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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 30, 1879, Image 6

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6
CATTLE IN COLORADO.
A Visit to the Largest Cattle-
Ranche in America,
Elghty-onc Tlioiuanil Acres In Ono Tract
—Ulstorjr of tlio Company.
The Bumor that William H. Vanderbilt
Had Sought to Bay the Froporty<
Stalls! its Showing the Natural Incrfase hr Seven
Yean of a herd of Poor Thousand Cows*
gpeefat Cormivmilmcs a/ T7i« Trthutts.
Hbrmosilia, Colo, (twenty miles from
Pueblo), July 23.—The place from wbonco 1
write today Is the headquarters of tho Colorado
Cattle Company’! Immense csttlc-ranche. It is
a most plessant and picturesque drive from
Pueblo, a distance of twenty miles; and, as 1
left the town yesterday afternoon, in company
with the President of the Company, D. W. Sher
wood, of Bridgeport, Conn., and two repre
sentatives of Harper's Jfapasine,
A TUUNDBR'SItOWBir
of no small proportions was drenching .the
parched plains but a few mites ahead of us. Wo
could see the deluge from Heaven coming down
In torrents; and what a peculiarity It was to be
hold for miles tn front of us tho atorm In ail Its
grandeur. Tho vivid streaks. ot. lightning
and. tho roar of tho thunder from the
clouds made the experience more novel
than the ride across the broad and picturesque
country, with the Greenhorn range of mountains
In the distance, would have otherwise bccu.
Traveling'along at a brisk speed through the
dry and dusty road, wo reached tho belt of land
over which tho rain had but on hour previous! r
passed. Tho porched earth seemed to absorb
the welcome water, and the rich mid nourishing
grass of tho Colorado country seemed to be
enjoying now life. For a distance of some six
or seven miles which tho rain-belt had covered,
the cattle upon tho several ranches through
which wo passed seemed to have new life In
fused Into them from the drenching ralo, while
the dust was effectually squelched.
Wo were soon again upon dry ground. The
scenery
WAS ENCHANTING.
The Colorado fields were sights to behold, and
never to be forgotten. Until the Huerfano
itiver—a natural godsend to the country—was
reached, nothing was wanted to make the ride
enjoyable. As we entered upon the lands, or
rather UlO rancher-lines, of the Colorado Cattle
Company, cattle wero perceptible as far as the
eye could reach, quietly grazing. Within four
miles .ot the headquarters of thu rancho wo en
tered what Is called “the basin’’ of ihc lands.
Hero, tho scenery was still more more pic
turesque. in the distance, but plainly percept
ible, wore tho Spanish Peaks. Cottonwood,
cedars, and other varieties of trees were In
abundance; and a more productive 12,000 acres
of bottom-lands 1 have never seen since my
sojourn In Colorado. To look upon the varie
ties ot land, scenery, and productions from
Mother Earth, that can ho observed from vari
ous points on the Colorado Company’s ruuchc,
Is indeed a pleasant sight.
TUB HUERFANO RIVER
Is a stream from which many thousands of cat
tle obtain water. It takes its rise from the
mountains, and Intoitflows thu Cucharas Klvcr.
For more than two months post the Huerfano
Btver bos been nearly dry, arising from tho ab
seoce of rain; but, from thu copious rain of yes
terday afternoon, tho river rose to an unusual
bight, which for nearly four hours precluded
crossing by horseback or team. Tho water came
rushing down, bringing with It driftwood and
huge logs, until the Tittle pool of two hours be
fore became a roaring avalanche,—the stream
finally receding to Its usual night. It was a
povel and romantic sight. *
' Hcrmoillia, which, translated, signifies
“ Homo," Is the name ot the headquarters of
LARGEST CATTLE-RANCIIE IN AMERICA,
owned and controlled by tbc Colorado Cattle
Company. It will be remember that, some
months since, It waa telegraphed, through the
agency of the Associated Press, that (ho great
Hallway-King of America, William 11. Vander
bilt, bad purchased, or was about to purchase,
an Immense cattlo-rancbo to Colorado, and en
deavor to secure the control of the cattle-trade
of Colorado to the East, and swallow up thu
small dealers. The ranebe from which 1 write
Is the Identical rancho of which It was reported
Vanderbilt was about to become the proprietor.
Eighty-one thousand acres of land Is the ex
tent of the property, upon which there ore to
day In the neighborhood of 0,000 bead of cattle.
Mr. Vanderbilt some weeks since scut bis repre
sentatives from New York to look over this im
mense cattle-rancho, possibly with a view of
purchasing the same; but, up to the
present time, no purchase has been made from
the Colorado Cattle Company, and all other re
ports are premature and exaggerated. Deyond
a shadow of & doubt, this Immense rancho is one
which any man or company of mou might bo
proud of owning; but, to tills date, Mr. Vander
bilt has made no purchases, and the Cattle
Company have received from other sources very
flattering proposals.
BISTORT Of TUK COLORADO CATTLE COMPANY.
Tbls Company was formed under thu laws of
tho State of Connecticut. It has acquired title
to 81,003 acres o( land In Huerfano and Pueblo
Counties. Colorado, ami intends to stock the
sumo with an Immense number of cattle. Thu
Company’s aim is to extend Its already extensive
business of raising and otherwise acquiring beef
cattle for market. Upon this Immense ranche,
it is conceded, It has every facility for such a
business.
;'Thc Company has issued coupon bonds to thu
amount of $330,000, secured by mortgage upon
the cutlre 81.000 acres. These bonds bear 7 per
cent,.lnterest, payable semi-annually, and run
ten years from Jan. 1,1870. A certain number
of these bonds will be redeemed in each year,
beginning with $20,000 in the year 1882, and In
creasing SIO,OOO each year thereafter until the
whole are redeemed lo 1880. Good Judges of
land In Colorado value this Immense exclusive
tract bb worth from $0 to $lO per acre; while
the value represented by the bonds Is $4.82 per
aero—leaving between the actual and the bond
ed values a safe margin.
The title is derived by patent from the U nlted
States Government, superadded by a grout from
Mexico. The grant was formerly divided luto
several Interests; but these have all been se
cured at great expense, and ta-dav stand united
Into one Immense trpei. Ufa believed bv good
Judges of Colorado lands that this raucfiu will
double In value In a few years. As I said
before,
TUB LOCATION OF TUB UANCUB
is unsurpassed for the cattle business. Uallroad
faculties from the Denver & Ulo Unmdo and tim
Atchison. Tooeks & Santa Fe Itatlroaila are
bandy, while Pueblo, with a population of over
0,000, is closo at hand. This Immense rancho Is
well supplied with bluffs, canons, and plnon
cedar groves, which of themselves furnish natu
ral protection (or stock, and no artificial shel
ters-are needed. It extends along the Hirers
Apache, Huerfano, mid Cucharas for a distance
of nearly thirty miles, and has besides never*
tailing lakes and springs.
Ten thousand acres are good corn-lands, situ*
; sled in the rlvcr-bottom. and controlled by ten
miles of irrigating ditches. Thu vast extent of
this raoche may be belter understood by esti
mating Ha area in square miles. It comprises
20X SQUARE MILES OF LAND.
The Company expects to add 3,000 head of
•teersthls year; audit Is estimated Unit this
raoche will graze permanently 30,000 head uf
cattle.
Cattle-raisers lu Colorado depend entirely
upon grass-fattened beef, so that sales can bo
made only in Uie summer and fall. They there
fore lose the winter market, and butchers are
EomocUed to obtain their wluter-beef in Kansas
and the adjacent Eastern States, where cattle
are fed on grain. Corn can be raised on this
Immense miehe os cheaply as In Kansas. The
cost of raising and keeping cuttle through the
year does nut exceed |I.M per bead
In largo herds. No feeding is
uccessary except for fattening in winter. They
J:razo on the dned grass all winter, and keep lu
air condition. The expense of raising cattle In
Colorado, where winter-feeding is unnecessary,
Is almost nothing compared with the cost at tim
East, it costs about $3 to raise a 3-year-old
steer which will bring S3O In thu East.
TUB OUOWTU or COLOUAPO
Is wonderful. Fifteen years ago Uiero was not
a good-sized village in the then Territory of
Colorado. To-day there are cities and towns
comparable favorably with those of other nour
ishing States. Denver has beyond 30,000 Inhab
itants, The places springing up near the mines
are the must wonderful. Where booming Dead-
Vllle low stands was, eighteen mouths ago, a
wilderness, buch Is the remarkable growth of
Colorado. It Is now the third mlueral-produe
tug Etate in the Union, and the receui dlscov
cries will before many months give It preced
ence.
The Colorado Cattle Company’s Immense
rnnebo of 81.000 acres Is Inn most flourishing
condition. The ofllcers of the Company arc I).
W. Sherwood, of Urldgcport, Conn., ('resident;
11. B. Hammond, of New York, Treasurer;
Charles Sherwood, of Bridgeport. Conn..
Secretary. President Sherwood is also Genera!
Manager on the rancho.
INCRBASB Or CATTI.B.
Some very Interesting statistics 1 am able to
furnish stock-men on tho Increase of cattle.
They show the Increase of a herd ot 4,000 cows
for seven years. An allowance margin of “0
per dent for loss In various ways is calculated.
Bv experience It has been ascertained that the
takes average abonb half heifers and half
steers. This schedule Is Jmado with referene;
entirely to grass-fed cattle; but fattening with
corn and other feed grown ou tho runchc will
bo n source of large profit.
s* --
S’ o' o* so" o>« a »-oss S.
r b '? lls iff! fSf
: 5 • g- q? : •*«5 : ® 5.
: : : ? S' ? ■ :£sa S' -
= : : : fiaS :
1.. .. 4.000 3,g00; LOGO I £IO.OOO s B,OCO' £4.800 8 28,800
2.. 4.000 3,200' I.GOO 10,000 H,000! 4, >OO 28,000
3.. 5,000 4,4801 2,240 22.400 11,200 0,720 40.320
4.. 7,200 5.700. 2.850; 2«,h00 14.400 8,040 SLH4O
5 9.440 7.f«2 3.770’ 37.700 18,880 60,040
6.. 12,200 0,8-VJ 4.D281 4P.280 t 40,280
7 10,006 12,3771 0,438 at per head 38.028
Original cows, at $lB per head 72.000
. 303
tests i
xbi
STEERS.
«? og* »s 2* *bms' 2.S
* £5 **3 ST
r « ll pi pi 5a
Tear, a a 3 F 1 ** .03
5, v . • 5-n >h »
5 ?3 : ~= la
r S.I !a» : **
; ;S* : *3* 5 *•> 0 3
♦ < q . <*2 • gs e. 3
. > to esa • OS ■ to
1 1,1)00 tloiooo $ n.ono 8i«,ooo$ 41,000
2 1,000 10,000 D,(KM) 10,000 41,000
3 2,240 22.400 13,440 22,400 58,240
4 2,880 28,800 17,280 28.800 74.880
5 3,770 37.700 22,050 00,410
0 4,028 40,'280 | 40.280
7... .... 0,438 at $0 per bead 38,028
$.104,044
Total product in seven years of 4,000
cowp, costing $72,000, including cost
of cows >730,052
The profits. nr Increase, on tho seventh
year alone would he. 254,702
These schcdule-fieurcs arc carefully comput
ed, and can bo relied upon by stockmen os cor
rect. *
Upon tho whole, Colorado is a great State In
its mineral, stock, mid other productions; and
the tourist or adventurer, the artisan or mechan
ic, need never remain idle If he have tho dispo
sition to work aud add to the prosperity of this
already booming State. E. M. S.
SECRETS OF MASONRY.
An Alleged Expose of Its Mysteries.
London Truth, July 11.
“ Perhaps," says an article id the Tima. 11 If
Freemasons disclosed their secrets they would
Joso little worth keeping, and the world would
acquire little worth acquiring.” This Is all the
mure true ua the Freemasons have no secrets.
Accounts of their childish mummeries have
been frequently published. lam not myself a
Freemason, bat I have often amused myself by
passing for one.
An ordinary lodge is formed as follows: It
must consist of nut less than six Entered Ap
prentices and one Past blaster. The room In
which thcmcollng takes ploeo ought to bo oblong,
lu the middle therp Is a stool or table that Is
called the altar, and on the altar there Is a
Hiblo, a carpenter’s square, and a compass.
Hound the altar aro three lighted candies.
The “ Master ” sits at one end of the room,
which is termed the East; on one side of him
is the “ Secretary,” on the other the “Treas
urer,” and a little before him is the “Senior
Deacon.” At the other end of the room (called
the West) the “ Senior Warden ” is seated,with
the “ .Junior Deacon ” a little in advance of him.
Jlall-way down the room, on the left of the
“ Master,” the “ Junior Warden ” Is seated, and
this place Is termed the South. If there arc
nine Masons present, there is an “ Outer Guard,”
called the “Tiler,” and an “Inner Guard,”
If only seven arc present, the “Junior Deacon *
acts as “Tiler,” and the “Senior Deacon ” as
“ inner Guard.” The proceedings commence
by the “ Master ” giving one rap with his gavel.
The “Tiler” Is then stationed outside the •- or
with a drawn sword. Do gives three Knocks
outside, which are answered by three
knocks inside, then one knock inside Is
flven. which is answered by one outside,
ho lodge is now “tiled,” and the Masons
put on their aprons, otc. A dialogue ensues be
tween the “Master” and the differentolllccrs,
in which each states why ho Is in Um position
that be has taken. Then, with more knocks,
the lodge Is opened, each present giving the
signs of the degree of “Entered Apprentice.”
These signs arc called right angles, horizontals,
and perpendiculars. The llrst is made by
placing the bands at right angles, one foot
in front of the centre ot the body, the
palms together, and the left hand under; the
second by raising the right baud to the neck
and drawing it across the throat, the elbow be
ing as high as the hand; the third by letting the
hand drop perpendicularly bv the side, the pa'm
turned buck. After tbls the ordinary business
of the lodge commences,—this consists In set
tling accounts and voting sums of money in
charity, with occasional “calls from labor to re
freshment”; then comes the initiation of any
new member whose name Ims been mentioned
at a previous meeting.
The candidate has to submit to a ballot, and
if successful Dio “Deacons” are sent out to
prepare him. This Is done by taking from him
anything metallic, slipping Ins left arm out of
Ids ahirt-alcevo and through the bosom of Dio
shirt so as to leave Die arm and left breast
bare, and making him roll Die left leg of his
trousers above tne knee, blindfolding him, and
tying a rope round his neck culled a “cable
tow.” Tim “Senior Deacon” now returns,
and the candidate is led by the “Junior Dea
con” to the closed door, on which lie Is in
structed to glto three raps; these arc answered
by three raps inside, then one rap is exchanged,
and the door is opened about two inches. Alter
a conversation between the two “Deacons,” bo
is let In, and the point of a compass Is pressed
against bis left breast. He Is then led to tite
middle of Dio room, mid told to kneel, when a
praver is offered up. Tills over, the “Mus
ter” takas him by Die hind, and says: “Arise,
follow your louder, mid fear no danger.” lie is
led three times around the lodge, and Anally Is
halted before the “Senior Warden" in Dio
“ West.” who teaches him lu approach Dio
“ East,” his feet forming the right angle of an
oblong square. At length he finds himself close
to the “altar,” where he kneels upon ms
' naked left knee, both rlgnt mid loft knees
forming a square. Ills loft hand Is now
placed under the Ihble, square, and compass,
and his right hand over Diem. In this position
lie repeats the oath, lu which he engages to keep
inviolate the secrets of tiie order “ under no
less penalty than to have ray throat cut across,
from ear to car, my tongue torn out by the
roots, and my body buried lu the rough Simla
of the sea, a cable low's length from the shore
at low-water murk, where the tide ebbs and
Hows twice in twenty-four hours.”
After this oath the bandage Is taken from his
eyes, and the “Master” approaches him with
rectangular steps, and making the signs. Thu
“signs” are then explained to him, as also Die
grip and Die pass-word. The grip consists in
each person, on joining hands, pressing the
thumb on the first Joint of the llrst linger of tho
other. The word la “Hoax." One Mason says
“Uo,” the other “ ax.” The candidate Is now
an Entered Apprentice; he is given an apron of
sheepskin, tyul the rest of Die ceremony con
sists of a sort of explanation of Dm mystic
nature of Iheporlurtusucu, and in endless repeti
tion.
The second degree Is called the “Fellows*
Craft.** Tim initiatory ceremonies are much
Urn same. Thu sign is made by pressing tne
right hand agalust the loft breast with the
Ungers partly clinched, and then dropping It
down by thu side. while at the same time the
left arm Is stretched out horlzoutully from the
shoulder to the elbow, and perpendicularly from
the elbow to the wrist. Thu grip consists lu
putting the thumb between the first Joints of
the fore and second lingers. There uru two
passwords. “ Jacbin '* and “ Shibboleth."
Thu third degree la the Master Mason's. The
candidate is "prepared" bv being stripped
nuked above bis waist and below itla Knees, and
a rope is put three times round bis body. The
THE CHICAGO TRIBUK:
sign is made by putting Ihc right hand to the
left sidy of. the stomach, the hand open, the
fulin dowft.'nud alter drawing It across from
eft to right, lotting It foil hr the side. There
Is, too, another called the “ bailing sign,” which
Is made bv raising both liamls and arms. The
word Is Tub.ilcatn, and the grip Is given bv
Dressing the thumb between (be llrrt Joint of
the second and third finger. Tbcn follows a
representation of (tic death of lllraru AbKT.
Thu candidate is pushed tlotvn mid covered
with choirs, etc. This represents death and
burial. Out of bis grave the now Master Mmon
is hauled by the “lion’s grin.” which consists
ot taking hold of his wrist, after the apprentice
grip and the craftsman’s grip have tailed to
save him. Then knee to knee, foot to fool, and
breast to breast, tho most sacred wont la the
Masonic vocabulary Is whispered to him. This
word Is Mah-hah-bouo.
DINING IN STYLE.
Uotv the London Lord-Mayor Entertains nt
Table.
Kdienrd King's letter in Potion Journal,
And now, If you please, wo will arrive at the
principal entrance of the Mansion House ot halt
post 0 In the evening, and, descending from our
carriage, wo will pass up through a Crowd of
begging urchins, each ono of whom Insists that
ho opened our carriage-door, and cadi of whom
Is likely to soil our raiment; then through a line
of stalwart policemen, each one of wham lifts a
huge forefinger and points respectfully onward.
At last we reach thu top of the staircase, and in
the huge covered wuy wu find n crowd of gentle
men, some in brilliant uniforms, some In plain
evening dress, and some In quaint costumes
which represent the ancient dignity and splen
dor of London, all engaged In tugging at their
white gloves. Thu English gentlemen do not
wear gloves at the opera, the conctrl, or the re
ception, but they put them on when they come
to sue the Lord-Mayor. That dignitary’s car
riage—a miraculous alTalr, with thu Hunker
standing bolt upright behind It—has Just driven
awav, and thu Mavorlsnow tn his rettring-room,
where the accompanying officials are assuming
their robca of ccrcmonv. Once gloved, wo pass
on Into an Immense hall, brilliantly lighted and
decorated, through rows of gorgeously-attired
servants until wo reach a table where a polite
young gentleman asks us our names. When
bo lenrns who we arc he (lands us a plan printed
in gold on a white ground, showing tho posi
tion of ouch table and of every person’s scat,
our own names being marked with a red pencil
mark against them, that wo may all thu more
readily find them. Now come throngs, scores,
hundreds of personages; Generals, publishers,
authors, reviewers, Journalists of a political and
journalists of a poetical stripe. Presently there
is an awc-strlckeu alienee, and while the band
stationed at one cud of the ball playa a classical
selection the Sheriffs, in sparkling uniforms,
resembling a combination ol a Court suit mid a
Field Marshal's dress, puss through thu admir
ing throng, followed by the bearer of the sword
of office, un Imposing mcdlmval figure In a long
gown mid a fur eao, and the msee'-beurer, in a
?:own but bareheaded. Between these list two
s the Lord-Mayor, in evening dress, and with no
other decoration than a collar, with a rosette at
bis throat, the Insignia of his honorable ollko.
Behind la a retinue of servants, handsome boys,
beautifully dressed. The Mayor takes up bis
position at ono end of the hull, and the master
of ceremonies begins to present, Individually,
each of the 300 or 400 guests. The presentation
Is cut! rely democratic, “firstcomc.firstscrvud;”
there la no crowding down of the common herd
by tltlclcsa people. The master of ceremonies
cries our names hi a stentorian voice; we go up
and shake bis Lordship by the hand, then retire
to gossip until another still mure stentorian
voice is heard crying, “Your Lordship, and gen
tleman, dinner is served.”
Now*, had 1 the pen of George Augustus Bala
(whom we sec, rosy and happy, at this dinner, by
the way), I would paint you the banquet’s de
lights. I would Indulge In historic reminiscence*
ol the great men who have preferred “dear
turtle” to “thick turtle,” and vice versa. I
would tell you how we ura served with a great
variety of courses of fish, and bow sherry, and
bock, and champagne escort these amiable fishes
along their dangerous way. 1 would tell you
whv no red wine Is served until the dessert mid
the speeches are begun together. But wo can
see for ourselves the principal features of this
banquet, ami the others may be digressed
upon at aotuo future time. The chaplain says
grace and then the music continues. This Hood
of harmony, which (Ills every comer of the room
is the best feature of the Lord-Mayor’s banquet
It impresses our French, and Gorman, and Fort
tuguussc, and Spanish friends of the Litcrur-
Congress to that extent that they are quite
mute for some minutes,— something which lias
not happened to them before withlu the memory
ol man.
The Lord-Mayor sits lo a huge elided arm
chair, behind which, on a carven buffet, Ho the
sword and the mace, and many rich golden and
silver vessels, and around him stand half n doz
en servants. On his right wo llnd Uaroo do
Lcsscps, looking very handsome, albeit aged,
with his blue scarf of commander, and his many
decorations. On his left Is the Hussion General
Luders, who has been prumluent iu the Inter
national Telegraphic Conference; Cyrus \Y.
Field is near at hand, modest and keen-eyed
as usual. One would hardly imagine' that be
were burning with impatience to be off fur home
and were going to sail in twenty-four hours.
Edmond About, Prof. Owen, venerable and ele
gant. and u host of literary celebrities, English,
mm French, and American, fill the places at the
table of honor. And now the human animal
feeds, and there is a gradual rise hi the conver
sation mutt it bursts out In the full diapason
of unrestrained utter-dinucr talk, to bo Inter
rupted only oy the load voice of tbc toast
master—
Gentlemen, please to charge your glasses I
Please silence fur hie Worship thu Lord-
Mayor I’*
The music stops, nnd the Mayor rises, with
his written speeches In his hand and u smile on
his lips. Somewhat disconcerted by the tem
pestuous Gallic cheering, to which he Is evi
dently unaccustomed, he pauses for a moment;
then reads the usual toast to the Queen. This
Is rigorously exacted by custom at every public
dinner, or every dinner where there are toasts
umll in England. All the guests rise, and thu
foreigners cheer while the Englishmen remain
strangely mute. “God Save the Queen” is
played by tho baud la the gallery, and then the
toast-master having repeated thu toast In Ida
must thunderous voice, comparative silence set
tles down until thu Lord-Mayor arises once
more, to bo onco more heralded us before, and
to offer a second toast. The guests of the eve
ning are called out one by one, and to bear Ed
mond About endeavoring to speak tho English,
or Frederick Thomas reading a flery sentiment,
or Uarun do Lcsseps announcing the progress of
negotiations fur the now canal of International
fame, or Prof. Owen dilating on the delights of
French literature, or thu honorable Sheriffs
swaggering through act speeches while their
curtfuns tingle and their uniforms glisten, Is
supposed to bo sutllclcntly keen delight to sus
pend all conversation of a private nature.
Meantime the loving cups are passing around
the table. Each guest lakes the huge sliver
tankard handed him by Ids neighbor and the
two rise mid bow to each other. One drinks
while the other holds thu tankard’s cover; a see
and bow Is made mid thu cup, which Is tilled
with “liiopocrns,” is passed on.
bo, after much music and many speeches, nnd
alter thu toast-master has cried himself almost
hoarse, the Lord-Mu vor arises, and, escorted by
his hroUicr-blllcluls, leaves thu doling ball in
solemn slate, alter which the guests disperse to
meet again iu a second hall and to chat over
coffee ami cigars until midnight. In whichever
direction they may turn their eyes they liml a
liveried servant awaiting them, with cigars and
cigarettes in a box in one hand mid a lighted
slow mutch m tho other.
How » Snako Cured Another Hnako After It
Hud Itueu Nearly Killed.
_J‘Allfhltluhla ilmtt.
Norfolk, Vu., July 33.~The Presiding Elder
of the Murfrecsborouistrict of the Virginia Con
fereaue of the .Methodist Episcopal Church
Houth, which includes about a dozen counties lu
the northeastern section of North Carolina, tells
the following remarkable snake story upon the
authority uf one of the pious itinerants under
his ecclesiastical direction. There cun be no
doubt of Its entire truth, strange us the narra
tive Is, and It suggests the existence uf mauy a
mystery In the economy of the lower orders uf
creation which has thus far eluded the most
minute and searching ictcnililo investigation.
When the minister was a boy ho went
out one day with his bow r.nd
arrows and loitered leisurely along the
roadside, testing his utarkumnshlp upon
various objects. Coming to whuru a shallow
brook, called In the bouth a branch, crossed the
highway, ho observed a snake of the deadly
species known us the moccasin, basking In the
sunlight, lie shot all his arrows at the for
midable reptile, wounding him In several places,
and repeated the pastime till the snake was, to
all appearance, dead. Heoinga party of colored
persons approaching at a distance, the buy took
the wounded snake in his hands and laid film in
a cull in the middle of the path, and then hid
himself in the bushes to see what the negroes
would do when they came to the spot, lu u few
moments another snake of the same kind glided
out from the thicket and went up to his wound
ed fellow and examined him. Then darting back
into the covert he returned With seme leaves
in ids mouth, pieces of which ho placed eureiully
upon the wounds, making them adhere liko
plasters. The apparently dead snake imme
diately becau to revive, and soeu recovered his
power of locomotion and crawled away into the
woods. Have the doctors}
: WEDNESDAY. JULY 30. 1879—TWELVE PAGES.’
THE RAILROADS.
A Very Light Movement In East*
Bound Freight.
Another Advance Ordered in the Katei
on Grain and Stock.
Another Movement to Pat an End to
tho Kansas City War.
EAST-BOUND FUBIOnT BUSINESS.
The Easi-bound freight traflle continues very
light, ami this (u the face of another advance of
live cents per 100 pounds, to toko effect Aug. 4.
If bustness Is so light now, It Is more than prob
able that the roads leading Host will have hardly
anything when the now rates have taken ffleet
until after tho close of navigation. Railroad
managers protend to bo at a loss to understand
why the Eastern trunk lines decided upon
another advance at this time, when hardly any
business Is doing at the old rates. The action
of tbs trunk lines simply shows that they care
not what becomes of Ihclr Western connections
ns long as they themselves can make
money like dirt. The facts are tiiat tho Now
Vork Central, Eric, mid Pennsylvania have pow
erful propeller lines with widen they conned at
Buflato and Erie, ami from which they got at
present all tho business they can carry. Their
percentage of profit on steamboat business Is
much larger than it would be if received from
tbulr rail connections, especially If the nil-rates
are bleb, for (he larger the a'll-rall rates the
larger are the percentages of ttio trunk lines
from Buffalo and Eric, ami for this reason they
want tiic rates to be as high during the summer
as they can possibly be made. It Is unfortunate
for tho roads lending East from this citv that,
they are controlled completely by tho Eastern
trunk linos, which places them entirely at tnclr
moroy.'BJKl they must accept any rates that the
trunk lines see lit to make. Were they still In
dependent corporations controlled by Western
men, as they formerly were, they would not
stand this kind of dictation, ‘and would rebel
against tho rates Imposed upon them bv the
trunk lines. As It Is, they have no other alter
native than to accept the situation and do tho
best they can under the circumstances. As far
ns Chicago la concerned, It can stand tbeso high
all-rail rates during the summer very welt, lor
the higher the East-bound nll-ralt rates oru Uic
more business wilt cornu to lids citv by the
Western roads seeking tho cheap channels by
lake. If tbe all-rnil rates are high from
Chicago they ,aro correspondingly high from
all other Western points, and the latter having
no cheap outlets by laku or water, os Chicago,
of coarse the lake and rail—as well as the all
water—routes from this city bavo an Immense
advantage over all other Interior competing
routes. For ibis reason Chicago accepts these
continued advances In freight rates without pro
test. During the winter, however, Chicago will
not have these advantages, and, as the high and
exorbitant rates now charged will be made
probably still larger, this city will then bo at a
disadvantage, and will necessarily suffer from
the grasping policy of Uic Now York trunk lines.
Shippers and producers ough Ao take advantage
of me present tow lake rales, I 'and dispose of all
tbelr goods before tho close of navigation, so
that when tho high and exorbitant ail-rail rates
must be accepted nothing or but very little Is to
go forward.
| Besides, if tbc railroads find that but little
'business Is coming forward during tbc winter,
they will bo very apt to maintain high and pro
scriptive rates, but wilt rather reduce them to
such figures as will stimulate traffic and give
them something to do. The total amount of
freigbt business done by the roads leading East
from this city during tho past week was us fol
lows: Michigan Certlral, • 11,240,833 pounds;
Lake Shore «fc Michigan Southern, 14,1)84,470
pounds: Pittsburg,'Fort Wayne & Chicago,
13,337,538 pounds; Pittsburg. Cincinnati & Sc.
Louis, 4,071,000 pobiids; Baltimore & Ohio,
3,843,402 pounds. This makes the percentages
carried by the vorlotlsVoads ns follows: Michi
gan Central, 21.1; fluke Shore & Michigan
Southern. 20.4: FlttsUurg. Fort Wayne & Chi
cago, 33; Pan llnudfel 0; Baltimore & Ohio, 7.5.
It will bo observed rhat tho percentages car
ried do nut at all cdfafftpood with the percent
ages allotted to varlfttii roods by the Trunk-
Line Executive Corrftrtltteo when they formed
the East-bound podl"from Chicago. Some of
the roads are now fdFShcad of thqlr allowance,
while others are far'bfcnlud. flow this bustnciis
is to be equalized In accordance* with the pro
visions of tho pool Isiouo of tho hardest prob
lems Commissioner’Milk has had yet to solve.
The pool thus far hod been anything but a suc
cess, but yet the trulrk-liuo managers have seen
lit to form another similar one, com
mencing Aug. 1, wfion the present temporary
arrangement cxDircsi'oiWhen the Chicago pool
was formed, three inronths ago, ft was decided
that similar pools should bo farmed from all
other Western points/ but none of them has
been able to agree upon percentages. Aug. 1
Is close at hand, auduyot none of tho Western
points outside of Cotcago have taken any stops
to carry tbe pool Into) effect at that time, and
hence Uiu.Cblcago Roads will have to coutiuuo
to work muder tho hame disadvantages they
have been doing during tbe last three months.
It does look as if a conspiracy existed among
tbe Eastern truok Hues to injure the Chicago
business all they cau,-and help Could direct It
to the Southwestern-’routes. How Vanderbilt
can countenance sucb'tbfngß Is beyond compre
hension, as most of tho Now York Central bus
iness comes from tbe Chicago and other North
western routes. B; assisting the Southwestern
Hues ho Is simply cutting his own throat.
The amount of grain of all kinds carried
by the various roads during the past week
was as follows: Michigan Central, (1,333,873
pounds; Laku Shore «& Michigan Southern,
10,537,041; Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago,
10,833,300; Pittsburg, Cincinnati & St. Louis,
1,340,tH0; Baltimore & Ohio, 2,737.772.
The amount of meats carried was us follows:
Michigan Central, 4,353,400 pounds; Lake Shore
A Michigan Southern, 4.457,435; Pittsburg,
Fort Wuvuo & Chicago, 5,504,335; Pittsburg,
Cincinnati A St. Louis, 8,333,300; Baltimore A
Ohio, 1,104,730.
Tho General Freight Agents of the various
Eastern roads held their regular weekly pool
meetings yesterday morning at the olllce of the
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Rail
road. Statemouts of last week’s business
done by tbe - various roads wore
submitted, showing the figures given above.
There was some discussion regarding the new
rotes that will go into clfect iu a few days.
Some wore of rbo opinion that the new rales on
bogs and cattle will go into ullcct Aug. 1, while
Urn fourth-doss aud grain rates will go into ef
fect Aug. 4. Others, however, claimed to have
Information that the now rates ou all articles
wilt go Into clfect Aug. 4. Commissioner Fluk
was appealed to for a decision bv telegraob.
The ucw rates will be as follows: Fouribdass,
30 cants per hundred pounds from Chicago to
Now York; grain, 35 cents; hogs, 40 ceuts; cat
tle, 00 ceuts; dressed beef. 80 cents.
SOM>.
Jhurfal Dtipalch to Tht Trtbnn#.
Dxvenpoiit, (a., July 20.—lutelllgonco was
received 10-day by Manager Henry! of (lie Day
enport & Northwestern Railroad, from the
olllcers iu New Vork, that the road Una been
sold to tho Chicago, Milwaukee &Bt. Paul Com
pany. The negotiations have bceu m progress
for soma weeks. The terms of tho soloi which
is absolute) aro not yet made public. Thu buy
ers huyo the privilege of calling (or the delivery
of the road at any day, and tho trunslcr la
llkolr to bo mado the first of the month. The
Davenport & Northwestern Hallway ia com
posed of two brunches, one to Moquoketa,
Juckaoo County, some forty intlea distant,
and another to Payette, In the northern part
of the State. Tito manner In which the new
possessors of the road will operate it Is yet
merely a 'matter of conjecture, but It Is un
doubtedly a very valuable acquisition to this
line.
TIVEKANSAS CITY I'ASSKNOKU WAU
Commissioner J. \V. Mldgley, of the tiouth
westeru roads, received a dispatch from Truuk
Line Commissioner Fink yesterday, Informing
him that the differences in the way of restoring
rates from Southwestern points could only bo
removed by a convention of General
Passenger Agents of all roads terminating east
ot Missouri Ulver points and via Chicago, East
and West, and asking that such meeting be ar
ranged. in accordance with the obove request,
Mr. Mldgtey baa notified the General Ticket
and Passeuger Agents of the various roads in
terested in this matter to meet at the Qracd
Pacific In this city uoxt Thursday morutug at
10:90 o’clock.
The General Ticket and Passenger Agents aro
expected t" resolve that no business shall bo
taken from auy of ttair Western cuunections at
less than tariff rates. Hut such a resolution bus
been on iho statute-book all along, and yet the
Kansas Citv roads have been enabled to cut the
rates ot will, and the Eastern roads pro ruts
with Uu m, uo matter how low the figures were.
Thu fight could have been stopped lung ago,
without the aid of a convention, hud the East
ern Hues seen fit to enforce the rules, and exact
Hit* full proportion of the rates from Ihclr
Western connections. Tlio action to bo taken
by Thnrsdav’s meeting will do no good If It is
not belter backed up than t lie recent, action
taken by the Trunk Line Executive Committee.
A simple resolution to exact Hie full proportion
of rates from Western connections will not set
tle Ihe difficulties regarding the Kansas Cit y
passenger business In the least. The principal
cause of the trouble lies In the payment of com
missions of from sr. to $5.50 to scalpers, as sot
forth In yesterday's TaitiUNS. As lons ns (bis
Ernctko Is continued at Kansas City there will
e trouble, for the payment of such Jartrc com
missions simply amounts to a cut of the amount
thus paid, unless action is taken at Thursday’s
mooting to stop the payment of commissions to
scalpers ntnl outside parties bv certain Eastern
roads from all Western points. It will bo of no
use to resolve that nothing nut the proportion
of fni) tariff rates will bo received bv the East
ern roads from their Western connections.
THE KANSAS CITY BRIDGE CON
TROVERSY.
Tho Kansas City Time* has tho following In
regard to tho controversy between thu Hannibal
& Bt. Joe and tho St. Louis, Kansas City &
Northern about the use by the latter of tho for
mer’s track ami bridge at Kansas City:
There is a doubt, at least In the minds of the
Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad officials, as to
whether the North Missouri Company will begin
the construction of their proposed lino from the
Junction to a point opposite tho city on Monday,
As Is known, Col. McKissock was here on Friday,
and announced that on Monday, in all probability,
he would begin grading for the rood; but rcsictdny
morning W. It. Woodward,.General Superintend
ent of tno Hannibal. Wood Easier, attorney, aud
Chief-Engineer Dunn arrived from the Bast,
and, If what they ear Is positive, there is
a probability of the two companies be
coming involved ia a serious difficulty. The North
Missouri claim that, by an agreement entered Into
veara ago at Liberty, they havo the right to build a
lino of their own from the North Missouri Junc
tion to this city, on the right of way of tho Hamil
pal Rosa, and that at llnqdotoh, where mere la not
room for them to build south or their track, they
can either cross anil take the north side themselves
or throw tho Hnnntbal track over. They also
claim that condemnation proceedings haw already
taken place, ami that (hey have paid tbu Hannibal
Road for (ho right of way In Question. Mr. Easley,
attorney for tliu Hannibal Company, stated to a
Time* representative that cither tho North Mis
souri Company had got to allow them the right
of crossing the St. diaries Bridge and be
come a tit. Louis road by way of tho Keokuk
it til. Louis Line, or cease being a Chicago
tine by way of tho •* Four-in-hand.” Mr.
Easley also stated that the North Missouri Com
pany bad not paid (or the land in question, and
llmi, until they did so. they conld nut begin the
construction of a road on ground belonging to tho
Hannibal Road. So much regarding thcowncrshlp
of tho right of way. Now thu question arises, What
will tho Hannibal Company do In case the North
Missouri folks begin tho construction of tho road
In question? Tho olllclnls of tho lint-named cor
poration declare that If the officials of tho second
Fisrt do begin work on Monday they will get out an
njnncllon restraining them from interfering with
their property. Such a suit can be brought before
any court of record, and It is the determination of
tho Hannibal Company to so proceed. The caso, ut
any rate, has reached an Intcre-ting point, and
Monday's developments will bo anxiously looked
for by railroad officials in tho city.
PARIS & DANVILLE,
Special JJltßitleh to The Tribune.
Danville, 111., July 20.—An Important rail
way gathering was held hern to-day. The par
ties wero O. 11. Chappell and K. 11. Wade, Di
vision Superintendents of tho Wabash, and
James A. Eads, General Manager, and B. F.
Matthias, Superintendent, of the Paris & Dan
ville. Tho object ot thu meeting was tj arrange
denot and train facilities for tho Paris & Dan
ville to connect with tho Wabash ut thu local
depot after Aug. I. Tim Paris & Danville now
runs to Duuvillc Junction, a mllo from the husi
uesapartof thu town, and effectually deprives
Danville of tho local business of that road. As
telegraphed you heretofore, tho Wabash Is to
operate the 'Purls A Danville and Cairo & Vin
cennes, beginning about Out. 1.
INDIANA.
Evansville, Ind., July 29. At the railroad
elections hold today, $85,000 was voted ia aid
of Uic extension of tho Chicago A Evansville
Railroad to this city, A. B. Meeker, President,
and $85,000 la aid of the local-trade railroad
running from this city to Cunnolton, mul al
ready coiunlctcd from Jasper to Backport.
Over S 5 per cent of the total vote cast was In
favor of the roads.
ITEMS.
Several of the General Agents In this city
have gone to Buffalo to attend to tho tegular
monthly meeting of the fast-freight lines run
ning over the Northern routes. The meeting
will bo held Thursday and Friday at tho Tlflt
House.
Tho Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Rail
road has been selected by the Chicago Turners
ns the routo over which they will go to the
Turner festival at Philadelphia next week. The
Turners leave hero Thursday evening.
In speaking ot the advance In-East-bound
rates Aug. 4, the Buffalo Jbjiress says:
It would bo a comfort to tbe business community
to know on what principle this schedule Is bused.
A couplo of months ago tho schedule rata on
fourth-class freight from Chicago was 13 coats,
and It was carried on special contract at 7*|
cents. Of course the cost of transportation has
not doubled, much less quadrupled. It is no
areuter now than two months aim. Hut tho price
to bo paid far His pul up arbitrarily, without re
gard to the cost of tho service. Other things bear
prices which have some relation tn tho cost of pro
duction or to tiio value of tho scrvlco rendered.
Not so with freights. But why should It not bo
so with freights?
A STRUGGLE FOE LIFE.
Arrival In Now York of Throo Survivors of
tho “Htttto of Virginia M —A Woman’s
Graphic Narrative—l'nthotlo Hcdiu-h ami
Agonizing Hours ou a Strungn Island.
AVir >*orlr lUruhJ, July 28.
The Her. J. 11. Warllold, of Boston, and Dan
iel Clark and wife, of Buffalo, three of the sur
vivors of the wrecked steamer State of Virginia,
arrived In this city on Friday by rail from .Hali
fax. The last two named give agrapblcaecount
of their experiences.
When asked to relate her experience Mrs.
Clark said: “ When the State of Virginia struck
lu the fog on that Saturday night there was no
panic on board; even the ladles expressed their
belief that the ship would soon float. There
were many of us In tears, as wo all realized the
danger of attempting to land through the surf.
On Sunday morning, about 10o’clock, there wore
fourteen of us, all women and children, who
were lowered Into* ode of' the surftmts which
came alongside from the Island, When coming
toward the breakers the men in charge of the
bout turned It and attempted to bring It to land
stern foremost. Then u great billow struck us,
ami (t seemed us If the boat was going up lu the
air on end. Thu surf was rolling mountains
high. Then the boat turned right over, and we
all wont Into the water together. 1 was so
dazed by the suddenness of the catastrophe that
1 was only partially conscious. 1 really cannot
now describe my peculiar feelings. I went un
der the bout, and while in Unit position 1 man
aged to gut hold of a life-preserver. When 1
came up It was on the opposite side of the boat,
and 1 managed to gut hold of the keel. The
next wave righted the boat, and Immediately
anoUicr huge billow struck It and swept mo
clean over. Then I was carried br the waves
again toward the lifeboat, when u 'man got Into
it and stretched out oho of his hands- Mrs.
Moutlu, of Now York, who was struggling In
the water beside me, seized hold of the man’s
other hand. Ho drugged us into the boat, but
in an instant wo wuru again hurled out by the
breakers. I saw my companions about mu
struggling lit Utu water, but did out see them
drown.
‘•Just before we reached the breakers 1 saw a
boat behind us In which was my husband. I
have not the slightest Idea how I reached the
land, nor have I any conception of the manner
In which 1 gut u life?prcfcorver on mo while un
der the keel of Um surf-bout. When 1 was able
lu collect my thoughts I gazed around mo. My
clothing bad been nearly all stripped from my
person by the waves. Then 1 saw the bodies of
Mrs. Walker, of Klmlro, mid Mias Coleman, of
Albany, ou the beach, where they bad been east
up by Utu breakers, li. th were quite dead.
When X was gelling Into the bout ou leaving the
ship one pour woman who was drowned, and
whose name I did nut know, asked me fur a pin.
I gave it to her and she pinned her money to the
waist of her dress. When wo were preparing to
gut into the Ilrst boat Cupt. Moodle’s daughter,
a most’lnteresting young lady of til) years or
thereabouts, was urged by her father to enter,
tihu clung to his neck, and, kissing him, refused
to be parted, lie urged her to go Into the bout
and save herself. Finally she reluctantly gave
hereonsuiit. Then the oouiwas lowered, butim
mediately Miss Muudle’s feelings overcome her,
and she begged piteously to bo allowed to re
main and share her lather’s fate. She was pulled
imam ou board, and so her life was saved. Wo
were rowed away. After reaching land I was
unconscious fur a long time, i was so much
overcome Uv fright snd suffered so much from
my injuries that I could scarcely realize what
had Ukea place. Xt seemed all lino a dream to
me. I supposed Hint the boat following us was
also swamped. I knew mr husband was In it,
and I was timro limn overjoyed wlien I came
across him twenty-six hours afterward. When
Mrs. Wldcstrami, who was in our boat, was
thrown up on the beach shu had, ns she sup
posed, her son John In her arms. In a frenzv
of excitement, on struggling throuirh the surf
to Hie bench, shu exclaimed, *1 have him, Ihovo
him,* At the same time clinging tcnai-fuusty to
the strap of Ins little ulster. To her horror she
then discovered that the buttons had become
unfastened, mid that In her struggles the child
had slipped out of Ids coat, ilcr grief, when
she discovered that ho had fallen from hergrasp
mid been drowned before her eves, when she
thought him saved, was uncontrollable. Wo
did alt wo could In our sorry plight to comfort
the heart-broken woman."
Mr. Clone seemed to bavo the events which
occurred Immediately after the shin struck
vividly portrayed in Ids memory. “A few
minutes before the ship struck," said ho,
“Capt. Moodlo had given orders to alter the
vessel’s course, lie evidently knew ho was ap
proaching land. When wo struck the shock
was sllinit. None of ua felt much alarm, as the
Captain thought wo would float oil with the
midnight tide. The fog was very dense, and
all this lime the engines were being reversed;
but we were wedged lu the sand and seemed
to settle Into It further and further. It was
a time of supremo suspense for all. I was
In the second boat, following Uio one
that was capsized. I caunot convey
to you my feelings of anguish when I saw Umt
boat full of passengers, mv wife among the
number, hurled Into the seething waves. The
olllecr In charge of our boat, when be aaw the
catastrophe, gave orders to return. When wo
again got on the deck of the ship there was In
tense excitement. I cannot begin to faithfully
portray it. Wo sympathized with those who
hud lost friends, mul all of us embraced earn
other os If wo were brothers mid sisters nml
thanked God Umt we had been spared. It was
half crazy m my anxiety to kuow tbo fato of
my wife.
'•On Monday, about 11 o’clock la tho room
ing, we were all Imulcd ou the lee side of Dm
island. Seven boat-loads, Including the bag
gage and provisions, were transferred from the
ship. Capt. Moudic, bis daughter, and myself
went to tlso lighthouse. On tho way we
met the lighthouse-keeper, who told us to
put tho baggage back Into the boat mid
go down the. shore to Gov. MacDonald's
house, which was about nine miles awar.
In my excitement mid anxiety I walked
the whole 'distance, scarcely knowing why
I did so. On the wav 1 met Mrs. I’or
tcous, of New Tork, who was In the cap
sized boat. To my great joy she told me Hint
my wife was safe. Shortly afterward I met my
wife. Shall I tell you that she fairly screa/neil
with joy, mid that wo both fell on our kncosuml
thanked God that wo had been spared from Uio
waves 1
“We fared well while on the Island. It is
certainly a most remarkable strip of land. There
are no trees, not a twig of shrubbery, nor evou a
stone as big as a marble ou it. Wefoundplenty
of wild strawberries, cranberries, mid black
berries. Five or six hundred wild horses or
ponies were everywhere roaming about.
Wo had plenty of good, fresh water.
Gov. MacDonald lias a force of men there who
patrol Uic entire Island daily, mounted on some
of these ponies. When we left tho State of
Virginia Capt. Moodlo refused to ctvo tho sea
men any liquor, as he wanted Uie men to Keep
cool heads mid steady hands. While on tho
Island wo made the best of our circumstances.
The men slept in the boathouse mul managed
to make themselves as comfortable as possible.
We chrlsteued it the Hotel do Comfort. The
ladles slept In the Governor’s house.
Tho accommodations wero so cramped that we
woro obliged to sleep on . tho floor,
bat the Governor's (umiiy did mi they could
to soften the hardships of the ladies of our
party. The fog continued heavy nearly ml the
time we woro there. Occasionally it lilted and
then wo were able to see our ship, which lay off
about tbreo mid u half miles from the Govern
or's house. For throe davs we were unable to
distinguish her ut nil. Of food we had plenty
except bread, the facilities for cooking the lat
ter being limited. We brought a sufll
clcncy of provisions from the ship, mid
also killed for food some of the peeves
we had on board. The cooking
was performed in the Governor’s house and also
in the building where the crow was quartered,
which we called the Sailors’Homo. We spent
our time mostly in sightseeing after the shock
of our disaster wore oil. We gathered carious
shells and berries am) attempted to catch some
of the wild burses. Wo also had great amuse
ment in watching Uio seals which came up on
the beach. They wero there by the thousand,
and some of them were as big as oxen. On
Monday morning Hie bodies of Mrs. Walker
mid Miss Coleman were burled in a little
plot.called tho island Borlal-Orouud. They
wore neatly laid out under tho direction of Mrs.
Fprtcoua and placed in colllns made by the
#llors. Tho colllns were marked with the iiame
and ago of the deceased. The ICuv. Mr. .War
field read the burial service, mul we all at
tended. Several days afterward the body of
little Mario 0. Muutln. who was parted from
her mother’s grasp mul drowned when the surf
boat was overturned, was washed ashore. The
recovery of the body brought great relief to the
mind of her grief-stricken mother.
“On Wednesday evening Mr. Warfield con
ducted religious services. The baggage was all
saved, although some of it was badly damaged
by water. 01 course wo talked constantly of
what we hud passed through and the chanc'd of
relief coming to us. A great many comments
wero roudo about Capt. Moodlo; in fact, ho was
the principal subject of our conversation. He
was not once blamed, and his character os a man
was highly extolled. Not one word was said
against him. Ido not know anything about his
seamanship. None of us understood anything
about that part of It except Lieut. Barber,
of the navy, who was a passenger. Ho said that
in his optnloiij tho Captain could not be blamed
lor the disaster. When Purser Hobson, with
his boat’s erew, started fur tho mainland to
seek assistance, wo all went down to see them
oil, and on starting wo gave them three such
rousing cheers ns were never before heard on
Sable island and may not bo again. We never
exnceltid to see the brave fellows again, mid
had about made up our utluds that wo would
be compelled to stop thereuntil September,
ut wbleb time the occupants of the Island
expected a bunt to reach there with supplies.
Our first Intimation that relief was at hami was
tho appearance of u speck ot sail In the distance.
Then we saw a thin Hue of smoke. Our hearts
beat with Joy, because we know it was tho relief
ship, ami we felt happy In a double sense,—wo
realized that succor was at hand, and also that
the brave men who put out for the mainland' in
a frail boat, with a heavy sea rolling before
them, wore safe. The ship proved to be the
Glendon. Immediately upon her arrival Cupt.
Moodlo went oil to her lu a life
boat, and soon returned to order tho surf-boats
got ready. Baggage was placed in one of the
ship’s boats, but the latter was ut once capsized.
The baggage was, however, saved in a damaged
condition. Then oxen and horses were brought
Into use, and two large surf-bouta wero earned
across the Island to the beach, lly the aid of
these boats tho passengers wore safely trans
ferred to the Glendon, which, lay to about a
mile oil shore. We were all safely embarked
by 8 o'clock last Saturday night, Just a week to
Uio minute from the time wo struck."
LATE LOCAL ITEMS.
Late lost evening Ollleer Williams, of tbo
HltnnAu Street I’ollco Biatlou, attempted to
arrest for drunken and disorderly conduct u mat)
named Michael Hodge, who restated furiously.
Borne of the bystanders, mistaking Williams (or
Ollleer Collins, who killed young Leigh a
few days ago, raised an outcry, and encouraged
Hodge in resisting. Thu policeman fougnt back
os well as he could, ami soon was relieved by
a squad from the station, who arrested both
Hodge mid one of the resisting party named
James Joy, Thu policemau was only slightly
Injured.
Mrs. Slodo, the ladr whoso misfortunes and
alleged mallreulmentbv her husband were pub*
Halted yesterday, was takeu borne by her hus
band yesterday morning, and auy ouo
who witnessed the endearing mauuur In
wiiieh ho treated her In so doing
would say situ had thu host uud kindest of hus
bands. It was not lumr thereafter that the
neighbors reported that dtonu was at It again,
and that his unfortunate wife was again
under lock and key in the cellar. The police,
however, allayed their suspicious by promising
to look after thu case. Mr. Stone of course bit
terly denies all tbair statements.
Stirring Up a Itqmble-Uoo’i Nest.
While a mau in Maine was mowing a meadow
with a machine lust woek ho drove over a
bumble-bees' nest, uud In an instant tils horses
started on a run, ami, maddened by thu stings
of thu bees, bounded through thu fluid at a
headlong gallop. Thu driver was thrown from
hU seat, but escapcd.witb bruises. The machluu
was stove to pieces, uud onu of the horses, val
ued at S'MO, was so seriously cut by thu kulves
that It was accessary to kill It.
French Divorce.
Jan fYancticn OulCi I'arU LUltr.
As dlvureu will likely bu re-cstubllfhed In
France, It Is tlmo that etiquette books devote a
chanter to thu ceremonial. Talma’s case ought
to be noted; bu called for bis wile In a carriage:
they both drove to the Mayor'sulUco, he chatted
most friendly: tie took her oat of the vehicle
with the politeness of a knight, and promised to
visit her frequently; theo they signed the deed,
embraced, and separated.
POLICE MATTERS.
Lieut. Hathaway to Have Charge of
the North Sldo.
A Detective Ferro Which Reeds Cleaning OnU
Keeping Den Dishonest*
The Lint of Thieves, and Why It Cannot
Be Obtained for Publication.
The Mayor yesterday sent for Lieut. Hatha
way, of the North Side, and after an Interview
It was announced that ho was to succeed Csot,
Omul. Largo delegations of citizens had urged
tho promotion, among whom wore many promi
nent Gormans, ami the Mayor yielded to the.
popular wilt. Hathaway Is an old and efficient
officer, and nothing can bo said against him,
and his promotion will bo deserved, it
Is also understood Uiat Lieut- Ebcrsold
wilt be given tho South Sldo Captaincy:
Umt Capt. Hood, of Uio West Sldo, will
bo removed, and Uiat a place Is to bo given to
cx-Capt. Buckley. The latter, however, Is not
now put down for a Captaincy, nor has Hood’s
successor yet been named. These are only «
few of the changes promised, and when the ma
chine -gels lairlv at work there is no telling
where it will stop.
TUB RBCBNT OItDRR OP ACTING BUPBRINTBEp-
ENT O'IIONKBLL,
Instructing the detectives and patrolmen to re
port the names of all Uio coulldouco men ami
tniovos In the city, has had a good effect. It
alarmed tho fraternity, and they have disap
peared from the streets,—either left town or
taken to cover In Uio hope that altera week or
twopasscs Uio matter will bo forgotten and thev
can again ply their vocaUons. Now and then
ouo is met,—a man known to belong to tlis
“ profession," but he keeps out of the way o(
officers who know him, and thus avoids arrest.
Warrants are available, and should any bo tesnl
they will he taken In at once aa vagrants. It is'
nonsense to say Umt these fellows cannot be
driven out of Chicago. All that Is necessary to
get rid of the bunko and confidence men mul
pickpockets who make this city their head
quarters Is for the detectives to say to them
*• Go," and they will do so within twenty-four
hours. The trouble* bus been that many of
them
PAID A PERCENTAGE
of their stealings to theolllccrs who know them,
and were allowed to rob without being Inter
fered with. Those who would not stand a
“shakedown" were arrested at every oppor
tunity, and these arc tho ones whoso names cot
into the newspapers. Mayor Harrison has evi
dence of this, tmd knows that the Chicago de
tective corps, headquarter and station men. are
as corrupt a body of men os ever lived. TTicre
may bo afaw honest olllcers among them, but
clean hands are exceptional. The Mayor pro*
Eases to reform the force; lie will not say haw,
ut it Is believed to bo his Intention to clean Uio
stable and put In now material.
TUB LIST OP NAMES •
soot in Is said to embrace over 1,003 thieves.—
men mid women who live in Chicago,
or come mid go. making this city i
hiding place. A Triiionb reporter tric'l
yesterday to cot a look at this list, bu*
Acttng-Supt. O’Donnell wouldn’tpcrroit it, say*
ingit would bo unfair .to publish the names.
The Muvor was also opposed to its publication,
and for two reasons:
Firtt~ There mlcht bo on it the name of a
mou who had Served a term in the Penitentiary
but who was now trying to make a living
honestly.
Uteand— There mlcht not be on It the name of
a thief, who would therefore think that ho was
unknown to the Department.
Doth these reasons are good. Neither, how*
ever. Is the one which the reporter understood
to account for the withholding of the list. Tail
was that it contained the names of
QUITE A NDMURIt OF DEMOCRATIC POLITICIANS
men prollcioul as workers in the wards and
conventions. But Mr. Harrison said this was
untrue.
it is to be hoped that or-convicts who are
living honestly will not bodistuibod. Thecas*
tom has been heretofore, whenever a detective
learned where one of these men was working, to
Co to his employer and denounced him as a
thief, unless he would pay for silence. In most
coses these men were discharged, and then
hounded until they were driven to
stealing, though if let' alone they would have
continued straightforward nml industrious.
Hundreds, if not thousands, of “ professionals "
are made In this way. The average detective
bus n theory that If a man is sent to the Pent*
tontlary lie will always be a thief, and If he
meets such an one after serving his term ho is
titre to ‘•snot” him, and annoy him. and “giro
him away " If ho Is working, and keep on bis
track until desperation drives him into a life of
crime, ills first oflcnso may have been forgot*
ten; bo learned a trade at Joliet, and wishes to
bo bo honest, but
TUB DETECTIVES WILL NOT PERMIT IT.
Homo ono has been whispering these things
Into Mayor Harrison’s ear, and ho proposes to
pul an end to them.
As to tho second reason, it Is not a bad Idea
to make every thief believe Hint Ills movements
ard watched. Ho will certainly, bo cautious
while In Chicago, and not do half the work bo
othenrlsu would. But, if tho practice of requir
ing thlovcs to giro up n porcontogo of tho pro
coeds of their enterprises Is broken up, and Uu
detectives do their whole dutv, there would be
very little stealing done ia Chicago. Of course,
It Is absolutely Impossible to slop it entirely,
but It can be checked to each au extent os to
surprise the community.
Another thing that Mover Harrison should do
is to let tho patrolmen understand that
TUI! ND.MOBR OV ARRESTS AND CONVICTIONS
is not a test of olllcluucv. Some of (ho Captains
tiust up In their stations the statement that U is,
which practically amounts to subornation of
perjury, for if an officer picks up a man ho Is
bound to swear him into tho Bridewell, whether
Innocent or guilty, since ho believes a convic
tion will raise him lu the estimation of his aupe*
rlora.
Tho “intimate friend,” from whom most of
these points were obtained, said that the Mayor
had made up his mind that the onlv way to hare
an honest police force was to get rid of every
man wno was under suspicion. It was Mr. Har
rison's desire to have au honest police force, ami
Uie “Intimate friend” was pretty certain that a
general cleaning out was contemplated.
TosUOlllce Savings-Banks—ltesulU of the
Experiment In Canada,
Montreal Vaulte, July 23.
The rapid development of the business of tho
rust-Ollice Savluga-Uaußs is the bust evidence
of their usefulness. We have ruceivcdfrorn the
Department at Ottawa a staleraoiU of the
operations of the past vear, with comparative
figures fur tho previous olevou years, which con
tains touch Interesting Information. Thu num
ber of i’ost-Otllcu Savings-banks has steadily In
creased from nfghty-ouo In 1838 to 207 on thf
noth of June last; but the business has not been
a uniformly progressive one, the three years ol
financial stringency, from Juno, 1874, to June,
1877, having checked the growth of operations,
while the past two years have again shown uu
Increase lu business. Thus, while there was an
Increase In the number of deposits received
from 10,052 In 16(19 to 45,32 bin 1874, mid In the
amount deposited an increase from 8027,885 to
82,810,281 in the same period, tho three following
years saw adeclluo toUU, 120 lu the number, and
91,521,000 lu the amount of deposits, but
lu tho year just closed tho deposits hud again
increased to -18,311) In number, and 81,273.213 In
amount, and as further showing the olTcetof
the depression and financial stringency, we find
that tho withdrawals exceed the deposits In
1875,1870, and 1877 by 803,533, 857,053, and
81,082 respectively, while on the other hand, as
bearing out the indications of improvements
since that time, tho deposits exceeded the with*
arawals by 8238,213 In 1878, and 8122,1051 a
the year ended 3Ulh June last. Again, wo find
that lu the three first years of depression, these
of severe lluauclul stringency, there wore UOl
more accounts closed than opened, while lu tin*
two last years 20,613 accounts have been opened,
against 17,442 closed. At the close of the fiscal
year, ou June 80, there remained open 27,415
accounts, representing with accrued Interest,
a total deposit of 83,105,100.80, the
largest amount tho bank has ever bsd.
Thu lufereuco to bo drawu from these
figures Is that tho poorer uluses arc, Id
spite of tho dullness of business, gradually lw
proving their condition; that they are again In »
position to sot apart each year from their earn
ings an unexpended balance. The deposits In
the Bust-Odlce Savings Bank are undo from
two classes of the community,—the farmers and
the workingmen and worklngwomau,—and tho
significance of au increase in ihelr deposits is
totally different from that of an increase fu tho
deposits of the joint stock banks. Tho deposits
In the latter are now very large, and have been
at a high figure for many months, but that fact
Is attributable to the depression la business,
whft-h deprives money of opoortunltlestlor prof
itable employment which aro afforded in periods
of trade activity and general prosperity. 'lhe
deposits la the Post-UUiuo Bank, ou the other
lutml, repreauut momulv and even weekly sav
ings, as mav be judged from the fact that tno
average amount of each deposit last year was
only 845, and that the average amount at ”>a
credit ot each account at the clou of the
was not more than BlUh

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