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THE HOSTILE SIOUX.
Talk with Moj. Walsh, of the Canadian Mount ed Police. Ho Believes the Unoa-pn-pas to Be a Persecuted Tribe, and People of Stern Integrity. They lYnnt Pence* nntl Will Not Go on tlio War-Pnlh unless They Aro Attacked. Tho American Indian Policy a Good Ono in Most Hospoots, hut Needs Ohang ing in Borne Minor Points. life the RcMlns the Utmost Freedom, bnt Show Them that They Will Re Treated Justly, ind Ail Will Re Well. m»m our Oxen CorrtiponOtnL Wolf Point, M. T., Juno 20.—1 t would be well to premise an Interview with MaJ. Welsh •y a description of that gentleman. James M. Wolsh was born at Prescott, OnL, opposite Ogdensburg, N. Y., May 22, 1842, and Is now 86 years of age. Ills parents were born In Ire land, and, in his temperament, Walsh Is a thoroughbred Irishman. He Is quick, nervous, vivacious. Intense in his application where bis interest Is aroused, generous In bis dealings, and bis experience with the Indians proves his courage. Ho has a perfect admiration lor tho character of the Sioux, ami believes them to bo lupurior to any Indians extant. And tncy, In turn, have a wonderful affection for him. ITicy •re completely under his control; and I am told by those who are engaged In business at Wood Mountain, that his Influence over Sitting- Bull and tho Chiefs of the tribe Is perfect. Walsh brought them to terras, he says, by persuasion, but really by the force of bis will. ▲ good many stories of HIS ESCAPADES WITH TUB SIOUX •re told there at the Trader’s store, and ono or two of them will illustrate the nature of the •♦persuasion ” ho was at times compelled to employ. In the latter part of 1877, Mio Sioux captured a Nez-Pcrce woman. Walsh, attended bv two men, wont to tbo camp and demanded her release. Tho Sioux refused to give her up; whereupon Wolsh walked Into the lodge where she was, look her out, and •wore he would kill any man who Interfered with blm. During the same year, •onto of tho Sioux attacked a camp of Snlicaax Indians, who entered a complaint. With fif teen men Wolsh approached the Sioux camp, and, entering it Just before daylight, took twenty-two prisoners, and got out before tho rest of the savages woko up. The prisoners were tried, two were convicted nnd sent to Jnll, nnd tho rest discharged. These nnd sim ilar exploits have Inspired tho band with a wholesome respect for the Major, who has pro tected them when they wero wronged or troubled, as well as whooped them up when they have done anything out of Ute way. Tho Interview with him is not a sot affair, but la the result of many conversations around camp-fires, when I have been oat on the plains with him on his scouting expeditions after lost hones. Ho talks freely and willingly on tho iudlau question, which ho has made a profound study, nnd which, you will sec, ho thoroughly understands. “Maj. Wolsh, toll ma your experience with Unca-pa-pa Sioux.” “That would ho a difficult task, and It would fill a dozen, Issues of your paper. You must re member that 1 havo becn closely Identified and warmly associated with these people for two years; audio detail my experience with them would take mo two years longer.” “ But I only want tho salient points. 1 under stand the English of tiro word Sioux to bo 4 Cut throat 1 ; and the American people believe them to bo fitly named. If you know of anything that will show that they arc belled by Uidr came, now is your opportunity to spit It out.” “I met Llltlc-Knlle nnd Long-Dog at tbo line. Sitting-Bull nnd tho balance of tiro tribe crossed soon after. From that time to this I have been with them, have lived with them, have slept in their lodges, and 1 believe them to bo A PERSECUTED TRIBE.” “Of course you do. Down tn tho Untied States they aro known os 4 Walsh’s pels.’ You won’t permit any ono to say anything against them, and you appear to regard them os mem bers of your family. 1 don’t mean to be offen sive in tiro remark, but yon manifest an affection for them that is certainly remarkable. Now, will you please give mo tbo basis!” “ Before these Indians came hero I had heard nnd read much about them. I am prepared to admit that 1 was prejudiced against them. Be-' ports from tho American side of tho lino were against them, and 1 had learned to look upon them as savage and Irreconcilable. 1 thought them a gang of reckless, Irresponsible Indians; and, when I heard they were coming, I felt sick at my stomach, for 1 could not think what 1 had better do with them. Well, they camohcre, and I met them and fastened a firm grip on them. To my surprise I found they wore only looking for a place lo sleep. They were completely worn and tired out. They appeared to have been hunted until they hud no spirit left. Dur ing the time they have been here 1 have found them tiro most noble, moral, hospitable, truth ful, and tractable red men 1 ever came in con tact with. The character of their women would bo u credit lo any nation. As a people they arc affectionate, mid family-ties among them aro stronger than they are among while people.” 44 Do you believe them to he thoroughly hon est!” 44 1 certainly do. L sincerely believe them to PEOPLE OP BTERN INTEGRITY.” 44 Have they always been encamped,la the vi cinity of your station I” • 4 No. Tbev have at times been from fifty to ISO miles distant. But, with Mm execution of four months that I was absent on leave, 1 visit ed them once or twice during each month.” “ What was Mm object of your visits?” “To see If they were conducting themselves properly,—watching them to see If they were preparing for ary hostile movement across the 41 Did you not frequently go Into Ihclr camp to find stolen horses,—that is. horses stolen fritfii the whites!” “Certainly, 1 did.” 44 What proportion of your visits had that ob ject In view!” “Tho proportion was small." ' 44 Hum* many stolen horses have you recovered from that camp smeo they entered your dis trict!” 44 1 should say In the neighborhood of thirty five or forty.” . „ ... “Did they all come from south of tiro Duel” 44 They did.” “Then the horse-stealing propensities of these people are directed against the Americans ex clusively!” 44 No; I cao’lsay tlmt. Their young men go out to war against tho Crows. If they don’t meet with success, they pick up a few stray horses on Mm road. These aro always liaudcu over to mo by Mie Chiefs, who deprecate that rort of thing:-mid 1 know Mint the Chiefs do Miclr best to Influence their young men ogalust such action. But IT IB IMPOSSIBLE TO STOP THEM. for the Indium have not got the power, one orer the oilier, Unit white men have, und the Chiefs have not eot the control tbov would like to hare, ilui they do the best they cau, and turn the horses over to mo when the young men bring thorn In. This is mure than you will llnd among the reservation Indians, iuoowof my own Knowledge (hut whlto men's horses have been taken Into the Ysnktou Camp, and, though numerous implications hare been made for them, they hivo never been recovered. The same may be »uid of tiie Ik'lknup Asslniboluos.” “ Then you believe they are realty do worso than other Indians, and that something may )ct be dona w ith thorn i" '• 1 certainly do. 1 think, if your Uovernmcot would lake them, inspire them with voutideucc, mid then lake care of them, ft would speedily llnd su end to your Indian dltliculUes. As long •s these people roam the plains, your frontier will be In hot water. They intv not Attack TiMir people, but Mm settlers of Montana will live In constant fear ef them, Forts will bo necessary, mnl .(lie maintenance of a large force on Mm Northwestern rivers cannot well be dis pensed with, if von want to make your settler* cel secure. All this will entail a great expense, which might readily be done nwav with were your people ami tin* Indians to come to some understanding which would be satisfactory and mutually IIKNCFICIAL.” *' But Is not such nn arrangement an impossi bility. Sitting-Bull tells me be will never go on n reservation. His Chiefs and warriors frankly admitted to me that they entertained a biller haired for the Americans; and, while ho don t want war. ho certainly don’t want any amicable relations.” “ l)l<. not Sitting-Bull and his people treat von well while you were In bis camp! Wore they not friendly to you! Did Mmv not talk with vou to’your "heart's content! And, when you left, did they not take you hr the hand, and dl.l they not send an escort with you to see you safely through to Wood Mountain! Allen ami your interpreter both toll me that, during the sham battle, Broad-Trail cumc to you and sut byyour-iklc to protect you against accident, unci that bn manifested Mm utmost solicitude for feriMlmt you might he hurt. Is not this so!" demanded the Major. “Tlmtlsnll true enough; but what of It! What does it prove?" • 4 It proves that they do not hate tbo Ameri cans. You don't understand whut they mean by the word 'Americans.* To them It merely represents soldiers. They certainly do hale your soldiers with nn Intensity of hatred i never saw equaled, but they do not dislike your Htl xviir. You have proven tlmt yourself. You went Into their camp, anil they Jumped at the chance jou afforded them to talk to your pen ile. Never before have they talked lb no Amur* can ns they talked to you, Just because vnu as sured them that your mission was peaceful, and that you did not come with war In your heart. They believe that the soldiers do nothing but misrepresent them. Hie fact Is, they want to be understood, and they want to understand your police toward them, and, If such n mutual understanding can Dc brought about, the dilll culty Is at an end,— TUB QUESTION IS SOLVED." ■ “That Is nn enchanting prospect. Major, and as poetical a theory as I have ever heard. Will von kindly Introduce the element of practlca bllllvl" - •‘Look here, youngster I When you first came here, you were crawling nil over with fours of an Indian war. I asked you on what your opinions were based. You said Die Agcimj’Jn d ans were restless, uml were only waiting tar a word from Sitting-Bull to nut on Ibc wnronint and dig up the batclict. When you told mu tlmt I knew, your people were sale. Sitting- Bull wilt never send that word. U is not be cause they are waiting for him to speak tlmt they arc restless,—lt Is lieeause they feci Uml they are surrounded by your soldiers; they feel that Miry are under a restraint, and Mint always makes an Indian clmfc. The very safeguards Mint. you think you place between Mm Indian uml ilic settler ure the very disturbing elemunts. If there were not n soldier on the plains of Montana to-duy, there would not bo the (-light est fear of war. Those who do not underst ind the Indian.do not know how he feels toward a soldier, and 1 will explain to you. You have seen the division of a tribe. You know there are Chiefs, politicians, citizens, and soldiers, ust ns there ure among the whites. The pro ' csslon bf the Indian soldier Is war. He Is brought tip to It,—trained to It. It Is instinctive with him. It Is a necessity to Idm when be suspects tno presence of an enemy. In his un tutored state, cati you blame blm for judging others nr himself! Ho places the American soldier In Mm same msilkm that lie himself occupies,—attributes to ihn the same warlike fueling that he himself entertains. He knows' that, when he has come lu contact with the. American soldier, that war like feeling has always been'manifested; and lie feels that the presence of such a soldier In Ids vicinity Is for the purpose of battle, ami rone other. This keeps him constantly on the alert, constantly excited, and inspires him with n posi tive hatred for the man who he believes Is eter nally dogging his steps. He always regards a man In a soldier’s uniform with suspicion, and looks upon him us one who would rather fight the Indian than instruct him. lie thinks Mm soldier, like himself, has nothing but what lie pains by war*, and that the white warrior acts upon the motto of the rod, ‘No war, no he roes.’” • ••Then von think tho Indian policy of the Amcrlcan’tlovcrnmeut all wrong I” "On the contrary, I think the policy of tlx* United States cannot bo improved on, except In some minor details. The system of Agencies is the best yet adopted, uml the government of the reservation Indians shows the utmost wis dom and forethought on Mm part of those who originated it. But I think it an error lo letter the Indian to an Accncy. Ills Datum ohjeets to such restraint. His desire is to feel that ho Is free to go and conic when ho pleases; and the system Mint compels him to secure a pas.* before be can wander nwav lo visit bis friends will make blm discontented ns long ns It prevails. To this 1 attribute the restlessness you have told me about, lu Mm Northwest Territory we do not treat iticm half as well us you do,—Mint is, we do not feed nor clothe them; but wc give them the UTMOST FREEDOM AND LinERTY TO ROAM AT Occasionally an Indian will overstep the bounds of propriety; and what Is the result! We are not eomimiled to punish him. We merely threaten to put him In the guard-house, ami, God bless your soull that one threat will * brace ’ a wbblo comp up. i tell you this just to Illustrate Mm Indian’s (car of loslnghh liber ty. Now, at (be Agencies in your country, they are peructual prisoners: ami, If they behave ns well as they do under a restraint that Is abhor rent to them, what would they bo If encouraged to believe that they were at liberty, and taught that the Agencies are established lor Miclr own good and happiness! The Indian Isnotsomueh of a savage as to feel that one man can right fully exercise such u control over another. In their own camps Miclr own Chiefs have no such power; and vou canuot reconcile a red muo to the faith that )m ought to patiently submit to such authority when exerted by those whom be v was born to believe bis hereditary foes.” •• Is that the only change vou would suggest as beneficial to the Indians!” , “1 am not suggesting any changes. I am merely giving opinions based on mv observa tion, on what tho Indians have told me, mid wbnt 1 believe would be to their Pest inU*n;Mn. 1 have conceived Mm Impression, on what 1 have learned Irmn conversations with Mm red men, that something should be done to Inspire them with more confidence In mid respect lot Mm Agents, in the first place, men should bo em ployed us Agents who are Interested in Mm work, and who are willing to remain at their posts. I think it A MISTAKE TO CIIANGII TUB AGENTS EVERY I*KW YEARS It Is very seldom that you will find two men whose views arc identical; and every new man feels it Incumbent on him to make some altera tions in Mie plans of tils predecessor, however excellent those plum may have been. This loads to confusion in the mind ol Mu* Indian, and he does not know howto net. He gels the idia that no two white men are of Mu- same oplnl.ui, nnd therefore they mm-t be fools. Then there is another thing: My knowledge of the Indian character shows mo that bnt one''while mini can deal with him at a (hue; uml, if the Agent would be anccesslul In controlling Ills charges, hu should be absolute, and should under no cir cumstances be Interfered wiMi. No eommunica tlon should tm Pad with Mu* Indian or received from him, except through Mm Agent; and no higher or other otllelnl should be permitted to give advice to, or receive a complaint ironi, Mm Indian, save In Mm Agent's nrcsence. Nor hlionld any otllelid ot civil or military rank he permitted to. relied on Mm Agent or Ids uilmin jstratlon in Mie presence of nn Indian. AM these things detract from Mm dignity of Mm Agent In Mm eyes of the Indian, lessen tin: Indian's re spect lor the Agent, and completely destroy Mm Inlluonce of Mm latter over Mm red man. Dissatisfied Indians exist in all tribes uml bands : and, If they aro permuted to pass over Mm Agent and make reports to every official they chance to meet, the Agent will never oeeomnlUli am thing, however good Ills Intentions. Vou might think U no harm In talk lu nu Individual In dian; but you must remember that the Indian Is as Inquisitive us a newspaper-correspondent, uml as much of an udverMMug agent us a news paper. 'l ell blm anything, and he will CO him-, grv to convey It lo the rest ol his tribe, tie übsorls voraciously and publishes broadcast auvthiug hu hear*; and you must recollect this in your conversations with him. 'Urn**, you see, TALKING TO ONR IS TELLING TO ALL; nod even those who urc strangers to Hus Agent aru enabled to form opinion* of him, uul always to his advantage.” , . •‘As a geuerul thing, Major, a revolution m administrations, under our form of government, —Usui la, the pucccbs of the uppußithm party, over the party Incumbent,—mean* the r.dlel of all inn old employes,’mid Iho appointment of nvw. So tho change of Indian Agents maybe looked for as long as there ore two parlies, if. us von contend, tho Immediate government of the redskin* should ho steady uud not Jerky, why not turn thorn over to the army, which is not political or dependent upon partisan move ments!” . . “ 1 think you will llnd my auswer to that nucstloi) In the explanation 1 have given you of the Indian's feelings towards the soldier. »i« would always feel iluit he had beet) handed over to bis enemies. Nothin* could persuade him that lie was not u prisoner-of-war; ami. Instead THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: THURSDAY. JULY 10. 1870—TWELVE PAGES;-’ of lining contented, his life would bo spent to nn effort to regain bis liberty, mid vou would load 3*our nnnv wltb nn unnecessary burden, and ac complish nothing toward Uie civilization of the red man. Vou must look at nnotlier thing In Hint connection. An Indian eanoot Iks made to understand how one and tho aame 'person can Instruct him In the laws and punish him for their Infraction. Let mu Impress thin strongly on your mind, lie looks upon a teacher as a irlcml. He regards »no who punishes him ns nn enemy. No matter how just flu* punish* menu—uo matter thut he recognize* that Justice, —(hu Infliction must come from a source other than the Instruction. Me will feel that the tutor has an Interest In him, hut ho can NRvr.n nn madr to dcmivb that the punisher has any.” “Hut such a slate of a flair* will necessitate two Indian Bureaus,—one (or tlx; education of the enrage, und Hie other to spank him when hb Violates the statutes.” “Not at all. But Iho Indian under the In* struction of the Agent. J.et the Agent lay down to him the laws, justastheyare laid down to white men. l.ct him point out Diw result of dl‘obedience; ami Dim, If Ihe Indian disobeys, let the Ageut hand him over to the authorities. You can’t make two Governments,—one for the Indian and the other for the white man. You don’t need them. Treat the Indian like a white man from the start. Show him that you recog nize the fact that ho has tights, and point out lo him what those rights are. Teach him that the white man’s rights mid Ids fire Identical, Then show him that he will be protected In his rights, mid that lie will be punished It ho In- Inures on the rights of others, and the business Is nettled.” “Tbaf Is another elegant theory, but ” “Yes, and one whose practicability has been demount rated. When tin? Sioux first crossed tlx* hue into the Northwest Territory, I went Into their rump mid told them wh.it they might expect. 1 told tlifin what the laws of the Ter ritory were. 1 showed them how they were binding on the red .iml white man alike. Again mid again 1 went over the laws to them.—fur It Is Impossible fur an Indian to understand ab stract propositions from the start. 1 Illustrated the f-talutes, until at last ther said, ‘Wo under stand It now. nnrt wc will obey.’ Not long af terwards 1 had an opportunity of SHOWING THEM WHAT JCRTICK WAS, nml bringing It clearly before their eyes. A while man came over from Montana mid said n young buck hail stolen his horse. I sent over lo the camp, mid (tic buck brought the horse to mo, chiming that he had purchased the horse for tlfteeii robes, mid bringing Ids witnesses with him. I put the Montana man under oath, hut ho foiled to Identify the horse as his, and 1 gave It hark to Die Indian. In Dds transaction 1 showed him what a trial was; and showed Inin that, when rights were in ques tion, an Impartial Investigation would see that justice was done to all. From that day lo this i have never sent into thclr camp for a horse or n man but what It or he was straightway forth coming. They got the Idea. They saw that their Interests were safe, mid they learned to place tho utmost ronlldencc In the Court. Once a voting buck brought In a horse id my re quest, but refused lo give It up, denying that he stole If, Imielalmlng that lie found It and was entitled to It. 1 reasoned with him, put. him In Die place of tho man who had lost the horse, and asked him how uc would llko to be de prived of Ids property by a misfortune. ‘My eyca were blind, Coin.’ said he, ‘but you have opened them. Take the horse’; mid he gave It ni» without a murmur. So, yon see, If yon ap peal to their sense of Justice, there is no (11111- eultv; audit Is on this experience with them that 1 base the opinion I have given you. It Is on absolute fact Dial, where the Indian under stands, there I s no man more willing to obey.” “Now. this is all very well in Die .Northwest Territory; but It won’t work hi Die Culled mutes.’’ “WhynoU” demanded Die Major. “Because the hostile* won’t go back there. Sitting-Hull was emphatic In Ids statement that under no circumstances would he go on n reser vation.’’ “Not ns he understands reservations now; but did von not say lie told you that ho had no objections If Ids people wanted to col ” “il»? told me so.” “That Is n remarkable admission from Idm, mid shows Umt Ids mind Is UNDBUUOINO A WONDCIIFLT. CHANOR.” “Do you think hu would go on a reservn l*°“l will not sav that Sitting-null will ever eon scot to such a thing, but 1 think that In time ids people, or tho most of them, could bo in duced to go.” “ What inducements should bo held out to them I” “Thov should be assured that they will not be held under tho restraint that now character* izes Dm Agencies. They should bo assured of food mid clothing, and that food and clothing should bo furthcoming promptly, In order Dial there should bo no opportunity for complaint. Tliev should not bo disarmed or dismounted. Thu other Indians aro permitted to retain their horses mid arms, mid the Sioux will not consent to miv such Invidious .distinction. Then they should have u thoroiishly-eompctcnt man over them,—one in whom they can have confidence. All this done. 1 think you would have no trouble whatever with them.” “ Where would you suggest that they bo lo cated I” “ For tho present, on tho MUnourl Hirer, ns close to the Buffalo-country ns possible. In fjet, I think there should be an uiTansemunl be tween Dio United Stales mid the Dominion Gov* eminent relative to their respective reserva tions. Kach should withdraw its Indians from the Hue mid HRND THEM INTO THE INTEUIOR. This would let settlers Into tho Missouri Valley, on your side of Die line, und into Turtle Mount ain, Wood Mountain, Cyprus# Mountain, mid the Fort. Mncleod District, nn the Canadian side. As it Simula now, the I’legan Agency Is In Die Immediate vicinity of Fort Moelcod; the Upper A'slnimmies, Gros Ventres, and Ulvcr Crows, are In front of iho Cypress Mountain, while the Canoe Asslnlholncs, Ynnktons, mid other Blonx fringe Wood mid Turtle Mountains. Now, ; cverv one of ihe Indians thoroughly under stands that, In Dm event of any trouble, nil lie has lo do Is to cro«a Die linn Into the neighbor ing country, mid he escapes the consequence of his net.” “ Uavo vou ever talked with tho Indians about their return to the United Slates!” “ 1 have, repeatodly. 1 have pointed out to them that the bultulo are becoming more und more scarce every year. I have told them that Diet had nothing to expect on this side of the line when the hullalo were gone. Over nml mralii I have described lo them Dm difference oetwceu tho Indian policies of tho two nations; shown them that the day must come when they wilt have to farm In ord»r to support their families. I have told them that, if the White Mother docs imvthlng, she will only set apart u Uttln land for them, give them a few Imple ments, mid Dicn leave Diem lo their own de vices; while the Americans would break the ground for them, and teach Diem How to plant mnl raise thclr crops, in short,-I have never missed an opportunity to Impress upon the Indian’s mind Dmt he will ho happier In his own country than ho can he here. 1 have labored to convince him that Die white man does not reek his extermination, hut would rather help him to live mid enjoy his life; mid have told him often Dmt it was for this Dmt tho Americans wanted to pluco him on a reservn- Don.” •• What has been Die effect of this talk!” “.Just this: It him In a measure tccomllcd a great many of them to Die idea of n reservation: but tlio oiio thing that staggers them Is the idea of GIVING UP TIIHIU HOUSES AND ARMS.” “Hut vou propose to movo (hem back out of the ImlTato-eouniry. What do they want ot gunsf” ••I'lioy merely want the same privilege of Du? other Indian?, or of tho whlto men on the rroiilUt. They would want to kill the small game nrmted Die Agency. Then, again, they would want lo hunt Dio buffalo In the ImlTnlo* season; for Dio Indian will hunt the buffalo, say what you will. Why, uur Saltcanx Indians come from hOd miles north of here, hunt thclr meal, dry B, mid go buck to (heir reservation.” “ Dave you any idea that rilltlng-Unll Intends attacking Fort Asslnibulnel l.ong-Dog tells mo Dmt ho has surrounded that pod wim his Indians to protect It against other Indians.” The .Major laughed. “Long-Dog Is full of the devil, and would luaku just such a remark as that fur tho (nn of It. i have no doubt Dmt Bull and Long-Dug are thoroughly posted as tu what Is going on Dim*, and Umt it would bo Impossible to sur prise Diem. But 1 don't think Dicy will over attack tho fort. 1 gut messages from the camp repeatedly, telling mo that tho prayers of the Indians ore, that the buffalo will take an east ern direction, so as to keep them away from tjie soldiers.” “Jluve (bo Indians everexpreseed any opinion tu ruu relative tu the general order to thutroops to attack them when they crossed the lino! ” “They appear to know that there Is such on order, mid they appear to understand Umt the troops will capture them If they con.” “Mlurtdo they think about it! WhatUthu effect of Dmt order ou them I ” “They will try to avoid the troops, ills pos sible that tho soldiers roav capture one or two small parties, which will make Dio balance hos tile; otherwise you will MUVtm IIKAII OV ANY IKJSTIMTT ON THBIH PART, If yuur Government had thoroughly under stood these people, i cannot believe that it over would have issued such on order. They ate as peaceably inclined os any ludlaus you can flud at Agencies. They make war on the Crows be cause the Crows have made war on them. Bo also are the Ynnktous and Asitnlbolncs—both Agency Indians—at vrnr with th* Crows; and yet yoit do not mil the Ysnktoiin mid Asslni- Dollies hostile. 1 think that, had that order not been issued, and had the Indians b« cti permit ted to roam along the Missouri Hirer, they would In a short time have gained confidence In the Americans, and In a short time a great many of them would have gone Into Mm different Agencies.” “As I came tip Die river, Major, Pol, Maelood was on tin- hunt with a number of ollDcrs of the Mounted Police. In Mu; course ol a general conversation, one da}', this remark was made: •In the event of a war between Mm Americans mid Mm Indians, If the Inlter should iiltnmnt to escape to the Canadian soil, It will he necessary to throw open the border nnd permit Mu* United States troops to follow the fugitive*.’ What do you umlcr.stiuid that to meant” “ Do I nndurstand you to say Mint our border Is to be thrown open to your soldiers?” de manded the Major, In astonishment Hint Indig nation. “ That was the way In which I interpreted the remark.” “Then,” exclaimed the Major, “If this be so. and if these poor people, who have been forced across the border to obtain fond for their starring children, uni attacked by United States troops, nnd, when driven over Mm line, are still to be pursued and murdered, 1 bopo that the day that dawns on SUCH AN OUTRAGE will sen me no-longer n Mmmeed Policeman, t.d mu show Mu: oosltion In which Micro people stand. lam led to understand that the United States Government has Issued Instruc tions to Its troops on the frontier to make prlsonora-of-wur any Indians, known ns hostile, crossing from the Canadian to American soil. The Governor-General of Canada lias sent a message to Hit* oflleer commanding the police, which was read to Mm Chiefs of the .Sioux, mid which Informed them that the shelter they unloved during their resi dence north of the frontier lino must not hu used for hostile preparations again*!. the Amer icans. Jl also said that. If they did not net in accordance with their instructions. Mu: safety they have hitherto found will no longer exist. Now, they have not disobeyed those instruc tions, for the) have not pone over with hodllc Intent. Yet, if they nrc*atta'*Kcd, os the order of your Government demands limy shall tic, and they attempt to regain their refuge, It is pro posed to open the gnto to your troops, and slaughter them like sheep. Now, what are they todo? The buffalo have left our lonnlry'and gone south to the Missouri. The Indians* were obliged to follow them, or starve. They declare Mint Micy have no hostile Intentions. They told you so In their own canto; and you wore cer tainly In n position to Judge whether or nut they told the truth. They huso naked me to request vour Government to let them hunt m peace. Tilts shows tlmt they art not hostile, and yet they ore In danger of losing Miclr last home on earth if your people attack them. If all these contingencies should arise, the respect In which the Canadian honor Is held bv every red man, from the AManllu to the Pacific, will nn destroyed forever, nmt the Canadian Indian i-an no longer boast of his home and country, In which he bus been taught that the red and Hlio whim man have equal rights.” ••You have explained tome the impracticabil ity of governing indl.itm by the military, anil yet that is Mm Canadian policy, as Illustrated by your police.” “I think it Is all wrong, mnl fur the same reason that 1 gave you in speaking of your own army.” “And yet we hear a great deal about the ad vantage of your system of managing the Indians over our system.” •• Yes, a great amount of credit Is awarded us; mtover your people we deserve none, lu the Irsi place, all our frontier Indians number less ban half the .Sioux tribe alone no Agencies, no weekly Issue of rations, nor anything that should lead the Indian to be dis contented. Up to last winter our Indians bad plenty of buffalo to furnish meat, and plenty of robes to purchase ammunition i:nd stores. They were paid their annuity yearly, mid were per mitted to roam where they pleased. They were Instructed in Mm laws thai govern the white man. and were made amenuhb Murcto. But. if :ver hunger docs come amour them, our policy vill be tested, nnd the olllcla’s who administer It will be severely tried. Co: sldering the num ber of Indians that your (lorernmunt bus bad to manage, 1 think Us sneerss Ims been won derful.” •* Do you think It possible lo reconcile the In dians to agricultural pnrsuitf.l” “1 certainly du. Look a* Mm Aosslnlboitm Agency at Wolf Point, untie- Mm superintend ence of Mr. Thomas Henderson. The extent to which ho has educated th >ae people lu fann ing lu the last two years . HAS BREN MAr.Vr.I.OUB, and proves clearlv what c ai be done with the Indian If properly hundlcii. I honestly believe that. If left lu charge of them for four years longer, he will make a farrier of every Assinl bolnc.” “ Is vmtr force sufficient tn do Hie police-duty of tho Northwest Territory!” “Yes, ills. The addition of 200 or 300 men would not prevent on outbreak, it Mm Indians wanted one. The Wood-Mountain -post, which Is situated in the most exposed part of the Tor ritorv. ami garrisoned bv only twenty men, and which has been fiirroundcd during Mm last year by between 7,000 and 8,000 luilouh ami half breeds, shows that the police-duty of this Terri tory can be performed with less than J»CO men. The slenderness of our farce is :m advantage, for It mokes diplomats a! us instead of war riors.” . “Do.vou think an American perfectly safe in the vichiltv of the MUnix, If ther felt Unit, they could dispose of him with perfect immunity from detection mnl punishment?” ••I always believed that a man would be as safe there ns In bis own bouse, mid NOW I AM CERTAIN OP IT. Vour experience has satisfied mo of tlmt. When you asked me if 1 thought It safe for you to go Micro, I said I thought vou would not be In any danger. While you were gone, I watch ed for vour return 'With considerable interest, lo see whether or not I was mistaken ” • 4 In oilier words, you experimented on mo.” “Notexactly Um‘i, but you were the first American who bus presented himself to sub stantiate or upset mv pet Mioorles; and J tblpk Mint now vou ure satisfied Mint I wa« right.” From Ids manner one would suppose Walsh to be an enthusiastic worshiper of thebiuttx; but such Is not the fact. * 4 l do not deny,” be has said to me often,- 44 1 do not deny that there aro Home precious rascals among these lellows; but, as for the majority, i cannot speak too well of them. I have never seen anything out of the way among Mm Chiefs; and. us for Mm warriors, most of them are peaceable, good-hearted men, who want quiet. Here and there is some fellow who wants fight mid nothing else; and now uml then )on will see one who think* It the chief end of man to steal an American's hon.es; but THESE INSTANCES ARE THE EXCRETION, mid it is unjuu to assume tlmt' they represent Mm whole tribe.” It Waltb may Iw accused of partiality toward tils red wards, (hey in ihclr turn eenainir enter tain tin: warmest regard and affection for him. During n brief but intense experience with the Hloux, 1 have never heard an unkind word, against him. On Mm eonlnuv, they are hind In Ids praises, ami thev do not hesitate loconfess Ills intluenee. In short, Walsh has been a sort of Moses to Mm Tetons since they missed Mm line into bis bailiwick. Hu took a limey to Mum from Mm start, mid began to advise thorn so ns to save them (ruin anulhilaiimi. Ho lias taught them Mint dhereMon wi l deient even valor, and tlmt diplomacy t»urnnsse« buttle. In Ibis way ho tins tor two ye ira kept ih< m out of trouble; nmt I ihink Im ticlleves, ns lui claims. Unit, if the tribe is let nlunu bv ihe troops, there is no dan ger Mail It will ever again give Mie American purple a solitary moment’s annoyance. 8. H. LETTER FROM MAJ. WALSH TO OUR CORRE- SPONDENT. Wood Mountain, Jump, ld7o.—J/r. A '(an'eu I/uut'f >/, Corm/minle-tl <'hlca'/o Tribune— Ukau Snts Jt was my Intention to havo seen you be fore vour departure for WoU Point, for there urc some tilings which 1 fear I Imvo not made clear to you, mid «vhich you may not uiulor* stand. During 1 lio early’ part of your vUlt to the Mountain, you may Imvo thought mu Inat tentive to you, uml disinclined to render you the assistance you tlimiL'lit you mlulit require. My object was, to let you employ your own uicsmui judge of the Indians for yourself, without bemtr prejudiced by any opinions ol mine. In a short .lime I saw that your precon ceived notions were completely knocked in the head. Vou begun to see things dliTeruntly, mid to appreciate the facts as they really uxlsi, You abandoned all your warlike nations; uml you began to appreciate the possibility that these people may know the dellnltlon of the word “peace.” Then vuu went to what you call tho bosttlo camp, and ilicru had a talk with Sitting-Hull and the other Chiefs of the tribe. Hu tula you, and inevtuld you, that they did not want war. They aro clamorous fur peace. They only ask that your soldiers keep away from them; and they pledge themselves that they will commit no depredation. If they are only permitted to hunt undisturbed. A* u mutter of course, 1 would not presume to die* late to you tho nature of your correspondence; but, In tho name of justice, I implore you to lalrlv represent them. ou imiy think me more Ihsu ordinarily Interested-In tins; but you are the llrst American who has penetrated the camp, of uu American soil since the natlle of two years ago, tnd this Is the only opportunity they have had to make themselves heard hvthc American ocnpie. I believe von arc a fair and candid man, and /know you will pardon me for asking ton to carry vonr fairness and candor into the reports von may make of what, you bore seen of Urn 1 ‘ hostile Sioux,” mid what they have told vou. Congratulating you on the success of your mission. I have the honor to he, sir, tour very obedient servant. .1. M. Walsh. CONGRESSIONAL SUMMERING. Where amt llniv Name of the flenatora Will Npcml the Hot Weather, From Our Oicn CcrrttoonAtnU Washington, July 7.— Senators devote them* selves more to leisure and pleasure In Congres sional vacations than do members of the Lower House. One reason Is, that their tenure of of fice Is longer, amt their career more determined. Besides, Senators generally *ro In more Inde pendent circumstances and possess larger for tunes. They ara not comonlled to spend the In ferval between every session In subtle schemes for the next nominating convention, and they devote more lime to rest. The summer-resort of some of Ihe Senators and officials of the Sen ate will, I have learned, be as follows: Vke-ITeMdcnt Wheeler generally spends a eoo'lderahic portion of tils summer fishing In the Adirondack*. lie Is In feeble health, how ever, this year, and nmy visit Colorado In hones that In that latitude he mav he relieved from that must drcadtul of all inaladios,— sleepless ness. Senator Allison has a pleasant home In this city, which he occupies during the winter-season. Hut few even of the Senators who hare houses here spend any portion of the hot weather In this torrid climate. Mr. Allison will, doubtless, pass the summer In low#. .Senator Anthony, although counted Journalist ns well as Senator,—being a large owner in the Providence scarcely ever does any Journalistic work, even In the recesses of Con gress. At the beginning of his Senatorial career ho adopted the principle that his first duty was to his State as Senator. Although lor some years he wrote more or less for his journal front Washington, he found that the two duties were antagonistic. Accordingly he relinquished act ive newspaper-work. Although he passes most of his summers In the neighborhood of Provi dence,— which so abounds In charming summer resorts,—be generally Is n month at Saratoga, and frequently goes to the White Mountains. .Senator Ba.vard, who has a pleasant home In Delaware, goes to Europe to he treated at Carls bad for an Inactive liver, ills family necompony him. Senator Bayard is not In Hie most robust health, ami some years since was compelled to undergo treatment in Europe for his eyes. Ho will not leave nnv lieutenant to take charge of his “ boom ” in his absence, os he Is not m uch of a managing politician. Senator Bock Is fond of hunting and fishing, and of all outdoor sports. It will be strange if he does not find somo lime to devote to his fa vorite pastime*. As a fisherman he has good staying qualities, as he is a last-dltehcr. Senator Blaine will cite Saratoga what time he- lias to spare of hU him summer, ill* fam ily Is already then*. Blaine himself, however, has some mutters to attend to in the canvass in Maine, and Is hooked for speeches In Ohio. Newton Booth has already gone to California, Mini will take an act Ire part in the canvass. Senator Burnside Is one of the richest men In income in the Setnde. Ho has considerable tn fomc ol Ids own. and n lame one Irotn Ids wife’s estate. lie has a model farm In Rhode Island, which occupies him during his resting days. Senator Don Cameron lives In the summer time at his Iwme In Pennsylvania, and takes oc casional t rifts. Then wc have PenatorMatt Carpenter is too busy o man to take tmtii't rest. Ho never rests until lie Is obliged to. Hi* Unit lias a lame law-practice,and, hi forv »ud after Senate-hours, lie may lie seen imv da/ rushing about, town in a carriage, with Ids law-partner, attending to cases. 111? docket is always full. It would be diliicult to tell where he expects to spend his summer. Senator tfaeh Chandler goes to the coast of Maine for a part of the summer, to tbo homo of hl< son-in-law, Eugene lisle. Roseau Colliding has u house in Utica, bat f he probably will ho actively occupied in the Now York State canvass during the snip*"®* ILunrv .5. Davie, of XV«*tVi.-.»iuia, bos a flue summer-place on the top of the Allegheny mountains nt Dccr Bark, one of the resorts on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The place Is one of the most extensive in the Virginia Senator Dawes lives at his home in Pittsfield in the summer. That pleasant Massachusetts town is itself a great summer-rc«ort, and Is an nually vetted by munv New-York people. Ills noted for coolness and shade. Senator Edmunds has gone to Europe with his fnmllv, and will not return until fall. Senator Cordon, although he has a -10,000-aero farm in (leorgla (tilled largely by convict-labor), will bo at some Northern watering-place during n nortbm of tbo hot months. In tact, many of the Bouthern Senators will remain North, both on account of health, und because tho North offers safer ret reals from yellow-fever. Hannibal Hamlin Uvea nt hi* homo in Maine, and Is a great fisherman. He often Invites young nnm to take a rod and line with him, mid generally brings homo the most fish. The re sult of the recent Republican campaign In Maine shows that ho ho* not forgotten to be a ihherof men ns well, and that ho «loo* nut in tend to abandon politic* In this generation. On the coldest wlnter-davs in Washington, Senator Hamlin wears neither gloves nnr overcoat; and, in the summer-time, he. llko Sidney Smith's ideal man, takes off his flesh ami ells down lit ids bones. Senator Wade Hampton has gone to his Soulh-Cnrolimi home; mid Ids friends fear that he may be confined to Ida house for some time, as l»s wounded leg has again given him much tr bcnator Hill, of Colorado, will return to his home.—hi* large business-interests requiring his U Senator Ingalls will bo In Kansas mast of the summer, ami M to bo annoyed by n Senate In- Tc.iiigatmg Committee. Senator Paddock will spend bis vacation nt Beatrice. Neb. . , Senator Johnston, of \ Irglma. has a fine farm in Hie Valiev of Virginia, hut will seek to regain Id* health hi Dm Virginia mountains. Senator done*, of Florida, will not go to Id* State until the hot weather I* “uded, and will upend the summer-months iu the Virginia mountains. So will Umar. _ t . . Senator-Sharon—l believe ho is a United States Senator, although he did not respond to Id* name In tho extra session—ls iu Cnlllonda. His absenteeism his l>ocn the most eotwnlcuous mul disgraceful hi the historv ot the American Senate. He la llkdv to lm.u Ids pav for the cx «ra session, as the new Secretary of the Senate Hilda that the law expressly forbids him from pavtn ,r him. Sharon wan absent without leave. Senator Thurman will try to regain hU health In Nova Scotia. , ... ~ Senator Wlndom hits a fine home in Mashing ton. but u Utile later will go to .Minnesota. Of the House, Spuiker Randall has taken up quarters for Ida family at Brvu Mawr, a suburb <>( Philadelphia, and will make Hint the bads of Ids i olliieal operations. In the Presidential horoscope R.milall hones Dint Ida name will not he mh-siug. He n;i» a modest homo In Wash ington, but has no suintner-resldeneQ. He is n '’'Vcic'marliliuru will stuinn In Cilllarnla, uni will perhaps consent to re.nl the list.of those who' “dallied” ami are ••dastards," und who "doubled" and an; ••damned." IU mills at the Hot Miring* Mill, dying otop. He was not iu Ids seat a! Dm extra session. Archlu Bliss Is n rich bachelor, and will go wherever j leasnro await* hint. Calkins has gums to J.eadvllle. ( huliuers has already left Mississippi, and has taken himself to Dm Virginia mountains. Chittenden. Dm wealthy New-Yorker. Is in feeble health, and will probably go wherever his doctors dictate. Cijillo lias a summer-homo In otto of the Newtons near Boston. gam Cox is n bird of passage, mid is organiz in'a letter-carrier boom. Hu said lately Dint, shipping all Die h*-ut of polities, there wero two lain;:* bn* widt h he hoped Ids Congressional life would he noted: the bill to establish ami improve Hie life-saving service, mid Dio bill „n,ler which the new census is to be taken. Ihitn of these measures wero the work of Sun- H-t Cox, ami (or Diem both ho deserves the Idnltfoi Honors. Crapo, «d Massachusetts, Is fortunate in hav ing a district which Is noted for Us summer risurts. At some of (hem he will undoubtedly b tay, although large luuiucbs-interests ultun take him to Michigan. E. B. M. A Wise Ordination of I’rovldiincr. School-Superintendent Matiu, of San Frands io, makes this weighty expression hi an official report: “ I’rovl U nco has wisely ordained that in the family the parents, the natural guardians mid Instructors o! clilldrcu, shall be ot different bCXCS.” _ Hlndncst, If notblng stronger. ■hoitld Induce any one to u»u Dr. Uuil'a Ifsbv *yrup ? r ‘he relief of (tic discuses of babyhood. I’rlcc, touts. LEADYILLE. A. Camp which Promises to Famish This Tear $12,000,000. to $15,000,000, And Which Is Confidently Expected to Double That Amount in ISBO. Tho District Only Just Beginning to Bo Developed—Bew Discoveries Con stantly Being Made. How (be Carbenaits Ire Found— I Trlds of Sharp* ers—Tlie .Silver Meiropslw anil Ils - Surrounding, How to Roach tho Mecca of the Wealth-Seeker. Fpfr.Ul Corrtupoii'Unct cf The Tribun*. Lbadviu.c, Cot., dune 2?.—At last I have rem ind the Silver Metropolis,—the Mecca of an unceasing tide of pilgrimage,—the wonderful bantling which, though atilt In swaddling clothes, ii attracting (he attention of the world, nnd Is destined to wield a sceptre of monetary power equated hr few localities In the universe, A camp which, though less than two years old, promises to furnish for the season of 1ST!) from 612,000,000 to ?1fi,000,000, with an almost cer tain probability of doubling Unit amount next year, must prove n must important factor In the world's financial calculations. Yet n single mine here, the Little Chief, is now producing at thu rate of nearly $3,000,000 n vjar. Ever since thu lucuv Dutchman discovered tint Little I’lttshnrg, with Its untold wealth of mineral, and other mines followed so rapidly In the development of the prevlously-unknown carbonates,! have rend all that I could of It; and, “ now that mine eyes have seen It,” mid after ten days of constant riding and climbing over thu steep and rugged hilts which environ the camp, lean ONI.V ItCOIN TO UCAI.IZR the vastncss mid the depth of the rich deposits which Naluro poured over the Jlmc-rocK bo many tculurics ago, and then buried under deep bcifs of iron, and porphyry* and quartz, lo keep it for our day. Many races have trodden these gulches and climbed these mountain-sides, and perhaps have examined with curious eyes tbu black, iron-stained Jiuni-roel: which, broken and drifted down through (lie ages, covers In frag ments there etcep ascents, —but never imagined llmt tlioy were the guide-stones telling of the mighty wealth which wub deposited below when the tides of (lie Silurian seas beat upon these shores; or perhaps they nre the lava-like out pourings of sunc enormous crater charged with a world’s wealth, which poured them down over the uneven formations, mid deposited. them in waves of silver over the hardening lime-rock. Even front tJro.du.vs of the Aztecs, und'thrbnph the cbapeiiig dynasties of Indian ami 'Mexican riu«Vtlni veins of native silver and gold from Northern Colorado to Mexico were worked, mid truces of ancient mining are dl<corcml in many localities; but their chemistry dldTiut reach tin; carbonates, and tellurido, tind ottfer ores, in which the precious totally Invisible, and which show no morc oulward signs of value than the sand-bills of Cape Cod. Near the ancient Town of Taos, in Southern Colorado, where tbt* flre-worshlp of the Pueblo Indians Is yet retained, ami whore they arc still awaiting the long-delay return of the old CUlci tain-God, Montezuma, THEUC A«r ANCIENT MINES, nlmbsl barietl imdor lilt: debris of ages. One of these bos been recently reopened by a party of railroad-met), amt a long lllgbt of over eighty stone slops been uncovered, tin which the slaves ui«>d to bear their burdens of mineral omtlielr shoulders to their etude crushing mm rcfmm*. works. Agputlenmn now here claims that In; has scan In ancient records at the Cltv of Mexico arenmits shuwing that the followers of Cortez penetrated lo these mountains In search of the rlcn mines from which the natives gathered their great stores of gold and silver, ami that tiiunv of the best mines were destroyed and burled to conceal them from the ranadtv of the Invaders. Traces of thcpemich'iit works are found In manv places throughout Colorado, New Mexico, nud Arizona. I have visited many of the other mining camps of this mid other Btat**«, nmi.comparitig them with the glowing accounts of Lcadville as given by enthusiastic correspondents, I had thought the latter strained and exaggerated; but. from the thorough examination I have given of the camp since 1 enmo, 1 am compelled to sav that the half has not been told. 'I ho favt Is, that this mining district Is only just beginning to be developed; ami another year will show results hardly dreamed of by your correspondents who were hero last winter mul spring. The announcements of turn- discoveries chase each other like corn In a popper. The sliver-region here Is quite different from all that were formerly known. It Is customary for pros pectors In niost camps lo search the hills for veins cropping out upon the surface, mul then follow them up, like the threnda ol a labyrinth, until, as they penetrate deeper, the veins grow richer and more valuable. And. however great might he thu rich vs hidden hem-nth, they could only be reached (except perhaps accidently) by following thu surface-clue. Here, the formation is BSTinht.v DirreunNT. Neither native sliver nor carbonates arc fonnd upon, or verv close' to, the snrlnce; hut they seem to He lit great beds, of varying thickness, between strata of porphyry, Iron, and lime, at a depth of from fifty to ‘JSO feet below the sur face; and, where sliatts are sunk ty mineral in claims, in almost everv ruse a shaft upon an ad joining claim will react) it also, though It may be at a greater depth, and the grade of ore may he somewhat different. The experience of miners lit lid# respect gives great confidence os to the security and permanency of the camp. As the shafts are sunk, or the tunnels driven Into tho hill-sloes, various changes,of rock, In almost regular formal lon, arc loom!,—such as quart* or quartzite granite, porphyry, trachyte, iiini dolomite,—sometimes solid mid sometimes shale. Then, as they go down, the Iron stain* become stronger. Ihu oxydiitlons and disintegra tions more complete. Then the Iron h more pronounced, and the formations more solid. Then often a kind of sand, as they cull It here. Is found, and soon the ‘•contact" Is reached. He low this bed, and generally lying between clear formation of porphyry mid llmc-rock, I* found Prince Carbonate,—sometime* looking hard and dark, much like u blue limestone; sometimes full of visible galena; sometimes decomposed, mid resembling n reddish wind, mid sometlmca looking like a stained chalk or decomposed gypsum,—hy its weight alone Indicating It* richness of sliver. This bed of carbonates of lead varies In thickness from three to seventy feet, mid varies also greatly in richness of mineral. Yet not every “ prospect ” l« a mine, or will become one; mid Investors In Chicago CANNOT lUi TOO (UKKI'IX not to buy Interest* or stock* In mines without full ami careful investigation by eompcleut persons. Tills |il;«ce is full of speculators and sharpers, who Introduce themselves to n*;w»om rrs with apparently golden oilers of Interests in minus vet to lie developed. of which many ure promising, and many aro unite the contrary. Yul, with proper earn utnl Investigations, 1 |;uuw of no place in America whern al tills Hum so good returns may ho scented for a llulo moiiev. To tlm honor of I.cmlvillo lie it Halil, there hove been hut few cases of “salting" of mines 5 but there liave been a lew cases where It has been so ingeniously done as to deceive au v but tiu* mmi caioful expert Ueceiil discoveries seem to indicate that there Is not alone one deposit, but several, hunul litre coithvulns. with Intervening strata of ruck; and, where the lower one Hus, no ouu yet There ore many theories promulgated ton* eernliip the processes of deposition of thmj ureat bods of carbonates, of which I snail speak in future letters. The Held Is enm-ut that 1 have been able us yet to lake but living and cursory glances,—my liret object being lu form au opinion of tlm extent and mineral de velopment-of the camp,—examining and coin paring, so far as possible, the ore* and minerals (oil ml In dllfereut loea hues, uml the geological formations, that X might form a more proper and correct con ception of the whole. X have visited urosnoct-shafts and tunnels in all stages of progress. I urn not yet prepared to report fully, but ahull continue lu study them from day to day uml will give Hie results to the readers of Tub Tiuuunb. But Imu now prepared to say that I IIAVB NBVEit SRBN ANYTUUTO TO AITftOACII shls camp anywhere else. Those who were kero Inst winter and spring can form bnl lltllo Me* or Us prospects ns developed to-day. nor loAltr can one safely meas tro Us future. New discov eries of rich ores are announced almost dally, and many of Urn prospect-holes ot last spring have been sunk by plucky and persistent labor ers iiuttl they nave “ struck the contact,” and those who hare lolled for months, suffering pri vations and poverty, have been rewarded richly at last. Leadrillc’s future is fully and perma nently assured. Yet my Impression lr« that tfe would nut be prudent for men without means to ‘•nine hero now. Tim country Is nil staked off for miles around, nnd there nro men enough/. here to work the mines. There Is no scarcity of, ’; labor. Capital Is wanted to develop fho mines. * hut 1 think there Is mnsclocnongb ' In other letters I will speak In detail Of ilitr discoveries which have made the gulehcs'-'nira steep mountsln-sldci, ami the hilts back of- Leadrtlle, the most valuable territory litribo" world; also of the processes of working the' inloes sind the placers, uml of the reduction of the ores as employed here. Leadyiile.:Rsclf Is . pleasantly stiunted on a gently-sloping plateau, aliouttwo or three mltea from tbp'Arifansas River, uml about fifteen mills from Its Source, nml In surrounded on sllsMes.oxccpcdhrfsouth, by lofty mountains. Us altitude Is about 10,000 foe! above tea-level, w hich causes thcuoaccll-. mated “tenderfoot” to pant lor breath unless ho exorcises himself very gently. 'flic days are delightful now, with a kind of aulumn-Uke half-warmth half-coolness, hut every nlirlit one ncedv to pile an the blankets. On tbo morning ol .June 23 some parties had o skate on ono of thu town-ditches, and this morning I XOTICr.D ICR about a quarter of mi Inch thltk. •lust across the river, and appearing so close In tliu dear air as to make them seem but a uic.nant, morning-walk, rise Uie lofty, whim-capped pcflKS of the great Continental “ Divide”; from whlcli>lhft melting of tho snows which eternally crowu their esammlts unites on the wc»i to furm ihwrlvern-jljAbe Pacific Slope; on this Bide the .wstef^Starting on their long course to tho Atldqtlc Ocean. Close to the town, uml to , (he north nnd east, rise Fryer Kill and Cirbomilo Hill, inode famous by tin; carllcrillsroverlc*,—sloping gent ly to the town, hut rlsluc farther, by continuous iind sleeper ascents, mitil they touch tho clouds,- Then hack of them ri/v Mounts Sheridan, Sher man, Dross, and othrr peaks, whose steep shies, are already pockmafled by thu boles of» pro*-' - pertors; mm lh : nany places, far up at dizzy hlghls, wlll'bi seen the dump and square entrance ot some tunnel,—exciting wonder as to how .the adventurous prospector ever got there: uhd.your own heart, thumping against your riba says f/ou don't want to try lu Between these tills the intervening valleys, or gulches as Ucy nro called here, scum to radiate towrrd the town,—the principal one* being know! as California Gulch, lova, Stray iloryp, Dig »nd Little Evans, cte, _ The lilll/. nml lower mountain-sides below the timrif-lina (which hero reaches to over 12,000 fed of alttlude), except close to tho town, bsj covered by a dense growth of pines, bo clus< as to make progress through them ditn cult: out, near the more central mines, they have >««>• mostly cut oil for timber used in the t.iafls and levels, or for charcoal, or sawed fnlr lumber for the buildings. An immense am rupldly-lncrcaslng area has been destroyed h; tbo vnnr BtnsNsivß forest-fires which have ravaged the district so extensively during the past few weeks. For this destruc tion the prospectors themselves ore largely re sponsible, as the fires are almost universally the result of tnu most rcrkless carelessness. Yesterday, In riding over Upper Frver Jilll, I saw a lire well started in the timber 'and tmder brush: and, though there was hundreds’ Of miners within a short distance, not a hand wo# raised to nut It out, though ft could then', havu been easily doue, mid though, if it spread, it would certainty destroy their cabins, tents, and' hoisting apparatus, i spoke in indignation at tbeir apathy to my riding companion, an old miner of long experience, mid ho simply replied, “ They nre not paid lor putting out llres.” Thu anticipated re«ult was proved last night by tho destruction of hundreds of acres of timber and many a prospector’s cabin. Leadrllle la growing very rapidly, and the ncMi spapers here claim a population, Including the prospectors’ mid miners’ tributary, of a‘>i -0(W, ami assert that by (nil there will he SV»,(XK) to 10,000 The place docs not appear to iiuvu tw many as really are here, owing to the dosuly packed condition of the houses. Women arc Comparatively scarce ns yet. though thu mimbur Increases dally. Many who refused lo do so formerly are now bringing their wives mid families, being tired of their restaurant- and hotel-life, mid are building neat cot luge homes; Hie i>fleet of which ujion thy emnp Is evident mid most salutary. the numiiNbON r-vsiav, Hu* Old Granite lit 1 Tlf" 'fi'Uy fi MU. to give a few concerts; and it wuc* most inter esting to note In tins moilev audience which gathered In the “ Opera-House ” the mimherof ladies " lio w ere present. The roueh-elad miners wlio formed a larcc part of the audience listen ed with hcartv appreciation to the sweet bulimia of the onion times, as Ihoy poured in silver har mony from the lips of tho singers. The family uro so much pleased with Lcodvlllo that they will spend the summer here, and wo trust to hear olten their sweet voices. This place U situated about 120 miles from Canon City and Colorado Soring* respectively, and 145 miles from Denver. The modes of access are very good, ami the roads am highly pictur esque, From Canon City, which' Is reached from the east by the Atchison, 'inpekn & Santa Fu Itallroad. and the Denver ik 1110 llraude Hall road, the lung-established Barlow A: Sumlcraon’s Overland Mall Company run a lino ot slx-horsu Concord coaches, which make cood time, ilnd pass over some of the llnest scenery of tho Con tinent. Tim Santa Fe Railroad Company are pushing their railroad lines from the samo point to Leadrllle, having already completed It through tho '(2rand Canon of tho Arkansas Klvor, ami are working contracts of different sections, which will bo connected In time to reach Leadvllle this fall. From Colotado Springs, llrudbnry, Woodgato & Uundloy aro operating a line of Concord couches, making the trip by easy stages In two days,—resting over night nt a hemilllul pluco In tho South Park, and passing in their route Manltou, tho roman tic iftu Fuss, the Hot Springs, and tho mount ain range. FROM DBNVCU the South Park & Pacific Railroad Company have with great energy completed their lino of road for ninety miles, reducing tho staiw-irlp to about fifty-five miles. Starting from Denver, I came over the latter road, taking two days for the trip, though It tuav bo made hi one, at tho sacrifice of seeing the lino scenery along the line of the South Park Road. Tho railroad fol lows for some twoniv-llvo miles the Valley of the Platte, until suddenly, with u sharp swing to the right, we enhT the beautiful Platto Canon. Thu scenery of this canon lor about filly miles is one kaleidoscope of beauty, ever changing mid over new. In many places the envious rocks close down on tho roadway as if to forbid a passage; while the foaming river, boiling and leaping on Ihu oilier side, seems to nay. •‘You can’t come lids way.” Hut the cunning track, with a quick turn, avoids ticyllaaml Just dodges Charybdls. This canon has not ihu lolly, precipitous walla of tho Urund Cation of the Arkansas; hut Its sloping, grasscovcml sides, and often abrupt rocky points, recede hack to a great bight. At Kenosha iIH} iho rad rood climbs by a zigzag route to the lofty bight of iu,auu fuel,— tiring tho greatest > reached py any American railroad-line. Korn this point • It cdiimiands a sublime view of the valley lar bmow; and soon, by an easy grade, descends into the Inmourt South Park, which is spread out below like a billowy sea. Front tho turmlnus at Jefferson we tool; one of Wall & Witter a “opposition ” stages, and were whirled away seventeen miles, Uiiongh the eddying dust, to Fun- Plav, where we rested for the night. Thu next morning I WAS FOUTOfUTO In avoiding the ride on tlm overcrowded stages of tlm two competing Hues, us Mr. Wall him self, who had come over Urn previous day (rum J.cadvtllo with an “extra,”—a very comfortable, llimvoeided, covered road-wagon, and four spanking horses,—look a Jolly party of live of us iiiuler bh own wing, uud brought us through jlymg, ahead of all tlm Binges. .Mr. Wall Is u genial gentleman, lull of fun, uml a capital whip. Our party consisted of lien. U., from Laimrlc, ind.; two gentlemen from Denver; a lady, wife of one of Colorado’s lirsl bankers, ami now a prominent mluc owuer; uml your special correspondent. Inc day was tine, our spirits excellent, ami the way was enlivened willi stories. Jokes, uud fun, while wo climbed and passed the range at a bight where the snows wero around uud below us. We reached I.ead vtllu ut 3 1). in., tired uml dusty, but well pleased with our Journey. . , We were lauded safely at the Clarendon, oim of the largest uml best-kept hotels lu the State, and noted for having been completed ready tor guests tn twenty-seven days from the laving ot the foundations. Here.! met a crowd of old Chicago lines, whose kindly smiles greeted my coming to the Magle City. Of them and their fortunes In the Silver f.and, more anou. D. ti. LOVXUT. ¥ A Spendthrift. Thomas Vaughn, of MJddleborough, England, ran through W, 500,000 In eight ) cart, and all his cited* were recently sold. Hie of tin- billlard-ruom alone cost between sLd,ooo to SUOO,WJO; lu the smoking-room the soit tootts cost SIOO each? lu some of the rooiui the leather covers of the seals cost 190 • ywd* utlreplme cost fIO.OW} sud tho owucf> bed- Stead $7,600* ‘ 9