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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, June 28, 1879, Image 4

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'Drily i-Ulitloo, onoyctr BIU.OO
>V.rU of » year, pcrttont*».,.., 1.00
Sunday KtfKlnn! Literary amltlelleloiiiDoubla
Hheel.. B.OQ
Saturday Udtilon, ilitcoo pacrei... 2.00
Onncony, veryenr.,...,
'Club or four.
club of ten
dub of twenty!!!!.!X
Rpccimco coclci acnt frre.
Give I’oit-Ofllce «<Wre»* Id full, Including BUte *nl
llcmlttancee may Iks nude either hr draft, felpres*
Poat-Ofilce enter, or In registered letter, at our risk.
Dally, delivered, Sundarexcepted, 99 cent* per week.
Dally, delivered. Sunday Included,’Bo cent* per week.
Corner Madison and Dearborn-iU., Chicago. 111.
. Order* for the delivery of T«» Triuunk at Evanston,
Englewood, and Hyde Park left In (he couutlngTOom
will receive prompt attention.
Trta Cmcxoo Tntnrsa haa cstahllihcd branch olUcm
for the receipt of subscriptions aad advertisements na
NEWTOurc-noom M TVlbuneßuilding. F. T. Mo-
Faddbk. Monneor.
PATHS, Franco-No. JO Hue do la GrangO'lJateUero.
11. Matilkb, Agent.
LONDON, Eng.—American Exchange, 449 Strand.
ITknrtF. aii.Mo, Agent.
WASIiINUTON D. C.—I3JB F street.
Ilooley’n Theatre,
Tlsndolph slrret, fc«twecn Clark amt LaSalle. Ea*
gagement of Emerson’* Mogatliorlsn Minstrels. After'
noon and evening.
llnvcrly** Thcntre.
Dearborn street, corner of Monroe. Engagement
of tho Atmee Opera ItontTo Company. Afternoon, "Los
Brigands." Kvcnlng, “La .Tolio Parfumouio."
McTirker’* Theatre.
Madlron itrert, oelwcon Dearborn and State. En<
mitcDicnt of llio Htnndanl Tlicntro Company. M Fa*
tUillxa." Afternoon ami evening.
i • Hamlin's Theatre.
Clark street, oppoMto tho Court-House. Enßago*
meat of tho Kentucky Ulflo Team. "si Slocum.’*
Metropolitan Tliontro.
Clark street, opposite Sherman House. Engagement
of May Flak's Dlnotherlnn Lady Minstrels. Afternoon
and opening.
WM. B. WAItItEN T.ODOE, NO. 200. A. >. & A. M.
“Uernlar Communication Hits (Halurdarj evening at 8
o’clock, shorn, at 70 Mooroe-al., 'or Important busi
ness and work. Members ore notified to attend. Via
ittog brothers cordially invited, Jly ordor of
D. S. O’CONNF.LL, iSl# KI ‘ OW
SATURDAY, JUNE 28, 1870.
Tho overwhelming defeat which tho Yale
crow suffered yesterday in tho race with Har
vard for tho College championship suggests
tho necessity of a severer course of instruc
tion and naming in tho science of handling
soalls. There has evidently been * too mnch
attention devoted to Greek and Hebrew, too
much of that mere superficial brain-culture
which is of no possible account in sending a
boat to tho front and winning a raoo.
Tho result of tho examination of tho
Bohemian Sharpshooters before Judge Mc-
Allister upon an application for n writ of
hoboas corpus baa been tbo discharge of six
teen out of tho nineteen prisoners, nud tbo
release under bail of tho remaining tbreo. It
was bold by tbo Court tbot tbo men noting
under orders of their commanding officers
should not bo bold equally responsible with
tho officers, and so Ibo latter only were com
pelled to give bail, with tbo addition of one
of tbo rank and filo, and tho only ono who
bad boon positively identified ns having
fired his gun.
A mate to tho Pocassot lloml has turned
up at a small (own near Fort Wayne, Ind.,
■whore o saloon-keeper undertook to murder
Ills four motherless children, the oldest only
9. What wilh n butcher-knife and a blud
geon bo wounded tho poor little creatures
most horribly, and it is a pity that ho was
arrested, ns the dispatch recites, just in time
to save him from a coat of tor and feathers
at'tho hands of tho enraged pooplo of the
place. Tho law officers should have stayed
away long enough 'to allow of the ap
plication of tho tar at least, when tho touch
ing of a maloU to tho inflammable substance
would havo answered tho demands of rotrlb.
utlvo Justice most effectually.
Tho Methodist brethren of Ohioago appear
to bo sadly divided on tho question whether
the crime ,of running n railway train ou
Sunday V) carry people to camp-mooting is
more than counterbalanced by tho good done
tho people who are transported in this in
iquitous fashion. The question was dis
cussed with great seriousness at a mooting
yesterday of tho District Camp-Mootiug As
sociation, and a resolution prohibiting the
running of railway trains fo tho comp-moot
ing grounds was lost by tho close vote of 13
yeas to 15 nays. Several of tho ministers
hove olroody denounced with groat vigor tho
desecration of tho Sabbath by those trains,
and they don't exactly see how they can now
encourage tho sinful practice by onnouncing
tho camp-mooting from their pulpits.
Tho effort to patch up tho trouble between
Senator Bayaud and tho silver wing of the
Senate Democracy is not mooting with that
success which w,ns hoped. There is maul
fosled a very emphatic sentiment In favor of
allowing Mr. Bayard to resign his place os
Chairman of tho Senate Finance Committee,
and there is every reason why ho should
bo relieved of tho duty of obstructing
silver legislation by refusing to report from
hU Committee a measure which the majority
of Democrats in tho Senate support. Per
sonal courtesy or regard for Mr. Bayard's
feelings aro very nice and proper in their
way, but they ought not to obstruct loglsla
lion and defeat the will of tho majority, aud
it seems probable that tho silver men will
oxouso him from further service in that Hue.
Tho National Capital is soon to bo relieved
ol tho presence of Oougross. Tho good of
tbe country was not taicou into account when
the Democratic majority, acting purely from
partisan motives, defeated tho Icgili.
mate appropriation tylls in March last,
wxd tho interests of the people have
hot been consulted in tho course of
legislation os shaped by tho majority.
It now remains to be soon If the Democracy
have not paid too much for their whistle | if
the “issue” which they claim to have
secured has not been purchased at a cost
which will bring homo to tho minds of the
people Fuakeun's liomely but eminently
practical maxim.' One thing Is certain, tho
Democrats have not been ablo to re
peal tho wisely-framed and judiciously
snooted Election lows, nor havo they
been, notwithstanding thuir loud and
confident boastings, equal to the
tusk of nnllifylog the provisions of these
statutes. The only success actually achieved
by them is to bo summed up not In political
vantage, bat in tho preoiso amount in dollars
uid cents which has been wssted In this ut
terly uncalled for ©xtrasosslon. Tho ludi
rations dow aro that Congress will agree to
"dtourn on Monday next. In fjmt, adjourn.
•i .>
raont lina boon going on piecemeal until
hardly a quorum remains in oilhor House.
AH tho appropriation bills, It is presumed,
will havo boon disposed of by that Ifnio.
The speculative market'in wheat is Just
now in a ter, curious, and perhaps demor
alizing, condition. The price of No. 2 spring
wheat in Chicago Is about sl.oo} a bushel,
whereas the price, if governed by the for*
■eign market quotations for the same grado,
would bo not more than 04 cents a bushel}
that is to say, it would be necessary to se
cure wheat, which la now selling hero at
sl.oo}, ior 04 cents in order to ship it to
Liverpool without loss. This condition has
boon brought about by the Keane deal,
which actually controls obont r»,7f»0,000
bushels, or (ho total amount of No. 2 spriug
wheat wilhln sight; this includes all of that
particular grade in Chicago, Milwaukee, and
Now York. I’ho fact that the New York
price has been forced up to the Chi
cago price, with freight added, compels the
conclusion that the wheat is actually con
trolled by the clique running the deal, and,
in that case, the “shorts” for Juno will be
forced to settle at the Now York price, under
the rules of the Board, which enable the
buyer to select his own market for shipment
or settlement. The fact that this grade of
wheat has boon believed to bo in the control
of one man has affected speculation iu this
market for the past two or three months,
and if the same clique shaUconlinuo to hold
this immense stock of wheat beyond the last
of Juno, it will continue to demoralize Uio
market because U will bo a standing menace to
the price. It still remains to bo soon whether
tho men who are running this extensive
“deal ” con got out of it with a profit when
they come to realize upon their actual stock
on band ,* if not, they will probably not at
tempt again to opply tho California stock
system of spcculatiou to tho wheat market.
One of tbo most .uncompromising of tbo
Washington 11 last-ditchers " is Senator Wal
lace, of Pennsylvania. Ho was violently
opposed to the latest caucus device. Ho
might reasonably have taken this position if
bo had opposed tbo now schema on tho
ground that it is a potty pioco of business,
unworthy of any groat parly ombitions to
control tbo destinies of a nation, and aimed
at tho subversion of law. But this was not
tbo reason for Ids opposition. Ho wonted
tbo Doniocratio caucus to nmko a final stand
upon ■ tbo closing of tbo Courts as a moons
for coercing Exooativo assent to a repeal of
tho Election lows. Ho is reported as having
stated in caucus that it hod boon mutually
agreed, at tho beginning of tho struggle,
that tho Northern men should help tho
Southern mon to secure tho repeal of
tbo Jurors* test-oath, and that tho Southern
men in return woro to help tbo Northern
men secure tbo repeal of ibo Election laws.
If this !s a correct statement of tbo coso,
then tho responsibility for tbo revolutionary
soherno aimed at tbo prostitution of tbo
ballot-box rests upon tbo Northern Demo
crats. This is a revelation of interest and im
portance to honest men in tho North who
have boon noting and voting with tho Demo
cratic parly.
What Northern constituency, onisido of
tho roughs, plug-ugllos, and hired repeaters,
is in favor of abandoning all Notional ro-
strnint over Congressional elections? Is
Senator Wallace fairly representing tho
Democracy of Pennsylvania in insisting upon
tho repeal of the National Election laws, in
order to furnish a free opportunity
for fraud ? Are tbo other Democratic
politicians from tbo North reflecting the
sentiments or carrying out tbo wishes of
their constituents by sympothizing with tho
efforts of Senator Wallace ? Is it a char
actonstio of the Democratic porty to seek to
accomplish by fraud and violence whet It is
feared cannot bo accomplished by an honost
effort? It is important that all this should
bo definitely understood, for wo boliovo that
tboro aro thousands upon thousands of citi
zons throughout tho North who havo voted
with the Democratic party during the last
few years, on account of some dissatisfac
tion with Ibo Republican party or in tho
hope of achieving certain promised reforms,
who would not veto with that or ony other
porty thot was in favor of froo and unre
strained fronds upon tbo ballot-box. If
Senator Wallace .told tbo truth In caucus
when bo said that tbo enforced repeal or nul
lification of tho Election laws was primarily
a Northern suggestion, and that it bos been
insisted upon as a Northern Democratic
measure, then his revelation ought to bo a
warning to all conservative and right-minded
mon who have been inclined to voto with
tho Democrats on national issues.
If tho Bobomo for tbo destruction of tho
National Election laws was suggested by tbo
Northern pollticious, and to tho extent that
it has received tho support of tho Northern-
Democrats, it is designed to afford an oppor
tunity for frauds in certain largo oitios iu tho
North wlilch would probably overcome tbo
honest Republican majority in certain States.
Tho carrying of Now York State for tbo
Domoemts by moans of tbo repeating and
ballot-box stuffing, which would bo possible
iu Now York City iu tho absence of National
supervision at tho next Presidential election,
is the chief consideration of this Northern
Democratic support of tbo proposition to
remove all National restraint over National
elections. If tho suggestion camo from
Mr, Thurman, as is generally conceded
to bo tho case, It was booouso Mr. Thurman
aud his friends boliovo It will bo imposdblo
for ony Democratic candidate for tho X»ros
idouoy to honestly carry enough territory iu
tho North to secure his election. 'The sup
port wlilch Senator Wallace, as a Northern
man, is giving to tbo schema is founded
upon a like selfish purpose as to tho election
of 1880 in Pennsylvania, when n Legislature
is to bo ohoson that will nnmo a successor to
Mr. Wallace, whoso presont term expires os
a now President goes In. 8o tho advocacy
of this infamous scheme by every Northern
Democrat has boon based upon the belief
that nothiug short of unrestrained fraud will
enable the Democratic party to seoaro votes
enough in tho North to enable them to seize
the Government in 1661.
It may be thot Senator Wam-acb's caucus
statement was intended to divest tho null Id
eation scheme of some of its unpopularity by
creating tho impression that tbo Southern
politicians wore not making so much effort
us tho Northern Democrats to carry it out;
but nobody is simple ouougb to bolievoony
thing of this kind. Of oourso the Southern
Democrats do need tho repeal of the Election
lows for their own local benefit, because they
havo already demonstrated that they cau
carry elections by fraud andviotouoo in spito
of.Goverumoiu supervision and tho restric
tions o* tho United BUUw laws. Bat they
iavo os lively on interest In tho scheme as
(ho Northern politicians, became they bo
flivo It to bo essential to securing tho uum
ifa* of Electoral votes at the North which
faro necessary to tho election of a Democratic
President. Tho Southern politicians ■"f business Is readily explained. It now ro
lo bo the chief beneficiaries of a Democratic mains far llio pooplo of Chicago to take m%
Administration, for they will control tho vantage of this slate of things, and toko
canoaa, dictate tho subsidies, allow tho measures to secure a good sllcb of tho buol
clnims, dispose of the offices, end otherwise dons of such Territories as Mnho, Arizona,
ran tho machine.” Senator Wauacb and Now Mexico, ami Utah. Arizona especially
tho Northern Democrats who think and act
with him are, oftor all, hut more orouluros
ond agents of tho ox-Confcderates.
For some time put (boro have boon many
nnd sure signs of tho decline of Snn Fran
cisco ns the groat controlling contra of the
Pacific Const. For years post (ho proud city
at tho Golden Onto has boon tbo metropolis
of that vast extent of territory denominated,
■without special regard to geographical limits,
tbo Pacific Slope. Tbo States of California,
Nevada, and Oregon, the Province of British
Columbia, nnd the Territories of Arizona,
Utah, Idaho, Washington, and, to a certain
extent also, Montana, have boon tributary to
the bay-windowed olty. It was there that
they bought their merchandise, thither that
they sent their products, whether of an ogri*
cultural or mineral character, and. strange ns
it may seem, Utah wheat, and eggs, and po*
' taloos have boon regularly shipped to San
Francisco rather than to Eastern points. Of
course, San Francisco being tho point of con
centration for tbo moneyed interests of tho
coast, being also tho centre of tho groat
stocfc.gambling operations of tho “slope,"
nnd possessing ample facilities for receiving
goods by sea os well as by land, the country
farmers, minors, speculators, nnd merchants
would naturally regard It ns the focusing
point for tbclr various Interests. This fool
ing was fostered by tho Central Pacific
Koilroad Company decreeing that merchan
dise for all points along their line of route,
with tho exception of Sacramento, should
first bo Carried to San Francisco nnd thence
roshippod to tho address of tbo consignee aI
tho latter’s expense# Naturally this fnvor
itlam towards Srm Francisco, whilo accom-
plishing its object for tbo time being, created
no slight feelings of discontent among those
forced to submit to tho burdens imposed on
them thereby. San Francisco merchants,
recognizing tbo lover that bad been placed
in their hands, ore reputed to have used their
powotfo its fullest extent, mid, instead of
that close figuring common among Eastern
business men, are reported to have grasped
after enormous profits and usurious rates of
interest. So long as tbo period of Inflation
lasted, this was tolerated; but, when business
depression and bard times ot length reached
tho Pacific Coast, bitter murmuring was
beard, and, os times grow worse, tbo feeling
increased to one of deep hatred against San
Francisco, its merchants, its institutions of
credit, and tho railroad companies there
located. To this is attributable much of Ibo
success of tho Kearney movement In Cull*
foraia, tbo majority la favor of calling tbo
Constitutional Convention last year, aud
finally tho adoption of tho now Constitution
on tbo 7th of May. As that Constitution
Inhibits tbo railroad companies from dis
criminating between ono shipper and
another, or ono point and another, it
may bo presumed that freight for
way stations will, after tbo Ist of
January next, conso to. make tho journey to
San Francisco and hack ore reaching tbo
bands of consignees. That in itself will act
antagonistically to the centralizing influences
of “thoßay.” But, further, tbo maroh of
railroad enterprise from tho East has fos
tered tho desire among thoso hitherto tribu
tary to San Francisco to free themselves
from her tbralldom.
Take, for instance, Arizona, into which'
Territory tho Southern Pacific Railroad has
now penetrated 182 miles, Casa Grande, the
present terminus, being only sisty-six miles
northwest of Tucson. Notwithstanding this
circumstance, so groat is tho dlsllko of tho
Tacson merchants to San Francisco whole
solo houses, and so biktor are they against
tbo classified tariff of tho Pacific Railroad,
that they prefer lotting their freight come
direct from tho East over tho Atchison &
Santa Fo Road to Las Vegas, from which
railroad terminus tho possongor-stngos toko
seven days, and freight teams os many
weeks, to roach Tucson. Thoso merchants
maintain that, scouring os they do a through
freight rato of seven couta per pound from
Now York, and six and throo-quarloc cents
from Chicago to Tucson, they can do hotter
Shipping directly from tho East than if they
passed under tho yoke of San Francisco In
tonncdlaries, and honco Hie visitor to that
town may boo, for instance, car-loads of
stoves shipped straight from Rochester, and
dry goods direct from Boston manufacturers.
At Prescott, which is about IfiO miles north
of tho Southern Pacific Railroad, the mer
chants aro doing all in their power to on
courage Jay Goold to build his Utoh Souths
ora Railroad straight through into Arizona;
and, turning to Washington Territory, tho
Inhabitants of thot rich • agricultural
section aro equally solicitous that ho
should continue tho Utah Northern
lino through Idaho into Washington
and Eastern Oregon. That thoir exertions
in this direction havo not boon without avail
is proved by tbo fact of tho Jay Gould party
having just acquired control of tho various
railroads In Oregon, as well as a predominat
ing influence in the Oregon Btcam Navlga
tion Company. It is intended that tho rail,
road, oftor traversing Iho fertile Pnlouso
country, should lap tho Columbia River at
Umatilla, and this, together with tho pro
jootod liuo from Seattle to Walla Walla,
would nmko Eastern Oregon and Washington
Territory entirely independent of San Fran
cisco, whilo Western Oregon, in order to
maintain something of tho supremacy of
Portland, would ho compelled to agitato for
tho completion of tho California & Oregon
Another reason for the decline of Sim
Francisco’s power is tho interest now taken
in Now York in Californio, Nevada, and oven
Arizona mining stocks. Persons living in
the vicinity of tho mines, and directly or In.
directly interested hi their success, find that
they ore no longer to anything liko tho same
extent as formerly at the mercy of tho Pina
street manipulators. If tho Now York pub
lio Is satisfied a stock is good, it maintains its
value ou Wall street, regardless of tho paw
lugs of 'Frisco bears. Hence persons in tho
mining regions are gradually looking
with confidence to tho East to protect the
value of their property, end many such
properties are at ouco incorporated under
tbo laws of New York rather uuder
those of California.
Tho provisions of tho now California Con
stitution, which affect very materially tho
taxation of mining corporations, are likely to
lead to many more companies taking this
samo slop, and thus it may easily happen
that, in a year or two from now, Now York
msy bo the headquarters of more mining
companies than S:tu Francisco. Tims tho
people of tho States and Territories wo havo
named oro being gradually drawn moro and
more away from tho city at the Golden
Gata, and tho danrtwslou thorn in oil bronchos
merit* the attention of our manufacturers
mul provision dealers. Dependent for every,
thiug upon the Stoles," the merchants of
Tucson mul Prescott oro likely to give their
business to those willing to make them the
most advantageous tonus j one! onr citizens
.hovo Justly corned for themselves a reputo.
tion for enterprise in such raattoni second to
none. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fo
itailroad will about the commencement of
next year renoh tho Klo Grande, and will thus
open up tho rich Qalistoo nnthracllo coni*
Helds ns well as tho copper deposits of Now
Mexico and tho ogriculturnl products of tho
1110 Grande Valley. One of the natural out*
,loW for these products would seem’to bo
Chicago, as once this railroad is opened tho
tiiuo occupied in, and tho expense of, trans
portation to the Atlantic seaboard will
hardly bo greater than to tbo Pacific, while
the advantages resulting from tbo adoption
of the former roifto are too well known to
need explanation. In the same way, tho day
may not bo far distant when onr Board of
Trade men shall have tbo handling of Utah
as well as of Minnesota wheat, and later on,
too, Washington Territory may send us some
of her magnificent cereals. We bear no ill
will to San Francisco, but stilt, tho clroutn.
stances being ns they are, there is no reason
why our energetic Luhluors men should not
profit by tho opportunity now presented.
Other cities, such ns Bt. Louis and Kansas
City, will undoubtedly do their best to pro
cure a share of this business ; but, with tho
superior advantages of Chicago, a knowledge
of tho actual facta would seem to bo all that
Is required to sot our merchants stirring in
tho matter, and secure for our city those
n6w and Important outlets for her produce
and manufactures.
The Democrats in 1874 ©looted a lorgo ma
jority of tho member* of the House of Rop
sontatlvos in Congress, owing to tbe disgust
of tho people ooncomlng tho baok-payaud
other blunders and weaknesses of tho Re
publican majority, one! because of tho loud
protestations that tho Democrats would
make such reforms and changes in tho legis
lation of Congress as wore seriously needed.
The Democrats entered ofllco in December,
187f>, but during tho two years ending iu
March, 1877, never iuougnrntod any measure
of reform. Tho party confined its efforts to
weaken tho Government In lfc/0 tho Dem
ocrats, by the aid of tho Solid South, again
elected a majority of Representatives, which
body devoted tho .two yours of official ex
istence to doing nothing of a general or no
tional character beyond such acts as wore in
tended to render tho solidity of the South
more solid. Its excuse ond apology was,
that, tho South being Republican, tho
Democratic House was unable to accomplish
anything. The result of tho elections of
1878 was to place tho Democrats in a major
ity in both Houses of Congress after tho 4th
of March, 1879, and it was because of this
known fact that tho Democrats forced an
extra session after that date.
On tho 18th of March Congress mot, with
a Democratic mojority in tho Senate and
House, and hero, bn tho 28th of Juno, nearly
four months later, Congress is still in ses
sion. ‘What has,tho Democratic party done
or attempted to do in all these months since
it “captured tho Capitol”? With a clear
mojority in both Houses, with tho complete
control of the whole machinery of loca
tion, what has it done? Tho Democrats
for ton yours have boon promising re
lief to tbe country by a modifica
tion of tbo notorious and 'confessedly most
oppressive tariff that was over imposed upou
and endured by a free people. At last tho
Democrats were in power j hod control of all
legislation 5 could force any bill through; but
what did it do with the tariff? Tho so-called
Committee of Safety, or more properly speak
ing tbo “ Jacobin Club," refused to have that
subject touched. From oil parts of tbo land
Congress was petitioned by a suffering peo
ple to remove tbo infamous punishment bn
human suffering by repealing tho tax on qui
nine, bnt tho Democratic party, in its boasted
impronmoy and power, with full. knowledge
that tho President would gladly approve such
a merciful measure, refused tvon to consider
tho bill. That would havo boon a recognition
of tho nationality of the Govern
ment, ond nationality was tho lost
thing tho Democratic party was disposed to
recognize. Tho previous Congress had only
partially remonetized silver, and tho Demo
crats declared that they only waited for a
majority in both Houses in order to complete
that legislation. But for over 100 days tho
Democratic House and tho Democratic Sen
ate have lolled industriously to establish tho
right of States to nullify tho laws and to so
cedo from tho Union, but hod not tho power
or the puruoHo to restore tho right of the
people to have their silver coined at tho mint.
During tho years of reconstruction Con
gress had found it necessary to protect tho
people against fraud and violence in the
elections of members of tho National House
of lloprcsoutalives, and this they did by
making provision for the appointment, by
tho-dOurls, of persons to supervise tho elec
lions and tho returns of tho elections of
members of Congress. Under this law tho
facilities for dishonest voting, tho violout
exclusion of honest voters from tho polls,
and of fabricated and forged returns of tho
elections wore reduced, and tho voters wore
secured some protection at tho polls and in
having tho actual voting honestly returned.
Tho retnrn of tho Democratic party to power
lu both branches of Congress, and tho “ capt
ure of Washington" by tho Confederate
Brigadiers, was celebrated by tho Demo,
oratio party in forcing on extra session of
four mouths’ duration devoted to tho repeal
•of that law providing for honest elections.
Tho emaudpoted energies of the Democratic
party, tho hopes and aspirations of eighteen
years of exclusion from office and
of power, the “claims" of a half
scoro of aspirants for tho Presidency, tho
hates and rovongos of a long and baffied re
bellion and civil war, tho memories of a long
cherished slavery remoraoleaaly extirpated by
the Union bayonets,—all these wore concern
trated in this moment of restoration to
power to the solo purpose of abolishing
honest elections J
And this was Democratic statesmanship,
Democratic patriotism, Democratic reform
and parity I Tor this everything else was
neglected, ignored, and postponed. For this
tho Jaoohlu Olub ( was organised, and tho
emeus invested with dictatorial powers.
For this oratory put on Us most brilliant
manner.!, and the shot-gun and tho rifle wore
offered as ultcruatlves to the opposition.
And after all the 100 days of never-yield
ing, of last-dltohlug, of nevor-back«down,
and uf eternal fidelity to titato Bovoroknty.
tho mon who hdd down tholr arms nt Rich.,
moml and nt Vicksburg, at Charleston and
at Appomattox, doiplto iltolr windy protesls
nnd , their novor-glre-up^, 1 havo
again laid down tholr arms, have again sur
rendered unconditionally, and bare again
gono homo to lio reconstructed under Iho
chastening power, the liberal spirit, but de
termined rule, of tho Amorioah people, who
demand honest elections, nnd who ore pre
pared to maintain the Nation by tho exorcise
of all necessary National authority.
The acknowledged tost of a good text
book Is thnt It shell furnish youth with com
prohenuivo information o 4 to the subject
which it treats, and thnt It shall represent
tho best Ideas and latest discoveries of those
who arc recognized os exports In the knowl
edge of that subject, without reference to
any particular locality or the views of any
person or clique. In ono of his recent
speeches, Senator Blaine charged thnt the
schoolbooks in tho South did not answer
such a purpose, but thnt they wore com
piled with tho view of glorifying ono sec
tion of tho country and villlfying tho other,
and therefore instilling into tho minds of
tho Southern youth a hatred of their Gov
ernment and their country. Tho Southern
Brigadiers furiously denounced Senator
Blaine for making this charge, and denied
its truth, claiming that no such book had
over boon published.
In tho last issue of Harper's Weekly, Mr.
Otmxiß, its editor, has done good service by
confirming SonutorßiiAiNE'a charge, and giv
ing a sketch of a toxt-book now used iu tho
Southern schools onilod “ Tho Southern
Student’s Handbook of Selections for Hoad
ing and Tho index of this book
gives tho names of tho authors and tho
States whore they reside. They are all
Southern authors, residing in Southern
States. Not a Northern man or Northern
Stato can bo found in this Hot, and not ovon a
Southern orator who has over mado use of
his eloquence to defend his Government Of
tho long list of Southern orators, scarcely
ono is known outside tho limits *bf
his State. In a handbook of oratory
one would naturally expect to find extracts
from tho notable speeches of famous Amer
icans like Weusteu, Adams, audEvEnErr,
which have passed into tho literature of tho
country and become standard. Not ovon
Henut OiiAT, a Southerner, is. represented
in this collection. Ho was too patriotic. Ho
had spoken too frequently and eloquently in
defense of his Government and bis flog.
Tho Southern Brigadiers in Congress hud
tho Southern stump-speakers aud llro-eating
editors who have over aud over again spoken
and written their hatred of tho Union ore
plentifully represented. There might bo a
shadow of apology for such a book If tho
themes treated by these speakers were of a
general character; but even thoso are South
ern -in their nature, intended to arouse
Southern emotions and kindle Southern
hatred against the Union. Ono selection
from a speech by 'Wilijam Paestok John
bon will’fairly illustrate tho character of tho
entire book. Ho says:
“They represented, moreover, the principle* of
Bclf-Kovcrumcnt, of local freedom, and of the
rljfht of a people to decide their own political asso
ciations. Id them was struck down thoso ancient
and honorable Ideas; and the community of na
tions allowed Itself to listen to and virtually to ap
prove tho plea of tho Imperial and Irresponsible
ccnliallzation that triumphed. We have no com
plaints to make; but, when startled Liberty la other
lands turns hither and thither for sympathy or aid,
wo can point them to tho lists where our champions
llofllaln, but not dishonored."
So fur as tho purposes of a text-book qto
concerned, a reader of this kind is about os
valuable as a natural bistory would bo that
described only, tho snakes, pelicans, buz*
znrds, catfish, alligators,- ond other vermin
that inhabit Southern swamps and bayous,
or a work on history that confined itself. to
narratives of voucloltas, duels, bulldozing,
nogro-loshing, bowie-knifo affrays, lists of
Southern heroes who have died with their
bools on, and other episodes of Southern
life. But tho animus of this and other kin
drod publications is its most contemptible
feature. It is intended to infuse Southern
children in their schools with a hatred of
their Government, their flag, and their conn
try, and to inform them that there is
neither pride nor patriotism in tho name
of an American citizen. Southern
Congressmen may flourish their new-made
devotion to tho Union, but, if it is sincere, of
what avail is it when children In their tender
years ore taught to hato thoir country, when
not only, as Jeffosom Davis said in his ml
dress to tho Mississippi editors, every woman
In tho South is unreconstructed and is teach
ing her children to vlndloatoo Secession, but
tho child goes from its mother to the sobool
whore text-book ond teacher emphasize tho
teachings received at homo ? Under such
circumstances os those, how- can .Northern
people believe their declarations are sinooro ?
There is not a text-book used in any North
ern college, seminary, or school of a sec
tional character. Not one can bo found that
does not iuculoato tho highest form of
loyalty and patriotism; not ono that
reflects only Northern sentiment alone;
not ono tlmtcould not bo used without offense
in every State of tho Union. Tho South has
boon politically solidified through tho agen
cies of tho bulldozer, and llapublicnns oro
disfranchised. Its newspapers and its ora
tors glorify Secession ond threaten again to
disrupt tho Union. Its schools tench that
freedom can alone bo obtained by destroying
the Government and making tho Infamous
dogma of State Sovoroignty paramount to
tho idea of a union of Slates. Is not tho
North justified in ropudioting tho much
vauulod allegiance of Southerners, and In de
manding that tho control of the Government
shall not pass into tho hands of those who
are seeking power only to betray their conn
try and plunge it into ruin ?
Tho Southern subsidy-hunters have deter
mined that Copt. Cowuun shall be excluded
from tho Mississippi lUvor Commission, ond
their organa aro urging tho President to
ignore his claims. Tho manifest selfishness
and injustice of this course should induce
tho President to api>oiut Cowuilv. Ho rep*
resents one of tbs tiirco plans suggested for
tho improvement of tho Mississippi River
and tho protection of the adjoining lauds
from overflow. One of those schemes is to
build levees on both sides of tho river from
Cairo to tho mouth, which will involve on
outlay of hundreds of millions of dollars,
and a vast and permanent expense to tho
Government in protecting those levees.
Another is to extend tho Eads ,system of
Jetties up the river, which will cost scarcely
less for the original improvement and proba
bly more for the maintenance and dredging.
The third, alvooatod by Oopt, Oowden, Is
a rational proposition to open tho natural
outlets and thus furnish easy and perma
nent escape for tho flood-waters. This lat
ter scheme is approved by nlnuty-nlno out
of every hundred of tho practical river men
us tho only one calculated. to control tho
ytfifcLmipyh to maintain a permanent chan-
uol, and to proloot tlio bottom-lands front
overflow. Oapt. Cowdxj* himself Ims navi
gated, and studied tlio rivor for forty yearn,
nml in Jn every way qualified to represent
and demonstrate the feasibility and desir
ability of the outlet system. If ho bo ex
cluded from the River Commission, the of
foot will bo to exclude from proper
consideration the merits of tho outlet system,
wbloh lbs snbsidy-bunters are united In
opposing because it will accomplish with
tho expenditure of a few millions whot the
other schemas will probably not accomplish
after hundreds of millions shall have been
spent. There is now in progress a national
survey of tho Mississippi River, which Is a
lanting subject of ridicule among the practical
river men, who are unanimous In the belief
that it has no other purpose thou tho ex
penditure of Government money for tho.
benefit of tlioso who are engaged.ln tho use
less work. President Hates should make up
the now Commission of snob material ns to
save It from similar ridicule, and Copt,
Oowdek should bo tho first man to select if
tbo Commission is to bo of any practical
good. _
Tho postponement of tbo trial of Ctmttte, tho
man who killed tho actor I’onTßit, Is o pretty
good index to tlio present condition of Texas
justice. Cunnta acta up tho preposterous pica
that ho killed Pouter In self-defense, but can
not find tho witnesses to prove It Just yet. Tlio
Now Orleans Times says that these witnesses
—-flvo ore claimed by tlio defense—are men In
buckram; that tbo killing of Poutbu was tbo
most cold-blooded assassination it ever beard
of; and that delay Is sought only for'tho pur
pose of tiring out the prosecution. As tho pros
ecuting witnesses live several thousand miles
from tho scene of the murder, It is altogether
probable that the defense will bo oblo to carry
out Its plau successfully.
Mr. Burnside's remarkable extension of thtf
Monroe doctrine would keep foreign engineers
tmd foreign capital front coming to this country
under any circumstances wlmtovcr. ft Uio
United States Government Is not prepared to
build a shlp-cannl across tbo Isthmus of Panama,
It should not Interfere with M, Db Lessees’
Darien project. Tbo .Monroe doctrine docs
not Imply a dog-in-the-manger policy with ref*
eronco to Internal Improvements under tbo
concession of sovereign States on this Continent.
Tbo Pope bas Issued an order forbidding tbo
sale of relics. Ho says that tbo tralllc lias be
come an abuse. “Mon who arc enemies of Urn
Catholic follb, and desirous ot fllthv lucre, hunt
up and steal authentic relies and sell them, es
pecially In Home, to tho great scandal of tlio
faithful, and especially of tho foreigners.'' lie
forbid/ the faithful, therefore, to sell or buy,
uudor any pretext, even that of redeeming, sa
crcd.rclics, oven though they bo inclosed In reli
quaries and bear the official seal.
Tho Democratic party to playing tho “heavy
virtuous” and “ prodigal son” In order to get
full control of the Government; but It could
not resist Uio temptation to Bond off a swarm
of pleasure excursions at tbo public expense
this summer under Uio thin pretext of author
izing special committees of investigation. Six
teen such committees are to go out from tbo
Senate alouo. where the Democrats have been
longest out of power and are supposed to bo
Pairing bas been carried to such an .extent In
Congress that there ore barely enough members
left to transact public business. Yet lb to hardly
more than thirty years ago since tbo practice
was Introduced In tbo Senate, and It had not
then become very goDcrolln tho Lower House.
Benton bos on Interesting chapter about Uio
origin of pairing In our Congress in his “Thirty
Years’ View.”
Stale street bridge and tlio viaduct leading to
It liavo been condemned. Some repairs arc now
being put upon them, but they ore past mend
ing. They should bo torn down and replaced
by other and better structures. It la a sure
thing that a serious accident will happen at that
bridge In a shore time It nothing more la done
to It. Then who will bo responsible!
The lesson of the Hull murder-ease which
all tho New York papers are now engaged In
pointing out Is that It Is very perilous to trust
circumstantial evidence. Thera Is another les
son of the case, quite as Important, namely, that
It Is Injudicious for newspapers to constitute
themselves Judge aud Jury before anybody baa
been arrested or brought to trial.
Ex-Gov. Hendricks, of Indiana, has hereto
fore enjoyed tho well-deserved sobriquet of
“Artful Dodger.” among the politicians; but
Senator Tiiuumak, of Ohio, has so greatly un
dermined him Uiat It Is now doubtful which of
tboso statesmen are must deserving of it.
Candidates for tho Ulgh School this year had
to work against a severe Board of Examiners,
and the young persons who scored 91 out of a
possible 100 had a good deal to bo thankful for.
There must have been an uuusaally largo num
ber the wrong side of 70.
There Is only one thing Jbpp Davis can do
now with credit to himself or the country which
oueo was his. What that thing is wo decline to
say, further than that It Is not running for tho
United States Senate.
Measures hovo been token In Boston to raise;
a memorial to William Lloyd Gauuison. 1
There Is no citizen of Boston oC recent years
more worthy of remembrance by tho people of
’the Commonwealth.
Tom Ewino depends on his name to elect
him, believing that the people of Ohio, If they
cun swallow Hint monstrous doctrine about liuc
money, will bo satisUcd with a Hat statesman as
Enterprising newspapers ore celling Jn readi
ness u full history of the elevated railroads lu
Now York, with cuts, for use when the great
disaster takes place.
Many persons would he clad to see, touch,
and believe iu the §IO,OOO said to bo put no for
slakes iu tho o’Lbauv-Ci{o3sland wulkhiu
M, dh LE33EP3 Is over 70 years of ago, but
fools able to dispose easily of such a bagatelle
as tho Darieu Bblp-Canal before ho dies.
Tho New York Thru* has a favorable opinion
of Mayor Coomsu’s coramou souse. Some of
thu other papers haven’t.
Wicked persons go to St. Louis when they
Cincinnati has a Society for tho Promotion
of Marriages.
Mr, Lamar has gone to Mississippi merely
to mend bis fences.
A miss is as good as a mile, and, If abe is
pretty, seven) laps over.
The New York Express nays tho Sun shines
for all—price two cents a shine.
Mr. O’Leary should hnve borrowed Mr.
Weston's stomach for tho present occasion.
Weston was ouca a book.ngent, and learned
to walk by being often (old to take one.
Mr. Dana starts fur Europe July 2, and
(bat, wo take it, istboday to celebrate. * *
Tho New York defectives should become
newspuoer-roportora and learn tbclr trade.
No. We do not balievo that Mr. Weston
did some of bis recent walk by taking a train.
Tho Empress Augusta's reoout visit to En
gland is sMdto have been with a view to compos
ing a nu.afral ootwuen Queen Victoria and her
dauijiftjr, the Crown Princess of Germany, but the
(bat too mission thdii'i mend uat- ;
torts for the Queen started rojr, Balmoral ami loft
tho Empress at Windsor Castle.
. Al.-xmnlcr Hfophons and Kara UornharU
should hare a six days' contest to determine which
Is tho thinner.
Tho Kentucky turfmen are of tlio opinion
that Konlncky has no rights that California u
bound to respect..
Bouoleault says bo shall wnto no mo
ploys. French playwrights will accordingly h a
pretty safe from piracy.
Mr. Elliott, of England, will not row again
for some time, and-we susooct that Mr. llani.n
broke several of his ribs.
Thefittoof tho Prtnoo Imperial, has con.
vlnood the French Government that tbo Zulus win
veto tbo Republican ticket.'
Tho business of a Vice-President is to po
Ashing, and Mr. Hendricks’ objection to the second
placo on tho ticket Is unwise.
Princess Loulso has had good Mbit flnhln*
and wo conclude, therefore, that the Prlnccu il
not much addicted to profanity.
Perhaps Now York might indues tho Bn s .
ton police force to discover Slowarl's body oiii
work up tho Nathan murder case.
A California papor wants to sand Dotmy
Kearney to the Senate. It doubtless regards fas
Senate In tho light of a penitentiary.
It is enough for Kentucky to make l!,j
bcstwhlsky. She should willingly rchgu Uoraji
to tbo aocoud place as regards race horses.
Mr. Talmago Is creating almost as mno*|
excitement In England as Parole, and there an
many persons who think ho Is the better hone.
A Texas minister who refused to marry 9
couple without his feo In advance wont on with tin
ceremony when a sovon-shootor touched his chin.
Tho Rev. J. 0. Fletcher, of Indlannpolk
snysthat "whenachllil, Woslonwastheclcnnen*
sweetest little blonde boy that I over knew. ||j
always had his Sunday-school lesson perfectly,
and was well trained at homo, In Providence, b r
his small, slondor mother. Hut Edwin Pnnoa
Wcslon was tbo most uneasy bright boy I ever saw
There was no keeping him still. Ills fothorwnsa
man restless In his brain, and finally died Insinc.
Tho mother was a woman of Intellectual part/
and at her husband’s death, In order to support
the family, she wrote a number of liitcrcantur
books for children. These wore printed, amlihon.
instead of being published, wore hawked about
Providence and elsewhere in the Stale of Rhode
Island by Edward Payson, who walked from hi o«
to house all over tho State, and thus early acaalreil
tho habit of walking."
The Serious Differences Between Master nml
Muu Which Have Arison at Fall illvor.
Fall Hiver, 1 Mass., Juno 27.—The weavers
held a largo meeting Jo tho Spinners’ Hall to
night, bub the Intense heat confined, It u» uno
hour’s duration. Short speeches were made by
some ot the old stand-by's of tho operative.*,
and tho hope expressed that tho spinners would
stand firm until the manufacturers yielded.
Tho sentiment of tho meeting seemed to be
that tnu weavers should assist the spinners, but
It was voted that the resolution given below
touching this point bo laid on tho table until
tho mass'meeting lu tho park to-morrow,
.when it Is expected a much larger number ot
weavers will bo present. The other four reso
lutions were unanimobely adopted. The fol
lowing are Uio resolutions:
lietolted, That, os a largo number of weavers
are thrown on the streets ami the romnlmicrure
likely to fo low in a few days, ami, us the small
pittance received as wages renders tltmoossioiu to
save anything, therefore, wo ore compelled losses
relief from the city, especially those who ham
families. These wo advise to do so at once, and
not allow their children to go hungry.
lietolted. That, as weavers tarown noon the
streets through tho selfishness of tho mnimfacta
raw, who hove eompollod us to share tho depression
In business to tho extent of 43 per cent reduction
In out wages, ana who now refuse lu give' us Uiu
least share m tho present prosperity of the cotton
trade, therefore it is hut Just that thu wealth of
tho city created entirely by operatives should now *
bo required to furnish means to prevent ouircrliu;
among ua, and wo shall hold said authorities re
sponsible for tbo distress that may take place
through their negligence or refusal to relieve.
Jletoived, That wu hold up to public xeiiiompl
and execration tho action of tho manufacturers m
discharging the most distant relatives and friends
of spinners, old and young, cousins, nieces, ami
aunts, oven thouuh they may live ana work lu
other parte of the city, there borne a large number
lathe Granite Mill alone. .
J,'(solved. That tho thanks of tho weavers bo ex
tended to Aldermen Leonard, Connelly, and
Sweeny fop their action lu refusing to confirm a
large nambor of thu umnafaeturon, toadies os
special police In tno present poaccuolu cun
(lltlou of tho. city, os such n body would
Irritate tho people and cause disturbance, and
wo express our utmost dutcstnUon fur Aid. Mc-
Creary for offering a motion to close tho oflleo of
Overseer of tho Poor to prevent people from ou
talnlng relief.
llttolved , That as It Is utterly Impossible for
spinners to bo obtained In any appreciable qiinmlir
to in any way affect tho situation, ana as the mill*
that arc attempting to run ore doing to at ruinous
loss, and os boys, women, and old men attempting
to run tho mules are so Incapable of performing ids!
arduous work, and aro only Injuring tno machin
ery, tboroforo we do not advise tno wearers to
strike, as the manufacturers aroitoraoustratiiia
their weakness and their utterly rutile attempt to
run tho mills.
At Tccumsch Mills this afternoon several
spinners from out of town began work. About
thirty weavers, mostly women, immediately
Juft work, refusing to work for “ bobaikk spin
ners." Part of them returned to work lu a few
moments, however.
At tbo weavers’ meeting to-night largo num
bers nf locumsoh weavers wore present, who
bold a “ shop ’’ meeting after thu general meet
lug. It was voted to work tomorrow, but alter
that date their action will bo determined by tho
action of to-morrow afternoon.
Matters begin to look Interesting bore, and
Uio question now Is, Will thu weavers strike
and make tho strike general, or will they leave
tlie spinners to light out alone tho battle begun
by them! Tho spinners havo Issued circulars
appealing for assistance to tho workingmen of
Fall River, Mass., Juno 27.—Tho mills ara
all running this morning with the exception ol
fdie Narraganaott, which shut down yesterday,
oomo of the mills gullied a few spinners to day:
others lost; but on the whole there have boeu
gains of tun pairs of mules. There Is no Intimi
dation by violence, but manufacturers sav that
threats are mode, und a number of men at'work
yesterday aro out to-day through fear. Themuu
who tamo here have boon returned homo by tho
spinners. Tho depots uro all watched, anu im
ported help solicited to return.
A committee ot spinners this morning waited
on the Mayor, asking that extra police bo wide
drawn from tho streets and kept ut the bu
ttons, where they could bo readily called In ease
of disturbance. Tho Mayor said ho should try
to act us a disinterested party during Uio strike,
but would preserve order, und Uio extra polka
were put ou to prevent disturbances. Tliesplu
nera would not no Interfered with by tbo police
If they preserved order.
Oiino, 111,, Juno 27.—Nows was received tiers
this afternoon of the death of Judge A. M.
Brown, one of the oldest and most prominent
cltlxens of Pulaski County, which occurred st
his residence, near Villa Uldgc, this morning.
Special Dltvatch to Tht 3MDu«a,
Davbnport, lu., Juno 27.—Mr. John Hornby,
a resident of this city since 1810, and during sll
that tlmo actively outraged In tho lumber
business, died to day after a short illness, aged
71 years. Ho was ono of Davenport's most
respected eitlsous. Tho funeral occurs on Sou
Si'iiiNOFißLD, HI., Juno 27,—Israel Covcrddl,
a prominent citizen of Girard, fell - dead on the
street to-dav, from apoplexy, Hu wos about
50 years of age, and is well known to all horau
men la this part of thu Slate.
tMclat niwtek 19 The Tribune.
Watbutown, Wls., Juno 27.—UicoJoro Bern
hardt. for tho past nineteen years Principal of
tho wutortowo High School, died this morning
of hemorrhage of the lungs, aged 55 years. Mr.
Beruhardt was a native of Berlin, Prussia, ami
settled tu Watertown thirty years ago. Ho has
lillod tho olllcea of Justice of the Peace unu
City Clerk, uud In 1851 represented this district
la the State Assembly.
Baj.t La kb, Juno 37.—The Anti-Polygamy So
ciety has prepared a letter to President Hayus
exposing some mUstalemouts Iu Delegate
Canon's letter to Mr. Haves, uud asking that
Huyuolds, convicted of bigamy and now serving
a term lu tho Penitentiary nt Detroit, Mich., bo
not transferred tu the Utah Penitentiary.
Lirrhk Uocit, Ark., Juno 27.—Mrs. Ann B.
Hauler, an old ami universally respected resi
dent, was burled her? to day. '

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