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THE COURTS. The Wallace Estate Again Up Be fore Knickerbocker. Rash for Divorces —Record of Judgments, New Suits, Etc, It Is expected the derision in the Bielefeld case will be delivered this we-k by Judge Barnura. Tbc opinion will be very long. Friday will bo the lall dav of service to the September term of the Superior Court. No new calendars.’ DIVORCES. Christiana Anderson filed a bill for divorce yesterdav from her husband Andrew, charging that be deserted her over fourteen years ago. The hot weather must have an exceedingly Exasperating effect on married couplea, for dur ing the summer an unusual number of applica tions for divorce have been filed. Still the evil to one direction is offset by flic advantage derived therefrom hy clerks of the Circuit and Superior Courts, who smilingly rako to the (0 In each case, nml otdy wish It was more. After Mr*. Anderson bad duly filed her complaint, Mrs. Elizabeth E. Mooney came In nml declared she would not live nnv longer wit li ■William Mooney, “so now,” on account of hla crueltv. lie .sails the ocean blue, otherwise known ns Lake Michigan, nml Is ever ready to strike a blow, oven nt hln wife. She docs not recognize the doctrine ns laid down for the crew of ihe •• Pinafore” ns quite the correct thing, mid asks for a divorce uud the care of her four children. Amv Gregory also osks for a divorce from James Gregorr, Ids fault being desertion. Bridget Cantv also has a hrutu of a husband named John Cants, nml shu pnva sho docs not want to live wit h him nnv longer. He owns No. 1417 Butterfield street, and she asks Hint ho may be cotnnHlcd to support her while she lives away from him. THE WALLACE ESTATE. The litigation in ihe estate of John S. Wal lace. deceased, was resumed yesterday In the ITobate Court before Judge Knickerbocker. The widow of Hie deceased, Celia W. Wallace, presented a petition, ns Hie inn bcr of John 8. Wallace, praying for the discharge of Albeit Paul Smith. The petition sets forth the facts in the ap pointment, of administrators. It. appears from this paper that a few-day* after Hu* death nf John 8. Wallace, Frank R. Wallace and Cv’hera M. Rapplcvc made application for letters of ad ministration to Issue to the former in connec tion with Albert Paul Smith. In said applica tion oath was made to the effect that Frank R. Wallace mul Cythera M. Uapplovo were chil dren of the deceased, nnd were each entltlid to a third port of the Property. Letter* of adminis tration were granted In accordance with Hie application. The petition goes on to show Hint nei'her her son nor herself was notified of tills application for letters of administration, although Uu-lr whereabouts were well known to ad concerned, and Hint sue knew noth ng of the proceedings until Ihe letters had been granted. The petition goes on to state that the said Cvth tra M. Bnpolcvo is not the legitimate child of John 8. Wallace, os alleged In tho application under oath, and is not. therefore, emltlca to suv share In theceinto of deceased; mid ftirHu-r, that this (act was well known to Frock R. Wal lace und Cvthera M. Hopple;c. na well as to their ntione-s, when the application above referred to was made. The petition fur ther show* that Messrs. Small-& Muoro were the attorney* for the parties making ap plication lor letters,.and that they, or onu of them. Informed tier that the said CyHiera M. Rapplcvc had lor some time prior to Hu* applica tion lor letters been trying In some wav to gut herself acknowledged os Hie legitimate child of Mr. Wallace, lu order to get sumo of his prop erty wacn he thould die. The petition goes on to show Hint, the said Smith, appointed ndmlnistratar in eonjuT.'- Hun with Frank R. Wallace, is a euu-in-luw of one and a bro.her-ln-luw of thu other attorney for Miss Wallace and Mr*. Rappleyc. It Is furHuT alleged tlmt the cald Small, Moore, and Smith took ahsohUu control of the estate, and Unit, although petitioner made frequent visits to them, she was unable to learn inythmg lo regard to the estate, it Is lunhcr rlaltned that Mrs. Knpplcyu hy herself mid through her attorneys lias made cverv posslblu Utompt to divert 1 in* estate from thu legitimate Heirs and to giVe onc-ltilrd thereof to Mrs. Wal lace: nml that this was done not only hy thu orocecdings In thu ITohatu Court, but also nyuti- Seavonng to pass a law through Hie Legislature tOTcrmg Ihu point. It Is ulsueharged Hint (here san nob been a full Inventory, but < hat bduiu of tho Assets have been concealed, nnd, furiher, that the management ot ihu estate has been a a sutned by'he attorney* above named nml bvNl -holns B. Rnpplete, the husband of Mrs. (Jytbera M. Rapplcvc. Tilt* petition doses with lie statement that, as Messr-. Small & Moore are Hie nttor oe\* lor the administrator mid for Mrs. Hup- DleVe, whose interest Is adverse to Frank R. and loan 8. Wallace, there Is great danger of the isbCt* being diverted from the true heirs, nnd that toss will occur unless the odminlstratop, Albert Paul Bmltn, he removed, hid! pome dis interested person appointed in his stand. 'Tut* Judge, alter hearing the petition, which was presented by Elurtdgc & Tourtelorte, re tueud to grant the dismissal, and an appeal was illowwl to thu Circuit Court on filing bands lu the penal sum of S3O. SUI'KJHOH count IN nittßP. The Antioch College of Yellow Springs, Greene Countv, 0., filed a lull yesterdav against Simeon ami E. Ashley .Meats, Lizzie D. Meant, U. E. Jenkins, Assignee, Stephen Arnold, Thu Kiri).-Carpenter Company, \V. E. Furness, 11. 0. Collins. W. 8. Arnold, nnd llorm-u Carter, administrator, to foreclose n trust-dueu ior 81,-130 on tlUecn acres ot I md next to and west of the 8. Hof Hie 8. E. K of thu N. W. M of See. 17, 42, 19; unuHn-r against the smnu par ties to forectoiiu a trust-deed for $3,700 on fillcuu acres next to uud east of me W. 'A of ihu N. W. A of tin* 8. \V. A of Pec. 17, -12, la; mid a third against Simeon and E. Ashley Hears and o hum to foreclose a trust-deed for $.3,700 011 'hu cast flliccu acre* of thu 8. E. Hof the 8. W. li of See. 17, 42, 18. Fitter Schoenhofun sued Frank Thoran for Bi.au Thu NorHiurn Railway of Canada brought ■ult fur SI,OOO against David Vuucu und Erisha C. lllhlmrd. Ann Hughes began a suit In attachment igatnai David O. Woodruff to recover $2,103. CIRCUIT COURT. } A petition was Hied veilerdav 4bv a young man who, lor twenty-four years, has labored under mu- appellation of Robert Frvdrvehmviez, to he allowed to clmnuo tils name.* Hu claims that it Is *0 dililenlt of pronunciation that even Hie n-alvud of hU own country of Fol md huvo ilu- ability to wtcatlu succesifully with Its barbaric compound of sri- Intdes, and his IrlumD here havu lung slm-u given up Hie tusk as hopc)c*s, IJuuig of a verv obliging dlsposi Um, tie proposed to change hi* same for the benefit of his fricuds to Fry. I'IiOPATB COURT. Yesterday was adjudication day, thu first day of the August term. In Ha* estate of Herbert Wirt, minor, letU*ri of cuuidianshipweru granted lo George U. Kut tello, und baud of SI,OOO approved. JUDGMENTS. bDixnton Court—-Cost*r.HaioN®—Willinm el al. vs. Ttiunms Cogswell, J. H. M u'ier, and u, 3V.Wollii,s- , ,ObU.Bl.—Same v«. Same, SU.UIUI7. LINE V 3. STAFF, Ta flu Editor a f Tht Trlhmir. Omaha, Nob., Am?. 13.—At Cheyenne Depot may b<* seeualarce number of storehouses, three flue private residences, and two neat dwelling* houses, and, last and least, the visitor will per haps notice two iustunlficont little huts, whh'h he will naturally suppose to be occupied oy servants or emotojes of Ihe Government. This idea, however, is a mistaken ui.e. These HtHo huts arc occupied by olllcors of the line,—hy the Captains and Lieutenants beloDtrin" to whatever company may be stationed ul Cheyenne Depot. The lurjje houses are, of course, occupied by the stall olllcers at the Depot; 'the medium-sized, comfortable buildups give shelter to the Quartermaster ami Commissaryeraploycs; wnilo the small huts, after serving their original uur pomoi alfording homed to stofl-empluyes, have been turned over to llue-ollkers, or ollleers oi the army proper. Chcyemih Depot may he taken as a type of the presviiu'uodttlon of the regular army of the t'mled Statu. Strictly speaking, there is no army. The Nation supports an euormuus stall, three times larger than ts required: to which Is aiiiivhed uu uisiirnlliceiit auinmUmro termed the ormv. The term. ” The army ami In stulf,” Is a ih’snomer. All the privilege*, all die eiuidu menu, all the advantage*, ot die service, attach to liu* stall. And die crest proportion of dm enormous expense ot our military usunliniinent Is lavished Upcn lliis same suit., Ah Ulident army of 4U.00U men might Ihi matolsmed upon D>e present military upproprluiluii, were the Stull reduced within reasonable limns. A think It uo to state that one slalT-nillcer costs more than two line-ollloers; nt, .l It is emi.illv true that one llne-of.hcr dors more to earn hi* salary than throe of bis staff* Lretbren. AH of ibe severe labor, all of the hard serv ice. all of the dangerous Indian lighting. are dune by the Hoe of the army. And wont Is their reward! U is almolv to return to some post durum the wlnfcr, or noend a few weeks on leave after on arduous campaign s'imd, dur ine their temporary star at comfortable ottar* tors, witness some stalT-olllccr preferred before tlii'to nml pmniolvd over them. The oeruHur clrcmnManccs of the ease ren der all of this exceedingly Irritating to tbc professional soldier.—the man who docs tb« actual fighting. The staff Is nob composed of soldiers: they are simply citizens who arc at* ladied to the army as doctors, storekeepers, grocer*, etc. Tbev receive and Issue clothing, food, wagons, horses, mules, etc. They are nut fighting-men. They are not, In anysensc of the, word, soldiers. Their position does not entail damrer. They need not bear, and manr of them never have beard, a bullet whistle or seen a hostile Indian. 1 do not mean to intlmrite that a soldier’s pro fession Is more dignified than nnvo'her; 1 do not consider it a whit more respectable than onr honorable calling In civil life: but I do ma.ntaln that meu attached to any profession, um! not belonging to It. should occupy a subordinate position, and not absorb all Hie honors ami ad vantages of the service to which tbev arc mere appendage*. W. A. C. NEXT PRESIDENTIAL TALK. Opposed to n Third Term, Thinks Well of Ulnliii*. Fame* Over Sherman, nml Goes on to Washburn*. To the /MIMr nl Tht TrUmnr. CniCAflO, Aug. 13.—With Hie most profound sense of the services which Gen. Grant has ren dered to Ids country, I feel that, after the con tinuous stream of adulation which ho* been showered upon him by the potentates and tin feled courts of* the Old World, both civilized nnd barbaric, since his departure from our shores, he must be more than human if ho has not lust some of his admiration for our simple and unostentatious republican Institutions; if, Indeed, It baa out weakened bis attachment to them. Biu*h a chance In hi* feelings, though, perhaps, uupercetvcd bv himself, would have a tendency to reconcile him to a departure from tho hereto fore uuviolated rule, that ho President should be elected for more than Ueo terms , nr tUjht pw,- a custom which has by usage become n part of the unwritten Constitution of our coun try. Once having broken through Mils barrier, the suggestion of thu Duke of Areylc that lie he not onlv “re-clceted for a third term, hut re elected (or life.” would nut he Impossible; mid by Lilts menus **avo Hie wav for an elective Mon archy, lobe followed ultimately, perhaps, hv mu* adoption of the hereditary p'rltichde. Such thoughts may ho laughed at by the unthinking, mid (moored nt bv the machine toadies, who never look bevoiul wlmt will br.ng water lo their own mill, ami who nre ready at oil limes “to crook the pregnant n'tigos of Hie kuee where thrltt doin follow fawning.” But the earelul observer cannot fall 10 sec that there are In 11 u uitcc* at work which may gradually undermine our ireu institutions, mid leave History to record Hie last great failure of self-government among men. •Thousands of onr people, having Required sud den wcaltli, fiock over to Europe, and seeing the deference paid to position theic, and being, as wealthy Americans, admitted Into thu upper strata ol society, become, with few honorable cx>-epUmts, ex ced ugly snobbish, nnd return to Mil* continent to prutu of Hie excellence of Eu ropean customs, and lo iloiionncu the tameness and vulgarltvof American society as the legiti mate offspring of o»r simple republican forms. Added to these. Micro is not wanting a largo clement In (hu fore’en imuiigruHott, especially among those who have ranked a lit tie above the peasantry in their native land, who cherish a strong attachment to the InstltuiUms thev have left behind them, and who heartily nlUlialc with the snobs to ihe manor born. Man. In the abstract, loves power; and, when por-srsand 0' large wealth nnd commanding In tellect, \\*;th moderate benevolence, or love of his race, will nut fail to exercise wnatever power mnv he permitted lo him bv thu laws and cus tom* of the community In which he lives. And tii<*rn arc always multitudes, who, with equal selil-dmusß hut less capacity, will follow hi Hie waku of Hielr more able leuiior.and xbouc tils prnhes, and work for Ids advancement. Hint Hicv, in »omo humble degree, may share his success. All these nml more are fully understood bv the aristocracy of Europe; and hence Hielr warm espoumil of Hie cuuSa of thu cotton-lords to Hielr rebellion against, and attempted over throw of. Hie Government of the United Stales. An hereditary aristocracy Is ever vigilant and Jealous of ihu success ot t»nv system of Govern ment which contrasts with Its own. It seizes upon imv point of vantage mil works for effects waten may nut he ruallzedfarmanvgcncratUms; und Hu* Very remoleuea o( the objects to be attained Is *om* of Hie vantage points, for it enables It Hie better to conceal its purpo'e*. Think you Hmt the appointment of the Mar ■mis of Lome, the smi-lu-Uw of Hie British Queen, to the Governor-Generalship of tbu - Dominion of Canada has nut m view some remote oosrtibllilie-ri Should that Dominion tin* of Us vassalage, mid Uemtnd a separate existence, how convenient to have a scion of rovaltv, perhaps horn upon Hie sod, rcadv lo bo invested jvith regal powers mil privileges on this side ol thu Atlantic, with Hie additional remote hope of hccom ng Hm hereditary Em peror of North America. Such results could onlv bu effected by slow mid gradual steps, cspcchllv m n country where republican Instl inHons have substantially existed for more than 230 tears. Wi* may, however, nut assured that no step in Unit direction will lull to ho taken whenever it can hu done with tmmmlty, I hu first step m till* country i* a Presidential , third term; Hu*second, a fourth term; and Hiu third r Presidency tor hf . From Hmt Hie tranriHon to lieredM would be easy ami natu ral. Such views muffle Heated a* Hie lucubra tions of a disordered brain; but ore they nut worthy of Hie coiHJcruHuu of the coolest of our statesmen mid patriots who in tho exigen cies of Hie present should never lose sight of tin* till urn coiiPcnuciices of their acts! But It ts urged mat mu threaten og aspect of n dlslo.ial mul Kolid .South makes it necessary ihat wii should have a tried soldier at mu helm, Wat Lincoln Ics* fitted to cope with Hie Rebell ion than u mlhUr cjilcflalu would have hecu? Arc there nut u hundred American statesm-u as talented uud patriotic as Gust. Grant! Could nut nnv one of 'hem, if PreMdcnt, comm md Hie service* of .Sherman mid Sheridan if military talent were rcouiml) lint what could a (Jon* cral do without nu armv, or without aporu praiions to subsist nu army! It Is vastly more important to elect a patrl otle Congress thin to clcet a General mr a President. Give us u Congress that will grant in hut a skeleton army of 50.030 men. ami authorise Hut PrcMdent to uso It wuotiever the laws mo resisted by a torco 100 strung lor the civil authorities, ami al fears from a dts* loyal solid S mth, or their more disloyal aides North, will vanish liko a morumg mist uefuru a cloudless mi turner mm. Hit whom van we elect) It is mindi easier to sav whom wu cannot elect. I'ouMlUiis of thu intelligent voters ol ilie United rftatet uro In lav.irof the metallic at imlnrdsof value, which existed from tint organization ot the Govern uumt until the cl indeaifne tleinomuiza’ion of (diver In 1a73, ami no c mdklato cun be elected who advocates mi exclusive gold st mdard, mid much less miv one who would Hood the country with Irredeemable paper thus. Mr. Hlainc, no> wit list ouloir hU votes against ihe remonetization of ihe sliver do lnr, could urobahiv cumin ml very nearly the foil Repuh* licun vote If no acre nominated upon a bi metallic ulutfonn, and heartily accepted the nomination upon such platform, us he un doubtedly would.'lit will be recollected Unit Uur ng the dobalu on Hie Silver Umnouettzatlon bill he took the broad around that Hie Conmiu lion made cold mid silver legal tenders, and <hut it was unconstitutional to demonetize cither of Ilium precious metals, uud none of the goidites euccesslully routed ills point. Secretary rtnerman. oivmtf to his persistent inono-metalism, would fall to poll anything like the Republican strength west ot the Allegheny Mountains, If. indeed, bo could comm md its lull strength oast of them. Uoscue Cunkl ug Is scarcely Jess available nuir than he was before Urn escaua lo at NurragaiiiOlt Pier. Ills election would have been hopeless even when his aides w.-te unclouded. Grant** pronounced umiiu-mcUlUm, together with the anil-third-term fAel.ng, and his unlortunate surroundings alter the absence of Washburn* mul the death ul Uawl.ngs,.,md when llelknap, Delano, ti itl umiif ytnu-i, held high carnival In u Cabinet where Mr.. Fish almost alone stool erect, mid thus bvgrliimd the escutcheon of the honest anl tier, oil combine to rentier tils candi dacy exceeding!,.lmpolitic, it not absolutely in* vitmg Uuleat at the pulls. Unstuw, whose luvnlty is unimpeachable, would draw heavily upou the conservative men of all parties, out the opposition of thu special friends of both Grant and Hlnlna would perhaps render bis nomination unadvlsuoiu In tne near future. President Hayes is growing more popular every duv, to which all his vetoes except the tlr.st have added Impulse; but without Ids honest conces sion to Inlth m ihe “dollar ot ihe U.hers** it would bo folly to nut him In the field. Iho name yf k. U. Washburnu has recently been prominently suggested, and a careful sur vey of hla Ida and career discover* do couple THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: TUESDAY. AUGUST 19. 1879-TWELVE PAGES. nous vulnerable point. Horn mid brought, in In Hu* I Ini*n-i* State; tliorenuhlv ami h/n:inlv educated; removed lo Hie \SV*t bi early man bn.iii, with which he ha* been Identilied for ft whole generation; tin* nmiiuHT ol Lincoln, Dougin®, Ilnrdln, mid Bikur: fourteen vcnra Itu* honored Bepre.«enlotlve of Ins dislrleMii Congress mid for several M*s*kms tin* ‘ t* rt ”J ,,r of the* House”; Grunt's first Secretary of Mate, nml for eight wars our Minister I’etnooicnllary nt Mir Court of St. Cloud. where lie ml only won Hie heart* of 'ln* iTcmdi, hut Resolutely caatlvaled the •ffeetlons of German* every where hv tin* services be r-ndcred Jo tbilr uiulonallir ilurimr tin* FnmM-German War. utnl Hie memorable siego of Paris; ripe? In icars, ntnl rich In experience; boneit nml trite to cverv comm mil In the decalogue,-—he not only commmd* the sympathy of Republicans gen erally. but compels the respect of political mb vcrsarles. 'l'bere msv be. ami no doubt »ro, other Republicans who would unllo 'be Inyol voters of tbc Nation, but there Is no nan'O wlticlt now suggests Itself which seems to so' fully combine nil the elements of strength ns that of El Ihu B. Washlmrne. It may be proper to add that the writer never met Mri Washbtirne but twice In his hie.—once nt Ids bouse In Galena in October. ISSS, and once for a simile minute since bln return from France. Seventeen Seve.ntv-six. KANSAS CITY. Tho Great Metropolis of the Missouri Vnl toy—llor Railroads, limtrovemeiit*. Manu factories, II(i*lne««, Society, Growth, Ktc. rnrrr«*on,frnfr .1/ The VrlMMie, Kansas City, Mo., Aug. IS.—This cllv 10-dav has uo superior west of Chicago, mid well de serves tin* name of ”1.11110 Giant.” Forty years ago (1833) there was a little hamlet ol 000 people where now stands the enterprising City of Kansas; mid for years she plodded slowly along, with no prospects of ever becoming any thing more than a town of a few hundred inliab- Hants. Her location among rough mid rugged hills appeared to be sufficient to deter her from ever becoming an important point. Natural advantages she had not, hut unforscen circum stances threw some enterprising men with in her borders, and gradually she be gan to show signs of a vigorous life. From a small village a proserous town grew up. 'Hie War for awhile stooped her growth, and apparently the City ol the Hills had died, never lo be resurrected,—so that In 1807 she had onlv about *I,OOO or 3,000 inhabi tants. When some Eastern capitalist*, who were casting around for o place lo Invest their money, decided to build a bridge across the Big Muduv at this point, their propositions were ac cented hv tin* people of the eitv, and a railroad ami wagon bridge was soon constructed. Here was the starting-point of her rapid In crease In population mid wealth. Capital com*, tnenccd coming In, railroads commenced center ing here, ami to-dav it M the terminal point of twelve railway;, with o’hers lmil.l tig to Um place as rnpidlv as possible. Her roads reach out to every point of tho compass, tano’ng the very richest agricultural districts, the coal-field* of Missouri and Kansas, Ihe Iron mid lead mines,—supplying her numerous m iiiufnclories, mid filling her im mense elevators with grain from the West. South, mid North. Her slock-vnrds are the largest In the West, except those of Chi cago: .md the business In that lino Is Incrcnshig so rapidly that they arc making preparations to enlarge tin Ir vnrd*. Tim Merchants* Exchange build tig, which was completed a short time ago, has few coua's. The Union Passenger De pot is not surpassed by any o‘hi*r. Water works, which were built bv the National Water- Works Com nan v of New York, by contract with Da* cltv, are n combination of ihe reservoir nml tlnllv systems, with ncaoacitv for a cltv three times ns large. They arc able to throw* fifteen one-inch streams nt n time. 100 feet high. Irom Hie hydrant* on the mo*t ele vated points in the city; which makes her one of the best protected cities against the llre-ficnd In tho world. Manufactories of every kind arc In full operation. Numerous large piudcng hoim** are located hero; one—Planktnton & Armour's—said to be Hie largest in (he world. The wholesale houses of all descriptions earn* Immense mocks of goods, and supply the trade a* lar west a* Denver, Colo., mid Santa Fe, N. M.; also north through Nebraska, md smith into Texas; mid are owned by live, wide-awake men, wirh ploutv of capital to hack them. Twenty live hundred building-permits have been issued since the Ist of January, 1870; mid still Hiev come. The sidewalks mid struetaareohsiruclc.! iu nil carts of the city with material used in Um build ngs going up. Munv Imslnc's-hulldlncs mid private residences ant being erected that would bo a cretin to New Yorit or Chicago. The city to-dav contains u population of over CO.O'JO people. When we lake Into considera tion the disadvantages Unit tbev labor under here to make a cllv, every onn will bo compelled to cxjlalm, “It Is wonderful I” Some of the streets have been cut down to the depth of sixty Icct to get the required grade, mid conse quently rhu • luilldtiig-lols have to bo graded down,—so that tho loos of the hills have been taken o(T. and the dirt ci her made into brick, or dumped Into Uic valleys lu bring them uo to grade. T he proper name would ho the “Cllv of Many lllllj.” It is undoubtedly the roughost-look-ng cltv lu the Union. Many of the streets arc crooked and narrow, poorly paved, running up hi'l and down hill, reck ng with HUh and ilirt. Ponds of green, stagnant water, filled with dead cats, dogs, and fowls, can be met wl'li at cverv turn; the gutters mid nllevs are (Hied with decay.ng -md foul matter of all kind*; mid uiKnircntly uoth ng Is be ug done to abate ’hose nuisances; mid. with alt these disadvantaged, ne death-rate Is less In nropnrlon to the popu lation than that of any other city in the United States. The moral* .if the cltv are as good a* could bo expected of a live mid grow ng Western place. Ihe police-force are ulllrieut mid watchful, keeping the roughs well lu h md. «o that there are very tew denrecla'lon* committed. Mavor Shelly U a gentleman well suited for the ula.-o he occupies, dispens ng Justice to friend mid foe alike. As fur hoiol-n-commoliMutH. we are far behind o.her cities. Sircui-cm* mid Mm* lines turuiUi cheap iransoor tuilon to nnv part of the cltv.' In the resident oartof the cltv can bo found many elegant homes, surrounded hy h md-mmu grounds, Thu society is equal to Hint of any 0 her city of its size. As a mutter of course, old man Shoddvaml wife, mid the numerous younger shoddies, have crept Into society here, as well a* in o her place*; hut there are a great many substantial society people also. The pre-a Is ably represented b? four dallv and nu merous weekly pipers. Thu dallies are the limtu JuHi'nal, .l/iil.aml /’loafer,—Hie two lat ter bong even ng papers. Tho Turn md ■hue uat are model morn ng paper* In every respect. Proper'v of all descriptions is chang ng h inds cverv dav, mid ndvuiu tig lu price rapidly. Kansas City’s growth I* not of die mudiroorn character, bull* solid mid substantial. She hni got Hie start, mid will keep it. Sue lm*ahr!ghi futuru open ng up Datura her, md will mure than double her present pjuntaum in less than five years. The lead ng rill* wav lines of the East nml West are mak’ng this their headquarter*. Thu great railway-magnets of rhe world—.lay Gould -md V inderhiu—ltu 0 recognized this us rhu future great cltv west of Cmca;o, md are center ngaM. 1 heir iuterußltf iu the West and South nt lid* point. Chicago Is well represented hire, some of Mm lend ng house* Imv ng Chicago men at their heads; mid cverv day can be Heard thu reman; hv strangers Hint Kansas Cltv U a vomig Chi ■■am. Iho Cltv Council did away witii Hie Board of llealtn two week* ago, md ho pro*- poets oro 1 hut someth.ng wilt soon Uo done to wards clean ng up. 100 her ankle* I will snoak at length of the various railroad* ceiuur ng here; also, of Uiu stock-yard* uud o.her Important mittor?. Ges’i. Bicjc. KANSAS CROPi. 7V> Hi t IMltor of Tht Trlhuns. Sdmnbh Coasrr, Kn., An*. 11.—I have road the letter of A. W. Grisnuu lu your bit week's paper, copied from the Loulsvllio CouKer-Aiiir mi', and must sav, as will hut) Ira b of o liers in this part of Kimus, that nb letter Is false, un fair, and mnlielujs from boglnn nirto end. Now, 1 have b.mii In thU part of Kansas for eight years, and have never yet seen any pralrle-sms that would burn at this time of the year, unless it had been cut for hav. I shill not deny his statements iu detail, hut would oulyaay In re gard to fruit, that It U of us good a quality as in nuy nla;o • tiut 1 tuvo over bjon; uu.ilos ’are of good lUvor md free Irom worms, hut to Insure trool crops iituv must b» prormded Irom the wind by rows of forest irons. I'ea.me* usually hear m abundance (nut that caisuot bo excelled cl tier lu size or quality bvauy see ion iu the Eastern abates. 8 nail fruits all do well oxce it the currant: It has so far proved u lalluru. To those dial have read .dr. Gris nan's letter. 1 would sue, If vou want to come to Kansas cornu and seo for yourselves: travel n uong no farm* era, ami I thiuk vou will be convinced dial .dr. Unman Is die cuamplon liar. This part of Sumner County (’hat Is, about Belle ITilii) is ntceiy loeatoi iu regard to keen ing stock. We are near ho range where cattlo are herds > from spr ng until late In die fall at Id cents a head per montn. With a farm hedged or fenced, u funner Is enabled to keep sloes enough to eat Wsslrsw, his stalks, mid to pasture oil his gr.uv'ng wheat ftirmi'th the winter with verv lutln rvin-nu*. Hogs an* pcrfce.ty hu.ilihv h**n*. Thrr«* nre some Linos Sur stle nt vi*rrreasonnlila figures, some of them part.lv fenced, with good Imldmgs, nice voting orchards, timber, and water, hot Hie owners are probably In debt mid unable to get out, mid cannot stock Hielr farms mid complete Hielr pnrtly hultt fences, mid Hiereliv mako their farms urotkuhlo. The ma jority of the farmers hi this part of Sumner County nrorontemed. do not want to sell out, m«d appear to bo do i)g well. The Cowley, Sumner Fort Smith Railroad Is completed and the cars rumt tig to Hie Arkan sas Ihver, lire miles northeast Irom Belle Plain, mid only waiting lor Hie bridge to hecomuletcd, when the truck will belaid to Uelln Plain mid from thence *o Wellington nt Ihe rate of about two miles a day. No person visiting tills part of Kansas should omit nco ug Hie country about Bello Plain mid Oxford, mid especially that lying along the Nlnnuseah Ulcer. 8. L. WATER TRANSPORTATION. Extracts from the Report of Horatio Roy moor, Jr., Engineer of tho State of Now York. Tn (Ae Hilttor nf TTir Trllnin*. CmcAfio, Aug. JB.—Shorl crops In Europe and their great abundance In this country, csocclaHv In the West, excited an expectation among our farmers that they would find a ready market and realize remunerative prices for their products. This .hopeful view Is fading away. While prices for grain arc advancing In Europe, they arc receding in Chicago, mid the enhanced cost paid by consumer* is being diverted by sonic Inter vening agency from the producers, the parlies who arc fnlrlv entitled to it. The price of grain nt Hie place of production is Its price nt the place of consumption, less the cost of nlaclng it there nml Ihe charges incident to the (Inal sale of (t. The railroads cost of Chicago have, dur ing the Inst few weeks, raised their tariff of freight over 100 per cent, nnd tlin Indications oro that this rise will contlmto • with Hie Increasing demand of tho East for Western produce. The carrier Is taking from the former the fruits of Ids Industry. How pro ducers arc to be relieved from these unjust ex actions, ami rescued from the grasp Hint now so firmly holds them, Is the great problem now before us. It cannot be accomplished through the Intervention of our Legislatures. The out come of an appeal to that department of our Government to regulate railroad charges will bo n final ndiustment dictated by railroads. Ef fe Inal relief can only bo found In the use of wafer-transportation. This subject Is of su preme Importance to Chicago mid tho whole Northwest. It is so fully mid ably treated by the nccomollsbcd Engineer of Hie State of New York, the Hon. Horatio Seymour, Jr., in Ids last annual report lo the Legislature of that State, that 1 trust you will publish the following ex tract from that report. Great lutm-st will surely he taken (for It concerns ns deeply) lu that part of the report which relates (o Hu* Brit ish route through Canada. H. 6. M. “The opinion held bv many Hint canals nnd wafer-routes havu lost their vnlmi 'or Internal commerce has proved to hu unfounded. Never in Hie history of our country have thev been of greater use. Onlv in Hie year* 1301,1805, 13C3, when Hie Mississippi River and o tier routes were dined ngalnst Nop hern commerce bv Hie War, hove the Erie and Oswego Canals carried ns much grain as during Ha* past season; mid lb's has b>*cn done in the face of Hie lowest prices ever charged by railroads In Hielr efforts to control 'hi* carrying trade. Jn 1574 Hielr lowest rate for carrynga bushel of wheat from Buf falo to New York was 8 cents. This season Hievcnt this down at one lime to 4>£ cents. This shows that our canals have not only car ried large amounts at a low price, bat Hiev ore to be credited with Ha* fact that Hiev have benefited tho .public by forc'ng tin* railroads to reduce Hielr rates to’ a point that they have cither lost money. In order to break down canal competition, or their charges heretofore have been too high. “But»he amount saved In transportation Is not the full measure of the benefits to nl) class es of our citizens of low tolls mid cheap I runs portaHon. These have enabled us to send vast quantities of grain mid o’her nrodu-.-ts to the markets of Europe, wh'ch could not have been sold there if they had been burdened with the pooling rales of railroad’*. They form combina tions; for, hv doing so, they help many roads lo make dividends which could not bu earned If there was tree competition. The policy of rail roads is to make Hielr profits »r cuinblnaHons, not by competition. B.* adiyhlon'of commerce among Hiem. each trios in make dividend®, not hy Hie amount thev shall carry, hut by Hie rates of their charges. In this way undue amounts of thuir capital slocks or investments in unwise enterprises nro made profitable at Hie public cost. By this system, the more railroads wo hnvo. the greater will bo Hie tax upon trmisnorlaHon. Tills defeats the very end far wnlch they were Incorporated, and Hie objects sought to ho gained hv our Slate, when It gnvu uo Its right lo charge canal lolls upon some of them. The water-route during thu lust two summers has chucked this system. The cost of carrying our products to thu mar kets of 'lie world lmsb*cn so much reduced that Hie balance of trade has burnt turned In our favor; the currency of our country lias been llf'cd up to a par with specie, mid Hie wealth which It lm® yielded to our producers gives hopes to all classes of raoru proaocrous tluioi. No one can study thu BUtlsllcs of thu past two vcors who will not see that (he belter state of tu ngs md the Imp** of Hie futuru which now dawns noon us are malnlv’due to onr cnn.d md water routes, without wnlch we should not have had such a volume of exnorts. nor such a wide margin In our favor In our commerce with thu world. ‘•Tula trntli is rondo more strlk'nc 1»y the fact 'lint it has enabled us to sell our products to Europe, nltboutrh low prices ruled there. Heretofore wo Imre onlv looked for markets abroad when war or famine have made lor them umisua' dma inds. This year wo have been able to sell them more than ever, nlilimnh the prices of trraln, uml so fortti, have lallcn oil. lu tu** first week lu October, 1577, the price of Entrlish wheat lu Great Britain was Os id to (Is per bushel, mid in the correspondin' week In ISTS It was fis Sd loHsHd per bushel. We have a rlirht, therefore, to hope that hereafter we can oroilucu and carry so chcntdy ihat wo shall ira'n permanent instead of aceidon‘al markets. This hope is strengthened by ilia fact that hereto* fore, when there lias been a call Iron Europe, tint carriers have put up their charges so high Hint dmv have made most of the prullts, and at the Fame time have lessened the amount drat wc have sold. But dur nir tho past year we have soon what has never before happened lu our history, the largest exports witii the lowest prices for earning. If wo can hold to this cheap transportation, new itfo will be given to all kinds of business. Tills is not a fact which concernt commerce alone: die money't bruits ns circulates from h ud, to Innd and miches every torrn of labor, and dllTtifcs general prosperity, it touches Dm great problem upon wliich tin* progress and wealth of our couoiry depends,— 11 How are w» to sell our products to the people of o her hiidal', This etui uuiv lie done hv means of chcao wat'T-nmtos wliich control railroad uimritiM. We *en dmt the moment'he canals are closed by winter the railroads put up ihelr rates fur beVond any dUlerunco (lie season cun make lu Urn cost of their business. Last sum* mur die railroad charges from Unttalo to Now Vork ut times were l!*J cents a iunh*d for wlieat; now hiev are ahout U) cents, itudruad Direct* ors nio trustees for stockholders, mid it is their duty to make Hie best prollt* they can for those whoso interests are cuutldcd to their care; on the o tier li mu, the Legislature and public olllccrs are trustees for Hie people, mid It is Mtcirdutvto ehuauon transporta'lon for the puhll? welfare. Tula should be dune uy help'iit' our boatmen by giv.ug them facilities for com* peiliion, •* While them Is much reason for congrntula* lion about the improved eommcrcti of onfS’ata, it is threatened from it now quarter. Ourcatials and railroad* alike are endangered In ’ho near future by dm water-route through die Valley of die St. Lawrence, lu three or lour years Irom this dine IJriU-di steamship! of nearly d,O )J tons will lm at dm docks at Chicago and o uur lake ports, unload id udv mcMi ndtse or reedy ng nuir cargoes of (Train, provisions, and so forth. While wo have undervalued .md neglected our water channels, the British Government has steadily pursued a oolicy which wllluivelta waior-wav Into the heart of tmr country, and which will make seaports of our great lake cities, with whlcn It can hold direct to ninorcn by a mute under Its solo control through the- St. Lawrence llivor. . “ Pew commercial events of this ccaturv equal the Importance of no completion of tins design. At CU-vel md and Toledo, In Onto, British ves* sols will approach near to die centre of die pop* u a lon and produc km of our Union, wnlch is now north of Clncinoatl. This ccutro. us Is shown hr the census-reports, is steadily niov ug wo-itward toward a point between Cmcagu and St. Louis.—two great cities, walch even now are of mure commercial Importance than auv in uor country except New Turk. Boston, New York. I’niladoiphta. and Ualtlmore are marginal towns lying upon the eastern edge of oar comment, md remote fron the great centers of iKioaiu lou and produc.ion. . . . •‘From Chicago to the foot of Lake Erie, ou' the western borders oX ttiU State, the British will have she use In common wllh oiirmlves of Hi** 1-iktn. through which 1 hr* tent »«a-on grain has been carried fop loss than two emits a bushel. They’will not lmv«i to tranship nr clc- Vain HuHr grain os AmcpcniH must do, who pend It through Hie Erie Canal or hy Hip rail road; Hn*v can continue their voyages Through Lake Ontario, Hn* Bt. Lawrence, mid the ocean 10 Kuropp. without makmu changes of cargo, and free from all charges of storage, nlrvntuig. and so forth. They will onlv hnvo to pay tolls nt the locks on Hie Wall md Canal, and on tho river above Montreal. On Hm other Iniut, Hip products Hist go through our Slate must In trnnslilonort at Buffalo or Os wego. must pnv plovnt ng and canal or railroad charges, mid. In New York, must he warehoused nml put Into vessel*. In ’he present eondrlon of the Lake mid Erie Canal route, Hie cost of carrying grain from Chicago to New York Is not less Minn 8 15-100 rents per bushel, while Hie co*t of carry ng it from Chicago to 'Montreal/ when Hie Well md Canal mid other locks nre IlhlHied, will not he more than 0 cents. At Montreal Hie vessels will bo nearer to London than at New York, they will hnvo their cargoes 011 board, and will bo on Hietr war to Europe. . . . The British mid Canadian Governments are so confident that Hicv can wrest flu* tra<|pof Hie West from us Hint Hiev have nearly com pleted works which will cost more thin thirty millions of dollars. This is In nddlHon to about twenty-four millions spent In earlier Improve ments, mak'ng about llftr-fonr millions paid out to gain the great prize thev seek— the control of Hu* earrv ng trade from Hie heart of ourconnlry to Hie market* of Hie world. Thev do not tejir our radroads. While wo arc neglecting our water-route*, thev spare no cost to perfect theirs. The follow'ng ex tract from Mr. Evershod’s' report shows Hint they not onlv spend iM'ctv to gain (heir ends, but Hint cv'-ry dollar Is well mid honesllv used, mid that Hie work done is of the most perfect kind, ‘I would snv a few words In orolse of the very excellent' cxglneoring abilities dis played both hi their location mid construction; of the massive character of Hie various struct ures both In Hie old work and In Ibe new which in replacing It: nnd of Hie admirable state of repair In which Hie old work has been kept, under Hie same olTectlve engineer de partment, which Is entirely removed from politic*, and ha* vet to be accused of hnv ; ng »htt«od the confidence reposed In It. Three rears Irom now, when the whole enlargement U finished. Canada can boast of having the most, complete, as well as the largest and must substantial, canals In the world.* ‘‘ The diversion of trade through the British route Is not merely a tlitng to bo feared In the future. At rbls time, before their work Isdonc, it Is shown hy reports Hint every step In those Improvements has been followed hy an Increase of trade. What has been done since ISM has made the grain-carrying trade nearly four times ns much ns it was before Hint date. Kvc»wtth the presents fuze of the .Welland locks, vessels loaded with lumber In Wisconsin mid Michigan sometimes pass through them to the Euglisb market.” LOOCHOO. Oon, Grant Ashrd to Use Tilt Good Odlcoa . In n Quarrel Between Chinn nm) Japon. Cnrrtmnndtnre A>io I’rA* tltraUl. Pekin, Juno IB.—Prince Kung returned Gen. Grant’s visit to-dav, and, In tlic course of the conversation between the two, the Chinese agent asked the General to use his good olllccs In Japan, whither he was now going, to secure a settlement of the question pending between China and Japan In rcfcrenco to the sbvprelgnty of the Loochoo l«d <nd9. Gen. Grunt—Uow far have (he Japanese gone In Loochoo? Prince Kung—The King of the ’s'nncis his been taken to Japan and deposed. The sover eignty has been extinguished. A Japanese ollU-iat has been set up. Wo have made a studv of IttcrnaUonn) law as written by your English and American authors, whose text-books arc In Chinese. If there Is any force In. the principles of International law as recognized by vour nations, the extinction of the Looehnosovcrelgn ty Is n wrong, and ouo that other cations should consider. Gen. Grant—T know nothing of the merits of the ease. lam going to Japan, and I shall take pleasure In Informing myself on the subject In conversing with the Japanese authorities. I have no idea what their argument is. They, of course, have an argument. I do not suppose that the rulers arc Inspired bv a desire to wan tonly injure China. 1 wilt acquaint myself with the Chinese side of the ease, as vour Imperial Highness and the Vlccrovlmvc presented it, and promise to present It. I will do what I can to learn >he Japanese side. Then, if I eau in con versation with Min Japanese authorities do any- • th'ngthut will he of service to 'he cause of pence, vou nny depend upon mv good olllccs. -lint, as 1 have said, 1 have no knowledge on Mie subject mid no Idea what oolulou 1 may eater tain when I have studied It. Prince Kung—We are profoundly grateful for this promise. China Is quite content to rest her ease with vour decision, given, as wo know It will he. aftercare and with wisdom mid justice. If ilii: Japanese Government will meet, us In tills spirit all #lll he well. I shall semi orders to our Minister In Jnntm to wail noon vou os soon ns you reach Jnnan mid to speak with vnu on the subject. Your willingness to do this will be a new claim to Mie respect In which vou at" held in China, mid bon continuance of that friend ship shown tons hv the United States, mid es pecially bv Mr. Hurl ngmno, whose death wo nil duoloru and whoso name is venerated in China. Gen. Grunt— I What action on the part of Japan would satisfy China) Prince Kung—Wo would be satisfied with the Billin'lofi ns it. was. Oi'ii. Grant—That is to say, Loochoo paying tribute to Jnoan md China. Prince Kung—Wo do not concern ourselves with what tribute thn Khigof Loorhon oiks to Japan or nnv o her Power. We never have dono po, nnd, although there Is cvcrv reason why an Empire should not allow o Iter nations to exact tribute from its vassals, wo are content with thmgs as they have been, not onlv under the dynasty of mv own ancestors mid family, but under the dynasty of Hie M ugs. Wo desire Japan to restore Mie King she has captured mid taken awav, rn withdraw her troons from Loo choo. mid abimion her claims to exclusive sov ereignty over ihe Island. This Is mir position. 0 her (mentions are open to negotiation mid de bate. This is not open, because It is a question of Mie Integrity of the Empire. Gen. Grant—lf 1 can be of nnv service In ad justing the question mid securng peace I shall he rejoiced, mm It will b-> no less a cause of re jolc ng if lu do'ng so I can be of anv service to China, or be enabled to show mv apnrcvhiMon of the great honor she has shown to me durng mv visit, mil of Mie unvarying frioushlp she bos shown our country. Tint LOOCHOO ISLANDS AND THEIR HISTORT— DOMESTIC AND POLITICAL LIPB AMOSO THE ISLANDS OP TUB PVCIPIO—HOW A PEOPLE OP JAPANESE STOCK LENDS ITS SniPATUIBS TO CHINA. A*io F»/i* Ant. is. Tho chain of ui mis in die North Pacific, be* tween latitude 31 deg. mil 3D Ueir. north, mid longitude I3J deg. mid 130 del. east, eirctchug from Japan to Formosa, 400 miles from die coast ot China, md Known its Luocnoo, or mors properly Liu-ulu, lias Id licrto been very impor* feetlv known, since foreigners are not allowed to visit diem, Japanese strangers be ng merely tolerated l*v the natives, .md the Chinese be ug treated ‘with ilie name suspicion and Inhosm* tulltv as Europeans. I liev contain a poputaion 01331,1W3. The poouladon consists inalulv of (wn races, the foraign Juoaneau tad die Luo* chooans proper, who are of die same stock md much resemble each o tier, though dm Loo* eimoans are imroollornlnatu smiles Intelligent. The books, learn ug, mid religion uru for the most purl Cliineao, mid the higher classes are well Instni icd. Their principal occupation Is agriculture; hut a coarse augur, aalr, sake (a beer brew'd from i'lc>>)i cotton nu! grass doth, oaocr. pottery mil laqnorcd wan* ur« also mnmfa.rtiti'od. Rule pamuiga -mil sculptures aru found among them, mil diu bridges. viaducts, md roads allow some arc.iUucuir.il skill. riioy appear to tnvu no money of i heir own. but underst ami its use mid value. Nicy export nVamd sugar «o Japan. Hie Government is Administered in die na in of a K iit;, md Ulu ilui U mds of an nrl'to.Tiicy con* aiming, as In China, of iho literary cla-'a, who appear to live In Idleness, wmlu ilic poor urn irnMllv oppressed. ‘lho 1 mil all belongs to iho Government. winch lets It to lame tenants, who sublet It to small fanners. Ihu avstom of cul* ilvatlou la primitive, die Implements are ruae, ami iho soil is generally tilled nv h mil. Rico is odo of Iho Blades, mid among u her produc tion* aro »ugai*caue, wheat, coiton, barlev, to* ha;co, m llet, aiigo. nml nu wiuer*mulou, flg, pcacu, bamna, ami wild raspberry. These ill md«. whose 1 mdscupea tro pictur esque and beautiful. heir shores resampling ho richest scenery of Eugl md. camo into direct eommiinica ion with iho Chinese dur ug tlie ilrst cuiiiurv 01 our era. About 40.) years ago Okinawa. nr Groat Coo-lino, ilie principal U 1 aid, was divided Into three k iigioms, which aubsn*' nucnlly were un ted, and became tributary to China, ami afterward to Japan. it was visl'ed by Ciipt. Dull Hall and Mr. McL-oJ in Hid. and in 13-W by Commodore Perry, who included Loochoo in ihu truau made with Japan. Ihu whole duster win always a source of trouble to the Mikado, as afford ug a refuge to pirates md IDOlttical fualcouteats, riieirreenback Na. local* bank notes of Japan still portray that miaous aieoer* Miuamoto Tometoaio, st.uid.iitf sand flu Mirf nnon their shore. draw’ng n how which four ordinary warriors pniild no* hcint, ;it»l defying Ills Japanese pur suers, He sped a slialt at rmo of 'he aiipronch tnir vessel* rliat o’erced the ttiln gunwale atul smile It. md then. establishing himself upon the Isl md. became the fa lut or iSunten, the llrst historical rul«*r of Looehoo. Mendez Pinto, Mil* I’ortugiteso adventurer, fought > K« corsairs of these islmil. T'cvnsn, Hk« Mikado, head of the proud Shlrnndnr. family, considered liicm In 1001 Mm finest of Ids noble possessions. Tliclr ambassadors In flowing costume swelled Hie Irlnoinlntu procession of Mio Mikado through Ills ICm;ilro In IH?J. But It hapooticd in MlO same year itmt n Loocliuo limit was wrecked on Knstern Formosa. The crow worn killed bv ♦ho savages. amt. It Is said, oaten. The Loojhooans annealed to their tributary lords, the Jaoano«o princes of Satsuma, who referred >bo matter to Toklo. 'lTic Mikado orofassed hlmsolf uonblo to licln them, anil an envoy was sent from Okinawa to refer the matter to the Emperor of Chinn. This wns the first appeal of tho Islnnters to the Celestial Empire, and It wns the origin of their recent troubles. They wore grow ng too strong, too pro«pcrona. too Chinese. A Chinese oonvilntlon had been steadily creeping Into the sou’hern Blmils: the language bad become corrupted with Chinese Idioms; a mode of edit caMon was ne’ng introduced that was wholly Chinese. Chinn had been frying for hundreds of years to annex Mie fsl mils, the last vigorous attempt, hnymg been made to 1211 by the Empe ror of Yuen. In Mongolia, who belonged to tho dynasty of Khoubllla Khan. With Japan, on the o'hcr bind, md particularly with Sitsumn, t.oochno had entertained corJal commercial re lations from 11.11 until U 95. when disagreements arose between Satsuma unit its K'ng, In cause qucnce of which JoshFlse, Damto of Sntsums. led an annv to Okinawa In 1003, look the King prisoner and made the Blinds tributary to Janan. In 1872, ihercforc, the Mikado held him self entirely Justified In rtetn-uid ng tribute and tokens of submission. Three Lonehooan envoys were accordmglv sent tu the J«pane«o Court, who proffered tribute, which, with much cere mony. was accepted. The Mikado fondly honed that this ceremony would decide the political status of Looehoo once and forever, lie was mistaken. The op peals of the Islanders to China, begun In the case of the Formosa cannibals, became matters of monthly occurrence, so that on March I of the present year Japan threatened to make them a department of the -Empire Instead of a tributary dependency, and armed a body of soldiery to serve against them. Looehoo im mediately invoked the assistance of China mid the foreign Powers. On Aorll 11 the Blands were old -lallv proclaimed a prefecture of Japan, under the title Okinawa Ken, mid the King was deposed. Being summoned to the Capital, he pleaded Illness, and sent hts eldest son, who was 15 years of age, in his place. Tho lad wns re ceived by the Mikado nml ordered to await the arrival of Ids fa her nt Toklo. where both were to bo invested with rank mid title of Japanese noblemen of the highest class. Japanese of- Ihlals were out in the place of Hie deputed Gov ernment. Much ill fooling was thereby created In China, which claimed to bo loin*, protector of the Isl mils. The Chinese Minister protested. Ills protest wns Ignored. Battalions of troops nod a large force of police and minor oillclals were hastily dispatched to Looehoo, and war seemed to be tmmlntnt. And this was the position of affairs when the idea of an arbitra tion was first mooted. NEWMAN HALL’S DIVORCE. The Conclusion of Mrs. Hall's Testimony— Co-Kcspnmli-nt Uichardson Tells the Story ol HU Acquaintanceship with Sirs, 11. I.i'tirtfiv .Vric*. Aug, 4. The trial of the divorce suit. Hall vs. Hall and Richardson, was resumed la the Dlvorco Court on Saturday. Sir 11. Jmncs resumed the cross-examination of Mrs. Hall—“ You said yesterday Hint you kissed Richardson In the presence of .Mr. Hall?” “I should imagine I did so. It was a matter of perfect indifference to mo whether he knew or not.” “ Miss Richardson came to live with you, I believe? When vou had been sitting up late, did Miss Richardson go to bed or sit In another room)” Nn. she did not remain down-stairs with the servants.” “Never!” “Tell mo to what lodgings you refer?” Sir 11. James—“ Answer rav qncsUon.” Respondent—“ Ue Is trying to trap mo Into telling a lie.” Mr. Willis—” Really, Mrs. Ilnll, you must leave that to me. Answer the questions put to you.” Respondent—'“Forgive mo and I will try.” Tim Judge— 4 * Remember, Mrs. Hall, that If vou do not answer the questions put to you U will bo greatly to you disadvantage." . Respondent—“lt does seem so unfair for these things to be said by a man wbo ought to know better. I ought to be protected.” Tim Judge—‘‘There Is nothing to protect you “And he [pointing to the peti tioner! Is turn ng round and staring at me." Mr. Willis hero put In n letter from Mr. 1101 l to bis wife, dated Oet. 35, 1803, In which he spokoof her us hav.ng a diseased brain, and said: “Jesus will not blumo you. Ho will only pltv you." 'I no respondent burst Into tears, and ex claimed: “Ho wants to out mo hi an asylum. Do prevent him from doing so. He has so much ,U Mr!* Willis— I “Before vou left homo on the Tuesday did you write to Mary Wyatt l u Respondent—“l did.” ...... “And dlu vou get an answer to that lelteri” “I did; which 1 lore up, but mv mother pb.ted It u (Ihc resnondent hero completely broke down, and, hysterically appeal ng to his Lord ship. exclaimed, “Do protect mnl”) Mr. ludurwletc resumed read ng; Mrs. fJnll stooped and whispered to Urn foreman ot the WJRh—“Mrs. Halil Mr. Hall!” Mrs. Hall— 1 “I um usk tig 'bo jury If they can hoar. 1 can scarcely hear what ho U reading.” The Judge—“lf vou do not to I capable of remaining m the court, madam, I must request you to leave It.” _ TUo re-examination of Mrs. Hall was then re sumed. Mr. Willis— *• Ham you noticed any thing between Mr. Hall and MUs Wyoitl Kiss ing I” “Often; nlgnt ami morn ng." Miss Richardson was tbo next witness. She said: “I am the smtor of Frank Richardson. . Mrs. Hall 1 have known from a girl. I never knew of the slightest improurloty between my bm her and Mrs. Hall,” Cross-exam ned by Sir H. James— 44 When vour hro her came what would ho be do ng so late us 3 orb m Oie mom ogf”- “Uonglltllo tlimgs for her. Very often he had to stav to attend to mo. To assist mu In tak.ug euro of Mrs. Hull.” . ■ , , “Wbat was the attention required from a man mat a lady could not. gm-l” “He has written letters for her and mad) uo her ac count*." ... “ What was the necessity for do'ng It at 3 or So’elo'k In the morn nut” 44 Well, she has had a great deal to do, and she Is not capable of do ng ibesiS th ngv." , “ You sav you never saw any familiarity. Did von ever see 'hem UlsMigl” “ Yet, often. That is nut a familiarity,—not more man oro her and sisterf” “This was (vnyn h» was liJ years of ago; how often did he k's* her I” “ O itv on birthdays and such occasions." 44 Were mero any o her Java—l was go'ng to say such ns batik bolldhya—[a laugh]—when lie kissed her!" “ Waen 'hero was occasion for it,—‘he anni versary of anyth ng. I suooose it was tbo frlendshlpnliuiHt of tv mo her to a son." Mr. Frank Ricnarison was exammod by Mr. Kemp. 4 * lam 113 year* oi age. I drat became acquainted with Mrs. Hall at Trng, when 1 was uoout 15 years old. In Hdi 1 tamo to Lim doti to establish myself hi bushiest, mid shortly afterward* 1 went to visit at the bouse of Mr. >md Mrs. Hail. 1 was treated ns an ordinary guest noth by .Sir. ami Mrs. Hall. I romomoer -.lie amok ng-romn. 1 was In <be habit of go ng there tor ilto uuruoso of smoking. Mrs. Hail would go down with mo." “ At unv tnm* did vou ever luck the door, or was 'bu door lockedi" “ Never, to my knowledge." 44 At any placu'or at anytime has nay Im propriety taken pin-o between jou uml Mrs. ilalli" 4 ‘ Never, on mv oathl" Cross-exam.ned by Sir 11. Jtimes— 4 ‘ Up to Oct. 8. when you had the interview with Mr. Hall, had vou any dilTerem-o with umif" “No." “Hu asked you to lessen your attentions to Mr*. Hall. Did vou undent md whatweru <heso utten Ions)" “ lie memlonea «o uuth ug about his popularity suiltrng tnnmgli some gentle muu hav ng previously been spoken of In an un pleasant wav la eomiee Um w IQ Mrs. Hall." “At tbo same time did ha ask you not to mendon the mutter to Mrs. Uallf" ** Yes." “Did you communicate tuis to Mrs. Ualll" > “ Yes; 1 did not give uq e.nulutia pro n<se; I felt mat I must notatmd between man and wife In that rela Sou; I tnoafiit ihat a voting man like myself ougat not to be the redolent of audi a commuoteadon from a mau like itr. Hall." “ You say in this letter that vou decline to ex* hlblt any coldness to Mrs. Hall. Wnatwer mar have been Mr. flail'd request you did out luteud to comply with It?" “It Intimated that in any question between Mr. Hall mid his wlfq I Intended to leave Mrs. Hall tlm judge of he* o.vn cotidtiri.” “Why did vou <not Intend to comply with •thatrequest!” • t * “ As n rule one’s feel'ng of chivalry”— Sir ll..Tamos—•♦.Vour what?” . Witness—“ One would feel hound to comply with >he lady’s request in the matter.” Did .vou kiss Mrs. Hall while at Brighton!” “ I may hove done so.” “ Did von do sq when alonet ” ‘‘l think It yery Improbable, I may have done so. Site tyns a very nurvo is, suffer,tig woman. She required very tender treatment It every way.” . . “ Do »bu think there wos no harm In it?” •* It depends noon circumstances. I do not think’hero was any harm In It.” “Did you ever kiss her !n your own room is the stables!” “ 1 don’t think so. I don’t, take a note of'everyth ng of ilint kind. 1 think it most Improbable I should have done so.” “ Did It seem so unimportant a tlilngwhe'hcr you did or did not kiss her In your room » ilmt you cannot remember!” “Decidedly. On mj honor.” Sir IL James—” Never mind about your boa. r.” ” How soon afier vou came to London In IS3S did this practice of Mrs. Hall kiss.ng you com mence!” “1 do not remember. Mrs. Hall ir Vi-ry Impulsive as vou know. It was probabl ow ng In ilie first place to some feeling ot grail tudo for mv attentions to her In riding.” “She never objected? ” “ I did not offer any objectionable attention to Mrs. Hall. 1 suppose she did not oblccl.” ” Did you over object whenever she wished! ” “No.” “ Did yon think that wns a right and proper th’ng todo?” “ I may not have given it Mi* stern consideration ihut I should have done! 1 “ Have yon continued tills klss'ng uo to Mu .orcpontdavl” “Unto within a few duvs ago. I should think no more harm of It now thou 1 did Mien.” “ Did yon ever put your arm round her waist!” “I may have done so. 1 dare say 1 have?” "What was the rmson of this? Was It en dearment?” “For protection sometimes when Mrs. Halt has felt nervous or ooorlv. She is very much dependent upon such assistance ai that.” '* Do vou suggest tlmt tills was tlto klss'ng oi a mother to her child?” “I am suro It had much or that Intention.” “Did she over address von os 'Frank, darl ing’?” “I do not think so. If she has done bo It has boon under 'lie Influence of great menu] trouble, or tr. hits'been from gratitude.” “Did vou roll-her by hor Christian name?” “Shu was usually addressed a* * the missis,’ a name she has bad inralon" time. I did not cull her nnythbig. If I called her aoalung It was usually 'mksls.’” ** M b it was vour object In be'ngso much with this lodvl For nlnc'vcnra vou have been almost dally her companion. What unites vou to her?” “ .Mrs. Hall nos a great fascination for people. She is acharming companion. mid she has shown mu kindness in different wavs.” “Do* vou roclorocalo her love?” “I have overr affection for her as a friend.” “ Dave you any odier married woman as a triond whom vou kissl” “ 1 have not, I imvo very lew friends; indeed, scarcely any. It is an Isolated case as far ns lam concerned.” V1..1U u. «■». MO . Uljl Mr. W fills—l am not going to ask ihc jurv to nay Mr. Hall had been guilty of adnlterv.' So far as I am concerned tlmt charge Is entirely withdrawn. FROZEN IN MIDSUMMER, Ilo.w Sow York MarltMmcn Propose to Keep n«l. for Next Winter. Jfew York Vfimmerelal. During the summer months, and especially the recent heated term, the wholesale fish market at Fulton Ferry has ot limes been glutted with Hull, many classes being of the finer character, and at other times high ia price. Among these may bo mentioned the shoepshuad, salmon, Spanish mackerel, and others, which In many other seasons are so scarce os to command almost fabulous prices. When these glut? had formerly taken place; as flab Is one of the moat perishable of the food products, and the market roimlallons require that no stale Hah shall • bo offered for sale In the wholesale fl<h market under very heavy penalties, the loss under ordinary circumstances would ho very great, for tho overplus of tho fish supply must bo either given away when it cannot bo sold, or must bo destroyed. In either of these cases tho loss to the fishermen and markclmon Is often very great, and many have to sudor In con sequence. To guard against heavy loss has long been a matter of grave consideration with tne Fulton fish market men. and to supply epicures with rare fish during t he'season when everv thing Is frozen up has also been a question ot sumo Importance. Tho combination of both these must therefore be considered valuable and desirable. To accompllsn this it was first deemed necessary to find a method of preserv ing the rarer kinds when thev are plentiful, thus avoiding (he necessity of reek css or compulsory destruction of the edible fish on tho ouo hind, md at the same time furnl«h iig Die supnir fur winter use wuuu the linn v Inhabitants of the deep ore usuallv scarce at tbit market. The work first required , the- construction of froezmg houses’ which in the heat of summer could keep iho fish at a temperature very little above zero, thus entirely cheeking decomposition. the wholesale fi«hmcn nt Fulton Market have suc ceeded in fittmg tin one of sufii houses, and private enterprise has led to the construction of ailicrs, so tlmt there are now three freez ng houses in New York Imv ng stored within iheir limits over sixty tons of fresh fidi. or over DJ,- Odd pounds of me finest and must desirable kinds ever brought to lids market. Thom fish ore kept in gigantic refrigerators, which, even on the hottest da)*, have a tomnerataro tar below freez ng point. The largest of the freez ng houses Is located on Front street, and belongs to ihu members ol the Fisa Market Assocla’lun. When there is a greater suoplv of fish In >he maria* - , than Is likely to be sold aur.ug the dav, tho wholesale fish dealers select the best and set them apart for freez ng; remove them before daylight from die vessel to the freez ng house t, where each fish is cleaned mid prepared fur ihe rcirigerator. 'ihe wnolo of the Front street house is devoted to tho work: tho first story from from to rear and tho entire width of the building from floor to cell tig is one gigantic re frigerator, divided into three section], each capable of be ng subdivided into six compart ments or boxes. 'Che walls arc coat’d with zinc, a second or Inner wall of die same metal seen ratmg Cach compartment—a soace of several inches he ng left between the wall of on<* sub dlvisun and that of its neighbor, w ith oblong silts permltt ng die air from mesu * paces to nass Into the apartments. These spaces are tilled with ground Ice mill rock salt, a mill be ng used for grind ng the mixture logo he-, and ot this sea son of die vear it requires over 3,0 W pounds of Ice and about 14 bushels of salt dally to keoa iho frojz ng housesln uroperordor. The select ed fish, hav.ng bJttU cleaned, are placed in freez ng tuns covered with ground Ice md salt, thus cxclu 1 ng the u:r w ide the process of freez ing is go ng on. This work is dune on die upper floors of I no samb billed ng. When “uupau ned” the fish are lotind to tic frozen stilt, mid in tills condition are taken to die apartment be longing to diespeclalmvnor,and ’here”laidawuy m the cold” Until wanted. When requ red for u«c. die fish can ba unfrozen, and will be found equal to fresh li«h, especially wuco the market U bare of supplies. The season fur freezing fish la not yet at Its bight, as the consumption now noarlv equals die supply, and die bluefish have not been cqiiglit In such quantities os would pay f«r orcserv ng. Before September, however, die wont will Pe at Its hlghi, mid, ac:ord ng to the usjul statistics of die probable catches, chore will then on over ij'J.dJd pounds of frozen Usn luihu storehouses in this cltv. to Throw OtT the Shak'lls. The Philadelphia Sun-Jay l*r«» Mm* advocate# and put# into practice (lie phonetic system of spell UK: “it I* our desir to 4ward th cam uv bUi’llin reform In every oosslbl wa. the dls* cushon In our vera midst, uz It war, has con* varied us, It must ho apparent to cho duloit lutulhrmico Unit menu letter# are wasted by tn luezout method, which so menu ueouul have lunad It almost imoossibl tn lern. A fooutic Biitim Is tn kiirect th ng, but which sistum shall we fix 00l The reiormcr# ar not agreed upon (be rite th'njj, gum In.ululn to'«u» wa, sum to aim lit*r. : We or not sure (hat we nav lilt ill rite tlniKburJulves, but wo nr bound tu throw otf th suakuls wut?u nav fotturd lb tre* dum uv cxyruabun 4 so mma loom mds uv years. Wo nav bln enroled 4 iho iltc, and will yeeld lu do tireny arfaHini or castum." Vacant African Thrones. There are two vacant thrones on Dio West African coast,—tbose ot New and OM Calabar. lie yolduuce In eacji vase h4V njf been caused by death. A number of petty chiefs ore Skt'V* (uc for itip supremacy in both places, Uio result be ng much quarrel mf,-ud shading nf bloo* «iid .lie loss of many lives; but when the ht” steamer left no coast uone ul Uio combatants hau BU.vecilcJ m mak ip: unoj hi* claim to tue alleamuce of bis fellow.-clncf*. To rcnchlhe Uhzh'St standard of health, nalors do nanJ* mu almost rcyuUnly of too newels; s •Ua.it deviation brm/s unity Inconveniences ana paves Ibe way to more sor out dangers. ws can rucou uead Or. Ball's Baltimore iMIs us tbs bey laaaidueiOrlUs needs of t}x* disssllvs sassrstas.