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A TRIP TO LAS VEGAS.
Trinidad ~ Mtxican-Amsrljjans B!m -mons* Hast— Coal-Bedj—Xho Sniloliback. Tho Famnns Maxwell Ornnt—now Four Million Dollars Was Dor rowed on Its Oloro—Dig Bnsincss-Honscs—Tho Lava- Bada—(Blurry Valley. las fcgai-A Roltl-llot Springs—Ha Collie- Trade of Sen Unite. Spftfnl Comip'inrtrnes of The Tritium, Colorado Springs, Col., Aug. B.—l have re* ctmK returned from a vary pleasant trio to Las Teens, the present terminus of the Pacific lino of me Atchison. Toookn & Santa Fc Railroad, l went to Trinidad by way of f lie Denver & Rio Qrando Railroad, ana spent two nights there, renewing old acquaintances uud making now ones. - The maps mostly show TRINIDAD as if standing out on the plains: and I remem ber that, before my first visit there, I expected to find an old Mexican town, of adobe houses, standing but in the hot, treeless oleins; ami, ns the railroad had but recently reached Hare, I bad heard that It was full of gamblers, rnfilans, and desperadoes,—tho refuse of society which generally keeps to the front of railroad-exten sions. The latter statement was propably true atUiellmeof the coroplbtlmi the railroad; but now Trinidad l* a lively business place, and as free of the desperado element a« any frontier ploco 1 have visited. It Is beautifully located, just at the, foot of the * Raton . Mountain rouge, and In. the valley of one of those strcams'Whlch make glad this usually arid region with greenness, shade, und fertile fields. This river was named by the old Mex ican settlers the “ PurgatolrC,” or Purgatory River,— though why 1 cannot guess, ns Its grassy banks and mountain-slopes suggest pleasanter thoughts. The American settlers could not master tlie word, and hove vulgarized It Into “Plcketwlre, n —by which name It more generally passes. Tho volley is cultivated , ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY BT MEXICANS, whoso one-story bouses, built of unburned adobe brick*, or of poles sot upright and the Interstices plastered with mud, line the stream at lutervols for miles. The fields In the valley look beautifully green with the low Mexican corn, ou which the curs shoot out close to tho ground, and with , wheat upd .oats, all looking well and promising an - abundant harvest. I was surprised at -the excellent appearance of tho crops,'considering that.the Mexican still uses the same plow, made of • a crooked stick, which wo used to see In the pictures of “Bible Antiquities.” Some of their houses are ntatly whitewashed; and the brown faces gathered nt the doors and Windows; to see the train go by give an air of novelty to the scene. The con ductor told me that the rallroad-traln Is a thing of ucvcr-ccaslng interest to them, and they al - ways Hock out to sec It. lu Trinidad the majority of the Inhabitants seem to bo , Americans, and their dwellings, whether of adobe, frame, brick, or stone, gen erally look ‘neat and tidy, mid tho stone-build ings arc anusuallytarco and line. Many ot them would be very respectable, both in size mid In the stocks of goods they carry, on State or Mad ison street, in Chicago. The United States Hotel, kept 'by tlie Messrs. Wilson, la large mid well kept, with'good beds, and an excellent tunic for tblb country. There are two banks, occupying fine cut-stone buildings: and two dally newspapers,—the Xeioa and the Enterprlte, —which keeps things lively bv their constant iparnng. I-met sot oral times Lute Wilcox, ot < the A*«m,—a' good fellow, and with his pencil always ready for Homs. Back of the town rises a singular mountain, called Raton Teak, or' sometimes Fisher’s Beak, which descends to the east by regular flat-tap ped terraces with vertical sides, and so high as to bo a landmark visible at a great distance. Opposite tho town, mid across tho Purgatolrc, rises a high, rocky hill, steep and; precipitous in front, bat more sloping on the sides, called SIMMONS’- REST. It (s said that 000 of the oldest American set- tiers, named Simmons, used to climb the bill, and from the summit look over the plains to wards his far-castcrn home, with all tho devo tion of a Mussulman praying towards Mecca, and prepared a tomb upon Us top for bin final resting-place, whence thu name It bears. Stand ing oil m a distance towards £1 Moro, nml in range with Its front, there appears upon Us face a singular formation of rock, showing the clear profile of a man’s head with a kind of helmet on: and n small plno growing out of a crevice makes a very complete slde-whlskcr. The train leading southward follows tho river (or some distance, passing a few miles out im mense beds of coal cropping out of tho moun tain-sides, which will furnish an inexhaustible supply for future times, nml of n quality equal tu the celebrated coals of El Moro or Canon Citr, ami producing a coke for smelting pur poses which will rival that of Connf llsvlllc, I’n. The volley traversed by tho railroad Is very beautiful, and constantly ascending until, ut a distance of about twenty miles from Trinidad, It crosses the Union Kanco by TUB CBIiEniIATBD “ SWITCHBACK,” which I fully described in a letter lust Jail. Tho Switchbovlc Is a zigzag line, running back and, forth, with a constantly ascending grade, up 000 side of the mountain, nml a similar descent on thu oilier side,—the grade being In places 817 feet to the tulle, Iho greatest known In Ameri can railroad engineering. I then also described the “ Uncle Dick,” the largest locomotive en gine in the world, weighing when ready for work ninety tons, ami used fur hauling thu trains over the Pass. Tho railroad has a tunnel Hear the summit, now almost completed, which 1* 2,000 feet in length, and which will avoid Iho heaviest grades. Tho rock cut by the tunnel, and which is oiled In great masses on thu dumps, is a whitish-gray sandstone, which would make a very handsome building material. 1 unlived In all thu cuts over thu mountain, nml for many miles along the road, scams otcoal; and in one place tne road-bed is laid on one of tin'll). The old wagon-road of the ttauta Fa trail Is close bv, ami pusses through two singular rocky dollies,—the one on the north side of Urn mountain being called “Ilell-Uate.” and the mm on me south side the “ Devil’s Uao,”—very proper associates (or Purgatory lllver. Uv the Way, it was mentioned to mu as it noticeable fact that the line of thu Atchison. Topeka & Santa *e itullroad, tu no part of its located line from the Missouri lllver, departs more than tcu miles from tiie Hue of the old Santa Fe trail. from this paint thu railroad traverses for more than llfty tulles TUB FAMOUS MAXWELL GRANT, ■which bos a curious history. Like most of the ureal Mexican grants, It was originally given by luul Government lor the purpose of securing the colonization of the Northern Mexican States. At Unit period the Indian tribes were bo tierce and aggressive that only large colonies could settle In Ihesu districts with any safety; ami, to secure them. Immense tracts of land were UTsnted. The Maxwell Grout was originally issued to Uenuhtcn mid Miranda, mid covered i» ?*WJO square miles of mountain and plain. Ucaubloti died shortly alter, und loft bU Inter, tit to bis son-10-luw, Maxwell, who purchased ” **lher Interests and became lists solo propria* Jr;. ,0 soured some settlement upon the •m. *• an J l Vartlallv developed the mineral re* lourics of u lt . mountains. after mu annexation of New Mex 'L'* 5 United States, J. 13. Clmlleu (late liiHo, ® la,es Senator from Colorado). Jack u,i.» ul li one or rwo others secured o eon* Jf-j-J * 1 ‘ Mr * Maxwell under which they bold lo «n Kngllsh company tor mie'lLu °* which Mr. Maxwell received M*esc ItrltoDs'eomu over, ami expend* '* u,, ' 1 I rt ‘ls of thousands of dollars in lasi rl flmin.* ii* tc- ' firc4, Ung buildings, ate. At ■j«rVm U m M. 1 *! 5 / wero «ot able to secure a prof iaole immigration io these distant wilds, they OOT Up A SCRBMK. i ney had a very largo mid hlghly-colomkmap of Hie grunt prepared, showing .a thickly-popu lated region, doited with towns and villages, end navigable streams with steamers amt sail* . mg*croU ulylng upon their waters. Cimarron— their capital city—was described in glowing col orsas su entrepot Of commerce, a secood llag flau, rich with the wealth of the Occident, whoso Wtttm boa tit* £ut •xohuwd the products of I In? States for i!k* golden treasures of the mountain*. Fine public bulldinus were shown; also rich gold and silver mines In tin* mountains on ilit* errant, with mills «ml rediicllon*wurke» all nnylnff tribute to the Company. The broad plains were mocked with Minus unit of cattle mid sheen: uml tin; whole scheme was ■tinnnrt cd hr nflldavlts mid statements of Uiu ouklul authorities of Hie district. , . Tattlin' all this outtlt with Uictn, they wont to Holland and asked A i.oan OP $4,000,000 for purposes of further development. The loan was all Inkcn by acompuuv. to whom tlic orant seemed as lar?e as one of Duchies. and the Bccurltv moat safe umt orolltnhlo. O' course, vtliu bunds mill cmi’tons were never paid, ns tm*T '•ere never Intended to be, nml tne prooertv i n by foreclosure Into tbo bands of the deluded 11 oil iixlcrs. Tliev have Mareeded In ffett-ni? the fernnt rccoffnlze.l by the United State* < o» ernmint, mida nalont for lira tbelrTrusloe. Unt tbu Providence wlld «« "« in guard mill fnrwunl tlio fortunes ill U. . cut. linnMrnrkmg Dutchmen In nil* *A c , ePtt .j umli-r all climes acorns not to bar. llirm Here. Hit plains art, '„d I unis In the country, oicellenlln icnliml. aim llmUbe?^ nf tliiOr Investment n-ltb Knud interest. tlie “ nirtifahlo airea'lv’ bonover, tsinllll not ar fo?o ranch dlfllmity to a good Jumper, as they ar, nlcro crass called (Irnmina eVuss, wklch crows lusurmntly, mid Is i.cecrdlnulv valuable tram the fact dial It; llm tall 1I11! sun cures It upon llm ground without (■ultmci and, baring a head full ol verv milrl tlims seeds, It makes capital wlntor-pasluroge. • Pass.nc Urn llatun summit, less than too hours’ ride brings us to oxano,— ft place which was very lively during the period while It wns the railroad-terminus, ns the aggre gate Ncw-Mextcan and Arizona trade making this the gateway was enormous; nut the com pletion of the railroad to Lns Vegas has sapped it of all except that going to lateral points In Now Mexico. Tho amount of tills trade may bo judged from the fact Unit at Otero the mercan tile house of Oloro, Sellar & Co. occupied a store and warehouse tblrtv-clght feet front bv diO feet drop, with two floors crowded with goods from floor to celling, and wills largo yards out side filled with wagons and machinery of various kinds. Mr. Sellar, who Is In charge of the business, told mo that they were prepared to furnish everything, from a steam-engine to a mouse-trap; and that ihelr railroad freight-hills alone ran from 815.000 to SiS,(KH) per month. The rival house of Brown, Mnnzanarcs & Co. occupy premises of anout equal size, and with similar stocks and business. There nro inony other houses, but these are the chief. Iheso two firms are now erecting at Las Vegas STILL I.AROCU BUSINESS HOUSES, holm: about sixty feet wide. Including tho plat forms, bv 410 feet deep. When those ore com pleted, Jhoy will remove most of their Otero stock to Las Vegas, . .. . The train stops at Otero for dinner, ot which mine host Vumlever presides with dignity. mid serves as good a table as the region will afford. His wife was ray very agreeable traveling com panion through the Grind Canon of the Arkansas, and thence to Otero, but was deaf to all mv solicitation to provide mo there with a genuine Mexican dinner of came caruoro, frl -lolcs, atplc, and tortillas, with a sauce of Chill 'Colorado. Olero supports a weekly paper,— the Optic,— well filled with tho news of the dis trict, mid a spice of ‘•foreign" correspondence. I noticed, as wo passed along, n good many villages springing up on the line of me road, the inhabitants being mostly Mexican: mid the bright-colored dresses of the women, for which thev have os much taste as the Indians, with their nut-brown complexions and long blade hair, made them somewhat picturesque, though 1 mar sav here that I have never yet boon aolo to And llio beautiful Seuorllas of whom I read In mv early days In the romances of the frontier. The region U generally well watered, though now unusually dry; and the grass In much bet tor than In Southern Colorado. Below Otero the mountain-range Is loft so far to the west ward that only the misty outlines am nlamlr visible, ami the pine-forests look llko patches of moss on their distant slopes. / About half-way to Laa Vegas wo passed TUB LAVA-DBDS, almost the entire surface of the ground for miles being covered with quantities of blaek volcanic lava, of almost crystalline hardness; and a little wav to tho west wo could plainly sec the great conical crater, with oho side broken out, from which the stream of lava had evl dcirlv flowed. There are Bold to ho In New Mexico fortv-tbreo distinct volcanic craters, but they have been qolet for aces, and the grass grows creun upon their slopes, mid ban long conquered the plains over which thetr hot streams poured. Wo Boon reached lovely Cherry Valley,—tho name fragrant with old recollections of the Empire State. The valley Itself Is limited In wluth bv cliffs and rocky walls. A clear, limpid stream pours through it, and well-improved ranches, and green fields almost ready to har vest, make one think of his Eastern home. Tho grassy meadows, the Helds yellow with ripening grain or waving with corn-tasscla, mid the rock-hllls bevond, are llko an old New England valley. In fact, It bos long been settled by the universal Yankee. I met one of them, a Mr. lllltnu, a halo mid wcll-condlUoncd man, who has lived hero nearly thlrtv-aeven years, amt who at last sees “the States" coming to him. I bow In tlie oxpro«s-ear a package from a lead ing Now York mllllncry-houso addressed to tots daughter; so i presume they nro nor- even hero out of the reach and power of Hie fashions. Ho told mo something of the storvof his long years of separation from frionds and kindred; ami hln account of conflicts with savage tribes of Indians, and other various bonier experiences, equals the tales of romances. He I- one of Jlvo ’ survivors of an curly colony, and now In easo and atlluoncc reaps tho fruits of his long wait- lug. This valley continues almost to LAS VI’UAS, or “Tho Meadows”; and at one point tho wagon-road leads to the west to old Fort Union, some seven miles awav. T-us Vegas Is an old Mexican dtv of about (1,000 Inhabitants, and has been a metropolis of Ncw-Mcxlcon .trade for over a hundred years. It is situated oifagontlv- Moping elevation, with the universal Plaza, or public square, In.the centre, from which the narrow streets radiate. In the middle of tho Plaza is ati old well, to which modern civiliza tion has added a wind-engine pump, from whose broad vuna stands out tho fnmlliar name, “Freeport, III.” Tho frame work was still covered with the evergreens with which these new American citizens had wreathed it In honor of the American Hide pcndence-Dav. 1 was informed that recently there was found one morning, between tho green bronchos, aj'ruH not unusual In tilts country after horse-thieves have been captured. I stopped ut an ancient caravansary, said to ba thu beat In the town, which proved tube the worst pretentious hotel 1 have any memory of. I was located In what they culled ONB OP THEIR IIKST ROOMS, with Mr. Allen, of the lartra stock-firm of Irwin & A lien, uf Kansas City, a id Mr. Luco, repre sentluj: the Prtee-Vurrent of the eutno place.— both vorv pleasant irentlcmcn. There was a double and u single bed in Hie room. Tim beds were filled with straw, which many years of use had packed into ruhres; and the pillows were filled with unwashed wool, nffordlmr the aromatic odors of this native staple, coupled with so many others that only u fine chemical analysis could define them. Thu sheet oyer mo was a strip of untdeuehud muslin, which had probably been washed soma time. There was a dirty pitcher and wash bowl, ami a soap-dish In which an experienced prospector could possibly havo “found Urn color ”of a lomr-obicut eauo of soap. A micro scopic mirror, two common chairs, and a deal table constituted the furniture, while (ho walls und celling were black with the smoko of a cent ury. Tho lock was broken, and 1 secured (he door at nielli with *OllO of my few bed-slats. Altera period of troubled dreamy «l««o, I was awakened by several pistol-shuts close to tho door, followed by living footsteps down the street, ami presently a wonun’s voice was heard lo say to some one outside, “Now, have you been KII.UKO ANOTHER MANf” Hut I was so exhausted that 1 did not have force enough left to got up and see what was tim matter. At the meals thorn was uu unvary ing bill-of*luru of heel and mutton, with mutton entrees varied occasionally with heef, and •» native ” colTco to drink. I called for milk ub every meal, but in Ibis, one of the greatest cat tle-ranges In America, not a glass of mine could I cot. The meat was nlwavs tough; and egtfp, which In the stores were plenty and cheap, could only be procured by having them outside and bringing them to »bo table. And for all these In*. estimable blessings wo were charged *3 per nay. J con endure the Inevitable with as much stoical Indifference as anv one: but. In an old country like this, abounding lu all that U requisite for a good table, ami with a railroad completed to ihu town, there U no Juilldeatlou forsutli treatment of guests. There are several ucw hotels going unlu the new town, close to the railroad-station, and about a mile from the old town, which will be conducted on modern principles, and promise bettor things. , . „ . This new town Is growing very rapidly, and buildings are being erected on all sides. TUB OLD VCOAB U almost entirely Mexican, containing, It Is tala, only about 300 Americans. There are no treu or shrubbery of auy kind lu the streets,— THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE» TUESDAY. AUGUST 19. 1879-TWELVE PAGER’ no rtcMont front-yar.l«,-no nnlnn to view. Tlie dwellings ore flit (mill upon *h« erreet-front; hut mntiy of the hotter c om hare inrtro Incluauros In me rear, surrounded w.ni bleb adobe walls; and occasionally tbrouah_ an open door we con catch ffllmnsea of tree*. «n«l flower-tm plants, and green bower*, shut w from Uir* common eve. . , , LnsVesras fs o crest wooVmsrkct. «n«lon« lines of Itnmunso wagons. pded blrtn with *'» s Plante, nro constantly strtaminir through »1 e I’lar.a, on their way to the warrliou'-csi. inm stores aro mostly owned bv ihn better class of Mexlcan-Amertwos or the universal lyncllt', mid oro (rencMllr large anil well stocked with cowls. IWM total llwt there had not been a ,metA-r«ilnrc ~<!rc ,n twenty-fire years. About fix unit’s from I.as Vwras are tlm /ftijious IlotSprlm's, over twenty In number, ndd situated hi n beautiful urassy canon. .he temperature of the springs Is from ICO to 110 cleifrcess. Itlssahlthnt for scrofula. svimllls, nod oilier diseases of the blood. they nre su perior to the Hot Sprint's of Arkansas and are only equaled by some In Oormanv. The holds at the Sprlnes are fair, ami many tenters occupy the surrounding grounds. They arc cvcu now largely resorted to from the States. Tins OATTMJ TIIAU2 of New Mexico Is ossnmlng lmmeo«e pronor- Hons, and 1 would like to sueik of It. n« well as of tlie magnificent cattle-ranches of Wnddlng ham. Pinkerton. Senator Dorsov, tint) others. But I hire otrendv soon nut m»-letter lo too great leoixtti. If I had time I would hko to de scribe the bountiful much of Hie Hon. Mltru**! Otero; to sneak of Fort Union; of the castel lated rocks which assume such varied nud curi ous forms; of the old churches mid the Jesuit College of Las Veens: of the swoct-*<ngmg mocking-birds notivc to this region, und which far exceed In accomplishments too £n«tcrn members of that (nmltv; hut, as I contemplate ntsotne later period mnkme an extended trip to Santa Fe, Laos, Albuquerque, mnl Tucson, I will leave these subjects for future letters. 1 must, however, acknowledge hero the courtesies of Messrs. Webb and Hnlnzar, the proprietors of Hu* iVeio Mexico fJera'd at Las Yogas, a largo am) well-edited sheet, published half In Span ish ami half hi EogllMi. mid who do what they can to make a stranger at home In this Jar-awny land. D. S. Covert. THE VOICE OP THE PEOPLE. “Ttohhnd Ills Fittur.*' To the KiWor of The Trimne. CmcAOO, Aim. 18.—In reference to a tele* cram in Thursday's Issue purporting to order tlie arrest of young Marsoln mid Ids accom plices, Filteaa mid Poulin, I would llko to state that I had nothin)? to do with Marsala except having come here at the same time with him. I did not leave the city, as there was no occa sion for such a course, there being no charge ogalnst me. For mv name atinearlnjr In print I nave to thank a former resident of Montreal named 0. Vlllctieuve, who by the way was well recom pensed hr Marsoln. n-sre, for the recover? ot ms honelul heir, mid who ought to have been satis fied with his Bharc of tho plunder without al tera ptluj; to bluelcou H. I. Poulin. Ilor Own Vropnptv. To the Editor of Thr Tribunt* CniCAfto, Aug. IS.—will you be bo kind ns to correct the statement made by your reporter In regard to the Jackson cace. wherein Mrs. Jack son was represented as having in her homo a lot of goods stolen from the Grand Pacific Ho tell Not an article thus taken could b* Identi fied as belonging to any of tho guest*, but can be proven bv good witnesses to belong to her. and honestly obtained. She is a hard-working woman, mid vou have deprived her of the means of gaining a living, since people are generally very careful as to who Miey trust in their homes. The goods In question have all been returned to her. Will vou Insert, a notice In Tub Tuiuunb to that effect I I remain yours truly, A. 11. BcttosiN. Kent* I'ntd by Utirlo Ram, To the r.dtior n,' The Trihnue. CniCAOO, Aug. 18.—Your pertinent allusion to the dark mid dingy quarters on Arcade court, used for so many years as Sub-Treasury and other Government olllccs, prompts the query whether Uncle Sam might not have found some other building In Chicago, at less rent, that would hare done equally well. Suppose your reporters make an estimate of the aggregate sum paid bv the General Government for the use of the small and dingy moms occupied bv the Courts, Custom-House, Treasury, mm other departments at No. 1511 mid 101 LaSalle street. As I figure, the rents amount to from SIOO,tWO to 8100.000, These enormous rents are paid at the discretion of the Secretary of the Iroasurv, etc., without submitting tho matter to pohlie competition bv advertising for bids from Own ers of buildings. When the Government wants to buy sumo twine, or n few pens and envelopes, long advertisements appear calling for bids and bonds, mid carefully-worded contracts, hut when a public bulbing Is rented nt *‘lo,ooo a year no such precaution against overcharge Is deemed necessary. ______ "• Liability of Contractor*. 9b the Editor of The Tribune. Kilet, 111., Atur. 10.—The Chicago Weekly JoHrmt’ of ttic 151 th Inst., fn its “Questions An swered,” nays: “Theowner of a house built bv contract Is liable for oil the material* fur* ntflhcd amlthc labor employed on such house, if the contractor or builder falls to pay for the same, oven though the owner may have paid him his contract price. See Chau. 28 of iho Revised Statutes of Illinois. See. 20, on liens.” Now. the Supremo Court of Illinois, In the ease of Wetherlll vs. Oholcndorf, til 111., 2SO, UnUer hlli vs. Corwin, 15 111., 550. Kinsey vs. Thomas, 25111., 502, and similar eases, say just thu op posite. Now, which Is right, the Journal or tho Uunrcino Courtl Again, Bee. 20 roforrod to annlh‘B only to a enso of subcontracting, See. 1 being the section tho Journal should have quoted: ami under bee. 21) tho owner would bo liable to tho subcon tractor, hr tho limitation of See. 88, only to the amount duo the original contractor at the time tho notice required bv See. «0 was served upon thu owner bv tho subcontractor. See nl*o tho oases of Culver vs. Fleming, til HI.. 408, ami Schultz vs. Huy. U 3 ill., 157, for same statu inent; whereas tho Journo! would have its in quirer goon ami pay all claims after having paid the owner in full. . „ la this not aimdtcr proof of tho fact that all knowledge should run in certain channels, and Unit oven an editor cannot know nil things, and should therefore tread lightly over tho fields from which others gain their livelihood? Marsh. RpmcuM- Conkllng. To the Editor of The Tribune, Chicago, Aug, 18.—“ Being a woman,” and judging other women by myself, I believe that intimate relations between a married or single woman and one of tho opposite sex might ex ist for years; that they might oven occupy the same house alone, sleep under tho same roof, eat food from the same dUh, nml tho woman bo a good nnd pure one. Yes, “though the heavens should fail,” she cumd actually eat, drink, and be merry, and decide, of her own free will, that “ there should bo no re lations of a sexual nature between them. Nev ertheless, I believe that uo thoroughly pure, true woman, married or single, of a certain or uncertain age, would attempt to do** over c palliate the unquestioned facts regarding Mrs. Sprague. It Is apparent tu the eve of right souse that no woman can utterly disregard tho un'virM'lutiecejtti'J rw'« by which the virtue of tho married Is Judged (take some married man of her acquaintance for her “elected knight,” rise from her scab with uncontrolled agitation uud a countenance pale with fear when she sees him In “a ticklish position,” ba seen riding tu hichwavs with him behind her hushind s “spunking team,” ollow him to follow her from one summer-resort to another, etc.) and net well merit the censure she bus received. Al though criminality Is bv no means a foregone conclusion, lb is invariably suspected, us all women know, and men are not generally con spicuous as “doubting Thomases” on Ujcso oc casions; but, If thu truth wore known, I believe afu often the first to “carry the news to Mary.” No mailer »( she considers these rule* unnecessarily restricting, the excuse that she was as a schoolgirl, reckless anddollant, will not serve hero. To paranhraso Pope’s couplet, such reckless behavior admits of no defense,- a disregard of the cummouest standards of pro- Ertoiv shown lamentable want of sense. I now It was a delight to many of the schoolgirls of mv day to carry on flirtatious with young men, nut not one of the wildest, lam happy to sav, would have carried on a correspondence with “u handsome married man,” and nut one of these but would have looked upon such au escapade with disapproval. A. H« vrer G«., Kir.. To It# IMUor aj Tht IVttuits. Cuiciflo, Aug. 18.—When wul tuls sensation al talk about the prevalence ofaewergas in Chicago cease I If there was mure thau a par ticle of truth lu It 1 would not object, but when I realize the fact. that Chicago was never freer from the effects of noxious gases, and whip I know that this foolish talk has been productive of more Injury to Hie citizens ot Chicago than ever sower gar has been, I must protect against such Mmsfttlotial gossip. I have practiced medi cine In this cl tv sixteen years, and there lias not been a year during my residence here that sewer gns has done less Injury limn now. The few case* whlrh have come ‘Under my care and ob servation have been caused bv ft reckless neg lect of the commonest precaution!, when n“o --pin sleep and live nil dav In close, unventllftted. rooms open'nglnto bath-rooms and water-closets, they must expect to suffer from *he omana'lons of sewer-gas,—at least until therylssomo pliiinb- Ing done on scientific principles. hen people allow overflowing cotch-haslns to remain tin cleaned for years they must expect to suffer from noxious gases back ng Into their houses. 1 wish to statu one fact which ought lo have some hearing on tills question, namelv: that out of twenty cases of disease due In any wsv lo Hcwer-'ms poisoning wliich have come under my cure tli‘s summer Extern were tumlweM out of (own. I’coolu wllblcavo spacious, well-ventila ted house*, whore they havu every comfort In life, und go off to some little village which has no svsteif) of sewerage: will occupy rooms sit uated over fester ng drains and In near proximity to outhouses overflowing with filth and pour.ng out noxious exhalations; and are so surprised when UtfV or iheir children are ftttirked with (Ivscnlerv, diphtheria, or septic fovcrl Mv it teen cases were all contracted at these ‘salu brious villages." . Moreover, this senseless talk Is Injuring Chicago. 1 have received manr letters from people who Intended to coma to Chicago to reside, who, frightened bv the sensational twaddle, suv thev tear to bring their families here. I'conle read the absurd accounts of the supposed dangers of open street air-holes for the escape of sewer gns. Is It to ho supposed that the cities of Ktiehnd, ! ranee, and other countries would adopt this plan, after Tears of investigation, mid on the recommendation of the best scientific authorities on hygiene. If such plan was ns faulty ami dangerous as some would have us believe) I hope yon will allow your conservative paper to discuss this matter In Us trim hearings, and ollay i lie groundless fears which have been aroused. . . , I think our greatest dancers are to be feared from ihe future polaonfinr of our water supply. Already, after southwest winds, I find a sedi ment in the hydrant water full of noxious ani mal and vegetable substances; und I tear for tm* worst when rim North Branch Is oumped Into the lake, which Is not as pure ns It should be already. E. M. Halb. Prof, Salford. To the Editor of The Tribone. Chicago. Aug. 18.—About thirty-sir years ago there lived In a town In the State of Ver mont a boy by the name of Truman 11. Salford, in whom, at the age of 7 yours, was developed the most wonderful power, of mathematics known to history. The most difficult problems, which would require the best professors of mathematics three hours to solve, with slate nnd pencil,—such as obtaining the cube root of filtv figures, or of multiplying fifty or any number of figures Into themselves, or giving tim cube of tiie same.—young Salford would give the result menrolly In fifteen seconds; or. in fact, anv problem, however dllllcult, ho would pcrfofm with the same rapidity. At the ago of 8 years ho made nil the astro nomical calculations, nnd hi* almanacs were In general use In Vermont us being the wonder of the age. 1 think, at the nee of 8 or 0 years, he wa« placed in charge of some professor at Yale or Harvard, for the purpose of properly devel oping his wonderful faculties, since which I have heard nothing of him, nor have I scon any one who lias. . „ . „ Plnce scong the name of Prof. Truman 11. Salford, of the Northwestern University, Chi cago, iimore recently as Professor of Astron omy at Williams College. I thought that pout nlv you might enlighten the readers of Tits TmnuNß if the Professor is the same person referred to; also give a history of the develop ment of his wonderful power of figures; or per haps the Professor himself would be willing to give to the publlca history of the ease.—whether this faculty was retained as his o tier faculties grew, or whether It became Impaired os hn grew older. This Is not entirely tut Isolated case of such development, but Is a most remarkable one, and I Have no doubt the many readers of Tut; Tuihunb would bo pleased to know of the history of tnls ease, particularly If Prof. T. u. Salford, of the Northwestern University, is the mB U. I. U. UNPCIIWOOD. [Prof. Truman H. Salford, now of Williams College, .Massachusetts, urn! formerly Professor of Astronomy In the Chicago University (not the Northwestern), Is the man who was once the wonderful boy referred to. lie is now a first* class mathematician, and very rapid In the uso of figures red formulas. He Is still able to per* form lone calculations mentally, but not to the sumo extent as ha could when a boy; aud does not now cure to undertake them at all. A lew years since he did go through “ a lone sum ” In the presence of the writer of this paragraph. but said afterwards that It made his head nebe, and that such work cost him a fur creator mental effort than when a Doy. There was no special “development” of his wonderful calculating power, it was spontaneous. Hut he afterwards became a niaHieroaliclan, In the trua sense of the word, only by dint of close study, which was hard, even in his case, though not so laborious as with most of those who essay the study of the higher mathematics.] Tin* Dentil of Tliomns Pntne. 3\i (he IMhor oj The Tribune. Cjiicaoo, Aug. 18.—1 notice bv an article In Tin: Tuiiiunb Unit Col. Ingcrsoll Is to the front again with “Thomas Paine.” 1 have olteu thought that perhaps It Is not generally enough ‘known that wo have a pretty authentic account of Thomas Paine’s last days, mid of the “com fort” be found In his peculiar “religion.” Tills can ho found on page Hid of the Idle of Stephen Grcllet, by llenjamln Beehohm, and published In 1800 by ileury Lougatreeth, I’lilla- Orcllet was a very remarkable minister of the Society of friends or Quaker*; ami, at the time of the lust sickness and death of Thomas Paine, Greenwich, N. Y., wos Urn homo Tho following extract Is In Grellat’s own words: . ...... “ I may not omit recording hero Iho death of Thomas Paine. A few davsprcvious to my leav ing homo <m my last religious visit, on hearing that ho wus HI and In a very destitute comllilon 1 wont to see him, and found him hi a wretched stale, for he had been so neglected and forsaken bv his pretended friends Hint ihe common at tentions to u »k'K man had been withheld from him. The skin of his body was m some places worn off, which greatly increased his hutferings. A nurse was provided for him, and some need ful comforts were supplied, lie wus mostlv In a state of stupor, but something that had passed between us had made such an Impression on him that somu days after mv departure ho scut fur me, mid, on being told that I was gone from . home. he wnt for another friend (or Quaker). This. Induced a valua ble young Friend (Mary Uascoe), wno had resided In my family and continued In Green wich during a part of mv absence, frequently to go and take him some refreshment, suitable for an Invalid, furnished by a neighbor. Onto • when she wus there, llireo of his dct«tlcal asso ciates came to the door, mid, In a loud, unfeel ing manner, said. ‘Tom Paine, It Is said you arc turning UhrMlau; but we hope you will die as you have lived,’ and then went away. Go which, turning to Mary Usacoe, he said, You see wliat miserable comtortcrs thuv are. “ Once he asked her if sho had over read our of his writings. Aud, on boiug told that sjie had read but very little of ilium, bo Inquired what sho thought of them, adding, • l?rom such a one as vou 1 expect a correct answer. 1 She told liini’tlmt when verv young his • Age of Henson’ was put Into licr h mdrt, hut that Ihe more she read In it the more dark unddlslresscd bho felt, and sho threw ihe book Into ihe lire. ‘ I wish all hud dune os you.’ he replied; ‘ for If the Devil has ever had any agency in auy work he has had It In my writing that book. *• When going to carry him some refresh ments, she repeatedly heard him uttering the language, *OLord!’ ‘l.ord Godl 1 or ‘Lord Jesus I have nmrev upon me S 1 , “ It la well known that during some weeks of his Illness, when a little treo from bodily pain, he wrote a great deal; this hu nurse told me; im<l Mary Uuscoa repeatedly saw him writing. I fills companions lu Inlldulltv bad found any thing tu suDOort the Idea that he continued ou his dcttih-bud to espouse tlielrcause, would they not lioye eagerly published It! Out nut a word Is sold: there Is u locaUecrocy ad to what has become of those writings.” \v. A. e. “Trainer’* Uealli—The Other Side.’* Ta thi KdUor oj 77» Tribune. Oak Panic, Auir. 18.-“ J. H.," under tho above caption, casta serious reflections on tho Coroner’s jury for ihclr action In thd Trainer* Baldwin shooting case. Tho Idea advanced by the writer Is, that tho tnvosthtation was entirely one-sldcd, that tho Baldwins are murderers and perjurers, and that Trainer died whilst seeking alms at the house of the Baldwins. ' fwosa juror on that invocation, and do sire to say that U was conducted in bu Impartial and tuorousb manuijr. Witnesses were uues* Uocad audvrou*ausiUuuodbi Coroaw and Jury. Tlic house ntnl premises were carefully exam ined by us. 'J'lio Jury were convinced of the following facts: First, that efforts had been made to enter the bouse bv a person or peraons at tho front oart of the honse; second, that talking by one or more persons was beard at the aouth side of the house, and that tho key had been pushed from its place In the door and thumps made against the west door with something sufficlcnt- Iv Heavy to leavo indentures in mo wood; third, that deni iixls for entrance were matin hr the party outsldo, with threats of violence if the do m md was not granted ; fourtn, that the younger Baldwin saw the Intruder near the door with the mop-li itidlo raised In a threatening attitude, and that he fired nod kilted the man; fifth, the Coroner, from the feature* of the dead man nnd papers found on his person, recognizedtho body as that of.T. D. Trainer, lie knew him only, silfrlitly, and could express no opinion good or bad concernin'? him. . . . From a motley mess of papers It was found that he had h«en solicitor for a Socialist paper. Thw, Mr. Editor, wen In substance the facts from which the jury gathered material for tbelr verdict. . . j ~ Thera was nothlmr to show that the dead tnan had come to Mm house to “seek shelter or oak alms” at .1:30a. m. . The lory believed that the Baldwins did just what Oil per rent of all orudent men would have done under similar circumstances, and for this tho Jury commended them. “.t, B." should remember that the Jury did not know, what has subsequently been shown, name ly: that Trainer wn» an educated, peaceable, nn* fortunate man. It was left to nth unfortunate wlfo to tell the public Hint her hush md came homo Wednesday evemrur In a terrible state of mental mid physical excitement. It was for o’hers to sav that ho was seen early Thursday morning going out of Lin coln I’nrk so aoparenlly crazed that he did not recognize his Intimate acquaintance; and It was for a good lady of Oak L’ark to notify the county undertaker a» sue saw the remains of the dead man that she and a friend had seen him late Thursday afternoon In tho western part of die village, swinging Ids hands, talk ing to himself, mid clearly demoustratlug that he wn« not of sound mind. But these later facts were not known to the Baldwins, nor to the Jury. 1 am now fully convinced that Trainer bad wandered out to Hirer Forest with reason de throned; I am of opinion (lint there was no one with him when he attempted to enter the house; litc conversation beard by the Bald wins was, doubtless, bis own talk to himself. In his crazed condition be may have Imagined himself fastened out of his own hou<c, mid hence used the means that he did to gain en trance. This, at least, Is a reasonable as well os a charitable view of the affair. But wno. even with these Inter facts before them, can censure the Bildwlns tor their nets, or the Jury for their verdict! dusncu. A Card from Mr. Knander. rn thr E'lltor of Tht TriLurw. CmcAGO, Auff. IS.—At first I did not think It worth the while to pay any attention whatever to the anonymous letter In your paocr of last Wednesday denouncing my appointment to the State Board .of Education. But, fearing that my alienee might be construed by my detractor Into an indirect admission of the truth of hla overconfident assertions and willful crimina tions, I come to you, Mr. Editor, through whose columns ho was permitted to 'cot his spleen, with a respectful request that you set me right before vour ravnads of readers, some of wtiom may have become prejudiced against me on ac count of his vile aspersions. 7/rm’ondrf was started, under the mils of the Augustana Synod, In ISSI, "ot which time the Swedes were rather “ few and far between ” In this country, and was for a short period edited ns a semi-religious, seml-pnlHloal paper; but a change In tills regard was soon effected bv the establishment of a monthly devoting itself ex clusively to the religions hiterostsof the Lutheran Church. Uem'andtl then became a politic al organ, and advocated from the very first iho abolition of slavery, mid ha* al ways been n consistent mid faithful adherent mid supnorter of Republican principles. Ilem lamlcf remained In the possession of Us original founders until 1872. when the ownership was transferred, In due form and for a considera tion, to “another person 11 and invsclf. An overwhelming ma)orlU of mv countrymen, both In America and Sweden, have been educated os l.ti'herans, and ainccrclv hehcveln ami love die do 'tnas mid form of worship given and pro claimed by the Circat Reformer; mid we have 1 conducted the paper to accord to this predomi nant feeling, without showing, though, any un due bias or running counter to anv other relig ious belief. The fact Is, UtmUtmM has occupied and occupies a frleudlv position to, mid counts traders auuiu/, all the different Swedish relig ious seels, mid has freely and gratu itously opened Its columns for announce ments of mcetngs. no matter whetner religious, social, or political, In the same man ner as it Is done by the better ciussof the Amer ican secular press. All of which goes to dis prove the fllmsv, absurd, meaningless charge that /leinhndet “represents politics In religion and religion In polities.” , 1 defy iuv calumniator to bring forth the slightest proof tending to show that I have •‘worked for the Abderian Idea of cstulmsh’ng a Swedish nationality In the United States.” I have tried to fnnilsh mv countrymen, everv week, with a readable nru-spaper in our mother longue. Tnal’soUt On a recent visit to Sweden I became, as specially requested by the above-mentioned Synod, tbo bearer of a petition to the authori ties. setting forth the peculiar situation of the Swedes In America, but containing mith'ng de rogatory to the American people or American Institutions. I was not at the time awnte of any bending of kuees or any abject supplication. It Is, or ought to bo, a well-known fact that most of the Swedes who arrive here, and who In realltv materially contribute to the progress, prosjicrlly, and wealth of this country, belong to the farming and laboring classes, ami that a majority have reached on ago precluding the possibility of their ever becoming fully as similated with the American people. Inis Is into also, I believe, of Immigrants from other countries. But anv candid man, who knows, whereof he speaks, will no doubt readily admit that Iho Swedes, ns a rule, are less clannish than many oher naMonallties; and If will hard ly require a generation before the greater num ber our present Swedish poonlallon becomes thoroughly Americanized. It was in Mm Inter est of those countrymen who come here at a maturor ace, and whose spiritual wants have to bo attended to, that In a great measure this, in Itself Insignificant, favor was solicited ami will ingly granted bv the Swedish Government; and Jtsonlyo hcr object was to smooth the oath for those few seekers after truth and wisdom who might foci an unconquerable desire to do homage to Minerva at the two renowned seat* of learning of which my fa'herluul Is so justly proud. If I mu not mistaken, native born American youths do not consider them selves degraded hr studying at Institutions of u similar character in .various parts of Kurone: wnv, then, should not young s>wedes be allowed to turn a longing evo to the venerable univer sities at Upsala and Lund, that rank among Urn foremost In the world In point of learning, scientific research, and glorious works of Im mortal genius. . .... -r, , “Furthermore. It was” not “Mr. Kn wider who wrote, without protest (what remarkable sagacity I), a matchless resolution, prohibit.ng children of members to attend the American nubile schools if the Bible should be permu neutlV excluded from ihern.” The resoluihm was written and Introduced bv some one olao (Mr. “Hater” could easily nave found out by whom. If ho had taken the trouble to Inquire, ormavboho utters a falsehood wH>wuu!). \ declare moat emphatically ami unequivocally that I was not Its author, and have never said or written anything In Its defense, const 1 * uuentlT. 1 do not fool In the slightest degree disturbed bv this queer and far-fetched reason for aslandrous attack. , . The gratuitous insults your correspondent, apparently blinded by rogn ami envy, heaps upon his vuuutrrmen with stint or distinction, ought to bring rue blush of shmnu lu his cheeks when he—ln duo Umc, us I hope—recovers his lefrrr senses. ..... * . > At last, for Iho consolation of his distracted soul, let mu add that, Simula I, utter becom ing more fully acquainted with the duties of mv nnw position, so unexpectedly and without any solicitation eonlerred, find myself unable to dis charge them properlv, and with credit lu my na tionality mid myself, I shall hasten to “step down and nut," mid cheerfully recommend “ A bwudish Haler of Bigotry If ho so desires— as mv successor, seeing nmt he is so extremely anxious about ihc spiritual welfare of his coun trymen and mine. •!, A. Enanubu. ••No Ofllulal Ilimur*"—W .»• the ItrltUh Of* H«-er« In Japan llau Away W.ion Qua. Grant Chiiic. • Itn»nrlff»' Oiutlt nnil Cu»am* ftiwit, WibiusoTDN, I>. C.. Autf. ll.—liipumjifl and Chinese newspapers, dltmidaiu' Hio recupilon of cx President Grant, have nud mure or leas to mv about whether orniit um ex-Preshlcut Is en titled by luagc to bo saluted. In Japan he was saluted by mo Japanese war vessel* and outer* Ulned In the uraud&t fashion ny Hie civic au theritles. Uut the quemlou was settled for the KntflUU by um fguuwuiK circular seut to tho Governor* of British colonies; Uowninu StKtrr, Feb. 8, I ®7o.—B»b: I hava tb« bailor to acgujuiuioa that hoc Alajesiv s Gov* ernmmt h*w been Informed hv the United State* MtnMer In this country that Gen. Oran*, ale Pre*. Mont of the United Staler. accompanied by Mr*. Grant, and hflrpon. Col. Frederick Grant, propom 1« make a tour hi India, And posslnly In Australia and New Zealand, nn 1 baa Already embarked for that purpose from Marseilles. Her Majesty a Gpv» erument are fnrther Informed that Gen. fJtant nai Iven Joined hr the linn. Mr. Ilorle. formerly Sec retirr of the United Stale* Navy, «" f l that Uio Gov* eminent of the United Plates bin placed at (Jen. Grant'* dt*po*al the sinamer Illchmond, which will meet the nartv at *omo Kaatern port. I hare to add tnat no*nlnto or olllcial honor# should bcclven In the event of Clcn. Grant'* vlsltlmr the colonv nnder your centred, hot mat he should receive all •nch eburte*!** a* are proper In the case of ft dla» tlnipilshed forclcner. I have the honor to be, air, yrnir most obedient, humble servant. M. K. HiCK**Ur:acu. From'ihe above circular (which I believe has never been published in this country) It will be seen that English o Hirer* store authorized to refrain from giv.ng salutes or official honors, ‘but that were to extend “all such courtesies as are proper In the ease of a distinguished for eigner.” The reports received In this count rr to the effect that certain English officers In Japan had run awa*’from or purposely avoided (ion. Grant Indicate that tins conduct of those officers was tin* result of Instructions or hint* from the “home authorities ”s but It would seem, In the light of the above-quoted circular, that they were unwarranted In doing ns thev nld, and were, therefore. culliv of conduct unbecoming officers and gentlemen. BOSTON. Hub Characteristics Tho Hotels “ Tho Mighty The Newspapers—Swamp •rott—.lnnnusehek—Mrs. Lander—Salem— The Wltolfllouse—The Plummer Instl tnte Tho Peabody Mansion —Charlotte Cushman. Swrint Carmr'ni'Tcnrs nf Thf THhtins. Boston', Aug. 14.—Bostonians arc slleldly ag itated over the Idea that a few of their most enterprising citizens arc endeavoring to have an elevated railroad, similar to but belter than that of New York. Charles E. Powers, Presi dent of various railroads In the State, declares they sAaff have It. He says It took eighteen years to get a charter for a horse-railroad, and it look a long time to take a part ot the fence around the Common down; but it came down at last, and Boiton to-dav has more horse-car tracks than any other city of its size m the States. Boston Is a vert clean cltv, and its ladles have the good sense and taste to dress p’nlnly on the street, although, to a casual observer, they mav appear unbecomingly dressed. The cal tun} and refinement for which Boston has such alvlde-spread reputation are conllnert ton certain ctoss, and arc by no means general. There Is no city in America where you will dally meet with as many 111-mannered, Inquisitive, ami withal Indifferent people, as In this modern Athens. On Sunday the crowds of roughs that frequent the watering-places In the vicinity have no rivals In New York, spile ot Us foreign scum and bad reputation. The markets have a pour display, and the necessaries of life are twice as dear as In Chicago or Cincinnati. The saultnrv condition of the city Is very rood, and, despite the tropical heat, the cast winds make it endurable in summer. Rents are dear here, ond $1,033 per ounum will scarce provide a good house. The fares on nil the horse-railroads arc six cents, nud some charge 10 for a four-mile ride. There are not In Boston more Iban two first class hotels, and tbev are out of the way as to situation. Parker’s Hotel, on the European plan, has a good eulslnc: bat the prices are as dear as ton years ago: besides. It Is more for gentlemen than families. Tbeold Revere House, which has been open for nenrlv half a century, has now all the modern Improvements, and the rates arc reasonable. The Revere has probably entertained more distinguished guests than ativ other hotel In the Hub. Here .lennv I.lnd, N’lls son, Tltlens, Pntepa-Rosa. mid odicr great sing ers have alwats stopped. Among the Royal guests have been the Prince of Wales mid the Grmd-Dukc Alexis. The house was then man aged hv Paran Stevens. Little did Parnn Stevens think, eighteen years ago, when the I’rltn-o of Wales stopped in this house, that his Mule girl Mlnn’c would wed a Paget, mid have Enghnd’s future King for her baby’s godfather. Verily, Fortune’s freaks arc strange. B. Woolf, the dramatic author. Is »m«Ily en gagsd on a play that Is far ahead of “The Mlghtv Dollar.” Bon. na he Is- e.miinonlv called, Is a line-looking man. of dark complex ion and pleasing address. When he originally wrote “The Mlchtv Dollar” dor Florence, there was nailing In U lor Mrs. Florence; and he Bays It was no effort to write In her part. Her manner and use of French struck him us vt-ry original: so ho simple adapted these char acteristics Into tho role of Mrs. Oilj'oru, and tils task was done. U(h.i Hawthorne (.Mrs. Lnthron). <lamrhtcr of tlmwrltcr, Nathaniel Hawthorne. uses tier pen ns cleverly as her brush. Stic lua ju?t made lier debut ns on authoress, ami la u frequmit . contributor to her hush nut's patvir, the Hour ft. For a lons time «>»« was n pupil of Mm well known painter, llenrv Bacon, amt evinced re morkablo tnleut In art, with u lino eye lor color. ' , ~ Mr. Edwin Bacon, nine© ho fevered his con nection with me rtoV, tin* held an editorial po stilim on the Advertiser* widen la u much brighter paper than it was three year® uvo. Mr. Bmon, writes fvmmctrically mm lucidlv, without parade of allusion or qunla'ion. lie is a voting man, and Hie Boston press needs young men. There Is no dallv paper puldlahed hen* that can compare with Tub Chicago TmniiSß or me Cummerch' of Cincinnati. The is a wort of society evening paper. The Journu and Traveler are called old-fogy. Tim ifrrml has an immense circulation, and Is In the hands of verr hnlllant men. As un apology lor small circulation, an editor said of his piper. Ills out the quantity of news, hut the qualUv, wo look to here.” That may he, but. people want news in a newspaper; they can llnd line litera ture in matnir.lucs. The Advfrt : *er is urn best daily here fur commercial am! irimer.il news. Tim J\>*l comes next. The (U<jbe la a small Democratic hlmet. ami has a atruirule to exist, tlmuglut Is in clever Inmls. The UmelteU tliu oldest weekly published iiero. The most charm.tig sua-sitorc retort near B is ton is Swatnpseot t, about half mi hour’s rale from the cliv. A great mativ New-Yorkers have beautiful collages there, among them John 0. llohbms and Ins family. Madame Jmmusehek, the great tragedienne, rented Mrs. Uen. Lauder’s cotugo foVlhebca son. and is living verv retired. Bho starts on her *tarr ng tour dm Irl of September, mid troes dtrecilv West, rilm will not play m any of Urn Eastern cities (his season. Sim spoke with re trretof theiruunlo she had with her lornmr manager, and said she had Ind Implicit conil deuce In Mr. Caimlnu until overwhelming proofs were shown her of ids unlatr dealma. There Is In this lady it HlneenU and eharitv of speech concerning sister-artists, that render her sojlotv charm ng. Sue is free from nlfe.'i atlon, wonuniy to a fault, mid u horn artlfi, Bpeakmgof her pet plays she said. "I have not been able to play them In English.” She said Cincinnati mis a verv bad theatrical city, hut she liked Coleairo, New York, and Boston, bhe tliomrtit the railroad companies had a harvest in siore for timm llm com tig season, there were bo manv traveling companies on tiie tapis. Mud nine J. Is evidently a ureal, reader of Engium lit* crature, Judg ng from the number ol magi xlnes and books on her table, liar rooms were in perfect order, and llm air fragrant with lloral ornaments of everv suedes, llm Baron do I‘dolt, or plain Mr. I’ilult as 119 prefers to call himself, Is her audit for ihe eom.ng season. .Mrs. Linder Is unite us clever a financier ns elio is an actress, she owns u line property on Ocean avenue,—three cottages, with a beautiful lawn, well studded with trees, in trout, end a stretch ol 1 mil terraced down to the surf. Since the depreciation In rcalcslatu this property is, of courn?, not so valuable; nevertheless,, its lo cation is unsurpassed,—at the Junction of Lvnn mid Bwutnpscutt. TJie horse and steam cars are both within two minutes 1 walk of her grounds, while »cu mid gr«vo are its pleasant surround lugs. Her two adopted sous, with their tutor, are here. They arc very llnedooKing. and de votedly attached to Mrs. L mder, who spares 110 oxtisnso to educate them. From Hwampicolt to B.iletu Is a ueli„htfnl rtdo of un hour hv carriage through a nneij* culilvatcd country. Salem is ami ul tho quaint* cst.and perhaps most interest og, towns m int vicinity of Hutton. Among historical curludt « s Is the old •* Witch lloiiW wnere Judge Lur wln resided, and where the witches were UK 1 and condemned to death. It is over old, and U now used us a drug-store. l lhe■ In* lurlor is lu its pr-mltlvo •lalv, uml beams are almoil us hurdU* ■tone. Wiu haraU was imported mini Leglihd, where it ad Inrtii, slid watdujmea at ©alum. At urn old -Court* House here are manv do.-anienu used dur.tiK the trials, together wlm numerous pin* which were used as evidence against ihe witches. Ur. 1 Farrington now owns the property, mid w very alliblo about admitting visitors “ behind the , ■ -cues ” of tlio quaint old structure. Here also Is the relic of Urn first church ever built In Salem. over 210 year* ago. it la encasec. in n fntmo building built expressly for the pur pose. mid h tlic property of tins Essex institute* Among tlic antique mementoes to Imj aeon la an old sola. covered wlth'rlch Flemish tapestry, datlHir to the Sixteenth Ccnturv, mid brought from Normandy Ur some of the Huguenots. over COO vears ago. , Old-fashioned baptismal fonts, quaint spinning-wheels, pew-doors, and a desk used in the old Custom-House, belonging to Hawthorn?; together with two pianos manu factured In London a century ago, aro on exhi bition. ' _ Close at hand I# tho Plummer Institute, or ■ Historical Mbrary Rooms containing 40.000 vol umes.—among them rare amt odd collections gathered nml classified by the venerable l)f. Wheatland. who has devoted bin life to this labor ot love. Among ttin collections ha showed mo were clt v directories of all the cities In America, and some In Europe, doting back to 1700. Some of them of that data look like oocket-Blblcs, while those ot to-dav resemble unabridged dictionaries. Then came a collection of Bibles dating back to the Fifteenth Centum then a collection ot nit thn works written on Spiritualism. 'I ho mo«f. Inlorcst'ng. however, were the catalogues of Harvard College, dating hack to the time of and before thn rclgd of George Ilf. and coming down to the present dav. Among those manu scripts was no address congratulating -hll .Majesty on his ascension to the throne, "he venerable Doctor said that he was working on a department that o'.hcr people neglect, and he did not. want to ruu Into oilier folks’ rut. A collection of all Hie rejected plans lor Hie Cen tennial of 1870 Is carefully preserved t also, everv Item for the sla’ionery, tags, ticket*, passes, programmes, bdls-of-fare, etc. This collection fills threo largo volumes, In which thev are pasted as a sort of unique scrap-book. The collections ot coins and paper money. I needier with valuable relics of a prehistoric nature, give this Institute an advantage over any odicr In the State. OneTmndrcd and fifty thous'ml pamphlets ore to be found there. Dr. Wheatland claims It is the largest collection in America. The Peabody mansion (where dwelt so many rears Hie great philanthropist ot this ecnturyj Is now the property of a clairvoyant, who hangi her sign out as a “lest medium." The houss Is a large one, Imdtuf brick, four stories high, and on n beautiful lot over 103 feet deep. Il ls next dour to the Plummer Institute, In Ihe heart of lids enlightened town. Verily, ex tremes meet tn this age ol progress. The Peabody Scientific Sodety nml Natural History Hoorn9 are tccmmg with Instructive specimens from the anlmul ami mineral king* doms. From Salem I went to the silent city ot Mount Auburn, where, only a tulle from the classic shades of Harvard, slumber 27,013 souls. I nought the rest ng-place of Charlotte Cushman. It Is delightfully situated lu the buck part of the cemetery, at the base of a hill, with a trr.iml view ol Boston ami the Charles Hirer In the for distance. The keeper told we that, when Miss Cushman selected the lot, she said, nodd tig her approval of It, “ Hero 1 shall lie In stirht of dear old Boston.” The lot. Is a verv Inree one. mid In excellent order; bat not a flower, tree, ot sbrub ornaments It. A tittle plain marble tablet, three Inches thick mid about four feet high, resting on a flat, freestone socket, bear mr slm* olv her name, mid valued at about 820, Is all there Is to mark rite resting-place of the Trade Queen who left half n million dollart to tier next of kin. Ah met when dead how soon we are forgotten 1 The profession on which she shed lustre would have paid better homage to their dead Oucen’s memory. Maiur T. Councßi.Lfis. NEW ROUTE FROM CHICAGO TO MOBILE. To Itif Udltor «/ TV TrUtunc- Modltov, Ala., Aug. H.—On the 22d of Feb ruary, 1877, you published a letter In your val uable journal, which I addressed to you, In re gard to Uni wonderful mineral rcsoursns and manufacturing capabilities of Alabama, and mure particularly In reference to the construc tion of an nir-lin? railway from Chicago to Mo bile, via Evansville. !nd„ mid Florence mid Tus caloosa, Ain., the nearest possible line from the Lakes to the Gulf. That’leltcr elicited man? Inquiries from railroad men In your city, desir ing more uellnitc Information in regard to tide verv Imrortoot Hite of railway, opening tip q new, nearer, mid cheaper route from tlio Lakes to iln- Gulf o r Mexico. A distinguished citizen u:nl railroad man of vour cltv. after looking Into the matter and satisfying himself of Mm feasi bility Hnil necessity of tula route, Immediately took hold ol ihe enterprise with n zeal .mdener gv eommen-urnte witn It.s Importance, mid baa been at work at U ever since,'with lair yroaaeer of success. , . Tiu-re are but two short links In tho chain ot mil «o build, via.: from Evansville to Flo.ou.v, 'mill from Fiat cnee to Tuscaloosa. Those Unas of mil completed, a composite line of ra’l iiml water will be formed between the Lakes mid the (iulf, widcb will not onlv open no n new route, tint ilu* nearest, safest, mid cheapest of anv now in existence. Alabama mid Illinois, Chicago mid Mobile, are destined to become llietrmiC ventricles of the Menlsslup! Valley, thrnugo whim will pass ihe highway for dciensivc com munication In war mid commercial triliieiu peace. Tills is not only me gateway to ;ho I'Ommeree of Hie Gulf, hut also of die West Indies and ihe Centra! mnt South America* Stales. When the great National mid Interna tlonnl work of cuttmg a shto-cunal across th» Peninsula of Flor.da Is complete,—which U hit; a question of time.—thus uniting the Atlantis with the Gulf, and a slilp-eanul Is cut across the Isthmus of Darieu, wntch is also hut n question of time, uniting the water* »>f 'in* Gun with tim.io of the Paeitic, tne Gull of Mexico will become the busiest scene of corn* murcc mi! worhl ever witnessed. These great work* will revolutionize the commerce of the world. The interest of the commercial world dem mds their immcdiatceousumTutlon. From Cairo to New Orleans It is I.UaJ miles; from Cairo to Mobile, via Coosa Canal, LOW miles; Irom Cairo, via Florence ami Tuscaloosa, Ala., d"k) to TOO miles, and onlv 103 tulles of rail. This in tiie true Alabama water-line iron* the lakes to tin* Gulf. When this now water-line Is oocticd up, coni may ha delivered lu .Mobile lor $2.53 per ton, Including niln.ng mm transportation. Mobile muv become to Alabama wlmt Akron became to Unlo. Cheap coal made it the most flourishing cltv in me State of Ohio. It will exert the same Influence upon Tuscaloosa, Tuscmnbla, and Florence. Manufactories are what makes llouilshng mid populous towns mul cities. '1 here are consumed in mid around Mobile ami the Gulf about 2,333.033 t0i1,030.033 tons of coal annually. It. was estimated hv Commissioner Maurv Hint die nteam marine of the Gull would In the future consume 13,003,033 lous ol coal nimuullv. Thc oal to supply this dum md has heretofore coma from Pennsvlvtutla and hn i*l mcl at u cost of from sl3 to sll per ton. When this new rail mid water lino Is opened up. which will ho in the near future, Alabama can supply this Uemmd fur coal at a price which will defy all competition. The coal, now dor mant wealth, wtll hr.ng more money into me State annually than her outside cotroa-emp, amounting now to Iron* $-10,033,030 to $;j3,030.« Mi). Caudal, population, md machinery will follow tins line, mid cotton and woolen lac icirh'S, Iron furnaces, rullmg-mills, and lumber mills wdl sprain up. giving omplo meut toihou snnN of able-hoilled men and destitute widows mid orplian clilldrcn. I here allude more par ticularly to the rail pare of this enterprise, which will na*s through North Alabama, abounding iu all the natural elements oiweaun, —coal, Iron, copper, lumber, mid water-power. This new route will enable Mobile to compote with New Orleans m u grain-depot for the trade pf the West Indies, the Central uud buuth American States, os wed os Kerone. Tim people of the West tavc louff cried out for new .md cheaper routes for the shipments of their cereals than hv the liikcs »ml rallwa * of the North. This nil mid water Hue presents the new mid cheap route lor winch they have so loug prayed. Respectfully, oICm w The Um»k tu lb Abolished. lstt*r from Jritnif Janr, An account was tfiven a few week* sines of a fas.nomule iMur l>iu,’-lioii3U to New York which lia l reur'.mi/ed on the cu-oyerativo principle, iiml was supplied bv n caterer with cooked rood ui ilu* rale of s.'» pur bea t fur hot breakfasts ana dinners me lur.Umi b® nj; lanio cnemrli tu leave an amnio surplus for luncheon lor those WHO wanted it. A little Inquiry since then baa revealed mu fact Unit upward* of a dozen orl va*e caterers are now cnxaued In snw.n:: cooked lojJ to (uuilliea and Individual*; and this* uum- Ij.t will be augmented dur.nj; mo com ns tali, for a lartto iminuer at persons wlio have been lu tnelubitor Hv.ui; In boarduig-bouses and fam ily lioteU will uladlv avail mcuuulves of this incilmd, winch atford* some of the comforts of butiiukeuu ns without its molt dreaded re sponsibility. Tlio muse lamous caterer Is a vruiuan, wno Is celebrated lor the amount of lino same and poultry deliciously cooked widen she add* to her bill of tare. Uut her prices are somewhat blither than ilio averaue. 'theyaro s.l per week fur two meals per day fur each per son, without tea or eulfee. Wdn these added, stj charges $7. Families of six find that It Is cpiltu sulll.lont to order lor four, so that Um actual cost la no nulre—Uurdly us much, lu fact-— v as me average expense lor ihu table of a family comUtluy ot the given number of parsons. Delicate Fi.ATTimv.— Farmer Jones— Well, how do yea like that aanfurd's Jamaica Olua»r. Mr. O'Uradyl’V Mr. o’Urady-‘*Suuro, new, •farmer, and isn't it many a lo.u day slave 1 had the (euuu/ to wotcoiaa anna a salubriudi teeiaful* 9 id