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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, June 28, 1879, Image 10

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since ilia adoption of the Bessemer process:
“ Prior to this Invention the entire production
of east-steel in' Crest Britain wan only about
60,000 tons annually, ami Us aveiace price,
whlcn ranged from i'so to £l5O per ton, was pro
hibitory of its use for many of the purpose* to
which It Is now universally applied. In Urn
year 1877, notwithstanding the depression of
trade, the Bessemer step! produced In Great
Britain alone amounted to 760,000 tons,
or flfteen Hines the total of the former method
qf manufacture; 'while the selling price aver
aged only £lO sterling per ton, and the coal con
sumed In producing It was less by 8,600,000 tons
than would* have been required In order to make
thcaamc Quantity of elcol by the old or Shffflcfd
process. The total reduction of equal to
about £80,000,000 sterling upon ■ the quantity
manufactured In England during the rear; and
m this way steel has been rendered available for
a vast number of purposed In which Its quali
ties are of the greatest possible value,
but from which U» liJirh price formerly
winded it, Dnrimr H>« same rear the
Bcstemct steel manufactured in the five other
countnc/ln which the business Is chiefly con
ducted—namely, the t’nllcd States, Belgium.
Germany, France, ami Sweden—raised the total
output to 1,874A78 tons, with a net selling valno
of about 4X0.000,000 sterling. Tim works In
which these operations were carried on were
clchty-foiir In number, and represent a capital
of more Hum three millions. According to the
calculations of Mr. X’rlcc Williams, who has
mode the endurance of rills a matter of careful
study, the substitution of Bcssemcretoolforlron
for this purpose alone will produce a saving of
expenditure during the life of one set of steel
rails on all the existing lines In Great Britain of
a sum of more than ono hundred and seventy
millions sterling, it may safely be said that
there Is no other Instance in history of an anal
ogous Impetus to manufacture, or of an anal
ogous economy, being the result of the brain
work of o single Individual: still less Is thereon
tqstancc of such results being realised white the
inventor was living to enjoy the fruits of his
labors, ami able to work In fresh directions to
increase Urn benefits which he Imd already con
ferred upon bis country and upon mankind.”
A CHINESE TILE FACTORY.
A correspondent of tlie London Eutider, in a
recent account of bis visit to ono of tho gluing
districts of China, thus describes tho Imperial
tile manufactory at Lion 11 Ku, about Dltocn
miles treat of Pekin : In this factory oil the
yellow tiles and bricks required for Imperial
buildings arc made, as also large numbers of
green, blue, and other colored lues for various
ornamental purposes. The material used la a
bard blue shale, nearly as bard as slate.
This la allowed to Ho In heaps for somo
time. It is then ground to powder
by granite rollers, on • stone floor
thirty to forty feet in diameter. The powder
Is then stored In heaps uml taken to the works
as required. For ordinary. Work tho powder is
mixed with a proper proportion of water and
molded Into larcc bricks, whieli aro laid out to
dry for somo hours, after which thev aro dealt
with by the modelers. When bricks aro to have
o molding on them, Say for coping a wall, tha
plan of operation is as follows: Two pieces of
Wood, coch cut to the shape of the tnoldlmr,
are placed upright on a slab. The elay brick is
placed between them, nnd two men rue the
moldings rpnehlv along with chisels. They
then apply straight edges to test the accuracy
of their work, uml finally rub the edges
with mylds somewhat in the same wav os plas
terers make moldings at home. The’brick is
then, passed to a third man, who cuts any acc
essary holes In it, and to a fourth, who trims it
off and repairs any defect. The more orna
mental tiles and bricks, representing fabulous
animals, etc., uro tirst roue lily molded, nnd aft
erwards finished off with toots exactly similar
to thOso used for modeling in clay in Europe.
Bomo of this work has some pretensions to
artistic merit. All the bricks ami tiles arc linked
la ovens, and then, after having the glare put
on, aro baked a wood time. All the work
done at thin manufactory appears to l>e tirst
rule, und the number of people employed whet)
they are busy is about. BOU.
A QUESTION' OF FATING.
2 i' puhr Science Monthly.
Animals lu a state of nature, as Is generally
recognized, tend to accommodate themselves In
the most favorable manner to their conditions;
If a cow naturally ruminates, why should a dug
nnlu«illy take a chunk of meat at a swallow
without stopping to- it may he said
that the ruminant has a special digestive op
oarntns, but the fact remains that the food is
eaten as is bc'st suited to It, and' tbo dog, fol
lowing nature, docs what la host for him, or, lu
other words. If it disagreed with bis digestion
toT eat rapidly, ho would reform, and
.take it more slowly. Following out
this idea, experiments were made upon a
dog, with the following results: If the meat,
before being fell to the dog, wos reduced to a
bash, or cut into line pieces, the digestion wag
Jit heat Imported, a considerable portion of the
undigested or imperfectly digested meat being
found lu the excreta.' If. under the same con
ditions," meat was fed to;tho dogfu Jorgo nieces,
it. was bolted at a gulp, with the result that
little, if any, passed through ULdigeslea; com
pared with thn result Inau the chopped meat, it
could be called n perfect digestion for the coarse
form, ps compared with a decidedly Imperfect
digestion for the line form.
SCIENCE NOTES,
M. do Lcssops bos accepted the Chairmanship
of a committee lor arranging the uommetnoru
tlon of the eighteenth century of* the great
eruption ot Vesuvius In 70, when Pliny lost his
life, end Eopipcll end Herculaneum were de
stroyed. According to the most trustworthy
records it was on the Slid of August that this
unexpected event took place.
• When King Victor Emmanuel took posses
sion of Homo he left the Homan Observatory in
the hands ot the late Father BecehL our. ot re
spect for his exceptional merits. When Father
6ecdd died, the Pope appointed his successor,
who took possession ot the establishment ami
-refused to leave the place. Hu has been ex
pelled, however, menu wdh'farl.—jVulurr.
A Mirror Attacked by Hlieep,
; VtUa DburfWr. '
A commotion occurred In a farmer’s house, a
short distance out of Home, on Monday. They
wore cleaning house, and left open doors lead
ing to nil parts ol the house. In one of the
rooms won a lame mirror, reaching to the floor.
On the premises is a sheep whose head Is
graced with horns, and which is very tame, en
tering Uio bouse whenever no opportunliy is
•presented. This woolly animal got Into tbu
house unnoticed. When Urn discovered It wiia
standing facing the mirror, shaking its head
fiercely. Before It could be reached It stepped
back lor a good start, mid thuo plunged its head
through the mirror. Instead of coming in con
tact with some other animal, as it expected, It
demolished a SSO- mirror. The crash so fright
ened the animal Unit in Its endeavors to escape
from the screams and attacks of thu women of
the boose it found a plane of exit through a
French window.
Marrying Off the Princess Beatrice.
English paragraphlsts marry Urn Princess
Beatrice about twice u week. Tbuv are now ar
ranging a marriage between her Royal Jilgb
ness and Prince Louis of Bstteubnrg, brother of
Prince Alexander I. of Bulgarin. The story
goes that the Prince and Princess are mutually
Inclined, and tlmt Prince Leopold Is acting the
part of friend and brother In the matter. But
(says the Loudon correspondent of (he Jr-»U
-T.mriJ It Is raid that thu course of love docs not
run smootiu because it docs not run in a chan
nel ot Paclolua, Dropping metaphor, Uiu I’rinco
is poor, having little but Uis pay as a Prussian
Lieutenant, and that Is less than tbo salary of
an Irish Vohcu-Cousublc, and would hardly
keen a young couple in sourkraut; but, now
tburAlcxaudcr has dropped into a crown and
sceptre, It Is believed be will do ihu handsome
thing by tna brother, in widen case tbey sny her
Jlajcsty Is not likulv to play Uiu role of stern
parent. There is another version of this wooing
lu high places, according to which Prince Louis
w merely courting for Ids brother Alexander.
An Aged Rattlesnake.
ItuutHU JHmattJi.
Tbete U a mao on Jefferson street, near Fifth,
who has u snake show, and seems to be devoted
to UU business. Hu breathes, cats, aud has bU
being among his snakes, ami without them be
would die. At times lie goes out, stands iu thu
door, and makes a speech to a crowd of idlers
ami rcgomulUas, and then goes back and swal
lows a snake. Among bis collection are all
kinds of reptiles—rattlesnakes, reading adders,
boa constrictors, moccaahis, copperheads, li/ards,
uud scorpions. Thu snake mau Is (U) years old,
and grows more devoted to bis serpents as age
creeps upon biw. He allows them to crawl all
about bis parson, upon bis bare bosom and
arms, and to cull about bis neck and poke tbulr
heads Into hU mouth and throat. He has one
rattlesnake to which be seems especially at
tached. He captured U when be whs U years of
age, aud baa kept it ever since. Thu snake, ac
cording to this, Is 60 years old at least, and Uio
old man fosters tbe superstition that wheu the
orndtp dies be wIU die also.
KANSAS.
The Old Civilization, and
the New.
Towns that Sprung Up During
the Building of the Kansas
Pacific Railroad.
Places tliat llail a Very Unsavory Hcpti
. tallon, ami ITlicro Mfo Was
Held Very Cheap.
Abilene and "Wild Bin"—Ellsworth
and "Happy, Jack"—Haya City
and 11 Jnd(te” Joyce. ,
Tho Great Change for tho Batter
that Is Now Exhibited.
S&eltt CfrrrJftMitut'ne* cf The TYibunf,
GniNNBI.T., Ki,., Inne 21.—1 n n former letter
I spoke of this place 11ml oihrrnew towns on the
lino of the Kansas Pacific Bollroad as represent
ing the new civilization, the outgrowth of the
agricultural development of tho country, follow
ing and taking the place of an earlier and very
different type, which has mainly passed away,
though vestiges of It yet Huger at some points
where It was particularly strong and vigorous.
This road was completed in sections; and, at the
completion of each, a town sprang up at the
terminus, whore an Immense business would bo
done tor a few weeks or mouths, till the next
section was finished, when it would
MOJp OH TO TUB TERMINAL POINT.
The heavy aftd substantial business of these
towns was the freighting'business for the In
terior trade of Now Mexico and Southern Colo
rado, the supply of the various fndlan Agencies
and army-posts In the great region to the west
and and this salo shipment of the
Immense droves of Texas cattle east. Prior to
the commencement of this road, alt these goods,
raining Implements amt machinery, array and
Indian supplies, etc., were freighted from Mis
souri Blvcr points, to which they were shipped
from St. Louis. But, with the commencement
of the road, It took them as far aa completed,—
tho freighters routing It at its terminus,—
wherever 11 happened to be. In tbe conduct of
this business there were some of the most sub
stantia) and reliable business firms of tho coun
try; but its execution and carrying oat required
a great army of border men, who relished tho
free, wild, rough life on the plains above tho
tamer ami more quiet ways of civilization.
At each terminal town the great bulk of tho
population was made up of saloon mid donee
house keepers, gamblers, pimps, prostitutes,
mid cowboys, while thousands of freighters
wore constantly coming and going, each of
whom went In for “a good time” on reaching
town, which ho kept up HU ready to start du
another trip.
At all these towns there was effected a civil
organization for the enforcement ond preserva
tion of law and order; but, In the hands of the
men to whom the administration of the law was
Intrusted, they being bub the average of the
population, and elected by Uic popular vote, it
may easily be convolved that pome ol their wavs
WBnu AT LEAST rUCOLIATL
The whole period covering the Imlldingof tho
road is rich In annals ami traditions of border
life, which, if gathered and preserved, as thev
should he, would form n volume us rich in inci
dent, combining the romantic, ludicrous, and
trade, as any gathered from the eorly dnvs of
California. 'Any history of thlsStatu wJU’be in
complete which does not gather up and perpet
uate these chronicles of the early limes. Their
actors arc widely scattered, ami many have
passed away, But cnpudi remain to tell the
story of tlwsetimes, “nil of whichtheysuw, ond
part of which thev were,” to furnish material
fur one of tho most interesting records of bor
der-life ever yet produced. To ono of these.—
Mr. E. J. Beardsley,—now-n resident of ipls
place, lam indebted for much information lu
regard to tlu-so times amt events.
The lineal of these border towns was ‘
100 miles west of the Missouri River,—lt toeing
then west of any agricultural development.
From ISOO to 1372 tt bad thu pre-eminence of
being the liveliest town tlmt bad ever existed up
to that time in the \Vest„thcro being more
gamblin';* drlnyuc. shooting, ami general devil
try going on than in any oinrr place ou the face
ol the earth. This slate ot things was kept up
long after the railroad tad passed,—lt being
perpetuated by the Texas cattle-men, who made
this tlicir principal shipping point till forced to
go further west, to Ellsworth, by the settling of
thu country by farmers.
It was at this place tlmt “ Wild Dill” gained
his first prominence and notoriety,—bo being
made Marshal of the city, mid, in the execution
of the duties of his cilice, killing, in the course
or two years, nut less than a dozen men.—his
rule Lolng, if he couldn’t arrest a imiu, to shoot
him; and, being unusually ready ou the shoot,
he usually got the drop ou uis mao. To illus
trate
hill’s mutuod:
One William Haiulimoo, u high-toned Texan,
a nephew of old GwL Hundlnmo, of Texas,
came through with o drove of cattle, sold out,
and went in for a big time. Killing up with
whisky, he mounted his horse, and. with * ten
inch navy-revolver and holt fall of cartridges,
rode through Uk> streets mid Into saloons, bring
right and left, driving pcoplo Inin.their houses,
and proclaiming that he was a “ wild and wool
ly Texan,” that “ peace troubled his mind,”
ami various other choice specimens of bonier
Enclbdi, employed to convey llio Impression of
Invincible courage. Bill, .cowing down town,
ami finding him on the rampage, tu.rtie terror
of ell timid people, walked up to him, pulled
him from his horse, slapped his face, kicked
him half the length of the street, and then told
him to take the first train and “ clt,” or he’d
Kill him. lie f]o(,
Hill’s outfit when administering law was usu
ally two short carbines, stung at either side, and
n brace of navy-revolvers. The former wore
usually employed, os no time was lost, as would
be the caae In pulling a pistol from its scabbard.
His usual method of arresting a man was to
draw a bead ou film with a carbine, ami tell
him, ”i waut you~«ma aloogi” With the
certainty that, if he didn’t come, he would hare
the top of his head blown oil, ho usually came.
* BLLWorra
was the next of these bonier towus; mid in ISOS
was the terminus of the road, and very lively.
Hut, with the extension of tbu rood westward,
tt quieted down, till the cattlu-trodo was re
moved from Arilcuu to it In J 872. when things
became interesting again, end continued so till
the trade was moved west to Ellis, In ’7O or ’77.
Gao of tbu notables at Ellsworth in those
early days was “Happy Jack,” a prominent
member of the nollcc-force, and a man of a
good deal of fonJo of character, but himself a
rough and gambler. In ISK, in an altercation
with one Capl. Fierce, a Texas csttlo-mon, but
In thu main a quiet, solid man, hu shot uud kill
ed him. The circumstances of the billing were
such tlmt it was hardly considered thu fair thing,
and, as a consequence, Jack was bounced from
thu force. Mot lung niter, getting on a big
drunk am) carouse, be was taken in by tbo po
lice, who attempted to tako him to the cala
boose, but, as be showed light, they shoe him,
us Urn easiest wav to get aloug with the matter;
and that Was the end of Happy Jock.
The killing of Fierce by Happy Jack caused
sumo dissatisfaction among tbu friends of tbu
former. Among them were the two Thompson
boys, Texas cuttle-men. Getting on u tour one
day, they became a little too loud and demon
strative to suit the views of iaw-und-ordur man,
ami Sheriff Stebblua attempted to arrest them.
They were not going to stand uuy such non
sense, and so shot uud killed him.
The next border town was
IUYB CITY,
wow the JfouDty-Bcat of Ellis Connlv. It got Us
tlrst start from the establishment of tbo large
military Post, Fort Have, at Uni*. point, which
bad in thoao cnrlv days some two full regiments
ol troops stationed there. The loto Gun. Cusur
made bis tint Indian raids from this post, and
in U.vm valued hU reputation as au Indian
fighter. Hays City is rich in incidents of those
limes. Thcro was always strong clement on
thtsslduof taw urn) order, which, when {bugs
became too rampant, would assert itself by ar
resting a .half-dozen gamblers, blacklegs, oud
borfo-tmms lu a bunch, marching them up to
the railroad-bridge over Big Creek, and hanging
them in a body.—tb« bridge saving Uiu expanse
of erecting a gallows. When they bad only one
case ou baud, to save Urn walk of a mile to the
bridge, they would take a telegraph-pole as a
substitute. Things would then bo quiet for »
lime.
Among tbo notables of those days was
OKU joycp,
ac Irlalimau, wiiU plenty of braioii and now oo
ibe editorial Halt of 000 of the leading Lcavea*
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE r SATURDAY. JUNE 28,
worth papers. Ho. wan elected Justice of- the
I’oaco, Htxl was thenceforth known os Judge;
liked whisky, mid sampled it often. -
On ono occasion an Irishman was arrested and
brought before him for killing a niau. On com*
mg Into court, lie dolled his bat, gave his fore
lock a pull, ami, saluting Uio Judge, says,
“Mornln', yar Hlvcrcnccl”
“ 81ml upl ” says the Judge.
“ Yip, sir,” savs Hie culprit.
“Vat, McFlnnnerly,” savs tbe Judge. “yon
are chargedirilb feloniously shooting and killing
Dennis O’Brien. Did yo kill Uio man I”
.'* I did. ycr Honor,” s ivs Tat.
“Did anybody see ycdoltl”
“ No, yrr Honor.”
“ Ycr ad—d fool for telling of It, (hen,” say*
the Judge. ‘‘l dlsdwigo yo for want of evi
dence.” Ana the Court adjourned to tako a
drink.
lu another case, a suit was brought before
him Involving the ownership of a Texas cow.
The Judge ordered her brought Into court, ami
It was done. But, not being accustomed to Hie
usages of courts, she got on a rampage, cleaned
the court-room, and ended by jumping through
iho window, taking stub and all. The Judge, In
,dl.*gpst, ordered
.'/MB COW FINED FOR CONTEMPT OP COURT,
and dismissed tho care. Joyce was popular
with the pubFle, and had the most of the marry
ing In the community to attend to. To give ad
ditional solemnity to these occasions, he alwava
donned a swallow-tail coat ami while necktie.
Oue day. being a little more than usually ele
vated, a couple came before li.rn lo be married.
He went through the formalin! with unusual
Impressiveness, clbslngwUb: “By the authority
vested in mu by the Commonwealth of Iho State
of Kansas, I pronounce von husband and wife;
andlmap the Lord have mm*// m i/our tou r s
Jinv* was the last of these border towns which
to-day remain towns ami places of business.
But the charnclerof tnoirtnl! H entirely changed,
with tho agricultural development of tbe
country all thtu - rough, dissipated, wild bottler
element has passed nwav; and now society tu
them Is on as good a basis as in thug© where no
such state ol things ever existed. The old civ
ilisation has given place to the'ncw. About tho
only element approximating tho old Is
tub 1 cownotr,
who comes dashlug Into town oo his ponv, with
carbine slung at his buck, a ituvv-revmver at Ids
hip, a pelt of winrldgfs around him; cowhide
leggings, jingling Mexican spurs,the broadest of
sombreros ou his head, and the real daro-duvll
mnn-nol-nfraUl-oI -hlft-horeos-or-auybodv-elso
air about him. What thrilling talcs ho could lull
of hairbreadth ’scapes, of desperate advcuturcs I
Pshaw! He only came out from Massachusetts
tbrcu months ago, umi hired out in u cattle
camp, and thinks he (s showingoft hv aping the
manner and outfit of n Tcxau desperado.
I‘ljc owners of cattle-ranches, mid many ol their
men, arc, as a rule, ns intelligent, civil, well
disposed men as can be met in anv community.
Their life, of necessity, la a rough into, and com
mon prudence demands that tht-v go armed,
ready for any emergency. It Is only iho brain
less, overgrown boys who'ape the desperado
style. Out, as a rule, flivy nru harmless.
Of the railroad towns which werr, but are no
longer,—they passing westward ns the road
progressed,—one was located at Coyotte, now
Collyer, in Trego County, which at ono tlroo bad
a population of over 1,000. Another was Sher
idan, forty mtloj weal of ibis place, which had
over 3,000 inhabitants, and, during the time It
flourished, Wallace County was organized and a
Board of county ufllccrs elected. But, with tire
extension of the road westward,
IT I’ASSRD A WAT,
and nothing now marks Ift site save tho debris
of fruit, oyster, and sardine cans and cham
pagne and beer bottles, which strew the former
site as thickly as another locality—not unlike
whnt Sheridan was lu Us day—l* said to bo paved
with good Intentions. Ami so tills rough, roy
slerititr, gambling, bullying typo of a past semi
civilization has panged over this whole country,
leaving no trace In the present, save a cemcterv
at each point occupied,—always named “Boot
Hill”,— where rest hundreds of men sbotdowu
in drunken brawls and buried in the, garments
they wore when they fell. lint these than wore
not sinners anovo all other men. Many of
them were men of tioblo natures, and lull of
generous Impulses, They came from good
homes in tho States, were educated nnd intelli
gent: but, thrown Into 'the wild life of tha
frontier, where drinking, gambling, ond ‘de
bauchery were the ruin,—where the pistol was
Urn common ami only urbluir-for sett ling UllTcr
orciiens of opinion,— they yielded to iho sur
rounding influences, nml came to an imtlmciy
end,' How many mined hopes, blasted cspccta
tioub, nnd broken hearts of frleuds lie buried in
these nameless graves will never be known till
the day wheu all secrets shall be 'revealed.
TUB NEW CIVILIZATION
brings with it the family, the homo nnd fire
side, tiie church and the farms of
law decently and orderly administered, the
daily mall and newspaper, school nnd religious
culture, and ail’ that ministers to the require
ments of civilized society, it turns over tho
prairie, und plants fleids of wheat to supply the
world's demand for bread. It gives employment
to the mechanic und artisan, freights the wheels
of commerce, and transforms the wilderness
into fruitful fields and happy homes.
It takes time to work tln.ee transformations,
nnd energy, patience, Industry, and perseverance,
No ouo should Immigrate to this or any other
new country thinking he cun Imre an civsv time.
For the first few years men must work’hardcr
and live plainer than they have ever been ac
customed to, especially if they come with lim
ited means. It is no Foarth-of-Juiy holiday
affair to settle anew country, but
a htmia übalitt*.
Thoso who come with exajerated ideas of an
cosy time, mid riches in u lew years.*will cer
tainty meet with dlaapimiutmcnt. lint those
who come with moderate and rational expecta
tions, who husband tlicir means, accept priva
tions, mu] are not discouraged at <m nu/avor
nblc season.—liable to bo experienced In auy
country,—will fn tue end win aucccoa.
Since aiy lust wo have had rains almost night-
Ivi putting the ground, previously too drv fop
breaking, in tine condition; 1 and the team's can
now be seen In every direction turning over the
sod preparatory to planting wheat in the full.
THE STANLEY-HAZEN WAR.'
It appears as if, notwithstanding (lon. Sher
man’s mi vice in bis idler giving the conclusions
of Uuscourt-manleUn the Stanloy-Ilaren easo,
thu controversy was not to be allowed to drop.
Tho following editorial, published lu the Buffalo
l.'jptv4* ot the 16th, indicates that Gen. Huzon
I* not yet out ol the woods:
Thu verdict in thu military cause cclobre In
which these two well-known oillccrs were con
testants was yesterday promulgated by the
General ol the Army. It is not Just what
either contestant desired, lint it is probably
morn Judicious, mute conducive to the welfare
of the army, than if it had leaned more to
either side. J, . , Really, 1c seems to us
thu verdict leaves Gen. Hazca lu a pitiable
p! se Is this likely to bo the end of bis troubles,
The trial brought to light a letter of duly Id,
18(50, to the alleged bistnrluu, Henson J. Tossing,
in which Dozen broadly mid brazenly declared
that “nothingcould be further from flic truth
Ilian (he dispatches which (lon. Thomas sent to
tbu Government” regarding the buttle of Mis
sion Itldgc. Nun*, if there, was ever achlvairic
oltlcer, a mau who was tlu* soul of truth uud
honor, it was George H. Thomas. U cannot be
that among all who served under him ami came
to know and to love him there will not bo one
found to resent the insult thus cast upon bis
grave by (lon. lluzun. Thu admonition of Gen.
Sherman to Gun. Stanley, fn carrying out thu
sentence of the court, is extended by tbu author
to include lluzun ns well us Stanley, and directs
both to bo careful Umt thu service be not in
jured by a revival of the dispute between them.
Gen. Stanley, we feel sure from wunt wo know
of blm, will faithfully observe tins Injunction.
Gen. Uazcu bus already violated it by the un
mllitary proceeding of beginning a libel suit in
u civil court. Gen. Sherman’s admonition la di
rected only to these two oillccrs. Thcro is
nothing in it to prevent auy friend of Gen.
Thomas—nothing to prevent the Society of the
Army of the Cumberland, which is shortly to
unveil u noblu equestrian statue of the chief
whose memory it reveres—from resenting lu
sumo proper way the ailront which Geo. flaxen
i has cast upon his tomb.
• Thv.uuruoco.of Gen. Hazen in questioning the
. VtUh and honor of his late chief (Jen. Thomas
jiocnis to have been to secure for himself more
tiruUo than would otherwise bo given him in
Luistng’a history. This is of u piece with his
customary conduce. I’roof was given on thu
trial of his abetting the manufacture of a
ridiculous picmio which gave him a false prom
inence lu battle. In 1870, Geu. JSbcrmau, with
out waiting for the verdict of a court, admon
ished him much more sharply titan he now has
Qcu. btauley for u newspaper publication
which be hud made contrary to army regula
tions, This conduct ia In marked conlraut to
that of Gun. Stanley, who, as Buffalo ueirs
paper meu know, bus never solicited newspaper
assistance in his war on wpat he believed to bo
Uun. Huron's charlatanism. He bos sought bis
ends by military tuutbodi, end though he has
found bis charges against flaxen nut only
denied trial by the IVcsldcut, but actually em
bodied In ibc specifications ou which he was
himself tried, he bus been too good a disciplin
arian to grumble. We have no doubt he will
return to Ida regiment lu a contented frame of
mind. Wu do not know, Indeed, but bo has
u right to consider bis point carried; for, after
what was brought out on the recent trial, Hie
i'rc-tddoiil uho should send in Gen. liuzen’s
name lor promotion would show a greater dis
regard for nubile opinion than wo ever expect to
see m the White House.
OUT OF JAIL.
Sixteen of the Bohemian Sharpshooters
Beleasei),
And the Othav trims Z.st Oat on
Slight Bath
Testimony Given on Both Sides Before
Judge HoAUlster.
The examination of tho Bohemian Sharp
shooters habeas corpus case was resumed yester
day morning before Judge McAllister.
Mr. Kubcns «atd he had drawn up objections
to the return, but had not had nu opportunity
to get the prisoners to sign. Mr. Cameron Uien
agreed the signatures should be mode, and Uio
paper sworn to at noon.
The prisoners then filed In. a crowd of the un
washed followed and filled tho room, and tho
trial began.
The first witness was
'VALENTINE CLARK,.
of No. 027 State street. Witness was present
at Silver-Leaf *Ororo last Sunday afternoon.
Ue bought a ticket for 23 cents, and went Inside
the grove. Was there about fifteen minutes
when the band began to play, and witness went
up on the stand am) began to dance with a
young Indy. Ho danced about three minutes,
when some of Uio fellows In uniform came up
auU struck him wtyu a-bayonet* tie turned
around to see who struck him, when another
man hit him and knocked him down. Ho
thought they wanted him to get off the stage,
and got his hat and started to run. Tito men In
uniform followed aud knocked him senseless,
and some one* of ilia crowd nulled him
outside of the gate. They wore
dancing round dances. Tho witness did
not know (he gfrl with whom ho danced. She
was young, and dressed (a a red dress. Thera
was no trouble on the stage. Witness bad so
trouble with any one, and had not been drink
ing. The crowd did not make any disturbance
nor any attack until after they were fired on.
On cross-examination witness said his ticket
was not taken up, nor did apy one ask for It on
the stand, He was knocked senseless, bat was
able to go to work tho next day, and had not
been under a physician’s care. Stones were first
thrown, when soldiers rushed out. The soldiers
charged first.
SR. STARR
testified tliat Donohue woa brought to his office,
No. 550 Ogdon avenue* lost Sunday afternoon,
about 5 o’clock, and witness found two gunshot
wounds,—one on the lower jaw, the other oa the
right side of the chest, abflut two and one-half
Inches below (tie nipple. Ho could not tell then
whether the bullet went Into the thoracic or
abdominal cavity. The latter wound was dan*
crous. Since that time the symptoms had been
favorable until Thursday, when they showed o
tendency to formation of an abcesa In tlio lower
portion of the right lung. There was hcpntizlug
or hardening of tho lung, an Increase of dyso
men, and a silence in tlio breathing over the
spot. The absence of any abdominal
symptoms led him to think tho wound
was in the thcoracic cavity. If the hepatization
did not Increase, and tlio Inflammation subsid
ed, the patient would recover. But if Thurs
day's symptoms Increased his chances were
doubtful. At present tho chances were just
evoo, ami witness could not tell one way or the
other how thy cat« might go. Judging from
tho size of the wounds, tho bullets must have
been very small,—about the size of a pea. Tho
bullet in the chest could not bo extracted.
The uoxt witness was
nenwAN Axarnisr, 1
of No. ftl7 Blue Island avenue. Ho went to the
grove about 4 o’clock Sunday afternoon. Ho
saw a disturbance, ami looked outaud saw some
stones thrown. The soldiers then camo oat and
.formed inline. Somebody threw atones,ami they
turned around and charged and fired. The
crowd was thick until they were fired on. lie
left tho 1 grove bacanso ho was afraid of getting
hit by tho stones. There were not many'stones
thrown. : . ,
i, opgican LAOT -iiiv/
was' present at tint‘picnic In citizen’s clothes,
one! ho gave a very clear mid straightforward
statement. He stated that bo reached'* tho
grovo about ten minutes (o 4 o’clock Sunday
oflornoon. Everything was (inlet then. In
the centre of the grove a band was placing,
and dancing was going on. Tho first trouble
was caused by a man -, in .uniform pushing
another man off the dancing - plat
form. .Tlio soldtor had a bayonet,
mnl took hold of (t by, the shank. Then two or
three more camo up, mid, as the man broke away,
ono of them struck him with the butt of a gun.
The man started for tlio gate, but tho guard
stopped him until the others camo up, who
struck him four or.five time across the nock and
buck. Somo one outside then reached in and
pulled the man out.
Tlio witness then positively identified tho First
Lieutenant, a good-looking young man with a
smooth face, as tlioonowhoordorod thelongroll
to bo beaten. The soldiers obeyed, fixed their
bayonets, marched to tho gate, where they stood
n moment, and were then, ordered to loud.
After loading, ‘ they marched toward
the hay-scales, countor-marchod to -the
gate, ami then fired a -regular
volley, uml then some scattering shots after
wards. T hen the dccomi-Lumtcnant (who was
identified by The witness ns a man whit n mus
tache and goatee, and was pointed out among
tho prisoners) hud his scabbard bone up by a
stone thrown ut him. Witness called bis atten
tion to It, and tlio Lieutenant straightened it
out on Dm fence or a stone. This was at tho
Western-avenue entrance. There were about
five or six soldiers there. Three pistol-shots
were fired from tho crowd and a few stones
thrown, and Hie Second-Lieutenant ordered the
men to fln% There were two regular volleys
and one irregular one. When tlio soldiers
charged the crowd run behind (ho huge
sign of Wilde, Oluott & Co. on the opposite side
of the street, and' tho soldiers fired toward the
sign. Sumo stnnes were thrown after tho charge
and before tho firing. Two or throe pistol-shots
were fired at the same time.
On the crosa-oxamfnatfon, witness said Hint
nobody was Imre mi Western avenue. Donohue
Wit* hurt on Ogden avenue. No stones were
thrown before tiio drum beat Witness was
struck by half o brick. That waa after the
soldiers were outside the cate, but Just before
the firing. The crowd wo* made up of both re
spectable and disreputable persona. There were
twelve men unit two Lieutenants fo the company
at the cate, then four came bach. There were
six men lu the squad that fired out on Western
arcane.
OVVIGSR BOOAn
testified to nearly the'same facts. On the crossi
examination Kubens asked biro If he was called
to quiet a disturbance at a saloon on the oppo
site aide of the street, mid stated Unit ho pro
posed to nroro that tho same crowd which made
tho trouble at the grove also went into tho
saloon ncroHa the street and stole a watch and
liher things. The question was allowed after
objection, and witness jnld that after the officers
took the soldiers to the station the crowd In tho
irroie stole some of tho pop. When witness
saw the first shooting bo told the soldiers not to
do so again.
oniccr Quirk corroborated very closely tho
testimony of Clark. Mow than this, however,
ho positively Identified and pointed out among
thu nlnuleen three inon of (ho company who
stood at the ante, and who Area the first shots
at Uie crowd.
A recess was then taken to 9 p. m., and the
CUy-Attornur. Mr. Cameron, called several
witnesses more, They all, however, lolled to
tome to time, and *
<UPT, HOOD
was then pitted on the stand. JIo received a
telegram between 4 and 6 o’clock from thu
Twelfth ttircot Station, and, ordering
int-u from the Twelfth and Harrison
Street station, went to the grove. When
bu reached tho grove there was a large, ex
cited crowd In front of iho gate. Ho went to
thu rear ot thu garden, mid notified thu ftluu
tenant and all his men that they were under ar
rest- There were seventeen men with muskets,
two men with swords (called Lieutenants), and
two drummers. The Captain wns'not present,
hut ho afterwards cam? on the ground, and went
to thu station. Thuy woro arrested for assault
with Intent to kill, but no charm was put on
tho books, as U was expected the boy Donohue
would die.
mks. ennuL,
a Bohemian, was thou put on the stand on be
half ot the dofenuaWte. Ilex testimony waa
given through uu Interpreter, him testified that
she nmlber Utile girl were at the picnic, and
Uie little girl, about 0 years old. was bit
by a stone. The. girl’s arm was bared
ami thu wound, considerably discolored, was
shown. Continuing, the. witness said the stone
wus fired before the company marched out of
the grove. It was then alittle alter 4 o’clock.
She left the grove when the nun was pushed
out ot the place, film was sboul twenty paces
irum the gate when her child was hurt.
WBuxteb Tuuuuc
testified be vrss In Silver I*caf drove lutSaa-
1879- SIXTEEN PAGES.
day. Co «aiv Clark nut. oft tho stage because ho
throw one ot the soldier* down on tins platform.
Jio heard several plalol-shofa fired by tho iron’d
after thn soldiers marched out, but before thnv
fired. The crowd oulaldu “hollered” to “kill
all the “ lo the grove. Sim Donohue
throwing atone*, nnd ho was picking up n atone
when he got hurt. Ho saw Clark first
when Stu was dauemu. Co knocked
down a couple of Uiodancers by runninangalnst
them while dancing. One of Uie soldiers got
after him nnd tdok him oil tho pifllform. When
he got o(t tho platform Ulnrk resisted amt
oilier soldiers came up and carried him
away. Clark struck a soldier, amt tho soldier
struck him hack again. Two of tho sol*
dlors at tho gate stopped him going out.
Iml Im was not knocked , down or struck with
bayonets. The soldiers after Uiey had lormcd
Into lino fired flrstlnlo the nlr. fie didn’t know
who they fired at Urn second time, put some
fired Into the crowd. Thu soldiers charged first,
and the crowd ran, then tho soldiers fired.
William LuelTeu. of 107 Do Koveu street,wont
to the grove about half-past 1. Tho crowd was
'throwing stones, nnd some pistol-shots were
fired. After some times ope of (ho guard was
hurt. Thu crowd yelled to kill (he Bohemians.
Thu first time the soldiers fired some of them
fired tnto the nlr. Witness' wife was hurt by a
small stone In the head,' Clark was trying to
put his arm oround another woman from the
one he was dancing with. Witness’ testimony
m to the charging ami shooting was very vogue,
as he only saw a small part of fc.
John Tlctz testified that Clark was put out for
knocking down girls. Then tlio crowd began
yelling* mid some stones were thrown, and they
cried, “Kill the Bohemians.” ills evidence was
only corroboratory of tho preceding witness,
except that ho thought the crowd was a very bad
one.
VRA.SK DVORAK
was At the grove,' nnd testified (hat (ho soldiers
were invited to protect the women and children
at the children’s pienK About 13 o’clock some
of tho bova Inside gave their tickets to some
outside roughs, reaching them through the
fence, so tho latter could set In. This, was
found out, andihe boys thrown out. Then (he
man on the stturo wns driven out, and this made
the crowd throw stones. After the soldiers ar
rived they ordered the crowd away. He heard
the shooting, but was so busy in taking care of
his wife sum children that he old not see the af
fray.. Uo also saw the crowd shoot twice at the
soldiers before thu latter fired. Thu crowd was
composed of roughs and professional thieves.
Frank Koszart gave hie recollections of the
occurrence, which seemed to be about the ssmu
ns that of tho other witnesses, fie testified that
a large number of stones were fired, no that tbu
bravo defenders of the women were falu to [tee.
Their commander, however, from his safer sta
tion In the rear, ordered them to stop, nnd thev
then faced around, flu did seo the soldiers fire.
Robert Kutchcr, a saloon-keeper opposite
Bllvcr-I.caf Grove, saw the nfirnvirom his place.
He had a row at bis saloon, and his house was
robbed, nnd tho crowd In front of tho grove
was the same one that robbed him. Witness
admitted to Officer Shepard that ho had said
that ho saw four of tho Uohetnlnn soldiers firing
into the crowd without auv provocation, ns far
as be could see. He, however, did not see nil
the occurrence, us he was too much occupied
with alTnirs ot nls own place.
Here the (Jitv Attorney, by permission, intro
duced Robert Kublmami, a saloon-keeper in ttie
grovo and owucr of tiio grove. Kuliimanu
asked the police to help the soldiers kuop the
crowd away. Then, with a great amount of
circumlocution, ho told how he saw a crowd and
heard firing, ills -testimony, however, odded
no now'ltactfl, and did not help either side.
Two boys, one wiio had received a shot
through bis clothes, uml another who had been
hit in the stomach with a stone, next told thole
stories.
Mr. Rubens said ho had about 100 witnesses to
show their side of tho case, but they would all
testify toobouttiiesjimothiug.,
Tlio Judge kindly advised him to select those
whoso testimony was must Important.
ADOPT HALF A DOZfIN WIT.VE3SE3
wore then examined, whose evidence teuded
mildly to show that tlio crowd outside was com
posed of hardened sinners, and tho soldiers in
side were saint*, who only tired alter they were
nearly atoned to death, and then only iu defense
of unprotected women and children.
After listening to them a while without get
ting aay.Qow facts, ‘
tiib.jddob
interrupted by 1 saying bo didn’t think it would
do much good to hold thn ease over for argu
ment. He had made up his mind very distinct
ly as to all the defendants, and thought
all but three. of them - should
discharged, because:they had not -hceu
Identified, Tho mere allowing that twelve
men in uniform- oat- ofnlnctocn had been en
gaged in tlio fight-had already been in effect
passed on py the Supreme Court. It bad been
showed that one, out of three, or two out of
five, hud committed Berime. Yet tho Supremo
Court said that that was not enough, and each
individual must be shown.
Mr. Cameron {gggcslcd that that was on n
final hearing, will.rg.hls was only a preliminary
examination. Here, if probable cause was
shown, that was enough.
Tho Judge did not think that wasao. Ho
condemned In acroro terms the practice of in
dicting parties on lu*ulUel«nt evidence, which
only resulted in a heavy expense to the public
treasury. Ho thought, lie should bo compelled
to hold tho two officers and tho other person
who had been identified to hail, and discharge
all Uio rest.
Mr. Cameron inquired whether all had not
been Identified. There were nineteen mon in
uniform, they were tho only ones in uniform,
and they bad been guiltv, as the testimony
showed, of firing at the crowd.
TUBJUDOB KBFPSBO TO SBB IT IN THAT LIGHT.
Ho said ho had listened to the evidence care
folly. It was perfectly dear there was a crim
inal riot ontsldo tho gate. But there was a
single circumstance left in tho ease, tlirtwhila
the crowd was retreating they were fired oa by
tho soldiers. Two persons were hit, mnl one
seriously wounded. That transaction made it u
peculiar question. It might probably reduce—
the provocation and circumstances Doing con
sidered, nnd thesUddenDCsautid laekoC Intention
—the crime to manslaughter. Then, whether it
was justifiable was tv circumstance he should
not pass on at nil unless it was clear uml un
questionable.- Those circumstances would also
bo taken Into consideration in fixing;tlio amount
of the bail. The justice of the case was that
thoao going under command of their superiors,
although they might technically he responsible,
were not responsiblelu thqsamodogreoasthose
who commanded Die act to be done.
Mr. Jtubeus—What omount of boil will yoar
Honor fix f
Tho'Judce—'Well. $3,000 each for the two
officers and $2,500 for the other man.
These three parties are Charles Hales, First
Lieutenant, Frank Ladvie, Second Lieutenant,
and Joseph Martin, high private. Mr. Kubcus
then raked tocolher half-a-dozen Bohemians
who owned a lot or two each, some of the lots
being Used ni homesteads, mid none of the par
ties, by their own admission, being worth over
$3,500, and (her were at once accepted os bonds
men. Tlic bonds being made out (ho throe were
released, mid the other sixteen wore uncondi
tionally discharged. The friends of the prison
ers then pressed up mid many cungralulaiitms
followed, alter which dm whole parly, including
Uubons mid Krause, adjourned in a body to the
nearest saloon, where they repeated their con
gratulations lu another way.
Limitation of Actions*
.V«s York .fun.
The many persons who Imre claims to prop*
ertT in land In Englandought to look promptly
to their Interests. The act for thu limitation of
actions relating to real properly was passed as
fur hack os IW4. It was u snpplcmcul to Lord
Bolboruo’shlll for facilitating Uio transfer of
land, but. owing to tho Imoorlnnce of Us provi
sions, mid to giro all concerned fair warning, Us
operation was deferred to Jan. 1, IST9. The
cist of the act Is a declaration that no person
shall bring any utsUon to recover land or rout ex
cept within twelve years after thu right has ac
crued. In tho caao of infancy, covorturu of
marriage, and lunacy, a period of six years U to
ho allowed from thu termination of thu disa
bility, or in Uie case of any ono claiming through
a person who labored under such dMnbIKU
from the time ot Ids or her death. Thu period
or grace allowed to persons absent beyond seas
is abolished. A landowner who permits the
mortgagee ot his estate to hold possession will
be barred, and will not bo uhlu to redeem bis
property at the end of twelve years from thu
timo when thu latter took pusaos.«|oo, unless he
bus received a written acknowledgment of his
title. In no Instance will it be possible to re
cover land or rent after suffering claims to iro
to sleep for thirty years*
'A Smart Dog.
Nulur «.
A few months ago 1 mode the acquaintance
of u dog, which, X think, is worthy of a place
among the dogs and cuts and tats mid mules that
are hsl plug thu pages of iVaiurs to determine
tho degree ami kind of animal hitolllgeuce.
Priest’s ” la a hotel on the way from thu Cala
veras Orovo of JH« Trees to the Yosumite. in
fhrmer years on the arrival of thu stage Uie
landlady would send the dog to the poultry
yard to catch chickens for the tourists’ dinner.
Now, the dog “takes time by thu forelock.”
The stage la duo at U o’clock. About D o’clock
the dog saunters leisurely down the road till he
meets the .stage, he then bounds back to thu
poultry-yard, catches chickens, bites their
beads off, upd takes them to tho coogl Tho
number of chickens he kills hears a relation to
dm number of passengers he saw hi the stage.
A gentlemen who was stopping at the hotel (or
a few days went Into the woods ono afternoon
with a cun. When he rotnrnod the dog CAtne
to him la much excitement to see what cntne
ho had token. Finding his hnnds ntid his btff
crnoi v, the doc ran into the forest and rotaraed
In less than an hohr with a bird, which he cave,
with an air of compassion, to the unskilled
hunter*
THE i’AUM AND GARDEN.
Heated Garrets—Late Swoet«Cern—The Cob*
l>»Be.t'rop—Value of Tlle-Hralm—‘When to
Cut Hay—Good Ideas—No Kxctxso for HnU«
(ntr Itny—l’oiUlvo nnd Negative Virtues—
'Wlient.flurvost,
fVnm Our Oim birwpondenf.
C!fAMi*AioN, 111., Judo 20,— People In the
country ‘frequently sutler groat Inconvenience
from the heat at night. Many la the time, when
a boy, that wo wont to tho barn with the hired
men, to cot awny from the sweltering beat of
tho slceplng-room, close up under tho roof of
the bouse. Most country-houses are so built
Unit the roof forms a portion of tho
celling, nnd this, wlicro tho roof slopes
to the south, hclps‘to heat up tho room beneath.
A western slope Is not so bad; but, unless
shaded by trees, It adds materially to tho heat
inside. The air between tho roof and colling,
having become heated to a high tempera
ture,' does* not cool rapidly*, henco tho
room beneath does not receive tho
beoeQt of the cooler air of night. Every house
should have a garret above tho sleeping apart
ments; bnt, where tills is not obtainable, venti
lation should bo given the air-space above, either
by windows cut in the pablo-ends, or by a venti
lator extending above the roof. A difference of
from 10 to 20 degrees ot toraoeratare may often
bo secured by tola simple precaution.
i.atk swoBT-aomr.
After the (Irak planting of sweet-corn has
ripened, and fruits have become plenty, the de
mand for corn as a daily article of food ceases
for a Uulo while. After a few weeks, however,
otto oftcu bears the wish expressed that there
might bo corn oa the table. There is no reason
why It should not be In ns common use until
killed by frost, ns It Is earlier in the season.
(Howell’* Evergreen is the variety usually plant
ed for Into use, but there are mauy kinds much
sweeter. Every one who hts a little vacant
space should now plant a few hills for fall-use.
THB.CADOAOn-CUOP
Id some sections ot the West was, last year, ah
most entirety destroyed by a nasty men worm*
Its parent is a white butterfly which becomes
exceedingly plentiful about the Ist of Autrust.
The New Vork 2'rtbuiu has the folJowlntf regard
ing the ocst:
Cabbage-Worm—Plorls rapas: Karlyln the season
Uiu white parent bmtorlUos should bo destroyed,
before they can have lima to deposit their egg*. or
the cgite suuuld bo searched for upuu the under
side of (ho leaves. A cheap net may bo made by
attachioga broom-handle to a barrel-hoop, and
fastening to lea bag of moiqttlto.netting twice at
deep as the diameter. The children can bs cm*
£ toyed to eaten tno bntterllles at so much n dozenr
star in the season the chrysalids may be destroyed
by luring the worms under email pieces of board or
ahlnirio laid along the rows,—supported an inch or
two from tbo ground at uno end. These should bo
examined now and thou, and the punto crushed.
Southern planters are In the habit of breaking ott
cahbnce-li'uvcs and laying them npon the heads of
cabbage at night; when lao worms will bo found In
the early morning collected beneath them, and can
be crushed by the foot.
VALUE OF TILE-CHAINS.
Many people do not recognize iho Immediate
benefit ibut u tllc-dialn will bo to them. A
/armor In this county spent S3O last summer in
Putting in some tile. Tim other day ho summed
tip the profit it had already been to him,—at
least Uio prospective profit, /or blswheathas not
been threshed,—os follows: i'our acres ol Und
that never produced anything, now in wheat
which will yield twenty-live bushels to Uio aero;
six acres ol corn, only part of which over
yielded anything, prospect of heavy crop; es
timated value of wheat, 8S0; benefit to corn
crop,.B2o. Total, SIOO. Deduct cost of drain
«ml there Is S4O profit. This farmer will put In
more tilo this summer, ami Uls example will bo
followed by some of his neighbors.
tVUBN TO COT MAT,
There Is no doubt but that grass cut Just
When it Is In bloom makes the bo&t and moat
Profitable bay to feed. If It Is wanted for sale,
then mure profit will bo derived from letting It
stand until more mature. Meadows are frequent
ly Injured by being cut too close,—the new
mowers going well down to the surface. 'ln
cats the huv Is fed on Uie farm, there is no profit
In this close shaving, bccauso Uio' lower two
Inches contain little or no nutriment. Where
hay Is grown for sale, this portion helos to
weigh, mid Is correspondingly valuable. At any
rale, all naked meadows ought to bo covered
with manure us soon os the crop is removed.
It is uot noceasarv to go over the process of
cutting and curing hay. Cars should bo taken
not to let it get toodry. or to got wet by .min.
Dither Injures the hay fur feed, although It may
not lor side. Hay may be stacked or stowed
away In a mow In a pretty green state, If there
ta not dew or rain on it. Whoa stored In a green
state,'some advocate patting in slaked llmo;
others use salt. It the crop is pretty green,
nlr-hofos may bo made fa the mow by patting (n
a barrel utul drawing it up os the mow (a filled.
These air-wells should lie not more than tea or
twelve feet apart to give good ventilation. We
have never tried lime, but shouldn't think it
wouldartd to the volue of the feed. Salt may
also be added In such a quantity os to be in
jurious. When used, it should bo pot on the
bottom of a stack or mow, where It will be
dissolved and carried upward with the vapor. It
is doubtless true that many people labor under
an Impression that salt preserves the bay: but
this wo do not believe. The following, written
by Mr. Clarkson, was published la the Joun Hiatt
Ji'cijlticr Just September, and, as It advauces
some •
GOOD IDBAB, X
vre republish It, ami request farmers to (five It a
careful perusal, Wo do uot agree with all iu
points, yet there Is but Hula fa tt to criticise;
It may appear that this Is not the appropriate
season of the Year to introduce this subject [salt
ing hay]. Hut, (or the use wo propose making of
llie subject tit this time, it is appropriate. iV’o
call the attention of farmers and livery-men to (he
Importance of watching carefully the effect of
sailed bay on horses and cuttle. Those animals
will eat a small (jnnniUy of suit, winter and sum
mer, »ml It Is beneficial to (heir health. JinC it is
Improper ami Inlnrtoua to compel animals to eat it
beyond (he (fonmmia of the appetite. Too much
salt U a violent irritant of the bowels, causing
fever: and overdoses sometimes product) fatal In-
Humiliation. Cattle that oaf salted hay drink too
much water, which brings on looseness of the
bowels and scouring. Tbs same is the case with
hones.
There Is
NO 830U98 FOR SALTING HAT,
except to folios? in (110 error* and follies of the
past. It was behoved thAtafew pounds of salt
would preserve n ton of wet or liaif-curcd hay.
And even *OlllO old fogies yet. who never reason
from cause 10 cited, follow the traditions of tha
met In this respect. Hut salt 1* Injurious to any
hay. Instead of drying and preserving It. the wilt
absorbs moisture. Uuinpoofl and blackens too bay.
ond Ju no c »»u preserves lr. bait In laruo quanti
ties is a orsiorvor. And so Is sugar. Uut either,
In imperfect quoutllloa below the preserving msaa*
mu, aids In more rapid decomposition.
ball in certain c«*eo should ho given to cattle lib*
orally, and crucially when eating dry husks, both
as a laxative, And as an Incentive to partake of
mom water. It should, bowovor, always be In a
shape that it can bo regulated by a careful feeder.
It is claimed by many iTtat much of the abortion of
cows 111 dulrj-stabios Is caused oy tbs careless use
of anil when tbu bowels arc relaxed. From earliest
history there bus been attributed to salt many vir*
lues, until many suppose It is good fur everything
and in nil places. Sumo medical uteu recommend
Ufor dyspefwls: others ns an emetic, as a styptic
or nitrliißont, and as beneficial meases of hetnor*
rbsgo of the lungs. And all agree tlutt
soa*wntur or salt-water baths aro stimalut*
lug aud tonlo in their effects. 't'ho
itlble informs us that all aacrtilces o(lured In tbo
Temple weto seasoned witbU? newborn children
were rubbed with It; Kllsha swocteoed tbo fount*
aiu of Jericho with lit unit it U used as a symbol
of purity, peruetiUty, incurruutUm, tad hospital!*
ty. Aud to it Is attributed barrenness and sterility,
fur tbo site of auy city or place which was lotoodud
ebottia never rise ngain was sown with salt. An
agent which has so many
PO3ITIVB AKDNXCUTIVB VIRTUES,
should ho used with Judgment. and uot by tho
blind and unreasoning traditions of the past. And
ouo of Us greatest follies is, that a few handfuls
of It will preserve a mow of w«t hay. And oae of
the most dangerous uses of It Is to compel stock to
use more of It than tbo appetite craves, or what is
necessary, in their bay. Clive stuck salt so they
can go to it when they want it, and they will never
eat too much. Large doses nre laxative and dan*
Serous irritants. Cattle* and burse-facdurs should
all be sensible and observinginpen, capable of
knowing when stock need laxatives or astringents,
and in wbat shape to administer the mlldpr rstne*
die*. 9
'Hie proposition that salt will preaeryo wot
hay U a fallacy, beyond aar doubt; hut that It
causes cuttle to eat even a pretty poor article
with avidity we have reason to believe. A good
muuv year# suo lluful hr., aud the writer put
up two slacks of bar Umt bod been pretty badly
spoiled by rain. Ouo Btaeic was nailed; (he
other woe nut, /or the reason that the salt*«up
fly rau out. When these siaeks were foil out
osomo thirty head of steers, Umy ate tiio salted
until cleun; the other wua musty, and they
refused it ultuireiber. This U imiy one in*
stance; It wua our tirst experience with suit
on a hay-stack, and wo well remember it. We
tried to nrtiue that tliu salt uuuhl to go uu top,
but were Informed that, as the suit would eieut
uslly evaporate, It would the? to the loot qua
such wo found to bo (he case. 4
WnSAT-UMIVBST
Is In full operation In Central Illinois, tj, a
hrcaiUh sown Greatly exceeds ihnl of any for
raer year, and tho grain und yield nro both ■»
perlor. Oats ate very short, nnd it win uim
cult to hind them. Wfi.uhcr Is coni aim moist
nud everything favorable for the farmer.. *
. : Uuual Jn,
“ANIMILEB.”
Rflmurltublo Storlr* ToM by Teroclouj Ooo«
tompornrlr*.
Atinmn
A daughter of Mr. Joseph B. Brown, o! x* o
Runs, Lumpkin Count?, eat down on ft| iD , 0
rattlesnake tlie other daf. Shocrot «o
as she found Jtjmt, mul tlia euako was klll^,
fUktOA {Kg, j faultier.
A correspondent tells of the killing of * TJrt .
tlesnalnra ' few days since In Todd County
Wlion first discovered a little child was p) 1T | n l
Mil) it, the snako meanwhile tiarU/Ji: out h
tongue.
Kan /Vorteftea
John and Albert Hatln arid Henry ‘Warren i*
ccntlv Wiled a large California Uou near Duo.
can’s Mills. Tlie boys were coon-Huntlng, (i n j
mot the animal, which they mistook for a wild
cat. Thirteen bullets hit tho lion before it 81Jr .
rendered Its life. It measured ten feet from tin
to’Up* ,‘
Indi'inaoflht Sentinel.
English Lark. Ind., Juno 14.— One of the
young men accompanying the surveying party
while chaining In See. 8.1 of this county, was at!
lacked by a bull-snake ncarlv six feet In length,
and after a desperate encounter, in which the
man come near being bitten several times, (La
reptile was hilled.
fit.
IffHicnMOND, Tex., Juno 11. —A voting hj*
Miss Caledonia X.lnton, residing on Cottonwood
•Creek, while walking In the woods, me! n Urea
nlllirutor. Sho got * rope, tied* It around tj] 0
alligator’s neck, mid dragged It twomites toner
home. The brute came pear striking her wUh
bis tall several times.
Ifii.-renfflif (V».) SnHtl ftauth.
Near Xlowcllsvillc, Warren Cmmty, recently,
o fisherman saw blscork dtaapoenr. On ItuuUn*
his prize it proved to be a large Joe having Itv
<hlo o Halt much too large to bo released thrnneh
(he month of (he jug, und which hud swallowed
the hook of the fisherman. It la supposed tits
fish entered Us nucor homo when it was small,
I4nttin (Tfr.) Sun.
On Thursday evening last. in Cass Counlf,
while Mr. Babe Henderson woa out one hunt!
his dop« roused n panltier, which took to a tree.
Babe, his gun being loaded with small phot,
took deliberate aim, and shot both”eyes of the
panther out ns the animal was preparing to
spring down upon him. The panther measured
six feet nine Inches from tip to tip.
/Vnid/id (X(o*i r ß<onrter.
A few weeks nffo, from Uie north end north
west of this Talley, millions of crlckotts were
coming in to devour and destroy the urain nnj
crass our farmers expected to harvest this dry
season, Nearly all Uio hoes In Uie vallev hare
hcoo cot tocethcr, and are herded to mm the
crickets. The hoes are cettlnjj the best of the
flight, and are fattonlne lu their onward march.
Liimiin ida.) Jndtpfndent,.
•Mr. William Bartlett, who-lives near Lump
kin. lias a ben that has peculiar notions about
laving eggs. She lays every day Ilka most other
bens, but every other egg is ns largo as a rrooso
cot; the other* are of ordinary siru. Onoot
the larger size weighs three and ono-fourth
ounce*,' and measures six mid half Indict
around the shortest circumference, and seven
nbd Ibrcc-fpnrtbs the longest. Tho same ben
laid eggs lll’tho same manner last season. .
• ■. Hmniirtrk (ffn.) AditrUter,
Wn learn from Mr. Richardson; conductor on
tbo accommodation freight on the Macon A
Brunswick Railroad, that a young man was bit
ton oy a rattlesnake on Thursday morning last
atNoiOon sakProad. Ho had 'gone 1010 tbu
yard at early dawn td sclent some lumber to
build a collln for Ids mother, who hod died Uur-
Ing the night. As ha turned oyer a plunk on
the ground tiro reptile struck him. lie drunk
two quarts of whisky. At last accounts he wu
doing well.
■ „ ' .Vrw Thfi A>,n.
in Hartfordn vicious stallion belonging to tho
Streat Railroad Company,—a full-blooded Mor
gan chestnut,’ 15 years old, with four white feet,
—needed shoeing. JIo got loose In the stable
yard, mid when the foreman of the stables. John
Crllly, tried to capture him, the stallion reared
and sprang at him* Crlily jumped between his
legs. Then the stallion catno ot him with flat*
teoed ears and open jaws. Crlily actaod the
stallion's tongue and twisted It. extorting s
shrill cry of rage and pain. Tim ended tho
light., , Crlily didn’t let go of tbo tongue until
Its owner vas back la his stall and llrmly se
cured. , . , s
Quitman {Ga.) Henorttr.
Me. Dock Pinson, a laborer at Mr. R. .'I.
Jones'* steam mill, situated at Dixie, No. 17,
Atlantic & Quit Railroad, wont ((suing lan
Thursday, and on his return was passing
throiiflh an old Held ou Dr. Thomas Baring's
plantation, In which there Is a deep ditch over
grown with briars. Justus ho leaped the ditch
ho was struck by a rattlesnake about half war
between tho ankle and knee. lie was near
enough to Mr. Malt Harrell's hmuo to call foe
help. Mr. Harrell tortk him In mul kindly
eared for him. Dr. Joiner was Immediately
called and administered all the antidotes known
to the profession, ■ but without avail, save to
prolong Mr. Pinson's life until 1 o’clock Fri
day,’when he died.
■ • /Wht'WnMa prt *». •
At the Brown-street market on Satnnlny
morning an old Irish woman approached u lish
stand and appealed to the proprietor fur help.
Ho declined to give her anything. Bho moved
away, but not mit of the building. Unobserved,
she went behind tho stand, where a largo tub
covered with canvas attracted her attention.
Cautiously lifting tho cover, so os not to make
any noise, she rau Her hand Into the tub. and
then she yelled. Tho tub contained several
snapping turtles, and one hud caught hold of
her fingers, causing much pain. .“Och! MUtrrl
may God bless jou: take the crallmroff: do
please," was hor'pleadhig remark to tho owner
of the snippers, it was found necessary to kill
tho turllo'boforo tho lingers could ho liberated.
1 ' San jvancfccn c/irfiuirl*.
LosAmqklbs, Cat., Juuo 3,—U. Slmrp, who
lives ntlLaalLos AngeWs, appeared in his place
of busioess to-day for the first time In several
weeks. . About, threo weeks ago, ivlillo ho was
Irrigating his laud, ho was preceding the stream,
carrying q hoe to loosen the ground, and sud
denly felt something sUng him in the calf uf
his right log. On looking down ho saw an im
mense tarantula clinging to his bare limb, be
fore be coaid brash It oft it gave him anodur
bite. The shock was severe, but ho did not loso
his presence of mind. He nt onco proceeded to
the bouse, and applied fitch antidotes oe were at
hand, and drank u large goblet of pure alcohol,
followed by a bottle and a half of strong brandy.
These sttamtanU produced but very little in
ebriating effect, and doubtless euyud Mr. Sharp's
life. The wounds were then bllscurvd, and no
to tills morning Mr. Sharp did not feel strong
enough to go to wort;. ‘
Bendtuo (/Vi.) Kwt*.
Mrs. Z. Taylor Lacy,- &t>l North Ninth street,
Reading, Fa., has a number of pets, umoiuf
which aro ringdoves, canary birds, 1 white rabbin,
fancy slock of fowls, a dog, mid a land fortui* 1 .
She said to a reporter that “she hardly knew
which she thought tho motif. of, excepting it
might bo the laud toriolsu, which she would not
sell for any money.” Bho was stroking tlm
head of tho tortoise with bor linger, uud, ns sits
spoke to If, calling It “tnvpot,” UlO sltolUd
noimol looked up Into her face, end turned Its
head to one side and then to the other, a* I'
listening to and' understanding what she saW.
When tho reporter caiuo close It (prickly tlrew
back out of alghflnto Its shell, und she remarked,
“ The little pot U afraid of strangers.” “ W’Ld
do von feed to the littlo poll” “Bread nii'l
milk in a bucket.' 1 “ Ifuw lung have you hsJ
U!” “About two years. I received 11 from a
friend In Philadelphia. A cousin of mine refill
ing in that cltv bus ono that makes a pcctiluf
noise when It wants something to uut, and it
follows members of the family all around the
vard. They keep It In tho yard /« summer, «nd.
at the approach of winter U goes to tbu cellar
door, wain some one opens it, and it goes doan
und creope into the ground, where It slays ua«l
spring.” »
BOVA’ VtOYUINU,
11l 10
toys’ (Ming
) only Store iu tbo oily deal
ing exclusively in Soys*
Ooods t» at
•X ST ATE-ST.
Near Washington.
OLE & DEVOB.
UlOYv'btiHi
abbs,
JNO. M. SAianELD.
■ sului&iail' 379 OWpwo.

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