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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, May 07, 1879, Image 4

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RT MATT.—TN ADVANCE —POSTAGE PREPAID.
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Remittances may lie made eltlicr by draft, express,
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ir.UMsTo city puiiscmnsKs.
Dally, delivered. Sunday excepted. V> rent* per week.
Dally, delivered. Sunday Included, no cents per week.
Address TIIK TltinUNP. COMPANY,
• Corner Mftdlion and Dearborn-*!*.. Chfcmro. 111.
Order* for the delivery of Tub mines* at Evanston,
Knalenond, and Hyde Turk led In the couollns-roora
will re reive prompt attention.
TRIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES.
Tnx CiitrAoo TntncNß has established branch ofllcaa
fenhe rucclpt of tnbscrlpuoai sod adrertliemcntt as
follows!
NEW vottK-Iloom 90 Tribune Building, r. T. Mo-
Fadokn. Manager.
PAIRS, France—No. 16 Hue de la Urange.Batellere.
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LONDON, bug.—American Exchange, 440 Strand.
Utxr.vF.Oiu.ni. Agent.
WASHINGTON D, C.-1310 r street.
AMUSEMENTS.
McVlckcr’s Theatre.
Madison street, between Dearborn nud State. En
gagement of Edwin Booth. “Slijlock."
Ilnverl.v’s Theatre,
Dearborn street, comer of Monroe. Engagttnent
of the Colville Burlesque Company. "Cinderella.”
Afternoon and evening.
llonley** Theatre,
Rrnitolpb mm, b*t»rrn Clark nm! l,*S*lle. En
gagement of Mnjrdo Mitchell. Afternoon, "Jane
Eyre.” Evening, ‘Tear! of Savor.”
Ilntnlln'A Theatre.
Clark ftreet, orroMto ihe Court-Houis. Engage'
inentof Jennie lluglici. “The French Spy,”
SOCIETY MEETINGS.
nKRPRHIA LODGE. No. 411, A. F. A A. M.-Tbo
member* are hereby nolltled w attend a Regular Com
luimlcnilon of the lodge, to lm held nt (he hall, corner
Randolph nud IlnDted-fts., this Wednesday evening.
May 7, at 7 o’clock itiorp, for Important work ana
Ixinluusi. Milting brethren cordially Invited. Bv order
~,CIIAS. lI.IiUKNAN, W. M.
CHAb. B» DHADLKV, secretary.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1879.
A failure lo receive tho requisite majority
defeated the bill in tho Pennsylvania Legis
lature providing for tho redemption of ovor
$2,000,000 worth of certificates issued to
parlies who suffered from tho Rebel raids to
which tho Southern border of tho Stato was
subject daring tho War.
Tho strong appeal mndo by Senator John
son, of Cook, iu favor of the bill to punish
by lino and imprisonment tho loaning of
public money by any custodian had tho Effect
of convincing tho Senate of tho desirability
of prohibiting by law u practice that has
boon attended with moat pernicious results.
Tho bill was passed.
Tho man who was captured in rhiladol
phla on Monday morning while trying to ex
change for 4 per cents somo of tho Govern
ment bonds stolon from tho Manhattan
Savings Bank lost October, proves to bo a
noted criminal, Johnny Dodds, who has boon
connected with a series of tho heaviest bank
robberies perpetrated for several years past,
his latest exploit being tho murder of Bar
uon, tho Cashier of tho Doxtor, Me., bank,
because ho refused to unlock tbo safe. Largo
sums of money havo boon offered for his
apprehension, and there is nu excellent pros
pect of his seclusion for tho remainder of
his natural life.
Now that tho Republicans in tho Illinois
Legislature have assumed tlio responsibility
for tho progroas of busies# boforo that
body, as thoy havo virtually dono by consid
ering in cftucui tho party action necessary to
bring about an early adjournment, it is to bo
hoped that they will succeed iu demonstrat
ing Iholr sincere desire to accomplish such
legislation os is indispensable, to drop all
else, and bring tho session speedily to a
close. The making of n special order for to
day of tho appropriation bills is a stop in
tho right direction, and if tho policy of
strict devotion to necessary business is stead
lly pursued it will, bo quite possible to ad
journ by tho ond of tho prosout month.
It has been decided by tho Cabinet to
place in tbo hands of Gen, Sheridan tho
nottor of checking tho unlawful incursions
3y immigrants upon tho lands of tho Indian
Territory. It will bo his duty not only to
prevent further encroachments, but also to
compel tho retirement of tho squatters al
ready there, as tho emigration movement
to that Territory is *in violation of law,
and must bo prohibited. It happens, for-
Innately, that no question of Statu Rights or
military interference outers into (his affair.
Tho Indian Territory is under tho control of
tbo Interior Department, ami express pro
vision is mado by law for dealing with Ires
passers on Indian reservations by tho aid of
tho United Status army.
The Democratic canons bill was yesterday
introduced and passed in tho House, tho
Democrats ond Greonbaokcrs supporting tho
measure,whilo tho Republicans voted solidly
against. Tho latter woro ablo to force-the
admission of n substitute, as it was iu ibuir
power lo filibuster and provont a voto. 01
conrso tho substitute was voted down,
receiving but ono voto, that of a
Greonbacker, la addition to tbo regular
Republican strength. Tho bill will now go
to tho Senate, and receive consideration
thero before tho Legislative, Judicial, and
Executive bill is token up. Afler.tho caucus
measure has been passed, and until it has
been returned by tbo President with or with
out his signature, thoro will ho a political
calm in Congress, and after that another
storm. *
. Resolutions woro yesterday passed by tho
Mississippi Valley Labor Convention at Vicks
burg urging tho negroes to pauao iu their
headlong exodus, end bolding out tho
fairest of promises of protection ’ and
friendship os an inducement for
thorn to remain. It is not the
first timo that a Convention composed of
Democrats has mado pledges of complete
civil and political equality for tho negro, but
it Is perhaps tho first timo that a Democratic
Convention ip 'tbo South has fully
realized tho necessity.of redeeming such
pledges, Tho threatened labor famine has
brought about this realization, and it is a
hopeful feature of (ho situation that everj*
planter who otteudod tbo Vicksburg Conv^n*
tlou went homo fully determined upon put
ling luto practice tbo falr-soundlug words
contolned iu tbo resolutions, Tho ne
v groes aro not to ho dissuaded by
words only from their -purpose to
' vmigratp to n laud where the black man is
by |avr and Us enforcement protected in
every right and privilege, and thq meet*
attending (ho efforts of tho Convention to
reassure thorn will depend Altogether upon
tho practical evidences of sincerity (hat shall
ho furnished by tho white employers,
The law prohibiting tbo sale of railroad
tickets by a class of men known as ** scalp
ors” is a measure directly in tho interest of
honesty and morality, since (he prohibition
removes in great measure tbo temptation to
steal the ticketsj indeed, bnt for tho profit
realized from trofilo In stolon tickets there
would bo little encouragement for tho scalp
ers to continue doing business. They have
made strong efforts to secure the repeal
of the law, and have lobbied strenuously
at Springfield to that end, but their labor
has been In vain, tho House yesterday do
foatiug tho bill for repeal by a vole of 82 to
21. So long as tho purchaser of n ticket
can exchange it back and receive from tho
railroad company what ho paid, nobody’s
rights ate impaired, and the scalper's occu
pation is gone unless ho 'deals with thieves;
so (hat the defeat of tho repeal bill is for
tho public good.
* m
; ihh
The St. Petersburg correspondent of tho
Cologne Qautte gives many interesting do*
tails of tho revolutionary movement in Rus
sia. According to his statement, the movc
ment is a purely Social one, and has little to
do with whot is known as Nihilism, and
nothing whatever to do with tho Internation
als. It Is the Court, that separates the Czar
from tho people that tho Socialists are seek
ing to break down. •They demand a repre
sentative Government. According to their
programme, the Third Division—tho police
gendarmerie—must bo swept away. They
further demand the abolition of corporal
punishment with tho stick in prisons, better
treatment of political prisoners, reform in
tho courts of Justice, and changes In tho
procedure in prellmlnory examinations nn*
der the secret police. Ono of their pronuu
oiamontos says: "Since wo ore unable to
obtain any redress In a legal way, and that
because in Russia, not tho Czar, bat those
about tho Czar, really govern tho country,
wo shall, unless attention is paid to our
wishes, enter upon tho illegal way, and wo
shall shoot, stab, and mnrdcr until oar de*
mauds are satisfied ami tho Camarilla is
swept from tho face of tho earth,” Tho cor
respondent says at tho close of tho letter:
“The revolutionary party U now fostering the
discontent prevailing among tho most burdened
classes of the people without Itself cherishing
Communistic tendencies. Its only object has been
to make ns many discontented people os possible,
ns they might be made to render excellent service
to the cause as food for powder. Many now ad
herents have likewise Joined the movement who
previously were deterred by the fear that tho cbn*
spirnev would bo discovered, but who now, seeing
that every attempt ami enterprise of the revolu
tionists remains undiscovered and unpunished,
willingly make common cause with them, Thus tt
has come to pass that at urosent tbo secret con
federacy, which stretches from tho Baltic and
White Sea to tho Black Sea and the Caspian, counts
ns many ns 111,000 working members, not to speak
of the numberless agents who have taken the oath
of loyalty, but who ore otherwise uninitiated.
Among the members it in stated that there aro
several ficnurnls besides the Abbot of a monastery.
The total property of the revolutionary committee
Is now estimated at 2, OHO. 000 roubles.”
THE SUNDAY QUESTION AGAIN.
Tho operation of tho Sunday laws at New
ark, N. J., or rather tho operations of those
who havo been seeking to enforce them,
continue to furnish valuable practical sug
gcslions to our own clergymen who aro just
now engaged in trying to sotvo tho problem
how lo secure a moro general observance of
tho Sabbath Day. It will ho remembered
that tho advocates of tho Sunday laws iu that
city recently organized themselves into nn
association called tho Lnw-aud-Order Longue,
and directed their efforts against tho beer
saloons which abound there, and that tho
saloon-keepers in turn organized themselves
into a Citizens' Protective Association, and
demanded that tho wholo codo of Sunday
laws should bo enforced, and put their do
maud into practical effect by arresting every
ono who did unnecessary work on tho Sab
bath. By tins scheme thoy succeeded in
stopping tho solo of Sunday papers, tho do
delivery of tho mails, tho snlo of milk, cigars,
groceries, and bread, tho running of street
cars and steam railroad trains, tho open
ing of barbers’ shops, and ovory form
of labor, in foot, that was not
absolutely This unexpected off
sot proved to bo a calamity to citizens in
general, while thoso who wanted lo drink
boor flocked over to East Newark, whoro
• thoro was no bar to drinking, and drank
twice ns much as they would Imvo dono nt
homo. Tho retaliatory attempt to enforce
tho laws at lost convinced not only tho gen
eral public, but tho very men who were fore
most In advocating them, that tho effect was
not only very inconvenient, but lu very
many cases supremely ridiculous. Tito lib
orty of tho individual was bo much abridged
that ho became nn actual sufferer, and Sun
day was a day of gloom and n nuisance.
Even tho Law-nnd-Ordor League could not
; enduro it, and thoy came to tho Citizens’ Pro
tective Association and expressed themselves
ns ready for a compromise. The bcor-soll
ers nud boor-drinkers asked them what thoy
wauled, Thoy replied Hint they demanded
n quiet Sabbath, and thoy wero told
they could Imvo it. This rather
pstonislicd tho Rumlay-lnw advocates, and
(hoy woro still more astonished when they
wu ro told by tho bcor-scllers that this was
Just whot they wanted themselves. Hero was
an easy basis for compromise. Tho beer
men informed them they would drink thoir
beer quietly and without interfering with
any one, if (hoy woro lot atono, Tho Sun
dny-law men gladly accepted tho offer, for
they had already Buffered enough from tho
deprivation of their milk, meat, bread, to
bacco, mails, horse-cars, etc. The compro
mise seems to have givou satisfaction to all
concerned. Tho boor-drinkers havo their boor
again, and tho Bumluy-law men have n quiet
Sabbath,
In all this, it seems, thoro is n strong hint
for our own clergymen. In it not wise for
them to recognize that in all great eommuni
tics having diverse population people do not
think alike ? That what may offend
ono man's conscience docs not dis
turb another's? That Germans, brought
up to drink beer and to meet in a social way
on Sunday, do not concider these practices
wrong on Sunday or any other day in tho
week ? And that it will bo just as hard to con
viuoe them thoy aro doing wrong as it would
bo to convince ono of theso clergymen that
ho is doing wrong by preaching on Sunday ?
Under tho very Statu law which was quoted
at tho last meeting, it would bo possible to
shut off every form of unnecessary labor on
Sunday, ond this would ho a public calamity.
Thero are dens of infamy in this city which
ought io bo closed on tho Sabbath amt on
every other day also, for they aro a disgrace
to tho' community. Thoro aro theatrical
and variety exhibitions of on indecent
and immoral character which ought lo
b« closed on tho Sabbath by. tho mu
nicipal authorities, without any suggestion
even from tho clergymen, and undoubtedly
TITK rrriCAGO TRIBUNE; WEDNESDAY. MAY 7. 187!)—TWELVE PAGES.'
tho. hotter cl mu of tho Gormans and nil
other nationalities would assist in closing
Ihom; hut ordinary reason and past experl*
onoo ought (o convince tho Sunday-law nd
voentos that (hoy cannot undertake a general
crusade against quUst, pcnocahlo practices
that do not interfere with tho rights or wor
ship of the religious public without meeting
with ultimate defeat and producing a hurt
ful reaction, ‘What they may think is wrong,
others through habit and education think is
right. There is a golden menu in this mat
ter, and, if all parlies can meet there, Chi
cago can have a quiet Sabbath, and a combi
nation of forces could bo made against what
all decent people know is evil and wish to
have suppressed.
THE HEW DEMOCRATIC EXPEDIENT.
Tho now Democratic programme Is fixed
so far ns tho Army Appropriation bill Is con
cerned. Tho following is tho text of tho
hilt introduced simultaneously into tho Sen
ate and tho House, upon tho passage and
Presidential approval of which tho Demo
crats wilt consent to voto tho supplies for
the army:
WimnsAß, Tho presence of troops at the polls Is
contrary to the spirit of our institutions ami tho
traditions of onr people, anti tends to destroy the
freedom of elections; therefore,
lit it enacted, etc., That tt shall not ho lawful to
bring to or employ nt anyplace where a general or
special-election Is being held in the State any pari
of the army or navv of tho United States, unless
such force be necessary to repel tho armed enemies
of the United Stales, or to enforce Pec. -I, Art. IV.
of the Constitution of the United States, and tho
laws made In pursuance thereof, on application of
tho Legislature or Executive of the Slate whore
such force Is to be used, and so much of nil laws
as are inconsistent herewith Is hereby repealed.
Thera is a curious diversion of opinions as
to tho real character and aim of this measure.
The Democrats claim that it is loss objec
tionable, so far as restriction upou tho
Executive use of tho army is concerned, than
tho sections which it was nt first proposed to
repeal lu tho Army Appropriation bill. Some
Republicans seem inclined to admit that
tho bill will rocoivo tho President's signature,
because President Hates, Iq his message ac
companying tho voto of the Army bill, ex
pressed himself os hostile to military Inter
ference with elections ns any Democrat could
bo. Tho most numerous body of Repub
licans declare tho now bill to bo worse iu Us
design and more far-reaching in Us effects
than tho political amendments which called
out tbo voto of tho Anuy bill. If tho bill
shall receive tbo united support of tho Dem
ocrats nud solid opposition of tho Republic
qus ia both Houses, just ns tho Anuy bill
did, its success or failure will depend upon
tho President.
Tho fact about tho bill scorns to bo that it
was drawn with n view that it might servo
tho Democrats os an nvouno to escape from
tho awkward dilemma ia which they have
placed themselves. In order to make it do
this service it was necessary to frame it in
such manner os would be likely to meet tho
President's approval. In this effort, however,
the framers of tho bill havo givou tho Prosi
dent simply tho preamble, which partly cor
responds with his views ns to military inter
ference with elections, but bavooocupied tho
body of tho bill with tho most extraordinary
restrictions upon Exooutivo authority that
has over been proposed. There can bo little
doubt that two of tho objections urged by
the President to signing the Army Appropri
ation bill iu tho shopo in which it was sub*
milted to him will servo him as equally good
reasons for vetoing tho present bill, ond
that a third objection, more weighty than
both tho others, will determine his notion.
We state briefly tho objections lo tho meas
ure ns they occur to us:
1. Tho bill is as objectionable in its pres
ent attitude on tho score of an attempt lo
intimidate tbo President as if it woro made
a part of tho Army Appropriation bill. It
has been designedly introduced in advance of
tho Army Appropriation bill, which has been
designedly retarded two wooks in order to
learn definitely the fate of tho present meas
ure. There is no mistaking tho purpose iu
tho light of past utterances. If tho Presi
dent will not sign this measure as a moans of
letting (ho Democratic parly down easy, thou
it will still bo iu tho power of tho Inttor to
rotuso to voto supplies, and to threaten, em
barrass, and cripple tho Government by ad
journing without passing tho appropriation
bills. It is folly to contend that tho President
innstnot ho guided lu reaching his conclusions
by any mere suspicion that tho Democratic
majority intend to do this or that; there is
something more than a suspicion of tho
Democratic purpose, and tho nllitudo in
whtoh they have placed this bill Is tanta
mount to a notice that tho voting of supplies
is conditioned upon tho approval of tho meas
ure In Its present shape. Tho President can
not ignore tho significant cirotmislnucos
which surround tho bill, and they must iu
fluouco bim just ns similar ooii.Llloun In
fluenced his decision when similar legisla
tion was proposed ns a part of (ho Army
Appropriation bill.
2. Tho laws aro just ns mnplo now ns when
tho President wrote his luto voto message
for the protection of elections against mili
tary Interference, and ho must be similarly
impelled to regard tho now law not merely
ns superfluous and unnecessary, but as de
signed to accomplish something not clearly
confessed or expressed in tho language
of tho bill. If the Provident found no diffi
cutty iu connecting tho political sections of
tho Army bill with tho proposed repeal of
tho election statutes, tho same foots ond rea
soning will onahlo Idm to connect this bill
with tho scheme for repealing tho vital parts
of tho Election law, If, thou, there was
reason lo believe that tho political sections of
tho Army Appropriation blilVcro designed
to prevent civil authorities from calling upon
the army iu cases whoro such an appeal
might hu necessary iu order to protect Super
visors or otherwise enforce the Election law,
there is equal ground for belief that tho
present act Is designed for tho very same
purpose, and will boused chiefly to that end.
Unless the President is willing to acquiesce
iu tho Democratic scheme for tho destruction
of all National authority ovor National elec
tions, ho will bo no mure willing to approve
tho law now proposed than ho was to ap
prove an appropriation bill which contained
provisions of a similar nature.
8. Rut tho law now proposed Is further
objectionable because It Is more compre
hensive than tho political sections of tho
Army bill, and because it forbids tho uso of the
army or any portion thereof on any election
day except to repel armed enemies of the
United Btatcs, or to enforce See. 4, Art. IV.,
of (ho Constitution, which makes It tho
duty of tho Government to protect every
State against domestic violence under certain
conditions. Tho President has taken oath
to faithfully execute all tbo laws. If ho
signs this bill, which will thereby become &
law, he will out himself # off on certain days
of every year from the use of (ho army as a
resort for enforcing laws which meet with
stubborn or violent resistance with the sin
gle exception noted. His oath of office will
probably be a serious impediment to any
approval which lie might bo desirous of
giving to thin or any other measure for tbo
purpose of ondlng a long nud unprofitable
conlrovoray.
Wo presume tho Democrats, ns n matter of
fact, do not onto mnoh.about this now prop
ortion except as nn expedient that may en
able thorn to abandon tho starving-oat
project without tho appearance of backing
down. But tho now bill will provo upon
examination to bo too broad nn inroad upou
Exooutivo authority and duty to bo regarded
simply os nu expedient for Democratic
escape.
THE PACIFIC RAILROAD DEBT.
A year ago Congress passed tho bill known
ns tho Thurman not. This law required that
tho several Pacific railroads which woro subsi
dized in ISO I should maintain n sinking fund
to pay the interest and principal of tho Gov
crmuout bonds loaned to thoso railroads,
Tho law provided that one-quarter of tho
not earnings of onoh road should bo appro
priated ns a sinking fund, but stipulated
that tho first-mortgage bonds should Imvo a
prior lion upon tho sinking fund. Tito rail
road companies resisted this not. Thoy de
nied tho power of Congress to pass snob n
law, it being, ns they claimed, a broach of
contract, and therefore unconstitutional.
Suits woro instituted nud decisions In favor
of tho Government were given, ond on Mon
day tho Supromo Court of tho United Staton
affirmed tho decisions of tho lower Courts.
Tho necessity of the law Is shown in tho
fact that these railroads now owo tho United
States nearly $82,000,000 of interest,—that
is, iutcrost paid by tho United Staton and net
paid back by tho roads. Hero is n statement
of (ho account ns made up to tho Ist of May,
1870:
Principal of bond 01,(123.519
Intercut paid by the United States.... 41,778.745
Interest accrued not paid 1,21)2,470
Total Indebtedness toUnlted 5tate5.8107,089,727
Less by Interest paid in ce*t of trans
portation. .. 10,707,524
Due to United States May 1,1870..$ Od,082,20:1
Considering that tho United States have
only a second mortgage to secure this debt,
and that tho first and prior lien is for a prin
cipal debt of $04,(100,000, tho necessity for n
permanent sinking fund to meet this already
enormous indebtedness is very clear. Tho
bonds have fifteen years more to run before
tho principal becomes payable, and, unless
tho companies bo made to make some pro
vision for payment, tho wholo debt duo to
(ho United States in 18111 will bo in tho
neighborhood of $130,000,000, scoured ouly
by a second mortgage.
Tho immediate importance of this decision
nt this time is that it catches about $4,000,-
000 not earnings, accrued since tho passage
of tho law, and compels it to pass into tho
Treasury of tho United States as a sinking
fund. Had tho decision been against tho
law, this sum would have been distributed as
dividends among tho stockholders. Hero*
ofter, unless somo weak or corrupt Congress
shall repeal tho law, tho public will havo tho
satisfaction of knowing that the railway
companies aro nt least making somo pro*
vision for tho payment of tbo principal and
interest of their debt to tho Government,
though that has nover been tho purposo and
intention of tho companies.
ONE OF ÜB. TILDEN'B TRICES.
Tho other day at Cincinnati one of Samuel
J. Tilden'b emissaries lot out a Httlo bit of
political information to a newspaper report
er that will bo likely to crcato a good deal of
excitement and Homo disgust in Democratic
circles. It Beams that thti individual referred
to is ono of Tildbn'u trusty and vigilant «o
crot agents, who is quietly traveling through
tho Went and Northwest putting things in
order for Mr. Tilde:*, and his casual remark
at Cincinnati reveals ono of tho methods to
bo adopted to accomplish that result.
Mr. Tilden and many of his friends and
admirers in tho Democratic party—and they
are neither few in numbers, insignificant in
point of influence, nor passive spectators of
passing political events—claim (hat he was
fairly elected in 1876 5 that ho was cheated
out of tho ofllon by what they style a smart
(rick known in history ns tho Electoral Com
mission ; and they insist that there is only
one way to compensate their candidate for
tho injnry ho has sustained, and that is by
rono&dnating and electing him at tho next
election. Upon this nnsnmplion they regard
tho candidacy of ovory other gentleman
named os an intrusion, if not on inmilt, to
their illustrious chief whoso pretensions they
justify and whoso fortunes they persistently
seek to advance. They seem to think that
Mr. Tildbk has a first mortgage on tho Dem
ocratic party, which became duo by default
of payment in 1870, and that a suit of fore
closure next year is a lawful and legitimate
proceeding. Consequently, Mr. Tntm.
man's appearance ns an aspirant for
tho nomination is looked upon as an at
tempted interference with tho prerogatives
of Gramoroy Park, and tho snmo may bo
said of Mr. Hendricks, Gou. Ewino, and all
tho smaller stars whoso light sends the
fooblost rny towards tho White House. But
Mr. Thurman has become too conspicuous a
candidate to bo frightened by tho cry of
‘•Shoodly" on the part of Mr. Tildbn'm
friends, Ho has haoomo thus prominent for
throo reasons, to-viit. j (1) On account of his
acknowledged ability and eminence as a
statesman and lawyer ; (3) by reason of his
favoring a popular delusion • In regard
to the currency; qiul (6) ho has
become 'somewhat popular because Til
den's personal and political enemies—
and their nmno is legion—naturally turn
to tho Ohio Heuator ns tho best and moat
available man with which.to put a quietus
upon tho unholy ambition of' oncy who is
pictured ns sitting on the shoulders of tho
Democratic parly os the Old Man of (ho Boa
sat upon the back of Binuad. Mr. Thur
man's location, too, is regarded as much
more favorable for a Presidential candidate
than New York City; for, great as tho Em
pire Stale is acknowledged to be, and emi
nent and distinguished us many of her citi
zens have justly become, ebo is uot likely to
secure the title of a “ Mother of Presidents,"
although her favorite sons have often boon
offered as candidates by botti political par
ties. Van Burch had one term, which ho se
cured by (lie Impetus given him by beiug
connected with Jackson's Administrations;
Pillmorb was the result of an accident; and
Clinton, Burr, Bbiuour, McClellan, Gree
ley, and Tilden were rejected by the people
at tho ballot-box. Bbward was beaten in
Convention by Aurauau Lincoln.
Ail these things conspire to place Allen
G. Thurman very much In (he way of
Samuel J. Tilden, and Mr. Tilden is (00
shrewd on observer uot to know it. At the
game of “I win and you lose 11 he Is vastly
superior to tho Ohio man, and just sow ho
is devoting all his skill and canning to de
feating tho schemes and circumventing tho
movements of his Western rival. To this
end he is sending his agents into oil the
Western and Northwestern States, probably
provided with a “ bar’i" of money, to work
ns efficiently as they am for himself nnd
against Thurman. It looks much as if Tu.-
drn has really suggested iho candidacy of
Joan M. Palmer. That is to say—or rather
it is just what (ho TildEn emissary said at
Cincinnati—Mr. Palmer is to bo given suf
ficont prominence as a Presidential candidate
to mnko hint an acceptable nominee for
Vico-Prcsident on tho ticket with Tildrn.
and, ns Illinois joins Ohio, Palmer's local
support would quiet Thurman's friends and
mitigate their disappointment over his de
feat.
Tito notion of tho Now York Sun inhrlog*
iiiß Palmer out for the first place on tho
ticket and tho ton mortal columns of solid
brevier in tho ahnpo of a biographical sketch
of the ex-Govornor was only intended to
mako his nomination for Vice-President a
probable event, and was all done In the inter
est of Samuel J. Tildbn.
Mr. Tildes may as well understand once
for all that Illinois will not play second
fiddle to Now York, nor wilt her Illustrious
Democratic sous bo content to oat at tho
second table, Such subordination may do
for Indiana or Ohio, hut not for Illinois,
Unless our Democrats can stand first in war,
first in peaco, and first in tho hearts of tho
South, they don’t care to stand at alt. Illi
nois is not breeding Vice-Presidents.
THE SPIRITS AND THE SCHOOLS.
The educational and political circles of
New York Oily arc just now In a whirl of
amazement over tho discovery that Mr.
Henry Kiddle, tho Superintendent of
Schools, is an out-and-out Spiritualist. Tho
fact scents to havo been promulgated by tho
Superintendent himself, through iho publi
cation of n hook on " Spiritual Communica
tions," from which it appears that during
tho past year, by the Instrumentality of bis
son and daughter, he has received communi
cations not only from his old friends bat
from nil tho great men of the post, begin
ning with Don Inoersoll's target of abuse,
Moses, and ending with Pius IX. Such
master minds as Paul, Peter, Calvin,
Sn\KSPEARE, Luther, Swedenborg, Frank
lin, Newton, Theodore Parker, Bonaparte,
and ‘Washington have como down from
their far-off bights and related to
him their regrets for (hoir sublunary
mistakes, their present experiences, and
tholr future expectations, in very bad En
glish, aud in a stylo much inferior to (hat
which tlioy used while in the flesh, showing
that tho celestial curriculum of education is
sadly in want of experienced teachers and
well-graded schools, or that tho snbjoct Is
altogether neglected. Not only this, these
master minds, Instead of increasing in depth
and brilliancy, seem to bo fading out and
growing Imbecile os tlmo goes on in (ho
heavenly bights, for mnoh that they havo
to say is pucrilo, and still more, with
nil duo reverence for these colossal
gliosis, Is bosh and swash. It is not
very encouraging for ambitions mortals
who look forward to tho heavenly
stnto ns ouo in which they will go on in
creasing in knowledge and expanding in
ideas to discover from tho communications
made to Superintendent Kiddle that they
will bo likely to tnko tho back track ns soon
ns they commence tho hosvouiy existence,
with a fair prospect of reaching a tower
depth of ignorance than they could compass
In this woild. Judged by tho communica
tions in this volume, Suakspearb is a sopho
more, Byron a school-hoy, and Poe, though
ho has been dead but a few years, is idiotic.
It is aomowhat curious, judging by the
spocimous, that tho poets suffer tho most lu
this retrograding process. Nearly nil of
them hnvo reached tho piano of Iho Minnie
Myrtles and Dollis Dimples, whllo Byron
can hardly oops with tho Bwoet Singer of
Michigan in Intellectual vigor or rhythmical
expression. The professors of theology
and teachers of creeds now engaged
in propagating their beliefs will also
bo discouraged to learn that their
predecessors, almost withont exception,
And when they put on immortality that they
wore diametrically wrong, ond that they
taught just what they ought not to teach.
For instance, Archbishop Hughes, in his in
terview with Mr. Kiddle, gets furious in bis
denunciations of himself, and tho medium
says she seemed to see him grinding his
teeth, douching hla fists, wildly gesticulating
In tho anguish of contrition, and otherwise
behaving in a very disorderly, manner for a
spirit who wo hud imagined would occupy'a
very prominent place with a very largo harp,
Tho Archbishop says: “ Pray for mo,— your
counselor from God, —and save me, as like
wise yourselves, from further painful retro
spection. Moreover, belong to tho mansions
.of tho Loud, and not to tho apostates of
Homo or Hell. Bomoinbor mo in tho t(mo of
war; for I shall bo (hero to throw tho Pon
tiff of Italy into tho gulf of destruction.
Pray for mo olwnys. That Is tho roality of
my present slate of existence.” Pius IX. is
in hardly Icssdoplorahlo plight. Ho, too, was
another good man gono wrong, for ho
tenderly mourns ns follows: “ Our Itomnu
‘ Catholic' Church Is quite wrongand unfruit
ful in Us idolatry ond sophistry; but God
will suffer no man to lose if ho docs right,
occording to conscience. No man shall suf
fer for the King's or ruler's pride or mis
takes. The Head of Iho Chnroh must reap
his wayward rowings. Amen, in Heaven.
Please inscribe my name with tho blood that
comoth from ropontnnt thought for misdeeds
and actions committed in false light.” Even
Moses is nil "torn up,” and will strike tho
Jews with consternation at tho following
rank npostauy t "1 meant to tsach, hut have
I not blocked up tho way with a feeling of
hatred Instead? itolato to mo the story of
(ho Jews, and I will’writhe in anguish aud
sorrow, for my waywardness or mlaconcpp
(ion ot that Higher Power who is ablo to
transport your minds.” Now, if nil tho pools
got lo writing doggerel, and tho theologians
confess tlioy wero all wrong, and tho groat
Coplnius issue bulletins that would do dis
credit to Gen, JJoum, wherein lu tho heaven
ly prospect advantageous for a human
being of oven ordinary ambition ? Tho New
York Tribunt has printed several columns
of extracts from this volume of communica
tions, none of which indicate that tho spirits
havo umdo any progress since (hoy left us ;
on tho other hand, every blessed ouo of them
seems lo hnvo fallen buck into mediocrity,
and some of thorn, from whom we bad o
right to expect hotter things, into hopeless
Imbecility.
Mr. Kiddle's new deporturo, as we have
already said, bos occasioned great consterna
tion in tho Board of Education, though we
doubt whether U will Involve his resignation
of his responsible position so long us it does
not interfere with his usefulness. If, through
constant communication with those illiterate
aud unimportant spiritual friends, ho should
be infected with their ignorance aud drivel,
or If bo should sock to propagate his views
amoug sohool-ohUdreu, ho would probably
bo removed inslauier. Experience has
shown that a man may boos mad as a March
hare (If a March hare is ever mad)
on tho subject of Spiritualism, and
yet bo n Tory able roan in ovary other direc
tion, mid this poems to bo tho case with Mr*
Kiddle, govern! of tho Commissioners,
while they regret tho tarn ho has taken* do
not think it should necessitate hla resigna
tion unless his views should prove in some
way detrimental to the oause of education.
The Jewish and Homan Oatholio Oororais-
Hiooera do not seem to regard tho ronttor aa
at all Important, ono of tho latter declaring
that If Mr. Kiddle wanted to indulge In that
particular stylo of menial gymnastics ho was
willing. Tho only person prominently con
nected with tho Board of Education who has
expressed an emphatic opinion is ‘William
Dowd, the President of the Bank of North
America, who regards tho whole subject of
Spiritualism ns "a blasted humbug,” and
thinks Sir. Kiddle had belter atop down and
out. Tho most alarming probability, as U
soems to us, that tho Superlntondont is los
ing his grip and becoming like ono of his
spirits, is his decision that snob stuff Is
worth publishing,
THE EMOLT9H ABMT-STJPPIY SYSTEM,
It is reported that the supply departments
of tho English columns ot Jellolobod and
Kandahar, Afghanistan, have completely
broken down, and that, to thoir In
efficiency, tho British Iroops have suffered
for want of subsistences. Ho great has been
•their failure that tho duty of supplying tho
troops has been transferred to other officers.
If wo are not mistaken, one or moroof onr
officers, who were sont abroad lo inspect the
military services of other countries, havo re
ported that tho organization of tho English
army in India was as near perfection ns pos
sible, and those officers have, in each case,
urgently recommended tho adoption of Ibis
organization for onr own service.
Tho column at Jellatobnd Is operating in a
section of country at not moip than seventy
miles from Peshawar, from which place it
draws its supplies. That ot Kandahar re
ceives its stores from Schiknpuir, Ohelpnr,
and other neighboring places, about 200
mites distant. Tho failure of tho English
supply department to troosport stores over
such inconsiderable distances leads ns to
beliovo that the judgment of our own officers
who havo recommended (ho adoption of so
faulty a system for our army !s not entitled
to serious consideration. It very naturally
suggests to ns, also, a comparison of tho sys
tem by which our army is supplied. ■ This
system, tho growth of many years’
experience on our part, has never
failed iu fnrniahiug 1 our troops with
every requisite. Under all circumstances,
no matter what' obstacles intervened, oar
supply departments havo always succeeded
in providing our soldiers with everything
they required, and It Is owing to their effi*
cioucy that it may bo said, our ormy is hot
ter fed, better clothed, and fetter provided
with transportation, than any others. In
view of these facts, it may very well bo sug
gested that, when officers of the army aro
again selected for military inspection abroad
tßoso bo sent who have a higher appreciation
of our own system, and who aro bettor qual
ified by experience than those who wero
sent to institute comparison between it and
the systems of other countries.
A public meeting will be held ac the club
rooms of tho Grand Pacific Hotel on noxtSatur
day evening to tolce some appropriate action In
regard to the recent destruction bv firs of the
University of Notre Dnmo. Mayor Harrison
will preside at the mooting, and many of tho
leading citizens have already Indicated a purposo
to be present. Tho attendance should bo large,
for the University of Notre Dnmo tins long been
regarded as a sort of Chicago institution. A
largo proportion of Us pupils every year go from
this city, und the educational work which has
been accomplished by tho Institution has
been of direct benefit to this ' city.
Now that a calamity has visited Notre
Dame of tho very some nature, and pro
portionately just as disastrous, as that which
visited Chicago in 1871, It is highly proper and
commendable that Chicago should respond not'
merely with expressions of sympathy, but with
a substantial contribution toward rapid rebuild
ing. Those who have read Father Sorin’s
eloquent and manly appeal, based upon thirty
seven years of bard labor, will foci Impelled to
join in a Chicago movement to recognize the
claim which misfortune of this character always
has upon a populous, prosperous, and Intelli
gent community.
Col. J. M. Keating, of tbe Memphis Appeal,
was recently In Cincinnati, and Interviewed In
regard to Presidential candidates, lie said:
Of the gentlemen mentioned, I think, at tho
Honth, Mr. Uataiiii Manila ilrst and Mr. Voomtitna
next in choice. Mr. TmrmtAN’ ami Mr. Hen
mticKs probably stand upon tho sainu plane. Mr.
ItANOAU. has attracted » greabdeal of attention,
and has a strong following In every nart of iho
country. Oen. Han,hick reoresents tho military
idea, and might ho taken an'an otTset to Gen.
lluavt or any other military man tbo Republicans
might put up. An to (he strength of the others
named 1 am not ablo to express an opinion.
Mr. Keating ought to have tho credit of In*
venting a Presidential candidate in the person
of Dan Voouiibbs. And yet, ns Dan was a
Rebel Sympathizer during the War, there is no
reason why ho should not bo popular Id tho
South.
Tho 84,000,000 bill to compensate Fittßiurg
nml tho adjoining country fur losses sustained
In tho riots of July, ISTd, did not pass, and
there la a creat scandal about it. This bill was
designed to make tho Btato assume responsibil
ity for tlio losses sustained at Pliuburg during
tho railroad riots, nud which properly belong
to Allegheny County. Thu evidence goes to
show that a largo amount of money was raised
by interested parlies at I’lttsburg, nml a lobby
employed to secure favorable editorials In cer
tain papers and to buy the votes of members,
at prices ranging from BSOO tu SI,OOO per vote,
according lo thu supposed Inlluvnca of the pur
chased member.
Mr. Hbnuhicks in HUo Byron's woman who,
11 whispering she would not consent, consented,"
oml now for the fifth, or may ho the tenth, time
declares that under do circumstances will ho
consent to tnko tlio second place uo the Presi
dential ticket. The Cincinnati JCuyuhrr bus*
poets that “ This Is (lie moment to photograph
Mr. Hbndrick*, In order to secure a counter*
felt presentment of this great man when he Is
rnully oil the fence on n political question. ll
New York Tribunt t “ A million Is a pretty
round number, hut (hat Is Just Urn number of
rotes which Senator Uaiikum set down nearly a
mouth ago os tho probable loss which the Dcm*
ocrallc party would suffer for the folly of fore*
Imr an extra session. Mr. Oaiinum (s not a
wild political guesscr, and since he dropped tutu
prophecy nothin# has happened to tuaku tho
Democratic prospect more cheerful."
The WurlJ Insists (hat tho Democrats must
separate the political legislation from the A|>*
proprlatluu hills. "They have," It savs, "no
right, and It Is not their duty, to visit the folly
of the Executive on tho country by refusing
supplios for the public service." Tho bsch*
down of tho Democrats in Congress Is now sun*
plemenlud by the cavlug-ln of their principal
organ.
Congress baa saddled no rider upon the bill to
pay the current expenses of the present session.
Thu “ starving " process Is not likely ovttf to he*
come ]>opu!ar ut Washington.
Perhaps some people lu Chicago might take
the hint from tho spasmodic attempt at enforc
ing tho Sunday laws In Newark, which has re
sulted to a compromise whereby the saluoa
keepers are tho victors. The effort i 0 -T 7 '
liquor-saloons on Sunday led to rcmii.,* lh *
which tho selling of milkorncwsnan b;
keeping open of barber-shops, ni,i„.7' tho
traveling by carriages or ears wore ~rcvtnu7
The reported compromise ncrmlu d.,, ~ •
papers uml necessities, and allows bar-™ ** * ot
rccclvo customers at back-doors. 00ini to
*Tl.e ault ot ox-dov. Wa.nniin*,
cousin, In tlm United Steles Cimrtatri. , " ''
to recover ,3,IDQ Irom tho Weelem I,,T''
Compnoy, resulted In n verdict tor the niu 2
niter ten mlnuleo’ dcllberellon by the I,J ,
Is the first lit eight esses, pcndbij! bi ,R !t
Court, growing out ot tho null criiloiL
‘ lire In Minneapolis a year ego. L i atl ‘l
Tho Indianapolis Jmtnal, In eommnnil.
upon Ihe recent epecch ol Senator Vooiml?
opposhiK tho federal Election la™ . ’
•■that all of the re.mesle tor Supameori
dlana havo been made bv the Democrats
the last time such officers were appointed it»
on tho written request ot Senator McDonald.”
Mr. Sbtmoub has written a letter in which u
says more positively than cvcr-”O e mlem#«
your candidate I cannot be.” It Is undented
that the movement to bring Seymour out W
Governor was Inspired bv tho enemies of Mr
Tii.dbh, and Ihe declination of Horatio is rsl
garded as a point in favor of Sly Saumt. °*
.The Boston U'trald has an eye on the p rc ,L
dootlal canvass when it taya that “Thelssue u
it Is made by the President’* messaco, would
probably enable the Bcpublhans lo carry the
North solid, and the Democrats will make a
grand mistake If they light It out on that Hue.*
Tho Memphis Appeal remarks that if Dsmos
tiirkbs were olive now he would probably be
editing a dally paoor. And If Siukspsakb ntul
Addison wore alive they would probably be
reporting for Mr. Dsmostobnes at $25 a neck
and the ordinary perquisites.
Dr. Blackburn, who is running for Governor
of Kentucky ou the Democratic ticket, la %
brother of Job Blackburn, ot tho House of
Representatives. Both were Rebels during the
late unpleasantness, and bcnco both are popular
Jo Kentucky.
The arrival of emigrants for the first quarter
of tho year Is unusually large. They come
principally from Germany, Ireland, England,
and Norway. It Is an evidence of returning
prosperity for tho North. They avoid the
South.
Cbarlbs Francis Adaus has refused to aay
anything to a newspaper reporter about the
veto message of President Hayes, mid conse
quently wo shall never know whether that mes
sage was right or wrong.
In view of tho reconciliation of Mr. Hatis
with tho Stalwarts, und the revival ot his popu
larity, it Is likely that ho may regret declining
to bo a candidate for a second term.
John Srbrman’s 4 per cent Presidential
bonds will nob all be sold to a syndicate, lia
will manage them himself.
Chlof-Jusllco Coolhy, of Michigan, Is letter
ing on the "Evils of Local Government." Re
Is needed ot Springfield.
PERSONALS.
According to tho Philadelphia SuUdin, (ha
lowest dive in Egypt Is tho Khedive.
lleprosoutativo Lowo seems to bo willing
to ley so for another chance at Logan.
Tho Confederate “ rider" would doubtless
have made a better race had ho rode Parole.
The Czar finds it extremely difficult to deal
with Nihilism'. Why doesn't ho try tho veto!
Mark Gray, wo fear, would not succeed as
an actor. Ho couldn't make a hit. you know.
Gen. Schonck has just drawn $1,025 in
pension money, which be calls a pretty good-ehd
••put,"
Mr. Blnl'no to the President: Kind sir, bs
coed enough to veto Itoscoa Conkllng, If joi
please.
Fred Archer, tho English jockey, received
82, COO for riding Parole. This, wo takoli, Ua
centre shot.
Anxious inquiry of Sitmnol J. Tilden: Aro
tho buck seats oil too small for my dear friend
David Davlst
“Mr. Lowo is not a poor Indian, by any
means," says an exchange. No. ate la only a poor
Congressman.
lowa baa 224 brass bands. Poto Stevens
ought to bo glad that ho wasn't Bent to lowa for
foitrioen years.
Rooipos for restaurant strawberry-short
cake begin t 11 To one box of strawberries add ono
barrel of Hour.”
Owing to tbo scarcity of negroes in tho
South, rlfie-clnbs sro not able to sat their wail
amount of practice.
Modjoskn snils for Europe outhoStlh,—
a trip Jn which tho advertising dodge of spikes
car can play no 'part.
Ur. Hayes’ backbone appears lo ba of a
very superior character, and perhaps It was Mer
ited from tho late (icu. Dir,
Tho Now York Commercial thinks it isn.
right. Tho Kings and Emperors escape, and, tbs
baso-balllsts eaten U every lime.
Goorgt Eliot Is in feeble health, sad her
physicians will probably order her to ceass latch
lectual labor for some time to come.
001. Uoaby, Oonsnl ftt Hong Kong, is as
boorish as If bo wore representing the Houlhern
Confederacy Instead of Iho United States.
Pleased is tho cold weather, for it patlcth
back tho Ico-croara season, and brlngeth exceeding
great Joy to tbo young man wbo is hard up.
John Sherman booms aloug gloriously to
Ohio; bnt, unfortunately fpr him, his booroJia’i
big enough lo bo heard outside of that dtatc.
Paul Poyton, we hoar, will soon shoot tho
rapids of tbo St. Lawrence. Wo hope, however,
that the rapids will be able to ahuat back with f* ll '
edect.
Miss Sarah Frost, of Northampton, Pa-i
weighs dOO pounds, and, In view of.lids, hi*
easy to account for so much cold weather elee*
where.
If Mr. LorillariVs connection with tob.uoo
Interests lad (ho English turfmon to class Tarotea
ft ••plug." they bavo acknowledged their error •
this Hut.
Every year of Mamhnl MnoMohon's Tre* •
deucy .was SIOO,OOO oat of ids pocket. I' l **'
want to ruin a man over there they
President. ...
The BHCCORB of Mr. Kcely’a motor w
mskoMr. DoLaMuiyr's financial icbemo m
feaulblß. Tho resources of slea«W* u ' vcr * r k|
jrreal enough to print the volutao uf green
which It provides for.
SLANDER.
ftjrrtol Mtpalet to tho IWW«. . ,
Dbtuoit, Mich., May 0.-l'lic llev. Conrad **
Molt, pastor of Kmanuol German but
Church, was arrested to-day on a capias »[«
at the Instance of the Kev. Emil Usr '
pastor of Iho German Lutheran »i r<
suburban town of Bprlngwells. The * ia '• .
Darodrot claims that his clerical hrothc
dered him by calling him a perjurer, un
ring that ho hod sworn falsely hi , gcl
Court at La Porte, lad. Uo J«J» d " K
at SI,OOO, und tho accused gavo ball j”
oraouut. There has hceu 111-fccilug bet
two clergymen for some time past.
IN A STRANGE LAND.
Sixnut Dilute* to l>tTi , a
Bphunoton, Is., Nlaya*-Ca«ptr^' iupt[lJ
old Gorman conducting a atuall mrsterl*
dyeing establishment lu this city, «“• g ™ T urdlJf
ously absent from the streets fro* lu ,j.
evening until this afternoon, hU P«» aot jaic.
ness having remained closed In 1,1 h ,.. bnJ eDt
'This afternoon the door of lia a t f()UD 4 je*J.
was forced open, and Aleblcr waa 1 Ql
The Coroner's Jury rendered a veru e4rt
from apoplexy. Deceased waa »b» ut » 1
of aga.

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