OCR Interpretation

Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 10, 1879, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1879-07-10/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 4

,T>ittr Milton. one rear SI 8.00
1 fartsefiyrar. pertbont*..... .. J»0O
V1i1MapicM......... 2.1*0
80a* copy, perjrcar ..
lub of four....
lab of tea ♦
Cla» of twenty
Bp*ofmen centre scot frre.
Ohre Post*otrice sAJrftu la fnU, Inclndlng State asd
Remittance* mar be made fitter by draft, excreta,
roct-00k« order. orlarrglAicrwl tetter, at our risk. .
-Pally, drUrered. Sunday excepted, as cents per week.
Xially, delivered. Sunday fnrlmlrd, no cent* per week.
Comer Madfwm and Dearbom-iU., Chicago, 111.
Order* for tbe dellrery of Tna Tiunusx at Evanatoo,
Englewood, and Hyde Park left In tta counting-room
wmreceive prompt attention.
Tint Cmoioo Tsumxx has ret abutted branch offlcti
forthereedptof tnriacHpilesu and advertleemcau aa
NEW TORX-Hoom 20TVlfttm*Building. F. T. Mo-
Fapdbk, II an agar.
PARIS. Franco—No. lORno da la Gnnge-OateUere.
11. MAm.BR. AgraL
LONDON. Eng.—American Exchange, 449 Strand.
naravF. Ou.uo. Agent.
Hooley’a Tbrntro.
Itaadolpb ttreet, between Clark and LaSalle. Ka<
BAtfemeovof Kmerxon'a Mi-mherian Mlnnrei*.
r •. IlwTPrly'a 'riimtre.
- Death*™ rtrert. rofner of Vonroe. Engagement
«f (be Chicago Church Choir Company. ••11. M. 8.
MoVlrker’* Theatre.
M«'dl*en street, between Dearborn and RUW» “••En*
evoi." , ■ '
-dsrxnifiwfr wrporite the Court-noon. Engage
meat of Holme* Grover, Jr. "The Fatal Bond."
White SteeMnff Park.
Lake Shore, foot of Washington itrcct. Champion
•htp same Itetween the Chicago and Sjmcuie Club*
atSson p. m.
THURSDAY, JULY 10, 1870.
Tho remains of the late French Prince Im
perial, borne by tho British troop-ship
Orontos, have arrived in England, and will
to-daybo transferred on board tho Admiralty
yacht for conveyance to tho Royal Military
Academy at "Woolwich. Arrangements for
tho funeral nro on an elaborate scale, and a
largo attendance of Bounparttsts from Franco
is expected. Marshal MagMaiion’h request
to bo permitted to attend was refused by the
French Government.
There ■wore few people in tbo United
States who fared better as to comfort yes*
tarctay than they who happened to .reside or
sojourn in Chicago. At Denver, which has
some pretensions as a summer resort, the
thermometer indicated 09; at Atlanta, Go.,
100; and in foot nearly everywhere the
weather was several degrees hotter than in
At Memphis, in addition to the
cOvero-hent, thdold enemy yellow-fever has
modeits appearance, a fatal cose having oc
*n*t*d there yesterday. This fact has in
troasod the terrors of i)6 degrees in St. Lonis,
and tbo denizens of that unhappy city are
divided between apprehension of Yellow
back and sunstroke.
In fining a Constable for failing to pay over
money which be hold as on officer of tho law,
and oidoring that said Constable shall boro
after bo ineligible to hold'nny office in this
State (which is tho provision of tho statute),
Judge Tulzt has established an excellent
precedent, which should bo followed up dil
igently.’ Tho amount of Buffering visited
upon tho minor litigants by tho extortions,
delays, and swindles of Constables ond othor
hangers-on at Justices’ Courts is beyond any
definite statement; and if people knew their
remedy and felt sure that tho Criminal Comt
would always cnforco it, thoso petty onnoy
onoos and swindles could bo checked. It is
•to bo hoped that Judge Tulei’s action will
‘bo accepted as a notice to the public that
every effort to bring'delinquent officials to
justice will bo rewarded by proper attention
at the bands of tho Criminal Court.
Mayor Haiuuson’s chief grievance against
Matt Benner seems to bo that ho has “hold*
his bead too high"; but it oppoara from tho
opinion yesterday furnished by Corporation-
Counsel Adams that tho Fire Marshal held
bis bead no higher than tho law allowed, for
bo did submit the question of “voluntary"
reduction to tho firemen, and when they had
rejected it his power and that of the Mayor
ended so far os that uudertaking was
concerned. Tho Mayor had no author
ity to order a reduction of salaries;
according to his own legal »dv's;rho could
only use his influence with tho Fire Marshal
and bis First and Second/ Assistants to in
duce them to labor with tho mon, and If
they declined to do more thou submit tho
proposition without argument, os Bekneq
did, they were guilty of no disobedience of
orders. The opinion of Mr. Adams, fur
nisbod tho Moyor yesterday, completely bus
tains Benner iu his position, and shows tho
M» y)r to have been In error regarding his
power to order a redaction of salaries.
Following close upon tho interesting dis
potch of 10,000 vcprds from tho camp of
Bitting Bunn, which oppoored In our col
umns of the Mb of July, wo print tins morn
ing a latter ffom the same adventurous oor
rospondooV,'whl) la entitled to tho distinction
of being tho first American to penetrate to
the headquarters of the hostile Sioux since
they moved southward upon United States
territory. In this letter are given at grout
. length the views of Maj. Walsh,
commandant of tho detachment of
Canadian Mounted Police stationed
at Wood Mountain, who has had
the Burma Bdi-l party under his surveil
lance over since they fled northward to Wood
Mountain after tho massaoro of thuLittloHig
Horn Blver. Maj. Wauu has a firm aud
abiding faith in tho disposition of lhe»o In
dium to do no moro fighting, and to return
peaceably to the United States, provided
they ore permitted to retain their arms and
horse*, but ho is not so sure that they can be
induced to go on a reservation. Altogether,
the oorreepondenco published by Tue Tuir.
dne lias contributed largely to a bettor uu
deratondlng of tho particular phase of tho
Indian question presented iu tho cose of Bu
rma Bull and followers.
. A sample of tho embarrassment ond dam
age to the Government growing out of tho
Democratic majority to appropriate anything
for United States Marshals Is given iu a dis
■ patch in another column descriptive
of tho difficulty encountered in bring
ing a criminal to justice. A noted moll rob
ber having been caught iu New Mexico, it
become necessary to transport him to a point
In Texas 600 units away, but it was discov
ered that uo provision had been made for
expenses of this kind, and there would
have boon no alternative save (ho
liberation of iho prisoner bad not tho officer
in charge agreed to defray tho cost of sub*
sistence and the stage company to carry tho
officer on trust, looking to some future no
tion of Congress to foot the bills. But
equally accommodating transportation com
panies and equally zealous officers will not
always be found, and it will bo when a num
ber of ‘the most dangerous criminals go free
because there is no money to pay for their
custody and conveyance from point to point
that tho full extent will bo appreciated of
tho Injury done by the party of coercion ami
nullification which ruled the extra session of
tho Forty-sixth Cougress.
... 11.00
... 2(1.00
Opposition to the elevated railway project
has already begun to bo manifested in Chi
cago. Although it is only last Monday that
applications for franchises were made by
three companies proposing to operate linos
in the different divisions of tho city, a meet
ing of North-Side citizens lost evening took
notion looking to tho calling of a mass
meeting to remonstrate against tho granting
of elevated railway franchises, and it is to be
presumed that similar demonstrations of
hostility in other parts of the cityj will
be made as soon os it becomes
apparent that there is n genuine
intention to construct the roads
Tho problem of rapid transit is not restrict*
od in its solution to tho elevated-railway
scheme, ns will be soon by tho announce
ment that tho Illinois Central Railway Com
pany is about to construct a double-track,
ntucl-rnil addition to its present facilities for
transportation, the now road to be used ex
clusively for suburban traffic, and to bo
equipped with cam nod locomotives of light
er weight, but not of loss speed than those
of its through linos. So, for tho South Divis
ion at there will be no need to wait
for tho elevated road before swift and cheap
transit oan bo secured.
Mr. Ira Steward, President of tho Boston
Eight-Hour League, and who is conceded to
bo the intellectual leader of tho eight-hour
movement in this country, did not deliver
tho oration on that subject which had been
expected at the Fourth-of-July. picnic. la
order to give it more emphasis, and to ob
tain for it a more attentive audience than
could bo had at an open-air meeting on a
festive occasion, (ho‘speech of Mr. Steward
was deferred, and was delivered last night at
Fanvcll Hall. Tho speech was of a character
above that of tho ordinary speeches rondo by
the professional orators on the Labor ques
The plan by which hmnon wrongs are to
bo remedied, and by which wealth is to bo
made the common lot of man instead of pov
erty, was pointed out last night. It is to
consist in establishing the brotherhood of
the human family;“ our country is to be the
world, and our countrymen mankind."
There were many truisms repeated, such as
he that can produce the cheapest and can
undersell must rule the market. In this
grand struggle for tho power to undersell,
labor-saving machinery is of immense power,
tt has added to the productions of tho world,
and to their cheapness. The pop
ulation of the world Is cUyidod between
tho 20!),000,000 of civilized and cultured
people and tho 1,200,000,000 of poor and ig
norant, oven barbarous, people. The smaller
class utterly neglect tho more uumdrons.
Where the labor of wages is tbo best paid,
there is 'wealth, aud comfort, and inlclU
gonce ; where tho wages of lobor ore tbo low
est, there are poverty aud ignorance. In
countries whore human labor is cheaper than
machinery there is no use for machinery.
Tho reduction of tho cost of transporta
tion has so drawn nil parts of tbo world
together that it is possible for oven people
groveling in poverty to undersell us in our
own markets. Emigration has its motive
in tho expectation of bettor wages.
Mon flee from their own country
not from political oppression, but
from poverty; they come hither seeking
bread and not an idea. Tho comparatively
few of tho world’s population negloct—for
got—tho vast multitudes of'peoples in tho
slavery of poverty, ond from time to lime
ore punished by ttioso neglected races, who
are nblo to undersell us. The argument
was made that tbo oft-recurring commercial
disasters which crush all civilized nations,
producing destruction, and reducing labor to
the condition of a trump, are due to (ho
thousand or twelve hundred millions of neg
lected aud forgotten human beings who are
able to undersell Obristoudom. It was fur
ther argued that no local remedies can bo
effective. Tho valuo of labor must bo
brought to a level; there is no room in
(his world for six-cont aud fivo-dollor
laborers, and the process of placing
(ha labor of tbo human family on a
lord must bo tho raising of wages
lu those countries whore 1 tho lowest rales
are paid. All remedies for poverty and low
wages must bo World-Wide. Tbo only ob
ject in tho universe to bo mode dear is roan,
aud n whole world of men sufficiently dear
can make a world of wealth cheaper than a
world of poverty.
Wo nro afraid that this argument is alto
gether too Impracticable to win much atten
tion or excite much enthusiasm. Tbo stone
cutters of Chicago will have little sympathy
for tho stonecutters in Peking, and tho cot
ton-spinners of Palls City enro but litllo for
tho cottou-Kpinucrs iu Indio. Thu elevation
of tho industrial condition of 1,200,000,000
outsldo of civilization, ond tho leveling of
their wages up to tho wages of the
workingmen of Chicago, is a grand scheme,
far-reaching and comprehensive, but the
utilitarianism of this day will hardly pause
to engage In it. It will* bo somo time yet
before tbo American workingmen will in
terest themselves in tho elevation to their
own level of the vast population of Asia
and Africa, or oven Europe or South
America; and if tho grand struggle of tho
working classes of tho United States is to
havo for Us objoot tho extension of tho Eight-
Hour law to the Empire of Chino, and tho
advancement thoro of wages from six cents
per day to such rate as may bo fixed by tbo
trades-unions of Chicago, wo fear (ho en
thusiasm of tho Leagues will grow cool. If
wo understand tho drift of this speech cor
rectly, tho speaker intends that tho Eight-
Hour law iu the United (States is to bo the
entering wedge which is to buret asunder
tho industrial condition of mankind,
and load not only to an international but
universal, world-including level, upon which
tho human fondly Is to stand, oath worker
obtaining tho same ruto of wages, auoh wages
to ba so high as to onablo mankind generally
to have (ho same habits, tastes, desires, aud
wants, and the same means of gratifying
them. In other words, tho world Is to ho
civilized, educated, redeemed, regenerated,
aud disenthralled, wars to bo abolished,
peace and brotherhood to be established uni
tonally, each mao’o country to l»e the world
aud mankind bis countrymen. All this is to
bo accomplished by tho reduction of labor in
the United States to eight hours per day.
Wo abandon tho discussion of results so
far distant, That subject may bo left to
posterity and several generations remote.
Wo turn it over for debate to those who ore
looking for the end of the world to decide
whether such a result is possible within the
limited centuries in which man is to exist.
Wo prefer (o look at it more practically.
Suppose tho eight-hour rule bo adopted in
Illinois, bow many will bo able to accept it?
In the first place, nil those persons engaged
in agriculture and horticulture will bo ex
cluded, and those are more than halt
tho laboring population. In tho next
place are those engaged in com
merce and in the professions, all
those engaged in transportation, all those
skilled workmen who are paid for tho work
they produce, and all those who in any occu
pation work, ns it is called, by " iho piece,"
and every day tho circle including those is
becoming wider and embracing more of those
whoso skill is more valuable thau tho more
force of others. The remaining workers
who can avail themselves of an eight-hour
rule are necessarily confined to a few special
trades mid to those who are unskilled labor
ers. Four-fifths of (ho population of tho
State of Illinois therefore arc engaged In
occupations to which it is not possible to
apply tho eight-hour rule, and who will, in
self-defense, resist Ike enforcement of any
such rule upon their employments. Re
duced, then, to fact, wo have onc-flfth
of the working population of this State de
manding that their employers shall pay 25
per cent more for the product of their labor
than is now paid. Assuming Uio like advance
In tho cost of wages of this comparatively
small and limited class in all parts of tho
United States, then wo have os a result a
general advance in the cost of production of
everything produced oy those branches of in
dustry, and a consequent addition to the cost
of living of tho whole population of tho
oouutry. The man who now gets $2 per
day will find that, when the 25 per cent bo
added to tho cost of living, his $2 per
day will count only os SI.OO docs now when
he mokes bis purchases.
The picture of 1,200,000,000 people of tho
world relieved from ignorance and poverty,
and made free, happy, and intelligent, work
ing only eight or six hours per day, dud each
receiving an equal wages of $2 per day, and
with this liberal income enjoying tho com
forts, and elegances, and cultivation now
enjoyed by tho comparatively few people on
earth, with each producing what ho needs,
no person, or people, or notion having any
thing to soli, and no one over underselling
one another, Is one that has been dreamed of
occasionally, os has tho Millennium, but of
whoso realization there is no indication.
If there be no competition in this world;
if thoro bo no man tnoro skilled, or wiser, or
bettor informed than all other men; if each
man’s lot is to receive his daily measure of
food, his necessary clothing, and his lodging;
If those ore to bo tho solo ond and aim of
human life, with no hopo of hotter things,
no higher thoughts than those of mere ani
mal existence, thou non-compotitivo labor
may bo considered human luxury. That
provotls already extensively iu tho human
family. It is inseparable from slavery and
barbarism, and is tho essential principle of
paternal government. But freedom of mind
ond of body has larger wants. It has high
er alma and hopes. It socks tbo largest
liberty of thought and action. It fur
nishes tbo great spur to intellectual and
physical development, which is the
product of competitive labor. To reduce all
mon to a lovol of reward, to limit nil mou to
tho minimum of production, is to shacklo
mankind aud reduce oil to a common
slavery. Tho man who produces most is the
greatest benofoetor. Tho people who pro
duce tho most are tbo greatest contributors
to human happiness. Tho man who pro
duces two loaves of broad, two yards of
cloth, two pounds of beef, where thoro was
but one before, is to that extent a benefactor
of his race; while ho whb would limit pro
duction and reduce tho supply to one
half of what human wants demand,
is a destructive, warring against society.
Tho schomo to establish eight hours ns tho
limit of human labor throughout tho globe
aud to establish uniform wages, to destroy
tho capacity to undersell, and thereby anni
hilate commerce, is a proposition to turn
back tho civilization of tho past, to rclapso
into barbarism, to render useless tho inven
tions which havo brought nil nations Into
closer relations and overcome time and
spaoo. Such n Hchomo is humaultarianism
wrong side upward.
There can bo no doubt that, in compel!-
tion with his white brother, Ibo Indian often
goto the worst of ibo contest. In a HUIo
affair just concluded in Dakota, however,
the Indian has como oat decidedly ahead.
Thero is a small baud of Sioaz whose resor*
votion is at Grow Greek, and who, under the
leadership of “ DmvnNa Oooss," have for
several years past left their homes at tho
Agency in the sammor for a grand
hunt on tho James Itivor, about
ICO miles above Yankton. Thoy se
lected one of the very boat por
tions of tho valley. It abounded
in game, and famished splendid pasturage
for thoir horses. Thoy never plowed a rod of
land, and did nothing whatever to show they
intended to settle upon it and adopt tho
habits of oven seuitaavago life. When thoir
summer pionio was over thoy back to
thoir reservation to feed luxuriously during
the winter and spring on the bounty of tho
Government. They never have had a shadow
of title to lauds iu tho James or Dakota
Itivor Valley, except (ho pompous claim to
tho entire continent which Mr. Lo never
falls to assert on all occasions and under all
Hut the fact that Mr. “Dnirrwo Goose,"
and “hie visions, and hie cousins, and hiu
aunts" have been permitted to drift away
from their homo at Grow Crook, aud to
disport themselves for a few weeks in sum*
mor In the beautiful fertile valley of the
James, has afforded a pretext for some
officious “frleuds" to place the matter in
suoh alight before the. Interior Department
that three whole townships hove been set
apart for those worthless vagabonds. The
only effect will be that one of the very best
districts of Dakota will bo cursed with their
presence aud white prosperous fanners will
be excluded from it. Not ouly that, but an
expensive Sub-Agency must bo established
to take core of Mr. “ Drifting Goose"
ond his baud, all of it a direct
cheat upon the Government, for they wero
already provided for at Crow Creek. Of
courso the hand of the Indian Bing In Wash*
inglon, with its agencies in Dakota, is plain
ly to bo seen in all this dishonest business.
Besides the swog they will secure from the
establishment of this new Hub-Agonoy, they
doubtless have some scheme by which
they will induce the Indians to mo
up what few pretensions cf right
they have to those throe townships
in tho heart of Dakota and add them to their
own enormous stealings from tho Govern
ment- This whole thing is a base swindle
end an outrage upon tho people of Dakota.
Tho lands are needed by those who are com
ing in by thousands, and who are soon des
tined to moke Dakota one of tho most thriv
ing Slates of the West, Her people ought
at once to rise up en mam and moke suck
representations of tho facts before tho proper
department os would sot Mr. “Drifting
Goorb ’’ and his baud of lazy redskins drift
ing back to (heir home on Crow Creek.
The rise iu the price of wheat during tho
past few days to the extent of several cents
n bushel naturally excites a good deal of at
tention. Tho interest of the general public
is in knowing whether tho rise is temporary
and speculative, or whether it promises bet*
tor prices for the season; if tho former, tho
agriculturists and the business men of the
country will not bo tho gainers, but, if the
Intter, tho advance in price will bo of im
portant service to tho country. Of course
it is not possible to foretell with any de
gree of exactness how enduring tho tenden
cy of higher prices will bo. There is un
doubtedly a certain speculative influence iu
the present movement upward; the number
of short-sellers is largo, and their buying-ln
to make deliveries would in any ease have
considerable influence on tho market. There
are other conditions, however, which promise
n steady appreciation in tho actual value of
wheat. Tho foreign reports are tho chief of
these. From Euglaud comes tho report of
grave apprehensions on account of the pre
vailing hot weather; the millers ore taking
up the foreign grain as rapidly as it arrives,
and continued rains will put the homo crop
in jeopardy. Frauco Is tho most independ
ent among all tho European nations of
American wheat, and it is said that tho prep
arations for the purchase of a large Amer
ican supply have gone to tho extent of nc
cnmulotiug specie with that prospect in
view. Germany, so far from being prepar
ed to furnish England with grain, Is building
up a wall of protection to keep out the com
petition of American bread-stuffs in her own
market. Tho Russian crop has boon injured
by tho war, tho plague, and the domorollzed
condition of labor. Add to this tho occur
rence of heavy rains in tho West at harvest
time, and tho consequent danger of rust, and
tho upward tendency of wheat is rationally
accounted for; iho maintenance of this
tendency will depend upon tho actual out
come of tho conditions wo have named.
Tho important fact is that American
wheat-growing has enormous and per
raanont advantages ovor the wheaU
growing of every other country on the
face of tho earth. An illimitable expanse of
fortilo territory ; tho cheapness and freedom
of tho lands; tho uuivorsal identification
of tho laboring and tho proprietary inter
ests; tho superiority, and tho raoro general
adoption and use, of labor-saving machinery
in tho tilling and harvesting of crops ; and
(ho organization of. tho most extensive sys
tem of transportation in tho world, —those
nro tho conditions which place tho American
agriculturists upon a vantage-ground, and
which give an assurance of prices that will
relatively yield moro profit than tho
grain-growers of other countries can
command. Those advantages aro increas
ing every year. ' Tho circle of traus;
portntlou is widening ail tho time. Tho
tido of immigration has again turned
westward. Tho laborers become owners,
and the owners continue to work. Tho ag
rlcultural implements aro becoming moro
powerful, aud transportation is so regulated
by tho existing cpndlUons as to assure rea
sonable freights. With oil those advantages
thoro is no danger over to apprehend a seri
ous depression in tho value of wheat in this
country. The general fact may always be de
pended upon that, relatively, American
prices will bo good. ’Whenever, then, there
is a prospect for partial failure of crops else
where, thoro is a substantial and reliable
basis for high prices in this country without
any injury to homo consumption by reason of
scarcity. Without regard to more specula
live operations, it is unnatural and unreason
able for any inhabitant tho Northwest to
bo a “bear'’ in wheat.
The Common Council meet* to-night to
consider the dismissal of Mr. Benner from
tho position of Fire Marshal. Tho law
gives tho Council tho right to refuse by
a two-thirds vote, to concur in tho removal
of officials appointed by tho Mayor and con
firmed by tho Council. This provision was
designed ns a chock upon rash, inconsiderate,
or malicious exorcise of tbo removing power
by tho Mayor. Tho theory of tho law Is
that two-thirds of a Council elected by tho
different wards of tho city will moro fairly
represent public opinion than nu not of tho
Mayor which is sustained by than one
third of the representatives of the people.
It is tho duty of tho Aldermen, therefore, to
determine tho required assent or dissent, not
on the ground of a personal raottor between
Mr. Harrison and Mr. Penned, but In accord
with public opininn ond tho welfare of tho
city. If tho question Is approached In this
light, there is liltlo doubt that two-tbirds
and moro of (ho Aldermen will feel con
strained to order tho restoration of Mr,
Benner to tho position in which ho has
rendered such Invaluable service to tho
Aside /rum tlia undoubted public demand
that Mr, llkkkku bo restored, there ore sev
erul circumstances alonfc Mayor Hariubon’s
sudden ami unexpected removal of that oDU
dal which render tho restitution of his ofilce
n matter of justice to him. Not tho least
important of these is that Mayor Hardison,
over since the removal, has devoted himself
almost exclusively to tho effort of securing
support in tho position he baa token, while
Mr. Dxnkss has contented himself with his
own record aud tho actual merits of the cose
without lobbying, trading, or button-holing
of any kind. Though Hennbb was removed
on tho ground of insubordination, Mr. Hab
uisoh has been hinting at
mont oud corruption. This is a very
low piece of business. If there was
any tangible evidence of incapacity or
corruption in Mr. Mmonm’s management of
the Tiro Department, that would have been a
proper cause for his removal, and tho Moyor
should have made it the basis for his action.
To hint ot anything of this kind after the
Mayor became katisffcd that tho people con
demned the romovol on account of tho insuf
ficiency of oeuw con only react in Mr, Ben
ner's favor In tho minds of fair men. Judg
ing by the relative conduct of the two men
since tho removal, Mr. Benneu occupies very
much better ground thou the Mayor,
It is likewise tho duly of the Council to
inquire diligently whether the Msyorwasnot
largely governed by personal feeling, which
certainly should not be permitted to manifest
itself to the palpable impairment of the pub-
lie service. It is known that the Mayor was
piqued at Benner's refusal to tender his res*
ignalion at the beginning of Mr. Harrison's
Administration, in order that the Inttor
wight place him under penounl obligation
by retaining him. Mr. Benner, os n faith*
ful and competent officer, whose term
had not expired, was certainly justified in
refusing to submit to ony snoh hmoilintiou;
yet the Mayor is reported an having said
recently that, If Broker had tendered his
resignation in the beginning, bo would have
been nil right. Certainly pnbli* opinion
should not bo aet at defiance, nor the effi
ciency of the Fire Department imperiled,
in order to encourage Mr. nAnaisoN'a sense
of Ids own importance; that sense is already
sufficiently^!ovolopod in his ease.
There are also the host reasons for believ
ing that there was neither insubordination
nor opposition to economy on the part of
Mr. Benner, as the Mayor has worked so
Industriously to make people believe there
was. As to economy, the facts show that
Benner proceeded to out down the expenses
of his Department in every possible way ex
cept by reducing the pay of the men; that
(ho proposed reduction in their pay would
have saved only about $5,000 or SO,OOO,
which might bettor bo lopped off from some
of the ornamental branches of the city serv
ice 5 and that Benner had no authority to
make a reduction of pay which had boon fixed
by the Council in the appropriation bill. As
to the charge of insubordination, it appears
that Mr. Benner did all he was ordered to do
when he submitted the proposed reduction
to the voluntary action of the firemen. Had
he used his commanding position to threaten
disfavor in the case of every refusal to remit
5 per cout of pay, there would havo boon
nothing voluntary about the transaction, and
Mr. Bknneb would havo undertaken a very
small plcoo of business in order to relievo the
Mayor of a responsibility which properly
pertained to the Mayor's office.
These are the principal circumstances of
the ease, but tho chief consideration is the
public welfare. It is conceded on all sides
that tho Fire Department, under Benner's
management, has grown iuto one of tho most
efficient organizations of tho kind in tho
world; that it has saved enormous sums of
money in averting losses by fire and reduc
ing rales of insurance; and that it has firmly
established a public sense of security which
is of the utmost importance to Chicago iu
view of our post experience. Those advan
tages should not bo inconsiderately sacrificed
on account of any technical breach of of
ficial courtesy, nor to pander to any partisan
purpose, nor to gratify any personal spleen;
and it is on this broad ground that tho Coun
cil should dispose of the cose.
Tho most conclusive evidence of the degra
dation of tho Democratic party is found in
the fact that it still clings to Sakuel J. Til
den, Whether tho party is tho admirer or
tho dupe of Tildes is of little importance :
it Is sufficient that It follows or is driven by
him.' When tho cipher disclosure was mode,
some docent Democrats shrugged their shoul
ders with disgust. But even those wore
satisfied with the simple denial of tho great
railwoy-wreckor. Tho cross-examination to
which ho aud his associates, Felton, Weed,
and Marble, wore subjected, and which loft
no doubt of tho guilt of Tilden, was scarce
ly read at all outside of newspaper offices,
and the denial was universally rood and al
most as universally accepted as satisfactory
by the Democrats. Tho cose os made against
Tilden by Messrs. Bead and Hisoook,
tho Bcpnbhcan members of the Committee,
wonld hove hung a man charged with mnr
der, bub the evidence slipped through tho
mind of tho average Democratic politician as
water runs off a duck’s book. Thus lightly
does tho Democratic party wear its con
science. Its candidate for tho Presidency
stood morally convicted before tho world of
no less than three attempts to corrupt Elect
ors with a view to tho absolute purchase of
tho nation’s chief office 1 But In locs thou
throe months from tho date of tho disgust
ing expose Mr. Tilden was on tho high road
to a ronomination, tho generally accepted
candidate of tho Democracy for 1680.
Wo do not hesitate to say that the
history of politics in this country
discloses no parallel to such party
baseness. Mr. Tilden was .more thou
suspected of having purchased his nomina
tion in 1870; and now it is ascertained that
ho has opened bis “ barrel” in Sr. Louis, tho
scene of his former triumph. Ho is so as
sured of on easy victory that ho is already
engaged In mapping out his campaign for
the nomination; selecting tho States which
ho proposes shall vote for him, and actually
assigning tho minority to tho individuals ho
proposes to have for opponents in tho Con
vention. In ante-bellum times the Southern
wing of tho Democratic party used to desig
nate tho most available Northern doughface
to servo them as President and direct (ho
delegates how to vote. But the party no
longer possesses wings. It exists only in
the parson of Samuel J, Tilden ; from his
brain emanate all its decrees. It
formerly had within its ranks several
distinguished men who contended for its
honors; now it has but one. lie bought
tho party “body aud boots,” so to speak, In
1870, and ho bus never for a moment surren
dered possession of his property. Ho mode
Bouxnboh, one of his henchmen, —moro prop
erly one of his tools, —Governor of Now
York In 1877, and ho Is debating In his own
mind whether ho will males himself Govern
or in 1870 with a view to the use of tho Ex
ecutive office as a Presidential lover. Mr.
Hendricks has repeatedly sworn In his
wrath that bo will never again take tho sec
ond place on tho Democratic Proaidonllol
ticket. And now it is hinted that Mr. Til
den proposes to toko tho Indiana statesman
at his word. If the sage of Orsmercy Park
should decide to substitute Gentleman
Oeouoe for tho straddle-bug of the
Hoosler State, it would bo a grim
joke on Mr. Hendricks, If the politician
from Indiana fools inclined to change his
mind and accept second place after all his
protestations, ho will do well to go down on
his knees to the snuffy old railway-wrecker
and cipher-dispatcher before it is everlast
ingly too late. It must be rather humiliat
ing for Mr, Batakd, and Mr. Thurman, aud
Mr. Sbtuouq, and Mr. Soothing-Syrup
Davis, of Illinois, ond the rest of the would
be Democratic magnates, to find themselves
crawling between the thin legs of Tilden,
striving in vain to oatoh the eye aud ear of
the Democratic masses. But they havo had
their day, and if they still sigh for commis
sions in the active party service they must
apply to Nephew Felton at Qraraoroy Pork.
Tho best that can bo said of Mr. Tilden
is that be seems to be as worthy
of his followers as they are of him. All
they ask is that he shall open his barrel of
money. If be opens it at St. Louis they
will make a pilgrimage to that Mecca, toko
their share, and about lor the ticket, whether
it be Tilden and Pendleton, or Tilden and
anybody else. To this complexion it has
como at laaU Mr. Tildkh boatride* tho
Doraooratia parly like n Colossus, If tho
parly itself did not look so small and meat],
Mr. Tildbh would look Tory Bin nil and mean
in his exalted position. Uni ho possesses tho
merit of audacity, whoro buying votes is con
cerned, and nothing is more fit than that a
party of cravens, desiring nothing bettor
than to sell their votes, should crawl humbly
at his heels. Under those favorable circum
stances Mr. Tu.dbn strongly resembles a
lion, and lb is not surprising that tho
masses of tho Democracy follow him
In preference to tho other leaders who are
no very like sheep, Wo ndviso Messrs. A..M,
Hehqinoton, Feed Winston, and M. W.
Fuller, of this city, who are credited with
41 working up tho David Davis programme,”
to “ come in out of tho wot" Mr. Davis 1
estate consists of unimproved lands j Hr.
Tiloen’s consists of barrels of money. Tho
latter commodity is for moro portable and
easy of distribution than tho former, Mr.
Davis delivered a fine opinion In favor of the
legality of tho proposed Domocratio Con
groNsional revolution, bub it passed out of
mind in a week, while the still small voiee of
Mr. Tildrn's barrel of money—chink, chink
—will bo heard throughout tho land from
this to tho day of the Convention.
A contemporary remarksr “South Corollno,
Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, and Florida
were notoriously torn from the Republicans by
moans of hangings, murders, ride-clubs, shot
guns, revolvers, and the whips and incendiary
torches, by the organized Democracy. But
whenever proof was made to this effect the cry
has boon that the witnesses wore perjured, and
that multitudes would hear contrary testimony.
Tho repetition of the talcs of outrage and fraud
was tlio circulation of Northern slanders.” Oc
casionally, however, a little light Is let In on the
true Inwardness of Dcmo-Confcd. action In
those bulldozed States. For instance: One 11. M.
Dixon, who was until recently the leader of tho
Whits League in Yazoo County, Mississippi, has
quarreled with his parly associates, and is mak
ing a ainvass as an independent Demo-Confed.
candidate for Sheriff. ills opponents—
formerly his friends—charge him with
Laying had a hand In the murder and
robbery of Mr. Patterson, the Republican
candidate for tho Legislature in 1875. .Tho
County of Yazoo had been overwhelmingly
Republican on an honest vote. In 1873 tho yolo
was Republican 2,41)0, Democratic 038; and at
the Presidential election of 1873 it stood, Orant
1,483 to Gubblbto22. But in 1875, under tho In
fluence of tho shot-gun, bulldozer, and ballot
box-stuffer, it voted Demo-Confcd. 4,W4 to 7
votes for the Republican ticket I Tho Repub
lican candidate for tho Legislature, as stated,
was robbed and murdered, and the Demo-
Confcds, now charge part of the double crime
on the aforesaid Dixon. Dixon kept tho
money. Whereupon he retorts as follows:
A Card to the Pubtlc— Owing to certain reports
now In circulation that I’attkiibok, a member of
the Itepubllcun Legislature, who was hanged In
tho eventful campaign of 1875, had a considerable
sum of money on his person, and that said money
was used for my own benefit, 1 fad In honor bound
to vindicate myself, although I deplore to refer to
the past, as it will bring before the public many of
our beet dtlsent, 1 will briefly stale that Mlrf
money, and larger sums, were raised to defray the
current expenses of the campaign, and to fluff the
baUot-boxet. If necessary: to oarehate certificate!
of election for txcooMeere noio holding office* of
truet amt emolumenfin our county. I have in my
possession the necessary proof, and If called on
will furnish It, 11. M. Dixok.
Hero la the whole programme sot forth by
the leader of the olay. Murder, robbery, bal
lot-box-stuffing, and the fraudulent seating of
officers are all coolly sot forth llae Items in an
account current, and all laid at the door of
,( inany of our best citizens.” The murder and
robbery of the Republican candidate is described
as “ raising the money” to defray,current ex
penses of the campaign, such as stuffing ballot
boxes and purchasing certificates of election I
This Is the way the State of Mississippi was
carried for the Democratic ticket, uud Lamar
made Senator.
The Now York Tribune says s The police, of* •
ter searching la vain for the weapon with which
ho was killed, have re’.wiantly abandoned the
theory that Mr. Sutmoub committed suicide.”
Why, reluctantly) Have the pollco of New
York a special Interest In fostering blame upon
the family! It Is worth noticing, by the way,
that Bishop Bitmooii complains of outrageous
treatment of himself and a member of hls
family (the wife of tho deceased) on the night
of the murder. Tho policeman wbo was first
on the grounds compelled the Bishop and hls
sister-in-law to go to tho station on foot, though
the latter was Ida fainting condition, and there
could of course bo no question about their ap*
pcaranco at any time their presence might be
necessary for the purposes of an Investigation.
The Bishop wished to call a carriage, but the
policeman told him rudely to "Move on.” Be*
twceo tho honso and the station the wife of the
deceased fainted, and It was necessary to call a
physician and apply restoratives. The perform
ance, on the whole, seems to bare eclipsed any
acta of brutality with which the Now York po
llco have lately been charged, and (hey bare not
been few or Inconsiderable.
There la aloud demand In Colorado for tho
abolition of the New Orleans Mint, and tho es
tablishment of another in pioco of It in Den
ver. Tho Denver TriOum says: “A coluage
mint at Now Orleans Is as much of an absurdity
as a rolling-mill In the mtddlo of a Kansas
pralrlo would bo.” There is some rooaou In this
argument* When the Now Orleans Mint was
opened, It was supposed to bo in close proximity
to rich mineral deposits. This Idea Is now
known to bo totally erroneous. And tho cost
of transporting metal to and from tho mini Is
very considerable.
The Protectionist logic In the caso of the
quinine tax Is a boomerang. It b&s recoiled on
the heads of those who Invented It vyllU terrible
force. The argument bus been like this: Tho
repeal of the tax has increased the price of qui
nine; hence tho tariff tends to reduce tho price
of taxed articles; therefore, the best protection
for home Industry is a falling market. It Is
odd that tho Government should go to tho
trouble ami expense of forfeiting Us revenue on
so many articles, It the only consequence Is to
reduce prices aud make home-manufacturing
more difllcuU.
Tito death of yountr David Altmak, a son of
a Buffalo Bank President, ought to call a halt In
tlio dangerous game of polo In this country.
Polo requires thu dexterity and fearlessness on
horseback of a Mexican vaquoro or a Sioux, and
a good dost of practice. It Is likely Uiuf many
American youths will bo killed before they leirn
to rldo well enough to play polo. It would bo
bettor for them to witness base-ball gatqes,
even though they may be compelled to occupy
for that purpose the dangerous seats behind the
catcbnr, where foul Ups do most abound.
The' Eastern press attach a good deal of
weight to the autl-UzNnqioxs, pro-T/LDim ut
terances of the New Albany Ledger*
which is spoken of ss the ablest Dem
ocratic paper In ludlana. It baa not
entered the beads of tho Eastern
editors Uist tho New Albany paper, In spite
of Its ability, or perhaps on account of it, may
hare boon won over to TihDBN bydoylous and
dark ways. Them ought to be no question that
la Indiana at least Übhduicks U a favorite
Congress assumes the risk of the destruction of
an art that was an honor and credit to the country,
a sufeituard to the people, and a security against
extortion and danger lu times of disease at-home
or outbreaks of war abroad. —ThUaditpMa Lidvtr
on /As Quinlm Monopoly, r
The “art" aforesaid made one Arm of manu
facturers rich at tho expense of all the rest of the
country. It was a disgrace to our Government.
“ Yale washes down her food with claret, and
Harvard burs with ala.” This sentence, iu an
Eastern newspaper report of the races, provoked
the wrath of a total abstainer in New York, who
wrote to tho ’Tritium about It* iio gau tbU la
M tho American way of eating.’* People abroad,
he thinks, eat with eomo deliberation uml with
their teeth; but in America they cat with
neither. Total abstainer’s seat has apparently
carried him away, for it is a notorious fact that
Europeans driuk more wine and malt liquors
with their meals than Americans do. Tho
thmble with the latter Is, Indeed, that they do
their drinking at other times tbsn when they
are eating. Half the Inebriety of this country
would bo saved If our people never drank except
when they ate, and never ato without drinking.
Mnj. Barksdale is now openly named as the
«Tbfp Davis candidate for tho United States
Senate in Mississippi. Tho success of the for
mer, however, would not bo equivalent to the
election of tho arch-traitor himself. Many Mis
slsslppians would vote for an ordinary Bourbon
like Barksdalr who would not consent to any
further political preferment of Davis, who is
hated in Mississippi, not only for his betrayal
of the Confederacy, but for his personal mean
The Now York Tribune, “the newspaper
founded by Horace Qrbblbt,” says that tho
monopoly of the quinine manufacturers has been
selfish and extortionate. No prophet was need
ed to tell us that; bat Is it not amazing to hear
such truthful words ( about tho tariff from such »
Tho Now York Timet says t “Not one
American woman faints to-day, whore, thirty
years ago, twenty-five women fainted.” Tho
reason of tiro difference Is that tight-lacing has
gone out of fashion. The woman who laces now
Is considered a ninny oven by her own kind.
The Sim prints a card from certain colored
depositors of the Frecdtncn’s Bank In Now
Orleans under tho heading of “ Inaulrlng
About the Rcr. 0. 0. Howard’s Christianity.”
Respectfully referred to the Advance , alleged
religious newspaper of Chicago.
Tho Okolona State is sure to make money It
It charges newspapers regular subscription rales.
Supposing Umt there are 3,500 newspapers that
tone in tho tftate, it then has, from this source
alone, a bigger circulation than nine-tenths ot
the papers in Mississippi.
Mr. Bayard is spoken of as “personally an
unobjectionable candidate,” though It Is ad
mitted his nomination would split (he Demo
cratic party In twain. It must bo, then, that he
is an unobjectionable candidate—for the Re
The man who swore the murder on to Lamb Is
the very man whoso Hand did tho scarlet deed.—
Settling Kexct.
This being Uie opinion of tho Court, there Is
no apparent reason why “Shccnoy” Gcouoa
should not bo strung up forthwith.
If it is true that St. Louis has tho big feet, it Is
equally certain that Chicago boa the pighead.—
Jiantae Oily Times,
We have been forced to make some additions
to our brain department on- account of an In
crease of business, immediate and prospective.
Our Carter was deaf and dumb on tho Fourth
of July, when the ordinances and his proclama
tion wore being violated; bnt ho hears and tells
everything that is going on In the engine-boused
among tho men privately.
The death of Uie Prince Imperial was sod, no
doubt; but Isn’t it a mistake to make a British
Lieutenant suffer for It,—as if the Prince were
under ape, and his hfo more prodoas than an
other mao’flJ
Miss Lillian Dour, the young woman who
shot her school-friend,—just for lore,—has
since stolen a story and sold it to the Philadel
phia Times lor the same commendable reason.
Bon Toombs says the epitaph of tho Con
federacy should be, “Killed by'West Point.”
He has forgotten, though, that Its prototaph
was, “ Nursed by West Point.”
The Philadelphia quinine monopoly firm bad
learned Bastut’s first lesson in political econ
omy, namely, Out two,aud two make four.
Bishop Haven is on bis way to San Fran*
Pence cry of Cotowoyo: I thirst for En
glish gore.
Wo still bellovo that Mr. Anson is tho
awoet boomer of Illinois.
The now gospel: Beware of tho world, tho
flesh, andßoblngorsoll.
What Is so Bams n mile trotted in 2:14?
asks the Kansu City TUntt,
How sweetly calm oud still it is without
any Fourth of July or Congress.
Something that Lillie Duer really ought
to shoot: Her newspaper stories.
Mr. Langtry will accompany his wife to
America, bat ho is not beautiful.
Cetewnyo is pronounced Kioto. How is
Ktcho pronounced? Wo don’t know.
If bad acting will do it, wo shall expect to
see Anna Dickinson reclaim the stage.
Mr. Dana will soon orrivo in England, and
wo bellore ho can whip Tbomu Allen.
Many Now York females arc of tho opin
ion that Cboatino Cox Is the sweet swinger of New
Mr. Bolph Waldo Emerson rend the Decla
ration of Independence ot Concord, Maas., last
Tho President has been so froo .with hia
vetoes that Mrs. Bayes hesitates to Introduce a
millinery blit.
One stomoeh-aohe in tho onto of David
Davis would doubtless constitute a monopoly of
that complaint.
Mr. Hnninn h on his way home, kni Mr.
Courtney fools safe so long as wo do not annex (bo
Canadian Provinces.
Instead of being in Dnoress vile, as sho
ought to bo, Lillie Ducr Is writing stones for the
Philadelphia Tmtt*
Mr. Hendricks refuses oil invitations to
accompany flailing parties. It looks too much llko
the Vico-Prosidency.
Mr. David Davis' zeal for tho Quinine bill
soirgeaU that quinine Is one of tho principal In
gredients of hls soothlns-airup.
Sharks bare not appeared at Long Brandt
tills season, and It seems probable they have beard
that Busan B. Anthony Is to bo thorc,
Mn. Ontos Is nt Long Brauoh, nml eon.
Armed bachelors who have any regard for their
personal safety will keep away from there.
Boa Butler's physician bos proscribed re
tirement. That Is Just what the country has pre
scribed, bat Ben won’t follow the prescription.
Senator Lorour is said to be addlotod to
opium, and doubtless at this period bo is using a
great deal of it to allay the terrible thoughts of
Mr, Conkllng,
Qon. Qraut is suggested os the President
of the proposed Dsrlou Canal, and probably In
that capacity he might mako go-id use of the 8U
Louie Olobt’JJemocrai't tow-line.
'The Sprit of the 2Hme« suggests this re
ception of oar champions In Bnglsnd: Lot Hanlon
ride Parole, and Weston lead him up Broadway,
while tho bands play selections comprising * • When
Johnny Comes Marching Home,” “I Am tho
Uulur of the Queen’s Navec," aud “Camptuwn
Tho Czar of Bnssia was startled, on retir
ing a few evenings ego, by Andlng between the
sheets of the bed a package of Nihilist newspapers,
in the confusion which followed, as a hasty search
was wade for the author of the outrage, the audit*
clout fellow, whoever be maybe, tucked tip a Ni
hilistic proclamation on tho door of tho Imperial
Oreselng-room. ,
Tho London Truth boors that tbo Ffince
of Wales has recently shown bis usnnl klndnuas of
heart la not prosecuting a member of Ms house
hold lu whose sccoiiuts a very serious deAciotify
was discovered. Tbo person lu question was Sim
ply told ip leave, but was spared the exposure ’be
fore a magistrate wblcb his conduct deserved, itnd
for which ho h**' not vvsa the pies of to

xml | txt