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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 09, 1879, Image 6

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EDISON.
'Present Condition of His Electric
Light-—A Platinum Mine
Wanted.
Edison Willing to Spend $20,000 in
(he Bsaroh—A Hundred
Men Prospecting.
JTnc York Bun, Jutv ft.
On Thursday last Uic Chevalier Thomas A.
fidiaon stood within bis machine-shop ot Menlo
Park drawing geometrical hieroglyphic* ami
talking scientific jargon with an editor of tbo
fieieniijk American. At 8 p. m. the scientific
editor departed, with bis head In the clouds
and Ms feel on the earth. The Chevalier then
turned his attention to the unscientific reporter
of tbo Stm. Ho was about to cal! his attention
to some of hi* new Inventions and discoveries,
when the reporter entered a protest
“Tell me," *ala he, “the exact condition ot
your electric light. Ho yon still u*o your plati
num burner, ami arc you dead sure that your
light Is a complete success, and that It will lake
the place of gas!” \
' The answer waa a positive yes. The Cheval
ier referred to the specifications of some old
•patents published In Herald a few weeks
ago, saying: “They Indicate only a principle,
and were tbc result of my first cxncrimcnts.
They furnish no description ot Uic light as it Is
DOW,’’
•‘What have you accomplished since those
patents were tatted I” asked the unscientific re
porter.
WHAT HAS DBBK AOCOKn.iantD.
“.First,” responded the Chevalier, “I have
perfected a standard metro for measuring Uic
electricity foil to the burners, tbc same as n pas
metre. It Is all right. Second. I bavo perfect
ed a method of Insulating ami conveying the
wires from the pcneratlnp stations to the bouses
of the consumers. Third, I have perfected an
electric Generator. lam satisfied that it cannot
bo Improved. Ninety-four per cent of the
horsepower used to run Mila generator Is set
free In tho form of an electric current. Ihe
best machine lhas far constructed only frees TO
percent. To be sure, this shows a dilrorcnco
bf 4 per cent only In our favor; but our ma
culae, unlike all other machines, delivers 8J per
cent of the total power In tins wire outside of
the machine. It has what is called twice the
clcctro-raolor force, or pas pressure, of any
machine yet made, with the same resistance of
•wire and speed. That Is why we pet nearly
double the power out of this generator
over any known. X will Illustrate morei clearly |
what I mean. Wo will say there Is a 100 feet of
wire wound on my machine and 80U feet outside
of It. Wo distribute debt-horse power In an
electric current. Eight-ninths of this current
reaches the wire outside of the generator and Is
1 used for light, and 000-ointu is lost In the
machine. ‘The other machines may tarn the
same borse-power within 4 or 5 per cent. Into
an electric current, bat 8 of the clght-horso
power Is lost In the Generator, ami not im.rc
than Qvo horse-power reaches the light In the
form of electricity. I am supposing that both
machines carry 100 foot of wire Inside and WX)
feet outside. To obtain the result shown by
my generator their machine could .carry no more
than 200 feet outside. If there was a creator
length of wire they could not transfer the horse
power. Tho consequence Is that one-third of
the horse-power Is lost In the machine and only
iwo-thtrds Is used. The successful pencniior is
the. one that delivers the most current outside
of the machine, and not the one that translors
the most horse-power Into current.
w unns tub ensvAusu stands,
“The BilbdlTtelmi ol the llfillt l> ocrfoet. hut I
im Itnprovlnc the lamp every day," the Cheval
ier continued. "Hie latest experiment* stvo
mo nearly seven EM-Jcta uer horse-power, imd
there aro IndlcaUons that I can Increase the
number to ten. .lust so lons ns no van see our
nay to Eettlnß moro caslteht per horse-power,
no Slutli EIVO no exhibitions. Hie: platinum
burner Is a settled IhhiE. In all carbon lllthta
not moro than 41 nor coot ol the horse
power goes into the lamp. Wo act Ri per
coot in our lump*. I recognize thp imps
tlcnco of tbo, public over Urn delay to bringing
tiio Mcht beforo them, but we must start with,
a perfect Plant. It Is a necessity. Supjjosu wu |
erected our stations mid lighted New a oris Uly, i
losing horse-power that might be Bayed by a
perfected lamp or generator. In time thu lamps
and generator* would bavc to bo thrown out
mid now ouca substituted. Tho Company would
lobo millions of dollars. Wo nro going to per
fection even in tbo supply of racial for burners.
I bavc been bothered to find a dynamometer,
for measuring tbo horse-power used to generate
the elcctrlcltv for the light. 1 made dozens of
them before I got one that is absolutely perfect.
It measures within a thousandth of a horse
power what goes hito u generator ami wjiat
comes out of it. Such arc some of our dull
cullies. Wo may bo ablo to spread the whole
thing beforo tbo public In three or four weeks,
.and tbo time may bo much longer; but just so
long as wo can sco a chance for Improvement,
wo aboil continue onr experiments.’’
Mr. Edison says it nos cost him obout 81.1,000
to perfect his generator, ilo has spent about
88,000 In experiments on Ids lamp, it cost
about 83,000 to discover a new method of insu
lating his wires. The meter experiments n‘.e
up fully 851,000, and tbe dynamometer $3,000
moro. He estimates tbe total cost of bis experi
ments tnus lar at 815,000. lie says that his
patents in foreign countries arc nil rigid, and
there are big inquiries from Australia.
PLATINUM.
Platinum burner* having been definitely set
tied upon, Mr. Edison la looking for an unlimit
ed supply of Ibe ore. lie says bo Is satlsflcd
that thero Is any quantity of the metal In tlie
United States, uml be con afford to spend $30,-
■jOU m Undine It. Tbo metal was HrstdUcovcred
in' 1741 by Wood, an aisayer of tbe Isle of
Jamaica. Tbo ore carries palladium, rhodium,
iridium, osmium, ruthenium, mid Iron. It Is
found In scales or flattened grains, {sometimes
it appears la lumps alloyed with gold, silver,
copper, iron, and lead. It appears In alluvial
districts In the debris of the earliest volcanic
rocks, and permeates tbo black sand found In
auriferous countries. Tbo Chevalier Bays bo
has discovered o sure way of extracting tbo
metal Irom this black sand, ile delures tho ore
■will vet bo found cropping to tbo surface hi a
ledge'the aaroo as other metals, and believes
that It will soon be us cheap us silver.
Uussta Uklbv produces over ton times as
much platinum as the rest of tbo world, ’llte
principal mines are near Ekaterinburg, on tbo
Asiatic slope of tbo Ural Mountains, IWJ miles
aoutbeast of tbo City of Term, on the Uiver
Isset. There are mines of copper and Iron near
by. The platinum is usually found In email
scales In volu* that run through the mountains.
Tho Uomldofl Cabinet, contains a mig-
net weighing twenty-one pounds. Uusela ,
duces about U,500 cwt, of_ platinum annual
The metal la more vuluoblu Umn gold. Fur
years the supply exceeded tlio demand. lie*
.Weoo ISKJ and IbW Kusahi used the metal iu
* colnase to the extent of S'J,SUO,IX)O. The value
o{ the colua was eleven ami twenty-two roubles.
Borneo produces 500 pounds of the metal
yearly* ami Ceylon ami Brusdl are good for sim
ilar amount*. Tlic ore Is said to bu picntilul in
theCboco Valley, Now Grenada, but the conn-
JwvU so unhealthy that neither whites nor ne
groes can live within 000 miles of the volley.
•Cboco Valley Is near Urn Atruto Hirer. It was
onco visited by Humboldt, who brouirnt back a
nugget weighing nineteen pounds. This speci
men Is now in the Itoyal Cabinet at Berlin. Ihe
ore has also been discovered In Bantu Domingo,
California, Urltlsn Columbia, and Australia. it
has been seen In the sands of the llhluo, in the
French Alps, In County Wlcßlow. Ireland; In
Honduras, in Uulherlord County, N. C., und ut
gt, Frauds Beauca, Canada.
X CIUMCK rou MlNElta.
Mr. Edison began to look for a mine of platl*
cum about the Ist of Mar. Ho sent out 2,000
circulars addressed to Postmasters and other
public men lo mining regions. These circulars
read asfollowsi
FttoKTuaL*Don*ToitTorT. A. Edisok, Mem.o
Pauk. N.J., U. S. A.— OeauHiii: Would you
00 so kind oa lo Inform mo If tbu metal platinum
occur* In roor neluhborboodt This metal, as a
role, is found lu soaks associated with freehold,
generally in placer*. . . ..
• If there Is ouy in your rlciutly, or If you ran
gain Information from experienced miners as to
localities where it can bo found, and will forward
aucb information to uty address. 1 will consider it
a special favor, as 1 shall require large Quantities
ia niy new system of electric lighting.
An early reply to this circular will Do greatly ap
preciated. very truly, Thomas A. Eimsok.
Pabk, N. J.
- Specimens of platinum and Irldosmtue sprink
led upon a card were sent with these circulars.
Ihe difference lu the metals is easily detected
with a microscope or msgulfyiug glass. These
circulars have also been sent to honors, it Is
aaid that there Is platinum in lire HertnoeUla
mines lu Uml State. Answers to these circular
latent are flowing In liy sepnrs. Forty-live ro
piles were received on Thursday. The Chevalier
has received three specimens of the ore from the
Pacific Coast. Two of them are rock specimens.
The other was taken from the Uuck sand of u
alulce-boi. The miners were throwing it away
with the tailings. The latter specimen was very
rich. A gentleman who bad received a circular
culled upon Urn Chevalier recently aud reported
Hint bo bnd found traces of the ore ta Wcot Vlr- |
irlnln. Tbo following letter from the laclOc
Slope camo on Thursday :
A friend of mine bssjost hsndrdme 7°?/
letter to answer, thinking I would bo bolter quali
fied to Brewer u then any one ho knew. as l Un»o
tieon engaged m mining here for tj'f
yrure. In reply 1 wonlil say that nUllnum la fooncl
in most of the placer mines on this coast, pat In no
place in sotilclent quantities to Jnatlfy mining for
H. 1 hollevc that I know of a ledge where the
metal exists In the s«mo manner u gold quart*.
An old hnniur ami traoper told we of thei lenee hot
ashort lime ago, and cave me directions for finding
11. but 1 am In so reduced circumstance* that 1
cannot even afford In spend the Umo neewary to
go and prospect It without knowing what 1 can do
W According to mv Information the ledge is aboat
eight feel wide, and will yield from onn-flfth to
one-third of an onneo to the P° on ?„ P r
r»»r.k, taking the lowest estimate. roaU
tne a yield of 400 ounce* to ihp ton.
An onllnary ten-stamp quart* mill, would rednee
ten tons per day, and, allowing 2.* per cent lor |
loss In redaction, would leave O,OOP ounces per ,
darnel. Now, tf such a mine exists, what would
It be worth to you?
To this loiter Mr. Edison made the following
reply:
If you will locate the mine and find It all right,
will furnish capital, nut up stamp mill.
you 10 per cent on crery ounce mined. How'much
money do you require to go and locale the mine
and got samples for aasay?
Mr. Edison ha* already received samples and
tests from about 100 miner* to whom ho has
sent his platinum cards. They are now pros
pectins for the precious tnolal. Uls the most
illlllcnlt of all ores to reduce, hut the great In*
vontor says he can soon discover a method of
reduction If ho can find a mine.
4iuncuisil TUB VALI.Rt OV Tltß CIIAUDIKUB.
Nut. satisfied wUit these clTorts to discover a
bed of ore, the Chevalier sent Frank McLaughlin
to the cold region ol Canada,wbero he bad heard
that platinum had boon found In black sand.
Mr. McLaughlin left this city on May SO, and re
turned a fortnight ago. Hu give* an Interesting
Recount of hts search. Although the Cbandlere
Valley la only about alxty miles from Quebec,
the country la little known. It was with diffi
culty that he could learn the nearest route to
the vallcv. British capitalists had made a deicr
inlncd effort to control the gold mine*, and had
kept the world In Ignorance of their rich ness.
Thu native miner* made a fight for their rights,
and they wore finally secured under the leader
ship ol Col. William Smart and Louis and John
BuOnpe. Mr. McLaughlin speaks In glowing
terms of the richness of the cold fields. Ono of
the St. Ongo claim* yields about ft,ooo a wpck.
Two brothers Poulin, who went Into the country
pot lone ago as poor ns churclwnlco, are report
ed to be worth SIOO,OOO apiece. A poor Cathol e
clergyman was in want of a little gold for his
altar, and one of the brothers offered to give
him enough to cover Iris church. Old prospect
ors claim to have discovered true fissure veins,
und t here is,a universal cry for capital to devel
op the mines. . , _ ,
Mr. McLaughlin secured letters from Jules
FuncDcr do St. Maurice, of Quebec, aud was re
ceived by the 8U Ongcs and other French Ca
nadian miners with open arms, lie found many
sluice-boxes containing black sand, almost asuro
indication of platinum. Ho visited mines on
the Hilbert River, a branch of tbo Chaudlcrc,
and found black sand on the SU Ongc claim. A
shaft had been sunk seventy feet, and a rich bed
of pay gravel was struck. A barrel of the gravel
carried a pall of black sand. This land was
loaded with gold. Thcrowcrotrnccsofplatluum,
but uot enough to work up. Traces were also
found on the upper River du Loup. Op the
lower River du Loup McLaughlin saw a ledge
that cropped to the surface with a fair sprinkling
of tbo ore. Col. Smart is to prospect for the
ictal In the bronchus of the Chaudlerc, and Mr.
Edison shares the expense.
On tils return to Montreal, Dr. Harrington, of
the Geological Museum, showed Mr. McLaugh
lin n saucer tilled with scales of platinum, i hey
came from the Slmllkameen lllvcr, lu British
Columbia. A gentleman attached to the gco-
Jocleul survey saw the Chinese miners throwing
It away with their tailings by the bushel. Ihcy
were so convinced that It was worthless that ho
had to nay ihetn to save him a saucer full. As
fast an Mr. Edison receives samples of the pro
from his prospectors, Mr. McLaughlin will visit
the claims and report upon their value.
A BCAItCU 1N JBRSEV
The Chevalier is terrible In earnest. 110
,vault to Hud Hie urc where It will bo market
able, ami ns near as possible to his laboratory
in Menlo Pork, Ills thoughts rerert Irom bis
experiments lo the search (or platinum. He
snout Urn night of June 20 In scientific experi
ments. His fnltblul assistants. Bachelor, Orlf-
Hu, uml McLaughlin, wore with him. Orlllln
imU Bachelor, worn out with work, slid for homo
about 4u. m. An hour Inter McLaughlin tried
to follow them. lie met the Chevalier ot Iho
door of the laboratory. Mr. Edison bad an old
milk-nan under bis arm, and was nourishing a
snado with an ,cdgo curled like a combing*
breaker. Ills eyes were bright, despite his
niuht of toll, and he seemed os fresh as a daisy.
••Come, Mack,” said he, “let’s go out pros
peeling.” , , „
There is an abandoned cooper mine some dis
tance back of the laboratory. Some, wall-eyed
.Icrscymau bad worked It seventy years ago,
vainly fancying that ho might inako a fortune.
Some one told the Chevalier that he had seen
black sand In the working. Ills native energy
was aroused In an Instant, ilo saddled and
“alnched” McLaughlin, and went for the sand.
They walked through the tall wot grass In al
ienee. Once In the gullv the Chevalier picked
out a spot, saying, “Dig there, Mack.”
Mack sadly planted a corner of the snade In
the soli, and began to heave the earth into the
mllkuan. Occasionally Urn Chevalier stooped
and picked a leaf or an old clam-shell from Urn
shovel. When tho pan was filled bo waded Into
a brook, and shook away for dear life. The re
sult was not encouraging. There weronotraces
of block sand. Buck ho came, more eager than
ever. “ Dig away, Mack,” ho said. “ We’ll get
It yet; we’ll get it vet.”
ho Mack dug, and tho Chevalier panned lor
Uvo hours. The great Inventor caught Mack
smiling, and was about to say, “Never more
be servant, of mine," when a gill of black sand
attracted bis attention. It lay on tho bottom
ot the pan. “ Wo’vo got it," ho Joyfully mur
mured, and McLaughlin Joyfully shouldered bis
Tim black sand was carried to the laboratory,
and put through a careful analysis. 'Hie chem
ist reported that it was as Duo a specimen of
unmutulbu Jersey mud as he hud ever scon, and
McLaughlin bestowed a parting benediction
upon the head ot tho great inventor, and with
wet ami weary feet sought hit presumably vir
tuous couch. .
Tho Kmporor of Germany In Olil Ago.
Jlfrtln Corr/*t>onittnct Jymdoit Tnnf*.
Tim Duke ul Wellington m his moat popular
days was nut more familiarly known ami be
loved limn die Emperor William, ills laureled
(just, flanked by the famous paladins of his
Court, Is In cvcrv bouse; his photographs In
cvcrv album; tho proprietor of the meanest
village ale-house In tin; Empire thinks It as nee*
i-Hsnry to procure amt hang up a painting of the
Kaiser as to purchase a license for tpe sale of
liquor. Without tho one he would not be per*
untied to receive customers, and without the
other bis customers would desert him. The
eorullower. now the national emblem of Prussia,
has supplanted all the fair Inhabitants ul the
garden In the allcethms of the people. The
ladles wear It In their bonnets, and embroider It
on their dresses. Publishers are sure a book of
poems will sell it but the cornflower Is taste*
fully worked Into the binding. It Is plocod
in lho ; centre of those gigantic buoquets
of tho rarest flowers, which are being
lorcvur pressed on the acceptance of tbo Em per*
or. Hut bouquets form a very small part of tbe
gilts which struggle ami jostle for admission
Into tbo Palace, and tho Emperor has occasion
ally to Issue an edict commanding the cessation
or this flood of popular generosity, lest it might
appear he had come to live ou tho bounty of his
English sovereigns Klug Ilcorr V. was
probaiir must popular, because he had sub
dued Frame and flu'.tercd tho military liiHtlueta
of hUeountrymen, and lor the very same reasons
(be Emperor William Is the idol of his people.
Ikfore all things he Is a soldier. Ills army
never goes out to light but ho places himself at
its head; and the spectacle of so old a man en
during all the tolls and hardship* of the tented
Held probably docs more than anything else to
luapire bl* helmclod legions with that courage
uml endurance which enable them to conquer
wherever they go,—which nerved them In the
teeth of a deadly iron hail to |>our triumphantly
ipt+j tiie redoubts of Uuppel, to strew the
ground with Hie flower of Austrian manhood ut
Sadowtt, end to scatter to tho winds the fairest
chivalry of franco on the ensanguined plain
of Qravelottc. Thu Emperor is a sovereign of
tho type of Saul,—a very leader of his
flock. Ills cheery “ Outtn moryen % trsms
J\auUr t n as he ride* along the Hue of Ills guards
calls to mind the enthusiasm created by itoyul
Harry among the English archers at Aglncourt
ab he walkeilfrotn tentto tent and “ bode them
good-morrow with a modest smile, calling them
brothers, friends, and countrymen.*' Evou lu
ttie palace his Majesty's habits smack of the
camp, being both regular and simple. He sleep#
on a bed which fur hardness of bottom and
lightness of covering would have even satlsfled
the Duke of Wellington. He smokes not,
nelibcr docs he suuff, but be Is fond of flowers
and fresh air. •* Mthr L»ft, mehr Lufu” Is a
delicacy he Is forever In gur»t of. His Majesty
U most temperate In the uso of wine, one glass
of Burgundy or so being all tbo stimulant a day
debb'cs; but, uu the other hand, he is still elfiod
with an appetite for solid nutriment which cer
tainly betokens anything but fulling power. Ho
Uu* ulwuv* been uu carlv riser, and a cud of cof
fee with a biscuit, placed on his writing-desk in
his favorite corner-room looking out ou the Liu*
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY. JULY 9. 1879-TWELVE PAGES. 1
den, Is sufficient to sustain Wm through the
wonting pari of Urn tint. His Mojrsty’s midday
recalls Ukcnnslf lie hadsuddtaalydismounted at
nwavsidolnnond desired to snatch a morsel ot
nourishment before presslng-on to cmrw?« the
cocmy. On the lodge of a ImwKwb bearing
tbc Inscription "Kricgsjrcschlclue” the Kmper
or’* frugal lunch I* placed, which he always
takes alone, not even sitting down the while,
but wandering about the room opening ayol
time or examining the-varlous objects or art
and beauty auircd la perplexing profusion
around. And this severe iiimnllHty of life is
the secret, doubtless, of Ids unimpaired vonstl
tntlon. At an neo when physical frnlltlcs make
existence a miol burden to most men, ms
Majesty Is still In the wijovmcnl of bisly health
and vigorous power of work, nor docs Uic weight
uf over 82 years perceptibly bend bis tall and
stalwart frame, ilo scorns to be thought on
Ibo wane, and Urn ounaldcrniUm which would
occasionally offer him an assisting arm nr svm-.
patldac with ti passlmr ailment Is not imyava
entirely welcome. His Majesty Is never han
plcr than when receiving ibis reports of Ills Min
isters and Generals, never morn contented than
when reviewing ids cminls. livery day almost
of the lost few weeks Imu seen Idm for several
hours In the saddle, and upright In It, too,
sometimes beneath a scorching sun, cantering
across the parade-ground with a llnnnesa of
seal unequtded by the jcungcsl General on his
staff.
THE RAILROADS.
DISNVKR.
Sofeiat DUvatcft.no nr Tribune.
Dcnveh, duly 8.-—Another largo crowed filled
the United Stales Court-room to-day to witness
the proceedings In the great railroad eases.
Judges Miller ami Hallctt presided. Judge
Miller announced his readiness to hear Ihc mo
tion for an injunction restraining the Denver Sc
Hid Grande Company from interfering with the
construction of the read towards Lcndvlllc be
yond the twentieth mile-post by the Santa Kc
Company. After considerable legal sparring by
counsel, the hearing «ot finally started. Mr.
Pratt, of the Santa Fo counsel, discussed the
wltolo Canon cose briefly, outlining the main
facts, In order to reach the present confusion,
and cave a history ot the location of the Santa
Fo Hue by their surveyors from the twentieth
mile-post to the South Arkansas River. Pratt
read on affidavit of Chief-Engineer Uoblnsou
regarding the present condition ot the -graded
lino above the twentieth mile-post,—that the
track was completed, bridges built, and the road
; operated twenty-three miles beyond Canon
City, where armed forts occupied by
Rto Grande employes slopped further prog
ress of the work; that materials for
sixty miles of road, and sufficient to com
plete the road to the South Arkansas, were on
hand ready to proceed with building Uic road to
Lcadvlllo as soon as the Ulo Grande armed
force and forts were removed. Pratt, conttnu-
lujr, Balds •• Ji thcso forts and armed men wore
out of the way the road could bo completed to
Lcadvlllc In ninety days, and wo ask the Court
for an order (riving us the right to construct our
rood over the irround to which wo have a prior
right. Whatever differences thero maybe be
tween the parties let them bo afterwards set
tled under further Court orders. We Invested
$1,000,000 In this enterprise, which Is now total
ly Idle and useless because wo are not permitted
to proceed.” Pratt read several other aflldavlts
regarding the manner In which the Rio Grando
armed forces atopped all communication above
their breastworks. Ho said that there were not
less than 200 men armed with guns, rifles,
pistols, and bayonets In charge of these formica
tions. Pratt further satd tho Rio Grando Hoad
had presented aflldavlts, but made no denial of
tho fact that tho forts were there, or tho pur
poses of their erection.
Judge Usher, tho llou. Lyman Bass, and
oilier Rio Grande counsel presented controvert
ing testimony, but It failed to controvert Urn
prlma fade ease of tho Santa Fo counsel.
Judges Miller and Hallctt put several perti
nent questions to the Rio Grando counsel, which
effectually hroko tho force of their orguments
and claims.
Judge Usher referred to the alleged Interfer
ence of the work by armed Santa Fe men, say
ing the Santa Fo Company had the moat money
mid most bayonets.
judge Miller quickly replied: “In the light
of recent oventa, your client*, Judge Uahcr,
are not In position to cay which has the moat
bayonets.'*
Judge Usher replied that they wore using
them for self-defense. Judge Usher appealed
pathetically for their rights, begging the Court
not 10 turn them out of the canon.
Jndgc ilallclt nuked, “Don’t you propose to
take the whole of this eroded lino with your
prior rlghll”
Usher—“lf It luma oat that It is built on
onr 200-foot right-of-way, we shall claim It to a
dead certainty. Wo want the line wo havo
stoked, and will, If necessary, pay for IU”
Here Intense Interest was manifested, when
Judge Beckwith arose, speaking substanllallv as
follows: “The San Juan Kallroad Company was
organized to build a railroad to the mouth of
the South Arkansas Illvor In 18k. They sur
veyed to the twentieth milo-ooat In 18k. 1 lie
Pueblo & Arkansas Valley llatlroad had a right
to build far beyond the South Arkansas Hlvcr.
1 will say that, prior to April 10,1878, the Den
ver & Klo Grande Company had not surveyed
any portion of the contested roml, or driven
a single stake beyond the twentieth post. I
I say, without fear of contradiction, that evidence
I shows that the San Juan Company llrst surveyed
I its road beyond the twentieth mile-post to the
Sooth Arkansas Hirer, and long before the Den
ver 6i Uio (Irmido Company ever sent
or hod a man there. The Hlo Grande
engineers admit, In their own aOldaviU,
that they made their location .oyer ours. Ihe
Hlo Grande Company did not have a man be
tween the twentieth mile-post ami the South
Arkansas Illver until UiuliOth of last July, at
which lime they sent their men there. How
much roadway had . the Uio Urando Company
constructed there up to Jan. 20,18791 Not a
simile rod. They agreed to do some work, but
turned traitors. We wont on grading our road,
and, to embarass us, they deliberately built
forts, armed men, and located them, they had
no means to buihi the road; but if, ns stated by
Judge Usher, they are so rich, let them hand
over some of the money stolen from us within
the past two months. Wc are not willing to
trust these gentlemen with our property, they
say they hava so many millions. In tact, they
have not a dollar, aud they could not get It
until they made a showing, which they dare not
do. Wo are getting at the facts at
last. The Hlo Grande Company are not
building the road. They came hero with cer
tain pretenses, like others, but nothing more.
We claim that the Hallway Company released
to us the choice of routes under the lease and
contracts entered Into. Wo have the means,
and are ready to furnish the bonds, if necessary,
to construct the entire road, and wu have no
objection to a proper Court order, which will
ultimately bring about an adjustment of mat
ters. All we ask is that such order bo
i made bv Hie Court as will protect the parties
and public, and lot this work proceed.” Judge
, Miller announced that ho would take the mut
• ter under consideration. It Is. generally
i ceded that the Court will grant the Injunction
asked, and Santa Fo will again commence hnlld
i Inc towards i.cadvllle. Wednesday morning the
■ motion to dismiss Receiver KUley comes up for
» hearing.
A ISRCAK AT BT. T.OUIS.
"Beyond a doubt," says tho Hi. Louis Oiob*
DfiiKArnt, “freight has been corric»l to seaboard
points ut cut rotes since July 2, but until Mon*
uay nothing was done to put a slop to It. Mur
ing the afternoon a meeting was culled at tno
olUcts of J. E. Simpson, General Manager of the
Vamlalia, for what purpose is a conjecture, hut
so near the point to quit guessing that It eon be
stated that the meeting was held for the pur
pose of putting u stop to thu cutting to seaboard
imluis. Among those present were; J. C. Me-
Mulllu, General Manager; Samuel Smith, Gen
eral Agent of the Chicago & Alton ;*C. W.
Bradley, General Western 'lrufflo Manager of
thu Wabash; d. C. Nuycs, General Freight
Agent of the Indianapolis St. Louis; William
IJuncun, General Freight Agent of the Ohio «
Mississippi; John E. Slmpsou, General Manager,
and H. W. Hibbard, General Freight Agent of
tho VaudalU. ,
"Of course the reporters were barred out, uml
as soon as the meeting was over thu news
hunters set to work lo hunt sotnoonoof those
present. Air. Simpson had gone home. Mr.
Hibbard couldn't be found. The Imiuuanolls
ds St. Louis cilice ami Urn Obto & Mississippi
were dosed. The Cblcato <fc Alton folks bad
nut returned (o the Llndell. .Mr. lirudluv was
louml ui his ollico talKlug with Mr. Knox,
President ot the National Slock-Ymds.
*• • What was done at tho mcellngl 1 queried
the reporter of Air. Bradley.
“• Nothing.*
“ Later In the evening a rcprcsentatlvo was
found, und thu pumping process applied. His
story went like tills: ‘I can't toll you a word
of tlu* meeting, but you can draw vour own In
ferences. Freight rates to seaboard points went
to h—l about tho ad of July, ami now they are
trvlug to fix them up. It'a foolishness. Chi
cago can't compete with the lakes nt the ad
vance, mid when limy cut wo have cot to cut
too. Tito truth of the matter Is, wo can’t keep
rates up at present* and anything like a main
tenance of the present schedule until tall Is out
of tho question.' ”
TIIR HOOSAC TUNNKIi.
Boston, duly B.—Tho Fitchburg Railroad and
Slate authorities have como to nn agreement
for the operation of the llooeac Tunnel,
ITISMH.
The regular weekly meeting of tho General
Freight Agents of the roads leading cast from
this city was held yesterday at tho office of the
hake Shore & Mlch'gan Southern Railroad to
make their regular weekly pool reports. The
toimniro reported liy ttio various roails was pub
llshcd In yesterday’s'TntnuNß. Besides sub
mitting their regular reports, no business was
transacted.
There Is a general feeling among tho railroads
In this city that tho Esst-lmuml freight pool
from this cltv cannot be upheld K the roads
from other Western points do not soon comply
with the request of Commissioner Fink, and
from similar pools. It Is stated that the rates
me being cut bv the roads loading cast from St.
Louis, Indianapolis, and otner Western points.'
and as n consequence much business Is diverted
from this city.
Mr. Sam Whipple, the efficient private score-,
tary of General Manager McMulUn, of the Chi
cago A Alton Railroad, was married last week
to Mbs Addle Gillls, nn accomplished nudes
ttmahlc voting Indv. So qulellv and unostenta
tiously did Mr. Whtnoiu conduct hismutrlmonial
alfalr that his most Intimate friends even do
not yet know of the occurrence, ami wilt onlv
learn of the happy cv«;nt when they read It In
Tub Tuipunk this morning, lie will have thu
in-st wishes of nil who know him fur his future
prosperity mid happiness.
Tho half-yearly meeting of tho Grand Trunk
stockholders was held In London, England,
June fid, at which It was voted to approve the
mile of tho Riviere do Loup Division to Ihe
Canadian Government. Tho President, Sir
Henry W. Tvler, stated that the purchase money
would bo applied to thu acquirement of connec
tions with St. Paul and an extension to Chicago.
The Company has already taken the first step
to the Northwest, and Intends to possess Itself
of a valuable line commanding the traffic of
Northern Michigan. This ts tiellovcd to mean
tite acquirement of the Flint & Peru Marquette
by the Grand Trunk.
It Is understood Hint the St. Louis roads arc
getting decidedly sick of the passenger war be
tween Kansas Olty and Sc. Louis, tlie rate be*
tween the two points being still SO cunts. The
Chicago roads continue to charge SD.SO from I
Kansas City to Chicago. They take no notice ol I
the “Four-ln-hand,” which charges S7.AO, claim- !
Ing that this lino dues not hurt them much, us
passengers prefer to take a through route In
stead of one where they have to change cars
twice. It Is highly probable I bat some arrange
ment will bo clfectcd within a few days that
will end the passenger war from Kansas City,
uml that the old rates will be re-established.
The real cause for the recent railroad war be
tween the Pennsylvania uml the Pittsburg
Lake Eric nml the Luke Shore & Michigan
Southern Unllrouds has Just come out. The fol
lowing Is the storv as told in railroad circles:
About the 10th of Mav John Nowell, General
Manager of the Lake Shore & Michigan South
ern, Invited J. N. McCullough, Vice-President
of the Pennsylvania Company, to attend a con
ference of railroad managers at Cleveland. For
some reason Mr. McCullough had shortly be
fore some trouble with Mr. Nowell, nml bo re
fused to attend, saying ho did not Intend to go
to auv conference, as the Pennsylvania Com
pany was nblo to take care of Itself. The Penn
sylvania Company then put down the freight
rates, the Lake Shore followed, and the war en
sued.
A LIVELY YIHE.
English Actors In Pnrls Fifty-six Years Age
J/milon Vtmif.
At the present times, when the members ol
tlio ComodloFrancalso are meeting with such a
flattering reception in London, the following ac
count of avery UllTcreut reception accorded to a
company of English actors in Paris In 1828,
when the Hattie of Waterloo was fresh'
in the memories of the Trench, will bo
read with Interest. It was written by
an Impartial eye-witness, the celebrated German
author and litterateur , Horne, from whoso
“ Sklzzcn und Erzahluncen ” it Is translated:
“The appearance of a company of English
play-actors upon the domain of Trench vanUr
was anuounceu a fortnight since. ‘Wo shall
see,’ said the Mirror. That was at once short
and clear, for the Mirror , a crafty servitor
of public opinion, knew all the secret*
of Its mistress. Later, It Is true, the
paper assumed an Innocent ulr, mid said that,
while good Trcnchraeu must certainly bate the
English, yet artist# had no country, and a com
parison between Trench and English actors
must be desired by everybody, particularly as
the result could not be doubted. It, therefore,
begged Us readers to remain tranquil. Hut
through this thin veil of hypocrisy- was visible a
desire to ecu the English actors scut to the
right-about with kicks and blowo. and a setting
down of the Hattlo of Waterloo to their ac
count. And that Is exactly what happened.
“The English actors bad agreed with the
theatre of the Portc-St.-Martln to give six rep
resentations. Tim first was announced for the
HUtof Julv In the following terms: ‘By his
Britannic Majesty’s most humble servants will
bo performed the tragedy of “Othello,’
by the most celebrated Hhakspearo.’
These quack-llko superlatives did not In
any wav prejudice public opinion as to
the abilities of the players, for what every
body was eager to witness was, not the jealousy
of Othello, but that of the Trench. There was
an Indescribable crowd In front of the house,
and the boat of gendarmes, on horseback und
ou foot, which would have been strong enough
to protect the execution of a Cartouche, was
hardly sufficient to maintain order. 1
(omul an excellent opportunity of observ
ing the good humor and amiability of the
Trench. Everybody exerthd himself, by act und
word, to make way through the crowd and get
to the door# but the pushing was generally given
and received with the grace of adauemg master,
and such exprusslonu ns were exchanged seemed
to beset to music. At last tbe current carried
me Into the theatre and landed me In the
orchestra against the prompter’s box. Provi
dence had assigned this place to me. for she had
chosen me that day to play one of the most Im
portant roles. ... „ ,
“The housolwaa no sooner filled than the play
began,—not the play which the actors meant to
give (the curtain had not yet risen), hut that
which the spectators hod resolved upon. The
audience shouted, whistled, squeaked, stamped,
sang, and, Inshort, exercised all the acoustic tac
tics they could think of to rcpulsu the English.
A timid German ear like mine, accustomed
from childhood to shrink with affright at the
mention of a policeman, wasnulte shocked to Und
that any set of people dared to make such a
hubbub In the presence of the gendarmes.
These, however, did not budge, but allowed the
row to go on. Bomelmrty lu the first row of
boxes roared out, ‘La canaille I’ The tumult
grew fiercer and more general. ‘A la none,
ala porte, Martalnvlllo,' shouted more tbnp a
thousand voices. It was, m fact, that hireling
of the aristocracy, the well-known editor
of U»o J)raj*au Blanc, who had ventured to
call the audience ennaUl*, Marlamvtlle drew
himself up ami tried to brave the clamor of
the people like an old Homan. He shrugged
his shoulders, and for a time stood his ground.
Hut he was no Homan, and those who shouted
wore not plebeians. Tit and boxes were In a
mind uut to let this opportunity pass of admin
istering a deserved rebuke to Oils contemptible
mid odious man. A glove was thrown in his
face and he mired, at which were shouts and
applause from all parts of Uie house.
“And now the curtain rose, hgo steuped
upon the stage. He had hardly opened his
mouth when there began a general mockery of
the broad and tenacious English words, accom
panied by roars of laughter. Not even tu Tan
demonium during a carnival can there be such a
din. Hut this was not all. Eggs, fruit, und
sou-pieces wore thrown dpon the stage and at
the Heads of tbe actors. Hat these showed
a firm front and played on ns II
the most attentive silence baa prevailed.
Not a single word was heard, and ‘Othello’
was played In pantomime. 1 aaw only a very
few spectators who sided wllh the English, for
thoie who took no active part in the disturb
ance were amused at a comedy played lu such a
•natural ’ style. A sober young fellow who sat
near to mo was one of tne few who were an
noyed at the treatment the English actors were
receiving. He had brought an English
edition of ‘Othello’ with him, prob
ably In the hope of picking up the
correct pronunciation, for he followed the
players closely, but ho could bear nothing above
the uproar. As often as the Insurgents cheered
any instill against th« English he seemed be
side himself, ami exclaimed, ironically. A. qu*
ceht at /o.V, oA, que cela ttt tjhrltneU What will
foreigners, what wilt the Germans, think of
French urbaultv!” I was charmed to bear, uir
cxpeaedly, such respect for my countrymen,
uud 1 shoved my gratitude by joining lu his
complaints. *lt Is horrible. Hls alximlnablc, It
Is frightful,’ I said, with sundry other adjective*
thnt occurred to me at the moment.
“80 the nifty proceeded to the middle of the
third act, amid trouble and danger. At this
juncture a qnnrrul arose between two specia*
tors. A lund-10-hand fight threatened to break
out; ft panic aclr.cd everybody; half lu« Hit
tumbled Into the orchestra, leapt over the
roil, broke the violins nnd thu baas fiddles,
ami began to climb Ihe stage. I (In order
not to follow llila bad example) went be
fore them. and waa tho flrat to leap upon
the boards, the others coming Immediately
nflor me. The curtain now fell. Ocndanncs
lilted the stage In order to prevent any further
assault on the part of the spectators. A mad
and merry Ufa Was led In the ‘ Isle of Cyprus.
There were soldiers, police agents, trembling
actors, and fainting women. Olhe'lo, naif of
wliumj face had lost Us black In the scrimmage,
showed an African check on ono side and a hit
ionesn check on the other. ■ The ‘gentle
monn ’ was scolding violently, and on her
death-lieu lay a bass Addle that had been
thrown there. Tijfloworealrock-coatoycr his Uni
term, and seemed to me to be one of tho best
follows In the world. Despite all this, the piece
was played to the finish, only half of the third
act mid the whole of the fourth were left out.
The actors satisfied themselves wlllv strangling
DerJonoua without further ceremony. Ino
public were not less patient than the actors.
They shouted, whistled, and msde all the noises
they could to the end. Tho altor-plcco was a
little farce with singing. It was truly comic to
see how pit and galleries loined In lha songs
and Imitated the voices of the undaunted En
glish women. . , , ,
“Next day the public Journals sounded their
trumpets of war. The Liberal papers, Indeed,
did not altogether excuse the disorder that hail
taken place, but recommended U*° crrori ,
youth to kindly Indulgence. ‘Young peopl®
Drought up to regard with hor ro , r crcrrUnng
which Is not national, had, It was admitted, gone
somewhat too far. Onu cannot h u *' rccrct that
Urn I’nrlslan youth has liccu so m-nurlurcd, lor
this ‘horror’ Is a food which J* ,u ■dommatf
(If* Oourmandt would certain**’
omraend. JJut what Is most n ßt on , » mi ‘ l - ls .
that the gray-bcnrdcd. experienced brent'* *““*
crals, who arc generally so suspicious * n rt |p* ra
to alt the movements of authority, and so »' Jo *'P*
sighted to discover Its cunning, should not Per
ceive that this horror of everything which Is not
national Is one of the •native weaknesses which
authority fosters and caconragcs to ucep
up enmity among peoples In order the more
vastly to dominate cover them separately, ami
that they should forget that In all times tyranny
has made 'use of tho passions of liberty for
Hie purpose of satisfying Its own. llir aris
tocratic papers, on tho other hand, took the
part of thu Moor of Venice, ami called Ihe
Youngsters who had hissed ami whistled
’Jacobins, regicides, fanatics bclongilig to n
section accustomed to try every means of
troubling tho State. For the rest, In their
literary criticism of Othello, both parties agreed
in saying that Shakspearo was certainly not to
bo compared with Corneille, though the En
glish poet was not without merit—a solf-cvl
lent proposition, especially the first part of it.
“Two dovs afterwards the English players
were to np’oear again In Sheridan’s comedy of
the “School for Scandal.” The admission fees
had been Increased, nml It was believed that the
step was a prudent one. But the house was not
less crowded than on the first occasion, and by
the same class of people. This time I had
been careful to avoid the dangerous parterre,
and 1 had a bird’s-eye view of the battlc-licld
from n box in the second gallery. The uproar
was greater than before. Martalnville was again
the cause of on interlude. He allowed himself
to be seen again, ami the house echoed to the
erv of % A la porle Jfartainvllle, a la parte le i ’ll
AfarlainP lie was defiant, ami remained for a
time, but when an attempt was made to climb
into his box, ho disappeared. The curtain lose,
but whether it were that the English had lost
courage, or that the storm was too violent to bo
resisted, tho actors could not get through
the tlrst scene, ami tho net drop descended.
Cries were raised for the stage manager. Tho
French Ftago-raanugcr was meant, who had
been uniratrlotlc enough to permit Englishmen
to appear upon tho boards. Tho poor fellow
obeyed the call. Nuts, tallow candles, uml
gloves were thrown-lnto bis face. Then a loud
voice exclaimed, ‘Silence—sit down—now for
his submission; let him make bis cxensca.’ The
trembling stago-raanoecr spoke a few words
which I did not catch, awl added, ‘Gentle
men: Toll mo falrlv, will you ollow the En
glish to continue the'play or not? A thundering
‘No’ was the reply, given with such gusto
amt unanimity that it might have been taken
for a pattern by the chorus in Iho JJrlde of Jla
thta. ‘Down with tho English, —no foreigners
In Franco,* roared the house. Tho manager
promised o French piece and made his exit.
Anger abated and fun begou. Tho pit set up a
song with tho refrains ‘The victory is ours.’
Tho French players mode their appearance.
Each was received with an ovation, and every
word was applauded. ‘Bravo I Thesonro French
men— they are not bcckstcoks,’ somebody
shouted from the gallery. ‘Again, again,’ cried
the pit, and the sally was repeated. The plcco
was played out, and calm was perfectly restor
ed. Another piece was oxpeoted, for it was tho
custom to play three or four every night. Iho
nudlcnce waited half (in hour, a full hour, in
vain. Tho curtain remained down and the
slago-roanoger did not come forward
upon being summoned. Then tho
tomnest broke out onew. The
police must bavu foreseen this, for the sound of
arms was heard behind the curtain, and tho in
struments were carried out of tho orchestra. A
but was thrown from tho pit on the stage, prob
ably os the signal for tho attack. The whole
nit rose, stormed tho orchestra, seized the
chairs, nml hurled them after the but.
Tho curtain* was now drawn up, the‘play’
began, and such a ‘natural’ play was never
witnessed before. A company of gendarmes
stood In battle array on the stage, commanded
by an olllccr with drawn sword. The sight in
creased tho rage of tho spectators. Chairs were
thrown at tho heads of the gendarmes, and
when the chairs wero exhausted tho benches
wore torn up and pitched after them. Clouds
of dost and the agonized cries of women flllod
the house. The olllcors ordered a charge. The
gendarmes advanced with fixed bayonets.
Benches and chain were thrown upon them from
tho gallery, and many of lh« soldiers wore
knocked down and Injured. A general lllcbt
succeeded. Tho pit and then tho bozos wore
emptied. 1 was tho last to stay, wishing to see
‘tho ploy’ to the end, but three powerful
fellows came up to mo uml. with the butt-ends
of their guns, pushed me out. innocent as I
was, I did not murmur at this treatment. 1
took It in a humble spirit for my sins of thought
ami intention, and honored in my heart an
omniscient Nemesis.” .
JESSIE DUNBAR’S DEATH.
A Boy 1 * Thoughtless Act that Cost » Young
Woman Her Life—Throwing a Firecracker
Just to Frighten Two Young Women—The
Clothing of One of Thom But ou Fire and
Her l.tfe host.
Cormpondtr.ee yew York Hun,
Fisiikim. Landing, July o.—The body of
Miss Jessie E. Dunbar lay in the parlor of her
mother's cottage In Mattcswan Village tilts
noon, prepared for burial. Her shroud and
position had been arranged in the coQlo so as j
to conceal the scars on her person; but the un
usual color and swollen lips prevent the com
plete concealment of the causo of her death.
About 5 o’clock yesterday aftornoou Miss
Duubsr, Id company with a friend, .Miss Ida
Horton, of Fishkill, started fur a walk through
a grove in the suburbs of the town, known as
Toohy's Wood. It Is a picturesque spot at the
fool of the Fishkill Mountains, and the Mat
teawsn Creek runs through U. All days throng
of curloslty-seekera have visited It, and until
after dark they were seen looking along the
roadway for traces of the accident. The road
through the wood runs parallel with the creek,
A few rods from the entrance to the wood a
rock Juts out into the stream, and on this rock
a parly of seven boys, whoso ages ranee from
12 to 17 years, bad planted u miniature cannon,
and, with U and llrccrackors..thcy wdre con
tinning the celebration of the Fourth. As the
two young ladles passed them, one of the hoys,
Albert Evans, at the instigation of Samuel Chat
flehl, ran toward them and threw a llrucracUor
oftrr them. Neither of the young women took
any notice of it, and Miss Horton says that she
did not hear it explode. The boy Evans says
that It wont off. The young woman walked
on about 100 yards, and Miss Dunbar said
to her companion that the grass was very hot.
'thereupon Miss Horton turned toward her
friend and discovered that the latter’* dres
was on lire. She cried, “Your on Aral" and
the two Immediately turned and ran toward the
boys, screaming for help os they ran. The
taolu motion fanned the Uro into a Dame, and
Miss Dunbar had not run half a donen rods
before she was completely enveloped in fire.
Ellas Uorrow, who was near by, ran to her, and,
tearing oft bis cardigan Jacket, threw it about
her. Tint before he nad reached her the (ire had
consumed nearly ml her clothing, which fell from
her m pieces os she ran. The loy# called to her
to run into the creek, which was about a hun
dred feet distant. Mls« Horton ran back to a
home near the entrance to the grove, with the
Intention, sue said, of getting somrihlng with
which to smother the llamcs. Meanwhile tier
row was doing his best with his Jacket, but
almost as soon as he had thrown It about Miss
Dunbar sue fell unconscious. Bho had in her
frouzy run newly back to the spot where the
hoys were nt play. All of licr clothing had been I
burnt except her corsets, nnd only * portion of
them remained. This was removed, and with
only the cnrrttirao Jacket about her, she was
placed In a butcher's cart (hat was passing and I
taken to her home.
Dr. <l,O. Davis said that he reached (ho house
n few minutes after the girl list! been placed on
a bed. Ho said In hi* testimony hetoro the Cor
oner to-day Unit he found her burned from her
neck to her feet so severely that the skin was re
moved In many place* and lu several (hr muscles
were laid hare. Bhe was placed lu a hutt-alillug
posture to aid her in breathing. Almost the Inst
thing she said was that she wished they could
bring to her the hoy whoso thoughtlessness had
cost lier her life; she knew If ho could see her I
lie would never plav with fireworks again. At |
7:45 o'clock she died. . ,
The dead girl hail lived In Matteawon hot a
short lime. Bhe and her widowed mid now child
less mother moved there from FWhklll, whero
1 they had been long nnd favorably known. Jessie
was about 2il years old.
The Coroner’s Jury returned the following
verdict:
•• We, the Jury, do say, from the testimony re
ceived, that Miss Jessie Dunbar came to her
death by lire, caused by tho throwing, of n lire
cracker by one Albert Kvaus, the said Evans
being prompted to do Uiu net by on« Samuel
Cliatflcld. Wo strongly reprimand mid censure
fhu said hoys, Evans nnd ChnlllohJ, for so wan
tonlv nnd recklessly throwing llrocrnckcrs nt the
sald'Misri Dunbar} but wo llml no criminal In
tent. Wo further strongly condemn Mm dis-
I reputable practice of the shouting of crackers
or squibs."
808 TOOMBS.
Why, In THe Opinion, tho Confederacy F.Ulrrt
—A Sharp Arraignment or .Tcnrorsoti Davis
for Gonernl IncOlclency—Tho Union o
Temporary Concern.
Oir r IKill'trtflrihtit Tint*n,
Atlanta, Ga. f .Inly I.—The recent speech
made by lien. “ Hob ” Toombs In tho eaa« of
Iho Stole against Treasurer “Jack” Jones dls
dosed an alarming condlllon of physical weak*
ncaa on llm port of the old man eloquent, and
pave too plain evidence that his race has been
nearly run. Three or four Ilmen bo tottered to
his chair and sat down to rest. Tils mind Is still
powerful, ami his frame Is massive and erect,
hut It Is finite dear that he Is not equal to asus
tnlnnd eftort- Tho people of Georgia never
lored any man better than they love Oon.
Toombs, and the Blips of his breaking don;n
have awakened a tender Interest in him and in
nit that to him pertains. Ho Is the most re
markable man In many respects that the South
overproduced, and it is doubtful It the records
of a lordlier life than his cun bo found In tho
history of our Ilcpnhilc.
In n long talk with your correspondent ho
talked ircclv of the events that led no to seces
sion, the organization of the secession Govern
ment, (he causes of the failure of the Confed
eracy, of his flight after the collapse, of ids
opinions of reconstruction, and threw much
light on those Interesting topics.
“1 have alwavs believed In Hie sovereignty of
tho Stale.” he said, “but f have bren very much
misunderstood on the subject of secession. X
have never believed Iho Confutation of the
United Staten was a good one, and ns an origins!
question I would never have voted for U,—but I
was not the blatant secessionist that 1 have been
represented, Hint Is, up to the time that I
thought there was no place or accurity for
my people In the Union. Then I determined to
lead them out of a compact that was •protected
by nothing but good faith, and was shown to
have no pood faith back of It. My tlrst vote
won cast for Andrew Jackson, but I fell out
with him about the nutlillcallou troubles.
In 1330 I supported iho Clay Compromise very
strongly. It has never been my custom to con
sult my constituents on public matters. When,
therefore, they became angered at m v adherence
to the compromise that proinlscd to save the
Union, 1 only stuck to It the closer. My posi
tion was nude an Issue In Georgia, and a con
vention of the people was called. I came homo
to defend It. 1 united with Howell Cobb, who
wos conspicuous Just then for having refused to
sign the‘Southern Address, 1 and with Alex
ander Stephens, who stood upon the same
ground 1 did. Mr. Cobb ran for Governor,
Stephens for Congress,and i. fought fortny record.
Wo whipped the fire-eaters out and carried tho
State handsomely. 1 stood by those views of
compromise In the Union substantially until
after the failure of the Crittenden Compromise.
I supported Urccklurldgo In that campaign of
1800. Mr. Stephens supported. Douglas, and
Den Hill supported Bell. Wo led the three
elements in Georgia at that. time.
• “ Alter Lincoln's election I saw that trouble
was brewing, but 1 was still unwilling to commit
myself to secession, and then, too, I was not
certain that Georgia comd be carried on that Is
sue. Stephens and Hill were both for Union.
I telegraphed Breckinridge, asking him to ap
point a representative committee that would
oiler somo compromise to meet tue pressing
exigency. Ho appointed on this Committee,
among others, Crittenden, to repscsent Bell and
Everett* or rather the men who had supported
them; Jell Davis and myself for his friends;
Seward for Lincoln,' and Douglas himself.
The Crittenden Compromise,was altered. I
supported It heartily and sincerely, although
the sullen obstinacy of Seward had made it al
most Impossible to do anything. For support
ing this compromise 1 was denounced In Geor
gia bv Bon Hill as having betrayed mv section
and my people. 1 did not mmd this at all, as
Ben U always denouncing somebody or some
thing. At length I saw that the com
promise measures must fall. With a per
sistent obstinacy that I have never -yet seen
surpassed, Seward and his hackers refused every
overture. I then telegraphed to Atlanta: ‘All
Is at an end. North determined. Seward will
not budge an Inch. Am In favor of secession.’
When the light was fairly opened, 1 still felt
doubtful about carrying me titaio. Tho people
wore determined against submission to the un
just encroachments of tho North, but there
were many who favored the appointment of a
ncacc commission, others who wauled to wait
forco-onorallon, and still others who feared to
take so desperate a stop; and let mo soy right
here that 1 never doubled the gravity of tho
situation. The statement that I said that I
would drink all tho blood that was spilled Is ono
of the stcreotvped lies they have circulated
about me whc*n X left the Senate. 1 know it
meant war, and I said in ray larewell spoeca
that the next time I looked upon Washington I
thought It would bo at the head of Southern
troops.” . „ . .
“What about Uio name of Montgomery?”
“The secret history of that mooting has never
been given. The majority of the delegates were
opposed to tho election of Mr. Davis. His own
State, Mississippi, wasopposed to him, and If the
vote had been cast by delegates rather than by
States ho could never have been elected, Caro
lina was lor Davis all Ihu time. Ho suited the
extreme views of that State, ami Mr. Illicit held
Hie delegatee well In b ind. Florida had only
three voles. Omi of these* Anderson, was an
old school-fellow of Davis’, and Owens _waa a
Carolinian and under Urn Inllncnco of Illicit.
They outvoted the third delegate and gave Davis
the Stale. With these two Slates, each count
ing as much as Georgia, lie secured the Alabama
delegation by ono vote— hv means ol what trick
ery I will not discuss. Georgia. Mississippi. and
Louisiana would have preferred either Mr. Cobb
ormvsclf; but neither of us were candidates,
and neither would consent to have a struggle,
so they agreed with Iho three Blares that
had spoken. Texas. Informally loorescnt
ed, acquiesced, and Mr. Davis was elected.
1 was not on good terms with Mr. Davis. Ho
appointed mo Secretary of State. I declined to
accept It, preferring to go at once to Um UwM.
I was urged to reconsider, and at length did so,
fearing that my refusal might be considered us
signlilcuiit of o lock of harmony. 1 was never
satisfied with my position In the Labluut. iho
trouble was that 100 many of our leaders sought
such places when they were needed In Uve Held.
1 secured onr recognition as belligerents, estab
lished relations with the unseccdcd Southern
States, and then insisted on retiring. Bv this
time other States hud Joined us. and I felt that
Hie Cabinet should be reorganized. I suggest
ed »o Mr. Davis that bo ask for Ihu resignation
of all the portfolios, that llu£lalerfllut«a might
borenreseS Ho said ilmUiudUlltolUi do
w>, and I then said I would do It for him. He
acquiesced In this, and 1 informed iho Cabinet
of whatlnad thought of doing and what I
thought they should do. it was a bombshell in
the ranks. They asked mo if Mr. Davis had
Bout me to them. 1 then told them exactly
what hod happened, hut they declined to give
up their places, I then resigned and went to
the held.” Al ,
“ Whit, In your opinion, wa« the cause of the
failure of the Confederacy I ” .
“It X hod to name one thing that was most
fatal 1 should say tho Conscript act. That de
moralized iho troops and the country, iberu
wos no necessity for It, and it sprang from Sir.
Davis’* desire to have Iho appointment of ©Ul
cere, Ho was crazy oyer bis West Point mar
tinets, oml when ho could uot appoint Uio offi
cers of volunteers, no wont to Congress and de
manded Uio Conscript law and got It. 1 said at
tho time: Tho causa is lost, and this should bo
Its epitaph: ‘ Killed by West I'olhl.’ Hi genera
terms iho absolute Inofllclcucy at Ulchiuond
wji the cause of our failure. Davis is a re
markable character. Ho is a good writer* and
Unit is all. Ho was a slow man, unit always
acted rashly at last. Ills delay was uot caused
bv deliberation, bat was a combination of va
riety and a refusal to think. Ho U a very small
military man. X told him that 90 per ccut of
war wu busiucas—Uutwo tuuslorgauifo victory
ntllter than (rust lo fighting entirely. I mm
litm to (tend to England to buy nil Iho arm*
there, ilo ordered K.fKX) rifles. .Too Drown, ot
ncuigla. hud more arms for n long lime than tbq (
Confederacy had. Under pretense of giving Iho
Unionist* time to leave the South. I bent our
porta open for slxtv days. Net new (Jovnrnmcnt
ever started with such unlimited credit, ns wo
had, We Imd any amount ot cotton oltercd ns.
l urgcd Mr. Davis lo scud this lo England as
fast as It could bo carried, and buy ships nod
nrmswllh It. >Vo could have borrowed any
amount we wanted. Tim first loan made was
$f»0,000. when lb should have been 15,000.01X1.
IUU It seemed lo be Imoosdhl* to get the flov*:
cnimont to look at the mailer In a serious Hunt*
Had the first slxtv davs of the Confederate Uoy
, eminent been properly Improved, wo court
have so organized limb defeat would
have been Impossible. At one time lb
was announced that there was an error
of S«OO,IKH).IXK) In the amount of hills out
and thn amount on the bonks of the yovoni-■
nmnt. Them was never a moment during the
War when Davie actually appreciated iho situa
tion. Whv, after the march ol the Confederates
Irom Rappahannock to Sbarpshnrg and buck
again, when thevlnnl swept everything before
them, numIKWH ’not availing anything against
llinn, Davh thought the War was over, and
actually began to quarrel about who had whip
ped It. 110 was ns jealous na a Harbary lieu,
and once started lo have me arrested for ridi
culing him. lam thoroughly satisfied Unit the
establishment of ntluvernment under Mr. Davis
was an Impossibility. Indeed, the light was hap
hazard from beginning lo end, without method
nr statesmanship, and sustained onlv by miracu
lous valor ns lone as It was. The Constitution
was a good one, but there praise of the Confed
erate Oovernmcnf. and Its works must end.
“Have vou ever taken the oath of allegiance
lo Uuj United StutMllorormuciitl’’ 4 .
"No, sir. Thu Inflt oath I took was to llio
Confederate States, and I shall never tntco on
(iilirr. Ido not hkn tlio (lenornl (iovornment,
mill 1 would not consent lo servo It in tmv
capacity. It. Is n temporary concern at beat.
Tlio Coiwtltulton hat no power within Itself to
enforce Itself. It depends solely on tlio good
faith of the people, •m»l that guarantee nlouo
cannot continue lo bind together a creat coun
try of diverse Inicrests. I have never really be
lieved since ItsflO (hat this Union was a per
pm,pity. The terrible experience of the Into
War will probable deter any fncllon from mak
ing n row for the next low years. Had It not
been lor tills, tlio West might have precipitated
a collision during the clccilon of 1 bayo
no Inltli In the I'mllan New KngUnders, tlio
fellows tlmt Maciinlav said were opposed to
hcar-lmltlng not hecansc It hurt the bear, but
because It pleased iho people. Astothutabc
about the Northern people forgiving me, I have
nothing lo sav. As I have not forgiven them,
and don’t expect to, I nm IndtfTurcut as to tlio
state of tbeir feelings.”
SOIOVIEFl!’,
The Man TVIm Recently Attempted the Life
of the Czar of lliinsln.
Ft. IWtrtbnra XefAUUUfls.
During the recent Irml of Solovicff, who at
tempted to shoot the Czar, some peculiar and
Interesting facts were brought to light.
It la strange that the criminal belonged to a .
family that was specially patronized by tbo
(ir.iml Duchess Helen Pavlovna, ibe uuut of tbo
Czar. The father of Soloviclt waa employed at
the palneo of the Grand Duchess on the Kamco
nov Ostrov; hohada free lodgingfor himself
and his lorco family} frequently ho was grant
ed rewards, and when the term of his service
was ended he received a generous pension.
Besides this, all ’ his children—three sous and
two daughters—were finely educated at the ex
pense of the Grand Duchess. The family of
Bolovlell remained at the palace till the very
time of the attempted regicide. Alexander 80-
lorlelC himself, having no passport, was living
safely under the roof of the palace. The police
did not suspect that any person without a pass
port, much less a Nihilist, was under that roof;
yet Solovicff, being safe only on account of the
respect due to the Imperial family, was work
ing energetically not only for the destruction of
that resncct, hut for the annihilation of the Im
perial family itself. _ ...
The whole family of Solovicff. by keeping him
safe within tlu-lr shelter, have knowingly In
criminated themselves, for an article (84!)) of the
Russian Criminal law runs thus: *• ror conspir
ing to overthrow the Government In the whole
State, or In any part of It, or to change the sys
tem of government, the criminals, their accom
plices, ami all persons Instigating, aiding,
abetting, or hiding them, and all persons
not giving Information of tho crime, shall for
feit all rights, mid be liable to caphal punish
ment.” it has been ascertained that the mem
bers of tho Bolovlell family saw lu his posses
sion almost every day copies of Lana and Lit*
erUf. besides proclamations; that ho put these In
envelopes, and sent them to tho highest oflleers
of the State, The reiutivcsnl Solovicff spoke to
him about his connection with the editors of
that clandestine paper mid with the dreaded
Executive Committee; each of them suspected
hU criminal conned lons, and none of them lo
any way exposed him. It was the same with
other families of his acquaintance. And the
same Is, of course, true In regard to many thou
sands of families who are connected with the
Nihilists by bonds of relationship or friend
ship. What will ho done with that unhappy
family Is not yet known. ~
While a schoolmaster Solovicff was consid
ered as the best teacher of the vicinity, and ho
used to regularly send part of Ida salary to his
narents. Ak to Ida views, he said that tho ex
istin'* political and social order was extremely
unsatisfactory} that equality was needed, and
tuis must bo established by the annihilation of
castes and privileges. “Wo revolutionists,
said he, “ declare war against the Government,
slid the Czar is our enemy.” 'ihon Bolovlell
explained how, under the pressure of sever#
Government measures, he gradually camei to tho
idea of regicide. Of tho attempt Itself Solo
vlell refused to apeak, hut, being pressed, bn
said: “By the movement of the populace I
learned that the Czar was walking out hi.went
toward him, took my pistol out, ami fired.”
»»How manv time*!” he was asked. “I don’t
recoiled,” lie replied; “lam told five tiroes.”
During tho trial It was ascertained that Solo
vicft was In close connection with the person#
who assassinated Gen. MezcutzelT, and also with
tho persons who attempted tho life of yen.
Drenlcln; he once rode on the horse on whim
tbo would-be assassin of Drentdu escaped. It
was SolovlelT who, on tho very day of the at
tempt on tbo life of the Chief of tho Gendarmes,
sent to Inin the proclamation, saying that
though ho had escaped death be must not con
sider himself safe. He used to hrlngjiomo cop
ies of Land and Liberty In packages while yet
damp. It is clear that Soloviclt belonged to tho
most active branch of the revolutionists. Still
ho did not betray anybody. He persisted In
saying: “Ilmduo accomplices; nobody knew
of my Intent.” llt t .
Ilia trial was not without queer Incidents.
Dr Weimar, at the request of one of his quasi
patients, bad gone to the Central Depot of Arm#
and asked to see the best pistol that would easily
kilt a hour, for, ho salu, bis acquaintance wa#
going to hunt that beast. It was proved that tha
pistol Ums procured was the one used by Uia
would-be assassin of the Czar. When Bolovlell
left the position of teacher, ho began to learn
hlacksmlthlug. One of bis sisters asked him
the reason of that change of occupation, lie
replied: “The doctor advised me fur my
health to go to a warm climate; so I have en
tered a blacksmith shop.” An artillery Captain,
an "Xpert, explained to the Court why Solo
vicff missed the Czar. Ho said that tho pistol
used Is a Wubley, No. MX): It Is very strong,
untl, the barrel being short (four and a quarter
Inches), It la apt to recoil; In order to hit the
chest It Is necessary to aim at the knees. If
Soloviclt had known that, be might hove been
not only a would-be assassin hut au assassin lu
tact.
lI6W Deeply Does llio Uurth QuakoT
.V»cr<im«»t»o (CUI.) V>nua.
Tlio recent earthquake at \ Irglnla City wa*
not noticeit at nil m the mining uepllis. but only
by people on the surlacc. The famous oorth
(iimlce of some years ago, which shook down
chimneys, firo*walls, cracked brick build*
and did other damage, was
merely noticed by some of the miner*
working In the upper levels, but It did no dam
use, not even shaking down loose stones unit
earth.' Tlio station-men In the various shaft*
felt it the strongest, and Uie deepest point
where It was noticed was by the station-hinder
at Mio 1100-foot level of the hn|>erial-Lmpiro
shaft—tKX) feet below the surface. Jlo said
it lelt Ilka a sudden faint throb or pulsation
of the air, os though u blast had been
let oft somewhere ut a distance, above, below,
or In some ludcllntto direction. In some of th*
mines the shock was not noticed at all, even by
•tnikiu-mvD. Commenting on this peculiar
fsetat the time, the Hold hill Aetes remarked
ihut the earthquake seemed to bean electrical
disturbance, proceeding from the atmosphere,
and not from the depths of the earth.
Tho I’rlnca ot M'ulea* Hulls.
The I’rlnce of Wales Is not stupid himself, but
ho Ukcs to have ntupld fellows about him us
butts. I-ord Aylesferd has long served him m
such n capacity, and hord Chmmell Is oflou put
Into requisition. Thu latter Is grandson of uu
Irish Cnlcf-Justlce, who would not resign his
oiUcc for less than an Kurldom. which he consu
queutlvcot. The I’nnco likes to get up “bear
jl-Uts" between his butts, and derives a gra**
deal of laughter from them..

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