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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, August 21, 1879, Image 6

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Billy Edition, one year 518.00
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Orders for the delivery of Tub TntnuNt at Evanston,
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.will receive proront attention.
Ilavrrly , a Tlientro.
Dearborn street. comer of Monroe. Engagement
of the Unton-bouarc Theatre Company. “Tbo Bank
er*! Daughter."
McVlrkcr’a Theatre.
Midlion it reel. Between Dearborn and State. En
casement of John Dillon. “Our Next Frcsldentt or,
Tho Dark Done."
llnoley’a Theatre.
Randolph itreef, between Clark and LaSalle. En
gagement of Alroee's Opera-Troop.’. “Le Potlt
White Stocking Park.
Lake Shore, loot of Waihloßton itreet. Champion
ihtp gamo between tho Chicago and Dullalo Club*
atataop.m. .
CLEVELAND LODGE. NO. 311. A. F. & A. M.-
Mcmhm arc horebr notified to appear at the hall
promptly at Hits o'clock Friday morning. Aug. 32. for
the tmrooae of attending the funeral of our lato broth
er. Dr. Nathan W. Abbott. Carriage* to ro*hh nee.
No 3t a J Warrcn-av.. and to depots cars to Itorotml.
Dark clothing should be worn. VliUlng brethren fra
ternally Invilrd. U. L. TAUIAM, S. W.
6. K. HEED. Sec.
The second annual encampment of tho
Soldiers’ Reunion Association of (ho Nortb
wost began nt Anrora, 111., yesterday, and
bids fair to bo a most successful nnd en
joyable gathering of tbo Uolou veterans of
tho War of the Rebellion. Tho chief events
of tho reunion will occur to-day.
The practice of inviting favored friends to
witness hanging exhibitions was very prop
orly rebuked by Qov. Rodinson in tho case
of Latrimouillg, who was executed nt Al
bany yesterday for tbo murder of Gathering
Dussbagh. Tho Sheriff had issued a largo
number of passes to tbo show, but was
obliged to revoke them upon being informed
by (ho Governor that such a proceeding was
in violation of law. %
Tho people of Memphis were yesterday
treated to a genuine fire alarm, and their
excitement for a few moments raised them
above the terrible monotony of their plague*
stricken situation, and conferred untold
benefit upon them at a trifling cost. A feel
ing of astonishment and pleasure was wide*
spread among tho citizens that any event,
especially one so trifling, should have com
pletely roused their thoughts from tho stupor
induced by pestilential circumstances oud
In addition to the appearance of Socrota
ries Scuubz and Sheehan at Cincinnati and
Steubenville respectively, tho inauguration of
the work in Ohio was participated in lost
evening by Judge Taft, who addressed a
largo gathering at Cleveland, and delivered a
speech devoted chiefly to the consideration
of the State-rights question. At Akron
Oqablzt Fosteii himself looked after the
northwestern part of the State, speaking to
a fine audience on topics whlol4 ho knows
so well bow to handle.
A mountain in Northern Georgia has
partly disappeared beneath the surface of
tho earth, about one-third of tho elevation
having split off oud suuk out of sight. It
seems that tho ground supporting a portion
of the base suddenly gave way, and a vast
mass of rocks, earth, and trees was precipi
tated into tho obosro, filling it up to a level,
but at lost accounts tho detached bulk was
gradually sinking further into tho bole. It
will be an interesting problem for tho seten-
Usts to explain where that mountain has
"gone to.”
The "Gentiles" at Salt Lake represent
that the feeling in that Territory growing
out of the prosecutions of the Mormons has
become one of intense bitterness. This is
probably true, and it is also probably true
that tho fooling is os bitter on one side as on
the other. The further ropresentotlon that
tho Mormons propose to take the war-path
and pat the United States at defiance is
probably an exaggeration. The last Mormon
war—more than twenty years ago—cost the
United States several millions of dollars,
without any real necessity. Wo ore assured
by a gentleman now in Chicago, who lives
in that country, that thoro is not the slight
est foundation in foot for tho outgiving that
the Mormons intend or even think of declar
ing war against the United States. Thy are
not fools; they are intelligent and prudent
men, and they know full well tho conse
quences of any such proceeding.
The failure of the Panama Canal shares to
“Jump into universal circulation 11 through
the potency of the name of De Lessu’s has
induced that gentleman to undertake a work
•wbiclTooght surely to have preceded any at
tempt to float his canal block. People now
adays ore not silly enough to put their
money into any enterprise solely on
the strength of one man’s name 5 they pro
pose to know a little something about the
scheme they ore asked to invest in. The
investigation of the subject of canal routes
ncross the Isthmus nt (ho Paris Conforenco
war neither so searching end exhaustive in
Us scope nor so clonr and satisfactory in its
conclusions as (o capture public confidence
on the instant; and De Lessep*, in sending
a corps of European engineers to examine and
report upon the probable expense of the
construction of the canal through the route
adopted, is doing now what ought to have
been done before the stock subscription*
boohs wore over opened for the taking of a
single share.
. ao.oo
Paine, tbo defaulting and decamping
Treasurer of the American Linen Company
of Fall River, has made o confession in the
shape of a recital of his and the mill’s
financial experiences since the Company
started. It seems that ho coni*
roonccd his peculations soon after the
enterprise was sot on foot. He
claims that stern necessity prompted his
first indulgence, n necessity which he says’
was the result of the high price of llv
ing at that time, his salary being
in no wise commensurate with his nec
essary family expenses. Paine, accord
ing to this recital, made an effort
upon the return of bettor times to liquidate
his largo indebtedness, and succeeded in
crediting himself with the return of
several thousand dollars of the stolen money.
His mania for dealing in “ futures," how
ever, was his besetting sin. and with
out thought of future consequences
or future punishment ho continued to use
the Company’s money until ho had made
way with the snug sum of $76,000. There
can bo no better or more practical com
mentary on the too popular modern practice
of speculating on other people’s money than
Per envv.
...2 cento
. .a cent*
.2 cento
.4 centa
tho narrative of this man Paine. Ho is now
o fugitive from justice iu unknown parts.
An attempt is made to palliate tho brutal
murder of Oapt. Dixon by tho transmission
over tho telegraph wires, along with tho re
port of tho murder, of n most malicious and
contemptible attack upon tbo character of
tho dead man. Up to tho time of his identi
fication with tho Independent movement
Copt. Dixon was one of tho woathiost and
most prominent Democrats of Yazoo County,
a man foremost in their councils, and of tho
highest standing in his party; and it was
not until bo availed himself of tho inalien
able right to take part in a movement
and organization which threatened the
solidity and supremacy of tho Democratic
party in that county that tho discovery was
made, ü by a Committee,’* that Copt. Dixon
was “adetestable monster,” and "not fit,
in any sense, to hold ouy office of honor,
profit, or trust,” etc. Tho “Committee"
further declared that ho should not hold any
Huoh office in Yazoo County if they could
help it by any moons whatsoever, and, in proof
of tho earnestness of this determination,
ratified and confirmed tho notion of tho Yazoo
City mob which compelled Capt. Dixon to
withdraw from tho canvass on pain
of suffering a violent death at tho
hands of tho regularly-orgauizcd Democ
racy. Barksdale may have been a
member of tho Committee which issued this
address. He certainly “ratified and con
firmed ” it at tho earliest possible moment by
filling Capt. Dixon’s body with buckshot,
and thus forever placing It beyond a possi
bility that he should ovor hold any office of
honor, profit, or trust iu Yazoo County.
A Vicksburg dispatch of yesterday snyst
VicKsaunn, Ang. 20.— Tho Yazoo County dim
culty, growing out of Dixon running ns independ
ent candidate for Sheriff, him culminated In tho
(atn) Bhnolm? of Dixon hy Jambs U. Barksdale,
candidate for Chancery Clerk. Dixon was shot
three times.
Another telegram says:
Vintaiumo, Mlm., Ang 20.—11. M. T>t\'oN, late
Independent candidate for Sheriff of Vazoo Coun
ty, was shot and cited lost evening. The affair is
shrouded in mystery.
Wo showed yesterday that Maj. Batiks
dai.e, Chairman of tho State Democratic
Comraitloe of Mississippi, in company with
Congressman Singleton, visited Yazoo
County just previous to the culmination of
tho late difficulty, mid ordered tho suppres
sion of tho independent party organized un
der tho leadership of tho lota Mr. Dixon.
Tho rosnlt of that order was the assembling
of tho mob andtho retirement of Dixon from
his candidacy for the Shriovalty under throats
of death. After this achievement tho local
paper announced that peaco reigned in Yazoo
County. It did reign thoro precisely as peaco
onco reigned at Warsaw. The peace enjoyed
in Yazoo County wos tho peace of tho shot
gun policy. But Dixon was not content
with that sort of peace. Ho had been a bull
dozer of tho most approved Democratic typo
for years, and ho didn't like to take his own
physic. Ho declared that an agreement on
torod into under duress was not binding, and
that his agreement to retire from tho Shriov
alty contest was not considered binding by
himself or his friends, and added:
“It was never my Intention to abide Vy It, one
I am now free to say that lam etfil a candidate and
will continue to bo. and if elected, wbic'l I fully
expect to be, 1 wilt take charge of thu olico npou
filing my bond and oath or office, or teat *>y rights
under tue laws of the land,"
This resolution of Dixon to resu;ao tho
contest has cost him his life. Hu talsod
glibly forty-eight hours ago about " testing
his rights under tho laws of the land,” and
now ho is dead! "Shot to death by a
Democrat under orders of tho State Demo
cratic Committee of Mississippi ’’ —this
should be the verdict of the Coroners jury
sittlug on tho remains of Dixon. " Bights
under tho laws of tho land," indeed I There
is no such thing ns " tho laws of thu land "
in the Stale of Mississippi I It may oe very
disgraceful to tho Ilepublio, tho Nation, but
it is n fact nevertheless, and tho people of
tho North had best consider how long tho
barbarism of tho mob can bo permitted to
reign iu Mississippi without commit* toating
its poison to overy part of tho body politic.
The Democratic leaders of Mis lissippi
ordered tho Democrats of Yazoo Ccr-mty to
raise a mob and suppress Dixon ns » candi
date for Sheriff. Tho mob assombb d with
shot-guns and said: "Dixon, rutl'.o from
tho canvass or we'll shoot you 1" Dixon at
first refused, but his wife and six children
needed him, oud, os tho mob numbered 000
and only ouo mau in Yazoo County offered
to stand by him, he surrendered. Then
Maj. Bauksdaus issued a circular declaring
that tho campaign of 1879 should bo con
ducted os those of 1875, 1870, and 1877 were
conducted, namely t under the shot-gun
policy. In a word, Maj. Barksdale directed
the suppression of such independent parlies
os should bo organized in auy of tho counties
by Mississippi mobs I We wish it to bo
distinctly understood that Maj. Barksdale,
Chairman of tho Democratic State Commit
tee, speaking for tho Democratic party of
Mississippi, decreed tho shooting of Dixon
simply because ho dared to become a candi
date for office against tho regular Demo-Cou
federate organization 1 Aud wo go further
and say that the Democratic leaders of tho
North are responsible for tho assawiuntiuu of
Dixon! Hero is an assassination inspired by
the Democratic lenders, not of Yazoo County,
but of the Stale of Mississippi. The foul
deed is committed in the interest of n "Solid
South' 1 ; and the Northern wing of the Dem
ocratic parly cnlculolcs upon holding the
South solid by this moans—assassination. It
can lie hold by no other moans. Abolish lor
rorism throughout the South and several
Southern Slates are sure to go Republican.
It follows (hat the Northern wing of the
Democratic party consents to murder in or
der to win a party victory nt the polls I How
do you like to wear this brand of iufnmy,—
how do you like it, respectable Democrats?
There is a campaign In progress in the
State of Ohio. Speakers—Democrats—from
all parts of the North will participate in that
campaign. What have you got to say, gen
tlemen, about this fiendish murder, insti
gated by the Democratic Committee of
Mississippi! Dare you defend it? Dare you
attempt to explain it ? You, Qon. Ewino ;
what do you think of shot-gnu campaigning?
What do you, onco a bravo soldier, now
acting with that parly, think of a Democratic
Stale Committee ordering the assembling of
a mob to threaten a candidate for ofllco
with death, and finally, when bo refuses
to retire, ordering an assassin to sneak
upon his tracks in the dark ond shoot
him dond! But wo care uot what
Northern Democratic office-seekers and
speakers think of the Mississippi Flan. Wo
appeal from thorn to Democratic citizens,
who lovo their country and hoto cowards and
assassins ovou though they wear tho livery
of tho Democratic party management. They,
ns we, know that tho shot-gun policy must
bo abolished in Mississippi ns woll os in Illi
nois, ovon though wo have to fight for it I
Tho election campaign iu Ohio was opened
yesterday by both parties, speeches being
delivered iu various parts of tbo Slolo by
tho condidatcs and by distinguished orators
representing both sides. Wo print this
morning in full tho spoocli delivered by
Secretary Scnunz nt Cincinnati, and a liberal
portion of that delivered at Steubenville by
Secretary Sherman.
Tho speech delivered by tho Secretary of
tbo Treasury is mainly devoted to tho various
forms of tbo financial question, and is a re*
view of tbo currency and funding operations,
and a thorough vindication of tbo policy of
specie resumption.
Tho reader will find, however, in the
speech of Mr. Scnunz a general discussion
of tho loading questions of tho day, and,
taken as a literary production, or us an in
telligent presentation of sound political
philosophy, or as an exposition of tbo present
condition of tbo country, this speech will
pay for reading. It !s in Mr. Sonunz’s best
stylo—clear, broad, comprehensive, logical,
and conclusive. No ono can read it without
being butter informed, and no one can road
it without admiration for its ability and with*
oat being influenced by its reasoning,
Tho speech is mainly devoted to the de
fense of tho resumption of specie payments,
and to tho exposure of tbo fallacies of
abandoning specie payments by a return to
an irredeemable and inflated currency.
Tie reviewed all tho predictions of
disaster, ruin, failure, and universal
bankruptcy in case of resumption,
and pointed out not only tho failure of all
those predictions, but also tho Improved con
dition of National and private credit, tho re
duction of interest, and tho general revival
of industry iu all parts of tho country. From
all of which bo drew tho concision that tho
paper-money doctors did not understand tho
case. Tho patient rejected their medicine,
and is recovered and in highly-improved
health, lie analyzed with great care and
minuteness tho demand of tho Democratic
party that greenbacks bo issued to replace
tho National-bank notes. This was a scheme
to double tho amount of tho Government
paper, and, by destroying tbo confidence in
tbo ability of tho Treasury to redeem it,
break down specie payments and remand tbo
country to an irredeemable paper currency.
On this point Secretary Scnunz explained
tho whole banking system, and enforced tho
wisdom of adhering to specie payments.
Tho speech should bo road by every man
desiring to understand this subject.
Thoro has keen much comment in tho
Eastern papers concerning tho recent vote
by the people of tho State of Tennessee on a
proposition submitted by tho Legislature,
offering to compromise tho State debt at a
rate of CO cents on tho dollar. Tho rejec
tion of this scheme by tho people is general
ly regarded ns an evidence of a popular de
sire to repudiate tho debt altogether. Tho
State debt now amounts,—principal, .$20,.
291,000; interest duo and unpaid, $1,150,-
000. This statement of tho debt is ns recog
nized by tho State under a funding Jaw of
1870. Tho Logisloturo at the last session
offered to fund this debt, at the rate of CO
cents on tho dollar, in 4 per cent bonds, hav
ing thirty years to run, this offer to bo
subject to tho approval of tho people at an
election to bo hold. At this election about one
half tho ordinary number of voters votod,aml
of those a majority voted against tho offer,
which was rejected. Loss than ono-tliird
of tho voters of tho State, therefore, rejegod
the proposition. It does not follow that
oven all those wore ropudiators. Tho debt
of the Slate is somewhat complicated. Most
of tho debt existing before tho War was in
curred iu a system of internal improvements
begun in 18C2, when tho Citato loaned its
credit to various railroad companies to enable
them to finish and equip their works. Tho
process was for the State to issuo its bonds
to tho companies, and for tho companies to
negotiate tho bauds and use the proceeds,
Between 18C2 and 18119 this system of
State old was extended to other railroads.
Tho original bonds wore by law made a lion
on tho railroads aided. In 1689 tho policy
of the State was changed. Tho debt had
titan become enormous, reaching, with accti
malatious, in 1873 to more than $13,000,(MK).
Tito Stole, under legislation of that oud
subsequent years, provided for tho sale
of all tho interest In tho various
roads held by the State, because
of tho failure of tho railroad companies to
pay tho {merest on the State inlornal-im-,
provemont bonds. This was in tho nature
of a sale of tho lion held by tho State. This
legislation further provided for certain judi
cial proceedings whereby tho lien should be
extinguished. Tho sales took place, and tho
companies became tho purchasers of the
State's interest, and paid into the State
Treasury State bonds mainly ■ other than
those issued under tho act of 1853. Tho
principal of tho railroad and turnpike In*
dobteduoss of the State, with interest to
January, 1873, was $31,800,000. Thu State
debt proper was less than $5,000,000, but
with unpaid interest amounted to $7,000,000.
The sale of tho State's interest iu the rail
roads, and absolute sole of .other roads, led
to tho surrender to the Stale of various kinds
of indebtedness reducing tho total to about
$20,000,000 principal.
So for Iho Slalo at least had got rid of
one-half or moro of its outstanding indebted
ness. But included in (hat part of tho dobt
still outstanding arc some millions of tho
original internal-improvement bond*. These
nro held by a syndicate in Now York. They
were in consultation with tho Legislature of
Tennessee; they refused to accept tho recent
offer of HO cents on tho dollar, and (hoy gave
nil their efforts at the into election to defeat
the adoption of tho proposition by the vote
of the people.
In (ho meantime, the holders of these
bonds hove instituted suits against tho sev
eral railroad companies to which tho Slate
bonds were issued under tho act of 18"*2.
They claim that tho bonds when issued were
made n first lion on tho railroads to which
they wore issued ; that this lieu was to se
cure the payment of these spedfio bonds,
and was a lieu to protect tho purchasers and
owners of these bonds, as well ns the Stole.
On tho other hand, the railroad companies
claim that tho lien was merely to protect tho
State against loss, and* that when they paid
over to the State other credits equal in
amount they thereby discharged any lien
upon their property growing out of their
induhteduoss to tho Stale. The bondholders
claim that tho lion was to pay the specific
debt, and could not ho discharged by tho
surrender to tho State of other bonds.
Theso bondholders have, therefore, insti
tuted suits against (ho railroad companies to
enforce (ho specific lien given by tho not of
1852 upon thoir property. This proceeding
has been taken upon tho opinion of Mr.
Charles O’Coson that tho lion exists nud
can bo legally enforced. Tho railroad com
panies are in n prosperous condition, and if
theso suits ho sustained by tho Courts the
nroouut of this portion of tho Stato debt will
ho transferred from tho Stato to tho railroad
companies. Tho creditors preferred, proba
bly, (ho chniico of getting 100 couis from tho
railroads to 50 cents from the State.
This complication In tho offnlrs of Ten*
uessoo has Another feature. In 18/12, when
those bonds woro issued, tho Stnto law
authorized any person to sue tho State, oh
an individual, in any of her courts. Subse
quently, in 1870, this privilege to sno the
Stoto was abolished. Consequently, tho
State cannot now bo fined in her own or any
other courts. It is just possible that tho
parties interested in procuring tho recent
legislation in tho State of Now Hampshire
may also bo tho parlies interested in those
Tennessee bonds.
The Tribune has already recounted tho
Democratic story about Casanayc'h mission
to Washington to raise money with which to
pay nn exorbitant fee to the' attorneys who
defended him and the other members of tbo
Louisiana lieturning Board in tho criminal
prosecution which tho bulldozers maliciously
instituted against them for doing their duty.
Tho attempt to make this case do duly in
reviving tho old cry of “Fraud" will bo
fulilo and ridiculous, but there is cer
tainly one very moan and low-flmig
feature about it If it Is truo that
Wells, Anderson, and Kenner (Casanave’s
Republican associates on tbo Louisiana Ro
turning Board) are in receipt of largo salaries
from tho Government, and have also pro
vided for their own and their wives' relations
in the Government service, then tho refusal
of thoso parties in the crimhial proceedings
to pay any part of tho cost for defending
them is ns contemptible ns possible.
It may bo worth while to speculate ns to
how tho Democrats would have managed tho
ease if Oasanave hod been on their side and
had appealed to n Democratic Administra
tion under the same circumstances. From
what we know of Democratic methods, wo
venture tho opinion that tbo managing men
in Washington, had they been Democrats,
would havo Btfut a somi-ofilcinl notification to
tbo officeholders in Now Orleans that they
must pay up tho attorneys' foes, and have no
scandal or publicity about it, If Demo
cratic officeholders, thus notified, hud dared
to refuse prompt and silent obedience to snob
on order, It is safe to say that they would
havo been removed “for tho good of the
party,” and their places supplied with other
men (and their wives' relatives) who would
cheorfullycomply with tho terms stipulated.
Tho Democratic notion of officeholding is
that tho power, patronage, ami emoluments
thereof must always bo at tho service of the
party which provides (ho places, and this
regime would never have permitted Oasanave
to go to Washington to solicit private aid in
order to pay tho penalty of serving tho Dem
ocratic parly.
Readers of Tue Tribune will bear us out
in tho statement that this journal has never
had any sympathy with tho Democratic idea
of party spoils and their uses. At tho samo
time, it may be suggested that, so long as
tho rules of tho Civil Sendee—or rather tho
absence of rules—admits of a provision for
Anderson, Wells, and Kenner, and their
brothers and sons, (heir hrolhors-in-law and
sous-in-law, “ their sisters, cousins, and their
aunts,” tho same lax system might tolerate
tho method which tho Democrats would have
adopted in tho Oasanave case. If the fami
lies and remote connections of throe of tho
Roturuiug-Board members are so bountifully
provided for os Oasanave says, there would
certainly havo boon no hardship, ami, per
haps, little tmerifioe of principle, if they had
been ordered to pay in proper proportion tho
claim whioh they endeavored to saddlo upon
tho uon-olQcoholding Oasanave.
That Gorman Professor is as irreprensiblo
ns the historic American conflict was. State*
munis pour from Lint with Km samo spent a*
nolty, impetuosity, and gush wltU wluoh
water flows over Niagara Fall*. lie Is pro*
gressivo, too, as well ns diffusive in his state*
moots. Beginning with an account of the
personal injury and insult that hud boon
heaped upon him at Nurrugansott Pior, bo
bas now reached tho conclusion that hois
“only the victim of family troubles." It is
with a sense of supremo satisfaction that tho
Oerumu Professor announces bis couviotiou
that lliore was no personal prejudice against
him. In bis first statement his own impor
tance so completely overshadowed all tho
other personages in the scandal that Senator
Conkunu’s name was not even mentioned.
In his supplementary statements, however,
tho distinguished Senator receives very dis
tinct recognition. The German Professor
seems to havo boon on particularly frioudly
terms with Gov. SnuuoK’uooauhmau, Fumy,
and it was Peuuy who flrst pointed out the
Senator to bis admiring gaze, whereupon tho
German Professor expresses himself as
•• pleased that M(*. 8. should havo a gentle
man of such renown fur a visitor," end
laments more than ever that bo (tho G. P.)
should now bo excluded from tho mansion.
Subsequently, the German Professor saw Mr.
Coneuko “ in tho eutrauco-hall bare-bead
ed ” (that Is, CoNEura, not the entrance-
hall), nml “ beaming with Mltofnellon at be
hoi ing tbo sylvan boanly of the landscape
ahonthim." If thoro was anything that ox*
cooded Mr, Conrlino's satisfaction in tho
landacnpo, it wan tho Oormnn Professor's sat
infection at seeing Mr. Ookkuno thnn enjoy
ing himself in a simple, rural fashion. It
was a beautiful rustic picture. Tho G. P.
began to repine because ho had not been in
troduced to the distinguished Senator, and
thoro is something peculiarly touching about
his lament,*—“ How intellectually tho last
two hours might have boon whiled away I"
Further on, however, tho Gorman Profcaaor
reluctantly comes to tho conclusion that Mr.
Conkliro was tho source of all his woes, and
that without Cohrlixg there would. have
boon no shot-gun. lu foot, he had already
speculated upon tho possibilities of a catas
trophe iu a confidential conference with
Pr.anr, tho coachman. “ Supposing," he
said to Peurt, “supposing tho Governor
ahonld suddenly arrive, and find Mr, Conk
liro comfortably installed in his splendid
mansion as a visitor nud guest, what would
happen ?” Perry, in tho sweet innocence of
a famllycoaoliman’sbeart, confessed he didn't
know. 41 And it did so happen, even
within an hour," pathetically and laconically
adds the Gorman Professor. Then ho aban
dons speculation and sentiment, and pro
ceeds to say, in a very matter of fact way,
that “ Mr. Cokkliro did have a personal bn
counter [presumably with somebody else],
and was shamefully treated"; that ho (tho
G. P.) 44 hod it from Mrs. Sprague's
own lips,” ns though she could have
used other lips for the purpose; nud
that “who herself was threatened with tho
loaded gun by tho infuriated Governor."
Tho Gorman Professor, after refuting to bo
used any longer as a cat’s-paw, thus betrays
tho secret of his open confession. 11 And
bore I am," ho Hays, 44 landed high and dry
in midsummer between tho blue oconn and
the lovely Silver Lake, with n fine view, in
deed, of tho landscape, but n poor outlook as
to business matters,—-richer, however, in
dear-bought experience." This is certainly a
most unreasonable German Professor. Ho
is not satisfied with a good view of a lovely
landscape, not content with tho experience
ho has acquired, not flattered by tho con
spicuous position ho occupies in tho chief
scandal of tho day,“but also wants his pay.
This German Professor ought to bo walled
in; ho is too dangerous cud too effusive a
man to bo abroad.
Tho London Times is still anxious about
tho fishery question. It does not attempt,
as tho Canadian papers do, to conceal its
anxiety, under a mask of indifference. It
does not take for granted tho justice of the
award, nor insist upon tho impossibility of
reconsidering the question in ony of its
aspects. There is no concealing tho foot
that tho proposition of our Government to
abrogate tho fishery clauses of tho Treaty of
Washington has produced a profound im
pression both in Canada and Groat Britain.
The avowed intention of our Government to
relinquish its rights under tho Halifax ver
dict shows, first of all, how much in earnest
wo are in protesting against tho results of
the arbitration. Wo believe, and have at last
convinced Great Britain of the earnestness
of our belief, that the privileges accorded
to Canada under tho Treaty of Washington
were more valuable than those secured to
tho United States by that instrument. Wo
think tho Canadians woro moro benefited by
tho right to send their fish duly-froo into tho
United Slates than we waro by the privilege
of fishing within tho throe-miles limit; and
wo intend to annul tho arrangement, al
though wo have already paid for the privi
lege of keeping It up five and one-half years
longer, if we choose.
Tho arguments which havo boon used both
in Great Britain and Canada to induce the
United States to continuo the present ar
rangement amount to a confession of tho in
justice of tho Halifax award, If tho United
States were justly mulcted in sfi,r>oo,ooo
damages, what can he the objection to our
paying tbo money and foregoing tho alleged
“privileges” it secures us? Tho treaty
provides for such a termination of the
fishery clauses on notice being given. This
result mast have boon contemplated
by tbo representatives of both parties
when tho treaty was signed. Wo
believe, indeed, tho qualifying clause wos
inserted at tho instance of tbo Dominion
Government. It Is clear that our Govern
ment is hooping strictly within tbo terms of
tho agreement in giving notice of a termina
tion. It is clear also that tho Canadian and
British press are concerning themselves un
duly in our affairs, or confessing tho error
of tho Halifax Commission, when they en
treat the United States Government not to
draw out of the arrangement. Unless Can
ada is to bo injured by the free gift of a
money indemnity from tho United States for
five and a half years' fishing which wo do
not want, the former country has no cause
to complain. If Canada is injured by tho
termination of (ho treaty and tho forfeiture
of her rights to send fish duty-free into tho
United States, tho Halifax Commission
grossly erred. Tho Commission decided
that tho privileges accorded to Canada under
tho treaty had no value whatever.
Wo hope Mr. Evahts will carry matters
with a high hand in all future negotiations
with tho British Government on this subject.
Tho honor of tho United States requires that
the fraud perpetrated upou us should bo re
seated, and resented in such terms that all
the world should understand what was meant.
Mr. Evauts has erred thus far too much on
the side of leniency. He could hove done
bettor if ho had long ago sent homo Mr. Del
rossß, the Belgian Minister of Queen Via
toiua—tho little joker at Halifax who pur
chased his Queen's cause at tho prioo of his
own infamy. Then there should lave boon an
instant notice of the abrogation of tbo treaty,
and, later, a peremptory demand for damages
in tho Fortune Bay affair. We hope there
will bo no shilly-shallying in tho affair—
nothing but tho plainest speech and tho
most absolute protection of our rights and
Yesterday The Tribune gave a history of
tho recent legislation in New Hampshire,
whereby that tituto has announced her readi
ness to lake all claims ogaiust auy of tho
B:ates of tho Union by assignment, ami there
by become plaintiff, and us such bring suit
In tho Supreme Court against the debtor
State. In Tne Tribune of to-day we give
the history of the debt of the State of Ten
nessee, her default, oud of certain suits
brought by Ilia holders of ouo class of her
bonds ogaiust certain railroad companies to
enforce the Hens created by the State to se
cure the payment of snob bonds. Those
suits have been brought in the Federal
Courts, and have been instituted upon the
strength of a legal opinion given by the Hou,
CuxßLEi o’Conoa, of New York, lu the
course of the opinion, Mr. O'CoNon
speaks with sovoro contempt of tlio
notion of Tanncssoo in closing her
own courts to her creditors, after
having advertised them, when creating
the debt, ns always open to her creditors to
enforce their suits ogninst the State. Under
the circumstances, ho does not regard the
closing of the Tennessee Courts os of much
consequence. lie, however, comments with
striking force upon the anomaly of tbo sev
eral States of the Union being nt liberty to
41 rob (he stranger” “without being respon
sible in some form or to some authority.”
This anomaly ho points ont did not exist in
1767 when the Constitnlion was formed. It
was created by the Eleventh Amendment.
Wo give the language of Mr. O'CoNon on
this subject ns fouud on page 114 of his
printed opinion in the bond cases referred to
elsewhere. From nil the circumstances it
looks os if (here might bo a close connection
between these holders of Tennessee bonds
ami the recent legislation in Now Hampshire
on the subject of tbo suability of a State,
Mr. O'CoNon uses this language:
*' It does not seem necessary to tnqnlre Into
the inability of Tennessee. She certainly Is not
suable nt law or tn equity by a private person In
the Federal Courts. And, aside from Its merely
technical aspects, suits against a sovereign entity
In Its own tribunals can hardly tie regarded In
any case ns a practicable remedy. A despot cannot
be cobrccd by his own servant; and. If a free Slate
should become so correct that Its political depart
ments form a determination to rob the stranger.
Us Judiciary, conceding that honesty might there
exist, must bo powerless. Its attempt at coercion
would produce only n vain conflict like that between
the belly and the members. States that ore abso
lutely Independent tuny trcnttholr own people pre
cisely ns they please. And toward tho people of
other States that ate weak, pusillanimous, or un
duly regardful of temporary expediency they may
also practice any amount of injustice.
* • Every nation Is amenable to tho claims of tho
strsngcr's sovereign, and tho latter Is bound by
honor, duty, and interest to demand Justice for
bis subjects or citizens. No power of the earth,
unless It bo (he separate American States, can
defraud strangers without being responsible, In
some form or to some anUmrliy; our united
Federal Sovereignly has no such Immunity. All
this was understood In 3787} and, as tho Federal
Constitution forbade war or any diplomatic or
other political intercourse between the States and
foreign Powers, it gave to strangers a remedy
against Iho former la the Federal Court. A sov
ereign Power against which the stranger could not
appeal for justice was an anomaly not before ex
isting, nor then established, ThcEloventh Amend
ment may be thought to have created it. Whether
It has actually done so need nut bo considered."
Mr. O'Conor is the foremost lawyer in tho
.country holding the strict State-sovereignty
theory. In this opinion ho declares them to
bo irresponsible to foreign States, irresponsi
ble in peace and in war, and at tho same
time' irresponsible to citizens of tboir own
and other States ; and this ho avers is an
anomaly not existing anywhere, on earth
save among these States.
In Tub Trirunb of the 10th was a history of tho
financial and railroad experiences of Mr. James
McHenry, tho British banker. In that account
some doubt was expressed as to whether Mo-
Henry was an Englishman or nn American. A
gentleman o( this city, who was present at a ban
quet given la Chicago some years ago to Sir
Morton I’rto, Air. McHenry, and other Brit
ish visitors, furnishes an Interesting sketch of
McHenry’s early life, as given by himself on
that occasion, in connection with that of tho
late William F. Cooluauoh, so long a resi
dent of Chicago, who was also present at tno
time. Ho writes:
To IMlfw 0/ TAs Trlfttms.
Chicago. Am?. ‘JO.—In your paper of the 10th,
In speaking of Mr. James AloHiiS'nt, the unfor
tunate (American) London hanker, you say ho is
well known, etc., in this country, but his birth
place >■ a matter of doubt. Lot mo say In respect
to that Hint some years ago. Just os the War was
over and tho soldiers were returning, this Air.
James McHenry, Air. Cosiiam. a Scotch member
of ttm British Parliament, Sir Alorton Peto, Air.
Kbnnaiiu, tho Chief Bnglnoer of the Atlantic &
Great Western Bead, with a few other gentlemen,
were visiting Chicago, nnd were entertained at a
banquet given by tho Board of Traue at the old
Tremont House. Speech-making and talking
became (be order of the evening: the lamented
Dr. llttAiNATtn went off with one of his best; others
Joined tin; Mr. Comiam spokes and late In the
evening Atr. Mc llesut arose and eaid that many
years ago two poor boys hr the mountain
district of Pennsylvania wore together shucking
corn fur a neighbor, and wonted until their finger
nails wore so worn tho blood came through, and ns
they worked (hey diked, and concluded when they
received their tmy they would start out on a tramp
oad go to Philadelphia. And they did.- secured
places In (ho same bouse or near each other, grew
up in business, and, wanting after a time to do for
themselves, they again struck out. this lime one
over tho water, ana tho other to tho West. lie
then said: “ I rather feared and envied my friend
more than I did any other live man, and, gentle
men, they arc to-night together ut tnls tables one
is your humble servant, tho other Is Air. William
F. Copt.nAuait, whom I have mot on this visit for
tno first (lino since, and who will testify to the
farts." Tills would sorra to make Mr. McHenry
a Pennsylvanian by birth, and who had succeeded
to the position of tho great American banker of
London, England.
To the Editor a f The Tribune.
Chicago. Aug. ID.—ln to-day's Tiudunb yon
criticise, ur miner make fun of, the following
sentence from tho Now York Evening J’oet:
“Tho Hoiton roet would better let the case of
Senator I’bnolktos rest where ho himself naa put
It.” Will you pleaso to Inform mo in what .par
ticular that sentence la ungrammatical or faulty?
If, as might bo suspected, you would prefer “bad”
Instead of “would,” will you llieu tell mo how
you would parse “had let/* or “had,” alone?
Yours truly, Teacueu,
The question Is not ono of parsing. The
question Is simply whether “would better” is
an English idiom. Purists llkolltciiAiiDUiUNT
White and Hie cultors of the New York 2'oet
have contended -that the contracted form “ I'd
better” was syncopated from “I would better,”
but havo been unable to glvo evidence in sup
port of their naked statement. Our criticism
was directed to tho point that no newspaper so
precise about form as tho New York J’ost has
tho right to invent a new English idiom, or
resurrect an old ono, merely to gratify Its
tastes. It Is bound to uso common, every-duv
English. It violates a fundamental rule of
rhetoric when it adopts a purely theoretical
Copt. Jons Cowdom Is os Inconsiderate ns
Jlanqm'M ghost. Ho will not down. Hu is as
lively us a cricket. Ills chirps huve boon through
ml the Western papers for two years, ami now
they aro making themselves heard in thu East.
Capt. Cowdok has just secured a warm advo
cate in the New York Sun, and Is going to have
a dozen more before thu summer Is over. It
will puzzle President Hayes ami his advisers to
explain why they did not put Cowuon, who hod
a simple and inexpensive plan. of relief to pro
pose, on tho Mississippi IMvur Conpnlssiou.
Why should that Commission bo reserved ex
clusively for barnacles like Eads, and men who
can't think of touching anything unless there's
millions it) The .Vim says:
If Co«’iio\ bad proposed to expend $‘100,000,000
he might have bud u respectful hearing. Hal. as it
Is, every oifort Is made to keep him and bis plan in
tao Im'kirruund. Have* refused to pul blm on tlm
Communion—although every honest river man de
sired bis appointment—because his presence
might have been Inconvenient to thu luxurious
dreamers who are forming plans to dlvurt to their
own purooses the golden tide winch is soon to pour
from tho Treasury.
Stbwakt L. Woodvokd, of Now York, has
offered to escort Mrs. (Jhhoi.m to Kemper
Comity, accompanied by Ids daughter, and
prosecute her cose. Mr. WoouroitD is a brave
men, and the news Irom Yazoo will not daunt
him. Hut wouldn't It he better to leave the
women at hoinof Tho night-riders of the back
couutles in Mississippi uru reckless, desperate
teen. They think no more of murder than of
eating their breakfasts. Thu cold-blooded mur
der of Capt. Dixon, after all tho storm of In
dignation raised by his previous persecutions,
shows how perfectly delimit of public opinion
those white devils arc.
Attention Is directed to the remarkoblo fact
that the Slate of Tennessee exempts absolutely
from taxation all personal property up lo 11,000
in value. Thu Bt. Louis O.oU says, ou Die au
thority of the Nashville JmeWean, that real
property to this amount is also exempted. The
consequence ts that one-half of the population
Including all tlio poor, are exempt. Yot tlicy
are constantly complaining of poverty unit tlio
exactions of the State Government, uml dm «]<?■
feat nt the recent debt compromise was due to
the votes of this class, who Insist on repudia
tion, out amt out. If nil Uio people were honest
ly taxed It would he easy to raise money enough
to pay oil the debt. But the people of Tenues
see wouldn't pay the debt If they had dm rash
In the Treasury. They are resolutely dishonest
about It. It Is some snllsfocdon to know that
by driving capita) from (he State and depreciat
ing the value of their property Uicy will pay
for their dishonest}*.
It ought to he possible to make the merits of
the fisheries question plain to die dull Comoro
henslon of tho Toronto Olohe In n few ea*v
sentences, thus: Tho inshore fisheries are not
very valuable; the United States fishermen can
catch outside of the throe-inllo limit all the fish
needed to supply this market; the abrogation
of the fishery clauses, by keeping Canadian fish
out of the United States, would give our fisher
men exclusive control of their homo-market;
the gain to our fishermen through the Increased
demand for their products would more than
compensate them for dm trivial loss arising
from their exclusion from the slioro fisheries of
One of Gen. owant’s wise sayings was that the
quickest way to secure tho repent of nu obnoxious
law is to enforce It. So the quickest way tu ex*
Diode the sliver dcltisirm is to force the depredated
dollar upon tho neop’e and giro them a practical
knowledge of Its absnrd Inutility In a cunnmmltr
where it U desired to do business on un honest and
permanent hnais. —ltuffnlo J-.'xprete.
Do, Mr. SiißitMAH, secure the repeal nf tlio
law In that war, If you can. ft would bo both
mare honest nml more courageous than tho way
you have chosen. Surely you can never hope to
secure the repeal of tho law by not enforcing it.
Tlic centra of wlitskv production In the United
States has moved westward until It has readied
Illinois. Distilling naturally thrives most in tho
corn-growing region. But It wouldn’t so thrive
If Western Drains and enterprise weren’t con*
earned In the matter. It Western fanners were
like Southern farmers, corn would bo sent I,DOO
miles to bo distilled, and the manufactured
product brought back,—Just as cotton Is traus
ported from Texas to Massachusetts ami bade
The murder of Capl. Dixon under the Yazoo
Plan shows one thing plainly,—that the South
ern Democrats dp not care for the success of
the National Democratic party. Local affairs
arc far more important to tnem than National
affairs. By this cold-blooded murder and bold
denial of right, which the American Govern
ment was organized to defend, the Yazoo Dem
ocrats have injured their political friends at the
North seriously.
Gen. Sherman told Sir Qeorqb Campbell
that the only war ho would tike to undertake
would be one against the Mexicans, to mike
them take back Now Mexico and Arizona. But
wo mast keep tho bitter with tho sweet Wo
can’t return Now Mexico and Arizona without
Texas amt California. Happy thought: We’ll re
turn tho Greaser population and Keep tho land.
Without disparagement of other candidates,
the Boston Advertiser thinks tho nomination of
Henry L. Fierce for Governor would bo tho
strongest that could bo made. This Is under
stood to bo oart of a cunningly concocted scheme
to abridge Pierce’s “Life of Sumner,” which
promises, If nothing occurs to distract tho
attention of tho author, to be interminable.
Tho first effect of Tilden’s canvass is to
split tho party in two States—Now York and
Ohio. Without harmony hi these States, and
with tho profound disgust of Tilden known to
exist la the South, it U dlfllcult to see how he
can got a two-thirds vote in tho Nominating
Convention. Nothing but a liberal use of
money can bring him through.
Archbishop IJuucbll’s mind and body aro said
to bo falling very rapidly. At a recent recep
tion of noritintcs In Cincinnati, his address,
which was delivered sitting, “was weak, and at
times almost Incoherent, and bo was
to read the portion of the ceremony devolving
upon him by tho constant attention and aid of
the attending priests.”
The American liar Association Is now In ses
sion at Saratoga. Tho Association was organ
ized last year, and now numbers 275 members.
000 of tno Interesting papers announced fur
reading at this meeting Is entitled "The Invio
lability of Telegrams,” by Hbnuv Hitchcock,
of Bt. Louis.
Mow wo may expect Gov. Stone, of Mississip
pi, to rise In his might and direct tho attention
of the Sheriff of Yazoo County to the fact that
somebody has been killed In htsnolghbornood.
It is notorious that tho Sheriff of Yazoo County
led tho mob ogalnet Dixon in the llrsl place.
Besides arranging a State ticket for Illinois,
Gen. Looan has selected the next Congressman
from tlic North-Side District. Gen. Lbakc,
having made the necessary burnt-offerings, has
found favor In Calumet avemm and been adopt
ed as a Favorite Son.
Yazoo Is making morn converts to the Repub
lican party iu Ohio than CitAiacr Fostbu,
Judge Taft, John Bushman, uud Geo. Gau
fibld together.
Fortune Bov will have a very Ironical sound
In Canadian cars before the United States Gov
ernment is done with that mutter.
lleniiv Wattbuson writes of Hendricks
from Block Island more in anger thau In sorrow.
The simple eloquence of Yazoo goes to tho
Northern heart.
Yazoo talks,
Tho Mormon question: Will you marry
Hnnlan is ns anxious to moot Courtnoy as
Conklin; Is to meet Sprague.
Mr. Hanlnn bonra n utrong resomblanoo to
the oyster. He Uvea in his shell.
Mark Twain's now book deals mainly with
Germany, Switzerland, and Italy.
Mrs. Langtry Is only 24, oml perhaps Susan,
B, Anthony was lovely at that age.
Bancroft, tho historian, has boon twico
married, but has never had ony children.
Loadvillo is Buffering from a brick famine,
and pen Duller ought to throw her a few.
Tho champion short-distanoo pedestrian of
the country Is believed to be Iloscoe Cookllng,
Mr. Tildon’s boom Is going very well now,
but It is behoved that it lacks staying qualities.
Being a yard wido mid warranted to wash,
Mr. Foster can stand being called Calico Charley,
It is said tlmt Queuu Victoria wilt make
Lord Lyttuo an Earl fur bis services lo the Afghan
Hitting-Bull complains of hunger. Now,
If Sitting-Dull were a Democrat be could ost crow
with relish.
SI. Damns is engaged on a now comedy,
thu leading part of which is to bo adapted to Milo.
Bernhardt's powers.
Mr. Stephens is the most notable visitor at
Lons Branch, and the prospect is very discourag
ing lo the sharks.
Tho marriage of King Alfonso and the
Archduchess Maris of Austria will take place on
the Ulug’a birthday, Nor. 28. ’
Hendrick B. Wright,—who, we believe, is
still ia California—would make a desirable ac
quisition totbe tiaud-Lot party.
Mr. tipraguo did not fire bis gun. but ho
says ho is always confident of being able to bit (K>
Cookllmts out of a possible 100.
Whilo only one woman has boon hanged
ia America during (ho same period, there have
been sixteen executions of females in England
since tiuecu Victoria's to (he throat*

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