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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, August 19, 1879, Image 9

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Trinidad ~ Mtxican-Amsrljjans B!m
-mons* Hast— Coal-Bedj—Xho
Tho Famnns Maxwell Ornnt—now Four
Million Dollars Was Dor
rowed on Its
Oloro—Dig Bnsincss-Honscs—Tho Lava-
Bada—(Blurry Valley.
las fcgai-A Roltl-llot Springs—Ha Collie-
Trade of Sen Unite.
Spftfnl Comip'inrtrnes of The Tritium,
Colorado Springs, Col., Aug. B.—l have re*
ctmK returned from a vary pleasant trio to Las
Teens, the present terminus of the Pacific lino
of me Atchison. Toookn & Santa Fc Railroad,
l went to Trinidad by way of f lie Denver & Rio
Qrando Railroad, ana spent two nights there,
renewing old acquaintances uud making now
- The maps mostly show
as if standing out on the plains: and I remem
ber that, before my first visit there, I expected
to find an old Mexican town, of adobe houses,
standing but in the hot, treeless oleins; ami, ns
the railroad had but recently reached Hare, I
bad heard that It was full of gamblers, rnfilans,
and desperadoes,—tho refuse of society which
generally keeps to the front of railroad-exten
sions. The latter statement was propably true
atUiellmeof the coroplbtlmi the railroad;
but now Trinidad l* a lively business place, and
as free of the desperado element a« any frontier
ploco 1 have visited. It Is beautifully located,
just at the, foot of the * Raton . Mountain
rouge, and In. the valley of one
of those strcams'Whlch make glad this usually
arid region with greenness, shade, und fertile
fields. This river was named by the old Mex
ican settlers the “ PurgatolrC,” or Purgatory
River,— though why 1 cannot guess, ns Its
grassy banks and mountain-slopes suggest
pleasanter thoughts. The American settlers
could not master tlie word, and hove vulgarized
It Into “Plcketwlre, n —by which name It more
generally passes.
Tho volley is cultivated
whoso one-story bouses, built of unburned
adobe brick*, or of poles sot upright and the
Interstices plastered with mud, line the stream
at lutervols for miles. The fields In the valley
look beautifully green with the low Mexican
corn, ou which the curs shoot out close to tho
ground, and with , wheat upd .oats, all looking
well and promising an - abundant harvest. I
was surprised at -the excellent appearance of
tho crops,'considering that.the Mexican still
uses the same plow, made of • a crooked stick,
which wo used to see In the pictures of “Bible
Antiquities.” Some of their houses are ntatly
whitewashed; and the brown faces gathered nt
the doors and Windows; to see the train go by
give an air of novelty to the scene. The con
ductor told me that the rallroad-traln Is a thing
of ucvcr-ccaslng interest to them, and they al
- ways Hock out to sec It.
lu Trinidad the majority of the Inhabitants
seem to bo , Americans, and their dwellings,
whether of adobe, frame, brick, or stone, gen
erally look ‘neat and tidy, mid tho stone-build
ings arc anusuallytarco and line. Many ot them
would be very respectable, both in size mid In
the stocks of goods they carry, on State or Mad
ison street, in Chicago. The United States
Hotel, kept 'by tlie Messrs. Wilson, la large mid
well kept, with'good beds, and an excellent
tunic for tblb country. There are two banks,
occupying fine cut-stone buildings: and two
dally newspapers,—the Xeioa and the Enterprlte,
—which keeps things lively bv their constant
iparnng. I-met sot oral times Lute Wilcox, ot
< the A*«m,—a' good fellow, and with his pencil
always ready for Homs.
Back of the town rises a singular mountain,
called Raton Teak, or' sometimes Fisher’s Beak,
which descends to the east by regular flat-tap
ped terraces with vertical sides, and so high as
to bo a landmark visible at a great distance.
Opposite tho town, mid across tho Purgatolrc,
rises a high, rocky hill, steep and; precipitous in
front, bat more sloping on the sides, called
It (s said that 000 of the oldest American set-
tiers, named Simmons, used to climb the bill,
and from the summit look over the plains to
wards his far-castcrn home, with all tho devo
tion of a Mussulman praying towards Mecca,
and prepared a tomb upon Us top for bin final
resting-place, whence thu name It bears. Stand
ing oil m a distance towards £1 Moro, nml in
range with Its front, there appears upon Us face
a singular formation of rock, showing the clear
profile of a man’s head with a kind of helmet
on: and n small plno growing out of a crevice
makes a very complete slde-whlskcr.
The train leading southward follows tho river
(or some distance, passing a few miles out im
mense beds of coal cropping out of tho moun
tain-sides, which will furnish an inexhaustible
supply for future times, nml of n quality equal
tu the celebrated coals of El Moro or Canon
Citr, ami producing a coke for smelting pur
poses which will rival that of Connf llsvlllc, I’n.
The volley traversed by tho railroad Is very
beautiful, and constantly ascending until, ut a
distance of about twenty miles from Trinidad,
It crosses the Union Kanco by
which I fully described in a letter lust Jail. Tho
Switchbovlc Is a zigzag line, running back and,
forth, with a constantly ascending grade, up
000 side of the mountain, nml a similar descent
on thu oilier side,—the grade being In places 817
feet to the tulle, Iho greatest known In Ameri
can railroad engineering. I then also described
the “ Uncle Dick,” the largest locomotive en
gine in the world, weighing when ready for
work ninety tons, ami used fur hauling thu
trains over the Pass. Tho railroad has a tunnel
Hear the summit, now almost completed, which
1* 2,000 feet in length, and which will avoid Iho
heaviest grades. Tho rock cut by the tunnel,
and which is oiled In great masses on thu
dumps, is a whitish-gray sandstone, which would
make a very handsome building material. 1
unlived In all thu cuts over thu mountain, nml
for many miles along the road, scams otcoal;
and in one place tne road-bed is laid on one of
tin'll). The old wagon-road of the ttauta Fa
trail Is close bv, ami pusses through two singular
rocky dollies,—the one on the north side of Urn
mountain being called “Ilell-Uate.” and the
mm on me south side the “ Devil’s Uao,”—very
proper associates (or Purgatory lllver. Uv the
Way, it was mentioned to mu as it noticeable fact
that the line of thu Atchison. Topeka & Santa
*e itullroad, tu no part of its located line from
the Missouri lllver, departs more than tcu miles
from tiie Hue of the old Santa Fe trail.
from this paint thu railroad traverses for
more than llfty tulles
■which bos a curious history. Like most of the
ureal Mexican grants, It was originally given by
luul Government lor the purpose of securing
the colonization of the Northern Mexican States.
At Unit period the Indian tribes were bo tierce
and aggressive that only large colonies could
settle In Ihesu districts with any safety; ami,
to secure them. Immense tracts of land were
UTsnted. The Maxwell Grout was originally
issued to Uenuhtcn mid Miranda, mid covered
i» ?*WJO square miles of mountain and plain.
Ucaubloti died shortly alter, und loft bU Inter,
tit to bis son-10-luw, Maxwell, who purchased
” **lher Interests and became lists solo propria*
Jr;. ,0 soured some settlement upon the
•m. *• an J l Vartlallv developed the mineral re*
lourics of u lt . mountains.
after mu annexation of New Mex
'L'* 5 United States, J. 13. Clmlleu (late
liiHo, ® la,es Senator from Colorado). Jack
u,i.» ul li one or rwo others secured o eon*
Jf-j-J * 1 ‘ Mr * Maxwell under which they bold
lo «n Kngllsh company tor
mie'lLu °* which Mr. Maxwell received
M*esc ItrltoDs'eomu over, ami expend*
'* u,, ' 1 I rt ‘ls of thousands of dollars in
lasi rl flmin.* ii* tc- ' firc4, Ung buildings, ate. At
■j«rVm U m M. 1 *! 5 / wero «ot able to secure a prof
iaole immigration io these distant wilds, they
i ney had a very largo mid hlghly-colomkmap
of Hie grunt prepared, showing .a thickly-popu
lated region, doited with towns and villages,
end navigable streams with steamers amt sail*
. mg*croU ulylng upon their waters. Cimarron—
their capital city—was described in glowing col
orsas su entrepot Of commerce, a secood llag
flau, rich with the wealth of the Occident, whoso
Wtttm boa tit* £ut •xohuwd the products
of I In? States for i!k* golden treasures of the
mountain*. Fine public bulldinus were shown;
also rich gold and silver mines In tin* mountains
on ilit* errant, with mills «ml rediicllon*wurke»
all nnylnff tribute to the Company. The broad
plains were mocked with Minus unit of cattle
mid sheen: uml tin; whole scheme was ■tinnnrt
cd hr nflldavlts mid statements of Uiu ouklul
authorities of Hie district. , .
Tattlin' all this outtlt with Uictn, they wont to
Holland and asked
A i.oan OP $4,000,000
for purposes of further development. The loan
was all Inkcn by acompuuv. to whom tlic orant
seemed as lar?e as one of Duchies. and the
Bccurltv moat safe umt orolltnhlo. O' course,
vtliu bunds mill cmi’tons were never paid, ns tm*T
'•ere never Intended to be, nml tne prooertv i n
by foreclosure Into tbo bands of the deluded
11 oil iixlcrs. Tliev have Mareeded In ffett-ni?
the fernnt rccoffnlze.l by the United State* < o»
ernmint, mida nalont for lira
tbelrTrusloe. Unt tbu Providence wlld «« "«
in guard mill fnrwunl tlio fortunes ill U. .
cut. linnMrnrkmg Dutchmen In nil* *A c , ePtt .j
umli-r all climes acorns not to bar.
llirm Here. Hit plains art, '„d
I unis In the country, oicellenlln icnliml. aim
nf tliiOr Investment n-ltb Knud interest. tlie
“ nirtifahlo airea'lv’ bonover, tsinllll not ar
fo?o ranch dlfllmity to a good Jumper, as they
ar, nlcro crass called
(Irnmina eVuss, wklch crows lusurmntly, mid
Is i.cecrdlnulv valuable tram the fact dial It; llm
tall 1I11! sun cures It upon llm ground without
(■ultmci and, baring a head full ol verv milrl
tlims seeds, It makes capital wlntor-pasluroge.
• Pass.nc Urn llatun summit, less than too
hours’ ride brings us to
ft place which was very lively during the period
while It wns the railroad-terminus, ns the aggre
gate Ncw-Mextcan and Arizona trade making
this the gateway was enormous; nut the com
pletion of the railroad to Lns Vegas has sapped
it of all except that going to lateral points In
Now Mexico. Tho amount of tills trade may bo
judged from the fact Unit at Otero the mercan
tile house of Oloro, Sellar & Co. occupied a store
and warehouse tblrtv-clght feet front bv diO
feet drop, with two floors crowded with goods
from floor to celling, and wills largo yards out
side filled with wagons and machinery of various
kinds. Mr. Sellar, who Is In charge of the
business, told mo that they were prepared
to furnish everything, from a steam-engine to a
mouse-trap; and that ihelr railroad freight-hills
alone ran from 815.000 to SiS,(KH) per month.
The rival house of Brown, Mnnzanarcs & Co.
occupy premises of anout equal size, and with
similar stocks and business. There nro inony
other houses, but these are the chief. Iheso
two firms are now erecting at Las Vegas
holm: about sixty feet wide. Including tho plat
forms, bv 410 feet deep. When those ore com
pleted, Jhoy will remove most of their Otero
stock to Las Vegas, . .. .
The train stops at Otero for dinner, ot which
mine host Vumlever presides with dignity. mid
serves as good a table as the region will afford.
His wife was ray very agreeable traveling com
panion through the Grind Canon of the
Arkansas, and thence to Otero, but was deaf to
all mv solicitation to provide mo there with a
genuine Mexican dinner of came caruoro, frl
-lolcs, atplc, and tortillas, with a sauce of Chill
'Colorado. Olero supports a weekly paper,—
the Optic,— well filled with tho news of the dis
trict, mid a spice of ‘•foreign" correspondence.
I noticed, as wo passed along, n good many
villages springing up on the line of me road, the
inhabitants being mostly Mexican: mid the
bright-colored dresses of the women, for which
thev have os much taste as the Indians, with
their nut-brown complexions and long blade
hair, made them somewhat picturesque, though
1 mar sav here that I have never yet boon aolo
to And llio beautiful Seuorllas of whom I read
In mv early days In the romances of the frontier.
The region U generally well watered, though
now unusually dry; and the grass In much bet
tor than In Southern Colorado. Below Otero
the mountain-range Is loft so far to the west
ward that only the misty outlines am nlamlr
visible, ami the pine-forests look llko patches of
moss on their distant slopes. /
About half-way to Laa Vegas wo passed
almost the entire surface of the ground for
miles being covered with quantities of blaek
volcanic lava, of almost crystalline hardness;
and a little wav to tho west wo could plainly sec
the great conical crater, with oho side broken
out, from which the stream of lava had evl
dcirlv flowed. There are Bold to ho In New
Mexico fortv-tbreo distinct volcanic craters, but
they have been qolet for aces, and the grass
grows creun upon their slopes, mid ban long
conquered the plains over which thetr hot
streams poured.
Wo Boon reached lovely Cherry Valley,—tho
name fragrant with old recollections of the
Empire State. The valley Itself Is limited In
wluth bv cliffs and rocky walls. A clear, limpid
stream pours through it, and well-improved
ranches, and green fields almost ready to har
vest, make one think of his Eastern home. Tho
grassy meadows, the Helds yellow with ripening
grain or waving with corn-tasscla, mid the
rock-hllls bevond, are llko an old New England
valley. In fact, It bos long been settled by the
universal Yankee. I met one of them, a Mr.
lllltnu, a halo mid wcll-condlUoncd man, who
has lived hero nearly thlrtv-aeven years, amt
who at last sees “the States" coming to him.
I bow In tlie oxpro«s-ear a package from a lead
ing Now York mllllncry-houso addressed to tots
daughter; so i presume they nro nor- even hero
out of the reach and power of Hie fashions. Ho
told mo something of the storvof his long years
of separation from frionds and kindred; ami
hln account of conflicts with savage tribes of
Indians, and other various bonier experiences,
equals the tales of romances. He I- one of Jlvo
’ survivors of an curly colony, and now In easo
and atlluoncc reaps tho fruits of his long wait-
This valley continues almost to
or “Tho Meadows”; and at one point tho
wagon-road leads to the west to old Fort Union,
some seven miles awav. T-us Vegas Is an old
Mexican dtv of about (1,000 Inhabitants, and has
been a metropolis of Ncw-Mcxlcon .trade for
over a hundred years. It is situated oifagontlv-
Moping elevation, with the universal Plaza, or
public square, In.the centre, from which the
narrow streets radiate. In the middle of tho
Plaza is ati old well, to which modern civiliza
tion has added a wind-engine pump, from
whose broad vuna stands out tho fnmlliar
name, “Freeport, III.” Tho frame
work was still covered with the evergreens
with which these new American citizens had
wreathed it In honor of the American Hide
pcndence-Dav. 1 was informed that recently
there was found one morning, between tho green
bronchos, aj'ruH not unusual In tilts country
after horse-thieves have been captured.
I stopped ut an ancient caravansary, said to ba
thu beat In the town, which proved tube the
worst pretentious hotel 1 have any memory of.
I was located In what they culled
with Mr. Allen, of the lartra stock-firm of Irwin
& A lien, uf Kansas City, a id Mr. Luco, repre
sentluj: the Prtee-Vurrent of the eutno place.—
both vorv pleasant irentlcmcn. There was a
double and u single bed in Hie room. Tim beds
were filled with straw, which many years of use
had packed into ruhres; and the pillows were
filled with unwashed wool, nffordlmr the
aromatic odors of this native staple,
coupled with so many others that only
u fine chemical analysis could define them.
Thu sheet oyer mo was a strip of untdeuehud
muslin, which had probably been washed soma
time. There was a dirty pitcher and wash
bowl, ami a soap-dish In which an experienced
prospector could possibly havo “found Urn
color ”of a lomr-obicut eauo of soap. A micro
scopic mirror, two common chairs, and a deal
table constituted the furniture, while (ho walls
und celling were black with the smoko of a cent
ury. Tho lock was broken, and 1 secured (he
door at nielli with *OllO of my few bed-slats.
Altera period of troubled dreamy «l««o, I was
awakened by several pistol-shuts close to tho
door, followed by living footsteps down the
street, ami presently a wonun’s voice was heard
lo say to some one outside, “Now, have you
Hut I was so exhausted that 1 did not have
force enough left to got up and see what was
tim matter. At the meals thorn was uu unvary
ing bill-of*luru of heel and mutton, with mutton
entrees varied occasionally with heef, and
•» native ” colTco to drink. I called for milk ub
every meal, but in Ibis, one of the greatest cat
tle-ranges In America, not a glass of mine could
I cot. The meat was nlwavs tough; and egtfp,
which In the stores were plenty and cheap, could
only be procured by having them outside and
bringing them to »bo table. And for all these In*.
estimable blessings wo were charged *3 per nay.
J con endure the Inevitable with as much stoical
Indifference as anv one: but. In an old country
like this, abounding lu all that U requisite for a
good table, ami with a railroad completed to ihu
town, there U no Juilldeatlou forsutli treatment
of guests. There are several ucw hotels going
unlu the new town, close to the railroad-station,
and about a mile from the old town, which will
be conducted on modern principles, and promise
bettor things. , . „ .
This new town Is growing very rapidly, and
buildings are being erected on all sides.
U almost entirely Mexican, containing, It Is
tala, only about 300 Americans. There are no
treu or shrubbery of auy kind lu the streets,—
no rtcMont front-yar.l«,-no nnlnn
to view. Tlie dwellings ore flit (mill upon *h«
erreet-front; hut mntiy of the hotter c om hare
inrtro Incluauros In me rear, surrounded w.ni
bleb adobe walls; and occasionally tbrouah_ an
open door we con catch ffllmnsea of tree*. «n«l
flower-tm plants, and green bower*, shut w from
Uir* common eve. . , ,
LnsVesras fs o crest wooVmsrkct. «n«lon«
lines of Itnmunso wagons. pded blrtn with *'» s
Plante, nro constantly strtaminir through »1 e
I’lar.a, on their way to the warrliou'-csi. inm
stores aro mostly owned bv ihn better class of
Mexlcan-Amertwos or the universal lyncllt',
mid oro (rencMllr large anil well stocked with
cowls. IWM total llwt there had not been a
,metA-r«ilnrc ~<!rc ,n twenty-fire years.
About fix unit’s from I.as Vwras are tlm
/ftijious IlotSprlm's, over twenty In number,
ndd situated hi n beautiful urassy canon. .he
temperature of the springs Is from ICO to 110
cleifrcess. Itlssahlthnt for scrofula. svimllls,
nod oilier diseases of the blood. they nre su
perior to the Hot Sprint's of Arkansas and are
only equaled by some In Oormanv. The holds
at the Sprlnes are fair, ami many tenters occupy
the surrounding grounds. They arc cvcu now
largely resorted to from the States.
of New Mexico Is ossnmlng lmmeo«e pronor-
Hons, and 1 would like to sueik of It. n« well as
of tlie magnificent cattle-ranches of Wnddlng
ham. Pinkerton. Senator Dorsov, tint) others.
But I hire otrendv soon nut m»-letter lo too
great leoixtti. If I had time I would hko to de
scribe the bountiful much of Hie Hon. Mltru**!
Otero; to sneak of Fort Union; of the castel
lated rocks which assume such varied nud curi
ous forms; of the old churches mid the Jesuit
College of Las Veens: of the swoct-*<ngmg
mocking-birds notivc to this region, und which
far exceed In accomplishments too £n«tcrn
members of that (nmltv; hut, as I contemplate
ntsotne later period mnkme an extended trip to
Santa Fe, Laos, Albuquerque, mnl Tucson, I
will leave these subjects for future letters. 1
must, however, acknowledge hero the courtesies
of Messrs. Webb and Hnlnzar, the proprietors
of Hu* iVeio Mexico fJera'd at Las Yogas, a largo
am) well-edited sheet, published half In Span
ish ami half hi EogllMi. mid who do what they
can to make a stranger at home In this Jar-awny
land. D. S. Covert.
“Ttohhnd Ills Fittur.*'
To the KiWor of The Trimne.
CmcAOO, Aim. 18.—In reference to a tele*
cram in Thursday's Issue purporting to order
tlie arrest of young Marsoln mid Ids accom
plices, Filteaa mid Poulin, I would llko to state
that I had nothin)? to do with Marsala except
having come here at the same time with him.
I did not leave the city, as there was no occa
sion for such a course, there being no charge
ogalnst me.
For mv name atinearlnjr In print I nave to
thank a former resident of Montreal named 0.
Vlllctieuve, who by the way was well recom
pensed hr Marsoln. n-sre, for the recover? ot ms
honelul heir, mid who ought to have been satis
fied with his Bharc of tho plunder without al
tera ptluj; to bluelcou H. I. Poulin.
Ilor Own Vropnptv.
To the Editor of Thr Tribunt*
CniCAfto, Aug. IS.—will you be bo kind ns to
correct the statement made by your reporter In
regard to the Jackson cace. wherein Mrs. Jack
son was represented as having in her homo a
lot of goods stolen from the Grand Pacific Ho
tell Not an article thus taken could b* Identi
fied as belonging to any of tho guest*, but can
be proven bv good witnesses to belong to her.
and honestly obtained. She is a hard-working
woman, mid vou have deprived her of the means
of gaining a living, since people are generally
very careful as to who Miey trust in their homes.
The goods In question have all been returned to
her. Will vou Insert, a notice In Tub Tuiuunb
to that effect I I remain yours truly,
A. 11. BcttosiN.
Kent* I'ntd by Utirlo Ram,
To the r.dtior n,' The Trihnue.
CniCAOO, Aug. 18.—Your pertinent allusion
to the dark mid dingy quarters on Arcade court,
used for so many years as Sub-Treasury and
other Government olllccs, prompts the query
whether Uncle Sam might not have found some
other building In Chicago, at less rent, that
would hare done equally well. Suppose your
reporters make an estimate of the aggregate
sum paid bv the General Government for the
use of the small and dingy moms occupied bv
the Courts, Custom-House, Treasury, mm other
departments at No. 1511 mid 101 LaSalle street.
As I figure, the rents amount to from SIOO,tWO
to 8100.000, These enormous rents are paid at
the discretion of the Secretary of the Iroasurv,
etc., without submitting tho matter to pohlie
competition bv advertising for bids from Own
ers of buildings. When the Government wants
to buy sumo twine, or n few pens and envelopes,
long advertisements appear calling for bids and
bonds, mid carefully-worded contracts, hut
when a public bulbing Is rented nt *‘lo,ooo a
year no such precaution against overcharge Is
deemed necessary. ______ "•
Liability of Contractor*.
9b the Editor of The Tribune.
Kilet, 111., Atur. 10.—The Chicago Weekly
JoHrmt’ of ttic 151 th Inst., fn its “Questions An
swered,” nays: “Theowner of a house built
bv contract Is liable for oil the material* fur*
ntflhcd amlthc labor employed on such house,
if the contractor or builder falls to pay for the
same, oven though the owner may have paid
him his contract price. See Chau. 28 of iho
Revised Statutes of Illinois. See. 20, on liens.”
Now. the Supremo Court of Illinois, In the ease
of Wetherlll vs. Oholcndorf, til 111., 2SO, UnUer
hlli vs. Corwin, 15 111., 550. Kinsey vs. Thomas,
25111., 502, and similar eases, say just thu op
posite. Now, which Is right, the Journal or tho
Uunrcino Courtl
Again, Bee. 20 roforrod to annlh‘B only to a
enso of subcontracting, See. 1 being the section
tho Journal should have quoted: ami under bee.
21) tho owner would bo liable to tho subcon
tractor, hr tho limitation of See. 88, only to the
amount duo the original contractor at the time
tho notice required bv See. «0 was served upon
thu owner bv tho subcontractor. See nl*o tho
oases of Culver vs. Fleming, til HI.. 408, ami
Schultz vs. Huy. U 3 ill., 157, for same statu
inent; whereas tho Journo! would have its in
quirer goon ami pay all claims after having
paid the owner in full. . „
la this not aimdtcr proof of tho fact that all
knowledge should run in certain channels, and
Unit oven an editor cannot know nil things, and
should therefore tread lightly over tho fields
from which others gain their livelihood?
RpmcuM- Conkllng.
To the Editor of The Tribune,
Chicago, Aug, 18.—“ Being a woman,” and
judging other women by myself, I believe that
intimate relations between a married or single
woman and one of tho opposite sex might ex
ist for years; that they might oven occupy the
same house alone, sleep under tho same
roof, eat food from the same dUh,
nml tho woman bo a good nnd pure one. Yes,
“though the heavens should fail,” she cumd
actually eat, drink, and be merry, and decide, of
her own free will, that “ there should bo no re
lations of a sexual nature between them. Nev
ertheless, I believe that uo thoroughly pure,
true woman, married or single, of a certain or
uncertain age, would attempt to do** over c
palliate the unquestioned facts regarding Mrs.
Sprague. It Is apparent tu the eve of right
souse that no woman can utterly disregard tho
un'virM'lutiecejtti'J rw'« by which the virtue of
tho married Is Judged (take some married man
of her acquaintance for her “elected knight,”
rise from her scab with uncontrolled agitation
uud a countenance pale with fear when she sees
him In “a ticklish position,” ba seen riding tu
hichwavs with him behind her hushind s
“spunking team,” ollow him to follow her from
one summer-resort to another, etc.) and net
well merit the censure she bus received. Al
though criminality Is bv no means a foregone
conclusion, lb is invariably suspected, us all
women know, and men are not generally con
spicuous as “doubting Thomases” on Ujcso oc
casions; but, If thu truth wore known, I believe
afu often the first to “carry the news to
Mary.” No mailer »( she considers these
rule* unnecessarily restricting, the excuse that
she was as a schoolgirl, reckless anddollant, will
not serve hero. To paranhraso Pope’s couplet,
such reckless behavior admits of no defense,-
a disregard of the cummouest standards of pro-
Ertoiv shown lamentable want of sense. I
now It was a delight to many of the schoolgirls
of mv day to carry on flirtatious with young
men, nut not one of the wildest, lam happy to
sav, would have carried on a correspondence
with “u handsome married man,” and nut one
of these but would have looked upon such au
escapade with disapproval. A.
H« vrer G«., Kir..
To It# IMUor aj Tht IVttuits.
Cuiciflo, Aug. 18.—When wul tuls sensation
al talk about the prevalence ofaewergas in
Chicago cease I If there was mure thau a par
ticle of truth lu It 1 would not object, but when
I realize the fact. that Chicago was never freer
from the effects of noxious gases, and whip I
know that this foolish talk has been productive
of more Injury to Hie citizens ot Chicago than
ever sower gar has been, I must protect against
such Mmsfttlotial gossip. I have practiced medi
cine In this cl tv sixteen years, and there lias not
been a year during my residence here that sewer
gns has done less Injury limn now. The few
case* whlrh have come ‘Under my care and ob
servation have been caused bv ft reckless neg
lect of the commonest precaution!, when n“o
--pin sleep and live nil dav In close, unventllftted.
rooms open'nglnto bath-rooms and water-closets,
they must expect to suffer from *he omana'lons
of sewer-gas,—at least until therylssomo pliiinb-
Ing done on scientific principles. hen people
allow overflowing cotch-haslns to remain tin
cleaned for years they must expect to suffer
from noxious gases back ng Into their houses.
1 wish to statu one fact which ought lo have
some hearing on tills question, namelv: that out
of twenty cases of disease due In any wsv lo
Hcwer-'ms poisoning wliich have come under my
cure tli‘s summer Extern were tumlweM out of
(own. I’coolu wllblcavo spacious, well-ventila
ted house*, whore they havu every comfort In
life, und go off to some little village which has
no svsteif) of sewerage: will occupy rooms sit
uated over fester ng drains and In near proximity
to outhouses overflowing with filth and pour.ng
out noxious exhalations; and are so surprised
when UtfV or iheir children are ftttirked with
(Ivscnlerv, diphtheria, or septic fovcrl Mv it
teen cases were all contracted at these ‘salu
brious villages." . Moreover, this senseless talk
Is Injuring Chicago. 1 have received manr letters
from people who Intended to coma to Chicago
to reside, who, frightened bv the sensational
twaddle, suv thev tear to bring their families
here. I'conle read the absurd accounts of the
supposed dangers of open street air-holes for
the escape of sewer gns. Is It to ho supposed
that the cities of Ktiehnd, ! ranee, and other
countries would adopt this plan, after Tears of
investigation, mid on the recommendation of
the best scientific authorities on hygiene. If such
plan was ns faulty ami dangerous as some would
have us believe)
I hope yon will allow your conservative paper
to discuss this matter In Us trim hearings, and
ollay i lie groundless fears which have been
aroused. . . ,
I think our greatest dancers are to be feared
from ihe future polaonfinr of our water supply.
Already, after southwest winds, I find a sedi
ment in the hydrant water full of noxious ani
mal and vegetable substances; und I tear for
tm* worst when rim North Branch Is oumped
Into the lake, which Is not as pure ns It should
be already. E. M. Halb.
Prof, Salford.
To the Editor of The Tribone.
Chicago. Aug. 18.—About thirty-sir years
ago there lived In a town In the State of Ver
mont a boy by the name of Truman 11. Salford,
in whom, at the age of 7 yours, was developed
the most wonderful power, of mathematics
known to history. The most difficult problems,
which would require the best professors of
mathematics three hours to solve, with slate
nnd pencil,—such as obtaining the cube root of
filtv figures, or of multiplying fifty or any
number of figures Into themselves, or giving
tim cube of tiie same.—young Salford would
give the result menrolly In fifteen seconds; or.
in fact, anv problem, however dllllcult, ho
would pcrfofm with the same rapidity.
At the ago of 8 years ho made nil the astro
nomical calculations, nnd hi* almanacs were In
general use In Vermont us being the wonder of
the age. 1 think, at the nee of 8 or 0 years, he
wa« placed in charge of some professor at Yale
or Harvard, for the purpose of properly devel
oping his wonderful faculties, since which I
have heard nothing of him, nor have I scon any
one who lias. . „ . „
Plnce scong the name of Prof. Truman 11.
Salford, of the Northwestern University, Chi
cago, iimore recently as Professor of Astron
omy at Williams College. I thought that pout
nlv you might enlighten the readers of Tits
TmnuNß if the Professor is the same person
referred to; also give a history of the develop
ment of his wonderful power of figures; or per
haps the Professor himself would be willing to
give to the publlca history of the ease.—whether
this faculty was retained as his o tier faculties
grew, or whether It became Impaired os hn grew
older. This Is not entirely tut Isolated case of
such development, but Is a most remarkable
one, and I Have no doubt the many readers of
Tut; Tuihunb would bo pleased to know of the
history of tnls ease, particularly If Prof. T. u.
Salford, of the Northwestern University, is the
[Prof. Truman H. Salford, now of Williams
College, .Massachusetts, urn! formerly Professor
of Astronomy In the Chicago University (not
the Northwestern), Is the man who was once the
wonderful boy referred to. lie is now a first*
class mathematician, and very rapid In the uso
of figures red formulas. He Is still able to per*
form lone calculations mentally, but not to the
sumo extent as ha could when a boy; aud does
not now cure to undertake them at all. A lew
years since he did go through “ a lone sum ” In
the presence of the writer of this paragraph. but
said afterwards that It made his head nebe, and
that such work cost him a fur creator mental
effort than when a Doy. There was no special
“development” of his wonderful calculating
power, it was spontaneous. Hut he afterwards
became a niaHieroaliclan, In the trua sense of
the word, only by dint of close study, which
was hard, even in his case, though not so
laborious as with most of those who essay the
study of the higher mathematics.]
Tin* Dentil of Tliomns Pntne.
3\i (he IMhor oj The Tribune.
Cjiicaoo, Aug. 18.—1 notice bv an article In
Tin: Tuiiiunb Unit Col. Ingcrsoll Is to the front
again with “Thomas Paine.” 1 have olteu
thought that perhaps It Is not generally enough
‘known that wo have a pretty authentic account
of Thomas Paine’s last days, mid of the “com
fort” be found In his peculiar “religion.”
Tills can ho found on page Hid of the Idle of
Stephen Grcllet, by llenjamln Beehohm, and
published In 1800 by ileury Lougatreeth, I’lilla-
Orcllet was a very remarkable minister
of the Society of friends or Quaker*; ami, at
the time of the lust sickness and death of
Thomas Paine, Greenwich, N. Y., wos Urn homo
Tho following extract Is In Grellat’s own
words: . ......
“ I may not omit recording hero Iho death of
Thomas Paine. A few davsprcvious to my leav
ing homo <m my last religious visit, on hearing
that ho wus HI and In a very destitute comllilon
1 wont to see him, and found him hi a wretched
stale, for he had been so neglected and forsaken
bv his pretended friends Hint ihe common at
tentions to u »k'K man had been withheld from
him. The skin of his body was m some places
worn off, which greatly increased his hutferings.
A nurse was provided for him, and some need
ful comforts were supplied, lie wus mostlv In
a state of stupor, but something that had passed
between us had made such an Impression on him
that somu days after mv departure ho scut fur
me, mid, on being told that I was gone
from . home. he wnt for another
friend (or Quaker). This. Induced a valua
ble young Friend (Mary Uascoe), wno had
resided In my family and continued In Green
wich during a part of mv absence, frequently
to go and take him some refreshment, suitable
for an Invalid, furnished by a neighbor. Onto
• when she wus there, llireo of his dct«tlcal asso
ciates came to the door, mid, In a loud, unfeel
ing manner, said. ‘Tom Paine, It Is said you arc
turning UhrMlau; but we hope you will die as
you have lived,’ and then went away. Go
which, turning to Mary Usacoe, he said, You
see wliat miserable comtortcrs thuv are.
“ Once he asked her if sho had over read our
of his writings. Aud, on boiug told that sjie
had read but very little of ilium, bo Inquired
what sho thought of them, adding, • l?rom such
a one as vou 1 expect a correct answer. 1 She
told liini’tlmt when verv young his • Age of
Henson’ was put Into licr h mdrt, hut that Ihe
more she read In it the more dark unddlslresscd
bho felt, and sho threw ihe book Into ihe lire.
‘ I wish all hud dune os you.’ he replied;
‘ for If the Devil has ever had any agency in auy
work he has had It In my writing that book.
*• When going to carry him some refresh
ments, she repeatedly heard him uttering the
language, *OLord!’ ‘l.ord Godl 1 or ‘Lord
Jesus I have nmrev upon me S 1 ,
“ It la well known that during some weeks of
his Illness, when a little treo from bodily pain,
he wrote a great deal; this hu nurse told me;
im<l Mary Uuscoa repeatedly saw him writing.
I fills companions lu Inlldulltv bad found any
thing tu suDOort the Idea that he continued ou
his dcttih-bud to espouse tlielrcause, would they
not lioye eagerly published It! Out nut a word
Is sold: there Is u locaUecrocy ad to what has
become of those writings.” \v. A. e.
“Trainer’* Uealli—The Other Side.’*
Ta thi KdUor oj 77» Tribune.
Oak Panic, Auir. 18.-“ J. H.," under tho
above caption, casta serious reflections on tho
Coroner’s jury for ihclr action In thd Trainer*
Baldwin shooting case. Tho Idea advanced by
the writer Is, that tho tnvosthtation was entirely
one-sldcd, that tho Baldwins are murderers and
perjurers, and that Trainer died whilst seeking
alms at the house of the Baldwins.
' fwosa juror on that invocation, and do
sire to say that U was conducted in bu Impartial
and tuorousb manuijr. Witnesses were uues*
Uocad audvrou*ausiUuuodbi Coroaw and Jury.
Tlic house ntnl premises were carefully exam
ined by us.
'J'lio Jury were convinced of the following
facts: First, that efforts had been made to
enter the bouse bv a person or peraons at tho
front oart of the honse; second, that talking by
one or more persons was beard at the aouth side
of the house, and that tho key had been pushed
from its place In the door and thumps made
against the west door with something sufficlcnt-
Iv Heavy to leavo indentures in mo wood; third,
that deni iixls for entrance were matin hr the
party outsldo, with threats of violence if the do
m md was not granted ; fourtn, that the younger
Baldwin saw the Intruder near the door with
the mop-li itidlo raised In a threatening attitude,
and that he fired nod kilted the man; fifth, the
Coroner, from the feature* of the dead man nnd
papers found on his person, recognizedtho body
as that of.T. D. Trainer, lie knew him only,
silfrlitly, and could express no opinion good or
bad concernin'? him. . . .
From a motley mess of papers It was found
that he had h«en solicitor for a Socialist paper.
Thw, Mr. Editor, wen In substance the facts
from which the jury gathered material for tbelr
verdict. . . j ~
Thera was nothlmr to show that the dead tnan
had come to Mm house to “seek shelter or oak
alms” at .1:30a. m. .
The lory believed that the Baldwins did just
what Oil per rent of all orudent men would have
done under similar circumstances, and for this
tho Jury commended them.
“.t, B." should remember that the Jury did not
know, what has subsequently been shown, name
ly: that Trainer wn» an educated, peaceable, nn*
fortunate man. It was left to nth unfortunate
wlfo to tell the public Hint her hush md came
homo Wednesday evemrur In a terrible state of
mental mid physical excitement. It was for
o’hers to sav that ho was seen early
Thursday morning going out of Lin
coln I’nrk so aoparenlly crazed that
he did not recognize his Intimate acquaintance;
and It was for a good lady of Oak L’ark to notify
the county undertaker a» sue saw the remains
of the dead man that she and a friend had seen
him late Thursday afternoon In tho western
part of die village, swinging Ids hands, talk
ing to himself, mid clearly demoustratlug that
he wn« not of sound mind.
But these later facts were not known to the
Baldwins, nor to the Jury.
1 am now fully convinced that Trainer bad
wandered out to Hirer Forest with reason de
throned; I am of opinion (lint there was no one
with him when he attempted to enter the
house; litc conversation beard by the Bald
wins was, doubtless, bis own talk to himself.
In his crazed condition be may have Imagined
himself fastened out of his own hou<c, mid
hence used the means that he did to gain en
trance. This, at least, Is a reasonable as well
os a charitable view of the affair.
But wno. even with these Inter facts before
them, can censure the Bildwlns tor their nets,
or the Jury for their verdict! dusncu.
A Card from Mr. Knander.
rn thr E'lltor of Tht TriLurw.
CmcAGO, Auff. IS.—At first I did not think It
worth the while to pay any attention whatever
to the anonymous letter In your paocr of last
Wednesday denouncing my appointment to the
State Board .of Education. But, fearing that my
alienee might be construed by my detractor
Into an indirect admission of the truth of hla
overconfident assertions and willful crimina
tions, I come to you, Mr. Editor, through whose
columns ho was permitted to 'cot his spleen,
with a respectful request that you set me right
before vour ravnads of readers, some of wtiom
may have become prejudiced against me on ac
count of his vile aspersions.
7/rm’ondrf was started, under the mils of the
Augustana Synod, In ISSI, "ot which time the
Swedes were rather “ few and far between ” In
this country, and was for a short period edited
ns a semi-religious, seml-pnlHloal paper; but a
change In tills regard was soon effected bv the
establishment of a monthly devoting itself ex
clusively to the religions hiterostsof the Lutheran
Church. Uem'andtl then became a politic
al organ, and advocated from the very
first iho abolition of slavery, mid ha* al
ways been n consistent mid faithful adherent
mid supnorter of Republican principles. Ilem
lamlcf remained In the possession of Us original
founders until 1872. when the ownership was
transferred, In due form and for a considera
tion, to “another person 11 and invsclf. An
overwhelming ma)orlU of mv countrymen, both
In America and Sweden, have been educated os
l.ti'herans, and ainccrclv hehcveln ami love die
do 'tnas mid form of worship given and pro
claimed by the Circat Reformer; mid we have 1
conducted the paper to accord to this predomi
nant feeling, without showing, though, any un
due bias or running counter to anv other relig
ious belief. The fact Is, UtmUtmM has occupied
and occupies a frleudlv position to, mid counts
traders auuiu/, all the different Swedish relig
ious seels, mid has freely and gratu
itously opened Its columns for announce
ments of mcetngs. no matter whetner
religious, social, or political, In the same man
ner as it Is done by the better ciussof the Amer
ican secular press. All of which goes to dis
prove the fllmsv, absurd, meaningless charge
that /leinhndet “represents politics In religion
and religion In polities.” ,
1 defy iuv calumniator to bring forth the
slightest proof tending to show that I have
•‘worked for the Abderian Idea of cstulmsh’ng a
Swedish nationality In the United States.” I
have tried to fnnilsh mv countrymen, everv
week, with a readable nru-spaper in our mother
longue. Tnal’soUt
On a recent visit to Sweden I became, as
specially requested by the above-mentioned
Synod, tbo bearer of a petition to the authori
ties. setting forth the peculiar situation of the
Swedes In America, but containing mith'ng de
rogatory to the American people or American
Institutions. I was not at the time awnte of
any bending of kuees or any abject supplication.
It Is, or ought to bo, a well-known fact
that most of the Swedes who arrive here,
and who In realltv materially contribute to the
progress, prosjicrlly, and wealth of this country,
belong to the farming and laboring classes, ami
that a majority have reached on ago precluding
the possibility of their ever becoming fully as
similated with the American people. Inis Is
into also, I believe, of Immigrants from other
countries. But anv candid man, who knows,
whereof he speaks, will no doubt readily admit
that Iho Swedes, ns a rule, are less clannish
than many oher naMonallties; and If will hard
ly require a generation before the greater num
ber our present Swedish poonlallon becomes
thoroughly Americanized. It was in Mm Inter
est of those countrymen who come here at a
maturor ace, and whose spiritual wants have to
bo attended to, that In a great measure this, in
Itself Insignificant, favor was solicited ami will
ingly granted bv the Swedish Government; and
Jtsonlyo hcr object was to smooth the oath
for those few seekers after truth and wisdom
who might foci an unconquerable desire to
do homage to Minerva at the two renowned
seat* of learning of which my fa'herluul Is so
justly proud. If I mu not mistaken, native
born American youths do not consider them
selves degraded hr studying at Institutions of u
similar character in .various parts of Kurone:
wnv, then, should not young s>wedes be allowed
to turn a longing evo to the venerable univer
sities at Upsala and Lund, that rank among Urn
foremost In the world In point of learning,
scientific research, and glorious works of Im
mortal genius. . .... -r, ,
“Furthermore. It was” not “Mr. Kn wider
who wrote, without protest (what remarkable
sagacity I), a matchless resolution, prohibit.ng
children of members to attend the American
nubile schools if the Bible should be permu
neutlV excluded from ihern.” The resoluihm
was written and Introduced bv some one olao
(Mr. “Hater” could easily nave found out by
whom. If ho had taken the trouble to Inquire,
ormavboho utters a falsehood wH>wuu!). \
declare moat emphatically ami unequivocally
that I was not Its author, and have never said
or written anything In Its defense, const 1 *
uuentlT. 1 do not fool In the slightest degree
disturbed bv this queer and far-fetched reason
for aslandrous attack. , .
The gratuitous insults your correspondent,
apparently blinded by rogn ami envy, heaps
upon his vuuutrrmen with stint or distinction,
ought to bring rue blush of shmnu lu his cheeks
when he—ln duo Umc, us I hope—recovers his
lefrrr senses. ..... * . >
At last, for Iho consolation of his distracted
soul, let mu add that, Simula I, utter becom
ing more fully acquainted with the duties of mv
nnw position, so unexpectedly and without any
solicitation eonlerred, find myself unable to dis
charge them properlv, and with credit lu my na
tionality mid myself, I shall hasten to “step
down and nut," mid cheerfully recommend “ A
bwudish Haler of Bigotry If ho so desires—
as mv successor, seeing nmt he is so extremely
anxious about ihc spiritual welfare of his coun
trymen and mine. •!, A. Enanubu.
••No Ofllulal Ilimur*"—W .»• the ItrltUh Of*
H«-er« In Japan llau Away W.ion Qua.
Grant Chiiic. •
Itn»nrlff»' Oiutlt nnil Cu»am* ftiwit,
WibiusoTDN, I>. C.. Autf. ll.—liipumjifl and
Chinese newspapers, dltmidaiu' Hio recupilon of
cx President Grant, have nud mure or leas to
mv about whether orniit um ex-Preshlcut Is en
titled by luagc to bo saluted. In Japan he was
saluted by mo Japanese war vessel* and outer*
Ulned In the uraud&t fashion ny Hie civic au
theritles. Uut the quemlou was settled for the
KntflUU by um fguuwuiK circular seut to tho
Governor* of British colonies;
Uowninu StKtrr, Feb. 8, I ®7o.—B»b: I hava
tb« bailor to acgujuiuioa that hoc Alajesiv s Gov*
ernmmt h*w been Informed hv the United State*
MtnMer In this country that Gen. Oran*, ale Pre*.
Mont of the United Staler. accompanied by Mr*.
Grant, and hflrpon. Col. Frederick Grant, propom
1« make a tour hi India, And posslnly In Australia
and New Zealand, nn 1 baa Already embarked for
that purpose from Marseilles. Her Majesty a Gpv»
erument are fnrther Informed that Gen. fJtant nai
Iven Joined hr the linn. Mr. Ilorle. formerly Sec
retirr of the United Stale* Navy, «" f l that Uio Gov*
eminent of the United Plates bin placed at (Jen.
Grant'* dt*po*al the sinamer Illchmond, which will
meet the nartv at *omo Kaatern port. I hare to
add tnat no*nlnto or olllcial honor# should bcclven
In the event of Clcn. Grant'* vlsltlmr the colonv
nnder your centred, hot mat he should receive all
•nch eburte*!** a* are proper In the case of ft dla»
tlnipilshed forclcner.
I have the honor to be, air, yrnir most obedient,
humble servant. M. K. HiCK**Ur:acu.
From'ihe above circular (which I believe has
never been published in this country) It will be
seen that English o Hirer* store authorized to
refrain from giv.ng salutes or official honors,
‘but that were to extend “all such courtesies as
are proper In the ease of a distinguished for
eigner.” The reports received In this count rr to
the effect that certain English officers In Japan
had run awa*’from or purposely avoided (ion.
Grant Indicate that tins conduct of those officers
was tin* result of Instructions or hint* from the
“home authorities ”s but It would seem, In
the light of the above-quoted circular, that they
were unwarranted In doing ns thev nld, and
were, therefore. culliv of conduct unbecoming
officers and gentlemen.
Hub Characteristics Tho Hotels “ Tho
Mighty The Newspapers—Swamp
•rott—.lnnnusehek—Mrs. Lander—Salem—
The Wltolfllouse—The Plummer Instl
tnte Tho Peabody Mansion —Charlotte
Swrint Carmr'ni'Tcnrs nf Thf THhtins.
Boston', Aug. 14.—Bostonians arc slleldly ag
itated over the Idea that a few of their most
enterprising citizens arc endeavoring to have an
elevated railroad, similar to but belter than
that of New York. Charles E. Powers, Presi
dent of various railroads In the State, declares
they sAaff have It. He says It took eighteen
years to get a charter for a horse-railroad, and
it look a long time to take a part ot the fence
around the Common down; but it came down at
last, and Boiton to-dav has more horse-car
tracks than any other city of its size m the
Boston Is a vert clean cltv, and its ladles have
the good sense and taste to dress p’nlnly on
the street, although, to a casual observer,
they mav appear unbecomingly dressed.
The cal tun} and refinement for which Boston
has such alvlde-spread reputation are conllnert
ton certain ctoss, and arc by no means general.
There Is no city in America where you will dally
meet with as many 111-mannered, Inquisitive,
ami withal Indifferent people, as In this modern
Athens. On Sunday the crowds of roughs that
frequent the watering-places In the vicinity
have no rivals In New York, spile ot Us foreign
scum and bad reputation. The markets have a
pour display, and the necessaries of life are
twice as dear as In Chicago or Cincinnati. The
saultnrv condition of the city Is very rood, and,
despite the tropical heat, the cast winds make
it endurable in summer. Rents are dear here,
ond $1,033 per ounum will scarce provide a
good house. The fares on nil the horse-railroads
arc six cents, nud some charge 10 for a four-mile
There are not In Boston more Iban two first
class hotels, and tbev are out of the way as to
situation. Parker’s Hotel, on the European
plan, has a good eulslnc: bat the prices are as
dear as ton years ago: besides. It Is more for
gentlemen than families. Tbeold Revere House,
which has been open for nenrlv half a century,
has now all the modern Improvements, and the
rates arc reasonable. The Revere has probably
entertained more distinguished guests than ativ
other hotel In the Hub. Here .lennv I.lnd, N’lls
son, Tltlens, Pntepa-Rosa. mid odicr great sing
ers have alwats stopped. Among the Royal
guests have been the Prince of Wales mid the
Grmd-Dukc Alexis. The house was then man
aged hv Paran Stevens. Little did Parnn Stevens
think, eighteen years ago, when the I’rltn-o of
Wales stopped in this house, that his Mule girl
Mlnn’c would wed a Paget, mid have Enghnd’s
future King for her baby’s godfather. Verily,
Fortune’s freaks arc strange.
B. Woolf, the dramatic author. Is »m«Ily en
gagsd on a play that Is far ahead of “The
Mlghtv Dollar.” Bon. na he Is- e.miinonlv
called, Is a line-looking man. of dark complex
ion and pleasing address. When he originally
wrote “The Mlchtv Dollar” dor Florence,
there was nailing In U lor Mrs. Florence; and
he Bays It was no effort to write In her part.
Her manner and use of French struck him us
vt-ry original: so ho simple adapted these char
acteristics Into tho role of Mrs. Oilj'oru,
and tils task was done.
U(h.i Hawthorne (.Mrs. Lnthron). <lamrhtcr of
tlmwrltcr, Nathaniel Hawthorne. uses tier pen
ns cleverly as her brush. Stic lua ju?t made
lier debut ns on authoress, ami la u frequmit .
contributor to her hush nut's patvir, the Hour ft.
For a lons time «>»« was n pupil of Mm well
known painter, llenrv Bacon, amt evinced re
morkablo tnleut In art, with u lino eye lor
color. ' , ~
Mr. Edwin Bacon, nine© ho fevered his con
nection with me rtoV, tin* held an editorial po
stilim on the Advertiser* widen la u much brighter
paper than it was three year® uvo. Mr. Bmon,
writes fvmmctrically mm lucidlv, without
parade of allusion or qunla'ion. lie is a voting
man, and Hie Boston press needs young men.
There Is no dallv paper puldlahed hen* that can
compare with Tub Chicago TmniiSß or me
Cummerch' of Cincinnati. The is a
wort of society evening paper. The Journu and
Traveler are called old-fogy. Tim ifrrml has
an immense circulation, and Is In the hands of
verr hnlllant men. As un apology lor small
circulation, an editor said of his piper. Ills
out the quantity of news, hut the qualUv, wo
look to here.” That may he, but. people want
news in a newspaper; they can llnd line litera
ture in matnir.lucs. The Advfrt : *er is urn best
daily here fur commercial am! irimer.il news.
Tim J\>*l comes next. The (U<jbe la a small
Democratic hlmet. ami has a atruirule to exist,
tlmuglut Is in clever Inmls. The UmelteU tliu
oldest weekly published iiero.
The most charm.tig sua-sitorc retort near B is
ton is Swatnpseot t, about half mi hour’s rale from
the cliv. A great mativ New-Yorkers have
beautiful collages there, among them John 0.
llohbms and Ins family.
Madame Jmmusehek, the great tragedienne,
rented Mrs. Uen. Lauder’s cotugo foVlhebca
son. and is living verv retired. Bho starts on
her *tarr ng tour dm Irl of September, mid troes
dtrecilv West, rilm will not play m any of Urn
Eastern cities (his season. Sim spoke with re
trretof theiruunlo she had with her lornmr
manager, and said she had Ind Implicit conil
deuce In Mr. Caimlnu until overwhelming proofs
were shown her of ids unlatr dealma. There Is
In this lady it HlneenU and eharitv of speech
concerning sister-artists, that render her sojlotv
charm ng. Sue is free from nlfe.'i atlon, wonuniy
to a fault, mid u horn artlfi, Bpeakmgof her
pet plays she said. "I have not been able to play
them In English.” She said Cincinnati mis
a verv bad theatrical city, hut she liked
Coleairo, New York, and Boston, bhe
tliomrtit the railroad companies had a harvest in
siore for timm llm com tig season, there were
bo manv traveling companies on tiie tapis. Mud
nine J. Is evidently a ureal, reader of Engium lit*
crature, Judg ng from the number ol magi
xlnes and books on her table, liar rooms were
in perfect order, and llm air fragrant with lloral
ornaments of everv suedes, llm Baron do
I‘dolt, or plain Mr. I’ilult as 119 prefers to call
himself, Is her audit for ihe eom.ng season.
.Mrs. Linder Is unite us clever a financier ns
elio is an actress, she owns u line property on
Ocean avenue,—three cottages, with a beautiful
lawn, well studded with trees, in trout, end a
stretch ol 1 mil terraced down to the surf. Since
the depreciation In rcalcslatu this property is,
of courn?, not so valuable; nevertheless,, its lo
cation is unsurpassed,—at the Junction of Lvnn
mid Bwutnpscutt. TJie horse and steam cars are
both within two minutes 1 walk of her grounds,
while »cu mid gr«vo are its pleasant surround
lugs. Her two adopted sous, with their tutor,
are here. They arc very llnedooKing. and de
votedly attached to Mrs. L mder, who spares 110
oxtisnso to educate them.
From Hwampicolt to B.iletu Is a ueli„htfnl
rtdo of un hour hv carriage through a nneij*
culilvatcd country. Salem is ami ul tho quaint*
cst.and perhaps most interest og, towns m int
vicinity of Hutton. Among historical curludt « s
Is the old •* Witch lloiiW wnere Judge Lur
wln resided, and where the witches were UK 1
and condemned to death. It is over
old, and U now used us a drug-store. l lhe■ In*
lurlor is lu its pr-mltlvo •lalv, uml
beams are almoil us hurdU* ■tone. Wiu haraU
was imported mini Leglihd, where it ad Inrtii,
slid watdujmea at ©alum. At urn old -Court*
House here are manv do.-anienu used dur.tiK
the trials, together wlm numerous pin* which
were used as evidence against ihe witches. Ur.
1 Farrington now owns the property, mid w very
alliblo about admitting visitors “ behind the
, ■ -cues ” of tlio quaint old structure.
Here also Is the relic of Urn first church ever
built In Salem. over 210 year* ago. it la encasec.
in n fntmo building built expressly for the pur
pose. mid h tlic property of tins Essex institute*
Among tlic antique mementoes to Imj aeon la an
old sola. covered wlth'rlch Flemish tapestry,
datlHir to the Sixteenth Ccnturv, mid brought
from Normandy Ur some of the Huguenots. over
COO vears ago. , Old-fashioned baptismal fonts,
quaint spinning-wheels, pew-doors, and a desk
used in the old Custom-House, belonging to
Hawthorn?; together with two pianos manu
factured In London a century ago, aro on exhi
bition. ' _
Close at hand I# tho Plummer Institute, or ■
Historical Mbrary Rooms containing 40.000 vol
umes.—among them rare amt odd collections
gathered nml classified by the venerable l)f.
Wheatland. who has devoted bin life to this
labor ot love. Among ttin collections ha
showed mo were clt v directories of all the cities
In America, and some In Europe, doting back
to 1700. Some of them of that data
look like oocket-Blblcs, while those ot
to-dav resemble unabridged dictionaries.
Then came a collection of Bibles dating back
to the Fifteenth Centum then a collection ot
nit thn works written on Spiritualism. 'I ho
mo«f. Inlorcst'ng. however, were the catalogues
of Harvard College, dating hack to the time of
and before thn rclgd of George Ilf. and coming
down to the present dav. Among those manu
scripts was no address congratulating -hll
.Majesty on his ascension to the throne, "he
venerable Doctor said that he was working on a
department that o'.hcr people neglect, and he
did not. want to ruu Into oilier folks’ rut. A
collection of all Hie rejected plans lor Hie Cen
tennial of 1870 Is carefully preserved t also,
everv Item for the sla’ionery, tags, ticket*,
passes, programmes, bdls-of-fare, etc. This
collection fills threo largo volumes, In which
thev are pasted as a sort of unique scrap-book.
The collections ot coins and paper money.
I needier with valuable relics of a prehistoric
nature, give this Institute an advantage over
any odicr In the State. OneTmndrcd and fifty
thous'ml pamphlets ore to be found there.
Dr. Wheatland claims It is the largest collection
in America.
The Peabody mansion (where dwelt so many
rears Hie great philanthropist ot this ecnturyj
Is now the property of a clairvoyant, who hangi
her sign out as a “lest medium." The houss
Is a large one, Imdtuf brick, four stories high,
and on n beautiful lot over 103 feet deep. Il ls
next dour to the Plummer Institute, In Ihe
heart of lids enlightened town. Verily, ex
tremes meet tn this age ol progress.
The Peabody Scientific Sodety nml Natural
History Hoorn9 are tccmmg with Instructive
specimens from the anlmul ami mineral king*
From Salem I went to the silent city ot
Mount Auburn, where, only a tulle from the
classic shades of Harvard, slumber 27,013 souls.
I nought the rest ng-place of Charlotte
Cushman. It Is delightfully situated lu
the buck part of the cemetery, at the
base of a hill, with a trr.iml view ol
Boston ami the Charles Hirer In the for
distance. The keeper told we that, when Miss
Cushman selected the lot, she said, nodd tig her
approval of It, “ Hero 1 shall lie In stirht of dear
old Boston.” The lot. Is a verv Inree one. mid
In excellent order; bat not a flower, tree, ot
sbrub ornaments It. A tittle plain marble tablet,
three Inches thick mid about four feet high,
resting on a flat, freestone socket, bear mr slm*
olv her name, mid valued at about 820, Is all
there Is to mark rite resting-place of the Trade
Queen who left half n million dollart to tier
next of kin. Ah met when dead how soon we
are forgotten 1 The profession on which she
shed lustre would have paid better homage to
their dead Oucen’s memory.
Maiur T. Councßi.Lfis.
To Itif Udltor «/ TV TrUtunc-
Modltov, Ala., Aug. H.—On the 22d of Feb
ruary, 1877, you published a letter In your val
uable journal, which I addressed to you, In re
gard to Uni wonderful mineral rcsoursns and
manufacturing capabilities of Alabama, and
mure particularly In reference to the construc
tion of an nir-lin? railway from Chicago to Mo
bile, via Evansville. !nd„ mid Florence mid Tus
caloosa, Ain., the nearest possible line from the
Lakes to the Gulf. That’leltcr elicited man?
Inquiries from railroad men In your city, desir
ing more uellnitc Information in regard to tide
verv Imrortoot Hite of railway, opening tip q
new, nearer, mid cheaper route from tlio Lakes
to iln- Gulf o r Mexico. A distinguished citizen
u:nl railroad man of vour cltv. after looking Into
the matter and satisfying himself of Mm feasi
bility Hnil necessity of tula route, Immediately
took hold ol ihe enterprise with n zeal .mdener
gv eommen-urnte witn It.s Importance, mid baa
been at work at U ever since,'with lair yroaaeer
of success. , .
Tiu-re are but two short links In tho chain ot
mil «o build, via.: from Evansville to Flo.ou.v,
'mill from Fiat cnee to Tuscaloosa. Those Unas
of mil completed, a composite line of ra’l iiml
water will be formed between the Lakes mid the
(iulf, widcb will not onlv open no n new route,
tint ilu* nearest, safest, mid cheapest of anv now
in existence. Alabama mid Illinois, Chicago
mid Mobile, are destined to become llietrmiC
ventricles of the Menlsslup! Valley, thrnugo
whim will pass ihe highway for dciensivc com
munication In war mid commercial triliieiu
peace. Tills is not only me gateway to ;ho
I'Ommeree of Hie Gulf, hut also of die West
Indies and ihe Centra! mnt South America*
Stales. When the great National mid Interna
tlonnl work of cuttmg a shto-cunal across th»
Peninsula of Flor.da Is complete,—which U hit;
a question of time.—thus uniting the Atlantis
with the Gulf, and a slilp-eanul Is cut
across the Isthmus of Darieu, wntch
is also hut n question of time, uniting the water*
»>f 'in* Gun with tim.io of the Paeitic, tne Gull
of Mexico will become the busiest scene of corn*
murcc mi! worhl ever witnessed. These great
work* will revolutionize the commerce of the
world. The interest of the commercial world
dem mds their immcdiatceousumTutlon. From
Cairo to New Orleans It is I.UaJ miles; from
Cairo to Mobile, via Coosa Canal, LOW miles;
Irom Cairo, via Florence ami Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
d"k) to TOO miles, and onlv 103 tulles of rail. This
in tiie true Alabama water-line iron* the lakes to
tin* Gulf.
When this now water-line Is oocticd up, coni
may ha delivered lu .Mobile lor $2.53 per ton,
Including niln.ng mm transportation. Mobile
muv become to Alabama wlmt Akron became to
Unlo. Cheap coal made it the most flourishing
cltv in me State of Ohio. It will exert the same
Influence upon Tuscaloosa, Tuscmnbla, and
Florence. Manufactories are what makes
llouilshng mid populous towns mul cities.
'1 here are consumed in mid around Mobile ami
the Gulf about 2,333.033 t0i1,030.033 tons of coal
annually. It. was estimated hv Commissioner
Maurv Hint die nteam marine of the Gull would
In the future consume 13,003,033 lous ol coal
nimuullv. Thc oal to supply this dum md has
heretofore coma from Pennsvlvtutla and hn
i*l mcl at u cost of from sl3 to sll per ton.
When this new rail mid water lino Is opened up.
which will ho in the near future, Alabama can
supply this Uemmd fur coal at a price which
will defy all competition. The coal, now dor
mant wealth, wtll hr.ng more money into me
State annually than her outside cotroa-emp,
amounting now to Iron* $-10,033,030 to $;j3,030.«
Mi). Caudal, population, md machinery will
follow tins line, mid cotton and woolen lac
icirh'S, Iron furnaces, rullmg-mills, and lumber
mills wdl sprain up. giving omplo meut toihou
snnN of able-hoilled men and destitute widows
mid orplian clilldrcn. I here allude more par
ticularly to the rail pare of this enterprise,
which will na*s through North Alabama,
abounding iu all the natural elements oiweaun,
—coal, Iron, copper, lumber, mid water-power.
This new route will enable Mobile to compote
with New Orleans m u grain-depot for the trade
pf the West Indies, the Central uud buuth
American States, os wed os Kerone.
Tim people of the West tavc louff cried out
for new .md cheaper routes for the shipments of
their cereals than hv the liikcs »ml rallwa * of
the North. This nil mid water Hue presents
the new mid cheap route lor winch they have so
loug prayed. Respectfully, oICm w
The Um»k tu lb Abolished.
lstt*r from Jritnif Janr,
An account was tfiven a few week* sines of a
fas.nomule iMur l>iu,’-lioii3U to New York which
lia l reur'.mi/ed on the cu-oyerativo principle,
iiml was supplied bv n caterer with cooked rood
ui ilu* rale of s.'» pur bea t fur hot breakfasts ana
dinners me lur.Umi b® nj; lanio cnemrli tu
leave an amnio surplus for luncheon lor those
WHO wanted it. A little Inquiry since then baa
revealed mu fact Unit upward* of a dozen orl
va*e caterers are now cnxaued In snw.n:: cooked
lojJ to (uuilliea and Individual*; and this* uum-
Ij.t will be augmented dur.nj; mo com ns tali,
for a lartto iminuer at persons wlio have been lu
tnelubitor Hv.ui; In boarduig-bouses and fam
ily lioteU will uladlv avail mcuuulves of this
incilmd, winch atford* some of the comforts of
butiiukeuu ns without its molt dreaded re
sponsibility. Tlio muse lamous caterer Is a
vruiuan, wno Is celebrated lor the amount of
lino same and poultry deliciously cooked widen
she add* to her bill of tare. Uut her prices are
somewhat blither than ilio averaue. 'theyaro
s.l per week fur two meals per day fur each per
son, without tea or eulfee. Wdn these added,
stj charges $7. Families of six find that It Is
cpiltu sulll.lont to order lor four, so that Um
actual cost la no nulre—Uurdly us much, lu fact-— v
as me average expense lor ihu table of a family
comUtluy ot the given number of parsons.
Delicate Fi.ATTimv.— Farmer Jones— Well,
how do yea like that aanfurd's Jamaica Olua»r. Mr.
O'Uradyl’V Mr. o’Urady-‘*Suuro, new, •farmer,
and isn't it many a lo.u day slave 1 had the (euuu/
to wotcoiaa anna a salubriudi teeiaful*

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