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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, May 13, 1879, Image 1

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Volume xxxix,
field, Leiter
& Co,
H ana Waslflon-sts.,
Open To-day,
Ming Umbrellas,
Carved Club Handles
of Unique Designs.
Fif Sinned, Satis Coverings,
In Neiv Shades,
Sun Umbrellas
Dress Parasols
In Latest Shapes.
Direct from the most
celebrated manufactur
ers of Europe and Amer
ica, in all grades, from
Many exclusive lines,
which are very desira
ble. Buying direct from
the inducements we of
fer are manifest. Your
inspection is invited.
W & 69 Wasliington-st., Chicago.
an Immenaoatook of Now Goods la
sterling silver,
by the Gorham Man*f'« Co., aud ole.
Kaatly cased, for
Wedding Gifts.
l '« WmoTccj ami Spacious
M.J74 4 176 East Madlsoii-st.,
nnd llnu . lri
(Srn to hunt,
STORES to rent.
o South Clark-st.,
w0n,,.., 8 ' I ' ll,B l Washlngton-st.
“"nt.410, w , ooa „ n , ou °
_l<oom43» >l6 WttUloKUm-iL
■ • ll ’ "V'.K 1 ? C^ e f3?s
fArHU l ; q„ |gj ttt< i isa Detfboro-il.
f SSewfSYK mo*jwkT~
Te * Nitrone I‘olnt of Caoe *nn, Ui
■ATUEDAT. June 14. isyo.
Mn. s. a. ttoimaoN * co.
33) e dPbifagxr Qaili) iTribumv
— . ; / !? 1
Will offer this morning,
Light Figured Lawn Suits, 3
pieces, nicely trimmed in Ruf
fles, all colors, at $2.60.
Polka Dot Cambric Suits, Prin
cess Skirt and Jacket, nicely
trimmed, at $3,60.
Damask Linen Suits, trimmed
in Flattings, Folds, and Em
broidery, at $4.00.
Fancy Batiste Suits, elaborate
ly trimmed in Flattings, Pip
ings, and Embroidery, at $6.00.
Hair Stripe “Border” Lawn
Suits, very tastefully trimmed
in Buffles and Lace, at $6.00,
Madras Promenade Suits, trim
med in Buffles and Torcbon
Lace, $8.00; with Parasol to
match, SIO.OO.
These Suits are all weU made,
good styles, and
121 & 123 State-st.
iSI'OSITIM DM,1)11(1.
Will (she place at the Ex
position Building tho sale
of a portion ot tho
Haseltine Collection
No niicli opportunity was
over ollcrc.l In Chicago to
buy the BENT AltX. for such
a tine collection was never
oficrcil helV.ro In this city
for sale.
Wholesale Jeweler,
167 STATE-ST.,
TJmler Pahnor ITouho.
Two Pino Chronographs and a full
lino of American and Imported
watohoa will too offered. Parties
desiring other linos of goods oan
bovo thorn “put up” by calling for
them aa usual.
Mr. JNO. 11. FRKHCR conduct* Ibis lain.
Mffijj&gF *\QW» PBSIELAM
Fine spectacle* lulled lo nlUlgbU on idenJlflc prln*
*l|>lr«. Opera ami Field Uluie*. TetfKopea. Micro*
K»Mi. Ilirometcri. Ac.
PAT. COItNKR are the best Id (he mar'
■cl. Send lu jraur order* t-arlr eud avoid ibe ruih.
_____ KBLLr.Y. Tribune Building.
Ou Fine Waldips anil Diamonds
At ODo-hnlf broken* rale*. Cllr Scrip bought.
.. l>. LArKUr.JI, I’jhotelunkcr.
_ i.oopiaoiade, imliaiidolpli-n. KitablUhcJlSSL
Real Estate Loans
*s**° Improved Property Aiade at loweit current
Itoom 17, oo LaSaUe-it,
The Democratic Obstruc
tionists Confronted with
Another Veto.
Tliclr Army Bulldozing Scheme
a Second Time Comes
to Naught,
Some of the More Sensible of Them
Beginning to Tire of
the Fight.
Signs ot Disintegration Are
Visible in Various
Senator Windom Arraigns the
Bourbons with Becom
ing Severity.
Exposing the Many Weak Points
in Their Revolutionary
The Annual Democratic Tax Bill
Meets with Its Annual
Saving Effected U nder Secretary
Sherman’s Funding
Sptelal Dl/mUch lo The Tribune.
Washington, D. C., May 13.—The veto mes
sage was read In the House about 8 o’clock. Its
reading was accompanied by expressions of
great dissatisfaction ou the Democratic side,
and was interrupted by frequent applause on
the Republican side. It lias unquestionably
made the Republicans a unit. Tlic Democrats
postponed voting upon It until to-morrow.
Meanwhile Fernando Wood bad introduced a
resolution that both Houses of Congress adjourn
finally on a day to bo fixed in May. The resolu
tion was referred to the Ways and Means Com
mittee. It is understood that the Committee of
tiafety had agreed upon the SOtb of May as thu
date to be inserted In the blank.
After this had been done the regular business
of suspension of the rules os of Monday pro
ceeded. Mr. Dccrlmr, of lowa, was recognised.
Ho very shrewdly sent up to bo voted on the
Army Appropriation bill without the political
sections, and demanded a rote. There was in
stantly ,
and an attempt was made to prcventafinal vote
by a filibustering motion, Proctor Knott moving
to adjourn. This motion was defeated by a vote
of 87 yeas to 114 nays. On this vote-tho follow
ing Democrats voted with the Republicans
against adjournment: Blackburn, Bliss, Blount,
Clymcr, CniTrath, Culberson, Felton,
Geddcs, Martin of West Virginia, Persons,
Focblcr, Robertson, and Wellborn. A rote was
then taken on the Army bill itself, resulting In 101
yeas to 109 nays, white two-tblrds were neces
sary to pass it. The party lines were strictly
drawn, the Democrats all yotlng no. Of tho
Grconbackcrs, Lowo of Alabama and Stephen
son of Illinois voted with tho Republicans to
pass the bill. Tim defeat of tho bill was received
by tho Democrats with great applause.
Washington, D. C., Mar 12.—The following
is tliu message of thu President of the United
States, returning to the House of Representa
tives the bill entitled “An act to prohibit mili
tary interference at elections”:
To the Jfoust of Jteprutntalim : After a care
ful consideration of the bill entitled "An act to
prohibit military interference at elections,” I
return It to thu House of Representatives, in
which it originated, with the following objec
tion to its approval:
la a communication sent to the House of
Representatives on the S9th of last mouth, re
turning to the House without my approval Uio
bill entitled “ An act making appropriations for
tiie support of thu army for the fiscal year end
ing Juno 80, 1880, and for other purposes,” I
endeavored to show, by quotations from the
statutes of the United States now In force, and
by a brief statement of facts In regard to the re
cent elections In several States, that
to prevent Interference with elections by the
military or aaval forces of the Uultcd States.
The fact was presented In that communication
that at the time of the passage of tne act of
Juno 16,1878, In relation to thu employment of
the army os posse comltatus, or otherwise. It Vos
maintained by Its friends that It would establish
a vita) and fundamental principle which would
secure to the people protection agslnst a stand
ing army.
The fact was also referred to that, since the
passage of this act, Congressional, State, and
municipal elections had been held throughout
the Union, and that in no Instance has complaint
been made of the presence of United States
soldiers at thu polls.
Holding, as I do, tho opinion that any military
Interference whatever at the polls Is contrary to
tho spirit of jour Institutions, and would tend to
destroy tho freedom of elections, and sincerely
desiring to concur with Congress la alt of Us
measures, it la with very great regret that I am
forced to tho conclusion that tho bill before mo
Is not only unnecessary to prevent such inter
ference, but Is
from loDg-«ottled anil Imporuut constitutional
The true rule 19 to tho employment of mili
tary forces at elections Is not doubtful. No In*
tlmldsUou or covrcloo should bo allowed to con
trol or Influence citizens in the exercise of their
right to Tote, whether It appears In the shape of
combinations of oTJl*dlsposcd persons, or of
armed bodies of militia of a State, or of the
military force of the United States.
Thu elections should be froo from all forcible
Interference, and, as fares practicable, from all
apprehension of such Interference. No soldiers,
either of the Union or of the-State militia,
abould be present at the polls to take the place
or to perform the duties of
There baa been and will be do violation of.
this rule under the orders from me during tbit
Admlulitratlon. But there sboula be no .denial
of tbu rlcht of tlio National Government to em
ploy Ita military force on any day at any place.
In case .such employment Is noceaaary to en-.
force the Constitution ami laws of the United
before mo 1» as follows t
. Jit If £nacnd, tic.. That It shall not be lawful
to bring to or employ at any place where a general
or special election Is Lein* held In a Stale, any
part of the army nr nary of the United Stales, un
ion* such force he necessary to repel ruined
enemies of the United Stales, or lo enforce See. 4
of Art. 4 of tho Constitution of the United Stater,
and tno laws made In pursuance thereof, on the ap
plication of the Legislature or the Executive of the
State where such force is to he need: and so much
of all lawa as la Inconsistent herewith la hereby re
It will bo observed that the bill exempts from
tho genera) prohibition Against the employment
of a military force ot the polls two specified
coses. These exceptions recognize nml concede
the soundness of the principle that mllltury
forces may properly nnd constlimionallv bo
used at places of election when such use Is nec
essary to enforce the Constitution and laws.
Hat tho excepted cases leave s prohibition so
extensive nml fur-reaching tlult Us adoption will
seriously impair tlm rflldency of the Executive
Department of the Government.
The first act expressly authorizing Die use of
military power to execute the laws was passed
almost us early as the organization of the Gov
ernment under the Constitution, nnd wasnji
proved by President Washington, May 2,1722./
It la os follows: /
Skctiox 2. And ho lifnrlhercnacMthat. when
ever Ihn lawsof theUniled States shall be opposed,
ortho oxecmlon Ihurcuif ooslruelcd. Iti any State,
by combination* too powerful to Ite suppressed by
Iho ordinary course of Judicial proceeding, or by
tho powers tested In the Marshals h* this act. the
name being ccrtlflnd to the President of the United'
Sides by an Associate Justice or liistrict .Indite. It
aliall bo lawful for tho President of the United
States to call for the militia of anch Suites to sup
press such combinations and to cause the
laws to be duly executed; and If the mili
tia of a State wheta inch combinations may
happen shall refuse, nr be Insufficient to snppres*
tho same. It shall be lawful for the President, If
the Legislature of the United States be not In ses
sion, to call forth and employ Mich munlx-rs of the
militia of any other State or Stairs must convenient
thereto ap may bo necessary ; and the use of the
mllltls so lobe called foyln nay he continued, If
necessary, until the expiration of thirty day* after
the commencement of the ensuing session,
In 170.) this provision.was substantially re-en
acted In a law which repealed the act of 17!»3.
In 1807 the following act became the law, by
the approval of President Jellersoo:
That in all esses of insurrection or abstraction to
the laws, either of the Patted Stales op of nnv In
dividual Stale or Territory where It is lawful lor
tho Picsldenl of tbo United Stales Pi cull forth the
militia fur tho purpose of suppressing snob inimr
reetton, or of causing the lawn to ho duly executed,
It snail be lawful fur him to employ for the same
purpose such part of the land or naval force of tho
Untied States ns shall be Judged necessary, having
tint observed all the prerequisites of tbu law tu
Hint respect.
By this net it will ba scon that the scope of the
law of ITOS was extended so as to authorize the
National Government to use. not only t lie militia,
but tbu arm? ami navy of tlio United States, lu
causing the laws to bu duly executed.
of tbe acts of 171)3,1796, and 1807, modified In
its terms freui time to time, to adapt it to thu
existing emergency, remained In force until by
on act approved by President Lincoln July 29,
IWU, It was re-enacted substantially in the samo
language in which it is now found in thu Re
vised Statutes, viz.:
Brr. r.,gPB, Whenever, by reason of unlawful
obstructions, combinations, or assemblages of
persons, or rebellion against the authority of the
Govornmutu of the United States, it shall become
impracticable, in the Judgment of tho President, to
enforce, by tho ordinary course of Judicial pro
ceedings, tho laws of the United States within anv
State or Territory, it shall be lawful for the Presi
dent to call forth the militia of any or all tbe Slates,
ami to employ such Darts’of the land and naval
forces of thu United Stales as he may deem nccss
sarr to enforce tho faithful execution of .the laws
of tho United States, or to suppress such rebell
ion, in whatever State or Territory thorof the
laws of tho United States may bu forcibly opposed,
or tbe execution thereof forcibly, abstracted.
has been In force from the foundation of the
Government, It is now proposed to abrogate
it on certain days, and at certain places. In m?
Judgment, no fact has .been produced which -
tends to show that it ought to bo repealed or
suspended for a single hour at anyplace in any
of thu States or Territories of the Union.
All tho teachings of -experience In the course
of our history ore In favor of nustulning its ef
ficiency unimpolrcd'on otery occasion when tho
supremacy of tho Constitution has been resist
ed, and the perpetuity of our Institutions Im
periled. Tim principle of this statute enacted
by tliu fathers has enabled the Government of
tbu Union to maintain its authority and to
preserve the Integrity of tho nation at the
most critical periods in onr history. My nro
decessurs in thu Executive office havu
ÜBLIBD ON •tins OltEAT'rniN(3li*X.r.
It was on tills principle that President Wash
ington suppressed the whisky rebellion |q Penn
sylvania In ITtM. In 18W, on Hie samu prin
ciple. President Jefferson broke up the llurr
conspiracy by issuing orders for the employ
ment of such force, cUherof tlie regulars or of
the militia, and by such proceedings of the civil
authorities as might enable them to suppress
effectually the further progress of the enter
prise. It was under the same authority that
President Jackson crushed nullification in South
Carolina, ami that President Lincoln issued his
call for troops to save the Union in 1801. On
numerous other occasions of less significance,
under probably every Administration, and cer
tainly under the present, this power has been
usefully exerted to enforce the laws without
objection by any party In the country, and
almost without attracting public attention.
which was the foundation of the original statute
of 1793, ami which has been its essence in the
Various forms it has assumed since its first
adoption, is that the Government of the United
States possesses, under tin* Constitution, In full
measure, the powerof self-protection by Its own
agencies altogether, Independent of Stale
authority, and, If need be, against the hostility
of the State Governments. It should remain
embodied In our statutes unimpaired us it has
been from the origin of the Government. It
should be regarded as hardly less valuable or
less sacred than a provision of the Constitution
There are many other Important statutes con
taining provisions that are liabtmo bo suspended
or annulled at the times ami places of holding
elections If the one before me should become a
law. 1 do not undertake to furnish a list of
them. Many of them, pertiaps must of them,
have been sot forth in debates on this meas
ure. They relate to extradition, to crime*
against the Election taws, to quarantine
regulation*, to neutrality, to Indian reserva
tions, to civil right* of citizens, uml to other
subject*. Id regard to them all It may bo safely
said that the meaning and effect of this bill Is
to take from the General Government an im
portant part of its power to enforce the taws.
is it* discrimination In favor of the State and
against the National authorities. The presence
or employment of the army or now of the
United States Is lawful under the term* of this
hill at the place where an election was being
hold In a State to uphold the authority of n
Statu Government. Under this hill the presence
ami employment of the army or navy of the
United States would bo luwlul, and might bo
necessary to maintain the conduct of a
State election against the domestic violence
that would overthrow it, but would
bo unlawful to maintain the conduct
of a National election against military power
resorted to for the execution ot the constitu
tional powers in support of tlmSute or National
authority. Roth functions of the Government
wore put upon the same footing. Uy the act of
1807 the employment of the army and navy was
authorized for the performance ot both consti
tutional duties
In all tbo later statutes on thu same subject
matter, tbo satno measure of authority to tho
Govemmont has been accorded for tbo perform*
auco of both these duties. No tirucudcnt has
been fouud In any previous legislation, and no
suillclcnt reason has been given for tho discrim
ination in favor of the State and against the
National authority which this bill contains.
Under the sweeping terms of the bill, the
National Government Is effectually abut out
from tho cxoi else of Tho right and from a dis
charge of ou Imperative duty to use Us whole
executive power whenever and wherever re
quired for tho enforcement of Us laws.
In places and times when and where Its elec
tions are bold the employment of Us organized
armed force for any such purpose would be an
6 (Tense against tho law unless called for by and
icrefore upon permission of the authorities of
the State in which the occasion arises. What is
. this but tho substitution of the *
mscnenoN or TUB 6TATB oovbrnubnts
for tho discretion of tho Government of the
United Slates as to the performance of its own
dullest '
.. lD W Judgment, this is an abandonment of
Us obligations by the National Government,—a
subordination of National authority and an In
tn»ipn of State supervision over National duties
which amounts, in spirit and tendency, to Stale
supremacy. Although I believe that the oxlst-
IngM-ntutea nre abundantly adcqtialo to com
pletely prevent military Interference with Mm
elections, in tint sense In which the phrase la
used in the title of tbla hill nml Is employed by
the people of this country, I shill find no dim
cully In concurring In auv additional legislation
limited to that object which does not inier/ero
with the indlanensable exercise of tho powers of
'ho Government and the Constitution nml laws.
Exrcutivr Mansion, May J 2, 1870.
nrrunurixs rntiipsustic.
Svtriat /Hnxtich to Th» Trihunt.
Washington, D. C., May 12.—The Republic
ans are, If possible, more enthusiastic over the
last veto than the first one, nml the Democrats,
on the other hand, are much more demoralized
than they were before. The Republicans say
that the clear restatement of Uic President’s
position In regard to using troops at the polls,
that present laws do not authorize It, nnd, fur
ther, that, they will nut be used In any event for
the purposes of Interference by this Adminis
tration, leave the Democrats little ground to
rest their demands fur the present measure of
legislation upon. That purl of the message
selling forth • that the proposed blit re
pealed tliu laws under which (he Rurr
conspiracy nnd South Carolina tmlllßcaMnn were
crushed, und the law under which Lincoln Urst
moved to suppress the Rebellion, in ItCL, Is re
garded us
find ns sure to command popular support. The
pronounced position In regard to tnointaiolng
nil the powers ot the General Government, utid
allowing uuoe of them to be abridged by tbu
advocates of Stale Sovereignly, Is applauded by
nil Republican* as vet) timely at this stage of
the preatut contest.
TLc message baa proved a surprise to most
Democrats, and was unexpected by a good
many Republicans. Thu Republican party
was never more solid In Washington
at any time during tbu War than it is
to-night. Those who have supposed the Presi
dent would sign the pending bill were prepared
for renewing some of the old opposition of Uie
early days of tho Administration. Rut the
strength; and clearness and uncompromising
tone of the veto has
from those who stood ready to criticise. “It Is
ttm best thing Hayes has done,” Is tho very
common exclamation among Republicans to
For the rest of the contest, all feci confident
of what tiic President’s course will be, and so
there is an absolute solidity of the Re
publicans In Congress, and perfect accord
between them and tbu Executive in regard
to all pending political legislation. This
accord also extends to the Cabinet, since it is
understood that tho vuto had thu cordial ap
proval of every member. Thu Legislative bill,
it presented with thu sections repealing the Su
pervisors' law,
If these sections aro then presented in a sepa
rate form they will undoubtedly encounter a
veto. The Jurors’ Test-Oath section is exciting
little attention from thu Republicans, and
whether signed or vetoed cannot raise any issue
between them and thu President, and the Repub
licans aro thus thoroughly united.
. The Democrats aro more divided and dis
turbed than over. There will bo n strong and
probably successful effort to secure a final
unity of action before thu public, but the
private wrangling and caucus disputes will bo
of an exceedingly bitter character. It Is slg
ulficantthat, even under the general, apprecia
tion of the awkward position lu which thu veto
has placed -them, thero -haa .bean scarcely any
repetition of •the throats to stop supplies, even
in private conversation. The extreme to which
those who were at first “for waiting litl the
marble of tbe Capitol crumbled before they
would yield” now talk of going Is tu pass the
Legislative bill, but allow tbu Army bill to fail.
As they feel to-night, they will never give
another cent to thu army,—at least not just at
To itif irntrrn Aunelntal Prftt.
Washington, D. C., May 13.—1 n the House,
at 3:10 n. in. a message from the President was
received, supposed to be the veto message of
the hill prohibiting military interference at the
Mr. Warner moved to proceed with the con
sideration of the Silver bill. Deatcd without
a division.
Mr. Wood fF., N. V.) hoped the President’*
message would bo read at once.
Mr. Dlbrell moved to suspend the rules and
pass the Pill Imposing a tax u( 3 per cent on ex
cess of Incomes over $2,000, and 8 per cent on
the excess of Incomes over SB,OOO. Rejected,—
yeas 101. nays IM.—not the necessary two-thirds
in tiie nllirmative.
Tim Speaker then, at 3:50 p. in., laid before
the House the President’s veto of the Military
Interference bill.
on (he Republican side when the sentence was
read which Insists that Hie power of Federal
authority to employ troops when necessary
should not bo interfered with, ami there was an
Incredulous sneer on the Democratic side nt the
President's assurance that he desired to act Id
harmony with Congress. The Rfcpubllcan ap
plause was repealed nt the reading of the sen
tences relating to President Jackson crushing
nullification, and to President Llocolo issuing
his cull for troops to safe the Union in 1801;
also at the allusion to the hostility of State
Governments, mid again at the suggestion that
tlm hill was an intrusion of State supervision,
amounting in spirit aud tendency to a stale of
On the conclusion of the reading, Mr. Knott
offered a resolution directing the message to ho
entered on tin? Journal, ami that (lie House will
pioceed to-morrow to consider the same.
Agreed to.
On motion of F. Wood (N. Y.), a resolution
for n final adjournment of this session on the
day of May (dale not fixed) was referred to
the Committee on Ways and Means.
Mr. Dccrlng moved to suspend the rule* and
pass the hill making appropriation* for the sup
port of the army.
Mr. Knott thereupon interposed a motion to
adjourn, which was defeated—yeas, 07; nay*,
The Democrats voting against adjournment
were Messrs. Rlackburn. Rliss; Rlount, Clvmur,
Colfroth, Culberson, Felton, (icilues, Martin
(W. Va.), Martin (N. C.), Persons, i’oclilcr, Rob
ertson, and Wellborn.
The Greenbackers voting 11 no” were Messrs.
Do La Matrr, Ford, Janes, Lowe, Murch, btc
vefison, ami Weaver.
Mr. Ladd voted yea.
The House then proceeded to vote on a mo
tion to suspend the rules and pass the Armv
Appropriation bill (being the same Introduced
to-day by Messrs. Young and Townsend (O.),
Hie same as the regular House bill, with Uio
sixth and nlulh sections out.
j( Tlui motion was rejected,—yeas, 101 j nays,
As between the Democrats ami llepabllcans,
it was a strictly party vote, (ho Democrats all
voting no ami the Hopublicans all voting ovo.
Of tlio Orcenbackurs,- Dc La Matyr, Ford,
Gillette, Jones, Lowe, Murcli, Stevenson, and
Wearer voted yea, and Lsdd nay.
The result of the vote was greeted with tbo
clapping of hands on lho Democratic side, and
with a counter demonstration on the Uupub
llcsn side.
The Douse at 4:30 adjourned. /
IT Wllils NOT PAY.
Sineial /Mtpaieh to Tht Tribum,
Washington, D. 0., May lU.—There were
some indications among Democratic Senators
to-day of a determination to give up the effort
to force certain conditions as a penalty for ap
propriating the money fur the expenses of the
Government. Senator Uayard, in conversation
to-day, expressed tho opinion that the effort will
nob last much longer, and ho did not hesitate
to express his disapproval of the whole attempt
to force legislation on the Appropriation bills.
Ha has not thus far felt like taking a course
la opposition to bis party, but it need
not surprUe anybody if ha takes ccr
tain action within o few days that wlb
place him In opposition to those Democrat*
who would slop the appropriations unless Hks
could afllx such legislation ns they desired £
the Appropriation hills. lie thinks there V
no occasion for the hills falling In the last
Congress, hut ho thinks Him other extra ses
sion was occasioned by Hie lobby.
In the House to-dav morn than half a dor.cn
Democrats voted against their party on a tjues-
Hon affecting the Appropriation bills. There arc
some mdlcatlonsof abreak In tho parly, and It Is
certain that there are some of the Democrats,
like Benntor Bayard, who think the party has
already tnada n record before the country, nnd
that It Is not the part of wisdom to act as ob
structionists any longer.
a strong Simeon nr brnatok window,
.Vfwebit Jhermtth in 7he Tribune.
Washington, D. C., May 12.—Senator Win
dom delivered sn excellent speech la the Senate
to-day on the ponding political Issues, ntnl ex
posed with a great deal of force the Incon
sistency of tlm Democratic doctrine of peace at
the polls as compared with their nasi history.
Ho made a strong point on Ben Hill by quoting
what that gentleman said on Saturday, and com
pared it with other utterances of Ids made at
the beginning nnd also at the close of tho War.
On Saturday Mr. ilili had said that lie went
Into tho Rebellion under protest, nnd bad
actually prayed for nnlon on tbo night that
Georgia passed thu ordinance of secession. At
tbe close of the War, In a speech delivered be
fore tho Georgia Convention, Mr. Hill had ex
pressed the wish that all the war-legislation of
tho Federal Qorcrnmunt might be gathered
together nnd burned up In a lire caught from
Heaven, and had then declared that he wanted
only ooc ofllco on earth, nnd that that was the
ofllce of klndler of the bonllrc. Mr. Wiudum
ridiculed tlm Idea Hint Bun Hill nnd his com
peers lu secession were ever Union men. Mr.
Wlndom was aggressive throughout, nnd his
speech Is regarded as a very able exposition of
the attitude of the two parties on thu political
Mr. Wladoro’s arraignment of tho De
mocracy ,
Ho charged Unit tbu extra session was unneces
sary; that it was demanded by no, public
emergency; that Urn country was prosperous;
and that this extfa session originated only In
tho persistent attempt of thu Democracy to
coerce tho President Into doing that which he
was confident he ought not to do.
Mr. Wlndom madu a somewhat
In Hm course of bis speech, that Atkins, of
Tennessee, Chairman of the Honan Appropria
tions Committee, stated to him that one reason
why the extra session was called Instead of
waiting until next December was that by such
delay tho Houbo would have only
four months in which to starve
the Government: whereas, If the
extra session was called, there ralgnt bo sixteen
months for that purpose. This statement was
made In Urn House Committee of Conference on
the Legislative bill.
Tho entire purpose of the Democracy, Mr-
Wlndom charged, was to " \s
Mr. Coke, of Texas, followed In a printed
spoccb. whlch ho read from proof-slips. The
argument was a good one, from the Democratic
standpoint, for Mr. Coke has the reputation of
being a very good lawyer In his own section of
country, but bis delivery Is execrable.
Senator mil, in hl« speech last Saturday, tried
to prove that be had nlwavn be«u a whlte
sealed Union mnn, mid Unit Each Chandler was
guilty of tlie original cause of the recent dif
ficulty between the sections. In this coimue
tlon the following resolutions, which were Intro*
duccd Into the Confederate Senate In October,
1862, by the gentleman from Georgia, will be
of some general Interest:
Jtf/olvfd, That overv person nretcncllnc to hr n
soldier or ofllcor of the United tunics who ahull
bo captured ou the soli of the Confederate States
After the Dm day of January, iHtkl. ohall be pro*
inmod to have entered the territory of the Con*
federate States with intent to Indio insurrection
and to obet murder, and, unless satisfactory proof
be Issued to the contrary before the Military Court
before which the trial shall be bad, he shall * niter
death; nnd this section shall continue In force nn*
til the proclamation issued by Ahrubam Lincoln,
dated Washington, .Sept. 22, 18U2, shall bo re
Senator Hill also Introduced the following:
Every white person who shall act ns a commis
sioned or non-commissioned olUccr commanding
negroes or mnlartoes atralnsi ihe Confederate
States, or who shall arm, organise, train, or pre
pare negroes or mnlattoes for military service, or
nm them in any military enterprise against Ihe
Confederate State*, shall,if captured, smfer death.
Every commissioned or non-commissioned officer
of the enemy who shall Incite slaves to rebellion,
or pretend to give them freedom until the afore,
mentioned act of Congress and proclamation hy
Dlxlucllng or causing them to buntrluctcd or Induc
ing them to abscond, shall, If captured, sulfur
window's speech.
To thf iVfttrm Auociulfil Prtu.
Washington, D. C., May 12.—1 n the Senate
consideration was resumed of tlm Legislative,
Executive, and Judicial Appropriation bill.
Mr. Wlndoui addressed the Sonata to show
that the policy of the Democrats Is revo
lutionary and unconstitutional. Ho said UmC
wiser men of the party wore overruled hy their
vicious and reckless party associates, if wiser
men of the party could have prevailed (be party
would hare been saved from much trouble, but
King Cuucui Issued his decree Unit there should
be no stragglers from the lines.
Mr. Wlndom read from the remarks of Mr.
Beck to show that the Democrats meant to
coerce the President, and that the program mo
was sustained by Mr. Thurman, whom Mr.
Wlndom designated us the Caw of the cau
Mr. Wludom said that toward tho close of tho
session he said to one of tho prominent con*
fereea of the Ilouso: “1 do not understand why
tho House should defeat tho Appropriation bills,
and thuK fureu an extra session of (Jointress,
os no Congressional etecllons will bo held
until after the next session of Con
cross." Tho reply was: "If wo pass
these hills the Government would have money
till July, 1880, and would thou nmnogo to cet
alone until the elections in November; but, If
we let the bills fail, tins Government would have
money only until the 80th of June, 1870. The
(lovernment might cot olout? for four months,
but umhl not for sixteen months.
Mr. Wimlom said the Democrats were afraid
that four months would not brine tho President
to terms, and therofuru they agreed on
for that purpose.
Mr. Morcan—Xf thn Senator has no objection,
will be give tho name of (he gentleman ho has
Mr. Wimlom—l will give the name to tho
Mr. Morgan—l would not ask for the name if
tho conversation was a private one.
Mr. Wlndom—The conversation took place In
a committee-room, and the gentleman was the
. Chairman of the House Committee on Appro*
The Democrats did cot propose anything for
tbo relief of the country, and to pro*
mote Its prosperity. No State conventions,
no clttxens, by petition, had asked for such leg*
elation as they proposed. They Ignored all the
Croat Issues, and Inaucurntod (evolutionary
measures to accomplish their revolutionary pur*
}>oses, to denationalize this nation and convert
t into a mere confederacy of titalus, and to re*
cover the power which they lost by four years of
war. Thu assertion upd advocacy of Statu sover
eignty was the boldest form In which the design
was presented
Democrats In thu Bouth had by fraud and
violence prevented (be Republicans from ex
pressing their will at Uto polls, and the Demo
crats iu thu North had prevented honest
elections. Die motive for dishonest elections
was plainly soeu In the fact that without New
York and Ohio the Democrats could not erase
thu Presidency. • ■ ‘
Mr. Wludoqitbca referred to the speech of Mr.
lull, tod especially ridiculed that Senator's re-
- -
-S XT K l,mr Uie SotUh had known there would
S ITO bcfttl * *«• U'«y would trot have Decoded. riml '
•4 : .i»t they seceded to accommodate lire Northern 1
• •J o®* 0 ®* AII would rrcollct the opposition
• Oi Hie Democrats to tire War. It wu unconsll
.tutlonal to (!■» but aid the Rebellion ‘
' *nml tho Democratic Nalloiml Convention de
nounced tiro War a* a falliiro f mid demanded a :
cessation of hostilities. The Democratic party,
was masquerading os the guardian nnd protector*
of human liberty nnd tho rights of moo. To
make Hm play harmonious Salmi should bo In
troduced os an angel of light, Judas Iscurlntas'
n Christian. Htincdict Arnold as a patriot, anil
Bitting Dull as « peacemaker.
Benator Hill, pravlngfor the Union, should
not he omitted. 'Tiro Dcmocrxls would make
the world believe before lb« scenes Hint the
Republicans were trampling upon everything
preduus, human, ntnl divine, while behind the
scene a race was Hying from Democratic rule
as raoe a H*s-ra*N«!K.
While the Democrats were professslng to bo
the protectors of human rights, 10,000 persons'
had Jlcd from Southern tyranny to the Weat, ’
nnd were now making appeals for food lUid
shcllcr, mid thousands more weru Ivlng on Ihcf?
banks of the Mississippi prHjlng to be removed
from the presence of their oppressors. At the
footlights the Democrats' hold up the Dem
ocratic banner Inscribed with Him Initials C. 8.
A. The nabiß anlrlt Hint brought on thu Re
belllou was hero manifested to destroy the p»-,
llmiftlltv of the (lovnnmicnt and substitute
State sovereignly, but Him Democrat* could oofc
deceive the people, who would, ns In the paat ■
overwhelm them in their unpatriotic designs.
ile would slnte to Southern Senators some of
the reasons whr Him North was anxious anil in
dignant. The dcvcti States that seceded had*
about 10.000,0wi of people. 6,500,000 oflwbom
were white, and 4,600.000 black. By tlm system'
of terrorism which had prevailed In that section
tho blacks could not vote, and the whites bad'
sent seventy-three Representatives, who,,
through Uie caucus,
Through tho snmelnstrumcntalltv the Sent-*
tors from those States control the Senate.'
hence the 5,500,000 in those eleven States con-'
trol the Other 33,000.000. Therefore, one man
In these States has more power to-day In shap
ing legislation than seven men of the North.
lie presented statistics of the foreign Imports
showing Hint the South Imported only 4 pep
cent of the foreign goods, and also statistics of
Internal commerce showing that these States
have only 23.808 freight cars, and the other
•State* hare oyer 800,000 cars, from which ho
arcrued that these State* conduct but 8 per cent
of the Internal commerce. lie claimed thati
these figures irn fur to corroborate the'facta
stated by Mr. ConKling that they pay but about
0 percent of the taxes for the support of tbo
(loycrmnem, Hence the 0.500,000 of people
who pay only about 0 per coot of the taxes, who*
Import only 4 per cent of the foreign Roods, and
who conduct only 8 per cent of tbo internal
conimetce, control the legislation for|88,000,0(XL
who pay 04 per cent of the taxes, Import 00 ucr
cent of the forclun Roods, and conduct ft! per
cent ol the Internal commerce.
said the remarks of the Senator, bolngcalculatcd
to excitu sectional bitterness, would find no re
ply in what he now bad to submit in favor of
the sections of this hill, which proposed to re
peal the Election lows, lie had nothing to do
with the past. He dealt with the present ami ftp.
turn. He proposed to discuss, not who n-jJs'iAfU*
or who was wrong In the Plvvl tVar,
or Its conduct ond resets*’ ‘> nt tho
question whether tb*«c Election la*swero con
stitutions! or .«*»*• ’ If unconstitutional, no mat
ter w*t> w»* wrong in the past, It was right to
rcr’esl them now, whatever tin; faults of tho
Democrats or virtues of the Republicans in tho
After reviewing Urn President’s veto of tho
Army bill, and pronouncing Us premises unten
able, Mr. Coke argued that the Election laws
ought to be repealed bccaiisn Uicv Interfered
with the freedom or elections, and rudely In
truded upon the rights am! duties of the Staten
to keep the peace at the polls. This was beyond
reach of Federal legislation. Ho spoke of
tho Election laws as unconstitutional, thu elec
tion machinery being wrested from - where It
belonged, and placed In the bunds ot the Deputy
Marshals and Supervisor*, to, the.oppression of
tho people. .Hu continued that the Status
are verted wlth oxclurlvo' (tower to prescribe tho
qualification of voters, hnd this carried with ft
the (tower to protect voter* In the enjoyment of
the elective franchise under conditions prescrib
ed; nm! in order to do this the maelifnerr must
be framed uml ollkvra appointed under thu
Stale lows. If the Federal oiDecis whose duty
it is to enforce tho national taws arc empowered
to control tin* elections, the uuthorlty'of thu
States Is nulPlled, un It Is In thu Election laws
now bought to he repealed, mid the State (tower
overthrown. All history shows that thu liberties
of tlm (iconic mu sale only in their owu keeping-
After executive session, adjourned,
Nivefrif /hipfircA l<* Thr Jrlftunt.
Washington, D. C., May 12.—Mr. Noble A.
Hull, one of thy Democrats from Florida who
huldn a sent as Congressman hi the present
House of Iteprcscntathrcs, was to have been put
on trial to-oay In Florida for Instigating unit
procuring the forgery of election returns. M;*,
Hull has probably loft Washington to attend
the trial, as he was bound over In S3,UK) for his
appearance nl the May term of court. Tina
trial may .prove n very pleasing diversion lor the
Democratic Congressmen. The testimony on
which he was Indicted fur the odeoso br the
Florida Grind Jury makes a strong prims facte
case against him. It Is not easy to see how Mr.
Hull cun have any valid defense unless tba wit
nesses against him are guilty of perjury. The
most damaging part of the evidence Is a letter
by Mr. Hull himself, written Nov. 8, In which
ho states that he must have 200 more votes,
and oilers to ' pay his correspondent for
procuring tlu-m. The original of this letter ba«
been destroyed, but there are persons who
swear that they have sccu It In Mr. Hull's hand
writing. and who rcclto In detail ihn maimer fa
which (ho frauds were perpetrated. Unless ho
can Impeach the witnesses nnd prove (bat they
are unworthy of credit, bn cannot escape con
viction. But If the altered mid forged returns
can be produced In court tliu character of the
witnesses will ho of less Importance. Thecuso
U nut without Interest in Washington.
fipteh if JH*i\atch lo 7"Ht Tttbunt.
Washington, D. 0.. May 12.—The Commit,
too appointed by the Western distillers, consist
ing of Dr. U. G. Unsh, of Chicago; Woellner,
of Peoria; Buffalo Milter, of Blyerton: and
Fairchild, of Terre Haute, this morning had
their bill Introduced by Iteprcsunlallvo Mor
rison. Tim test of the bill is as follows:
As Ar? authorizing nn allowance for lose by leak
age or casually of spirits withdrawn from a dis
tiller’s warehouse for exportation:
ll* If enaetti, by the Senate and House of Hep
rosentitlrcs of the United Stales In Congress as
sembled, Tlml where spirits sre withdrawn from
distillery warehouses for exportation, according (•
law, it snail bo lawful under such rules,
regulations, and limitations at ahall be
i>ro"crlbod by the Commissioner of ' v Internal
llcveinie, wlih the approval of the Secretary of the
Treasury, for au allowance to be made for leakage
or loss by nn unavoidable accident, sad without
any fraud or negligence of the distiller, owner ex
porter, carrier, or their ageuta or employes, oc
curring during the transportation from the distillery
warehouse to the purl of export; nor shall «uy as
aertsment be collected fur such loss or leakage
where me same has not been made on distilled
spirits exported since ihe tlm day of January, IH7H.
bit*. 2. That where the spirits provided for In
the preceding section are covered by a valid claim
of Insurance in excess of the market value thereof,
exc iislve of the ux, Ihe tax upon such spirits
shall not he remitted to the extent of such ex
cessive insurance.
Thc Committee Is favorably received by those
whom they have approached on tho subject.
Mr. Miller says he has not found a member op
posed to It, and the checks and guards provided
in tho blit are such that It Is believed the rev
enue caunot be defrauded. The v dlstlllera would
have secured this legislation last session bod.
they not thought that (ho Commissioner of In
ternal Keveuuu had thu power In bisdiscretion
to moko Urn allowance far llio leakage. It U
scarcely probable that any doflolto legislation
on tho subject can bo secured at Ibis'session,.
Sstda.l Ditpateh lo Tea Wfttniit
Washington, D. C., May IS.—There vu a
strange scouo In the House this morning. A
petition presented by Mr. of lowa, bad
been printed In the JUcord without, pbjectloo.
Thu petlUou expressed the general sentiment of

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