's approval. In this effort, however, the framers of tho bill havo givou tho Prosi dent simply tho preamble, which partly cor responds with his views ns to military inter ference with elections, but bavooocupied tho body of tho bill with tho most extraordinary restrictions upon Exooutivo authority that has over been proposed. There can bo little doubt that two of tho objections urged by the President to signing the Army Appropri ation bill iu tho shopo in which it was sub* milted to him will servo him as equally good reasons for vetoing tho present bill, ond that a third objection, more weighty than both tho others, will determine his notion. We state briefly tho objections lo tho meas ure ns they occur to us: 1. Tho bill is as objectionable in its pres ent attitude on tho score of an attempt lo intimidate tbo President as if it woro made a part of tho Army Appropriation bill. It has been designedly introduced in advance of tho Army Appropriation bill, which has been designedly retarded two wooks in order to learn definitely the fate of tho present meas ure. There is no mistaking tho purpose iu tho light of past utterances. If tho Presi dent will not sign this measure as a moans of letting (ho Democratic parly down easy, thou it will still bo iu tho power of tho Inttor to rotuso to voto supplies, and to threaten, em barrass, and cripple tho Government by ad journing without passing tho appropriation bills. It is folly to contend that tho President innstnot ho guided lu reaching his conclusions by any mere suspicion that tho Democratic majority intend to do this or that; there is something more than a suspicion of tho Democratic purpose, and tho nllitudo in whtoh they have placed this bill Is tanta mount to a notice that tho voting of supplies is conditioned upon tho approval of tho meas ure In Its present shape. Tho President can not ignore tho significant cirotmislnucos which surround tho bill, and they must iu fluouco bim just ns similar ooii.Llloun In fluenced his decision when similar legisla tion was proposed ns a part of (ho Army Appropriation bill. 2. Tho laws aro just ns mnplo now ns when tho President wrote his luto voto message for the protection of elections against mili tary Interference, and ho must be similarly impelled to regard tho now law not merely ns superfluous and unnecessary, but as de signed to accomplish something not clearly confessed or expressed in tho language of tho bill. If the Provident found no diffi cutty iu connecting tho political sections of tho Army bill with tho proposed repeal of tho election statutes, tho same foots ond rea soning will onahlo Idm to connect this bill with tho scheme for repealing tho vital parts of tho Election law, If, thou, there was reason lo believe that tho political sections of tho Army Appropriation blilVcro designed to prevent civil authorities from calling upon the army iu cases whoro such an appeal might hu necessary iu order to protect Super visors or otherwise enforce the Election law, there is equal ground for belief that tho present act Is designed for tho very same purpose, and will boused chiefly to that end. Unless the President is willing to acquiesce iu tho Democratic scheme for tho destruction of all National authority ovor National elec tions, ho will bo no mure willing to approve tho law now proposed than ho was to ap prove an appropriation bill which contained provisions of a similar nature. 8. Rut tho law now proposed Is further objectionable because It Is more compre hensive than tho political sections of tho Army bill, and because it forbids tho uso of the army or any portion thereof on any election day except to repel armed enemies of the United Btatcs, or to enforce See. 4, Art. IV., of (ho Constitution, which makes It tho duty of tho Government to protect every State against domestic violence under certain conditions. Tho President has taken oath to faithfully execute all tbo laws. If ho signs this bill, which will thereby become & law, he will out himself # off on certain days of every year from the use of (ho army as a resort for enforcing laws which meet with stubborn or violent resistance with the sin gle exception noted. His oath of office will probably be a serious impediment to any approval which lie might bo desirous of giving to thin or any other measure for tbo purpose of ondlng a long nud unprofitable conlrovoray. Wo presume tho Democrats, ns n matter of fact, do not onto mnoh.about this now prop ortion except as nn expedient that may en able thorn to abandon tho starving-oat project without tho appearance of backing down. But tho now bill will provo upon examination to bo too broad nn inroad upou Exooutivo authority and duty to bo regarded simply os nu expedient for Democratic escape. THE PACIFIC RAILROAD DEBT. A year ago Congress passed tho bill known ns tho Thurman not. This law required that tho several Pacific railroads which woro subsi dized in ISO I should maintain n sinking fund to pay the interest and principal of tho Gov crmuout bonds loaned to thoso railroads, Tho law provided that one-quarter of tho not earnings of onoh road should bo appro priated ns a sinking fund, but stipulated that tho first-mortgage bonds should Imvo a prior lion upon tho sinking fund. Tito rail road companies resisted this not. Thoy de nied tho power of Congress to pass snob n law, it being, ns they claimed, a broach of contract, and therefore unconstitutional. Suits woro instituted nud decisions In favor of tho Government were given, ond on Mon day tho Supromo Court of tho United Staton affirmed tho decisions of tho lower Courts. Tho necessity of the law Is shown in tho fact that these railroads now owo tho United States nearly $82,000,000 of interest,—that is, iutcrost paid by tho United Staton and net paid back by tho roads. Hero is n statement of (ho account ns made up to tho Ist of May, 1870: Principal of bond 01,(123.519 Intercut paid by the United States.... 41,778.745 Interest accrued not paid 1,21)2,470 Total Indebtedness toUnlted 5tate5.8107,089,727 Less by Interest paid in ce*t of trans portation. .. 10,707,524 Due to United States May 1,1870..$ Od,082,20:1 Considering that tho United States have only a second mortgage to secure this debt, and that tho first and prior lien is for a prin cipal debt of $04,(100,000, tho necessity for n permanent sinking fund to meet this already enormous indebtedness is very clear. Tho bonds have fifteen years more to run before tho principal becomes payable, and, unless tho companies bo made to make some pro vision for payment, tho wholo debt duo to (ho United States in 18111 will bo in tho neighborhood of $130,000,000, scoured ouly by a second mortgage. Tho immediate importance of this decision nt this time is that it catches about $4,000,- 000 not earnings, accrued since tho passage of tho law, and compels it to pass into tho Treasury of tho United States as a sinking fund. Had tho decision been against tho law, this sum would have been distributed as dividends among tho stockholders. Hero* ofter, unless somo weak or corrupt Congress shall repeal tho law, tho public will havo tho satisfaction of knowing that the railway companies aro nt least making somo pro* vision for tho payment of tbo principal and interest of their debt to tho Government, though that has nover been tho purposo and intention of tho companies. ONE OF ÜB. TILDEN'B TRICES. Tho other day at Cincinnati one of Samuel J. Tilden'b emissaries lot out a Httlo bit of political information to a newspaper report er that will bo likely to crcato a good deal of excitement and Homo disgust in Democratic circles. It Beams that thti individual referred to is ono of Tildbn'u trusty and vigilant «o crot agents, who is quietly traveling through tho Went and Northwest putting things in order for Mr. Tilde:*, and his casual remark at Cincinnati reveals ono of tho methods to bo adopted to accomplish that result. Mr. Tilden and many of his friends and admirers in tho Democratic party—and they are neither few in numbers, insignificant in point of influence, nor passive spectators of passing political events—claim (hat he was fairly elected in 1876 5 that ho was cheated out of tho ofllon by what they style a smart (rick known in history ns tho Electoral Com mission ; and they insist that there is only one way to compensate their candidate for tho injnry ho has sustained, and that is by rono&dnating and electing him at tho next election. Upon this nnsnmplion they regard tho candidacy of ovory other gentleman named os an intrusion, if not on inmilt, to their illustrious chief whoso pretensions they justify and whoso fortunes they persistently seek to advance. They seem to think that Mr. Tildbk has a first mortgage on tho Dem ocratic party, which became duo by default of payment in 1870, and that a suit of fore closure next year is a lawful and legitimate proceeding. Consequently, Mr. Tntm. man's appearance ns an aspirant for tho nomination is looked upon as an at tempted interference with tho prerogatives of Gramoroy Park, and tho snmo may bo said of Mr. Hendricks, Gou. Ewino, and all tho smaller stars whoso light sends the fooblost rny towards tho White House. But Mr. Thurman has become too conspicuous a candidate to bo frightened by tho cry of ‘•Shoodly" on the part of Mr. Tildbn'm friends, Ho has haoomo thus prominent for throo reasons, to-viit. j (1) On account of his acknowledged ability and eminence as a statesman and lawyer ; (3) by reason of his favoring a popular delusion • In regard to the currency; qiul (6) ho has become 'somewhat popular because Til den's personal and political enemies— and their nmno is legion—naturally turn to tho Ohio Heuator ns tho best and moat available man with which.to put a quietus upon tho unholy ambition of' oncy who is pictured ns sitting on the shoulders of tho Democratic parly os the Old Man of (ho Boa sat upon the back of Binuad. Mr. Thur man's location, too, is regarded as much more favorable for a Presidential candidate than New York City; for, great as tho Em pire Stale is acknowledged to be, and emi nent and distinguished us many of her citi zens have justly become, ebo is uot likely to secure the title of a “ Mother of Presidents," although her favorite sons have often boon offered as candidates by botti political par ties. Van Burch had one term, which ho se cured by (lie Impetus given him by beiug connected with Jackson's Administrations; Pillmorb was the result of an accident; and Clinton, Burr, Bbiuour, McClellan, Gree ley, and Tilden were rejected by the people at tho ballot-box. Bbward was beaten in Convention by Aurauau Lincoln. Ail these things conspire to place Allen G. Thurman very much In (he way of Samuel J. Tilden, and Mr. Tilden is (00 shrewd on observer uot to know it. At the game of “I win and you lose 11 he Is vastly superior to tho Ohio man, and just sow ho is devoting all his skill and canning to de feating tho schemes and circumventing tho movements of his Western rival. To this end he is sending his agents into oil the Western and Northwestern States, probably provided with a “ bar’i" of money, to work ns efficiently as they am for himself nnd against Thurman. It looks much as if Tu.- drn has really suggested iho candidacy of Joan M. Palmer. That is to say—or rather it is just what (ho TildEn emissary said at Cincinnati—Mr. Palmer is to bo given suf ficont prominence as a Presidential candidate to mnko hint an acceptable nominee for Vico-Prcsident on tho ticket with Tildrn. and, ns Illinois joins Ohio, Palmer's local support would quiet Thurman's friends and mitigate their disappointment over his de feat. Tito notion of tho Now York Sun inhrlog* iiiß Palmer out for the first place on tho ticket and tho ton mortal columns of solid brevier in tho ahnpo of a biographical sketch of the ex-Govornor was only intended to mako his nomination for Vice-President a probable event, and was all done In the inter est of Samuel J. Tildbn. Mr. Tildes may as well understand once for all that Illinois will not play second fiddle to Now York, nor wilt her Illustrious Democratic sous bo content to oat at tho second table, Such subordination may do for Indiana or Ohio, hut not for Illinois, Unless our Democrats can stand first in war, first in peaco, and first in tho hearts of tho South, they don’t care to stand at alt. Illi nois is not breeding Vice-Presidents. THE SPIRITS AND THE SCHOOLS. The educational and political circles of New York Oily arc just now In a whirl of amazement over tho discovery that Mr. Henry Kiddle, tho Superintendent of Schools, is an out-and-out Spiritualist. Tho fact scents to havo been promulgated by tho Superintendent himself, through iho publi cation of n hook on " Spiritual Communica tions," from which it appears that during tho past year, by the Instrumentality of bis son and daughter, he has received communi cations not only from his old friends bat from nil tho great men of the post, begin ning with Don Inoersoll's target of abuse, Moses, and ending with Pius IX. Such master minds as Paul, Peter, Calvin, Sn\KSPEARE, Luther, Swedenborg, Frank lin, Newton, Theodore Parker, Bonaparte, and ‘Washington have como down from their far-off bights and related to him their regrets for (hoir sublunary mistakes, their present experiences, and tholr future expectations, in very bad En glish, aud in a stylo much inferior to (hat which tlioy used while in the flesh, showing that tho celestial curriculum of education is sadly in want of experienced teachers and well-graded schools, or that tho snbjoct Is altogether neglected. Not only this, these master minds, Instead of increasing in depth and brilliancy, seem to bo fading out and growing Imbecile os tlmo goes on in (ho heavenly bights, for mnoh that they havo to say is pucrilo, and still more, with nil duo reverence for these colossal gliosis, Is bosh and swash. It is not very encouraging for ambitions mortals who look forward to tho heavenly stnto ns ouo in which they will go on in creasing in knowledge and expanding in ideas to discover from tho communications made to Superintendent Kiddle that they will bo likely to tnko tho back track ns soon ns they commence tho hosvouiy existence, with a fair prospect of reaching a tower depth of ignorance than they could compass In this woild. Judged by tho communica tions in this volume, Suakspearb is a sopho more, Byron a school-hoy, and Poe, though ho has been dead but a few years, is idiotic. It is aomowhat curious, judging by the spocimous, that tho poets suffer tho most lu this retrograding process. Nearly nil of them hnvo reached tho piano of Iho Minnie Myrtles and Dollis Dimples, whllo Byron can hardly oops with tho Bwoet Singer of Michigan in Intellectual vigor or rhythmical expression. The professors of theology and teachers of creeds now engaged in propagating their beliefs will also bo discouraged to learn that their predecessors, almost withont exception, And when they put on immortality that they wore diametrically wrong, ond that they taught just what they ought not to teach. For instance, Archbishop Hughes, in his in terview with Mr. Kiddle, gets furious in bis denunciations of himself, and tho medium says she seemed to see him grinding his teeth, douching hla fists, wildly gesticulating In tho anguish of contrition, and otherwise behaving in a very disorderly, manner for a spirit who wo hud imagined would occupy'a very prominent place with a very largo harp, Tho Archbishop says: “ Pray for mo,— your counselor from God, —and save me, as like wise yourselves, from further painful retro spection. Moreover, belong to tho mansions .of tho Loud, and not to tho apostates of Homo or Hell. Bomoinbor mo in tho t(mo of war; for I shall bo (hero to throw tho Pon tiff of Italy into tho gulf of destruction. Pray for mo olwnys. That Is tho roality of my present slate of existence.” Pius IX. is in hardly Icssdoplorahlo plight. Ho, too, was another good man gono wrong, for ho tenderly mourns ns follows: “ Our Itomnu ‘ Catholic' Church Is quite wrongand unfruit ful in Us idolatry ond sophistry; but God will suffer no man to lose if ho docs right, occording to conscience. No man shall suf fer for the King's or ruler's pride or mis takes. The Head of Iho Chnroh must reap his wayward rowings. Amen, in Heaven. Please inscribe my name with tho blood that comoth from ropontnnt thought for misdeeds and actions committed in false light.” Even Moses is nil "torn up,” and will strike tho Jews with consternation at tho following rank npostauy t "1 meant to tsach, hut have I not blocked up tho way with a feeling of hatred Instead? itolato to mo the story of (ho Jews, and I will’writhe in anguish aud sorrow, for my waywardness or mlaconcpp (ion ot that Higher Power who is ablo to transport your minds.” Now, if nil tho pools got lo writing doggerel, and tho theologians confess tlioy wero all wrong, and tho groat Coplnius issue bulletins that would do dis credit to Gen, JJoum, wherein lu tho heaven ly prospect advantageous for a human being of oven ordinary ambition ? Tho New York Tribunt has printed several columns of extracts from this volume of communica tions, none of which indicate that tho spirits havo umdo any progress since (hoy left us ; on tho other hand, every blessed ouo of them seems lo hnvo fallen buck into mediocrity, and some of thorn, from whom we bad o right to expect hotter things, into hopeless Imbecility. Mr. Kiddle's new deporturo, as we have already said, bos occasioned great consterna tion in tho Board of Education, though we doubt whether U will Involve his resignation of his responsible position so long us it does not interfere with his usefulness. If, through constant communication with those illiterate aud unimportant spiritual friends, ho should be infected with their ignorance aud drivel, or If bo should sock to propagate his views amoug sohool-ohUdreu, ho would probably bo removed inslauier. Experience has shown that a man may boos mad as a March hare (If a March hare is ever mad) on tho subject of Spiritualism, and yet bo n Tory able roan in ovary other direc tion, mid this poems to bo tho case with Mr* Kiddle, govern! of tho Commissioners, while they regret tho tarn ho has taken* do not think it should necessitate hla resigna tion unless his views should prove in some way detrimental to the oause of education. The Jewish and Homan Oatholio Oororais- Hiooera do not seem to regard tho ronttor aa at all Important, ono of tho latter declaring that If Mr. Kiddle wanted to indulge In that particular stylo of menial gymnastics ho was willing. Tho only person prominently con nected with tho Board of Education who has expressed an emphatic opinion is ‘William Dowd, the President of the Bank of North America, who regards tho whole subject of Spiritualism ns "a blasted humbug,” and thinks Sir. Kiddle had belter atop down and out. Tho most alarming probability, as U soems to us, that tho Superlntondont is los ing his grip and becoming like ono of his spirits, is his decision that snob stuff Is worth publishing, THE EMOLT9H ABMT-STJPPIY SYSTEM, It is reported that the supply departments of tho English columns ot Jellolobod and Kandahar, Afghanistan, have completely broken down, and that, to thoir In efficiency, tho British Iroops have suffered for want of subsistences. Ho great has been •their failure that tho duty of supplying tho troops has been transferred to other officers. If wo are not mistaken, one or moroof onr officers, who were sont abroad lo inspect the military services of other countries, havo re ported that tho organization of tho English army in India was as near perfection ns pos sible, and those officers have, in each case, urgently recommended tho adoption of Ibis organization for onr own service. Tho column at Jellatobnd Is operating in a section of country at not moip than seventy miles from Peshawar, from which place it draws its supplies. That ot Kandahar re ceives its stores from Schiknpuir, Ohelpnr, and other neighboring places, about 200 mites distant. Tho failure of tho English supply department to troosport stores over such inconsiderable distances leads ns to beliovo that the judgment of our own officers who havo recommended (ho adoption of so faulty a system for our army !s not entitled to serious consideration. It very naturally suggests to ns, also, a comparison of tho sys tem by which our army is supplied. ■ This system, tho growth of many years’ experience on our part, has never failed iu fnrniahiug 1 our troops with every requisite. Under all circumstances, no matter what' obstacles intervened, oar supply departments havo always succeeded in providing our soldiers with everything they required, and It Is owing to their effi* cioucy that it may bo said, our ormy is hot ter fed, better clothed, and fetter provided with transportation, than any others. In view of these facts, it may very well bo sug gested that, when officers of the army aro again selected for military inspection abroad tßoso bo sent who have a higher appreciation of our own system, and who aro bettor qual ified by experience than those who wero sent to institute comparison between it and the systems of other countries. A public meeting will be held ac the club rooms of tho Grand Pacific Hotel on noxtSatur day evening to tolce some appropriate action In regard to the recent destruction bv firs of the University of Notre Dnmo. Mayor Harrison will preside at the mooting, and many of tho leading citizens have already Indicated a purposo to be present. Tho attendance should bo large, for the University of Notre Dnmo tins long been regarded as a sort of Chicago institution. A largo proportion of Us pupils every year go from this city, und the educational work which has been accomplished by tho Institution has been of direct benefit to this ' city. Now that a calamity has visited Notre Dame of tho very some nature, and pro portionately just as disastrous, as that which visited Chicago in 1871, It is highly proper and commendable that Chicago should respond not' merely with expressions of sympathy, but with a substantial contribution toward rapid rebuild ing. Those who have read Father Sorin’s eloquent and manly appeal, based upon thirty seven years of bard labor, will foci Impelled to join in a Chicago movement to recognize the claim which misfortune of this character always has upon a populous, prosperous, and Intelli gent community. Col. J. M. Keating, of tbe Memphis Appeal, was recently In Cincinnati, and Interviewed In regard to Presidential candidates, lie said: Of the gentlemen mentioned, I think, at tho Honth, Mr. Uataiiii Manila ilrst and Mr. Voomtitna next in choice. Mr. TmrmtAN’ ami Mr. Hen mticKs probably stand upon tho sainu plane. Mr. ItANOAU. has attracted » greabdeal of attention, and has a strong following In every nart of iho country. Oen. Han,hick reoresents tho military idea, and might ho taken an'an otTset to Gen. lluavt or any other military man tbo Republicans might put up. An to (he strength of the others named 1 am not ablo to express an opinion. Mr. Keating ought to have tho credit of In* venting a Presidential candidate in the person of Dan Voouiibbs. And yet, ns Dan was a Rebel Sympathizer during the War, there is no reason why ho should not bo popular Id tho South. Tho 84,000,000 bill to compensate Fittßiurg nml tho adjoining country fur losses sustained In tho riots of July, ISTd, did not pass, and there la a creat scandal about it. This bill was designed to make tho Btato assume responsibil ity for tlio losses sustained at Pliuburg during tho railroad riots, nud which properly belong to Allegheny County. Thu evidence goes to show that a largo amount of money was raised by interested parlies at I’lttsburg, nml a lobby employed to secure favorable editorials In cer tain papers and to buy the votes of members, at prices ranging from BSOO tu SI,OOO per vote, according lo thu supposed Inlluvnca of the pur chased member. Mr. Hbnuhicks in HUo Byron's woman who, 11 whispering she would not consent, consented," oml now for the fifth, or may ho the tenth, time declares that under do circumstances will ho consent to tnko tlio second place uo the Presi dential ticket. The Cincinnati JCuyuhrr bus* poets that “ This Is (lie moment to photograph Mr. Hbndrick*, In order to secure a counter* felt presentment of this great man when he Is rnully oil the fence on n political question. ll New York Tribunt t “ A million Is a pretty round number, hut (hat Is Just Urn number of rotes which Senator Uaiikum set down nearly a mouth ago os tho probable loss which the Dcm* ocrallc party would suffer for the folly of fore* Imr an extra session. Mr. Oaiinum (s not a wild political guesscr, and since he dropped tutu prophecy nothin# has happened to tuaku tho Democratic prospect more cheerful." The WurlJ Insists (hat tho Democrats must separate the political legislation from the A|>* proprlatluu hills. "They have," It savs, "no right, and It Is not their duty, to visit the folly of the Executive on tho country by refusing supplios for the public service." Tho bsch* down of tho Democrats in Congress Is now sun* plemenlud by the cavlug-ln of their principal organ. Congress baa saddled no rider upon the bill to pay the current expenses of the present session. Thu “ starving " process Is not likely ovttf to he* come ]>opu!ar ut Washington. Perhaps some people lu Chicago might take the hint from tho spasmodic attempt at enforc ing tho Sunday laws In Newark, which has re sulted to a compromise whereby the saluoa keepers are tho victors. The effort i 0 -T 7 ' liquor-saloons on Sunday led to rcmii.,* lh * which tho selling of milkorncwsnan b; keeping open of barber-shops, ni,i„.7' tho traveling by carriages or ears wore ~rcvtnu7 The reported compromise ncrmlu d.,, ~ • papers uml necessities, and allows bar-™ ** * ot rccclvo customers at back-doors. 00ini to *Tl.e ault ot ox-dov. Wa.nniin*, cousin, In tlm United Steles Cimrtatri. , " '' to recover ,3,IDQ Irom tho Weelem I,,T'' Compnoy, resulted In n verdict tor the niu 2 niter ten mlnuleo’ dcllberellon by the I,J , Is the first lit eight esses, pcndbij! bi ,R !t Court, growing out ot tho null criiloiL ‘ lire In Minneapolis a year ego. L i atl ‘l Tho Indianapolis Jmtnal, In eommnnil. upon Ihe recent epecch ol Senator Vooiml? opposhiK tho federal Election la™ . ’ •■that all of the re.mesle tor Supameori dlana havo been made bv the Democrats the last time such officers were appointed it» on tho written request ot Senator McDonald.” Mr. Sbtmoub has written a letter in which u says more positively than cvcr-”O e mlem#« your candidate I cannot be.” It Is undented that the movement to bring Seymour out W Governor was Inspired bv tho enemies of Mr Tii.dbh, and Ihe declination of Horatio is rsl garded as a point in favor of Sly Saumt. °* .The Boston U'trald has an eye on the p rc ,L dootlal canvass when it taya that “Thelssue u it Is made by the President’* messaco, would probably enable the Bcpublhans lo carry the North solid, and the Democrats will make a grand mistake If they light It out on that Hue.* Tho Memphis Appeal remarks that if Dsmos tiirkbs were olive now he would probably be editing a dally paoor. And If Siukspsakb ntul Addison wore alive they would probably be reporting for Mr. Dsmostobnes at $25 a neck and the ordinary perquisites. Dr. Blackburn, who is running for Governor of Kentucky ou the Democratic ticket, la % brother of Job Blackburn, ot tho House of Representatives. Both were Rebels during the late unpleasantness, and bcnco both are popular Jo Kentucky. The arrival of emigrants for the first quarter of tho year Is unusually large. They come principally from Germany, Ireland, England, and Norway. It Is an evidence of returning prosperity for tho North. They avoid the South. Cbarlbs Francis Adaus has refused to aay anything to a newspaper reporter about the veto message of President Hayes, mid conse quently wo shall never know whether that mes sage was right or wrong. In view of tho reconciliation of Mr. Hatis with tho Stalwarts, und the revival ot his popu larity, it Is likely that ho may regret declining to bo a candidate for a second term. John Srbrman’s 4 per cent Presidential bonds will nob all be sold to a syndicate, lia will manage them himself. Chlof-Jusllco Coolhy, of Michigan, Is letter ing on the "Evils of Local Government." Re Is needed ot Springfield. PERSONALS. According to tho Philadelphia SuUdin, (ha lowest dive in Egypt Is tho Khedive. lleprosoutativo Lowo seems to bo willing to ley so for another chance at Logan. Tho Confederate “ rider" would doubtless have made a better race had ho rode Parole. The Czar finds it extremely difficult to deal with Nihilism'. Why doesn't ho try tho veto! Mark Gray, wo fear, would not succeed as an actor. Ho couldn't make a hit. you know. Gen. Schonck has just drawn $1,025 in pension money, which be calls a pretty good-ehd ••put," Mr. Blnl'no to the President: Kind sir, bs coed enough to veto Itoscoa Conkllng, If joi please. Fred Archer, tho English jockey, received 82, COO for riding Parole. This, wo takoli, Ua centre shot. Anxious inquiry of Sitmnol J. Tilden: Aro tho buck seats oil too small for my dear friend David Davlst “Mr. Lowo is not a poor Indian, by any means," says an exchange. No. ate la only a poor Congressman. lowa baa 224 brass bands. Poto Stevens ought to bo glad that ho wasn't Bent to lowa for foitrioen years. Rooipos for restaurant strawberry-short cake begin t 11 To one box of strawberries add ono barrel of Hour.” Owing to tbo scarcity of negroes in tho South, rlfie-clnbs sro not able to sat their wail amount of practice. Modjoskn snils for Europe outhoStlh,— a trip Jn which tho advertising dodge of spikes car can play no 'part. Ur. Hayes’ backbone appears lo ba of a very superior character, and perhaps It was Mer ited from tho late (icu. Dir, Tho Now York Commercial thinks it isn. right. Tho Kings and Emperors escape, and, tbs baso-balllsts eaten U every lime. Goorgt Eliot Is in feeble health, sad her physicians will probably order her to ceass latch lectual labor for some time to come. 001. Uoaby, Oonsnl ftt Hong Kong, is as boorish as If bo wore representing the Houlhern Confederacy Instead of Iho United States. Pleased is tho cold weather, for it patlcth back tho Ico-croara season, and brlngeth exceeding great Joy to tbo young man wbo is hard up. John Sherman booms aloug gloriously to Ohio; bnt, unfortunately fpr him, his booroJia’i big enough lo bo heard outside of that dtatc. Paul Poyton, we hoar, will soon shoot tho rapids of tbo St. Lawrence. Wo hope, however, that the rapids will be able to ahuat back with f* ll ' edect. Miss Sarah Frost, of Northampton, Pa-i weighs dOO pounds, and, In view of.lids, hi* easy to account for so much cold weather elee* where. If Mr. LorillariVs connection with tob.uoo Interests lad (ho English turfmon to class Tarotea ft ••plug." they bavo acknowledged their error • this Hut. Every year of Mamhnl MnoMohon's Tre* • deucy .was SIOO,OOO oat of ids pocket. I' l **' want to ruin a man over there they President. ... The BHCCORB of Mr. Kcely’a motor w mskoMr. DoLaMuiyr's financial icbemo m feaulblß. Tho resources of slea«W* u ' vcr * r k| jrreal enough to print the volutao uf green which It provides for. SLANDER. ftjrrtol Mtpalet to tho IWW«. . , Dbtuoit, Mich., May 0.-l'lic llev. Conrad ** Molt, pastor of Kmanuol German but Church, was arrested to-day on a capias »[« at the Instance of the Kev. Emil Usr ' pastor of Iho German Lutheran »i r< suburban town of Bprlngwells. The * ia '• . Darodrot claims that his clerical hrothc dered him by calling him a perjurer, un ring that ho hod sworn falsely hi , gcl Court at La Porte, lad. Uo J«J» d " K at SI,OOO, und tho accused gavo ball j” oraouut. There has hceu 111-fccilug bet two clergymen for some time past. IN A STRANGE LAND. Sixnut Dilute* to l>tTi , a Bphunoton, Is., Nlaya*-Ca«ptr^' iupt[lJ old Gorman conducting a atuall mrsterl* dyeing establishment lu this city, «“• g ™ T urdlJf ously absent from the streets fro* lu ,j. evening until this afternoon, hU P«» aot jaic. ness having remained closed In 1,1 h ,.. bnJ eDt 'This afternoon the door of lia a t f()UD 4 je*J. was forced open, and Aleblcr waa 1 Ql The Coroner's Jury rendered a veru e4rt from apoplexy. Deceased waa »b» ut » 1 of aga.