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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 12, 1879, Image 9

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LITERATURE.
The Life of Prof. Albert Hopkins,
of Williams Oollege, by.
A. 0. Sowall.
John Russell Young’s “ Around
the World ” with Gen.
Grant.
“ Roman Days,” by Victor Ryd
lorg—Books and Period
icals Received.
What Color Is, , and How Pro
duced—Scientific Notes
and News.
LITERATURE,
rnoF, AT.BKRT HOPKINS.
It la not often tbat the renown of a pious life
reaches beyond a narrow circle of friends, partly
because the- world attaches little Importance to
it, and partly because the most serious spiritual
struggles are known .only to the contestant.
The life of Prof. Albert Hopkins was an excep
tion to this rulfc. Ills position as an instructor
In Williams . College gave bim opportunities for
usefulness such as few possess. Ills fervent
piety wop of. the'aggressive type, He was not
content merely to perfect bis own life, but
sought to exert, and did exert on more than
one generation ot students, an influence for
good. With all his zeal as a proselyte, however,
Prof. Hopkins was never obtrusive or offensive,
ills moral dignity was remarkable. Ho was re
served, quiet, Intense. Ho accomplished much
by the power of his example,—much also
bv his soothing voice and manner, mid
his deep 'borsonal interest In the welfare
of all about him. In revival seasons be was
particularly active, ready of access, and watch
ful for the least sign ot spiritual awakening
among Ills voting friends. The Rev. Dr. Kemp
shall, of Elizabeth, in n contribution to the
“ Life ot Prof. Hopkins,” recently published,
relates the following experience, which Is in
substance probably that of hundreds of others:
After having persistently declined invitations for
several days to attend the * 1 conference meetings ”
In the chape], I Anally consented to accompany n
friend nno evening. I sat as far back in the room
.an possible. Tito room was full, but I felt con
scious that Prof. Al'n oaclo cyo was upon me. and
I felt restless, and wished I was back tn my room.
When tho meeting was closed 1 lingered in the
chapel to avoid being conversed with by any of the
“religious'’ stmlcnls. Finally, thinking tho
const was clear, I stepped out Into tho dark «lch%
—lt was very dark, —and proceeded to cross over the
campus to the East College. Just ss I was passing
through tno cate I heard a light stop behind roc,
and thenoxt moment n gentle hand was laid npon
my shoulder, and 1 board tbe familiar voice of
Prof. “Al” saying to me, in tho mildest, most
winning tone, simply these words: “Como with
us. mid wo will do you good.” Instantly bo tbrnod
away, and I went to my room.
Prof. Phillips tolls nearly tho samo story:
I remember his entering my room ono summer
evening, a* I sat nlono in the twilight, nnd. having
taken n sent, remaining silent for a few moment*
a* if lost in thought, then looking up ploasnntly.
and saying. “Well, aren't you noon: ready to go
with ual” Without waiting for an answer ho strock
Iho air ofa (nmillnr and appropriate hymn, sang
ono verse, and disappeared quickly with & pleasant
good-night.
However much ono might doubt tbe propri
ety of Prof. Hopkins’ methods or the impor
tance of the issues which seemed to him all
absorbing, there could bo no mistaking his sin
cerity uml disinterestedness. Thu life of Prof.
Hopkins now before us was prepared by A. C,
Bewail, a member of the class of 1807 in Will
iams College. It Is baaed on a diary kept by
Prof. Hopkins lor many years, in which hi* In
most thoughts, mul particularly his spiritual
struggles, wore recorded. Not all of this diary
was nvallnblo for publication, much of it has
been used. The selections have been Judiciously
mode. The nnrralivu furnished by Mr. Bewail
is worthy of high commendation. . .It ts concise,
.clearly written, and comprehensive,.
1 Tllero was much In L’ror. Hopkins' life beside
his religion. lie was an astronomer of note.
Thu first astronomical observatory In this coun
try for purposes of Instruction was built under
hts supervision and largely with his money. Ho
made a trip to Europe to obtain Instruments
mid advice as to the best plans to bn followed In
building such an observatory. It Is unfortunate
'that the scientific results of this voyage are not
more futlv stated Id the present volume. Mr.
Bewail was probably embarrassed at Ibis point
bv a lack ot material; nothin*; could have been
further from Prof. Hopkins’ mind than that his
life should over have been written. Wo think
it well on all accounts that It was written. It
was a noble life, and this volume may serve as
o memorial ollt to many. ("Life ot Prof. Al
bert Hopkins.” By A. C. Bewail. I‘Jtuo. Now
York: A. D. Randolph & Co. 11.50.)
AROUND THE WORLD WITH GEN.
GRANT
Four parts of Mr. Jolm Russell Young's nd
ratlvo of a Journey ” Around tho World with
Bon. Grant” have been published. They bring
the Gcuoral as far as Cairo. A good deal re
mains to be done. The General must bo
brought back to Europe, and thence started on
his real Journey around the world. If this Is
to be described with as much dilluscncss and
wealth of original observation as Mr. Young
has exhibited up to this point, Die whole work
will be very large. It Is the present Intention
of the publishers, however, to Issue It In twenty
parts, and to deliver the last part by Nov. 1.
Mr. Young writes with much ease, and,
though bis stylo is far from being a model in
which wo should like to see the rising genera
tion of Americans form their own, It may bo
well adapted to the purposca of this book. It
la a slory-tcllcr’a style, diversified by occa
sional patches of description supplementary to
the guide-books.
Tho General’s movements arc recorded with
great fidelity. His start from Philadelphia, his
speeches in England, his experience with tho
American Colony at Paris, his view of tho laz
zaronls of Naples, of the ruins ot Pompeii, of
thu Pyramids of Egypt, and the Nile, arc all de
scribed. The ground covered thus far will be
familiar to many,who, if they have not actually
traveled over it. have read tho letters and hooks
of better travelers limn John Russell Young.
Thu personal element of Gun. Grant’s tour
has, of coursc v a very conspicuous place In this
book. It is a comfort to know that thu General
does not suffer from seasickness; that ho la
even able to smoku on shipboard, and that ho
boru bls-dlnncrs In England with meekness and
cunpusuru. Even moru valuable, perhaps, Is thu
Information contained la Uio following passage:
Our General foil lido the soa-llfo very readily.
Ho seemed to welcome the sea with thu rapture of
a hoy going homo lor a holiday, lie Is nut an early
riser, hut Keep* up the American custom of a
breakfast nl 10. Aflor breakfast ho takes up a
newspaper. If ho cun find one. and a cigar. My
friend "Murk Twain ".will be clad to know that
thu General read with delight and ap
preciation bis "Innocents Abroad.” In
Naples one ot us discovered on English
r** r "lon of the • • Kasby Papers, ” which was a boon.
iThlnk of going to Naples to read Nasby I] About
noon, if 4bo weather is calm, the Generulcotnei on
deck, and converses or studies the sea and thu
scenery. Dinner comes at 0 o’clock, aial after din
ner taore is talk. When the General Jain mood,
or wdsii some subject arises which Ifßorcita him,
ae is not only a good, but a remarkably good,
unuur. Ilia manner is clear and terse* Ho nar
rates a story as clearly as be would demonstrate a
problem lu geometry. Ilia mind ia accurate and
perspicacious, lie has no resentments, and this
was a surprising feature, rempubenog the buttles,
civil and military. In which be has been engaged.
IMr. Young’s style at this point Is uetas pcrsplcs
clousaatbo General's conversation.] Ihavo heard
him refer to most of tho men, civil and military, who
nave flourished with him, and then U only one
Abeul whom I hate teen him feeling, lint It
was feeling like that of thu farmer in thu school
hook who saw tho viper which ho bsd warmed to
life about to sting him.
Mr. Bristow ls “tMJ viper” referred.to by
Mr. Young. With this evidence of the Judicial
oiid dlenlflca wanner In which the book U
written it will bo proper, perhaps, to leave it
for the present to the Judgment of IhaAiucricau
people. (’’Around uio World with Gen.
Grant,” Bold by subscription only, Price, 60
cents per port. New York: American News
Company, Chicago Agency, No, (1 Portland
plock.J
ROMAN DAYS,
This volume opens with a sketch
of the author,-*Victor Rydberg,—who, boru lu
IS3O at JonkoplDg, In Sweden, was graduated al
Ue University of Lund la 1851, aud became
afterword a Journalist ana man of letters, reach*
Ihr high honors tn the political and literary cir
cles of his country.
. V Roman Days ” la not, as one might perhaps
Imagine from Us title, a book of the guide-book
class, having a little to say upon many topics,
but rather gives us the fresh and interesting
conclusions of a man of pure and high charac
ter, of considerable learning and original
thought, upon the two or three classes of sub
jects in which the great city Is so fertile, to
which his studies were especially directed.
These—l’agan and Christian—ho groups un
der the heads of “The Roman Emperors In
Marble,” “The Antique Statues,” and “Roman
Traditions of Peter and Paul,” A chapter of
“Pencil Sketches In Romo," graphic and inter
esting, finishes the book.
The whole work bears the marks of Individual
and original thought and research, and is fresh
mid rich accordingly,—full, 100, of now and In
teresting information, at least, to those not ac
customed to search into ancient authors. Ills
discriminating treatment of the characters of
somo of those Emperors whose actions In
fluenced so powerfully Uic destinies of the civil
ised world is welcome reading In these days of
psychological analysis: bis minute and graphic
accounts of two of the most noted statues of
antiquity, the Antlnoos and Venus of Melos,
with ids theory of their meaning, are equally so
to the student of art. Ills vivid realism brings
clearly before us the last days of Peter and
Paul .in Romo, while the gcucral reader has
pleasantly and Instructively recalled to him
somo of the more notable associations of local
and social life by which the ancient city Is dis
tinguished.
The whole hook (s replete with Information
historically interesting,—«omc of It peculiarly
so in these dava of revived Interest in antique
art. We giro a'few extracts.
In the beginning of this century. Fagan, the
English Consul, undertook excavations In Ossiu. the
ancient seaport of. Home, mid found,among other
things,a bust In Parian marble, uninjured,and ells
teningoa freshly as If tl had newly left the master's
studio. Too bust, which represents a youth with
—lf 1 may so speak—features of select Aticness,
can now bo seen In the Muses Chlarnnionli. tn (he
Vatican. . . . Take, then, tho dust of Hellenic
culture and feelings for humanity; take, also, a full
measure of Hellenic craft, and mix these materials
with Roman sobriety and strength of will, and,lf
your soul has any creative power, you will have
formed for yourself«likeness of the young Oc
tavius, afterwards called Cicsar Oclovlnnus Augus
tus.
Just ns the excesses under the anelen regime aped
in grotesque fashion tho Roman life of this time,
so tho French aplet nous le deluge ts tho trim trans
lation of a Greek saying, winch was then on tho
lips of everyone: “Chaos, when I am dcndl”
Onco when Nero heard It, ho cried: “Not chaos
while 1 ilvo I”
Antlnniis. tho youth with dejected head and
dreamy look, moot* us In tho halls of art often,
but the mysterious face bus always (ho same power
of attraction, HMnuscs upon a riddle, aud him
self is one that loniptsio solution and battles the
solver. ff
The book is illusti’htcd with a photograph of
the Venus of Melos, mul several woodcuts.
(“Roman Days." By Victor Rydberg. From
Hie Swedish, hy Alfred Corning Clark; with
sketch of Rydberg,..by. Dr. H. A. W. Llmlehn.
Authorized translation. • Now York: G. I*. Pnt
nnm’s Sons, 1879. 833 pages, illustrated. 12mo.
Cloth, $3.
ART NOTES.
Wo have received Volume 11. of the Art In
terchange, a new Journal ot the decorative arts.
It Is well printed and edited. Publication
ofllco No. 140 Nassau street, New York.
Interesting and valuable acquisitions have
recently beenmndo to tho National Portrait
Gallery of London. A portrait of Cramnr.r bv
a German artist is very striking, representing
blm as It docs at tho ago of 67, tyhen hi Hie
plenitude of his power. There ts one of the
Irish prelate Usshcr, who fainted at the execu
tion of Charles L, two ot Oliver Cromwell, and
ono each of Pope,-Newton, Scott, Coleridge,
Southey, K/cats, Burns, nnd Lamb. Tho ouo of
■Lgmb wan painted by William llazlltt, mulls
said to bo very Interesting, since It represents
the delightful Elia at nu earlier ago than Hie
portraits of him usually Known among men. It
belonged originally to Coleridge, from whom ft
passed into the possession of his friend, Mr.
Gilman.
Mr. W, G. Stevenson, of Edinburg, has
completed in Sicilian marble the statue of Burns
intended to form the central feature of the Kil
marnock Monument. In Mr. Btcvcnson’a de
sign ,1110 poet is represented as In the out of
composing. The figure is poised on tile right
leg, tiie left being slightly advanced. The left
hand grasps a note-hook, resting ou. a broken
slump, near the root of which a daisy nestles,
mid tbe right bolds n pencil. In tiie head,
ns well as tbe costume, the well-known
Nostnvth portrait has been closclv followed.
Standing, with Its base about ,* nine feet
high, the statue Is to be placed on a pedestal
four feet in bight, within n sort of shrine, hav
ing au open pointed arch In front and at either
side, through which a full view. of. the liguro
will bu obtained. This structure forms part of a
building in reddish freestone, rising from a ter
race approached bv flights of steps, on an ele
vated part of Die Kay Fnrk, From the top of
tho edifice a commanding view may bn had ofa
country-side intimately associated with tiie
name of Burns. Its interior will bo appropri
ated partly us a keeper’s bouse, partly os a
museum for the reception of Bunns relics.' Tiie
wliolo cost of tiie work Is about £3,000, of which
£BOO is tiio price of the statue. The unveiling
of the monument on tho ilth of August is to bo
made tho occasion of u great Mtuouic demonatra-
The London Academy says: "Mr. James
Jackson Jarves has lately acquired a collection
of upward of COO drawings, with the view of se
curing them for his own country. No such col
lection has ever been obtained by the United
Blatcs, mid this one, both hi number and im
portance, will place them in a high position
among the possessors of such important works
of art. The collection was made mainly In the
Inst century by Count Maggluri, of l-erino, a
writer on art and member of the Academy of
Bologna. Addition have been made lu the pres
ent century from other collections, especially
the Mariettf and that of the artist Angcllnl,
who died fort; years since at Bologna. Ills
considered bv good Judges to bo one of
the best In Italy. There arc very few
drawings of the yuaUroceuiltto artists. The
strength of the collection lies In those of the
two following centuries, mid It Is remarkable
that so rich and varied a series could !bo obtain
ed in Italy, seeing that It contains so many
drawings of the Bpanlsh, German, and Flemish,
as well as of the Italian schools. Tho drawings
are in admirable condition, for the most part of
excellent finality, and exceedingly Interesting
from their varied nature. In the movements
now in progress in America for the formation of
museums of works of art of different descrip
tions, of casts and copies, no more Important
stop could be taken than tho acquisition of
original drawing and designs by a considerable
number of the most famous artists of the post.
The drawings are so good, and their preserva
tion Is so perfect,—lu this respect, indeed, they
ore of rare quality,—that their possession must
prove of inestimable benefit to tbu lust rising
American school of artists.”
•IiITISRAIIY NOTES.
Eugono Schuyler’s “I’ctcr tbu Great” will
appear serially in magazine form.
Judge Shea’s “ Life of Alexander Hamilton»»
is Just published by Houghton, Osgood & Co.
The preface to Mark Twain’s latest book
says: ” Written by ouo loafer ftjr another loafer
to rend.”
Tho Russian Society of Hygiene propose to
print school-books in white letters on a black
ground, lu order to check the Increase of myopia
(short-sightedness) In scholars.
The Athenteum does not care as mucb for Mr.
Mallock’s "IsLlfe Worth Living}”' as for bis
"New Republic.” In Uio former volume it.
thiuks that bU arguments arc manifestly inade
quate.
At the closing session of fbo Literary Con
gress Just held lu London, Dm I’rloco of Wales,
thu Earl of Buacoustluld, and Mr. Gladstone
were elected members-of thu Honorary Cow-'
mlttcu,
One practical result of the publication of Dr.
B. Joy Jeffries* book on “Color-Blindness” Is
found In the fact tliut bo has been .employedby
tho Boston tt Hlnplmm Steamboat Company to
test the color perception and visual power of
their employes,
Oscar, the poetic King of Sweden, has written
a book on Free Masonry, In which he seeks to
defend and support that Society by quotations
from }.he Bible. It is not to be published uuttl
authorized versions in German, Eoglfarti, French,
and Italian ore In readiness.
Strousbcrg, tho Russian and German railway
magnate, who some years ago disturbed Euro
pean lluandal circles by going into bankruptcy
with colossal liabilities, and who endured a
longloiprUoument before hla‘affairs were put
Into a condition that entitled him to a release,
* 1
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1879-TWELVE PAGES.
has written, a work on the constitutional sys
tems of the leading countries of Europe. His
observations on Russia and NihtUsm sro said to
be of sspecial Interest.
Two volumes, “Titian” and “Rembrandt.”
are now ready at Beribner A Watford's of tlm
new series of biographies of famous artists,
these volumes twine thu-first that have ap
peared. “Raphael” and “Van Dyckond Hals”
will probably come out next.
Mr. William Rliflkio’s readable and useful
little book, “How to (let Blromr. mid Ilow to
Slav flo,” has reached Its fourth edition. The
first edition was exhausted in ten da«s, the see
mid went off In four days, and there was so
brisk a demand for the third that a fourth was
ordered close upon It,
Florence Marryatt was married to Col. Lean
last week, AM’s well that ends well. Having
now got the man of her heart, I hope she will
write aume less cynical novels than those which
she penned when she was In a varv agitated
stole ot mind. I hellcve her disagreements
with her former husband began when she went
over to Romo. She Is a devout Catholic,—ion
don letler.
An edition of “Unde Tom’s Cabin” Is In
circulation lu Paris, accompanied with notes In
which slavery is declared to be not contrary to
natural order; and the assertion is made that
most laborers would bo happier If they were
slaves. Whereupon Mrs. Stowe says: “lie
must.be a bent editor who hopes to neutralise
the effect of ‘ Uncle Tom’s Cabin ’ on those la
borers who ought to be slaves by a foot-note.”
Joseph M. Kinlcy brought suit in the Twelfth
District Court against John F. Oollncr to recov
er $15,000 damages. The complaint alleges that
the plaintiff occupies a residence in Napa, mid
that the defendant on thoßUtliof July, 1878,
took forcible possession of the library, (a which
were manuscripts, notes, and queries for use in
the publication of a work with the comprehen
sive title of “The Province of Reason, Natural
Law, and Philosophy when applied to American
Jurisprudence, and Notes and Cases to lie Found
to the Civil Law, the Common Law of England
uud the United States on the Subjects of Emi
nent Domain, Domicil, Citizenship, and thu Po
litical and Civil Rights of the,Allen under Our
Federal and the Slate Laws.” Plaintiff allcues
that defendant, during his forcible occupancy,
lost and destroyed nil the papers, and particu
larly the Indices: wherefore damages in the sum
mentioned is asked.— San Francisco Chronicle,
Taloc, About, and Sarcoy tweuty-ono years
ago were candidates for admission to the Ecolo
Normals, and passed in together. A corrc
sooudent otiho Fall Mall Gazette, who notes
this circumstance, adds Dial Tulne stood first
among the successful, About third, and Bareev
tilth. Numbers one, three, uud hvo have al
ways remained dose friends, uud at ono time
they appeared to have divided the domaiu -of
literature among them, Talnc being the his
torian uud essayist, About the novelist, and
Sarcey the chile. It Is Sarcey nlono of thu
three who has adhered to his owu ground with
out trenpasslug to the right or the left, for even
as a lecturer ho remains a critic; but “Talnu
has become something of a pamphleteer,
diluting his histories with political disqusltlons
which arc not always apposite; while About has
abandoned novel-writing, tn which be excelled,
tn become an Industrious but rather common
place Journalist.”
A very graceful act was performed br the Uni
versity of Oxford In conferring upon Ivan Ber
gcltscb TurgaenefT Its honorary degree of D. C.
L. M. TurgucnclTs relations with the powers
that bo In Ids own country arc scarcely friendly.
Ho loves and he has been Instrumental in free
ing and elevating the Russian people. With
their rulers, on the contrary, he is In no favor:
but It was not as a Russian that M. TurguondT
lias been honored, but as a poet, an artist, a pro
found student and painter of human character.
While Ueorgo Eliot lives u would be rasa to
speak of him os the«reatcst living novelist, but
ho stands very near her, though in manner and
method he Is her very antipodes, lu the long
series of works from “Leaves from n Sports
man’s Journal 11 down to “Virgin Soil,”—ln
“iludlti,” “Fathers and Sons,” “Spring Tor
rents,” “Helene,” “Smoke,” and perhops even
more In his wonderful short stories,—he has en
riched the imaginative literature not only of
Russia, but of Europe and of the nineteenth
century, as few other writers even of this rich
period have done.— tendon 7/or/icL
M, Sarcey, ono of the French journalists ac
companying Hie Comediu Fraucalso In London,
has interviewed Mr. Darwin. M. Sarccv says he
expected to Had Mr. Darwin a little,'broken
down old man. Hu knew that the author of
“The Origin of Species” was 70 years of age;
moreover, at the time Mr. Darwin was not very
well. M. Sarccv was, therefore, highly surprised
and delighted to And him ns straight as a dart
and as robust as an oak.. Ills physiognomy re
minded the Frenchman very much of the por
trait of Goethe. M. Sarcey says he looks hide
and hearty enough to live to a hundred venrs
and more. Mr.' Darwin, however, docs not ap
pear to bo of the same opinion, ilo dwelt on Ins
old age very freely, but with a tinge of melan
choly. “It Is a pltv,” said Mr. Darwin, “to
leave Hie world while there are so many more
things to be done. As 1 advance In thestudv of
Nature 1 discover vaster horizons, and I feet
that 7 shall not have the time to reach them.”
M. Sarcoy says Mr. Dnrwlu confines Ids ambi
tion to the completion of two works he has be
gun: ouo Is thu life of his grandfather, who was
an illustrious doctor, ami the other a work on
vegetable life
The Riverside edition of the British Poets, ns
originally published, will bo completed on Bat
nrdoy hy the Issue of two volumes, making nix
ty-tlvo lu all, mul being “Surrey and Wyatt ”
and “Sbakspearo and Ben Jonson.” Chaucer
will not bo added to thu scries until some
months hence. Houghton. Osgood & Co. will
also publish, on Saturday, live volumes In their
new edition of Dickuns, being “Little Uorrlt ”
(-), “ Barnaby Budge ” (3),ami “ Great Expecta
tions ” (1), und tlvu In Hie now edition of thu
Wtvcrloy novels, “Quentin Durwnrd ” (1),
“The Monastery " (1), “Guy Mauncrlng” (I),
“The Abbot” (1), ami “The Pirate ” (1). Tills
completes tno “ Wovcrlcv” lu twenty-live vol
umes, containing nearly llfty steel plates, mid
sold at $1 a volume. Ollier works to bo pub
lished on Saturday by the same house are “The
Life and Epoch of Alexander Hamilton,” by
George Shea, with portraits of Hamilton, Mrs.
Hamilton. Inlleyrond, Burr, ami Bishop Sea
bury; .“Spain lu Profile,” a book of travel und
observation, bv James A. Harrison, author of
“Greek Vignettes”: mid “Thu Philosophy of
Music,” by William Pole.— Few York Tribune,
Tho Boston Adw/tersayss “The lion. Samuel
F. Hunt, a distinguishrd young orator ami poli
tician ot Ohio, delivered the oration heforu the
students of the University of Virginia Inst
week. Wo were curious to see In order the
names of those to whom the orator referred in
tho course of this not verv long address, and
present the list as something of a curiosity:
t’lcero, Quintilian, Euclid, Milton, Plato,
Coleridge, Bolon, Cato. Jefferson, Wbuwell, Dr.
McCosh, Marcus Aurelius, thcMcdlci, Algernon,
Sidney, Pym, Tlmour tho Tartar, Pericles,
Pope Pius VII., Hamilton, Jackson, Noy,
Salat Louis, William Penn, Jesus, Socrates,
l.lcbcr, Napoleon, Sophocles, Montesquieu,
Tennyson, Maurice, Luther. John Hamp
den, Diogenes, Xunllpne, Paley, Hobbes,
Shakspeuro, Julius Couar, Pompoy, Gras
sns, Terence. Florence Nightingale, Francis
Xavier, Lorenzo of Florence, Jugurtha, Wal
pole. Dubois, Jeffries, i.entmus, Maelilavolll,
Ferdinand of Aragon nml Castile, Ciusar Bor
gia, Duke d’Urbino, Hernino d’Urco. Washing
ton, Cadmus, Tacitus, Tiberius, Marius, Robes
pierre, Brutus, Catiline, Charles X., Epmnlnon
das, Achilles, Coke, Lora Hull; Finch, tho At
torney-General of James 11.; Lord HurbMl, Ju
das, Macaulay, Michael Angulo, Haplmul. Bru
nelleschi, Petrarch, Jnvunul, Kognlus, Kahilis
Maximus. Sdplo, Aristides, Phidias, Pentcllcus,
William Pitt, Theocritus, Homer, Pcnlvsl, Pal
merston, Edward the Confessor, John Qu Incy
Adams, the Roman Curtins, Charlemagne, Al
fred tho Great, Hoe, UntenPurg, Edison, thu
late Prince Imperial of France, Froudu, Burke,
i’litlopmmcn, Tlmolheus, Paul, Ilaclno, Des
cartes, Handel, Alexander, Leonidas, Welling
ton, Chateaubriand, Keats, umi Fabriclus.”
In regard to Lord Bosconstlold’s tragedy,
“Alorcos," written many years ago. but Just
reproduced at the Crystal Palace, the London
iVtwt says: *• Theprovalllnjr characteristic of
the style of Lord Beucomficid's work can liurdiy
bo said to’bo u noblo siinpllelty. The person*
ages are apt to exclaim * rash calllHl ’ whenever,
opportunity occurs, and they upostrophizn Dio
Moor as ‘ dusk inlldol.' when the prolligoto
admirer, waxing overbold, ejaculates, ‘Thou
•art mine I’ and Insists on encircling ‘this deli*
cate waist, 1 tho persecuted CouuUu replies,
‘ Unhand mo,' sir!' In an approved fashion
which ought to have conciliated Lambeth a mil*
cnees. Its cutthroats swagger, too, inora than
seems absolutely uccdfui. Perhaps they may
bo considered to make up for this by their curi
ous tameness, as will bo seen lu tho following
remarkable passage;
(The bravos rash In and assault Alareoi, who,
with drawn sword, keeps them at bay,)
Alsr. —Bo, so, who ploys with Princes’ blood?
No sport for varlels. Thus, and thus, I’ll teach yo
To know your station (thrusts).
First bravo—Ab I
Second bravo—Away I
Third bravo— Fly, t\j\
Fourth bravo—No place for quiet men.
(The bravos run off.)
There la no doubt a certain merit In the pretty
uniform (ualnicoauce of the sombre key of ibu
play. The frank wickedness of Urn barbarous
ages is even presented with a fidelity tliut ap
proaches to true creative power. Thu person*
sites, indued, seem to bo absolutely ignrwant of
modern standards of morals. They go about
seeking the gratification of their own desires
aud tho accomplishment of their owu guU}y
ends with an unscmnulousness whfcb In Itself Is
striking to Utu Imagination."
HOOKS DECEIVED.
Tiir PEMfenas. A Novel. By p. n. F.lllolt.
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Elsa. A Romance. ‘ RythelUv, AlfredC. Hog
bln. ISmo., One cloth, $1.50. Philadelphia: J.
B. Llpplncotl .b Co.
Great Artists B»w*s, Tim*. By RjebarJ
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Bv K. Katherine'Batfs. 12a0.. extra cloth, $1;
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$1.25: paper cover, 76 cents. Philadelphia: J. B.
Llppmcott&Co.
Cheat Artist* Stunts. RsßmuKivr, By John
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llqne (France). 18mo. New York: Scribner*
Wolford. $1,36.
Tub Last Essays of Ema. By Charles Lamb.
Forming No. 34 of Appleton*’ “ New Handy-Vol
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Now York: D. Appleton* Co.
Gnolimi CoMPOflVrto* (Series of Literature
Primers, edited by J. It. Greene). Ily John Nlch
ol. SI. A. Bnllloi, Oxon. LL, J). NewYorieD.
Appleton * Co. ' U2mo. 46 cents.
Tint Ciiobt of Rkorrook. A Novel. By the
author of “Th« Odd Trump,” “The Lacy Dia
mond*.” “The pillion Picture,” etc. Bvo., extra
cloth, $1.35; paper cover, 75 cents. Philadelphia:
J. B. Ltpplncutt*Co.
A-tAnm.it t* tub Wnm West. Adventures with
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lam 11. Dittoing. • Forming No. 3U of Applotone'
“Now Handy-Volume fortes.” Paper. 3->cents;
cloth, CO cents. |New York: I). Appleton * Co.
PKBXObreAM RECEIVED,
Index Jfedleut, No, 0. Now York: F, Lsy
poldt, 15 and 15 Park row. ,
The American Law Jiedew for July (Boston:
Little, Drown* Co.) contains articles on “Com
mon Carriers antj the Gomroon-Law”: “Ultra
Vires”: the “Lawof Foreign Factors”; and tho
unnal complete digests.
D, Appleton* Co, send u* the bound volume of
tho Forth American He clew. It contains very
many remarkable articles, showing on the whole a
higher standard of merit than any American peri
odical has ever before reached.
Macmillan'* Magazine for July has the follow
ing very attractive table of contents: “ Words
worth, “by Matthew Arnold: “Tho-Diary of a
Mati of Fifty,” by Henry James, Junior; “Tho
Mirobcan*.” by Janie* Colter Morison; “Ha
worth’s,” by France* Hodgson Burnett, author of
• ‘ That Las* o’ Lowrlc’a ” (Chap*. XLV.-XLVUL);
“ Tho Dramatization of Novels," by Jamc* Ne
ville Porter; “Hytim for St. John the Bnptlst’a
Day, Juno 34.” hy the Dean of Wcstßilnnter:
•* Burns’ Unpublished Common-place Book;” by
William Jack. No, 5 (concluded); “A Doubting
Heart,” by Ml*s Kcary (Cbnpn, XXIX.-XXXI.);
“Individual Liberty for Women; a Remon
strance, ” by Viscountess Hsrbcrton.
Tho Chicago Medical Journal for July. Tho
editor* announce the • retirement of Dr. F. C.
Hot* and Dr. IS. F. Ingals from the staff, and tho
accession to It .of Drs. *N. S. Davis and D. U.
Ilrownr. The following statement will bo road
with pleasure by the friends of ini* typical Chicago
enterprise: “Tim prospect* of this periodical
wore never brighter than at present. We commence
tho urcscnt volume with a full snb*erlptlon-ll*t,
free from all Indebtedness, and with a handsome
balance In bank. The conduct of this Journal ha*
been such tn tho past n* to demonstrate tbe fact
that a thoroughly Independent and non-partisan
shoot, whoso solo aim U the advancement of tho
interest* of science and Hcicntlde men tbe world
over, not only deserve* the support of such men,
l>ui receive* It hi such manner as to achieve Unso
cial aucccss.”
« SPARKS OF SCIENCE.
■WHAT 19 COLOR f
To (he JJdttor o/ The Tribune.
Cutcaoo, July B.—Solar light Is a compound
substance, consisting of what is termed thu
seven prismatic colors,—namely: red, orange,
yellow, "green, blue, indigo, and violet. These
seven colors, when properly separated, com
prises the color* of the rainbow, mul when.com
bined lu n beam they unitedly produce what we
call white tight.
Again, a beam of rays from the sun Is com
posed of a bundle of ethereal waves, and these
waves arc of different lengths. The waves that
produce light will alsof,-produce beat, but not all'
heat-waves are light waves.
The length of a wave in the distance from the
crest or highest swell of a wave to n similar
point in the next wave, or from the sinus or
hollow of one to the sinus or hollow of the next.
Tiie different lengths of waves within the com
pass of our vision produce the different colors
in Nature: but only within a certain range are
these waves capable of exciting In us the sense
ot vision or seeing, and this range or compass Is
included between those waves that produce red on
tiie one hum!,—of which it requires 119,000, placed
end to end, to make the length of au Inch,—and
the violet at the other extreme, which requires
about 57,500.
When we contemplate the beauty of the color
wo call red as we sen it in the rainbow, the solar
spectrum, m the red leaves of a blooming rose,
or elsewhere in Nature or Art, lot us remember
I bat to produce tlds color 477 millions of mill
lions of those little ethereal waves enter the eye
and impinge on ttio retina In every second of
Lime, and that In the same interval, or during
the time that a second-beating pendulum makes
one swing Irom left to right, or vice verso, some
7CO millions of millions of these waves enter our
eyes and produce in us the sensation of color
we call violet.
When 577 millions of millions of these waves
impinge on the retina they produce the sensa
tion of green, and the other colors between the
red and the violet uro all produced In a similar
manner.
To those who have not been accustomed to
contemplate such Inllnlteslinnl magnitudes
these llgurcs will look almost appalling. mid
we can hardly Do surprised if a shade of doubt
comes over 'he mind of the reader as he or she
contemplates them. Wo have often observed
tins when lecturing on this subject. But we
must understand that our ability to comprehend
tilings beyond a point to which our faculties
have been cultivated is very limited.
That such largo numbers of these other
waves should be capable of entering our eves in
so short a space of time Is no more a
matter of wonder than Is tho extent or
vastness of this seemingly bound
less universe, the mere contemplation
of which is enough to bewilder us. Htill wo
know that In the celestial constellations there
arc stars so lor distant In tho depths of space
that their light only reaches us after Journey
ing thousands of veurs at the rate of about
190,000 miles iu a second of time. Whoever
trains his mind to the contemplation of a Being
who, In the majesty nt Ills power, van create mid
hold In subjection Die mighty forces that move
ami control this vast system of worlds, will
soon be convinced of the (utility of spending
the small emlowiifentof knowledge to widen
we are able to attain in our brief stay on earth
in wraoglings and bickerings with our neigh
bors.
Wo huvo Already shown (hut color la deter*
mined by the length o[ ethereal waves, and also
lliui light is composite; lu other words, that
n beam of whlio light consists of a compound
of the seven prismatic colors, and 1 may say, In
passing;, that a compound ot-red and grecnwdl
produce whltu'llght; yellow* mid bluo also will
do this, and lor tho same reason or because they
are complementary colors.'—that is to say, take
either one of tho two and add the other to It,
and white licht will ho produced*. The Illustra
tion of this and other optical phenomena with
(he Instrumental appliances used in lecturing
on tills subject la highly interesting.
Tito various colors we see in nature are all U|o
result ol tho Uilferent combinations of ineso
prl»nmllo colors,—called such from the circum
stance that u beam ol white light from the sun
or other source of luminosity may he decom*
posed by the use of u prism, and tho colors re
sulting from such decomposition will bo boos
rated one Irom the oilier.
iVu tubtUtnee which ms tee in nature or art has
anu natural color. Whui we popularly term the
color of an object is produced, and Its color de
termined, solely bv its power of absorption
and redaction,and by these qualities alone, for
this we will instance the leaves ou the trees,
the green grass, the beautiful dowers. A full
sunbeam, with all Us elements of color, is
shswcred promiscuously uu everything in
nature, and the molecular construction of this
green leaf, for instance, or of the grass, is such
Unit It absorbs all of (tie ethereal waves except
those of a given length, and these it moots or
reflects; the reflected waves, turning hack and
impinging on tho retina of the eye, produce in
us the sensation of color, and that color is
green. All the other waves are absorbed by tho
leaf, and produce beat instead of light.
Tills beuultful pansy now before wo absorbs
all tho waves of the solar beam, except the
shortest ones, that are capable of making them*
solves sensible to our visible organs, and these
short wares an turned back by reflection* and*
impinging on the retina of the eye, produce In
tin the sensation of violet, ami so It is through
alt the range of color*. Hut color tsnot inherent
In anything ; and. as I have raid before, and now
repeat, overr object in Ute natural world, or the
world of art and beauty, receives (ho full beam
of ethereal waves, of, in popular parlance,
Its full beam of colors, which nrc all
Urn colors of the ipeetrutn or rainbow; nn*l
then it selects such of these waves as, owing to
their length and the position of their planes of
vibration, it Is unable to absorb, and reflects
them back to the eye, and the* length of these
reflected waves determines tbo color of
tho object. The coloring matter that makes
the pigment by which a piece of cloth or other
material which to us Is black absorbs ah of the
solar beam that falls upon It, aud hence no color
Is reflected back lo the eye; on Uie oilier hand,
this wbtto paper on which I write absorbs none
of these waves, but, reflecting the entire beam
back to tiie eye, we have In it, as I have else*
where explained, a compound of all the colors,
and this compound Is white; hence wo call the
paper white.
This svstem for the production and propaga
tion of fight, and with It the beautiful colors In
Nature, tnny well challenge our admiration.
Nevertheless, the late Sir liavld Brewster once
said to Prof. Tyndall "that he (Brewster)could
not think the Creator of the Universe would be
guilty of so clutosv a contrivance as the tilling
of space with ether to produce lluht,” but to
my mind this is one of the sublfmcst works of
His creative hand. G. F. lUnua^*
MANUFACTURING CHEMISTRY.
Xeie Yerk TVmra.
Some carious chemical investigations made re
cently In England have been reported In the
Journal of the Jtoyal Chemical Society. The
preparation of artificial champagne is one of
them. First of all, wo are told the amount of
alcohol, sugar, acids, etc., which a genuine
French champagne contains, and then Informed
how this can be Imitated by chemical science.
The stock is to have gelatine added to It, to pre
cipitate tannic acid, and, after filtration, It la
flavored by the addition of sugar, tartaric acid,
glycerine, and cognac or spirits of wine. An
agreeable aroma Is given by extracts of violet,
cclcrv. heliotrope, or Jasmine, if a red wine Is
desired, an alcoholic extract of bilberries is add
ed. Truly science is n wonderful thing, thus
to convert on the Instant a white wine
into u red one. If Ute wine is not sufllclcntly
crcmant, the addition of gutu arable and more
glycerine will remedy the matter. Glycerine
seems to play an important part in manufactur
ing chemistry Just now. Wo have the word of
the Koval Society that it is possible to adulterate
milk with 35 per cent of glycerine water with
out the possibility of detection by the muni
modes of examination. This Journal of the chem
ical society also tells Its readers what- to use In
stead of copper salts to make preserves and
pickles look green. Manufacturers, as we have
been told, have been induced, In order to im
prove the appearance of the preserved article, to
restore the green color by the addition of a salt
of copper. A much more harmless and equally
effective coloring agent has been obtained by
these chemists by dissolving the chlorophyll
from parsley or oilier similar plant with a solu
tion of caustic soda. Evidently, young chemists
have a wide field open to them.
PLEASANT POISONS#
Zsintliin HVrih
Wo mentioned three edible nightshades—the
potato, the tomato, and Uic Cape gooseberry.
This last} of which some Idea may be formed
from the winter cherry ot our pardons, is a
native of Peru, but bos been naturalized at the
Cape ood grows well (n India. The calyx
withers, but Is persistent, and therefore the
amber berry is contained In what may be fauci
fully called a thin paper bap. Au excessively
pleasant preserve Is made from it, which Is
named Tiparce jam, and would, wo think, make
a more welcome present than the Guava cheese,
which country households always expect from
Indian cousins. The aubergine, or eggplant,
also y belongs to this family, but It is better
Known across the Channel than here. The fruit
is not allowed by Paris gardener to attain Sts
full size, but is delivered partially unripe
to the cook, who fries It and serves
ns a vegetable. It is violet or white;
the former kind Is more esteemed, ami
mav be seen cultivated extensively In the
environs of Paris, but still more so In (he south
of France. Under the name ot Brlnjol It Is
famlliir to Anglo-Indian housekeepers, but is
welcomed chiefly as filling up an awkward time
in the hot weather when vegetables arc scarce.
Certain it Is that in the Temple of the Sun at
Saaomozo the. .seeds, .of.. .tho.Floripoudlo or
JJatura tannulntn were used to produce religious
ecstasv. Tills secret was doubtless known ages
ago In' Indian temples, and may have been car*
tied bv traveling mystics to Delphi, where the
Gestures and behavior of the priestess were
bUch ns a practiced ami skillful use ot datura
might produce without dancer to life. The give
umi take of these nightshades we have partial*
Inrly noticed. Belladonna both lowers ntul re
stores the vital functions; tobacco irritates and
soothes; datum relieves tliu laboring chest and"
frenzies the excited brain. Take one more
rather singular instance of reparation bv a
B‘ it of this family of mischief in whlcii it has
a helping hand. One ot the features of a
dissipated life is loss of appetite.. The slender
meal, generally only an excuse for more stimu
lant, Is with difficulty got through. 81111 the
volarv of late hours has a midnight moment
when'hc feels, or thinks he feels, that grided
bones would be a restorative, or would at any
rate whip the energies suflleiently to make an
other bottle possible. For this reviving dish
cayenne pepper is altogether a sine qua nun.
Grilled bones without cavenne would, wo will
not sav, bo *• Hamlet” with the J'rince loft out,
hut “ Hamlet ” with only the &/W left in. It
does not require n prophet to predict the end
of these things if associated with established
habits, and the moralist may well stand aside
and let consequences preach their own sermon.
But doctors now declare that one of the moat
efficacious remedies in the painful disease dip
somania is red pepper,—the capsicum of un
timely revels. It checks the craving widen,
whore restraint is used, drives the patient to
tiie most subtle subterfuges to obtain what is
preying upon his desires. This Is the plant the
companion of the vlvcur; it Is present in his
hour of of disastrous triumph, and It visits him
when Nature lays upon him the penalty of her
broken laws.
THE MAGNETIC POLES.
Srttnfijte American, July 9.
From a study of the movement of the com
poss-ticedle producing declination at London,
Mr. fi. G. Jenkins, of the Boyal Astronomical
Society, has become convinced that the various
vicissitudes of the needle during the last IKK)
years can best be explained by the supposition
of a strong magnetic polo above the earth’s
surface and revolving around the geographic
North Polo in about 600 years. He finds four
magnetic poles, as maintained by Halley and
ilimdstecu, to bo ncceasory to explain
satisfactorily all the phenomena of terres
trial magnetism, but bo places these not
iu thn earth, but in the atmosphere. These
poles ho regards os the freo ends of ns many
broad magnetic belts, two extending from the
viclnitv of the North Polo to the Equator, the
other two coming up from the South Polo to
meet (hern, the boreal magnetism of the north
ern belts uniting with the austral magnetism of
ttai* southern hells along the magnetic Kquator.
These bauds be believes to revolve at slow ami
unequal rates round the poles of the earth, pro
ducing secular variations.
it will be observed that Mr. Jenkins describes
the magnetism of the Northern Hemisphere as
“boreal.” Contrary to the current theory, ho
holds that the north end of the compass-needle
Is a true north pole, and that the facts observed
are, when properly understood, In full accord
with the great magnetic truth that like poles
repel mid unllKo pules attract.
After submitting the evidence In favor of this
view, Mr. Jenkins argues hi this wise: If the
north end of the dipping-needle is a south pole,
its pointing to tiie ground in Boothia (where tiir
James Boss located the earth’s north magnetic
polo) must be attributed to attraction.
If It Is attracted, it U attracted by something
cither in the crust of the earth or at the
centra of the globe. If there Is something In
the earth’s crust which attracts Hie needle iu
Boothia it ought to attract (he needle In London.
But the needle lu Loudon is attracted neither to
the crust at Boothia nor to Hie corth's centre.
The truth is, Mr. Jenkins believes, that the
north nolo of the needle pointed to the ground
almost pcrjiemllcularly Injltoothla because it was
repelled by the true north moguetle polo In the
atmosphere above that region when Sir James
Boss was there lilly years ago.
Further evidence as to tho existence of the
alleged magnetic belts above the earth's surface
Is promised. Meantime it b of the first Im
(Hirtance, Mr. Jenkins thinks, that it should be
clearly settled whether the magnetic pole re*
mains in or above Boothia. According to his
calculation it should now bo In latitude 73 deg.,
longitude 115 Ueg., In Prince Albert Land.
TUB AUDlOMirnut.
Lawton Lmnit.
At tbo lost meeting of the Royal Society, Or.
Richardson demonstrated the 'action of a new
instrument which ho had named the audJinelcr,
or audiometer, and which has Just been invent
ed by Prof, Hughes, the discoverer of the ml-
crophone. The audiometer is used as a precise
measurer of the sense ot bearing, it Is formed
of a small battery of one or two Lcclanclio
cells, a graduated Insulated bar, to which at
each end one of the fixed colls is attached, a
secondary Induction eoll, which mores along
the graduated bar, . and a telephone, the
terminals of which are connected with the ter
minals of the Induction coll. Tho prin
ciple of the audiometer Is based on
the physical fact that when Uio bat
tery is In action, and a current la pass
ing throng!) the two primary coHi, the second
ary coll on the bar becomes charged, by Induc
tion, whenever It Is brought near to either of
tho primary ceils; but when it Is brought to thh
precise centre between the primary coils there
Is a neutral point or electrical balance, where
the electric phenomena from Induction cease to
be manifested. By placing a mkropftoolc key
between the battery and one of the primary'
coils, and by attaching the terminals of the In
duction coll to the telephone, Prof. Hughes
was able to mage the telephone produce sounds
whenever be brought the Induction coil near to
one of the primary colls and moved the micro
phonic key so at to make It play on a floe neo
din suspended In the circuit. When the Induc
tion coll Is close to one of the primary colls the
noise Is very loud, but as the coll is moved to
ward the centre of the bar the noise diminishes,
until it ceases at tho centre altogether. The
scale on the bar Is graduated Into 200 degrees,
representing units of sounds from 200 to 0 or
aero. At2oo all who can hear at all can hear the
vibration of the drum In the telephone. At
0 no one can hear, while between the two points
there are 200 gradations of sound, from the
highest down to zero, in using the Instrument
the telephone Is put to the car of the listener
while tho operator moves the mlcrophoulc key,
and at the same lime shifts the induction coll on
the graduated bar so ns to measure the hearing
power of the person under examination. Dr.
Richardson presented a preliminary report to
tho Iloyal Society on his first experiments with
the audiometer, and showed that already, by Its
means, some useful and practical, as well as
curious, facts had been obtained. Amunir many
of these was one relating to an Inquiry as to
the best material for making artificial tym
panums for cases of defective bearing from per
.foratlon or destruction of the natural drum. He
bod found gold, made into the form of little
cups or capsules, exceedingly effective for this
purpose. The audiometer promises to become
one of those useful adjuncts to practice of
which we shall say ultimately, "How did we
get ou before It was known /"
A CIIYSTALMZRD WOMAN.
Another very remarkable ’ Instance, wo are
Informed, says an English paper, bus Just cornu
to to the preserving or petrifying effects
of riilrnlo of soda. A well-known and Influen
tial city firm, who have very extensive connec
tions witli South American planters, miners,
etc., have recently received from Peru a curi
osity in the shape of what mar he termed a
crystallised female body, which, as their corre
spondents advise them, was some short time
since discovered by a set of miners at Pisaguc,
in that country, completely Imbedded In one of
the great uitrutu of soda deposits occullur to
the district. Ttic bodv Is described as having
the anpcarancc of n petrified mummy, and is
stated to be in a singular statu of preservation.
This curiosity has already been secu by some
of our best known naturalists and' analysts,
and It Is believed that the woman,
who apparently was of middle age, must
have perished through accident or de
sign at a remote period of the past, as some
even go so far os to sav, ‘.1,000 or 3,000 years ago.
That her death was violent there is little room
to doubt, inasmuch ns when discovered the bosy
was in a recumbent position, partly on the side,
• with chest slightly crushed as if through a se
vere fail, the legs'drawn up, and the fingers and
toes contracted. The hair is in a moat perfect
state, and maintains its contact with the skull
in n peculiarly-astonishing manner, ami the
mouth is open, displaying .the teeth and
longue, which are phnilv visible. The extremi
ties ore remarkably small ami perfect, even the
nails being In their respective places. The hair
on the head,-wo should add. appears to be plait
ed in a very peculiar manner, mid Is of great
length and thickness, though In some parts de
tached, owing to part of the skull having been
destroyed. The curiosity at present is at the
oDlcc ol the firiy who have imuorted it from
ttamh America, but we understand Unit ar
rangements are being made that it shall be pub
licly stiown ul the Westminster Aquarium ul an
curly day.
OXYOKN IN TITE SUN.
Prof. Henry Draper, of New York, lioil an
enthusiastic reception in London the other day,
wiicn be brought before the Uojnl Astronomical
Society the results of his InveHtlgotlcins as to
tlie presence of oxygen In the sun. In the
paper which lie read, Dr. Draper met many of
the objections urged against hit theory, and
added numerous conlirnmtory proofs to those
already published of the soundness of his con*
elusions. Ulb views ' weru’felrudgly supported
by some magnificent photographs of the solar
spectrum, which were greatly admired by the
Knglleh savaus. The London Timtt paid the
Professor the compliment of a laudatory
column and a . half article, and summed
up la his favor as follows:
We think that most spcctroscopists
will admit that Prof. Draper does nut pass be
yond the limits of scientific caution in claiming
that tlie coincidence, shown In his photograph,
between the bright lines of oxvgett and the
bright parts of the solar spectrum, establishes
the probability of the existence of oxygen in the
sun. The burden of proof, or rather of (I|b
proof, should now fall on those who consider
that the coincidence may, after all, bo merely
occidental. To us It seems that, If such evidence
as Prof. Draper has obtained Is rejected, hardly
any spectroscopic evidence can sullice to Drove
the existence of an element in the sun. Wo
certainly have not stronger evidence In the case
of sodium or magnesium, elements which every
ph.vslclst regards as present In. the sun,
than Prof. Draper has obtained In
tlie -case of oxygen.” In the dls
casslon which followed (he reading of the paper,
Mr. Unyuurd, Mr. Proctor, ami Dr. Gladstone
warmly supported Dr. Draper’s views. Dr.
Huggins was overwhelmed with a sense of the
conscientious care which Dr. Draper had be
stowed upon tbu Investigation, but suspended
Ids Judgment until lie bad examined the coinci
dences by direct vision himself. The only dis
sentient voice was that of Mr. Christie, of tlie
Hoyol Observatory, who was afraid, If they ac
cented Dr. Draper’s theory, that the solar spec
trum Is made up of u continuous spectrum with
bright lines upon It, ami that these are again
inodilled by dark Hues, they would be landed In
absolute uncertainty os to tbu smt’a composi
tion, since (hey would not bo able to ascertain
whether any of Hut ordinary dark lines were
merely Interspaces between bright lines, or were
absorption hues. On the whole, Dr. Draper is
to bo congratulated upon hla successful recep
tion.
IHRDS AND RCPTIMSS.
UurnhlU ihtgusine.
A feather, as un anatomist would (ell tut, Is
"a dermal mollification,"—hi other ‘ words, iui
altered bit of akin. Every part of a plum or
auiimll undergoes changes, our modem teachers
sav, Just In accordance with Uio external In
fluences which affect It. Ilut the skin of on
animal la naturally exposed to mauy more
ouch surrounding agencies than its internal
organa; accordingly, wo llud that no structure
exhibits such' strange variations aa the skin.
Besides the regular mudUications which wo sue
In the scales or homy plates of lishvs, Uio
smooth coats or aolUl shells of reptiles, the
feathers of bints, and Uio hair of mom*
inals, numerous other minor peculiarities
occur In almost every species. Such uro thu
horns of cows and goats, the spike of tlio rhi
noceros, the leaks, nulls, claws, hoofs, and ml
ona of beasts or birds, and the tail-plumes,
rulfs, lappets, crests, and ornamental adjuncts
of all thu more wsthctlc animals. In no class
aro theso variations in thu external covering
more conspicuous than among Uio biped tribe,
whose'spolls lam now bolding in my hand, us
Uio text tor our afternoon's discourse, flow
birds llrot came to bo winged and feathered we
cun hardly say as yet. To bu sure, must of us
have seen a picture, at least, of that strange,
oolitic monster, the ptcrdactyl, a saurian with u
head like a crow, but having the forepart pro
jeeted Into long Jaws, fitted with teeth not very
dissimilar from those of a crocodile; while Us
legs were supplied, apparently, with amembraac,
by whose aid thu crculuro probably Hew about
In Ibu same manner as a but. These real Hying
dragons recall in many points thu uppearuncu of
a turd, especially in thiuskull ami position of the
eyes. .Moreover, Profs. Marsh and Huxley
have shown that thu curliest fossil ulrds resem
ble thu and other reptiles in many
Important peculiarities of structure, fur nitre
than modem representatives, Home of them
even possess teeth set In their Jaws ofter a rep
tilian form, more or less like thu ptordaetyl. if
nut actually from that partially-winged saurian
iiaelf. line perhaps it is premature to build
with any euutldeme upon such dubious ground;
and we may consequently accept Uio earliest
birds on their own responsibility, without In
quiring too curiously into their antecedents, or
compelling them to produce a genealogical (able
of their aucublry.
. THE PUZZLERS’ CORNER.
[Original contribottons will be published la tbit
department. Correspondents will please send tbelr
real names with their nomtitptunw addressed to
"Pnazlers’ Comer." Answers will be poWJsbe!
the following week J
No.-835,
ACBO O R '
, A It K L B O O Id T
ICEI. AND PonWAUtt
eland READY
end try
D I)
No. 830.
O It ft It E
8 O U O II
MER O 9
DENIM
T E N O If
No. 830.
Qooseberry.(ool»
No. 840.
Parasynaxls,
No. 84L
Pinafore.
Y \V I 9
WADE
IDOL
8E L D
No. 842.
O-lec,' A-sh, R-at,
T-ar, n-e, p.o, O-do,
P-lstte. L-«e, A-nt,
Tl-ed, 11-at,S-ast,N*od,
I-do, D-lx, A-do,Garttv>
Poplar, Denies.
No. 838.
Ro o R
E r E
D a D
Do o D
E w K
Re( o R
PERSPECTIVE CUBE-NO. 813.
******
• »
*•* # •
*
* « •
** * »
* *
* * *
The npper line, delicate; the line extending
down from abn initial tetter of this line, a species
of grass; tbo line opposite, a mineral; the lower
him of the square, to mow. The top line of the
left-hand square. a tree; the line extcndlncdawn
from the Initial letter of tbta hoe. to trifle: the line
opposite, a Kind of food used hy the Indians; the
lower line, a circle. The flrsl four-letter diagonal
on the left, to scoff; lower left, the length of two
cuts of linen; upper right, a gape; lower riebt, •
species of bird.
CutcAuu. B. p. JC.
DIAMOND-NO. 814.
Down—ln Waijcan; chance; county in Xiltooia.
with firm and last letter* transposed; common; %
well-known nocm; a Uarmsn priest; a German
writer; a Held transposed; In Walieati. Across—
In Waijcan; fortune; a city in Georgia, first and
last letters transposed; a carriage; hero and hero*
ine of aforesaid poem: priest of high rank; a
man’s name; threc-flrtns of stylo; in Waljean.
Prize for earliest answer, an elegantly-illustrated
edition of the poem.
UunusoToN, Win.
NUMERICAL DIAMOND—NO. 845.
I Is in confusion.
The
Ttio 12 3 Is d tree.
Tho 1 2 a 4 D arc conflagrations.
The 12 3 4 5 0 7 arodo.and thesamo
The 123400780 are homes.
The 3 4 5 G 7 8 0 lives.
The 0 0 7 8 0 are morel ns.
The 7 8 0 of the (French!,
Tho 0 Is InqolctueM.
Fulton*, 111. Towiiiid,
SQUARE WOUD-NO. 840.
A class of spirits; an onclont Asiatic Klne.
CIIAXI’AION, 111. Ukkisi.
SQUARE WOOD-NO. 847.
A came; a pod; an ancient writer; a precious
stone.
Ciucaoo. lIArprJAOK.
NUMERICAL ENIGMA-NO. 848.
T am composed of ten letters, and am a keeper of
church relies.
Myl, .*•. 8,4, Is an elevated piece of timber.
Mr (I. ». t!. is a sort of tackle.
My 7. 8, lU. U, means proceeds.
CHICAGO. ItACKKTTr.
HIDDEN SIIAKSPE AREAS CIIAHACTERS-NO.
Hl».
Was Old Kins Cole a reformer?
Tne tramp wn« frightened liv a mere sender.
Don't tell I'oinp 1 Mole Ids chickens.
Did you catch (hat turbot, Tom?
lly this action the will is nugatur.%
The witches looked queer and uncanny.
Ciucaoo. Trim.
ENIGMATICAL FEMININE NAMES-NO. 8.%0.
ill A wager-and to discern, (d) An animal
and vision. <:{) A tetter and a child's name for a
relative. (4) Favor. (5) A bad pine.* ana a let*
ter. (.0> A reward for services rendered and a
verb.
CincAuo. MoNstEcnK.
CORRgSFONDBXCK.
Emma's Uncle. city, sends answers to two,—the
double acrostic of .T. Swarm and the “ Pmaforo ”
of Jiuckcltv. .
Tyro, city, fired his spectacled orbs on several of
the puzzles, and /severally gave them all up save
two,—Nos. HhHaudHll.
Only Me, Highland Park, says the answer to tho
Davenport charade is “Gooseberry-fool," and
that’s where O. M. is solid.
Poplar, Oshkosh. Win.. Is the only gnesserwho
semis in the answer to Towhond'a compound, and
one of two to find the charade from Davenport.
Tho other answer was to No. 841.
llcnlda, Champaign, HI. paid the cilice a visit
last week, on his way to visit friends “'way down
in Maine." The gentleman promises on his return
to Join the mystic crew of Thu Corner onco more.
M. IValjean, Canton. HI., regards the purples
as too hard for hot weather. Bho picks out Nos.
8;r», BUS, KlO. amt 811 os the contest, ami calls fur
an easy list. Tn u one this week Is comparatively
easy.
Coochle, Darlington, Was., forwards a “soli
taire” of purest rsy serene, fashioned by herself,
for which she offers n prize to the first jMicsser, It
appears this week. Thu little lassie answers-ttfo
acrostic amt (ha “Pinafore.”
llapnv Jack, city, found little trouble in rooking
out three, hut found a heap of trouble m trying
Uic rest, and concluded to let them answer them
selves In Tlie Corner, Ho found tho tiwarm acros
tic, the rhomboid, and “Pinafore."
Punch, Urbana. HI,, mailed a letter last week
containing answers to seven of the chrht puzzles,
of the previous week, but it was mislaid, ami did
not reach the-Artmlrul until too late for notice.
Thu only missing article waa Miss Coochlo’s “l.sp
dog,"
Tawhcad, Fulton, 111., thinks the D. D. of Mr.'
K. both lough and good, and lias also a word of
commendation for lliu rhomboid of Sphinx. Tho
Fullonian promises to make a f). I>. and confer It
upon K. F. K. Mr. T. also sends the “Decider"
acrostic and “Pinafore."
E. F. K., city, docs not wish to be absent from
roll-call, although lie has few to report, 110 finds
Iho rhomboid, tim “decider” business, and Pina
fores Towhead'a compound was 100 Intricate, and
he let it go by tho board. Mr. K. b«s a cube this
week that Is dedicated to Mr. Sphinx, and Mr.
Sphinx will presumably bo heard on tho subject.
THE MODERN MISER.
Softly walking.
Smoothly bilking
Gentleman is he—
Nicely bring,
Sometime" airing,
As the world may sue.
And bis nioury,
l.tko the limiey,
Storing up with art—
Nice precision,
\ Due division
Of bis careful heart*
All Ills trrainres
And his plivuinrea
Duly mcastirud tie;
Ne'er convulses
Ills Impulses,
Thought of charity*
Thero’i not toy
Of the many
Things on earth that ple&aet
Dai thu sight of
AnddoUautof
Gold can give bln ease.'
That he socks out,
That ho okes out—
Spirit miserly—
Not iu chesting,
But investing:
Ah {far wiser hoi
Notin boxes,
lint lu stocks hfa
Honey's laid away.
Ah I wu know blot.
And we show him
Honor duo, to-day.
But Do thinking
Toat (ha linking
Of his sonlrelluca
To some others
la to brothers
In a sordid mind,
AD bis grandness
And his bluuducM,
To uiy sight, unroll
An unfolding
Wrapper, holding
Bat a miser's tout.
£lla & Eujt,
"Aposltlvo benefit to young children end In
fants’* is die popular verdict lor Dr. Ball's Uahjl .
byrup, bold everywhere at cuuU-a bottle. I,
9
Cdocris.

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