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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 24, 1879, Image 1

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Continued Until Ang. 1.
STYLE I.—-Is neatly trimmed
with Embroidered Ruffles
and Tucks,
At 95 cents.
STYLE XL—Same as above,
more elaborately trimmed.
At $1.35.
STYLE Hl.—With wide and
narrow tucks, and centre
piece of embroidery extend
ing from neck down. Keck
and sleeves neatly trimmed
with embroidery. Skirt with
ruffle trimmed with embroid
ered edging and tucks,
At $1.65.
Early inspection solicited.
121 & 123 State-st.
Bare Bargains in Fine
Gem Stones, set and unset.
Solitaire Bar-Bings, Fln
gcr-Bings, Ac., in new styles
ot settings.
Fine Wutclies, Silverware,
Presentation Goods, Ac.
|\P rices greatly reduced , and guar
anteed lower than can ho found else
where for the same quality of goods .
S. E. Oor.Stalß & WasMnetim-sls.
T o Kent,
Two very desirable Fire-
Proof Offices on second
floor, and one on third
floor. Apply to
8 Tribune Building.
‘ OF MEAT. . H la a aocMta at>4 a boon for
which nations aboaki teal graUiai."—U«a
"Medical Pres*," “ Lancet,” 4 British
Medical Journal,” An,
CAUTION. —• OeontiM only with the (»•
aiatU of Damn Liebig's Blgaature in Ilia*
Ink aerova the Labal.
OonautnpUon in England increased tan*
fold in tea ytan.”
07 MEAT. To ba bad of all Storekeepers,
Ohmlila. Sola Agcnla lor lha
United Slates (wholuaU only). O. David A
Mark Lana. London, England.
■ A\gfo. DjaHHAM
Usvlngyou there uoill 4:30 d. ni. Hound trip, a,Y cti.
For Water- Work* Crib, bomb Dark. Uyde P«k, auS
Government Pier *l 3:30 p. m. every day. Hound trtn
AUcu. Grand Moonlight Excursion erery evening at
M e clock. Fsteouly oU d*. Hand on board. *
t DAiiy, Uouigcr.
Tenths’ Fancy Casshnere Sack Suits,
Cut in the very latest style, made of
this season’s goods, in our own Man
nfactory, warranted all wool. This
line of Suits we propose to close at
$9 per Suit; former price, $12.50,
Tenths’ Black Worsted Sack Salts,
-11111 line of sizes, very stylish, war
ranted to lit every lime, to be closed at
$8.50 per suit; former price, $12.60,
Tenths’ Mix Gasslmero Sack Suits to
be closed at $0 per Suit, which is one
of the best bargains we ever offered
in our Tenths’ Department. The
above lots must be closed before Au
gust 1. SMALL MEN' can be fitted in
any of the above lots.
The Black Doeskin Pants are sell
ing very fast at $3,50. No wonder,
for we warrant them all wool, and
to bo well worth $5,50 to SB.
To bo closed at 75c each; SI.OO is tho
very lowest this quality of Shirt can
lie bought for outside of the
The Sliest STRICTLY OHE-PRICE Clotting
House la tie Clip 01 Oilcigo, 1
131 & 133 CLARK-ST.,
W. U. FURLONG, Manager.
2:20 CLASS--PUIISE, $1,500.
Tho following horses aro entered
and will start: CHARLEY FORD,
MRUS and
Milo Deals, Three in Five, in Harness.
For the ImiiWTomeotof'Central Uouletard. between
Central and Humboldt Park*, will be recelredatthe
ofltce of tho Weet t.nlcago Park Cotntnluiouera. Hal
eted-it.. southwest corner of Weehiuatoa-M.. until
Saturday. July 30, at np. m, The amount of materiel
Bocreeary will be ee follnwit
Ulut Furnace Cinder* or Broken Stone. 7,873 cuWo
Heat ouaitty of Cement Gravel, 7,873 cable yards,
inure or leu.
Tho bid* to he
I. For furnishing any part or all of tba necessary
3. For the work complete.
The Park Commtastuuers retain the right to reject
any or all bid*. Specification* on (lie at tha office of
tho Hoard. K. K, WOOD, Secretary,
Chicago. Jaly 33. IHTO.
The Classical, tba Scientific, and lha Grammar
School*. will reopen on Thursday, Sept. 1L For fur
ther ioformaxlou apply to
Warden of Pacino College. lUclqc. Wls.
Mx. vi;it.\o!> i**xixi;xjh, 40
ML Vernon Place, HelUmore. Aid. KnglUb,
:U. and German Hoarding and Day School for
Young Ladles. a large corps of I‘rufcaaora. The 20th
annual iCMlon will commrnce Sept. 18. For circular*
addrea, tba Principal*, HUB. MANY J. JUNKS and
About 30 feet good Wslsut and Olom Office Partition.
A l*o Stondlng Leak aal Dali, cbuap, y 23. Tribune
The Great Republican Cele
bration at Madison,
Wis., Yesterday.
Glorious Anniversary of the
'Wedding of Freedom and
A Speech by Zach Chandler
in His Very Best
Paying Off Debt Faster than Any
Man Oan 'Count the
An Oration by Garfield, Full
of Facts and Met
The Birth of Republicanism
“But a Sleep and a
Some of the Truths That Blazed
from the Fires of
Our War.
Speeches of Ruhlco, Keyes, and
Cassidy in the State Con
Eenomination of Gov. Smith and All
tho State Officers —The Govern
or's Speech.
Tho Pennsylvania Convention Scores a
Personal Victory for tho
1 Camerons.
Speech of Secretary Sherman at Portland,
He.—lnterview with Gen.
fiwrtol DHaateh to 77ie TrUuno.
Madison, Win., July 23.—The Brand celebra
tion here to-day of the twonty-flfth anniversary
oC Uie organization of the Republican party of
Wisconsin was eminently worthy of the great
occasion and tho men engaged Jn lu It was In
deed afeilvor Wedding st which many honored
sons and daughters were present to congratulate
the old folks upon the success of tho union en
tered Into a Quarter of a century before. Many
of the venerable men who met on this same
spot twenty-live years ago to-day havo been
gathered to their fathers, but many others have
been spared to participate in the exercises. A
generation bss passed since the' Free-Soll*
ers, the Barnburners, the Abolitionists, the
Liberty Party men, tho Old Lino Whigs,
and tho disaffected Democrats assembled
themselves together for the purpose of forming
a now party In Wisconsin that should bo one of
the factors, as they hoped and prayed, of o great
national organization which might adopt a pol
icy In harmony with the principles enunciated
by the Declaration of Independence. Many of
tho young men of tho country who arc now at
the front In political affairs, and havo cast one
or two votes for President of tho United States,
do not clearly understand tho causes which led
to tho formation of this grand Republican
party. Tho party which elected Abraham Lin
coln In 1600 was tho outgrowth of tho sentiment
In opnosltlon to chattel slavery os it then exist
ed In fourteen States of tho Union, ana which
Slavery was always a bone of contention In this
country, and, after wrangling over it for more
than a hundred years, tho quarrel between the
slaveholding and the non-elaveboldlng States
Anally culminated lu one of tho most bloody
and expensive civil wars that ever disgraced
modern civilization. Tho South was safe enough
In tho enjoyment ot slavery under tho guaran
tees ot the Constitution In tho States where it
already existed, but with that they wero not
content, and claimed the right to enter tho Ter
ritories of tho West tluvt had been forever dedi
cated to freedom by tho celebrated ordinance of
1787, and take their slaves with them. This was
resisted by the people of tho North, and various
parties sprung up In all tho free States nndur
various names, whoso object was to arouse tho
people to the danger to bo apprehended from
the aggressive tendency of tho slave power.
The slaveholders bad had control ot
tho Government and the offices almost uninter
ruptedly since the organization of Dm Govern
ment. They bad olways bad control of the
Democratic party, as the Southern Brigadiers
have to-day, and they Ouallv seized upon tho old
Whig party, and made It quite as subservient to
their wishes as the other, lu Congress the
Northern Democratic doughface was always
ready and willing to obey the commands of the
slaveholders, and in tho church tho monstrous
Ides was promulgated that slavery was sanc
tioned by the Word ot God, and was therefore a
divinely-appointed Institution. But the agita
tion continued, and tho public conscience In tho
North at last began to be aroused to 1U doty
with reference to this
This Incited the South to renewed activity*
and It became more Insolent and aggressive
than ever pa Us demands# It constantly do*
mended new concessions, new compromises,
new guarantees,' and now Helds to plunder. It
demanded the annexation of Texas os a slave
State, the repeal of the Missouri Compromise,
and the liberty to convert Kansas and Nebraska
Into slave States, It procured the passage of
the notorious Fugitive Slava law, which was
signed by a Northern Whig, Millard Fillmore,
that {rave them the right to capture any run*
away slave In any free State, and not only use
llie tails for bis incarceration, but every Sheriff
could bo called upon to turn bloodhound and
assist In the capture, it demanded and pro*
cured a decision from Chief-Justice Taney, of
the United States Supreme Court, in which tho
atrocious doctrine of the slavebplaere (not the
personal opinion of Taney, as has been sup*
posed) was enunciated, to wit: That
the negro bad no rights which a white
man Is bound to respect. Under the
Administrations of Jackson, Van Buren, Tyler,
Polk, Fillmore, Pierce, and Buchanan, the slave
ollgarcy had everythtu own wav. and the
policy of the Government, both domestic imd
foreign, was shaped according to lie dictates.
Hat the opponents of tbfs wicked and Inde
scribably cruel system were not Idle. The North
was ablaze with ezdtamcnt. William Lloyd
tlarrlsoii and bis associates boldly denounced
the Constitution of the United States as "a
league with death and a covenant with lie)],* 1
ofuTabolUkm societies were organized In many
of the free States. All the religious denomina
tions began to Lake action In the matter, and
•were rent to twain as. a consequence, and most
of them mii(ported two separate organizations,
North and South, the dividing issue being
After a while the Abolitionists and Frec-Soll
ers began to hold the balance of political power
la Congressional districts and In the State Leg
islatures. After Daniel Webster had killed
himself with Ills celebrated 7tbof March speech,
in which he look extreme Southern around, the
State of Massachusetts sent Chsrlca Sumner to
the United Slates Senate as his successor to re
inforce the gallant John V. Hale, at Now Hamp
shire, who had stood single-handed and alone to
defy the slave power. Then Ohio elected
Salmon P. Chase, end New York sent William
11. Seward. The latter delivered Ida famous
•epcech on “ The Irrepressible Conflict ” between
freedom and slavery In this country, and Sum
-acr aroused the Indignation of the South by de
pleting, with masterly, skill, the ntrociouaneas
und victousDesa of the “ peculiar Institution.”
Before the advent of Sumner, Seward, aud Chase
hi the Senate, Joshua K. Olddlngs. of Ohio,
and ex-ITcsldeol John Quincy Adorns had
nobly defended tho right of petition In the
House of Representatives. Some Idea of the
Insolent and overbearing temper of Utc South
ern meu In Congress at that time can be Infer
red by their treatment of the venerable ex-
President Adams. Ha had introduced a peti
tion from some Quakers in Massachusetts pray
ing for u peaceable dissolution of the Union on
account of tho existence of slavery. Mr. Adams
stated that ho disagreed with tho petitioners,
hut tic held the right of petition to be a sacred
right lu thiscoantry.and,as their representative,
he considered it his doty to present their prayer
to tlio House. Some 2loUpur immediately in
troduced resolutions censuring Mr. Adams for
tills act of courtesy towards a highly respecta
ble portion of his constituents: but iu tho
memorable discussion that followed the Stave
ocrucy found to their sorrow that it was their
cherished system that was on trial before the
country, instead of John Qnlncv Adams,
lu the meantime the Free-Sollcrs and Aboil-
tlonlste were not idle, tn 1840 and 1844 they
supported James 0. Blrncv for President. In
ISIB they took advantage of a quarrel In the
Democratic party and supported Martin Van
Huron for President, who had been nominated
at Buffalo on n platform that distinctly pledged
him to
That year Van Buron received votes enough to
defeat Lewis Cass, the Democratic candidate,
and elect Taylor and Fillmore, the Whig candi
dates. In 18.12 tbc choice for President fell upon
Franklin Pierce,—Gcn.Wlnllehl Scott, the;whig
candidate, receiving only eight Electoral votes.
That was the last appearance of the Whig
partv. and, os it had become as strongly
pro-slavery as the Democratic party, no
one need regret Its demise. The dissolution of
the Whig party, and the large vote cast for
John P. Hale In 1853 by the opponents of the
slave-power, alarmed the South, and incited the
North to renewed activity. In Wisconsin the
opponents of the extension of slavery into free
territory were ready to adjust all minor differ
ences of opinion and unite for a common pur
pose. In 1853 they had united with all Uie op
ponents of the Democratic party, and elected
Fnrwvll (Fuslonist) Governor over Upham
(Democrat) by a small majority. The next year
(1851), and "the day wo are here to cele
brate, n they met and organized the Keoublican
party. The next year It elected Coles Baih
ford, of Oshkosh, Governor, over William A.
The critical and excited condition of public
affairs brlcllv alluded to above will give the stu
dent of political history a clew to the causes
that culminated in the organization of
of the nation, in many ft Uie States, as in
Wisconsin, the Democratic party was guilty of
high crimes and misdemeanors, and it had com
mitted acts against the good name and deroga
tory to the best interests of tbe people, making
a now party a public necessity for the preserva
tion of our liberties. During territorial times
Uio offices were all filled by thoso bearing the
Democratic trademark, and after the admission
of the State into the Union In 1848 the first
Governor elected bv U>o people was Nelson
Dewey, a Democrat. Dewey was a Grant
Couuty farmer of fair ability and good inten
tions, but wholly destitute of the qualities of a
leader or. organizer, tils associates iu office
wore men of no particular note exccnt that tiicy
had been brought into notice bv Government
appointments under Uie Democratic regime.
Dowov was re-elected and served four years.
At Uio end of his second term the Fustonists
elected Parwcll, ns stated, but Uie Democrats
succeeded lo securing alt the rest of tbe offices.
For Secretary of State they elected William A.
Barstow. who was subsequently, two years
later, elected Governor by a majority of over
U.UUO. Barstow’s administration was a great
■scandal, corrupt and Infamous in nearly every
department, and it helped to make Uie oppo
sition of a new partv o success. Barstow and
his personal cronies and associates were soon
known in Wisconsin oa the “ Forty Thieves,”
nnd “Barstow and the Balance.” and their
memory U still a slouch in Uie nostrils of alt
decent people. The State Treasurer was an
Ozaukee County German by the name of Ed
ward U. Janssen, who had been put ou Uie
ticket to “catch Uio Dutch vote,”
but he proved to bo a defaulter to
tho tune of (35,000. Allusion is made
to this unsavory crowd in this connection, be
cause any brief sketch of the history of the rise
nnd progress of the llcouhlican party In Wiscon
sin necessarily involves some reference to their
ON TUB Orti OF JUNK, 1854,
the following rail appeared in the Madison
Journal, that had been a Whig organ, and in
eomo other newspaper!:
All men opposed to the repeal of the Missouri
Compromise, the Kxlcnalon of Slavery, and the
Rule of the Slave Power, are limted to meet at
Madison, Thursday, July 13, to take such meas
ures as may be deemed necessary to prevent tho
future encroachments of the Hlavo Power, to re
peal all Compromises In favor of Slavery, and to
establish tho principle of Freedom as the rule of
tho State and National Governments. Tho time
baa come for the union of all Prve.Mun for tho ssku
of Freedom. There is but one alternative. Wo
must units and be I’ukk. or nmuß and bo kn
pi.avrd by the pra iorlun bands of tho slaveholders
and Ibeir Nebraska ollln. M*«r Ormans.
The 13th of July was Used upon for the meet*
Inc because It was the anniversary of the passage
ox the ordinance of 1787, which dedicated all
Urn territory northwest of the Ohio River to
freedom. The l!Uh of July this year fell upon
Suodav, and hence another day was selected for
this celebration. At tlmt time Madison had
only one railroad entering thu city, yet tho
meeting was largely attended, at least 2,QUO
people being in attendance from every section
of the Stale, and representing all the old parties.
From the JJaily Mate Journal of July 14, 1854,
the following notice of the meeting is copied:
A mass convention of (he freemen of Wisconsin
opposed tu the repent of tlis Missouri Compromise
amt the extension of Slavery was held at Madison
July 13, in order to adopt measures to prevent
the encroacQuicuts of the Slave Power, and to
establish tho principle of freedom as thu rule of
the mate and Natlossl Governments. The meet
ing was temporarily orranized at 10 o'clock a. si.,
by the appointment of (ten. William Ulnae, of
Dodge, as President pro tem., oadL. F. Frishy.of
Washington, asbecreiary.
A committee of ten was appointed to report
officers for the permanent organization in tho
afternoon, consisting of the following persons:
N. M. Donaldson of Food da Lac, Bamuel Mc-
Cracken of Martiueito, Charles Hwser of Mani
towoc, W. K. smith of Dodsv, It. A. liird of
Ozaukee; Lewie K. Peek, of Washington; George
a. WncDL of Racine: P. M. Corell. of Waushara;
J. C. Mills, of Walworth; J. T. Mills, of Grant:
Horace Rubies, of Dans; Itruoka Duuwiddle, of
Green; D. F. Saysr, of Hock; 1). F. Wyman, of
Jefferson; 8, Wade, of Sheboygan; C. Skidmore,
of Calumet; A. Pickett, of Winnebago; Ransom
Dum, of Lafayette; J. T. Flanders, of Sauk; John
(j. Adams, of Columbia; R. E. Uillett, of Milwau
kee; and A. C. Lewis, of Kenosha.
The Committee ou Permanent Organization ap
peared, and reported the following for officera of
the Convention: . „„
For Frttldtnt~-Joba Walworth, of Green.
For Plrs-Frssidsnfs-b. Wakeley.of Walworth,
Albert Smith. of Milwaukee: William Blake, of
Dodge; Charles Ro-aer, of Manitowoc; J. T. Mills,
of Grant; llsllia, of Bank: W. W. Noyes, of
Columbia; J. O. Bartlett, of Rociuo; N. W.Besn,
of Dane.
For titcrtlariti— Horace Rubles, of Dane; L. P,
Prisby, of Washington.
was appointed to draw up a oat of resolutions
for the consideration of the Convention, consist
ing of the following persona: J. A. Sleeper,
Wyman Spooner, David Atwood, R. A. Bird, B.
Dunnjddle, Charles Holt, and IL 8. Baird. Tho
Committee finally reported through Its Chair
man, J. A. Bleeper, the following platform, which
was read and reread, and finally adopted as the
expression of the sense of the Convention:
That tbe repealed and long-continued
encroachments of the slave power, culminating it
last In the repeal of the law of freedom In all the
hitherto unorganized territory of the union, force
noon ns the conviction that there Is no escape from
tho alternative of freedom or Slavery as a polltt
cal Imho which Is to determine whether the tntnre
administration of tho Government sbsll be devoted
to the one or tho other.
Httolved. That wo accept this Isaac, forced op
on a* by lire slave power, and In the defense of
freedom will co-operate and bo known as /front
licant, pledged to tbe accomplishment of tbe fol
lowing purpose:
To bring the administration of the Government
back to the control of flrst principles.
To restore Nebraska and Kansas to the position
of free Territories.
To the repeal and entire abrogation of tbe Fdgl
tire Slave act.
To restrict slavery to the States In which It
To prohibit tho admission of any more slave
Stales Into the Union.
To exclude slavery from all tho territories over
which tho General Government has cxelnsivejnris
diction. And to resist the acquisition of an/ more
territory, udlcm the prohibition of slavery therein
forever shall have been first provied for.
Jlff/ilttd, That Id furtherance of these purpose*
vre will use inch constitutional and lawful mean*
as shall seem beat adapted to their accomplish
ment; ami that we will topporlno man for office
under tho General or Stale Governments who It
ttot positively and folly committed to tho support
of these principles, and whose personal character
and conduct le not a guaranty that he Is reliable.
Httoh*d. That we cordially Invite all persons,
whether of native or forclm birth, who are In
favor of the object* expressed in the above reso
lutions, to unite with ns to carrying thsm into
Tims It will bo seen that the vreat, over
shadowing, all-absorbing question In these men’*
minds wm that of chattel slavery and howto
cheek Its encroachments upon the free terrlto*
riei. They were not concerned about the tariff,
free trade, civil-service reform, finance, the dis
position of the public lands, the Indian policy,
or internal Improvements. They saw onlv the
rrcat black shadow of human slavery darkening
the political horizon liken pall and threatening
to make slavery national and freedom sectional.
It is well to observe boro that there is nothing
In this platform that contemplated the final
extinction of slaverr as ft then existed south of
Mason & Dixon's line. Those men were not
Abolitionists nor Emancipationists, because
they well knew that the South had cntrcuchcd
Its peculiar Institution In the Constitution whero
It could not be disturbed except by the violent
throes of civil war.
A few words of a personal nature in regard to
the men who composed that Convention may be
of Interest here. Manv of them arc still aiivc,
and are honored and honorable citizens of tbc
State. W. E. Smith Is the present Governor;
David Atwood is editor of the State Journal now
as bo was then, having served one term In Con
gress; Horace Uubleo is Chairman of the He
publican Stale Central Committee; L. F.
Frlsby escaped going to Congress lost fall in the
banner Democratic district of the State bv only
100 votes. Judge Alliert Smith is dead; Judge
Wyman Spooner,after serving sis years as Lieu
tcnant-Ooveniorof the State, Is also dead; J.
T. Mills has been Judge of the Circuit Court;
11. 8. Orton is one of the Associate Justices of
the Supreme Court and a Democrat; Charles
Hooscr anti Charles Holt are still editors; J. A.
Sleeper, who reported the resolutions, bus long
been a prominent lawyer In Chicago; L. I*.
Harvey was afterward elected Secretary of
Slate and then Governor, and is now dead:
Gen. J. 11. Paine is dead; Orsatmw Cole is As
sociate Justice of the Supremo Court; Sherman
M. Booth, who did more with voice and pen to
indoctrinate the minds of the people of the
State will) anti-slavery sentiments, is now a res
ident of Chicago. A few of that noble band of
able ami courageous men fell from grace and
joined the Democratic party, but the great mass
of them will die in Uic true faith.
it commenced business on its own account. A
full ticket far State officers was nominated,with
Coles Bashford, of Winnebago, as Uic candidate
lor Governor, and other competent and able
men were associated with him. The Democrat*
renominated Gov. Bnrstuw, and the first
campaign was bitter and hotly con
tested. Barslow’s Administration was vio
lently assailed, and the tricks of the
“Forty Thieves ” held up to the rldlaule nnJ
indignation of the people. The returns of the
election showed a few rotes In favor of Dash
ford, but the State Canvassers were oil Demo
crats, and of the Loulsaua Keturolng-Uoard
breed of politicians, and of course they at oucc
set themselves about the task of counting in
Uicirmou. To this end they sent out word to
the faithful in some of the backwoods precincts
witli instructions to send In “ supplements! re
turns " in favor of “ Barstow and the balance,”
and “Bridge Creek” and “Town 25” sent
down tlie requisite number of votes for “Bill,”
and “ Bill ” received the certificate of election.
This bare-faced attempt at fraud created Intense
excitement throughout the State, ami
there was dinger of a mob nnd
Lynch law; but wise counsels prevailed.
Barstow threatened to protect himself in his
usurped office by the use of tbe military under
his command; but conscience makes cowards
of us all, am! “Bill ” bethought him of Uie ad
age Hint “lie who fights and runs away may
live to fight another dav.” Quo warranto pro
ceedings were Immediately commenced iu the
Supreme Court to inquire into the alleged
frauds, and to oust Barstow to case It was found
Hint Bashford bad a majority of the legs! votes
cast. The Hon. E. G. Kvan, uow Chluf-Justhe
of the Stale, although be was a Bourbon-Hunk
cr Pro-Slavery Democrat of the most pro
nounced typo, and had supported Barstow on
Uie stump, appeared as counsel for Bashford,
and Matt H. Carpenter was engaged to “ make
the wrong appear Uie better reason ” In favor of
Barstow. Matt bad also supported Barstow at
the polls, tmd hero he took his first lesson In
The caio la a noted one in tho law-books, but
the outcome of tho trial can only bo stated
hero, and that was that Carstow was ousted
and the olfico given to Roshford. The other
Slate offices were filled by Democrats. Two
yean later (1857) the Republicans elected their
Governor, the late Alexander W. Randall, and
Samuel D. Ilastings, State Treasurer. The
Democrats secured tho. other State officers.
Two years later Randall and the entire Repub
lican ticket were successful at the polls. From
that day to this the Republicans have elected
their entire State ticket, except In 1873, when
Taylor (Dcm.) was elected over Washburn.
Their majorities have varied from 500 to 35,000,
—the lowest holm: for Randall In 1857 over
Cross, and tho highest was •thrown for Mr.
Lincoln in 1504.
elected by the Republican party since Its organ
ization, Randall and Harvey are dead; Solomon
is practicing law iu New York; Lewis Is nuiutly
cultivating Ills farm near Columbus: Fairchild
Is Consul-General at Farts; Washburn Is running
the largest llouring-mlll in the world; and Luo*
Inginn Is here to-day contesting the nomination
of Got. Smith. Of the Lieutenant-Governors,
Fuller G. Noble is In New York; Edward Salo
mon, who became Governor after the accidental
death of Harvey, is in Now York; Wyman
Spooner is dead; Tliad C. Pound is tho Itepru-
BQhtative in Congress from the Eighth District,
and M. M. Pettit is dead. Some of the Con
gressmen are also dead, and among them are
Walter D. Mclmloe. Luther flanchott, Charles
BlHlughurst, Benjamin F. Hopkins, and
Charles Durkae. The party elected to tho
Senate of the United Slates: Timothy O.
Howe three times; James U. Doolittle,*twice;
Matt 11. Carpenter, twice, and rejected him once;
and Augos Cameron once. Carpenter’s defeat
In 1875 and Cameron’s election was brought
about by a bolt among the Republicans and a
coalition with tho Democrats. Doolittle took
himself out of the Republican party with An
drew Johnson In 18(15, and bos found a mure
congenial borne among thu Democracy. John
F. Potter, who represented the Milwaukee Dis
trict three terms iu Congress, and whu'oftored
to tight Roger A. Pryor with bowie-knives, is
living in seclusion on bis farm at East Troy, (he
mildest mauucred man (hat over scuttled a ship
or cut a throat. Gen. Halbert E. Paine is at
present Commissioner of Patents. Thera must
not be omitted from this list of eminent Repub
licans that have honored thu party sud
been honored by It tho name of the
must distinguished foreigner who has
ever taken up his abode ou these shores,—Carl
Bchurx, uow Secretary of tho Interior. He
came to this State in 1850. settled In Water
town, and tu 1857 was nominated for Lieutenant-
Governor ou the ticket with lUndall. He was
defeated that year at the polls,with all thu tick
et except Randall and 8. D. Hustings, Treasurer.
Two years later he was again nominated for the
same office, hut declined It. He practiced law
In Milwaukee until the Rebellion broke out,
when Mr. Lincoln appointed him Minister to
Spain. He did efficient service on the stump,
and greatly endeared blmaelf to the KamiL-
1 leans of Wisconsin by his masterly speeches lo
defense of their principles.
etptrtni m»x>atrh to The Tribune,
Madison, Wls.. July 23,-The day for the Re
publican silver wedding opened most auspicious
ly. Tbe Intense heat of yesterday gave way to
a cool, breezy day and a clouded sky, that made
the out-door meeting a pleasure. All tho trains
Into the city last nlgbt and this morning were
crowded to their utmost capacity, and a special
of seven cars brought a crowd from Janesville.
Largo delegations of Republicans, consisting of
old stalwarts, and thdr cousins, and their sis
ters, and their aunts, came in carriages and hv
other means of convey, until the
town was crowded as It for a fair.
The venerable John Walworth, who presided at
Uie meeting when the Republican party was
organized, was present and presided over the
vast assemblage with grace nnd dignity. Horace
Rubteo and L. 7. Frlsby, who wero the Secre
taries of tho first meeting a quarter of s century
ago, were elected to perform tho tamo service
to-day. Mr. J. A. Sleeper read the platform
that he reported to tho convention on Uie 13lh
of July, 1854. By some Impious oversight, or,
probably, out of respect to the feelings
of old Zach Chandler, tho meeting was
not opened with prayer, as (s Uie
custom on such occasions. Probably all the
Madison clergy were away on a vacation, and no
ono was left who could acceptably perform that
of the occasion was the reading of an original
poem written for the celebration by Prof. I. 8.
Itockwood, of lire Whitewater Normal School.
It contained many felicitous allusions to promi
nent Republicans, living and dead, and was read
with much feeling and power. It was one of
the cleverest efforts of tho day, and put tho
vast atJdienco in the best of humor. Congress
man Williams, of Janesville, delivered the first
formal address, and acquitted himself well, as
Madison, Wis., July U3.—After music, an
original poem dedicated to this occasion was
road bv 8. S. Kockwood. of Whitewater. -It
was a rhvtbmotical roll-call of post nnd present
Republican leaders, and Uic names, especially
of those now most prominent, were received
with applause. Tho Hun. Charles G. Williams
was introduced, but tcmiKirarilv suppressed by
tho music of a band, which enabled him to say
It was the first time be bat 1 been beaten by wind.
Proceeding with bis remarks, be said:
Twenty-five years is a complete epoch, and
presents a ruggeat test. Nothing can hope to
stand twcnlr-tlvo years now that docs not plant
itself on tho eternal truth. It is fitting to-day
that young Wisconsin welcome* to the silver
wedding eloquent champions of freedom from
Ohio and Michigan, both of which States were
successively foster-mothers oi this State, the
remote Territory. The spirit of slavery is not
dead but lives, and exerts a baleful Influence
over the Southern country. The record of Its
past is one of blood, nnd is continued to-day In
assaults more subtle bat not lens aggressive.
Mr. Williams paid a glowing tribute to the
memory of the noble men who boro aloft the
assertion of the principles on which the Repub
lican party was founded before tlsc Republican
party was formed, some of wtwrn fell as mar
tyrs. .He closed by calling for three cheers for
Garfield, Burrows, and old Zacb.
Senator Chandler was received with groat ap
plause. His speech Is reported verbatim In
another column.
from the Republican State Committee of Mis
souri was read.
The Hon. James A. Garfield wan received with
cheers. His speech may also be read in full in
another place.
At 5:30 Die crowds in Capitol Park were dis
missed with the announcement of a ratification
meeting in the evening in the Assembly-Cham
ber. to bo addressed by the Hon. Julius C. Bur
rows, of Michigan, ana others.
Special DUpaieti to The Tr'.'nir.e.
Madison, Wls., July23.—Following Isa ver
batim report of the old veteran’s speech:
.Mr. Chairman and Fbllow-Citizbns: I
have a debt to use the words fellow-citizens,
nud I use them in no narrow sense. I might do
so, however, inasmuch as the State of Wiscon
sin once formed a part of Wayne Coantv, where
1 now reside. [Laughter.] Hut J use the
words in their broadest sense—American citi
zens. It has become popular to talk of State
citizenship and deny National citizenship. I
claim that you and I have precisely the snino
rizht to go to Illinois, to South Carolina, to
Now York, or Georgia, and express our views
and cast our votes as safely as we bavu a right;
to express our views nml cast our votes
in Wisconsin or In Michigan. Therefore 1
use the words fellow-citizens in their broad, nat>
ural sense. It Is well for us to celebrate the
twenty-fifth anniversary of the Republican
party. It is well, perhaps, that wo should boast
a little of the part that wo individually took In
that formation. Rut let mo say that we were
but mites In a mighty whole in the work. Mich
igan claims to have formed, 00 the Oth of July,
1854, in advance of Wisconsin. But what does
that matter! The Republican party was formed
by God to save human liberty. [Applause.]
No matter who was a day, or a week, ora mouth
lu advance in carrying out the will of Almighty
God. We were simple agents, it may bo
proper for mo to dwell upon the reasons for the
formation of the Republican party.
and why has It lived) The encroachment of tho
slave power had been so great that all tho
lovers of human llbcrtv throughout the land
decided to unite and resist its further exten
sion. It had repealed the Missouri Compromise
line, and ordained Uiat slavery should taka
posscsatoo'of all the vast Territories of these
United States, and the Republican party was
organized as a one-ldead party to resist that
power. We were a one-ldead party at oar birth,
but that Idea was broad enough and largo
enough to cover almost the world. It was the
liberty of roan. [Applause.] Aro wo a
Nation, or are wc not? At the
foundation of our Government, when our Con
stitution was adopted, the people, the whole
people, of these United States believed that we
were a Nation, indeed, and so they continued
to believe In 1830, when South Carolina declared
Uiat we were not a Nation, or that she had a
right to resist the General Government. An
drew Jackson was then President. When South
Carolina raised the Sag of rebellion he said. If
she attempted to resist the laws of the United
States, by the Eternal, no would bang
John O. Calhoun, Um father of Ute
State-rights doctrine [applause], and alt the
people, including John C. Calhoun, knew ho
would do it. [Laughter.] From that day for
ward it was admitted ou all hands that wo wero
a Nation. Wo remained under that conviction
until after the repeal of tho Missouri Compro
mise, when Nulllllcutlon again raised its head.
I took my seat in the Senate of tho United
Status on thu 4th day of March, 1857. At that
time it was deemed that we were a Nation.
od Uio floor of both Houses, ami everywhere
throughout the Capital,was, •• If you do tins, or
If you don't do that, we will dissolve this
Union." They proclaimed that tstale-sover
dirnty overrode National sovereignty, and that
ouo State bad the right to overthrow tlw Gov
ernmeat. That culminated, lu 188 e, in a revolt
against the Nation. Careful preparations bod
been made for It during the four years pre
ceding 1801. Your armies were scattered
mostly among the Southern Stales. Tour navy
waa scattered wherever the winds blew
and water was found. Your National
credit, which stood high in 1857,
was so absolutely destroyed that, in February,
1801, your bunds bearing 0 per cent interest,
payable in coin, were sold st 88 cents ou the
dollar and no takers for the whole amount. We
were In no situation to go to war. Rut you
went to war notwithstanding all these disad
vantages, and you (ought the war through to a
successful issue. When the Rebels surrendered,
ut Appomattox they admitted Uiat the United
States were a Nation. [Laughter.] "Very
sadly we had submitted the question to the ar
bitration of arms. You have conquered, and we
surrender to this Nation." At that time these
Rebels mode no claim noon the Government.
In every ordlnancojvs Accession which they
had signed Uicy lining deed Uiclr lives, their
fortune#, and theirf* Acred honors” to tho*
overthrow of veroment, and,
failed, Uiey had lost *..,1r lives, their fortunes,
nnd their "sacred honors.** [Applause and*
laughter.] They made no daitn for rights, .
They asked. and humbly asked, the boon of
their miserable lives, nnd Uiat was all they did
ask. [Applause.) Such magnanimity as was
exhibited by this Nation on that occasion Iho
world had never seen. We gave them
tlicir lives. Wo restored to them their
property, and, finding Ihcm naked, wo
clothed them nnd restored them to
citizenship. They were bound by tho
laws of notions and by the laws of war fora
thousand years to pay every dollar of the ex*
pense of that Rebellion. (Applauso. | We, la
our magnanimity, forgave them the debt and
took them to our arms as breiborn. But, in
ISTO, what do wo find I The same identical
issues that were presented to us in 1857 are
presented to us now. After tweutv-foar years
from the time I first took rar scat in the Senate
ICo back and what do Hindi Not the same
tneo, but the same measures being pressed that
were pressed then. The men have changed, bub
the measures have not changed at alb and to*
day what are they doing! They tried war.
They undertook to shoot tho Government to
death. Thev failed. They undertook to capture
Washington with arms in their hands, but they
did not capture It. But to-day they have coot*
ared Washington [laughter], and today, while
thcr don’t threaten to shoot tho Government
to death, ther say, '• Unless you allow as to rule
this Nation, we
The National life ami the National honor arc la
greater peril to-dav than Uicy were in 1801. •
They said then, “ Unless we can rule this Nation 1
wo will ruin It.” Thev say the tame thing to
dav. The Issues are the same today. Tho
8,000,000 of men who were so recently In arms
against the Government absolutely rule and',
control Us legislation through caucus dicta*'
tlon. One man from Wisconsin whom.
I‘.wilt not namo [Bragg] the whole Natloiv
was proud of, for he seemed to exhibit man*
hood, aithoach oDomocrot. [Laughter.] Hub
he humbly surrendered to caucus dictation, and .
his name is forgotten. [Laughter.] These men
soy, “Wo want purity of office,men who oo»» ,
cup? their scats on the lloor of both Houses'
through fraud and violence, through shotguns
and tissue-ballots. Thirty-six In tho llouso
haven’t a single solitary man for a constituency*
[laughter], and are representatives of tho color
ed race la violation of law, for the law express
ly sars that where a race or class of men oro
disfranchised they shall not bo represented on
(he floor. Twelve members of the Senate se
cured their scats in the same wav, nnd thus they
hold control of both Houses, and, holding It, torn
around nnd say: *‘You rascally Republicans, wo
will make you obey such laws as we dictate, or
wo will starve your Government to death.”
then broke the thread of his remarks In order to
make a correction. Certain papers to Chicago,
said he, have misrepresented mo os to one count
In rar Indictment against tlie Democratic party
in Congress. In the fourth count! said: “I
arraign them, the Democratic party, for having
attempted to damage the business interests ot
the country br forcing a silver coin Into circula
tion of less value than it represents, thus swind
ling the laboring man ami purcliascr by compell
ing him to accept 65 cents for a dollar, ami thun
enriching the bullion-owner at the expense of
the laborer. Four millions a day are paid for
labor alone, andiby thus attempting to force an
85-ccnt dollar on the laboring man you swindle
him dally out of SOOO,OOO. Twelve hundred
millions ore paid yearly for labor alone, nnd, by
thus attempting to force no 85-ccnt dollar on
the laboring mao. vou swindle him out of 9180,-
000,000 a year. Ihe amount which tho produc
ing class would lose Is absolutely Incalculable.”
It will bo seen that I made no allusion whatever
to any legislation that preceded this present
session of Congress, ami it will likewise bo seen
llml I arraigned them for Die attempts to do
that wicked thing. I was misrepresented.. Now
let these men who say Diat i was in Dio
wrong tell wo whether they fire In favor of
the original Warner bill, which authorized tbo
free coinage of all the silver that all the world
might present to Imj coined at tho mints of tho
United States. The very moment you issue
these silver certificates that are worth 65 cents
ou Die dollar
and that moment the laboring-man, the raiser
of wheat, the producer of every product, re
ceives 85 cents and no more, ami gold becomes
a mere article of traffic. To-day tho laboring
man can take gold, or silver, or bank-notes, It is
Immaterial which. Do awav with these, and bo
must take silver whether ho would or not. A
distinguished citizen of Wisconsin, who haa
been making a great ado about this silver ques
tion, applied to one of your Judges, who took
the bill anil looked It over, and said:
“ With one amendment, I will join you.”
“What is it!”
‘•That every roan who makes a legal tender
of SI.UUO in payment of a note shall give a mule
to carry it away.” [Laughter.!
You will understand that 81,000 weighs six
pounds; SIOO,OOO, 000 pounds; and 71,000,000,
0,000 pounds, or thirty tons. And they want
to lorco the laboring-man, and the farmer, and
the mechanic to take this depreciated dollar for
the benefit, tliu sole benefit, of the owners of
the bullion. Now, Mr. Chicago .Tribune, aro
you in favor of the original Warner hill I
What has this great Republican party done! It 4
has been In existence twcuty-llvo years. What
hasn't it done! lu the first place, it fought tho
War through, and saved your Nation. That
every mother's son of you will admit. [Lough
tor.] After the War was over certain Democrats
ot the Copperhead school and persuasion odvo
catcd the repudiation of our National debt, or.
in other words, to pay It in greenbacks, and alt
the nations of the earth said: “ These pooplo
will light. There is no doubt about it. They
have shown U In the Mexican War. They Imvo
shown it in tho War for the preservation of their
Government; but they will never pay their
debts." Tiie Republican party, and, thank God!
every loyal Democrat, stood up nud said:
•• We will show you that we value our National
honor oven higher than we do our National llfo
[applause], ami we have gone on ever since tho
close of the Rebellion, paying oil our debt
Throe of the $5,000,006,000 we expended have
been paid. It cost 5100.000 lives ami $5,000,000,-
000 to save this great Nation. And now Uieso
people, the Democrats, assert that all Uieso
precious lives, and all that vast treasure wero
expended for naught, and that there is not vet
a Nation upon this Continent called the United
Stales of America.
1 said before that wo saved the National life
ami the National honor. 1 have told you tho
coudiUon of things when the Republican party
came into power. We borrowed all the money
we could borrow to psy our soldiers in 1861, but
a time came when wo could borrow no more, and
we owed $40,000.1100 for food and clothing and
supplies (or our army, and we owed the brave
soldiers from two to four months' pay,
and hadn’t one solitary dollar with which
to pay honest debts. Then Ute Question
was, “ What shall we do next!" I'll
tell vou wbst we did do. Wo came out frankly
and‘said to the people of UlO United States:
•• \Vo liavo no money and can borrow no morn.
We bare Uieso vast armies in the field. Will
you trust for food and clothing, for pork, beef,
potatoes, and forage, and take our promises to
puy Uie very moment wo aro able, for in no
other way can wo carry on the War!" With
one accord, from East and West, from every
nook and corner of tills great country, came Uip
response: "Taka anything, take everything,
take all wo have, aud glvo us your promise to
pay whenever you are able"—and thus and
there started the Greenback party. [Laugbtar.]
1 don't want anybody to claim Ute paternity of
the Greenback party, because \
[Laughter.] I acted as both wet and dry nurse
to that Infant [renewed laughter], and no maa
shall claim the paternity. We Issued and con
tinued lu Issue greenbacks, and the Republican
party was responsible for them, and was pledged,
the moment It was able, to redeem them iu. the
coin of the realm. [Applause.] Tbo lima cams
Jan. 1,1871). When we were able we kept'tho
pledge given In the hour of extremity, [Ap
plause.] We resumed specie-payments, and
specie-payments have come to slay. [Applause.]
While there was no purchaser for bonds is 18dl
at 88 cents, to-day the 4 per cents are lW)f la
the markets of the world, and the credit of the
United btalea stands higher than licit
of any oilier Nation on the earth
save one, and yet it U sold that the mission of
Uio Republican party Is fulfllled, and that the
party ought to die. If there ever was a political
party that was prepared to "go." so far os the
future Is concerned, wo are. [Applause and
great laughter.] Rut, my feilow-cltlzeas, we
nave made other arrangements. (Laughter.]
, TUu great Ramihltam wutv. whose tventydUtlV

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