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Sl)* TEUMS or 91/nSCUirTION, PT VAn,~IN ADVANCE—POSTAGE PARPATp. pslly Kdttlon, one year • J’nrtsof ayenr. i*’.rn.oni‘' • •••• btiodsy Edition; utcrsry and Religion* Double Batnrnay KdUlori, sliteen pngss.. 8.00 WBKKI.T EDITION, POSTPAID. One copy, wryear. Club or four. Club of ten... ..... Club of twenty Specimen conic* aei>t free. Giro I’oit-OQJco addrea la full. Inelndlnit State and County. Remittances may bo made either by draft, express, POAt-Ofllce order, or In refute rod letter, at our risk. TORUS TO CITY WDBCIttRSRS. Dally, delivered. Bundavexcepted, 3.1 cent* per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, .•« rente per week. Address TUB TltllWSK COMPANY, Corner Madletm ami !»carhom-»t».. Chicago, 111. POSTAGE. Ter the Jbraoflt of our patrons who desire to send •Indie copies of Tux Tarnrsx throiidh tho malt, we give herewith the transient rale of postage* iHmfitle, Eight and Twelve Page Paper. Btatcen Page Pater Ahre/gn. Klpht and Twelve Pago Paper.. fclztecn Page Paper TUIBUNE BRANCH OFFICES, Tns CmcAoo TnntcitE has cslnbllihed branch offices forth© receipt of subscriptions and advertisements as follows? NEW TORK-Rootn CB7VI6MIU Uulldlng. F. T. Mo* TAi>nr.N, Manager. ■ PARIS, France-No. 10line de la Oraogc-Datellcre. H. Maiilbr, Ag^nt. LONDON, Eug.—American Exchange, 449 Strand. UtxnvF. Gti.i.ut. Agent. WASHINGTON D. C.—l!m> F itreeL ANNOUNCEMENTS. Persons unable to obtain Tnx Tamest at News* Agencies or on Railroad-Trains will please report the facts to us. giving dates and particulars, In order that we mar correct such deficiencies of supply. For tho greater convenience of those wishing to avoid the necessity of a trip to Tux TtttnrKX office, arrange ments have been perfected for receiving small adver tisements by telephone. This office Is supplied with both the Hell and the Edison Instruments, nnd responsi ble parties con send their advertisements at any hour from Btol2 n. m. by telephone direct to this office. Orders for the delivery of Tin Tkiiiurk at Kvunston, Englewood, and Hydo Park left Iu the counting-room will receive prompt attention. AMUSEMENTS. " IlftTrrly’* Thrntre. Dearborn street, corner of Mtuimi*. Emrmtemcnl of theUnlon-bquarc Theatre Company. "TlieDauk er’* Daughter.” MoVlcker's Theatre. Mirtlton street, between DearlKirn mid Pfnle. En gagement of John Dillon. "Our Nest Prealdcntt or, The Dark Hone.” While Stocking Park. Lake Shore, foot of Washington street. Champion •hip game between the Chicago and buffalo Cluba at3:sop. m. SOCIETY MEETINGS. ASHLAR LODGE. No. !UH A. T. ft A. M.-In itallailuu of olUcer* elect thl* (Tucidsy) evening. All members rcnucatcd to he preaem. The fraternity cor dallytnvlted. ' C. 11. CHASE. Secretary. TUE*JAY, AUGUST I'J, 1879. An election for Alderman of tho First Word, to fill tho vacancy occasioned by tho resignation of Judgo Tolly, has boon or dered by tho Common Council to take place Sept. 17. Tho report now is that Ismail Pasha will take up his residence in Genova. There being no reasons of state why ho should not moke his abodo ii\ Switzerland, tho report may prove to bo true. In some portions of England heavy and continuous rains have wrought great dam age, overflowing the rivers, washing away viaducts and embankments, bursting sowers, flooding low-lying lands, and utterly ruining tbo wheat-crop. It is-with particular pleasure that wo record tho contradiction of the report of tho death of Mrs. Nfxlie Geant Sahtceis. The latter Is alive and well, and tho mistake arose from tho death of Mrs. F. W. Saiitoius, formerly Adelaide Kemule. Tho friends in Chicago and elsewhere of tho charming daughter of tho ox-Presldent will ho delighted to learn of the mistake, and tho Indy herself will havo the pleasure of rending tho sincere repressions of regret called forth by the er roneous report. |'ln tbo annual report of tbo Secretary of State is contained some interesting statistical information concerning the stato of trade be tween tho United States and Europe, from which it appears, to quote (ho language of Ur. Evahts, that “wo havo not only to a groat extent emancipated ourselves from de pendence upon Europe for our supply of manufactures, but that wo have, in some im portant branches of manufactures, entered Into very successful competition with Europe iu its own markets." The report shows iu detail tho decrease of Imports and tho in crease of exports by tho United States in its dealings with Franco, Germany, and Great Britain, resulting iu a heavy increase of tho balance of trade In our favor. Thby call it stealing in some States; in others, repudiation; but in Louisiana, that land of accomplished liars, they fhavo in vented a now name for it—“remitting.” That is to say, when an amount of money has been collected by taxation which is by tho Stato Constitntion required to bo sot apart for payment of interest on tho Stato debt, and tho uso of which for any other parposo is expressly prohibited by (he organic law—whenever a good round sum of this money has boon accumulated In Louisiana, they “ remit" it to tho General Fund, and use It for ordinary Stato purposes. It is simply repudiation thinly disguised, and a gross violation of law into tho bsrgain. By tho failure of tbo Mayor to veto tbe ordinance surrendering West Washington and Adams streets to tho Bark Commission ers, tho ordinance becomes of full force and effect, provided it shall not hereafter bo tested on tho question of validity. It is un derstood that at the last moment tho Mayor was dissuaded from sending in a veto, upon the ground that, with tho ordinance os it now stands, tho Fork Commissioners may oLoose cither of tho streets turned over end proceed with tho improvements, but they cannot, under tho law, accept and improve both streets. In such a case tho Commis sioners would probably select Washington street, and tho position of Adams street would bo the same as though no ordinance bad been passed. There still remains outstanding and un* paid about $15,000,000 of tbo subscriptions by banks to tho 4 per cent loan which fell due on thejUst of July, aud should on that dato havo been all in tho Treasury at Wash lugton. It appears, however, that tbo turd? subscribers have represented that sa in* jurious effect would bo produced upon tho money market by tho sudden withdrawal of so largo an amount of currency from tho channels of business, and that they have succeeded in obtaining an extension until Got. 1. In tbo meantime tho banks ore to bold themselves in readiness to honor such drafts (19 may bo tnado upon thorn when funds are required by tho Tioasury to rodoom called bonds tlmt aro presented for rcdomjv lion. It is a valuable concession on tho pnrt of tho Secretary of tho Treasury, for which tho banks hnvo reason to bo grateful. Senator Thujiman linn rooontly expressed, in interviews intended for publioatioa in Democratic papers, n mild conviction of tho success of Ewrso In tho canvass for tho Gov ernorship j but to friends !n Washington bo has admitted bis (ruo belief, which is that tho Ewing campaign, desperate and unprom islngat tho outset, now appears tohedomned to defeat. Tho kind of work Charley Fos ter lies bean doing of Into, and tho visible results thereof, will account for tho latter and moro truthful expression. m There Is a very general desiro on tho part of tho public that Mayor Harrison should givo some definite information about tho qualifications of Mr. Stanton whom ho has* recently appointed Oily Engineer. If Mr. Stanton were an engineer of long standing nnd good position in tho city, there would bo no such demand, but ho appears to bo known very little in this community, and other appointmonla recently made by Mayor Har rison do not inspire confidence iu any man whom he may happen to select for any pri vate masons of his own. It is this condition of things which makes tho public demand for further information about Mr. Stanton perfectly proper. If this gentleman has no preparation for the position except his ex perience ns a railroad engineer, as is alleged, then his appointment is merely an expert* incut, nnd the Oily of Chicago cannot afford to trust tho responsibilities of City Engineer to bis keeping. If tho Mayor, on the other baud, has any specific information about Mr, Stanton’s qualifications, bo should com municate them to tho people, who still have some interest in this corporation, notwith standing Mr. llaurison thinks tho town belongs to him. Ptr rnnv. ...2 cents ...«l cents .2 cents .4 cents THE TILDEN BAR’L AND BUREAU. Ilia uow definitely Ascertained that Tildes’s Bar’l has been tapped, and that the money is flowing into the State of Ohio, not because Tildes baa any love for Ewing, but because Tildes deems it essential to his success that Ohio shall bo carried by the Democracy. Simultaneously with the opening of tho spigot, a herd of Tilden's reformers started for Ohio. Tho Literary Bureau was also sot to work, and tho documents are flying west ward thick and fast. Tho Bar’l is thus kept very busy, for it has to pay for tho docu ments and also supply tho reformers with grub and whisky. Of course, if tho Demo crats carry Ohio, Tildes will havo secured all he wants, and will drop Ewiso and his flat lunacies, opou all tho spigots of tho Bar’l and all tho drawem in tho Bureau, nud keep them running until they are exhausted. Ah ho has tho biggest Bar'l and tho most ex tensive Bureau in tho crowd, thoro is no doubt that bo will bo nominated. In this connection, a well-informed corre spondent of tho Cincinnati <lazcltc , who had access to tho Bureau in 1870 and is cogni zant of its inside operations, has supplied that paper with a detailed description of tho manner in which “ tho old thing works," and, as it has been onco more brought out, polished, oiled nud greased, and put in oper ation, Ins information is both timely and in teresting. lu 187(1 the first move of tho Bureau was to provide Western Democratic papers with notices commendatory of Til den heforo the Convention met. These wero forwarded through n regular advertis ing house and wore paid matter. Once in serted, those papers wore committed to Til dek. They could not go hack on him without being accused of baso perfidy, nud, as all tho Democratic country papers wore wretchedly hnpecunlons, they tumbled into tho trap sot for them by tho Gramorcy Park Reformer with cheer ful unanimity, where they had to perform as ho directed. If any of them kicked, a nig nifleont throat or a small douceur silenced them, ami tl.oy wore soon broken into sub mission. As soon as Txi.den was nominated, tho whole machinery of the Bureau was put into operation, a largo clerical force was em ployed, and tho Bar’l supplied tho funds to pay for wages, and printing, and buy paper and stamps. Tho forwarding of documents to voters was one of tho most important mis sions of tho Bureau. As far as possible, they obtained through tho Democratic State Com mittees tho names of all tho voters in tho country, classified as Democrats, Republic ans, and Doubtful, and these names wero copied into books which wero jealously watched. A Type-Writer Company was kept busy addressing envelopes, and every week a batch of documents was forwarded, mainly into the rural districts. Democrats received genuine Democratic pabulum. Republicans received documents purporting to come from the Republican National Committee, which tended to disturb his faith. Tho Doubtful wero furnished with ma terial intended to stiffen their backbones. Tho nature of tho documents was cunningly made to sail the localities where they wont. For instance, tho voters in Maine were in formed that Tildkn was In favor of ship building. In Mnwmclmnctts ho was in favor of reviving bounties to fishermen. In Penn sylvania ho was a red-hot Protectionist, hut, as lie came out West, ho was a red-hot Free- Trader. In tho East he was a hord-monoy man, but in the West ho was a rag-baby fiatist. In tho South ho was in favor of paying tho Rebel debt, but in tho North ho would never, never, never admit a Rebel claim. In New York ho was a friend of John Chinaman, but In California ho vied with tho hoodlum in denouncing him. In fact, ho was a chameleon, chancing his hue according (o his locality. 110 blew with every wind, and was in fnvor of every issue made by every political party. Another device of the Bnrean was to sup ply tho Domooratio editors with editorials and correspondence froo of charge, sent out in tho form of broadsides, thus saving thoso individuals all lobor except such as is in volved in tho mo of tho scissors nod paste pot, and doing tho work in much better shape than they could do it themselves. In this manner a groat quantity of buoolio “ bruiu juico " was saved and tho usual hard drudgery of conducting a campaign was avoided. Tho samo discrimination was observed la tho matter sent to the papers as in that sent to the rank and file, as tho editorials sent South wore very different from those sent North. In this connection an amusing story is told. A broadside intended for tho South, by a mistake of the Bureau, found Us way to tho office of a paper lu Wisconsin. The editor was anxious to go on a fishing excursion, cut out euough to fill tho editorial pngo, gave it to the foreman, and wont off. The mistake was discovered after a few papers had boon struck off by ouo of the local Democratic magnates, and the scene which ensued is thus described by tho correspondent: "Luckily ouo of tUostt early patron* was a mem ber of ibo local Committee, and be saw at oucu THE CHICAGO TRIBUiNE: TUESDAY. AUGUST 19. 1879-TWEI.VB PAGES,' that something was wrene. Dark ho came from his quint nook and sought tho editor, 'llc'suono n flftlunjr,* was the aii"wpr. ‘Then, for (Jon's rake, where’s tho foreman*’ shouted tho terrified Commlltccman. ‘What's the matter*’ asked tho foreman, as he emerged, somewhat begrimed with Ink, Into tho office. '.Mailer enough,* was the re ply. ‘Plop the pres* Instantly or you’ll knock h--l out of tho Democracy of this country.’ Tho foreman was averse to robbing the Democracy of an element which Is ns accessary to U as a corpse to a funeral, and so ho stopped tho press, Tho ab»cnco of tho editor made tilings a little awkward, hut tho burning and shining lights of tho Dcmoc racy cothercd in the editorial room, and in a little while sufficient matter to take the place of the fire* eating editorial was prepared and handed over to the foreman. It was set up and substituted, and then the tinner went to press as though nothing liad happened. Hut there wore about a hundred conics of the papers printed, and perhaps a quarter of them got out and among tho constituency of Mr. Tn.m:x. One of them fell Into ungodly Repub lican hands and la treasured ns a curiosity.'• Tho samo methods which were applied in tho Inst enmpnign will bo Applied in tho uoxt. Tho Bureau is not yet in comploto. working operation, as it is hnrdly time, but tho Bar’l has boen refilled nnd sot up, nnd tho bung is now out for tho Ohio contribution, tho work in Now York being done by tho blowers nnd strikers. An tho trouble with tho Inst cam* pnign was Tir.DEN’s reluctance to part with his dnents and his greedy habit of beating down customers, ns was tho caso in his nego tiations for the purchase of the Florida and South Carolina Electoral vote, it is now un derstood that there will bo no broke on tbo Bari. It will bo run nt full head. Tbo Bureau will also bo run to Us fullest capacity, so that oil tho Democratic editors can go fishing nnd (ho campaign will nm itself. Tho striugs around their nocks will converge nt Qrnmorcy Park, and tho lloformor will pull them himself. Tho only difference be tween tho campaigns of 1880 and 1870 will bo that tho frands, corruptions, nnd rascal ities of tho latter will bo intensified iu tho former, nnd that tho bung of tho Bar’l will bo loft opon without stint. If Electoral votes are offered for sale, Tilden will not bo allowed to haggle nnd bent down. 110 will have to pay the price. If Tammany rebels, ho will have to turn tho Bar’l on full head nnd buy off tho indignant patriots whom ho used to manipulate when ho stole tho votes of his State. If Republicans nro wise, they will hoed tho warnings of experience, and koop a sharp oyo on tho Bureau and Bar']. SUING STATE GOVERNMENTS FOB DEBT. Wo printed a day or two ago a statement concerning tho recent action of tho Legisla ture of tho State of New Hampshire on tho subject of suing States in tho matter of debt. Tho Constitution of the United States originally provided that “The judicial power shall bo vested in ouo Supremo Court, nud in such iuforiorcourtsastho Congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish. . , The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and oqnity arising under this Coustitu. tiou, tho laws of (ho United Slates, and treaties made or which shall bo made, ole,; to controversies to which tho Umtod States shall bo a party; to controversies between two or moro States, between a Stato and citizens of another State, between citizens of different Slates," etc. It also provides that mall cases “affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and thoso iu which a Stato shall bo a party, tho Supremo Court shall havo original jurisdiction. ’’ This grant of power was modified by tho eleventh amendment, declaring that such jurisdiction “shall nob oxtond to any stilt m law or equity commenced or prosecuted against ouo of the United States by citizens of another State or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State." By this amendment tbo power of a citizen of one Stato to sue any State was denied, and several suits pending at that time in tho Supremo Court against tho State of Georgia wero dismissed. Certain persons in tbe Stato of Now York hold certain evidences of debt against a number of tho Southern States, os, for in stance, Alabama, Virginia, and several other Southern States. Tho States pay no inter est, and practically repudiate these debts. These persons obtained from the Legislature of Now York a law authorizing them to as sign their debts to tho State, upon which the State, through Us officers, was to institute suits against tho defaulting State. This law was defeated by tho veto of tho Governor of Now York, whereupon a like bill was passed by tho Legislature of Now Hampshire and has become a law. It is claimed that under this law—these claims being technically tho properly of tho State of Now Hampshire— the case will arise of a controversy “ between two or more States," and the State of New Hampshire may prosecute its action of debt against any of the non-paying debtor States, Tho Stato of New Hampshire is to become tho champion of tho creditors, and iu her sovereign capacity may call any of the de faulting sovereignties to come into court and make defense to accusations of debts. Tho Judiciary not of 1789 confers cxclu* nivo jurisdiction on tho Supremo Court in “ Ml controversies of a civil nature whore a State in a parly"; consequently Ml Bitch suits by tho State of Nov Hampshire must bo brought in tho Supreme Court nod not iu any Circuit Court Tho Supremo Court of tho United States has decided in numer ons coses that it has jurisdiction in any coho whore a Stato is a party, either plaintiff or defendant, to tho record. Saits have boon dismissed because tho State was not nomi nMly or substantially a party to tbo record. Tho tone of Ml tho decisions, however, Is that tbo term “ controversies of a civil na luro" includes ail causes of action without exception, and that when tho Stato is n party to tho record tho jurisdiction is unquestiona ble. Unless, therefore, there bo an objec tion arising out of tho matter of assignment and of tbo intangible interest which tho State of Now Hampshire may have iu tho matter in controversy,‘it would seem that a suit by New Hampshire against tho Stato of Virginia on a Stato bond will full within tho scope of tho statutory and oonalilionM jurisdiction of tho Supremo Court. Unless there bo some want of sufll olency in making tho Stato of Now Hamp shire tho assignee of those bonds, it would socm that that Stato may without difiloiilty prosecute these suits to judgment hi tho Su premo Court. After judgment, what ? It is established, wo beliovo, that in cases of judgment against municipal governments, tbo power of tho Federal Courts is limited to requiring the proper authority, such os the Mayor and City Council of cities, and Hoards of Supervisors or County Commissioners iu counties, to levy a tax to pay (ho judgment rendered against tho municipality. There are a number of such instances in tbo West ern States. When tbo tax is not levied as directed by tho Court, the further remedy Is to imprison tho officers refusing to obey the order. If wo mistake not, there Is one case where tho Mayor and Oily Council which have refused to levy and collect a tax to pay a judgment have been constructively in prison fur contempt for a number of years. In a recent case in this State (bo tux officer refusing to obey tbo order of the Court was ►out to jail for contempt, ami remained thorn until Lis term of office expired. In tlio moro important ease of judgment cred itors against (ho City of Memphis a bill woa filed in the Federal Circuit Court asking tho appointment of n Receiver for tho municipal corporation, and tho appointment of such Receiver was evaded only by tho repeal or Burrnndor of tho city charter and the disso lution of tho corporation. These proceed ings against tho municipal corporations havo boon so general ns to bo common. Tho State of New Hampshire proposes to inaugurate a new class of judicial proceedings which, if successful, must lead to complications of oven n more important character. Assuming that there bo no hitch in tho as signment business, and that by substituting the name of tho Stato of Now Hampshire for John Hoe tho plaintiffs in these eases can bring suit aud got judgment against ono or half a dozen of tho States, what shall ho tho proceeding to onforco such judgments? Private property cannot bo taken to pay pub lic debts. Can tho Marshal levy upon and sell tho public properly of tho Statu, such as its public buildings, colleges, penitentiaries, and insane asylums? vAs powor to do tins has been denied in tho caso of municipal cor porations, It probably does not exist in. tho case of States, and that tho solo power of tho Court will ho by mandamus directed to the State Legislatures aud other officers to levy and collect a tax on tho (nxnblo property within tho Btato to pay such judgment. Suppose tbo Slate Legislature and Governor refuse or neglect to obey tho maudamns, what then ? Can thu Court or will tho Court find authority to punish tho of tho Legislature personally by imprisonment for contempt in not obeying tbo order ? If tbo Court Ims tho jurisdic tion to determine tho controversy to tho ox tent of entering judgment for debt against tho defondant, of what uso will tho jurisdiction bo if tho judgment cannot bo enforced, and on what ground can a State Legislature claim exemption from the responsibility of refusing to obey tho mandate of tho Conrt which may not bo claimed by any Municipal Legislature under similar circumstances? Tho jurisdiction of tho Court onco established, tho powor of tho Court to onforco tho judgments must ho tho somo m tho ono caso ns in tho other. In stead of tho usual cases of proceedings against Supervisors aud Aldermen, Now Hampshire, in tho pursuit of higher game, proposes to prosocuto recalcitrant Legisla tures and contrnnaciousStato officers, oven to their bodily imprisonment. Tbo proceedings in tho ooso of Memphis suggest a still moro complicated embarrass ment. In that case tho judgment creditors petitioned tho Conrt to appoint a Receiver, and tho city only escaped that result by giv ing up its corporate and political existence. Now, will tbo State of Now Hampshire de mand of tho Court, in caso, for instance, that tho Legislature of Alabama will not levy a a tax to pay tbo judgment, and tho members profor to go to jail, tho appointment of a Receiver for tho Slnto of Alabama, who, while in office, will become tho Government of tho State? Even ns a Receiver, it is questionable whether ho could compel people to pay taxes. Nevertheless, tho State of Now Hampshire, once into tho fight, must go on, though tho Governments of half tho Southern States ho in prison and Receivers bo exorcising tho powers of others under tho warrant of tho Chief-Justice. What a commentary docs this furnish upon ttio so-called sovereignty of tho States I This legislation by tbo State of Now Hampshire is not commendable in any souse 5 it is vicious ; it is converting that Stato Into a professional plaintiff to pursue debtors ; it is a proceeding altogether disreputable in a State. It is no legitimato business for a Stato to become a broker of Stato claims, and to mako its officers collectors of desperate debts in which tho Stato has no possible interest After tho adoption of tho Consti tution, suits arising from old private claims against tho States became so numerous that an amendment to the Constitution was promptly adopted denying the power of a citizen to bring suit against n State. It is now proposed to regain by indirection this power of private individuals to suo a State, and by assignment of private claims to tho Stato of Now Hampshire gain a legal staad ingiu tho courts douied by tho Constitution. Thoro nro somo old canal claims against this Stato, amounting to several million dollars; all that tho claimants havo to do is to take thorn to Now Hampshire, and havo that State bring suit against tho State of Illinois in tbo Supremo Court. Tho attempt to do by in direction and evasion what tho Constitution expressly prohibits calls for whatever inter position of legislation or constitutional amendment may bo necessary to mako tho original prohibition elfuativu and absolute. A FUTILE MISSION FROM ENGLAND. Mr. Thomas Baxley Potted, a member of tbo British Parliament, Chairman of the Cobdon Club, and a gentleman of large in fluence, is now on a visit to this country as a representative of tho manufacturing, trad ing, and consuming classes of England. Al deux Pell and Clare Sewell Read, both members of Parliament, tbo former Obair mnn of tho Central Chamber of Agriculture and tbo latter President of tho Norfolk 1 Board of Agriculture, aro about to sail for tbo' United States to Join in Mr. Potted's mission. Tho venerable Jouh Bright has boon urged to visit America in a like ca pacity, and Mr. Potter thinks Mr. Bright will come. Tho purpose of these visits may bo gathered from the following statement made by Mr. Putter to a reporter of tho Now York Herald : “America at present holds the key of the post* tlon In oil tho producing countries of ilio world. Hut, while the United States in the (treat food-pro ducing country, and her exports of agricultural produce are likely to be needed In must of tho countries of Europe, It is painful not tn see the Slurs and Stripes more generally upon tho seas. Coming over, wo looked almost In vain for the American dag; wo saw It only once, on the Charles 11. Marshall, and alio danced very light upon the water. In return for American beef and Amcr lean Hour you might consent to relax your tariffs just a liulo so oa to receive some of our iron. If your tariffs wore not prohibitory It would bo easy to extend the American trade. France would gladly exchange French claret for American calico, whereas now American prints are nut received nt nil. Cheap wine would bo better than a tem perance lecture. It le lime that America Joined hands with liberal England and with Franco In favor of free trade aod against Cirsarism and pro tection. Those aro advancing hand In hand In Germany, and tin England freo trade is threatened. Men like Mr. jlbnuy Ciuvlih want protection, and protection for one clues only.—tho landed Interest.— airalnst the con enmer, the few against the many, Just aa it is with you when you protect the iron Interest of Pennsylvania against the consumers all ovur the country. Ido not believe the protectionists of England will succeed, At any rate, we Free- Traders have not relaxed our efforts nor lost hope In our cause. Wo waut to discourage Cssansui. to disestablish tho groat standing armies, which are eating ue all up, aud to promote peace. In this America can help us. That distinguished Ameri can, the lato Wiuiis Lpovu Qaiiuison, favored freo trade to tho laet hour of bis life, on the broad ground that whatever ts morally right Is politically exucdlvuU We found it so la the support we gave to tho American Union. Rut lor your suCrces wo could not Invo carried disestablishment In Ireland or any of the great reform* of tho last few veara. As we helped America then, so America might n**lsi ua now. A relaxation In prohibitory duties Is all (hat Is necessary, To promote this object I* Ihc reason of my coming here, I wish to consult with the loading public mon In this country upon this subject, and sco If wo cannot arrive at some mutual understanding, A society llko the C’ohdcn Club might bo organized hero which would work with os In producing reciprocity between the two great nations, lly promoting trade between free countries Is the only way to strengthen liberal in stitutions." In ono word, it is hoped in England that a direct appeal to tho American people in tho persons of distinguished Englishmen who havo earned tho gratitude of our peo ple by steadfast sympathy with tbo War for tho preservation of the Union may giro a now impulse to tho freo-trado movement In this country, and result in at leant such a modification of our present tariff taws as will lot down tho bars so that a certain class of Rritish manufacturers may reach tho Amorioim market. This is n matter of vital concern to tho Euglish people, who nro now snffonng from hard times moro than tho American people havo suffered at any timo since tho panic, hocamo n scarcity in tho homo supply of food is added to tho loss of market for tholr manufactures, and conse quent lack of employment. It is not strange, therefore, that tho warmest friends tho American Government has in England should now bestir thomsolvos to seek relief through a change in tho American tariff. The Tiurune’s sympathy with tho principles of free trade, and a sense of gratitude to men who woro friends to tho Union in tirao of need, mako it very disagreeable to predict that tho mission of Mr. Potter and his colaborors will bo a failure; but tho circumstances warrant no other conclusion. Tho advocates of protection are, no a rule, poopio who nvo not likely to yield 'to senti mental considerations of any kind. The be lief in protection as a matter of policy is based upon self-interest, which is naturally deaf to remonstrances or appeals from out side sufferers. 'When Englishmen come to this country to urgo a modification of tho tariff for tho avowed purpose of admitting English competition with American manu facturers, tho fact will bo accepted by pro tcctionistß as a vindication of their policy, and it may even persuade a good many peo ple who bcliovo in free trade, or a tariff for rovouno alono, to join tho protoctionists in resisting a change in tho tariff at tho present time. An appeal to tho non-protoctcd classes in this country is very different from tho appeal that was mode to tho non-protcctcd classes of England under tho oppression of tho Corn laws. Tho British tariff was main tained for tho benefit of tho land-owners and tenant-farmers, and its effect was to make food dear to tho masses. This was tho basis of tho war against protection in Englaud, which mou like Ooddbh and Bmairr carried on so success fully. In the beginning they had tho sup port of tho mass of consumers, tho towns people, Uio minors, and tho mill operatives, -and tho movement thus acquired an impetus strong enough to sweep away all tho tariff except tho duties leviod upon about lmlf-a dozon articles of luxury. No onll-lariff movement in this country at tho present time can start out with any such hacking. Tho chief portion of tho unprotected doss in this country is made up of farmers; some of thorn are too ignorant, many of them too much absorbed in their work, most of them too indifferent, and all of them too prosper ous, to join in auy earnest and determined movement against tho tariff. Tho laboring classes of tho American cities and manufact uring towns know that food in this country is plenty enough mid cheap enough, and feel that it is moro in their interest to keep tho factories running than to risk a suspen sion of work that might result from outside competition. These aro (ho conditions that will make it impossible for the froo-trnde ambassadors from England to stir up any great popular feeling in the United Sintos on tbo subject of protection, and it is only an overwhelm* ing popular demonstration that could prevail at this time against tho present tariff. It was not tho interests of foreign nations, but tbo necessities of tbo English people, which enabled tbo froc-lrado reformers of Great Britain to break down tbo barriers of protec tion, and m this country we shall probably bo obliged to wait for tho same result such a popular movement ns only self-interest can sot on foot. Good evidence of this may bo found in tho failure of tbo Wood tariff to secure a hearing from tho lost Congress. Revenue reform was conspicuous among the promises of the Democratic party, which has now been in control of tho House since 1871*; but the only formulated effort made to secure a partial abandonment of tho protection the ory was actually hooted down in the House, notwithstanding Wood's Tariff bill retained a higher average of duties than prevailed be fore tho War. The British manufacturing interests must seek some other avouuo of escape from their present hardships, and they may And it lu America. Tho laws of this country may con tinue to bo practically prohibitory as to for orn manufactures, bub they contain no pro hibition os to foreign manufacturers. The Sheffield manufacturers of cutlery have dis covered this, and they have begun to locate their establishment within tbo United States. Hero they have an equal chance with nil. Competition is free, and if they can manu facture cheaper than their rivals they aro at liberty to undersell or to avail themselves of tho larger profit. It is not necessary for tho foreign workers to so much ns declare their intention of becoming citizens. They will bo protected under the laws just as Ameri cans are, and they will bo free to return to Eugloud when that field shall again offer superior advantages. When England bus a surplus of workmen and America a surplus of work to bo done, tho true policy is for tho English workingmen to emigrate to this country, Tho emigration will be a relief to Eugland, and at tho same lime a benefit to America. There has boon a curious reversal of position between England and the United Slates during tho last fifteen years. Before tho War tho United States seemed destined to do most of tho carrying trade for tho world, and England most of tho manufactur ing; now-Eugland has tho carrying trade and tho United States have tho manufacture lug prospects. If tho American tariff shuts out tho American people from competing with England ou the high seas, and England from competing with tho United States lu tho homo market, the English people must make tho best of tho situation, as tho Ameri can people havo done; they must come to America to do their manufacturing, whore cheap coal, cheap iron, cheap cotton, and equal protection await them. Tho situation of Ismail Pasha, cx-Khodivo of Egypt, is an amusing ono to everybody except hlmsolf. Ho is literally a mau with out a country. He went to Berlin, and wan soon informed that his room was better than Ida company, Ho wont (o Vienna, nml wan coolly invited lo lonvo. Ho next sought a homoin Algiers, ImtthnFronchcouldnot allow him to stay. lloconlly, tho Fowors, taking compassion upon him, notified tho Sultan that they would bo vory much pleased if ho would accommodate him, whoronpon tho Sultan, who is up to his nock in tho namo kind of mnd ns tho Khedive, peremptorily refused to give him shelter. Thoro Is some thing particularly cool and cheeky in this refusal of tho Sultan to allow his unfortunate vassal, who has boon guilty of no nin that his Into master has not committed, a shelter in Constantinople. Bo tho poordevil, likolho Wandering Jew, must keep on in search of rest, though, unlike tho Wandering Jow, ho has considerable baggage in tho shape of a harem. As a matter of absolute justice, England, who furnished him with tho money to hoop up his royal sprees and gob him into bis present scrape, ought to provide him with bod and board. Unt ns England won't do anything of tho kind, tho next best thing he can do is to come to this country and set tle down in Chicago. Having $0,000,000 in ready cash, ho will bo heartily welcome, and ho can find splendid investment for his money. In' consideration of his poenniary qualifications ho can bring his harem along also. Ho might start them out as a 14 Finn fore 44 crow, open a laundry, or ploco them on exhibition in a museum. Tho Khedive and 41 his Bisters, and his cousins, and his aunts " will receive a hearty welcome, and Carter Harrison will moot him at tho gales and make a speech to him. Illinois looms np big on wheat this year. Her farmers have harvested and secured the largest crop of this grain over cut Id this State. Tho State Board of Agriculture have mode up their returns from all parts of tho State, and find the crop has yielded a Utile over 43 millions of bushels, averaging slightly under twenty bushels to tho acre, and worth in tho hands of tho producers about S7*f millions of dollars. Tho total land sown to wheat was 2,1117,00.1 acres. We notice that tho reckless, unscrupu lous Indianapolis Sentinel parades a column of estimates by counties, ranking out a yield of 55 millions of bushels, which Is perfectly ridic ulous. Indiana is a small State, of little more than half the area of Illinois, and has never been noted as an extraordinary wheat State, although generally producing a fair ciop of that cereal. Shelias probably raised this year 28 10 00 millions of bushels of wheat, which la an Im mense yield, all things considered. What Is needed in Mississippi Is a Governor with backbone. Gov. Stonh Is too conserva tive. Ho conserves his own peace und dig nity by Ignoring dots and political disturbances In tho State. lu common with other Southern Democrats he carries tho State-Kiglits doctnno out In details, admitting not only Slate sov ereignty, but county sovereignty, township sovereignty, ward sovereignty, and Individual sovereignly ns well; and sovereignty, In the opinion of eminent Southern expounders of tho Constltntlon, means “tho right of every body to do as he damn pleases." Canadian fishermen have been engaged In “shingling the river" near St. Clair, In order to drive fish over within the borders of tho “Land of Lome." Tho process of shingling, which may not be generally understood, is to anchor shingles near the bottom of the river by ottach jlng them to a weight with but a few feel of lino. The shingles thus huoved dart about In the cur rent and scare the fish. As an experiment it was tried by enterprising Yankees a few years ago with great success. A correspondent signing himself “An Old Subscriber" asks in the Tima yesterday whether Gov. Si’itAOUE, of Rhode Island, served one or two terras in the United States Senate, and that usually Inaccurate journal Informs him that SruAOun served only one tijrm, having been elected In 181 KI. if tho Times man thinks Spuaoud did not servo as Senator two terms— from 1803 to 1876—und can prove it, he can win a box of Havana cigars from Tuu Tuiuumb. The Boston Pott would better let tbo case of Senator I’undlktoh rest where bo himself has put It. The above sentence begins an editorial article, not ns the Intelligent reader may suppose at tlrst sight, In the Jim River lillzzanl , bat In tho refined, the graceful, the conscientious New York i’osf,—the paper once owned by William Cuu.bs Bryant,—the guardian of Uio purity of the President's English,—tiie authority which condemns “aspire” and “ reliable ” and half a hundred other words os good. Those scandals now charged had been known In Washington for yean.—Statement of Mrt.- Spraouf. If ibis Is the truth, and Mr. Conklino know that those scandals were abroad lu Washington, it was unmanly and dishonorable for him fur ther to compromise the reputation of Mrs. Spraoub. A man has tbo right to dofy nubile opinion so fur ns bo himself Is concerned, but be has no right todofy It when there is a woman la the ease. “Our Autumn Holidays ou French Elvers," tbo charming summer-book latclv noticed lu Tub Tmnu.NE, llrst appeared In London some Tears ago, and made a sensation then. The author was J. L. Molloy, tbo composer of “006110110“ and other tuneful ballads, ami two of hi? companions were W. S. Oiuibrt, of “ Pinafore “ fame, and F. CJ. Buuhand, tho. “Happy Thoughts” man. They must have made a Jolly company. Tho Now Orleans papers arc between two Urea. They dare not report tho false depth of water on the bar at (ho mouth of tho Mississippi for foar of misleading ship-owners and Captains, and they are unwilling to report tho real depth lest they may expose the holjowncss of Caot. Eads* claims. So they discreetly say nothing about It The Springfield Republican indulges Iti this awful heresy (for a New England paper): If Harvard really wants a close race, it might ho as well for her (n poll the smaller collcires from whom aha has never won tlio champluDihlp after rowing with them live years. Hut Harvard doesn't want a closo race when the other fellows have tlio best ot tho closeness. The Atlanta Constitution insists Hint Dr. Craw ford W. Long, of Georgia, discovered “on tcslhesln." it will not admit that 11 amesthet- Ice" would bo a better word in that place. Wu fear tho edueallou of tho Constitution has been sadly neglected. Its ablo editor was, lighting the North when ho should have been at school. Gen. Grant will not roeelvo In Japan nows of his daughter's death fur two reasons: First, because there is no telegraph to Japan (tho statements of editorial wUcaercs to tho con trary, notwithstanding); end, secondly, be cause bis daughter isn't dead. Judah I*. Bbnjamin has bought a residence in Purls for SOO,OOO, and his annual Income from his law practice In England is said to bo over SIOO,OOO. Ho loft this country, after iho down fall of tho Confederacy, with $lO in his pocket, and hod no other fortune. Secretary Subum.vn is accused of haying an oyo on tho Jewish vote because ol bis appoint ment of Judge Noah to an important revenue position. As If a Jew couldn't deserve tho place, and receive it on account of his deserts! The German Professor la thought to be tlio Dark florae the Favorite Sou of New York has been fearing all along. Tho Mississippi Plan is bettor after all than the Kentucky small-pox aud yellow-fever ar rangement* Itlsootat all certain that Jbvf Davis Is to bo a candidate for the United Slates Senate lu Mississippi. Tho people la Lake County, at tho primary election n few days since, balloted for Honatur, and Jepf Davis was not no much ni mentioned. Binoi.rton was named ns flrn choice, and Baiikspald (Jew Davis’ frlcaii) ns second. Prof. LouNsnunr, of Yale College, bonlrlh. utes to the current number of •Verifier’s Mnui* sine the first of two articles on “Spclllng-il*. form,” of which he Is a strong advocate. * (load people in Chicago propose to steal % march on Urn rogues by having Sunday on some other day, and not letting the Sabbath-breakers know when It U. In case there ts a good Itcpubtlcnn majority la the next Ohio Legislature, Oov. Dennison win, It Is whispered, bo o candidate for the United States Senate. Hie reason why the German Professor refused lodine with Heniit Wattbhsos Is sold to bo that tho latter was (Incut only In one language. Senator Loqan’s touching and disinterested regard for the Irish Nation lias delighted gods and men—and several newspaper editors. Ohio Ilcpubllcans declare they will not he happy with less than 20,000 majority. It Isn’t much lo ask this season. Two statements In one week arc enough to ruin tho fairest reputation. PEHSONA.LS, Senator Zaoh Chandler boa engaged rootm at Newport. ' 44 Tho Unwilling Urido 44 Is reminded that tbs divorce courts nro open to tier. Tho Ilev. Mr. Murrny 4 a missing bnckboard has perhaps gone to meet the Uonkllng boom. Mr. Colliding goes home when all the other places are shut. Mr. ConkllngDecdsdouist llcating. Senator Hon Ilill, of Georgia, is at present too busy with law business to deliver political speeches. Miss Gnbrlello Greeley, daughter of tbo late Horace Greeley, is spending Iho summer at Ksrragansolt Pier. Mr. Sprague claims to havo boon sober. If thin Is the case, It Is clear that Mr. Sprague can not stand sobriety. Mr. Tildon is booming at such a high rate of speed that the other booms will havo bard work to save their distance. Francis Murphy fools that thoro is work enough for him to do so long as iho present snake stories prevail. An Indian on tho frontier is called "Short Bull.” It is believed that ho has been speculating In wheal. Chelmsford sayn Cotywayo has'quit fight ing, hut It Is passible that Chelmsford declines to give him anything to light. Mrs. Sprague is an Ohio man, and it is suspected that she hns conducted tho scandal to the interest of John Shermau. Auolhor Sprague mill ban failed. Wo re fer, of coarse, to the one between Conkllng aud the cx-Scooior of llhode Island, Edwin Forrest's fast time may porhopa bo accounted for by tho belief that Mr. Bonner stops his watch before ho stops bis horse. Tho Tildon barrel la bigger than the Tam many Jug, appears to bo tho verdict of the recent Democratic gathering at Niagara Falls. Tho snicido of a plumber is reported from Boston. It is doubtless one of the sad resultn of I'rof. Tice's prediction of a mild winter. Tho succors of tho watermelon and "’nossum” crop in the South will, It Is be lieved, temporarily check the colored oxtfSus. A Georgia editor who would like to en circle his big mouth around Its nozr.lo says sadly, "the Chandler demijohn is gurgling In Maine." Ex-Gov. Galnsha A. Grow will return fro&- Mamo In time to make a campaign speech at Som erset, In bla own State, a week from next Tuesday. Mr. Sprngno sneers derisively at tho stories to tho effect that ho Is lurano; yet he admits that ho has committed himself to tho Grccnoock move ment. Two hundred tbonsnnd dollars Is a big price to pay for Stewart's body. Were Mr. Stow* urt alive lie would by no mean# sanction any aucti extravagance. Tbo Cincinnati Enquirer neks those conun drums; “Is Kate Chase chastof If so, why wai Conkllng chased? And what was tbo matter with tbo missing Lluckt'* Securing tbo hostility of tbo New York IleraUt Is believed to havo made quite a bole In Mr. TUden’s barrel. lint tbo old gentleman doubt less thinks It Is worth it. Tbo Atlanta Constitution sneers because John Sherman's first suitor clothes was purchased with borrowed money. Dot suroly tbo main ques tion la, Bid tbo clothes tit him? S. S. Cox writes from his summer resort to say that hols "far aloof from the dull ass'* hoof." Tbo gentleman to whom ho refers Intends to run for Uovoruorof Massachusetts. Gall Ilamiltou is firmly of tbo opinion that the Conkllng scandal Is better than several of the severest klud of sunstrokes, so far as her dis tinguished brother-in-law Is concerned. Edwin Booth boa loft Saratoga and gono toMlddlolown, It. I. Contrary to expectation bo will not spend tbo remainder of bis vacation at Newport, having bought his property there for speculation. Tho Princess Louiso will not, it Is now said, visit England In October. It ts understood that she has Invited a number of English friends to spend tbo winter at Uldeau Hull, and an exception* ally brilliant season Is expected. If tho Rev, Henry Ward Boochor is not a better pastor than bis son 11. P. Beecher Is shep herd, then will Satan dnnes In joy. H. P. Ilcocbcr left Kern County, Cal., three or four months ago to superintend tbo driving of 18, 000 sheep, the property of Uin. Uealo, of Salt Lake City, lu crossing tbo Alida desert, over which tho drovers ana their herds traveled for eight days and nights, finding no water fur the milms’s, 10,007 sheep perished. Gen. Joeso it. Brake, a venerable North Carolinian, who died last week, has loft his whole fortune, of comfortable size, to three of bis former slaves,—Calvin Broke, Aaron Brake, and Judah Brake,—fur their lives, with reversal to their chil dren. lie leaves all his estate, real and personal, to them, and says: "They have been my faithful slaves, and have remained with mo since their freedom, nursing and curing for mo In my old age, and 1 desire them to share my gratitude." Sir. Ira D. Snnkoy is now slaying nt Fair Point, and occasionally delighting largo audiences wltti his singing of hymns. Sir. Sankcy relates that be onco sang In Hr. Spurgeon's Tabsrnacle, the preacher having caught sight ot bhn in the audience, sending for him to como up to the desk. Mr. Sankey sang one of his own songs, and (hen tho wholo congregation Joined with him in singing “Hold tho Fort." When It was coded Spurgeon turned to Sankoy, saying, “I know what this rout can stand now." Thero wero thousands in the building, and all sang. Tho editor of tho Cleveland Plalndeakr has seen Mrs. Langtry, tho professional English beauty, who lives sumptuously from tho sale of her photographs, aud pronounces her far Inferior la personal appearance to many Cleveland ladies. He calls her a scant-haired, 111-dressed, rather sweet faced woman, but without striking beauty of form or face. The opinion la not accented as final at these headquarters. Col. Armstrong U a good Judge of Democrats, but when It comes to a decis ion on tho female face and form divine, no compe tent Jury can be made up In Cleveland till the re turn of Cob Fogg from Chicago.— Cincinnati E*' qulrer. Oliver Dalrymple, the wheat king, Uvea at Fargo, Dak. Ho msy be seen anywhere and every wbvro on his mammoth estates throughout the day. Afoot, on horseback, or in carriage, bo is alwsys on baud to look after his own and hie partners' in terests, and every detail of the great business appears to biro familiar. Ho Is a tall. thin, pleas aut-looklng gentleman of about 45 years of sg«. aud though ho would nut bo picked out lu an assemblage os a groat wan, anr one who visits the Dalrymple farms, lu the Ued lllvcr Valley, tud sues the monarch of tho American wheat-fields ot home, cannot but como away enthusiastic lo praise of au executive ability which msy well be com pared to that of tbs manager of a great military campaign.