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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 24, 1879, Image 2

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•tmlvereary we are celebrating, baa nccora-
ElltUiml more In that twentv-fivc rears of Its ex*
tence than any other political party that ever
lived on earth accomplished In a thousand
years. [Aoplauso and cries of “Thai sno!”J
It Is the only parly that ever existed for
twenty-five tears, that, at the end or that
r rton, had not a aoltlary unfulfilled plodee.
defy Its worst enemy to name one
iriOßle pledge ctcr made by the party that, la not
to-day folflllod to the letter. [Applause.! w«
promised to save your territories from the blight
stiff corse of human slavery, and we not only
•«ayed them from It, but we wiped the accursed
itastltutlon from the Continent of North Ameri
ca. . [Applause.] Wo pledged ourselves ta give
won a Homestead Inw, and we did IU Wo plodg
‘ td ohrselrca to build a Pacltic Railroad, ami we
i-dld iu We pledged ourselves to give you an
.Agricultural College Land bill, and wo
dirt It. Erery pledge we ever
made Is to-day fulfilled. Who are
the men who nttcr these analhcmns aeninst the
■Republican party. Ah! they are the men who
rejoiced aterery Union defeat and mourned over
every Rebel defeat. They are the men who said
your greenbacks were not worth the paper they
were printed ou. They are the men who said,
and now they say right here In Madison, “ Let
bygones be bygones. Let ns forget the past”
Well, If 1 was a Copperhead 1 would say,
« FOR OOD’S BAKU, LET BYGONES HE BTGONXS I '*
.[Laughter.! But I don’t feel disposed to forgot
the past. Bo far as wo Republicans are con
cerned, wo bare made a record that will go
, down through all the ages ns the most glorious
record ever made ta human annals [applause,
mod cries of “That’s truel”}, and the Demo
crats want us to forget the past, hut wo wilt not
Jet them forget their past. [Applause and
daughter.] No, ray friends, the mission of the
Republican party is not ended, and It la uot go
ting to die. Us mlssiou will never be ended
>iaolll liberty prevails throughout every Inch
«f the territories of these United Slates. lAd
plhusa, 'and cries of “Good I good I”]
tats mission will not end mull It is as safe (or
( jou and mo to travel from the Lakes to the (lulf
(•and preach good, sound Republican doctrine,
Wnd vote a good, sound Republican vote, as it is
jioT those devclisb Rebels to come North and talk
and vote the Democratic ticket. [Ap
plause.] We allow them to take up their resi
dence hero and listen to their treasonable talk,
'•nd let them vote the Democratic ticket, taking
.no exceptions. Wo have done that aver aluce
'the Rebellion closed.
A SINGLE WORD MORE,
i with regard to the position and prospects of the
.country. It has been the custom with our op
ponents, and particularly those of the Green
•back persuasion, to say that ihc people were
•/curving to death. Do you know ol anybody in
'the State of Wisconsin who is willing and able
•to do a good day’s work Hmt cannot gelcut
itfiovmcnt to-dav, ami get a good day’s wages!
rThere Is not one In Michigan. There has nercr
fjoen a day when a day’s labor would buy as
many of tin* necessaries und luxuries of life as a
day’s labor will buv to-day. [Applause.]
•'Prosperity Is spreading throughout nil our
Border*. To-day roil do not have to carry
-a counterfeit detector along with you to ace
whether a bank la broken or nnu To-day you
«ao> select gold, or silver, or bank notes that
, you know to lie good for your day’s labor, and
'you know, too, a dollar is worth 100 cents. In
my Judgment this prosperity has come to stay
i {applause], and Hie dark days ore over. Adhere
to this good old Republican party that lias done
to much lor vou, and so much fur the country.
Vote Us ticket every time, and keep your con
sciences clear, and you will never regret It.
[Cheers.]
■ Some ono In tho crowd proposed three
.' dicers lor old Zacb, and they were given with
'ft will.
OARFIEIjX).
IIIS BPEECU.
ffpeetnl iNmttcA to Th* Trtbunt,
Madison, WU.. July 23.—After the rfadlngof
• telegram the Chairman Introduced Gen. James
A. Girflold, of Ohio. Tills old favorite was re
hteived with even more than (he old-time ap
-plause, and Die speech bo made war one of the
wittiest, as well as one of the most stirring, ho
has delivered for years. It was as follows:
Mn. Chairman and Fellow-Citizens: 1
know you will bo glad to make whatever re*
innining exerclsco of the day you hare very
short, and I shall enjoy with you that short
ness. I am sure you have with mo enjoyed
richly what you have had to-day of the history,
of the reminiscences, of the poetry, of the mu
sic, of the prospects, of the prophecy, of all
that belongs to the history of the Republican
party. 1 have only two thoughts lu my mind,
and, therefore, 1 may not be lung lu getting
them at you; and the brut Is Hint the origin of
the Republican parly Is very important in the
matter of history. We have heard it said to
day that It was horn twcutT-flve'years ago. in
one very Important sense It was, but lu an
other exceedingly important histor
ical sense the Republican parly of
twenty-five years ago was revived.
It was, Indeed, the restoration of the earliest
party of this Government. The Declaration of
Independence was the originator of the first
Republican parly. The grand Inspiration of
that great Instrument gave life to a thought,
nnd subsequently gave name to a party which
for nearly a quarter of a century was known os
the Progressive Republican party of the United
■ States. It was tlie party of Jclterson. It was
the party of the fathers that made the Govern
ment, that created the Constitution, that started
-into Its long career of Jflo this new Republic,
and It was a party that bad os destructive a doc
trine os wo have bad since our more recent
«riglu of 165-1.
THAT FIRST I’IIOURESSIVS JIBPDni.IC AN'J PARTV
had for Us central Idea the doctrine of the
Declaration of Independence, the equality of nil
men before the law. They hated* slavery, and
they lovod liberty, and they made It a part of
their great work to go Just us far as they could
towards realizing the full measure of (hat doc
trine. They did not hope to destroy slavery in
their day, but they hoped to limit It, rcstruct
It. narrow Us field, and enlarge the boundary of
liberty, as far and as fast as the vested rights
and the vested wrongs of slaveholders would
lot them. They did abolish the slave trade on
tiie high seas, they- did declare that the
f-elavo-irader was a pirate, to be known ami
punished as such everywhere that our com
•ancrce or our ships of war could reach him.
'While thev knew that they could nob make men
■equal in talents, they did declare they would
make education free and gvo every one a free
race to do all God bad enabled him to do by the
talents given in his creation, and that old Re
publican party, therefore, dedicated a part of
all our public terrritories In all portions of (he
'West to the freedom of schools forever. Again,
Gist old party dedicated all this territory that
wo are on, and all that It then owned, to freo
•dom forever.
TOBY DID MOUE.
They knew that all moo were ant equal In
wealth, but they would do oil In their power to
{rive each man a free chance in the race for
wealth, and that old Republican party abol
ished Imprlaonrocnt for debt in every atate in
which they bad control. They did wore. That
old Republican party exempted from execution
the neceaaariea of life of all houtchuldcra In
all the States where the? had control. They
did more. That old Republican puny übolUhcd
•layer? to lomo eight States of the Union before
they went out of power, 'lliey did more.
They made suffrage universal without distinc
tion of race in almost every one of the old
northern States except, perhapa, the tindo
Hiate of New York, and that old Republican
party that died In the days of the younger
Adams’ administration covered Itself, and
covered the first quarter of oar present century,
mtbglorr in the lutcreata of liberty, justice,
the rights of laborers, aud of all those rights
that are necessary to the Intelligence and pros
perity. the freedom and the honor, of a great
people. (.Applause.] Cut there were conser
vatives In tho-e Jays, and every oue of theae
measures \vr.s opposed by conservatives to the
utmost of '!.• Ir power. The attempt to atop
the slave tnmw was declared to be ungodly, for
U cut off tin* i .jot ncuthvu of Africa Irom com
ing to this country to bear tliu Gospel preached
In Its purity. {Laughter.] The abolition of
Imprisonment (or debt was assailed us u stroke
against
tub mouTs or phopertt
and of creditors, and the abolition of the old
system. that took away the last thing from tho
poor .mau in executions, was also a stroke
they condemned for the same reason. Year
by vear the {salcoatenta, the conservatives,
the realatera of Progressive Republicanism
pained ground, until at lost they allied them
selves with the slave power, and Unit alliance
waatooatroog for tho early Republican party,
and It broke in pieces, und the regular Democ
racy, into which sll the better elements oi tho
early day bad degenerated, became ibe ruling
power of this Government. That Democracy
Bad many noble impulses. In its earliest days
It held to some good doctrines, but at last, un
gouadou&lv to itself, imperceptibly, os the
charges went on, it bowed lower and
Juwar, and descended deeper and deep
er, until U become the bond
slave of|tho slave power on this Continent, amt
U was only when, twenty-five years ago, it bad
4tono so far u to violate on old ordboucu ut
1787. to break down a comnrothlse of 1820, to c
prostitute to the base purposes of slavery the )
freedom of all our Western Territories,—lt ’
was onlr when at last freedom of speech, j
thorough discussion and debate everywhere,s .
freedom In Congress, freedom at ’ the bal- 1
101-hux, nml all freedom that was worth
having by a freeman, was gone, denied,
ami the aristocratic mob-spirit of slavery
rolled over tho rocks of freedom
cverywhcre,--ll wns onlr then. In the extremity
of that doctrine and the death of that oppres
sion, that, all over this country.—not In Wiscon
sin alone, hut in Michigan, in Ohio, and the
belt of states to the ocean, all over the free
North,—they sprang to their lent and
RESTORED THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 1
of seventy years ago. [Applause.] So, there
fore, I say the work that was done hero in 1851 t
was the revival ot the noblest parly i
that ever existed on this continent, ]
and the chapters of IU work dropped i
when It perished with the younger Adams were i
revived by the new Republican party of 1801. (
Wc have been told by our Democratic friends |
Hint they were the only people that cauld hold i
up a Government on this continent,—that all l
parties that opposed them were ephemeral and ]
temporary, to pass away; hut we dale hack to .
a party older than the modern Democracy, |
higher in Its alms, nobler hi Its purpose*, mid 1
worthier of the high honor of the Republic, i
[Applause.] Tho work did not all spring
up In ISM. We have been told
the spirit of revived Republican, liberty lived'
wheu the younger Artanis stood t np In the
House of Representative* and defended the
right of slaves even to petition for liberty,
lived wherever a freeman raised hit face, lived
In the person of that noble old predecessor of
mlno from the district I now have Uic bouor to
represent. He stood there In his place—he,
Joshua R- Glddlngs [applause], for twenty
long, turbulent, perilous years—against the
bludgeon of the assassin, against the pistol of
the duelist, against the bowie-knife of Urn cut
throat, that carried about him bis
best argument against the truth [aj*
plause!,—stood there, I say, uotl) bis
white hair, lika tho plume ot Heory of Navarre,
showed where tho battle for freedom fell thick
est oiid fiercest [applause],—stood there, 1
M3', uutll from a minority of two (Adams and
himself) be
HAD TUB PROUD SATISFACTION
of leading to the chair and swearing Into ofllce
a Republican Speaker of the House [applause],
—stood there until he saw in bis old age,
ae the mantle had fallen from hta
shoulders, Urn delight of his heart and
the hopes of hts youth realized,—the de
al ruction of human slavery and the restora
tion of nationality to his country. [Applause.]
Aud so, from these thousand beginnings, these
thousand rills of liberty that leaped from your
springs and bounded from your hilts, began at
Inst the united stream of 1854 which made the
Republican party what yon know It to be. I
was glad to notice. In that admirable paper
lead bv our friend from Chicago, that they
claimed os their first claim their purooso to re
turn to the original principles of the Govern
ment. They called It a return. It wns the re
naissance of our liberty, tho coming back from
the darkness of the dark days of slavery
to the old bright, aud llbort3*-loving days of the
Republic. And it was fortunate for our people
that, in that beginning, they found a man whose
life was singularly fitted to become that leader
and apostle. I take it for granted from my
readings of history that no mau ever lived In
America who bad so tlogularlv devoted himself
to tho study ol the Declaration of Independ
ence as Abraham Lincoln. [Applause] Born
in Urn obscurest of Uvea, In Hie narrowest cir
cle, In the deepest poverty, the world of things
all distant from him, the world of
intellectual thought at far removed from him
almost as the stars, yet there fell Into the small
circle of his early life a few books—three, 1 be
lieve they sav—that were laid upon a little
wooden shelf supported by two pegs driven Into
n log of the honse where he stayed, and one of
those books hull In It the Declaration of Inde
pendence. The hoy Abraham Lincoln know It by
heart long before he Ima learned that there was
such a bonk as Blackstone or any of the books of
the law. Those who knew his early life say Hint
he look an old wooden fire-shovel and whittled
ult its rough handle, and wrote sentence by sen
tence tin* Declaration of Independence until he
had written It fully, and then the next night
whittled it oft and wrote again until hit own
hand hart recorded again and again, and his
heart had gathered the immortal lessons of Hmt
mighty instrument. [Applause.] And when
he was called to the head of this great Repub
lican party, on the way to his death, stand
ing in old Independence Hall, where the docu
ment first saw the light, filled with Its Inspira
tion, ho uttered this immortal and
TBT BADLY PROPHETIC SENTIMENT.
“For Hie support of this Declaration mid the
Government founded under it, 1 would willing
ly go to my death,’’—as he did. [Applause.]
I sav Hmt Abraham Lincoln, with such a life
ana such inspirations, rc[ resenting in himself
ALL THAT WAS DEEP DOWN
in the hearts of the American people, should
have become the representative of our first suc
cess as it national party under our uow revival,
wns one of the glories of this party that its fol
lowers ought never to forget. [Ap
plause.] Aud now you have heard the
review so well done that 1 will dim lightly over
it, except to env this: The promises Hmt the
Republican party made ou this ground twenty
five years ago. and, later, in 1850, at Philadel
phia, and since In Its platforms, have been ful
filled more literally, more completely, than Hie
promises of any other political party of which I
hare rend. What were they} Wo can best tell
what they were hv recounting for a few moments
the enemies they made, for you know Ideas
fight oven harder than cods or men.
Put ' two antagonistic Ideas (o the
arena together, and let the world look
uii, and Hm immortal confilct will begin. U
may last through ages, but Hie truth will tri
umph at last Now lei us look at some of the
Ideas Hmt the Republican party confronted In
its first great fight In IBiio. What idea met It in
the arena! Tim Democratic party mot It with
two Ideas, the first the doctrine ot
TUB DEED SCOTT DECISION,
that slavery had a right under tho Constitution
to go anywhere Hm Uug Hants. In spite of the
citizens there: Do von bcllevo Hint to-day!
It* that Idea alive in Wisconsin! No. la there
i a Democrat to-dav Hmt believes the Drcd-Bcott
, decision and the. Crecktnridgo theory of politics
. of Ifcliflf Nut one. It Is dead. Ami Urn Doug
ins Idea Hial the citizens of u Territory might
1 have slavery if they wanted it, do vnu believe
I that hero among Hm hills of Wisconsin to-dav!
i No. fa (lit ro a men so blinded by party preju
, dice anywhere in Hie Democratic party as to say
i that ho believes Hmt Idea to-dav! If there
1 he one In this great audience, let him speak,
for I have misrepresented him. There
Ih none. It has gone. Yet every Democrat
' Hint voted at Hie Presidential election lu 1800
1 voted for ono or the other of those two Ideas,.
} for they constituted your whole fight. You
’ threw Um whole power of your party into their
I defense.
aivnn’t you oi,an tiirt auk dbad?
If yoo nre clad, then you are glad tbat the 'Re
publican party defeated you at that election,
and 1 believe In tor soul ns ritlaeus you are
clad. What next! Eleven millions of your
party held the doctrine ol SluVo-rights to the
extent of saying that you could secede from the
Union and break lit pieces, and eleven millions
of you said you would do it. Do vou now be
lieve In the doctrine of secession I Where is
that doctrine! it died, burned to death amid
the blazing rafters of thu Confederacy, and no
body but some of Lite Confederate Democrats
would hare brought U back out of the aabes of
death, and revived it in Congress. It was found
necessary to destroy slavery. What did your
party say to that! Every Democrat lu
Congress and In every Stale Legislature
voted against the Thirteenth Amendment
to abolish slavery. Are vou glad of that vote
to-day! Do von stand by Itl Do you want
slavery restored In this country! If you don’t,
then come to tbu party that defeated you wbeu
vou aid all in tour power to save it alive. Tim
Vourteeutb AmvndtaetiU-did you favor it!
Nut one. The Fifteenth! Not one. Has there
been a great achievement of the last twenlv-nve
years that your party uld not dghttoyour utter
most! I.et me go further, is there unintelli
gent Democrat lu this audience that will to-day
TBI.L SIB Of X GREAT NATIONAL IDRA
that your party has put forward since 1851 that
you believe lu to-dayf (Laughter.) They have
believed In them all as they proposed theta, but
they haven’t lasted la that belief. Tell mu any
one great national doctrine they have held to
three consecutive years la e line? (Laughter.)
i don't speak uow to banter or gelauv personal
advantage of anybody lu the audience, but 1
look out luto the Democratic pasture, and i
don't sea a three-vear-old issue. I Laughter.!
—Not even a two-year-old oue, [Laughter.]
Whut they have uoue one vear they have de
nounced the uezt. How |» U when you go
over Into the Republican party! Take
their great doctrlues one by oue. aad are they
dead! Bomo of them are dead to one sense,—lo
Ibis, that tbev have achieved the purpose and
followed the way of victory like a banner, to be
kept forever for the glory U has won. but they
arc not dead oa defeated Issues. Wo said, lu
1854. there should be do more slave territory,
uml there never nas been a foot added since we
said, in 185(1, that there should be do extension
of slavery anywhere, and that U true forever.
A riNB ÜBTAPUOK.
Wu said slavery should die, aud It has died.
We have said that freedom should be the uni
versal rule both as to civil and political rights,
and this doctrluo gleams with eternal lUe. They
have beeu lifted up into our firmament, wherein
. xltejr shine ilka store forever aud ever,— bejoud
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: THURSDAY. JULY 24, 1879—TWELVE PAGES.
controversy, abfive political parties, above Con
gress, gleaming down upon tho generations
With otorn.l Ifclit. la remain tiicro while
our political firmament standi. [Applause.)
I am not among those Hmt glorify Hm Repub
lican party and sty ilmt It has uot made mis
takes. It Is made up ot human beings, and,
therefore, of fallible ones. It has made mis
takes, as all political parties hare, hut when you
deduct from Its frailties Hie percentage of mis
takes which it ought to be entitled to nuke. I
am ready to hold to-dav Hmt It has made fewer
mistakes and accomplished more good than any
Dirty whose record ta known to this country. It
has neon a brave party. Remember Hmt wheu
Hie Democratic party banded over this Govern
ment It -
ORLY SURRENDERED ABOUT HALT OF IT
to Mr. Lincoln. The other halt bad been lure
rendered to Hie Rebellion weeks before. Tho
Republican party received the Republic In a
state of division and war, and It was met by Hie
most perilous conditions that over confronted
any Administration at the beginning, but It felt
back Into the arms of a brave people, who gave
their millions and their lives on a thousand
battlefields to save the Nation, and brought it
liberty, and life, and freedom smd, and then It
confronted this debt. The Republican party
baa been changedall over this land with Hie great
burden of the debt noon Hie people. Who has
been the cause of that business! Who made
Hmt great debt! 1 bring the vast burden of
that public debt and lay It at the feet ot Hie
Democratic party, for they made it. [Applause.]
No Republican ever lifted a hand to destroy the
Union. The men who assailed (ta life were
Democrats all, and If the Democratic party of
the North had stood like one man with na
against the Rebellion there could have been no
war. It was because (he South they
would have Uic help of the North
ern Democracy, or believed that thev would
not have their opposition, and for that
reason, that the enormous burden of debt was
died upon the shoulders of fbecounlry. When
he War was over we stepped forward to Hie
front. Wo taw this load of debt, so great that
timid men said, “You can never par it I” and
wicked men, dishonest men, said, “Yon ought
never to try. Repudiate 111 ” Rut Hie Repub
lican party, looking up to God, who had blessed
It with the victory, and talking to Hie people
who bad trasted It, said, “This debt Is the
jrlee of blood, the price of liberty,” and, bow
ng the shoulders of the Nation to
It, they carried tho mighty load
in honor. And what has happened!
Thirteen years have now passed. Eight hundred
millions of Hmt mighty bonded load are now
paid Id and canceled, and Hm burden of Interest
lhatvou carried (f1C0.000.000 annually) Is now
reduced to $87,000,000 by virtue and bv force
of sheer manly honesty In keening the promises
you made. [Applause.] And you have dune
that in spile of all (he advice Hie Democratic
party gave you at every step. There has been
uo chance to sneak out ol Hie obligation that
they haven't suggested like evil counselors.
There hasn’t Deen a chance to weaken
the public faith that they haven’t hinted.
Against almost every means, almost every
opposition, tho credit and honor of this Nation
has risen higher aud yet higher, until, In the
last six mouths, you have seen $800,000,000
of Unit debt refunded at a lower rate of inter
est, ami now the Government Is gradually get
ting out of the way of the citizen. Before this
the Government was competing for loans and
paying a high rate of luttresU Now tboio loans
are down to 4 per cent, and you
CAN BORROW WITHOUT HAVING THH GOVERN
MENT STANDING IN TOUR LIGHT,
and at last, through the darkness of this terri
ble panic unit struck us to IS?J, we have held
our way, keeping the faith, biding our time,
canceling our Just obligations, exhorting our
people to hold on, and be true and honest, ami
at last the fruition of your sufferings Is come,
and the business ot the country is reviving. Wo
have honest money and honest redemption of
the public promises, and now let any man say
Hut be wants the laboring man of this country
to take a poorer dollar than -the one we
now have, und let him meet tho peo
ple at that time If ho dare. We
have turned the guns against the ass and the
foot that bravs for soft money with a sound and
lull dollar. [Laughter.] it Is Important Hint
the party should maintain its lease of life to
save the Government once again. Von have
seeu them threaten to starve the Government
to couth, and they had nothing lucking to do
that but the courage. It was annisanlt with In
tent to kill, but without Hie courage to kill.
[Laughter.] That was all. When we dared to
strike out Uiey held hack their cownrdly hands.
In the very last days of the session wc have
seen them parade their doctrine ot Stato-Sovor
cientv mure extreme, I thluk, than ever before,
except In the davs Jast preceding the War.
THINK OF THE SPECTACLE
The Vice-President of the lute Confederacy, a
Cabinet oplcer of the dead Confederacy,
standing on tho floor of the House of
Representatives to tench brothers Will
iams, und Burroughs, and nmelf
the true doctrine of the Constitution!
They snv we aro mistaken In supposing this Is
a Nation—that members of the House aro mere
agents of the State. I stand hero In Hm pres
ence of Hie agents of Wisconsin. [Laughter.| If
one truth blazes out of the lire of our War more
clearly than another, It is this: Hint Mils Is tt
powerful and a mlzhtv Nation. And veto Rebel
Senator tells uslt tsnot n Nation, but n Confed
eracy of States. Another tells us that we have
no United States; no peace that we have unv
right to keep. Wherever there Is a I’ast-Otllce
the United States keeps the peace within Its
boundaries, and tho mao that dares stop the
journey of Hie inoll-carrler will find, If need be,
that the arms of Hm United Slates will protect
Us servants. They tell us there arc no National
elections; Hmt the Government Ims no voters;
that elections are State elections: ami that Hm
States have the right to control all elections of
members ol Congress. Havel no Interest in
an election In Wisconsin! Suppose vou elect
forty men In the Northwest by Irani! who go
down to legislate forme and mv people. Have
we no right In their election! This Govern
ment, hv Us Constitution, has created thollouse
and Senate, and it tolls how they shall he chosen,
mill Congress is empowered by the Constitution
to regulate tin* time, place, mid manner of bold*
lug these elections, and v«l, in the face of that
Constitution, these people tell us that
THIST WILL NBVSU SUSTAIN X OOTBRNMBNT
that appropriates money until we give up these
Election laws altogether. Why do wo have
them! Let mu tell vou, U la a matter
of proof under oath Indubitably Unit
tbu election In New York State in ISOS
was carried bv sheer and outrageous fraud, that
51,000 fraudulent votes were thrown In the City
of New York alone, with which they were ena
bled to carry the State by onlv 10,000 majority.
In fact, Die Stale wont Republican by 18,000.
The first and foremost point In the Election law
was that the United States should bave a man
at this end of the ballot-box and another at
that, one a Democrat and the other a
Republican, who should stay there from
the time the ballot-box , was opened
in the morning .until the last vote
was counted at night, and bo the o(lk-ial witness
of that grand transaction until It closed. Was
that fraud I Was that oppression I And yet
every Democrat in Congress voted ogatnst it,
and fought against It, and denounced It us op
pression, and demanded a free election. (Laugh
ter.] Oh. oh. free! What Kind of freedom do
they want but ibo old freedom of Tammany
Dell, the freedom to Blull ballot-boxes without
witnesses, tint freedom to change votes
without witnesses, the freedom to steal
Liberty from her cradle, the freedom to
destroy the heir-apparent of* our sovereign!
You may kill the Sovereign In England, and you
can find another mao to take bis place, bat If
the tsd dnr comci In this Republic when the
Boremcu is killed, or corrupted, or inado a lu
natic with fraud and violence, we bare no sou
to succeed him, for our sovereign Is
TUB UODT or TUB WUOLB rCOfLB.
Let me explain In ouu word the meaning of
this whole extra session. They have a solid
South, All liter want Is (he States of New York
and Ohio. Witts these they carry the Presidency
la their hauds, and bsvcctplureu the Government
from turret to foundation. How caqtbev carry
Ohio and New York I Only In noe war. If
(her esu get tree control of the Cities of Cin
cinnati and New York, they can carry those
btaus without any power to prevent them, fo
they can stuff more ballots .iml steal more votes
into the boxes after the election Is over than thn
coca people can put Into them between tho
bouts of 0 in the morning and 0 at night.
(Laughter.) Aud hence tho effort to
get into New York aud Cincinnati,
und these two concrete purposes were
all thev were after in the late session.
If an angel from Heaven, or, rather, a devil
from the infernal pit, had been able some night
to pluck from our statute-books the provision
of law Dust would give them those two cities,
or if they could put In a clause exempting those
1 two from the operation of the Klcctiuu law', the
appropriation bills would have been passed
without a word of debate. Uul they knew
they must carry those two cities or lose
ISw. The Republican party did not propose to
sacrifice 18S0 or any other year of our Lord, on
such uu issue as that (applause), and wa havo
come back home to tell you that though they
said not one dollar of lIS.OUO.OUO should ho ap
propriated until the Election laws were repealed,
yet #41,400,000 have been appropriated, und not
one of the Election laws bu been repealed.
(Applause.)
TUB CONTEST
that we have entered upon has, up to this time,
produced several very marked umidr;is!vc ri>
suits. Two yearsago.all through this Rcpubllcau
party, there were aeutiuieulaJlsU, oplulonUts,
meu who said "Go to tbo Southern brethren
with the olive-branch aud they wilt come back
to yon with friendship and love.” • There were
good Republicans ana tree who believed that,
and It seemed to be necessary that every last
•extreme should be triad to satisfy thß minds of
nil, and when our present President
came Into power an optimist in the
extreme sense of Hie word, sincerely
believing In tho go«pcl of good will, he went
South bearing olive-branches In both hands, far
mure of them than von or I wanted him to
carry. [Laughter.] But In good faith, bore
them •everywhere, and while Hieyapoke the
word of promise to his ear, ha has seen, ne you
and 1 have, that at least Hu-y have broken It to
his hope. [Laughter.] And Uie disclosures of
the last session have opened the ayes
of * the most sentimental of Repub
lican sentimentalists, and throughout the
breadth of this broad land there Is not
now a Republican who it not a Stalwart.
| Laughter ami applause.] The men who went
after Horace Greeley a few year* ago are com
ing back to us In scores. There have beeu days
of laziness In me spirit of .the Republican party.
It was a day of waichtutnesa wbeu they organ
ized In 1851, when they chose Lincoln to 18U0,
when he called for millions of men to fight un
der the Hag nml save the Republic, nml there is
to-day again such a revival of
the party as we have not seen
slnco 1888. In my own State three
months beiore the election Hie people are actu
ally taking a caucus of the townships and mak
ing out a list of voters. The campaign has hc
rnn, and begun at the right end, among the
penplc ihemselves. Ibis American people baa
been more profoundly moved hr events of the
last three months tasn anything 1 have known
lop ten yerrs. We have not sought to revive
the dendjMuea of the War. For one I would
he glad if all the bitterness of Hmt
strife wonld rest In Hie green graves of our
dead. But, anxious as lam to Join In friendship
with every American under Hie flag, North or
Bouth, there la just ono term of agreement on
which lean stand, and only one. It must be
this: 1 will Join hands with no man who does
not admit that the war for the Union was
RIGHT, EVER LASTINGLY, FOREVER RIGHT.
[Applause.] Aud that the war against the
Union was wrong, was a crime, was treason,
was all that was deserving of the thunders of
war and Uie punishment of death. [Applause.]
And the man who Is willing to admit the
eternal rlghtfuiness ot our otTorts to put It
down Is my brother from this day forward and
forever [applause!,—but on uo other ground
will I greet him. or acknowledge him. We may
as well uot blink these questions. Let not our
sentimentalism run away with our brains.
This was a terribly dcad-ln-earnest business,
It was not a question which State had the most
Greeks. It was a Question which State had
Justice and eternal right, and onre was Hint
stale, or wo are all rascalatogether. [Applause)
All tho other Issues grow out of tills. Wc.
stand together on them m we have done, and
I rejoice to see Wisconsin young, strong, hope
ful, stcadr, running on her old high plane of
faltbfulnusa to tho Republican party. [Ap
plause.] 1 don’t enru if Hie Democrats do
tnko up our old positions, as they constantly aro
doing. It Is unlv a compliment that they come
after us. They tcllus the greenback Is the besteur
rency over devised for man. True. Who made
It! [Laughter.] We made it when you cursed it.
They talk now about homesteads. Why, every
decent Democrat uow is in favor of reserving all
the public l.mda awav trom corporations and
giving them for boracsieads.
WHO DID THAT!
The Ant Homestead law that the public ever
knew was signed by Abraham Lincoln, alter It
bad been vetoed by James Buchanan. [Ap
ulausc.J You are In favor of liberty after you
fulled to keep slavery alive lorcver. You oro in
lavorof tho War after it Is over. [Laughter.]
You are In favor of greenbacks after
they have dons their great work
against you. 1 find yon wandering
along on sumo high plateau ami picking
uo some brand that you find in an old smolder
ing camp-fire, swinging it around your head, and
saying. “See mr light 1" Hut the brand la an
old extinguished brand ot our camp-fire, that
wc built ten years ago [applause],—and when
you were tiring and cursing at us. [Laughter.]
Hhino by the light If you will, but our faces are
forward, toward the eternal hills. You may jog
along at what distance in tho rear you please.
[Laughter.]
THE CONVENTION*
PROCEEDINGS.
AN OUTLINE
ffpedai Dttpaieh so Tho Trtbum.
Madison, Wls., July 23.—Tho morning open
ml cool and cloudy, wi)h orospeetsof rain. The
city has been rapidly filling up with delegations
and excursions, Including 500 from .Janesville.
Ropublicon enthusiasm ami good feeling were
everywhere manifested. The State Republican
Convention was called to order In the Assembly
Chambers by Horace Rublce, the Chslrmanof tho
State Committee, promptly at 10 o’clock. Ills
remarks follow below.
David Atwood, of Dane, and William F. Price,
of Jackson, were nominated for temporary
Chairmen, und Mr* Atwood was elected viva
voce.
Phllotns Knight, of Pepin, and E. A. Thomp
son. of Green Lake, were elected Secretaries.
A Committee on Credentials was appointed,
with Jonathan Bowman, of Columbia, for Chair
man, und a recess uutll 11 o’clock was taken.
While tho Convention was waiting (or the re
ports of committees, Congressmen Pound,
Williams, Humphrey, ond others were called
out and made brief and felicitous speeches.
E. W. KEYES.
The Hon. E. W. Keyes, of Madison, after re
minding the detonates ot the great duty they
had to perform, saying It was for them to deter
mine whether they would do It well, wont on to
say that prlnclplea were everything, men com
paratively nothing. It was a fact known to nil
that there was some difference of opinion among
them aa to whom should bo put upon the
ticket, but when the nominations were
made they should rally as one man to
support the nominees. He counseled them to
Keep their eyes fixed upon the great duty, and
not for a single moment permit any matter of
personal differences to Interfere, or control, or
influence, or decide the all-important queatiou.
hooking upon their faces he could safelv say
that they appreciated the responsibility resting
upon them, uud that, knowing their duty, they
would dare to perform It. [Applause.] The
campaign of 1870 was the forerunner of the
greater or more Importsui one of 1830. He
believed that the majority of the people of the
State were strongly Republican; that, if the
Convention did 1U duty, there was no reasona
ble doubt that the Stale would roll up a majori
ty of 10,000 In 1 November. [Applause.! The
Republicans bad their armor burnished, and
were ready for the fight. They had not been
Indifferent spectators of
TUB OUBAT CONFLICT
at the Capital of the nation. They bad lean
strong Indications that the old Issues were
going to no forced upon the people. They
should enter Into the campaign of 1880 with
tho same determination to succeed as In 1800.
(Applause.] To him there was no doubt aouut
It. Mhut had It In rhelr own hands. If the old
issne wa* ton ed again, amt there was a milted
North against a united South, there could be no
doubt u( the result. (Applause.) They had
faced the question at the polls, and
were successful. They had faced U
with the strong arms of brave men In
battle array, and worn successful. [Applause.]
)f it was forced again they could and would wtn
another victory. (Applause.]
rb pouts.
At 13:510 the Committooon Credentials re
ported full delegations present entitled to 5205
votes.
The Committee on Permanent Organization
reported for President F. 1). Cassidy, of Little
Hock, and for Ylcc-lTesldcut one from ssch
Congressional district; for Secretaries, M. 11.
McCord, of Lincoln, and A. L. Hearn, of lowa.
MR. CASSIDT’i BPBECII.
In taking the chair, Mr. Cassidy said the dele
gates had come not for the purpose of honoring
any man, but to honor and carry forward a
cause as deep and as lasting as human nature
Itself (applause],—a cause as lofty os the grand
est statesmanship, as pure as the noblest patriot
ism. Coining to this centre of power from the
four quarters of the State, inspired by a mem
ory or all ihe hopes, of all the struggles, of sll
the deleave, of ail the victories, of a quarter of a
century, they were expected at least to turu
tiu'lr backs upon all that was low and selfish In
political action, and raise the standard of the
party to a higher plane Uiau it had yet attained.
I Applause.) The enemies of the nation were
not dead yet, nor were they sleeping, but ready
to seize it when the time came, unless kept
down by the patnotie men of the country.
(Applause.]
TUB BAUX SPIRIT
which, in the infancy of ike Republic, did what
it could to preveat a National Government and
a National Constitution, and insisted upon
a confederation of Buies; the same spirit
that, after that Constitution was adopted,
sought by a narrow, ..technical, construction to
do amty with this power of the Nation to pro-
servo Its own life: that spirit which, In Hie early
days, was crushed oat by ajjudlclnl flat from the
lips ot old John Marshall; thut spirit which, la
later rears, nurtured bv an tosiituUon local In
Its character, but which rave a place for ambi
tion and power, and held Its advocates together
until that same spirit acquired such pro
portions that ft dared to seize by
ho throat the Nation Itself (but, thanks
to Hie groat martyr President, Ids grand Lieu
tenant-General and aids, we varan safely through
the conflict!),—that same spirit was confident to
day that the past might be retrieved. But three
months* control of by the Democratic
party must have convinced all patriotic men
Hmt the oast could only be secure through the
vigilance of the Republican party. [Applause.]
THE FIRST BALLOT.
At 1 o’clock the Convention ordered an Infor
mal ballot for Governor. The names of Will
iam E. Smith and Ludlngton were presented
with eugolisllc cheers.
Thcvoinwos taken by letters, without roll
call. Total, 901. Smith had 170; Ludlngton,
85; scattering, C.
Smith's nomination was then declared unan
imous br acclamation.
Thu other Stale officers were renominated by
acclamation, as follows: Lieutenant-Governor,
.Tames XL Bingham; Secretary of State, Hans
B. Warner; Treasurer, Richard Guamher; At
torney-General, Alexander Wilson; Superin
tendent of Public Instruction, William C. Whit
ford.
GOT. SMITH
was received with applause, ami gratefully ac
cepted tho nomination, ilia remarks follow
below. LieuL-Gov. Bingham nml other candi
dates were also presented, and returned thanks.
A STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
was appointed, ns follows: At large—R. 11.
Baker, Racine, Chairman.
First District—L. D. Weeks and Henry Palm
er. Second—J. IT. Revet and Philip L. Slimmer,
Jr. .Third—B. Bcvercux nml ——. Fourth—
J. R, Bingham and L. F. Frlsby. Fifth—George
Carter am) Charles Luling. Sixth—L. B. Dole
and J. H. Foster. Seventh—llunry Cousins and
F. A. Husher. Eighth—S. W. Hunt and JI. O.
Fairchild.
The Convention adjourned at 2:10 p. m.
HORACE KUBEEB,
HIS SPEECH UPON OPENING TUB CONTENTION.
Special Dltpatr.fi to TK» Tribune.
Madison, July 33.—'Tito Suits Republican
Convention was called to order by Horace
Rubles, Chairman of Iho State Committee, who
spoke a* follows:
Qbntlrmbn or tux Kkpuduoan Stats
Convention: It (s my duty as Chairman of tliu
State Committee to inviteyon to come to order.
You have met for the purpose of nominating
candidates to be chosen State ofllccrs dt the
next elnctlon, to rcalllrm the principles of the
Republican party, and to Indicate their applies*
Uou to the vital questions of the litre.
It Is for the maintenance of those principles,
for their Incorporation Into the legislation of the
country, ami to make them a shaping and con*
trolling power In Its administration, that the
party exists. The selection of agents, though
an Important, Is ret a subordinate duly. That
great body of Intelligent mid patriotic citizens
whom you represent demands, tnrrolore,
that wfdlo vou scntliitl/.o carefully the
character and* fitness of those presented for
nominations, no personal ambitions, no personal
rivalries or animosities, no local and Irrelevant
considerations, ahull be permitted to disturb the
harmony of the party, or divert it from the just
cuds it seeks to accomplish.
Although the canvass before us relates direct
ly to the choice of Stale officers only, its Impor
tance and the Interest It wilt awukcn spring
chiefly from Its bearing upon national politics.
All parties recognize this truth. If Stale issues
were alone Involved, there would hardly be
room for a difference of opinion. During twenty
years—sines 1853—the Republicans hare hud
complete control of every department of the
Stale, except for the four years beginning with
1874 and ending with 1877. The htsturv of
the Republican Administrations of the Stale
Is one of which wo may be justly proud,
and which entitles the party to thu
confidence of the people. It stands out In
bright contrast with the record of defalcations
and scandals which have marked the‘periods of
Democratic supremacy. To-day we can show
honest, faithful, and efficient men at the head
of the several departments of the State: all the
machinery of thu Slate rndulng smoothly and
well: thu public business transacted with econ
omy and dispatch; everybody as well content
ed, so far as the management of the affairs of
the State is concerned, as wo can hope to see
until human nature undergoes a radical change.
We are going then to have an election, not be
cause we need a change, but
BECAUSE THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES IT;
and since our opponents will not be able to find
around on which to make any serious attack up*
on our manner ot conducting the affairs of the
State, the canvass must turn on. the national
Questions, which divide parties.
Witblu the past two years an auspicious
chance has occurred. When your predecessors
met here in Slate Convention, two years ago,
there was nob a little despondency and division
among the rank and tile of the party. Instead
of the confidence which rclgna to*day—the Bot
tled purpose,—the unity of aim,—tlie clear con*
vlctlons that are at once the means and the as*
surance of victory—tnero were doubts, hesita-
tions, and antagonisms respecting She most
vita) questions of public pulley. There were
various Kinds of Republicans then. There were
Administration Republicans and antl-Admiuls*
tratlon Republicans. There were hanl-monor
Republicans and soft-moner Republicans. In
the presence of such differences the future was
uncertain, the eagerness of candidates fur nomi
nations Buffered a sensible abatement, and it
was not without some difficulty that ail the
places onlho ticket were filled. Since that time
discussion and experience have harmonized the
divergencies of opinion. There
is oNur on a kino or rkpoblicans to-dat.
We all support the Administration, wo all
have confidence* iu the firm attachment of Hie
President to Republican principles, and we all
believe in honest money—money llmt possesses
or represents Intrinsic value—money that does
not change In value from day to day, nor shrink
and shrivel when It enters into the channels of
the world’s commerce. Two years ogo the New
York gold-room was ettll open, and men were
belting on the rise and fall of greenbacks. 'To
day the gold-mom is closed, and gold, green
backs, and National-bank notes are inter
changeable at par. Two years ago we were
paying 6 per cent interest ou over $400,000,000
of our debt, on which wo pav but 4
per cent to-day, a saving of over $3,000,000
annually for the psuple. Confidence is return
ing, business is reviving, industry feels the stir
ot uew hope, and the shrunken veins of com
merce are beginning to swell wltb new and vig
orous life currents. These results have been
reached under a Republican Administration and
by a Republican Administration. They are the
results of a policy which our politlcul opponents
branded as a blunder and a wrung, which they
pledged themselves to reverse if intrusted with
power, and which they have endeavored to de
feat by whatever means and Influence they pos
sessed.
So fur os tbe Republican parly is concerned,
the currency question is subatautiatly settled;
the duty remains of defending nud protecting
Dial settlement sgalust the attacks which still
menace It
TRB OTIIBR PARAMOUNT QOKSTION
which divides parties, Involves the relations be
tween tho National and State Governments.
Defeated, thus far. In the attempt to destroy
the credit of (tie Nation, tho Democratic party
revives the old doctrine of Stale sovereignly.
During the recent session of Congress the same
arguments were repeated, on the Democratic
side, by which South Carolina attempted to vin
dicate nullification half a century ago, and which
were employed to excuse and Justify secession
and rebellion In IBM. It was alleged that there
are no National elections, that the National
Government hss no right to adopt measures to
prevent fraud and violence at the elections of
Urn members of h« Congress, ami that “ills
unconstitutional for tbe United Stales to keep
tho peace nuywhera lu tbe States, either at the
polls or elsewhere.*'
Gentlemen, the Republican psrty looks back
to day over the period of a quarter of a century
that has passed since Us organization, a period
of storm ami conflict that will lie futever mem
orable in hUtorr. Through all the long and
arduous struggle, first for the limitation of
slavery, ami then in thedelensenf the Union
ami the supremacy of Its laws, we have been
constsetly met by
tub car or “ uncohstitutionai.,"
and from whom! From the irstlkkere In human
flesb, from the defenders of slavery, from pi
rates on thu sea mid bandits on the land, front
Kebels lu arms and Keitels who have been dis
armed, and from alt their friends and admirers
who, with them, constitute so large a part of
what valla itself thu Democratic parlv. We
were told It was Unconstitutional to oppose
tJia extension of slavery into free territory,
Hint it was unconstitutional to elect a President
of our choice, that it was unconstitutional for tho
government to send provisions to the starving
garrisons of Its own forts besieged by the
champions of State sovereignty, that It was un
constitutional lor the Nation to defend Its owo
existence when aeaatled by Hebei armies, that it
km unconstitutional to emancipate the slave*,
but. gentlemen, the Reoublicau party has not
been appalled by the clamor; 1( denies (hat the
capacity to understand and interpret the Consti
tution is limited to Democratic politicians and
ex-Coofederstes; it claim* also to understand
that instrument, mu! it proposes reverently to
obey It. It brand* os the most mischievous and
dangerous of political heresies that doctrine of
Slate sovereignty, which seeks to dlveiit the
General Government of all hat Hie shadow of
power, nml in conformity with which thn Dem
ocratic leader* In the oreient Cougresa barn
attempted to nrohlhlt the employment of anv
National force for Urn suppression of mobs ami
insurrection* on etaclimt-dara, to repeal such
safeguard* as have been defined to delect and
prevent fraudulent voting at Congressional
elections, ami to deprive Federal officials In the
States of the protection afforded by Die Federal
Courts. The Heonhllcflo portv proposes no In*
friugemente upon the Just rights of the States;
these It will carefully observe and vigilantly
defend, but at the same time It will maintain,
as of paramount Importance, the principle of
tub surnßMAcr or tan nation
In sll spatters that concern the Nation.
While feeling a just pride iu the mighty ami
beneficent achievements of the past, the Repub
lican parts does not rest ita claim to the sup
port and confidence ot the people merely upon
wbat It has been, but chiefly upon what it Is to
day: the only political organisation which repre
sents honesty In finance, fair and free elections,
equal rlghtsTor nil citizens before the law, and
that robust nml wholesome sentiment of nation
ality which is the very life and soul of the Re
public, without which Us legend Is empty of
meaning, the glory passes from IU flag, ami its
constellated stars, released from the salutary
restraint of a common and paramount
authority, mnst speedily begin to drift and
wander into aoarchv nntl ebaos.
These are the principles which we maintain,
and, armed with these, if wa uct in a spirit
worthy of them, we msv go forth with the assur
ance of victory, clad in'panoply of proof Invul
nerable ns that magic shield -which Merlin, the
enchanter, wrought, hewn from a rock of
diamond,—
“One massy entire mold,”—
against which no stroke of swora or throat of
hostile lance availed so much as to mar with any
dint or sliubtest trace the perfect polish of Ita
Impenetrable orb.
IN CONCLUSION,
gentlemen, permit me a word regarding the
Chairmanship of the State Committee. An
pointed to ibut position QrstlulSoO. I held It con
tfnuou»lv for ten years. Two years ago, at the
earnest solicitation of many prominent members
of the party. I reluctantly consented to accept it
again, so that I have had twelve years of service
in it. 1 feel, therefore, entitled now to be re
cused from further service In such capacity, and,
while thanking tbo Republicans of the State for
Hie confidence they bare given me, and Iho
hearty co-operation they have always extended
during the years 1 have acted as Chairman ot
their State Committee. I take the occasion to
nunouucc that I must decline a reappointment,
nml to ask the Convention to select some other
person for the position. In tho ranks of the
partv. so long as It remains faithful to Us prlu
doles, I shall not cense to feel tho liveliest so
licitude for Ita success, uor to aid. by all reason
able and proper efforts, In maintaining Its as
cendancy.
Thu speech of Mr. Ruhlee was greeted
throughout with applause, especially his allu
sions to the Unsocial policy ot the party.
TIIIS PLATFORM.
A NATION, NOT A CONVEDEBACT.
Madison, Wis., July 23.—The Committee on
Resolutions reported, and tbo-report was adopt
ed, as follows:
The Bcpublicsns of Wisconsin, by their tepre*
senlntivcs assembled In Hints Convention, declare
I heir adhesion In the following propositions:
1. The Hcoabllc of tho Unitod Stales is a na
tion, not a confederacy of foreign States, and Us
Government Is clothed with paramount* authority
for the regulation ot ail subjects of national con
cern.
g. The r olecttoua of members of Consreis sro
national elections, and ns snob the whole conntry
it Interested in having them fairly and peacefully
conducted, so that every voter may be altordcdan
opportunity to exercise his right of suffrage freely,
nnd. without fear of personal violence, to vote*
once, and only once, at a given election, and
to have hU vole honestly counted and re
turned. It is (he duly of the National
Government to enforce this right. Tho Republican
party Is opposed to sny military interference with
elections, except when It is necessary to maintain
the public peace and protect the constitutional
rights of citizens. In no Instance, tinder a Repub
lican Administration, have Unitod States troops In
terfered with tho exercise of free suffrage on the
part of the people. The Democratic party, by tho
voles of Itsßepresentatives In Congress against the
proposition to prohibit Ihs presence in the vicinity
of toe polls not only of United Slates troops, but of
uli men armed with deadly weapons, have clearly
shown the bad faith and hypocrisy of Us affected
horror of bayonets at the polls. U would permit
an armed mob of Us own partisans to surround the
ballot-box. but would prohibit the employment of
Unitod States soldiers to protect peaceful citizens
from Intimidation aud violence at the bands of the
moo,
3. The refusal of a more majority In Congress to
nislte appropriations of money already collected
by tax front (bo people for the ordinary and legiti
mate expenses of the Government, with the pur
pose of compelling the President by such refusal
to approve a measure which he regards as unwise
and wrong, Is a revolutionary principle subversive
of the Constitution and deserving the condemna
tion of all good citizens. -
4. Tiie practice of attaching what is popularly
termed “political riders" lo appropriation bills Is
revolutionary legislation, and should be prohib
ited.
6. The thanks and grateful recognition of the
people are due to President llayee and (o (he He
publican members of Congress for their firm end
successful resistance to the attempts made by mo
Duuiocrailc party to disarm ths National Govern
ment on election days, and to repeal ail laws (or
protecting the security of the ballot-box nod pro
viding for tbo detection and punishment of fraud
ulent voting.
0. The successful resumption of specie payments
bus vindicated tho wisdom of Ine Hconbllcao policy
on that subject, and afforded a signal illustration
of ihu luck of honesty of statesmanship wbtcb led
the Democratic party to oppose resumption and to
declare that It was impossible. It has already
borne precious fruits In enabling the Government
ta hum its debt at 4 per cent Interest, thus effect
ing a saving of many millions per annum, and pro
moting a feeling of confidence and security that It
already giving a powerful impetus to business in
dustry and enterprise. Tee Interests of all classes
of people nro best promoted by a currency possess
ing or representing Intrinsic value, such as we have
at present, and bearing i fixed relation to the
world's money of commerce, and all attempts to
modify existing laws lo a war to Introduce depre
ciation or ilnctunliuns in the value of the money of
ibe cmintrv should most with a firm and determin
ed resistance.
7. That it Is the duty of Congress to enact aws
to carry out the provisions of the Constitution,
with 11* amendments, aud secure to ths people of
ih« Hiaies Ihu rights guaranteed by it, aud that
laws, when cnscieu, n.*u supreme and must bo
obeyed and enlorccd, uud the recent attempts of
the Democratic Congress to repeal and strike from
tho statute.hooks such laws, some uf which were
placed there by our fathers and have beeu enforced
nearly a century, has no parallel lu tho history of
the country.
H. That our Governor and State officers are enti
tled lo the thanks and approval of the people for
their wise and fatililnl administration of tbs public
trusts committed to them.
GOV. SMITH,
ms eraioii ov accbitawcb.
Butrlnl nitpalr.n t» 17it Trjiune.
Madiroki Wii., July 23.—When tbo Governor
was Introduced to the Convention be made the
following address In recognition ot tbo blgn
honor dona him:
Mu. PRESIDENT AND GENTLEMEN Or THE
Convention: lam Informed by your Commit
tee lhat this Convention, representing the Re
publican party of the State, lita been pleased to
tender to ma the renominatlou for the office ol
Governor. I bear to return to you, gentlemen,
and to the uouitUacnuloe you represent, my
most sincere and cordial thanks for this compli
ment and high honor. Although not advised of
the exact phraseology of Die resolutions which
you have adopted, yet there is such • unanimity
of sentiment among Republicans upon all the
important questions ol the day that there la no
reason to noprehend that your platform will
not bo quite satisfactory In every plank, sound
in every proposition, and honest as a whole. I,
therefore, very gratefully accept yoor nomina
tion. The Republican party now, as for the
past iwentv-live years, is anchored to Use Im
mutant© principles of right and Justice, and,
therefore, it staud* committed to national
supremacy, national nutty, national equality,
and national liberty.- It Is in favor of the
honest payment of honest debts, in
honest mousy, by nations os well ns by
individuals, and lo favor of the highest stand
hie of commercial integrity, for the one ss*well
as for the other. Not claiming infallibility, It
nevertheless unhesitatingly invites tbe closest
scrutiny of Us record during the previous year*
of its existence while waging a gigantic war fur
the preservation of the Nation, and settling the
great questions of
RECONSTRUCTION AMD NISOMPTION.
It proudly claims that all Us purposes bsve
been pure, aud ell Us alms bavu been for tbo
advancement of the honor, end happiness, ami
prosperity of all the people of ell porta
of tbo country, it views with
deep alarm the announcement in Congress and
elsewhere of the dangerous theories which once
culminated in unprovoked rebellion, but it man
fully accepts the issue tendered to it, and re
affirms the purpose unflinchingly to maintain
the legitimate results of the War os embodied
iu the National Constitution and the laws of
Congress passed and to be passed in relation
thereto, and that it will defend these whenever
and bv whomsoever assailed. (Applause.] it
demands, too, that every legal voter shall
have the opportunity, unconstrained' by
force or unawed bv fear, to approach
the ballot-hot and (brro deposit
Ids vote, and that the votes which have (icon
deposited shall bo honestly counted and fairly
canvassed [applause], and, further, that it Is the
dutr as well as the right of Congress In Freni*
denllal and Congressional elections to provide
all necessary and sufficient guarantees to ibis
•ml. [Applause.]
Gentlemen, onco more I desire to lender to
you the expression ol mv sincere llmuka lor
Ibis nomination, ami I beg to sav (bat I have
full confidence dial the people at the polls next
November will ratify the nomination you
have this day mads. (Applause.] *1 assure
you that In the future as (n the
past It absll bo mv most earnest endeavor to
discharge mv official duties In such a manner as
to promote‘the welfare of the Slate, and at
least bring no discredit upon the fair fame ot
that party whoso quarter-centennial we this dsy
commemorate, proud of lla past, and most
hopeful of Its future. (Great applause.]
COMMENT.
TUB NOMINATIONS.
Ifptdal Dispatch to 771 e TVf&nn*.
Madison, Wla., July 2d.—Thu prediction
made In these dispatches from time to time in
regard to the conclusions of the State Codvco*
lion have been fnlly verified by Its acts to-day,
Gov. Smith was renominated on the first ballot
by s vole of two to one! nml Mr. Ludlngtoh re
ceived Just about the average number of votes
conceded to him by the best judges. It is to
be regretted that some of Mr. Lndlngton’s
Milwaukee friends do not taka hi* defeat with
that pbtlosophlo good nature which is
characteristic of sensible pconlc, but
are inclined to hang their lips
and go Into the sulks over It. One of his friends
telegraphed to a delegate here not to make tbs
nomination of Smith unanimous, because (bey
In Milwaukee proposed to
BOI.T TUB TICKET.
This Is Idiotic, especially when It Is remembered
that the Republicans of the State carried their
ticket for a dozen years with Milwaukee giving
8,000 or 4,000 Democratic majority against them.
Whoa their man was fairly beaten by a vote of 3
to 1 they ougbtto cUbcracqiiiesco In tho decision
of ihcmlnorltyororgaclzo a parly of their own.
Ills proper to‘state that this disaffection does
not taint any of the county delegates that voted
for Ludlngton. They will give tho ticket a cor
dial support. The nomination of all llio rest
ot the ticket on one motion only shows the
unanimity of the Convention and the harmony
that existed. There Is no change In tho ticket
from two years ago, when it was elected by a
plurality of 8,000. The Republicans feel good
and are sanguine ot success In November.
TUX DAT
has been one long to be remembered by the
Republicans of Wisconsin. They have not only
celebrated their silver wedding in a most mag*
nlflcont style by all the pomp and circumstance
usually brought into requisition on such.occa
sions, but tbo State Convention was ono of the
best nud most barmoutous over held lu tbo
State. It was Indeed' a unit of po*
Htlcal revival, at which Senator Chand
ler, Gen. OarUeld, Congressmen Williams and
Burrows did the exhorting, and they did It ex
ceedingly well. During the Convention Messrs.
Atwood, Oasntdv, Bound, Keyes, Bennett,
Humphreys, Wheeler, and others made shore
and pointed’speeches. That of Mr. Cassidy,
on taking the Chair as permanent President of
the Convention, was well conceived mid Quelv
delivered. To-night Congressman Burrows, of
Michigan, has Just concluded the exercises by a
masterly socceh Id the Assembly Chamber, be
fore an Immense audience, Id dofeuse of the
Republican party. •
OTHER MATTERS.
PENNS YLVANT A.
in* CAMERONS AHEAD.
Sprclnl Pltpalrh M 7Tis Tritium,
Pmt.ADßi.pniA, July 83.—The nomination of
Samuel Butler for State Treasurer by thu Bo
publlcaua at Harrisburg to-day was a complete
personal victory for Mr. Quay, Chairman of thu
State Committee, and It means Unit in all human
probabiiltv Quay will be Wallace’s successor In
the United States Senate. There wore several}
candidates for the position, all men of slrougj
backing, but Quay brought out Butler on hla
own account, seduced all tho others oft tho
track, and succeeded in nominating his own
man by acclamation. Quay was Simon
Cameron’s left hand, as - the Into
U. W. Mackey ' was hla right,
aud since the latter’s death bos bciju
administering the Cameron estate. Hu nut the
election of the younger Cameron through last
winter with tho .understanding that bo should
bo tho Republican candidate for Senator himself
the next time an election comes around. ,It re
mained, however, for him to demonstrate that
tiy unaided efforts tie could
DICTATE THE NOMINATIONS
and policy of tbo party. This he has done in
the canvass for tho nomination of State Treas
urer. All contestants for the leadership wero
efIODCCiI early In the campaign, ami tho last
move was to make all (ho other candidates
to waive their own claims in deference to
Quay’s wishes. Butler’s nomination was desira
ble because it would silence tho opooslllon to
the Cameron regime in Chester Couuty, which
broke ont In open rebellion at tho Cloclnuatl
Convention of 1876. Quay had previously se
cured, through Cameron, the appointment of
Butler’s brother to a United States District
Judgeship. Alter this Don Cameron and Quay
will
BIfARB EQUALLY THE HONORS
and powers of the Republican dictatorship In
Pennsylvania, although the business will still bo
carried on under Cameron’s name until Quay
shall have been elected to the Senate, which,
according to tho present outlook, nothing but
the remote contingency of the election of ft
■ Democratic Legislature In the Presidential year
can prevent.
001. Quay Is a mao this side of middle age,
out Is by many regarded as the ablest political
manager in Pennsylvania. Recently be Has
pushed by Cameron
FOR 810RBTAHT OF tVAU
In case ot McCreery’e retirement. • Tbt* was a
part of the plan to make him Senator, and Is be
lieved bore to have failed because he Is supposed
tu be astroncGrant man. At present bo (a Sec
retary of the Commonwealth, and a silent part
ner In the Hecordersbip of Philadelphia, an of
fice created for bis benefit, worth about $40,000
a year. Tberels little doubt of llutler’a elec
tion, ' 1
REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION.
Harrisburg, Pa, July IKh—The Republican
State Convention mot this morning In the Rouse
of Representatives, and was called to order by
Mr. Quay, the Chairman of the State Commit
tee. There was a full attendance.
Louis W. Uall was chosen Temporary Chair
man, and addressed the Convention. He ar
raigned the Democratic party for ita course la
Congress since coming into power, praised the
minority, and thanked President Hayes for ids
attitude during the extra session.
A resolution was adopted ordering the refer
ence of all resolutions without debate to the
Committee oo Platform.
Mr. Wolfe then asked to have read b resolu
tion declaring “ that in view of the development
of corrupt practices In couuectlou with the Riot
bill in the last House, we emphatically reaffirm
that pari ol the Republican platform of 1875 ami
1870 which demands honest meu In office, men
with brains enough to kuow dishonesty when
they see it. and courage enough to fight It.”
The Chair declared Mr. Wolfe out of order,
and refused to euterlaln bis appeal.
Mr. Wolfe Insisted that be had the right to
demand the reading of tbe resolution, and Sen
ator Cooper, of Delaware, and Representative
llarrett, of Lackawanna, took the same view*
There was considerable commotion, but, oa
motion of Senator Cooper, toe resolution was
received.
Jir.tMspes, of Venango, then offered a resolu
tion, which he Insisted should be read, but it
was ruled out of order, and disorder was pre
vented by Mr. Quay moving that a Committee
on Resolutions be made.
The lion. Qalusba A. Grow was m&do Perm*
nent Chairman.
Samuel Duller, of Chester, was uomtoated for
State Treasurer.
Ur. Butler accepted the nomination lo a brief
speech. Us referred to Uis coursoof the South
ern representatives In Congrsssi In view of

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